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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 6, 1905)
Tnr, OMAHA DAILY BEE; MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 190o.
fnre Omaha Daily Dee
E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Btnte of Nebraska, Douglaa County, ss.:
George B. Txschurk. secretary of The Bea
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Pea printed during the
month of January, 1906, was aa follows:
1 80.220 17 ST.710
t 29 ,040 1 T,20
I liS.tTO 19 2T.8BO
4 2H.210 20 2T.B20
1 27,970 21 BO.OHO
i 27.080 22 SO.OBO
7 KO.420 23 82.190
1 80,140 24 2J70
9 27,760 28 2T.S10
10 27.820 26 ..2H.1SO
11 27.NO0 27 2.OTO
12 27.6SO 28 80,240
1J 27.R40 29 ...20,10
14 80..T00 30 27.8T
16 ao.BOrt II 27,000
Less unsold copies 9318
V ntl aulas..
Subscribed In my presence ana sworn
before me this 81st day of January, 1906.
(Bai) to. . nun
If those spots on the sun are the re
sult of a solar storm, the earth, as seen
from the moon, must resemble a prairie
Won't some one please dig out the
hero who sought fame and fortune
through the catch word, "It's cool In
If fourteen wives gather at the sta
tion to welcome his return to Chicago,
the Jovial Mr. Iloch should be content
to dispense with the brass band.
San Domingo's predicament ahould be
an object lesson to Venezuela, but per
haps President Castro prefers to pose as
a martyr rather than as a statesman.
Congressmen will probably have a
greater familiarity with the railroad rate
question by this time next week than
they have at present, but It will not be
the fault of the men who make the
Hawaii promises to supply the raw
material If the United States will furnish
the workmen and the capital for a sys
tematic study of leprosy and as a mat
ter of , self-defense the course may be
Democratic table d'hote boarders at
the county crib have reason to con
gratulate themselves over the persistent
disagreement between republican county
commissioners over the reapportion
ment of county patronage.
The rumor current in St Petersburg
that General Kouropatkln will resign
command of the army In the east must
be good news to Admiral Alexleff, but it
may be only Russia's way of indicating
its readiness to talk of peace.
The special committee of the legisla
ture Which Investigated alleged pass
bribery within closed doors may learn
something by reading President tStlck
ney's address, Just delivered before the
Washington Economic society.
Evidence controverting the testimony
of handwriting experts In Colorado leads
to the conclusion that the most expert
man connected with the affair was the
person who discovered the alleged "ex
perts" and secured their services.
If Rosebud homesteaders expect to
raise crop this year they will not wait
the full term of the new law before set
tling upon their land. The first of May
Is not too late for the speculator, but
the home builder will be ready to break
sod as 'soon as the frost Is out of the
The city tax rate Is to be fixed by the
council at Its meeting next week. Where
Is the Real Estate exchange committee
and the representatives of other organi
sations that have been working in the
direction of relief from tax burdens?
Nothing is gained by holleplng only after
the harm is done.
If the two-shift plan for tire fighters is
good for Omaha nnd for South Omaha,
why Is it not equally good for Lincoln,
Beatrice, Hustings and every other city
In the ittute which maintains a paid fire
depart jiicnt? Or do the lawmakers from
these Interior towns prefer simply to
try tlij experiment first on us?
.. ' . . i
It li an open quostlnu whether the
bill to extend tlis timo. of Intending
homesteaders who drew prizes in the
Rosebud Reservation land lottery Is In
the Ihierest of genuine settlers or of
spcculutora In lands who have no In
tention, to uiuko their permanent homes
m tin lands allotted to them. Iu the
early 'days of Nebraska and In these
latter. days, million of m-res of public
Inmls .tukn v.p as homesteads under
the original )io:uetend net were entered
by I. -aid Prs biting speculators, whose
count Uji.eeii d!d nut revolt at downright
perjury order to t'strtMlsli claim to
lioinebtoadj on whVh they had not even
fl'I't ous uiglit In a jtur.
, A DISAPPOINTING THE ATI'.
The statement is made that the na
tional administration Is sorely disap
pointed over the way the Cuban reci
procity treaty Is working out. The ex
pectation that the preferential duties
which Cuba gives to Imports from this
country would result In transferring to
our merchants complete control of the
markets of the island has not been real
ized and Instead the United States has
only a little more than held the trade it
had prior to the adoption of the reci
procity treaty, while every other country
having any commercial relations at all
with Cuba has made gains.
This is disclosed In the statistics of
Cuban trade with this country, which
while showing some gain by no means
come up to what was reasonably ex
pected. It Is therefore not surprising to
learn that there has been much puzzling
in administration circles to account for
the failure of our merchants to extend
their trade with Cuba under the favor
able conditions provided by the treaty.
In reference to this a leading commer
cial paper observes that there Is no dif
ficulty In Inferring the reason for the
larger relative gain in exports from Eur
ope to Cuba than from the United States
In spite of the reciprocity treaty. It
points out that we can supply the island
with cattle, provisions and brendstuffs,
and some other of the coarser and more
bulky commodities, to better advantage
than Europe, but her need Is largely for
manufactured articles and In these, espe
cially In most textile fabrics. Imports can
still be made from Great Britain,, Ger
many and France at lower cost than
from the United States, even with the
difference In duty.
If this Is tho fact there Would seem to
bo something fundamentally amiss on the
part of our manufacturers. They bave
an advantage not only in preferential
duties but also in freight rates, and If
under these favorable conditions they
are unable to successfully compete with
tho European manufacturers what is the
good of the reciprocity treaty? It was
urged in advocacy of that treaty that
practically all the Imports of Cuba
would come from this country. As a mat
ter of fact they are not as large now as
before the last Cuban revolution. Mean
while the treaty has proved a good thing
for the Island republic, whose exports to
the United States have very largely in
creased and are steadily growing.
A study of these statistics is certainly
not calculated to strengthen sentiment
In. favor of trade reciprocity, at least so
far as countries In this hemisphere are
concerned. The Cuban treaty , has still
several years to run and it Is possible
that before its expiration conditions
may be materially changed, but it Is safe
to say that unless this takes place the
agreement will not be renewed. Senti
mental reasons were to a large extent
Influential In bringing It about, but in
future business considerations will con
8T0P INDEFINITE APPROPRIATIONS.
Our state constitution expressly pro
hibits the issue of state warrants with
out a specific appropriation by the legis
lature, but the legislatures of Nebraska
have in violation of the spirit, If not the
letter, of the constitution voted Indefi
nite instead of specific appropriations
that bave stimulated extravagance and
contributed largely toward the abnormal
Increase of the state debt Instead of
making appropriations for fixed sums to
defray the tost of public buildings or the
maintenance of public Institutions our
legislatures have voted appropriations
for unknowable sums In the shape of
half-mill and mill taxes.
This Insidious system of Indefinite ap
propriations originated with the late W.
IL H. Stout, better known as "Boss"
Stout who log-rolled through the early
legislatures bills providing for the erec
tion of the penitentiary and state capi
tol. An appropriation of a quarter of a
million dollars for the penitentiary or
capltol building In addition to the pro
ceeds from the large block of lands do
nated by the government for their erec
tion would bave shocked the state and
politically killed any member outside of
Lancaster county who voted for It but a
half-mill tax. like a sugar-coated pill,
does not leave a bitter taste in the
The precedent, established with the
half-mill and mill taxes for the benefit
of the contractor of the penitentiary and
capltol was adopted later for the benefit
of the state university. The founders of
the university confidently expected that
a sufficient income would be derived
from the 1 alng of the university lands
to defray the expenses of maintenance
of that Institution, but these expecta
tions have not been realized. Conse
quently a university half-mill tax was
first voted to make the university appro
priation palatable. After the collapse of
the real estate boom and consequent
shrinkage In the grand assessment roll
of the state, the half-mill tax was in
creased to a mill tax without opposition.
The pernicious effect of the Indefinite
and unknowable appropriation Is now
manifest. In 1003 the grand assessment
roll aggregated $1S8,000,000 and the mill
university tax yielded f 1RS.000; in 1904
the grand assessment roll was Increased
to $204,000,000 and the amount placed
at the disposal of the university amrre
gated $204,000, or an Increase of $100,000
over the preceding year. Unless the law
Is changed that will also be the Income
of the university from the mill tax for
1005. which is baaed on the assessment
With Its Income Increased by more
than $100,000 n year the ambitious uni
versity regents expanded their expendi
tures correspondingly. It goes without
saving that at least $100,000 of the quar
ter of n million Increase in the state
debt during the year W4 Is due directly
to the mill tax for the university. Had
the legislature made a specific appropria
tion It certainly would not have In
crensed the levy for the university by
$1(0 000 In ti e face of a constantly grow-In:-
The lesson tnnirlit should lie heeded.
I'rom now on cvr-i-y sppi-apilution made
by the Ii)lature should be for specific
amounts and the aggregate appropria
tion should be kept within the limit of
the state revenues.
EFFECT ON MEAT PRICES.
It was not to be expected that the de
cision of the United States supreme
court continuing the injunction against
the Beef combine would have an Imme
diate effect upon meat prices. The In
junction had been In operation some
time without exerting any Influence npon
the market presumably due to the fact
that those Identified with the combine
did not obey, the decree of the circuit
court which was affirmed and mad'
permanent by the tribunal of last re
sort But It Is assumed that the mem
bers of the combine will now respect the
order of the courts and cease conspiring
against the public, with the ultimate re
sult of lowering the prices of dressed
meats. It will certainly be a great dis
appointment If such Js not the case.
An unnamed memlter of the Interstate
Commerce commission Is quoted as say
ing that he does not believe the public
will get a dollar's worth of benefit out of
the decision and that the cost of meats
of all kinds will continue as unreason
ably high as In the past two or three
years. He could see no reason for a
change In the methods of the trust, re
marking that the supreme court decis
ion added nothing to the effectiveness of
tho Injunction. "During the pat two
years," he said, "the trust continued Its
unlawful conspiracy to stifle competition
among the cattlemen and to keep prices
to the consumers at top notch. It vio
lated the law in numberless cases by the
giving of rebntes and other practices it
has for maintaining its grip on the throat
of the provision market, yet nothing was
done to stop It." This Is doubtless true,
but If assurances that come from Wash
ington are well founded the Beef com
bine Is no longer to be allowed to con
tinue Its course of disobedience and de
fiance of the law. The government It
has been authoritatively stated, Is de
termined that the law shall be enforced
and that anyone found violating the
court's decree will be prosecuted under
the criminal statute, If that can be done.
There seems to be no doubt that every
person Identified with the Beef trust is
already subject to such prosecution un
der the anti-trust law.
There may not be an early reduction
In meat prices. Supply and demand per
haps forbid this. But we are not pre
pared to accept the view of the member
of the Interstate Commerce commission
that the public will get no benefit out of
tho supreme court's decision.
While charter committees .are wrest
ling with the problem of merging the
city treasurer's office and city tax com
missioner's office with the county treas
urer's and county assesssor's office with
a view to the material reduction of
municipal taxes, the Howell-Dodge
water bill is opening the way1 for the
creation of sinecures and a consequent
Increase in municipal taxes. For ex
ample, the city law department which
Is maintained at an expense of $1,000
per month, is presumed to be amply
able to handle all the legal business of
every department of municipal govern
ment but the Howell-Dodge bill pro
vides for the creation of a water works
atttorney at such salary as the water
board may fix. And although the engi
neering department of the city Is capa
ble of making all the surveys and deal
ing with all engineering problems, that
may be encountered In connection with
the water works, another set of engi
neers may be employed by the board on
whatever terms it may see fit to engage
Several proposed constitutional amend
ments have been introduced into the leg
islature, but they all deal with the or
ganization and procedure of the Judici
ary, and while they may bo proper so
far as they go, they leave a number of
important defects In our state constitu
tion untouched. It is most Important,
for example, that the field of investment
for the school trust funds be enlarged to
embrace municipal and school district
bonds, otherwise the time will not be far
distant when the money accumulating
In these funds will have no way of legal
Investment. The safe-guarding of the
school funds, with assurance at the same
time against loss of Interest by Idleness
goes, to the root of our whole educa
tional system. And this Is only one
point of constitutional revision that It
will be almost criminal to neglect or
pass by with Inactlony
The railroads are playing for a policy
of delay In the suit they have brought
In the federal court enjoining the col
lection of taxes levied on railroad prop
erty under the new revenue law. If
there are any defects In the law, they
want to hava the court decision held off
until- It Is too late for the present legis
lature to apply the remedy.
If It is necessary for Judge Swayne
to Justify himself before the Impeach
ment tribunal for using a private car,
his attorney need only to draw on his
own experience as chief law officer of
one of the big railroad corporations that
in olden days made It a practice to place
private cars at the disposal of federal
Up to date no bill has been Intro
duced In the legislature to create a po
lice commission for the city of Lincoln.
But on the contrary, a bill has been
passed by the lower house to amend
the Lincoln charter bo as to. give the
mayor power of appointment and re
moval of members of the police depart
ment. TbaraplasT for Baslaesa.
Kansas City Journal.
The fact that President Roosevelt has
announced positively that ha would not
accept another term makes it plain that he
la not thumping the corporations merely
for political effect.
horses, averaging about 1700 a head, do not
suggest the speedy coming of the "horse
less age," of which we hear so much talk
In these days of automobiles.
Reformers Drifting? Apart.
Among other things promised by the ciar
Is freedom of the Russian press. After this.
It will be utterly Impossible for the cssr
and Pennypocker to form a mutual ad
Greater lore No Mast Hath.
New York World.
It should be understood that 8enator
Elklns cares nothing for the railroads as
railroads. He Is merely trying to protect
the widows and orphans who are always
loaded down with railroad stock.
Aa Effective Preacher.
Among his varied accomplishments Presi
dent Rooaevelt Includes that of being a
good preacher. His address at the redefiV
catlon of the Lutheran' Place -Memorial
church In Washington was an admirable
discourse, full of that edifying quality
which marks all the president's utterances
upon moral and religious questions. And
his words possess a force and Influence
which make them effective to an extent not
ordinarily within the reach of the pulpit.
It Is a grand thing for the nation that the
voice of Its chief magistrate should be thus
potent in inspiration for good.
Aim of Intelligent Charity.
The child who Is carried never learns
to walk. The child who does not have to
work never learns how "to earn a living,
and when girls of that delicate rearing
are thrown upon the world their struggles
to support themselves are often pitiable.
Every charity worker will tell you that
there is nothing so easy to develop as the
habit of dependence. The trouble with
children from Institutions, Is that they have
become dependent on a machine and lack
Initiative. The whole effort of intelligent
charity Is to stimulate self-reliance and
BITS or WASHINGTON LIFE.
Misinformation Ran Down,
There continues to be a great deal of mis
information printed about the amendment
adopted by the house to the army appropri
ation bill, reducing the extra pay allowed
a retired officer who may be assigned to
serve on the militia force of any state. It
does not affect General Miles' present' de
tail to the Massachusetts militia force, or
the pay of any other officer already as
signed. But it would affect future assign
ments. Within a year ten retired general
officers have been, by request, assigned to
militia service, and there are now pending
for similar details applications from two
major generals and twenty-seven brigadier
generals. If the house amendment were not
carried Into effect and all of these officers
were assigned as requested they would all
receive full pay on the active list of the
army and at the same time would get pay
from the states which they serve and would
then have comparatively little work to per
form. The Injustice ot such a condition of
things Is self-evident.
Jl'MPING ON THE BANDWAGON.
Democratic Leaders Boosting; Repub
St. Paul Pioneer Press.
The spectacle of two leaders, representing
different shades of democracy, like William
J. Bryan and John Sharp Williams, urging
their followers to support President Roose
velt In his policy of bringing the highways
of commerce under government regulation,
has been, next to Roosevelt's own de
termined attitude, the most Inspiring one
of recent days. Whatever ot partisan
policy may have influenced their action
is obscured by its manifest quality of pa
What following Bryan and Williams will
have In the house, and the sincerity
thereof, will be shown in the action of the
democratic members on the two bills re
ported from the committee on interstate
commerce, - one the Esch-Townsend bill,
which is understood to embody the presi
dent's views; the other the Davey bill,
which a portion of the democratic minority
will report as a substitute. This latter
action bears the marks of an attempt,
however, hopeless, to divide the friends
of regulative legislation and thus secure
defeat or non-action.
Every step taken by the democracy to
ward an indorsement of republican pro
posals has the hearty applause of the
Pioneer Press. As this paper has more
than once pointed out, the true route to
the triumph which the democracy Is one
day to achieve lies In the multiplication
of such indorsements. When It shall have
swallowed the whole program of progres
sive republicanism the people may think
It deserves another chance to show its
capacity for running the government.
The Horse la Hick Favor.
New York Bun.
The prices obtained In New York this
I week at the sties of several hundred
"GOVERNMENT BY INJUNCTION."
Federal Supreme Conrt Gives tha
Practice a Rap.
' Cleveland Plain Dealer.
What has come to be known, rightly or
wrongly, as government by injunction, and
against which protests have been made by
some of the most staunch uphold- '3 0f law
and order, seems to have received a blow
at the hands of the United States supreme
court incidentally to Its decision in the
Beef trust cose. No one will accuse the
supreme court of radicalism, and Its ruling
In this case may operate as a check upon
those lower courts which so frequently la-
sue write, not only without searching In
quiry and prolonged deliberation, but often
under circumstances which seem to Imply
In a Judge the gift of both mind and heart
Judge Grosscup, in the injunction which
the supreme court has Just sustained, re
strained the accused packers from taking
part In or performing any contract, com
bination or conuplracy the purpose or ef
fect of which would be to restrain trade
between the states or to violate the Sher
man anti-trust law of 1890. The supreme
court commented as follows upon this
phase of the case:
"We equally are bound by the first prin
ciples of justice not to sanction a decree
so vague as to put the whole conduct of
the defendant's business at the peril of a
summons for contempt. We cannot issue
a general Injunction against all possible
breaches of the law. We must steer be
tween these difficulties as beet we can.
The general words of the injunction, "or
by any other method or device the purpose
and effect of which is to restrain com
merce as aforesaid," should be stricken out
of the Injunction. The defendants ought to
be Informed as accurately aa the case per
mits what they are forbidden to do.
Specific devices are mentioned In the bill
and they stand prohibited. The words
quoted are a sweeping Injunction to obey
the law and are open to the objection which
we stated at the beginning It was our
duty to avoid."
This ruling must be Compared with the
same court's decision In the Debs case be
fore It can be known whether the court
has taken a more advanced position on this
question, which Is a problem requiring
legal talent for its solution, yet the court's
conclusion Is evidently based on the princi
ple that the law provides punishment for
those who violate it, and that no Injunction
can be Issued through which a person or
corporation Is restrained from violating the
law, bringing him up for punishment
merely for contempt of court; that pun
Ishment must come for violation of law
after it has been violated. The probable
effect will be to render less frequent In
junctions to obey the law, without exact
specifications or satisfactory evidence of
Irene and Incidents Sketched
. on the Snet.
George William Hill, managing editor of
the literary hjreau of the Department of
Agriculture, reports that the bureau edited
972 publications last year. Of this number
179 were new publications. The aggregate
circulation of all publications was 12,421jRM,
a large Increase over the preceding year.
The work of the bureau has been growing
steadily for five years and now requires
a substantial Increase In the working staff
and greater liberality In the pay roll.
Every patriot anxious to see the greatness
f the nation exploited In a becoming
manner will heartily second the salary
motion. A specimen of the work of the
present staff, laboring under the burden of
a meager stipend. Is shown In the following
dainty exposition of the trails of legumes:
"The primary object In undertaking an
investigation of the fixation of nitrogen
by the root nodules of legumes was to
devise. If possible, some method of bring
ing about the artificial Introduction of the
necessary organisms Into the soil which
was naturally devoid of them, and at the
same time to attempt as far as possible
to corelate SJid reconcile the vast amount
of conflicting evidence that has been ac
cumulated by various Investigators in re
gard to the exact nature of the organism,
where the nitrogen Is fixed, the effect
upon the host, and similar problems."
What the editors might do if their salary
comported with their literary talents Is
a question that palls the imagination.
When General Alnsworth, chief of the
record and pension office at Washington,
ordered that all his clerks must remain at
their desks until 4 o'clock, there was much
rebellion, and the Injured feelings of the
women clerks found vent in a protest.
The spokeswoman who went to the general
pointed out that If all tho clerks went out
together the women would be jostled In
the corridors by the men who were hurry
ing to get away. She suggested that It
would be a graceful act on his part to
restore to the women clerks the old privi
lege of going home half an hour before the
closing time. "Madam, I had not con
sidered It," said Alnsworth, "but what you
say Is very true. I suggest, however, that
you and the other ladles who do not want
to be jostled remain In your offices until
one minute past 4. I guarantee that at
that hour you will not be JoRtled In the
corridors by anything more tangible than
Senator Barry of Arkansas has some
very queer constituents to deal with, and
ludicrous and amusing are many of the
requests that come to him asking his
aid for one proposition or another. The
other day he received a letter from a
woman living at Balloon, Ark., Inclosing
copies of two songs she had composed,
one entitled "Why, Oh, Why," and the
other, "Peace, Oh, Peace." The first was
a printed copy and the second came in
"Senator," wrote the woman, "I want
you to take these songs which I have
composed, after months of hard and per
Blstent labor, to President Roosevelt, sub
mit them to him and get a letter of In
dorsement of them from him, and I
will agree to allow you 10 per cent on
the proceeds from the sales of the songs.
You know, senator, the president's in
dorsement will be a great advertisement
for the songs, and I feel sure they will
be a go. You might also sing them to
the senators If you have the time."
It has been nearly four years since the
Spanish claims commission was established.
but up to date it has made awards in only
three cases. Expenses are running on,
however, and In the meantime claimants
are dying off at a rapid rate.
A Washington attorney appeared before
a judge of the claims commission the other
day to discuss an order which was Issued
more than three years ago, demanding
specific Information on a certain point. The
attorney said: "Since this order was is
sued more than 1,000 days have elapsed.
My client was unfortunate enough to die
In the meantime, and I am now at a loss
to know what step to take next."
This occurrence Is related in order to
give a fair Idea of the rate of progress
the commission Is making in disposing of
claims. The three claims in which awards
have been made, Involved the payment of
$18,000. The expense of the commission
during the three and a half years of Us
existence have run up in the neighborhood
of $650,000. It Is declared that although but
three claims have been approved a dozen
or more cases have been rejected, thus
proving that some actual- headway has
been made. The time of the commission
has been consumed in laying down princi
ples of law on which later deliberations
are to be based.
The senate committee on military affairs
was talking over the canteen bill when
someone said to Blackburn of Kentucky:
-i suppose you are against it, being 'on
the water wagon' now." "I haven't taken
a drink for six years," answered the Ken
tucky man, and Proctor dryly suggested:
"nchausted your quota, I suppose." "Oh
no," was the easy reply, "they are making
tne stun in .Kentucky yet, only I'm livin
up to my resolution. But, gentlemen, I
often think what may happen when I get
over into the great beyond and meet my
old pals, Thurman, Edmunds, Cummlngs
and a lot of others. If I should find them
absorbing a fine brand of mint Julep I am
tuny aeierininea to forget my resolution."
Senator McCreary of Kentucky ...
victim recently of Irish wit from a Ver
mont republican. Dennis Flynn, who
brought the electoral vote of the Green
Mountain state to Washington, was walk
ing up the hill in company with the Ken
tucky senator. Flynn is himself very
hefty. Although not exceedingly tall he
Is exceedingly broad, and the weight on
tne soies oi nis Bhoes is great. As the
two approached the senate entrance a
gust of wind blew around the corner of
the capltol wrth the force of a hr,in.n.
and nearly swept Senator McCreary over
Flynn was quick to the rescue, seizing
the senator by either arm and pushing
him into an upright position.
"Thank you. Thank you," said Mc
Creary. "Not a bit of it," retorted Flynn. "This
Is the first time in my life I ever sup
ported a democrat."
Senator Cullom and Speaker Cannon look
enough alike to be mistaken for one an
other at times. A stranger met Mr. Cul
lom a few days ago and said: "How do
you do, Mr. Speaker T" The senator set
the stranger right, adding: "You are not
the first man by a good many to make that
mistake. You know," with a sly twinkle.
"Senator Mollory of Florida once said to
Cannon: 'I hear you are sometimes mis
taken for Joe Cannon, but I want to tell
you, senator, that you are a much better
looking man than he can ever hope to be
I don't know just how Mr. Cannon would
regard that mistake. Personally, I really
don't think It was much of a compliment
to either of us."
General Manager's Vacation.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
Senator Aldrlch of Rhode Island will sail
for Europe tomorrow, and, as he Is said to
be "the general manager of the United
States," the question arises, what will hap
pen In congress during the rest of the
session? The obvious answer is that noth
ing will really happen. The manager bas
undoubtedly left everything fixed.
STATU PRE9 OPINIONS.
Pawnew City rress: The railroads do
not care who introduces the bills, so their
attorneys write them.
Norfolk Press: Some of the newspapers
that are howling so lustily for railroad
rate regulation will In due time be ex
plaining to headquarters that they don't
Madison Chronicle: Omaha suffered a
$000,000 fire during the last week In the
wholeeaJe district, but such a little thing
does not appear to have any despairing
effect upon the business Interests of that
Stockvlile Rcpubllcan-Fabor: We believe
that the present legislature should pass a
bill that will define a legal newspaper. At
present there Is no such law and any paper
that Is published, no matter how small
the circulation nor how poor the paper,
has tho same standing legally as a real
Pender Republic: ' The biggest fool on
earth Is the follow who doesn't know
enough to let well enough alone. The
present Nebraska liquor law Is as good
as any that has yet been devised, but
there is a microcephalous mutt down at
Lincoln who Is fairly Itching for a chance
to change It.
Friend Telegraph: The Omaha Bee is
authority for the statement that the rail
roads own 20 per cent of the taxable prop
erty of this state, that they pay but 13
per cent of the taxes, and we might add
that during the last thirty years the rail
roads have passed about 88 per cent of
the laws which have been enacted by the
legislatures, and have wholly or In part
Ignored the balance of them.
Schuyler Free Ince: The present ses
sion of the legislature is starting out well,
and If it continues and ends as well the
republicans will have a record that will
mean a big majority for them In the state
In the future. Speaker Rouse has followed
his promised intention of keeping down
expenses and holding down the number
of employes, also having the work go right
along. He is doing well so far and so far
we give him due credit. We shall watch
as to later decevopments.
Central City Republican: The Omaha
grain market, so far from being a myth,
is steadily growing in Importance, The
corn shipments to the gulf have proved
so satisfactory and Important that east
ern transportation lines are bidding for
the work, and In so doing are finding that
they will have to make radical changes in
their terms, and that cars loaded in Omaha
must be consigned clear through to the ex
porter. Those are Important and gratify
ing signs of success which all the country
tributary to Omaha will appreciate.
Wausa Gazette: The agitation of the
temperance question and the talk for new
laws reminds us of the fact that Nebraska
has one of the best liquor laws In existence
and that any new one could not be much
of an Improvement. The Slocumb law
which we now have Is an old one, and it
has stood the test. It Is considered by all
who have taken any Interest In the mat
ter to be tho best law existent in any
state In the union. There is then little use
In urging further legislation. There may
be many violations and (here may be many
provisions that are not enforced, but that
does not call for more laws, but rather with
the enforcement of those we have,
Loup City Northwestern: The present
legislature seems to be having strenuous
times to keep employes from robbing the
state by getting on the pay roll for a few
days more than actually put in, and they
must report each morning at a designated
place In order to get tho said day credited
to them- Economy seems to be the watch
word with these wise men, and if its a good
thing with employes It must be a good
thing for the solons themselves. In fact,
the Northwestern is impelled to assist In
this matter of saving to the state by sug
gesting where a little leakage of $360 can
be saved to the treasury. The constitution
provides that members of the legislature
shall receive naught but per diem and
mileage, and yet at each session a member
of each house Is elected to preside over
that august body for which they draw from
the treasury $3 per day, or $180 each. Father
Rouse, as newly elected speaker of the
house, has made economy his watchword.
Will he show his faith by his works and
practice the economy he preaches by re
fusing the $1S0? We have faith to believe
QUESTIONS FOR STATESMEN.
Slgnlflrnnt Point In the Beef Trust
New York Bun.
What Is meant by this passage In the
opinion of the supreme court In the Beef
trust case as delivered by Mr. Justice
"We do not mean to imply that the rule
which marks the point at which state tax
ation or regulation becomes permissible
necessarily la beyond the scope of Inter
ference by congress in cases where such
Interference is deemed necessary for the
protection, of commerce among the states."
Formerly, we believe, the question was
differently stated. It was not so much
a question of the point at which state tax
ation or regulation "becomes permissible,"
as of the point at which federal Interfer
ence with state control of state chartered
corporations became constitutionally possible.
This reversal of the old fashioned
phraseology is somewhat significant of
That, however. Is not the main signifi
cance of the passage in the court's opinion
which we quote above.
If the line at which interference by con
gress becomes permissible Is a movable
barrier, to be pushed Just as far Into the
region of the reserved rights of the states
aa may be "deemed necessary" by con
gress, what net of a federal license sys
tem for corporations engaged In Inter
state commerce as proposed by Mr. Our
flild, Mr. Bryan and others?
What need of the constitutional smend
ment proposed last Monday night by Presi
dent Roosevelt as a "last resort" to give
to congress the unlimited power In this re
spect which the supreme court, through
Mr. Justice Holmes; expressly declines to
Imply that congress docs not already pos
sess? Whet need of a constitution at all?
Dr. William Dunn, one of Boston's noted
physicians, has been appointed to the staff
of papal doctors In the Vatican at Home.
The feat of Burbnnk of California, In dis
covering a fadeless flower will make It
difficult for the milliners to explain why
they charge $30 for a 10-cent hat in the
A Baltimore police captain was swarded
by a Jury In a trial for slandes the sum
of $1,000 against a wealthy woman, who
called him a puppy. His fellow officers
now call him a lucky dog.
A senator went Into the senate stationery
room and asked to be shown some pocket
books. "Here are some." said one of the
attendants, "that have spaces for railroad
passes." "Goodness!" exclaimed the sen
ator. "Who could use book like that with
all those spaces for railroad annuals?" "I
don't know." said the attendant "unless
it was a United States Judge."
Former Governor Boutwell of Massachu
setts took note of his eighty-seventh birth
day lost week with a family dinner party,
over which he presided. Flowers were
sent him and letters of congratulation, as
has been the habit of friends of recent
years. The veteran is the last survivor
of the seven governors of Massachusetts
who were born in 18IS.
The story that the former Chinese min
ister at Washington, Wu Ting-fang, who
was so great a favorite with all Amer
cans, had been banished from China, hn
been widely believed, and It Is now killed
by so simple a matter aa a letter from
Wu to the controller of Atlantio City, N.
J., thanking that personage for his history
of Atlantio county. The letter was dated
at Peking, December 15.
Thomas A. McNeal, recently raised to the
dignity of Kansas state printer, believes
that state to be "the center of the uni
verse," and he Justifies his belief In this
convincing way: "Scientists have noted
that If a. man starts from Kansas and
travels eastward and keeps going until
Kansas is again reached and then takes
the same Journey, but starting to the west
ward, the distance traveled Is precisely the
Eliza hed Just crossed the river on the
"You see," she explained, "I wanted to
get a bill before the river and harbor com
mittee to pave it."
Jumping from cake to cake, she snowed
the necessity of federal Improvement. New
"Henry," announced Mrs. Neverqult, "the
doctor says my Illness Is due to overwork."
"Yes," assented Henry, "I heard him ask
you to let hlrn see your tongue." Cleveland
McFlub He's worth al lenst $1,000,000,000.
Sleeth A billion? Man, your statement Is
wild. That's foolish.
McFlub Foolish nothln. Why, he rays
taxes on $2,5uo,uuu. Louisville Courier-Journal.
"I'm sure, Ethel," said the girl's mother,
sternly, "that I saw him kissing you last
evening." . .
"Nonsense, mother! He's entirely too
Don't contradict me. child! I snw the
performance with my own"
"Pardon me. mother. You merely saw
me kissing him." Philadelphia lress.
"Mamma, enn angels flyf'
"Well, mamma, this morning I heard
pana call the new maid an angel. Can she
"Yes, she can and she will. Just as quick
ss she can get her trunk packed, too!"
Atropos was wielding her shears on the
thread of life.
"They're awfully Inconvenient." admitted
the Fate, "It's ever so much easier to bite
it." New York 8tin.
The alderman from the 'Steenth ward was
walking up and down the gloomy, corridor,
apparently absorbed In his reflections.
"I wonder If we'd better approach him."
said the first promoter. "He seems to be
"This Is Just the time to do it." whispered
the second promoter. "Don't you see he hns
his hands behind him?" Chicago Tribune.
New York Times.
Sleep li "1 blossom, de gray mists am fallln',
Swiftly de sun man rides down de wes';
Deep In de r'nes de night bird am callln'
Back to de ll'l ones she lef In her nes.
Sleep! Sleep! Sleep!
De one teensy heap,
Snuggled so close to yo' brack memmy's
Sleep, U'l poppy, de red moon am ereepln'
Ovah de tops oh de ilolik cypress trees;
Down In de bog de bullfrogs am leapln'.
Now am de time foh sech enpehs es dese.
Dream! Dream! Dream!
While de moon bans stream,
Sweet am de breaf ob magnolia breesel
Sleep, ll'l honey, de rlvah bells tinkle,
De pine torches flame on de dokh levee
Fah to de souf de packet's lights twinkle.
Her paddles am churnln" de watahs so
Choo-o-o! CTioo-o-o! Choo-o-o!
She's comln' foh yu
Swlf am her red wheels en smoofly she
Sleep, man haby, de wee stahs am shootln",
Kfich stah am an angel, too, dey say;
Down in de swamps de old owl am hootln'
Soun'in' a glad fahwell to de day.
'To whoo! To whoo! To whoo!"
He's callln' to yu.
Keep still, meh honey, he's cummin dls
mmmbiar- n n
it is MMimm
When your child is ill
dislike to make it take
tasting medicine. Hence
well to know that Aye
pleasant. But it
medicine, a strong
Time and time again we have published the
formula of this cough medicine in the principal
Medical Journals of this country and Europe,
and have mailed it to nearly every physician in
the United States.
So it follows that when your doctor orders it
for coughs, colds, bronchitis, or consumption.
he knows precisely what he is giving.
PJiysicians recommend their families to kern
it on hand.
suae y . o. Ays o., T" riM Mass
ATffB'l IAIK TIOOR far tha hair
AltH't bAhsAPAKIIXA tk kleea.
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