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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (June 15, 1903)
. THE OMAHA DAILY "BEE: MONDAY, JUNE 15, 1903.
WORK OF LUTHERAN S1X0D
rorty-F.nt Bienn'al SsTiim HelJ at Balti
mors J tut Eaded.
CHURCH IN PRO PEROUS CONDITION
Heperla of secretaries of Boards
bow the Growth of the Sect and
tta Xecesaltles Are Far
ther Provided For.
BALTIMORE, Md., Juno 11. (Special
Correspondence.) The forty-first biennial
session of the Uencrsl By nod of the Evan
gelical Lutheran Church In the United
Btates, after a deliberation of eight day.
closed tonight. The convention took place
In the First Lutheran church, Rev. Eira
K. Bell. D. V.. pout or. Thla church I one
of the finest In the city of Raltlmore and
eminently adapted for the purpose of en
tertaining more than 300 gunsta, delegates
To dwell for a moment on the growth
of the Evangelical Lutheran church In a
quarter of a century, let u follow the
report of the committee on state of church,
a presented yesterday to the general synod
convention. The General Synod Lutheran
church has now twice as many members
as It had In 1875, and half as many more
churches than In that year. The amount
In the synod leal treasury then waa (7,771.12,
now It is 25,000; beneficiary education then
122,473, now nearly five times as much, 1121,.
K9; home missions then 128,408, now over
$9,387; church extension then S2M&3. now
$132,874; the net assets of the Board of
Church Extension then were $20,284, now
$456,145; contributions for tha publication
society then were $S,567, now the church
owns a magnificent plant with assets of
This growth Is due to the fact that this
country has grown and expanded wonder
fully, not only In the east, but also In the
west. The number of delegates showed
this, as the delegation Is according to the
else of rynods, or the number of congrega
tions belonging to this synod; Kansas had
twelve . delegates, while Nebraska had
twenty-two, more than the old and long
established Maryland synod. There are
twenty-five district synods, with 246 regular
delegates on the list, representing about
1,700 churches and 230 preaching stations,
with a oommunlcant membership of over
210.000 and an Infant membership of nearly
80,000, a tdtal of 260,000.
Eminent Men Present.
Among the 246 delegates, some of whom,
from the far west, were somewhat belated
owing to the floods In the west, were sev
eral ' prominent men whose names are
known all over the land. Conspicuous
among these were Judge Peter S. Orosscup
of the United States circuit court of Chi
cago, who rendered the decision In the
recent anti-Beef trust proceedings In the
Windy City. The Judge was not only
called upon for his legal advice, together
with W. C. Stoever, attorney for the
Society of Publication, who was Instructed
on Tuesday to apply to the court of com
rnon 'pleas at Philadelphia for a new char
ter, so that twenty members Instead of ten
could be elected, and Oeorge Neff, an
eminent lawyer, spoke also feelingly on
Another eminent lawyer Is a delegate to
the general synod from the same East
Ohio district synod. Judgo Henry Harter of
Canton, O., who sits In the court of com
mon pleas. And still another well known
name Is that of Horace Lehr, mayor
of Easton, Pa. Then there Is J. U.
Zimmerman, who made a fight for the
demount ttc nomination 'for the governor
ship of Ohio a couple of yeara ago, as the
Baltimore American . tells, its readers. A
number 'of professors are also on the floor
of the synod from Springfield, O. ; Atchison,
Kan. :. Gettysburg and other educational
centers. One of these gentlemen waa
chosen president of the present general
synod convention, while the other candi
date waa also a theological professor. The
names of these two candidates were:
Rev. E. J. Wlf . D. D., LL. D., of the
Gettysburg (Pa.) seminary, and Rev. F. D.
Altman, president of the theological sem
inary of Midland college, Atchison, Kan. It
can be seen from this that while the east
was triumphant over the west In the choos
ing of a president, yet the educational ele
ment la predominant over tho ministerial.
Work of the Synod.
Ths synod opened on Wednesday evening,
the 4th Inst., with a sermon by the retiring
president. Rev. Dr. W. S. Freas of Balti
more. This was a fine discourse In which
the sentiment for union was expressed In
a marked manner, deploring the fact that
there are 143 religious sects in the United
The First Lutheran church Is a fine
structure and made a most beautiful sight
with Its chaste chancel and handsome dec
orations. It was lighted most beautifully.
On one occasion during a thunderstorm the
electric fuses were burned out and an
awful crash of lightning sped through the
entire building. A woman, wife of a dele
gate from California, fainted,' but the gas
Jets were lighted and the sneaker on the
floor continued his speech unruffled. An
other young lady. Miss Bell, daughter of
the. pastor, had her arm burned by the
A memorable sermon also was preached
last 8unday morning by Rev. Dr. Wolf, the
president of this, the highest ecclesiastical
body In the denomination, taking for his
text the words: "Lead me to tha rock
that la higher than I." The president
spoke on these four topics: (1) "The Uni
versal Consciousness of a Supreme Being,"
(2) "The Human Aspirations After God,"
(3) "The I'nattalnablenesa of This Com
munion by Human Effort," (4) "The Effl-
. cacy of Believing in Prayer."
Many of the pastors of the synod occu
pied the pulpits of the city In all the dif
ferent denominations. The muslo, under
the direction of Mr, Harry M. Smith, waa
a treat during every evening of the synod.
The regular church choir waa assisted by
well known singers of the city, such dim
cult and elaborate muslo being rendered as
"Bend Out Thy Light" (Gounod), the
"Gloria," from Mosart's Twelfth mass; the
"Inflammatus" and Rossini's "Stabat
Dr. Wolf aa Chairman.
Dr. Wolf was greeted with a great deal
of applauae when he first took his seat as
chairman, and he evoked a good deal of
laughter with his fe'lclttous remarks. He
said that he himself had always caused
much dlrorder on the floor of the aynod
and that, perhapa for that reason the
synod had elected him as chairman, alnce
he must hear others and hare but little to
ay himself. He notified the synod that he
h4 the sheriff of Baltimore at his dis
posal, this gentleman being & delegate, and
that be would call upon the sheriff to help
him, ths president. If necessary. The pres
ident's very first announcement, that he
wanted the prayers of ths ho-ise to be
delivered at a time when the synod was
perfectly In the spirit of prayer and not
perturbed and dlaqulet, and that, there
fore. Ave minutes before sdjournment would
be given for preparation of prayer
called forth contradiction from one party,
who claimed that the president had Just
aid that he would enforce no rulea of his
own. and that this very statement con
tradicted the president s remarks. By ths
way, this rule of the president, which of a
verity would have been quite an Innova
tion in ecclesiastical parliamentary usage,
was never observed during synod.
But Dr. Wolf had the hardest stsnd on
Monday morning, when quite a heated dis
cussion took place on the question of what
men should constitute the new board of
home missions. Here the cry of "con
servatlve" and "radical was once more
beard, after some years, although the
conservative element, which Is considerably
In the majority, tried to evade the term
"radical" by using the word "minority."
Tha wrangle came over the fact that the
name of Mr. Reen, an energetic young
minister belonging to the East Pennsyl
vanla synod, and which la ons of the
strongest districts In the general synod
was dropped from the Hat, while that of
Dr. W. E. Parson was substituted. The
chairman of the committee on nominating
the new board was Dr. 8. W. Owen of the
Maryland synod. When O. M. Dlffen
derfer repeatedly cried out that he had the
floor and claimed that he had a right to
It even though the question of order waa
raised. Dr. Owen, In a very decided man
ner, said: "When a motion to postpone a
special order Is made, to take a vote on a
pending motion, It Is neither courteous nor
Just that a member should take the floor
and hold it until the time has expired."
Dispute Kot Easily Ended.
But to demostrate that "the time has
come when no one can charge that one
party will not do the other party Justice."
Dr. W. M. Hamma, president of the board
of home missions, mads a very conciliatory
motion, which he desired to ask as a privi
lege, namely, to Insert together with Dr.
Pai-son's name that of Rev. Dr. Reen and
that of J. D. Haupt, thus adding the
name of one "radical" and one "conserva
tive." Dr. Richard of the theological sem
inary at Gettysburg, who has been consid
ered one of the leaders of the more pro
presstve party, made a very fervent pica
to drop all such deprecatory terms as
radical and expressed his Ideas thnt
these words of peace might have been
mado earlier In the day. However, he was
willing to take the proffered hand, know
ing that It was a poor and unwise man
who would not learn front his enemies.
Here Dr. Hamma acknowledged that he,
too, had learned from the other side.
whereupon Dr. Richard told him he could
have still more If he, Dr. Hamma, so de
sired. Going half way across the church
the two men met and shook hands, while
an enthusiastic Individual commenced to
sing, "Blessed Be the Tie that Binds." Dr.
Owen did not like the expression of Dr.
Richard, "I shake hands with you across
the gulf." saying 'Then I am the gulf."
which expression caused laughter. But this
expression also was explained and general
amiability was the result of the electric
discharge of wit and repartee.
On the 8th, at the evening session, the
president. Dr. Wolf, received from repre
sentatives of the Luther league a very fine
watch charm, representing the coat of
arms which Luther formulated, a cross In
red heart Imbedded In a rose of five
white petals shining In a sky-blue field.
Report on Foreign Missions.
The first day's. business was on foreign
missions, a long but Interesting report be
ing presented, read by Rev. Marlon J.
Kline, general secretary of the board. The
report shows the total receipts of the
board from all sources for the blcnnlum
closing April 30, 1903, to be J122.566.41. The
report referred also to the munificent fact
that the board had loaned to tho board of
the general council the services of Rev. J.
H. Harpstcr, D. D., for a period of at least
three years In the Rajahmunday mission
In India, for the purpose of reorganizing
that field of the general synod. The
Woman's , Home and Foreign Missionary
society contributed $82,681.26 to the support
of the work In the foreign field. The board
In Its report recommended the continuance
of the missions In the African field, the
bad state of health of the missionaries of
several years ago having now .disappeared.
In this connection It may be said that Rev.
Augustus Bohlmann. M. D., for many years
a missionary at Muehlenberg Mission, Li
beria, Africa, Is now assistant professor of
anatomy In Johna Hopkins university of
Baltimore. One of the other-recommendations
read as follows:
Rso'ved. That the church acknowledge
with gratitude Its Indebtedness to the Chris
tian Herald of New York and Its "IndlHn
famine and orphan fund" patrons for their
generous support of the India famine or
phans In the case of our missions.
Rev. Dr. Uhl, a missionary from India, on
furlough at home, spoke very feelingly for
Inrla and mission work in general, urging
a more hearty support of this work. He
alluded to the fact that there are people
In India as deeply versed In theology as
any of our own theologians, and that they
are by no meana "stone and wood Idol
people." "Do not fool with missions," he
cried out. "If God gave us this work I
say, If God did really give us this work
to do for heaven's sake do not. fool with
It any longer."
Some Entertainment Features.
On Saturday afternoon the synod and
visitors, together with members of the
First Lutheran church, about 800 people in
all, made a trip on the bay In the city's
Iceboat Tatrobe. The fire board granted a
request for an exhibition of the flreboat
Cataract, which showed Its efficient work
In extinguishing flames in or along the
harbor. The French flagship Tage, visited
by Ambassador Juaserant and Cardinal
Olbbona on Sunday, waa also viewed with
On Saturday home missions were dis
cussed with a great amount of fervor, as
the several fields In the various states were
mentioned. The report brought out the
fact that the offerings of the Sunday
schools have advanced about $6,000 over the
previous blennlum. the aggregate being
nearly $30,000. A further report was read
showing that the National Lutheran Home
for the Aged Is doing a good work. A
further paper. Illustrative of the Osterland
Orphans' home at Springfield, read by Rev.
A. 8. Greenawald of Bellefontatne. O.,
and a report on the Tressler Orphans'
home, located at Loysvllle, Pa., were pre
sented. The Tressler home Is valued at
$80,000. The receipts for the year were
$26,749.31 and there is now a balance in the
treasury of $3,076.14.
Interests of Other Boards.
Dr. Dunbar made a strong appeal for his
board, the Deaconess' board of the Gen
eral Synod, which work was publicly pre
sented In the evening service of the 11th.
At this service Hon. P. B. Grosscup.
LL.D., Rev. Edwin Hyl Delk. A. M., and
Rev. C. E. Walter mode addresses. The
Board of Education celebrated Its labors
on the evening of the 10th with an address
by Rev. A. E. Wagner, Ph. D., while the
Board of Pabllcatlon had Its evening
service on the tth, with sn address by Rev.
Dr. A. J. Turkle. formerly pastor of the
Kcuntse Memorial church of Omaha. Rev.
Dr. Turkle had also been a visitor from
the General Synod to the woman's con
vention, which took place at Pittsburg a
week ago. The Board of Church Exten
sion celebrated on the evening of the 8th.
While discussing the work of the Pas
tors' Fund aoclety. Dr. G. G. Burnett of
California mad the remark that the
. . s
tore are responajDie n tneir members are
not contrlbuttve. Layman J. H. Berlin
of Kansas took issue with Dr. Burnett,
siylng thst the church council was her
for that purpose. The sams gentleman
made some pertinent remarks on the floor
of the synod a little later. He said that
the fact that young men do not enter the
ministry In such numbers aa formerly Is
owing to the small salaries the ministry
la getting; at the present day, many not
receiving more for their services thsn coal
heavers. President McKlnley waa highly eulogised
In a resolution by Dr. Remensnyder, In
which the closing sentence Is:
Resolved, That while mourning his loss.
wo rejoice st bis Illustrious exnmple,
wlnrh will shine as a beneficent Influence
through all our coming natinnul history.
The Board of Church Extension, also In
a .very flourishing condition, as Its report
on Monday showed, since it has now a
total net assets of about $466,000, reviewed
Its history and recommended for the future
a parsonage fund. Total receipts in this
fund are $136,910.18.
Fraternal Greetings Exrhanaeri.
Fraternal greetings were received from
Rev. L. L. Smith of Virginia, represent
ing the United synod of the south, and
Rev. Dr. 8. A. Repass of Allentown, Pa.,
to which President Wolf responded In a
happy strain, saying there was no other
dividing line between the United synod of
the south and the general aynod than the
Potomac river and giving also to the rep
resentatives of the general synod a very
cordial welcome and handshake. Dr. Rem
ensnyder of New York City Jumped up
after the address of Rev. Smith, who had
referred to tha origin of common service
aa due to one Dr. Bateman, saying that his
torical errors are best contradicted at once
and that a certain J. B. Remensnyder had
been responsible for its Introduction. In
the excitement. Instead of saying 1876 the
doctor said 1776 and amid laughter of the
house declared. "Well, that does certainly
look as If I belonged to the ancients."
Mr. Louis Manss of Cincinnati, who looks
mich like former President Harrison, and
was sometimes taken for him, Is a very
genial "watchdog." He has been the effi
cient treasurer of the snyod for many
years. In his report he showed that there
was a balance on hand in the treasury of
The Yutan (Neb.) German Lutheran con
gregation, which had appealed from the
alleged unfair and unchristian treatment
of a sister congregation, received the ad-
vice to have the two snyoda of Nebraska,
both the German and the EnKUsh, decide
the question through an Impartial commit
tee. Gifts for a School.
The munificence of western men and the
widening influence of western civilization
was shown yesterday when Dr. Hamma
announced that Mr. Henry Denhurt of
Washington, 111., has promised $5,000 a
year for five years to pay the current ex
penses of Carthage college, provided the
synod raises $2,000. Mr. Denhart also agrees
to give lluu.OOO toward an endowment fund
for that Institution provided its friends
raise a like sum. In all Mr. Denhart'a gifts
to the college amount to ubout $130,000. Dr.
Richard In this connection developed a plan
for raising $1,000,000 "for the purpose of
education in the general synod," a certain
committee to handle and further this prop
osition. Dr. Altman's stirring appeal was not
without good fruit, aa the synod voted to
pay out of the treasury the $o,5v0 needed
to pay oft the debts and put Midland col
lege of Atchison, Kan., on a hrm footing.
On the last day the Parent Educational
society, the Historical society and tho
Board of Beneficiary Education presented
encouraging reports, all Knowing tha im
portance of the work of the general synod
in the United States. Dr. Remensnyder
read a resolution glorying In tho fact of
the firm scriptural and orthodox standing
of the Lutheran church, untainted by the
deceits of present-day ' theological criti
cism and controversy. In the evening
after the service devoted to the work ot
the deaconesses, with a mother house and
headquarters at Baltimore, tho thanks of
the delegates and visitors to Dr. Beel and
congregation was given hoarty expression.
In conclusion, it can truthfully be said that
the synod of 1903 at Baltimore, how a
thing of the past and a fact of hlBtory, was
Indeed a beatific and fruitful one, and that
it will exert its influence for good for many
months to come. May the synod of Pttta
burg, which will meet in Bethany church
on the first Wednesday after Whitsunday
In the year 1906 prove as Joyous and pro
lific a convention with even greater pos
sibilities in store. , ' '
An.i now. Baltimore, in saying good bye
to the preachers, will get ready to receive
at least 5.000 saengers
G. A. N.
A CLEAXLY AGE.
Twentieth Centnry Ideas Incline To
ward Sanitation and Preventatives
Nowadays scientists believe that In
cleanliness lies the secret of prevention
of disease. (
To prevent a disease, remove the cause
Just as unclean habits breed many dis
eases, so careless habits will breed dan
druff. Improper use of another's brushes
combs, etc. will surely cause dandruff
and. In time, will Juat aa surely caus
It's mlcrohic Infection, nothing more nor
Newbro's Herplclde kills the dandruff
germ, and causes hair to grow luxuriantly,
Herplclde is Absolutely free from grensn
or other Injurious substances. Send 1C
cents In stamps for free sample to The
Herplclde Co., Detroit, Mich.
SWEDISH LUTHERANS ORDAIN
Twenty-Two Men Preachers Conse
crated hy Angstna
FLOOMINOTON, 111.. June 14. Augtis
tana synod of the Swedish Lutheran church
at Paxton today celebrated rommunlon at
the morning service and listened to a ser
mon by Rev. M. C. Larsen of Seattle.
Wash. In the afterndon twenty-two men
were ordained as preachers. The address
of ordination was delivered In Swedish by
Rev. N. Forsneder ot Rock Talsnd. 111.
Dr. Eric Norelus of Vass, Minn., presi
dent of the synod, then performed the ordi
nation ceremony. An address In Kngllsh
was delivered by Rev. Julius Lincoln of
Jsmestown. N Y. Memorial services were
held tonight for pastors who died during
A concert will be given Friday evening.
June 26, by the choir of Kountze Memorial
Charles Forbes of 214 South Twenty-ninth
street was locked up last nlpht by Officer
McCarthy on a charge of abusing his fainJ
At St. Peter's church Sunday morning at
10:30 o'clock Blahop Scannell confirmed a
class, and In the afternoon at t held con
firmation services at the cathedral.
The police have not yet found any trace
of the man Walker, who tent a note to
Chief Donahue telling of his Intention to
make away with himself by the watery
A still alarm called No. Z engine com
pany to Tenth and Jones about 8 SO last
night to extinguish a small blase, caused
by eome rubbish on fire under the Tenth
The annual picnic of the Sabbath school
and congregation of Kountxn Memorial
church will be given Thursday, June Z6. All
members of the congregation are Invited
to participate It will be held at one of
the Council Bluffs parks.
Detectives Donahue and Mitchell arrested
a colored man named Thomas White, hail
ing from Franklin, Neb., at the Webster
Street depot yesterday afternoon. Word
was received from Uloomfield. Neh., to hold
the man. as he Is suspected of burglary
at that town.
The Knlghta of Columbus sre preparing
for a ceremonial aesrlon to be held next
Sunday at Omaha. There 1'
of the order present from O'Neill, Sioux
City, Kansas City, les Moines. St. Joseph
and other places. A large class will be In
itiated into the mysteries of knighthood
and tha festivities will close with a ban
quet at the Millard betel.
TALKS OF B1TULITHIC PAYING
John Grant Qiei De ai'.s of Material Be
Proposes for Omaba Streets.
SAYS IT IS MOST SUITABLE AND DURABLE
Combines All Advantages of Asphalt
and Macadam with None of Their
Disadvantages and la Cheap
est in Long Ron.
"Since the papers announced several days
ago that a new paving plant had been
started that would lay bltullthlc as well
as asphalt pavements, I have been asked
from five to twenty times a day what
bltullthlc pavement Is and whether or not
It will last," said Contractor John Grant.
"What seems to be the most Important
Dolnt with nil nronertv owners now Is
whether a pavement will last," continued
Mr. Grant, "or whether It will cost a good
deal more to keep It up, and keep on cost'
Ing more each year, than It did to lay it.
And considering the condition of most of
our streets, and Omaha has not yet had as
much experience in this line as some other
cities, the question is a very natural one,
"So far as bltullthlc or bituminous
macadam pavements are concerned I can
say that If the process of laying them
had been properly worked out thirty years
or thirty-five years ago, asphalt pavements
would have been unkriown today. There
Is as much difference between the bltu
lithlc pavements which are being laid now
and for the last couple of years and the
first bituminous pavements laid back In
the '60s and early '70s as between the
equipment and operation of an up-to-date
1901 railroad and the old tram roads of
seventy-five years ago. And yet the off!
clnl records of Washington city and other
j c)tleg snow than on an average the poorest
of the bituminous pavements did not go
to pieces any faster or cost any more to
repair than much of the asphalt pavement
which has been laid In the last few years,
while some of them have a good record
for lasting quality which Is not equalled
by any other paving ever laid In this
Much Depends on Contractor.
"One thing which the people of Omaha, as
well as other cities, have discovered, snd
so I may Just as well mention It here.
Is that In all paving It makes a great deal
of difference who does the work. We all
know that some asphalt pavements are
much better and last much longer than
others, but no advocate of asphalt pave
ments can show one which has lasted for
thirty years, or even half that time, at a
cost of keeping in repair of one-half of 1
cent per yard per year. And that can be
shown regarding some of the bituminous
pavements laid thirty or more years ago.
One very Important fact regarding such
pavements, especially in Washington city
and Pittsburg, Is that they were laid by
only certain men, Samuel E. Schorf, Filbert
& Cranford. N. B. Abbott and myself, and
the paving cement for them waa distilled
by E. B. Warren, uncle of the two War
rens who have, within the past few years,
perfected the laying of bituminous pave
ments. The Warren family has been
prominent In the paving business for two
generations and Warren Bros, have laid
more asphalt than any other concern In
the country. But since they and the War-ren-Scharf
company quit laying asphalt, as
have also'a number of other old hands at
the business. It would seem as If the way
of laying It so as to get the best results
Is not known. Bat then some people in sll
lines don't want to do work which will
Experience at Washington.
"The United Statea government reports
show that there were In good repair in
Washington City in January 1903, twenty
six pieces of coal tar pavement laid from
15 to 31 years which had never been resur
faced and which had cost from absolutely
nothing, no repairs whatever having been
made upon two of the streets, up to 3.6
cents per square yard a year to repair, with
the exception of one street which for some
reason I do not know Is down in the report
as having cost 15 cents per yard to keep In
good condition. But as against It Is several
of the other streets, as can be seen by any
one who cares to send for the last report
of the engineering department for the
District of Cobumbla, cost less than 1 cent
per yard per year. Of this paving the
shows tha 4.713 yards yards -were 31 years
old; 3,894 SO years old; 19,628 yards 28 years
old; 4,442 yards 26 years old; 28,664 yards
16 years old, and 11.453 yards 15 yeara old,
making a total of 74.794 square yards In
Use from 15 to 31 years. Washington Is dif
ferent from every other city In the country
In the matter of taxes, and about every
kind of pavement ever proposed has been
tried more or less at the expense of the
general government, and none of them
show the record made by the bituminous
pavementa. The first cost of these pave
ments was from $1,97 per square yard,
when there was something of a paving war
on. to $3.20 per yard.
Opinion of an Expert.
"In the March, 1903, number of the Munic
ipal Journal and Engineer, Prof. Allan
Wade Dow, for the past 10 yeara govern
ment Inspector of asphalt and cement for
tho District of Columbia, has an Interesting
article on the coal tar, or bituminous pave
ments laid In Washington City. Before he
was appointed government Inspector Prof.
Dow was first assistant chemist of the
Barber Asphalt Company, New York, and
on account of his Investigations he has
been recognized as an authority on asphalt
and bituminous paring. A short time ago
when he announced, aa one result of his
Investigations, that Trinidad asphalt, so
long considered a standard of quality, waa
unfit for use In paving except it waa freed
from ita soluble salts, there waa a great
deal of comment In the paving world. Prof.
Dow In hla article tella of the different
patented pavements which the government
tried some 30 years ago and from what we
now know It ia hard to understand how
such ridiculous mixtures or compounds
could ever have been used. One formula!
for example, prescribed a certain proportion
of wood saw dust snd sulphuric acid,' the
latter being used to dissolve the sand and
color the saw dust. I superintended the lay
ing of several Jobs of paving under this
patent, though I did not follow the
directions ss ran be aeen from thla extract
from Prof. Dow'a artlclei
Dow Speaks of Grant.
" 'The aawdust was eliminated from the
formula after one or two of the earliest
pavementa were laid. That all of the
Evans pavements were not ruined I believe
Is entirely due to the good Judgment dis
played by the foreman, Mr. John Grant,
now president of the Grant Paving com
pany of Omaha, Neb. Mr. Grant noticed
that the addition of the sulphuric acid to
the hot tar caused considerable fuming, and
supposing all the acid waa volatlzed, he
tried aome mixtures without, to save the
expense of the acid. He noticed that these
mixtures were entirely too soft, so he hard
ened the tar somewhat by giving It a crude
refining by heat after adding It to the
gravel and sand. It is owing to Mr. Grant's
good work that I am able to present to
you the pictures of Highland Terrace and
Massachusetta avenue, laid by Mr. C. E.
Evans In 1873. Highland Terrace haa cost
for repairs on an average $0,005 (one-half
cent) per square yard per annum. It has
been estimated that the Massachusetta ave
nue pavement haa cost for repairs, on an
average, leas than $0.01 (1 cent) per square
yard per annum. But few of the C. E.
Evans' pavements were laid later than
"Prof. Dow describes several other of
'those so-called coal tar concrete pave
ments' and states very positively that the
failure of them was due to the mixing In
with the coal tar of other Ingredients, nnd
that the pavements which lasted so well
were laid with a straight refined coal tnr
without the addition of any other cement
ing material. He also points out that In
stead of graded granite or hard stone, as
at present, sand and gravel were then
used, and that even the best quality of coal
tar prepared under the old-fashioned
method of distilling, cannot be compared
with that manufactured under modern
methods and experienced supervision. Ho
predicts that the present knowledge and
methods Insures the complete success of all
coal tar, or bltullthlc pavements laid that
la, that where success was only obtained
by chance thirty years ago It will now tie
secured In all cases.
Gives General Satisfaction.
"But scientific- men who have Investi
gated bltullthlc pavements are not the only
ones who have endorfed them In the most
unqualified terms. In nil the years that
asphalt, brick, wood and other pavements
have been laid none of them have ever
given the complete satisfaction and re
ceived the endorsement that bltullthlc tias
received In the last couple of years. For
example, the Road Drivers' Association of
New York, which Includes hundreds of
the most wealthy and prominent horse
owners In New York and vicinity, ap
pointed a committee to Investigate bltu
llthlo pavements, and In the spring of 1902
unanimously adopted the committee's re-
port, which recommended the bltullthlc
for Its ease on horses, nolselessness, dura
bility and cleanliness, and that the asso
elation bring all the pressure possible to
have Seventh avenue and other boulevards
paved with It. Never before did the Road
Drlvors' Association of New York make
any such recommendation In regard to any
kind of paving, and In this report It was
stated that It waa as much to the Interest
of property owners, on account of Its dura
bility, etc., to have bltullthlc paving as
to the lovers and drivers of good horses.
"Another strong and a straight business
endorsement which bltullthlc paving re
celved In New York was from the Asso
elated Road Users of America, an organi
sation composed of the Automobile Club of
America, the New York Truck Owners'
association, the Road Drivers' Association
of New York, the Associated Cycling clubs
of New York, the National Association of
Automobile Manufacturers, the Associated
Cycling Clubs of Long Island, the League
or American Wheelmen and the Staten
Island Driving club. A committee com
posed of delegates from the different or
ganisations, all of which are Interested In
getting the best possible pavements, visited
several cities In which bltullthlc pavements
have been laid. Investigated thoroughly the
way It is -manufactured and put down,
brought in a detailed report strongly rec
ommending bltullthlc pavements and
pledging the support of the general or
ganization to having them laid. Under
.each of these headings the committee en
dorsed bltullthlc pavements: Freedom
from dust, absence of any slippery surface,
no evidence of cracking, durability, resili
ency, ease of traction, sanitary advantages,
appearance of the finished pavement, no
crosswalks are needed at street Intersec
tions, simplicity of construction, case of
repair, its nolselessness, Its availability,
New York to I'se Bltalllhlc.
"On account of the above and official in
vestigations, New York Is preparing to lay
hundi-od of thousands of yards of bltu
llthlc paving. So far as favorable reports
go I could give you enough to more than
fill a whole paper, from New England. New
York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and cities in sev-
several southern states, and they are re-
eral southern states, and they are reports,
like the ones from New York City, which
no other kind of paving has ever been able
to obtain not paid for reports, but reports
from associations and Individuals who are
simply Interested In getting the best possi
ble pavement for horses and all kinds of
vehicles and at the same time one that will
not almost put a mortgage on all city prop
erty to keep In repair.
Coming nearer home we have another
gcod example of what Is thought of bltu
llthlc pavements. St. Louis has already con
tracted for 300,000 yards of It and Is pre
paring to lay 100,000 more yards, snd be
fore the big exposition opens there next
year It may lay a still greater quantity.
The St. Louts people are trying to put
their streets In the best possible condition
for the exDosltion and so are determined
to have the best pavement. But they had
to fight before thsy could get It, the asphalt
trust putting every obstacle In the way
of bltullthlc, by misrepresentations and in
every way. Just as It has done In other
places end is prepared to do In Omaha.
But In St. Louts when the case got Into the
courts, though the asphalt trust made a
hard fight. Judge Woods rendered a sweep
ing decision In favor of the letting of con
tracts for bltullthlc pavements, denying
very point raised In the petition of the
representative of the asphalt trust.
Cheapest la the End.
"In the thirty-eight years that I have
been in the street pavhig business I have
investigated and studied every kind of pav
ing that has been proposed and can say
this much of the bltullthlc pavement: It
may be possible that In -the future some
better kind of street paving may be found,
but up to the present time bltullthlc paving
Is tho best, and In the end the cheapest. It
combines all the advantages of asphalt and
macadam with none of their disadvantages
It combines safety, speed and comfort
qualities with durability. It gives an Ideal
footing, making eaay driving for both
pleasure and business; It enables horses
to darw heavier .loads; It Is practically noise
less. That Omaha property owners will
realize the advantages of bltullthlc paving
as soon as tney nave investigated It I am
satisfied and then they will want it."
Mr. Grant admitted that other things
besides merit have frequently Influenced
what kind of pavement should be laid, but
aald he did not care to discuss the matter
at this time. Two reasons, he said, why
bltullthlc or coal tar pavements have not
been laid more extensively are that the best
way of laying them was only worked out
a few years sgo, and that the Asphalt
trust had had everything Ita own way In
such matters, and with the councils and
boards of many cities, for a number of
years. But, due In great measure to City
Engineer Rosewater, the gates In Omaha
were thrown open several years ago to
asphalt which waa not controlled by the
asphalt trust, and they would now be
thrown open, he waa confident, to bltu
llthlc paving. They could not, In fact, he
said, be kept closed even If the city au
thorities should be In favor of doing so
as the property owners would insist on
The machinery for the new plant at
Eleventh und Paul streets has been shipped
and everything will be ready for It in a
Wandering; Woman Restrained.
A woman supposed to be the wife of Amos
McFerrln. a ltlnir teamster, was picked up
by the police in the vicinity of the Tweu
tleth street car barns yesterday. Th
woman had with her a small child and had
been wandering about f..r some time In
search of work. When questioned sh ad
mitted that she had deserted her husband
In lilalr. but did not wish him to know of
the fact. The general appearance of the
woman Indicated a slightlv demented con
dition. The mother and child are In charge
of the polioe oiatrou awaiting word from
BOOMS PORTO RICAN COFFEE
Uoveraor llant Telia of Increasing
Trade Doe to American
NEW YORK. June 14 -Governor W. H
ituni oi j'orto Rlco arrived tonight on
Ponce. He denied the rumor that he
would resign snd speaking of Porto Rloo
Coffee planters find encouragement In the
belief that the New York market is at last
opening to Porto Rico coffee, which le of
uiiexceiicu quality. Americana are Invest
nig largely in oranre aroves. and the ax
portatlon of this fruit Is 20 per cent over
last year. Over $.oo.uM worth of sugar has
been sent north since January, which Is a
heavy Increase over lust year. The tobacco
manufacturers of the United mates are
now Importing the leaf from the Island. In
dicating an Increased demand for Porto
mean cigars la being cultivated under can
vas with good results.
The American riteam Railroad company
haa built more than twenty miles of addl-
uunui line, wnicu win connect the prin
cipal cities, und work is about to begin on
the electric railroad between Ponce ond
San Juan. American canltal ami enter
prise are lieglnnlug to work great changes
in Porto Rlco.
in a political way there Is substantial
advancement. Peace nnd order now pre
Vull. American laws are effectively iitmln.
I lstered and the people aspire to the rapid
iiuiHiun oi American system ot govern
ment. I am on my way to Washington to assist
In a distribution of lands to accrue to the
Hwnd on July J, or after the president has
made reservations for military, naval and
otner national usee, i nis grant will be an
other valuable asset for the people.
Dr. Tapper Declares All Nations Are
Bound l"p One with
PHILADELPHIA, June ll.-Commence-
ment week at the University of Pennsyl
vanla began today with the baccalaureate
sermon, which was preached by Rev. Dr.
Kerr Boyce Tupper at the First Baptist
Dr. Tupper declared independence was
more popular today than Interdependence,
but while this waa true, it was equally
true that absolute independence was an 1m
possible relation that the law of Intimate
connection and mutual dependence bound
the whole human family In an Inseparable
unity. Continuing, he said:
We are recognizing today as never before,
perhaps, that we are members one of an
other and debtors one to another; that
neither languages nor customs, widely as
they may vary, Interfere with the strange
oneness of the community of nations. Even
we of this splendid century of enlighten
ment and progress are acknowledging our
Indebtedness to far-away nations to Rome
for the principles that underlie our sys
tems of law; to Greece for our Ideals of
art, and to Judea for the inspirations , of
our highest faith. It Is the great truth of
universal interdependence, no man living to
himself, no nation living to Itself.
EXPECT AMERICA TO PROTEST
Peking: Residents See Slight In China
Renewing: Treaty Negotia
tions from Shanghai.
PEKING, June 14. It Is expected that the
United States will object to the transfer of
the negotiations for the American and Jap
anese commercial treaties from Shanghai to
this city, as it is Impossible for the Amer
ican commissioner to come to Peking.
An edict ordering the transfer has now
been Issued without consulting either the
United States or Japan, which omission is
considered as discourteous to the two
powers concerned. '
The Japanese negotiations have been sus
pended snd- are at a deadlock owing to
China's refusal to discuss Japan's demand
for the insertion of a clause In the treaty
for the opening of Mukden and other cen
ters to foreign trade.
HUNGARIAN CROPS FALL OFF
Official Report Shows All Small
Grains Leas Promising; Than
RUDAFEST, June 14. The official report
of the ministry of Hungary estimates the
.yield of wheat at 38.8 millimetre centals,
compnred with 46.5 In 1902; rye at 11.7, com
pared with 13.6; barley at 12, compared
with 13.5, and oats at 10.8, compared with
12 in 1902.
A Cat Jfcver Bleerta
After Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil la ap
plied. Relieves pi. in Instantly and heals at
the same time. For man or beast. Price. 25c
Found Ills riace.
Two men were discussing the friends of i
their boyhood, and in the course of the
conversation mentioned one old schoolmate
who had been the possessor of a most un
"I wonder what became of him," said one
man. "It always seemed to me tnat it
wouldn't be possible for him to get any
enjoymenttout of life or find any sort of
work that suited him."
'He has, said the other man. I saw
him out west last year, and he haa a Job
that Just suits him to a T. He's station
master in a place where there are forty
trains a day coming and going, and he
sees somebody miss everyone of them."
The Mlahty Fallen.
"Who is that bored looking old fellow In
the opera box with tho richly dressed
That's a duffer of the name of Spykus.
Got Immensely rich In mining stocks or
something of that sort, I believe."
"Spykus? I haven't heard that name for
a dozen years or more. I used to know a
famous base ball player named HI Spykus,
but he disappeared all at once and I've
never heard of him alnce."
"Yes; this Is the same man." Chicago
Escaped Convict t'anght.
SIOUX FALLS. S. D.. June 14. (Special.)
A swindler who was arrested In Charles
Mix county after having victimised a num
ber of people to the extent of $50 In cash,
besides securing a suit of clothes, a gun
and other property, proved to be Claude
Ray, an escaped prlaoner from the state
penitentiary at Pontlac. 111. At the time
he made hla escape he waa serving a term
for burglary. Ray has been returned to
Illinois to complete his term.
About Sixteenth Street Paving.
OMAHA. June U.-To the Editor of The
Dee- The city authorltlea have under con
sideration the question of repairing Hlx
teenth street. Tills is not a new question.
We havu had it every year for a dosen
vears. and everv annual repairing in less
thsn a year leaves the street In worse con
dlllon than the preceding one. let while
thousands upon thousands of dollars neve
been spent hv the citv to keep Sixteenth
street In passable condition, not a dollars
worth of repnlrs have been made by the
city on North Fifteenth and North Seven
teenth streets. Property owners on these
streets paid for the original paving Just
as did the proerty owners on Sixteenth
street and sre entitled to equal considera
tion. In disbursing so much of the gen
eral fund or paving fund as may be set
usldo for paving repc.lrs, the city should
not continually favor one set of taxpayers.
Sui h discrimination Is an outrage, all the
more n because property owners on Six
teenth street are far more able to mi
the burden of taxation than property own
ers on parallel streets. There Is anoibei
reaton why pamliol streets snomu ne gnen
Some consideration, if fifteenth and 81 x
enteenth streets were repaired they would
diminish tha burden of heavy traffic on
Sixteenth street and possibly make the
paving of that street lust more than three
or four months of ths year: Let us stop
favoritism in street repairs All property
owners are entitled to en eoual show.
KANSAS CITY STOCK DARKE
Sabbath Trading Resorted to by Citlmis o
Recently flooded Town.
RECEIPTS SO FAR ARE NOT LARGE
ntlll Somewhat Dlsorvan
sed, Though All Dcpartmeats
Open aad Attend to Custom
ers as Aforetime.
.V.N8A8 CITT- Jlln" " -The first SuV
td'n rds in the his
tory of the local market prevailed her
tmlav. all departments l"lng open. The
business of buying snd selling cattle and
nogs proaresseri tho ,.
l,ne.mnrk,,t "'l' rI", l '' re
quest of shippers and feeders close to Kan-
S? i 7 V'V,,,ve "Penciled (iifflciiltv In
Obtaining feed at lessonahle prices becnus
of the conditions resulting from tho recent
CATTLE Recrlnl. Ksn , ,
hand: sMnments. 'J.'o hmi nun.'
cattle, rteadv to
J:wnA,.,v M-i&4.tt; nntlve'irilxed.
Btocx neiters. i:'.nou2..V).
HOGB Receipts. M0 he.nl: hl,,m.,r,i.
none: n.irkul , i .. , .
$iU'i,4: range. $5.6011 17'
Receipts for Mondav are nno-rtnin .!
range from IS to 300 cars. Neurlv nil the
unloading chutes of the various railroads
will tic In commission, however, and liber.il
receipts are rinwinl K.r, ,.. n,
closes, although only two packing houses
...-.j un in acuve oeratinn by that time.
1 he work of cleaning up the quarantine
division Is being pushed and will be readv
for business within another week.
CHICAGO LIVE STOCK MARKET.
Fair Saturday Receipts and Prlres
Generally About Steady.
600 head; market nominal: ,.,! in r.,-
steers. Ifi 0nc,iR as- r, ... .H 1....-
iri'v, ",,ktr" "nd Seders, 13.0mf4.;fi; oow.
H.04. i0; heifers, 2 5iv4.sS; canners. $1 'ff
2!; bulls, 2.o0OI25; calves, $2.5oy .0.;
Texas fed steers, Jt.K'W4 55
HOOB Receipts, 15,(M hed ; eMImiiteri
Monday. 46.0m): left over 9 mw
steady; mixed and otitchers, $5 w'i H 26 good
to choice heavy, $fi.-,,,K.3:;; rough lu-iiw
K-K?S-20: "Kht' tt-frOfce-lS; bulk of siilet.;
8HKKP AND IjAMUS Receipts. 2 Ono
head: market steady; good to choice weth
ers, $4.6056.60: fair to choice mir.ri tp -,!
4 60: western sheep, $4.fti'??5.fiO: native' lambs
$4.5iJ6.76; western lambs, il.5titi.7S.
Sioux City I.Itc Stock Market.
SIOUX CITY. Ia.. June 13 'Sneclnl Telo.
gram.) CATTLE Recelnts. X). .iu-
killers; market 10c lower; beeves, $4.0iViiO.PO;
cows, bulls and mixed, $2.5031.20; Blockers
snd feeders, $a.504.60; calves and yearlings,
HOOS-Recelnts. 000: market
$6.8&a.O0; bulk. $o.95&6.05.
MONEY EASIER IN LONDON
American Crop Reports Also Aid In
LONDON. June 14. The rate for monrv
was easy last week and the Stock rii-hunv,,
surmounted the settlement with less trouble
iiiHn wa-s anticipated. This, together with
the better reports regarding the American
crops, produced a great Improvement in
ne situation. There was a ra v In nil de
partments of the market, wl.lch vi i not
checked even by the Servian .revolution,
loreign oonas Deing out sugntiy arrectea My
the events In Servln. A much healthier
tone was Indicated bv larice renurchiises
on speculative account and a fair amount
of Investment buylns: with a niosnect of
still further advances. Canadians responded
quicsiy io ine American recovery. i nn
tone in the South African situation Is still
MANCHESTER, June 14.-Tho cloth mar
ket has gone through u somewhat unset
tled condition. The tine weather, connected
with disappointing business, Induced ninny
operators to extend the holiday. The llti"
tuatlons in cotton intensitied. the difficulty
of negotiating orders, although some buy
ers have taken moderate parcels at higher
firices. The advance not onl continues
n cotton, but on account of the gr.nlunl
decrease of the surplus supplies In the
hands of producers, which wore bought nt
lower rates than those now ruling. Sales
were consequently below the average, par
ticularly In India and China staple. Most
of the long-established markets, however,
are under contract for some weeks for
ward. A small trade developed for South
Africa and a few minor outlets.
Yarns were Inactive, the movements In
cotton stiffening the attitude of spinners
and the turnover waa small.
Oil and Rosin.
OIL CTTY. June 14-OII-Credlt bal
ances, $1.50; certificates, no bid: ship
ments. 127.313 bbls.; average. T3.2.r7 bids.;
runs, 89.1)31 bbls.; average, K4.236 bbls. ; ship
ments (Lima). 90.21)3 bl.ls ; average. i:s.ui6
bbls.; runs (Lima), 69.429 bbls.; average,
4440 Olrl' Tacked Dress,
to 14 yr.
Girl's Tucked Dress 4440. Tuckings of
various widths suit the aetson's materials
to a nicety and are exceedingly effective
on the frocks designed for young girls.
The very pretty model Illustrated is shown
in pale pink moussc-llne with trimming of
Valenelonnes lace, but is adapted to all tho
thinner washable fabrics and to all soft
wools and simple silks.
The dress consists of the waist and the
skirt. The waist Is made over a fitted body
lining which can be cut away at yoke
depth when a transiiarent effect Is desired.
The main portions are tucked for several
inches below the upper edge, but are full
at the belt. The sleeves are quite new
nd attractive and form the fashionable
puffs at the wrists. The skirt Is tucked
In groups that harmonize with those of the
waist snd which fall free to produce a
The quantity of material required tor the
medium size (10 years) Is 4 yards 27
Inches wide, 4 yards SI Inches wide or 3
yards 44 Inches wide.
The pattern 4440 Is cut In sizes for girls
of 8, 10, 12 and 14 years of age.
For the accommodation of Ths Pee
readers these patterns, which usually retail
at from 25 to 60 cents, will lie furnished at
a nominal price, 10 cents, which covers all
expense. In orner to gei a pattern enclose
10 cents, give number snd name of pattern
wanted and bust measure.
QLO. A. ADAMS CRAIN CO.
GRAIN, PROVISIONS AND
224 Board of Trade Rldg., Omaha
'Phones U0S aad loll. Members all prin
cipal exchaufes. Writ fur omc dally utar
ket latter. . r
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