Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 08, 1905, Page 6, Image 6

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Tim Omaha Daily Bee.
Tslly Hee (without Hunrtay), one year.. .$4 no
iMIly Iim and Punriay, one year .)
.Illustrated Hp. one year Iff)
Sunday Bee. nn year ISA
fraturf.'ay lie, one year I f)
.Twentieth Century Farmer, on year.... l.U
Tnlly Bee (without Sunday), per rty.... c
Tnlly Hw! (without Sundav), per wek...o
lily Bee (Including Bunnsv). per wrk..l"c
Kvealng Urn (without Bundav). per week "o
Evening Bee (Including Sunday), per
week 12o
Sunday Bee, per copy
Complaint of Irregularities In delivery
Should bo addressed to City Circulation De
partment. OFFICES.
Oronha The Bee Building.
' Podth Omaha City Hall building, Twenty
fifth and M streets.
. Cotinoll Bluffs 10 Pearl street.
Chicago 1MB Cnlty building.
New York Homo Life Insurance
Washington 5nl Fourteenth atreet.
Communications relating to news and edi
torial matter should h addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Iepartment.
' Remit by draft, express or postal order,
rayable to The Bee Publishing Company,
inly 2-cent stamps received In payment of
tnall accounts. Personal checks, ejeept on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
C. C. hosewater, secretary of The Be
Publishing Comtmrvy, being duly worn,
says that the, actual nonilxT of full and
complete conies of The jmny. Morning,
Evening and Kund.'iy Bee printed during the
.month of June, i:,
was as
1 1 sn.Hfin
1 81.14(1
4 JHl.iMO
6 2H.."HH
, Slt.ttUO
' 7 M.S
i :M),ioo
10 ."M.SIO
12 2W.T10
.It W,7W
14 W,T(K
14 ,f)SO
82.1 HO
"2 2),(IHO
2j ao.4io
24 31,aM
25 ao.aM
2fi sm,7:io
27 2,T30
2 SD.T.V)
20 21,T!H
80 Jfl,7n
' Total i
Less unsold copies ,44
' Net total sales
T)ally average
C. C.
81)4,1 M
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 7th day of July 1906.
; (Seal) M. D. HUNGATE.
. Notary Publl'
Subscribers leaving; the pity tem
porarily should have The Bee
mailed to them. It la better than
a dally letter from home. Ad
dress will be chanced as often as
.The Omaha Hnwelling dervishes are
.very mnd over tbe verdict that's very
f The cnll for the republican state con
tention Is out and the democrats may
'proceed to follow at a safe dlntauc.
Those life guardsmen who revolted at
Moscow must have been confused as to
whose life they were expected to guard.
Bankrupt Capitalist Devlin is on the
official bond of the state treasurer of
"Kenans. Is Nebraska history repeating
Itself across the. ixji-der? .
For years Omaha had been clamoring
jfor an Auditorium, but now that it has
an Auditorium there, appears to bo no
very urgent demand for It.'-
Judge Dill, who resigned an Income of
$300,000 to accept a Judicial office ut
$3,000, might not have done so Bad he
not first told talt-a out of school.
Our Omaha Auditorium will not be
the scene of. a .flower show this year.
All Omaha has been a grand flower show
since the foliage came out in the spring.
i That Delaware natural gas company
. which has been declared an outlaw la
doubtless sorry it 'tried to break prece
' dents by organizing outside of New Jer
sey. In the objection to being classed with
i rreeldent Roosevelt one can see Mr.
Bryan's determination to keep open an
opportunity for a democratic campaign
fin 1908.
r Now that the Kansas relincry law has
been declared unconstitutional a num-
'ber of struggling colleges may feel more
encouraged to send representatives to
' Rockefeller.
The Frank Murphy liequcst to the
( Oilman public library will come Into
play in due time, even If we have to
wait until the next legislature shall
amend the charter to authorize its use.
; If there is any discussion as to the
''tactical orbit" of any of Togo's ships
'in the late battle In the Sea of Japan,
' the press censors are keeping the mat
"ter dark.
It is left to Topeku courts to decide
whether deposits made in the First Na
tional Bank of Topcka after it was
known to be in a falling condition come
out of the bank or out of the men who
took tho money.
A French socialist leader has been
barred from delivering an address at
Berlin. As it is the French socialists
who are most bitterly opposed to war
With Cfiuiany the real desire of the
kaiser may be in conflict with tbe atti
tude of the Berlin police.
Tbe statistics of the number of killed
sad maimed In the annual celebration
of the glorious Fourth looks like re
turns from oue of tbe Manchurian bat
tlefield. And yet the number of acci
dental fatalities is said to be lower this
year than any previous year during tbe
past decade.
Since Chairman honts says ideal
sanitary conditions will be secured on
tbe Isthmus before the real work of the
Canal begins, it would seem as if the
consulting engineers called to meet in
.Washington. In September, should give
place to an international conference of
ajmitary eiperta.
Iteports regarding the Itlnck sea situ
ation continue to be more or less of the
nature of rumor and consequently con
flicting, but there Is aufUclent that may
be regarded as trustworthy to show that
It Is a very serious sltuutlon, from which
the government is certain to experience
a great deal of trouble before order is
restored. The routineers who seized
the most powerful battleship In the
Itlaok sea squadron have been instru
mental In arousing a revolutionary spirit
throughout that region which appenrs to
have grown Into formidable proportions
and is very likely to go on spreading.
It strikingly demonstrates how general
Is the popular hontHIty to the govern
ment and how easy It la to call it Into
activity. A like spirit haa been "found
to exist throughout the naval force,
otherwise short work would undoubtedly
have been made with the mutineers. Hut
for the fear of a general mutiny the
Potemklne might have been captured or
sunk within forty-eight hours after it
waa turned into a pirate ship.
A the situation is now represented,
the naval force in tbe Black sea seems
to be practically lost to the er-ar. while
there Is open or Incipient rebellion In a
dozen cities which is steadily extending.
It la indeed an ugly state of affairs for
Nicholas and the bureaucrats upon
whom he has relied. What remains of
autocratic authority lies in the army and
the church. Thns far the array has been
found reliable, though there have been
a few isolated algna to the contrary,
and as long as this continues to be the
case the czar will be secure on his
throne, for a loyal army can keep him
there. As to the church there Is no dan
ger of any impairment of its fealty to
the sovereign, who is the head of the
church as well as the state. If disloy
alty should arise In the church then, in
deed, the throne would be in peril.
It has been remarked that the Russian
government does not really need the
Black sea fleet at this time and can re
main unmoved by its revolt as long as
the array remains loyal. The chief dan
ger from the Black sea Incident lies in
its moral effect upon the army. The
church can be depended upon to exert
all of Its powerful Influence to bind the
army to the throne, but there are ele
ments in the army which it may not be
able to control. Its influence will be
confined to those who are Russians.
Those who are not are very liable to le
affected by the growing spirit of revolt.
The autocracy is confronted by condi
tions that threaten its existence as never
before. What it will do to overcome
them remains to be seen, but obviously
the first essential thing Is to make peace
with Japan, which would enable the' gov
ernment to withdraw its armies from
the far east, and this should be promptly
followed by some real concession to the
people, not merely bare promises.
A few duys ago a steamship arrived at
New York from - Colon and the canal
zone having on board oue yellow fever
victim, three suspected crises of the dis
ease and sixty-one passengers who left
the isthmus because of the bad condi
tions there. One of the passengers
stated that the situation Is serious, a
number of diseases, Including yellow
fever, being prevalent. He said that
what is called the deud train runs from
Colon to a cemetery a mile and a half
from the town always once and some
times as often as fourteen times a day.
There Is bo much yellow fever about
that ten graves are kept always ready
for cases of emergeucy. There is a lack
of nurses In the hospitals and the num
ber la diminishing from departures, so
that within the next two or three months
there will be very few left. It la fur
ther reported that the canal forces are
working 00 per cent short of men. Amer
icans in the canal zone are all hurrying
back to the states.
While tills is not an altogether un
looked for condition, it naturally sug
gests the question whether the commis
sion has taken all the precautions which
might have been adopted. In view of
the fact that there has been from the
outset more or less friction among the
commissioners, It Is quite reasonable to
assume that the work of sanitation has
not received that careful attention which
should have been given It. Some prog
ress has been made, but it seems very
evident that tin's most necessary work
Is a good deal short of what it might be
If adequate effort had been made. The
present comi'Msslon appears to be fully
alive to the requirements of the situation j
and has announced a policy which if
strictly carried out will avert a recur
rence of the very bad conditions now re
ported. As the Resident of the commis
sion well says, the creation of sound un
derlying conditions is now vastly more
important than the moving of dirt. That
this view is seriously held is shown in
the statement that Governor Magoon has
assigned to this work a considerable per
centage of the employes on the isthmus.
The clerical force Is at present insuf
ficient and difficulty is found in getting
men to fake such positions. The reports
coming from there will Increase the dif
ficulty and undoubtedly the government
will find trouble In securing any kind of
In Ixi r until it can give th moat satis
factory assurance that the danger from
disease has been as far as possible re
moved and that provision has been made
for rendering life In the canal zone en
durable. The policy outlined by the
commission contemplates this and while
the carrying of It out may for a time
retard canal construction work, it is
manifestly the thing of primary Impor
tance. That it Is entirely practicable is
not to be doubted. hat was accom
plished In Cuba In the matter of sanita
tion, with the most beneficial results,
can be done in Panama, probably in a
good deal less time and at much less
There is reason to believe that the
preseut commission will work harmoni
ously and prosecute the great task be
fore tt with energy and vigor. Just
now Its most urgent duty Is to provide
those conditions which will give greater
safety to life on the Isthmus.
When 1L B. Howell rushed into court
the day before election last November
with a eharge of criminal libel against
the editor of The Bee it was presumed
that his sole aim was to make an Im
pressive public denial to offset the effect
upon Omaha voters of the publication in
which he was represented as a stool-1
pigeon of the water company in engi
neering the compulsory water works bill
through the legislature.
Having been triumphantly elected as
member of the Water board, Howell was
In position to claim a popular vindica
tion, although as a matter of fact his
election was encompassed by a rotten
deal with the democrats in which the
votes of the Howell contingent of repub
licans were pledged to the democratic
candidate for congress In exchange for
the solid democratic vote for Howell,
with an Incidental distribution of elec
tric light boodle in exchange for his own
opposition and that of the Fontanelle .
braves to the bond proposition by which
Omaha was to acquire a municipal light-1
lng plant Howell was, moreover, in
position also to seek vindication by a
civil damage libel suit even if the Jury
should have awarded him only $5.
But Howell would have no vindica
tion that did not consign the editor of
The Bee to the penitentiary for at least
one year. Manifestly Howell counted
on personnl prejudice and party rancor
to vindicate him by a verdict of "guilty."
The Fontanelle governor's signal failure
to secure a vindication at the hands of a
Jury of twelve good men and true, after
a -full and fair trial, leaves him in a
lamentable predicament. The trial has
established and re-established these
facts beyond a reasonable doubt:
1. That Howell has no regard for his
word of honor.
2. That Howell Is either afflicted with
a defective memory when on the wit
ness stand or unfortunate lu conflicting
with all other witnesses who testify on
the same subject
3. That tbe Omaha Water company
favored Howell's compulsory purchase
bill and that Alonzo B. Hunt their su
perintendent and political manager, was
urgently requested to absent himself
from the state while the bill was pend
ing before the legislature and urgently
requested to come back jmjj put the
three appraiser clause of the bill Into
effect through the city council as soon
as the bill hnd passed. v
'4. That Howell, although claiming to
hate resided In Omaha for the greater
part of seventeen years, and although he
had drawn more than $7,.rO0 out of the
city and state treasuries as a city engl;
neer and secretary of Irrigation, has
never paid one penny of personal taxes.
5. Also that while claiming to be a
civil engineer, he has never been ad
mitted to membership In any society of
civil engineers this by his own testi
mony. When the Kansas City Real Estate
exchange sent a list of questions re
garding Omnha real estate values to the
Omaha exchange, the Omaha exchange
estimated the population of Omaha nt
115,000, but the Kansas City exchange
placed these figures as against Kansas
City, Argentine, Arniourdale and Inde
pendence, with an aggregate population
of 345,000. With greater propriety the
Omaha exebnnge could, have placed the
population of Omaha, South Omahn,
Council Bluffs and Dundee at 173,000,
which in reality constitutes Greater
Hobson, the hero of the Merrimac, is
quoted as saying that Omaha should
acquire its water plant as speedily as
possible. In this respect nobody In
Omaha disagrees with Captain Hobson,
but Captain Hobson has not indicated
how the works are to be procured and
at what price. Possibly it will be Hob
son's choice when we get to voting the
The suppression of bookmaking on
horse racing has been followed by book-
making on automobile races. The auto
scorcher is a bird tht can outfly the
fastest equine thnt has ever hoofed it on
a race track, and It does not matter
much to the man who beta whether he
bets on the speed of a horse or of a
gasoline motor.
The receipt Just this week by the
treasurer of South Omaha of checks to
cover taxes levied against one of tbe
railroads for the years 1802, 1893 and
1894, again goes to controvert the claim
set up by tbe railroad tax bureaucrats
that tbe railroads always pay their taxes
In the reduced collections of the in
ternal revenue office for the Nebraska
district compared with a year ago, It la
refreshing to note that the receipts from
the tax on beer are on the Increase side
of the page, giving room for bopo that
Omaha may still be as famous as Mil
That a man on the witness stand may
refuse to answer questions which tend
to criminate himself is a recognized
rule; but his refusal may easily be taken
as probable cause . for believing that
there Is something criminal which he
wants to cover up.
A logical conclusion of the land fraud
cases would be to cause tbe land se
cured by tbe parties to the fraud to re
vert to the government Such a con
clusion would not only make land grab
blng odious but unprofitable.
The governor of Colorado says he will
start suit to enforce the terms of the
constitution of that state. Every one
should be pleased to learn that one
Colorado official still remembers that tbe
state has an organic law.
The figures of relative real estate
values In Omaha and Kansas City, in
dicating that building ' sites of corre-
sponding grade in Kansas City are
worth twice what they are here, only
foresiiadows how much money Is going
to le made ont of loveotmcut In Otnahn
realty within the next five years, by
which time Omaha will have passed far
beyond the point occupied by Kansas
City today.
Now that German insurance officials
have started after the New York life in
surance companies the people of this
country may secure some valuable in
formation as to how supervision super
vises In the Fatherland.
Hard to Forsret.
Pt. Louis Globe-Democrat,
Mr. Cleveland warns the country to re
member "Insidious Influences." We hare
never been able to forg-et them since 1893-97.
Irrlslstlble rathns.
Washington Post.
Members of the senate may place their
own construction' on John M. Thurston's
plea In mitigation for Senator Mitchell on
the ground that he had served twenty-five
years in the United States senate.
Favored Visitors.
ChtlaKO Record-Herald.
Oaynor ana Green are Still In Canada,
although, according to our extradition
treaties, they have no right to be there.
It must be remembered, however, that
Oaynor and Green took a lot of money over
with them.
Pass Him 1 P.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
Talking about building the Panama canal,
has the American engineer who under
stands thoroughly the efficiency and appre
ciates the poteptlallty of the American
wheelbarrow been given a chance to show
what he can doT
Common Essentials.
Boston Globe.
Commander Peary Isn't exactly begging
for food, but he says that he cannot make
his trip to And the north pole unless (30,000
worth of supplies are contributed before he
starts. Courage and confidence are all
light, but corned beef and sardines also
are essential.
Time for Tears.
Baltimore American.
Tho Beef Trust will object to Indictment
on the ground that It was already forbidden
by the law to do things It Is charged with
doing. The childlike assumption that it
would never do anything forbidden by the
law Is so touching In its beautiful simpli
city that it Is enough to make strong men
Diplomatic Ardor Chilled.
Bprlngfleld Republican.
The president ends a grotesque lltt'.a dip
lomatic farce by authorizing the governor
of the canal zone, Charles B. Magoon, to
serve also as United States minister plen
ipotentiary and envoy extraordinary to the
republic of Panama. This action will close
such droll ohapters as those in which John
Barrett, O. G. D. our greatest diplomat
saved the Integrity and the entity of the
Panama republic every few days by threat
ening to put the Panama army In the lock
up. The appointment of Mr. Magoon to the
place may be, however, a somewhat scath
ing commentary by the president upon the
value of Minister Barrett's late services at
the Isthmus.
Pmlnfnl Sid of War.
Boston Transcript.
One of the results" of the war between
Japan and Russia ought to be an interna
tional conference to settle once and for all
the spelling ,of Russian .names. It would be
a boon not only appreciated by newspaper
readers but bj the . students of history.
Take, for example, the Russian battleship
which has been terrorising Odessa. The
newspapers vary In their spelling of Its
name from Potemkln to Potemklne. The
Statesmen's Tear Book gives It In full as
Knlai Potemkln Tavrlchesky, and we now
think we have it on authority. Just as we
are resting In this comfortable belief comes
Mr. Philip W. Sergeant, the English his
torical writer, and an authority on Russia,
and gives the name of the eminent Russian
as Patlomkln, and his title as Taurlshefsky.
Who shall agree when the exponents of
phonetics disagree?
Move fnr More Open Doors in the
Markets of the World.
Philadelphia Ledger.
There must be some vitality In the reci
procity Idea when business men can delib
erately concert on the brink of summer
to begin serious agitation of the whole
question. The manufacturers of Chicago,
of the middle west and of the northwest
are beginning to demand a "further exten
sion of our foreign trade and the holding
of that which we have won." The call for
this new national reciprocity convention
to be held In Chicago on August 15, Is
issued by representatives of the Chicago
Board of Trade, the Illinois Manufacturers'
association, the Millers' National Federa
tion, the National Association of Agricul
tural Implement and Vehicle Manufacturers
and many other bodies.
The sponsors of the convention announce
that they propose to call upon their sen
titers and representatives in congress "to
exercise their political power, regardless
of party, In behalf of fairer trade relations
with Kurope, as well as with the orient.
The movement looks formidable because
the millers of the northwest, with whom are
allied the transcontinental railroads, are
enlisted in the effort to take down the
bars, and also because the agricultural Im
plement makers, a vast Interest, are lend
ing their support. Tbe whole of New Eng
land Is also In the mood to trade with
Canada if the Maine farmers, who fear
some competition with their handful of hay
and beans, can be placated, and there is a
general desire among manufacturers and
producers to sell more goods abroad to such
as will buy them; but those who expect
results from this agitation should call to
mind the fate which befell the Kasson
reciprocity treaties In the senate. Every
body wanted reciprocity, but nobody wanted
the kind of reciprocity which Mr. Kasson
had provided. A manufacturer of cheap
brummagem Jewelry In Providence killed
the French treaty because a few gewgaws
might find their way to America; a few
knit goods men and the like stopped the
progress of th German treaty, and so on.
Everybody wanted reciprocity If it meant
the sale of more goods; nobody wanted any
sort of reciprocity If It meant the chance
that any other nation should sell any more
goods to us. A little local Interest in Kala
masoo la sufficient to hold up a treaty as
long as a senator exerts his might.
The convention is not going to bring
about reciprocity. 8)tie rude, aggressive
nation like Germany, for instance, will open
our doors sooner or later. The German
emperor and his Reichstag will denounce
our tariffs and shut us out of the German
market, and then our senate will begin to
act because the people will wake up.
We paid absolutely no attention to the
squirming of ths Chinese who begged and
prayed, solicited and appealed to this gov
ernment for fair treatment of Xhe excepted
classes of Chinamen at our porta of entry
under the treaty stipulations, but the In
slant the Chinese began to boycott our
goods our president acted for us with com
mendable alacrity and promptitude. When
the Germans touch the pocket nerve more
heavily, even ths senate will Jump.
rotmrAi. diuft.
Philadelphia is sounding the depths of
political decay and the population Is hold
ing Its noetrils.
Senator Alger of Michigan announces that
he will retire to private life with the close
of his term as United States senator In
1907. Poor health is given as the reason
for his decision.
Political prophets are not highly esteemed.
but there la no ground for flouting the
Ohio democratic prophet who prophecies
that Ms party will get as badly walloped
this year as It did last year.
Governor Hoch of Kansas? Is giving the
state a "John" administration. That is the
first name of the bank commissioner, lire
stock commissioner, state accountant, state
grain Inspector, secretary of the Board of
Control, regent of the agricultural collrge.
state agent at Washington, member of the
Hutchinson reformatory board, one mem
ber of the grain commission, assistant state
grain inspector, state architect and the
governor's private secretary.
Vncle Shelby Cullom of Illinois does not
Intend letting political grass grow around
his senatorial brogans. There are several
aspiring senatorial candidates m the field,
the most prominent being former Governor
Yates, a fact Which causes Uncle Shelby to
shorten his summer vacation and get busy
with his fences. A series of fraternal calls
on various communities will be undertaken
right away, and wherever a hostile trail Is
struck there will be something doing.
As Is usual In such cases the retirement
of Israel Dunham, republican boss of Phil
adelphia, from the office of state Insurance
commissioner, Is explained on the ground
that he needs a rest. The explanation is
as good as any that could be offered. Dun
ham does need & rest from the Philadelphia
mess, but the prospect of getting a rest is
slim. The explanation , failed to add that
Dunham drew $17,000 a year from an office
the work of which was performed by a
It Is said In Washington that John R. Mc
Lean, who recently resigned as the Ohio
member of the democratic national com
mittee., is npt unlikely to be found In the
republican ranks Inside a few years. Mr.
McLean has for years been frankly Identi
fied with Washington, where he lives and
has his largest business Interests, rather
than with Cincinnati, where, however, he
haa maintained his legal residence and
continued to own the Cincinnati Enquirer.
Mr. McLean, who Is worth several millions
and reputed the richest man In Washing
ton, is now In Europe recuperating after a
sharp Illness last winter.
Hew Phrase Meanlns; Much
Practical Application.
Plttsbnrg Gaiette.
A new catch phrase has been coined
which should be as popular as "the simple
life" or the "new thought." This phrase la
"the level of expense." It represents
that keeping of one's expenditures of all
kinds In a correct ratio one to the other.
The woman who has ascertained her proper
level of expense will not be paying an in
ordinately high rent, as compared with her
Income, merely for the sake of a good local
ity. She will not purchase a velvet gown
and sable furs, even though she has the
money to pay for them, because those
things do not accord with her house, her
furniture and her usual style of dress. She
has found a way to proportion her Income
so that all she has and does may seem In
keeping. There la in this a wisdom which
the student of domestic economy will do
well to ponder over.
One of the most usual inequalities to be
observed In the American home Is that of
clothes and the table. Many families will
strain a point to garb themselves In the
most extravagant of apparel, though they
will live on fare so meager that they would
not Invite' a friend to partake of It. Then.
on the other hand, there are people who
spend quantities of money on Imported gro
ceries, choice meats and fine wines who go
out looking positively shabby. Neither of
these have found the proper level of ex
pense. There are thosevwho love to be
known as lavish entertainers, and who ex
tend a beautiful and costly hospitality
much more widely than Is demanded of
them by ordinary social custom, yet their
private table will be poor, often Inadequate
to the real needs of the appetite. These
are follies which have no real excuse.
As for personal expenses, women must
plan for themselves how to make them pro
portionately equal. The eternal fitness of
things plays a large part In helping us to
keep our own level of expense, since it will
tell us that fine lingerie and a cheap ready
made suit are Incongruous, and also fine
dresses with cheap lingerie. The bill for
perfumes, powders, unguents and tonics
may be out of all proportion to other bills,
and must be reduced to that level of ex
pense which the Income makes for each of
us. The bargain counter Is a serious tempter
into extravagance, since a fine article at a
low price Is something which few women
can resist, and afterward one finds it alto
gether unsuitable and out of place with
one's other belongings.
It Is not always easy to find the level of
expense, or, having round It, to keep It.
There are no rules, no formula by which It
may be sought. To attain it successfully
one must do as told by the little girl at
school, "Just begin, and then stay begun."
Effective Work in RnnnlnsT Down
Public tMMtH Grabbers.
New York Sun.
No one except the Hon. Ethan Allen
Hitchcock can tell what pressure was
brought to bear on the secretary of the
Interior to Induce him to "let up" on
United States Senator John Hippie Mitch
ell when that distinguished person waa
found to be Involved in the Oregon land
frauds. Mr. Hitchcock will not tell. He is
not that kind of man.
Senator Mitchell he adopted that name
when It became convenient years ago
for John Hippie to disappear was the
valuable accomplice of a band of land
pirates who sought to make their for
tunes by robbing the government of the
United States, that Is the people of
America. Just as many otherwise thor
oughly respectable persons regard evasion
of the customs and Internal revenue laws
as at least Justlllable, many others think
it no harm to rob the government of
land. Mr. Hlpple-Mltchell entered the
employ of a party of such lawbreakers
and aided their schemes by his professional
advice and official influence. He did it
with his eyes open, knowing that he was
violating the law and rendering himself
liable to fine and imprisonment. He
counted on his wealth, his office, his great
political influence to protect him from
He counted without Secretary Hitchcock,
however. He looked to find an easy going
tolerant, not too Inquisitive figurehead In
the Interior department. Instead, he found
a aulct. thorough, stiff-necked, honest
man. who remembered nothing except his
oath of office when the prosecution of
thieves, big or little, became necessary
Hlpple-Mltchell must have been surprised
when he sounded the full depths of Ethan
Allen Hitchcock's conception of a federal
ofileeholoer's duty.
Secretary Hitchcock has not attitudinized
for the benefit of his reputation or to In
crease his popularity, where be saw a
wrong he righted it as a matter of course.
The fact that he would be first to dis
claim special credit for doing his work
thoroughly, intelligently and effectively
does not alter the other fact that he has
earned the gratitude of the public by the
manner In which he U performing tu
duties ot his office,
The Cossarks seom more and more to be
the one body of troops In the Russian em
pire in whlrh the government can place
complete reliance. The sailors are dead.
captured or In revolt and In many regi
ments the men are uncertain; but the Cos
sacks, now as always, seem willing and
anxious to do the dirty work of the autoc
racy by shooting down Russians at home
though they failed lamentably to lire up to
their picture paper reputations while serv
ing In Manchuria against something be
sides women, children and unarmed work
men. One of the first surprises of the first
land campaign was the collapse of the Cos
sacks as a military force when used
against the Japanese, and a striking feature
of what is almost etYll war at home Is their
effectiveness when confronting Russians; a
not mysterious fact when It Is recalled
that the Cossacks are not really soldiers
and only nominally Russians. They are a
people apart, who delight in venting their
savagery anywhere and everywhere, in St.
Petersburg as well as Mukden.
The emigration statistics for Ireland for
the year 1904 fMm1'.h melancholy reading.
in that they show how Ireland continues to
lose some of the best of Its population.
Last year 36,902 natives of Ireland, a num
ber equivalent to 8 i per 1,000 of the popu
lation, left their homes, the vast majority
to go to the United States or Canada.
The total of 86.902 s a slight falling off as
compnred with several recent years, and Is,
Indeed, the smallest aggregate since 1S98.
Rut, unfortunately, the outward flow has
continued, for since 1R50 no fewer than
3.997.(nS of the Irish people have left their
native land. A large proportion of these
are among the flower of the race, and It is
almost an axiom in Irish history that the
energetlo and enterprising go, while the
more helpless remain.
How the provinces have lost may be
briefly stated:
Munster l snsiet
Connaught eVn.T41
Ulster 1.121.S71
Iielnster 6S9.110
Unclassified 110.739
Total 8J97.91S
This total Is equivalent to 74.T per cent of
the average population.
In his recent article on the present condi
tion of the French army, Lieutenant-
Colonel Plcquart says that the remark of
Marshal Moltke, "Every thing money can
give the French army possesses, as for the
rest we have the right to make certain res
ervations," is still applicable. He declares
that France has an excellent artillery, that
the French rifle is as good as any, that in
case of mobilization French Industry could
come effectively to the rescue of the mili
tary administration, that French fortresses
are redoubtable, and that the scheme of
railway concentration is good. Moreover,
thus far, in spite of the greater population
of Germany, its effectives are not so far
In excess of those of France as might be
Imagined. Both have 24,000 officers under
arms, and as for non-oommlssloned officers
and soldiers, Germany has 000,000, while
France has B50,000. For the moment there
fore, the disparity in numbers la not alarm
ing. He goes on to say that the weakness
of the French military system lies not In
the soldier, but In the command. Little
change has been made during the last
thirty years in the mode of obtaining the
French officer. There Is still a great lack
of homogeneity, owing to diversity of ori
gin and the political and religious dissen
sions that agitate the country. The great
fact which inspires confidence in the future
and In this Germany does not share Is
that France possesses an indefinite capac
ity for the production of such leaders as it
might require In case of a long war. This,
he says. Is not the case in countries where
command is the privilege of a caste and
where an abyss separates soldier and the
officer. ' "
Madagascar has a silk producing spider
which is taken favorable notice of In. a
recent special report from United States
Consul Hunt, at Tamatavl. The full grown
female of the species at maturity Is about
two and one-half inches long, while the
male reaches only one-sixth of that size.
They abound in the Island, and the fiber
they produce has been long known to the
natives, though little use has been made of
It. At the Paris exposition of 1900 a piece
of spider silk fabric eighteen yards Ion
and eighteen Inches wide waa exhibited,
being woven of 100,000 yards of spun thread
of twenty-four strands, and for its manu
facture 26,000 spiders were required. These
were procured by offering the natives so
much a hundred; this brought them in In
basketfuls, mostly dead, so It was found
necessary for the winding off machines to
go to fhe spiders instead oY calling In the
spiders to the fllatorles. The cloth was of
a shimmering golden yellow color, the ex
position nowhere presenting a greater curi
osity. There seems a prospect of making
the fiber commercially available, and ex
pert attention has for some time been ad
dressed to the subject, with results which
are said to be encouraging and satis
factory. The latest Russian census sets at rest
many of the curious things printed In the
newspapers of other countries, as for In
stance the statement widely circulated here
that all but 20,000,000 of the 115,000.000 sub
jects of the csar were "conquered" races,
reluctant in their national allegiance. The
purely Russian population Is almost ex
actly 84,000.000. More Interesting than even
the distribution of the races In this huge
Babylonia Is the distribution of the classes.
There are 96.914,(44 peasants, 13.586,392 burg
hers, 1,230,169 hereditary noblemen, 630,119
personal noblemen and officials, 688,437
ecclesiastics. 242,927 hereditary and personal
honorary clttsens, 281,179 merchants and
(01,600 foreigners. Assuming that all wealth
rowning, Eftng & Co
"The day will
come," said Beau
Bruinmel, "when
It will not be
necessary to be
stralght-laced to
b e becomingly
dressed In sum
mer." Filteenth and
j Douglas Sis.
Broadway al llad fctrert NFAV
They All Come Back for
When Once Used. It
is the Peer of all
Cleaning Soaps.
It contains no lye and is abeo
lutely non-injurious.
For carpet, rugs, hardwood
floors, furniture, "curtains,
dainty draperies, window gloss,
dish washing, aa well ag for
scrubbing and all the rough
work or anything that water
will not injure. . It not only
cleans, but brightens and im
proves everything washed with
Lightens labor and is pleas
ant to use, as it does not injure
the hands, but keeps them soft
and white.
It is a. woman's ablest
assistant during housecleaning
Absolutely Pur. No Ly.
comes from the farm, every seven peasants
In Russia carry a townsman on' their
backs. One man In every' 100 Is a noble
man, one In every fifty either a nobleman,
official or holder of some honorary title,
one In every 2oo an ecclesiastic, one in
every E00 a merchant. "There Is, Indeed, a
healthy number of noblemen In the czar's
domain. There are at least 200,000 able
bodied noblemen In Russia,
i w
The Swedish army, on a peace basis,
numbers about 32,000 men. There Is, In ad
dition, an organized militia proportioned
to the population, which Is about 6,000,000.
Norway has only a mllltla, which haa been
organised to the extent of about 82,000 men.
A war. however, would bring practically
the entire male population of both .coun
tries, capable of bearing arms. Into the
field. The rival armies would be quite
large enough to make the struggle a very
aerlous one.
"Is he resting quietly T" asked the phy
"No," said the watcher. "He's, snoring
to beat the band." Chicago Tribune.
Mr. Jawback I'm going out at the end
of this act to get a breath of f m ah. alrv,, .
' Mrs. Jawback Well, dot bring U In
hero with you If It's the same kind of a
breath you got when you went oat before.
Cleveland Leader.
"Who was the originator of the folding
bed?" said the furniture man.
"Lasarus." replied his son. "History ears
that 'he folded his bed and walked away "
Detroit Free Press.
Robinson Crusoe had Just discovered the
"Hurrah!" he exclaimed: "I shall adver
tise this as a summer resort, where men
actually come on Friday."
Feeling his fortune was made, he recon
noUered with a light heart. Phlladelphl
"Have you ever saved anything for a
rainy day?" bawled the stern parent.
Why, certainly, fathor," replied the Ir
responsible, cheerfully. "I'm well Insured
against a time like that I've saved aa um
brella!" Louisville Courier-Journal.
Kllaon Oaylord's wife used to be awfully
stout, and now she is quite thin. What
caused the change, I wonderf
MarloW-tnvoice. This Isn't the same
wKe. Country Life. .
May Kelly In Llpplncotfa '
Some Boys they call their dad papa.
Oh, gee! That makes me mad.
It sounds so stiff and like a book"
You bet I call mine dad.
And he's a ripper, too, you bet
The boys all wish they had
A father that would laugh and Joke.
And love them like my dad.
Of course, sometimes, when all the bills
Come In he's mighty mad;
And then we sit as still as mice
And hear him Jaw, poor dad.
It's always over soon, and then
Tou bet we all feel glad.
And then we all climb on his lanJ
And hug and kiss our dad., - -
"You can't have kids and money, too."
He says, and so he's glad
The good Lord made him poor.' or alaa
He mightn't been our dad.
I don't want to be president,
Uke every little tad!
When I'm grown un. I'd rather be
A nice man Just like dad.
Summer Suggestions
The .Vacation Season 8uggests"all'.:
sorts of Holiday Wearables that'ara
to be found at our store as for ex'
Feather weight Outing Suits,
Iseat Negligee Shirts, .:
Novelties in Neckwear,
Fancy Ilose, J '.
Kathing Suits,
Underwear that fits, .
Belts and Caps.
We are very glad, to attend '
promptly and carefully to all en quiries
by mail. . i
V YORK firtory, C?T Ssjxi j