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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 15, 1903)
TUT! OMAITA DAILY TIT.Ta WEDNESDAY, JULY 15, 1903.
The Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINQ.
TERMS OK SUBSCRIPTION
Daily Km (without Sunday), On Tear..S4.W
1ii iee and Butioay, una tear...
Illustrated Bee, cm eer
fcunuay Bee. Una Year
lewturuny Heo, Una Year
Twentieth Century Farmer, Ona Year
DELIVERED Br CARRIER.
T)l1i llu .lit,.,, Hiinilavl nr BOUT.
lialiy Kr (without gummy, per wr. ...v.
Dully Bee Uncludlng Sunday, par week..LJ
Punciay Bee, par copy v 1
Evct.lng i)t t without Sunday), par we. So
avvar.lng Baa (Including Hunday). P .
week ..................... .100
Complaints' of" irregularis In delivery
should ha addressed to City Circulation Pa
Omaha The Bee Building. -.
South Omaha City Hall Building. Twen-ty-dfth
ml M Btr-ta.
Council Bin IT a 10 Pearl Ptreet
Chicago ltt l'nity Building, a
New York23?. Park Bow Bulmlng.
Washington frol Fourteenth 8treet
Communications relating to news and edi
torial matter ahould ba addressed; Oman
Bee, Editorial Department.
Ramlt hy draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent atampa accepted in payment of
mall aecounta. Personal check, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanpoa. not "Cc'!?;r'",
THE BEJ33 FtBLlSUlNO COMPANY.
- STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. .'
State of Nebraska, Douglas r-oimtr, as.:
Oeoraa B. Taachuck, secretary of The- Be
fuon.ii.inif company, u". i
aava that the irlnitl number Of full and
Evening and Sunday Bea printed during Ue
month at June. waa aa ioiiowb
,. so, Tao
Leas unsold and returned copies. ..
Net total sales ;....... ooswws
Net average sales.. 80,075
OKORGM B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me una wn ou 01 June, a. v. w
M. B. HUNOATlS,
(Seal) Notary Publio.
PARTIES LEAV1BO FOR SIMMER.
. Parties leaving; the city lor
the) summer may have Tho Bee
, sent te them regnlarly by
. notifying; The Bee Basinets
offlse, la parson or hy saait '.
The) addresa wilt ho changed
aa of tea as deal rod.
Rome It again, aa of old, the center of
the drlllzed world. .
King Corn takes no vacations to visit
other aclons of royalty. '
Mayor Moo res was reputed to be
smooth even before be shaved off that
mustache. .'. .
Nobody seems to be worried about the
revised Iowa idea now except the demo
cratic newspapers. ..
Ths, lull (n ,, building ja. Omaha
presages a brisk demand for Inhabitable
bouses.' right;, along .during, the coming
-.ear. " i ' -;.
If this keeps up Kearaarge will have
to be put Into commission exclusively
as an entertainment boat for European
It will; be a poor sfeuth who cannot
uncover a few secret plots to avenge
King Alexander over lu Servla at least
once a week.
What the. returned junketers don'
know about paving after their two
days' inspection of St. Louts streets is
not worth mentioning.
Watt for the County democracy's an
nual .plcalc bigger, better and grander
than any of the three-ring fusion cir
cuses ever pulled off under democracy'
tent. ' ' . .
The Philippine commission is still
wrestllBg with the opium question.
Uncle Sam evidently annexed several
pucxllng problems when he acquired the
Philippine islands. C
; ' i u 1 " a
The great states of the middle west
constitute the land of promise for the
American republic of the Immediate fu
ture. That is why all the big railroad
systems are heading feeder lines this
way. ' '.'.....' V . . '
Mr. -Bryan calls the alleged movement
for the nomination of Grover Cleveland
to head the next democratic presidential
ticket a. comedy, When Colonel Jlryan
ran Mr. Cleveland's admirers called it a
Both the outgoing and incoming as
sistant secretaries of war are New York
men, as la also the secretary of war
himself.. New York will soon consider
the War department a piece of property
specially belonging to New York. .
Nebraska has another batch of new
laws which have gone into effect with
the .current month -which every good
citizen is presumed to know aotl to
obey. When the low presumes some
thing it is pretty sure to put it down as
something that is rot so.
The State Board of Educational Lands
and i'unds should go slow about putting
the money belonging to thes school chil
dren of Nebraska into North Carolina
bonds. North Carolina ia said by geo
graphers to be a great ways from Ne
braska and a bard place to collect Judg
ments. Tie naval recruiting offleera who
bre been tempting Nebraska boys to
enlist for Uriels r-uw's warships are
st'li hovering around in this vicinity, as
if4 tUey had fouud good . stamping
ground in which to find material for the
uiLWiip and forecaatie. Manufactur
ing e-eadogs out of land luhbera who
have never smelled salt water is a new
dfpsuture for our naval establlsf tnent.
but a;;a.rs it lm worllug euccsfuiiy.
courxTiTion or trvt.
Referring to the jiew corporation
org nixed y Senator Ilanns, and,, other
ciipltallsts for competing with the trust
known as the International Harvester
company, the Philadelphia Ledger re
marks that a struggle between trusts
for "the survival of. the fittest is an
encouraging sign of the times. "It Indi
cates that great combinations of capital
are subject to the competitive principle.
Absolute monopoly in production cannot
be permanently 'maintained.' Success
invites rivalry. This is the regulative
principle' in business which has always
acted and will always act for the bene
fit of the public.' The Ledger urges
that combination of capital la essential
to the development of trade and In
dustry the world over and' all that gov
ernment can legitimately do in the way
of regulation is to.' see that competition
shall be kept free and that" there shall
be no restraint of tradd. :Thls is now
the very general view. ' All who have
given to the matter intelligent and un
prejudiced consideration admit that cor
porations, formed and conducted in com
pliance with law, are not only legitimate
but may be of real benefit industrially
and commercially. It la only when com
binations seek to become .monopolies
and operate in restraint of trade and for
the suppression of competition tbat they
become dangerous and Inimical. to the
public welfare. It may be said that the
natural tendency of all combinations is
toward monopoly, but it bas been pretty
well demonstrated in this country that
suppression of competition Is well-nigh
if not wholly..impOBBlble( a notable ex
ample, being presented, in the organisa
tion of a corporation to compete with
the Harvester trust, 'which Is one of
the strongest .combinations in. the coun
try. .. . ...
The Ledger says: "The dissolution of
trusts tbat do not deserve to live prom
ises to be aa rapid as their evolution.
They are doomed td speedier demise by
their inherent weaknesses than by the
operation of the roost drastic anti-trust
legislation. All combinations to' control
production and prices wU be eventually
confronted by competitors. The-trust
question is in a fair way to solve itself."
There is certainly much to Justify this
view in the experience of the past six
months. The fact that since the be
ginning of the present year ,4veneen
large industrial corporations have had
troubles more or less iseiious and that
now a number of them are having no
little difficulty in holding their position,
shows that the trust problem is in a
fair way to solve itself. Trust promo
tion appears to have bad its : day and
there is promise of a long halt In the
creation of combinations with a monopo
listic purpose. '". , V A.
THE PHOCi,SS OF LIQVtDATIOK.
There; was a very near. Approach to
a panic in Wall street. on Monday. Yes
terday the situation was still very much
unsettled,' though conditions "Were re
ported jto . be'. less pBJta'vorbte jnd indi
cated tbat the process of liquidation,
which" has been'jroirig b'n t'apms tlini,
was reacu wg the end. .,xnx,e,,vaa mani
fested, a somewhat stronger tendency to
buy and yet this was -marked by a Very
conservative, disposition, .cjaarly show
ing that; those, powerful, agencies which
in the past have upheld) Afeostock mar
ket are not', at present' fclefUttr them
selves to any great 'extent ijthls.tllrec-
The- course of the-atock market for
some time past' has puzzled ' the most
experienced and sagacious' financiers end
the most thoughtful and intelligent of
them are unable to give a satisfactory
explanation of tt,( The 'country is' as
prosperous today, all things considered.
na at any time in the fast three or four
years. The transportation interests' of
the corintry are still taxed to their ut
most capacity. , The,, demand for thft
products of mills and factories baa not
appreciably diminished.' The export
trade is well maintained, tinder such
circumstances it woiild naturally be ex
pected that values would be- maintained,
or at any rate would not be allowed to
materially decline. T The contrary is the
experience. Stocks have gone down 80,
40 or 50 per cent lir market price from
the highest quotations of last year, some
falling still farther. ' It Is noted, for in
stance, that a, stock" paying 4'per. cent
dividend has sold as lew as $?& a share,
notwithstanding that the company which
issued it and is backed' by ' powerful
financiers claims to be' accumulating an
enormous surpfus out of earnings not
needed for dividends. A railroad which
bns paid dividends steadily, in bad times
aa well as good, and is one of the strong
est corporations financially in the world,
has experienced a decline in the price Of
its stock of nearly $50 a share since the
top mark of lust year. Other equally
remarkable Instances of decline in the
market values of stoeks are-presented,
making a situation quite .unprecedented,
when nil the, circumstances making for
the maintenance 'of values are consid
ered that is, the abundauce of capital,
the-active business in all lines, the large
domestic and ,for 'k trade 'andthe fact
that all indications point to an indefi
nite continuance of these favorable con
ditions, ' ' ' '
Oue explanation and a plausible one
is tbat this state of affairs is largely due
to uncertainty and distrust' created by
the great comblcatiufls. In view of the
fact that seventeen combinations have
within, the past six months experienced
more or leas trouble, some of them being
reorganized, others going into the bands
of receivers and still others being dis
solved. While some of those which are
doing business are finding It difficult to
obtain the money they require, it Is eRsy
to understand why there should be a
feeling of dlwtrust inducing a denire to
unload securities While there Is a chance
for dlng uo profitably. It is quite prob
ahle that some of the strongest holders
Of stocks are doing1 this for a purely
xpe-ii!attve pur pox and that When they
think the bottom bus been reached there
will be a sharp reaction.
At all svBiiU lU ;xoeM it liiUia-
tion tbat has been going on for some
time present an object lesson of more
than ordinary Interest to tboee who
make a study of financial and business
WBtfie THK Mt&roilHBlLITT gtSTS.
The government of the corporation
known as the City of Omaha la vested
In a board of nine directors under the
title of councllmen and a president of
the board whose title is that of mayor.
Tills board is elected for a term of three
years, and its powers and duties are de
fined by the articles of incorporation
known as the charter. Under the char
ter the mayor and city council are given
exclusive supervision and control of the
affairs of the city and are Justly held
responsible for the efficient and honest
administration of the affairs of the va
rious branches snd departments of. city
government This responsibility the
mayor snd council should not and can
not shirk under any circumstances by j
delegating to outside organizations,
clubs or societies the discharge of any
duty or the appointment of sny officer
or agent In the employ of the city no
matter how trivial bis duties snd pay
By all odds the moat Important duty
devolving upon the present council ia
the selection of a special attorney or
attorneys to represent the city in the
state and federal courts in connection
with the pending railroad tax cases.
These cases involve fully $200,000 a
year of municipal revenue, or one-fifth
of the entire revenue collected annually
for carrying on the city government.
In other words, If the railroads shall be
compelled to pay their due proportion of
city taxes at the same ratio as now ap
plies to all other classes of property,
there will be a reduction of at least 2
mills in the tax levy, equal to a reduc
tion of 20 per cent of the city taxea now
Imposed upon all taxpayers.
While due credit should be aecordetf
to the Real Estate exchange for the
gallant fight it waged for equitable tax
ation and the victory it achieved In the
state supreme court decision by which
the franchises of public utility corpora
tions were assessed with their tangible
property, the mayor and council would
not be Justified in delegating to that
body the selection of the special at
torneys. The recommendation of the
Real Estate exchange should have due
wetght, but it should not be given para
mount consideration. The members of
the Real Estate exchange only represent
a small fraction of the taxpaylng stock
holders in the corporation for which the
mayor and council are the board of di
rectors. . The responsibility for making
the very best selection that can be made
to protect the city's Interests is with the
mayor and council and not with the
Real Estate exchange or any other set
In making their selection the mayor
and council should be governed solely
by business considerations. Experience
and capacity alone should be the pass'
ports to favor. Personal and -political
bias' or preference should count, for
nothing., in a case of such magnitude,
nor should the personal likes or dislikes
of the city attorney be given1 any con
sideratlon.' The city attorney cannot
claim to be an expert in railroad tax
eases otherwise the employment . of a
specialist or specialists would be en
The fact that the people have elected
the city attorney entitles him to no
greater consideration at the bands of
the board of directors than if he held
his place by appointment There is an
abundance of work in the ordinary rou
tine of duties devolving upon the city
attorney to keep him and bis regular as
sistants busy year in ant) year out. The
railroad tax cases are not to be treated
as bla patronage, nor can the city afford
i& have' its wires crossed by the city
attorney and take the risk of being de
feated In litigation of the greatest mag
nitude in order to afford him an oppor
tunity to appear before the federal su
preme court. The railroads will appear
in court by the ablest lawyers at their
command and the city must endeavor to
match them. ,
The deadly character of the particu
lar kind of gas with which Omaha is
supplied for illuminating and heating
purposes is not realized by the people
generally who consume the gas in their
houses. Recent unfortunate examples
go. to prove that the gas from an open
stop-cock emitting the mixture into i
poorly ventUated room will soon over
come Inmates in good physical health
and when Inhaled in sufficient quanti
ties acts as a fatal narcotic. The lesson
of vigilance against leaks and care in
using gas burners of all kinds must be
learned and can not be impressed too
deeply on every one who lives In a gas-
lighted or gas-heated house. Whether
there is any way of treating the gas
before distribution to lessen its deadly
powers is not certain, but If there is, no
matter of expense should stand in the
way of Us adoption as a life-saving ex
Justice Brewer puts it very plainly
when be declares, "Every, man who par
ticipates in a lynching or the burning of
a negro is a murderer pure and simple."
The so-called best people, who aa a rule
make up the lovltatlou list at these
lynching bees, would hardly like to be
branded in this fashion, but If they will
think it over soberly they will be forced
to the conclusion that mob law puts its
participants on the same plane as its
Nearly a half million dollars from
taxes for the county treasury the com
ing year ought to enable the county
board to run Its affairs without an
overlap. ' If a deficit shows up It will
mean that something is wrong some
where In the administrative machinery
Tax Commissioner Klemlug seems to
be such a conscientious public officer
that be would rather strain a point
attUfrf th taxpayers of Oiuaha as
compared with the rest of the state,
than to give Omaha property owners
the benefit of the ambiguous parts of
the new law.
Sites for the new federal buildings st
Grand Island and York have finally been
sttled upon, without tumultuous turbu
lence and without calling out the troops.
It is Just possible we are gradually ap
proaching the ' mtllenlum which will
know no more postoftlce location fights.
Calllaa- the Roll.
According to Colonel Bryan's plans and
Specifications of true democracy the colonel
himself and George Fred Williams are the
only democrats left, and there Is even some
little doubt as to George Fred a orthodoxy.
Efficacy of "Ahseat Troataaeai.
The secret of the pope's remarkable stand
gainst death Is out. lie Is being given
absent treatment" from the United States.
The aged pontiff Is said to have been much
amused when Informed of this, and It must
be admitted that as long as Christian
Science can make men laugh It bas healing
A Dlstlaetloa with a DMTereaoe.
The dlfferenoe between a candidate like
Judge Parker, who represents respectability
without a record, and a man who la show
ing such magnificent leadership aa Theo
dore Roosevelt, needs only to bo men
tioned to bo made clear to the least ob
servant minds. Men do not follow abstrac
tions with enthusiasm, hut they will go to
the end bf the earth with a leader whom
they admire and trust, and that Is the one
great difference between! the parties today.
Pennsylvania's Press MasSlo. '
The National Editorial' association as
sembled at Omaha had Its fling at the
SaJus-Grady-Pennypacker addition to the
libel law of Pennsylvania. It was de
nounced as an Infamous enactment In
tended to murder the liberty of the press.
The fact that the law has fallen dead for
lack of any prosecutor so mean spirited as
to ask for Its protection or any lawyer will
ing to plead for Its enforcement does not
abate the Indignation of the publishers of
newspapers. They ask for its repeal at the
hands of the legislature If it shall escape
earlier death at the hands of the oourts.
Treadlnsr on Haageroas Oroaad.
Dr. Wiley, of the Department of Agricul
ture, is dating to the point of foolhardl
nesa. It was perfectly safe for him to ex
periment with, borax; no one Is de
voted to borax, and bo Is determined
to exterminate borax. But now he
has the temerity to announce that he la
going to experiment with tobacoo. If he
shall Veport that It Is Innocuous, In mod
erate quantities, the Woman's . Christian
Temperance Union srlU rise up and de
mand that he be abolished, and he will be
abolished Juat as' the canteen was abol
ished. It he shall report that tobacco Is a
deadly poison, all 'the elderly and robust
users of the weed Will laugh him to scorn.
Ho will be a loser either way.
Doa'ts that' Wear WelL
' New Tprk Tribune.
T3on't hurry. : '
Don't walk on the sunny side of the street
if you can avoid It' '- '
Don't .wear a heavy black hat and thick,
stuff clothes, t A light crash suit will mean
m on ay In your pocket and -comfort in your
frame,.. .-. t-,.,i - -,, ... ,
Don't drink aiAcho)Jo,lquors.-or beverages
rich with sugary syrups, on.Jee cold water.
Pure water, or carbonated or mineral water,
cool but not i Icyt : Is. beat "foe. quenching
thirst , and far. beet for the health. Drink It
freely, but la small quantities at a time.
Don't wearS, high-, tight collar. Even the
fool fashions to: which-men make them
selves alaves will permit you to put on a
collar half an Inch lower and half an Inch
longer than you wore- In cool weather.
Don't ask your neighbor If It Is hot enough
for him, .. . ...
Don't fill, your stomach . with rich, highly
spiced, carbonaceous food. A bowl of bread
and milk Is better than beefsteak a l'enferi
Don't swear at the weather forecaster.
He Is doing his best...
Don't run to -catch a oar. Walk slowly
and catch, the .next ona or the one after
that . ,
LIBERTT OF TUB PRESS.
Labored to Ralae the StaadarS of
Clylo aad pffletal Vlrtao.
., -. - Baltimore American.
The president of the National Editorial
association, now In session at Omaha, made
happy hit when he coupled the murder
of Gonsalea, the South Carolina editor, and
the Pennypacker press musclar In the same
breath as evidence of a growing tendency
on the part of certain clasaes of Individuals
to limit the freedom of the prees. One of
the events to which he referred, was a
foul and cowardly murder; the other was
the official act of the legislature of Pennayl
vanta, yet President Wlllard sees no strik
ing difference between them. The animus
underlying them waa Identical. Tillman
murdered Gonsalea because he hated the
man for having told the plain and simple
truth. Pennsylvania's legislature and gov
ernor Joined In pasalng the Pennypacker
muzsler because of hatred for newspapers.
hatred engendered by the fearless and re
lentless efforts of Pennsylvania's news
papers to expose and break up the corrup
tion aad Inconsistency of the politics of the
state. Tillman . adopted.-aa his method
murder. . In Pennsylvania the method em
ployed Is a law which makes newspapers
suaoeptlble to mulcting at the hands of
thoae whom they dare crltlclae.
Murder is. to be sure, more heinous thkn
the method adopted in Pennsylvania, but Its
effect intended does not differ materially
from that of the Keystone states's schema
In each Instance It is designed to prevent
the newapapers from icrltlclstng ths public
acts of public officials and such of their
private acts and deportment as msy bear
upon their official stations. This purpose,
whether carried our by murder or by a law
taking away all the limitations of libel. Is
vicious In the extreme. The newspapers of
this country have-' over stood on guard
against crime and corruption. They have
consistently labored to raisa tho standards
of civic and official virtue, and while they
have sometimes been called upon to employ
drastio criticism of men and method a, the
facts have In nearly every Inatanoe Justified
them in their couraa. They have been Im
partial, sealous and constant In their ef
forts to correct defects In and abolish knav
ry from public admlnlatratlon, and It
Is safe to say that no reform this nation
has ever known could have been conaum
mated had It not been for the vigilance and
enterprise of the newapapera This fact Is
recognised by right-thinking men. Only
those who fttar exposure and aaek the pro
tection of that seclusion which would fol
low the thcottllng of the press object to
what the newapapers have done and are
doing for the creation of better condltlona.
Theae people have their own purposes In
desiring secrecy for their acta They are
the ooea the newapapera are eonatantly
watching, and since the sgltatlon for re
striction of the liberty of the prt-es comes
from them the publlo would do well to
recosnUe In what, they propose a crime
agai&st tha pubUo waaX
rrs or wasikqtoiv ura.
Mlaor Seeaea laeldeata Shetehe
Information furnlahed by he Treasury
department goes to show that a great many
people besides hotel clerks, circus stars
and theatrical prees agents are sporting
diamonds Just now , Americans are wearing
mora of tho shining stones than ever before,
and Importers and the customs houses are
enjoying a large chunk of prosperity In
consequence. The total Importation of dia
monds and other precious stoaes for the
eleven months ending with May, amounts
to over 123,000,000 In value, and aa the
figures for tho month of May alono were
about 13,000,001, it Is evident that the June
figure will bring the grand total of dia
monds and other precious stones up to
a full $30,000,000 for the fiscal year ending
June 80, 1903.
This la tho largest Importation of dia
monds and other precious stones ever
shown In a single year of our commerce.
Prior to 1SS7 tho total had seldom If over
reached 119,000,000 per annum; from 1887 to
1833 the total gradually moved upward until
It reached, S1R,000,000, then It rapidly fell to
$5.600, 000 In 1894, t7.B00.000 In 1895. tS.7m.000 In
ISM and t2.600.000 in the fiscal year 1897.
In 1838 the total Increased to t9.O00.O0A, in
189 to over tl4.000.000, In 1901 to 120,000.000, In
1D03 to 123,000,000 and In 190S will be fully
t30.000.000. making the total for tho year Just
ended not only more than In any previous
year, but 50' per cent In excess of 1901,
double tho figures of 189 and more than
six times tho average during the period
Tho diamonds Imported are divided by tho
bureau of statistics statements Into two
groups, via: "Diamonds uncut. Including
miners, glasers and engravers, not set"
and "diamonds cut but not set."
Tho value of diamonds uncut Including
miners, glasers, etc.. Imported In eleven
months ending with May, has grown from
t3.50O,O0O In 1898. to $10,000,000 In 1903. while
that of diamonds cut but not set has grown
from $4,000,000 In 1893 to $14,000,000 In 1903,
these figures being In each case for the
period of eleven months.
This Inference, that the Cutting of dia
monds Is becoming an Important Industry
In tho United States, which is suggested by
the rapid Increase In the Importation of
uncut diamonds, Is strengthened by the
fact that the census statistics of "lapidary
work" show that the total value of pro
duction of lapidary work In 1900 was over
$6,500,000, against less than $600,000 in 1S90,
and that the value of the materials used In
this work In 1900 was over $4,500,000 against
less than $260,000 In 1890. v '
Uncle Samuel Is having his eyes peeled
to the fact that he Is not paying stenogra
phers enough In order to command ths
host talent In that Una This class of em
ployes start working for the government at
$00 and $75 a month.' The requirements
of the civil service examinations are very
severe, and any man who Is able to pass
them usually has no difficulty In getting
a position with soma business firm at a
better salary than the government pays.
The Brooklyn Eagle correspondent reports
that the civil service commission Is con
stantly holding special examinations for
stenographers In an effort to get enough
good men to supply the demand. Unfilled
requisitions for competent shorthand writ
ers are always on hand at the commission.
The poor pay held out however,' attracts
an enormous crowd of Incompetents, the
experienced stenographers preferring to pay
no attention to the government calls. This
fact was well Illustrated In a special ex
amination for stenographers that was held
In various cities In April last. More than
700 candidates appeared, of whom about 123
passed. These have all been offered posi
tions, but one-half of them refused to leave
their old places for ths meager salary held
out by tho government It Is easier to get
women stenographers to work for $50 and
$75 a month than men, but nine-ten ths of
tho requisitions are for .male shorthand
writers. " "
The chief examiner of the commission has
conferred with the chief clerks of the va
rious departments In an effort to secure a
remedy for this situation. A scheme has
been devised by which It is hoped to make
tho government, service more attractive to
the competent senographers. In the past It
has been the custom when a vacancy oc
curred In a $1,000 or $1,200 clerkship, to fill
It by promotion from the clerks In the
lower grades, keeping up the promotion pro
cess all the way down to tho lowest grade.
This left a vacancy at the bottom, which
was usually filled by the appointment of a
stenographer. Hereafter there will be only
occasional promotions if this sort,, for the
high class vacancies are to be held open
for outside stenographers. This will un
doubtedly Induce many first-class stenog
raphers who now refuse to take examina
tions to consider, entering the government
Several dairy Inspectors are wanted In the
Department of Agriculture, and the right
men will be paid from $1,500 to $1,800 a year.
They will be required to possess full Infor
mation on such subjects as the manufacture
and trade In butter, cheese and milk, and to
have had practical experience In the hand
ling of dairy products. . Examinations for
this position will be held on August I also.
An assistant chemist is wanted In the geo
logical survey at a salary of $1,200 a year.
He must know something about German
and French, and be fully posted about such
matters as Inorganic chemistry, analytical
chemistry, mineralogy and crystallography.
Governor Taft Is prepared to give employ
ment to practically all the men and women
who paas the examinations that are to be
held the latter part of this month for the
position of teacher In the Philippine service.
So far the commlsaion has been unable to
furnish all the teachers called for for serv
ice In the archipelago. The commission Is
widely advertising the desirable features of
life In the Philippines, snd placing special
emphasis on the advantages held out to
teachers. The examinations are graded so
aa to accommodate persons with a .very
limited knowledge ss well as thoae who are
qualified to teach In tho higher aubjects of
At the present time there are about 8S0
American teachers In the Philippine service.
The entrance salary will range from $900 to
$1,300 per annum, and promotions will be
made as faat as vacancies occur. It is
pointed out to candidates that China and
Japan are near at hand and are favorite
places to visit during vacationa. 'The cli
mate Is good and nearly all of the employes
are In excellent health" says the circular,
Appointees Will he required to pay their
traveling expenses rrom tneur places or real
denco to Manila, but If necessary the gov
ernment will advance a certain amount of
money. At the end or two years service tne
expenses of getting to Manila are to be re
funded. The coat of living Is represented to
he $50 a month and lees, while accommoda
tions at the better hotels can bo secured for
$40 and $60 a month. At present free medi
cal attendance Is furnished to school teach
era White drill suits of the kind unl
versally worn at Manila can be purchased
at $1 a suit
Lesklaa for a Flabt
When a man goes armed to tho teeth
on the streets or highways, he Is supposed
to bo looking for a fight, and is pretty sure
to find what he is looking for. When a
nation goes roaming over the face of the
waters with a great big navy, Its dtaposl
tlon or Its liability Is supposed to be the
soma A limit should be set by law to the
armanent of every nation, A republic,
t.OuO miles from war base of every ether
nation, etiuld wall set such a limit
TRa EioitT-nora day.
Frodaetloa aa Great la Eight aa
ia Tea Hoars
The proposed eight-hour day for eon
tractors, for which teglelstton has long
been pending In congress. Is the subject
of an Investigation by the government
bureau of labor which promisee soma In
teresting results. The claim Is made that
where the hours of labor have been re
duced without a reduction of pay for the
day's work there has been no loss. Tho
product from the same force Is said to
have increased by ths hour, so that as
much was produced In eight hours as waa
formerly made In ten hours.
There Is a dispute on this point and all
the Information possible will be brought
together to shed light on It But some of
the arguments In favor of a shorter day
have Included statements that more men
would be employed at the same dally rates
of wagea, which Is contradictory to the
other argument. The proposed law. would
not have the same effect In all employ
ments. If workmen made use of extra
hours of leisure In rest and relaxation they
could undoubtedly work more rapidly when
at work. But manufacturers point to the
fact that much of the work done In mills
Is that of attending to machinery, which
is run at Its full capacity. As It would
not bo practicable to run the plant at a
higher speed a reduction of hours must
necessarily mean a reduction In product
In England labor unions, as a rule, fix
upon a given amount of product aa the
maximum limit of a day's work.- That la to
some extent true of this country. A re
duction In the hours of labor would not bo
a gain where such rules prevail. Tho coal
operators have been charged with restrict
ing the dally output In order to maintain
the price of coal. Such regulations aa those
are unfair, and If any power exists to
cancel them that should bo dona Aa In
vestigation of this subject If made by
unbiased men, would be interesting and
Instructive. Ths information to bo- gath
ered in this country and Europe will be
given voluntarily, and while it may throw
light on tho subject It can hardly bo con
clusive. Tho bill that congress has been consider
ing and which Is to be Introduced again Is
not a general measure. There Is an eight
hour law now which applies to nearly all
men employed by the government But It
is proposed by the new measure to compel
all contractors for government work to
carry on that work under the eight-hour
law. It Is to a large extent an Imprac
ticable measure, as a firm taking a govern
ment contract which , would form only a
small part of Its regular work, could not
very well employ a part of Its men at
eight hours and the remainder at nine or
ten hours. Many things used In filling ths
contract would be made In connection
with like articles not used on government
work. If this were not done It would
largely Increase the cost of tho government
work; although that would Inevitably be
Increased considerably In cost ss a result of
such a law. - Competition with other cor
porations not operating under an e'ght
hour law would Interfere with a firm whleh
might have as a part of Its business gov
Governor Bates of MaasaehuaoiU vetoed
the eight-hour bill paseed by the last legis
lature of that state. He thought that the
bill would defeat Its own purpose by mak
ing publlo work so costly that there would
be less of It The New York eight-hour
law was declared unconstitutional by the
oourts of that state and the governor of
Massachusetts was advised by the attorney
general of that state that the bill passed
by the ' Massachusetts ' legislature was
"plainly unconstitutional" Insofar as It
applied to corporate cities and towns. '
The reduotlon of hours of labor should ba
encouraged In . all practicable ways. The
employment of chlldres and adults In some
of the mills in this city at ten and eleven
and even more hours a day Is unfortunate,
but this work is done In competition with
other mills where a like state of things
exists. That ought to be stopped by state
legislation, and that has been dons In many
A parrot was so Intelligent that a New
York magistrate accepted Is as a witness.
The Jury box was the place for that bird.
Anthracite coal fields have been discov
ered In Colorado equal In extent to thoae
of Pennsylvania. The Mississippi valley
will now be between two fires. '
General Casalus M. Clay Is tt years, old.
The breakfast, food men have a great task
before them If they expect to claim him be
fore he reaches the century mark.
Paris is to have a statue of Byron from
the chisel of M. Jean de Charmey, who has
made notable monuments of Baudelaire,
Balnte-Beuve and Alfred de Vigny.
Dr. George Harris, president of Amherst
college, told the educators In convention In
Boston that If sports stopped at colleges
and schools the moral tone would suffer.
Dr. John C, Hemmeter has been elected
to the professorship of . physiology In the
University of Maryland, of which Institu
tion he Is a graduate, as well aa Johns
Hopkins university and tho Royal gym'
naalum at Wleabaden.
Sir Frederick Treves, tho famous English
surgeon, who has just retired, established a
record In performing 1,000 consecutive op
erations for appendicitis without a death.
He hates the ordinary name of the trouble,
which is of American origin, and prefers
Dr. O. H. Barrett and his wife of Knight
town, Ind., were granted a divorce one day
last week on account of Incompatibility of
temperament They went from the court
room to a hotel in a neighboring town and
dined sumptuously at the doctor's expense.
and -then parted, the woman going to Cin
cinnati to reside with friends. ,
Ex-Senator Wolcott bf Colorado is man
aging his social campaign in Newport In a
manner that commands admiration of the
400. He baa rented an expensive "cottage"
and there will play host to Lord and Lady
Mlnto. Few more distinguished personagea
have visited Newport than the Canadian
governor general and his wife.
Mark Twain was talking about the
American accent "It has changed," he
said, "and, for the most part It has
changed for the better. The nasal 'ow Is
gone. But, here and there. It would be as
well If It had remained. The last time
went to church the clergyman read out his
text like this: 'He that hath yahs to yah.
1st him yah."
Ex-Congreseman Allen of Mlaslsaippl Is In
Washington In connection with his duties
aa national commissioner of the St. Lou I a
exposition. He stoutly maintains that the
national capital la a fine summer resort,
"I am free to declare that Washington
provides more real comforts when the coun
trv is sweltering than any other city," he
said to a friend. "But the thermometer
does climb to great height In the summer,
John." was urged. "Yea," said the Mls-
slaslpplan, with characteristic whimsicality
"but that has nothh.g to do with the case."
Hot weather and strikes sre having
marked effect upon the savings banks
Amounts drawn out by depositors during
the flrat few days of July have been
largely In excess of the money taken out
during the same time last year and the
year before, while many bank aay that In
their cases the withdrawals break all
records. In banks with Uie wealthier class
of customers large amounts are being with
drawn by depository who. In order to
escape the hot weather, have euddenly
made up their minds to so uoa vacations.
Hair falling?.. Then you arc
starring It. You can stop
hair-starvation with a hair
food. AycrY Hair Vigor
nourishes, feeds the hair.
And the decjfrich color of
early life comes back to the
THE INSPIRATION OF BEER.
What Foretara Visitor Foaad Urk.
las; In American lalreraltlea.
Cincinnati Commercial Tribune.
A delegation of . German agriculturists
toured the United States, for the purpose
of acquiring tips nd Information from the
American farmer on ways and means of
prospering aa the Amelcan farmer prospers,
and as the German farmer does not some
times Incidentally, the gentlemen of the
delegation have been giving views on
Americans and American Institutions not
connected with agriculture, , and ona ' Hcrr
Helnrlch Vogel, gives his views on Ameri
can universities. "I like the American uni
versities very muck," said he. "But there
Is one thing they miss, and that is the
beer. American students can not have the
enthusiasm of the German ' students ' by
drinking water. Tey ought to have beer."
If the observations of Hefr Vogel sre ob
served, there Is something radically wrong
with the American Universities snd with
American optica,' and steps should be Im
mediately taken to right the mistake and
Introduce the American university student
to beer, hitherto a completely Unknown
quantity to him. ' But there will, some
how or other, be American cltlaens, with
out regard to race, color or previous con
dition of servitude, who will' ''be ' slow to
acknowledge Inherent truth in the obser
vation of Herr Helnrlch Vogel In fact.
mighty little of any sort of truth. They will
Insist that the acquaintance of the
American university student with beer la
of lonr standing and many steins, snd that
if Inspiration be needed In him'' the lack
Is not because the student, and the malted ,
never speak as they pass by.'
But ths American university student-
save, perhaps, In the older universities of
Yale and Harvard-la In the formative
period so far as traditions are concerned.
but he Is not without Inspiration, notwith
standing he may not belong to a dueling
corps, nor because he may be given to the
Imbiblflcation of wkter rather than ber.
He Is not one of a privileged class; neither
Is he destined, willy nllly,' for any army,
nor for the navy, nor for post-unlverslty
training In the civil or In the diplomatic
service. He Is in more of a hurry than the
German university student snd, while he
takes his beer when he wants it and can
get It he neither' thinks beer nor relies
upon It aa a source of Inspiration. More
over, he makes his mark on ths world, if
ne nas ability, and does not depend on
governmental favor for his , advancement.
Herr Vogel may be admirably adapted to
agricultural observations, but' he knows
neither the American university nor the
American university student
''- ' ' '' ''"aAIB Iff 'FBI.1'"'
dren of your brain."
wnat oia ne sayr ' .
'HaM thoir ..t. ....
, . .. v.,wwbu w put in ins
reform school." Judge.
"Brina ma ihm .Tn,1a mtA ,u -
. i vn.v, imv emi
nent statesman. . ,
IS the rent due?" aaked fh nHu
"No, but I have forgotten whether this
la mv aa v foe an Int.rvi.w A - t .. i i
Washington Star. " . " " vw"
'Tatt ' 1rm ' fltawathnma a!S vr.. a
back "your husband took awful joort cari
mj -v w i.jitj uu wri away, ana n naa
loU of help, too. Almost every night 1
hettrif thnm 1 1 1 rt a 'Patten am K I, 1 . , ..
New York Tribune. . . .
"Ah!" he said to her" evur ihulr !-
cream, "It is very sweet, but not so sweet
you. ... i
'It is soft," she returned Dromotlv. "but
not so soft as you."
"Aad It Is cold." he concluded, "but not
so cold as you. Philadelphia Press. - l.
Doctor Get out and take the air. ''
Kufd.- UBa-nB.A I .... i. I . I -. 1 , .
Q1 uio.uni, nurn . iiio ir Bin I
worth taking. Detroit Free Press. r:
If a young man can tell you what color
a girl's eyes are the next day after he has
been introduced. It la safe to assume that
he is "Interested." 8omervllle Journal. ,
Hoeran O'Toola lost four flnarara ell a.
bratln' the day. . . . ,
tusn include. Did the powther Ixplode
Hoa-an It did not. He Was Seised with a
dizziness whin about to take a d brink and
dhropped the glaas. Kansas Clly Journal.
SETTING THE) WORLD AFIRK.
Newark (N. J.) News. , ... -v
There lived one time, a shiftless chap, who
To settle down and plug along he never
He felt the flre of great nesa burn within
bis eager breaat
And knew himself cut out for deeds the
lushest and the bast.
His spirit fairly fumed, and frothed at
cruel I'ate's reatralnt:
Of favorless environment he ever made
But some tine day, ho used to say, I'll sat
ine worm sure; ...
It's not for me unknown to be when I do
so . aspire.
Each day our hero might have .found
some labor to DUrsue.
On every aide stood Waiting Work for will
ing hands to do; ., . ,
Ths neighborhood wherein he dwelt had
crying need of men
To mow the lawna, for Instance, and to
beat the rugs but then. -
A man so keenly conscious of his real In
Could hardly care to tackle toll so tainted
of tne eartn, 1
And so. to pasa the time' Sway until his
chance should come,
Ho boarded with his mother when he
waau i drinking rum. -
No doubt, good-natured readar, you opine
That this vain, ahiftless parson met a
mean and sorry end.
The facts are theae: lie waited till tho
time, tor ua ao ami.
When wagona run with gaaollne became
the rrisnlng fud.
A sudden, wild ttoutaaeV, arose for drivers.
men with cherk.
And Bhifty gut a handsome Job at fifty
bones a week.
The people staro whrr'er be ,.goea; he's
gained his great dt-slro.
And every day he seta the world, or part
ui ji, aiirv. ...
General and ollge preparatory courses.
Excellent auvantxgt-a in inntiin, Art ami lri
mallc Kxpreaalon. J'ibih fur . any col.
irse open to woman. VVailexley, Vaninr,
Mt. Holvoke, Weatern IU-ervn I 'nlv-i n y ,
Unlverelly of Nebraska, unit l.'nlveraity of
Chicago admit pupils without fn jmlnailori
on citinriea of I'rlnrlai and Faculty, v
Home, atiuovphere, hapi.y and wholeeom!
Phyai''l training miliar professional direo.
tor. Well equipped gymnaeluni; ampla
provision 'r outdoor enorta. Including
private abating ground, rk-nd for oata
Wue, Ulad MACHAli, Jfi Uidial.
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