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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 14, 1903)
TITE OMAT1A DAILY BEE: FRIDAY, AUGUST 14. 1003.
The Omaha Daily Bee
K. ROBE WATER, EDITOR.
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M. B. 11UNUATE,
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PARTIES LHAVINO FOR BUMMER.
'L Parties leaving; ths eltr
L ; the tnsMicr may have Ths Boo
sent to them regularly by
f notifying The Be Business
office, 1st person or by Basil.
The address will be changed
Tbe Real Estate exchange will wel
come the Chicago Oreat Western with
open arms at the Union station.
The president may convene congress
In October, but If so it will not be in re
sponse to any Irresistible public de
Iowa Is ahead of all of the other
States In the progress made with its
stiit e building at the St Louis exposi
tion. They can't get ahead of Iowa.
Tbe question growing ont of the adop
tion of the new primary rules that Is
puzzling republican aspirants for norol
liatlons most is, where to raise the en
trance fee. .
. It is said that the big bruisers expect
to take in $50,000 at the gate for their
pugilistic mill. If the box office men
are not disappointed the spectators
surely will be.
President Parry of the National Asso
ciation of Manufacturers ought to step
aside now for a little while and give
President Baer of the Anthracite Coal
trust another whirl.
If the State Board of Education is to
visit every town and village in western
Nebraska that ..believes Itself available
for the new normal school it may be
out on its inspection tour until Chrlst
tuas. , .
The Trausmlsslsslppl congress, which
meets at Seattle next Tuesday, is as
sured in advance of a superabundance
of trausmlsslsslppl oratory with several
large chunks of transcontinental adver
tising thrown in.
King Edward will travel Incognito for
a fortnight as the duke of Lancaster,
taking in the various watering places of
Europe. He will be careful, however.
to let everyone know that he is travel
lug incog so that nouo of the honors due
to royalty may bo overlooked.
The most convincing proof of general
prosperity may be found lu the fact
that the sheriffs are not very numer
ously In evidence at the interstate sher
iff's convention. Apparently business is
so good that the sheriffs can think of no
new scheme to better their condition.
The urgent necessity of a trolley line
connecting Omaha and Fort Crook is
conceded. As soon as the street rail
way people can be persuaded that a
Fort Crook extension would develop
quickly into a remunerative part of their
tri-clty street railway system, the new
line will be built.
And now Mr. Magoon, who has been
serving as law officer for the insular
division of the War department will,
instead of returning to Nebraska, use
his position at Washington as a stop
ping stone to a professional location In
the east. This secnU to be quite the
habit with Nebruskans honored with
official preferment at the national cnnl
now Kansas can ask Andrew Carne
gie to come to the rescue of its flood
victims after the Kansas legislature re
fused to make auy relief appropriation
St all iiimpk comprehension. Mr. Car
negie's whole scheme of philanthropy
has been on the principal of helping
people to help themselves and if he
sticks to this rule 'the application from
Kansas will be barred
TIM IRISH LABD BILL.
All who are interested In the welfare
of Ireland and who hope to see a better
ment of condition for the people of that
country will welcome the fact that the
land-purchase bill has got through Par
Undent and only awaits the royal as
sent to become law. This Is assured,
for It Is due very largely to the influ
ence of King KUward that the measure
was ngrtPtl to by the House of Lords.
When the bill went to that body there
was manifested a very strong opposi
tion to it. The king, it has been stated,
made known to the opposition that he
regarded the acceptance of the measure
ns of tbe greatest importance and there
U no doubt that his desire in the matter
had a very decided effect. The Irish
people showed their appreciation of
King Edward's Interest in the matter
and now their expressions of confidence
and of loyalty are Justified.
What will be the effect of this
measure Is best Indicated in what was
said regarding it by leading Irishmen
after its passage In the Flouse of Com
mons. Mr. Redmond, speaking for tbe
Irish nationalists, said the settlement
of the Irish land question would re
move the last obstacle to the attain
ment of fuller political and national
rights. Another nationalist, Mr. O'Brien,
expressed the belief that the bill "had
accomplished the happiest and most
revolutionary change that had ever
taken place in the relations between the
two countries," while another was of
the opinion that It would remove the
only substantial Irish grievance,
promote loyalty and bind the two coun
tries together more closely than ever
before. Of course there were some who
did not agree with these views, Urging
that the measure is of such a revolu
tionary character that it could not fall
to result In making the relations Ixs
tween England and Ireland even worse
than before, but there were few men of
Influence who took this position. Pre
mier Balfour earnestly advocated the
measure, while in the House of Lords
It had the support of the ablest mem
bers of that body.
That this measure will prove a boon
to Ireland Is very generally conceded.
The application of British credit to
Irish Interests is a departure which it
is reasonable to expect will prove to be
a happy solution of the long struggle
and ought to be conducive to better re
lations between the two countries. It
is perhaps not to be expected that It
will bring about an entire abandonment
of political Issues. The . Irish demand
for greater local autonomy is likely to
have life for years to come. But it is
not unreasonable to expect that it will
be pressed with less aggressiveness and
bitterness than has marked its asser
tion in the past At all events the laud
bill is an advance in the Interest of
Ireland which can hardly fail to have
the most beneficial results.
TBS TKAlt OF THK TRUSTS.
It has been annarent for some time
that the combinations were fearful of
the operation of the new governmental
bureau which la authorized to Investi
gate their organization and method of
doing business. They made an effort to
defeat the creation of the bnreau of
corporations In connection with the
new Department of Commerce and La
bor and falling in that they have
thrown out intimations of a purpose to
resist the work of that bureau a course
which certain of them will undoubtedly
The New York Sun. the chief organ
of the trust promoters, which Is be
lieved to be under the control of Mor
gan and perhaps other trust magnates.
calls upon President Roosevelt to an
nounce his Intention to ask congress to
repeal "that part of the law creatine- the
Department of Commerce which ' since
its enactment has been felt to be so
serious a menace to industrial capital."
It declares that If he should do this "ho
would change the whole complexion of
that which now causes him such deep
concern" the assumption here being
that the president la profoundly solici
tous regarding the conditions in Wall
street The view of that organ of the
combination Is that the liquidation
which has taken place in the stock mar
ket and (he check that has been given
to- the promotion of combinations are
wholly due to the legislation of con
gress providing for an investigation of
the way in which corporations engaged
In interstate or foreign commerce are
organized and their method of doing
business. There is of course no sub
stantlnl foundation for this view. Tha
decline In the prices of stocks, as every
Intelligent student of the conditions un
derstands, was due to excessive Infla
tlon of values. So far as the Industrial
securities are concerned they suffered
from a reaction in public confidence
Iho extraordinary fall In the market
price of Steel trust securities was not
due to the legislation of congress
which so far as publicity Is con
cerned was anticipated by that corpo
ration, but to a conviction that those
securities were higher than there was
warrant for and circumstances are Jus
tlfylng this view. The causes of the
stock liquidation are now pretty well
understood and It Is absurd to connect
that with ths creation of s bores
whose simple function is to ascertat
whether or not the corporations which
It Is authorized to investigate are or
ganised and doing business in conform
Ity with the laws.
So far as that legislation Is concerned
President Roosevelt was merely the
spokesman of a public demand which
had been urgent long before he became
president. Tha idea of publicity for
corporations subject to the regulation
and supervision of the general govern
ment, because engaged In Interstate oi
foreign commerce, was presented and
discussed years ago, when the quctt!
of doing something for the repression
of the trusts first became prominent
public attention. It was a proposition
that crew slowly In popular acceptance,
but is today almost universally regarded
The Bureau of Corporations, which
appears to be feared by some of the
combinations, threatens no Injury to
any corporation that is complying with
the laws. It does not stand In the way
of any organization of capital that In
tends to deal honestly and fairly with
the public. It was not intended and
will not be used to make wor upon any
corporation that exists and does busi
ness Iswfully. On the contrary, It will
be Instrumental In protecting such cor
porations and commending them to the
confidence of the public. There Is a
practically unanimous public opinion in
favor of such legislation regordlng cor
porations as was enacted by the Inst
congress and it will prevail, however
strenuous the trust opposition.
TWK CITT LIOHTtKO CO A TRACTS.
The city of Omaha expends about
0O,(O0 a year for street lighting. Be
tween $30,000 and $40,CH0 of this
amount Is paid for gas lights and alxnit
$40,000 for the electric arc lights, while
the remaining $10,000 has been dis
bursed for lighting with gasoline. It is
an open secret that the reorganized elec
tric lighting company is ambitious to
secure a monopoly of the street lighting
In Omaha, and w&h this end In view
will make proposals to do the lighting
of the entire city at $70 a year per arc
lamp, or 25 per cent less than it re
receives under its existing contract, pro
viding that the city will enter into a
contract covering a period of ten years.
As a preliminary move a resolution
was adopted by the council inviting the
gas company to submit a proposal for
lighting the portion of the city of
Omaha now served with gas illumina
tion and such additional street lighting
as may be required, and the Omaha
Electric Light company is invited to
submit a proposition for electrically
lighting that portion of the city that is
now being served by gas and electric
lights and such additional street lights
as may be required. All bids to be sub
mitted on the first day of September,
or two weeks hence.
This is a matter of such great moment
to the citizens of Omaha that it should
be freely and fully discussed in all its
bearings before final action is taken.
It is eminently proper for the council
to adopt such a course with regard to
public lighting as will give Omaha the
most efficient service for the least
money and nobody will have any
ground for complaint if the council suc
ceeds in reducing the cost of public
lighting and Improves the quality of the
The foreshadowed proposal of the
electric light company -does not, how
ever, contemplate a reduction In taxes.
It simply proposes to take all the money
that is now levied for lighting purposes
and substitute electric arc lamps for all
the gas and gasoline lamps within the
limits of the city. Whether the total
abolition of the gas lamps would effect
any Improvement in street lighting is
an open question.
The most objectionable feature of the
proposal Is the manifest attempt to
forestall public lighting through mu
nicipal ownership. It goes without
saying that a ten-year contract with a
private corporation will block municipal
lighting in Omaha for the next ten
years, and at the same time continue
and help to perpetuate the pernicious
Interference of the electric lighting com
pany with municipal government
Concede that $70 a year for arc lamps
of the standard voltage would be as low
as the city could fabricate Its own
lights, the experience with public utility
corporations Justifies the assumption
that the electric lighting company would
not rest content with drawing its pay
monthly for service honestly rendered,
but would endeavor by sharp practlc-o
to get the best of the city and, more
over, under pretext of self -protect ion.
keep a retinue of lobbyists and boodle
men in Its train, who would periodically
Join with the lobbyists employed by
other public utility corporations to con
trol not only the local politics, but the
legislation of Nebraska. It Is this
feature that makes more converts to
municipal ownership than does the
mere cheapening of a commodity.
The removal of the special architect
for the construction of the Chicago fed
eral building is doubtless perfectly Justl
fled on other grounds as well as that of
Inexcusable delays, but putting the com
pletion of the building under the super
vising architect of the treasury is not
likely to mend matters if one can judge
from the examples set In the construe
tlon of federal buildings in other cities.
A reorganization of the building depart
ment of the federal government could
be made with advantage to the govern
ment and the public.
The curator of anthropology at tho
Field museum, who has boon accusal
of promoting the sun dance anions the
Cheyenne Indians of Oklahoma, defends
the charge on the ground that this
dance Is part of the religious worship of
the Indiana in which they ara protected
by the constitutional guaranty of free
dom of religion for every American citi
zen. The next question will be whether
these Indians are really American citi
zens within the meaning of tbe constitu
tion. There is no question but that the pro
posed issue by the city of Omabn of
$200,000 of refunding bonds to defray
curreut municipal expenses Is without
warrant of law. If the issue goes un
challenged the bonds will, of course, be
valid obligations of the city, but the
taxpayers of thirty years hence who
will be called on to foot the bill will
wonder if all the taxpayers of today
When asked if he would consent to
any movement to place bis name before
tbe next democratic national convention
as president, General Miles is quoted as
saying that this 1s a subject on which
he has nothing to say. Interpreted In
plain English, thst means thst General
Miles is In a receptive mood with a
presidential bee buzzing In his head.
Judge Munger has had ample evidence
submitted to him in the Chicago Great
Western bridge case to give him a fair
Idea of the immense value attached to
the railway terminals in Omoha. It Is
to be hoped his memory will not fall
him on this point when the railway
tox cases come up before blm for final
Members of the lower house of con
gress do not seem to have any part In
the framing of the proposed new cur
rency bill which a subcommittee of the
senate committee on finance has taken
upon itself. The lower house, however,
will be heard on the subject before the
bill runs the legislative gauntlet
Roon for a Roast.
This has been a cool summer, but it is
not over yet, and has possibilities in re
serve which may rudely check prema
ture rejoicings that ths hot weather has
gone tor good.
Old Ideals Rehashed.
If William J. Bryan Imagines he Is estab
lishing ' a new cult by lecturing; In this
state on "Democratic Ideals," he is mis
taken. The true democratic ideal is to ret
Uncle Jim's Good Fortssa,
Uncle Jim Hill Is much gratified at the
prosperity of the Northern Securities com
pany, and naturally so. It Is not every
financier who can continue to operate at a
large profit a concern which has bean spe
cifically pronounced illegal and lawless by
the United States circuit court
Don't Forget Schofleld.
The talk going on about General Miles
should not proceed to the extent of Ignor
ing the existence of John M. Schofleld,
the only surviving northern general who
commanded an entire army, and who
fought battles as chief commander of an
army during the war between the states.
Aa Overgrown "Hooley.H
The British are now laughing at their
own recent fears regarding the danger of
being "financiered" all together by the
American Morgan. It Is a common thing
over there, says a London dispatch, to hear
the great man referred to now as "only a
'Hooley' on a big scale," and It Is added
that distrust of his methods has become
so profound It would be Impossible for hlra
to carry out any large scheme In London
Sounding the Load Timbrel.
Egypt Is 1n distress. It has learned that
there will be an attempt at the St. Louis
exposition to repeat the glories of the Mid
way, and the descendants of the Pharaohs
are earnestly Imploring, the commission to
forbid all alleged reproductions of the
"Streets of Cairo."' The fact Is that our
Anglo-Saxon tastes are muoh too warm for
the dignified children of Egypt who fall to
recognize their own amusements In the
dances and gyration's of the Orientals spe
cially Imported 'frdm Indiana and Ken
tucky. Indeed, we owe It to these moral
and circumspect Egyptians to respect their
feelings in the matter, and If we must have
the stomach dance and other contortions,
let us frankly assume all the responsibil
ity. A virtuous and friendly nation Is en
titled to our kindest Christian offices.
What Some Folks Bat.
New, York Times.
Moved, as some may suBpect, by a retali
atory spirit easier to sympathise with than
to commend, our consul general In Frank
fort has been Investigating the manufac
ture of table delicacies In the regions within
the limits of his official purview, and he
has made certain discoveries which can
safely be called interesting to many be
sides revenue collectors. The consul gen
eral declares, for example, that the Jocose
theory long since evolved as to the Identity
of snails and rubber pencil tips was the
happiest of guesses that the "snails" put
up for both domestlo consumption and for
export are not Infrequently, really made
of rubber, though (he pencil tip origin Is
a little dubious. And he says that truffles
are often made of slack silk, chopped fine
and properly spiced with ether. We are
glad to learn these and many other things
of the same sort. Hash has too long held
the lonely position of being the one comes
tlble which could be eaten with full know!
edge of Its structure and composition.
LABOR'S SHARE! OF PROSPERITY.
Substantial Gains In tbe Railroad Ser
vice Daring; tbe Year.
Railway employes, who are as completely
organized as workmen in any other line
of Industry in the nation, learned some
years ago that nothing is gained by
strikes, while much may be lost. For
several years the railway employes' or
ganizations have been securing adjust
ment of their wage schedules through com'
mittees selected for that purpose and com
posed of men of tha highest standing In
the different railway organizations. Rail
way managers have accepted the new con
ditions gladly and have encouraged the
method of settling differences Intead of
a resort to the old plan of strikes and
violence, disastrous alike to the railways
and the employes. The result of this
method can be studied with profit by the
labor leaders in other lines who are re
tarding business, damaging the cause of
unionism, and robbing their own pockets
by persistence In ths uso of strike methods.
A little more than a year ago the rail
way employes of the country began
concerted movement for lncreas In wagea
Every railroad where such demands havs
been made has yielded, the Rock Island hav
lng just made concession which averted
a threatened break in the long existing
friendly relations with Its employes. Silas
Thompson, editor of the Railway News
and an authority upon such vnattora
declares that as a result of this system of
adjusting wage differences the railway
employes of ths nation nave had their
wagea Increased during the mt year by
more than 11.000,000. Nearly tl of this Im
mense sum has been granted willingly by
the railroad companies, vivjn a fair pres
entation of the clHlni'i of melr employes,
because they appreciated the Increase In
the cost of the living of the men and felt
they could afford to pay more In wages
on account of the Increased railroad earn
ings. In no case win there a strike which
Involved any stopping of trains or Incon
venlence to the traveling public. It Is
clearly tbe most remarkable Instance on
record of the upward movement In wages
for a particular class of employes. The
railway employes have substantial reason
for believing that there Is prosperity
enough for all. It Is to be regretted that
other branches of organised tabor, cannot.
or do not, apparently appreciate the
wisdom of the railway employes' plan of
dealing with wage difference and labor
SHORTEN NATIONAL CAMPAIGNS.
A Suggestion Well Worth Considera
tion by National Committees.
New York Tribune.
Judge Alton B. Parker made a sugges
tion the other day well worth considera
tion by both national committees. In an
Interview he strongly advocated a Judicious
shortening of the presidential campaign.
That campaign as now conducted, he ar
gued. Is grotesquely out of touch with up-
to-date conditions. It Is a pure anachron
ism. The necessities to which It responded
were those of sn earlier generation. The
six to eight months' canvass still Indis
pensable In the first years of the railroad
and the telegraph has come to be a hollow
and outworn form In these days of quick
ened energy and Instantaneously diffused
In the days of our forefathers, Judge
Parker pointed out, stump speakers trav
eled on horseback or on foot, and weekly
newspapers were slow and uncertain me
diums for the dissemination of political
Information. Now the dally newspaper
penetrates to every country postofflce and
follows tho trail of every rural free deliv
ery route. Party leaders and orators
make their twenty or thirty speeches from
the rear platform of a private car, and In
a few days do the work of education which
once demanded the tedious travail of weeks
and months. Under modern conditions,
therefore, Judge Parker could see In the
traditional presidential canvass only a
waste of energy and money, on which a
halt could wisely be called y both repub
lican and democratic leaders.
This plea for the shortening of the presi
dential canvass has manifest common sense
behind It There can be no question that
serious minded politicians are beginning to
weary of the antiquated methods which
still govern In the management of our
presidential campaigns. Oreat sums are
expended to keep political machinery going
whose practical usefulness no one ever
thinks of measuring or testing. Spell
binders flourish and fatten, whose vote
getting capacity will ever remain an In
scrutable mystery. A vast army of agents
Is enlisted and organized of whose gener
alship marvels will be heard only when it
comes to making good the successful
party's ante-election promises.
But the genuine value of all this noise
and fury, this drum beating by hired ora
tors, this "rubber-necking" by secret
sleuths, this canvassing and cross-canvassing
who can ever justly estimate it?
Does It or does It not affect popular opinion
and decide popular verdicts? Last year we
had a campaign for congress which both
sides admitted was a drifting match.
Neither party organization spent much
money. One set of managers was as much
puzzled as the other to guess the outcome.
The country went Its own way and made
up Its own mind. But was that verdict
any less decisive, any less representative,
any less logical, than the verdict given In
1900? It followed the same lines; It echoed
the same judgment. Yet It was given with
out hurrah, without prodding, without a
three-ring and an elevated stage campaign
Judge Parker's suggestion deserves to be
noticed and to be acted on.
"THOSE NEWSPAPER. MEN."
Small Persons In Big: Places Skillfully
One hears In Washington, especially from
small persons In big places, a great deal of
scornful talk about "those newspaper
men." Cheap officials, suddenly arrived
aristocrats, and society sapheads are most
conspicuous In this form of dissipation,
chiefly. We Imagine, because It Is a habit
which puts no strain upon the moral or In
tellectual equipment of the Individual.
But for those pestiferous and unprinci
pled and vulgar chroniclers of unpleasant
facts the world would be a far more com
fortable place for everybody with some
thing to conceal.
"Those newspaper men" need no de
fender. We have no thought of thrusting
a defense upon them. We content ourselves
with the statement based upon many years
of close familiarity with the personnel of
all the classes mentioned that the journal
ists In Washington, compared with the riff
raff of greasy parvenus, and fawning cour
tiers, and society bounders who defile the
surface of our community, are as pure wine
to the most unwholesome dishwater. They
are better born, better bred, better edu
cated, rrure honest and worthy and useful
than the whole Impudent and frowsy con
tingent put together. Moreover, we Ven
ture to say that the real people of this
town will affirm our proposition with cor
Fred Oebhard is engaged to another ac
tress. It Is fortunHto for him that he Is
not obliged to husband his resourcea
Senator Heyburn of Idaho has taken a
bride. As soon as he was elected to the
senate he became romantic, like Depew.
The Chicago automoblllsts are making a
fight against being numbered. They seem
to regard It as humiliating. They would
bo reconciled to the numbers If they knew
some of the names that are hurled at
A Japanese and a German drummer.
named respectively Tankgueehl and
Schwelnerstadt, who had Just been Intro
duced In a Joplln (Mo.) hotel, got Into a
fight because each made slighting remarks
about the name of the other.
Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, chief chemist of
the Agricultural department, Washington,
sailed on Monday for Europe, ostensibly on
a vacation. He will, however, make such
observations as will prove of value In ths
enforcement of the new pure food law,
which prohibits the Importation of adul
terated or mis-labeled foods and drugs. Dr.
Wiley will visit cities from which come
the heaviest exhortations and Instruct the
consuls as to the new laws.
The man who will sail Shamrock III in
Its coming contest with Reliance for the
America's cup Is Captain Wringe, said to
be the ablest sailor in Oreat Britain, the
most daring, the most devil-may-care. His
name Is commonly pronounced by landlub
bers as If it were spelled Ring, but the
correct pronunciation la said to be Rlnj,
rhyming with hinge. Wringe knows our
waters, tides and winds nearly as well as
Captain Barr, who will sail the defender.
Joseph Newland, who recently accepted
the position of town marshal In the feud
town of Jackson, Breathitt county, Ky.,
has the distinction of being the one man In
all that section who would take upon him
self the dangerous responsibility. Mr.
Newland Is a man of temperate habits, a
church member, has never killed his man
and was never shot at. In the past five
years four marshals have been killed and
another, after remaining In office one term,
declined to serve again, thereby, he firmly
believes, saving his life.
Secretary of State Hay Is noted for the
slippery manner In which he dodges ques
tions which he does not care to answer.
Nut long ago a newspaper man was com
plaining of bow the secretary "ducked"
some queries. "Why don't you pin him
down?" asked a friend. "What? pin Hay
down?" answered the newspaper man.
"Why, I tried that the other day and be
told me what whisky waa In twenty differ
ent foreign languages. By the time he got
through I didn't know whether he thought
I was drunk or not. but I didn't try any
more tt "pin him down' - on foreign question,"
BITS Or WASHINGTON LIFE.
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on tbe Spot.
A warm nest of thrifty Robhlns octNpy
the postofflce at Rocky Mountain, North
Carolina. Recently the postofTlce was
advanced to the presidential class. At
tho name time George Washington Robbln,
postmaster, waa notified that his salary
was boosted to 12.100 a year. Great was the
elation in the nest and the occupants were
willing to "let well enough alone." But a
generous government had other favors In
store for the fortunate postmaster. In
response to a request for the names of
four persons to be appointed as new
subordinates, George Washington Robbln
seized opportunity and a pen at the same
Instant and thrilled the department with
"I, George Washington Robbln, poet
master at Rocky Mountain, N. C.,' recom
mend the following parsons for appoint
ment under me: As assistant postmaster,
Stella Lincoln Robbln; as stamper, Alex
ander Achilles Robbln; as assistant
stamper, George Washington Robbln, Jr.,
and as clerk, John A. Logan Robbln."
This seems to have been a little too much
Robbln for Superintendent Waters, of the
salary and allowance division of the de
partment, who sent the paper to the, first
assistant postmaster general after having
written across its face: "When the Rob
bins nest again. Birds or hogs?"
The first assistant postmaster general
read and pondered Oeorge Washington
Robbln's recommendation and then wrote
below Superintendent Waters endorse
We will call a, halt on Robbln. of this place
In old N. C.
As we have alrsady elsewhere in the fes
tive P. O. D.,
This Robbln has the right, no doubt, to
fix his family,
But to fix them all In the same old nest.
Is too much H. O. O.
N. B. See section 9, Civil Service Rug.
ulatlons. R. J. WYNNE.
The result was that Oeorge Washington
Robbln was notified that only two of his
young Robbtns could draw salaries In the
Rocky Mountain family postofflce.
The hall of records which will be used
as a repository for departmental records,
will be built on a plan entirely different
from that followed In the construction of
other government buildings In Washington,
arrangements being made so as to permit
extensions from time to time as more space
The plan of the government in construc
ting buildings of one and two stories will
not be followed, aa the hall of records will
be a building of several stories. It has been
proposed that the departments be connected
with the hall of. records by a pneumatic
tube system similar to that In use between
the capltol and the congressional library,
which has proved successful.
The site of the hall of records is a block
to the west of the war,, state and navy
buildings and not far from the White House
and treasury, John Hay, secretary of state,
and Senator William M. Stewart of Nevada
are the largest holders or property in the
square taken by the government The
property holders at first demanded ex
orbitant prices for their holdings, but under
the threat of condemnation proceedings
they agreed to sell for two and one-eighth
times the assessed valuation of the prop
erty. The Treasury department has received an
order for 6,000 nickels and 2,000 1-cent pieces
from the Paclflo coast The order Is from
the subtreasury at Ban Francisco. Five
years ago such an order from the sub
treasury would have been regarded In the
nature of a m'jtake somewhere, says the
Washington Star, and the chances are that
an Inquiry would have been put on foot to
ascertain if these coins were really wanted.
But times change on the Paclflo coant as
elsewhere, and the despised small coins ara
coming Into use there In greater quantities
Just what started the use of nickels and
pennies on the coast is not definitely known,
but treasury officials say that Its beginning
was during the Spanish-American war, or
rather during the existence of the war
taxes Imposed at that time.' These war
taxes called for stamps on different arti
cles, and officials of the government. In
selling the stamps, gave the proper change
In pennies and nickels. Purchasers of the
stamps began to find the small coins useful
In this way and In others, and for several
years now the Paclflo coast people have
begun to acquire a habit which they al
ways despised in eastern people.
It la a well known fact that a cent was
a rare. thing on the Pacific coast Ave years
ago, so far as trade was concerned, and
nothing was sold from the stores that
called for change In cents. The eastern
bargain counter, with Its "49 cents" and
its "$1.98" placards and other features at
tractive to female shoppers, was unknown.
Everything waa sold In even money and
paid for that way. Even the 6-cent piece
was rare. The 10-cent piece was practically
the smallest piece In circulation. If an
article worth 10 cents was purchased and
tha purchaser tendered a 25-cent piece the
chances were that the merchant would
hand him 10 cents in change merely because
he did not have the other 6 cents to make
Tha Paclflo coast people do not now like
to carry small change, and the order that
has been received Is a comparatively small
one, but to treasury offlclals It reveals the
fact that the habit Is growing and Indi
cates that in a few years the nickel and
the penny will be In general use In a sec
tion of the country heretofore having no
regard for them.
The same thing was true of parts of the
south until eight or ten years ago, but the
objections to the small coins there have
been almost overcome. They are still not
so generally used there as In the east and
portions of the west, and there are still
many places In the south where the nickel
Is the smallest coin accepted in trade and
ART OF TUMBLING DOWN.
Southern Papers Tender Grateltons
Advice to Bryan.
New York Sun.
Mr. Bryan's temperate and polished criti
cism of Mr. Cleveland is not appreciated
even by stanch and long-forbearing Bryan
ltes. They can forbear no longer. From
two Judge all. The Vlrglplan-Pllot advises
Mr. Bryan that he "Is rapidly and success
fully committing political harl-karl, to the
glee and gloat of hla dearest political ene
mies," and it sprinkles him with this odor
The democratic camp has had enough
trouble without being afflicted with a raging
Thersltes who cannot distinguish between
the advantage of securing party harmony
and the self-satisfaction of aggravating old
wounds and enmities.
Bless thee, Apollo, god of ths sliver bow;
thou art translated!
And here Is the Atlanta Constitution, mak
ing this Impertinent and Impossible request
of the oracle of Falrvlew:
There Is one supreme debt that Mr. Bryan
owes to the democratic party and which he
should be generous and humble enough to
psy In full. He should either talk sense
when he talks politics or quiet down and
Not even one part of sense to sixteen of
Bryanlsm will satisfy this Implacable cen
sor. Talk sense or shut up! And Mr. Bryan
can do neither. In the name of humanity,
In the name of paramountcy, in the name
of peerleasnesa. In the name ef the tolling
masses and the bleeding brow ef labor, we
orotest sgalnst this cruelty.
LIECTENANT GENERAL YOVNO.
Notable Military Record of Genernl
New Tork Sun.
The new commanding general of ths
t'nlted States army, Samuel B. M. Young.
Is a soldier, every Inch of him, and he hns
a good many Inches, however ho Is meas
ured. Seniority gives him tho promotion,
but no one In the army, with which he Is
extremely popular, will say that he.
not deserve It. General Chaffee, who will
succeed him on Janimry 9, 1904, has the dis
tinction of having served In the Chines
campaign, but Young's hustling pacification
work In northern Luzon had a distinction of
Its own. He carried there his reputation of
being, despite hut bulk, one of the hardest
riding cavalrymen In the army, and the
Filipinos will testify that the American gen.
ersl gave them no rest. At the outbreak of
the Spanish war Young was colonel of the
Third cavalry and Chaffee was his lieuten
ant colonel. Like General Miles, neither
man Is a West Tolnter, but, unlike him,
both men enlisted for the civil war Milts
began his career aa lieutenant In a Massa
General Young Is a Pennsylvanlan and
was living In Pittsburg when he enlisted In
the Twelfth Pennsylvania cavalry on April
25, 186t, in response to President Lincoln's
first call for volunteers. Bam Young, ns
he was known, waa Mg. broad, heavy, good
natured. Imperturbable, brave to a fault and
an optimist, as he always has been. In
four months he had risen to a captaincy.
When the war ended he was a colonel. Al
ways a cavalryman, he was three times
brevetted for gallantry In action. He was
In almost every fight of the Army of the
Potomac, and at Sailor's creek, the last
brush with Lee, Young bore the brunt of
the fighting on the tderal side. As an offi
cer his only flaw waa said to be his reckless
courage. But physically he was a fine ani
mal, restless for work, mettlesome and fond
of danger. As a leader his good nature, nnd
ready humor made him popular. He Is to
day the best liked officer In the army which
After the civil war Colonel Young was
content to enter the regular service ns a
second lieutenant of the Twelfth Infantry.
Transferred to the cavalry, he was pro
moted to captain when the army was re
organized. For sixteen years this veteran
of many battles had to reconcile himself to
the command of a company; he was a major
nine years, and It was shortly before the
war With Spain that a regiment was given
him. These years of waiting were passed
for the most part In garrison service on
the frontier, and Young's record In the In
dian wars Is a long and brilliant one. Te
look at him, you would never think, so
big and stout and Jolly he Is, that he had
ever thirsted and starved and suffered In
the arid desolation of the plains and passed
through perils that try men's souls. General
Chaffee, with his alert look, keen face
seamed with many lines, and stiff figure,
looks more like the Indian fighter. General
Young will be known as commanding gen
eral for a week, when he becomes the first
chief of staff. He will serve In that ca
pacity for less than five months, but it Is
time enough to demonstrate to heads of de
partments that the old order of Independ
ence and free-and-easy responsibility has
vanished into the Umbo of the past It Is
fortunate for the army that General Young
Is the man charged with the demonstration,
for he has brains and firmness as well as
tact and good nature.
HERE'S A SMILE OR TWO.
tricks Did ton ever wish that you had
$100,000?" ,V y,A
WICKS INO. II l WMfl gUIIIK 1U T.IBII, lU
wish I had a million. Louisville Journal.
"That historical novel of yours doesn't
read as if you had studied hlBtory mucn.
said the brutal critic.
"Thank you, saiu tne aumor -woom num
Ing disconcert. "This is the first time you
have given me credit for originality."
"What's the matter?" she asked.
"Nothing." replied the departing caller
severely, "except that your dog has bitten
""oh!" she exclaimed. "Poor Fldol"
,V. n n.lnt( that Tl 1 ct 1 1 T" A CB Vf
the dog a very expressive tall.
"He must be a logician as well as an
ti- irnnw, how tn drew a conclusion.
Detroit Free Press.
"Some people say It's lucky to pick up
'Well, I don't suppose It's unlucky."
"Huh! I know of one poor greenhorn
who found It so. He tried to pick up a
ten-pin In a bowling alley Just as the
biggest ball came along." Philadelphia
Juliet was waiting for Romeo.
"But," we asked playfully "why do you
wait on the balcony?"
"Because." she answered haughtily. "I
haven't the price of an orchestra seat."
Perceiving we had touched on a painful
subject, we withdrew, leaving the rest for
Shakespeare. New York Sun.
The applicant complained bitterly as he
was urged toward the door. , . . .
"You promised to help me out if I needed
assistance," he said.
"I'm doing it," replied the other man, as
he administered another push; "I am help
ing you out" Philadelphia Ledger.
I love my new alarm clock.
It is a pleasure great
To set the thing for half-past six
And sleep till half-past eight.
THEIR LAST LONG MARCH.
,oti A.mv nf IMtt-fiS Is nmhuhlv
making Its last march across the contl-nent."-(Edltorlal
In The Bee August 12.
Tramp, trsmp, tramp ths boys are march-
1 ' I . V , ..!.,.- ,r mtvnm u n H Ml 1) W
Aoross the etrelo.h of the Golden West to
where the sun sinus raw- ......
Across the land their blood enriched, their
valor made sublime;
From the Arctic north to the Troplo south,
....i.l., .,11m f Allma
Their feeble steps and age-worn eyes sur
vey the work they wrought;
The growing glory of the land and the flag
lor woicn uiey iuugni.
The Vanishing hosts of the War's red years
when the souls of men were tried
Is marching on with thinning ranks to
greet Pacific's tide;
la inarching over the Nation's beat, their
final ' trick" to tell.
Before the Relief that calls them hence
I - . .1 -., ,r "AIT -IftM '
"All's welll" their sentinel challenge ring;
lira wll"' mlown the line.
The cadence caught with echoing thought
"Well now our waicn rcin.
You've broadened the heritage we gave.
IUU B l"l ,w ....v.,.,.....
You've en empire built from sea to sea,
from the work that we begun;
The flag Is safe In your loyal hands; we
So cherish with your blood, as we In the
glow or our euny yuuni.
"All's well!" the challenge has gone the
"We'll turn In now. the relief has come,
we're safe from coust to coast."
. S. S. P.
' Social atmosphere home-like and happy.
General and college preparatory courses.
Exceptional advantages In music, art and
literary Interpretation. Prepares for any
college open to women. Vassar, Wellesley,
Mt Holyoks, Western Reserve University,
University of Nebraska and University of
Chicago, admit pupils without examination
on the certificates of ths principal and
faculty. Thoroughness Insisted upon as es
sential to character builduig. Physic!
training under a professional director.
Well equipped gymnasium, smple provi
sion for out door sports, Including private
skatmg grounds. Send for Illustrated ca ta
lus US. Miss Macrae, Frlnolpel
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