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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 23, 1903)
'August 23. 190a
TITE ILLUSTRATED REE.
(Continued from Twelfth Pare.)
tire paid as low as $2 a month or S3 centa
a week, about 8 cents a day. In general
It la rcekoned that the wages of a woman
should ho two-thirds, those of a girl or
boy of fix teen or seventeen one-half and
those of a child one-third the wages of a
This is in central Russia. The wages are
a li.t.e higher in St. Petersburg and In the
west and south, but they are luwjr In the
east und especially along the Vohj:a.
The highest wages are paid In the engi
ne, tint; and rachitic shops, whtro the av
erage is $12.53 a month fur a ten-hour day.
In tho textile industries men get less than
$3 per month and women about $5, the
Woolen hands receiving more than those
working in cotton. In the silk mills wonun
receive about 1.25 a week and men on tho
average not more than f2 per week, al
though some skilled laborers on velvets
and brocades have as much as $3 a week.
There arc 93.000 hands In the sugar m ils
and tht tr wage average J9 a month. Un
derground coal miners get about $3 a wrek
and Iron miners a little less. The govern
ment figures state that "the wages In the
petroleum fields are comparatively high,
the average for all workers being less than
$12 monthly, while farm bands, taking the
statistics for the last fifteen years, have
received on the average 13 cents a day for
planting In seed time and 31 cents at har
vest, with corn spjndingly low wages whan
work was not plentiful.
Underntand these lire the wages paid to
white men, women and children und to
people who have a natural Intelligence ns
great as our own und who, when educated,
are the full equals of any white people all
tho world over.
There Is no eight-hour day in Russia.
On the govcrnim nt work the laws provide
that the day must not extend beyond
eleven and a half hours not counting tho
recesses, and on Saturdays and days be
fore holidays not more than ten hjurs.
Daytime is reckoned here as from S a. m.
to 9 p. m., and thosj who work at night
must bo kept working more than ten hours
out of the twenty-four. In all cases where
the working time exceeds ten hours a day
there must be one interval of not less than
one hour. Men can make contracts for
more than eleven and one-half hours if
they wish, and on the farms fourteen hours
and more is not uncommon. Women and
children are not allowed to work at night
in the Iron works, and they are not al
lowed in the mines at nil.
The American workman, who receives
ten, twenty or more times as much as the
Russian, will ask how men can live on
ueh wages. They cannot. In our sense of
living. Tho houses of many of them are
little better than our stables, although at
some of the factories the people live rent
free In homes furnished by their employ
ers. In the government of Moscow 67 per
cent of the workmen live In such houses,
while only 25 per cent have their own
homes. Rents are low, and our average
worklngman's family wastes more every
day than would keep that of tho average
Russian laborer. His staple food is rye
bread and cabbage poup. He has little
meat; It seldom costs him more than Z a
week, and $3) will keep him for six months
I was in Russia during the famine, when
millions of people had to be fed at the
lowest possible cost. I visited one govern
ment works, where 700 laborers were being
boarded at an average cost of 9 cents a
day, and for this each got four meals, two
hot and two cold. Every man received four
pounds of bread a day, he had soup, three
quarters of a pound of meat and also vege
tables and mush. This was for working
men, and Indeed, I was told that thou
sands were fed on half that amount.
Within the last few years the govern
ment has been enacting laws favoring the
laboring men. It has provided that all fac
tories and mill owners shall contribute to
hospitals and give medical assistance for
then workmen. Thre are labor pensions
and labor Insurances both for death and
accidents. There are also mutual labor
Insurance companies for permanent and
temporary disablements and one or two
Old-age insurance companies.
The factory laws were revised In 1S8B,
when the working hours for women and
children were limited. Now all wages have
to be paid In cash, and there are no such
things as store orders and factory stores.
An employer cannot dismiss his workmen
contrary to his contract with them, and he
can inflict fines only according to the rules
f the labor department. All large facto
ries' outside the towns have to provide free
hospitals, baths, schools and libraries for
their people, and any employer who mis
treats his nni can be fined; on the other
hand, the men can be punished for striking
without cause. If an employer abuses his
employes the government may close his
factory and put him in jail, so that alto
gether the laws are pretty fair.
Russia has fewer strikes than other coun
tries. Its labor is not organised as ours Is,
and It will be a long time before the unions
have, the power there that they have In
CBfilasd and Germany,
FRANK Q. CAKPKNTBB.
(Continued from Page Three.)
actually work ten or eleven hours, he
really has to tie on duty for fourteen or
fifteen hours. For Instance, I take my car
out at 6 o'clock In the morning. I make
two trips, which consume four hours, and
then I am relieved for four hours. I re
turn at 2 o'clock In the afternoon and work
until 10 o'clock that night. Hut 1 receive
pay only for tho time I am actually on my
car. I consider this hard uage, and yet
I do not suppose It Is possible to avoid It.
At one time drunkenness was not un
common among the drivers and conductors
on the street cars, but the introduction of
the trolley has changed thilr habits for th'?
better. A street railway Is run now like
any other larpu and progressive corpora
tion. As a renult tha character of the nun
Is a grade higher than it used to be.
Drunkenness is a fault that Is never for
given In a man. If you lost your p ace
through drunkenness today and should ap
ply for It ten years hence, you would find
that black mark still against you. Tho
habits of the average conductor and
motorman are good now, and few are dls
mlsf e 1 for drinking.
After being in Philadelphia for a little
over a year I was taken with rheum ittsm,
the Nemesis of lailroaders. I was laid up
for two months. When I went back the
superintendent said, in view of the fact
that 1 worked during the strike, he would
take me on again If I would wait for two
My last move was to New York, on the
Broadway surface line.
A conductor sees the worst side of human
nature. What Is there in the atmosphere
of a street cur thut makes men and
women, even on Kroadway, act wllh such
vuig.irity? Why will men spit on the floor?
Why lo they send their feet sprawl
ing all over, at the risk of tripping
up every newcomer? Why do they spread
their newspapers out so as to obstruct the
view of their neighbors on each side? Why
do they quarrel with the conductor? And
why do they remain seated while women
nre standing? And the women why are
they so cross and irritable? Why do they
accept a seat from a gentleman without
thanking him for It. And why do they try
to palm oft 9 and 10-year-oid children as
being "under 4?"
Hut in spite of all these things, and a
good many more, I like my job and I am
willing to keep it.
De sure you're wrorg; then back up.
Never judge a man's heart by the size ot
Conversation by the wily drummer savors
Of trade winds.
Occupants of a catboat should always be
prepared for squalls.
If love is unable to see the dollar mark
it is useless to cull in an oculist.
When a woman marries for wealth she
sells herself to the highest bidder.
Kvery time a woman paints her face she
puts another freckle on her reputation.
Many of man's mistakes aro the result of
his letting deaiie get a strangle hold un
It sometimes happens that a man loses
his health by drinking too often the health
Of his friends.
At the exact moment the proposal is made
& young man actually believes that he
Isn't worthy of the girl.
All the joys of heaven and all the tor
ments of the other place He within the
small circumference of a wedduig ring.
A patent medicine that would cure a
man of talking wlten he hus nothing to say
would undoubtedly fill a long-felt want
A New Invention
Have you ever heard of urailte? Prob
ably not, for it Is a new Invention, but
superior to anything of the kind that has
yet been produced. It Is the invention of
a Russian artillery officer and chemist
named Imschenotzky, and its claim to dis
tinction lies in the fact that It is absolutely
Urailte Is composed of asbestos fiber, with
a proper proportion of silicate, bicarbonate
of soda and chalk, and it is supplied in
various finishes and colors, according to the
purpose for which It is intended. In a soft
form a sheet of urailte Is like an asbetos
board; when hard it resembles finely sawed
stone, and has a metalic ring. Resides be
ing a nonconductor of heat and electricity,
it is practically waterproof, und may be
made entirely so by paint.
Moreover, It can be cut by the usual car
penters' or woodworkers' tools; It can be
veneered to form paneling for walls or
partitions; It can be painted, grained, pol
ished and glued together like wood; It does
not split when a nail is driven through It;
It la not affected when exposed to moisture
or great changes of temperature, and It can
be given any desired color, either during
the process of manufacture or afterwards.
(Continued from Page Thirteen.)
doctors have hit on the same idea- the skel
eton buried with the gold which Kdgar Al
len Poe worked so finely In "The Gold
There Is another kind of swindler who
sometimes makes a rich haul out of the
cupidity of a higher grade of society. lie
Is the man who has a chart showing the
location of some pirate treasure- generally
Captain Kidd's. lie knows Just w in re to
lay his hands on It. but he wants capital to
equip a rchooncr and IK out a small ex
pedition. If you will II nd the capital he
will divide the treasure with ou when
It seems an obvious swindle. Of course
If you do imrt with your money you never
see it again, or the treasure either. luy hiir
a gold brick Is a better speculation. And
yet shrewd merchants In the West Indies
have allowed themselves to he swindled In
this way, so grcutly have they been excited
by tales of treasure trove and by the de
sire to "iret rich quick."
Dr .Gil A R LES
For the Form and Complexion
YOU ARE TOO THIN!
Call at Ihr Rhtrman A McConnrll Pru Cav.
Omaha, or writ to 1 V. Jmih Co., Blmlra. N. T..
fur convincing till parkaa ot lr. Whltn'r'e
Nrrvo ana Kit ah llulldir, atxolutrly Krr. It roata
you nothing It may mfin much lo you or your.
Few ptuplo ort frtmi thrlr food tho full amount
ot nuui lahmtM t ami fUah-nlvlns r-miwrllra htrh Na
ture liila-nded Thutiiuimla ot ladle and aciitlriuoo.
would be ditlchtad to lake on more fleah ami hato
HI round. J, attractive Omirv, but I tier do not
know that It In puaatbl to do no. Wo aaaunio thw
burilm ot the proof, knuwlug It the trial parajga
tfuta not prova rffKllve cannot hope to (am
Th miiiplo will do mure. It will rIt almoat aa
IntinrdlHte Inrnaao II apprtlte; Improve diKrKtio.t;
t-llir rellah of food, !Mlrr aplrila. In-ltor rotor;
atriuiiorr nerve n mure refrvihlna: aleep and MAK1
a H' KKl-.l, IIKTTKK.
Fprrlal Tablet No I for la.llr will pnaltlrrlf de.
Vi'I.ip the form and Rtv better rolor and better
funeral health. ITIre red net to 11.00 for thro
"The hutldliiK MP of mv phyalial ayatem by th
n o ur tr. Whltnet'a Tablrta la a wonder M me.
I hae been 1,lrtiri en long I am atniply delighted
w llh the r-'aulta obtained. No one need fear uaa
thta aplendid nrnvrt), aa It la alt you rrrrv.Meiit it.
and more. Any lady wiahlna to write nut 1 halt
be Klad to confirm tbla Utter, ant! Irll them of other
benefit not menttoptd here "- J.tan 8. t'amplKll. H1
Norwood Avenue. Cleveland. O.
Pr Whitney' prrparatlona are for M lo tn Omaha
hf the S'hermnn - M-tVlifll t'n.
has been auce ajluliy umA by le.adlog urir.ra,
alngrra and women of favbem fur niurj thin Si
Wherever applied. ! ban Inetantly hnrb"il through
the pore of the akin and Its wondurful nutrition
feeds tb waot'.ig lli.fiuca.
aa if by made, one application ofu-a rhowlng a
remarkable tmwovcm nt.
Dr. t.hartea VI ti Kood la p-a lively the only
prepjrullon krown to lutdical acun- tiiat will
round out holtowo In the neek and prod -e firm,
healthy tlerh on thtii thcka, arma and hands.
For Developing- tlic Ilust
or hreaa'.a shrunken from nursing It haa tin hiithcat
innorsemeni ot phyelciann. 1 wo ii aro otleu
auflH-lent to make the bust firm. Iar;c a id beautuul.
SOLD 1IY DKPAK1 MKNT ETOHKB
Itegular price 1 .00 a box, but lo all who take
advantage of thla KPKl.'IAl. flKKKIt aud aend ua
one dollar, wa will aeod two (1) boica. In plain
A fUniple Doi and o'jr fliok.
Art of Man," lull lllua-
ted, will lie aent five to any
lady Bending 10 cent to pay for
coat of mailing. Addreaa
DR. CHARLES CO., t9Z
On sale at SHERMAN & HcCONNIiLL l)RVQ
COMPANY. Omaha. Neb.
that Omaha i
not capalile of
producing at K'J d and
pure u beer as some of
the ciilas known
through their larg !
breweries Is badly
mistaken! No brew
ery pr.idticpt a purer
aud heilthier beer
than the . Lev era ki;
brewed by Ktorz
llrewinx Co. and sold
under the name
For the reason that
it has found its way
into many thousand families, whero It
Is valued, not alone aa a delic'ou t tast
ing beverage, but at a health tonic, Is
proof enough that there is no belter
beer made than
Storz Blue Ribbon Beer
Expressly Bottled for Family Use.
Storz Brewing Co,
OF THE PEOPLE
FOR THE PEOPLE
BY THE PEOPLE
r.s the standard passenger line of
the Central Mates. 2,500 raltea
of railway in
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois,
Kentucky & Michigan
Write for folders.
Warren J. Lynch, W. P. Deppc,
' tien l. Pass. & Asst. CJvn'l. P.
Ticket Aft. T. A.
. aV r-m w '-ir
4 Full Quart
the leading- physi
cians and used la
all prominent hos
pitals. The Red Cross)
Whiskey en.loys to
day the best of rep
utations and stand
above all In quality
7(6 So. 16th St
Orders from states
Wtst of Nebraska
will be shipped by
THEr HALFTONE PLATES FURNISHED
THE ILLVSTRATBD BED
BAKER BROS. EMGRWliG CO.
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