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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1904)
THK OMAHA DAILY HEE: MONDAY, FE1HJITAIJY 22, 1004:
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee.
K. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING.
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
Oeorge B. Tzschuck. secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
aaya that the actual number of full ana
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Subscribed in my presence and sworn to
before ma this 3d day of February, A. D.
1X4. , M. B. HUNGATI5,
(Seal.) Notary Public.
London yellow Journals evidently fetir
that Germany may sot the Thames on
The grain rate war goes merrily on
andiou, but nil things have their end
Now thnt Hcnrst has opened political
headquarters at Des Moines market iuo
tntions of congressional delegations will
be In order.
The chief occupation of Ohio states
men just now Is dodging empressmeiit
into the list of candidates for the Ilanna
No ono knows what Colonel Young
husbaud Is doing while the limelight Is
turned further eust. There may be news
from Thibet nt nny tlui-s.
It la said that Czur Nicholas does not
relish the Initial HtngeH of the war be
tween Itussla und Japan. The fellow
who gets licked never Ilka It.
The differences In the Hoard of Public
Works over paving specifications do not
arise from politics, but from paving con
tractors wbo know no politics. -
If the street railway company will ex
pend $1,000,000 for betterments and ex
tensions this year nobody will object to
its proposed $1,000,000 bond Issue.
There Is altogether too much "manana"
In the retrenchment promises that
emanate from both city hall and court
house. Some other time not this time.
President Amador of Panama did not
figure so long as a second George Wash
ington, but he discounted Aguinaldo In
bowing Washington's ability to land in
The right man In the place of secre
tary of the CommercLil club can earn
a handsome salary. The wrong man
will be an expensive luxury at any
The ftusslau colony In Siberia is not
figuring extensively in the operations
round the Yellow sea, although many
Lave been Invited to Join the forces of
Slnco no Husslau vessel has been
blown up during the last twenty-four
hours the Japanese may conclude that
the harbor of Port Arthur Is safe for
French financiers should remember
that the United States Is not going to
waf without a good excuse and that the
world will have notice before Yankee
gnos are fired.
Congressman Hitchcock has bom
barded the United States navy for one
boor, but we apprehend that the United
State navy will survive the boiuburd
went for several days.-
If those various improvement clubs
would do a little more for themselves
nd talk a little less about what others
hould do for them Omaha would have
better prospects for securing Improve
One merit In Count Crelirhton'a ednca
ttonal beuefactloiui is thnt they are not
conditional upon first raising any stlpu
lated sum from other philanthropists or
public-spirited cltitens before they be
1 .... i
If Senator Morgan is ready to vote for
th ratification of the canal treaty, why
should he have inflicted upon the coun
try all those long winded canal speeches
that serve only to encumber the con
The democratic party organs are re
vaaipiug In connection with the death of
Senator nauua the old, old story that
President McKlnley'g election In lWsi
was corruptly procured. The complaint,
irifpod of lta verbiage, la, "They bought
up." All efforts, however, to locate
the democrats who sold out for cash
tava teea uaaTaillag. '
The recurrence of the anniversary of
the birthday of tJeorgn Washington
nerves to deepen and Intensify the en
during fame of the one figure in all his
tory whose splendor no hostile criticism
has even for a moment dimmed. AVnsh
lngtoti Is, tlrst of all, a national hero, the
foremost character In our American pan
theon, and In the estimation of our own
people. If not Indeed of the people of the
world, the most sublime ilgure In h 11
A distinguished English historian has
saiil of Washington that of all the great
men in history he was the most In
variably Judicious mid there Is scarcely
a rash word or action or Judgment re
corded of him. "lie never acted on the
Impulse of an absorbing or uncalctilatlng
enthusiasm nnd he valued very highly
fortune, position and reputation, but at
the command of duly he was ready to
risk and sacrifice them all. He whs In
the highest sense of the words a gentle
mon and a man of honor, and he carried
Into public life the severest standard of
That Is the Judgment upon the char
acter of Washington of those who have
studied most carefully and thoroughly
the career of that great man. He was
human nnd was therofore not without
the weaknesses of humanity, but who Is
there In all history that Is comparable
with him In the possession of the finest
traits of humankind? Think of all the
wonderful men of ancient and modern
times the soldiers nnd statesmen and
patriots of the world and there is not
one who measures up to the standard of
An American orator has said: "How
many in all positions have felt, con
sciously or unconsciously, the effect of
this crumple of a purely unselfish and
dutiful existence! No other land has
such a possession. I know of no other,
though .it be more rich In great men,
which can show a man who through the
years retains this influential relation to
the moral life of a nation. I doubt also
whether the men of other countries com
prehend the affection we feel for Oeorge
Washington or the vast personal Influ
ence still exercised by his august figure.
This man had no children. He was the
ancestor of n nation. Let not repetition
of his praise lose for you the true value
of the man. He left to us, the heirs of
his renown, a record of unfailing cour
age, a story of heroic conduct, an exam
ple of life-long duty. The unequalled
life of an unequalled day."
That very well t xpresses the American
Idea of Oeorge Washington, whose char
acter nnd example are today a living
force with our people and will continue
to be so long ns the political lattltutlons
which he wns largely Instrumental In
establishing slmll survive.
MR. HAH IS AS SWCkSSOR.
Who will zuceeod Mr. Ilanna In the
United States senate is a question which
is Just now disturbing republican circles
lit Ohio and Is regarded with some inter
est outside of that state. If the- usual
order Is observed thl senator wllf be
chosen from the northern part of the
state nnd there are three possibilities in
that section Governor Herriek, Repre
sentative Dick and Ilepresoutatlve Bur
ton. They are all competent men and
both Mr. Dick and Mr. Burton have done
faithful and valuable service to the re
publican pnrty. The former as chairman
of the state committee has done excel
lent work and Is recognized as one of
the shrewdest and ablest political men
ugers that the republican party In Ohio
has ever hud. . He was a most capable
heifer of Mr. If anna in the last Btato
cnupaign. Mr. Burton is known as one
of the ablest men on the republican
sMe of the house of representatives nnd
is well equipped to occupy a place In the
national senate, having had a congress
atonal experience of ten years. Gov-
ernor Herriek is comparatively new to
politics, but he is a man of more than
ordinary ability nnd force and had the
earnest friendship of Mr. Ilanna, which
Is to his advantage if he wishes to go
to the United States senate. Undoubtedly
the selection will be made from these
three probably one to fill the unexpired
term and another for the long term," the
chances being that Herriek will be
chosen for the latter, which begins next
Another important matter is the selec
tion of a successor to Mr. Hanna as
chairman of the senate committee on In-
terocianle canals. This Is a very im
portant position and In the regular order
would fall to Senator Piatt of New York,
who is second on the committee, but the
probability Is that Mr. Piatt will not
take the chairmanship nnd there Is talk
of giving It to Senator Spooner. That
would be a selection which would please
the entire country, since there Is no ono
more familiar with the duties of the po
sition than the Wisconsin senator -and
noue more competent to perform theni."
OH TH HlOUT TRACK.
Omaha Jobbers, manufacturers and
heavy shippers geuerally are on the
right track In deciding to pool Issues
on the line of a community of interests.
Omuhu is entitled to. fair treatment from
the railroads that converge iu this city
and in return the rullroada are entitled
to fair treatment at the hands of Omaha
business men. On the other hand, if the
business men of Omaha do not receive
fair treatment nt the hands of the rail
roads they should be iu position to en
force their right to fair treatment when
ever any attempt is made by the rail
roads, or any one of the railroad, to
discriminate against them by granting
special fuvors to rival commercial cen
ters. Experience has shown this cannot sue
eessfully be done by Individual shippers
or small groups of shIpjMrs. It wjll re
quire the combined strength of all the
Jobbers, manufacturers and grain men
..- keep Omaha on an equal footing with
its comnieavla! competitors. That is
precisely what 'commercial clubs, grain
exchanges and jobbers' associations are
organised for. Their chief function is
to " concentrata ' mutual - interest for
mutual protection and mutual advance
ment of common interests.
The success of commercial bodies In
Minneapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee,
Indianapolis, Ixiulsville " and other
progressive commercial centers has
been achieved only by compact organiza
tion and co-operation, energetic action
nnd diplomacy. There is a time for all
things. There Is a time for parleying
find there Is a time for fighting. Omaha
seems to have exhausted the parleying
stage. It would be foolhardy to rush
nto n conflict before nil the business
men whose Interests are crippled or
mennced hnve united, agreed upon a
plan of campaign nnd pledged them
selves Individually nnd collectively to
stand together nnd fight it out if It takes
all summer nnd all winter.
rar wk jtced a strono navy.
The argument In favor of a strong
navy, as presented by Secretary Moody,
Is so conclusive that It must commend
Itself to the Judgment of everybody who
can take an intelligent and Impartial
view of the matter.
Look at the question in a thoroughly
practical way. Think, If you please, of
the great coastwise part of the nation
that has got to be protected and guarded.
There )s today thousands of miles of
coast that must be cared for and every
mile of which is to be looked after as
carefully as any part of our domain.
In the event of a foreign war the great
ports of the United States would be vul
nerable and we should have to defend
them against possible attack. How
would it be' done T Why of course by
our battlesbjps and cruisers.
This is why we should have them.
The whole argument in favor of building
up a navy is in that one fact that we
need It for our defense as well as to
maintain our rights and our policy In
the world at large. It ought to be un
derstood today that the United States Is
the greatest among the powers of the
world that it is exerting a greater in
fluence in the affairs of the wor!cl than
any other power, not by reason of its
military or naval superiority, but wholly
through its moral power, and this very
influence Is making it not only for the
present, but for all time to come, the
most powerful nation in the world.
The United States today Is looked
to by the nations of Europe as not only
the arbiter of nil the issues that arise
between the nations of the old world,
but as well as the only fair and Just
power to which they enn look for a
proper Adjustment of the Issues that
divide them. In a word, this republic
Is today the foremost among the nations
in its Influence upon the affairs of the
world the most trusted of all, because
the most fa.'thful and the most honest
in Its dealings.
Parties familiar with the methods of
county financiering and the records in
the court house assert that it would take
a Philadelphia lawyer to untangle the
county books. While there is a pre
tense of county auditing, there Is really
no audUlng of the accounts of county
officers and no way to ascertain definitely
Just where the leakages are and bow
much they amount to In each Instance.
The most economic measure for safe
guarding the county's affairs and placing
the county on a business footing would
be for the commissioners to contract
with one of the Anns that make the
auditing of corporation books r.nd
records by expert accountants a specialty
and let them Inaugurate a uniform sys
tem of accounts that will enable the
county clerk or county auditor to furnlsti
correct information concerning the in
come and disbursement in each depart
ment on short notice.
Wall street is on tiptoe awaiting the
decision of the United States supreme
court In the Northern Securities case,
wLich will probably be handed down to
morrow or on Monday, February 29. An
adverse decision hag been pretty thor
oughly discounted by gamblers 011 tho
stock exchange, but some of the tru9t
magnates still entertain n fnlnt hope
thnt the court will let thorn hnve their
It Is reported that President Roosevelt
has rolccted the appointive members of
the Isthmian Canal Commission without
including any of the political aspirants
who have been pushing themselves for
the places. This threatens to leave two
popocratlc ex-senators former Senntor
James K. Jones of Arkansas and former
Seuntor V. A. Harris out in the cold
where they will have to go to work for
a living. Terrible.
County Surveyor Kdqulst has almost
completed, his plans for the protection
of the wekt bank of the Missouri river
between the water works power house
at Florence and the point where the
river turns abruptly to the south. These
plans contemplate an expenditure of
1250,000, but there is no immediate
prospect of raising f'230,000 by taxation
or by voluntary contribution to carry
out those plans.
The city council of Chicago Is torn up
over an all night saloon ordinance that
will practically abolish midnight closing.
The privilege of displaying the sign, "We
never close," will, under the pending or
dinance, cost only $100 a year In addi
tion to the regular license fee, and this
certainly is very lileral considering how
much deviltry an all night resort will be
able to carry on for 2 a week.
riinerintendent Pearse has a good deal
of brass in bis composition, but it takes
au awful amount of brass for a man
who ilrnvt f3.tMiO a year from the school
fund and pays 74 cents a year into it
to pose before the taxpaylng citizens of
Omuhu as a champion of extravagance
In public school management and conse
quent heavy tax levies.
Like many another sharp trader, the
duke of Marlborough can afford to suilie
at insults, as be got the cash, lie
showed a deplorable hick of training
v hen lie lec:ime angry at John Burns'
ret'erepce to impecunious Englishmen
who marry American fortunes.
The germ of liberty Is striking root
In Porto Rlcan soil rather faster than
Is considered compatible with strong
growth. Porto Itico now has home rule,
something that the colonies of many
countries have demanded without avail
"The hyphenated harmony bids fair
to become harmony split in the middle,"
exclaims the St Louis Republic. Whether
this has reference to our Jack'sonian
and County Democracy Is not intimated
but only conjectured.
Old Miss Democracy to Bryan and
Cleveland: "How happy I should be If
t'other charmer were only away."
Keep History Straight
Admiral Alexleff indignantly denies that
he stopped to button his suspenders before
rushing out to see what was the matter
when the Japs arrived at Port Arthur.
Effect of Vodka,
Kansas City Star.
Russia thinks that American naval offi
cers are on Japanese men-of-war and that
England is allowing the use of Wei Hal
Wei as a Japanese naval base. Now, what
has Russia been drlnklngT
Bight Word In Right Place.
New York Tribune..
It was a becoming and graceful thing for
the mikado of Japan, in the turmoil and
stress of his great fight against the ciar,
to send a message of condolence l6 the
people of Baltimore. That was the right
word in the right place..
Betting; oa a Sure Thing,
After a week of axcltetnent over the
Baltimore fire and the war news from the
far east, Colonel Bryan's newspaper oomea
out with an offer to bet (100 that no one
democrat In the country can draw up a
platform that all other democrats will
Stand on. That Is betting On a sure thing.
t'nlqne Social Function.
Walking on all fours is said to bo a cure
for appendicitis. Why not have parties
Where the guests may cure their appendi
citis In this way and at the same time
compete for prizes, the one who can go it
on all fours longest and most gracefully
taking the honors?
Canteens on Men-of-War,
New York Times.
Admiral Evans' plea for the establishment
of canteens on the warships Is receiving
exactly the sort of attention we expected
It to exclteA-angry denunciation from the
unthinking reformers and thoughtful con
sideration from those who seek to see things
as they are and to adjust means to condi
tions. Our rational reluctance to recognize
formally the existence of evil alone stands
In the way of heeding the tdmlrals sug
gestion, Just as It aloue. stands In the way
of re-establishing the army post canteen.
Still, the papers are talking sense on the
subject, and sense usually conquers after a
Agitation of the Csar.
Philadelphia North American.
The ciar appeals to all of his "loyal sub
jects to stand with us In defense of the
fatherland." Evidently" these International
yellow Journalists have progressed further
than the dispatches bom the Orient seem
to Indicate. They are Invading the "father
land." Under such circumstances, how
earnestly must civilisation sympathize with
the cry of the czar to the palpitating pa
triotism of his subjects. Down with the
cold-blooded Individual who Insists that
"fatherland," broad term though it be, Is
not broad enough to rover territory Just
acquired by disregard of the eighth com
mandment. FRIENDLY TO BOTH BEI JJUERESTS.
Notable Feature of Secretary Moody's
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
Secretary Moody's speech In New York
on Lincoln's birthday was notable for Its
reference to the. administration's policy
of neutrality and friendship for both the
belligerents In the Orient. The graceful
reference to Russia is to be commended,
for it will tend to allay the distrust and
suspicion of the United States . which has
recently been aroused In the czar's capi
tal. It Is also a temlnder to the Ameri
can people thnt they owe fair treatment
to Russia in this crisis as repayment for
the service Russia gave to the cause of the
union In our civil war. It is no mora
than Just, perhaps, that the civil war epi
sode shoulA now be recalled In order that
the American sympathy for Japan may
not carry our people beyond proper bounds.
There has been considerable effort the past
few years to show that the Czar Alexander
rerformed no service to this country when
he sent a Russian squadron to northern
porta In the civil war, and thus emphat
ically ranged himself against French and
English schemes to recognize the Inde
pendence of the confederacy. But the
Roosevelt tf mlnlntratlon knows the truth
and acknowledges the debt. For Secretary
Moody declared: "The. one nation (Russia)
ndeared Itself to the hearts of the Ameri
can people by an ti-fresalon of their good
will In the days of our sore trial." The
right or wrong of any struggle between
nations should be decided on Its merits
always: yet, at least, the country that
befriended us, whatever Its motive, de
serves to be treated Justly In return.
BALTIMORE'S I NDAl STF.D SPIRIT.
Admirable Characteristic Consplcaoaa
Above tho Rains.
With Its great business district a black
ened ruin and Its commerce temporarily
prostrate, Baltimore Is erect In its pride
and undaunted In spirit.
The fortitude that the Maryland metrop
olis has displayed In the awful disaster
has been comparable only to lta magnifi
cent self-reliance In providing for the ne
cessities of its fire sufferers and in guard
ing and protecting the burned area.
Though sorely stricken. Its sorrow has
been veiled with H characteristic, quiet dig
nity. Its gratitude for the assistance given
by neighboring cities In combatting tha fire
has been shown without effusiveness or
hysterical words of thanks.
Tha city's courage and self-polse through
out the trying ordeal ara characteristic
of that genuine American spirit which no
calamity can crush and which makes of
misfortune a stepping stnna to greater and
grander efforts. It was thla spirit that en
abled Chicago to recover from the disaster
of 18TI and to make that data the beginning
of a greater era in Its history. In an ex
cess of local pride many Chlcagoans have
believed and declared that this spirit was
confined to this community, but the Balti
more fire has shown that It Is aa strong
and as dominant In the old commonwealth
of Mar) land as It la In Illinois, and that
the results of Its Inspiration will be aa
apparent In the new Baltimore aa they are
In the Chicago of today.
PIRIT OF THR STATE PRESS.
Butte Gazette: Congressman Klnkntd
has done more for the Big Sixth during
this much of his first term aa did nil his
predecessors from the tlma of Omar, the
Pohujler Quill; It Is no uncommon thing
to hear the Omaha World-HeraM referred
to as "the Omaha Pakcryt" but perhaps
It has been A long time since even that
brazen dlsregartler of the truth tried to
pan out such a mess of rot to the people
of the state as It Iihs In the matter of
Chancellor Andrews and the Rockefeller
donation to the state university building
fund. In the first place, the World
Herald has been holding up to the people
all the tlma that the proposed chapel was
to have a tablet for Its cornerstone with
an Inscription dedicating It to the memory
of one John D. Rockefeller, fluch an Idea
Is preposterous and was never thought of
by .anyone but this prevaricator.
But the attempted deception does not end
here. A short time since this Illustrious
luminary sent out a number of telegrams
to people all over the state asking for
their opinions on the Rockefeller donation.
When they published the replies to the
telegrams, they also published what they
claimed to be a copy of the original mes
sage sent out to the people, and It was
fiend to the World-Herald soon as possi
ble the sentiment of the people of vour
community with respect to the question:
'Shall a memorial to John D. Rockefeller
be erected upon the campus of Nebraska's
State university?" World-Herald.
The editor of this paper received one of
those telegrams, but It did not read like
the above. He also saw two other mes
sages from the same source and they did
not read like the above. Some of the
replies to these messages were published
as replies to the above message. The
message we received was as follows:
Sun. Schuyler. Neb.: Send tomorrow
night press rat sentiment of the people
of your town with regard to the chance
of Chancellor Andrews proposed monu
ment to Rockefeller to be erected on the
state capital grounds. World-Herald.
The writer did not make any reply to
the message because It was misleading
and we smelted a rat that they wanted to
get us to express an opinion and then
publish It under some representation as
they have done. There is a great deal of
difference between considering a monument
on the state house grounds and a chapel
on the university campus, and had the
telegram been worded differently the re
plies received might have been very much
We are not attempting to defend Chan
cellor Andrews, for we do not agree with
many things be has said, but there Is no
denying that he is a good educator and
that It would not be the proper thing for
the regents to ask him to resign. Andrews
Is Just like the rest of humanity, or at
least the major portion of It, he has a
little too much tongue and don't know
how to take care of It. However, the
fakirs will have a pretty hard time trying
to make any political capital out of the
matter. The World-Herald ought to take
soma manner of warning from the loose
ness of Andrews' tongue and curb Its own
too free linguistic apparatus.
Cedar Rapids Outlook: Tha discussion
going on In the World-Herald about the
proposed Rockefeller gift to tho State uni
versity has in it a great deal of value to
the people. Whether the offered gift should
be accepted or not Is largely a moral ques
tion, the honest study of which must cer
tainly serve In the way of educating the
public conscience. The World-Herald de
serves credit for the agitation of tha mat
ter which it has caused, and Chancellor
Andrews, even If not entirely right In the
course he has pursued, is worthy of a
much more thorough hearing than he has
yet received. The Herald has made
some very "strong points against him, but
there Is much to be said in his favor, and
we believe a thorough discussion of tha
question will leave the chancellor of our
great university unharmed In his reputa
tion. To refuse the offered gift 'from Rocke
feller would be to assume a higher stand
ard for the control of our State university
than Is made to control any other Institu
tion of the country. The government,
which we all honor and for which we would
give, our lives If necessary, recognizes
Rockefeller as the rightful owner of Ms
vast wealth. The government not only does
this by assuming to tax him, but by stand
ing ready to protect him in his constantly
increasing accumulations. The churches.
which should be expected to hold up an
Ideal moral standard, have always stood
ready to accept gifts from all such men
as Rockefeller. The Baptist church re
ceived 12,000,000 or $3,000,000 from him to
build the Chicago university, and for Its
missions and benevolent wvk It has gladly
received his gifts. The other churche
with about the same readiness have al
ways stood ready to receive gifts from the
millionaires. The people of ail churches
and classes have taken millions of money
from Carnegie to found libraries. Great
benevolent enterprises of every kin? have
gladly accepted CM.trlbutions from tha rich
and aaked no questions as to how they
came by their wealth. Rockefeller has ac
cumulated his enormous wealth by work
lng tha present accepted competitive sys
tem for . all there la In it. Ho has suc
ceeded best of all, nut by having lens prin
ciple or honesty than the average business
man, but by being the most skillful and
fortunate of all la the use of the accepted
system of the business world. He haa sue
ceeded In doing what millions of others
would have done If they had been able,
He made his millions aa honestly as the
average business man has made his luin
dreds or thousands. He haa simply fought
and won in the industrial warfare, and he
has fought the fight according to the ap
proved rules and principles of the business
world. We have reason to blame Rocks
feller, but no more than we have for blam
ing the average business man of our time.
We have reason for blaming these business
men fur approving and supporting the pres
ent competitive business system, but we
have no reason to blame those who suc
ceed mora than those who fall. If the
fight Is right, the victors should be hon
ored find not condemned. Those who be
lieve In the accepted and prevailing bus!
ness system of tha country should not
blame Rockefeller for the splendid success
he haa made In the practical use of tha
system. The proposed gift of Rockefeller
to the Nebraska State university la not
very large for a man of his wealth, but
we presume he haa offered as much or
more to scnoois in otner states, aggre
gating In amount several millions probably,
and If there la any better way for tha
people to get back the wealth which
Rockefeller has taken from them we have
never heard that way mentioned. If his
offered money should be refused because
It was dishonestly come by, so for the same
reason should all gifts from all millionaires
be refused. None of them earned their
wealth, and few If any of them rune by
their millions honestly. But this subject
Is too big to be fully discussed In one ar
tlrle, and so we leave It for another issue.
War In 10IO.
By 1M9. If the present program Is carried
out, this country will have forty-fight bat.
tleshlps and half aa many armored rruisers
and by that time. If Prince Professor Tark
banov's predictions are correct, all of them
may be blown out of the water us soon aa
they come within raacb ot aa enemy a
BEAR ASD WILDCAT BVCKI.K TO. 1
People anal Places Prominent In the
The most Inconspicuous leader In the con
troversy between Japan and Russia Is the
emperor of the Island empire. At the ssme
time no one possesses a more comprehen
sive grasp of the situation, Its fateful pos
sibilities for weal or woe. Kmperor Mutsu
hllo Is 62 years of age. Ills father, Km
peror Komel. died In 17, and Mutsuhlto as
cended the throne at the age of 15. Before
assuming the responsibilities of kingship
he was thoroughly schooled In Oriental
languages, to reverence the gods (his an
cestors) and above all his father as their
living representative. Modern Japan really
dates from Mutsuhlto's enthronement.
Everything that has followed has bee tho
direct result of It. Turing the reign of one
man still living and only 52 years of age his
people have risen from barbarism to a
place among the great powers of the world,
and this Is due to the fact that the em
peror Is not the mikado his forefathers had
been, for Mutsuhlto wax not content to. be
a religious figurehead. Ho appreciated the
needs of his country and 4he keen Intelli
gence of the old nobility taught him the
value of the loyal men. Aided by them he
set to work to liberalize his government.
This was no easy task, for wholesale lib
erty suddenly granted to a people accus
tomed to despotism only leads to reactions
worse than the evils It Is Intended to sup
plant -Instead of this the old despotism
faded away gradually. Privilege after
privilege was granted as tha enlightenment
of the people fitted them for It. until at
last In 1S9 a constitution was promulgated,
which gives the Japanese aa great a degree
of personal liberty and as great a share In
the national government as the subjects
ara allowed In almost any European con
The emperor was married two yenrs after
his coronation to one of the princesses of
his rnce. He is the first ruler in l.flOO years
to show himself freely to his people. Ills
reign Is termed meljl (pronounced mayjee,
meaning "enlightened progress," and Justi
fies the Joyous shout. "Nippon Banzai"
("Long Live Japan").
Before the Invention of that Ingennlus
contrivance, the gyroscope, says Sir Hiram
Maxim, nothing could be predicted of the
movements of a torpedo except that It
would never, under any circumstances, go
In, a straight line. The slightest current In
the water would cause It to deviate. With
the new appliance every deviation Is "auto
matically and absolutely rectified, and, as
suming a torpedrf" to have been aimed cor
rectly in the first place, It will go straight
o tha mark. The naval battle at Port
Arthur may be regarded as a demonstra
tion in gyroscopy, so to speak.
Rear Admiral Sotoklchl TJrlu. who Is tak
ing a prominent part In Japan's naval
operations against the Russian fleet. Is
graduate of the t'nlted States naval
academy at Annapolis, which he entered
In 1S77, remaining four years. He was
most diligent student, popular and
deeply religious. Vice Admiral Count Togo,
who commanded the Japanese fleet In
last Tuesday's battle of Port Arthur,
struck the first blow In the war with
China ten years ago, being then In com
mand of the cruiser Namlva, which cap
tured a Chinese transport on July ?S. He
was also prominent In the battle of Talu
and was complimented by the admiral
then In command.
A man was standing In a crowded New
Tork street car the other day when an
acquaintance entered and saluted him with
the questlon "Are you a Jap or a Rus
sian?" His answer, "I'm a Jap. I hope the
Russians will be blown off the earth," was
given In an emphatic voice, without In
tention loud enough for those about to
hear. Near by was seated a Jewish working-man.
He Immediately arose, touched
his hat and said: "Please take my seat,
Japan must be looking enviously Just
new In the direction of a certain coffer
concealed In St. Petersburg which is sup
posed to contain $000,000,000 ready for war.
France Is credited with the possession of
360,0O0,000 In gold and $230,000,000 In silver,
Austria with $160,000,000 and Germany with
a great sum. These nre essentially secret
funds, but the history of them comes oet
now and then. Since the time of Frederick
the Greet It has been the custom of Ger
many to hoard money in the cellars cf the
fortress of Spandau. How much there Is
remains a matter of giesswork. The war
with France was run at first from thla
fund and from the Indemnity 130,000,000 was
dodjeted to be placed with the residue
of the old fund. The Idea of having this
always at hand Is that. In the case of war,
a campaign may be Instantly Initiated
without waiting for the vote of Parliament
or the issue of a loan.
The ability of the little Japs to endure
extremes of heat and cold Is a favorite
tuple of conversation among Washington
oncers who have seen them working under
adverse conditions. The reported freezing
to Jeath of a largo number of Russian
soldrars brings to mind ti)4 performance
of tb Japanese troops during their war
with China. A large detachment of the
mikado soldiers were sent hurriedly to
tha fro.it, leaving bofore they could be
equipped with winter clothing. They were
rushed to China and penetrated deep into
the Interior of the frozon country. They
traveled ahad so fast that their supplies
of winter cluhlng were unabla to catch up
with the mall- detachment, and all tha time
the little brown men were fighting In their
summer outfits They must have suffered
Intensely, but U'era Is no record that they
The Japs have shown an ability to do
hard manual labor under heat conditions
that break down tho toughest natives of
the tropics. Their endurance in this re
gard Is as noteworthy aa their perform
ances In extremes of cold.
ATIOK'S LITERARY rHORREM,
Tear's Output of Kw Books and New
Editions la the Several Classes.
New Tork World.
New books and new editions jubllxhed In
this country In 19oS, by the Publishers'
Weekly count, numbered 7,866. as against
7.S33 Issued In 1902. Of tha new books Rl
ranked with fiction, of the reprints 44. In
190? the figures were 838 and D5.
The proportion of new fiction to history
published In 1903 was less than two to one
by a margin of thirty volumes. In 1S6
the publications In history, new and re
printed, numbered only 182 to a total of
1.080 books of Action.
Biographical works new In 190$ were
nearly half aa many as the fiction volumes.
Books of description, travel, etc., were leas
than one-fourth as numerous as the story
books. In 1KM biography to fiction was
as 1 to 7; travelers' descriptive, etc., about
the like proportion.
The figures for 1S$ have been quoted aa
furnishing a basis for comparlww In a
period approximating twenty years. Those
who, with President Kllot. maintain that
the publlo taste for reading once estab
lished, the standard of matter read Is sure
to rise, will find in the comparison given
ample support of their claims.
A great deal more poetry and drama was
published last yearjhan In 1902. more than
twice as much as In IX. Religious publi
cations experienced a decided slump from
1W2 to 19G, and 'gained but little on 1V4.
There was Iat year a ronalilerable advance
In tha "literatura ax4 colifcted wurki"
CORPOHATF Pt ni.ICITV.
Purest Way of tttrnctlnai Investors
and Inspiring; Confluence.
Enlightened Self-interest Is a powerful
force making for commercial morality am!
It Is this force which Is likely to compel
publicity upon the part of trusts and other
extensive corporations without the enact
ment of mandatory laws bearing upon the
matter. That la to say, the corporations
which can afford to Invite . scrutiny of
their business will take the publlo Into
their confidence as the surest way of at
tracting Investors and Inspiring confidence.
Corporations which refuse to accord such
opportunities for Investigation will Inevita
bly be set down as having unfavorable con
ditions to conceal. In the end there will
be. as thers always has been, a sifting out
of tho unsound concerns, Those that re
main will be ns free and explicit with
their financial statements as the t'nlted
States Treasury department Is.
The events of the last three years have
taught the public a lesson and they have
likewise tsught tromoters a lesson. The
Investor no longer takes anyone's word
that a proposition Is a "good thing." The
fact that any man or any set of men Is
back of a flotation no longer seta all
doubts at rest. The burned child has ac
quired wLndqm at the cost of scorched fin
gers. The Investor nowadays demands
verified figures and he Insists upon extended
statements of operation, Income and ex.
penses at stated Intervals. He wants to
know what Is going on and 1t Is safe to as
sert that the "gutting" of the Shipbuild
ing corporation would today be impossible
because stockholders are keeping closer
watch upon properties In which they are
lntested. Tky will go into the court
before a steal can be consummated Instead
of applying for relief after the mischief
has been done.
Promoters sro coming to realise tha
changed situation and It Is noticeable that
bids for public support are now marts
through detailed tabulations of assets and
resources rather than by extravagant es
timates of profits. It Is understood that
tho mnn with money to Invest not only de
sires reasonable Interest, but he also In
sists that his principal shall be secured by
Something tangiblesomething beyond
"good will" and "earning capacity."
Moreover, he demands that the condition
of his security be made known to him
whenever he demands the Information.
His wishes are being complied with.
It Is true that there are here and there
men controlling great enterprises who
deny that the small stockholder has
right to Information and who maintain
that it Is none of the public's business
what a corporation Is doing. Such men
Insist that corporations should not be re
quired to do that which Is not required of
partnerships or Individuals.
There. Is an obvious answer to such a
contention. A corporation owes certain
duties to the publto because it holds Its
charter from the state. If tha men com
posing a corporation desire to maintain
secrecy respecting their transactions their
plain and easy recourse Is to surrender
their charter and conduct business as In
dividuals. They cannot enjoy the privileges
of Incorporation without assuming Its
It Is significant, however, that tha men
whr now maintain tho right and tha wis
dom of corporate secrecy are few In num
ber. The really big men In control of cor
porations frankly admit that the time haa
gone by when such organisations could af
fcrd to keep their affairs entirely to them
selves. The resident of one cf the great
railroad uyttems undoubtedly tjaks for
the mijorlty of corporation managers
when he Ceclares that etporatl'irs which
look to the public ior support iiust coma
out In tha open and take ti.e publlo Into
Judge William II. Vest of Bcllofontalne,
O., "the blind man eloquent," who nomi
nated Blaine for the p'asldency in tha re
publican convention In Cnlcago twenty years
ago, celebrated his eightieth birthday re
cently. John R. Mi'T-iean, publisher of the Cin
cinnati F.V.CiUirer, arincuneee that ha will
not be a candidate for delegate to the next
national democratic convention, tilt will
work In the nnks for the suess of tho
nominee cf that convention.
Massachusetts republicans oreJict that
1'nited States Senator Henry Cabot Lodge,
who presided over the Philadelphia con
vention of 1900, will be made chairman of
the platform committee of tha coming re
publican 1 a'.lonal convention.
The German empress Is said to bo a suf
ferer from varicose veins. For some time
she has absented herself from all festivities,
"a slight injury to her foot" being given as
the reason, It is believed, however, that an
operation may be necessary before long.
Dr. Nlc.ho'ua Senn, one of tha most eaas
nent surgeons In the Vnlted States and f
ftaor of surgery of tho ITnl varsity of Chi-
cago, Is arranging his private affairs and
preparing hlmaelf for an expected call to
Japan to assume churge of the surgloaj de
partment of the Japanese army.
It Is Announced that John T. McDonougb,
former secretary of the state of New Tork,
Is to be the republican candidate far Judge
of the court of nppeais. Mr. McDonough
Is now chief Justice, of the supreme court
In the Philippines, but has a longlug to be
WAIFS OF THE WITS.
He Tanque The doctor haa forbidden ros
to eat fruit.
O 'Bosque Oh. well, a cocktail la lust as
good without the cherry. Philadelphia Hei
ord. "Bliggins Is very opinionated. He thinks
that nobody can teach him anything.'
"Well." answered Miss Cayenne quietly,
"I guest he Is about right.' Washington
TnHffA TtntAmAM Vmlfl fnc '. fam ll T
I've seen you before.
1 risoner xes, your no?ur, quiiv unni.
Y ...... .. r w A Ah .hul L t. h lh.
charge the last time I aw on?
Prisoner I think It was IU cents, your
honor. I mixed a cocktail for you. Phil
A UTTU1 W4SIIHGTON.
Minna Irving In Leslie's Weekly.
Tha boy stood on the antique chair.
An tamest look be -c-e;
The sun that kissed his golden hair
Shono on the wreath he bore.
A flag that waved Its colors bright
In many a battle storm.
With sliver stars and red and white.
Outlined his childish form.
At Washington with kindling eyes
He gazt'cl- iinmortal name!
It Caukeil within his Irreuat to rise
A dream f deathless fame.
He sioke. In accents sweet and clear:
"Bay. were you once," said he,
"Oh. father of my country, dear,
A little boy like me?
"And did you run, and romp, and slide.
And Play with top and toy?"
A flood nt sunlight glorified
TUf patriot and. the boy.
Long. long with rapt and reverent glancSjf
While fust the minutes a)ed.
He vl?wed that lofty coiinienanee,
That proud and stately head.
Onre mor- wllh feutures al! aglow
T!ie ful ire bi ro toke:
"A slender s.ipltng oft may grow
To be a stuidy oak;
And I If I am brav and true
And n-ver tell a lie
The father of my country, too.
May be, before I die."
The sunset through the casement tall
Wllh hplendor lit the '!.
Tlie starry banner on th" wall.
The picture wrewthed In grern.
Hut north, or south, or east, or west,
Kroin Maine to Oregon,
On nothing nobler did It rest
. Than that yuung Wash ton.
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