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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 24, 1905)
TUK OMAHA PAHA I1EE: SATURDAY. JUNE 24. 1903.
The Omaha Daily Bee
1J. KOBE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
Daily Ho (without Sunday), one year. ..$4
Dally Bee snd Sunday, one year
Illustrated Bee, one year
Sunday Hoc, one year -rl
Saturday Bee, oim year ;
Twentieth Century Farmer, one year.... l.w
DELIVERED HY CARRIER.
Tally Br (without Sunday). per copy.... -C
DhIIv Bo (without Sunday), per week... .1-0
Dally He (Including pundny). per week.. 170
Evening Be (without Sunday), per week. o
Evening Bee (Including Sunday), per
BunilHV Hee, ver pony 60
Complaints of Irregularities In delivery
lihould h addressed to City Circulation De
Omaha The Ree Building.
South Omaha City Hall building, Twenty
fifth and M streets.
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Chicago IH4D I'nlty butldlmr.
New York 15u9 Home Life Insurance
Washington-Sol Fourteenth street.
Communication relating to news and edi
torial matter should be addressed: Omaha
Dec, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Ben Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps received In payment or
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or e.-istern exchanges, not accepted.
.THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douaias County, ss:
C. C. Rosewater, secretary of The F.ee
Publishing Company, beliig duly sworn,
eavs that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally. Morning.
Evening nnd Sunday Bee printed during tho
month of Mav, IPOa, was na follows:
1 2S.040 17 20.STO
2 2S,40 18 28,110
J 2M.(HIO 19 2S.KBO
4 2H.1KO ao,2so
t 2S,MO 21 81, TOO
e ao.oBo a 20.020
7 ai.rvoo 23 2s,5o
S 2,r,10 24 2H.01O
9 2N.4S0 26 S8.TBO
10 2H.1UU 26 tt,04O
11 30,300 27 80.15'-
12 2K.0-4O ft 21M10
12 3O,2:i0 29 80.85O
it 3i,n:io to 83.000
15 KH.70O 1 2O.02O
LeiP unsold copies 10,000
Net total saloa l07,M4
Daily average IStt.ZtH
C. C. ROSEWATER.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 31st day ot May, lSWo.
(Seal) M. B. HLNGATE,
WUEK OVK OF TOWM.
ubacrlbera leaving th city tun.
porarlly should bure Too Bee
mailed to tliera. It ia better than
U daily letter (rout borne. Ad
dress will be chunued ua often as
The Omaha retail grocers aud butchers
helil their tenth iiitnual picnic aud the
next day it ruined.
In the last game of chess before the
supreme court pawn took the bishop.
This time it is stale mute.
The decision of the supreme court oil
the biennial elections law has lighted the
fuel uudcr the political pot.
We may expect u period of quietude
now in the city hall, at least until the
next batch of circus tickets Is to be distributed.
With Yale aud Harvard tied in the
base ball game the good feeling between
President Roosevelt and Secretary Taft
Norway has declared itself an Inde
pendent nation, but, fortunately or un
fortunately, it is not in the way of inter
oceanic commerce. ...
The Chicago, Burlington & Quinoy
Railroad company continues to elect di
rectors and officers enrh year, but Jim
1111, he does the business.
Advices from Berlin sound ns if Ger
many were afraid the "complications"
.'eared In the Moroccan affair might not
put In an appearance In time.
St. Petersburg's report of the fight at
fJunshu Pass ns "u rear guard action"
must Indicate the direction in which
Lluevlteh Is expected to move.
Germany's declaration that ,lt wants
no naval base In the Carribean sen Is
proof conclusive that the Monroe doc
trine is still considered effective at
Objection to dead men on the Equita
ble pay rolls sounds hypercritical when
It Is remembered that as a rule the
policy holder must first die to draw out
The state association of county offi
cials, who retained lawyers to draft that
biennial election bill, should bring suit
to recover the money. The goods were
HVOAR TRVST IXVKSTiaATIOy
It Is announced that an Investigation
of the Sugar trust Is about to be insti
tuted by the bureau of corporations.
According to the Washington corre
spondent of the Brooklyn Eagle experts
lu the sugar business have Is-cn hired
nnd n list of questions to bo asked in the
development of the facts the gov
ernment seeks Is being framed. It
Is stated that the persons to be enn
vnssed for Information Include not only
the heads of the trust, but the various
Independent companies. It Is the Inten
tion to send out special agents to ex
amine persons engaged In the growing
of cane nnd beet sugar In order to
determine what effect the combination
among tho big refineries hns had on
price. The wholesale nnd retail dealers
will be quizzed along the same line and
Information will also be secured to In
dicate whether or not the vnrlous com
binations have lowered or Increased the
price to consumers. The object of the
Inquiry, It is said, is to furnish the presi
dent with facts on which he mny base
recommendations for legislation.
An investigation of the methods of
the Sugar trust will be of Interest to
nil the people, very mnny of whom have
undoubtedly wondered why It has not
been undertaken sooner. It was very
generally expected when the bureau of
corporations was organized that this
trust would be one of the first, if not
the very first, to be subjected to an In
vestigation, but so strong wns the popu
lar resentment against the Beef trust
and the Standard Oil trust that the bu
reau found It expedient to give atten
tion to these ns promptly as possible.
It appears that In the meantime It hns
not lost sight of the other combination
which for years hns been plundering the
public nnd is now ready to make a
searching investigation ns to the meth
ods of the Sugar trust. There ought to
be pretty plain sailing In prosecuting
this Inquiry. The government should not
find any great difficulty in discovering
the methods by which this trust has
built up Us enormous business nnd ob
tained prncttcnl control of the American
mnrkct. The genernl facts as to the
system pursued are nlready pretty well
known. Some of these were disclosed
at the hearings before the Industrial
commission some years ago and others
have come out since. They quite con
clusively showed that the practices and
methods of the Sugar trust were dis
tinctly In restraint of trade and there
fore In violation of the nnti-trust law.
The efforts of the trust have been per
sistently directed toward tho suppres
sion of competition nnd It Is not less
culpnble because It has not been wholly
successful In this purpose.
What Is to be hoped for nnd expected
is thnt the government investigation will
be thorough. Every household In the
country hns an Interest in the matter,
whether Its consumption of sugar be
small or large. The very general belief
Is thnt the prices made by the trust nre
excessive. It is also the nearly universal
opinion thnt Its methods are unlawful.
The Inquiry, If properly and search
Ingly mnde, will show whether or not
these views nre well founded.
Since the yacht of Emperor William
has defeated the lot which was second
In the transatlantic race It looks as If
It were "up to" the roynl sportsman to
make a date with Charlie Bnrr.
To Judge by the latest manifesto at
St. Petersburg, General Trepoff and the
bureaucracy are dying hard, nnd have
evidently had nn Interview with the czar
since ho met the zemstvos delegates.
From the conteuts of the report of In
uran.ee Commissioner Hendricks of
New York, "high finance" Is not the In
vention of yesterday, but dates back
even further than Tom Lawson had any
idea it did.
The report from Toklo, thnt the Japa
nese nre pursuing the Russians mny
wean that General Oyama is eager to
convey to General Lluevlteh assurances
of bis high regard under the same con
'. dittoes that Togo expressed his to
New York Judges have decided to take
no summer vacations this year, 'but to
continue in session to permit Attomey
Jerome to get promptly in matters he
may desire to investigate. This looks
Ilka working a willing horse to death.
I What about a vacation (or Jerome)
In the large cities would go Into the
country places, to Uie material benefit of
Additional restrictions upon Immigra
tion nre not needed. The existing regu
lations nre ample if properly enforced.
The renl question Is to effect n distribu
tion of the Immigrants where labor Is In
demand nnd they can be most useful.
LABOR AND IMMIGRATION.
At a meeting in New York a few dnjs
ago of the Civic Federation the state
ment was made that there is a serious
scarcity of labor in all tho industrial cen
ters of the country and that an imme
diate solution of the problem is neces
sary if our present state of general pros- j
perlty Is to continue indefinitely. One
of the speakers at the meeting fuvored a
liberal interpretation of the immigration
luws and the future euuctuieut of more
liberal laws if they were found to be
necessary or desirable. Statistics were
presented showing the capabilities of the
United States for sustaining a popula
tion of two or three hundreds of millions
of people without overtaxing its re
sources. There was an earnest discus
sion of the immigration question, with
the usual variety of views, one member
declaring that the nine states through
which the southern railway passes will
welcome about a million desirable Immi
grants at once, while a letter from the
governor of North Carolina snld that his
state Is offering the greatest inducements
to high-class immigrants, adding: "We
need them in factories nnd on farms.
The farmers are willing to furnish land,
tools nnd stoclc and give one-hulf the
crop for cultivation." Doubtless there Is
a similar condition In other portions of
the south. There Is a demand for labor
In the west thnt Is not being met nnd
desirable immigrants would be wel
comed In this section.
The New York Journal of Commerce
points out that the principal "evil" in
the Immigration of the present time Is
not the number of alien arrivals, but the
lnck of distribution to the parts of the
country where the population Is needed.
"There are places where there is no
dearth of common labor nnd where there
Is ah excess of population that must de
pend upon that kind of labor. But there
nre large sections of the country whose
lands are but pnrtly occupied, whose re
source nnd industries are only partially
developed, and which nre In need of la
bor of every grnde. There Is nothing
alarming in ,the arrival of a million im
migrants in a year If only they can be
placed where they will become useful
producers nnd will be enpnhle of becom
ing good American citizens." Ia It prac
ticable to effect such a distribution of
Immigrants ns is manifestly desirable!
The commlsslc.ner of Immigration hns
suggested a plan which very many be
lieve would have good results nnd it
ought to receive the cnreful consideration
of congress. It is simply to provide for
giving trustworthy information to lmm
grants ns to where there Is a demand for
labor and where the most favorable op
portunities for settlement nre to be
found. Such Information could be sup
plied br the government without very
much expense, as the states would un
doubtedly supply a great deal of It. That
It would prove of very great value is
not to be doubted. TTavlng anch Infor
matloa thousand! who sow congregate
Among the murvels of the last half of
the nineteenth century aud the first
decade of the twentieth century is the
phenomenal growth of cities all the.
world over. The consensus of opinion
among practical observers is that the
abnormal growth of cities is duo chieily
to industrial revolution caused by the
appliance of steam nnd electricity to
lnbor-snvlng machinery nnd the estab
lishment of commercial distribution cen
ters by the construction of railroads.
There is, however, another potential
force that constitutes a factor of attrac
tion to the large cities. Take, for ex
ample, the city of New York, that has
recently become, next to London, the
largest city in tho world. New York,
In addition to its vnrlous municipal
branches of public service, maintains n
vast system of public instruction, which
Includes, besides the common schools
nnd normal schools, a college nnd estab
lishments for the care, education nnd en
tertuinment of the deaf, dumb and blind,
zoological gardens, botanical gardens,
museums of art and natural history,
public libraries, public baths, recreation
pjers and museum features in the parks.
These special educational and amuse
ment features involve an outlay of
$1C,(XX,000 a yenr, nnd the cost of police
nnd fire protection, pnvements, sewerage,
wnter supply, public lighting and ser
vice incidental to the various branches
of municipal government will aggregate
during the, present yenr about $8tJ,(Mi,
000. All In nil, therefore, Greater New
York taxes itself $110,000,000 n year to
meet the expenses of inunlclpnl govern
ment nnd interest on the public debt.
The magnet that draws hundreds of
thousands of people to G renter New
York Is undoubtedly its capacity to in
struct and entertain the multitudes nt
the least cost, while nt the snme time
the city presents unequaled opportunities
for brainy men nnd women who nre
nmbltious to secure remunerative posi
tions in the highest walks of life. With
New York setting the pace for all Amer
ican cities, the natural bout everywhere
Is to emulate its example lu every direc
tion, even when the public purse is
strained to Its utmost.
It goes without saying thnt the more
progressive, enterprising, public-spirited
any community is the nearer it comes
to attracting population to itself, but it
Is one thing to attract nnd nnother to
retain population Just the snme ns it is
one thing to make money and nnother
to keep It. A city enn only retain tho
population it can profitably employ, in
struct and amuse. Few cities in Amer
ica can subsist on their climate nlono.
since comparatively few people In this
country can afford to remnln nnywhere
for nny length of time unless they have
a fixed Income or remunerative employ
ment. Fewer cities still can depend
wholly for their growth upon natural re
God made the country; mnn makes
the city. And It takes men of pluck,
push and superior Intelligence to build
up large cities even when they have
capital to back them. This will npply
to Omahn ns well ns nny other Amerlcnn
city. Its substantial growth In the past
has come through persistent effort nnd
Indomltnble pluck nnd perseverance. Its
upbuildinat in the future must come
through the factors thnt have built up
nil other grent cities.
The topics under discussion before the
Coal Dealers' association of Nebraska
and Iowa, which is now in session In
Omaha, nre rather Interesting, not
merely to insiders, but to outsiders, ns,
for example, the questions of demurrage,
reciprocity nnd terrltorlnl rights. Tho
obverse would also be interesting,
nnmely, terrltorlnl wrongs, rebates nnd
reciprocity with the consumer's coal bin
when there Is n decline in the price of
blnck diamonds nt the coal mine.
The Lincoln Journal tries to mnke out
that the proposed bank consolidation In
Omaha is a reflex of the period of hard
times, when the facts nre quite the re
verse. Every one of the three banks to
be merged Is in better condition than
ever before and the merger Is to be
effected at high tide Instead of nt low
tide. The consolidation Is tho direct re
sult of good times and expanding busi
Peoria is slated for the next annual
encampment of the Woodmen. From
Milwaukee to Peoria there is but one
leap. Milwaukee has the largest brew
eries and Peoria the largest distilleries
In America. But what will the Woman's
Christian Temperance union sHy?
legislature nnd the courts and subsidized
reporters nnd newspapers thnt fabricate
public clamor for a price.
Absence Makes fur Fear.
Possibly, though not certain, if tho
United States senate were In session It
would be horribly shocked by the presi
dent's energy In bringing about peace ne
gotiations between Japan and Russia.
Ileedlnst the True Call.
Many college boys, especially In the west,
it is said, are hearing "the call of the
wheat." It la a loud call, and there Is
less doubt about it being a true call than
there Is about some other calls which
ambitious college graduates sometimes
think they catch the sound of.
I.intenlna- to the Cluster's Voire.
Cincinnati Knqulrer. ,
Colonel William J. Bryan Is understood
to have written ft platform for a demo
cratic candidate for congress in the Lin
coln (Neb.) district to stand upon. It
commends the policy of President Roose
velt on the railroad rate question, but
makes no declaration for government own
ership of railroads. It is thought the col
onel may be reserving this step for the
next democratic state convention. Now,
however, in the ripened time. 'Colonel
Bryan should know that the eyes of Mayor
Dunne,' Mayor Johnson, Charles P. Salen
and Prof. Bemls are e'en now upon him.
Good Slicn of the Times,
New York Sun.
The number of candidates now coming
up for examination for admission to our
Colleges Indicates thnt the entering classes
In all our eastern colleges more especially
will he unusually largo this yenr. Thou
sands of students now go to the colleges
with the prime motive of fitting themselves
to meet the present demand for specially
trained abilities In many departments of
business and enterprise. Deficiency In that
sort of training Is now likely to be a
handicap to a young man who must make
his own way In tho world. It Is note.
Worthy, also, that never before was the
number of young women who seek educa
tion In Colleges for their especial benefit
so great as it is this vear.
"Sow Look Pleasant."
What would be the effect upon civiliza
tion everybody would keep constantly in
mind that suggestion of the photographer.
"Look pleasant?" The most difficult part
of the photographer's work is the effort
to get the subject before the camera to
rid himself of the cold, stiff, set expres
sion of his face and to replace It by a
genial, kindly look or a smile. He is not
willing to reproduce the sitter until he
succeeds, because he knows that the
change of expression will transform the
photograph. How the habit of looking
pleasant would revolutionize our natures,
and civilization Itself! If we could only
get rid of the hard, eager, worried look
habitual to many of us, not for the few
seconds we stand before the camera, but
for nil our lives, how bright the world
An Ounce of Prevention Worth a
Pound of I.ockjnw Care.
The health department In Its weekly bul
letin urges that the anti-toxin treatment
for Fourth of July tetanus victims be not
neglected. Quoting an eastern medical
Journal to the effect thut not a single blank
cartridge wound trented with antl-toxln
Injection has been known to develop lock
jaw, the department Insists that with such
a valuable remedy available every effort
should be made to use It in all cases of
wounds of the dangerous class on the
That Is excellent advice and It is to be
hoped that parents and doctors alike will
heed it. But there Is even better advice
than this to be given. There is an even
better antl-toxln against Fourth of July
deaths than the kind the doctors use. It
consists in repeated applications of strict
law enforcement, both before the Fourth
and upon the Fourth.
Toy pistols, all kinds of blank cartridges
and dynamite crackers are the most active
agents In the production of lockjaw. The
sale of toy pistols to minors Is absolutely
forbidden. The less dangerous explosives
are permitted only upon the Fourth, but
not before It.
If the ordinances are strictly enforced
we may poss through the celebration this
year without the sacrifice of a single vic
tim to Fourth of July lockjaw. The next
two weeks should be a period of steady ap
plication of the variety of anti-toxin which
the police department makes Its specialty.
Two state equalizing boards have
found railroad values In Nebraska equal
to those on which the roads refused to
pay taxes and sought Intervention of the
federal courts. Thut is a pretty safe
sign that the railway assessment is no
where unreasonably high.
A 14-year-old loy 1m suld to have
opened the switch that caused the terri
ble railroad accident near Mentor. But
why should 14-year-old boys be em
ployed for work thnt should be done by
'experienced railroad switchmen?
Supreme Court Commissioner Ames, In
his elatstrnte scholastic aud ecclesiastic
opinion on the divergence between
Father Murphy and Bishop Bonacum,
has simply followed the example of
Solomon In dividing the Infant Iwtween
the two mothers.
The only people who profited by the
enactment of the biennial elections law
are the lawyer, who bombarded the
SEXTIMEXT OVERWHELMS LOCilC.
Capital Punishment for Women a
Dead Letter Low.
There ha been a loud outcry in all parts
of the United States in behalf of Mrs. Mary
M. Rogera of Bennington, Vt who is undor
Bentence of death for the murder of her
husband three years .ago.
The evidence In Mrs. Rogers' case has
been thoroughly sifted. She had a fair trial
before a Jury. The governor granted her a
reprieve to enable her attorneys to present
to the supreme court evidence which they
claimed entitled her to a new trial. Each
hearing has only served to exhibit more
clearly the helnousness of her guilt. She
and her paramour lured her husband to a
retired place and bound him with ropes,
and sho chloroformed him. It was an atro
cious crime, committed In a treacherous
manner, for the lowest purpose and unat
tended by a single extenuating circumstance.
Those who oppose Mrs. Rogers' execution
generally admit this. They contend she
ought not to be put to death, not because
he la guiltless, but because she la a
woman. The same reasoning Is advanced
in defense of every woman whose crimes
bring her In the shadow of the gallows.
People are used to the hanging of men, and
if a man should murder hla wife aa Mrs.
Rogers murdered her husband few voices
would be raised to save him. But the
thought of hanging a woman Is to many
extremely shocking and revolting.
The deliberate and malicious killing of a
master by his servant, of a superior by an
Inferior ecclesiastic, and of a husband by
hla wife were denominated petit treason by
the common law. They were deemed more
aggravated forma of homicide than murder
because of the breach of confidence and
duty and the treachery they were coneld
ered to Involve, and were punished with
great severity, the sentence of a wife In
uch a case being to be drawn and burned
A great change haa come about In public.
sentiment, and the husband who kills hla
wife Is esteemed a worse criminal than the
wife who slays her husband.
The persona who plead for the total aboli
tion of capital punluhment are consistent.
Those who are willing to have men hanged
but protest against the execution of 1
woman under any ' circumstance are gov
erned by sentiment rather than by logic
Theoretically both sexes ought to be equal
before the law In criminal and in civil
courts. But when there Is a conflict be
tween sentiment and logic, the latter al
most Invariably gets the worst of It. The
feeling that It la wrong for the state to take
the life of a woman, no matter how blood
stained her hands may be, a feeling almost
unknown .a century a no. Is powerful now.
Because of It few murderesses go to the
gallows, and fewer sllll will o there la the
OTHER LAfDS THA OIH9.
Bps In has mnde considerable progress
since the war with America In the di
rection of economic and administrative
reconstruction, but the budget state
ment of the premier Is not so favorable
as the annually recurring surplus woul.1
seem to indicate. A surplus last year of
more than $5,sro.0CO and estimates for
the current year which are within the
revenues by a margin of $4,000,000 certainly
do look as though the Spanish finance
had been Carefully husbanded. The states
men of the country so regard the sub
ject, for they are now talking seriously
of the rehabilitation of the navy, which
we left so pitifully crippled after the
affairs at Manila nnd Santiago do Cuha,
An examination of the details of the
Spanish revenue shows, however, that
while the aggregate has been Increased,
tho sources which reveal decreases are
precisely those which would show In
creases were there any real Improvement
In the fundamental situation. For In
stance, the revenue returns for 19A4 In
dicate a falling off In tho receipts from
Industry and commerce, from landed prop
erty, farms and live stock, mines, trans
portation taxes and tobacco taxes. These
decreases are emphasized by corresponding
Increases in the taxes collected from In
comes, excise charges of various sorts,
lotteries and exemptions from military
Chancellor von Bulow did not accept tho
title of prince until it was offered to him
for the third time. The first occasion was
after he had succeeded in passing the tar
iff bill against the obstruction of the so
cial democrats, and the second so It is
reported was when -the Reichstag ratified
the new commercial treaties. His rise
haa been a rapid one. He Is still less than
67 years of age, and it was only in Oc
tober, UJ7. that, after having succes
sively served during the previous decade
as minister at Bucharest nnd as ambassa
dor at Rome, he was appointed to the of
fice of Ocrman foreign secretary. Owing to
the great age of the then chancellor,
Prince Hohenlohe, the foreign secretary
ship acquired unusual Importance and
pro-nlnence, and when. In 199, he had suc
ceeded In securing the Caroline islands
by purchase from Spain after Its defeat
.by America, he was raised to the rank of
count. On October 17, 1900, he succeeded
Prince Hohenlohe as imperial chancellor.
Since then his parliamentary successes
have been many and brilliant. The gen
eral disposition Is to attribute his pro
motion to his more or less successful In
tervention In the affairs - of Morocco,
though the final outcome of that experi
ment Is still uncertain. One Important
German Journal remarks: "The honor
conferred upon the Imperial chancellor
may not be solely due to the development
of German policy in Morocco, but it would
not have been regarded as opportune If
Germany had at this moment sustained
a diplomatic defeat In that country."
A comnnnv has lust been organized in
Russia, under direct imperial authority, to
construct the lone-talked-of Baltic nnd
Black sea ship canal, nnd It is declared
that the necessary capital, :00,000,0x, will
be raised without difficulty by Dutch,
French and American capitalists. The
strategic Importance of such a canal. If it
should ever come into existence, would be
Immense. For one thing the Dardanelles
would cease to be a source of controversy.
Commercially the canal would enable the
Donets coal, which Is found In an extent
of territory as large as all England, to drive
British coal from the Russian market, ine
Russian Baltic ports now consume every
year about 4,500,000 tons of British coal, for
which they pay more than $25,000,000. It
would reduce the rail haul of export grain
from an averntrc of about 1.0CO miles to
300 or 400 miles and enable Russian wheat
and rye to compete on extremely advant
ageous terms with foreign Imports. It
would bring South Russian Iron to the
St. Petersburg works and stimulate
trade of all kinds. It la estimated, besides,
that a large percentage of the transit trade
from the Mediterranean to northern Europe
n-nnld be diverted to the new route. The
calculations of the engineer, which, of
course, are exceedingly sanguine, point to
a total traffic of 20.000,000 tons, wnicn ne
rerlnees to 15.0i0.000. which at $1.50 per ton
would yield $22,500,0(10. I'pon these figures
he builds expectations of pronts or w per
cent upon the investment.
The nnoeul which Field Marshal Lord
Rnherts has made to tho BrltlBh nation to
ermtrthute funds for the organization and
maintenance of rifle clubs throughout the
country, to avoid a resort to conscription
in thA event of war. is practically a re
vival of the volunteer movement to which
Louis Napoleon's suspected plana ror tne
Invasion of England gave birth. The situ
ation in Great Britain now is almost Identi
cal wtth that in the time of Napoleon III,
only that it Is the fear of Germany and
nnt nt France which possesses the British
people. The kaiser's ambitious naval plans
have excited the strongest suspicions vi
iiter designs on the British Isles. The
first of the measures adopted to counteract
them was the reorganization of tne uruisn
navy and the establishment of new naval
bnses along the eastern coast to command
the North sea. The-creation of rifle clubs
will be the means of training the young
men of the country 1n the use of the long
range weapons of tho present day. It will
build up a strong and effective army which
can be mobilized at short notice for home
It looks as If the efforts of the Lads'
Drill association, an organization in Eng
land headed by the earl of Meath, an ac
tive promoter of physical culture, whose
object It Is to convert all the large schools
Into recruiting grounds for the army, are
likely to be rewarded with a considerable
measure of success. At all events, the
headmaster of Harrow, one of the most
famous of the large publlo schools, has be
come a convert to the views of the asso
ciation. Every boy under his tuition has to
learn how to handle a rifle and pass a
standard in shooting aa a part of his reg
ular course. The' boys of each "house" use
the rifle range In turn, out of school hours,
and are compelled to be regular until they
have attained a certain measure of pro
ficiency. At first there was some grumbling
on the score that the rifle drill would In
terfere with cricket, but as this has not
been found to be the case, the boys have
taken to the new accomplishment with en
thusiasm, and have organized a number of
school contests, which are exciting keen
rivalry. The headmaster. Rev. Dr. Wood,
explatns the new departure by announcln
his conviction that In the England of the
future there can be no other alternative for
conscription except the rltle club.
Astronomers will soon be making their
way from all parts of Europe and America
to Spain, in order to witness the solar
eclipse of August 30, which will be total in
parts of that country. The conditions are
peculiarly favorable, the region being easily
accessible, and the phenomenon Is likely to
le of greater scientific interest than usual,
on account of the duration of the totality
and the prevalence of sun spots of rare
dimensions. There will not be so good a
chance for European observers for many
years to come. ' The center of the shadow
track will strike the Spanish coast near
Cape Ortegal, and the shadow, some 120
miles wide, will cross the peninsula In a
A Deplorable Trndenrr Fonnd In All
Walks of Life.
O. 8. Marden In Success.
This money craxe, or tendency to com
mercialize the Ideal, Is found In nil walks
of life. Never bt'fore were so many cler
gymen, especially young clergymen, leav
ing the pulpit to go Into business. The
great commercial prizes are so tempting
that their own pitiful salaries look con
temptible In comparison. There are cler
gymen In tho American pulpit preaching
for a few hundred dollars a year who
know perfectly well, and everybody else
knows, too, that they could make many
times ns much money In business careers
Many of them do not see why they should
not become rich nnd powerful; they do
not understand why using this money
making capacity Is not as legitimate fur
them as for others. In other words, there
Is a powerful temptation today for a cler
gyman to turn Ms rreatlve faculties Into
money making channels.
Many of our lawyers are looking for big
fees rather than for grent legal acumen
or high standing at the bar. They know
that lawyers are envied, today, nut so
much as members of a great and learned
profession, upholders of the majesty and
Justice of the law, as because many of
them make a great deal of money from
their practice. They know, too, that they
are ranked by fellow lawyers largely In
proportion to their ability to get big fees.
It Is well known that some of the men
who get enormous fees and become mil
lionaires nre not great lawyers nt all, and
have nothing like the legal ability of
others who nre not paid a quarter of their
fees. What is his practice worth? seems
to be the question by which to measure a
lawyer's standing In the minds of most
Physicians and surgeons are measured In
much the same way. How often we hear
it said, "Why, that physician has a prac
tice of $26,000 a yenr." Sometimes th
sum named Is twice or thrice as great.
Just as If this was the measure of a phy
sician's usefulness! Of course, In a sense,
getting enormous fees Is some proof of his
ability; but it Is not the best evidence
of a man's real service to the world.
Many authors today do not seem to
think so much of putting immortality Into
their compositions of writing books which
hall live through nil time as of earning
the largest amount of money possible with
their pens. Few modern writers would
spend years upon a tiny bt of composi
tion, or exchange their lives for a few
Immortal verses or a single book that the
world would not let die.
OMAHA'S YOITHFIL MAYOR,
Sncressfnl. Politician nnd Aetlnar Chief
Executive of Omnha nt Tnenly-Mi.
Another Nebraskan of meteoric career,
though not as widely known as Coloacl
William Jennings Bryan, Is Harry li. Zi.n
mnn, acting mayor of Omaha in the ab
sence of Mayor Moores.
This young man, who stands at the head
of a municipal government controlling 125,
000 persons, is barely 2ti years old. Brought
by his parents from Poland In his fourth
year, Mr. Zlraman's first home In the land
of liberty was the city of Omaha and in the
Third ward, the most vicious in tho city.
At 9 years old Zlmman was put to work to
aid In the family's support. ;
Quick, alert and energetic, he picked up
a great deal of useful Information nnd ap
plied it, too. According to his own state
ment, he has been a politician since his
sixteenth birthday. The fact that he ha.i
had small opportunity for education has
not been as great a handicap to Mr. Zlm
man as might be supposed. Everybody In
his ward knew him as a boy, listened to
him when he argued questions of the day,
became convinced of his ability and was
ready to vote for him as a party candidate '
Each time he has come before the people
on election day he has been victorious in a
bitter and hard-fought campaign. Recently
he was elected president of the city council
and as such stands next to the mayor.
"Frankly, I am a politician," he told the
Human Life correspondent, "but I hope you
realize that there are politicians who are
as anxious to do what is right and wise as
there are politicians anxious to do what is
wrong and unfair." A greater part of his
salary he gives to his mother for her support.
Governor Merrick of Ohio proposes to ex
terminate the 'legislative lobblest, perhaps
Ohio governors are permitted to work over-.
Lincoln Steffens In MeClure's prononnc
Cleveland "the best governed ci'y." When
Tom Johnson absorbs the significance of
that assertion It Is feared he will "slop
over" Into the next county.
One of the clerks in the Treasury di part
ment In Washington has rounded out
record of forty years In the public service.
He did not celebrate the event, but
nclghlxirs stirred up some noise about
Richard Croker Is on his way bark M!
the "States. " Mr. Croker whi n he left New
York thought he knew all the points In tin
game, but Philadelphia hns opened up a
school which will make his experience look
liko 30 cents.
Tom Tnggart Is up against more trouble
In Indiana. Petitions have been nent to the
Hoosler governor protesting nmilnst Tng
gnrt's Monte Carlo at French Lick Springs
and demanding- the suppression of that
gambling resort. The governor Intimates
there will be something doing presently.
Boss Murphy of Tammany Hall already
outclasses his predecessor In scooping lit
wealth. He hns a country estate, a town
house, a string of hnrsca, two automobiles,
a yacht U the frills of greatness. And the
money from rich contracts Is rolling In fas
ter than he can "burn It." He has been In
politics about fifteen years.
Mayor Weaver of Philadelphia finds his
propensity for gifts somewhat embarrass
ing for a r former. Last Christmas. Ions
liefore he dreamt of breaking away from
his political partners, lie received many val
uable presents. Santa clans brought him a
$7 set of dl-shes. a team and carriage, 4 0
books, Turkish rug, clocks, jewelry, library
furniture nnd minor articles, practically all
of them sent by officials whose heads are
now In the basket or approaching that
gruesome receptacle of the defunct. Some
o fthe donors would like to have their do
nations returned, together with their love
letters; and supporters of the mayor urge
him to send back the "tainted Rifts."
A delegation of republican politicians
called upon Mayor William B. Hayes of
Pittsburg and sounded him as to his will
ingness to be tt candidate again. "Not for
me," was the decided reply. "I wouldn't
accept this Job for another three years It
the salary were raised to $50,000 a year."
Before he became mayor Mr. Hayes was In
the lumber business and he says that thut
life Is strenuous enough for him. When he
was elected mayor he appointed, a numbe?-
of his friends to good positions. It srem(
mat aDout nine-tenths of them have "laid
down" on him and his troubles have caused
his brown locks to turn white. The mayor
Is going back to the lumber business Just
as soon ns he can get out.
his - J L
PASSIG I'LEAMA VritlES.
Jaggcrs pid your wife die a natural
death? ' I
Wiiggers Indeed she did. She was talk- f
ing when the end came! Cleveland leader. , J
"My daughter." said Nexdore. "Is nulie,
familiar with all the classical compost
exclaimed Mrs. Peon
positively lllppant." Plillau7T
Is Combination Conspiracy?
A Nebraska grain company has sued the
Nebraska Elevator trust under the state
anti-trust law for $128,000 damages on ac
count of alleged discrimination and con
spiracy. A grand Jury in Cleveland has
Just reported Indictments against members
of the so-called plumbers' trust and of the
Mantel and Tile Dealers' association. Con
spiracy to restrict trado Is the charge
against the Cleveland men. Hardly a week
passes now that some kind of trust prose
cution is not started.
Gerald I wonder whether I shall be num
bered with the sheep or tho goats on the
day of Judgment?
Geraldlne Well, you nre always butting
Everybody is wondering who brought that
young Dobson to the picnic. The first thingr
he did was to sit down on a custard pie."
"Made a bad impression, eh'.'" Cleveland
"Do you know vour eyes nre crooked and
out of focus?" said the quack oculist, sud
denly appearing at the busy man's desk.
"That may nil be," was the teply, "but
If your brain wasn't any more out of plumb
than my eyes you'd be lucky .'"Detroit
"You have served your country nobly,"
ald the mikado. "Anything you may ask
will be granted."
"I have but three requests." answered the
Japanese naval hero; "don't erect a tri
umphal nrch, don't present me with a house
and don't let the girls kiss me." Washing
IT IS IIEKE.
The picnic season draweth nigh,
The little nnts are due;
7 1 1 f,nmn. Iha nnaltv llttli. flv
And fierce mosquitoes too.
The garter snake is In the grass,
And wriggles like a streak.
Ami as the spinsters see him pass
They utter shriek on shriek.
The little bee Is on the wing,
Tho kids think he's a fly.
Until he hands them out a sting,
And then they sob and cry.
It's lots of fun for him,
t'ntll he tries and cannot float
When he falls in the swim.
ThA h ii mm.ipl, nnw ta linns' hv a nm m I-
Poor addle-pated chump, f
And two sit spooning, when, ah, hut?
They both come down, kerbump. i
A I.eaaoa Driven Home.
Kanuas City Journal.
Mr. Bowen has been taught the lesson
which Russia recently learned that It ta
unwise to provok fight without being
Browning, Ming & Co
CLOTHING. FURNISHINGS. AND BATS
From Now .
Till July 1st
we shall have a great va
riety of bargains to offer
you. On July 1 we take
inventory and meantime
there are lots of odds and
ends in men's and chil
dren's suits that we would
like to sell, and it ought
conouseurs and f0 interest you because of
customer are ont J
SrXtS the good things it puts in
"at my clothkr'-" reach at a very low price.
Suits, extra trousers, furnishing
goods, hats and caps, for men, boys
j Douglas Sts.
Broadway l Had trl NEW
YORK f actory, Cooper sqr
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