Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 17, 1904)
TlIE OMA1IA DAILY BEE.
K. ROSEWATER. EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINQ.
TERMS OF BfBSCRIPTION.
Dull Use (without Sunday). One Year..Mno
hally Bee and Sunday, One Year 6.00
Illustrated Ree, On Year !J
Sunday Ilea, One Year ffj
Saturday Iwe. One Veiir -aO
Twentieth Century Farmer. One Year.. 1.00
DELIVERED BY CARRIER.
Pally Re without Sunday), per copy .... Ic
fllv Ie tmlthrut SundnyV per week ....lie
Dniljr Hee (Including Sunday), per week..l,c
Sunday Bee. per copy . Jo
Evening Bee (without Sunday), per week. TC
livening- Bee (including Sunday), per w k l2e
Complaints of Irregularities In delivery
thould he sddressed to City Circulation Da
Omshs-The Bee Building.
Beuth Omaha-City Hall Building, Twtn
, ty-fifth nnd M Streets.
Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street.
Chhsgo 1S40 Unity Bulldlnif.
New Ynrk-239 Pnrk Row Building. '
Washington 501 Fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to new and edi
torial matter shnuld be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal crder,
payable to The Bee Publishing Company,
Only 2-cent str.rnps received in payment of
mail account. PersonAl checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchangee, not accepted.
IHK BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nohrneka. Douglas County, ss.:
George B. Tzschuck. secretary of The Bee
Publishing fdmpflny. belnfr duly sworn, says
thnt tht nrtunl number of full and complete
copies of The Dally. Morning, Evening and
Sunday Bee, printed during the month of
August, 1904 waa S3 follows:
1 8K.fl SO 17 30.30O
I. .. ,tno
4 4. .88.040
Lets unsold and returned .copies... T.238
i Nat toUI sales , 8W7.T11
Dolly average 2S.026
GEOROE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence snd sworn to
before me this Jlst day of August, W4.
(Seal.; N. B. Hl-'NGATEs
It ! well to remember that the dam
age done by the first frost is always
greater the morning after than it li
a week later.
Iowa should be thankful that it could
not pull off a repetition of the Chicago
car bundlt Incident at the first attempt.
It may do better later.
If Colombia is really desiring redress
for the ,Tannina incident it should wait
until the canal Is completed and then
open a winter resort for Americans.
Russian sullors at Han Francisco
should be given an opportunity to visit
St.' Louis. They would make an at
tractive addition to the Russian ex
hibit. A London naval expert says that the
trouble of the Lena Is due to Its Scotch
boiler Now the crew knows whom
to thank for its immunity to the horror
of, war. , .
' Candidate Berge Is reported as already
predicting "signal victory for the fusion
state and congressional nominees." This
la one of the worst things we haveVienrd
Governor LaFollette's remark that
. there is no place on the republican
ticket for a rascal, is entitled to a po
. sltlon of prominence in every nomina
'' Perhaps it might not be a bad plan
for political committees to bave a reg
ular order of business with a motion
: to go Into executive session the first
i' number on the list
Chinese resident of Mukden are said
to be showing unfriendliness to Russia,
but tt is posiible th'jy are merely getting
ready to practice their usual neutrality
In another quarter. . .
The railroad company which con
structed a speclaj sidetrack at Esopus
was too-Impulsive. By waiting two or
three weeks the improvement would
have been found to be unnecessary.
Another step has been taken In the
direction of preparing Canada for an
nexation to the United States. The do
minion government has just designated
one Thursday In November as Thanks
' Another hitch is snld to have been
encountered in repaving North Sixteenth
street. In the meanwhile about ten
boles o the rod of pavement are being
encountered by every vehicle that trav
erses thu street
If youthful training has any Influence
upon future bent in life, the young boy
who has been In cold storage at South
Omaha as treatment for a case of lock
jaw ought to make a name later In life
at an Arctic explorer.
If discussing a local political matter
the Brooklyn Eagle uses. the expression,
"An appeal to the proletariat," which
would Indicate that the' "class conscious
socialism" is making Inroads heretofore
doomed impossible iu New York.
, The renewed activity of the new hu
mane, society at South Omaha is pre
sumably notice that the day of the
bull fight there Is past, even though we
should, some day have another ' bull
whacker governor willing to patronise
It. - : - . '
The Boston Journal declares Tarker,
nj fc 'candidate, . weaker than Bryan.
This must bo pa the theory that while
Bryan's state gave eight electoral Votes
for McKlnley in the last election, Par
ker's state will give thlrty-slx votes for
, ,. -Li! a
The scavenger law promises to keep
the couuty treasurer busy for the rest
of the year, but the advantage of house
ch'anlng under it Is that It, need be
done but once, whereas under the old
system the same delinquent tax list was
a regular visitor over and over again.
. A LISSOX FROM KXPIRIXNCE
"When our opponents last obtained
power," Mys President Roosevelt's let
ter of acceptance, "It was on a platform
declaring a protective tariff 'uncoip;l
tut:onal,' and the effort to put this dec
laration Into; practice waa one of the
causes of the general national prostra
tion lasting from 18!)3 to 1807." The
year 1W2 was one of great prosperity.
In his last message to congress Presi
dent Harrison said that so high a de
gree of prosperity and so general a dif
fusion of the comforts of life were never
before enjoyed by our people. But the
democratic party had won the election
of that year on a platform hostile to
a protective tariff and there Immedi
ately ensued industrial and commercial
. It ls well at this time that the peo
ple should be reminded of the effect
of the democratic pledge to overthrow
protection. Hundreds of mills and fac
tories closed, throwing out Of, employ
ment tens of thousands o( wage-earners.
Depression came to every line of mer
cantile business. Railroads were turned
over to receivers. j Hundreds of banks
failed and the number of business fail
ures In the first year of the democratic
administration increased fifty per cent.
Before the end of 1803 there was a
vast army of idle people and bo much
destitution in the .manufacturing cen
ters that it became necessary to estab
lish soup houses to avert starvation.
But Vay the democrats, the McKlnley
tnrlff law was then In operation. True,
yet democratic control of the executive
and legislative branches of the govern
ment assured the repeal of that law and
this was sufficient to cause the Indus
trial and business interests of the coun
try to prepare for the new conditions.
It Is also urged, by the democrats that
the financial disturbance before the
last democratic administration came
Into power was the chief cause of the
subsequent depression. Grant that this
had an Influence, yet Its effect would
have been slight had there been no
threat of a radical change in our eco
nomic policy. It was the danger to the
vast Industrial Interests of the country
Involved In democratic policy, that was
the chief cause of the depression and
disaster which followed the success of
the democracy tw'elve years ago.
An eastern democratic organ re
marks that "immediately on the pas
sage of the Wilson tariff industry and
commerce resumed their activity, which
continued wlthouf . abatement down to
the day of Its repeal." The Wilson-Gorman
tariff did not carry out the promise
of the democratic platform or meet the
demand of the democratic executive,
who characterized it as an act of "per
fidy and dishonor" and let it become a
law without his signature. As framed
and passed by the house of representa
tives it would have fulfilled the promise
of the party, but the democratic senate,
under the leadership of Senator Gor
man, made more than six hundred
amendments to the house bill, thus radi
cally changing Its character. As thug
changed the tariff act of 1804 preserved
a considerable measure of protection,
so that a resumption of industrial ac
tivity was made possible. Now the
democratic party assails protection as
robbery, apparently thinking that 'the
people have forgotten the bitter experi
ence of 1803. Some of them may have
done so, but the Indications are that it
will be shown hi November that a large
majority of them still remember that
RACE issue agitation.
The Maryland democrats are agita
ting the race issue. Although only one
fifth of the population of that state is
black, the . democratic politicians are
raising the cry of negro domination
nnd it is understood that the leading
promoter of the agitation la Mr. Gor
man, who is announced as the chief
adviser of the Parker campaign man
agers. The Baltimore News, which is
supporting the democratic national
ticket, advises the party leaders In
Maryland, to drop the agitation of the
race question as being inopportune and
likely . to do injury to the national
ticket In the doubtful states of tle north
The News urges that while in a state
contest an appeal to race prejudice
would be more or less effective, under
the present circumstances the Injection
of the negro into the campaign can only
strengthen the democratic cause where
it is strong enough already. "We do
not need anything to make the south
more solid. What we want Is strength
ening in the doubtful states of the north
and west. 'Bloody , flag warfare against
the colored brother is certainly not
likely to help the democratic fight In
the doubtful states." The Maryland
democrats should have been guided la
this matter by the party In West Vir
ginia, which while favoring negro dis
franchisement waa. induced -by the can
didate for vice president "in the Inter
est of the national ticket," to omit any
reference to the subject from the plat
form. The Maryland democrats show
more courage If less discretion than
those of West Virginia.
The Baltimore paper is quite right
In saying that the democratic 'party
cannot be helped by agitation of the
race question, but even should It stop
agitating the spirit and purpose of the
party are so fully disclosed and well
understood that 8 cessation of the ap
peal to ' race prejudice would mislead
rio one. Bo far as Maryland ia con
cerned there la no excuse whatever for
the .disfranchisement of Its colored cltl
aens, for the reason that there Is not
the remotest danger of negro domina
tion In that state,. As already noted,
the blacks constitute but one-fifth of
the population and their number la not
Increasing more rapidly thau the whites.
It Is obvious, therefore, that the agita
tion of the race question there Is not
due to any fear of domination, but
wholly to prejudice.
The. democratic politicians of the
eouth may rest assured that the people
of the north are not inattentive or In
dlfftrent to their policy of negro dis
franchisement The wrong that Is In
volved In that policy, not only to the
negro, but to every state where the,
constitutional rights of all citizens are
respected, la being very strongly Im
pressed upon the minds of the people
of the north ami there Is a growing
tendency to Insist that the mandate of
the federal constitution' In regard to
representation in congress an I the elec
toral tol.ege shall be enforce In the
co of every state which disfranchises
any class of its citizens.
CHICAGO'S FIQIIT FOR UOMB RULE.
Although not attracting greatest at
tention, one of the most important ques
tions to be determined at the coming
election In Illinois Is that of borne rule
for the city of Chicago, and the various
civic organizations interested In Chlca
go'a municipal progress are waging an
energetic and unique campaign to bring
about this object. The achievement of
home rule in Illinois, as In most other
states, must be had through constitu
tional amendment -but as-a result of
persistent agitation the people are to
have an opportunity In November to
ratify or reject a constitutional amend
ment which the legislature was finally
prevailed on to submit As summarized
In a review of the preliminary legisla
tion, the proposed amendment Is ex
pected to permit the city to do the fol
To reform tha local minor courts and
adopt an adequate municipal judicial sys
tem to supplant the Justice mills.
To borrow sufficient funds to pay for all
To provide an adequate municipal revenue
To do away with the ten separate town
ship org-anlratlons overlapping- the city.
To govern Its own park system, now sep
To exercise the absolute right of local
To create a simple, compact and economlo
To enact the proposed amendment
will require the assent of the mujotfty
of the voters not only In Chldago, but In
the rural districts as well, and the peo
ple of the city have persuaded them
selves that they can, by a campaign
of education, convince the rural voter
that the change, which means so much
to their city, means also progress and
prosperity for the whole state. They
bave undertaken to show that the grant
ing of municipal borne rule to Chicago
will benefit the outside districts making
up the remainder of the state equally
with the people residing In the city, and
according to all reports the prospects
are good for te ratification of the
The success of this movement on be
half of home rule in Chicago is of Inter
est to other cities, because it should
point the way for municipal home rule
for metropolitan cities of other states,
like Omaha, for example. Complete lo
cal self-government will eventually be
necessary to the free growth and. ad
vancement of 'every great dry, and the
cities that -enjoy municipal home rule
first will surely have the advantage In
the competition with other population
I The attempt to sidetrack the real
Issues Involved in the selection of legis
lative candidates by the pretense of pro
tecting the Water board will fool no
body. The procedure to acquire .the
water works under the purchase clause
of the contract has gone so far that
the city could not gig out of it If it
wanted to except with the acquiescence
of the water works owners. The ap
praisers and the courts will settle the
water works question now without the
aid or consent of any legislative dele
gation. A delegation of Armenians is on. its
way to the United States to ask Presi
dent Roosevelt to use his good offices to
secure .-better conditions for their people
In Turkey. Every downtrodden race
looks to the United States for relief, and
not without some degree of right, for,
as a matter of fact, It has been the
downtrodden and misgoverned people of
other countries who have made the
United States what It Is today.
An exodus of nonunion worklnginen
from the Chicago stock yards Is In
progrtss. This fact can only mean
one of two things; either the nonunion
man Is not as good a workman as his
union competitor or the managers of the
Industries are uniting with the union
men to rid the yards of a disturbing
element In either case the condition Is
one not very encouraging to the non
union men. , .
The experiment down at Lincoln of
enforcing an ancient ordinance regula
ting the speed of street cars to a limit of
seven miles an hour does not seem to be
turning out satisfactorily, the slow serv
ice not conforming to the rapid ways of
the inhabitants of the state capital. The
next move should be to get the people
who patronize the cars to travel a more
Candidate Berge's ideas of tax reform
come as a sort of post mortem verdict
He should have waked up to the ex
igencies, of the situation while the reve
nue bill was pending and when a gen
eral invitation was out for citizens to
appear before the Joint revenue commit
tee to express their views on the sub
ject In hand.
South Dakota's state fair attendance
has broken all records. This has been
a great year for' state fairs in these
western states, notwithstanding the fact
that the great exposition at BV Louis
would naturally be expected to prove a
demoralising counter attraction.
Net Eaaach to Float Oa.
New York Sun.
Vermont and Maine are sufficient proof
that there Is no water for a democratic
at. Loala Miklif Good.
1 St. Louis Olobe-Democrat.
Unci Barn's loatn of H0JO.OOO to the
World's fair has bean reduced to H.9t,000,
DAILY BEE: SATURDAY,-
snd tht blg weeks at the fair are yst to
come. Tha great exposition's credit and
prospects era gilt-edged. ,
Tatoo of a, Ktad.
Leslie s Weekly.
A republican house, as well at a repub
lican senate, wilt enter office with Theodora
Roosevelt when he It Inaugurated oil March
"B Flwrlkaa Caaat."
Able, brilliant sincere, convincing , pow
erful and commanding, are the adjectives
most commonly used In describing -the
president's letter accepting the nomination.
WHT BFIO FAILED Cl'STER.
Recollections of the Massacre oa the
Little HI Horn.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
The slaughter of General Custer and
his whole Immediate command Is t' e grest.
est tragedy of our Indian wars. Whether
Custer's plan of battle Invited disaster,
or brought It only "because of the failure
of Majdr Reno to do what Custtr sent
him to do. Is a question on which military
experts, differ, and to which a positive
answer can never be given. 1
Whether Reno could have done what lie
was sent to do Is also a question on
which experts differ, and to which a pos
itive answer Is equally Impossible. The
court of Inquiry which Major Reno de
manded declined to advise any further
action In hit case. Tet many army offi
cers held him highly culpable, and some
accused him of cowardice as well at In
competence. That Reno was no coward his civil war
career, during which he waa twice pro
moted for gallahtry. would seem to prove.
The court of Inquiry, after careful In
vestigation, declined to . say that he did
not do all he could under the circum
stances. Yet Rev. CymS Townsend Brady(
In a narrative on the disaster Just pub
lished and evidently based on the most
careful study, reaches the conclusion that
Reno "certainly lost his head, and when
he lost his head he lost Custer."
Whether Reno's failure to do what he
was sent to do really did cause Custer's
death whether Reno did all he could
may be left as open questions. The un
disputed fact that remains. Is that Reno
failed to de what he vat sent to do, and
thus contributed to Custer's disaster, even
if he did not cause It. Why did Reno
lose his head, If he did lose It? Why did
he fall, as ha certainly did? What was
the explanation of his conduct?
The Northwestern Christian Advocate In
commenting on Mr. Brady's study and de
scription of . the -affair, gives an explana
tion which. It asserts, comes directly from
Major Reno himself, and which Is new to
the general public. It tays:
"Major Reno himself told the late Rev.
Dr. Arthur Edwards, then editor of North
western, that his strange actions were due
to the fact that he was drunk. To Arthur
Edwards, who knew him well and con
tinued his faithful friend, Major Reno often
unburdened his heart, and one occasion In
deep sorrow said that hta strange actions
were due to drink. His action at the bat
tle of the Little Big Horn was cited as
one Instance." i
Major Reno was dismissed from ' tha
army four years after the Custer dis
aster for getting drunk, publicly assault
ing a fellow officer and otherwise be
having scandalously. It Is certain ' that
his use of liquor brought this soldier's
career to a disgraceful end.
If his drinking of whisky on the day
ot the battle of the Little Big Horn caused
him to fall to do what Custer had sent
him to do, as Dr.' Edwards' successor says
he told Dr. Edwards It did. ad thereby,
caused him at least to contribute to the
death of Custer and all his men, the simple
fact Is one of the most powerful temperance
lectures ever given. . .
BLACK EYES FOR MAINE LAW.
Sacred Statute of Neal Dow Rudely
. Boston Transcript.
While the election returns In Maine ore
very satisfactory to the republicans as In
dicative of sentiment on national. Issues, .the
question of state' policy on the enforcement
of the liquor laws has been treated In a
very Independent manner. It is impossible
to Ignore the significance of the vote upon
this specific matter. At a rule. In the heat
of a national campaign local issues are
sidetracked for the time bel:tg, held in
abeyance to be taken Up when they can be
discussed strictly on their merits; but this
year, apparently, they would not down.
Perhaps the influence and examples of Ver.
mont and New Hampshire In liberalizing
and regulating their liquor laws are having
their effect upon Maine. At all events the
doctrine ot prohibition in the latter state
has received Its worst set-back in tha lower
In hit recent address at Bennington, Vt.,
ex-Senator Chandler said that the pro
hibitory law In that state and in hit own
had been flagrantly violated. Each state
had adopted a license law which waa work
ing, very satisfactorily and he didn't antici
pate any serious attempt to return to the
old order of things. Maine has now given
unmistakable evidence of feeling lonesome,
as being tha only bourbon left In this mat.
ter In the whole New England section, and
the figures are eloquent of a determination
not to cease the agitation until the Pine
Tree state is relieved of those conditions
of pharlseelsm which have held it back
for the past. fifty years. In several of the
counties that have given generous repub
lican pluralities demooratlc sheriffs have
been elected, and In some others they have
run ahead of trie party vote on the general
ticket. But the re-eleotlon of Sheriff Pen
nell in Cumberland county, In which the
largest city of the state It located. It the
most significant local feature of the elec
tion. That county has been the storm center of
the many attempts to enforce the prohibi
tory law. Tha heroic but disastrous ef
forts of Sheriff Pearson, the Immediate
predecessor of Pennell, to demonstrate that
it could be enforced are stilt fresh In the
public mind. Ho waa honest and sincere In
his belief and tireless and fearless In hta
attempts to Justify his position. He sacri
ficed his life in the fruitless struggle, and
then those who had elected him turned
their 'backs upon his martyrdom and chose
to succeed him a very respected cltlien,
but one who It was not believed would pur
sue the tame methods. Those who enter
tained this belief have not been disap
pointed In results. In, his first campaign
he announced that he should enforce the
law, and doubtless intended to. do- so, but
found tha task too large for him, and
frankly acknowledged the fact. '
But ha hat done good service In keeping
the traffic within bounds,' and, Instead of
punishing him for his failure to keep hit
ante-election pledgea, his course has been
approved by a plurality as large as that
received In the county by the head of the
republican ticket. There wore no tacit
understandings Involved In this result.
Sheriff Pennell made hit personal campaign
upon the distinct declaration that the policy
which he hod pursued, and If re-elected
should pursue, was regulation and not pro
hibition, and the voters tald "Amen!"
This is a uraencal condemnation of the
hypocritical law In the most unmistakable
terms posslblo by one of the wealthiest and
most intelligent counties, In the state.
Whether sentiment Is yet aroused to the
point where there will be a resubmission
of thlt whole question to the people, wt
do not know, but the result thowt the
strong drift of public sonUmeal at tht
PEPTEMREK 17, 190.
OTHER LADJ THAN OVRS.
The signing of tha new Thibetan treaty
at L'haaa Indicates that the British expe
dition will retire from that altitudlnoue
country before the cold weather sets In.
Tht affair hat been nicely managed. The
ruler of Thibet hat eecaped out beyond
somewhere; and no treaty could be made
with him. Tht British, therefore, have
negotiated with minor functionaries, who
remained In Lhasa, on the theory that
the dalai lama had abdicated by running
away from hit capital, when It was In
the hands of his enemies. A new lama
will be promptly Installed, and perhaps
placed on a salary, by the business-like
Anglo-Saxon soldiers and diplomats, not
withstanding that the head of Thibet Is
also the supreme head of the Buddhist
religion, which hat at least 100,000,000
votaries In Asia. The attitude of the En
glishmen In thlt business was well Illus
trated years ago by that under-official In
India who wired one day to the capital
of the viceroy: "New God appeared on
tht frontier. Have ordered out the po
lice." Tht telectlon of a new head of the
great Buddhist religion by a minor British
officer, as part of the day's work, or at a
mere incident to Lord Curton'a policy of
finding a new market for brick tea and cut
ting out Russian Influence In' Thibet, looks
small In the news of the day, but It Is
something after all to stagger the Imagina
tion. The recent report of the postmaster gen
eral of Kneland indicates that there is a
progressive falling off In national thrift
as Indicated by the savings bonk deposits.
During tht past year the withdrawals have
exceeded the deposits by about $10,000,000.
An authority on the subject who was con
sulted by a London journal expressed the
opinion that these dwindling deposits are
due not to diminished prosperity or to the
recent war, but to a change of attitude
on the part of the people toward savings:
"The people have been told for years that
their thrift Involves a loss to the state;
they are taking one government at Us
word." Also of late years small Investors
"have become more and more educated as
to the useful employment of their money."
It Is to be feared, however, that this edu
cation has been an expensive process, if
the number of swindling Investment com
panies is a trustworthy Index.
Australia Is the first of English-speaking
lands to adopt for miners the German plan
ot an accident Insurance fund, made up by
dedicating 9 cents a week from the wages
of every person employed, levying one-half
at much on the employer and contributing
as much more by the government. This
makes a weekly payment of 18 cents a
week for each person employed. This fund
la administered by a board of six repre
senting mine owners, employes and the
government. In case of death from aocl
dent,, a widow receives $2 a week, and If
there are a dependent father, mother or
unmarried sisters, this sum Is divided
among them. A funeral allowance of p is
made, and an allowance ot 62 cents a week
for each child until reaching H years. This,
at will be teen. Is sufficient to provide for
a scanty but adequate support for a family,,
aided as it enn be by wages earned. Where
a miner Is disabled, an allowance it made
of W a week, to which, if disability be per
manent, is added 62 cents a week for each
child. The invested funds under this plan
amount now in New South Wales after
thr. nnd a half vears to 1450,000. There
has been paid for funerals $12,900, for deaths
$44,370 and for disablements 1136,536. in one
terrlhle disaster In Australia ninety-four
employes were killed, but at a consequence
Of the fund provision was maae ror roriy
tht women- left widows and 104 children..
A plan like this In the anthracite mine re
gion would do more for laDor man a
thousand strikes or ."my amount of "or
ganisation." . It would, call for, action by
tha Btstn and a law providing these acci
dent benefits would be a Just and equitable
An Interesting experiment In municipal
bread-making is being tried in the city of
Palermo, Italy. In March of last year the
municipality began to bake about 20,000
pounds of bread daily, meeting with very
severe opposition from all classes. Never
thelees, the essay succeed so well that at
present the city bakes about one-sixth of
11 the bread consumed in Palermo, the
bread being sold by the municipal guards.
Private dealers are also encouraged to ais
trihnte the bread and are said to make a
good profit from the Sales. The socialists
are naturally much interested in the ex
periment, and the fact that all the men em
ployed In the bakeries are recruitea rrom
the labor bureau Is tending to reduce the
opposition from the working classes. As a
maul n the movement it Is said that the
price of bread has been materially reduced.
The cities of,vlttorla ana uatanm nave
i.toiv aitnnted the scheme and report sub
stantial profits accruing from the Industry.
Perhaps we all shall ultimately nave our
t.... haWori hv a cltv denartment. Just at
our streets are cleaned and lighted and our
water supply Is attended to.
According to a, Russtnn correspondent
all the cities along the Volga are now pre
paring for the expected approach of chol
.... htr wav nf Astrakhan. This great center
of the Russlnn fisheries, where thousands
of the poorest class of Persians come
v.ariv tn work during the season, Is one
of the gAteways through which cholera has
entered Europe for centuries, in fhb ui
past experience It seems that the sanitary
mnn r.t h town Still leaves almost
everything to be desired. After the epi
demic of 191. certain sanitary cnanges
mmAm nnw refuse beds were started, etc.
but the old lakes of every Imaginable form
of filth are tald to have reverted to ineir
n.tin atate. and tht city now Is consid
ering proposals to flood these plague spots
with naphtha reruse in tne nope tnai n
may prove effective temporarily as a dis
infectant. There Is no time now to carry
out any of the effective" schemes which
have been under discussion for years, ana
th.r. ia not much faith in the efficacy of
experimental palliations. Already cholera
has been reported among l'eratan travelers
nn . riinlan steamboat, but the victim's
companion! were permitted to land with
out any of the usual quarantine precau
tions. They have probably carried the
seed of the disease In all directions.
Persia hat no distilleries, breweries or
saloons, only homemcde wine, and it Is
hard to get drunk there, though some do
It and are punished by having their ears
nailed to the sidewalk. People who coma
along spit on them and kick them till they
art sobered up, when they would no doubt
be ready to go and sign the pledge, only
that there are no temperance societies
there. But the country is quite abstemi
ous without them, -though the prophet't
Interdict la not universally observed. Per
hapa It they drank more of It they would
not be so cruel. They cut off tht arms and
legs of suspected people, and put one eye
out, and sometimes the other, to make
them confess; their jails are dark cellars,
with r.o furniture; no food Is given to the
prisoners except what It supplied by their
friends outside, and that Is generally eaten
up b the jailers. For slight crimes one
penalty is hanging with tha head down
ward and a weight tied around the neck,
but murders, unless an Individual perpe
trates too many of them, may be com
pounded by a small money flne. Women
delinquents are turned into a room and
scratched to death by road cats. In view
ot these severe punishments the ont ap
pointed for drunkeuesa tttuit rather mild
la tht comparison. . ,
PROTECT THE POOR INDIAN
Father Schell of Homer. Neb.,
has told the Interior department
that a gang of shnrpcrs Is fleecing
the Winnebago Indians out of all
the money being paid the tribe by
the government. At the same time
this gang Is violating the liquor
laws of the United States. Father
Schell adds that be can prove what
he says. The frauds are open,
patent nnd shameless. Stiy the au
thorities say that they are power
less to prevent It. Why powerless?
Has not the United States" a De
partment of Justice? Has It not
sheriffs, courts, Juries, Jails, sol
diers? Why should it permit the
robbery of its wards? The Indian
since Mayflower times has been a
pretty safe victim for the white
man. Fosslbly some of the sympa
thy given him haa been wasted.
But when public money Is appro
priated for Lo, it Is the business of
tb United States officers to see
that he gets it. No excuse is worth
The returns merely affirms the claim that
Maine Is safe and sane.
The most cheering optimist of the day Is
the democrat who extracts aolld comfort
from the Vermont and Maine returns.
Senator Fairbanks la gotng down Into
West Virginia Just to show his opponent
how gallant youth may be m the bailiwick
Flfty-slx members of the people's party
in Indiana held a state convention and de
clared by resolution to plod along In the
middle of the road.
It Is announced seml-offlcially that the
middle name of Candidate Davis should be
pronounced "Goxway" Henry "Ooiway"
Davis. The change removes the late un
pleasantness. "If Tom Taggart don't carry Indiana."
exclaims Henry Watterson In an editorial,
"We'll hang him." There is considerable
rubber In Taggart's neck and It will bear
It is reported that Tammany Is fixing up
a political-career for Stewart M. Brloe, son
of the late Calvin it. Brlce, once United
States senator from Ohio. Brlce Is a Tam
many graduate. He Is likely to be sent to
Senator Kearns of Utah haa decided not
to seek re-election. His defeat In the state
republican convention by the Smoot faction
foreshadows a fierce factional fight In Mor
mondom, and the organization of an inde
pendent anti-Mormon, party.
A Minneapolis court declined to dismiss
the pending indictments against ex-Mayor
Ames, and another trial will follow. Pecu
liar reasons were urged In favor of discon
tinuing the prosecution. "It prolongs the
boodle stench and gives the city offensive
notoriety." The plea had no effect on the
Miss Margaret Ingels, a pretty and tal
ented girl of Paris, Ky., has tendered her
services to the democratic committee and
will take tha stnmp In the Interest of ,
Parker and Davis. She has been given
notice that she will be assigned to the west
ern states. . Miss Ingels Is an intelligent
young woman and has made a study of the
subject of political economy and it pot
sessed of power and tact as a public
speaker. She enjoys a wide acquaintance
among public men and Is popular.
Someone reported to Governor Odall at
the Fifth Avenue hotel. New York, that a
democratic humorist had remarked: "With
Fairbanks eating fried lobster In Maine and
Odell serving lobster a la Newburg In New
York, the republicans are laying themselves
open to an Insinuation." "Tell the gentle
man," replied the governor, "that the lob
ster haa a grip and to hat tht republican
party. Better a lobster leadership than
the leadership of a fresh water clam,
posing at the embodiment of the Judicial
Democratic Humbngr Arraigned.
What a profound Impression the presi
dent's letter of acceptance hat made upon
the democratic mind la revealed In the
press comment. It is this cogent and un.
answerable arraignment of democratic
humbug, In the editorial possession for a
week past, that hat made tht democratic
papere call so plteously to Parker for a
"bugle call." ' . N
"HANDSOME IS THAT HANDSOME DRESSES."
Beau Brummel to hit Valet.
The FaJl Suit
Weather conditions haye made "Top
Coats" the chief subject of our advertise
mentbut it is time to consider the new
fall suit. Let us show you what we have
$12.50, SI5, SI8, S20, S25, Ete-
If you are looking for stylish and trust
worthy materials, you will find them here.'
Our new suits are as well made .as they ,
NO CLOTMINd FIT3 LIKE OURS. "
SroWnins- Ki ng
R. S. WILCOX, Mgr.
CONTROL OP COAL MIJEf.
How ear tame to National''
Ownership Two Years Ao.
Socialism has played little part In Amer
ican politics thus far. Yet there are many
advocates of national ownership of coal
I mines.' At President Roosevelt reminds tht
publto in hjs letter of acceptance, the New
York state democratic Vplatform In ls02, at
the height of the mine workers' strike, de
clared for national ownership of the an
thracite mines. That platform snld:
' "Wt advocate the national ownernhlp and
operation of the anthracite coal mines by
the exercise of the right of emlnt-nt do
main, with Just compensation to the own.
ers. Ninety per cent of the anthracite cnai
depbrlta of tht world being In the state of
Pennsylvania, national ownership can but
be In tht interest of the wholo people."
President Roosevelt says:
"Chsmplons of that convention's ranre
now condemn the fact that there was any
action by the president at all though thty
must know that It was only this action by
the president which prevented the move
ment for national ownership of the coal
fields from gaining what might well havt
been an Irresistible Impetus."
It will be remembered that In the fall of
19nj .the powerful presidents of the cool
roads demanded thnt federal troops be sent
to'tho anthracite districts, so that eoal
mining might be resumed under their pro
tection. President Ronsevelt's reply to that
demand la reported to have been In ub
stance: "If federal troops go to the coal
fields they will go to assist In mining eoaj
for the public, not for the coal companies."
Having that reply to think shout, the coal
road presidents with little hesitation agreed
to the appointment by the president of a
coal strike commission, Its finding to bind
them for a term of years.
If Is probnble' that President Roosevelt
speaks advisedly when he says that an
"Irresistible Impetus" for national owner
ship of the coal fields was growing In tht
fall of 1902. Had federal troopt actually
seized the mines for the public's benefit
national ownership might not havt btea
said young Mrt. Tre-
kins at the base ball game, "doesn't that
man In the blue clothes run, too'"
"Mot till nftAf thn tram I. H'W 1
n - ' ' in urn. 1 uuu urn
runs and hides." Washington Star.
Tlmmld I'm a-lari tha way 1. nv.w In ir
C . K..u " 1 II , LI ,i, AIA .
Wlnnmnn What .... vm .tti.,n wn..a
-. . - . . . j . minm. nuuuu
The war in Manchuria ln t ended by any
Tlmmld I didn't aav It nw T
gJadMt'a over in Manchuria. Philadelphia
Instructor (at night school) What are
the chief curses of American civilization?
Shaggy Haired Pupil Bout the same as
the KngllBh, only we use 'em more freely
In our common talk than they , do. You
don't expect me to blurt 'em out, do youT
The animals In the ark were having their
first tussle with seasickness.
"It will pass away," said the tortoise.
jveep a siirr upper Itp.'
to see us a few days ago and 1 wish to
goodness he hadn't."
"Why?" inquired Askum.
"Why, our bnby took such a fancy to hit
Idiotic sldewhlskers, pulling and tugging
at 'em, that my wife Insists upon my
raising the same kind." Philadelphia Press.
Edith It It true, Dolly, that Larkln
kissed you before he picked you up In that
Dolly Yes, dear; you know he Is study
ing to be a doctor and that was first aid
to the injured Indianapolis Newt.
THE GRANDEST BIRD.
Tht nightingale Is like a lute,
The thrush's voice Is sweet.
The bobolink can trill a tuna,
The Jenny wren Is neat, .
Canaries have a dainty song,
The pigeon, mild and meek.
And even parrots have a charm
When they attempt to speak.
The robin has a brilliant breast.
The hummingbird is fleet,
. The peacock Is a bird of pride,
' With very ugly feet;
The swallows skim the air In glee
The stork ls'held in awe,
The goldfinch is a tiny thing.
The dove, without a flaw.
The lyre bird hat gorgeous plumes.
The hawk Is swift and keen,
The linnet has a tuneful throat,
The sparrow, ha Is mean;
The mocking bird's a modest thlnf.
The swan Is white and proud,
. The turtle dove Is like a nun.
The bittern hoarse and loud ,
The eagle is a noble bird.
All poets sing his praise.
The owl Is wise, the falscon fierce.
The lark has Joyous ways;
But when it cornea to birds that boat
All other birds beside,
Give me spring chicken every time,
And let raw have it fried.
Aiiai ma; Cllflf fllUUgll HIT UQ,
groanea tne tapir, "but what's the use of
fjlvlng that kind of edvlce to me, you
link head! Chlnaarn Tribune.
ira. nam nenDeca. -uunarearv esiieu
Powered by Open ONI