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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 27, 1903)
TIIE ITXTJSTRATED REE.
Ancestors Lived in Sea
(Continued from Page Three.)
t distinct thread, a determined direction,
which gave them all bo me thing in common.
Australia was the land of the link-forms,
the forms which linked great groups to
In common practice we distinguish be
tween five chief classes of the vertebrates
the fish, the amphibia (frogs, salamander
and others), the reptiles (Usards and
others), the birds and the mammals.
If Darwin's teaching is correct, we must
assume that all stand In a certain evolu
tionary relationship to each other and
present more or less distinctly connecting
links. The fish must be descended from
very low animals, which are not even
vertebrates, and in fact we know a fairly
Rood evolutionary form, the so-called
lancet fish or amphiozus. It lives at pres
ent near many coasts and also near the
Australian strands as a specific, almost
distinct, species, known as epigonlchthys.
As we approach the top the fish must
how, according to Darwin, evolution to
ward the amphibians, the amphibians to
ward the reptiles and the reptiles (here
the ancestral tree split Itself, so It is be
lieved) on the one side toward the birds, on
the other toward the mammals.
Without doubt that famous lizard
Ilatteria, which belongs absolutely and en
tirely to Australian domain. Is the. nearest
of all living animals to the link between
tlie amphibian and the reptile.
The link between the reptile and the
mammal is represented, with at least par
tial distinctness, by the duck-bill, which
also belongs exclusively to Australia and
Its Islands. And Australia, almost alone of
all lands, again gives up the next evolu
tionary group leading within the mammal
family from the duck-bill to the higher
mammals hoofed animals, carnlvora, mon
keys and others.
The evolution from the reptile to the bird
Is not so simple that is, not for Australia.
The wingless rooa and kiwi ostriches there
certainly are remarkable and even very
ancient forms of birds. But they are not
genuine primeval birds, leading back di
rectly to the lixards. We know how such
a genuine llsard-blrd should appear from
the German Jurassic formations. We have
two Imprints of the so-called Archaeop
teryx. and that Is unquestionably an animal
exactly between Heard and bird an animal,
to be sure, that does not exist now, but
disappeared from the world in that form
probably millions of years ago.
It was a pet thought of old Darwin that
In some until then unvlsited part of Aus
traliathere were and are enough of them
something- like the Archaeopteiyx might be
found alive some day. When the traveler
Haas found mysterious animal tracks In
the snows of the Alps of New Zealand,
Darwin adjuied him to discover if a ver
itable lizard-bird did not dwell there. Hut
nothing was seen of such a creature, and
probably the tracks were those of a mam
mal which, to be sure, has not been caught
or described yet.
Now there would remain the last great
evolutionary turning point between fish
and amphibian, and lo! we find it In Aus
tralia. And in this missing link we find
the ancestor of man that lived and still
lives in the sea.
It is the Hcard-fish. Ceratodus, whose
discovery has been described In a previous
articlo of this series.
It was Richard Semon, one of Haeckel's
pupils, who won the proof that Ceratodus
really Is the missing link between the rep
tile and the water-dwelling fish. He
found Its eggs after indescribable hard
ships In the Australian bush. He studied
the life history of Ceratodus from those
eggs to maturity. And he found that In
their embryonic stage, and In the succeed
ing stages of development, they are not like
fish, but like amphibians, going through
stages similar to the tadpole stages.
So we must see In the licard-nsh Cera
todus. that dwells in the water, one of our
very own ancestors, and an ancestor, too
who has bequeathed to us mi Invaluable ln-herltance-that
of the lung. For Cerato
dus. or one of his type, was the first water
dwelling thing to begin breathing in a
way other than through external gills
Ceratodus has both lungs and gills, and
as a lung-breather of the sea he is a most
Important forefather of the human race.
Babies of the Zoo
(Continued From Page Five.)
door of the cage, and sometimes we entice
her into an adjoining cage and then shut
the door on her. Of course she raises a
rough house when she realises what has
happened. You would wonder that any
cage rould hold her. For months after
ward It is dangerous to go near her.
"But ordinarily a lioness Is not fierce
when she has cubs. She will allow you to
go tnto the cage and play with them as
moch as you hke, while Bhe watches them
proudly rrom a little distance, and seems
qjlte pleased because you are Interested In
"Take care, however, that you don't acci
dentally hurt one of the little beasts and
make It yelp, if you do, the mother Is up
h arras in a moment to see what Is the
matter. There's only one thing to do then.
Throw the cub to her at once. She will
stop and examine it, and If yon find she to
till cross, you tars plenty of time to es
cape. Very likely, seeing that nothing Is
wrong, she will spank the cub with her
paw to teach it not to whine needlessly,
and will then let you go on playing with It.
"It's curious how animal mothers differ
from women," the keeper said, reflectively.
"If you hurt a woman's child, she im
mediately starts to abuse or attack you.
leaving the kid to howl. If you hurt a
lioness' cub, her first thought is to look
after the cub. Revenge comes second with
her, and so the offender has a chance to
(Continued on rage Fifteen.)
populated country than that to Chrlstlanla.
As one goes south the farms are larger,
the farm houses are of frame and there are
big barns and outbuildings. The country
looks very - much like the good farming
regions of the United States. The houses
are on the farms and not in villages, as In
other parts of Europe. There are many
cattle and dairy establishments which
mnke the butter for export. I am told
that the people ship their butter abroad
and use oleomargarine themselves. This Is
so in Denmark and In other butter making
I am surprised st the small extent of
farm land In Sweden in comparison with
the number of farms. There are alto
gether 338,000 agricultural holdings, and of
these fully one-fourth are under five acres,
and 200.000 range from five to fifty acres In
size. Of the whole area of Sweden less
than nine acres In every hundred are cul
tivated and less than 4 per cent Is good
pasture land. The land laws are such
that a farm Is divided among the children
upon the death of the owner, thus causing
numerous small holdings. Of late years
there has been some attempt at consolida
tion, and one now finds some large farms
In parts of the country.
As far as I can see the soil Is rich. It Is
black and It raises big crops of clover and
oats. Wheat, rye and potatoes are grown.
There is plenty of hay, but there Is so
murh rain that the hay Is often put up on
racks to dry and then stored away In
barns. Every haycock has a stick in it
to give it air, and in some places the hay
Is dried on wire fences like clothes on a
Everything looks thrifty. There are
many red wooden houses with white shut
ters and trimmings, and along the railroad
are fences of rocks, boards or rails.
I took a run over to Gothenberg last
week. It Is Sweden's chief seaport, having
ships from all parts of Europe and the
United States. It Is also the terminus of
the Gotha canal, which goes right through
Sweden, crossing Lritk.es Wennern and Wet
tern, the two largest lakes in the country.
Gothenberg has almost 160,000 inhabitants,
and It grows like one of our big towns of
the west. It Is a manufacturing center,
making iron, steel and machinery, as well
as sugar and beer. It has cotton factories,
and also shipbuilding works. It has many
fine stores, and in them much American
goods. The town is perhaps the most en
terprising In Sweden, and In many respects
It surpasses Stockholm.
On this trip across Sweden I visited the
Gotha canal, stopping at Trollhattan,
where the wonderful falls are, and exam
ining the locks by which the ships are
raised and lowered to and from lAke
Wennern. The canal has been cut about
the falls, being blasted out of the rocks,
making a trough Just wide enough for a
steamer or barge to pass through. There
are six locks, one succeeding the other.
The most of them are worked by hand and
they are babies compared with the great
locks of our Sault Ste. Marie canal. Never
theless, many vessels pass through them.
It is estimated that they raise 7,000 boats
every season carrying lumber, wood, pile,
iron and other heavy merchandise from
Gothenberg to Stockholm and from western
Sweden out to the sea. (
It was at this point that I vlnlted the
falls of Trollhattan, considered by many
the finest In Europe. They are far superior
YOU ARE TOO Tlllli!
Call at the Sherman A alcConDrll Drag re
Ouuae, or write to U. V. Jonee Co.. Klralra, S Y '
for a conTtncim uul pachaae Dr. Whitney
r.enre and rieah Builder, akaolulely Free. It cult
oj Bottling it may im-an at urn to you or youra.
f ?'r'1e tnm ihrir ,ood ull mount
fu,.UI,?e;" " -tivUi proptrUea whit Na.
vouia bo delighted to take un inure fleah and have a
ell rounded, attractive Inure, but thry do not
now that It ia poeaible to do aa. We aamiiae the
burden of the proof, knowtae, it the trial paefceae
don not prove effective we cannot bope to aaiu a
l.T,,Vn,,! n' mor- M ' CW lnaet an
mnuKllate Increase In appetlta. Improve diaeatto.i;
Better re li eh of food; belter iplrtti. better color;
vrlTTcJ?. man refraahtpe elt-ep and HAK1
VOU EEJU UlCTTnUt.
Special Tablet No. I tor ledlaa will poaltleely do
U 'i ana (Ira better color and kcUof
(euariU health. Iflca reduced lo l.0 for three
-1?? b"",n P of y pheateal litem by the
a at Dr. White.) a Tahleta la a woooer It me.
heen depleted en long I am elmply delighted
la the rveulte obtained. Na oaa naad ear te wee
inte aplendld renudy. aa U U all you tap repent a.
'" ,m,ur- etoblnf to write me I ahall
M ! t coo n no thla letter, anc ten tween ef other
henaaxa Ml auatioaad here Jeaa i. Caaioball. ,7
Norwood Avenue. Cleveland, O.
I. WhMavey'a praparetiona aea for aaee Is Oaaaha
7 the tJberaiaa a MrCoaawii bra to.
to the falls of the Rhine at ffohaffhaiispii.
There are six different cataracts and nu
merous rapids, distributed over a distance
of almost a mile. Tho fall Is only 108 feet
In nil, but the water foams and bolls as It
dashes over the rocka Into the cauldrons
below. Here there are great pita of boil
ing waves speckled with foam. A little
farther on the torrent dashes down mighty
cliffs with a deafening roar and then flows
on Into the green river below. The force
is such that It gives a water power equ'U
to 200,000 horses all pulling at once. A
number of factories have been built to
take advantage of this power and Troll
hattan Is fast becoming an industrial
center. FRANK O. CARPENTER.
One way to beat a retreat Is by Jumping
a summer resort board bill.
When a couple are matched but not mated
It Is a sort of friction match.
When the unexpected happens It Is usu
ally Inferior to what was expected.
A woman's sphere is the home. Any
bride of a week is willing to admit this.
Even a poor man who hasn't a dollar
may be well off as long as he doesn't
No self-respecting man cares to make love
to a girl who makes love to a pet dog.
It Is easier for love to find the way than
it is for a good many young men to pay
A pleasure party never gets credit for
having a Jolly good time unless there Is
at least one liar in the bunch.
It Is almost as difficult for a man to
get over a case of love sickness as It Is
for a woman to get over a barbed-wire
fence. Chicago News.
L- Quite Different
Marjory, getting well from typhoid fever,
rebelled at regimen.
"Eat your broth like a good little girl,"
begged the nurse.
"I won't," said the good little girl. "I'm
tired of nourishment. 1 want fo d."-Newark
U-ierse -ar "-TV aoiun'l
Brewing I ftl"' -7.
eriMO N .b.
A Household Necessity
When keeping a medicine or remedy
In the house it is well to see that you
have the Lest, for only the best will
do the required good. This is a great
point with family beer. A cheap, In
ferior beer is better off out of the
house, but a beer such as
Is a household friend. It Is the best
of the bent! Nourishing strengthen
ing It has such a delicious flavor that
it is a pleasure as well as u duty to
your health to always keep at your
home "Storx Blue Ribbon Beer" brew
ery's own bottling.
Storz Brewing Co
Tor the Form and Complexion
baa Wen Mi-rrMullr nerd I17 leading anreeeee.
eingrra and women of faataluu for more thau M
Wbereear applied 11 haa Inrtanttr ahenrned throngs
the porea of the ahln and Ita wonderful nutrltloa
feeda the waatiua tleauna.
aa If by magic, one application often enowlng
Dr. tharlea rteah rood la poeltlrelr the only
preparation known lo medical ei-lenre that will
round out hollow In the ne. and produce firm,
nrallhr flerh on thin cheeka, anna and handa.
For Developing- the Hut
f ' b'- 0n"1 '"" nureine It kaa the hltrbeat
i .TT "'. "" Two hoie are oTUr,
aufflelenl to make the tiuet Irm. larce and beaatitul.
OU BT PCPARTMRVT STORKS
Reuar price 11 ao a boa, but to all who take
' thl. SPKCIAI. ORTICR and "nd M
rtnllSl ' tm bo,L- lo '
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'Art of hlaaaaae." fully lliue
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mat of mailing:. Addreea
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RED J GROSS
4 Full Quarts
the leading physi
cians and used in
all prominent hos
pitals. The rted OoM
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Orders from states
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will be shipped by
OF THE PEOPLE
FOR THE PEOPLE
BY TIIE PEOPLE
u the standard passenger line of
the Centra! Mates. 2,300 miles
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Write for folders.
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Own L Paaa. Asst. Cran'L P.
Ticket Agt. T. A-
cq wumwi 'soaa mra
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