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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1905)
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TIIH OMAHA DAILY I1KE; MONDAY, JULY 24. 1003.
The Omaha Daily Bee.
E. R08EWATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Dally Re (without Similar), one year.. $4 00
t'ally Ie and Sunday, one jrear 00
Illustrated Bee. one vear IW
Punnay Up, on year .. )M
Saturday n-, nna year 1 M
Twentieth Onturjr Karmer, ona year.... 100
DELIVERED BY CARRIER.
Tally Bee (wltboi)t Sunday), per copy.... to
Dally Bee (without Bundar). per week...lSc
llly Bee (Including Sunday), per week..J7o
Evening Bee (without Sunday), pr week 7o
Evening Bee (Including Sunday), per
Sunday Ree, per copy o
Complaints of irregularities In delivery
should hi addressed to City Circulation de
Omaha The Bee Building.
flouth Omaha City Hall Building, Twen-ty-fifth
and M streets.
Council Bluffs II) Peart street, i
Clilrago-li I'nlty Building.
New York lirf Home Lift Insurance
Washington G01 Fourteenth street.
Communications relating- to news and edi
torial matter ahould he addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
fa) able to The Bee Publishing Company.
nly 2-eent atampa received In payment of
mall areminra. I'prmnal cheeks, except on
Omnha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
THK FEE FUBLISHINO COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
C. C. P.neewnter, secretarr f The Bee
rulillfliln ; Companv, being duly sworn,
ants tint the actual number ot full and
complete cnpla of The Dally, Morning.
. Evening find Sunday Bee printed during the
month of June. 19uo. was as follows:
1. ...... .... 2u,uno it irooo
. :.oo M sa.18
I..., 111.140 II OT.BOO
4 KU.iiBO 19 ,
I ro.nno to it.7so
vn.iKio n ,oo
T SI.880 n 2O.000
I an.noo 23 ao,4io
I... HO. 150 14 81,300
lo aa.aio 8ojMo
II 20.5OO M gt,730
II... S9.T10 n 8.78(
it rc,7 M ao.Too
14 SM,7tlO 8,750
16..-. 8fl.0O (0 KO.700
Less unsold copies
Net total salis BtM.HM
Dally average (,843
C, C. BOSEWATEH,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 7th day of July, 1.
. (Seal.) M. B. H UNGATE.
' Notary Public.
WHEN Ol'T OF TOWH,
gabaerltera leaving; the city tem-
porarlly ahonld kai The Be
mailed to them. It is better thaa
dally letter froaa koaa. Ad
dreaa -rill be ebaaged ae often as
There will be no recount after the
voting machines shall hare been in
stalled. Thnt Incrensed Union Pacific dividend
hould fully justify that Increased Union
Pacific assessment. -'
One of the Interior Nebraska towns
(masts that It has no "end sent hogs."
It bas no street ears, either.
Those Tontanelle club olltlcnl slate
makers evidently believe In doing busi
ness on the installment plan.
4 .When Rclp lmndy rake., his millions
out of that gold mine he should be in
educed to come back to Omnha to invest
5 them In mills and factories. -
As an offset to the shortage of Russian
gf-ln it may be recalled that there will
'not be as many to feed aa last year,
while Japan is boarding a few.
Why not pass an ordinance requiring
the street rnilway company to provide
every passenger with an end seat. That
, would put an end to the snoutrage.
The man who threw the bomb at the
sultan of Turkey should have served an
apprenticeship in Russia before going
to a place where failures are always
The formation of . the Japanese army
in Manchuria is said to resemble n
scythe.' which shows that the Caucasian
emblem of death is not unknown to the
With the memory of the forty-five tons
of dynamite exploded Saturday at Ports
mouth, the peace plenipotentiaries are
expected to feel at home in the summer
Attorney General Moody has taken the
public Into his confidence and the pub
lic bow knows what It believed all along.
The court must convict the packers or
they will not be punished.
The British are said to dislike the in
come! tax. They might borrow a prece
dent from the United States supreme
court In exchange for the many Ameri
can courts have borrowed from England.
The next important question to be de
cided is whether It Was the boilers or the
magftslna which was outof order on the
Bennington. That something was wrong
Is certain and the blame should be placed
wher tt belongs.
Commissioner McVann ha won three
Straight flRhts for the Omaha Jobbers
within the lust ten days and he la fairly
entitled to become a knight of Ak-Sar-Ben,
providing he is willing to stand
the usual head tax.
It Is officially announced that It was
ot the check of Mr. Hyde which paid
Mr. Jordan's debt to the Mercantile
Trust company, but the denial would
have bee more Interesting had It told
who signed the check.
The passenger departments of the Jim
mil railroads have already added to
their advertising literature a map show
ing the Ashland cut off In dotted lines
as part of their astem. That ought to
settle It beyoud caviL
The Union Pacific U protesting before
the State Board of Equalisation that all
property In Nebraska Is under-assessed
for taxation, except its own. Those
Union raclfic tax bureaucrats nave to do
ssttcsthuig to earn their mo Ley.
the crop Rrronr qumtios.
Settlement of the crop report Question
is still a matter of concern to those in
terested and it 1 said that the plan of
the secretary of agriculture in regard to
It Is not entirely satisfactory. Accord
ing to reports from Washington the sec
retary's declaration that hereafter If ac
cusations are made against the crop re
porting they must be directed agalnRt
him or Uj assistant secretary, since the
present policy is not to allow any other
person access to information that might
be used in stock Jobbing, is not regarded
as going to the root of the matter. It la
pointed out that if the work is reduced
in its scope to such size that two men
can handle it, In its final makeup, it will
lack the basis upon which valued results
rest It is suggested that secrecy should
be entirely removed and all the crop re
turns be made public just as fast as the
department receives them. This would
leave their interpretation, It is urged, to
private agencies and private individuals;
there would no longer be any commercial
value in the secret which the department
On the other band, it is said that the
objection to giving Immediate publicity
to everything, that comes In is that the
public would not understand the allow
ances which it is necessary to make for
certain reporters. Very plausible reasons
are presented in support ot this view.
Whether or Dot it would be wise for the
Department of Agriculture to give out
its information in regard to the crops
immediately after receiving It Is mani
festly a debatable question and we will
not venture an opinion regarding It.
What the- situation requires is that all
the advices given but by the government
regarding the crops, whether immedi
ately or under the system now pursued,
shall carry with them the assurance that
they are the result of the most careful
Inquiry and can be depended upon. That,
unfortunately, has not hitherto been the
case, as recent developments conclu
sively show. The country has been get
ting reports that were not 'reliable and
in consequence there has been created a
general feeling of distrust which recent
revelations have intensified. The task of
the tlepartment is to restore confidence
in its work in this particular and it will
take time and care to do this. It Is grati
fying to note thnt the secretary of agri
culture most fully realizes what Is de
manded and is making every effort to
meet the requirements of the situation.
That he will accomplish what he alms at
Is not to be doubted, for unquestionably
a practicable way can be found to make
the crop reports as trustworthy as It is
In the ability of the department to have
them, absolute accuracy being admit
tedly impossible. The fact that there
hos been aroused as to this matter a gen
eral interest, not less marked among pro
ducers than among the dealers in agri
cultural products, gives assurance that
in future the government crop reports
will be more reliable than they have
TBS COURT HOUSE PROBLEM. V
It Is conceded on all hands that Doug
las county1 has outgrown its court house,
for years the structure has been ut
terly Inadequate to accommodate the
judicial and administrative branches of
county government. -
The problem that confronts the Board
of County Commissioners Is perplexing.
From the architectural point of view
the Douglas comity court house is al
most faultless in its exterior design, but
owing to its elevation by reason of the
heuvy gxade on Farnnm street its in
terior Is difficult of access, and owing to
Its peculiar construction . deficient In
light and ventilation. On the other
hand, the building is absolutely fire
proof and the walls are just as sound
as when first erected. Tersely expressed,
the court house appears too good to be
pulled down and not good enough to be
dovetailed into a modern twentieth cen
tury public building.
It is almost a, foregone conclusion that
the . city governments of Omaha and
South Omaha and the government of
Douglas county will in the no very dis
tant future be merged, and eventually
Greater Omaha will embrace territory
ten miles square under the name of the
City and County of Omnha. A public
building adequate for the accommoda
tion of all departments of municipal and
county governments will Involve an out
lay of not less than $1,000,000, and pos
sibly $1,500,000. At 4 per cent that
would mean an annual tax levy to meet
Interest of from $40,000 to $(10,000, and
at least $20,000 more for the mainte
nance of the building, namely, for Jani
tors, elevator service, light and heat.
-Manifestly this will be a .great under
taking that cannot be rushed. The
court house of the future should be
planned with a view to the future
growth of Omaha and Douglas county.
A structure, covering the entire court
house square, could be erected in sec
tions, leaving the present court bouse to
be demolished after the Harney street
front and the east and west fronts have
been completed. That would enable the
County to utilise the present court house
until the new, quarters are completed
and eventually the" building materials In
the present court house could be dis
posed of to the Itest advantage.
As a prellmluary measure the Board
of County .Commissioners might Invite
architects to submit outline sketches of
the new court house with such plans ns
would enable the board to secure a re
liable .estimate of the coat of construc
tion. Such an estimate would neces
sarily have to precede the submission of
any proposition for a court house bond
In the meantime, It seems to us, the
commissioners will be Justified In mak
ing the present court bouse more acces
sible to the public and habitable for the
officials that are located' therein.' With
this end In view, It may he necessary to
tunnel the approach to the building and
to erect elevators under the dome. Such
a plan might Involve the abandonment
of part of the basement, which In real
ity never was Intended to be used for
In view of the peudlng consolidations
of the offices of city and county treas
urer, the probabilities are that the trens-
urer will be able to vacate his quarters
next spring and remove into the offices
now occupied by the city treasurer. This
change, and the removal of the county
assessor to the city hnll, would more
than offset any loss of space in the base'
ment and. In fact, would probably en
able the county to utilize a portion of
the space now occupied by the trens'
urer and assessor for'othcr purposes.
SOT WHOLLY SATISFACTORY.
The correspondent of an eastern paper
reports a member of the Chinese em
bassy at Washington as snylng that the
order of President Roosevelt to the im
migration authorities In regard to the
enforcement of the exclusion act Is not
entirely satisfactory to Uie Chinese gov
ernment, that it does not answer the
complaints of that government In any
respect and will have no Influence on the
campaign against American merchants
that Is being waged In the empire. This
representative of China stated that his
government is seeking something more
than polite treatment from the officials of
our immigration service and that while
the president's order Is gratifying to
Chinese officials it Is not regarded by
them as touching the root of the com
plaint "It is the overriding of our treaty
rights to which China objects," he said.
"That is the chief complaint we have
against the United States. China Is tak
ing steps to protect its rights and will
not calmly submit to the course of the
United States. Evidence is being se
cured by Chinese consuls all over the
country which Is to be used as the basis
of claims for damages against this gov
ernment." He said that the boycott
against American goods will not be
cnlled off because of President Roose
An authoritative statement of this kind
regarding the position of the Chinese
government and the merchants of that
empire should command the serious at
tention of all who take any interest in
our commercial relations .with the Chi
nese empire. We recently noted a report
to the Deportment of State that tliere
had been a check to the movement in
China for the boycotting of American
goods. Later advices indicate that such
has not been the case and the statement
of the member of the Chinese embassy
at Washington Is anything but reassur
ing. What he Is reported to have said
shows that the Issue has not been settled
by the order of President Roosevelt and
implies that nothing short of a new
trenty, more liberal in Its terms than the
one which lapsed last year, will satisfy
the Chinese government There is pre
sented in this a matter of vital import
ance to our Asiatic trade, the determina
tion of which will decide whether the
United States Is to have a fair share of
that trade or to be entirely shut out
A sample brick of the hog wash
evolved by one of our enterprising con
temporaries, is embodied in the following
contribution from its South Omaha
Repeated and persistent rumors of pro
posed railroad improvements In this city
keeps alive the hopes of many that the fu
ture of the Magic City Is far from gloomy
and that within a few years at least ex
tensive Improvements will be made.
These rumors, of course, are not new.
They have been flying for years and they
do not tend to throw the city Into a great
state of excitement at the present time.
It Is fair to assume that the big railroad
corporations will take advantage of the
opportunities afforded them here for In
creased facilities. They own a lot of
property, real and personal, and they are
growing all the time.
The organization of a new State Board
of Dentistry created by the law enacted
by the recent Nebraska legislature is
notice to all ambitious tooth pullers that
they Will not be able to inflict their un
fortunate victims after September 1
without first passing an examination to
demonstrate their agility with the for
ceps. The main purpose of the law, how
ever, is to put a stop to itinerant tooth
artists who have been poaching upon the
preserves of the regular practitioners,
and if it succeeds In shutting out these
cut-rate intruders the rcgulurs will take
their examinations and pay the examina
tion fee without complaint.
Attorney General Brown has given
Governor Mickey a written opinion to
the effect that the regulation or suppres
sion of street fairs does not come within
the gubernatorial Jurisdiction. As long
as the governor avoids the bad example
set fay his immediate predecessor of gra
cing a fake bull fight with his presence
and sanction the good people ef Ne
braska should be satisfied.
While there is no controversy over
Omaha real estate assessments before
the State Board of Equalleatlon, the
Omaha Real Estate exchange may be
expected to manifest some Interest In
the protest raised by Lincoln merchants
agnlnst the personal property assess
ments in Omaha and Douglas county.
It is said that more than 4,000 lives,
200 ships and $11)0,000,000 have been ex
pended at various times in efforts to
reach the north pole. On this computa
tion, should the goal ever be achieved,
every acre of ground in the whole Arctic
region will have been bought and paid
for at better than market rntes.
A Judge of the United States circuit
court at New York has taken a fall out
of the book publishers' association by
refusing to grant uu injun-'tlon to en
force an anti-rate cutting agreement. At
last accounts, however, the price quota
tions )f book trust publications were
The first fruit of the election of a con
gressman to fill the vacancy in the repre
sentation of the First Nebraska district
la the unloosing of a triangular postoffice
fight at Auburn. The other momentous
Issues at stake will have to wait for con-
slderatlon until after this contest Is set
lawyers and Lltlaatloa.
Ons of the lessons of the day la that the
administration of the law Is largely In the
hands of the lawyers; that the practice Is
what makes It; that If they give themaelvea
up. aa experts In what the law Is, to dis
covering ways to get around It. they cun
probably find flaws In any statute which
can be devised. The great need Is of bet
ter legislators men who can devise ttat
utes through which sharp lawyers cannot
drive horses and wagons. Then there would
be less business for lawyers, of course, but
the people would par less.
Pabllo Opinion's raalshsaent.
Public opinion is the expression of public
conscience. A strict and vigilant publlo
conscience Is a good thing". It makes for
the betterment of government and of men.
We have seen It very recently put some
"high financiers" and politicians In the pil
lory, ami without looking them up In a
prison house, visit upon them a punishment
far more terrible. There are Indications
that It Is growing more exacting dally. Let
us hope that It Is, for the stricter it Is, the
more will men fear It: the more they fear It.
the higher will be their standard of living
This It.akee It Clear.
So Intimately did the ancients associate
the heliacal rising of Slrlus with events of
Importance to that land that they even In
stituted a heliacal year. Various dates
have been assigned by tradition as the
first dog day, and various periods ss con
stituting the season. It has been claimed
hat It commenced In the remote past on
August l and lasted forty days, until Sep
tember 14. As few as thirty days are
sometimes cited, and as many as fifty-four.
Pliny refers to the commencement of the
dog days to the heliacal rising of Procyon,
wnicn seems at least appropriate as being
canicular, and which occurred July 19. It
would seem that forty days was regarded
as the period In most cases, twenty days
before and twenty days after the heliacal
rising of Sirlua.
New York Sun.
Some moralists hold im rn..i..
hands In horror at thtt mmn rr
official, corporate and private, that has
come 10 ugnt in the last year or so. The
truth is that the country Is doing the most
vigorous housecleanlng- It has ever done.
The land thieves
their way to follow the postal 'thieves.
Philadelphia, so long the home of an or
ganised, elaborate and apparently Invin
cible system of boodle, has begun to shake'
ine oooaiers on. Their long, Insolent rule
Is over, and the tall la at tha ,n h.i.
road. In this town the looting of the
Equitable, while as yet unpunished physi
cally, has produced not only here, but
throughout the country & stern exaspera
tion with the unfaithful stewards. Re
spectabilities find rnntln 1
crumbled n an hour. The public demands
nonesiy in private business aa in publio
affairs. A sound Bublio nnininn
high conception of honor and duty, are
vimuie in me American people. They are
Intolerant of dirty work. They are now
getting rid of a great lot of It. That
wherever they find it they are taking dis
honesty by the scruff of the neck is te the
honor of the United States.
DAY OP THE HYPOCRITE,
"Reformers" Seek to Divert Scrutiny
7 trying; "Stop Thief.
Many of the blira-eat thlva ..
cloak of alleged reform, are crying "stop
thief," and turning state's vMnr
sibly for the purpose of Improving the
moral lone or society, but primarily with
the purpose In view of savlnar thmaiv.
In time, making sure a place In the choir of
saintly singers and, thereby, avoiding an
aquaintance with the stern-faced Jailer.
Of such frequent occurence are these
"exposes" of misdeeds In high financial and
social circles that one must examine each
story with the same care and scrutiny that
used to be employed with legal tender In
the days of wild cat currency.
Every man and woman, and almost every
child. In Lincoln knows, directly or Indl-
reciiy, men wno have used railroad passes
whenever they could bee. hnrrnw n. i
- a, - if. m
them. Knowledge of newspapers and other
corporations wnicn have grown rich on
corporation money, plundering the public
funds and. through rebates anH
fees, collecting and withholding great earns
from the rightful owners, is almost equally
common. some or the newspapers and
"reformers" of Nebraska, now praying so
loudly In order to divert attention from
their own misdeeds would first srlva un hir
stolen gains and come Into the great court
01 equity with clean hands, their cries
would ring more true and. doubtless. rnh
a thtone of grace.
Some of tha most effective evangelists
the world ever knew have been nan hn
forsaking a life ot sin, have turned suddenly
Into the straight road, but who, In the
transformation, have- opened their pockets
and given up every dollar of Ill-gotten gain.
To expect such action from these alleged
reiormers wno now preach so loudly and
sing so voclferlously would, of eoura
be asking something that everyone knows
will never take place.
WHE! TUB FARMER BITS,
Application of Wisdom to tha Dlagnat
of the Specalatora.
This is the season of the year when th
busy farmer Is supposed to be out In the
field under the hot, hot sun, earning his
bread most literally by the sweat of his
brow. Up In the Red River valley, how
ever, there Is a community of farmers who
toil not, neither do they perspire, but who
have Just accumulated bank accounts
which will guarantee them dally bread for
many a long day to come.
These farmers have been careful students
of the methods of the wheat pits, and they
know that natural advantagea ought never
to be neglected. The natural advantage
of the Red River valley is that, In default
of more definite and complete Information,
the reports of Its condition are accepted
by wheat dealers as a sort of barometer of
conditions the country over.
Last week the farmers put their heads
together and bought all the wheat they
could find the cash to margin. A day or
two later dire report about the rust
began to go out to the world from their
valley. These were followed by the arrival
at Minneapolis of a number of samples of
rust-Infected wheat. Prices Jumped. The
farmers hurried selling orders to their
brokers. About the time the checks for
their profits began to reach them they
looked their wheat fields over and decided
that crops were In pretty fair condition
Tha professionals of the wheat pit are
thoroughly well accustomed to losing to
each other and to losing to the mr.n with
the earliest and best Information, but It
must really ruin their faith In human
nature to And that the farmers who grow
the wheat In which they deal are capable
of taking such a mean advantage over
them. If Incidents like this are reported
again we shall doubtleas find the state
legislatures of the country flooded with
bills to protect the poor board of trade
brokers against the wicked wiles and ma
nipulations of the clever farmers lepra the
ROISD ABOIT HEW YORK.
Ripples on the (.arrest of Life I the
Wall street has ceased to murmur about
the stock transfer tax and Is paying up
with reasonable cheerfulness. Couldn't
dodge the penalty without moving Into
New Jersey and that was too much. Dur
ing the first month the tax yielded about
$400,0110. Legitimate stock transactions were
not diminished, but fictitious attempts to
affect the market were rendered profitless.
It Is estimated the tax will yield New York
state 15.0(),X a year. "Thle," says the
Philadelphia Press, "Is a fair Illustration of
various sources of revenue If the taxation
In American states and cities were made
more general than It Is, Instead of resting
almost exclusively on real estate, with the
result of adding to the cost of living by In
crease In rents."
The People's Kitchen, where you can get
a BUUare meal for S rents niw.ni.it a rin
at 13S East Broadway and proved to be a
great success. For 6 cents one gets soup,
roast meat, bread and tea, with milk and
Constantine riollir ta lh nnu IT
originated this nlan r Msh K
oannot afford to pay more than S cents for
a meal. He says he will make money out
of it, too, as the business done already In
dicates, and It Is his -Intention to open 5
cent meal houses all over town.
Qeller expects to feed about 1.000 men and
Women a dav. How ha rama In start It
was that day after day men came to him
at his other lunch place. 816 Canal street,
asking for free meals, via tniu.rf tn hi.
friend, Abraham Bchoenberg, who keeps a
lunchroom at ISO Pprlng street, and to
gether they planned the enterprise.
The dining room will hnlrt ahn,it nt .
sons at a time. It will be open dal!yfrom
11 a. m. to 1 n. m. and from Sloln m Tt
will be closed for throe hours to clean up.
Well known cltisens and philanthropists
on the East Bide are watching the experi
ment, and It It comes up to their expecta
tions they will advance the money for
similar places In many sections along the
There appears to be an Increaalna- hollof
among residents f other sections r tha
country that New York Is a desirable sum
mer resort. The note's and the "sight-seeing"
automobiles and aVldes actually
plain that they cannot acoonuaodate those
aesinng tneir services.
In many ways the city's attractions are
unique. Many of Its modern hotels have
roof gardens where dinner Is served after
sunset. Every known artificial anntianxa
for keeping cool Is in use. Within fort
minutes of most of the dwelling places of
clubs are excellent sea bathing resorts. It
Is quite possible for any one to leave busi
ness at 4 or o'clock and be In the ocean
within' an hour. After the bath a good
dinner, after the dinner an entertainment
quite Inexpensive, Including comic opera or
A summary view of New Tnrtr a
very beginning of the nineteenth century
has come to lla-ht In a atrav .t a.-...
Nouveau Dictlonalre Unlversel de Geo
graphic, published at Lyons In 1804 (An
XII). To New York City Is apportioned
Just half of an octave page, conveying the
following information, among other statis
tics: "New York, an American city, capital of
the province of the same name; built on
the little Island of Manhattan, at the
mouth of the Hudson river, thirty-six
miles northeast of Amboy. It was partly
burnt in the war of Independence. All that
has been rebuilt Is quite fine. We cite par
ticularly the street of Broadway, which
Is a mile and a half long and seventy feet
wide, and at the south ends In a handsome
park, where there is a promenade.
The water Is generally bad. The prisons
are well built and well conducted, their In
terior administration being intrusted to the
Quakers. The number of Inhabitants was
very considerable, but yellow fever depop
ulated it In 1799 and in 1808. The finest
building In New York Is Federal hall, where
Washington and congress took the oath at
the beginning of the federal constitution.
Beyond the park there Is building today
the elegant and new city hall (ville de
hall). The pound of 20 schillings of 1J
pencea is current, and Is worth 13 francs IS
Tourists have queer tastes, and nowhere
are they displayed so plainly as In the
"Seeing New York" wagons. When these
wagons began to run In New York no
thought was taken of a visit to Bteve
Brodle's commonplace and unwholesome
little saloon on the Bowery, but the demand
of patrons became so strong that It is the
chief sight, next to Chinatown. The Met
ropolitan Museum of Art. the beautiful
Lenox library building, Grant's tomb and
Riverside Drive are not nearly so popular
as these places. Many visitors to New
York Insist on seeing the city prison (the
Tombs), where Nan Patterson and others
wh gained wide notoriety were locked up.
Tea speculators in New York who pur
chased large quantities of Japanese and
Formosa teas in anticipation of either an
ultimate Russian victory or the indefinite
prolongation or hostilities In the far east,
now are having difficulty in disposing of
their holdings. Except for two weeks,
when the Russian Baltic sea fleet was ap
proaching Japan, the exorta from that
country have not been interrupted, and the
new crop or tea now Is coming forward In
large quantities. The crop from Japan this
year Is estimated at 18.000.000 pounds,
against 20.000,000 last year. This falling off
is more than counterbalanced by the old
tea held over, which Is now being offered
at a sacrifice. Formosa tea. which sold
readily at 14H cents a pound before the re
cent Japanese victories. Is now nfrara aa
low aa IS cents, and sales are slow. The
American market had been overstocked,
and for this reason an unusual dulness
Discretion of Hyde.
Statistician Hyde of the Agricultural de
partment affords us the extraordinary
spectacle of a public officer "retiring under
fire." It seems to have become a rule of
the profession never to do this, but to
hang on all the tighter aa the fire grows
hofer: aad as no ona is expected to resign
when not under fire, ft follows that there
ahould never be any resigning anyway.
But Mr. Hyde, with grirk facetlousness.
apologises for breaking the rule by re
marking that he is never without being
under fire, and must resign under It if at
all. What he says Is measurably true, yet
the assaults from the speculative marketa
ahould have been a a summer shower to a
duck's back In the case of a statistician
conscious of performing his duties to the
best of his ability and Integrity.
Free Haa for Root.
Ellhu Root is a very strong man. But
he will not be strong enough successfully
to corduct the State department througii
deputies or Instruments of the kind em
ployed In that department for several years
past. He will take out of the department
leas reputation than he brings Into It, if
he be burdened with the men under whom
the department was compromised and
weakened during the enforced absence of
John Hay from duty. Mr. Root to be secre
tary with usefulness and success must be
secretary with a free hand. He has made
a great sacrifice of material Interests to
take the secretaryship. He can find able
men ready to make a like aac-rltlue, for
the sake of the country.
LAWS AND I.AWSO.
Conrts Cnmlnar to t'n4erstand PoMIe
St. Louis Globe-Pemorrat.
Many people have not understood what It
la that Lawaon wants. For Lawson him
self Is contradictory and Inconsistent. One
mut square what he says he wants with
the cube root of what he says he doesn't
want to get an understanding of the prob
lem he presents. lawson comes to the peo
ple snylng thnt lnw Is Ineffective for the
control and regulation of the great enter
prises which dominate the Industries of the
country and exploit the stock market as a
metns of making money on their Intangible
wealth. Lawson has told us over and
over again, In print, and more lately In
addresses which he has traveled thousands
of miles to deliver, that the laws are
powerless to reach the evil or to touch
the pro We -n raised by these great aggre
gations of capital, which not only con
trol the staple markets, but the financial
markets as well. Even after It Is demon
strated how Lawson may stand to win If
i his simple plan of unloading trust stocks
and certificates should be adopted as a
remedy, it la difficult to believe that he Is
not honest, he seems so much In earnest.
But surely Lawson la not consistent. For
after declaring the powerlessness of lnw
he at once declares .opposition to publio
ownership. Logically, when It Is once dem
onstrated beyond question that the law
Is as powerless as Lawson says It Is and
must continue to be, public ownership
will at once become the only solvent. It
Is not necessary to say that tha Globe
Democrat has consistently opposed public
Ownership, but It is hardly more necessary
to say that we were convinced, as Lawson
says he is, that the state Is without power
to control Its own creatures, we should
advocate their "taking over" by the state
as the only thing left to do. To leave the
creature greater than the creator, and
standing In open defiance of the law or
dained for the protection of the publio
right and interest against private en
croachment, would be out of the, question.
However, the people are nowhere con
vinced, as Lawson Is, or says he Is, that
law has ceased to be a potent force In
this country. There Is an awakening In
courts which have too often lent them
selves to evasive constructions of laws
amounting to nullification, to the fact that
there Is a publio sentiment demanding
broader Interpretation and stricter enforce
ment. This sentiment grows out of the
foriviction In tha nnhlle mlnj ih.t i
est enforcement of law is all lhat Is needed
to solve most of the problems of the day.
Shallow politicians who have failed to note
the change which has occcurrred within the
last few years are strengthening men who,
like Governor Folk, are planting themselves
on a broad platform of law enforcement.
Governor Folk's position would not be as
strong tm it is if taken only towartUBun
day laws or sumptuary laws of any kind
But coming at a time follow! ...
of nonenforcement of laws designed to
protect the public against more serious
evils than Sunday beer, he is Indeed a
featherhead who underestimates the
strength of a general declaration for en
forcement of all law. The American peo
ple have not yet lost confidence in them
selves. PERSONAL NOTES.
Henry C. Frlck Is to build In Pittsburg
the finest business structure in the world
to cost $10,000,000. In addition to this, Mr!
Frick has had plans prepared for a new
twenty-story hotel, named the Hotel Frlck
This Is intended to be the finest hotel in
the world, and will cost $10,000,000.
Prof. White of Ithaca, N. Y.. has ar
rived in Berlin from Florence, Italy, after
he hut. succeeded in securing the niu..
from the Italian government of the val-'
uarne collection of books and art objects
left to Cornell university by Prof. D. W.
Flske, the well known Danish scholar.
Frank C. Churchill, special agent of the
bureau of Indian affairs at Washington,
has gone to Nome aa the special agent of
President Roosevelt to Investigate the con
ditions prevailing among the Alaska In
dians and the best steps to be taken by
the government for their care and educa
tion and to prevent extinction.
The thirty-three Russian grand dukes
own 360 castles and palaces in Russia and
abroad, and support an army of about
20,000 servants. Quite one-fortieth of the'
best lands In European Russia belongs to
these grand dukes. Of the thirty-three, six
It is stated, have so little education that
they can hardly read and write.
Mayor 6amuel Roberts of Norrlstown'
Pa., has put himself In line for a Carnegie
medal. Ho was fishing from a boat tn the
Delaware liver when he noticed that two
boys had fallen off a swimming raft and
were In danger of being drowned. Mr. Rob
erts rowed to the scene, and, plunging In
the water without time to take off his
clothing, grabbed the boys by the hair as
they were going down a third time. When
the mayor drew them to the surface great
was his surprise to find they were his own
The late Mary A. IJvermore was a
shrewd woman who believed in "fighting
the devil with fire." Khe was converted to
this idea by the example of an old friend, a
clergyman. With a solemn air he an
nounced from the pulpit one day that a
button had been found In the collection.
"Only ono Individual In the church could
have been guilty of this trick," he said,
"and X ahall expect a coin." After service
a member of the church owned up to being
the culprit and asked. "How did you know
I was the man?" "I did not know," said
the clergyman. "But you said only one
person could have done it." "Just so,"
was the reply. "Two persons could not
have put the same button on the plate."
Sixty years of experience with Ayers Sarsa
parilla! Think of that! Think of the millions
of people who have been cured by this medicine!
If despondent, down-hearted, discouraged, and
almost ready to give up, this splendid old family
medicine will prove the silver lining to your
dark and dismal cloud. Ask your doctor.
Bad by US f. C. At
STUB'S BAT TlOOB-r'or te Uir.
AlfcaVS CnKKET rCTOMAL-Vsi esscae,
To net Something thnt Relonas to An
other the anae ot Oar TronMes.
Wall Street Journal.
At the root of every trouble with which
the American people are now dealing Is the
crime of stealing. There Is one certain
solution for air the problems which now
beset us In politics and In business, and
that la honesty. It would be difficult to
name a single question of administration
In the field of government and of business
to which this does not apply. '
The country is now debating the ques
tion of railway rate regulation, and try
ing to discover how ths Independence and
rights ot the railroad corporations can be
preserved and at the same time the In
terests of the people be protected. And
yet there would be no problem of railroad
rate regulation If there had been entire
honesty In the management of the ralU
roads. The rebate la a modern form of
stealing. It is a method of defrauding
the many for the benefit of the few, and
It haa been the rebate evil which Is chiefly
responsible for the demand of govern
ment regulation of rates.
Then there is the question of what we
shall do with the great Industrial cor
porations which are called the trusts. Per
haps this may be thought to bo purely
an economic problem, but go more closely
into It and it is discovered to be an eth
ical problem, and deep down at the bottom
la the question of common honesty. The
methods of establishing monopoly are
commonly those of forcibly taking front
many their opportunities for Independent
competition, with the object In view of
charging the consumer more for his neces
sities of life than the fair value of the
products. This is doublo-euged dishon
esty. What is the problem which now con
fronts the government In relation to the
administration of the crop bureau but the
question of honesty? There would be ho
serious difficulty in estimating the crops
If it was possible to procure men to make
these estimates who would be superior to
the temptation of speculation.
The fact Is that multitudes of people both
high and low, are still unable to Identify
the various methods of . making corrupt
profits out of the government service and
the corporations, as being ot the same
nature as common stealing. And there
are men right here In Wall street who can
see no reason why they should not profit
at the expense of others through deceitful
stock manipulation, clever company promo
tion and "centlflc use of their "oppor
tunities" as directors of corporations In
the making of contracts, in the fixing of
salaries and the selling of bonds. Hence
the thing most essential today Is the
awakening of th publio conscience to the
helnousness ot the crime of stealing.
"She is always thinking of her husband"
comfort and peace of miad," said one
"Yes," answered the other: "every even
ing Just before he comes home she puts
the thermometer In the lee' chest for a few
minutes." Washington Star,
Small girl In bed, being read to by an
elder cousin Small Girl When I die, shall
I go to heaven, Mary?
Mary Oh, yes; If you are a good girl.
Small Olrl I want to see Moses. 1 shall
tell him I heard quite a lot about him down
here. London Globe.
Tourist I understand your western towns
are very proKresslve.
Redhorse Sam Yes. Yesterday I guv a
man two hours to leave town and he got
out in ten minutes.'-Chlcago News.
"Your latest production was a poem worth
reading," said the flattering friend.
"Yes," answered the ambitious young lit
erary man. "But after seeing the check
sent by the publisher I have concluded
that it wasn't worth writing." Washington
"Brackett. It appears, was unable to get
into any of the college .fraternities.'! Why
was he so unpopular?
"Oh, I guess the boys didn't like him
because he studied so hard that hia pitch
ing suffered, and the team lost most of
the games when he was, In the box." Chi
"I am always carried away by that
song," he suld, as she arose from the
"So you told me once before," she re
joined. "That's why I sang It." Chicago
"And when you told him I was married."
said the girl who had Jilted him, "did he
seem to be sorry?"
"Yes," replied the other, "he said he was
very sorry although he didn't know the
man personally." Philadelphia Ledger.
"Your hair is coming out on top, sir,"
said the barber.
"Good!" exclaimed Pepprey. "I knew It
was In me. Now, for goodness sake don't
talk to It or It will crawl back again."
Madam Be sure to put plenty of nuts
In the cake.
Cook I'll crack no more nuts today.' My
Jaw hurts me already. Harper's Baxar,
"It's so bard for a man to find work
after he's been In Jail." -"Unless
he's a chauffeur." Puck.
THE OLD STORY.
New York Sun.
His hair was red, his stature short,
His freckles far from dim;
The neighbors all remarked "Good landl
What could she see in him?"
Yet this is how It came about
She went to Cupid's shop
And told exactly what she wished
Without a single stop.
"A man of fully six feet two.
With hair of raven wave,
A noble brow, a Samson's strength.
The bravest of the brave."
The graceless clerk then shook his head
As every salesman should.
"All out of that." he said, "but here
Is something Just as good."
The little chap was sent next day;
The neighbors cry with vim:
"Now what on earth do you suppose
She ever (aw In him?"
Ca . Lowall, staaa.
ATEB'S PlttS-For eesitlsstins.
ATsk'i A (.US CUM.--I'M maiatui