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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 5, 1905)
Part One Pages 1 to 8.
The Omaha Sunday Bee.
BUSTER BROWN'S VALEV.
TINE-NEXT SUNDAY'S BEE
ESTABLISHED JUNE 19. 1871.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MOKNINO, FEBRUARY 5, 1005 THIRTY-TWO PAGES.
SINGLE COPY I'lVE CENTS.
DEFEAT IS EXPECTED
Members of British Cabinet Intimate Feu
of Losing the General Election.
STRONG MINORITY PARTY IS DESIRED
Speaker Say Liberal Bhould Not Be
Giren Too Large Majority.
WINSTON CHURCHILL ON THE PREMIER
Ridicules tie Zxpressions of Prime Minister
in Several Speeches.
AUSTRALIAN TALKS OF TRADE AGREEMENT
Colonies May Kot II Prepared to
Areept Preferential roller oa
Plaa Laid Dowa by
ASPIRATIONS OF JAP"
Bara lirrnitii Talk
tho Ds A &
I.ONDON, Feb. . (Special Cablegram to
The Bee.) Two cabinet ministers, obviously
peaking with the idea of an early dissolu
tion of Parliament In their minds, expressed
the opinion this week that the general elec
tion will bring the liberals into power.
Mr. Arnold-Foster, the secretary for war,
who will be the unionist, candidate for
Croydon at the general election, at the
Consemttlve club on Thursday said a hard
light was li.rvltable at the general election,
and even then he was not sure that the
conservatives would win. lie waa Inclined
rather to take Mr. Chamberlain's view that
it would be a swing of the pendulum, and
that for a time the present opposition
would be In power.
He did not think that a reverse at the
next general election would do much harm.
In fact, he thought it would do some good
In the long run, because it would show the
amount of faith the present opposition had
in tneir cause.
I The onr thing that he would Impress upon
the electors was that they should make
the minority as largo as possible. If they
Inquired of any of Kngland's enemies they
would find that thfj desire was that the
literals should reign. That In Itself was
sufficient for them to make the fight as
tlcrro us poselhle In order that, if the op
position went Into power, their majority
should be a small one.
Mr. Walter Long, the president of the
1 Hoard of Trade, Is of the same opinion. He
said, at Weston-Super Marc, that whether
the policy waa popular or unpopular, the
conservatives had deliberately committed
themselves to the revision of the flsc.il
system and to a measure dealing with
It was possible, he said, that the country
might temporarily select government from
the other side, but, if that were so, only
a passing check must be given to the de
velopment of those great Imperial ldeaa
whirl) he l.elleved Animated the majority
of the people.
Mr. Parker Smith told his constituents
at the Davison club that the general elec
tion was not far off.
Winston Churchill Talks.
house dinner of the Manchester Reform
was held this week,' at which Mr. 'Winston
0 Churchill, M. P.. waa the principal guest.
Responding to the toast of bis health, Mr.
Churchill said the nation had a right to
guidance from the prime minister. He was
not merely a narty leader; he was the
first minister of the crown, and he ought to
tell the country - plainly what his opinion
was on the grave and tangled controversy
that had been raised. His conduct was In
comprehensible. When he became prime
mini titer he declared that theru should be
no change In the policy of the conservative
party. When the fiscal question was first
raised he said he had no settled convictions.
When the cabinet crisis occurred he suc
ceeded, by questionable tactics. In getting
rid of all free trade ministers and filling
their places with protectionists. At Shef
field he pronounced for a fundamental re
versal of the fiscal traditions. At Edin
burgh a year later, when It waa evident
that protection waa not going to sweep the
country, he explained that ha could never
lead a protectionist party. At Southamp
ton he declared that all his utterances on
the fiscal question arose rroni no settled
) body of doctrine, and only persons wilfully
' blind could misunderstand them; and,
lastly, at Glasgow he professed himself
a bored with the whole subject It was Intol-
J arable that earnest men on either side
It should be the sport of such opportunism,
,W - . , U mil ... n If.
Ritchie should be driven out of public life,
not for the sake of public causes, but for
' the convenience of party worshipers.
Had there ever been a government quite
like this before? All the men with whose
names and recerds the country was fa
miliar, who had represented definite prin
ciples, had abandoned It The great offices
of state were filled by a number of persons
unknown before their surprising elevation.
Small man dealing with great forces had
muddled and meddled. Scarcely any sphere
. of politics kid escaped their fertile Inca
pacity. The Indictment against the govern
ment was three-fold. First, administrative
Incompetency, proved by the utter chaos to
which, regardless of expense, they had re
duced the British army, proved by the
costly and purposeless expeditions to
ftomatllend und Tibet proved most patently
of all by that wonderful sugar convention,
by which they were so justly proved.
iMrrm of Public Bardeas.
Tee second tount in that indictment was
profligate finance, proved by the immense
Increase of public burdens, by a decline In
publlo credit by the confused presentation
of national accounts and of the Increasing
laxity of financial practice, and proved,
most of all, by the suffering end unemploy
ment which existed In Great Britain owing
to the shrinkage in the consuming power of
the people. And the third count In thut In
dictment was the gravest count of all. He
would call It "constitutional misdemeanor."
It was proved by their want of candor and
he might almost say want of horn-sty In
falling to set before the nation plainly and
squarely the fiscal principles on which they
were prepared to stand, by repeated at
tempts to restrict liberty of debate In the
House of Commons, by the Increasing arm
gance of the executive toward the repre
sentative assembly, and their Increasing
servility toward the vested Interests. Of
all the pretensions of the government, the
most astonishing and. If he might say so,
the most linpudrnt. waa that they had re
formed the army. The record of the lust
four yean, of army administration was a
rord of wild extravagance, of flagrant in
capacity. He admitted that Mr. Balfour
had reformed the army more often and had
spent more money In reforming It so often
than any other minister England had ever
had: but what was the result of nil these
srhemesf The mllltla had been "mur
dered." That was the word employed by
the secretary of stste himself. The volun
teersthe great bulwark against ronarrtp-tloao-were
broken-hearted. Thousands had
LONDON, Feb. 4. (Special Cablegram to
The Bee.) Baron Suyematsu, the well
known Japanese statesman, In the course
of a paper entitled "Chinese Expansion
Historically Reviewed," read this week bo
fore the Central Asian society, took occa
sion to describe the absurdity of the yellow
peril bogey. There ad been lately much
talk, he sold, about the yellow peril or the
possibility of a Pan-Aslatlc. combination.
That was nothing more than senseless,
mischievous agitation. How could China
rise up alone and become a source of peril
to the rest of mankind? The very basic
principles of Chinese civilization was essen
tially pacific. Distant expeditions had come
to be regarded by the Chinese a.r. a curse of
empire. There were some who accusi-d
Japan as the organizer of the Pan-Aslatlc
peril. Peace loving as the Japanese were,
the characteristics, notions and feelings of
the Japanese and Chinese were so different
that there was no possibility of their com
plete amalgamation In one common cause.
Japan aspired, moreover, to elevate her
self to the name place and to press onward
In the path of civilization as the countries
of the west. Could anyone Imagine that
Japan would like to organlzo a Pan-Alatle
agitation of Its own seeking, In which it
must take so many different peoples of
Asia Into Its confidence peoples with whom
It had no confidence or sympathy, or com
munity of thought or feeling? Further
more, one would have to realize what Japan
would have at stake were It to dure to
attempt such an enterprise in the face of
the most powerful nations of the earth.
Such a union of Interests and strength,
even In Europe, where some states were
well advanced and some were rather back
ward, would bo quite Impossible. How,
then, could It be expected that :ho various
peoples of the east with their varying de
grees of Intelligence, their conflicting in
terests, their old standing feuds and Jeal
ousies, would have collision to range them
selves against the power of the Occident?
If they could do so, was it to be imagined
that Japan would enter Into so Quixotic
an enterprise as to place Itself at the head
of so unmanageable a mob?
Japan took up the cudgels In the present
war with no nthe.' motive than the defense
of its own Interests. Whenever it might
come to a conclusion It would, as hereto
fore, seek to establish peace on sure and
sound foundations, lmvlng no object In
view which was not consistent with a
pacific policy. No matter in what way the
present contest might terminate, Japan
could hardly expect that circumstances
would permit of it entering upon hostilities
in other directions. He could positively de
clare, In the name of Japan, that when the
present struggle reached its conclusion it
j would honestly and faithfully pursue a
policy or peace
DESIRES COMPLETE MAPS
British Scientist Says All Countries
should Secure Thorough Geo
CITY IS UNDERMINED
Such Report Excites People of London Who
Fear a Catastrophe.
ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL IS THREATENED
Experts Urgently InEist that an InTestiga
tien Should Eoon Be Made.
TUNNELS ARE NOW SOURCE OF DANGER
Celebrated Loudm: Clay Said te Be Giving
Way in Places.
LONDON, Feb. 4.-(Speelul Cablegram to
The Bee.)-Dr. Hugh Robert Mills, one of
the chiefs of the. British Rainfall assocla
tion, writing In the current number of
the Geographical Journal on the "Present
Problems of Geography," says: - .
The map of the world ought to be com
pleted, and it la the duty und I believe tha
nteiest of every country to -"omplote at
least that portion which Includes its own
territory. An imperial policy which Ignores
such an imperial responsibility is a thing
of words and not of deeds. Unsurvcyed
and unmapped territory la a danger, as
well as a disgrace, to the country posses
sing it, and it would hatdl bo too much
to say that boundary disputes would be
unknown If new lands were mapped before
their mineral wealth is discovered.
The degree of detail required in any
lUf.y dends. uren the Importance of the
region. The desideratum is not a large
scale map of every uninhabited Island, but
a map of the whole earth s surface on the
same scale, which for the present may be
a small one and might very well be that
of one-mlllioneth proposed by Prof. Penck
and now being carried into effect for the
surveyed portions of the land. Such a
map, when completed, would form a solid
basis for the full discussion of many prob
lems which at present can only be touched
upon In a detached and unsatisfactory man
ner. When a man of the whole surface
of the earth on this scale Is completed we
may consider the residual problems as
The ultimate problem of geography may
perhaps be taken as the determination of
the influence of the surface forms of thu
earth on the mental processes of Its In
habitants. But a host of minor problems
must be solved In cutting the steps by
which that culmination may be reached
Let us first find, If possible, what Is the
true relation between the elevation, slope
and exposure of land and climate; then the
exact influence of elevation, slope, soil ex
posure and climate on vegetation; then the
relation between all these and agriculture,
mining, manufactures, trade, transport,
the sites of towns, the political associations
of peonies and the prosperity of nations.
After that we may consider whother it Is
fosalhle to reduce to a formula, or even
o a proposition, the relation between the
poetry or the religion of a people and their
ARBITRATORS ARE DEFIED
New Kenlnnd Miners Refuse in Abide
by Derision of the
BYDNKT, N. S. W., Feb. 8. (Special Ca
blegram to The Bee.) Another illustration
of the anomalous position to which state
arbitration has been reduced U afforded
by the present situation at the Newcastle
collieries. New South Wales, where 4,000
men are Idle through a strike of coal
The New South Wales arbitration court
lam week ordered all men affected by the
previous award of "the court to return to
work. The order has been defied, and the
attorney gene-.l obtained leave from tha
arbitration court to prosecute those who
disobeyed the order.
Later the Employes' Federation of tha
Northern Collieries obtnlned In chambers a
rule nisi, prohibiting the arbitration court
from enforcing its order to the men to
return to work. The applicants" contention
was that the order referred only to skilled
If a rule absolute Is granted, nnmnnlnn
n ui. , ,.., niiu-ii. s i itujr raie, says
the leader of the strike, "they cannot put
the whole countryside In Jill."
(Continued on Second Pag,)
FOOTPADS BUSY IN SPAIN
La rare Bam la Secured by Bnadlts
Who Rob aa Andaloataa
MADRID, Feb. 4. (Special Cablegram te
The Bee.) The diligence running between
the railway station at Marchena, In Anda
lusia, and the village of Parsdas was held
up by armed brigands this week snd ths
As the diligence was pssslng along a
lonely part of the road six armed men
sprang mil and called upon the driver to
stand. They then ordered out the pas
sengers, four In number, and mode them
He on their faces on the road until the
baggage was overhauled. A sum of 5rt
was secured by the brigands, who than
MANY HOUSES ARl UEING PROTECTED
Bunk f Knxliuil Building nnrt Other
Large Strnolnrrs Have Recently
Been Fnrther Secured by
LONDON. Feb. 4. . Mim-.IkI Cablegram to
The r.ce.)-Mu.h alarm was spread
throughout the rlt- tills wee); by a re
port that I-on.loii Is belns slowly under
mined and that thero Is danger of a fright
Alarm'ng f tatctmnU have been mode fre
quentlv about the conditions of St. Paul
cathedral. These have a frequently been
denied by the catheurj- authorities, but
tho experts remain insistenl. Now. It is
declared, the danger !. b.-cme serious
and urgently culls for Investigation.
The foundations arc said to be sinking;
as a natural and Iiua liable consequence
of the puniMlns which accompanies the
work ol drlvlri-; l!a various tunnels that
have been constructed and others which
ure still in prom-ess In the immediate vicinity-
. . ,
The experts go further still. This in
cessant tunnellns which Is proceeding In
all parts of 1mdon is undermining the
metropolis. The Bank of England and sev
eral other biilldlnr have had to be sup
ported by underpinning.
From time to time since the first of the
tunneling of the last year or so waa un
dertaken ominous Assures have been dis
covered in the fabric of St. Faul's. These
are especially noticeable in the stone work
of the southern transcept, where one wall
in particular has receded some Inches from
That far greater danger Is imminent la
evident In the deliberate opinion of ex
perts who have conducted an examina
tion within the last few days. The cross
and ball which surmount the dome are
now stated to be three feet out of the
perpendlculur. This Is the conclusion ar
rived ut by Mr. Frederick Hovenden, sec
retary of the London institution, after
spending two years in finding a plumb
line among tho adjacent buildings in or
der to gauge the deviation.
Taking the west wing of the Herald's
college In Queen Victoria street as a plumb
line, he pointed out thnt the line of the
side or the college building, cut straight
through the center of the top of the ca
thedral clock tower and exactly through
the figure IS on the clock face, whereas
tho same plumb line showed that the ball
and ciosi'were lilted away toward - the
east or northeast.
' ' " Much is Out of Plumb.
Using the sldo of the civil service stores,
of the side of the Messrs. Fletcher's prem
ises as a plumb line, the cross and ball
appear Just as much out of plumb. From
tho southern end of Blackfriars' railway
bridge the towers appear relatively quite
vertical; but the stone work and Its gilded
burden on the top of the dome appear
distinctly out of the perpendicular.
Mr. Hovenden asserts that the cross and
ball must be at least three feet out of
plumb. "If the Nelson column were as
much out of perpendicular," he says, "It
would soon be In the. street, and, for that
matter, I view with dread the tunnellngs
which are Incessantly going on around It."
How do the various burrowing cause
these subsidences and consequent danger
to London buildings?
In the -case of St. Paul's, which Is built
upon a foundation of pot earth, under
! which is a bed of water-bearing gravel and
sand and beneath which, again, is the Lon
i don clay, the danger has been caused by
the gravel bed sinking, owing to Its mois
ture being withdrawn.
The moisture In the gravel bed has been
drawn off by pumping for the various tun
nels which run In the vicinity and also by
perculatlon through the brick work of the
large sewer which runs about thirty yards
on the south side of the cathedral.
But all over London, Mr. Hovenden as
serts, the water In the gravel bed on the
top of the London clay Is being- drawn off.'
The hitherto Impervious London clay, dis
turbed by the sinking of shafts and tunnel
ling, has been "rotted" and large quantities
of water have fallen from the gravel-sand
strata beside the Iron tubes to a lower level.
In the building of these underground Unes
pumping has had to be kept up night and
day to enable the work to proceed uninter
ruptedly. Water Courses Inder City.
Lower water courses have been formed In
every direction In which tube railways pen
etrate, the water sinking through the rot
ten clay beside the vertical shafts and run
ning alongside the tubes themselves at a
depth of eighty to 100 feet. At one or twe
points the .water finds an outlet Into the
poms bed at the bottom of the London
clay and at other points runs Into the porus
bed underneath the Thames.
The engineers have tried to seal the tubes
to the clay hermetically by pumping thin
Portland cement through holea in the iron
left for the purpose, but this has been un
availing because the cement had to be
mixed so thin In order to pump It that It
was precipitated and left all the water at
The clay Itself Is liable te a process which
geologists call "eroding." When disturbed
it Is soluable In water, and consequently In
parts even the London clay is sinking.
London Is therefor in reality being un
dermined In every part whether near a
tube or not for the thousands of tons of
water which, falling upon the northern and
southern heights, formerly flowed Into th
gravel bed upon the London clay, must find
a lower level, and la doing so ever)' day,
with the consequence that there was never
so much underpinning ef buildings In the
metropolis as Is now necessitated In all
The Bank of England was recently under
pinned, and the front of a larg building In
the city road at the comer of Cowper
street, which was erected four years ago,
was found to be aa inch out of plumb twe
years later. This also had te be under,
Further proof that' this water has with
drawn Ilea in the fact that numerous shal
low wells which studded the city a few
years ago have now run dry. On of
these was In a building at th bottom of
Cheapslde, another at th northeast corner
of the Batik of England, which was In use
up to four years ago; another In Old street
and still another In Flnsuiuy square.
VOTERS IDENTIFY BALLOTS
Teatlsnoay la t'olorade Klertloa Case
Cast Doubts Exactness of
F.rldrnee Of Kxperts.
DENVER, Feb. 4. In the Penbody-Adams
gubernatorial contest today a number of
witnesses, both democrats and republicans,
today Identified as their ballots those which
experts had declared o be fraudulent At
torney p. J. E. Roblnsi.n identtnd Ms bal
lot among forty republican ballots wlilcii
an txpirt had declared were wrlttfli Ly the
im nu person He also identified his initials
under the number on I he ballot And de
clared they were all l.a'lots which w.rc
east in his precinct on election (J ty. "Then."
said Attorney John A. Rush, -when Expert
Fleury says thesa forty repibl'ciui ballots
are In one handwriting he Is ."onitwliat of
a failure as an xpcrt?"
"Absolutely," mid the witness.
The witness dtclared that it was Impos
sible that these ballots had been switched.
In examining the list of fifty democratic
and forty republican names corresponding
to the ballots which the expert declared
were In one handwriting, the witness de
clared that lie was personally aciiualntcd
with forty-five i f tho democrats and thirty
five of the republicans and knew that they
voted. The other ten he trstltled were le
gally registered, but he did not know tliera
Depositions of voters whoo bait jts -have
ben dechued illegal by the experts wire
fallen before twelve notaries public. At
least Sin deposition have been secured.
Mrs. Ksb? Iiofrnn stated that although
a democrat shu had acted as a ripabltcati
watcher In the Fourteenth prrelnet of tho
Sixth ward. In that precinct Expert W. B.
I'foits had testified eighty-thrtt demo
cratic and twenty-two republican wtes
were In the same handwriting. Mrs. Hogan
statrd that when she read of charges of
fraud In her precinct she made a personal
canvass and out of the 35a peo;j'.e who
voted, she chocked up SIT. Tho others she
could not find, and she understood they
The names of the alleged fraudulent
Voters were read to Mrs. Hojfan, end with
one exception she stated they were bona
flde residents and Voters.
Thirteen witnesses In all were examined
today with a view of having them Identify
their ballots from among those which tho
committee considered prima facie fraudu
lent on the reports of the expert3. In
ever' case tho witness was to able to Iden
tify his ballot and In some cases his wife's
ballot as well.
The committee will resume Its hearings
on Monday afternoon.
FLOODS IN THE SOUTHWEST
No Trains In or Oat of Los Aasrele
or Phoenix Yesterday Damace
LOS ANGELES, Cal., Feb. 4. Although
the rain had ceased In Los Angeles early
today, reports from other points In south
ern California shjw & continued downpour
and further damage from. the floods. All
railroads out of Los Angeles are tied up
and there . were no trains on either of
the transcontinental lines in or out of the
The damage to the streets of the city
by the floods wilt reach about S20,00(K
PHOENIX. Arts.,- -Feb. -4.-PhoenIx and
the surroundltig- im.y arty again excited
by the flood conditions. Today the Bait
river was very high and fears are being
expressed for the safety of the Gila river
bridge on the Maricopa L Phoenix railroad.
The flood waters today swept across the
country from a point where the Cavo creek
mouth Is lost In the desert by Glendale,
across Irrigation canals as It did in the
flood three weeks ago, ever farms, leaving
the water three feet deep In some houses
and across Capitol addition In tho west
end of Phoenix. Many residents there have
been forced to leave tents and temporary
abiding places. Water surrounds the ter
ritorial capltol building a few Inches in
depth. A Santa Fe train started out today,
but got only a few miles and had to re
turn, a the cross-desert flood runs against
Its grade, which forms a dam that turns
the water toward Phoenix. News from
Globe says that the Gila valley, Globe it
Northern railroad near Bowie Is badly
FATAL FIGHT IN MISSOURI
Row Following; School Exhibition
at HantsTiUe Results la Death
of Two Men.
HTjNTSVILLE, Mo.. Feb. 4.-J. B.
Stamper of College Mound shot and killed
Deed Mlohaet and mortally wounded Wlb
Michael at a school exhibition In Charlton
township of Randolph county last night.
John Murray, a IS-year-old boy, who was
present but not In the trouble, also died
this morning as the result of two wounds
The directors of the school had asked
Mr. Stamper, who was a deputy sheriff
of Macon county for many years, to be
present and keep order, as there are some
disorderly persons in the neighborhood.
During the exhibition the two Michaels
and a cousin named Bill Acrey raised a
disturbance and Stamper went to them and
asksd them to keep quiet
After the entertainment the three boys
started after Stamper, announcing their
Intentions of killing him. Acrey had a
dangerous knife open and approached him
from the front and the two Michaels on
either side. As Deed grabbed for Stamper
the latter shot him through the heart and
he fell dead. Stamper then turned and
shot Wlb twice, ono in the head and once
In the body. Stamper waa cut through
the coat and a checkbook In his pocket was
cut almost two. He came here and
surrendered to the sheriff and Is now out
on 10,000 bond.
CHICAGO MEN ARE INDICTED
President of Toaael Casapaay mm
Ferntar City OCBetala Charged '
CHICAGO. Feb 4,-Albert O. Wheeler,
president of the Illinois Tunnel company;
former City Clerk William Loeffler and
Assistant City Clerk Edward Erhorn were
today Indicted by the grand Jury on a
charge of forgery in connection with th
franchise for the underground railroad sys
tem In this city.
Alderman Edward Novak and John Hlg.
Bins, a printer, wr indicted In th same
connection on charges of perjury a well
as forrery. i
Among the 'witnesses heard by the grand
Jury were Ernest McGaffee, secretary to
Mayor Harrison and reading clerk for th
aouncil; City Clerk Fred C. Bender. J. C
Hutchins and E. J. Judd. The Indictments
covjt 200 typewritten pages and embrace.
It Is said, tne story of th granting of the
tunnel ordinance by th city. The charge
of forgery is baaed on the alleged p hanging
of a council report as to the sis of th
tunnels and the accusation of perjury grow
out of testimony given at th preliminary
hearing in a Justice ouur a tun aguv .
ONLY THING TO DO
Oenernl Stoeosel Defends His Course in
Surrendering Pert Arthur.
GARRISON AND AMMUNITION EXHAUSTED
Further Resistance Would Hay Only Re
sulted is Useless Loss of Lift.
DENIES PEKING CORRESPONDENT'S STORY
Subordinate Officer Indignantly Repudiates
that Msn Were in Tightiig Trim.
FURTHER FIGHTING AT THE FRONT
Japanese Report I lie Krpulse of Two
Russian Attacks nr the (enter
Friday Morn Inn Kouropat
kin May 1 Relieved.
COLOMBO, Cejlon, Keli. 4. Ceneral
btocssul, tha forme.- commander of Port
Arthur, and the Uus.ilan olhcer and others
accompanying htm, arrived here today from
Japan by way of Shanghai, on bourd the
French line steamer Auslralien.
Iu an Interview with the correspondent
of the Associated Press the general denied
the statements published to the effect that
Port Arthur aw. surrendered prematurely.
He was (.'Specially indignant at the state
ments made by a London newspaper Jan
uary 15 in u dispatch from Peking that there
were at the lime ot the surrender 35,000
able- bodied mill In Port Arthur capable
of making a sortie, hundreds of officers, ull
well nourished, plenty of ammunition, tho
largest magazine being untouched and full
to the roof, and thut there was an amplu
supply of food for three months, even If
no frh supplies were received. The gei.
eral characterised these statements as up
jUAiiilcd ur.d not supported by fuels.
Colonel Keiss, wiio was among the nego
tiators of the surrender of the fortress,
The garrison could not have held out &
moment longer. It would have been mur
der. Only U roubles remained In the mili
tary -.reus in out of 1.6W.00O at 'he com
mencement of the siege. Four hundred
men wero dying daily at the hospitals,
principally from wou and scurvy. Gen
eral Kondratanko the hero of the
Colonel Relss further declared that tho
Japanese were "admirable soldiers, but
poor in the use of the bayonet, compared
with the Russians and French."
General Sioesael and others of his parly
will tranship at Port Said for Odessa.
Report front the Front.
TOKIO, Feb. 4. (1 p. m.) Manchurlan
headquarters, telegraphing under date of
February 3, says:
On Thursday, February 2, the enemy's
artillery bomharded from several points our
right wing. Otherwise the situation Is un
changed. In the direction of our center at
12:30 Friday morning,. February Z. one com
pany of the enemy's Infantry attacked our
outposts from the Mukden rqad, and later
another section was attacked in the neigh
borhood of Wanchlayuantantsu. Both at
tacks were repulsed.
la the direction of our left the enemy
has been aliacalng In the nelghborhoodi of
Liutlaokou since the morning of February
2. Tho force, which consisted of the First
and Fifth Rifle brigades, was driven back
toward Changtan. The enemy's losses sre
estimated at TuO. We witnessed the removal
of over J0O dead. The Rusalnn dead al
ready Interred after the battle ot Holkoutal.
In the neighborhood of Bumpao alone, num
ST. PET ERS BURG. Feb. 4. General
Kouropatkln, telegraph'ng under date of
February 8, to Emperor Nicholas, said:
The village of Chautanhenau has been
Completely occupied by our troops after a
fight at 6 o'clock, this morning. We re
con not tered the villages of Faagshen and
Poudsova, occupied by the enemy, and
after several volleys the sharpshooters en
tered Fanshan and shot snd bayonetted
many Japanese. The latter were rein
forced and attacked the snarpshooters, who
retired, carrying off their dead and
WOnnour' right flank the Japanese left 100
corpses, of which number we burled
Kouropatkln May Quit.
5 p. m. Rumors of General Kouropatkln
handing over his command to General
Llnevltch (commander of the First army)
have been current In St. Petersburg since
the announcement that Ooneral , Grlppen
berg had been relieved of bis command of
the Second army. Tho Associated Press is
unable to obtain any confirmation of the
reports. The War office declares they are
Improbable, but is unable to deny them.
A distinguished general told the Asso
ciated Press that evidently there had been
friction between General Kouropatkln and
General Grlppenberg. and added:
"I have heard a great deal of talk about
Kouropatkln's asking to bs relieved, but
nothing positive can be said on the sub
ject at present.'
There are two conflicting versions of the
Incident. According to one of them, Gen
eral Grlppenberg complained to the emperor
that General Kouropatkln hod refused to
support his flanking movement, In view of
which Grlppenberg asked to be relieved.
The emperor, It is added, then telegraphed
to Kouropatkln asking- for an explanation.
In reply to which Kouropatkln wired that
his health was shattered and requested per
mission to turn over his command to Gen
eral . Llnevltch.
According V the second and more com
monly credited version of the affair, Kouro
patkln complained to the emperor that
Grlppenberg undertook the flanking move
ment In defiance of orders and demanded
the general's dismissal.
The hope Is generally expressed that the
Incident will be satisfactorily adjusted, as
It Is realised on all sides that Kouropatkln's
departure from the front would proe a
severe blow to hopes of victory In ths near
Ortppenberff's withdrawal has net
changed the situation. The Russians con
tinue to hold their positions around San
depas. Denies Story of a Conference.
LONDON, Feb. 4. The Foreign office de
clares there Is no foundation for the report
that conferences have taken place at Berlin
between Chancellor von Buelow and the
British ambassador, Sir Frank Laacha,
with the object of bringing about peace
between Russia and Japan. The officials
here know nothing of any proposals from
either Germany, Great Britain or else
where suggesting sn effirt, Joint or other
wise, to stop the war.
- BERLIN, Feb. 4. The Ixindon report that
Emperor William considers this an op
portune moment for Great Britain snd
Germany to Join In an (Tort for peace In
the far east Is treated by the Foreign
office litre as being merely a variation of
an old phantasy, quite without semblance
of foundation. Russia has given no intima
tion that le desires peace and it la deemed
here Impossible that Germany should ad.
vise or suggest peace without an Invitation
from both belligerents. The realities of the
situation now preclude the European
powers from oftsiing to medial as they
did In th case of President .Rooaevult two
THE BEE BULLETIN.
Forecast for ehraka -saew day
and Probably Monday.
F.W, 9K TIO
1 British Olil rf Ktnerte Defeat.
f it) of Irfin-tnn Is I ndermlned.
ftoessel Defends fnrreader.
Dolnaa of the Legislators.
X President fpprotri school Plan.
Vnusunl Weather Conditions.
8 ews from All Paris hf Nebraska.
rrnHrgt Will "Inn Rosebud Bill.
I Large iot en Fare of the Sen.
V. M. C. I. -Hah ins BniMlna Plans.
(imu Tank Kiplodes, Wrerka t'oaeh
B Corn Rate la nl a standstill.
I.oral Poor Ilelna Wll Cared For.
A Past Week In Oiniha Aoelrty.
Woman In t lob mid Charily.
Rosebud Settlers Let More Time.
T Council niufTa and Iowa ews.
H Control of the llalli-oade.
l .eeds of Omaha Fire Department.
13 financial and Commercial.
14 Condition of Omnhn's Trade.
HALF-TOMS SEt THIS
1 Stories Told of Men of Note.
Portraits of Omaha Railroad Men.
Proarca In the electrical Field.
Nome Tersely Tnli Tales.
J. .V H. Putrlek, the rioneer.
2 Plays, l'lajers and Playhouses.
MoKlenl Xcws and Notes.
I Features of IJfe In Mexico.
4 (old Flies In Omaha's History.
Ruins of Last Sunday's Hl Rinse.
5 (illnipces uf Mebreska Lealslatora.
ii In the Dnmnln of Womna
7 portln Review of the Week.
M Problems of War Depnrtmeut,
1 Raster Brown,
it Odd Work for Women.
From Kar and Near.
.'I Comic Opern In Krai Life.
4 Cupid's Alil-st Ally.
A Flllpleo Pocahontas.
5 Hons on tlif Poller 1 orce.
How Foreign Women Toll.
0 Museum of Human Passions.
T Top o the Mornln'.
K Career of 4 holly Cashvaller.
Alice's ToboiCKiin Mlrte.
B A Jealous Wife.
Romance of a Picture Postal.
lO Bcvj of Htaae Reauty.
Temperature nt Omnhn Yesterday
Hour. ! n. Hour. Ilea.
B a. ui I It 1 p. m 1
a. m ill 2 p. m O
7 a. m lit a p. nt 1
(4 a. in 10 4 p. tn O
9i,m lit S p. in O
IO o. m 14 t p. m O
ltn.ni. ...., t 7 p. in 1
12 m 4
SUMMARY OF WAR SITUATION
Quiet Again Relarns Within the Zone
of Hostilities In Man
churia. Quiet reigns in the cone of hostilities
In Manchuria, with the extreme right ot
tho Russians holding Chiantsunhensan, six
lies northwest ot Sandepas, and neither
side apparently Is ablo to move on account
of tho severity of the weather. The Rus
sians .have brought in. 200 Japanese pris
oners who were poorly clothed and suffer
ing from the cold."- ---;-".- -
The reported Intention of General Kouro
patkln to hand over his command to
General Llnevltch Is not confirmed.
No disorders arising from the strikes
wore reported in Russia yesterday. At
Moscow the assembly of nobles voted to
send two addresses to .the emperor on
the subject of political freedom for the
GRAIN RATES CUT IN TWO
Great Western Announces that It
Will Carry Cora to ew Torse
for Thirteen Cents,
CHICAGO, Feb. 4. The Chicago Great
Western today announced the lowest
freight rates ever made from Omaha to
the Atlantic seaboard. The new tariff Is
11H cents to Baltimore and 13 cents to
New York. - When the war began between
the lines leading from Omaha to the
Gulf of Mexico and the lines from Omaha
to the. Atlantic seaboard via Chicago, the
rates were 34 cents to Baltimore and 25
cents to New. York. During the fortnight
that the roads have been fighting over
the export traffic in corn from the west,
rates have thus decreased 50 per cent.
There is no sign of a weakening on either
side,' and further reductions are expected
early next week.
ALLEGED FORGER ARRESTED
Man Traveling for Omnhn Concern Is
Taken by Kansas City
KANSAS CITT, Feb. .-(Special Tele
gram.) George Thomas, a traveling sales
man in the employ of the Western Mer
cantile Manufacturing company of Omaha,
waa arrested by Detectives O'Hare, and
Sullivan at the Century hotel on complaint
ef John Letton, manager of the Metropoli
tan hotel, who charges Thomas with pass
ing a forged draft for S2S.
Thomas tried to escape In a crowd at
Twelfth and Main streets. He ran south on
Main street to Tenth street and then
turned east. The detectives and Mr. Let
ton followed him and yelled to several men
on the street to catch the fugitive, but
none obeyed. Ietton overtook Thomas at
Tenth and Walnut streets and held him
until the officers arrived.
BOY SETS FIRE TO HOTEL
Discharged Kiuploye Confesses that
He Bet Flro to It. Louis
ST. LOUIS, rb. 4GHbert Rets, 17
years old, today confessed to Assistant
Chief of Detectives Keeley that he set
fire to the Kpworth hotel tn January, en
dangering the live of 100 persons and
causing damage estimated at $2,000.
Bets told the chief that he had been dis
charged' by the hotel management, and In
a desire to get even had climbed Into the
attlo and piled papers In two places, which
he set on Are.
As the Kpworth bote! Is located In St.
Louis county Bets wag turned over to
the county authorities.
DEBATE PAROLE BILL
Jackson and Windham Pitted Against
Each Other on tha Measure.
SECOND CONTEST ON THIS SUBJECf
Committee of the Whole Yotea Against
Makiag Favorable Report.
SAVED FROM UNTIMELY DEATH BY BURNS
Progress to Be Reported ana Committee tc)
oasider it Again.
FEW MEMBERS ATTEND THE SESSION)
Only Fifty-Three Members Vote OS
tho Uuestloa, Many Havlasj Gone
Home and Others oa
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN. Feb. 4. (Special Telegram.)-
After devoting the forenoon to a spirited
debate on Jackson's bill to parole first and
second degree murderers serving life terms
In the penitentiary at the expiration, of!
ten years, the house at 12:10 adjourned tin
til 1 a. m. Monday. The senate held nil
Saturday sosslou, as usual, having ad
joiirued for the week Friday. The attend
ance In the house was small, many mem-,
bers being off on Junketing trips and others)
having gone to their homes.
Boon alter convening, at 10 o'clock, tho
j house went Into committee of the whole
; and took up H. R. tZ, the Jackson bill.
I Warner of Lancaster was In the chair.
I After a prolonged debate Jackson made tho
motion that when the committee arlso It
report the bill back for passage with one
Immaterial amendment tacked on. This
motion waa voted down, 21 to 82. Under or
dinary circumstances an opponent of the
bill would have moved that it then bo rec
ommended for Indefinite postponement, but
this was lost sight of In the rush and
anxloty to adjourn, together with tho ex
ultatlou of those against the bill, and Bums
of lncasier, who had spoken for the
measure, got In a motion that when th
committee arise It report progress on tho
bill and uk leave to sit again. This mo
tion carried before Windham, who had
made such an effective fight to kill the bill,
realized what had been done. Jackson,
therefore, may be ablo to save his pet
measure Rfter all, for It Is possible that
w!.h a larger attendance greater favor may
bo shown for tho bill.
Features of the BUI.
The essential features of this bill are)
that whenever any criminal convloted of
murder In the first or second degree and
sent to the penitentiary for life shall
have served ten years of his time he shall
be subject to parole at the hands of tho
governor, but It does not make his parole
mandatory. The present law fixes this
limit at twenty-five years.
This Is tl-.e second notable Oght In tha
house on this bill. On both occasion
Jackson has insisted that he was actuated
by humane motives In drawing tip' and In
troducing thi hll U This morning ho took
occasion emphatically to deny that tha
bill was In the Interest of any . person
now serving a life sentence In the peni
tentiary. It hud been charged that It
sought to benefit George Washington Davis,
the Rock Island train wrecker.
Wlndhtim urged the members that thin
was a bill on which every man should
vote as his conscience approved and not one
on which nny trading should be dona, Thla
led Jackson to remark that he had not
asked for or solicited the vote of a single
member on this bill. Windham hastened
to assure his colleague that he meant to;
convey no such Impression.
Burns and Burgess of Lancaster, bl
speaking for the bill, brought up the LIlllo
case and avowed their faith in the inno
oence of the woman convicted and sen
tenced for life for the murder of her hus
band. They thought In such cases) tho
Jackson bill would be a good one.
These bills were Introduced in the housei
H. R. 212, by Warner of Lincoln An act
to IncrrasH the salary of the secretory iif
the statu Board of Equalization from (l.SUO
to $1,W0 a year.
H. R. 219. by Burgess of J-anranter An
act to create a warehouse Hen law. Re
quires tiling of contract with county cleric
and provides for foreclosing under a chattel
H. R. 220. by Fltle of Douglas An set
defining property in news and providing for
its protection by equitable relief and also
by suit ut law.
H. R. 221. by Mtixen of Douglas Relating
to the welfare of infants. Puts luylng-in
hospitals under supervision of tha local
board of health.
H. R. 222, by Clarke of Douglas An act
to amend section 8D7. title xxlx. of the code
of civil procedure of tho compiled statutes
of Nebraska and to repeal said scot Ion and
to provide for the proof of qualification ot
sureties on undertakings, bonds and recognl-.
H. R. 223. by Perry of Furnas, an act to
enable the husband or wife to sell Joint
property where one or the other Is Insane.
H. R. 224, by Penbody of Nemaha An act
for the organization and government of
drainage districts; for the reclamation and
protection of swamps, overflowed or sub
merged lands; to provide for the acquire
ment of right-of-way and oil other property
necessary to carry out the purposes or this)
act; to prescribe a penalty for the wlltull
and malicious Injury, obstruction or inter
ference with the rights, ditches or property!
of said districts; to provide for said drain
age districts, to Issue bonds for the pur
poses of construction.
H. R.22R, by Windham of Cass An act ta
sllow district Judges sitting In chambers to
hear and determine mo'ions and demurrer.
H. R. 22(1. by Hogrefo of Richardson An
act defining "bucket shops," and prohibiting
the keeping, maintaining and operating oc
H. it. 227, by Baron of Dawson An act
determining the location of government sec
tion and half section corners,, and making;
the record of the county surveyor conclu
sive as to such location.
H. H. 22S. by Burgess of Irfin canter A Lin
coln charter bill, approved by the city aba
torney and other city official.
H. R. 229. by Parker of Otoe An act to)
rirohiblt a county board from grunting a
Icenne for the sale of liquors within 400
feet of a public school.
H. U. 2nd, by Parker of Otoe An set pro
hlbltlng city suthorlties from granting tho
sums sort of license.
PIJCNTY OF WORK FOR THIS EATE1
POLISH TOWN IN A PANIC
Inhabitants of Caestoehowa Barri
cade Their Honsee Aajalast
WARSAW. Feb. 4,-Hspurts from Oaesto
crowa, Russlsn Poland, say thst city Is In
a state of panic The Inhabitants ar
barricading their doors and windows In
cobseqtMnue ot the attitude uf the strikers.
Large Number of llllls on (he Gen)
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Neb., Feb. 4.-Speolal.)-Wheii
the senate convenes Monday afternoon II
i will have on general file twenty-seven bills.
By holding only morning sessions the sen
at committees have had an opportunity
do considerable work und this opportunll
has been taken advantage of. This mornln
th various committees hud nine bill!
ready to report back to the general file.
Some objections have been made to trie
action of the senate holding only morning
sessions and for adjourning yesterday until
Monday, by some members of the house,
who seem to think that their work will be
finished and then the senate will have
nothing to do but kill house bills. Tn thla
connection It should be borne In mind that
the senate has just aa many committees fa
look sfter aa the house, while at the earn
time It has Just one-third as many ina to
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