Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 31, 1903, EDITORIAL SHEET, Page 14, Image 14

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Tiie Qmaiia Sunday Per
Pally lite (without Sjnday). one Year...!!.'.'
Luy lit and ar
Illustrated Ur.c Year
Bunday bee. en lear
(Saturday kit. one tear
1 M.ntlafh f'anftirv r.irmftP I Mm Vf ef
Dully Bre tw.thout Sunday), pcrsiopy -c
Lnhy Heetwuh,ut bunday), .r ve a... .we
Dally Hi e tlne.uulnx jnuaj), per we. a. .lie
eui.dey H a, i er .opy J
Lvenlng Bee (without Sunday), P.r e ec
Evening lleo il.ic.uding Sunday), pr
week ...UK!
wmplalit at .rregulatil.eJ In d I very
should La addressed to Ci.y circulation De
partment OFFICES.
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Chicago 164 I'nlty Bull. mm
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Washington fr 1 Fourtoentn Htree...
Communications relating .o and edl
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bet. Editorial Department.
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Only 2-cent stamps accepted t.. puyment or
mall accounts. 1'ereonai checka. except o.i
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State of Nebraska. Douglas County, aa.:
George II. Tzschuck recretary of Ine Bes
Publishing Company, telng duly sworn,
a s that the actual number of full ana
complete copies of The Dally. Morning
Evening and Bunday Bea printed during tut
month iif ALtll. 1SHJ1L waa oa follows:
1J ai.nw
K 31,040
u at.oao
20 t....81.&0
21 si,m
zi ai.Tio
23 ai,ao
4 H1.040
U U7.170
... SI.UTO
zs.,.7. ai.uio
28 31,500
10 31.13U
... 32,000
at. mo
7 81,500
1 3i,ur,o
I , 3i,r:u
14 81.5SO
Is ...31,000
ToUl ; 950,H
Lata unaold and returned copies.... 10,42a
Net total aales U3,l37
Net average sales ai,331
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before ma this let. day t May, A. D. 10.
(Seal.) Notary fubilc.
It la never too lato to arbitrate.
, Luckily no one has yet dared perpe
trate that lost summer's Joke, "It's cool
la Colorado."
riease note that the Hon. Reed Smoot
occupied a front seat In the Salt Lake
For some peculiar reason King Ak
Bar-Ben evinces no disposition as yet to
change his name to King Midas.
Some bright syndicate promoters
might make a stake In getting exclusive
flatboat privileges in these flooded
.western towns.
It appears that the courts entertain no
compunctions about recognizing the
labor unions in restraining orders and
Injunction writs.
Having two members in President
Roosevelt's cabinet, Iowa comes in for
two visits of the presidential party,
catching it comiug and going.
Now if we only had a spring music
festival, made up of a series of out
door band concerts, how bandy this
vile brand of weather .would hare
come in.
The substantial foundation on which
the nation rests Is proved again by the
fact that for the last year the output
of cement In the United States aggre
gated 20,437.820 barrels.
When Russia starts in to expel the
foreign newspaper correspondents we
may assume that conditions there are so
bad that the Russian government can
not afford to have them advertised to
the world.
According to William Jennings Bryan,
the Kansas City platform will survive
the democratic party. According to
' Orover Cleveland, the Kansas City plat
form sounded the death knell of the
democratic party. For once Bryan and
Cleveland are agreed.
The railroad traffic agents keep on
turning the screws tighter and tighter
on the small shippers. The latest
change in classification which is to go
into effect tomorrow makes 24,000
pounds the minimum carload of any
ecainiodlty instead of 20,000 pounds,
which has been the standard for ship
tv.t'A.t at carload rates.
Lots of men are out of work, but the
Mk mechanics of these days present a
decidedly different appearance from
iaose who were aeeking employment In
rain In the dark era before the Mc
Klnley regime. There Is a distinction
between enforced Idleness because
there is no work to do and voluntary
idleness because the wages and term
offered do not suit.
Among other things embraced In th
new amendment to the Colorado state
constitution Is a provision by which
five school districts previously main
talned within the boundaries of the city
of Denver are to be consolidated into
one district. .There la no good reason
why the public schools of Omaha am
South Omaha "could not be administered
under one superintendent and a single
In the course of an editorial disquisi
tion the SL Louis Globe-Democrat asUs,
What is a franchise worth? That de
pends. If it Is beir.g capitalized to un
load upon the stock markec it is worth
all the water It will float. If It Is being
weighed as a nw grant, it la wortli
whatever the promoters have to put up
to get it legally issued to them by the
proper authorities, if It is being as
sessed for U.'.nii'jn by a sulacrvUnit
assessment board, it is not worth a
dollar, or at most, a mere nominal
Four weeks ago Omaha was on the
verge of a deadly conflict between the
contending hosts of organised wage
workers and organized employers. Dotb
of the forces bsd made preparations for
a protracted struggle and the extremists
in both camps were clamoring for a
war of extermination. Had these radi
cals had their way Omaha would have
witnessed bloody riots followed by mar
tial law and Interminable strife, coupled
with losses on both sides aggregating
hundreds of thousands. If not millions,
of dollars.
Fortunately for Omaha and Nebraska,
paclflc councils prevailed and the hot
heads who wanted to meet force with
force' were compelled to give way to the
men who advocated a peaceful adjust
ment of the labor troubles. While the
firm and prudent course pursued by the
civil authorities the mayor, chief of
police and sheriff have been highly
commended, the dally press, which from
the outset opposed a resort to force and
counseled moderation and conciliation,
lias Incurred the displeasure of not only
the men who were thirsting for gore,
but of business men who under ordi
nary conditions are level-headed and
These people could not comprehend
why the advertising patrons of the
Omaha dallies should not be able to en
list the support of the press for their
side of the controversy. These good
people seem to be oblivious of the fact
that the Omaha dallies had just as
much at stake in the prosperity and
growth of Omaha as any other interest
In Omaha and vere Just as deeply con
cerned in the outcome as any other
commercial Interest. But a great many
people In Omaha, as In every other
community, know better how to con
duct a newspaper than the men who
have brought a lifetime training to the
task. For the benefit of this class of
the disaffected The Bee ventures to re
rrint editorials that have appeared In
the St. Louis, Chicago and Kansas City
papers during the recent labor troubles
in those cities.
TaHing, for example, Kansas City,
where more than 7.000 men were on a
strike and the class of the wage work-
rs engaged in the conflict was very
much the same as in Omaha, we find
the K.'insas City Journal of Commerce,
the organ of the retailers and Jobbers
of that city, in Its Issue of May 23 mak
ing the following appeal:
A fearful condition confronts the busi
ness Interests of Kanaas City. Every day
he clouds are growing blacker. The storm
Is gathering strength and the most pitiful
circumstances may bring on a period of
Industrial war. An industrial war mean
hell. The closing down of factories, the
boycott, the lockout all mean fearful
loaaes to the merchants. When wagos atop
the buying power of the 'vorxman cruses.
The retail merchant thus becomes the un
willing victim to the man who Is slaugh
tered tn the contest
His labor of years may be destroyed al
most in the twinkling of art eye. The, re
ward of his brain and savings are scattered
to the winds. Shall Kansas Cky follow
In line with Denver, Omaiia, St. I oula,
Chicago and other cities? Shall retailors
stand Idly by and see their business par
alysed and crushed and raise no hand to
end this carnage? There Is time yet
to avert this quick action Is necessary.
Both sides have lights and both sides have
reasonable conservative men who will wet
coma the power that averts the threatened
storm. Let the Retail Merchants'' associa
tion act at once. Let the Real Estate ex
change and Manufacturers' exchange join
with It. Act together and provide a plan
by which you will not have your business
slaughtered to gratify the vengeance of
two warring elements. Let not an Insane
desire to rule by either aide be allowed to
parilyn our buslnesa Interests.
When the first cloud appeared in the
sky above St. Louis the Globe-Demo
crat made an earnest appeal for a pa
clfic solution of the threatening conflict,
which closed as follows:
There is room for employers' associations,
and they are capable of great usefulness If
wisely planned and conservatively man'
a gel. Tt would in every Instance be a mis
take, however, to model them on trades
union lines or to launch them with procla
mations open to criticism on the score of
Insincerity. That some Initial mistakes will
be made in these respects Is probable. In
deed, some have been made already, Dlp;o
macy will serve the purposes of employers
much better than fighting; to do what Is
right and lust and generous Is a much more
usaful reputation than that of desiring to
conquer peace by fighting for It
The Chicago dallies bare pursued the
same pacific conrse regardless of all
pressure from advertising patrons. Only
three days ago the Inter Ocean, which
has never been accused of partiality to
strikers or organised labor generally.
had this to say:
When one side to a labor controversy re-
fuses thai petition of the other side for arbi
tration the natural Inference Is that the
side refusing doubts the justice of Its con
tention. It Is the side which feels that Its
demands are Just that naturally seeks ar
bitration, for arbitration means an appeal
from force to Justice. When one side re
fuses to arbitrate the public thinks, natu
rally enough, that Justice Is with the other
side. Labor unlona cannot succeed greatly
without public opinion. They have sue
ceeded as well aa they have because they
have so fur generally carried the public
wl'h them. They have generally done so
bocaue they have usually been willing and
anxious to give their case publicity by ar
bitrating It. Their employers, on the other
hand, have more frequently been reluctant
to do so. They have said arbitration meant
compromise, and compromise an advance
In wages. Aa they were unwilling tn pa
higher wages, or felt they could not effort
to do e they have said frequently. "There
Is nothing to arbitrate."
When unions are unwilling to arbitrate
they ire making a grave mistake. When
employers refuse to arbitrate they are mak
tng the sime mistake, and tt Is equally as
grave. When they point the finger of trl
umph and acorn at the unions which refuse
to arbitrate, let them take extra heed lest
they commit the same fault, and let them
regret the times they have committed It la
the past
In Chicago, as in Omaha, there are
valiant men who are alwaya willing to
sai-ritice their wives' relations in the
war and patriots who fire missiles from
the ambush over the name of "Justice,1
"Llbrrty." "Cltixen," "Taxpayer," etc.
but who insist that their contribution
shall be treated as strictly confidential
One ot these Irrepressible warriors di
rected bUuselX to th Chicago Tribune
with a fierce diatribe over an anony
mous signature, finding fault with the
press for its refusal to get superheated
in the discussion of labor troubles. To
this the Tribune makes the following
characteristic response, which will also
fit the Omalip grievance committees on
both sides of the fence:
The columns of the Tribune are open to
the representative of any labor union er
employers' association who chooses to ex
press himself over his own name with
reasonable moderation and fairness. We
say "moderation and fairness" because we
have received one or two communications
which are really Inflammatory In their
character and calculated to do mischief.
The Tribune wishes to be regarded as an
organ Of conciliation and compromise, arbi
tration, good will and peace- It believes
that both sides to a labor controversy
should make reasonable concessions to
avoid a conflict, And It especially bellevs
In arbitration. It believes also that when
arbitration has been resorted to It should
be with the distinct agreement that the
award of the arbitrators shall be loyally
observed during a definite period to be
agreed upen at the time by both sides.
Then there will be some certainty to the
award, and the community and the em
ployers and employes In the Industry af
fected will at least they should have an
assurance of peace and stability during the
lifetime of the contract. If they do not s;et
It they will know where to put the blame.
Had the Tribune been published in
Omaha Instead of Chicago we doubt
not that the men with blood in their
eyes and the hysterical Miss Nancys
would hare been very much worked up
and put out by Its calm and paclflc at
titude in times of war.
The progress that baa been made in
recent years in international arbitra
tion, in which the United States has
taken a conspicuous part, is one of the
conspicuous facts of the time that is
worthy of more than ordinary consid
eration. It is a question whether we
place at the popular value the progress
that is being made from time to time
In the work of international peace. We
may realize In a general way that some
thing is being done, but we do not un
derstand Just how far the forces of
peace are making for the accomplish
ment of a general policy of world wide
good will and all which that means.
In an address before the conference
of international arbitration at Lake
Mohonk the past week Mr. John W.
Foster, formerly secretary of state and
one of the ablest of our diplomatists,
said that the nations had made most
wonderful progress in recent years In
the matter of international arbitration
and he expressed the hope that the
progress which had been made would
not stop -with what had been accom
plished, but would go on to the attain
ment of still greater results. Referring
to what had already been accomplished
in the way of international arbitration,
to the benefit of all the countries con
cerned, Mr. Foster made the prediction
that in time the policy of the United
States In this respect would be univer
sally accepted and that sooner or later
the policy of international arbitration,
as to all matters which can be settled
by arbitration, would be recognized and
adopted throughout the civilized world.
The tendency in this direction Is man
ifestly growing stronger from year to
year. The governments are growing
more and more to feel that their contro
versies must be settled by peaceable
means and that there Is a way to adjust
them without going to war. There Is
a departure from the old order, which
not very long ago contemplated war as
the only way of determining interna
tlonal disputes. For this change in the
view of nations the United States is
entitled to a large amount of the credit,
Thla country has been working con
stantly in the Interest of international
arbitration and Its labor in this direc
tion has been productive of roost satis
factory results. It has exerted a mot
enlightening and salutary influence and
It Is todsy exercising an effect In the
interest-of peace among the nations
that Is more potent than that of any
other power on earth. It la not by su
perior military or naval atrength that
thla republic is at this time the greatest
conservator of the world's peace, but
through its moral influence and as the
one nation that represents the very
highest standard of al) that pertains to
the elevation of mankind and the ad
vancement of civilization.
Nothing that has been publicly said
in the way of protest against the brutal
massacre of the Jewish people at Klsh-
ineff la more forceful, or will have
greater Influence, than the address of
ex-Fresldent Cleveland at the mass
meeting in New York City a few nights
ago. The very calmness and conserva
tism of Mr. Cleveland's remonstrance
give it a peculiar force and strength.
It was the declaration of a man con
spicuous among his countrymen who
manifestly felt most earnestly and
deeply the great outrage which he con
demned and who would not hesitate.
had he the authority, to exert whatever
Influence he properly could to avert the
recurrence of so terrible a horror as
that which has shocked the civilized
While unreservedly denouncing the
persecution of the Jewish people in
Russia, Mr. Cleveland pointed out that
it is a matter as to which our govern
ment cannot properly take any extreme
action. Public expressions of Indigna
tion those In authority ahould give at
tention to, but they are not called upon
to make these a subject of govern
mental protest against an Internal
wrong under a foreign government
which doea not directly affect us. Pop
ular protest Mr. Cleveland approves of,
but it is not the duty of the national
authorities to act. "Let the people of
the United States," said the ex-presi
dent, "fearlessly speak to the civilized
world, protesting against every pretense
of civilization that permita inedieral
persecution, against every bigoted creed
that forbids rellgloua toleration and
freedom of conscience," but it Is not
for the government to Join In such pro
test It is not to be doubted thst all
who can consider the matter without
prejudice will concur with Mr. Cleve
land, remembering that in this free and
enlightened land there have been most
grievous sins against humanity and
The order of the president that our
European fleet shall attend the regatta
at Kiel, Germany, next month, Is a cour
tesy that will be most cordially appre
ciated by the German government and
will be heartily approved by all Ameri
cans who desire the cultivation of
friendship between the United States
and Germany. There has been mani
fested in some quarters, notably
among our naval officers, An altogether
unjustifiable disposition to regard Ger
many as an enemy of this country. We
have noted and deprecated utterances
by some men prominent in public life
that were unfriendly to Germany, Inti
mating that sooner or later we were
certain to be Involved in serious trouble
with that nation. Some of the less dis
creet among our naval officers have not
hesitated to Say that our next war
would be with Germany.
There Is, so far as appears, abso
lutely no ground for such talk; on the
contrary there Is every reason to be
lieve that the United States has no
more sincere friend among European
nations than Germany, which during
the last few years has taken every op
portunity, so far as the government is
concerned, to show an earnest desire
to maintain friendly relations with this
country. It must be admitted that in
a commercial way Germany has not
been altogether friendly, but in this re
spect we are bound to recognize the
fact that she has pursued a policy which
many of her people believed to be es
sential to their Interests and welfare.
From our point of view It Is a mistaken
policy, but we cannot on this account
fairly question the friendship of that
At all events it is evident that Presi
dent Roosevelt regards Germany as a
friend of the United States whose good
will It is desirable to cultivate and the
fact that he has ordered our European
fleet to be present at the naval regatta
at Kiel next month will be approved by
Americans generally as an appropriate
recognition of the friendly relations be
tween tlie two countries.
The fact that renewed persecution of
the Jews in Russia and other countries
of eastern Europe is pretty certain to
be followed by an exodus of Jewish
emigrants to the United States, bringing
the refugees to this country in large
numbers, has already prompted expres
sions of fear lest such an influx of poverty-stricken
people overtax the ma
chinery we have at hand to tide them
over tho transition period until they be
come self-supporting. It is a striking
yet well established truth that the
Jewish immigrants to this country have
furnished by far the smallest percent
age of dependency of any of the foreign
ers who came here under similar con
ditions of helplessness. As bearlhg on
the present situation with reference to
prospective Jewish immigration, some
of the facts brought together in an In
teresting review of Jewish charity work
contributed by the secretary of the
United Hebrew Charities to the current
number of the Annals of the American
Academy of Political and Social Science
are suggestive aa well as instructive.
The number of Jewish people in the
United States is placed in round figures
at 1,000,000, of which 600,000 are to be
found in New York City, and of course
the greater part of these are of coin
paratlvely recent coming. Since the
year 18S1 fully 600,000 Jewish lmml
grants have arrived at the port of New
Y'ork alone. Of these the bulk comprise
refugees from Russian and Roumanian
persecution, Austrlans and Gallclans
countries in which many of them lived
in appalling poverty. The records of
the immigration bureau, we are further
told, show that from the standpoint of
material wealth these immigrants are
below the average of Immigrants from
other European countries.
The herculean task of caring for these
persecuted people, however, has been
met almost entirely by people of their
own raoe the Jews everywhere having
voluntarily assumed to themselves the
duty of relieving the distress of unfor
tunate Jews without calling upon out
side assistance. In the year from Octo
ber, 1801, to September, 1802, in which
52,134 Jewish Immigrants arrived at the
Barge office, the treasurer of the United
Hebrew Charities paid out the sum of
1321,311.05 "figures telling a tale of
devotion of altruistic effort, of sacrifice,
of noble charitable Impulse uuparalleled
In the history of American Judaism."
What noteworthy results are achieved
by the philanthropic work undertaken
by these . organizations Is emphasized
by the writer's report of a study mado
in 1800 of 1,000 families who had ap
plied for assistance in 1804. Of these
1,000 applicants it was found that 602
had not applied for assistance after De
cember, 1804, while of the balance only
sixty-seven were still dependent on the
society to a greater or lesser degree In
January. 1S00. More detailed Investi
gation showed that nearly all of those
sixty-seven applicants were made np of
families where the wage earner had
died, leaving a widow with small chil
dren, or of respectable aged and Infirm
couples unable to be self-supporting, or
of families in which the wage earner
had become Incapacitated tbrongh Ill
ness. "In other words," to quote the
conclusion, "after five years over 03 per
cent of the cases studied were Inde
pendent of charitable interference."
This Information cannot fall to be re
assuring to our people, who have al
ways been quite willing to welcome the
oppressed of other nations provided
they give promise of becoming law-
abiding and self-supporting cltisens ap
preciative of the liberty and the free
Institutions thus opened up to them.
To hsve those who are in position to
observe most carefully tell us that "the
Immigrant Jew needs only be given the
opportunity and the proper surround
ings to become an addition to the body
politic and not a menore" means that
apprehensions of special danger from
the "overflow of Jewish exiles to this
country are entirely unwarranted and
without foundation.
In view of the law recently passed by
the New York state legislature, it Is
safe to say that the automobile disas
ters chronicled from France will not
find repetition on this side of the water.
This law provides stringent penalties
for violation of its speed limits, which
allow a maximum rate of twenty miles
an hour in the open country on unim
peded roadways, slowing down to ten,
eight and four miles an hour, according
as the possibility of danger to pedes
trians or to other vehicles Is increased.
This will effectually put a stop to
death-Inviting road races in New York
state and probably in all of our states
because the New York law, with vary
ing modifications, is sure to be taken
aa a model for further legislation. The
possession of an automobile entails
responsibilities which msy as well be
recognized now as later.
A compilation of defalcations and em
bezzlements in the United States, as
tabulated in one of the publications Is
sued in the interest of the guaranty
bond companies, shows that the total
amount of money misappropriated dur
ing the month of March footed up some
thing over half a million dollars, or to
be more exact, $534,003. Nearly half of
this huge sum was taken from banks
and less than fSO.OOO from funds be
longing to federal, state and municipal
governments. The disproportion Is
probably really greater, because the
embezzlements of public officers and
public employes are practically all re
ported, while the peculations In private
Institutions are frequently covered up,
even If not compounded. This would
indicate that the men who go wrong In
a fiduciary way ore not all recorded
among the politicians.
According to the New York police,
rat Crowe's patent money-raising de
vice is being Infringed upon In what is
known as "Little Italy" in that city by
a band of men who are kidnaping little
girls and holding them for ransom. It
is not stated whether they are paying
the Honorable Pat the usual royalty,
but if not, the kidnapers may as well
be prepared to be kidnaped them
selves. The railroads of Nebraska can well
afford to pay out large sums to main
tain expensive tax bureaus and promote
a paid publicity bureau if for every
dollar it spends in this way it savos
ten in evaded taxes put upon the shoul
ders of the other property owners! :
Sorrows of the Rich.
Chicago Record-Herald.
Toung Willie K. Vanderbllt wept when
his automobile broke down the other day
and he had to drop out of a race. Tat soma
people think being rich is Just fun.
A Lomt-Felt Want.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat
The attorney general of the United States
Is about to move againat the anthracite
coal trust, and the coke combine should
receive Similar attention from the govern
ment Igsnornnce and Pessimism.
New Tork Tribune.
The railroads are paying higher prices for
labor and material than they have paid In
many a year, but It should be kept con
stantly in mind that their gross earnings
reach amaslng figures month after month.
Men who take gloomy views with regard
to the present or future prosperity of this
republic are 111 Informed.
Thin Out the Hide.
New York Press.
Let us call a halt on the orange growers.
Are they breeding and propagating for rind?
Oranges now in the market have rinds
three-eights of an Inch thick. On the fruit
stands they are beautiful to look at big,
fat, solid, luscious. When you get them
home and start to eat one you find Instds
a miserable little kernel of edble pulp.
Tonchla Envy's Tender Spot.
Chicago Chronicle.
It Is a curious and not encouraging cir
cumstance that an otherwise unemotional
scientist of the Darwinian school can In
stantly be stirred up te vituperative fury
by hinting that there Is a possibility of the
existence of a God. Lord Klevin Is the
latest victim to draw down upon his de
voted head the anathemas of these chil
dren of cold reason, who probably deny
Omnipotence because to admit It would be
an admission of thsir own secondary posi
tion In the universe.
Driving; Ont the Bines.
Brooklyn Ea;le.
Cheerfulness Is a duty one owes to one's
self as well as to one's neighbors, for noth
ing so unfits one for the ordinary duties
of life, or so quickly brings on premature
old age, as a morose temper. There are
plenty of artificial alda to cheerfulness
within the reach of everyone who has real
or Imaginary cauae for 11'. humor or a con
genital tendency to surliness. When things
don't go right, or your liver Is guilty of
neglect of duty, strive systematically to
achieve good humor by repeating over and
over the best funny stories or bits of hu
morous poetry you know. If conscien
tiously administered this prescription Is an
Infallible remedy for the most acute fit of
blue devils. It you doubt. Just try the ex
Eye Strain and H ervonsaess.
American Medicine.
In some cities tbe nervous child is moving
parenta and physicians to appeal for fewer
hours In the schools and leas pressure. We
do not much believe In the Intellect, the
morals or the pedagogics of the colt break
ers or the boy breakers. There are better
ways to break a horse or a child than to
break Its will, and the teacher that enter
tain.! such diabolic theories should be
broken." The noteworthy fact about the
ahole discussion la the utter omission from
hundred papers and editorials and dis
cussions of the most Important element of
the entire matter. There are, it Is true,
many other factors; there is really over
study and overpressure, but the one cause
Of the nervous child which Is Ignored, but
which is as proline a source of evil ss per
bape all ethers eomblncd. Is eye-strain.
Walter Vrooman, the noted tipMfter of
humanity by means of hot air, is not as
great a failure as he Is painted, lie man
aged to lift $30,000 of his wife's money.
When reform began to move In Philadel
phia the other day the event was properly
marked with spectacular effects. Fifteen
hundred slot machines furnished material
for the bonfire.
The west la long on rain, the east has
the short end. Last week a few showers
broke a drouth of five weeks' duration and
every drop was estimated to be worth Its
weight In gold.
The usual explosive methods of honoring
Independence day have been forbidden by
proclamation In Chicago. The orator ot
the day, however, will be permitted to as
sail the ears of defenseless people.
8lr Michael Herbert, British Ambassador,
In a recent speech appealed to "the warm
hearted Irish In America" to bury the
hatchet forever. Why, of course. The
blackthorn serves all needful purposes.
An Indiana woman died last week after
lying in bed for thirty years. The unfortu
nate woman studied law early In life and
the etiquette of the profession clung to her
to the end.
The higher education of women Is pro
ceeding by leaps and bounds. One of the
"sweet girl graduates" of a Massachusetts
school scored a notable Intellectual tri
umph by Jumping over a bar four feet two
and one-half Inches high.
General Joe Wheeler Is said to have cre
ated a sensation by appearing at the recent
confederals reunion In New Orleans In a
general's uniform. Veterans of the gray
felt very much as did the Virginia private
who expressed himself to General Fits
hugh, "I'd give all I have on earth to sen
your uniform five minutes after you mot
Jubal Early on the other shore."
The gravest charge ever hurled at man
by woman Is on record In Chicago. Wil
liam W. Black, head critic at the Normal
school. Is accused ot having a face so cold
and auatere that It chills the teachers'
federation. Mr. Black's temlnlne associates
declare In unison that he cannot smile.
Possibly a group photograph of the federa
tion would explain Mr. Black's affliction.
An overxealous grand Jury tn an Illinois
town solemnly reported that "card playing
for prizes In various woman's clubs Is an
offense against law and pub'.lc morals."
As the wives of several Jurymen are mem
bers of the offending clubs the members
appended the saving clause, "In mercy we
refer the matter to future grand Juries for
action." The gallantry of the Jurymen Is
overmatched by their discretion.
Projected I'nlon of Churches to Check
tho Divorce Evil.
Chicago , Chronicle.
Various Protestant churches seek co-operation
with the Roman Catholic for a vig
orous campaign against divorce. It Is edi
fying to find religious agencies combining
against a common enemy.
Bishop Andrews, Methodist, Is quoted n
saying that through such an Interdenomi
national plan much can be accomplished.
"We cannot expect to attack the evil effec
tively through new lawa, either civil or
All right-minded Americans will wish suc
cess to the new campaign, but Its practi
cality Is not obvious. Where a church in
dividually Is Impotent against divorce, as
most of the churches are, It Is not clear
that It will acquire potency through' an
other church which relentlessly strikes re
married divorced persons off Its member
ship. , Nor Is Bishop Andrews justified In say
ing that there Is no remedy In improved
civil law. Tbe root of the divorce evil
would be reached had the states a divorce
law uniformly forbidding remarriage of
the guilty party' to a divorce during the
life of the Innocent party.
Until this principle shall be Inserted In
the American divorce law marriage will
not cease to be largely a mockery In the
United States.
Process of Assimilation Progressing;
Saturday Evening; Post
Twenty-one years ago we touched high-
water mark In Immigration, with 750.000
arrivals. It looks aa If that tremendous
record would be beaten this year. In one
day In April more than 10,000 immigrants
landed at New Tork the greatest day's
work In the history of that port. One
steamer brought 1,341 Scandinavians, an
other nearly 1,400 Italians, another almost
1.SC0 Greeks, Italians, Arabs, Turks and
Persians, a fourth over 2,600 Poles and
Other Slavs, a fifth 70 Scotchmen, a sixth
526 Greeks, Turks and Arabs, and a seventh
nearly 2.600 Germans. In the first eleven
days of April 41,200 Immigrants of all na
tionalities Invaded Ellis Island.
No wonder some of our kind friends
across the Atlantic, looking at this appal-
ing mixture, believe that we never can
turn Its varied Ingredients Into Americans.
No such gigantic amalgamation of diverse
races has ever been attempted since Cara
calla made Roman citizens of all the in
habitants of his empire, and we may say
that never In the history of the world has
such an undertaking been successfully con
summated. But that Aoes not prove that ws shall
fall. Indeed, there Is every reason to be
lieve that we shall succeed. We have been
peculiarly fortunate In our preparation for
the mighty work that Is reversing the ca
tastrophe cf Babel. We have been a com
poalte people from the beginning. The
thirteen colonies were settled by English
men, Scotchmen, Scotch-Irish, Irish. Dutch
men. Swedes, Germans, Frenchmen and
negroes. Before the revolution substan
tially all theae. except the negroes, had
been welded Into one homogenous people,
with a common language and common po
litical Ideals. For fifty years after that
this people Incressed and solldlfled with
little admixture from Immigration, so that
when new currents bepnn to flow from
Europe It was prepared to ar-sorb them. It
was a quarter of a century later still be
fore the first great flood broke upon us.
That deluge whs Irish. In the 'Ws the
problem of Immigration wns regarded as
an Irish problem. The Know-Nothing pro
test was en anti-Irish movement. Irishmen
captured our city governments, and our
foreign policies were swayed by the preju
dices of the "Irish vote."
But gradually the Irish freshet subsided,
I be succeeded by a Germs n stream. A
fli, rter f a million German Immigrants
entered the country In a single year. Ger
man newspapers, theaters and churches
sprai.f up and flourished. Had this con
tinued there might have been some reason
to fear that the kaiser's dream of a huge
alien German colony In the United States
would be realised. But It stopped In good
time. Meanwhile the earlier Irish Immi
grants and their children had become
thorough Americans, and were helping the
original Americana to assimilate the Ger
mans. The work was successfully accom
plished, and now the Irish and Germans
both are parts of that wonderful solvent
that Is Americanizing the newer arrivals.
Ws are receiving a good many Italians.
Poles, Hungarians and Russian Jews at
present, but It will be many years before
their numbers compare with those of the
Irish an Germans who have been already
successfully ssslmllated. And by that time
no doubt the stream will slacken, aa the
former streams have done. Meanwhile the
races that have produced Marconi and
Tesla will still further enrich a stock
which the mixture of blood has mad al
ready the richest In the world.
. . t
Louisville Courier Journal: Rev. Newell
Dwlght Illllls loudly proclaims his willing
ness to make up Booker Washington's bed.
No objection Is heard. Making up Booker
Washington's beds Is more commendable
employment than stealing Henry Ward
Beechcr's writings.
Indlnnnpolls News: If the Presbyterian
ministers at Los Angeles Indorse the
Woman's Christian Temperance union reso
lutions that ministers should not stay at
hotels where liquor la sold. It Is supposed
that they will hereafter travel with tents
prepared to ramp out In the public parks.
Buffalo Express: The decisive majorities
given by the presliyterles on the amend
ments to tho confession of faith show how
large was the sentiment In the Presbyterian
church In fnvor of the revision. The stated
clerk of the General Assembly reports that
nil of the eleven amendments have been
adopted by an almost unanimous vote. No
one amendment received less than 196 votes
In favor, or more than againat.
Kansas City Star: The rector of St.
Paul's Episcopal church In Oshkosh Is
about to open a restaurant Just to prove to
the public that it Is possible to elevate the
standard of such an Institution to a level
worthy of the best patronage. Almost any
thing Is likely to happen in Oshkosh, though
s.s a matter of fact, there are plenty of
people who might be benefited by a decent
restaurant who could never bo reached
through the Influences of the goapel.
Chicago Record-Herald: That the Inade
quacy of ministers' compensation In the
days of vigor and power must Anally Im
pose a heavy burden upon the churches was
shown by Dr. Agnew of the board of minis
terial relief In his report to the Presby
terlan assembly at Los Angeles. The re
markable statement whs made that only
2,500 Presbyterian clergymen get as much
as $1,000 a year salary. The other 8,000 pas
tors In this one denomination get an aver
age of $W a year. The board of ministerial
relief has upon Its roll at this time 903
names, some the names of worn-out minis
ters, others of widows and orphans of min
isters. For the support of these the church
contributed $32,316 last year. It is not rea
sonable to suppose that tne conditions In
other denominations are very different. The
ministry Is a vocation that rails for higher
standards of scholarship and greater capa
city for leadership and sacrifice than ever
before. As the worn-out preachers who
have saved nothing must go upon the roll
of annuitants and add to the burden of the
churches, would It not be better policy to
pay them larger salaries In the days of
their greatest power and usefulness?
Miss Passay When I was IS papa gave
mj tha ,Mitt lttfla illnmnnjl rlnv v n , i
saw, and
Miss Spelts Gracious! VA hat a memory
you have! Philadelphia Press.
"An Oklahoma young man tried to kiss
his sweetheart and she hit him with a hot
flatlron. Then they quarreled and he hasn't
been back since."
"That's strange. You'd natutally sup
pose the flatlron would have smoothed It
over." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Harold June Is the month of weddings,
Isn't It?
Peggle Oh, Harold, why didn't you spak
earlier and rive ion more lima to get
ready? New York Tlmns.
"What kind of rake ,1. you prefer, Miss
Klttlsh?" asked Mr. Fosdlck, as he handed
the trny. which held quite a variety.
"Wedding cake." ahe replied, demurely.
Detroit Free Press,
Edith I thought you and Mabel were fast
Nellie We used to be.
"And you are not now?"
"What was his name?" New York
The Twentieth Century Woman But,
really. Dr. Preachly, Is It not dreadful to
think that there are to be no marriages In
The Up-to-date Parson Not at all. dear
madam, when we remember that there are
to be no rich men there. Brooklyn Life.
"I cannot marry you," she said.
"Why do you say that?" he demanded.
"Because because I want you to propose
There's nothing like getting all of a lux
ury that's possible. Chicago Post
Ethel Papa sent Paul home at 10 o'clock
last night.
Maude What a shame!
Ethel Yes, and what do you suppose
Paul said to me aa he wert out the door?
Maude I'm sure I don't know.
Ethel He asked If I gave out rain checks.
Somervllle Journal.
William Cullen Bryant
O. deem not they are blest alone
Whose lives a peaceful tenor keep;
The Power who pities man has shown
A blessing for the eyes that weep.
The llg-ht of smiles shall fill again
The lids that overflow with tears;
And weary hours of woe and pain
Are promises of happier years.
There Is a day of sunny rest ,
For every dark and troubled night
And grief may bide an evening sruest,
But Joy hhall come with en rly light.
And thou, who o'er thy friend's low bier
Bheddest the bitter drops like rain,
Hope that a brighter, happier sphere
Will gle lilm to thy arms again.
Nor let the good man's trust depart.
Though life its common Rifts deny
Though with a pierced and bleeding heart
And spurned of men, he goes to die.
For God hath marked each sorrowing day,
And numbered every secret tear,
And heaven's long age of bliss shall pay
For all his children suffer here.
Strongest in the World.
Surplus $75,000,000.
If I Had Not
Life Assurance
I would not now be working
at hard labor to support my
self and children," Kaid a
young widow last week If
men were lews careless in
providing for the unexpected
there would be fewer such
sad jnstanees in Omaha
Life Assurance not only pro
tects the widow and orphan
but it provides for old age
It lifts a load of worry
from a man's shoulders and
gives him a confidence, in the
future that nothing elae
could impart.
The Equitable
Life Assurance Society
H. D. NEtLY,
flanager for Nebraska, Merchants
Nat'l Bank Bldg Omaha.