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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 30, 1905)
The Omaha Daily
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ESTAIUISIIED JUNK 19, 1871.
OMAHA, MONDAY MOUSING. JANUAHY 30, 1905.
SINGLE COPY THKKE CENTS.
JAPS WIN BA1TLE
Beported Defeat bj Bassians FroTet to Be
OYAMA'S TROOPS OCCUPY LUITIKI
Koanpatkin'i Hen Make Two Oointer
Chargss, Both of Which Are Repulsed.
FIERCE FIGHT NEAR HEIKOUTIA
Oiari Foroei Estreat to the Bight Bank of
the Han Birr r.
BATTLE BEGINS WEDNESDAY MORNINS
Rneslan Report "ays Flrat Three
Days the Flikt Are With,
at Declslva Kf
Dlli. LONDON. Jan. !.- p. m.-Te!egraphlc
advices received here today from the Japa
nese Manchurlan headquarters Bay: Our de
tachment occupied IJutiko yfsterday
(Saturday) and wera twice counter-attacked
by a superior force of the enemy last night.
We entirely repulsed the enemy.
Our other detachment at dawn today
(Sunday) attacked the enemy In the neigh
borhood of Feltssajhotiu about two miles
north of Helkoutal and occupied the pcsl-
tlon. The enemy fiercely counter-attacked
our force which assailed Helkoutal last
night, but was repulsed entirely. Today our
fore occupied the neighborhood of Helkou
tal. The enemy In the direction of Llutlko and
Helkoutal has entirely retreated to the
right bank of the Hun river. Our force Is
now pursuing them.
In the direction of Chenchlchpao and
Llkajentan the enemy made several attack
last night, but were repulsed. The enemy
attacking; these points belonged to the
Eighth and Tenth corps.
In the direction of Helkoutal the enemy
Is composed of the first and mixed corps
of Infantry, together with a cavalry dlvl
. slon under General Mlstchenko. We cap
tured 600 officers and men. The casualties
on both sides are under Investigation.
Flajbt Along; I -eft and Center.
1:80 p. m. The Russians are massing
about 66,000 troopsi on the Japanese left
and bombarding the left flank and center.
Small forces of Russians are attacking
all along the line.
Manchurlan headquarters of the Japa
nese army report that on Saturday the
Russians occasionally bombarded the right
and conter armies, following up the bom
bardment with attacks, which the Japanese
Immediately repulsed. In the direction of
the left wing a Japanese detachment was
victorious at Chenchlehpao and occupied
Lultlko and Ltohlawopeng on Saturday,
the Russians retreating north and west.
The Japanese occupied with Infantry posi
tions southeast of Helkoutal on Saturday
and are now assaulting the main position.
Another detachment dislodged a regiment
of Infantry, a brigade of cavalry and twelve
guAs, occupying Haeshpao, Ave miles south
The Russian strength opposing the Japa
nese left flank Is roughly estimated at eight
corps, consisting of the Fourteenth and
Fifteenth Infantry divisions, the Second
and Fifth brigades of European Rifles, the
Ninth Infantry division of the Tenth corps,
part of the Sixty-first Infantry, part of the
First Siberian and the First and Fourth
brigades of Rifles.
Fighting on Okn'i Front.
GENERAL OKUB HEADQUARTERS,
Jan. 28. I p. m., via Fusan (Delayed.) The
Russian bombardment, beginning at dawn
this morning on the extreme left, rapidly
spread along the whole front of Oku's
army. It was kept up fiercely all day and
it was the strongest fire since the battle
of Shakhe. Salvos are fired continually,
also there Is considerable musketry fire.
The Japanese are seldom replying and are
saving their Are, awaiting an attack. There
la a possibility that the entire line will be
The Russian force on General Oku's ex
treme left, numbering more than two di
visions, centered at Pekowatal, yesterday
afternoon. One division attacked In the vi
cinity of Shantanpu a few miles east of
Pekowatal. The Japanese advance guard
drove them bark. Inflicting serious damage.
A rifle and artillery fire and a general bom
bardment along the whole front continued
all day yesterday and was resumed at day
light this morning.
I , nsalana Report Captare
? e. ( Villages.
tectlon S55EFANGTAI, Co Ve-sts Southwest
we meiaf Mukden, Jan. 28 Via Peking, Jan. 18
A battle commenced ut daylight Janu
j"Yry 26. The right flank reinforced by
to tnef -oops from the east began a movement
.'i against the Japanese left. One corps,
leaving Biefangtal at midnight January
I marched seven miles southwest and at
tyllght attacked. The Infantry backed
not t dD by artillery drove the Jauanese from
f t' ' two vllluges at midday after a sharp
fight and continued to make progress, the
rest of the right flank becoming engaged.
The Russian artillery fire was heavy but
the Japanese remained almost silent. The
captured villages presented a warlike pic
ture with Japanese and Russian dead lying
side by Side In the streets. The Russian
Infantry kept under the caver of the walls
and houses to protect themselves from the
Japanese Are from adjoining villages.
The country Is flat and thickly populated
and the villages are large and rich in
t It Is snowing and bitterly cold and the
troops eagerly seek the protection of the
villages which In this district have es
On January M there was a heavy fire
alone the right flank front and an ad
vance was made. The wind at the Rus
sian's barks drove the snow into the faces
of the Japanese and It was very difficult
to see any distance. One Siberian rifle
regiment suffered somewhat heavy losses.
January 17 the fighting continued on
the right flank, but It does not seem to be
developing along the center or eastern
Probably the cold weather prevents a
further continuance of the battle.
There Is more artillery on both sides
than In any former bsttle of history.
LUMBER TEAMSTERS TO STRIKE
Demand Fifty Cents Per Day la.
f ereaae Over Present
CHICAGO, Jan. . Nine hundred lumber
teamsters employed by the big lumber
yards of Chicago decided tonight to go on
strike tomorrow because the employers re
fused to grant a demand for an increase In
Wages of W cents a day. Over 100 fli
spstnbers of the Lumberman's assoclatli
pmSI ! affected by tie strike.
RUSSIANS F0RH? T0 RETREAT
Official Report of Alleged Victory
Oter Japanese aje It la
ST. FETERSBt'RO, Jan. .-12:S a. m
Instead of confirmation of Saturday night's
report that General Kouropatkln had
broken through the Japanese left, there
came Lieutenant General Sakh.iroff's offi
cial admission today that the Russians had
been compelled to retire from Sandcpas on
account of thi'lr Inability to carry a re
doubt. It Is also significant that dispatches
from Russian correspondents at the front
have again suddenly ceased, which Is re
garded as an Indication of the fnllure of
l.e operation and strengthens tho first Im
pression thnt It was a demonstration undir
taken to distract the people at home from
the present situation.
Nemlrovleh Danchenko, the war corre-
spondent, who has Just arrived from the
front, snld to the Associated Press today:
I do not reenrd the present offensive
movement as likely to be prolonged. I he-
lieve (ieneral Kouroratkln does not con.
terrmlnte n dnrifilve mnvAmpnl hufnm a
couple of months. The weather conditions
till then will be unfavorable. General ( toum. Prince Gurielly, an officer of the come when he was Introduced. "Chris
w.TaTwhVr.en.n1; fiLX hV.vZ I Police, was assassinated. tlanlty" was hi. theme, and among other
on Interview with Prince Hilkoff. the minis-
ter of communications. In which he states
thnt the double-tracking of the Siberian
railway Is Impossible for the purposes of
the present war, but that minor improve
ments, especially the construction of sid
ings, will bring up the carrying capacity of
the road to the equivalent of twenty-two
trains each way dally. At present there are
only eighteen trains dally each way. Prince
Hlikoff says he does not expect that the
strike In the railroad shops will continue,
but should It do so he may have to order
cars and trucks from foreign manufac
turers. A telegram from Huan mountain states
that General Mlstchenko has been wounded
In the leg.
Lieutenant Genernl Sakharoff has tele
graphed the following report to the gen
eral staff under date of January 2S:
extreme left column engaged near Snmapu
and Paotsls. Details have not been re
ceived. On January 28 the enemy began to con
centrate In considerable force near San
depas, intending to lake the offensive. On
January 27 our column on the extreme left
took the offensive against the villages of
Sumapu anj Paotsla, south of Samlepaa.
which were occupied by the enemy. During
the whole of January 27 an obstinate fight
was going on here and after midnight we
On Junuary 26 another column advancing
upon Sandcpns occupied In the evening a.
great part of that fortified village, but
coming upon a strong redoubt with a triple
row of artificial obstacles which had been
scarcely damaged by our fire, and which
was armed with field artillery and quick
iiir-rn aim areuig me impossiniuiy or carry
ing the redoubt without a preliminary bom
bardment, our troops left Samlepaa, which
has been set on lire, it being Impossible to
remain there without risking defeat.
On January 27 and "8 Sandepaa end Its re
doubt were heavily bombarded, while our
extreme column engaged near Samnpu and
Paotsls. Details have not been received.
On January 2ti-27. our ravalrv, operating
six miles south of Sundepas, attracted and
defeated a Japanese company and took 100
Altogether the Japanese must have suf
fered considerable loss.
RIOTING 151 STREETS OF ROME
Masa Meettnjr of Rnaalnn - Sympa
thisers Disperses by Cavalry;
ROME, Jan 29. Many meetings were
held today In the principal towns of Italy
to protest against the alleged Russian
cruelties. The more notable of these meet- !
Ings were at Naples, Pisa, Ancona, Mes- i
slna, Genoa and Brindlsl. At the last '
named place an attempt was made to pull
down the Russian arms from the door of ,
the consulate. In Rome, notwithstanding
a prohibition by the government and a
display of troops, 8,000 of which bad been
brought In from the provinces to reinforce
the ordinary garrison, about 3,000 people
assembled and tried to break through the by sympathetic Finns. At present he Is j Bineton and Philadelphia and Reading
cordon of troops and reach the capital. ' supposed to be In Stockholm. A story j branches of the Young Men's Christian as
There were cries of "Long live the Russian has been started, and which is attributed sociatlon. Mr. Garfield spoke of the re
revolutlon," and "down with the autocracy to the police, that Gopon is a Jew. sponslblllty of wealth and Christianity
and the Cossacks." The troops, which In- I The zemstvos of Saratoff NlJInl Novgorod jn assSting In maintaining good govern
cluded carbineers. Infantry, cavalry and and Vladimir have adjourned because the ment. He praised the work done by the
artillery, charged the crowds several times. St. Petersburg zemstvos are practically In , young Men's Christian association In ap
Belng unable to force their way to the control of the governmental machinery of , peaing to the religious side of the young
capital the mob went to the royal palace, the provinces, and some of the liberals are man &n(1 at the same time making him
but waa again dispersed, re-gathertng in trying to induce others to close, with the x,ener aDie to take his place in the battle
lesser numbers at the Russian embassy,
wnere it was finally scattered by mora ment and compelling u to yiem m mc uc
energetlo cavalry charges. Several persons mand for the convocation of constituent as
were wounded and many arrests were , scmbly.
made. a. marshal of the nobility from one of the
"--------------- 1 central provinces has expressed the opinion
WEEK'S WORK IN CONGRF ' t0 the Associated Press that the govern
mir o yjnr im UUIMUntia , wnt cnnnot extricate Itself from the pres.
mil u ... lent situation without substantial conces-
to Consideration of State.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 29.-Earlv In the
week Senator Ueveridne. in rhinra nt the '
statehood bill, will make another effort to
secure nn agreement to vote on that bill,
and the present prospect Is that the appeal
will not be made In vain. The opponents ,
of the bill generally express willingness to
allow the measure to be disposed of, and
they go so far as to say that If there Is ob
jection to naming the time it will come
from some of the supporters of the bill. The
day for the vote Is not yet absolutely de
cided on, but probably will be some duy the
week after the present legislative week.
. unJr it o role is nomea discussion 'congress, they were told that the gauntlet
of the bill in the senate will be confined ! wou)d a(raln be thrown down to the arls
largely to consideration of amendments, j tocracy, but that this time the sovereign,
Th. liquor prohibition amendment will re- I wno was specifically declared to be exempt
oelve special attention. The opponents of I frmn danger during the recent activity, as
the bill will endeavor to secure the most '. nnwn In the trial of Sasoneff. the assassin
liberal changes possible. They will strive nt Minister von Plehve. would be Included
to get four new states, but ln the end. If I
necessary, will be satisfied to have Arizona
e.lmlnated from the measure.
On Friday Judge Swayne will make an
swer to the charges against him.
The agricultural appropriation bill will
be reported during the week and may ba
considered In the senate before the clou of I
Four appropriation bills await the ac
tion of the house this week, the pension,
the postofflce, the naval and diplomatic
and consular. Outside of this routine
work and the passage of minor legisla
tion by unanimous consent, nothing of in
terest Is looked for. The program on rail
road rate legislation Is not complete nor
la the ways and means coramltte through
with the Philippine tariff bill. Neither of
these subjects will figure in the house
proceedings this week.
Assistant Secretary of the Treas
ury, and Mrs. Armstrong left Wash
ington today for Palm Beach, Flor
ida, where they will spend a few
weeka stopping at Charleston. Sav
annah. Jacksonville Hnd other points. On
their return about March 1. Mr. Armstrong
will close up some pending matters In the
divisions of the Treasury department un
der his charge and on March f will enter
business llfe In New York City as presl
dent of an accident Insurance company
Morder la Chicago Saloon,
CHICAGO. Jan. 29 -Because he refused to
pay for a beer glass which he had acci
dentally broken In a saloon in Armour
avenue today, John Manning was shot and
killed v J4a Vvo, porter U the
RIOT AND PILLAGE AT WARSAW
British Consular Officers Are Attacked by
Hussar and Injired.
REACTIONARIES ARE IN CONTROL
Csar la Completely Dominated by
Grand Duke Seraliis Storm
Prevent Trouble at
sociation; Harry A. Garfield, son of the
ST. PETERSBURG, Jan. 30. Rioting and I martyred president, who occupied the chair
pillage are in progress In Warsaw, In spite j of American politics at Princeton univer
of the presence of a large number of troops, sity, spoke at a large meeting in the north
The consular officers there are reported to i eastern section of the city, and prominent
i have been aswaulted by Hussats and the
It Is stated, has
as been called to the
attention of the St. Petersburg government
by the British ambassador.
A severe storm at Moscow aided the
authorities there in averting disorder, which
was thought to be impending. There were
i no disturbances In St. Petersburg. In Ba-
I The Influence of Grand Duke Serglus, the
JIVIIIU31 iri nip I enc i luuni It s, in tiiitf.i ti.
1 have governed Emperor Nicholas ever ,
I since the strike troubles begun, and that
member of the Imperial family Is repre-
sented to be determined on drastic meas
ures for the suppression of all agitation
for economic or political reforms.
Reports continue rife that the terrorists
are prepared to resume their activities.
Father Gopon, the leader of the St. Pet
ersburg workmen, Is reported to have es
caped to Stockholm. The holy synod has
denounced him as a "criminal priest," a be
trayer of his sacred office.
Heart lonarlea In Control.
Evidence Is accumulating that Emperor
... , . ., . .-!- ..
Duke Serglus. who Is the most reastlonary
member of the Imperial family, the head
oi wnai is aeiioiniimieu inc vi yai ij, mm
whom the liberals stigmatize as Russia's
evil genius. With the first appearance
of Father Gopon In the movement, Ser
glus unred tho necessity of putting down
the demonstrations In the most energetic
manner. 'Ince Sunday last his hand Is
consldcri to have been visible In the ap
polntmer. of General Trepoff to the gov
ernor generalship of St. Petersburg with
tho exceptional powers conferred upon
him. Grand Duke Serglus Is known to be
responsible for the chunks placarded by
. . . , ,- x,
Deputy Chief of Police Roudeneff of Mos-
cow, which Is causing roreign Minister
Lamsdorff embariassmcnt, and now It is
believed he Is about to prevail In the mat
ter of naming Prince Svlatopolk-Mlrsky's
successor In the ministry of the interior,
1 ' " , . ,
M. Boullgan. formerly governor general
of Moscow, who, like his patron, Is an
The Associated Press is Informed from
a high source that Grand Duke Serglus, i men, as well as civilized nations, evading
more than M. Wltte, Is responsible for : the moral considerations Involved in a con-
more u mi m. . troversy and taking counsel of passion and
the elimination from the Imperial manifesto gree(j.
of Minister Svlatopolk-Mlrsky's rlan for an ; It is rot worth while to blink at the
elected zemstvolsts council of the empire, j fact that without going far from home.
" ' , . . .,,,. we can gain a hint that nations called clv-
Agalnst Serglus Influence the ministers at 11ZP(, and even cristlan are liable undor
present are apparently powerless. Serglus strong temptation to i backslide to bar
relgns In the little ring In the little palace baric standards which) permit war and
reigns in mo v.ii.. I slaughter to count for peoples greatness
inside the strong ramparts of the Kremlin an(, reckons ruthless comiuent among glo-
fortress In Moscow, from wnence ne ais-
patches dally a courier to Tsarskoe-Seloe. I constant preventative against such dan
paivu uanj eer and that Is the sincere accentance
Arrests continue. Among tnose seizeo.
last night and conveyed to St. Peter and
Br Paul fortress Were TakonbOViCh, tho
poet, who served a term of exile In
for connection with tho revolutionaries;
Mme. Plmenoff, nn aged writer, and her
Father Gopon Escapee.
Father Gopon, It has now been definitely
established, escaped through Finland and
: was conveyed across the gulf to Sweden
, object of further embarrassing the govern- ,
! .inns. He believed that within three
months, in the face of thickening troubles,
It would be obliged to create a zeinskyza
bor. The situation 1n Poland Is Increasingly
especially In Warsaw and
Lodz. In li,,Pr Place, it Is reported, .
I." men nre oui on sirine. i nere are
prospects of extension of the strikes in
Odessa and other manufacturing cities of
southern Russia, where the workmen are
More Trouble Espeeted.
Meanwhile practically all classes antici
pate new terrorism. It Is snld that when
the leaders notified the social democrats
that a truce had been proclaimed Imme-
aatPly after the close of the zemstvoslst's
, the challenge. Attempts especially are
expected upon the officers who a week ago
ordered the soldiers to shoot.
The resumption of work here Is expected
to become general today.
The newspapers very gingerly discuss the
t'Bgedy of January 22 and are only able to
hint strongly that It might have been
avoided If proper measures had been taken
In advance. It Is extremely significant,
however, that all the papers severely criti
cise the Information about England's re
sponsibility for the strikes. As ths editors
had all been apprised of Grand Duke 8er
rlus' responslbllltv their comments are In
directly aimed at him.
Wholesale Pillage at Waraavr.
WARSAW, Jan. 29 -The strike disorders
are becoming more serious. The ordinary
life of the city is quite suspended. On Sat
urday the strikers stopped the street rail
way service, but remained otherwise or
derly. Today, however, they began whole-
1 sale pillage. The majority of the shops in
Marshal Kovskl street and the state vodjta
shops were looted. All the factories, shops,
schools and theaters are closed, and the
street lumps are extinguished. There have
been several collisions between the police
and strikers, and many arrests have been
made. Inhabitants are terror stricken.
LONDON, Jan. SO. The correspondent at
Wareiw of Ihe Dally Mall teh graphs as fol
lows: A group of Hussars ran down
British Vice Consul Muoukaln 8aturda
night ln Marshal Kuvski street. Two Hua
saia rushed at him with their swords, in
Moling severe cuts aerou his face and
(Continued on Secoud Page.)
SPEECH BY GR0VER CLEVELAND
mer President Addrraaee Y
Men's Christian Aaaoctatloi
PHILADELPHIA. an. . Former Presi
dent Grover Cleveland was the principal
speaker at today's ekenises In connection
with the celebration it tho fiftieth anniver
sary of the Pn.ladeiphl.i Yuu.ig Men' Chris.
tian association. Three general mee.iiigs
were held this afternoon in different sec
tions of the city. Mr. Cleveland addressed
a large gathering at the Pennsylvania de
partment of the Young Men's Christian as
local clergymen were the speakers at the
Garrlck theater, where the central branch
of the Young Men's Christian association
observed the day.
W. A. Patton, assistant to President Cas-
satt of the Pennsylvania railroad, presided
j at the meeting addressed by Mr. Cleveland.
i The ex-presldent was given a cordial wel
j things he said:
nrrunlnn la full rf ln.nl.aH.,n ...
I those who delight in the HuccesM and
growth of a good cause. The contemplation
of the moral, Intellectual und educational
j results which the Young Men's Christian
association has wrought within Its life of
nuy years is a cure lor pessimism and
serves to reinstate our lieiief that the
value people place on the things to be de-
ii vii i noi mioKeiner nicaaurea ny im-
mediate returns In money. As we view the
unprecedented American rush for wealih
Hnd trade advantages, we are apt to give
entrance to the fear that patriotism and
good rltlienship nre left behind In the race.
We do not always see through the dust and
turmoil that the Instrumentality of civic
righteousness Is still holding Ub own. We
hear the din and shouting of money getting
and we are not always certain that in the
midst of It all the steady voice of con
science Is pleading for better things. It is
i well, therefore, that occasions like thsi In
w men we today take
part should be up-
i fully know that moral achievements should
j ftoy Pof XTotoTviuab.e'poL
Mr. Cleveland took up the meaning of
Christianity and spoke of the part Chris
tianity has played In the history of the
country, and continuing he said:
As a serious-minded people, conscious of
the Immense responsibility resting upon us
in the rolutlnn of the problem of popular
rule, we should be a reverent people
not merely by Up service, but ruggedly,
strongly reverent. This Is not to say
we should be a sad and gloomy people.
On the contrary, with free Institutions and
witn equality or rights and opportunities
whl;h no other country oflers we should
' be the most cheerful and light-hearted
ppnpe n ,n. worj.
In the complex relationship of American
life not one of us can live and live duti
fully to himself alone,. Clashing Interests
chanse conditions und often wrnnir Ina...
ment or prejudice brings us all at times
, face to face with disputes and controver-
' sles. It Is absolutely certain that In every
, B(Jch case ,nere . wmavhl,. more or '
easy of discovery a faotor of morality and
of Justice and fair dealing, which when
found should solve the trouble. It is In
i every way disappointing to see civilized
rlous needs. There Is one effective und
ger and that Is the sincere acceptance
s f?nM:inre to national behavior of ths
i Bg gi,j;ince to national behuvlor of the
, honor, the love of pe ice, the devotion to
. justice aim irum me loiucarance ana
; inviolable good faith which grow out of
genuine civilization anu Lnristian spirit.
No stream runs higher than Its source,
and a government by the people will be
no better than the people make It. If
these qualities sre to be recognized as
guides of national conduct under our plan
of rule, the people must command their
The meeting addressed by Mr. Garfield
wag un(jer the Joint auspices of the Ken-
HUNT FORWARDS SECURITIES
Says They Will ne More Than Suffi
cient to Enable Bank to
CHICAGO. Jan. '.'9. Securities which
President William H. Hunt of the Pan
American Banking company declares will
cover whatever discrepancy exist3 between
the hank's liabilities and visible assets are
ln th0 New York mull for Chicago. Such
wa8 tlie message received by Attorney
Julius n. nelitimin, representing itece.ver
Kdwln C. Day, In the course, of a long
distance telephone conversation tonight
with the head of the concern which closed
its doors Wednesday.
The securities will, It Is said, reach Chi
cago tomorrow and further action will be
delayed until it Is learned whnt they are
worth. Hunt said he would not fight ex
tradition, but would accompany the detec
tive who had been sent for him.
"As nearly as we could make out to
day," said States Attorney Healy, "the se
curities which we have found In the bank
are worth between $7,0u0 and $8,000. The de
velopments of a day seem to give more
evidence of the unsoundness of the bank
and of peculiar business transactions."
Cashier Rector Is still missing from his
home at 405 Lake avenue and the search
for him continues.
Mr. Healy said today that a note of
doubtful value for $50,000, given by fne
Brace Howard company, an eastern con
cern, has been found among the Pan
American Banking company's assets. A
further investigation of this note and other
securities will be started tomorrow.
WRECK ON JHE SANTA FE
One Trainman Killed and Several In.
Jnred In Head-on Collision
ARDMORE, I. T., Jan. 29. A northbound
passenger train on the Atchison, Topeka
& Santa Fe railway and an extra freight
collided head on at a point twenty miles
north of Ardmore early today. One person
was killed and several others were In
jured. The dead:
GUY GOSSETT. fireman of the freight.
Daniel O'Brien, Shawnee, O. T., passenger
conductor, badly bruised.
Engineer McKenzle, Cleburne, Texas, leg
Engineer Stone, of freight train, head
W. T. Strang, of Ardmore, traveling man,
J. A. Fitzgerald, Topeka, expressman,
head cut and bruised. .
Several members of the train crew were
Injured slightly. All will recover.
The cause of the wreck Is unknosj
PROTECTING DOOR TO CANAL
Uncle Cam Steps Into San Domiago to
Keep Other Power Ont
REVOLUTIONS IN IbLAND MUST STOP
Important Change la Patent Uni
Which Prevents Discrimination
Agalnat the People of
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 29.-tSpeclaJ.)-The
I'njted States has taken the first step to
wards the establishment of a protectorate
i over the alleged "Republic of
i mlngo. This is not the ofllcial
tion of the recent action of the State de
partment, but nevertheless that Is Just
what Secretary Hay's course means.
Something more than a year ago the an
nouncement was made that such a step
was In contemplation. The reasons were
given In detail at that time and It was
shown conclusively that only by such a
course was It possible for the I'nlted States
to prevent foreign governments from sell
ing the customs houses of the Island In
order to enforce payment of the claim of
Its Citizens. Following Its usual "diplo
matic" course In such cases the State de
partment rromptly and emphatically de
nied that any such action was In content-
. .... .. i.- i
"" wniiiu ""
sistant secretary oi state ixiomis ana au
mlral Dewey visited the principal ports
of the Island for tho purpose of acquiring
definite Information as to existing condl-
i tlons. The findings of these gentlemen
I were never made public In detnll. Hut for
I upward of a year negotiations have been
penning which have finally resulted In the
publication of a program which is to all
I intents and purposes identical with tha'.
published In this correspondence more than
twelve months ago.
It la the purpose of the president to do
exactly what President McKlnley did ln
Cuba following the evacuation of that
island by the Soanlards ln 1S9S. The condi
tions ate very similar, except that In San
Domingo they are, if anything, worse than
they ever were In the Queen of the An
tilles. Almost ever since the day of the
formation of the first republic chaos and
anarchy have reigned. No sooner was a
president installed than a revolution
started, and it has been impossible for tho
past fifty years to secure anything like a
stable government. No longer ago than
1902 there were no fewer than five revolu
tions pending at one time. Any man with
a grievance against the party ln power
had no difficulty in raising an army of
a few hundred men and a few thousand
dollars In specie with which to Inaugurate
a revolt. The natural result has been
that the pledges of the de facto government
were of no value whatever.
Investors tome to Island.
Capital has been poured Into the Island
from the United States, Germany, France
and from Great Britain whenever there
was a lull in hostilities, in the hope that
the Inauguration of public improvements
and the construction of means of trans
portation would result in a stable gov
ernment and to mutual advantage of the
people of the Island and the Investors
themselves. But ln every Instance these
hopes have been dashed and no results
have ever been secured. It made no dif
ference whether Jlmlnez, or Hureaux was
"on top" the outcome waa the same ln
every Instance. Obligations were Ignored,
investments were seized and the foreigner
wns compelled to suffer.
It became apparent to President Roose
velt early in his administration that owing
to the geographical situation of San
Domingo it would soon become necessary
to secure the safety of the Panama canal
by preventing the possibility of foreign
acquisition of the revolt-ridden Island at
the mouth of the Carrlbean sea. It was
also important that In order to prevent
tho seizure of the eastern end of the is
land by the Just creditors of the Irre
sponsible inhabitants the United States
must take steps to see that the foreign
creditors' Just demands were paid. Hence
an amicable arrangement was perfected
whereby the United States will do Just
what was done ln Cuba. The customs will
be honestly collected and the proceeds
honestly expended. To enforce the policy
which has become Imperative there is
gathered in the Carrlbean sea today a fleet
of United States war vessels far more
formidable than that with which Admirals
Samson and Schley annihilated Cervera's
ships Just outside the Bay of Santiago.
This display of force Is simply an Inll
tnalion to the bands of revolutionists that
the United States means business.
No Attempt at Sovereignty.
There will be no attempt, and there Is no
desire on the part of the administration to
assume sovereignty over the republic. Jljt
the administration does Intend to have peace
riven by revolutions for so many gtneta
There Is no more fruitful spot on the face I
of the earth than the Island upon which
are situated the republics of Haytl and S:in
Domingo. Its agricultural possibilities are
practically limitless. But Its people, and
especially those of San Domingo, have been
driven by revolutions for so many genera
tions that the task of enforcing peace is a
herculean one. Still Cuba was In almost
s bad condition in 1(198 and today, through
American Intervention, it promises to -soon
become one of the Important nations of !
tne American hemisphere.
Change la Patent Law.
One of the most Important acts ever
passed by the house of representatives
so fur as the patent laws are concerned '
was one aimed at the patent medicine, or
proprietary medicine interests which re
ceived the sanction of the house on the
14th day of December last.
For years there have been numberless
complaints over the anomalies of tho Ameri
can patent law which afford protection to
manufacturers of drugs In foreign countries
which the laws of their own country do
not afford to these same manufacturers.
There are three distinct propositions em
braced In the bill:
Fiist The proposition of reciprocity with
foreign countries in the granting of patents
by pr. Aiding that no patent shil, bo grant d
to a citizen of any foreign country whim
does not grant a corresponding patent to
a citizen of the United States. l"11"1 lo
Second That a patent shall bi-granted only
for the process of making a drug or medicine
and not upon the urticle itself, by prov.d
Ing that no patent shall be gi anted upi.n
any drug, medicine, or medicinal chemical
except Insofar as the same relate m a
i definite process for the preparation of said
I drug, medicine, or medicinal chemical.
Third The requirement that any patent
relating to tne manufacture of drug! or
medicines shall be actually worked In the
United Slates within two years by provid
ing that In case any drug, medicine or
medicinal chemical on which a patent has
been granted is not manufactured In the
United States within lc years of the
granting of faid patent, said patentee shall
have no right under the patent laws of
the U.ilted Slates as against any citizen
of the United States who may Import
such drug, medicine or medicinal chemical
Into the United States.
The report on the bill says: "A single
Instance will show the Injustice done to
our citizens by the operation of our pres
ent patent laws. The common medical
Continued on Second Pag
NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST
Fair In F.ast ml Know In Weit Por-
Monilny. Tuesday Fair, with
na Tempera) are.
peratare at Omaha Yesterilnyi
llnnr. Ilea. I
I p. in 10
it . in 11
H p. m Hi
4 p. m 11 1
(1 p. m 11
O p. in lO
T p. m . . . . . . M
M p. m n
II p. m
HON. J. N. H. PATRICK DEAD!keOS 0F THE1RM
Pioneer of Senrnska Hirrimbi to
an Attark of Heart
J. N. II. Patrick died at his home last
night at 11 o'clock of heart failure at
his residence. Happy Hollow, ln West
Mr. Patrick had been sick for about a
week, but up to that time he had been ln
his usual health. 8lnce his first attack
his family and friends had thought such
a termination possible owing to his ad
Mr. Patrick was one of the pioneers
of Nebraska and Omaha and a prominent
figure In the early history of the state.
He was prominently Identified with the
raising of the First Nebraska regiment
during the civil war. In later years ho
was one of the government airectors oi i
the Union Pacific railroad before the re
organization following the receivership.
J. N. JI. Patrick was born in Kentucky
and In 185fi, a young man, he removed to
Omaha. In 1S57, President Buchanan ap
pointed him to the position of receiver of
the United States land office, then located
at Dakota City. Here he served until tho
election of President Lincoln. Early In the
60's he entered the United States army,
serving for two years as quartermaster.
He was a member of the first state senate,
going from Douglas county. This was the
only political ofllce which hu ever held.
For years Mr. Patrick has resided upon
his magnificent farm, Just west of the city
limits. He has been connected with many
of the enterprises looking to the upbuild
ing of the city.
RESEARCHES OF ONE YEAR
Official Announcement of Work Ac
complished by Cnrnegle
WASHINGTON. Jan. 29.-Offlclal an
nouncement of researches along various
scientific lines Is made ln the year book for
1904 Just lasued by the Carnegie Institution
Considerable attention Is devoted In this
report to the necessity of methods and or
ganization for promoting research In the
exact sciences and Prof. Simon Newcom
suggests that while the nineteenth century
has been Industriously piling up a vast
amount Of astronomical, meteorological,
magnetlcal and sociological observations
and data, at great expense, the world over,
the working out of results from thesis ob
servations is defective aid lacks system.
To correct this he urges the organisation of
an Institute or bureau of "exact nclence In
general," the head of which should be aided
by a council of experts picked from various
countries to advise as to the various de
partments at work, with a view to reaching
results at small expense which, without
such organization, never would be reached, i attraction for thousands of people yesler
In this connection the approval of such men day. From the time the fire broke out until
as Karl Pearson of the University college
of London, England; Lord Raylelgh of the
Royal Institution of Great Britain, O. H.
Darwin of Cambridge and others have been
secured. Mr. Pearson adds that at least 50
per cent of the scientific observations made
and the data collected -are worthless and no
wise man could deduce any result from
them at all. "I doubt," he says, "whether
even a small proportion or tne Diomeirlc
data being accumulated In Europe and
America could be made to provide valuable
The project, as presented to the Instltu-
tlon, contemplates the charter of a wood
built non-magnetic sailing vessel of ap-
proximately fiOO tons displacement to pursue
a "clockwise spiral course embracing the
entire north Faclflc ocean," about 70,000
knots being marked out. The confident ex
pectation Is expressed that in the neighbor
hood of Islands and coasts, distortions and
Irregularities In the distributions of the
earth's magnetism, will be revealed by this
work and opportunity given for Investiga
ting the effect of the configuration of land
and water on the distribution of the mag
netic forces. Reports have frequently been
received from mariners regarding unusual
behavior of the compnsses, particularly in
thf. rpclnn nt thn &l,ntlnn lul'intn
Data obtained as the result of circular
le.ter. sunt hv th ,t nnrt -
survey to conservatories over the entire ,
globe and turned over to the Carnegie In-
stltution regarding the Mount Price, Mar-
tlnlmiA rimllnli In 1W ehnn, tVict v,n I
, .v. i. , . .. ,.
of the beginning of thnt magnetic dls- I
turhance was practically the same around
the whole earth, and, second, that any elec
tric current system capable of producing
tho observed phenomena would have Its
seat chiefly outsldo the earth.
Geological researches have been carried
on In eastern Asia. A project which has
been recommended and which may be ap
proved by the Institution next year Is
the Investigation In the Lithonla district
In Georgia of subterranean temperatures,
to correct the present lack of any trust
worthy Index of the normal downward In
crease of temperature In the earth. For
this purpose an estimate has been sub
mitted and recommendation amed for Its
adoption of boring In granite to the depth
of 6.000 feet at a cost of 1110.000. The cost
of boring 10,000 feet, It Is added, would be
The report makes extended observations
on the subject of solar researches on
which preliminary work already has begun
at Mount Wilson, California. The object
for a solar observatory there already has
been approed, the conclusion being ex
pressed that Mount Wilson meets In a very
remarkable degree the requirements of a,
site for a solar observatory. The work
at higher altitudes than that, If needed
t all, It is explained, could lie completed
In two or three summers by expeditions
equipped with a portable outfit erected at
an altitude of from 12.000 to 15.000 feet.
The report says that Dr. 8. P. Langley,
who has been making solar observations,
"has offered reasons to believe that an
actual change In the amount of heat
emitted by the sun occurred In March.
1903. and that If such a change is actually
established by carrying on these observa
tions at a higher altitude the result would
have an Important bearing on many que.
tlona relating to the earth and would be
of vital Interest In Its relationship to the
HuitmeaU of Ocean Vrasrla Jan. 211.
At New York Arrived: La Champagne,
from Havre; Minneapolis, from Iindon;
Krandenburg from Bremen; Etrurla, from
Liverpool. Bulled: Menominee, for London.
At Queeruilown Sailed: Ixicariia, for Mew
LOSS HALF A MILLION
Best Information Obtainable Ehowi Figures
Will Reach Full- tbat Sum.
INSURANCE IS PUT AT $429,350
Definite Figures in Kirkendall Lou Cannot
Sightseers Throng to the Scene o I Omaha's
BURNED OUT FIRMS GETTING LOCATED
About All of Them Have geenred
Temporary Quartera and Will Be)
Doing llnalneaa Today Al
most aa Usual.
Exact Information aa to losses and Insur
ance were hard to obtain yesterday, due
largely to the fact that It was Sunday and
also to the absence from the city of some
of the principal property owners concerned.
On the Kirkendall loss nothing definite
couia De learnea, uenerai manager j. jt.
kind. F. I'. Kirkendall. head of the firm.
Is In the east and will not return until
Wednesday. The damage to this building,
which Is owned by the Millard estate, has
only been roughly guessed at.
Mlngham & Son have secured a temporary
location at 12o3 Howard street and will
be prepared to take care of all business
Telephones Put In.
The telephone company had men work
ing all day to get telephones Installed In
the quarters to be used by the burned-out
Arms for the present. As the company did
this on its own Initiative, all of the firms
concerned feel quite grateful to the tele
phone manager and his men. The firms
whose buildings and stocks have been de
stroyed or damaged can be called on the
telephone today as usual
Insurance men and the business men who
sustained losses tried In some cases to fig
ure out where they stood, but not many
authorized statements were made. The
closest estimates place the probable losses
and Insurance us given below, about $85,000
of the first reports of an aggregate loss of
JU06.000 being accounted for by reducing the
estimated worth of the Mercer building
J 100,000. or to a figure where most judges
think it should be put.
Estlmated mate .
B. D. Mercer, building Stne.ono S 75,onf
jvi. nmun Be uo., stock...
J. R. Snyder, stock 2o,ono
Voegele & Dinning, stock... 30,000
Ezra Millard estate, build
F. P. Kirkendall Co., stock. 150,000
Rlngham Sons, stock 2,5"0
C. H. Mullln & Co.. stock... z.MO
Marsh & Marsh, stock 1,600
Tremalne, Moore eV Co., .
Totals , 1320,260
Crowds Visit Scene,
The scene of Saturday evening's fire, the
first large fire of the year and the largest
Omaha has had for many years, ,was ths
; after sundown Sunday evening throngs
I surged against the ropes and viewed with
awe the destruction wrought.
The sunlight that broke through the
clouds about noon glistened on the east
! side of the Kirkendall building, which
loomed up like a huge relic of the glacial
age with Us thick coating of Ice. The
ragged walls of the Mercer building on the
south presented a striking companion plc-
, tUI-e. the general effect being Intensified by
i heavy mantle of Ice on Eleventh, Howard
I BrKj Harney streets.
' The fire proved a money-getter for the
1 street rnllwnv enmnnnv Hnturilotf hlvtil'a
service was extended until 3 o'clock Sunday
morning and travel waa brisk all day yes
terday. The Harney street line, which had
been closed on account of the Ice on Harney
Street In fron,t of the Kirkendall building,
was resumed yesterday afternoon. General
Superintendent Fred A. Tucker of the street
railway company was an early arrival trt
the fire and remained until morning.
Klrkendnll Company In Ramge Block.
Some of those affected by the fire have
already secured new locations. The Kirken
dall company has secured for office pur
poses the rooms recently vacated by the
I Melkle-Dodson company In the first floor of
' t,,e HamK b'?'k' Th" c"mnany'
I and records will be moved there this morn-
Ing and business conducted from the new
location. Regarding a temporary location
for a warehouse and salesrooms until the
burned building shall have been repaired,
I General Manager J. H. Taylor said yester-
day he had been looking at several locs
tlons. but they were already being nego
tiated for by other parties. F. P. Kirken
dall wired he has started for Omaha and
will be here on Tuesday. The Kirkendall
factory at Tenth and Harney streets will be
worked overtime to fill Immediate orders.
The loss to the Kirkendall building, which
Is owned by the heirs of the Millard estate.
Is not as great as at first believed. Bulld-
i lng Inspector Wlthnell says It will be neces
sary to tear down only the two upper floors.
The building originally was constructed at
a cost of ffflnoo, and appears to have been
damaged about half that amount. The
heavy stock carried by the Klrkendalt com
pany Is practically all destroyed or ren
Sin I lb Company Fortunate.
The M. E. Smith company in more for
tunate than the other firms affected by
the fire In thnt only their warehouse stock,
which was kept In the upper floors of the
Mercer building, was destroyed. Their
large open stock rooms and salesrooms
across the street on Howard street Wera
In no way affected, and the company has
besides the factory at Eleventh and Doug
las streets. Members of the firm announce
they will seek another warehouse looatlon
as soon as possible. Ward Burgess esti
mated the loss to the stock Saturday night
at 1100,000, all covered by Insurance.- -
J. R enyder 4 Co., In whose place of bus
iness the fire la snld to hm. ,
. .cu, iia9
secured a location at 1?11 ii,h .
. ... .. u . puni,
next door to Klrachbraun A Sons, and will
open for buslnena as muui ii.i. ,
mug iihib;. t;
The Martln-Cott Hat company estabUsh
mem. rr( aoor 10 tne Kirkendall place
sustained a loss or about 110.000 by watf
snd smoke. This company's stock on (out
Tiiiimia ai iiou.ron, was f
awhile In Jeopardy, but was saved by It
timely action of William Cott and a squid
of firemen. Mr. Cott arrived at his place
oi ouHinesa aoon arter tne nru started mnn
un.ocKeu me rront none lout -
tsny of firemen weru hiiniri,.v .
oi nuae ana looKing for un entrance t.
reach the too of that blocU Mr rv.i
the way to the top floor and to th.
in in me roor. a t that t. k- ,
- - - - - wHyvai
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