Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 02, 1903, EDITORIAL SHEET, Page 18, Image 18
18 THE OMAHA DAILY HEEi SUNDAY, AUOUST 2. 100n. MYSTERY OF HYDROPHOBIA foniotbirg the CcieotitU Et Nat Yet Been Able to Bolte. , INOCULATION AND INCUBATION OF GERMS Dlarnav My lie t orumunlca t ed by Animal Apparently Ilealilij, Con dltlona firing loctrtal and Almoil lnknovrable. DIETZ, Wyo., July 27.-TO the Editor cf Tha Bee: Apropoa of the rablc and anti rablc dlacuslon recently appearing In your paper, I bullnve It may lntereit your reod tro to glvo them an article on the subject of rabloa which cornea to my dt-ak today In the pages of L'Art Medical of Faria, and which 1 have translated for you: Dr. Pace, prlvat-docent, pathological In terne rind preparer In the Antl-ralilc Insti tute cf Naplea, publishes In tho Annates do l'asteur of April ii, 1903, the case of a child who 'lied of raoles, and In whoao wound he, verified tho existence of rablc virus. It win a case of a 6-year-old child having been deeply liltt. n In the naked left leg by a mad dote. The wound had co.-npletoly healed after fifteen days and the cicatrix had the- appear ance of a fi.it shining band without inv arali. Thirty-one days liter the chIM w'ns seized with mules and suc cumbed In a few days At the autopsy It was noticed that the cicatrix was red, livid. Infiltrated and ad herent to the tlsfcuea. The cicatrix removed, finely minced and emulsified, was used to Inoculate rabbits, which succumbed to rabies from eleven to twenty days after. Dr. Pace, apropoa of this case, verified the virulence of tho medulla, the sciatic glnnd and the salivary glands, which trans mitted rabies to the rabbits by Inoculation. Fragments of the skin, on the contrary, re-I malneil sterile. This case Is very Interesting and explains a svmptom pointed out through all an tiquity In the history of rabies, und that Is, j most frequently, the beginning of -the dis ease Is announced by an Inflammatory process which takes place In the healed and sometimes forgotten cicatrix. Coellus Aure llanus has already said: Praepatltur a pars quae morau fuerlt vexata. What Instruction may we draw from this fact of the persistence of the virus In the cicatrix and from the beginning of the dis ease bv the Inflammatory and painful phe nomena In the alte of tho Inoculation? Mnoh Yet to Da Learned. The problem of Inoculation tn the Infec tloue diseases still holds a large number of unknown features: The verification of the firesence of the rablc virus In the cicatrix, is latent state during several weeks ami sometimes for months, and Its awakening preceding ana announcing the beginning of rabies Is a proof that the pathogenic agent f rnhlra remains localized In the cicatrix until the moment when the disease breaks out, and would one bo authorized to believe that the complete destruction of that cica trix would be a curtain means of preventing rabies? i believe not. My opinion rests upon the analogies of rabies, tetanus ana sypnius, nnri n in the last two diseases the amputa tion of the wounded limb or primitive sore haa never prevented the development 6f the ulterior symptoms; In the same way the complete suppression of the rablc virus in tho cicatrix wouia ma prevem mo u"i' mmf rit th rabies. A certain number of experiments made upon animals have demonstrated that the saliva of the Inoculated rabbits already en Joys the property of communicating rabies several days before any symptom of rabies are manifested. (Soclete de Blologle. Seance du 17 Janvier. 1903.) T.nt us then conclude on this first point that If one part of the vlrua of rabies re mains In tne cicatrix anumer pari n umu Ariarirru.il. The problem of tho Incubation of the virus and of the pathogenlo microbes contains, we have said, a large number of unknown fea tures. We do not pretend to eliminate all of them; but. resuming the Incontestable facta relative to that question, we would like to at least fix the bounds of the solu- '?niihntlnn la tha time which elODSCB be' tween the moment In which the contagion is Introduced into the organism and when the first symtoms of tne disease appear. Factors la laoenlatlon. The first point to retain Is that there exist two factors In this process: On the one side the pathogenlo microbe or the virus tne seea; on tne otner, ine orinra more or less predisposed to tne aeveiop merit of the malady and oftentimes com' pletely rebellious to it endowed with im munity; that Is, the soil. The positive or negative action of the Innoculatlon. the duration of the Incubation, - tha intensity of the communicated disease. ore under the Influence of the two above, enumerated factors, the seed and the soli. If glanders cannot be communicated to cattle, nor tetanus to tne iowi, u is oe c&usa these suecles of animals aro endowoj with a natural Immunity against these diseases; the soil Is In default here. It Is also In default In those vaccinated and endowed with acquired immunity. The duration of the incubation is in rela tlon with the nature of the contagion, with the quantity of toxlne or virus lnoculatad and, finally, with the degree of predispo sition of the patient. The duration of Incubation In cholera Is from a few hours to several days; that of tho eruptive fevers Is In general two weeks: that of syphilis four weeks and that of rabies may exceed several months. Cases have even been noted where the duration of thnt Incubation has been a vear. The influence of the quantity of virus inoculated Is demonstrated at least for rablea. The more numerous and deep are the bites, the shorter .is the incubation. Without any doubt, the disposition of the organism sisn plays a role in tne duration or tne incubation, nut we nave not tne eie ments for measuring this factor, as we havo for valuing the quantity of virus Inoculated. The Algerian sheep which resist a weak lno'iiloilon of the rharbon disease, suc cumb on the contrary to that disease If the dose of the Inoculated cultures Is In creased. As to the benignity or malignancy of the contracted -malady. It rsnecl'illy seems it ought to be In relation with the Individual disposition: and yet. for rabies In par tlcular, we at the same time know that the disease Is more precocious in Its de velopment, It Is more grave In Its mani festations, more difficult esnecltlly to pre vent by the Inoculation of rablc eplaal marrow, when the cause Is recognised to eome from the bites of mad wol"w. be cause these animals nke numerous and deep wounds and Inoculate a greater quantity of the virus. Duration of Inoculation. The location of the Inoculation, the tl sues which receive the virus or tho on tho runic microbe, also have an iulluence upon the duration ot Incubation and upon the Intensity of the disease. The bites of mad don In the upper limbs and in the lace are followed oy an incuua tlon whose duration Is much shorter than when the bites are In the lower limbs. 1 hi fact is in relation with the well known laboratory experiments which have demon strutod that the Inoculation of certain pathoKenlc cultures into the tall of an anl mal. In place of killing It. procures It Immunity. It la the same for the bic llus o.f symptomatic rharbon which reproduces the disease by Bub-culaneoua inoculation and which produces Immunity when Inocu luted into the ve.ns. As to the innuenc of the tissue which receives the tnocula tlon, the experiments have demonstrated that rabies, like t-lnnua, propagates r.sei rMiorUllv In tlie nerve Untie. Is the orcunUm of Incubitton already In a dlseaftcd state? We reply very cer tilnlv. yes. (hough that stu(9 dies not inaillievi jivrti uy u my iiii'liiiii. h ajr that the period of incubitlon m ikes part of the disease because, at least for rabies, we nave the experimental proof that during the period of incubntlon. before any symp tom manifests Itself. tb saliva cf the ani mal already poaesyes the property of co-n-nmnli-stlng r.il les. thit to nmrniinlcito raHes It must be affected with tht dle.io. The second re"n Is ihit st les.t for tettniis nd rabies serurctherrv sets al-r-wt surely du'-lnt t- r"'od of incubitlon. therefore, -orF''qu'-ntl It acts upon an organism already dlspaaed. What becomea of the virus or of the pathogenic microbe during the period ! incubation? That question slll without solution. DR. WAGNER. Cause Still a Mystery. The above report contains food for a great deal of thought. The ctuse of dis ease Is still a mysiery. Repelled experi ments demonstrate that the diseases which are today considered of undoubted germ origin are certainly not produced by the germs per as. All of the most authentic pathogenlo germs are known to remain In the system In a latent state for an Indefi nite period, and tha host to remain abso lutely healthy. This Is true of the bacillus ot tuberculosis, of diphtheria, typhoid fever, cholera, etc A rabbit Inoculated with hydrophobic virus possesses a saliva that will give hydrophobia to another rab- Mt before the first one shows any symptom of the malady. The bite of a pet dog may give r?.bles to a person, though the dog may be In absolute health at the time. The bite of a rattlesnake may be fatal, though the same Individual might swallow the virus with Impunity. A horse can be Inoculated with attenuated doses of ser pent poison until the serum of Its blood Inoculated Into another horse will render the recond animal absolutely Immune against bites of the some serpent. An absolutely healthy man may carry In his Intestinal canal the germs of typlydd fever which, when passed Into water used for drinking purposes, may give typhoid fever to a second person. It Is the same with diphtheria and all the diseases today rec ognized as being of mlcfoblc origin. Why thee conflicting statements? Why Is It that If Eberth'a bacillus produces yphold fever a man In perfect health Is found carrying the germ? Even In those who have had typhoid fever It, Is found months after they have recovered. No one knows why. There are lacunae In the germ theory arguments that tho wisest scientists cannot fill. The germ working lone cannot produce the disease. But with certain diseased conditions attacking the organism the microbe may then develop the dlseaaa of llJ own typo. These mi crobes then possess a quality which enables them to produce their own disease when In oculated Into a susceptible animal. It makes a vast deal of difference whether microbe Is found In the Intestinal tract or whether It la Inoculated Into the circula tion. It Is the same with a serpent virus. Numerous experiments have demonstrated that one cannot produce tuberculosis by feeding an animal upon meat and milk that Is swarming with the bacillus of tuber culosis, though the same animal contracts consumption immediately If the same germ Is Inoculated into the circulation. And yet many men have received tuberculosis Infec tion through flesh wounds, have carried the characteristic germs for an Indefinite time, as In cold obsesses, and yet have not fallen victims to tuberculosis. One Thlnsr that Is Known. One thing has been settled In the the ory of the production of disease: Whether the germ produces the disease or not de pends on whether organism says yes or no. But why it consents at one time and re fuses at another is thus far beyond the ken of man. The many mysteries concerning hydro phobia are In relation to the above seem-, Inly contradictory statements. Wolves and skunks are known to frequently cause hy drophobia by their bites, and yet It is not known that these animals often die of hy drophobia. Hydrophobia means a dread of water and rabies means mad, and yet hydrophobia patients often have no dread of water and the disease may be communl cated by a dog possessing a kind dlsposl tlon. If a dog with rablc virus In the latent state In' Its saliva should lick a slight wound in the skin of a child it would al most surely produce hydrophobia. The dog might remain healthy Indefinitely. HORACE P. HOLMES, M. D. QX'AINT FEATURES OF LIFE. The "rational spectacles" of Dr. Rlbard, a Parisian oculist, are coming Into usa In Europe. They are made like the ordinary glasses, with the upper and lower thirds removed, leaving a strip of glass one-half by one and a half inches. A number of objecUons to the usual form of spectacles are set forth In Cosmos. Qlasses are most worn by those over 60 years of age for far sightedness. They need a lens for reading or writing, but are embarrassed by them when looking at objects a yard or two away, which necessitates their frequent removel. If such a person walks with his spectacles on the spherical aberration changes the position of things at his feet and their outline as well. In the Rlbarl glass the view on a level with the eye and that of the ground Immediately In front of the wearer Is unobstructed. Toklo's metropolitan police authorities have Issued a notice to the, effect that news. boys hawking "extras" In the streets must In future mention the name of the paper which has Issued the "extra" and must moreover "refrain from exaggerating a sensation among the people." The order became operative on the day of Issue and any violation of It will tie punished by de tention or by a fine. A decree of very great rigor has uit been Issued by the general commanding the Italian corps ot carbineers In Rome. This Is nothing less than an order prohibiting officers from smoking In any place on duty or while wearing uniform. They may only use tobacco In their own homes or quarters. This Is leveling the officers down to the rank and flic ot the corps, to whom smok ing In public has been forbidden since 1522. More than JX) meteorites from outer space are seen in the National museum at Wash ington, their range In weight being from a few ounces to 6,000 pounds. The monster one Is roughened from Its surface being melted by friction with the earth's at mosphere. One weighing 1,40) pounds li almost pure Iron. Precious metals are not found In these aerial excursionists, but microscopic diamonds are sometimes forrrel by combustion with the earth's atmosphere. They are made up from Iron, nickel, sul phur, carbon, phosphorous, oxygen, silicon magnesium, aluminum and calcium. Much Interest has late'.y been aroused In Iondon by two surgical operaUons which have resulted in a marked change of char acter In the patlt-nts. One was that of a boy of good family who had developed strangely brutal InsUncts. A clever sur geon examined him wtth care, located what he considered tha seat of the trouble, re moved a piece of the skull and thus re lieved the deforming pressure. The lad was restored to his parents a normal and lov able child. The other case was that of ( aoldior who, after an injury in a skirmish developed a propensity for theft. An oper atlon on the brain cured him. The earth contains an abundance of water, even In p'acts like some of our great western plateaus where the surface Is com paratively arid. The greatest depth at which underground water can exist Is es timated to be about six miles. Below that, It is believed, the cavities and pores of the rock are completely closed. The amount of water In tho earth's crest Is reckoned as nearly one-third of that contained In the oceans, so that it would cover the whole surface of the globe to a depth of from n.OcXl to 1.500 feet. The maters underground flow horizontally after sinking below the unsaturated zone of the rocks, but In the sands of the Dakota formation, which sup. P'y remarkable arteclan wells, the motion does not exceed one or two miles a year. The underflow toward the sea beneath the great p'.alns mey sometimes take the form of broad streams or moving sheets of water. But the movement Is excessively BIOW. A Record Urea Iter. It Is ssld thit the greatest and qu'cket permanent advertising success on record Is that of Cascarets, Candy Calhirtic. which nave been persistently advertised In every way, but chiefly In newspapers, for ab-ut six years, la that time the sale of Can- carats haa grown from nothing to over l.ouo.000 boxea a month. This wonderful record Is the result of great merit sue. cossfully made known, Thoso who tr'el Cascarets as a direct result of advertising were pleased and recommended the article to their friends, until Its fame was spread to become universal CAPTAINS OF FARM INDUSTRY Agriculture as a Business Require High Ensioni Abi'itj. SOME SAMPLES OF SUCCESS ON THE SOIL Modern Conditions of Production and Distribution Make Modern Method of Parmlag Prerequisite to rroats. I The economical and successful manage ment of a 160-acre tract of farming land requires less business ability than manual labor; but to conduct upon a paying basis farms containing several thousand sores tho order Is changed from muscular power to brain work. In the middle west are nu merous large farm ranches whose owners are modern captains of Industry. These men are solving problems and carrying on enterprises upon their farms worthy of tho brains of great trust builders. And In many Instances their Income Is quite a large. Those who have spent a lifetime in one community trying to get a fortune out of soil-tilling would be attonlthed at the magnitude of farming upon the plains of the sonthwest. The average size of each of the 6,010, 0 0 farms In the United States Is 116 acres. This small average Is due to the quarter and eighth section farms In New England and the south. In the wes'.ern division there are larger farms than In any other portion of the United States, the average size being 1,000 acres In Oklahoma anl western Kansas and Texas. In Indian Ter ritory the average size of each Indian's holdings is 500 acres. The wes'.ern division also shows a larger increase In prices of land than In any other section. Great Changes In Recent Years. Farming and ranching have changed greatly within recent years. The modern farm In Kansas, Oklahoma or any pralrlo community west of the Missouri river Is no more like its predecessor, the ranch of a score of years ago, than Is It slmllir to an old New England homestead. But the principal difference is In the management. The west Is rapidly filling In with home- seekers, who are In turn taking all the government lands open for homestead en try. Indian reservations, formerly nothing but vast cattle ranches, aro being thrown opon to white settlement. Tho redskins are given farms of their own and told to I go to work. Fifteen thousand redskins, were I placed on their Individual allotments In 1901, and 1,300 farms were given away to white settlers. This rapid settlement of the west means a concentration of farming and ranching Interests. The 1,0 0-acre farms are not being reduced In acreage, but they are being turned over to more expert man- agers. It Is not the purpose of this article to show In detail the management of these Immense ranches, but to deal with certain farmers and ranch owners whose original Ideas for "running" their places have made them known all over the west, and caused their farm ranches to be copied In crop production and rotation of planting. These men are the real industrial Isaders, Just as much so as the manager of a great steol mill or a railway system. They have handled the soil carefully, like a florist his bulbs or an engineer his engine. The earth has given to them Its bountiful resources. It seems to the onlooker that farming In Its various branches has been reduced to science. Rockefeller's Kaaaaa Farm. If you possess not one cent of money It Is almost Immaterial which way to turn If only you get employment, but If you. owned a million or so dollars woulJ yoi buy a ranch with It in hopes of making It pay better than .any other Investment? Men of millions, men of even smaller for tunes, are doing this every day, and they are reaping rich returns. One of them Is Frank Rockefeller, known as the former vice president of the Standard Oil com pany. Mr. Rockefeller owns a U.OCO-acre tract of land in Western Kansas which i .1 J. V t mwt. f m unnrl an K a w wAA hli yields him profits beyond what were hU fondest hopes when he Invested, a number of years ago. His specialty Is raising pure nereioru "... -m- especially for this purpose, with a :eed mill, venUlated barns and ie3erv:rs, to give the slock every opportunity for easy fattening. He came to Western Xansis twenty years ago and bought land In the "short-grass" region for a mere trifle. This land lay along Soldier and Medicine creeks, but It needed Irrigation to produce crops every year. Ditches and lakes were spread over the ranch until today Mr. Rockefeller is cutting three or four crops of alfalfa from his fields while others are cutting but two. His system of stock feed ing lias proven more than successful, and while other shippers are lamenting their inability to purchase feed, he is ' sending fattened steers to the market at every season. Enjoys I.I fe on the Ranch, Frank Rockefeller, although he Is a mil- lionalre member of several of the eiste n corporations, takes real dallght in btl g known as a ranchman of Western Kansas, "The happiest days of my life are spent on thla ranch, far out here in Kansas." Mr. Rockefeller told me. He is at hme on the ranch, and It is his own Ideas that have would never rent his farms for cash, pis placed him In the present high position he holds as a cattleman, farmer and presi dent of the Western Cattle Breeders' asso ciation. The Rockefeller ranch has no telephone connecUons with Belvidere, the nearest station, located on the Santa Fe railway. This Is Mr Rockefeller's supreme ldei of solitude and absence from the business world. Whenever a messenger from Bel videre visits the ranch with a bunch of telegrams he always waits unUl the multi millionaire has finished his farm work then in hand. As an expert In the care of Hereford cattle Mr. Rockefeller ranks high. He never calls for a' veterinary sur geon when there are sick cattle In hi barns. Mr. Rockefeller abhors notoriety. Indeed, he dislikes to be known as a mil lionaire, but rather as a man who looks for the vrlue of every dolUr spent. Hs wishes to be on a level with his associates. A Short Grass Rnacamaa. . In Wostern Kansas he Is known as short-grass ranchman." Once, when his family came to the ranch from their home In Cleveland, O., they were accompanied by several stylish friends. At Wichita the Pullman is removed from the train. Mrs. Rockefeller chartered tha Pullman to go to Belvidere. As it was the first elaborate car that had ever Journeyed through thla short-grass region the natives flocked ti the tracks to see It go by. To this at tention Mr. Rockefeller objected, saying it would give him a bad nirae among Ms neighbors. No more Pullmans go to the Rockefeller ranch. Mr. Rockefeller's busi ness methods are strict. When ha buys blooded steers he carefully reckons the profit to be made on each lot. When he holds an auction of fine cattle he person ally conducts the sale. There are men in the southwest whi have had remarkable careers One of these la John W. Stewart, one of the few Kin. as millionaire. He Uvea at Wellington. Strictly speaking, Mr. Stewart, could not be called a farmer any more than the man who furnlahes capital to railway bulllers could be called a railroad man. He Is now 4 years old and his whole line of Invest ments la la farina la Kansas, Oklahoma . . " " SflTniTiTlTfift cm and the southwest. Ho began work In a butcher shop at 12 years of age, moved west t 18 and took a Job driving a earring) for a real estate firm in Wichita, Kan. It was his duty to show land Intrusted to his firm for sale to eastern investors. When ever ho oamo across a real bargain he used his own money In buying an option on It, and soon his own sales wore as large as the firm for which he was working. For five years Mr. Stewart was a land specu lator In Wichita, dealing In city and county transfers of real estate. One day he was taking a supposed investor over Sedgwick county. The man drove through a number of farms, asking who held the option on this land, that and the other. To every ques tlon, Mr. Stewart replied that he was tli9 present owner. The man began to look the youth over. "You seem to hold more land than your firm, sonny. How does that come?" he asked. "No; I am Just showing you my places first.' Profits Make a Bis; Jump. The man proved to be a member of a big Investment concern In New .York and he usked young Stewart, then barely 23, to go to Wellington and accept the agency for them. He went. His profits from $5) were $8,000 In five years. From then on Mr. fllttwort hccamA "hnlllah" nn KAnflaa furm lnveatment9. He went lnt0 farming for himself. Wheat raising became his hobby. Hs fields now aggregate 50.000 acres. He has steadily bought farms with the profits ot his fields, until now he owns 130 farms In Kansas, forty In Okalahoma and others In Nebraska and Iowa. Some of them contnln 120O acreg( nono ,e98 than lc). He takes one-third of the crop for his rental. If there is a good crop he wins; If not, he genorally corr.es out even. He has scat tered his farms over differently climated territory, so that a drouth In one section will not affect his other farms. '. In 1S97 his profits from the Letter boom In wheat were sufficient to buy him twenty quarter sec tions in the best wheat-raising section of Kansas. Whenever others are trying to sell out and leave the country because of a drouthy season he Is always buying. Mr. Stewart tersely remarked during the corn-burning teason of the year ItC-l; Drouths make me more money than fair weather " And the Increase of farm , B ha8 en the truth of his assertion. He credits his success to a close study ot farming, strict attention t0 h,g tenanUi and never mowing the ,mallest profits to pass by unnoticed. Ho furring to interest himself In crop raising Ins cad of collecting, Mr. Stewart's personal energy dominates his hired men. It is notlceabst that while he is on his farms the men work harder and accomplish more, not because he In slsts that they shall, but the feeling that every one must hurry In order to keep up with the "bors" prevails. He visits hli ranches once or twice a year. None of tho men are ked to quit work when lie visits them; on the other hand, he goes into the field and works with them to get at their system. Mr. Stewart Is small, heavy of build and walks with a qulok gait. He never takes a vacitlon, but com bines pleasure with his business trips. Mr, Stewart does his own office work, and at tends to many trivial dulles that eirployes could do Just as well. He says that while sweeping out his office, hoeing "his own garden or doing farm work, he can study out the problems of deals to much better advantageWilliam R. Draper In Baturday tvenlng V ost. TABLE AND KITCHEN Menu. SREAKFAST. Iced Cherries. . 3rolled White Fish. Creamed Potatoes. Twin Biscuit. police. DINNER. Tomato Bouillon. . Roast Spring Chicken. Boiled Rica. btufled ureen peppers. ureen r. Lettuce Salad. Blackberry Cobbler. Fruit Sauce. conee. SUPPER. Creamed Mushrooms on Toast. Thinly Sliced White Bread Buttered. Fruit Salad. Cake. Eng:Uh Breakfast Tea. Reclpea. Raspberry Vinegar Place fine ripe, red raspberries In a bowl and pour over them pure cider vinegar, allowing one quart to the same measure of fruit. Allow this to stand twenty-four hours, then strain thla quantity over another quart of berrlea'and let stand for another day. Repeat this for Kile a mother should be a source of joy to all, but the suffering and danger incident to the ordeal makes its anticipation one of misery. Mother's Friend is the only remedy which relieves women of the great pain and danger of maternity ; this hour which i 'Ireaded as woman's severest trial is not only made painless, but all the danger is avoided by its use. Those who use this remedy are no longer despondent or gloomy ; nervousness, nausea and other distressing conditions are overcome, the system is made ready for the coming event, and the serious accidents so common to the critical hour are obviated" by the use of Mother's f-rlend. "It is worth says many who have bottle at drug stores. Book valuable information of interest to be sent to any address free upon QnADFlZLD RLOULATOn OO., four days, then strain, make very sweet I U with pure cane sugar, bottle and seal for use. Blackberry Cordial Put the berries In a largo stone jar and set this Inside a larger vessel of water and let cook until the ber ries aro soft; then strain through a cheese cloth bag; to every quart of the juice allow two tablespoonfuls each of ground cloven, mace and allspice and four of ground cin namon; tie the spices In a cheese-cloth bag so that they may be removed when tho cordial Is done; add one pound of granu lated cane sugar and boll all together for fifteen minutes, skimming well; then add one pint of best brandy and set aside to cool. When cold strain out the spices, bottle and seal. Mulberry Shrub Press out the Juice from fine, ripe, black raspberries and allow It to stand for ten days until it ceases to fer ment, then carefuMy remove all scum and pour off into a fresh vessel and allow to stand for twenty-four hours; again pour off; to thirteen ounces of the Juice allow one pound of best cane sugar; heat to boil ing point and then strain through a Jelly bag, bottle and seal. Serve In a glass half filled with cracked ice. Lemon Syrup Express the Juice from twelve lemons, grate the rind ot six and add to the Juice, and allow all to stand over night; then take six pounds of loaf sugar and make a thick syrup; when this Is cool strain in the Juice, pressing the oil from the grated rind. Pivt Into bottles and cork tlght'.y. Add one tablcspoonful to each Class of Ice water. Royal Spruce Beer Three-quarters of a pound of sugar, one-quarter of an ounce of ginger, grated rind of two lemons and a teaspoonful of essence of spruce. Dissolve half a cake of compressed yeast In half a cup of lukewarm water and add to the mixture; allow It to stand until It ferments, then strain and bottle, corking tightly. Black Currant Cup To each pint of black currant Juice add two quarts of weak green tea. Sweeten to taste and cool. Serve in tall Classes with cubes of ice. Turkish Delight-Grate a fine, large, ripe pineapple into a bowl and cover with boil ing water; allow It to stand five hours, then strain off the clear liquid and sweeten to taste and freeze to a soft snow, serve in glasses with a spoonful of red raspberries In the bottom of each glass. Raspberry Shrub Pick over carefully six quarts of black raspberries, cover with pure cider vinegar, cover the Jar wl'h a piece of fine cheesecloth to keep out the dust and let stand for twenty-four hours, then put In a bag and press out all tha Juice. Pre pare six quarts more of the berries and put them in the Juice and allow to stand for twenty-four hours, then squeeze out the Juice and strain through cheesec'oth; meas ure the Juice and to each pint allow a pound of sugar; put the Juice over the fire In a porcelain-lined kettle; boll rapidly for ten minutes, removing all scum as it rises, then bottle and seal. One cup of the shrub to n quart of water makes a very delicious drink. Unfermented Grape Juice Put one cup of water and ten pounds of grapes Into an agate saucepan. Heat until stones and pulp separate; then strain through a jelly bag, add sugar, heat to boiling point, and bottle.' To serve All glass half full of tlje grape Juice and fill with Ico water. Wine Whey Put one pint of sweet milk In a porcelain saucepan, set on the fire and when It bolls add white wine until it turns to curds. Boll all up, and let the curds settle. Strain off the liquid, add a little boiling water and sweeten to taste before eervlng. Queen's Nectar Pare the thin yellow rind from three lemons. Add two quarts of boiling water and two pints of granulated sugar. Stir until all the sugar is dissolved, then cool; add the Juice of the lemons, one pound of seeded and chopped raisins, a few chopped figs and six quarts of water; allow to stand for five days, stlrrina: twice t Mih a ' hjn alrnln Intn K r. , 1 . . 1 , v , "-" . vuiuvo aim cunt tightly. Lemon Beer To one gallon of boiling water add a sliced lemon and a table spoonful of ginger, scald well; cool and add half a pint or half a cake of good yeast, sweeten to taste; let stand to ferment and then strain Into bottles, cork tightly and keep in a cool place. Contract Laborers Must -Return. SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 1 Eighteen British subjects, two Italian and one Ger man were denied a landing by United States Immigration Commissioner North on the ground that they had come to this country as contract laborers. 1'hv stited to the Immigrant Inspector that their far had been paid to this city rrom Nan urn and Ladyxmlth, B. C, and that thev were on the way to Cos bty to work as miners. Upon this showing they were refused s misHlon to this country and will be de ported to British Columbia. Every mother feels a great dread, of the puin .and danger attendant upon the most critical period of her life. Becoming containing all women, will application to Atlanta Gam Mend KIIIA LOTION Mllftf for Gonorrhori, Gleet. Leucorrho?s. Spermttorrhoya, Piles, and All Unheallhi Snusl Discharges, NO PAIN. NO. STAIN. NO STKICTURE. FREE SYRINCE. a A Unre Preventive of IHsmtMi. IS. Sent to any address for 11.00. SHERMAN & Met ONNELI., Omaha. Malydor Mff. Ca., Lncutr, O. PROBLEMS bf CITY Notable Articles on Alunicipal Issues by Notable Men. The Essential Element In City Government. By Charles 0. Bonaparte, of Baltimore, Chairman Executive Committee Na tional Municipal League nnd Indian Commissioner. Nomination Reform. By George W. Guthrie, of rittsburg. Lately candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania. The University Settlement- Its Value in Civic Reform. By James B. Reynolds, Secretary to Mayor Low of New York. The Public Library as a Feature in Municipal Organization. Bv Dr. J. S. Billings, Director of the New York Public Library. The Tcacber and the City. By President Charles F. Tawing, f-L. D., of Western Reserve University. The Question of City Franchises. By Prof. Edward W. Bemls,' Superintendent of Water Works, Cleveland, Ohio. The City as a Basiniss Corporation. By Lawrence Minot, Chair man Boston Statistical Commission. rtiblic Pleasure Grounds. By M. O. Stone, Secretary of a Rochester Board of Commissioners. Vhe Merit System in Municipalities. By Clintou Rogers Wood ruff, Secretary of the National Municipal League. Civic Duty. By Dr. Washington Gladden, of Columbus, Ohio. New York Under Mayor Low. By Dr. Albert Shaw, Editor ".American Review of Reviews." A Non-Partisan Administration. By Hon. Eugene A. Philbiu, firmer District Attorney of New York. Causes of Municipal Misgovcrnment. By .Tames C. Carter, Prea Ment of National Municipal League. Charter Legislation. By Joseph II. Beale, Professor of Law iii Harvard University. Municipal Taxation. By Dr. Victor Rosewater, Managing Ilditor Omaha Bee. Municipal Art. By Dr. John Quincy Adams. Defective Election Laws. By Charles Richardson, Vice Prcsi dent National and Philadelphia Municipal Leagues. Instruction in Municipal Government. By Prof. .John II. Finley I 'resident of the City College of New York, and formerly Editor of McClure's Magazine. The Education of Younf Cit zins. By Hon. Charles R. Skin rer, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, New York. Methods of Civic Improvement. By Prof. Charles Zueblin, flecretary American League for Civic Improvement. The Police and Crime. By Frank Moss formerly rre3ident of the New York Police Board. The City Beautiful. By Charles Mulford Robinson, Secre tary American Park and Outdoor Art Association. The City and Dependent Classes. By Frederick Almy, Sec retary Buffalo Society for Organizing Charity. Municipal Associations. By Harry A. Garfield, President Cleveland Municipal Association. This series of articles prepared by Invitation of the National Municipal League Is appearing- from week to week In THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE. Subscribe at once to make aure of m Using; nono of them Every Woman U Inlmtitti ftrrd ihrnilrl know ftbvut th wondwfnl MARVTL Whirling 6pry Tb new '. Vt- at WSUMt aasjttalajh attk rw trmtt !i for It. If h "not iuiH-ly th JVf lAKtKI.. ft:-erano f Diner, nm miii immti rnrii full pArtlt'iiiftrt nml iirt-ilf ns In Room 22C Time Bldg., N. t. Ftr Menstrual Suporessiort Z?mwmi KW PEN-TAN-GOT Be koi; t loin U. Sold In Omatia by Sherman A) sOhumII Drii ca. U'l erdon allot, mar mivsu MODERN GOVERNMENT.