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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 14, 1903)
rHE Omaha Daily Bee.
ESTABLISHED JUNE 19, 1871.
OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING,. JULY 14, 1903-TEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY THREE CENTS.
Prince Outdoet Kaiser" Intpeotion by Enur
ing Superimposed Turrets.
AMERICAN SHIPS FLY ROYAL STANDARD
Eegil Honon Accorded Visiting Zing's Son
by Democracy'! Ea lor
FLEETS GLOW WITH MULTI-HUED FLAGS
Yankees and British Alike Hoist Many
BAND ESSAYS STAR SPANGLED BANNER
BnsTllah Musicians Btrlro to Repay
Compliments Accorded by Their
Oaests with bat Poo
PORTSMOUTH, England, July U.-The
prince of Walea v Kited the United States
squadron thla morning and breakfasted
with Rear Admiral Cotton on the flagship
Kearsarge. All the ahlpe In the harbor
and the channel fleet, at Bplthead, dreased
ahlp, rainbow faehlon, and tired a national
aalute aa the prince boarded the American
The urinoe was received on the quarter
deck of Kearsarge by Admiral Cotton and
his officers and the party descended to the
admiral's cabin for breakfast, at which
President Roosevelt and King Edward were
toasted. ' Admiral Cotton subsequently en
corted the prince of Wales around the ahlp,
after which the prince landed, with the
warships firing another royal salute, and
took a train for London.
The deck of Kearsarge presented a strik
Ing scene with the men In white uniforms
and arms linked, lining the turrets, bridges
and rails. The British union Jack was fly
Ing at the mainmast and the whole ship
waa dressed In rainbow fashion. Crossing
red draped gangway, the prince, who
was accompanied by Ambassador Choate,
the earl of Belborne, first lord of the ad
miralty, and others, passed through the
line of sailors.
Americana Hoist Royal Standard.
Admiral Cotton and Captain Hemphill,
atood with their hands at their chapeaus,
the druma and bugles sounded four flour
ishes and In response to a signal from
the flagship at the American vessels hoisted
the royal standard at the main and fired a
aaulte of twenty-one guns. As the first
sun boomed, all the ships In the harbor.
Including "the royal yachts. Victory and
the Channel fleet lying off Bplthead. dressed
The prince sat on Admiral Cotton'e right.
The other guests at the aame table were
Lord gelborne. Ambassador Choate, Ad'
antral Lord Kerr, Feld Marshal Lord Rob
rta. Admiral Sir Charles Hotham. Captain
Sir Archibald, Milne. Vice Admiral Sir
Charles Beresford, Rear Admiral Hender
son. Captain Lambton. Rear Admiral Sir
Edward Chichester, Henry, White, secre
tary- of the United States embassy) J. .
Carter, second secretary of the United
States embassy; Captain 8tockto. the
United Btates naval attache, and other
American and British officers. There were
no speeches after the breakfast, the com
pany merely rising and toasting the king
and the president, while the band played
On the prince of Wales expressing a de
sire to Inspect the ship. Captain Hemphill
escorted him alone the gun deck of the
superstructure and also below.
He evinced a deep Interest In the super-
Imposed turrets and Captain Hemphill con
ducted him Inside the forward double tur
ret. The prince stooped to enter the low
est turret and mounted the ladder leading
to the upper eight-Inch run turret.
The prince asked numerous questions re
garding the superimposed turrets, particu
larly Inquiring how rapidly the gurs could
be loaded. Midshipman Belknap, In charge
'of the forward turret, ordered a round of
'ammunition from the magaslne to the IS-
inch gun. The operation was rapidly per
formed to the apparent gratification of his
"The prince la a naval officer and knows
what he Is talking about," said Captain
Prts.ee Higher Than Emperor.
"Did the German emperor do this?" he
Emperor William never got eo high,'
replied Captain Hemphill.
The prince apparently had already some
knowledge of Kearsarge, as he was famll
- lar with Ita characteristics and made a re.
mark about Its especially excellent ventila
tion. At the conclusion of the Inspection
the prince complimented Captain Hemphill
' on the splendid appearance of the battle-
The departure of the prince of Wales
was marked by the same ceremony as his
arrival. He came on deck accompanied by
Admiral Cotton, shook hands with the ad
mlral and his officers and the captains of
the other American ships. As the prince
crossed the gangway Lieutenant William
V. Pratt of Kearsarge shouted: "Three
cheers for his royal highness, the prince of
Walea." The same cry rose simultaneously
. on the other American ships and the crews
of the four vessels heartily hurrahed, the
prince meanwhile standing In the center of
a group of officers saluting.
The prince then landed and proceeded 1m
mediately for the station, where he boarded
his special train for London.
As the train pulled out the American
squadron fired a royal salute and the bands
played "God Save the King." Not to be
outdone In courtesy ( Admiral Sir Charles
Beresford took up a position In front of
the British bluejackets forming the royal
escort, who were drawn upon the dock
facing Kearsarge. Obeying a sharp order
the detachment presented arms, while the
British band struggled, with rather poor
success, through "The Star Spang'ed Ban
ner." Aa the escort marched away the
Americana again rendered "God Save the
The Brltiah officers gave a ball tonight
In the naval barracks In honor of the
The warrant officers of Kearsarge gave a
smoker tonight to the warrant officers of
the British ships. Admiral Cotton has In.
m vltid several hundred officials and officers
with their families to a reception on board
his flagship tomorrow.
CYCLONE DEVASTATES TONQUIN
One Hundred and Fifty Natives Die
and Many Vtllasrea Are
. MARSEILLES. July IX Mall from Hal
1 Phong brings news of a terrible Vyclone
1 ahlch ravaged the French possesions of
Tonquin on June .
One hundred and fifty natives were
kOUtd and many villages laid la ruins.
CONDITION OF THE weather
Forecast for Nebraska Fair and Warmer
Tuesday; Wednesday Fair.
Temperatare at Omaha Yesterdayl
Hoar. Dear. Hoar. Dear.
5a.m...... (in 1 p. m 7t
6 a. m ...... 84 Hp. m M
T a. m 4 It a. m t
"a. an M 4 p. m
O a. ra ...... 7 n p. m HI
10 a. m 73 41 p. m....:. Tl
1 1 a. m 75 T p. m T2
lil m 78 ft p. m TO
O p. m as
RAIN BREAKS LONDON HEAT
Welcome Water Comes After Twenty-
Two Days of Abaolate
LONDON. . July 12. -The heat -..
has suffered an interruption. Thunder an
hail storms have brought the temperature
to below normal for the time of the year.
London s absolute drouth of twenty-two
days was broken.
In Matlock and the neighborhood a
thunder storm was followed by blinding
showers of large hail stones. The ground
was soon covered as though with enow.
The rainfall rushed from the hills Into
the valley, literally making a river, flood
ing the streets and houses.
A Urge part of Lincolnshire felt the ef-
fects of the storm to an extraordinary ex
tent. Hall stones broke the lamps and
house windows, to say nothing of the thick
glass windows of a train frrm Newark.
The wreckage at Newark Itself, where
the storm extended over an area of four
miles. Included the smashing through of
the glass roof of the railway station and
much damage waa done to growing crop
throughout the storm area.
Life has become a burden hard to bear
In the suburbs of London bordering upon
the lower Thames by reason of of plague
All Inhabitants adjacent to the wide
Thames marsh ground of Woolwich and
Greenwich, and even high and wholesome
land toward Blackheath, are groaning
under a common Incubus.
In Eastham the attendants are obliged
to cover the beds with muslin curtains, a
thing hitherto unknown here.
TURBULENT SCENES IN DUBLIN
Debate of Welcome to Klnaj Edward
Is the Canse ol All the
DUBLIN, July IS. Wild scenes today
marked the second debate by the municipal
corporation on the question of presenting
an address of welcome to King Edward on
his arrival In Dublin.
The public gallery was filled with people
long before the meeting began and the
huge crowd which was shut out subse
quently broke down the doors In Its efforts
to get In.
Lord Mayor Harrington made a violent
speech against the address and compared
the nationalists who favor It to men who
had "sold the Irish Parliament."
Maud Gonna (Mrs. MeBrlde) was among
the demonstrators, who continued the up
roar until the lord mayor finally called In
the polios, who cleared the halt"
After a stormy sitting of four hours the
motion In favor of the address was de
feated by 40 to 37 votes.
KATSURA IS AGAIN PREMIER
Maraals Ito Qalta Opposition, Becom
ing President of Japan's
YOKOHAMA, July IS. -The political crisis
resulting from the resignation of Premier
Katsura haa been settled and the premier
has resumed office. The Marquis Ito, who
it was thought would be called to succeed
Katsura, has severed his connection with
the opposition political party and haa ac
cepted the presidency of the privy council.
It Is understood Premier Katsura's threat
ened retirement waa a protest against the
Interference of the irresponsible elder
statesmen In the government policy. Count
Matsukata and Marquis Tamagata have
been appointed privy councillors.
MAJORITY FAVOR THE TREATY
Roagh Canvass la Made of the Colom
bia Senate on Caaal
BOGOTA, July IS. A rough canvass of
the Colombia senate seems to show that
most of the members are favorable to the
Hay-Herran canal treaty without amend
ments. The Colombian government has not offi
cially assumed responsibility for the
treaty. Serious debating on the question
will be begun Tuesday.
Dr. Rico, the minister of foreign affairs,
has sent a message to congress on the
treaty, on the same lines aa what was
sent to the United Statea senate by Presi
UNITE AGAINST CHAMBERLAIN
Antl-TarlS I'ntontsts Form Free Pood
League with llleks-Bearh
LONDON. July IS. The unionist free
traders held another meeting tonight under
the chairmanship of Sir Michael Hicks
Beach, former chancellor of the exchequer,
In a committee room In the House of Com
mons. A unionist free food league waa formally
organised and It waa announced that a
large campaign fund was accumulating.
The league will Immediately start an edu
cational crunade. An appeal will be made
to Premier Balfour to set an early day for
a full fiscal debate.
Movements of Oeeaa Vessels July IS.
At New York Arrived: Ethiopia, from
Glasgow: Finland, from
torlan, from Liverpool.
At Liverpool Arrived: Cymric, from New
York: Parisian, from Montreal. Sailed:
Siberian, for St. Johns, N. F and Phila
delphia. At Glasgow Arrived : Sardinian, from
Montreal. Bulled: Alcides. for Montreal;
Concordia, for Montreal; Pomeranian, for
At Plymouth Arrived: Kron Prlns Wll
helm from New York. Sailed: Pretoria,
for New York.
At Moville Arrived: Furneasta. from
New York, for Glasgow (and proceeded).
At Gibraltar Arrived: Prlnseos Irene,
from New York, for Naples and Genoa
At Bremen Arrived: Barbaropsa. from
New York, via Plymouth and Cherbourg.
At Philadelphia Arrived: Noordluud,
At Cherbourg A: rived: Kron Prins Wll
helm. from New York, via Plymouth, for
Hieoen land proceed, d I.
At Cherbourg Sailed: Frledrlch der
Gnsae. for New York (and passed The
At Rotterdam Arrived: 8taatendam, from
At Genoa Arrived: Bolivia, from New
Yrk. via Lisbon.
At Vokohauia Mailed: Tremunt, for Vic
toria. iAt Karatsu Sailed: Kim Branch, for
port Jjom Angeles.
liENT ENDEAVOR COLLAPSES
Eight Thousand Young Christians Are
Buried in Canvas Folds.
NEARLY A SCORE SUFFER INJURIES
Treatoa, Nebraska, Girl Among Those
Maimed la Catastrophe Which
Overtakes Bis; Dearer
DENVER. July 13.-The big tent En
deavor, where the Christian Endeavor con
vention la being held, blew over this after-
, on while more than 8,000 people were at
''''( --- a meeting Inside.
ft' e number nearly a score, but
foiv " one la seriously hurt. Mrs.
Jtssle . "-trgn of Denver Is the
most sent.. njured, her nose being
badly gaahed a. , her scalp cut.
A. M. Ramsey of Chicago, who sprang
to a chair and called to the people to hold
up the canvas and poles, undoubtedly pre
vented many from suffocation. Aa It was
many women fainted and were only ex
tricated from the folds of the canvas with
Mrs. Winifred Sleep of Denver, who was
In charge of the St. Mark's hospital tent,
seeing the catastrophe close by, telephoned
the electric light company to shut off the
current. Thla prevented any damage from
the live wires that had fallen with the tent
Giro Praia tor Escape.
A feature that showed the strong relig
ious feeling animating the victims was
seen when the majority were extricated
from the canvas folds. Led by an eastern
delegate all gathered a refund In the open
air and held an Impromptu prayer service.
The convention was in full progress, and
although there were signs of rain and some
wind waa blowing no trouble was antici
pated by the management. The sides of the
tent had been rolled up to admit air and
this enabled the squall to lift up the big
canvas as If It were a balloon. The gust
of wind that turned the tent over came eo
suddenly that no preparation could be made
to forestall the consequences. The wind
swept under the tent, the roof of which
Immediately belched out like an Immense
sail. The smaller guy ropes were pulled
from their places and In a moment more
the big poles were drawn from the ground.
Immediately the 8,000 persons were In a
panic, which was heightened by the
screams of hundreds of women. It was
then that Mr. Ramsey sprang to a chair
and called loudly on the men to hold op
the canvas and catch the large supporting
poles as they fell. Hundreds of men sprang
to their feet and successfully carried out
the Chicago man's suggestion and thus
averted a. calamity.
As the poles fell more than 1,000 people
seated near the walls of the tent escaped
and formed themselves Into a rescue corps.
Women who had fainted and those suf
fering from slight injuries were quickly
removed to the hospital tent.
List of Injured Loaf., i" ,
Miss Powers, Trenton. Jeb., knee - In
jured and body-bruised.
Mrs. .Thornburg, Denver, bad wound in
. Allella Murdock, Denver, arm fractured.
J. C. Peters, Alamosa, Colo., scalp wound
Miss Mary Ellis, Denver, bruised about
Mrs. I. N. Johnson, Denver, badly bruised
and fainted from fright.
K. C. Patterson, Alamosa, Colo., head
hit by electric lamp; bad scalp wound.
Miss Etta Ward, 1515 West Taylor street,
Chicago, large pole fell across back and
badly bruised her.
Among those who are suffering from
severe nervous shocks are:
Miss Blanche Fearer, Oregon, 111.; Miss
Mindeck, New York; Miss Adams, Oregon,
111.; Miss Nipper, Pueblo, Colo.; Miss
Myrtle Moore and Miss Warren, Illinois;
Miss Small, Denver.
Last Day Begins Early.
Sunrise convenant services In five
churches marked the opening of the fifth
and last day of the twenty-fifth biennial
International Christian Endeavor conven
tion. Large audiences attended these early
meetings and thousands of Endeavorers
pledged themselves anew to carry on the
work which the organisation has under
taken. From 8:30 study classes were In session at
six churches. "China" was the subject of
discussion by the foreign mission study
classes, of which Rev. Harlan P. Beach
of New York was the leader. Rev. E. K.
Chlvers, D. D., of New York led the dis
cussion of "Our Brother In Black" at
the session of the home mission study class.
Mr. Chlvers drew from colored preachers
and professors the admission that not one
colored preacher in the south Is an edu
cated man. The missionary schools, he
thought, were the best means by which the
colored preachers and teachers could be
The recent lynchlngs were touched upon
and Mr. Chlvers got all the colored preach
ers to agree that all the lynchlngs were for
crimes of the most fiendish sort and called
for the most severe punishment.
"But," said he, "there should not be one
punishment for a black man and another
for a white man for similar crimes,"
MIhs Cecil Armstrong of the Garfield
Boulevard Presbyterian church of Chicago
said she had heard the superintendent of
a packing company In Chicago say the
negro was the probable solution of the
labor problem, and unlevs the labor unions
became more rational In their demands, the
black labor would replace white.
A conference of "floating society workers"
was held at the First L'nlversalist church.
at which the subject, "How Can Floating
Christian Endeavorers Be Extended?" waa
discussed by Chaplain R. E. Steele of New
port News, Va.; Miss Minnie A. Gibbons,
Tacoma, Wash., and Chaplain J. O. Fall,
The afternoon meetings In Tent En
deavor, devoted to eonwlderatlon of great
problems of the day affecting the nation,
was one of the most interesting and enthus
iastic of the entire convention. The con
elusion of the program had been almost
reached when the storm brought down
the great tent.
Rev. Dr. R. F. Powell of Washington,
D. C, presided. Rev. John Royal Harris
of Pittsburg discussed "The Liquor Prob
lem." Rev. John Balcom Shaw of New York
In an earnest addreas urged Christian En
deavorers to stand for the study of the
bible In the public school. George A. Chare
of Fall River discussed "The Rights of
Capital and Labor."
J. 8. Folk of St. Louis waa to have
given an address on "How Shall We Purify
Municipal Polttlca?" but he was unable to
be prexent and Rev. Ira Landrlth of Nash
vllle, Tenn., spoke on the question.
Delegates from fnrelsjn countries out-
iCoaUauod oa Fourth. Pages)
POPf IS NOW
Quaint Ancient Ceremonies Precede Officii
Annoucoement of Pontiff's End.
TAP BROW THRICE WITH SILVER HAMMER
Cardinals Repair to Death Chamber Accord
ing to Long Precedent.
FAREWELL CEREMONIES LAST NINE DAYS
Pius IX Will Be finally Interred, Leo
Occupying Temporary Tomb.
SACRED COLLEGE e.UsT BE WALLED UP
Ecclesiastical Princes Will New Meet
to Elect Successor Barred by
Maaoary from All Out
From the very earliest days of the Roman
Catholic church peculiar ceremonies have
attended the death of a pope and the elec
tion of a new pope. - For over 6U0 years
they have remained Unchanged and are
now being performed In Rome exactly as
they were at the death of Gregory X in
the thirteenth century.
When it was thought that Leo XIII was
dying the cardinal camerllngo, the cardinal
secretary of state, the dean of the sacred
college and other cardinals were sum
monedas they had been four years ago,
when It was generally believed Pope Leo
was dying and Immediately after the death
the body la offlciully recognised and
Identified, and Iha death of the popo
proclaimed officially. In Rome by announce
ment, and to the Catholic powers and the
cardinals not residing In Rome by official
messages. When proceeding to Identify
the dead body of the pope Cardinal Oreglia
de Santo Stefano, the camerllngo. nccord
Ing to an ancient custom, raps thrice
upon the door of the pope's apartment.
Receiving no answer, he enters and taps
thrice with a silver mallet upon the dead
pontiff's head, each time calling upon him
to awaken and rise. Receiving no answer.
Cardinal Stefano declares Leo XIII dead
and Immediately assumes charge of the
affairs of the church. He will have aa a
cabinet of three ' cardinals, a cardinal
bishop, a cardinal priest and a cardinal
deacon, who will exercise to some, degree
a veto power upon his acts. This cabinet
was provided for on account of earner
llngos In fcrrotr days overstepping the
bounds of '.heir authority. And so jealous
of Its rights is th sacred college, or col
lege of cardinals, that the members of the
cabinet serve only 'three days, being then
replaced by other cardinals.
Funeral ol the Popo.
The funeral of Pope Leo, : aa did the
funerals of his predecessors for hundreds
of years, will last tilne days, the body,
after being embalmed, first lying In state
In his private -chapel.-'fTiMi for three, days
In the Blatlne chapels "and 'then for three
days In St Peter's. The body of Plus IX
will meantime be removed from the tem
porary tomb, built high up against a pillar
In St. Peter's In full view of all entering
the church, and placed In Its last resting
place In the crypt of the church, and the
body of Leo XIII will be placed In It.
Twenty-four hours after death the body
of the pope Is embalmed, snd lies In state,
dressed In the ordinary or domestic cos
tume, upon a bed covered with cloth of
crimson and gold, the pious offices of wash
ing and dressing the body being performed
by the penitentiaries or confessors of the
Vatican basilica, who are always minor
conventuals of the Franciscan order.
It Is next removed to the Sistlne chapel.
where It Is laid out, clothed In the pontifical
vestments, on a couch surrounded with
burning tapers and watched by a detach
ment of the Swiss guard. On the follow
ing day the cardinals and chapter of St.
Peter assemble In the Sistlne and accom
pany the transport of the body to the
chapel of the Blessed sacrament in the
Vatican basilica, where it remains exposed
for three days, the feet protruding a little
through an opening in the Iron railing
which closes the chapel, that the faithful
may approach and kiss the embroidered
Actual Rites of Funeral.
The nine days of funeral services Noven-
dlalla which the Roman ceremonial pre
scribes for the pope now begin. These are
his publlo obsequies. For the first six days
the cardinals and prelates of the court and
Holy See assemble dally In the choir chapel
of the canons of St. Peter, where, tho office
for the dead being canted, a cardinal says
massf but during the remaining three days
the services are performed around an ele
vated and magnificent catafalque, which
in the meanwhile has been allently erected
In the great nave of the basilica. This
structure la a perfect work of srt in its
way, every part of It being carefully de
signed with relation to Its solemn purpose,
snd In harmony of form and proportions
with the vast edifice In which It is reared.
It Is Illustrated by Latin Inscriptions and
jy paintings of the most remarkable scenes
of the late pontificate, and adorned with
allegorical statues. A detachment of the
noble guards stands there motionless as
though carved In stone. Over the whole
Is suspended a llfe-slxe portrait of the pope.
A thousand candles of yellow wax and
twenty enormous torches In golden candela
bra burn day and night around it. On
each of these three days Ave cardinals In
turn give the grand absolutions, and on the
ninth day a funeral oration Is pronounced
by some one often a 1)1 hop. or always at
least a prelate of distinction whom the
Sacred college has chosen for the occasion.
Disposition of the Body.
In the former days the cardinal-nephew
or relative of the deceased had the privl
lege, often of great Importance for the
future reputation or the pontiff and the
present splendor of his family, raised to
princely rank, of selecting the envied ora
tor. Ere this, however, the final disposi
tions of the pope's body have been made.
On the evening of the third day, the pub
lic having been excluded from the basilica,
the cardinal-chamberlain, cardinals created
by the late pope, clerks of the chamber
and chapter of St. Peter, headed by mon-
signor the vlcar who Is always an arch
bishop In partlbus vested In pontificals,
assemble In the chapel of the Blessed Sac
rament, In which the pope still Ilea In
state. The body Is then reverently enfolded
In the gold and crimson cover of the couch,
and taken up to be laid In a cypress-wood
coffin. Into which are also put three red
purses containing medals of gold, silver
and bronse, aa many of each sort as there
were years of the pontificate, bearing the
pope's effigy on one side, and a design
commemorative of some set of bis tem
poral or spiritual government on the other.
If there should be a relative of tlie late
pope among 'the cardinals, he covers the
face with, a while Uaea veil, other wise this
CHRONOLOGY OF POPE LEO XIII.
Born March 2, 1810.
Christened Joachim Vincent Pecci.
Entered a Jesuit college, 1818.
Took first prize in chemistry and physics, l-'S.
Degree of Doctor of Divinity, 1831.
Subdiaconate and diaconate, 1837.
Made domestic prelate by Gregory XVI, 1837.
Ordained priest, December 23, 1837.
Governor papal province of Benevenlo, 1838.
Bishop and papal nuncio to Brussels, 1843.
Archbishop of Perugia, 1846.
Cardinal priest, 1850. '
Camerlingo of the lloinan church, 1877.
Elected pope, February 20, 1878.
Crowned with the tiara, March 3, 1S78.
Encyclical on Americanism, February, 15)00. '
Last notable encyclical, October 30, 11)02.
Twenty-fifth anniversary election as pope, Feb. 20, 1003.
Twenty-fifth anniversary coronation, March 3, 1903.
Surpassed Peter's pontificate April 28, 1903.
Taken with last illness July 3, 1903. .
last office of respect Is performed by the
majordomo. When the coffin has been
closed It Is placed InBtde of a leaden case,
which Is Immediately soldered and sealed,
while the metal Is hot, with the arms of
the cardlnal-chamberloln and of the major
domo. A brief Inscription Is cut at once
on the face of this metal case, giving
simply the name, years of his reign and
date of death.
The coffin and case are now enclosed In a
plain wooden box, which is covered with
a red pall ornamented with golden fringes
and an embroidered cross, carried In sad
procession to the uniform temporary rest
ing place which every pope occupies In
turn In St. Peter's, In a simple sarcophagus
of marbled-stucco which Is set Into the wall
at some distance above and slightly over
hanging the floor of the church, on the
lefthand side of the entrance to the choir
chapel. A painter is at hand to trace the
came of the pope and the Latin initials
of the words "high pontiff."
It Is possible that Cardinal Gibbons may
take part In the conclave which will con
vene In nine days, or Immediately after
the final funeral ceremonies over the body
of Leo XIII, and thereby break the record.
For It Is slated that no American cardinal,
either of the United Btates or Canada,
has ever taken part In the election of a
: If Cardinal Gibbons should reach Roma
In time to take part In the conclave It
wilt be due to modern Inventions the land
and sa t;Ir)rJnoaA'tMXheeWuliJs
twin-screw fast Wamshtpa.
Election of a Hew PnatlsT.
The conclave will begin by the celebra
tion of the mass of the Holy Ghost by
the dean of the sacred college, and a ser
mon by some prominent prelate, who will
urge that the personal considerations and
prejudice be laid aside, and that the car
dinals proceed, with due diligence, to pro
vide the church with a new chief pastor.
Then the cardinals, the bishops first, the
priests next and the deacons last, will form
In procession, the papal cross being car
lied In front by the master of ceremonies,
and march to the part of the Vatican set
apart for the holding of the conclave.
Theoretically the cardlnale are alone, and
walled In from commulcatlon with the out
side world. In former days they actually
were alone and walled In except for an
apjrture through which nothing but food
was supposed to be passed to them. The
ceremony of walling in the cardinals is
still observed, but as a matter of fact there
will be three times as many attendants
doctors, secretaries, cooks, waiters, barbers
and others as there are members of the
college. But these, at least, theoretically,
know nothing of what la going on. Neither
they or the cardinals are allowed to leave
the portion of the Vatican which has been
walled In, or to send or receive any mess
age or hold any communication whatever
with the outside world. The food supplies
will be passed In through a dumb waiter
of tho wheel form, and carefully Inspected.
A small door, double locked and guarded
on both sides will be allowed, all other
entrances belnf bricked up. This door Is to
admit cardinals who arrive after the con
vening of the conclave, and to allow, as
was necessary at one conclave, of sending
out the body of a cardinal who died during
How the Balloting1 Is Done.
The first ballot will be taken the day
after the conclave convenes. It and all
succeeding days of the conclave will he
commenced by the cardinals hearing masi
and receiving communion. Then break
fast and about 10 o'clock. In the Sistlne
chapel, the first ballot will be taken. An
other will be taken In the afternoon, and
balloting will continue twice dally until
one candidate receives the required two
thirds vote, or one of the other methods
of electing Is adopted. At a majority of
conclaves there have been aa keen rivalries
and as bitter factions as In any legislative
body or political party In the world, and
hundreds of years ago, and always, the
members of the college of cardinals have
been past masters in the art of political
strategy. The principal part of the time
of the conclave, In fact all of It except
that devoted to hearing mass snd casting
ballots. Is given over to "conferences"
that Is to working for candidates.
Four ways of electing a pope are recog
nised. The first Is "by Insplrstlon." This
Is the case when one cardinal, even befor
the conclave convenes, undoubtedly will
be the choice of a large majority of the
cardinals, snd Is the same as when there Is
only one candidate for a political nomina
tion In this country. One cardinal then
proposes, viva voce, the name of the car
dinal, and he Is elected by scrlamation.
The second method Is "by compromise,"
and means that when the conclave la hope
lessly divided that the members delegate
to one of their number the tight to name
the pope. This method Is not popular, es
pecially since John XII. who was Cardinal
James de Cshors and not thought of as a
candidate, named himself when delegated
to name the pope. The third Is by ballot
and the fourth "by access." which simply
means that cardinals are allowed to change
their votes after casting them for cardinals
who are not candidates, when It is sen
that one candidate has almost enough votes
nM c( bt Precautions.
principles of the i Australian, system were I
KEPT ALIVE ON
outlined In the college of cardinals. The
ballots are eo folded that the tellers see
only the name of tho cardinal voted for,
but In a folded over corner, or porket, Is
written the name of the cardinal casting
the vote, so that In case of dispute, or
what In political conventions would-be
called by a harsher name, the ballots can
All ballots are burned immediately after
the vote Is announced, providing the cor
rectness of the count or regularity of the
ballot is not questioned. A long stovepipe
leads from a small stove to a window in
the Sistlne chapel, and the people outside,
from the smoke, can tell when a ballot has
been taken, and whether or not a pope has
been elected, for, though all ballots are
burned, the ones cast at the deciding vote
are burned by themselves, while straw to
make a dene bmoke is also put In the
stove when the fruitless ballots are burned.
The votes are deposited with great cere
mony, each cardinal kneeling and reciting
a prayer .when he approaches the table, In
a chalice-shaped vase with a lid. and trans
ferred to a pyx-shaped vase after they are
counted. An ebony box, with lock and
key. Is used for collecting the ballots of
cardinals Who are too ill or feeble to leave
their cells, as the little room with which
each cardinal Is provided Is called.
. - When tho Pope Is Elected.
A Chest containing three sets of papal
vestments, large, medium and small In
slse, teln the "hano- and tmmitdfnlely gfter
flirt announdtt tho uaroe by wnioh he Will
thereafter be known, the new pope la robed
and receives the homage of the cardinals.
The doors are opened, the temporary walls
are removed, and from the balcony the dean
of the sarred college announces that Cardi
nal . has been elected snd he takes the
name of . Following this comes a pro
cession to St. Peter's, the new pope being
borne on the papal litter with attendants
waving huge flags of peacock feathers be
side him, and the cardinals following. A
te deum is chanted, the cardinals kiss the
new pontiff's hand and foot, and ho bestows
the papal benediction on them and on nil
prosent. In a few days, as soon as it can
conveniently be arranged, comes the final
ceremony, the most gorgeous In the ritual
of the church, when the new popo is
crowned In St. Peter's.
. Ancient and Venerable Body.
Compared with the college of cardinals,
or sacred college, the governing bodies of
today the parliaments, diets, congresses
and others are Infants. For over 600 years
it has had the exclusive privilege of elect
ing popes and performing other functions,
and does so In practically the same way as
it did when it flut gained for Itself such
rights and duties.
And, If the histories of different conclaves
are at all reliable and a majority of them
were written by cardinals participating in
them the conclaves as a whole, the Indi
vidual members of them and the diplomats
and other interested persons on the outside,
could give the members of any congress or
parliament, or of any "kitchen cabinet" or
"third house," many pointers on what is
today called practical politics. Such things,
for example, as sending messages Into the
secret sessions of the conclave concealed
under the labels of wine bottlea. In oranges
or fowls, and In other ways, or such moves
as falling to vote, for If a full vote Is not
cast there Is no election, even though the
requisite number of votes Is cast for one
candidate, or asking for a postponement of
a vote to hear from some Catholio power
when no message was coming from It, were
all known and practiced hundreds of years i days. This statement, however, did not
ago. The sacred college has also seen as i relieve the anxiety of those who knew
stormy sessions as any secular governing ' what powerful stimulants are being con
body In the world, and has had as many , stantly administered. Some attribute the
unlockable deadlocks. The conclave in isoo
lasted 104 days, several ballots being taken
each day, and other deaafocks were only
broken by force. The people of Vlterbo, In
which the conclave of 12G8 was held, be
came tired after several weeks of fruit
less balloting, and proceeded to take off
the roof of the palace, letting In the winter
winds and rains upon the cardinals. They
very soon elected a pope, as they did In
1254. when the commandant of the castle
of Naples cut the rations of the cardinals
In half ons day. still further reduced them
the next day and sent word that after a
few more days no food whatever would be
Will Be aa Italian.
But In the present case no such coercion
la possible, though he would Indeed be a
wise man who' could now predict the length
of the coming conclave. That the next lope
wil be an Italian may. Judging from the
past, be set down as a certainty, the Ital
ian cardinals having the requisite number
to elect, and all of the prominent candidates
being of that nationality. It is an Interest
ing fact that the law of the church does
not require that a man to be elected pope
be a cardinal, or that he has ever received
even holy orders of the first, or lowest
grade. A number of cardinals In times past
have ben laymen, the latest noted Instance
of this kind bring that of Cardlnul Albanl,
who took a prominent part In the conclave
The election of the bishop of Rome was,
at first, by the clergy of the city, and It Is
' probnhle that the laity to some extent
j participated In the election, or, at leant,
' were called upon to ratify the choice of
I the clergy; thus the church membership
(Continued oa Second Page-)
Hopeful Feeling of Past Tew Days Suddenly
Gives Way to Deepest Gloom.
RELAPSE COMES WITH EARLY MORNING
All Day Long Patient Grows Progressively
Nearer to His End,
DIZZY SPELLS ALARM HIS ATTENDANTS
Hallucinations Trouble Sufferer, Who Bees
Fleeting- Visions in Boom.
LATE AT NIGHT FALLS INTO SEMI-C0MA
Lies t'aeoasclous for a Time, Then
Wakes and la Kept In by
Btlntalaat Lappoal Gives
Pope Bleeps at Intervals.
ROME, July 14.-7:30 a. m. The pope has
passed a somewhat wrestles and agitated
night. After waking at 1 ha aguin tell
asieep till o;30, but nhortly dropped Into a
heavy sleep once more.
ROME, July 14.-4:45 a. m.: The pope s
end Is near, his Ufa now apparently ueing
prolonged only by the free use of stimu
lants. Shortly before midnight he fell Into a
state of semi-coma and it was plain that he
could not last long. All his relatives now
In Rome were hurriedly summoned and ac
quainted with the pontiff s condition.
At 1:15, however, he recovered conscious
ness, showing great signs of depression
and with his mind somewhat confused. Dr.
Laponnl immediately administered stimu
lants with good effect and later peruuaded
his patient to tuke some nourishment. The
pontiff Is still, however, distressingly weak
and his breathing Is growing momentarily
The first change for the worse took placs
about 2 yesterduy inurnlng, but It was cc
slight neither his doctors nor uny one els
felt the slightest alarm. Indeed, the usual
morning bulletin did not indicate any Im
portant alteration in his holiness' condi
tion. Doctors Admit Depression.
The bulletin Issued at 9:13 Is as follows:
Vp to midnight the pontiff remained tran
quil, but aitei ward he experUi.ued agitated
intervuls. A physical examination of th
thorax show no change sinoe day befor
yesterday. The action of the kidneys con
tinues slight, and the general condition of
his holiness Is somewhat depressed. His
pulse is fU; respiration 32, and temperature
36 centigrade. l.APONKI.
Shortly after mid-day, however, lie waa
attacked with dizsiness and grew rapidly
worse. Every few minutes the crowd ol
uixlous watchers were informed of the
progress of the d'seasa and each message
wirved to drive their long-cherished hopes
further and further Into the background.
As the day wore on It became apparent not '
vutit'dla.tKnm. . V ul fnoii consolation "
In an'' old twelfth' tcjjtury prophecy, par
tially reaffirmed by Leo himself this morn
ing when he named Thursday as the day of
"If I am destined to die from this Illness," '
he said. "I feel I shall expire on Thureday,
the feast day of the Carmelite Madonna,
whom I specially worship."
This presentiment Is remarkable because
In a certain way It coincides with the
prophecy made In the twelfth centvry by
St. Malachy, the bishop of Armagh, who
said that Pope Leo would be succeeded by
a pope . symbolizing the "Ignis Ardens"
The Carmelite Madonna Is the patroness
of the Carmelite order, which attributes Its
origin to the prophet Elijah, who ascended
to heaven In a chariot of Are.
Cardinal Gottl, who Is looked upon as the
strongest candidate for the papal throne.
Is a member and protector of this order.
Pontiff Sees Visions.
The pope's dlssy fits continued during the
afternoon and on several occasions he was
visited by hallucinations or visions.,
He explained afterward that he thought
he saw an undefined shadow moving about
the room and slowly approaching his bed.
whereupon he became agitated and
called for his valet, Flo Centra, saying:
"Flo. Pio. who Is it, who Is it?"
Dr. Laponnl and Centra rushed to the
patient's bed and soon succeeded In tran
Bo serious was the change that the pope
was neither allowed to leave his bed nor
to receive the three cardinals who usually
i visit him. Still, apart from momentary
' spells, his wonted alertness continued till
late at night.
So marvelously has his holiness" vitality
asserted Itself during the past week that
even In the early evening medical opinion
was less pessimistic and Dr. Massonl
thought the end was not within sight. He
( expressed the belief that unless the dls.
ease took an unexpected turn" there waa no
, reason to apprehend death for two or three
pontiff s extreme weakness tonight to the
excessive mental and physical efforts un-
aenaxen yesterday in receiving visitors,
heating mass, etc.
Pontiff Obeys Orders.
Never before has the patient's weakness
progressed as It did yesterday. For the
j Aret t,m since his Illness the pontiff asked
to have the shutters almost closed, as the
light hurt his eyes, and at the same time,
contrary to his custom, he begged to be
left aa quiet as possible.
Another noteworthy symptom of his
weakening condition waa the docility with
which he took his medicine and nourish
ment. Previously Pope Leo haa always
been against doctors' prescriptions or any-
tning wnicn naa the aspect of being
forced on him. His feeling of fatigue and
Indifference was Interpreted as a sign that
his vitality waa fast diminishing.
Late last evening nine cardinals. Includ
ing Batolll and Martlnelll, were admitted
to the sick room, but the pope could not
even speak to them, merely giving them
his hand to kiss.
Dr. Rossont was reported to have said In
The pope's pulse reached ninety pulsa
tions and over. Just calculate how many
times It has pulsated In ninety-three years
and you will understand that In his present
condition all his organ and pulse must
end by getting so tired that they will stop
At the American embassy It Is said no
requeat has been received for Information
regarding the pope's condition, although
King Edward has instructed the British
ambassador. Sir Francis Bert, to telegraph
twice daily the state of his holiness.
The Tribune last night printed a state
ment that the pope's real ailment was
cancer of the liver. Dr. Uaxtonl, however,
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