Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 26, 1903)
- The Omaha Daily Bee
. & ROSEWATEIt, EDITOR,
PUBLISHED EVERY MORN I NO.
TERMS OF Bl'nSCniPTION. ,
rl!T Pee (without Humlayi. On Year.. 14. M
l'sily 1p ami (Sunday, One Year o.W)
Illustrated Uee. One Year w
R'lnrlsy Hee, One Year
Fatunlav Hee, One Year -J
Twentieth Century Farmer. One Year.. 1. 00
DELIVERED BY CARRIER.
Tally Pee (without Sunday), per cory.... Jo
Ially Wee (without Buniliy). per week.. .lie
Pallv Hee (including Sunday), per week.. I.e.
Bunnny I3ee, per cow J0
Fvenlng lii-a (without Fundny). per week 60
Evening; Bee (Including Sunday), Pr
Complaints of Irregularities In delivery
shouldb addressed to City Circulation De
Omha The Bee Building.
8outh Omaha .lty Hall Building, Twenty-fifth
and M 8rreets.
Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street,
f'hlcago 1U40 ITnlty Building.
New York a?t Tark Row Building.
Washington R1 Fourterith Htreet.
Communications relating to new and edi
torial tt.atter should he addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Tmlt hy draft, express or postal order
F livable to The Be0 Publishing Company.
)nly 2-cpnt stamps accepted In payment of
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or amtcrn exchinsres. not nccertcd.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCrLATlON.
Stnte of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
Ceoi-ga B. Tischuck. secretary of The Fee
Publishing company, being duly sworn, says
that the actual numbei of full and com
plete copies oi' The Dally Morning. Evening
and Bunday Bee printed during the month
of AuiuiL 19ol. whs aa follow:
1& 31, (Mill
lcsa unsold and relurnod copies.
Net total sales 8KB.970
Net averaga sales IMSOOU
OEOHUB B. TZSC1IUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me thl list day of Auguat. A. D. lSui,
M. IS. ilUNUATE.
(Seal.) . Notary Public.
PAHTIBI LEAVIMQ TUB CITY.
Parties leaving the city at
any tlnia may have Tnn Bee
sent to them regularly by
atlfylns; The Dee) Baalaeaa
office, tm person ot hy mall.
The address will be changed
as often aa desired.
Harmony Is tbo watchword among
Douglai county republicans.
From Ornuha to Dos Moines by lnter-
urban electric in the sweet by-and-by.
Nebraska farmers will do their corn
husking wlthTut the help of kid-gloved
s- If the Real Estate exchange or the
Commercial club, or both pulling to
gether, can raise the grain embargo they
will render Omaha invaluable service,
From and after today, and until after
the adjournment of congress nest sum-
mer, Oyster Bay will cease to occupy
the front page in the American news
The sultan of Turkey has taken a dis
like to American war ships, and prayers
are offered in all the Beyroot mosques
that the American Ironclads may depart
What Is the use of hunting down
truants if there Is not room enough in
the public school buildings to accommo
date all the children who are willing to
go to school?
Ex-Lieutenant Governor Timothy
Woodruff has enlightened the National
Farmers' congress on how to plant sew
4 Ing machines on every quarter section
of land on the Installment plan.
A farmer at tiouth Beach, Conn., baa
found on pulling up a cornstalk a heavy
gold ring encircling the stalk. Farmers
of Nebraska will find a gold nugget in
the Inside of every cornstalk.
Uemember that the Board of Educa
tion is out of politics this year, but
nearly every man on the school board
pay roll has been enlisted on helmlf of
the candidates favored by tUe school
Strenuous opposition to the borne rule
charter for the city of Denver Lus killed
one man. He bore down tha ccules at
300 pounds and turued up his toes for
want of breath, bit the doctors 1 Uarge
It up to heart failure.
Is there another rullroud president In
or out of Omaha who will emulate the
example of President Ktlckuey of the
Great Western and contribute ?2,5O0 or
liioro toward the construction of the
Auditorium) Don't all speak at ouce.
Those Central American statesmen are
raised ln the school that has for its
motto "Make haste slowly." Like the
crab they move forward by going back
ward. That accounts for the gyrations
of the Colombian government on the
Parjania canal treaty.
According to cable advices from Ma
rdU a great canal has been projected, at
an estimated cost ot f .'(Xi.txnj, to connect
the metropolis of the Philippines with
the interior towns of Luxou. A canal
that will cost (00,000 will not bo much
of a canal even with labor at 25 cents
a day, payable in Mexican dollars.
An automobile regulating ordinance
has been enacted la ,rt. Louis that re
quires each uun hlue tu be equipped with
signal lanterns. The ordinance also re
quires slguals to be displayed on ail
vehicles at night. Including truck
wagons, bleyles. draft wagons, buggies
nd conveyances of every description.
St Loulaaus nave all renin lued Indoors
beretofore after dark.
ZM OF IRON AZD STEEL BOOM.
Has the boom in the iron and steel
trmle of the United states, which began
some four years hk come to an end?
It seems that the question must be an
swered in the affirmative, Judging from
the etatements of those who are most
Intimately acquainted with the iron and
steel business. Although there is still
very large demand for the products
f iron cud steel, it is yet a fact that
the demand Is not at present so great
s it was a couple of years ago and
there is a reasonable belief that it will
not soon again reach that point.
There has been a remarkable growth
In this industry in the past seven or
Ight years. The production of pig iron
in the United States has been advan
cing by lears and bounds. It nearly
doubled in the flve-vear period 1SD7-
1D01. The New York Journal of Com
merce remarks that thus this country,
which five years earlier produced an
amount of pig iron only slightly in ex
cess of the production of the United
Kingdom, produced nt tho end of the
entury an amount little short of that
of tho United Kingdom and Germany
taken together. Last year this country
produced approximately 40 per cent of
II the pig iron in the world, its total
output exceeding by nearly a million
tons the united production of Great
Britain and Germany. The Increase in
the production of steel has gone on
with almost equal rapidity. While there
Is no evidence of any sudden cessation
of tho demand for steel products in the
homo market, it is pointed out that a
number of Influences have combined to
make the market very much more
restricted than it has been during
the last two years. Thus it is
stated that the railway companies
have, from considerations of pru
dence, interrupted their liberal buy
ing of steel rails, of steel cars and steel
bridge material, while the attitude of
organized labor in the building trades
has had a distinctly depressing effect
on the demand for steel for construction
The Journal f Co.nmerco thinks it
only natural, under such circumstances.
that the great steel concerns should
contemplate an aggressive campaign
into foreign markets, as they are said
to da, but that paper suggests that there
hns been a radical change of conditions
abroad since, in England and Germany,
the imports of American Iron and steel
reached the proportions of an "Inva
sion." The excess of exports over im
ports of iron and steel during the last
fiscal year was less than half what it
was in 1000, or lower than that
of any year since 1S07. The Euro
pean production now exceeds the
demand in the foreign markets, so that
there seems to be little chance for our
manufacturers Increasing their sales In
those markets. As our New York con
temporary remarks, "Everything points
to the probability that a test will shortly
be applied to the great steel producing
establishments of the United States of
their ability to do a profitable business
under normal conditions and to hold
their own in the markets of the world
In the face of the sharpest kind of
CERTAIN OF, AN ISTHMIAN CANAL.
Senator Fairbanks said a few days
ago that while regretting the defeat of
the Panama canal treaty, be felt certain
that the president will find a way to
secure what the people so greatly de
sire a water route across the isthmus.
Mr. Fairbanks, who has been an earn
est advocate of the Panama route, re
cently conferred with Mr. Roosevelt and
very likely is familiar with the presi
dent's Intentions regarding the canal, so
that his expression of confidence doubt
less was not without a substantial basis.
So far as appears It is the purpose of
our government not to further urge the
canal question upon Colombia, but to
let that country make the next move
In the matter. The latest report from
Bogota states that there is indifference
regarding the failure of the canal treaty
and that the committee of the Colombian
senate is still at work upon a new
treaty, bit It Is not known when its '
report will be presented. If it is pro
posed to submit to the United States
another treaty containing the terms and
conditions recently reported as repre
senting tho demands of Colombia, tho
framing of such a treaty may as well
be abandoned, for there is no possibility
of its being accepted by the United
States. Our government will not allow
itself to be held up by tho mercenary
politicians of Colombia and they ought
to understand this. Meanwhile there
appears to bo little interest anywhere
in the Nicaragua route and as stated
some time ago by the minister of Nica
ragua to the United States that country
will not seek to open negotiations. It
Is not likely that there will be any fur
ther action fere the meeting of con
gress. A DASQCR SPOT.
The Philadelphia Ledger says that the
anthracite coal region 1m one of the
danger spots of America aud that the
last strike proved it. That paper, geu
erally most careful aud conservative in
its views and statements, says there is
a mass of ignorance and lawlessness
there, that there are too many murders,
mysterious assaults, aud, more danger
ous and significant, too many crimes for
which there are no convlctlous. "The
perpetrators of crimes are too seldom
found; when fouud, the Juries show a
disinclination to convict. If thero is no
terrorism, as some persons rejwrt, there
is an unwholesome disposition to let
crimo alone and to let the criminals
escape, to do the perfunctory and to
avoid Inviting the hostility of the law
It Is uot to bo doubted that there Is
substantial grouud for this statement
and it ought to command the most seri
ous attention of the people aud the au
thorities of rennsylviula. In consider
ing the underlying causes of this state
of affairs, tha Ledger points out aa vue
of them the Ttct that the Slav has in-
railed the anthracite coal field and is
displacing the English speaking miner,
"The newcomer is an alien Indeed, lie
comes from an autocratic or despotic
European nation, where he has been a
bond worker, either ignorant of all free
Institutions or filled with hate for all
authority, and he has 110 grip on the
Ideas of free government. The love and
the respect which his forerunners in the
region felt, or were capable of feeling,
for tin adopted country, and which were
sufficient In a measure to restrain them
from anarchy, are represented in the
mind of the Slav by fear alone." Of
course this element is in me antnracue
coal region because the operators wanted
this class of labor, believing it could be
,.n..tM mmimM,vi ,n,i ..,).tot n I
oppressive measures and harsh treat
ment than could the English-speaking
miners. The responsibility, therefore,
for milking that region one of the dan
gerous spots of America is largely with
tho men who own and operate the mines
and consequently it is they who should
be held accountable in large part for
the lawlessness that exists there. There
are indications of more trouble In the
anthracite region at no very remote
time and it does not appear that the
operators are particularly disposed to
TUS LINE OF DEM ARK AT ION.
The rank and file of the republicans
of Douglas county earnestly desire tho
obliteration of factional difficulties that ng of $51,000 from the former bids. Some
have for many years divided the party times an Investigation Is even better than
In this county and enabled the demo
cratic minority to occupy nearly all the
Important political positions within the
gift of the people. In striving for con
ciliation and harmony the party must.
however, not sacrifice tho public inter
est or jeopardize the success of its
nominees in the impending campaign
by ignoring the two essential prerequt-
sites competency and honesty as
passports to public favor and public
Ilarmony does not necessarily mean
that every member of the party stands
pledged to the support of men disqual
ified for the positions of honor and trust
by indefensible records or disqualified th9 nerocy of the present and tha
for the duties that would devolve upon dreadful outlook for the future. The mel
them by lack of capacity. Here is the ancholy but cheering truth Is that our an-
lino of rlemnrkntlnn. To snllillfv anil
unify the party In support of an un-
seratched ticket the candidates on the
ticket must be cleun, honest and capa-
ble. Hackneved nledces of suDnortlnz
vollnor iln. lho arn nrrrl .th . eon.
" wiiin mio K'bBu ' " -vaa- 1
, lis in a. , . , . I
veuuou muu win 1101 insure tneir eiec-
tlon. Nominations of unfit candidates
tend to drag down the whole ticket and
rniisn thn defeat of rnnilMfitea whn
otherwise would be sure of election.
Factionalism in this county has been re
sponsible for the defeat by republican
voters of republican candidates with
good records and excellent reputations
Just because they were identified with
either one or the other faction. .
t or sucn a course there can be no
Justification. While It Is. the duty of
every citizen, regardless of party, to op-
pose men notoriously corrupt and unfit
for public office, there Is no excuse or
palliation for the men who profess a
party creed to single ont and knife
honcRt and capable candidates of their
own party because they train with the
Ta reformers regard publicity as the
most effective factor in preventing fa-
vorltlsm and tax evasion. The publlca-
.. . ! .
nu i. itrai mam "BtBBiijcui ia.ie
prior to final action by municipal and
county equalization boards is regarded
as imperative as a check to dishonest
, .. . , .
or inequitable assessment. While the
publication of the assessment rolls
would Involve a very large outlay the
Bdvnntnrea to h tnihied hv nuhlieltv
would far outweigh the expenses In
curreu. A rew lorn law enacted last
winter at the instance of the New York
Tax Keforra association provides for the
. . i.i j ,
m-rniui r,u .uun u..U
provemems anu xue puuusneu lists in-
elude the names of the owner or oc -
cuptint of each lot or parcel or land, the
dimensions and character of the build
ings erected upon It, the assessed value
of the land and the value as a whole,
When the assessors know that their
work is to be reviewed by all the tax
payers and property owners they will
be very cautious In showing partiality,
Even if they are disposed to discrimt
nate, any rank discrimination would be
detected and rectified by the boards of
hen the Denver papers cannot lm-
provlse a blood-and-thunder red letter
senxntlnn thev trv to startle all Colorado
, ... i . ....
uy, w.e ,m.rauu.rUi vi n.u,.,
ot auoiuer great uouumu, oucu nu ei-
elusive piece of news appeared in an
afternoon Denver paper of Thursday,
when we are told that the richest strike
, ., . . . ...
ot goiu was mauo 11.0 uu, ueiore iu iuo
Ited mountain district. "Quart in this
nilue is three feet thick and for a dis-
tunce of seven feet has the appearance
....11.. - n,
Ul Ui:ill r v aaa ovim a va 1 W3
gold that will run from $75,000 to
$100,000 per tou.'
The Bo-cUed Farmers' National con
gress, made up principally of political
farmers who do their plowing and
threshing with their Jaws, is now in ses -
slou at Niagara Falls. After irrludlnz
.K . ,..) .rrlat f b I irl.-Koim,! I n r
, A, , , .
olutiona concerning national and Inter-
national problems tney will pass from
labor to refreshment.
The prospect of harmony ln the ranks
of Douglas county republicans appears
to alarm the democratic nonpartisan
organ very much. With republicans
united and harmonious there would be
. i.(,. . ..,. ,,,
date on me uemocratic ucs-ei tuis tan.
The trouble on Wall Street bat not
hn caused by the drain of currency
. ..sulfa ..f Kr VorV h.nb.
It UIU L9
. K II,. lnll.,nfl
industrial tecunueg acpositea a couat
era 1. One example will sutllce. lue
Universal Tobacco company, capitalized
at $10.WW.mw, pans out assets to the
amount of only f 13.1,000, or less man -
per cent of the total capitalization. If
the New York bunkers would repress
such financiering they would not be
clamoring for asset currency,
The vast armies of children now assem
bling In the public schools constitute a
pretty satisfactory assurance that tho coun-
try is safe.
t treasonable Fault Finding
fat T .mi la ni(iVa.n.mnePllt
B of tha , b unlons are finding
fault with President Roosevelt. Before the
winter Is over they will ba calling upon
hint to Intervene somewhere.
Not ot that tvlnd.
The house of the late Senator Allen O.
Thurman at Columbus, O., Is to ba sold to
meet his debts. The "Old Roman" was
evidently not a statesman of tha free pass
Canada's Hot Air Bluff.
New Tork World.
The Alaska boundary dispute still drags
Its slow length along before tha London
tribunal. It takes even Englishmen a long
time to convince Canada that she cannot
break through the Alaska coast line with
trumped-up map and specious arguments.
Effect of an Investigation.
A new contract for money order depart
ment supplies has been let by the Post-
office department at Washington at a sav-
a Jolly in being worth more than It costs
Suppressing; Naval Rowdyism,
Rear Admiral Evans Is right. Rowdyism
In the navy and especially rowdyism on the
part of men who are supposed to be "offl
rem and trentlemen." should he rtunlshcd bv
nothing less than dismissal from the serv-
Ice. An officer who gets howling drunk and
assaults a civilian without cause Is one with
whom decent officers should not ba forced
Tlmea Not Ont of Joint.
Saturday Evening Post
If American hlBtory were truthfully
written and conscientiously taught, we
should hai 1ea Iffnnront lflmentlnfiT over
cestors, with all their good points, naa
many lauing-a, iynciiiiiK,
tar and feath-
erlnr. disheartening miscarriages of Jus-
tlce unworthy publio conduct of all kinds,
were painfully near to characteristic of us
In H our past.
I ne journey 10 xno mity B"i i -'i
-n..nA eovoranna fn-
C uv CI l.l.iuii I biiu fci uiym - v. w
on)., nghto--, rlghta ,s ong and steep
and full of dips and twists. But we are
headed In the right direction, and, when we
march more rapidly than we did when we
were but 2,000,000 or 8,000,000 "revolutionary
AMERICANS IN CUBA.
Amerlcanlsatloa of tho Island a. Vague
nd Dnblons Prospect.
The' report of our consul general at
Havana on the condition of Cuba is in tha
main eheerlnir fts relntM to industrial Cuba.
but Kveg a Bttd-hued picture of Ameri-
can commerce with the "richest island in
the world," which lies at our very door.
?uba' '.uar ln,d,U8tury1 !CT?7
tobacco crop outlook is fair; the Income
for the paBt Bix months exceeds the ex-
pendltures by a substantial sum, but the
importations of goods from the united
States have fallen on since jbs con
siderably," while Germans and English are
Increasing their exports to tha islands.
During the year 1902. 11,988 Immigrants
went to Cuba, but only 1,003 were Amert-
8.877 Spaniards. During the
six months enaea wun june 1, iuo, mo
. tn Ba . 8panlsh Immigrants
and oniy ui Americans. Truly the Amerl-
canlzatlon of the "Pearl of the Antilles' Is
vague and dubious rrospect. So it Is with
the Philippines; the American population of
... ln ,hB na.t vear from
JS 000 t0 8,000, and the character of many of
those who stayed and those who left Is said
to be such that the country Is unfortunate
WniCIl pOBnrBBcB uiein. aiiivi itaiio win nut
tro to the tropical countries except In a
spasmodic manner for tha purpose of ex
ploltatlon; adventurous souls and the
representatives of large commercial houses
will "take a flyer" In those lands, but are
paaaac1 anfl fee, clear,y that they
are grangers in a far land even ln Cuba,
1 and that the institutions, jjeople, govern-
mem am aien
M'KINLKY AND BOOIKVELT,
Traits ot Two Presidents Developed
In Public Life
St. Louis Republic (dem.)
Tha second anniversary of the murdered
presidents death has renewed the study of
his character. Partisan differences are cast
aside in any retrospect dealing with Mr,
McKlnley as a man and as president.
Unanimously he W accorded high place
among tha 'Americans who have been hon
ored with the greatest dignity at the dis
posal of tha country.
During the last two years the presl
dential chair has been oocupieU by Theodore
Roosevelt, a man to command admiration
ln any pubU(j of privX station would
mtanA out as a leader, whose scholarly at
talnments would compel the respect of
the discerning few, whose bluff directness
uld "n b'ra fuH imur pu;
hvrlty, whose family relations would defy
avn th. nelhbor,. ,h,rD tongues, whose
upright living would be armor against bus
plclon of corruption. The same phraBS,
wlth 0M exception, apply to the life of
William McKlnley. yet the two presl-
dential types are very nearly opposite
personally and as offljals.
Roosevelt Is an Individualist In action
and ln thought. McKlnley was a col
lectlvlst ln action and ln thought. Roose
velt is to an unusual degree Independent
of advisers and advice ln reaching de
c,8,on, and paMlnK judgment. McKlnley
1 seemed ever endeavoring to strike an
equilibrium with his own promptings the
counsels oi ma associates ana puum
I uimiiuu, meaning vy ma. tu .....,
cf tn, peep,,-. thought ,, distinguished
from surface flotsam and Jetsam. Rouse.
velt's Is an active and aggressive mentality
McKlnley's was a painstaking, meditative
mentality. Rooievelt is hall-fellow well
met McKlnley, figuratively sneaking, put
his ear to the ground that he might hea
the deeper reverberations of the genenl
McKlnley, having thoroughly yoked
hl" Personality, was consistent. Roosevelt,
giving rein to impressions, oneu is incon-
I Intent lmavlnn anAaklllir of McKlnleV SS
B1Uy. yet Roosevelt can be referred to as
Teddy, and nobod seems surprised or
I shocked. Therein is implied .the contrast
I between the two men. undoubtedly th
. most striking in the entire range of presl
I Hantiiil hlutArtr t V at mnea ut at In OA iSrrkA dl V
.... , - .
- j ouiuoea by the otw.
OTHER I.AD THAN OIR9.
The Irish rationalists are delighted by
the turn British politics have taken. Their
time of real potency In the IIouso of Com
mons was when the two great parties were
so evenly divided thnt t he Irish members
held the balnnre of power, and thus could
dictate terms to governments, or upset min
istries at will. It will be recalled that Mr.
Gladstone's public espousal of home rule
came right after an clcrtlon which resulted
In so small a liberal lead In the Commons
that he could not govern without nation
alist support. The Irish party now fondly
anticipates a revival of the old conditions.
With the unionist party spilt on the tariff
question. It Is certain that neither Mr. Bal
four nor Mr. Chamberlain can command
100 plurality, or any number approaching
It, In the Commons. The liberal plurality,
should the liberals return to power, would
not be likely to put them beyond the need
of Irish support. 60, at least, the nation
alist leaders are arguing, and If they are
Justified ln believing that an era of small
pluralities or majorities is at hand, their
parliamentary Importance and power will
surely expand to a point It has not held
since Parhcll's most Influential period.
Iord Randolph Churchill, who held the
office only a few months, and the younger
Pitt, who succeeded rtockingham In It at
23, afford the only Instances ln which the
important post of chancellor of the ex
chequer has been filled by younger men
than Mr. Austen Chamberlain, who comes
to It at tho age of 40. It has frequently
been held by the premier, though of late
this minister has bravely cflosen to be the
first lord of the treasury. Mr. Balfour
Is also lord privy seal; t,ord Salisbury
was an exception in holding the secretary
ship for foreign affairs. It Is plainly not
a change of heart whic'.i the British cabi
net has undergone with a son who is the
freshened image of his father, promoted
to a more Important post than the latter
vacated. Tho services of the Cecils and
their connections are in no danger of being
lost to the government; I,ord Balfour of
Bnrlcigh Is no sooner out than Lord Sel
borne, who married a daughter of the
Marquis of Salisbury, Btcps Into tha con
spicuous place of colonial secretary. It
is a small world that of the personnel of
English politics. The new head ot the
War office hyphenates for a namt the
cognomens of an eminent statesman and
a learned writer, his foster father and his
The lack of water in Victoria and New
South Wales la likely to cause political
as well as other trouble. It appears that
tha benefits to be derived from tha exten
sive Irrigation works will only be secured
at the cost, of other parts of the country,
and already there are signs of bad feeling
on the subject. A member of the South
Australian upper house has been deliver
ing himself of these bellicose sentiments:
I am ready to take up my rlflo, and It
may be necessary to send a South Austra
lian army Into Victoria and New . South
Wales to destroy their Irrigation works."
The direful threat is due to the tapping of
the water of the Murray the one great
Australian river by Victoria and New
South Wales, the two Btates whose boun-
ary line it forms for the greater part
of its course. The result is that when it
enters South Australia for the final stage
of Its career. It Is not the noble stream
that It was before it had been tapped for
Irrigation purposes by the other two states.
The South Australians, who realize the
need of water as clearly as any one else,
are naturally much exercised over the mat
ter; all the more so ns they have no ap
parent remedy except force, of which they
have not enough, even If they could dream
ot employing it.
Few people are aware that the smallest
state ln Europe has Just ceased to exist
The minute country in question was neither
Monaco, nor San Marino, nor Andorra, nor
yet Liechtenstein, but Moresnet a small
scrap of territory between Belgium and
Prussia, not far from Alx-la-Chapelle. The
independence of Moresnet dates from 1S15,
and it was only a few dayaago that the
two neighboring states at last arrived at an
agreement for its absorption. Moresnet has
now been annexed by Belgium, While Prus
sla receives a pecuniary Indemnity. The
amount of the latter should be large, fur
neutral Moresnet contained the most valu
able deposits of zinc in the world. The de
clBlon was hastened by the establishment
of a gambling hell there, which was stopped
by the Belgian government on the 2d of the
present month. Tha inhabitants, who paid
no taxes and were free from military serv
Ice, will be the losers by their compulsory
Incorporation In the Belgian kingdom. But
as there are only 1,200 of them they could
not resist the act of annexation. Had they,
like San Marino, declined the dangerous
gift of a casino they might have remained
neutral and obscure.
Probably the most remarkable lake In the
world is one with a coating of salt that
completely conceals the water. It may be
seen at any time during the year, fully
exposed, being seen at Its best where the
sun Is shining directly upon it. This won
derful body of water Is one of the sal tent
of the salt lakes, and is situated near
Obdorsk, Siberia. Tho lake is nine mllej
wide and aevonteen long, and within the
memory of man was entirely roofed over
by the salt deposit. Originally evapoia
tion played the most prominent part ln
coating the lake over with salt, but now
tho salt springs which surround it are
adding fast to the thickness of the crust.
In the long ago period evaporation of
the lake's waters left great salt crystals
on the surface. In the course of time these
caked together. Thus the waters were
finally entirely covered. In 1378 the ltka
found an underground outlet Into the
River Obi, which lowered its surface about
The salt crust was so thick, however,
that it retained its old level, and now pre
sents the curious spectacle of a salt roofed
lake. The salt coat Increases tlx Inches ln
thickness every year. The many Islands
with which the lake la studded are said
to act as braces and to keep the arched
salt crust ln position.
Russia has added another to her many
politico-social crimes by confiscating (or,
to employ an official Russian euphemism,
absorbing) into the fund of the H ly
Synod about WI.GOO.OGu worth of prop,
erty of the Armenian church. Rioting
In Baku, Tiflls, ElU.abethpol, Kars and
other centers of Armenian population, to
gether with an appeal by the despoiled
communicants to a propaganda of dyna
mite, are the unpleasant, though not un
natural, consequences. What with the
persecution of the Jews in southwestern
Russia, the Finns In the northwest, the
Armenians In the southeast and the work
lngmcn in the renter It la not at all sur.
prising that official Russia should entertain
a fellow-feeling for tho Turks. Tha, quon
dam champions of the oppressed subjects
of the sultan could not do otherwise than
deal kindly with the oppressor for feur of
Cenaas of tho Philippines.
The census of the Philippine Ulands gives
ths population as 6. 97 ij. 674. of whom tfO.iO)
are known as belonging to the "slid tilbeut.''
This Is the first actus! census ever taken of
the islands, as the Spur.ish took only a part
and guessed at the remainder. The popu
lation is lis than the Spaniards thought,
but it is enough. Tha "wild tribes" ara
very much smaller than the Spaniards as
sumed, which is also good news.
WE OLD RELIABLE
THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE
WAR AXD THE NAMES.
Troubles for the Reader Also Brew
ing In tho Balkans.
New Tork Tribune.
One ot the minor evils of war, especially
of war ln such a country as tha Balkan, la
to be found in its nomenclature. Tha names
of the places and men with whom wo have
to deal ln chronicling the war are bad
enough anyway. It Is brain racking to
spell them and Jaw breaking to pronounce
them. But the worst of it la that they
will not stay spelled. No two authorities
agree upon their spelling at any time, and
no authority sticks to the enms form of
spelling for any considerable time.
Not to be unjust to war, wa may say that
It is not only ln time of war that such
exasperating changes occur. But war
makes them more evident. The fact is.
the change of geographical names Is a
serious evil at all times. Such changes are
made on the flimsiest of pretexts, and often
on none at all. Once we were taught to
write "Hindoo," but now we are assured
we shall not be saved unless we spell It
"Hindu." So the changes have been made.
from Cawnpore to Kanpur, from Cabool
to Kabul, from Armoor to Amur, from
Courland to Kurland, from Beyrout to
Beirut, and what not else. Wo have
mentioned only a few of the easy ones.
When it comes to playing such tricks with
the eleven-syllable names of the Balkan,
bristling with wholesale groups of con
sonants, It Is enough to make strong men
We believe that In nine cases out of ten
such changes are made without good
reason and that in many capes they ere
inspired by a desire to affect superior
erudition. There are those who think It
gives them the air of great classical schol
ars to write "Vergil" for Virgil and to
speak of "Heracles" instead of Hercules.
Bo there are those who write "Kurland"
to Impress us with their familiarity with
Russian affairs and who think by writing
"Kanpur" to demonstrate a vast superior
ity over ' poor folk who still stick to
It will scarcely answer to say that these
new forms are technically more correct
that is, more like the originals,' In Russian,
Indian or what not. We are not writing
Russian or Indian, but English, and we
are not using the foreign names, but their
English equivalents. The latter may differ
widely from the former, as Florence from
Firenil and Leghorn from Livorno. But
when a name has once become thoroughly
established in our English nomenclature,
so as to have become a part of the verbal
furniture of our minds, It Is best that it
should be retained In that familiar form.
To vary its form according to the taste
and fancy of every archaeologist or trav
eler or linguist who may have a fad for
such transformations would be to make
confusion worse confounded.
Ex-Oovernor Hogg of Texas Is singing ths"
Swan Song of Hogg and Harmony.
Richard Pearson Hobson is very much
engaged. He is running for congress in
After much blustering and bellowing Dis
trict Attorney Jerome of New Tork an
nounces that he wlU support Ixw for
Mississippi! new capltol, which cost over
$1,000,000, Is much admred by Kentucktans,
who have not experienced a capltol build
ing sensation for fifty years.
Senator Cullom predicts that Senator
Gorman will be the democratic candidate
for president ' Tha felicity of senatorial
courtesy Is beautiful to ponder over.
President Nicholas Murray Butler of Co
lumbian university and Captain Mahan, U.
S. N., retired, are being urged to stand as
candidates for aldermen In New York City.
Colonel Watterson Indulges ln another
equinoctial whoop. He sees a great many
things in republican waters which provoke
his wrath and he urges democrats to pur
sue the enemy relentlessly. "Irft us camp
on their trail." he exclaims, "and on none
IF YOU AKE LOOKING FOR EX
CLUSIVE STYLES IN CIIILDEN'B
SUITS YOU WILL FIND TIIE
BROWNING, KING fi CO.
Thone suits are very different from the snits
you see around at other stores. We make
theni ourselves and there is snap to the style
and wear in the quality. They are made for those who
appreciate good materials and workmanship and some
thing that is new and correct.
No Clothing Fits Like Ours
R. S. Wilcox. Manager.
other, till hell freezes over, shutting out
from our viBion tha wretches ln the depths
Richard Watson Glldor, editor of the Cen
tury Magazine, has been asked to run for
alderman in New Tork on the fusion ticket
and may do so. George Haven Putnam,
publisher, has signified his willingness to
run for alderman on the same ticket
Having secured approval of a bond Issue
of $2,178,000 the authorities of Kansas City
gontly Inform the voters that they can
disburse the money without cutslde as
sistance. Before tha election the authori
ties agreed with the Commercial club to
place the disbursements In charge of a
nonpartisan committee. But promise and
performance do not always hitch In politics.
Democrats are aa yet unable to agree on
a suitable successor to Senator Jones as
chairman of the national committee. Mr.
Jones ought to be retained by all means.
There are good reasons other than political
which would make his retirement a publio
misfortune. No campaign manager in re
cent times approached the round-bale
statesman In promoting tha gaiety ot nations.
"The manager says he engaged the forty
chorus girls In twenty minutes."
"Gracious, but he's quick at figures."
Town Topics. v
Smith I don't think much of De Jones.
Hrown I do.
Hmlth Because whyT
Brown Because he owes me $8. Chicago
"I understand jou have lost your pocket
book containing valuable papers. 1 ciliin'tl
suppose you had any valuable papers."
"1 haven't, dear boy. But just see the Im
pression the advertisement makes on tha
community." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Uncle George Been flrrhtlng the ticker
again, eh? I suppose you consider your
self a Napoleon of finance.
Tom I consider myself a greater man
than Napoleon, Undo George. lie had only
a single Waterloo; I have one every day.
"Prisoner, have you anything to say In
your own behalf?"
"Well, Jedge, it's like die. Dat lawyer o'
mine he got me so- mls'bly oonfustlcated
dat I really dunno what I done nor what
I done it for." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Deferential Barber Where Co you part
your hair, sir?
Raid-Headed and Irritable Customer I
parted with It twenty-seven yeurs ago.
"Some men," said Uncle Eben, "Is so
worried 'bout whnt's gwlne on In South
America an' de Philippines dat Cry clean
fohglts to keep delr own sidewalks swep'
oft." Washington Star.
The prodigal son was explaining matters
to his father.
"You re 'way behind the times, dsd," he
exclaimed. "I have merely ,een a sociolo
gist on a little slumming trip."
Overjoyed at this view of the natter, th
old man took him to his arms. New York
The melancholy autumn days return,
And many an erstwhile gay and festive
Who seemed in summer to have cash t
Is worrying now about the price of coal
TUB AITVM.Y OV LIFE.
W. D. Nesblt ln Chicago Tribune.
Some lives are like the autumn leaves
That flutter softly to and fro
In every breeze that faintly grieves
The leaves gleam richest as they go.
In one swift burst of regal hues
They blaze with crimson and with gold
Ami none of their perfection lose
When, withering, they drop their hold
The leaves, at last, when all Is done.
Hhow us anew the days of June
The golden glory of the sun
And softened luster of the moon,
The red that riots In the dawn
Is mingled with the restful brown
TliMt tints the luavea ere they have s-ona,
While thty are slowly swaying down.
Some lives are like the autumn leaves:
The rose hued memory of youth
In sil their actx u pattern weaves
With the most precious gold of truth:
And they trow fair, and fairer still
Like autumn lvitvea their beautv glows
With newer charm und grace, until
Their lives are perfect at the close.
Powered by Open ONI