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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 10, 1903)
TITE OMAnA DAILY BEE: THUK8DAT, HEFTEMIIER 10, 1!03.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee
E. ROBEWATER, KDITOR.
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Only 2-rent stamps accepted In payment of
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ea.:
George B. Tsechuck, secretary of The Bee
Publishing company, being duly sworn, says
that the actual number of full and com
plete copies of The Dally Morning. Evening
and Sunday Be printed during the month
wi August, mut, waa as rouows:
Lens unsold and returned copies.
Net total sales...'. 8OO.0T0
Itt average sales U8.MOS
GORGB B. TZSCHLCK.
If inscribed In my presence and sworn to
bft ore me this list day of August, A. D. 1903,
M. B. HUNQATE,
l.ieal.) Notary Public.
PARTIES LEAVING THE CITY,
Partlaa leaving the elty at
say tlme.Miy have The Bee
eat to thorn regularly by
notifying The Be Business
offlee, In person or by mall.
Th address will bo changed
' as oftea aa desired.
B4yroot is a good place to stay away
from for the present.
Lincoln always did play In great lack,
with the weather man during state fair
It la not In the leant surprising that the
school attendance this year will exceed
that of last year: Omaha is a growing
city. : . ' ' v '
Emperor William while participating
in the army maneuvers has. been pro
Tided with quarters In an asbestos tent
Why asjreqtbBt .....
Sixteen hundred and then a few ballots
to settle a nomination for the district
bench ota a new long distance record
for Nebraska political freaks.
The. college graduate must hare got
all ho wanted tackling the wheat
harvest. We hear nothing of his prepa
rations to wrestle with the corn crop.
The World-Herald wants it distinctly
understood that when it - promised to
wage a clean campaign against Judge
ltornAfl 14 rnmnrvaA 4ia rl rrh f 4a stinM
Municipal repairs by day labor will
doubtless cost more than the contractors
would charge, but would give better
results In miaMtv fit m u tnfta 1 m rA rn
tnanency of the work.
, The populists of this judicial district
also subscribe to nonpartisanshlp on the
bench provided it carries at least one
populist within reach of the judicial
title and the salary attached.
Au Iowa man has been selected to
handle the $3,000,000 appropriated out
of the national treasury in aid of the
8t. Louis exposition. No declination
this time of such an opportunity to get
next to the coin.
If Colombia is really sorry for having
rejeted the canal treaty. It con easily
prove the sincerity of Its regrets. All
that is necessary Is to reconsider the
adverse action it has taken and rote a
ratification of tho document.
The announcement that Omaha's
democratic hub will stand by the demo
cratic platform and that democratic
wheel horses will pull the machine can
didates up the hill Is not very startling.
The unexpected does not often happen.
Church Howe has been promoted from
the position of consul at Sheffield to
that of consul general at Antwerp,
which only goes to show that,, given a
fair chance, a Nebraska statesman will
forge to the front on either side of the
Colonel Bryan is predicting the elec
tion' of Tom Johnson as governor of
Ohio. It will be remembered that
Colonel Bryan has been decidedly free
with bis predictions in the past, but for
good and sufficient reasous has never
achieved much of a reputation as a
A South Omaha councilman Is father
lng an ordinance to compel the complete
stopping of street cars whenever the
tnotorman leaves his post to collect fares
of the passengers. Would uot the true
solution be an ordinance compelling the
company to provide conductors to collect
the fares and to keep the motorman
TUB TCHKISa PBOBLtM.
The problem presented to the con
cert of European powers by conditions
in the Italkans is a most serious and
perplexing one, and unless they take Im
mediate action of a decisive nature in
regard to It the situation is certain to
become more difficult. While the for
eign offices of the powers are discuss
ing plans and proposals thousands of
people, Including women and children,
are being massacred, barbarities almost
beyond belief, according to the reports,
being practiced by the Turks upon de
fenseless Inhabitants of Macedonia and
Bulgaria. The latest advices say that
15,000 women, children and old men
are hiding In the mountains and forests
of Macedonia, that the Turks are burn
ing the forests and killing air who at
tempt to escape and that it Is believed
between 80,000 and 60,000 Bulgarians
have been massacred.
Yet the powers are unable to agree as
to what should be done to put a stop to
these terrible conditions. Russia and
Austria have proposed a line of action,
but it Is not altogether acceptable to
Great Britain and the consent of France
is said to.be doubtful. Concert of ac
tion by the powers signatory to the
Berlin treaty is necessary, so that a
single power can prevent anything
being done. Each has its own selfish
interest to subserve and may be 'ex
pected to look after these though the
consequence should be the extermina
tion of the Christians in the Balkans.
There is more or less jealousy between
them in respect to Turkey, which leads
them to regard one another with suspi
cion, each fearing that some advantage
may be gained by the other. Great
Britain seems to be especially appre
hensive and cautious and is manifest
ing a disposition In this very grave
matter that was hardly to have been
expected. She Is quite as much con
cerned In a solution of the Turkish
problem as any other power and ought
to take a definite attitude, Instead of
merely raising obstructive objections to
what is proposed by other powers. The
voice of that nation should be beard
with no uncertain sound, whereas it is
marked by timidity and vacillation.
While there is nothing to be said in
justification or extenuation of Turkish
policy regarding the Balkans, which is
of the most oppressive character, it is
yet true that barbarity is not confined
to the Turks, but has been committed
also by Macedonians and Bulgarians.
That , they hare had great provocation
must be admitted, still their course at
times gave warrant for the remark
made by Premier Balfour In the House
of Commons, to the effect that the
Macedonian Insurgents and their Bul
garian allies were little If any better
than the Turks. "At all events the" con
ditions In the Balkans are deplorable
and call for immediate action on the
part of the powers.
CROIIlS DEPARTMENT VF M1WMQ.
It is unquestionable that President
Richards; -of the American. Mining con
gress made a good argument in favor
of. the creation . by '. congress of a de
partment of mining,' on an equal foot
ing with tberexisting executive depart
ments. Wille the mintng interest Is
not so great and important as the ag
ricultural interest, It waa none the less
a reasonable contention that the mining
prospector "has Just as good a right to
scleutific Information from the govern
ment concerning mineral formations,
the character of various ores and their
proper treatment," as the farmer has.
He thought that the logic of events
must ultimately compel the proper rec
ognition of the mining Industry at the
hands of the government, as one of the
necessities of governmental laws.
The mining Industry is of great value
and la steadily Increasing. If it can
be shown that the Industry can be bet
ter promoted by the creation of a de
partment at Washington there would
doubtless be no great opposition to such
a department. However, as a new ex
ecutive department has Just been or
ganized it is not probable that congress
will be disposed to immediately create
another one. Perhaps the best that the
mining Interest can expect in the near
future Is the creation of a bureau of
mining in the Department of Commerce
and Labor, as suggested by Secretary
COLOMBIA WANTS UORK MOSMT.
The Colombian congress is consider
ing a bill giving authority to the presi
dent to negotiate a new Panama canal
treaty and Its chief feature Is a demand
for more money. It names as the price
of the concession double the amount
which the United States proposed to
pay in the treaty that was rejected, or
50,000,000, and also wants 110,000,000
from the French canal company in con
slderatlon of Colombia's approval of the
transfer of shares. Furthermore It
required that at the end of the 100-vear
lease the United States shall for re
newal of the lease pay 25 per cent more
premium and rental.
This makes it perfectly plain that the
rejection of the canal treaty was a mat
ter of dollars and not of patriotism. Ii
appears that Colombia has been trvint
to get money out of the canal company,
our government having been notified ol
this and that the proposal of the Coloni
bian authorities that part of the $40,000.
000 to be paid the company for its
properties be handed over to Colombia
was rejected. A Washington dispatch
says It Is contended by those who a
thoroughly familiar with what hag been
going on at Bogota that the treaty
could have been ratified if there had
been .more money in It There can
no doubt of this in the light of later
veiopments. The talk about a surrender
of Colombian sovereignty waa a mere
subterfuge, since by no fair and rational
construction do the terms of the treaty
involve any surrender of territory.
But twelve days remain of the life
the treaty, and while there is yet time
for the Colombian congress to recon
sider lta rejection. It U said this govern-
ment is not looking for any such re
sult If the treaty is not ratified by
Colombia before September 22 it Is
probable that negotiations will be opened
with Nicaragua and Costa Klca, as re
quired by the Spooner act. Certainly
the administration will not negotiate
another treaty with Colombia on any
such terms as that country is reported
A CjfiDID ADMiaaioir.
Tho direct taxation upon tho steam rail
roads of tho United States Is not less than
per centum of their gross earnings, and
well toward 20 per centum of their net
earnings, while the indirect taxation levied
upon those roads Is about three Um'es that
amount. The publlo should know that
whenever a dollar Is paid to a etoam rail
road for transportation of passengers or for
freightage, not less than 25 cents of that
dollar Is, not tho cost of the service lor
that dollar, but for extortionate taxation.
Many persona who are prone to criticise
railroads for what they consider high pas
senger and freight rates do not know that,
besides the tremendous burdens of taxation
levied by lawmakers upon railroads, there
Is tho very large expense of carrying with
out oost, for politicians, hundreds of pas
sengers and many tons of freight. Tho
This la a frank admission by the
recognized organ of the American
Steamship trust that a very large por
tion . of the operating expenses of a
railroad la due to the Imposition volun
tarily borne by the railroads of free
transportation for politicians and po
litical emissaries, and the hauling of
freights for shippers who pay in po
litical service instead of current money.
Candor should have compelled the
steamship organ to admit also that the
earnings of railroads have been curtailed
materially by secret rebates to shippers
who enjoy concessions that enable them
to undersell their competitors and en
rich themselves at the expense of the
railroads directly and at the expense tt
their patrons Indirectly.
The railroads operating In Nebraska
are, however, not In position to Justify
the heavy freight rates on the ground
of excessive taxation. As a matter of
fact the boot is on the other leg. Even
the Railway Age, recognized as the
leading champion of railway interests
In America, Is forced to acknowledge
Tho Nebraska state authorities have
shown no disposition to be unreasonable In
tho assessment of railroads this year, hav
ing increased the total assessment of rail
way properties by only 1488.840 over last
year, of which Increase $288,000 is accounted
for by tho construction of seventy-three
miles of railroad in tho year 1902.
The city of Omaha is, however, scored
by the Railway Age for attempting to
assess railroad tracks for municipal pur
poses and the alleged extravagant In
crease of assessment upon the Union
Pacific terminals for local purposes.
Evidently the Railway Age is not aware
of the fact that the Union Pacific rail
road receives an income of over $250,000
a year from other railroads as rental for
Its terminal facilities, which, capitalized
at 5 per cent would represent a value
of $5,000,000, without computing the
value of these terminals to the Union
Pacific road as their chief user. ,
Would it be equitable and just to dump
the ' Union Pacific terminals into the
pool with the main tracks and rolling
stock without exacting from tho com
pany its share of the benefits enjoyed
by all other classes of property in the
city of Omaha from municipal govern
ment and at the same time omit from
the city assessment roll the railroads
that pay rental for Union Pacific ter
minate which make no returns of their
mileage to the State Board of Assess
ment independent of the Union Pacific T
The bar association of this county con
sists of more than 200 members. Out
of that number just sixty-one four-!
fifths of whom .were democrats went
through the form of nominating candi
dates for the district bench and secured
their endorsement as nonpartisans by
the democratic convention. In other
words, one-third of the practicing law
yers of this district every one of whom
is a known politician, propose to control
the administration of Justice in this
district while masquerading as non
partisans. It is amuslug in this connec
tion to read an effusion from a demo
cratic lawyer, who halls from raplllion,
declaring that "as a general thing all
lawyers who expect to win their cases
upon their merits will be found sup
porting the nonpartisan candidates,
while those who .hope to win by other
methods will support candidates with a
party label." This Is a most scathing
indictment of at least 140 out of the 200
lawyers of tho district and, in fact of
nearly all the lawyers who have a
lucrative practice and do not depeud
upon Judicial favors for success. It Is
passing strange also that the three can
didates nominated by the republican
convention and placed on tho demo-
mongrel ticket commend themselves so
highly to democratic support, while their
four colleagues on the republican ticket
who were not endorsed by the coterie of
lawyers are branded as bad medicine
that a conscientious democrat cannot
Omaha business men are finally begin
ning to wake up to what the entrance
of the Chicago Great Western to this
city means. The Bee baa for months
been pointing out the Importance of
maintaining an open door to this new
road because of the Influence it Is bound
to exert In our favor In the adjustment
of traffic conditions to the east By
showing that we appreciate the advent
of the Chicago Great Western some
other roads may be induced eventually
to head this way.
To prove bis innocence, one of the
fugitive postofflce contractors indicted
for complicity in postal frauds declares
he will not return to undergo trial unless
brought back by extradition process.
The man who has to be extradited repels
the presumption of innocence.
It is gratifying to see that the different
Nebraska towns competing for the nor
mal school location are in a fair way
to get speedily over the intense rivalry
stimulated by the contest There seems
to be no disposition among the places
that lost out to cry over spilled milk,
but on the contrary they all seem nerved
up to do something for themselves on
their own account That Is the spirit of
enterprise that tells for turrets.
The Indian scandals In Oklahoma bave
aroused the pent up Indignation of the
World-Herald, but the Indian scandals
In Nebraska have been discreetly ignored.
The Nebraska Indian land grabbers'
syndicate Is composed largely of demo
cratic patriots with a republican poll
and republican land sharks with demo
Forecasts that Never Pall.
In three weeks there will bo another In
crease of 10 cents In tho price of coal. Other
forecasts may fall, but here Is one upon
which tho publlo tnlnd may rest with abso
Seleatlfle Search tor Coin.
Tho view that tho anthracite coal corpora
tions are squeezing tho people may bo er
roneous. Possibly tho process Is only a
preliminary scientific test as to whether tho
pooplo have any money that was overlooked
Hate OS, Geatleamen.
Mrs. Russell Sage deprecates the custom
of marrying for a title and says American
girls should marry American men. Three
cheers for Mrs. Bagel The American man
has his good qualities, after all, and It Is
Inexpressibly gratifying to have thsm rec
ognised. Safe Doctrine t Fellow.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
An orderly liberty under tho equal dom
ination of the law, administered in such a
way as to teach that "no man is above It
and no man below it," Is what President
Roosevelt approved In his Labor day
speech. The country will be safe as long
as It sticks to that doctrine.
Working; Their Own Horn.
New York Tribune.
Insurance experts are discussing statistics
as to the Increase of the longevity, and they
generally agree that the surest guarantee
for a peaceful and happy old age and for
becoming octogenarians and nonagenarians,
and even going beyond the century mark, is
the taking out of a plentiful supply of Ufa
Money to Move the Crone.
St Louis Globe-Democrat.
Secretary Shaw, it Is said, has a plan to
relieve the money market In case a string
ency develops during tho crop-moving sea
son. As the circulation is much larger than
ever before, in proportion to population,
there is no good season to suppose that the
secretary will have to put this plan In op
eration. Mr. Shaw has $40,000,000 which be
can use for the relief of the market . In
case it Is needed. The chief western cen
ters being already well provided with
cash, there is a chance that the treasury's
fund will not bave to be drawn on.
Uamnssled Demaa-osnes Abroad.
Major Vardaman, whom the voters of
Mississippi have already practically chosen
for their next governor. Is a foul-mouthed
man of the typo of Senator Tillman of
South Carolina. The Macon (Ga.) Tele
graph, commenting upon some of Varda
man's grosser stump speech utterances,
says that "unless he has been outrageously
lied about he Is a disgrace to his state and
the country." The stirring up of race
hatreds In the south has served to bring
violent and vociferous demagogues of the
Vardaman type to the top of affairs. Hav
ing turned them loose the only safety is In
muzzling them so that they cannot bite as
well as bark.
A Hebnlt to tho Bar.
The American Bar association might bet
ter do a little housekeeping on It own pre
mises before It puts the nation In order.
When we see and we do see It every day
the wheels of justice blocked to the abuse
and annoyance of tha honest and the pro
tection of the guilty., when we see trick and
shift and delay substituted for clear, prompt
and decisive action, when we tee Judges
granting stays to men thrice found guilty
and defying the sentiment and conscience
cf the nation, when we see tho increase of
lynching that arises from growing mistrust
or contempt for courts, it seems as If a lit
tle might be done by so Influential a body
as the Bar association toward the restora
tion of simpler and surer methods In court
Interests of Old Soldiers.
The Interests of the old soldiers are
always well cared for by congress, but
they are certain not to be neglected in
the Fifty-eighth oongress. Although the
civil war ended over thirty-eight years
ago there will be seventy-seven men In
congress . who fought In It Forty-seven
fought on the , union side and thirty
served in tha confederate army. Jo tho
senate there' ara thirteen union soldiers
and thirteen ex-confederatea. But In the
house, where the representation Is more
fairly apportioned, there ere thirty-four
union veterans and seventeen ox-confederates.
The Grand Army has declared In
favor of a service pension for all union
veterans over 62 years old, end an effort will
be made to pass such a bill. But as any
veteran who needs help gets It now, re
gardless of sge, there Is a poor prospect of
the success of such a measure.
TOM JOHNSON'S IN Jl NOTION.
Privately Appeals to tha Which Mm
New York Sun.
Certain malicious republican Journals lit
Ohio deceive themselves Into, believing that
they will Injure Hon. Tom Johnson, that
relentless foe of "government by Injunc
tion," by printing this transcript of a cer
tain court record:
"No. 6977-U. 8. Circuit Court.
"M. A. lander. Treasurer of Cuyahoga
county, be restrained and prohibited pend
ing the final determination of this cause
from collecting, or attempting to collect
or make collection by action, distraint, or
In any other manner, of the taxes and
penalties which he is claiming against the
complainant herein for the years 1894. 1896,
ISM, 1897, 1868 and IK, being for the ag
gregate amount. Including penalties, of
I433.S83.90, etc., etc.
"Tom Li. Johnson, complainant against
l. A. Lander, treasurer, etc. At term
Mr. Johnson got his Injunction and kept
his H33.3S3.90. Why Intrude Into his private
affairs? He Is not tho man to allow them
to bo regulated by his publlo principles. As
a private citizen he is a monopolist. As a
statesman, he Is an anti-monopolist. As a
statesman ho is opposed to government by
injunction. As a man with no unmanly
seal for paying taxes bo uses an injunction
when It comes handy.
This sharp distinction between Mr. John
son's personal and political sones ' la per
fectly familiar and there is no excuse for
INStTRANCS AND t OINStJU-ANCB.
Some Policy Polnto of Interest to
New Tork Independent.
Many people have an Impression that a
policy of fire Insurance Is an agreement to
pay a stipulated amount In the way of re
imbursement for damages sustained In case
the object covered Is burned, irrespective of
the fire damage. This Is very far from the
real facts In the case, for the reason that a
fire insurance policy is, after all. simply an
undertaking on the part of the Insuring
company to Indemnify the ewner of the de
stroyed or damaged goods to the extent of
his actual loss arising from or In conse
quence of the fire. The amount of Insur
ance written in the policy and paid for at
the stipulated rate of premium le the limit
of claim and by no means the measure of It
Fire Insurance thus differs materially
from marine Insurance, In that there can be
no "abandonment," or right of an Insurer
to turn over what survives a fire In the
way of salvage to the company, and to
make a sustainable demand for a full pay
ment of the building policy unless by eon
sent of the company. The owner under a
Are policy Is obliged to take care of all dam
aged property, preserve it from further In
Jury and to accept a canceling recompense
that Is In proportion to the loss sustained
The term coinsurance le far from being
entirely clear to everyone, even when a
policy Is accepted which bears the so-called
ootnsu ranee clause. The theory of coinsur
ance Is based en the merchant's being fully
Insured or -nearly so. If be is not. then
wben coinsurance applies, In case of a total
loss, he Is, of course, a colnsurer to the ex
tent of the under-lnsurance. If a merchant
having a stock of 175,000, for example, In
sures It for $60,000 with a 60 per cent coin
surance clause, in case of a partial loss of
110,000 be would receive $6,000 from the com
pany Instead of the full loss, ha himself be
ing a colnsurer. This principle Is a little
confusing to the layman, but Is well under
stood by Insurance men. The modern tend
ency has been to carry too little, rather
than too much Insurance. In both the in
surance and coinsurance fields the careful
ness and Intelligence of both agents and In
spectors must be very largely relied upon
to counteract the carelessness and possible
dishonesty of the assured himself. Both In
surance and coinsurance are desirable, and
particularly so when they go hand In hand.
GROWTH OF GERMANY.
Population Increasing at the Rate of
Fifteen Per Cent a Decade.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Enumerations of population are made
often in William lis country, and each
shows a gpod-sized gain over its prede
cessors. The count which was made on
July 1, 1903, put the aggregate Inhabitants
of the German empire at 68,649,000, which
Is an increase of 2,232,000 over two years
and a half ago. Germany's population Is
growing at about the rate of 16 per cent
In a decade, which Is the largest expansion
made by any big nation in the world ex
cept the United States. The growth of the
United States in inhabitants waa 20.7 per
oent In the deoade ending with 1800. This,
however, was the smallest Increase ever
made here In a ten-year period. The
chances are that the 22 or possibly 26 per
oent mark will be reached In the decade
closing with 1910.
This large growth In the population of
Germany Is something on which that coun
try can be congratulated. It Is practically
all due to the natural increase In Its own
population, or the excess of births over
deaths. Immigration figures with far less
prominence m the expansion of Inhabitants
In the German empire than It does with us.
To that extent, therefore, Germany's pop
ulation is more homogeneous than ours.
Of course, the forces which amalgamate
the different races Into a composite which
is typical of the country are Immeasurably
stronger here than they are In any other
great nation. All racial divergencies are
fused Into a common type here In a gen
eration or two.
In the past decade the emigration from
Germany was not so large as it waa In
soma previous periods. The number of
Germans coming to the United States la
1802 was very much smaller than It was a
dozen years ago or earlier. But there Is
a tendency toward an Increase. More Ger
mans oame to this country in 1902 than in
1901, and the Increase Is kept up. Nobody
looks for such a large German Inflow into
this country ever again as came in the
80s of the recent century. But the United
States, as the Immigration figures show,
continues to have a powerful attraction for
natives of the German empire, yet the pop
ulation of that country keeps on growing
at a rate unknown in any other large na
tion except the United States. . In popula
tion Germany Is a long way ahead of every
other country In Europe except Russia,
and the superior Intelligence of Its people
makes them count far more In general ef
fectiveness and Influence than do the Rus
sians, PERSONAL NOTES.
A boy milliner took first prize at the Chi
cago Milliners convention. Is woman los
ing her cunning T
Who will sing tho praises of the boy of
Mogadore, O., where flve-slxtbs of tho na
tion's clay pipes are made? lie turns out
16,000 pipes a day and Is the champion of
Alexander Meffert, the athlete and cham
pion amateur swimmer of New York city,
has been engaged as superintendent of
tho $600,000 gymnasium of the Missouri Ath
letic club at St. Louis.
The sultan of Turkey employs fifteen
secretaries, whose duty It Is to translate
foreign books for his delectation. If one of
them happens to err and translate a book
that Is distasteful to his majesty he Is
simply pitched Into the Bosporus.
By the recent death of Lieutenant Colonel
Kerr General Edward 8. Bragg, who com
manded the iron brigade during the civil
war, has become the sole surviving field
officer of the Sixth Wisconsin regiment.
General Bragg entered the service as
colonel of the regiment
The directors of the Frances K. Wlllard
National Temperance association have de
cided to erect a $76,000 hospital In Chicago.
The building will be the culmination ef
nineteen years' work by the directors, all
women, and will crown as successful ef
forts to treat diseases without the use of
Although the new motor act passed b
the British Parliament limiting tha speed
of automobiles does not apply to the king
he is technically exempt from all restric
tions of law King Edward has given his
chauffeurs strict orders to obey Its provis
ions to the letter, thus setting a good ex
ample to his subjects.
Hermann Zumpe, the musical conductor,
who has Just died at Munich, attained his
chief fame as the conductor of the first
Wagnerian festival at Balreuth In 1871
Wagner chose him from among all the mu
sicians of Europe as the best qualified to
interpret his music correctly, and at the
close of tho festival presented him with a
Only five survivors of the wreck of the
steamer Lady Elgin that was lost In Lake
Michigan In 1861, were present at the re
union held In Milwaukee on Saturday last
Tbey were: John J. Crllley, William Dover,
Charles Bevarllng, Albert Doebert and
John II. Murray. Over 100 Uvea were lost In
the disaster, nearly all of them residents
RAILWAY TAXATION PROBLEM.
Aetloa of Boards of Canalisation In
The perplexing work of eseeaslng and
taxing railway propertlea Is In progress In
the different states on a great variety of
plans. Roads running through several
states may be taxed by as many different
methods of valuation and theories of taxa
tion, and there seems to be little progress
toward uniformity throughout the country
In this respect.
In Georgia there is a direct conflict be
tween the state authorities and the rail
ways over the taxation of franchises.
Georgia has Just adopted the plan of as
sessing franchises In addition to the tangi
ble properties and there Is a wide differ
ence In regard to the value of these in
tangible assets. The following table shews
the valuation of franchise aa made by the
principal railway companies and the as
sessed valuation by the etate officers:
Return of Assess-
Southern railway $ 6nu,wo $6,681,797
Central railroad 612,000 6,6W,000
Atlantla Coast Line I,?et.un0 4.W2.0u0
(. 8. AV F. R. R M.000 1.356.470
Wrlshtsvllle A Tennille lfi.SiiO 114.822
Augusta Ry. ft Electric Co.
Augusta & Summervllle..
Georgia Ry. A Klectrlo Co.
A Haunt a Southern
Alabama Great Southern..
41 .SAO tO.OOu
savannah Klectrlo Co
Macon A Auausta
O A A. Terminal Co
Savannah Station Co
As the franchise tax Is added to tho tax
on tangible property, which Is not decreased
by the state authorities, but on the ether
hand Is larger than before, the total taxa
tion proposed Is very greatly increased.
For example, on the Central railroad the
tangible property Is assessed at $12,653. 744S,
the amount returned by the company, and
the franchise at $3,600,000, which Is about
$5,000,000 more than the company's return.
The Southern railroad Is assessed for tan
gible property $10,338,241, for franchises
$6,688,183, tho comptroller Increasing the tan
gible property $Ti90,000 and the franchise
$6,076,000 above the return made by the com
pany. Similar additions arc made In the
case of all the principal railroads, so that
an enormous increase in the taxation of
the steam and electric railways will reault
If the new method Is sustained by the
In California the general valuation ef rail
road property shows only a slight Increase,
the total assessment as fixed by the State
Board of Equalization being $64,680,058,
compared with $64,618,133 in 1902. But a
new device for increasing taxation has
been discovered by the assessors of San
Francisco county and of Alameda county
across the bay, both bodies having de
cided to tax the franchises under which
the ferry boate of the Southern Paclflo
lines, bbth broad and narrow gauge, are
run. Each county assessed these properties
at $1,050,000, or a total of $2,100,000. The
company claims that there ere no ferry
boat franchises, as the boats are operated
under the franchises of the railway com
pany which are already assessed by the
State Board of Equalisation. Tho assess
ors Justify their action under the follow
ing extract from the state revenue lawe:
"Where ferries connect more than one
county, the wharves, storehouses and all
stationary property belonging to or con
nected with such ferries must be assessed,
and the taxes paid In the county whore lo
cated. The value of the franchise end
watercraft, and all toll brldgee connecting
more than one county, must be assessed in
equal proportions in the countlee connected
by such ferries or toll bridges."
Subsequently the Alameda county equaliz
ers rescinded the assessment on the terry
franchises, although Increasing that en the
company's tangible property. $785,000 more
than last year. The San Francisco authori
ties 'refused to reduce their assessment and
the question has gone to tho supreme court
The Arkansas Bute Board ef Railroad
Asssessors raised the assessment on railway
properties from $29,269,000 last year to about
$40,000,000 for 1903, Some of the old and new
assessments of railroad companies are ss
follows: Kansas City Southern, raised from
$1,637,000 to $2,859,188; Choctaw, Oklahoma A
Gulf, from $2,289,470 to $3,062,177; St Louis.
Iron Mountain A Southern, from $ll,86t,s54
to $13,638,945; St. Louis A San Francisco.
from $3,256,879 to $4,896,103; Cotton Belt from
$3,710,497 to $0,860,881. On various branch
roads and also on sleeping, telegraph and
express companies the assessment Is raised
about 20 per cent over that ef last year. The
companies have obtained a federal Injunc
tion against these assessments.
Kentucky will largely Increase Its reve-
nuee from the railways If the action of the
State Board of Valuation and Assessments
Is sustained. The assessment for franchise
tax on the Louisville A Nashville was fixed
at $9,611,878. This wss reached by taking
from the total capitalization of the com
pany the value of the tangible property,
which the board assessed at $23.059,6SS, leav
ing the value of the Intangible property or
franchise as stated. The assessment made
by the board last year is still In litigation
and that for the present year Is likely to be
similarly contested. Kentucky has also
undertaken to collect from the Southern Pa
clflo company over $1,000,000 In back taxee
and penalties, upon the discovery that the
company, although it has no property In
tho state. Is a Kentucky corporation and
that it has not therefore paid the state any
The Tennessee Railroad commission has
completed Its assessment, which Is made
upon goneral principles and not upon any
fixed basis of valuation. The Loulsvl'le A
Nashville is assessed at an average of snout
$30,000 per mile, while the Alabama assess
ment on the same road averages $18,000 a
mile. The Tennessee assessment Is about
40 per cent greater than that of Alabama,
25 per cent greater than Kentucky's and $0
per cent grester than Mississippi's.
In Ohio numerous changes have been
mado In railway assessments, by the vari
ous county authorities. In some cases the
Increase being considerable.
Montana Increased the assessments en all
the principal lines 10 per cent but made a
few reductlone on small lines upon repre
sentation to the Board of Equalization.
Iowa has raised the railway assessment to
$56,637,937. an Increase compared with last
year of $8,229,346, or nearly lfrper cent. The
assessment of farm lands In this state was
increased $2,024,703 above the figures re
turned by the county eudltors. making the
total farm land assessment $1,457,648,730. The
assessment of the principal railway compa
nies was increased ss follows: Chicago.
Milwaukee A St. Paul. Increase, $1,309,000;
Chicago A Northwestern. Increase. $1,100.
000; Burlington. Increase, $720,000; Rock Isl
and, Increase. $600,000; Chicago Great West
ern, Increase, $400,000. Within two years the
asessment of railway property In Iowa has
been raised from $47,671,268 to M.537,297. an
Increase or $.466.03.
The Nebraska state authorities have
shown no disposition to bo unreasonable
this year, the total assessment of railway
properties for 1903 being placed at $27,073,338,
an Increase of $188,740 over last year, of
which $258,000 is accounted for by an In
crease of seventy-three miles of road during
the year. The valuation per mile runs from
$2,600 to ro.600. the Utter being the assess
ment on 181 miles of the B. A M. road. The
city of Omaha, however, continues Its at
tempt to assees railway track for local
purposes snd its Board ef Review has
raised the valuation of the Chicago. St
Paul, Minneapolis A Omaha road In the rlty
from $30.78 to I2.6o0.000, and that of the Fre
mont A Elkhorn line from $11 U4 to $886,008.
Iwltb similarly extravagant increase upon
the Union Pacific The railways are ceo-
V Tata SMI )y:'li:ne it IUt A
S ,..... A
S R WrtSMOt II
S V twaurr Jl
We mak profit
n th Yuma WtjU
bach mantis than on
th there -but w
make) mora customers.
! i it in 1 1 imvww&
tasting the principle of these assessments In
PAT CROWE IS WANTED.
tJaefal Individual Needed to Sheeleer
a Mysterloas Crime.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
The police think they have solved the
ear-barn murder mystery. That Is, thsy
think they have Just the same as discovered
who the murderer Is.
It required more than a week of unre
mitting effort en the part of plain-clothes
men and the men In uniform, the chief, the
Inspectors, the captains, the lieutenants and
the sergeants to obtain the desired clew,
but, having once got on the soent of It, the
rest Is easy.
Pat Crowe is the guilty man. He did It.
The strongest proof of this lies In the fact
that they have found nobody else who dM
It. In other words. If Pat Crowe Is not the
man. then who Is? Everybody will admit
that Pat Crowe might have dene It. The
Importance of this general admission can
not be overestimated. When popular sus
picion points to one man ae the perpe
trator of a crime It would be folly for the
police to ignore the clew.
Bo that while some fine detective work yet
remains to be accomplished, one of the most
difficult obstacles In the way of tha solution
of the car-barn mystery has been removed
Now that the police are certain that It waa
Pat Crowe who committed the crime, all
they have to do Is to catch him. And they
are proceeding In the right way, In allow
ing It to be known that he la wanted.
The moment that Pat Crowe learns that he
is wanted he will, no doubt walk Into the
Central station and give himself up. Pat
Crowe Is not the man to bide himself from
the Chicago police.
$60io.ooo? ' ' '
waggles Build an asylum to shut up
the people who ask fool questions. Somer
"It's a lucky thing for us there was no
automobile In the Garden of Eden."
"I don't quite see It."
"Why. If Cain had got hold of one he'd
have wiped out tho whole family." Chi
Maud Tou won't think so much of Jack.
perhaps, when I tell you that I borrowed his
knife the other day to aharpen a lead pencil
wnn, ana iouna ne naa oeen using It to
cut plug- tobacco.
Irene Well, that shows he doesn't bite
the stuff off with his teeth, you spiteful
thing. Philadelphia Press.
"Of course," said Mrs. Extrygond, "you
are fond of bright precocious bableo?"
"Oh, yes, certainly," replied Old Baton,
"but I draw the line on the supposed smart
sayings made up by the parents and loaded
off ou the poor Infants." Baltimore Amer
ican. "Triad to skin me. that scribbler did."
"What did ho want?"
"Wanted to get out a book Jointly, he to
write the book and I to write the adver
tisements. I turned him down. I wasn't
going to do all the literary work." Bal
"Mrs. Nibble ton is a great temperance
woman, Isn't ohe?"
"Tea. She hardly speaks to me slnoe I
gave her a reclne for cake In which one of
the directions was to take a wlneglassful
of milk." Record-Herald.
"Well, the statements they make against
you aren't true," said the politician's wife.
"Why don't you deny them?"
"I'm afraid It will Incite them to dig up
some other libelous statement that are
true." Philadelphia Ledger.
THE OLD PROSPECTOR.
Alfred J. Waterhouse In New Tork Times.
He went to the west when hie life was
And now ho was old and wrinkled and
Yet still he wandered the hills among,
Prospecting for gold In the old. old way.
"I hain't got money," to me ho said,
"But I allays ran git a grub stake or so.
An' I don't mind sayln', just on the dead.
That the richest rock of It all I know;
An' when I have sold that claim." said he,
"Tou bet I'll be rich as the richest be,"
I met him again in a later day
I have met of his kind a hundred or
A little more wrinkled, a little mere gray,
Tet seeking for gold in the gray rock's
"I know where It Is." he said to me;
'The secret Is mine, an' I guard It well.
An' you safely can gamble, when me you
You're rlewln' a nabob, e positive swell.
For I'll sell It soon" how his eyes would
"Alt' the world' II be pleasant for me an
I wandered that way In a later time,
But the old prospector waa thTO no mere.
To cheerily chat on a mountain climb.
Or bid me partake of his frugal store.
"He passed," they said, "at the break of
And Vl's last words were: 'I will patient
For, though I am worn and battered and
There are riche untold awaiting me. "
And knowing hie kindness was ever the
I Judgethat Up There he has sold his
The hills of the west are trodden by these.
The ancient prospectors, both worn end
Who'arer'"stsked for grub" ere their picks
And toll and hope till they fade away;
And each of them knows where the hills
And seamed and streaked by a wealth
And earn is rich In hi simple mind.
As be dreams of the day when his claim
shall be sold;
And I have a notion these children of hope
Are the richest of all on any slope.
Ask your doctor
if Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral cured his
ilUI VA VVlV4t uw'k
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