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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 8, 1903)
The Omaha Daily
ESTABLISHED JUNE 19, 1871.
OMAHA, TUESDAY MOUSING, DECEMKEK 8, 1903 TWELVE TAGES.
SINGLE-COPY THItEE CENTS.
WATCH THE FRONTIER
United E:Ui Ounboata Inspec-oad!
Leading from 0oloba to F v,
ASCERTAIN CONDITION OF COO ..V
Look to See if Hitching Araty Can Secure
ANTICIPATE INVASION BY COLOMBIA
Boats on Hirers Dei'.royed to Itfnke tnj
MAY INFLUENCE ACTION OF AMERICA
OfftVers of Tw Countries Ac To
c lifr In Determining Conditions,
bnt Jlo Warlike Movement la
eea So Far.
COLON, Dec. 7. Following Instnjctlona
received December 7 from the Navy de
partment at Washington. United States
gunboats on both aides of the Isthmus
have started, or ara starting on recon
nolter'.ng expedltiona along the coasts,
principally In the direction of Colombia,
for tha purpose of ascertaining tha condi
tion of the trails and roads between Pan
ama and Colombia frontiers, the facilities
of the country for sustaining expeditions
marching on Panama and to generally
determine tha United States' best action
In case of a Colombian Invasion of the
Isthmus and also to learn the attitude of
the various Indian tribes Inhabiting both
coasts. The Panamanian authorities are
aiding these efforts. They have sent out
several parties on both aides of the Isth
mus to seek Information anil watch pos
sible movements on tha . part of tha Co
lombians. No reports have yet been re
ceived from these parties to Indicate war
like movements are taking place. Pan
amanian expeditions on tha Pacific side
are destroying conoes, eta, found hvrlvers,
for tha purpose of, hindering the move
ments of Colombians who might a tempt
to coma down tha rivers. Efforts ara be
ing made by these Panamanian parties
to cover the Atlantic coast aa far . tha
gulf of Darlen and the mouth of the Atrao
river, which la in Colombian territory.
Treaty la Earoute.
Mr. Oudger thla afternoon delivered tha
boxea containing tha treaty to tho purser
of tha City of Washington, taking a re
ceipt for them. Tho two keya to tha sep
arate boxea. In tha inner one of which ia
the treaty, will go to the United States
In the custody of Major Ouy Kdle of
the medical department,' who has been
here for a, fortnight looking into sanita
tion matters. Rear Admiral Walker will
not return noma on tha City of Wash
The Royal Mall steamahlp agent here
today received a telegram from Port
Llmcm, Informing him that the govern
ment of the department of Bolivar, Co
lumbia, had reopened tho ports of Baven
nllla and Cn'rtogna to veela to and from
Colon. The German stetfTher Valdlvia aelled
for Cartagena yesterday, hoping to enter
that port. . .
Humor of Aaareaenlag Troops.
A rumor is In circulation here to tha ef
fect that 1,000 soldiers have left Cartagena
for the purpoae of Invading the lathmua.
No details are known and tha rumor can
not be confirmed tonight. It probably had
its source In Port Llmo. Costa Rica, where
It waa brought by steamer from Cartagena.
The only possible means of approaching
Panama Is by narrow and difficult moun
tain passes through the Indian country.
The United Statea cruiser Atlanta Is now oft
tha Indian coaat.
' Atlanta la Oa Guard.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 7.-The despatch of
the cruiser Atlanta to the gulf of Darlen la
of great Importance and Interest In con
nection with a rumor from Colon of the de
parture of Colombian soldiers for the lath
mua of Panama. Thla ia about 180 miles
east of Colon, and the cruise In thoae wa
ters will enable Its commander to keep In
close touch with developments In the Co
lombian situation, originating In and about
Cartagena, from which place. It la ru
mored, the soldiers are to march on the
Isthmus. Naval officers . decline to Bay
whether the despatch of the Atlanta to the
gulf of Darlon la the result of any Intlma
tlona of any warlike operatlona on tha part
of Colombia, they content themaelvea with
expressing the belief that It will be Impos
sible for Colombian troops to march over
land to Colon or Panama because of the
Impassibility of tha country. Neverthe
less, tha departure of the vessel la regarded
as significant, as Indicating the Intention
of the officials of the United Stales to be
on the alert.
To the Colombians in Washington the
report from Colon produced a mystifying
effect.' They will not aay whether they
believe the rumors or not ,
"Perhape It la ao, I don't know," aald
one of them tonight, aa he ahrugged his
The Colombians believe there are 8,000 or
more soldiers at Cartagena and at tha
various polnta along tha aea coaat available
for such a purpoae aa that atated In the
dispatch from Colon, ' should the govern
ment desire to sand them.
The commissioners from the Department
of Bolivar, who have been In Washington
. for soma time, with a view of learning the
American attitude respecting the lathmua
of Panama, will leave New Tork on their
return Journey for Colombia on Saturday,
They will Ball for Cartagena, which la tha
Department of Bolivar. They have secured
from Dr. Herran and General Reyes a full
atatement of the condition of affair a aa
they exist here and at Panama, and will
carry this news back to their government,
The commissioners had y diplomatic sta
tus, their quest being slmly one of inquiry.
The commissioners are Messrs. Jlmlnei and
Treaty Gaea to leasts.
WASHINGTON, Dee. 7.-The Panama
canal treaty waa aent to the senate today,
but aa there waa no executive aeasion after
, Its receipt it waa not referred to the com
mittee on foreign relatione.
-Reaala Reeegnlaea Panama.
ST. PETERSBURG. Dec, T.-Unlted
States Ambaesador McCorralrk has been
officially notified of Ruasia'a recognition of
the Republic of Panama. The signing of
tha decree waa one of tha flrat acta of the
csar after his return here Saturday.
COPENHAOEN. Dec. 7-The ralnletry
has recommended that King Christian rec
ognise the Republic of Panama.
PARIS. Dec 7.-Wllllam J. Eryan waa
received by President Loubet toW, the
audience having been arranged by Am
bassador Porter, In compliance with Mr,
Bryan s request. Mr. Bryan wlU leave
Parts tomorrow for wtUeruuid.
DEFERRED FOR ADVENT SERMON
Meet In a; at toagrea-atlon af the
Propaganda to OIwbm A mer
leaa Affairs Poatponed.
ROME. Dec. 7. The congregation of the
propaganda should have met today to dls
use Important business. Including Ameri-
affairs, but the cardinals all went to
- dvent sermon at the Vatican and the
4; V'' " of the propaganda was postponed.
y waa present at the advent ser-
h waa delivered In the throne
apoatollo preacher. Father
Paola . A Pleve, a Capuchin.
The f'.nctlon waa most Interesting; and
picturesque. A pulpit waa erected under
the canopy of the throne. In front of a
long line of teats for the cardinals, tie
hind them were aeata for the other high
dlgnltarlea of the church. In corner of
the hall, on the right of tha pulpit, was a
structure resembling a private confessional,
surrounded by a grating. When all pres
ent were aeated, a figure, clad In white,
appeared behind the grating and the audi
ence rose, cardinals saluting by taking off
their auchettoa. The preacher then went
into an adjoining room and klased the hand
of the pope.
REASSURANCE FROM KAISER
Alarming Reports Are Followed by
Official Deelaratlon that He
He la Doing Well.
BERLIN, Deo. 7. Chancellor von Buelow,
In view of tha alarming reports abroad con
cerning Emperor WKllam'a health and In
response to a message of sympathy from
American friends of the emperor, author
ises the Associated Press to express his
sincere thanks for the good wlshea of his
Imperial master The chancellor brought
the messages to the emperor's knowledge
and authorised the Associated Press to aay
that the emperor expressed hia pleasure
over these testimonials of sympathy.
Chancellor von Buelow Is willing that tha
press should name him as authority for the
statement that the emperor's recovery has
progressed naturally and uninterruptedly
and his condition Is improved and that ha
feels well. The bulletin ia regarded aa su
perfluous, aa there Is no longer any neoee
alty and there la not the slightest cause for
concern. The chancellor la glad to be able
to communicate this message to the Ameri
can friends of tha emperor.
MEMORIAL DAY FOR CUBANS
They Are Observing Anniversary
Death af Maeeo 'and tha
HAVANA. Dee. 7. Today waa observed
as a national holiday In Cuba, it being the
seventh anniversary of the death of Gen
eral Maoeo, who waa killed while daringly
attempting to ralae an army In Havana
province with which to attack Matansas,
and also the anniversary of the death of
Gerera Oomei eldest son. who was
Macao's aide-de-camp, and who waa ahot
while trying to rescue Maceo'a body. The
oeremonlee at Cassajual, where Maceo was
burled, were attended by a throng of peo
ple from Havana, including government
officials and .clergy., , , .....
EMPEROR MENDS BUT SLOWLY
May Be Several Week a Before He Re.
' covers the Uee af His
LONDON, Dec. 7.-The Dally Mall under-
atanda that there la reason to fear a recru
descence of Emperor William's throat
trouble and It may be many weeka before
he regains the use of his voice, although
the doctors are agreed that the trouble
la not of a malignant character.
NEW YORK CROWD IN A PANIC
Cry of Fire Causes Furore in Madtaon
square Garden Resnlt of Joke
on a Iteeper.
NEW TORK. Dec. 7.-8er!oua results
were narrowly averted In a panlo at the
six-day bicycle race In Madison Square
garden today when a criminally recklese
practical Joker In tha audience lit a paper
under a aleeplng man's chair and shouted
Several hundred persona on that aide of
the garden rushed in panto from their
aeata, and breaking through the guard
rail, fell and slid down the ateep aides of
the wooden track, giving a number of the
flying ridera cloae escapes from collisions.
Referee Reeves immediately ordered the
ridera to dismount and aucceeded in stop
ping them before the leaders reached the
struggling mass en the tracks. In the
galleries the cry of fire caused great ex
citement, but after several minutes order
was restored and the race resumed.
The whirlwind pace aet at tha outaet of
the race waa Blackened after the with
drawal early today of Kramer and Fenn,
who went in to pace the first 138 mil s and
at 1:10 a, m. the leaders who had tlnlshed
225 miles and two lapa were nearly a mile
behind the record. A number of .falls took
place during the day, the most serious
accident being that In which Bowler, Slmar
and McLean went down, McLean lapsing
Into unconsciousness and becoming unable
to continue. He refused to go to the hos
pital when revived. Hia team mate, Mor
gan, continued the race for several hours
alone but could find no partner and tha
team waa withdrawn. All the other teams
at 10 o'clock were well bunched, except
Hedapeth and Dove, the colored ridera, who
had been lapped repeatedly.
The acore at 10 a, m. follows: Slmar and
Gogolts, Rettlch and Beaugendre, Breton
and Contente, Butler and Leander, Kreba
and Peterson, Jacobaon and Newklrk. John
and Menua Bedell, Root and Dorian, Bard
gett and Oalvln, Kaegan and Turvllle,
Fisher and Bowler and Walthour and Mun
roe, 225 mllea, t lapa; Kreba and Barclay,
225 mllea, 1 lap; Samson and Vanderst jyft,
CS miles; Hedspeth and Dove, 124 miles,
4 laps. Record 220 mllea.
FORM NEW POLITICAL PARTY
Helnse Will Havo OrgaaUatlon In
f.ntana with Representatives
in All Counties.
HELENA, Mont, Dec 7. A mam con
vention of the ao-called third, or Helnse,
party, met here today to name a atata
central committee which ia to Issue a call
for a nominating convention next year
and to organise a new party. There were
men from varloue parts of the atate
The convention waa called to order by
Former Governor Robert B. Smith and
General Charles 8. Warren of Butte waa
chosen temporary chairman. The usual
working commltteea were appointed and
the temporary chairman appointed a com
mittee of fifty-two, two delegate from
each of the twanty-elx counties of the
stale, to prepare a set of reeoluttoaa,
PRESIDENT WILL KOT ACT
Decline to Take Any Fart in Colorado
8trike at Present.
ITALIAN WOMEN ASSAULT OFFICERS
Marshal of Mining Town Struck on
Head with Butcher's Cleaver and
Assailant Is riared In Trin
WASHINGTON, Dec. 7.-Presldent Roose
velt again today refused to Interfere In the
strike condition in the Tellurlda (Colo.) dis
trict. Ha will not go ao far at thla time as
to order an Investigation into the condi
tions. An appeal from the Western Fed
eration of Miners, signed by Charles H.
Moyer, president of the organisation, was
presented to the president today by Sena
tors Teller and Patterson of Colorado, urg
ing him to exercise federal authority In
bringing about an adjustment of the situa
tion which has arisen between the miners
and the authorities of the state of Colo
rado. At the conclusion of the conference
with the president, the Colorado senators
sent the following telegram to President
The president elates to us that under
present conditions he haa neither the power
nor the right to take such action aa you
This telegram summarised the result of
the interview of Senators Teller and Pat
terson with the president, and, it la aaid,
the form of the telegram waa agreed to by
the president. The president maintains that
neither the rights nor the authority of the
United Statea government has been Invaded
In the Colorado situation, and that, there
fore, he would not be justified at thia time
In Interfering in the matter In any manner.
Women Aaaaalt Officers.
HASTINGS. Colo., Dec. 7. Eleven women.
wlvea of striking coal miners, attacked
Marshals Milt Hightower and George Way-
bright while they were tearing down some
shanties on the Victor Fuel company's
property In the Italian quarter of the town
today. Marie Vanelll struck Hightower on
the head with a butcher's cleaver, nearly
cutting off one of his ears. Other women
gave Waybrlght a severe beating. The
womfn were arrested and taken to Trinidad
Arms Being Surrendered.
CRIPPLE CREEK. Colo., Dec. 7.-Pro-vost
marshals were busy today registering
and giving receipts for firearms delivered
up in compliance with the proclamation
Issued last week by Colonel Verdeckberg,
commander of the militia in this district.
The proclamation permits responsible cltl
aens to keep or carry firearms, after giving
the number and description of the weapon
and the owner's name and address. The
time set for surrendering weapona expires
tomorrow noon. After that hour searching
parties will be sent out to the homes of
persona under suspicion.
Haheaa Corpua Proeeedlaga Stand.
TELLURIDE. Colo., Dec. 7. County
Judge Wardland today austained tha mo
tion of District Attorney Mullln to Quash
the habeas corpua proceedings for the re
lease of Secretary-Treasurer O. M. Carpen
ter and eleven other members of the Min
ers' union, who have been committed to
answer chargea of intimidation and con
spiracy. Attorney Mullln maintained that
tha petition waa insufficient, and that the
court did not have Jurisdiction.
Condltlona In Utah.
SALT LAKE CITT. Utah. Dec 6.-An-other
conference waa held today between
Governor Wella and representatlvea of
striking coal miners In an endeavor to
reach a basis of agreement for a settle
ment of the strike, but after several hours'
discussion the conference broke up, nothing
having been accomplished.
Attorneys Elder and Fowler, representing
the miners, told the governor that If the
state troops were withdrawn all the camps
would be completely unionised within three
weeka. They asserted that martial law
would be preferable to present conditions.
claiming tha Justices of the peace Invar
iably rule In favor of the Fuel company,
Charles Demolll, atate organiser for the
United Mine Workers, said that John
Mitchell would come to Salt Lake City
In about a week, to try and eettle tha
strike, but aa the struggle now seems to
hinge on recognition of the union, a long
fight ia looked for. During the conference
Governor Wells urged Mr. Demolll to leave
the coal fields until spring. Demolll atated,
however, that he could not do thla.
Union Bnttona Kot Molested.
CHICAGO, Dec. 7. Although the order
prohibiting buttona other than company
badgea or Insignia to be worn on the unl
forma la made effective today, according to
the new rule book of the Chicago City Rail
way company, no man waa disciplined
when he appeared wearing the union but
ton In open violation of the edict.
At every barn today specially selected
committees of union men scrutinised every
employe who appeared to see If the union
button waa prominent and atood ready to
take action In case any member oft the
union waa discharged for disobeying the
The company barn boeaes and division
auperlntandenta. who were also at the
barns, appeared indifferent to the order
and made no mention of the rule or the
open violation which it 'received.
Four hundred coopers employed at the
Union Stock yards went on strike today
because the packers have refused to grant
them (2.75 a day for shopwork and S3 for
'Frisco Reataoraata Cloae.
BAN FRANCI8CO, Dec. 7. About fifty
reatauranta. Including the beat patronized
placea In the city, cloaed their doors today,
and It ia announced that they will not re
open until a satisfactory adjustment of the
trouble with the Cooks' and Waiters' union
Is effected. Between 1.500 and 2.000 men
were locked out
SECURITIES SUIT MUST WAIT
Motion to Dlamlsa Denied and
Proceedings End Until Hear
ing oa Merita.
Washington, ueo. t. The supreme
court oday denied for the present the mo
tion to dismiss tha case of the State of Min
nesota against th eNorthern Securities com
pany and postponed further consideration
of the question until the rase shall be heard
on ita merits.
EMBALMS HIS OWN CORPSE
Joe Lively of Bloomlngtoa Makes
Internal Application of
Dress lag Field.
BLOOM INGTON, 111.. Dec 7 -Joe Lively,
aged 72. a veteran of the civil war, resid
ing at Napa, Cat., committed suicide at
Maroa last night by swallowing embalm
Ing fluid. Lively wnt a stranger there and
ao reasoo for tha act waa discovered. -
TREASURER MAKES ESTIMATE
Transmits to 'ongreas statement of
Probable Ateount of Fonda Re
quired Or Government.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 7.-The secretary of
the treasury todaj transmitted to congresa
the estimates of appropriation required by
the government fr the fiscal year ending
June 20, 1905. The appropriations asked for
aggregate $624,605.1!, aa against IT89.1J.11J
asked for the year 1904 and $005.216.990, the
amotint of appropriations for that year.
The present estimates and the appropria
tion under each head for 1904 are re
capitulated as follows:
, I 11.6S7.255 $ 12,M3,&n6
State department I.1H3.9W
Treasury department.. lW.r.9.0fi4
War department 131,2r9,(C3
Navy department.!.,., li K.?fi. 470
Interior department.... lfi3.Wt.3SH
Postofflee department.. 10,824,769
Department of agricul
Department of com
merce and labor 14.933, 9R5
Department of Justice. 8.036,440
Grand totals Sn24.502.146 2605,286,990
Following are some of the principal items
In the several departments In which there
are Important incrcaaea or decreases as
compared with the appropriations of 1204,
which appropriations, however, do not In
clude deficiency, and those for miscellan
Treasury Department Public works, in
crease, $4,700,000; miscellaneous, Increase,
$1,000,000. District of Columbia, Increase,
War Department-i-Mllitary establishment.
Increase, $2,696,000; 'public works, increase,
Navy Department Salaries and expenses.
Increase, $300,000; naval establishment, in
crease. $16,000,000; publlo works. Increase,
Interior Department Pensions, decrease,
$1,895,000; publlo works. Increase, $284,0";
permanent annual appropriations. Increase,
Agricultural Department Salaries and
expenses. Increase, $751,000.
Department of Commerce and Labor- Sal
aries and expenses. Increase, $1,123,000; pub
llo works. Increase, $3,875,000; miscellaneous,
BILLS PROPOSED IN HOUSE
Congressman Prlaee Would Have Fed
eral Money Invested In Mu
WASHINGTON, Dec. 7. -The following
are among the bills Introduced in the
By Mr. Prince mi. ) Providing that $100.
000.000 of the public moneys now deposited
with national bank depositories shall be in
vested by the secretary of the treasury at
the rate of 15,000.000 a month In state, county
and municipal bonds which- pay Interest at
not less than 2 per cent. A provision Is In
cluded In the bill authorizing the secretary
of the treasury to sell these bonds, but not
more than $10,000,000 may be sold In any one
By W. A. Smith (Mich.) A bill making
McKlnley's birthday, January 29. a na
tional holiday to be known aa "McKlnley
day"; a resolution reciting that aa the
secretary of the navy haa decided that con
tractors owning or lnwnmrina- shipyards on
the great kikes are H eligible bid on the
construction of war vessels because of tha
prohibitory agreement between the United
Statea and Great Britain, , that the secre
tary of state be requested to transmit to
the house the agreement between the
United States and Great Britain aald td
prohibit building, arming or maintaining
more than a single war vessel on the Great
Lakes snd all the data bearing on the sub
ject now in the possession of the depart
ment. By Mr. Dwlght (N. T.. by request A bill
establishing a postal currency, providing
for notes In the denomination of 6, 10, 25 and
50 cents, to be issued by the postmaster
general and kept on sale by all postmas
ters. By Mr. Dalxell (Pa.) A bill to Incorporate
the Lake Erie & Ohio Ship Canal company.
THOUSANDS DIE WITH SLEEP
Africa Haa an Appalling Epidemic of
Strange Disease Carried
by a Fly.
NEW TORK, Dec. 7. The American
Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mis
sions has Issued a statement concerning
the ravages of the strange epidemlo known
as the "sleeping .sickness" now prevalent
in certain parts of the Dark Continent. The
facts were gathered by the board's mission
aries In Africa.
The disease appeared in Uganda three
years ago, probably coming from the Congo
regions. It prevails on the island and shores
of Lake Victoria and inland from these
shores a doxen miles. No less than 68,000
persons have died, 10,000 within the last
Ave months. A commission sent from Eng
land haa decided that the disease la scat
tered by a fly called klvu. No antidote haa
as yet been discovered. The flrat aymp-
tom of the presence of disease Is headache.
with swelling of the glands of the neck.
followed by protracted aleeplng on the part
of tho patient.
CLINGS TO jALTON'S SHOPS
City of Bloomlngton ia Fighting Hard
to Prevent Their Re
moval. BLOOMINGTON. 111., Dec. 7. The city
council of Bloomlngton and committee of
the buainese men'a association went to Chi
cago thla morning to confer with President
8. M. Felton of the Chicago & Alton rela
tlve to saving the vast shop plant to thia
city. The company aeeka a large amount of
additional land in tha residence district ad
Joining the plant and the immense price
asked by ownera and objection to closing
various streets to traffic may result In the
removal of the ahopa if condltlona de
manded by the road are not complied with.
Springfield, Lincoln, Normal. Pontlao and
other cltlea are making an effort to secure
the shops. Two thousand men are em
ployed, with a pay roll of $100,000 monthly.
DOUBLE TRAGEDY IN BROOKLYN
Lester C. Fltsgerald Takes Hia Own
and a. Woman's Life ia
NEW TORK. Dec. 7.-Leater C. Fltsger
ald, member r( a glass manufacturing firm
of this city, ahot and instantly killed Mrs.
Matilda Wood at a hotel In Williamsburg
section of Brooklyn today and then com
mitted aulctde with the same weapon. Mr a.
Wood waa the wife of a newspaper com
positor who said be believes that Fitzgerald
committed the crime because Mrs. Wood
repelled hia advances. Fitzgerald waa mar-rl-K.
but his wife had secured a divorce
from hint and had since remarried.
Sou Dakota's Site Dedleated.
PnCRK.-J, Dec. 7. (Special.) Governor
Herreld In a received a telegram from 8.
W. Russet, the commissioner in charge of
the South t akota exhibit at St. I.oul. In
which he announced that the alte of the
new bulldlntt had been dedicated, the flag
ratd. and active work of conntruplloa of
tUt building commenced,
SENTENCES f ROM
Publicity can do no harm to the honest corporation.
Obedience to the law la demanded as a right; not asked aa a favor.
We cannot have too much Immigration of the right kind, and we
ahould have none at all of the wrong kind.
The body polltlo cannot be sound and healthy if many of Its con
stituent members claim their standing through the prostitution of
the high right and calling of citixennhlp.
It ahould be the policy of the United States to leave no place on
earth where a corrupt man fleeing from thia country can rest In peace.
The givers and takers of bribes atand on an equal pre-eminence of in
famy. The first requisite of self-government ia unflinching enforcement of
the law and the cutting out of corruption.
The fighting ahlp, not the commerce dcatroyer, is the vessel whose
feata add renown to a natlon a history, and establish her place among
tho great powers of the world.
I trust that the congress will continue to favor In all proper ways the
Louisiana Purchase exposition.
No one people ever benefited another more than we have benefited
the Filipinos by taking possession of the Islands.
The forest reserve policy of the government haa passed beyond tha ex
perimental atage and haa reached a condition where sclentlflo methods
are essential to lta auccessful prosecution.
The Indian agenta ahould not be dependent for their appointment or
tenure of office upon consideration of partisan politics.
No other class of our citizens deserve so well of the nation aa those
to whom the nation owes Its very being, the veterans of the civil war.
When a man renders such service as Captain Pershing rendered last
spring in the Moro campaign, it ought to be possible to reward him
without at once Jumping him to the grade of brigadier general.
I heartily congratulate th congress on the steady progress in build
ing up the American navy.
The question now, therefore, is not by which route the isthmian canal
hall be built, for that question has been definitely and irrevocably de
cided. The question is strr.piy whether or not we shall have an isthmian
He (the president) holds that he Is bound not merely by treaty ob
ligations, but by the Interests of civilization, to see that the peaceful
trafflo of the world across the Isthmus of Panama shall no longer be
disturbed by a constant succesalon of unnecessary and wasteful civil
The control. In the interest of the commerce and traffic of the whole
civilized world, of the means of undisturbed transit across the Isthmus
of Panama haa become of transcendent importance to the United Statea.
The course of events has shown that this canal cannot be built by
private enterprise, or py any other nation than our own; therefore, it
must be built by the United B tat 50.
BANK AT SCHUYLER WINS
Siprema Court of United Gtatoi Benders
Deoiiion in Thrash Cue,
USURY LAWS OF STATE DO NOT APPLY
Maker of Hole to President of Bank
Held to Havo Come Under Juris
diction of Federal Bank
From a Staff Correspondent)
WASHINGTON, Dec 7. (Special.) With
JtmUcoa Brewita and Brown duwenUng, the
supreme court today, In an opinion handed
down by Justice White, reversed the de
cision of the supreme court of Nebraska in
the case of the Schuyler National bank of
Schuyler against George Thrush and oth
ers. The case Involved a question of the
exaction of usury by the bank. Thrush
and his wlfa were debtors to the president
of the bank In the sum of $5,000, and they
gave a note for that amount with interest
at the rate of 12 per cent. This rate of In
terest was usurious under the Nebraska
state law, and Thrush asked for a compu
tation of the Interest, which showed that,
counting the payment of interest as the
payment of principal, aa provided far by
the state, the note had been reduced to
$300. The state court held this plan to be
valid, on the ground that the use waa gov
erned by the state, and not by federal law,
Inasmuch as the note was made payable
to an officer of the bank, and not to the
bank itself. Justice White's opinion re
versed the finding, and waa favorable to
the contention of the bank that the case
came within the purview of the federal
law, and that the interest payments could
not be computed as payments of principal.
Justice Brewer and Brown dissented.
Ont Against Roosevelt.
. Something ol a political sensation was
caused this morning by the publication
here of an editorial from the Cincinnati
Commercial Tribune In opposition to the
nomination of Mr. Roosevelt by the repub
lican national convention. Had the article
in question appeared in any other repub
lican newspaper in the United Statea it
might have bad some weight, but the Com
mercial Tribune has for years been re
gal ded aa a political pariah. It haa op
posed the candidates of its own party
again and again. It haa successively an
tagonised Foraker and Hannu, and nearly
every other republican of promlnc.tco i.i
Ohio, and has seldom been "straight ' la
lta republicanism. The real ktcrei of l.a
present attitude is the fact that lta luian
ciuj iMtcker ut joiin iu iicuu.., ... u.
tiie Cincinnati Knquiier auu a iio,uc.,.
candidate tor tne vice pruz.iueuua. buui
nation on tha ticket with Urau iu
Tha book of emulates, Uuueu at tue be
ginning of evtry cougreaa, showing tha
amount of mouey needed tor the conduct
of the government fur the ensuing nscal
yeuf, aaas tne usual appropriations lor tue
pay of iweuiy-aix ageuia of Indian affairs,
aud makes tha usual estimate fur fulfilling
treaties with tne several Indian tribe
throughout the United Slates. It curries a
recommendation fur an appropriation of
$lu,uui) for an Indian wareliuuue at Omaha.
For the improvement of Wind Cave Na
tional park. South JJukota, and the con
struction of bridges, fencea and trails,
$2,600 ia estimated.
Bulldlnga In the Midwest.
The following estimates for public build
ings in Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota and
Wyoming are also Included in the budget:
Nebraska For completion of building un
der present limit at Omaha, ClO.Ouo; continu
ation of building at Lincoln under present
limit, W6.UA; completion of building under
present limit at Haatings, $),uuu.
Iowa For completion of building at At
lan c $7,6"0; completion of building at Cen
tervlile. $13.TM; Iowa City, completion of
building. $16': Marshalltnwn, completion
of building, $21,260; Water. oo, completion of
building, $37,6u0; Boone, completion of build
South Dakota Dead wood, continuation of
building, $ri,iiO; Pierre, continuation of
building, tK; Yankton, completion of
Wyoming Kvanston, continuation of
building, 125. Laramie, continuation of
Controversy Over Iowa Regiment.
The contest aa to the time the Fifteenth
and Sixteenth reglmenU of Iowa entered
the battle of Shlloh la becoming exceedingly
warm. The membera of the regiments
above mentioned are almost a unit that
they entered the battle at 10 o'clock In the
morning. The Shlloh commission and War
department Insist that It waa a physical
MESSAGE TO CONGRESS
NEBRASKA WEATHER FORECAST
Fair Tuesday nnd Wednesday.
I . n SI lp.
e n. m. at . a p.
T a. m 3 Bp.
N a. m 21 4 p.
a. m Sit It p.
11) . n 31 Op.
11 a. m. .v H.t T p.
ia m . . . f, . 1. 35 8 p.
m. . . . . 5ri
DOWIE'S FINANCIAL CONDITION
Alleged Bankrupt Says Property ts
, . Worth 818,84(1,200, and Dehta
CHICAGO, 111.," Dec: 7.-Declartng that
he did not wish to set a precodent which
would have to be fallowed In other cases,
Judge Kohlsaat in tha United States dis
trict court today refused to direct the pe
titioning creditors In the Dowle bankruptcy
case to furnish an indemnifying bond.
Judge Kohlsaat asked the creditors to sub
mit before Wednesday briefs In support
of their contention. The original petition
era will also file a brief, and It Is expected
that a contest will ensue before the court
acta on the matter.
- A statement of Dowle's assets and lia
bilities waa made by htm today to a cred
itors' meeting. The statement gives the
resources, Including land, buildings, stock
in lace Industry and bills receivable, as
$18,845,200. The total liabilities are placed
at $4,508,800, of which $3,900,700 Is bank de
posits and shares In Zlou industries na
turlng in 1718 and 1923.
TO CANCEL BLftIRS POLICIES
Wife and Children of It. 1-oola At
torney Made Defendants by In
ST. LOUIS. Dec. 7.-IIenry T. Kent, J. E.
Lee and A. Let entered their appearance In
the United States circuit court today as
counsel for James L. Blair. Mrs. Appollne
Blair, Percy A. and Frank P. Blair in the
suit brought against them by the Mutual
Life Insurance company of New York to
cancel Blair's $300,000 policy taken out in the
company January 28, 1901
With the appearance was filed a petition
for the appointment of a guardian for Percy
A. and Frank P. Blair to represent them
In the suit Mrs. Bluir and her sons are
defendants because they are named as
beneficiaries of the policy. The defense now
j has until the first Monday In January to
j file Its nnswer to the chargea of the insur
ance company.' In the meantime It la ex
pected h rru""H'in for the Bona will be ap-
PITTSBURG BANK REOPENS.
First Rational Heorganlsra and Pro
reeds with Ita Raslaess, Heavily
PITTSBURG. Pa., Dec f. The Flrat Na
tional bank of Allegheny, which cloaed lta
doora shortly after the suspension of the
Federal National bank of thla city several
weeka ago, reopened today.
The Institution haa been entirely reor
ganized. President Sneer atated that the
bank resumed business with a capital of
$.150,000 and a surplus of over $86,0)0 after
having charged off every dollar of bad or
FIND REMAINS OF SOLDIERS
Skeletons Ruppoaed to Be Those of
Continental Troopers Unearthed
in "Jew York.
NEW YORK. Dec. 7.-Elght human ekele
tons, supposed to be the remains of con
tinental soldiers who perished during the
revolution, were uncovered today by work
men excavating in City Hall park, near the
old hall of records. A prison In which the
British confined American prisoners oc
cupied this rite In revolutionary times.
MINERS BECOMING TEMPERATE
F.leven Hundred Saloon Keepers Will
Go Out of Business in tchuyl
POTTSVILLE. Pa.. Dec. 7 As a result of
an increase of temperance aentlment among
the anthracite miners nearly one-third of
the 1.100 saloon keepere of Schuylkill
county will go out of business next year.
This Is shown by the decrease In the num
ber of applicants for licensee.
lib Booaevelt Adriiei Senate and 2oh
of Country'! Condition.
ENDORSES WORK OF NEW DEPARTMENT
Control of Corporation i a Keceisitv of
ASKS FUNDS TO PROSECUTE FRAUDS
Corruption in Foetal and Land Offioes
REVENUE AND MONETARY SYSTEMS
Satisfactory Condition! Exist and but
Little Lejijlation ia Kteded.
ONE STEP TOWARD THE WORLD'S PEACE
Beferenoe of the Venezuelan Hatter to TLo
SETTLEMENT OF ALASKAN BOUNDARY
Work of the Commission Eminently Tair
to American Interest!,
MUST BUILD THE ISTHMIAN CANAL
Conditions of Commeroo maid Civilisa
tion Require 'im.t tho United
Statea Construe and Control
tho Great Waterway.
WASHINGTON, Dec T.-On the as
sembling of the senate and house thla
afternoon in the Fifty-eighth congress, the
president's message was read, aa followai
To the Senate and House ot Representa
tives: The country is to be congratulated
on the amount of substantial achievement
which has marked the past year both aa re
gards our foreign and aa regarda our do
With a nation aa with a man the moat
Important things are those of the house
hold, and therefore the oountry la aspect- .
ally to be congratulated on what haa been
accomplished in the direction of providing?
for the exercise of supervision over the
great corporations and combinations o
corporations engaged In interstate com
merce. The congress has cieated the De
partment of Commerce and Labor, Includ
Ing the bureau of corporations, with, for
the first time, authority to secure propef
publicity of such proceedings of these great
corporations aa the publlo haa a right to
know. It has provided for the expediting
of suits for the enforcement of the federal
anti-trust law; and by another law It hag
secured equal treatment to all producer
in the transportation ot their gooda, thus
taking a long stride forward In ir eking;
effective the work of the Interstate Com
merce commission. . . v
Department ef Commerce and Labor,
The establishment of the Department ot
Commerce and Labor, with the bureau of
corporations thereunder, marka a real ad
vance in the direction of doing all that lg
possible for the solution of the questions
vitally affecting capitalists and wk work
ers. The act creating the department waa
approved on February 14", UKd, and two
days later the head of the department waa
nominated and confirmed by the seriate.
Since then the work ot organisation bag
been pushed aa rapidly as the Initial ap
propriations permitted and with due regard
to thoroughness and the broad purpose
which the department la designed to serve.
Alter the transfer of the various bureau
and brunches to the department at tha
beginning of the currant fiscal year, -as
provided for In tha act, the personnel com
prised 1.2S3 employes In Washington and
8,836 In tliir country at large. The scope of
the department's duty and authority em
braces the commercial and Industrial in
terests of the nation. It la not designed
to restrict or control the fullest liberty
ot legitimate business action, but to sooure
exact and authentic Information which will
aid the executive in enforcing existing laws.
and which will enable the congress to enact
additional legislation, if any ahould be
found necessary, in order to prevent tho j
few from obtaining privileges at tha ex-
pense of the diminished opportunities j&af
Bureau of Corporations.
The preliminary work of the bureau
corporations In the department haa shown
the wisdom of Its 'creation. Publicity In
corporate affairs will tend to do away wttti
ignorance, and will afford facta upon which,
intelligent action may be taken. Systematic,
Intelligent Investigation la already develop
ing facts the knowledge of which Is esen
tlal to a right understanding of the needs
and duties ot the business world. The cor
poration which is honestly ad fairly organ
ized, whose managers in the conduct o(
its business recognlxe their obligation to
deal squarely with their stockholders, their
competitors and the public has nothing to
fear from such supervision. The purpose)
of this bureau ia not to embarrass or assail
legitimate business, but to aid In bringing
about a better Industrial condition a con
dition under which there shall be obedi
ence to law and recognition of public obli
gation by all corporations, great or email.
The department of commerce and labor
will be not only the c lem Ing house for In
formation regarding the business tiwna
actions of the nation but the executive arm
of the government to aid in strengthening
our domestic and foreign market", in per
fecting our transportation facilities, la
building up our merchant marine, in pre
venting the entrance of undesirable immi
grants, in improving commercial sn4 In
dustrial conditions and in bringing together
on common ground those necessary part
ners In Industrial proKress capital and
labor. Commerce between the natlona Is
steadily growing In volume and lh tend
ency of the times Is toward closer trade
relations. Constant watchfulness Is neaded
to secure to Americans the chance to par
ticipate to the be.it advantage in foielgn
trade, and we may confidently expect that
the new department will Justify the ex
pectation of its creators by the exercise
of thla watchfulness, us well aa by the
businesslike administration of auch laws
relating to our Internal uffalra as are in
trusted to its care.
In enacting the laws above (numerated
the congress proceeded on sane and con
servative lines. Nothing revolutionary waa
attempted; but a common-souse and auc
ceasful effort was niHde In the direction of
seeing that corporations are ao han Hod aa
to subserve th public good. The legisla
tion was moderate. It was rharacierlaed
throughout by the Idea that we were not
attacking corporations, but endeavoring to
provide fur doing nway with any evil In)
them; that we drew tho line againat mis
conduct, not against wealth; gladly recog
nising the great good done by the capital
ist who alone, or In conjunction with but
fellows, does hia work along proper and
legitimate Hues. The purpose of the legis
lation, which purpose will undoubtedly be
fulfilled, waa to favor such a man whan
he doea well, and to supervise his fiction
only to prevent him from doing ill. Pub
licity ran do no harm to the honeet corpora
tion. The only corporation that has cause
to dreat? it la the corporation which thrlnka
from the light, and about the welfare of
auch corporations we need not be over
ly sensitive. The work of tha Department 4
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