Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 24, 1903, EDITORIAL SHEET, Page 18, Image 18

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& CO.
Manage Esta'3? and Other Prope rties
Act as
coRPonvnoNS, firms.
and 1'ncal agents of
1320 Farnam.St. . Tel. 1064.
FETERSON St Lundberg. 115 8. 17th. TL
L-23i8. 20
GATE CITY Upholstering Co.. woven wire
snrlngs tightened. Tel. B-2075. 1703 St.
Mary s ve. M 168
Inlon Pacific.
Overlnnd Limited ,
The Fast Mall
California Express...
V settle Exprei
Eastern Ex press ....
The Atlantic Express
Leave. Arrive.
..a :4U um a 7:60 pm
a pm
..a 4:20 pm
..U: pm
a e::u pm
a 7:30 am
The Colorado Special. ..a 7:10 am a 1:40 am
Chicago Bpeclni a 3:40 am
Lincoln, Beatrice and
Stromsburg Express. . b 4:00 pm bl2:60 pm
North Platte Local a 8:00 am a 6:15 pm
Urahd Island Local. ...b 6:30 pm b 9:36 am
St. Louis "Cannon Ball"
Express a 6:66 pm a 8:20 am
St. Louis Local, Coun
cil Bluffs a 9:16 am al0:30 pm
Chicago. Mtlwaakee at St. Paal.
Chicago Daylight a 7:45 am all:15 pm
Chicago Fast express.. a 6:46 pm a U:4u pm
Chicago Limited a 8:06 pm a 7:60 am
Des Moines Express. ...a i:4 am a 1:40 pm
Chicago, hock Imlaud 4c Paclnc.
Chicago Daylight L t d. a 6:00 am a :46 am
Chicago Daylignt Local. a 7:00 am a 9:36 pm
Chicago Express bll:lo am a 6:36 pm
Led Moines Express. ...a 4:30 pm bll:o0 am
Chicago Fust express.. a 6:36 pm a 1:3b pm
Rocky Mountain ii u.a 8:60 pra a 4:65 am
Lincoln, Colo, opi'lngs,
Denver, Pueblo ana
West a 1:20 pm a 6:00 pm
Colo., Texas, CaL and
Oklahoma Flyer a 6:40 pm al2;40 pm
Illinois Central.
Chicago Express a 7:35 am a 6:10 pra
Chicago, Minneapolis A.
St. l'aul LlmiitrU a 7 60 pm a 8:06 am
Minneapolis fc tit. Paul
Express b 7:35 am b!0:36 pm
Chicago Local 10:35 am
Chicago Express al0:36 am
ChlvasTO at Iortn western.
"The Northwestern Line,
Fast Chicago
.a 3:40 am a 7:00 am
.a 3:00 pm a 3:30 am
.a 6:10 am a 1:30 pm
.a 7:36 am al0:26 pm
.a 8:W am all:10 nm
Local Sioux City..
Daylight St. l'aul
Daylight Chicago
Local cnicago
,.all:30 am a 6:10 pm Cerinr RaDldS.... 6:10 Dm
Limited Chicago a 8:16 pm a 9:16 am
Local Carroll o 4:U0 pm a 9:60 am
Fast Chicago a 5:60 pm a 3:46 pm
Fast St. Paul a 8:10 pm a 8:16 am
Fast Mall M a 2:40 pm
Local Sioux City b 4:00 pm b 9:50 am
Norfolk and BonestetL.a 7:15 am al0:36 am
Lincoln & Long Pine. .b 7:16 am bl0:35 am
Missouri Pacific.
St. Louis Express nl0:00 am a 8:25 pm
K. C. and St. L. Ex....al0:W pm a t:16 am
Chicago A Northwestern, Nebraska
and Wyoming; Division.
Leave. Arrive.
Biark Hills, Deadwood,
Lead, Hot Springs... a 8:00 pm a 6:00 pm
Wyoming, Casper and
Douglas ..V d 3:00 pm 6:C0 pm
HesUngs. York, David
City, Superior, Geneva,
Exeter and Seward. ..b 3:00 pm b 5:00 pm
Missouri Pacific.
Nebraska Local, Via
Weeping Water b 4:10 pm al0:25 am
Chlcsa-o, Vt. Paal, Minneapolis at
Twin City Passenger... a 6:S0 am a 1:10 pm
Eloux City Passenger.. a 2:00 pm all:.0am
Oakland Local b 6:6 pm b 8:46 am
a Daily, b Dally except Sunday, d Daily
except haturday. a Daily dxcept Monuay.
Burlington A Missouri River.
Leave. Arrive.
Wymore, Beatrice ana
Lincoln a 8:60 am bl2:05 pm
Nebraska Express a 8:50 , i; p
Denver Limited a 4:lo pm a 8:46 am
Black Hills and Puget
Sound Express all;10 pm a 3:10 pm
Colorado Vestieulei
' Flyer a 3:10 pm
Lincoln Fast Mall b 3:53 pm a 9;o3 am
f rook and Blatts-
mouth b 3:20 pm bl0:35 am
Bellevue & Padno Jet.. a 7:60 pm a 8:2 am
Bellevue Pact no Jet. .a 3:60 am
Chicago, Burlington at Quincr.
Chloogo Special a 7:00 am a 15 pm
Chicago VeBtlbuled Ex.. a 4:00 pm a 7:45 am
Chicago jocat
Chicago Limited
Fast Mall
Kansas City, St.
Kansas City Day Ex.
a 9:18 am allKIO nm
,.a 8:0a pm a 7:46 am
a 3:40 pm
Joseph V Conncll
..a 9:15 am a 6:05 pm
St. Louis Flyer...
.a o:iu pm au:ut am
Kansas City Night Ex..al0:30 pm a 6:16 am
ANCHOR UNa V. a. UAlt - fTlAaiUIrl
uparlor secoramodattoa., BxMllsnt Culalns. Taa
Comfort at ruHuim Caralully Cenaldand. 8 Ins is
r Houad Trip TUaata '.aauad bat waa a Naw York sad
ScoUia, SnsMah, Irtau and all principal oanllnaalal
voiuu at auractlva rates, bens for Book of Tours.
For tlckala or inri inlurniallos assly le aaf
local asani ot ur Ancnor i,m sr to
HENDERSON BROS., Oea'l AsanU. Chicago, IIL
Folk Will Ask for Rehearta.
ST. LOUIS. May 23.-Clrcult Attorney
Folk will apply to the supreme court for a
rehearing In the cases of Julius Lehmann
and Harry Faulkner, former members of
the house of delegates, convicted of perjury
and sentenced to the penitentiary, which
were reversed and remanded for new trial.
He will base his argument on the ground
that no technicality Justifying an adverse
ruling existed, and that a blunder waa
made In Interpreting the instructions of the
INSTRUMENTS placed on record Satur
day. May 23:
Warrnaty Deeds.
Edward Newton and wife to Addle M.
Greevey, undlvty lot 8, block 6,
Dwlght L.'a add $
H. R. Penney and wife to F. H. Wood
land, a 70 feet lots 9 and 10, block 6.
West End add
F. H. Woodland to Flora W. Penney,
Joseph Goldsmith and wife to O. W.
Loomia, w 86 feet lot 10, Himebaugh
W. T. Graham et al to Mary J. Allen,
lot 20. block 6, Druid Hill
Frank Harris to W. H. Russell, lot 8.
block 8. Jetters 2d add: lot 4. block
1. Grammerry nark ; a 1 feet of n 176
feet lot 62. 8. E. Rogers' add; lot 11.
W. A. Redlck's add
L. E. Wilson and wife to H. T. Fel
lers, lot 13, block 3. Bemls park
Joseph Bulanek and wife to John Vid
lak and wife, lot 3, block 3. Arbor
, Place
1.. Abbott, all property of aald com
pany except 8 tracts previously sold,. 60,000
4fcalt t'lalna Deeds.
Addle M. Greevey and husband to M.
J. Greevey, undlvH lot 8, block 5,
Dwight sV L.'s add... J
Omaha and Farmers' Loan and Truet
company et al o Ktherine A. Free
born, outiot so. DIOCSB J -TV ivw.
Katherlne A. Freeborn to D. W. Mer-
row. outlots 183 and 185, Florence....
J. N. Wright to Clarlnda J. Wright, n
80 feet lot 10. block 21, South Oinsha
National Bank of Commerce to C. B.
Keller, undlv 8J-135ths of sH Uxlot 16
la 83-15-13
ak.4r Amairlrsn Fire Insurance
m,unv. lot L block W6. Omaha.... 11.000
Total amount t transfer fTLOa
Speihr of Eidlcal Itmi Reaches ths End
of His Fop.
Divorce Proceedings Throws Light
On the Life of a Visionary and
the Financial Losses ol
His Donee.
Recent dispatches announced the bars
fact that the wife of Walter Vrooman,
visionary and socialistic speller, who ad
vanced him 1126,000 to ptomote his schemes,
has begun proceedings for divorce In the
courts at Trenton, Mo. Kansas City papers
are more liberal in dressing the event, and
give Vroomnn's career columns of space
without exhausting the subject. The Star
It Is scarcely a year since Walter Vroo
man, fresh from England, came to Kansas
City and began spending money so freely
that it astonished people who had known
him only a few years before as a roving
socialist, who made his way from town to
town, lecturing upon dry goods boxes on
street corners. Hounded by the police
everywhere because of his anarchistic talk,
this man returned to western Missouri with
seemingly unlimited capital. He bought
lavishly at the town of Trenton, Mo. In
Kansas City he bought stores right and
left, paying thousands upon thdkisandn of
dollars in cash. At Baltimore avenue and
Eleventh street he had a huge tent with
flags flying and a band playing and a doxen
orators beside himself to talk co-operation
to the masses. It was his band, and by
day It paraded the streets.
Paid Fine Salnries.
He had large offices in the Century build
ing, and hired men at fine salaries. He
declared that his mission was to uplift hu
manity and put the world upon a co-operative
In less than six months he spent 8250,000.
It was the money of a Baltimore heiress,
whom he married. She was a woman with
dreams for the betterment of humanity.
She saw in Vrooman the man whose mis
sion it was to make her dreams come true.
She married him, and gave him half her
fortune to put his scheme to work.
She knows now, she says that Vrooman
was anything but a savior of humanity;
that he was commonest clay, wise In the
art of deception. She hates him as ve
hemently as once she adored him, and she
must have loved him well to have given
him so much money.
It Is not because of the loss of her
money that Mrs. Vrooman Is so bitter. It
is because of other alleged acts of his
which wronged not only her, but others.
For the last week Walter Vrooman has
been In retirement somewhere near Wyan
dotte. His wife, Mrs. Annie Vrooman, and
her brother. William A. Grafflln of Balti
more, were at the Baltimore hotel In this
city. Walter Voorman, It Is said, out of
money, begged an Interview with her. She
refused to see him. He will ge no more
money from her. She has yet 8600,000, and
her brother is worth 32,000,000, but they are
done with schemes for uplifting humanity
and they are done with Vrooman.
Has m Glib Tongue.
Vrooman's capital through life has been
a glib tongue and a real or pretended long
ing to better humanity. He originated In
Kansas. His father, Hiram P. Vrooman,
was the greenback candidate for governor
In 1880. When he was 16 years old Walter
traveled to New York and back to San
Francisco, making his way on freight
trains. He has boasted since that he lived
for a week upon raw wheat
Upon these trips young Vrooman gave
phrenological readings and talked social
ism. Arriving In town he would mount a
box, declare that he was a phrenologist
and Invite some one to come up and have
his head examined. By this means he
picked up a living. But his real mission
was to talk socialism, and It smacked so
strongly of anarchy that he was put In
Jail In Ottawa, Parsons, and Ft. Scott, Kan.
In Kansas City Chief Spears yanked htm
from a box on the market square because.
It is said, he was preaching anarchy.
Vrooman next began preaching. He waa
pastor of a Congragatlonal church la Kan
sas City, Kan. '
Later he took the stump In Maryland to
help defeat Senator Gorman. In that
campaign he met Misa Anne Graffln. an
heiress, a woman of culture and refine
ment. She became Infatuated with him
and married him. Her father had been on
of the wealthiest men of Baltimore, whose
estate had been left to his son WlUlam as
trustee. Miss Graffln's share of the In
come was 81.600 a month. This entire In
come she gave to her husband for the
furtherance of his socialistic and oo-oper-
attve schemes.
After More Money.
He told her, It Is said, he must have the
principal as well as the Income, and In
duced her to go to law to hare her brother
removed from the trusteeship of the estate.
For five years the case was In court, snd
Mrs. Vrooman won. She came at ones into
possession of three quarters of a million
dollars. Walter, it is said, demanded half
of It She gave him one third of It, and
with that he came to Trenton and Kansas
City and started his People's trust that
became famous all over the country. It
went to pieces last fall, but Vrooman
saved all investors In It from financial loss.
Before It went to the wall he bought up
all the stock. His wife was the only loser.
Early In January of this year Vrooman
went to New York to live. There his wife
learned, she says, of how hs had deceived
her. She came into possession of letters
that had passed between Vrooman and a
person who, It Is claimed, had gone WNew
York with him and had returned later to
Kansas City. It Is alleged that Vrooman
left his wife in New York and came to
Kansas City five weeks ago to see this per
son. Mrs. Vrooman began an Investigation,
and being In great distress of mind she
went to her brother In Baltimore and laid
the matter before him. He and his sister
came to Kansas City laat week and re
talned Trimble, Braley Simpson, attor
neys, to draw up and file a suit for di
Has Other Tronhles.
Vrooman's troubles ars not alone with his
wife. She has refused to give him another
dollar and this is embarrassing, because
others are pressing him hard for settlement
because of his dealings with them.
Walter Vrooman waa hardly 14 when he
waa given permission by T. V. Powderly to
organise Knights of Labor lodges.
In the Knights ot Labor strike of 1886,
when Martin Irons ruled things in the
southwest Vrooman was arrested for mak
ing incendiary speeches and was the causa
of at least ons riot at Parsons, Kan. Later
he spoke on the old market square In Kan
sas City. The papers called him the "Boy
Anarchist." He made all of his speeches
with his Bible In one hand, endeavoring to
rove bis views by quotations from the
Scriptures. Later he became tamer aud
was a Congregatlonallst minister In charge
of a church In Kanaas City, Kan. The
next movement to catch htm waa Bel
la my ism. and to tha east he went and
founded the first Nationalist society. But
Bellamy did not last long and Vrooman
had a year or two of rest. In which h
found time to marry Miss Grafflln of Balti
Hit Chief Mission.
Vrooman's philosophy of Ufa Is that man
chief mission upon earth la to propagate
his species. He holds that man can only
live again In his children: that the only
eternal life Is that which his descendants
live, therefore It Is man's duty to be as
many times a father as It Is possible for
him to be. H asked a friend recently:
"How many children have jou?,4v
"I have six," answered the msn.
"Oh, then you will live forever," said
Vrooman. "Your life wilt never cease so
long as ons of your descendants Is alive."
Vrooman contends he has hypnotic power,
and many of those who have watched his
career believe that he has. He has already
done some extraordinary things. His estab
lishment of a Ruskln school In the sedate
college town of Oxford, England, waa one.
Ills power over audiences Is great. His as
surance Is simply astonishing. He ex
claimed to a friend:
This experience has been like a new
birth to me. I will come out of It better
equipped mentally than ever to go on with
the great work of co-operation for all men."
Indianapolis has made elaborate prep
arations for entertaining the biennial ses
sion of the head camp of the Modern Wood
men of America, which convenes in that
city on June 16. The camp will be In ses
sion a week and It ia expected that the
ttendance of delegates and visitors will
be fully 76,000. The convention promises
to be one of the most Important In the
history of the society and will be watched
with great Interest not bnly by the mem
bership, but by members of other fraternal
societies, as the Modern Woodmen Is the
largest fraternal beneficiary society In the
United States, having a membership of
about 725,000, with over a billion dollars of
Insurance In force. Nebraska has 44,000
members, while In Douglas county there
are 4,100 members.
Interest centers on the election of officers
and action on the report of the committee
appointed at the last meeting of the head
camp In St. Paul, Minn., to recommend a
change In the rates of the society. This
committee's report recommends the natural
premium, or "step-rate," and has been un
der discussion by the members for the laat
year and a half, among whom it has found
few friends. The plan provides very low
rates for the members in the early ages,
which gradually Increase year by year un
til In the older ages It becomes very high.
The state camp meetings, which were held
throughout the jurisdiction a short time
ago, have practically sounded tha death
knell ot the report, as almost without ex
ception the delegates selected to the head
camp have been instructed to oppose the
plan. However, it seems certain something
will be done toward Increasing the assess
ment rates of the society, the plan seeming
to have the most supporters being an In
crease In the present table of rales of 25 to
30 per cent
Hon. W. A. Northcott, lieutenant gov
ernor of Illinois, who is now serving his
sixth term as head of the society, has pos
itively declined to stand for re-election.
The two leading candidates for the position
are A. R. Talbot of Lincoln, Neb., and J.
Johnson of Peabody, Kan., and judging
from the results of the different state
camp meetings the Nebraskan has consid
erably the best of the race, his supporters
claiming that his election Is now practically
assured. Head Clerk C. W. Hawes will
undoubtedly be re-elected, while for the
other offices there will be a lively , tussle.
M. Chllchrlst of Omaha wants to be a
member of the board of auditors, but his
chances seem to hinge on the outcome of
Talbot's campaign, as It la not considered
likely that Nebraska can secure two head
The encampment of the drill teams or
foresters" of the society, which will be
held in connection with the head camp
meeting, will be on an elaborate scale. It
is expected that 10,000 uniformed men will
be In camp and there will be competitive
drills for prises aggregating several thou
sand dollars. Schools of Instruction will
also be held. The teams of camps 120 snd
1464 of this city will attend, and Lincoln
will send three teams. Several hundred
members of the order throughout the state
will spend the week in Indianapolis dur
ing the head camp's session.
Union Pacific council. Royal Arcanum,
has made preparation for a memorial ser
vice to be held at Kountse Memorial
church Sunday, May 8, at 8:45 p. m. Tha
committee having the matter In charge
consists of Judge Irving F. Baxter, C. A.
Grlmmell, Rev. T. J. Maekay and Howard
Bruner. An Invitation has been extended
to members of other councils to Join In the
observance of the day.
Clan Gordon No. 63, Order of "Scottish
Clans, met Tuesday erening In regular
session with a big crowd present. Clans
man Alex Gavin from Portland, Ore., was
visiting and received a royal welcome, A.
Troup making the address In highest
style. Royal Deputy Clansman Thomas
Falconer was elected delegate to the Royal
Clan convention In Cleveland, O., In Aug
ust,1 the secretary being chosen alternate.
Everybody was In good spirits and Wil
liam Kennedy recited two pieces, and still
there were cries for more. R. G. Watson
sang in splendid form as he has discovered
a new voice tonic. Clansmen Britain, Mc
Donald, Hobbs, Falconer, Lindsay and
others entertained.
The regular review of Omaha tent No.
75 of the Knights of th Macca
bees was held Thursday evening
and despite the rain a large num
ber of the sir knights were present Three
candidates were Initiated Into member
ship and seven applications were balloted
on and the applicants elected to member
ship and Instructed t6 be present for
Initiation at the next regular re-si ew. The
regular routine bualness of the tent was
passed and the tent adjourned and the
hall surrendered to the use of a joint com
mlttee from all the tents and hives of
Omaha and South Omaha, a meeting of
which had been called for the purpose of
making arrangements for Memorial Day
services. Ths Ladles of the Mac
cabees committee members furnished
very pleasant surprise ( In the
way of rerresnments wnicn were
well received by the knights.
Mecca court. Tribe of Ben Hut, had ths
pleasure of entertaining members from
Chicago and Missouri Valley at their meet'
Ing a week ago. Several candidates were
Initiated and the evening made pleasant
by music and speeches. The Ben Hur Glee
club will meet every Monday evening at
933 North Twenty-fourth street. All mem
bers Interested In singing are Invited to be
Sogar Market. .
NEW YORK, May 23.-StTGAR Raw
steady; reAnlng. 3 3-16c; centrifugal, M teat,
8 ll-loc: molasses susar. 3c. Refined, firm
9. 4.30c: No! 10. 4 26c; No. 1L 4 t0c; No. li
4.16c: Ifo. 13. 4 10c; rio. 14. .(Oc. I'onrec
t loners' A, 4.70c; mould A, 6.10c; cut loaf,
6.46c; cruKhed, 6.46c; powdered, 4.96c; granu
lated. 4. Sc: cubes, 6.10c.
MOLASSES Steady; New Orleans open
kettle, gorni to choice, najwe.
open kettle. 2S&S 7-16c: open kettle, cen-
trifuxsl. swq3c: centnrugsi white, 4c
yellow. H?r4c: seconds, 81u3c.
MOLASSES Open kettle, nominal, li)
!4r: centrifugal, efTlnc; syrup, nominal, 1
Toledo Seed Market.
TOLEDO. Mav !1 SEED?lover. dull
firm: October. 16 46; No. 8, 16.46; rejected,
hi.26C.0; N. B. Q., S.M.
Hew York Teachers Hold Stem Yeasnres
Necessary for Refractory Pupils.
The Good Old Way of Enforcing
Obleae Shonld Do Restored
Aro School Children
Overworked t
"Give us back ths rod" is ths cry of the
male principals of the public schools of
New York City. At a recent meeting of
the principals a report was adopted recom
mending corporal punishment as the most
effective means of Impressing refractory
pupils with the Importance of obedience
and good behavior. The report says in
"The subject of discipline, which In our
opinion is of the moat vital Importance to
the welfare of our publlo school system.
calls most urgently for a modification of
the laws governing It; for It Is our belief,
based on observation and experience ex
tending over a number of years, that the
means at our command for disciplining the
unruly pupils of our publlo schools are In
adequate. We, therefore, beg leave to sub
mit: I. We are In accord with the general
eplrlt of the laws governing punishments of
refractory pupils; at the same time we must
confess that there are children In our public
schools, upon whom the prevailing method
of discipline has not the corrective influence
It Is Intended to have.
"II. We feel Justified In recommending for
these pupils sterner measures, for the fol
lowing reasons:
"L Every child, no matter how perverse
he Is, has the right to demand of us, as the
chief element of his future welfare, that ws
train him to a wholesome respect for law.
Training implies power to enforce obedi
ence. "1 The child's right Is our duty, from
which we are not absolved by the mere plea
of sentiment.
"It is unjust repeatedly to subject the
well behaved children to the contaminating
influence of one or two of their classmates,
for each act of disobedience or of unseemly
behavior leaves Its Impress upon the minds
and characters of the? youthful observers of
It. The unruly children of the class, taking
advantage of the limitations upon the pow
ers of the teachers, waste the time of other
pupils, make class management a difficult
task and in many Instances conduct them
selves toward teachers In a manner that
would not be tolerated outside of a public
school building.
"We would, therefore, respectfully recom
mend that any pupil who, upon trial by
the proper authorities, is adjudged unamen
able to the prevailing method of discipline.
shall thereafter be deemed subject, to cor
poral punishment to be administered by
the principal or by some teacher designated
by him.
In regard to truancy. It is our experi
ence that the past operation of the law has
been Ineffective and that under It the evil
has Increased rather than diminished.
Radical Remedy.
"A very small proportion of the truants
are admitted to the truant school and ot
these very few are reformed. The small
proportion of committals has left many
cases wholly unchecked and these have, by
example, so Infected others that the num
ber of truants has been constantly Increas
ing. The period of restraint Is generally
less than that during which the habit of
truancy was being acquired and this has
proved Insufficient to prevent a relapse.
Moreover, the mere recruiting of the ranks
of truancy from those who are not strong
enough to withstand temptation Is not the
final or the worst result Familiarised with
the unpunished violation of one law, the
truants in our schools too often becomo
violators of others, finally appearing at th
bar of the criminal court.
"To remedy these defects we submit:
'1. That a sufficient number of attend
ance officers should be provided to admit
of the prompt Investigation of every case
3. That the entire magisterial powers In
cases of truancy should be lodged with tha
district superintendents, who should have
'To commit for a hearing on charges by
the principal or other person.
To commit after a hearing with or with
out the parental consent.
To compel the attendance of parents at
To fine parents who neglect their duties
under the law. But the minimum fine
should be less than at present
3. That permanent provision should be
made for the accommodation of 1,600 tru
ants, and that the existing institutions of
correction should be used aa a temporary
resource to supply ths present or any fu
ture deficiencies."
School Children Overworked.
A committee of the Philadelphia Board of
Education is Investigating the charge that
the pupils of the publlo schools are being
overworked. Commenting on the charge
the Philadelphia Inquirer says:
Tha Inquirer speaks with knowledge
when- It says that the statements alleged In
tha protest are true, at least measurably,
so far as it has come within our observa
tion, and we are willing to believe that
nothing less than the truth has been stated.
There la a call for reform and we are quite
aware that It will require much wisdom to
direct such changes as ought to be made.
"What the public feels is that ths schools
ars not at present accomplishing aa much
as they should for ths children committed
to their care. We do not mean to say that
much good is not being done; ws believe
that great ends are being measurably ac
complished; but he Is blind who thinks
that Just now we ars doing what we should
and this In spite ot the fact that our schools
are held up as a model In many parts of
the country. It Is never wise to be satisfied
with human effort and at present there Is
much that Is far from satisfactory, though
ws feel that those In charge are willing to
do the best they can.
'Publlo school children are now asked to
do too much both in amount and In char
acter. They ars required to do an amount
of 'home work' which is beyond the neces
sltles of the occasion, and which is often a
distinct loss mentally and physically to the
child. Formerly It was said that there waa
too much of book teaching In the schools;
now there is entirely too little. We are at
tempting to do ths Impossible, and this re
quires extraordinary and improper means.
Thirty years ago the child went to the
publlo schools provided with books and was
Instructed In reading, writing, arithmetic.
geography and grammar, with at the last
some teaching of history. It was claimed
that memory was made the only test and
that results attained were unsatisfying.
This may have been the case in spite of
the fact that every successful man of 40
today went through that process.
'Then csme the changes which have r
duced ths art of teaching to the methods
of tha German universities. Ths teacher Is
reaulred to do moot of the work. There are
constant lectures and blackboard demon
stratlons with books practically discarded
except for home use. Tns child comes
home with a lot of tasks, in which the
willing parent endeavors to help the child
He soon finds out thst his methods those
In which he was schooled and by which he
has achieved success are antiquated and
will not be accepted. The psychological
method so much vaunted la alone received
by the teacher and the parent is In despair.
Tha pupil Is Judged hot aleoe by what he
knows, but by the method which he sr-
arrlves at certain conclusions.
"It appeara that there la a sort of rivalry
among school principals to accomplish cer
tain results, and every energy Is bent o
that end. New methods, new teachers, new
theories are In the ascendant and if tne
child does not reach up to them, so much
the worse for the child. We believe that
this system Is utterly destructive of the
principle for which the schools were
founded. It Is true that each teacher Is
given two or three times the amount of
work she ought to be called upon to per
form, and that makes the situation all the
worse since the standards are established
by those who do not have any Intimate
relation with actual teaching. The old
system had Its manifold defects, but we
are far fross being convinced that the pres
ent system Is an Improvement on It.
It la time for a most radical chana-e In
the methods employed, so that our chil
dren may have a chance to grow physically
and mentally In directions which stimulate
In stead of oppressing, as Is the case at
present. Morally, the problem still remains
In the home."
Fresh Fruit Salad.
Cereal. Cream.
Asparagus Omelet. Bacon.
. 'Cucumbers.
Boston Brown Bread. Coffee.
, . Clear Soup.
Fried Spring Chicken. Asparagus.
Stuffed Potatoes.
Tomato Mayonnaise.
Cheese. ya f era
StrawDerry Shortcake. Cream.
cream Fresh Mushrooms on Toast.
f.rpfd. Nut" and F, Sandwiches.
Cottage Cheese. Soft Gingerbread.
Sautes of Asparagus Tons in
Break oft all the tender part from small
green shoots of asparagus, wash well and
cut Into small pieces and cook in hnnino-
salted water until tender but not soft; then
drain and cool in a colander. A short tlmo
before serving melt half a cup of butter In a
saute pan, put In the asparagus, add a little
salt, pepper, sugar and nutmege; set over a
gooa nre and heat well, turning over care
fully so as not to break the pieces, then
turn Into a deep heated dish and serve at
Asparagus In Cream-Wash and trim a
bunch of green asparagus, cut Into small
pieces; cover with boiling water and blanch
ror aDout three minutes. Then pour off the
water and drain asparagus well. Put into
another saucepan with a little warm water.
a, aoiespooniui or butter, teaspoon ful of
sugar and a large slice of onion. Set over
the fire, where it will simmer slowly for
half an hour; remove the onion and add a
cup of cream thickened with one teg: sea
son to taste with pepper and salt and serve.
Asparagus a la Ftlburg-Take some larera
white ssparagua, scrape, wash and tie
evenly in bunches, cutting oft ends of the
stalks. Cook until tender, but not snfr n.
broken; take out and lay in a cloth and
place where It will drain but keep hot
When dry arrange In layers on a heated
dish, heads one way, and grate gruy-re
cneeae between each layer. Pour half a
cup of hot, slightly browned butter over It
and serve.
Asparagus, Pompadour Scrape and trim
off the tough ends of the stalks; cover
with salted boiling water and cook until
tender but crisp. Then drain and cut into
two-Inch lengths and place In a cloth to
drain, but not cool. Make a sauce with
two tablespoonfuls of butter, yolk of an
egg, quarter of a cup of vinegar, three-
fourths of a cup of stock or hot water, salt
and pepper to taste. Arrange the aspara
gus on a dish and pour the sauce over It
and serve. The tips may be boiled separ
ately and used as a border around the dish.
Asparagus in Ambush Take one quart
of tops cut from green asparagus, boll
about fifteen minutes and drain In a cloth,
keeping It hot Take stale plain rolls and
carefully cut off the tops, scoop out the
crumb and set the shells In the oven to dry.
Put a pint of milk in a double-boiler to
scald and thicken with four eggs well
beaten. When It thickens stir in two level
tablespoonfuls of butter and salt and pep
per to taste. Lay the asparagus In this and
when hot fill Into the shells; replace the
tops, set in the oven for a few minutes and
Prof. T. F. Hunt, dean of the fnlWe of
Agriculture of the Ohio State university,
has accepted the professorship of agronomy
In the College of Agriculture of Cornell
Mrs. Emma Stuckman of Nnnnnee Tn
has taught school for fifty-two years, hav
ing begun teaching when she waa 14, and
expects to enter upon another term next
The school authorities of New Jersev are
in a quandary because so many teachers
o to other states to draw higher salaries.
)f course. It would never occur to New
Jersey ,to pay more money.
An official report shows that at the end
of last year there were In Japan nlnetv
seven agricultural schools, six. fishery
schools, twenty-eight technical schools.
fifty commercial schools, seven mercantile
schools and sixty-two industrial schools.
Dr. Arthur Gordon Webster, professor of
physics at Clark university and president
of the American Physical society, was
elected a member of the National Academy
of Science at its recent session at Wash
ington. Dr. Jacob H. Hollander, associate pro
fessor of economics at the Johns Hopkins
university, has declined the appointment
by the government to go aa a special rep
resentative of the United States to the
Philippines for the purpose of supervising
the establishment Ol tne gold currency
system there.
The centennial anniversary of the birth
of Ralph Waldo Emerson will be cele
brated at Harvard college, It la hoped, on
May 25 by the laying of the cornerstone
of Emerson hall. Only 310,000 is now needed
to complete the fund necessary to start the
work and it is thought that this win be
forthcoming before the date named.
The village of Jasper, N. Y., la to be the
seat ot a new educational institution known
as the McKlnley Memorial college. It will
be operated somewhat after the plan of
Tuskegee Normal Institute. Its object Is
to furnish an opportunity to young men
and women to obtain a college education
by working their way. The college will be
Principal Story recently said before a
meeting at the Glasgow university that
Andrew Carnegie's gifts to Scotch educa
tional Institutions have "dried up the local
springs of generosity." While In the, past
It was easy tor mm to collect more man
8300,000 for the university, now it is diffi
cult for him to get 315,000. He says Mr.
Carnegie's munificence has scared away
other givers ot lesser wealth.
A new department has been established
at the University of Chicago, which will
be called the department of geography. It
will Include not only physical geography,
but also commercial geography, and at the
head of it has been piocei rrot. Itouin 1.
Salisbury, dean of the School of Science
in the university. Prof. John Paul Goorle
of the Wharton School of Science In the
University of Pennsylvania has accepted
an assistant professorship in the depart
It Is Interesting to note the popularity of
the domestic science branch of education
aa shown by the demand for teachers of
this kind of science. Teachers' college of
New York, which supplies much of the
demand, has at present more than twice
as many applicants ror instructors in a
meatic science as the college can meet
with Its present Inadequate facilities. Mint
Caroline Phelps Stokes has given i.0"0
with which to endow a scholarship, which
falls In with the desire of the dean to
facilitate the work in this field. Dr. Rus
sell hones to provide a special building in
domestic science and domestic art, and for
tills purpose requires about 1300,000 to erect
J m buiidiog and employ new Instructors.
Volume of Business Last Wee of Normal
Proportions for Time of Tear.
With Seasonnble Weather from This
Time on Wholesalers Anticipate
a Brink Spot Bnslness ia
All Summer Lines.
Omaha Jobbers snd mnnufneturers report
business for lust week as being of normal
proportions for the time of year. The
warmer weather of the latter part of the
week had a very beneficial effect upon spot
business and with normal weuther from
this time on a lively trade Is anticipated.
According to traveling men who have re
cently returned from their territories, trade
Is no longer being diverted to other mar
kets because of the strikes. Merchants out
through the country have been advised
that so far as the Jobbers snd manufac
turers are concerned the strikes are at
an end and goods are being shipped and
received the same as usual. Trade In the
country Is also of very satisfactory propor
tions and retailers' stocks of summer goods
are going to pieces nt a rapid rate. The
lack of warm weather up to last week of
course had a tendency to hold back the
demand, but no complaint from that score
is looked for from this time on.
Fall orders are still being placed very
freely and it may safely be said that prac
tically every Jobber and manufacturer In
the city has a better lino of advance or
ders than ever before at this season of
the year. The scarcity of desirable goods
and also the tendency toward higher prices
Is doubtless responsible In a large measure
for the large number of orders that have
been booked.
Owing to Improved trade rmdltlona In
the country Jobbers report collections bet
ter than they have been for some time
In regard to market conditions It may
be said that outside of the line of grocers
there have not been many fluctuations.
The general tendency, however, is upward
and values seem to be on a very firm foun
dation, with no prospect of any weakness
for some time to come.
Rice Still Advancing.
The rice market is still going up and
those who nre posted say that the supply
available before the new crop comes on
the market is far below the average re
quirements for this time of the year. With
two months or two months and a half of
active trade nearly the entire supply would
be cleaned up. It Is reported that specu
lators have recently gone into the market
and bought up practically all of the avail
able supplv of the low-grade rices, such
ns are used in the Cuban and Porto Bican
trade. This takes out of the market be
tween 2,000.000 and 3.000,000 pounds. Taking
these facts into consideration Jobbers say
that prices must keep on advancing until
the new crop arrives.
In the canned goods line Interest seems
to center around spot corn, owing to ad
vances which have placed the market v1
cents above the lowest point. Spot corn
Is moving out very freely and at good
prices, and it is thought that the market
will be well cleaned up by the time the
new pack arrives. Tomatoes, both spots
and futures, owing to the drouth prevail
ing in many sections of the east, and
especially In New York, are in a very
strong position. ,
Dried fruits of all kinds are more firmly
held than they were a week ago and it
looks as though the supply of prunes and
apricots would be exhausted and with but
a small carry-over of peaches.
There has been no change In the tea
situation since last report. The advance
reported Is still being maintained and the
opinion among local buyers Is that the
market Is up to stay and that still higher
prices will prevail.
The sugar market Is In practically the
same position It was a week ago, no change
In refined having taken place. Raws, how
ever, are being quoted very firm and re
fineries are taking orders subject to delay
in shipment of certain grades.
The cheese market is a little easier, but
the supply Is not as liberal as might be
expected, owing to the cold, backward
spring. Lower prices, however, are pre
dicted for this week.
The bean market has advanced 6 to 10
cents and stocks are well cleaned up in
"Regarding the condition of trade local
Jobbers say that they had a big demand
last week, and fully as heavy as they could
expect for this time of the year. All their
orders were shipped with the UBual prompt
ness. Hluher Prices for Cotton Goods.
Trade with Omaha dry goods Jobbers last
week was much better than the week be
fore. The warmer weather brought In a
nice lot of sizing up orders so that jobbers
were kept busy with spot business. Trav
eling men also met with good success In
landing advance orders for later shipment
and it Is reported that many deairable
lines are already sold up. Merchants have
bought earlier and more freely this year
for fall delivery than ever betore, as the
better class of merchants are aware of the
strike situation In .the east and realize that
nt-nrinrtinn has been ereatly curtailed this
season, and that the outlook for a shortage
of goods Is very favorable.
The market for raw cotton continues to
soar und manufacturing of many well
known lines of goods have shut down on
account of the high price of cotton. Ad
vance of t'Sc have been made on well
known lines" of ticks ot ftifi'ac on leading
lines of bleached goods. Brown goods are
also strong, but no quotable changes have
taken place during the week under review.
An advance of Vic on cotton twine and
lc on carpet warp also went into effect
last week.
Hardware About the Same.'
. . . ln 4,C aKniit
Tne naraware ninrnai m , jun,
the same position It was a week ago. The
... . ....r,l.i a m.ntlnn la
only cnHiigw m mn. ......
an advance in wire cu 'i !"
dred square feet. Other lines are being
ti i i. l t arA Via iranArnl market Is in
1,1 1 1 J I J1 liciu a,u ' ' ' - - .
a very strong position.
Trade with local hardware jobbers Is
Just about of normal proportions for this
time of year. They are not being exactly
rushed with orders, but still they are en
joying a good steady demand.
Better Demand for Leather Goods.
The warmer weather of last week stimu
lated the demand for low shoes to quite an
extent and Jobbers were busy all the week
filling sizing up orders. The heavy rains
also helped to improve the demand for
high shoes SO that an ciaHses oi icainer
goods moved out very freely. Jobbers are
preparing for a lively trade from this time
on aa traveling men report retailers' stocks
as being pretty well broken.
There Is some aemana tor summer weigm
rubbers, but of course trade is not rushing
in that line.
Fruits nnd Produce.
The suoDly of strawberries was rather
light last week owing to the fact that the
Arkansas crop was exhausted and it was a
The Most Charming and Dainty
LUNCHEONS are served with
In social emergencies or for
tamily dependence
you cannot afford to
to be without this
and dainty
It can
be pre
pared quickly
fruits or
at hand.
Bend for
rTha Vital
Riarars rails.
1L Y.
little too early for Missouri berries. Heavy
shipments, however, are expected from
Missouri this week unless the rains have
damsgyl the cron. lemons moved more
freely fiist week, but prices did not change
to any extent. White and black California
cherries are arriving freely and are sell.
Ing at 8160 per 10-lb box.
Tho supply of fresh vegetables was much
heavier last week and as a result the ten
dency of prices was decidedly downward.
The market on old potatoes, however. Is a
little firmer, good stock selling at 4fry50c.
Kggs have been about steady all the
week, but owing to the warmer weather
the loss off Is much greater. Poultry is also
selling In about the same notches ns It
was a week bro. Butter is If anything a
little firmer, although grass stock Is begin
nlrg to appear. The demand though hss
been very liberal so that prices have held
up in good shape.
Cotton Market.
subsiding tendency of speculation here
yesterday was reflected In Liverpool this
morning where price conditions were nar
row, that market closing unchanged to 1
points lower. With the weather again
favorable, port receipts still running heavy
and accounts from the dry goods trade
no more favorable, the market Influences
apparently favored the bears. The mar
ket opened at a decline of .Vtf3 points on
the list generally, while May, still domi
nated by Its speculative position, was 6
points higher. Trading was very quiet
and there seemed little disposition to sell
at the decline. Aftei a brief Interval of
irregularity the bull Madera bought moder
ately and rallied prices to about last night's
final.' During the later trading, prices
continued to show a generally upward ten
dency under supporting orders and some
European buying, while warehouses re
ported southern business on the advance.
Speculation continued quiet, however.
July sold up to 11.50c; August to 10.72c and
September to 9.84o. Toward the close there
was a little more activity and July was
bid up to 11.15c. Then the Hat turned
easier under realizing, but was finally very
steady, net SlilS points higher on all
months except May, which closed 10 points
lower. The sales were estimated at 75,000
quiet and steady. May ll.R3o bid;
June, n.&jil2.00c: July, 12.18'12.22c; Aug
ust, U6.Vnll.Btic; September, 9.9V(i9 97c; Oc
tober, 9.2M9.29c; November, 9.10(ii912c; De
cember, 9.104f9.11c. Spot, quiet and steady.
Sales, 3U0; ordinary, 9 7-hic; good or
dinary, 9 15-ltic; low middling, 10 11-lrte;
middling, 11 7-16e; good middling. ll'c;
middling fair, 12 9-16c; receipts 1.7:8; stock,
ST. LOUIS. May 23.-COTTON-Flrm, un
changed. Middling, HVc; sales, 123 bales.
Receipts, 5H0 bales; shipments, 690 bales
Stock. 12.617 bales.
3ulet; prices 2 points lower: American mid
ling fair. ti.St'xt; good middling. 6.44d; mid
dling, 6.28d; low middling. 4.08d: good or
dinary, 5.84d; ordinary. 6.64d. The sales ot
the day were 5,000 bales of which 600 wer
for speculation and export and included
4,500 American. Receipts 14,000 bales, In.
eluding 13.100 American. Futures opened
steady and closed quiet and steady. Amer
ican middling, g. o. c. May, 6. Old - May and
June, 6.98(fi5.93d: June and July. B.96d; July
and August. 6.92d; August-September, 6.77dj
September-October, 6.3Tw?r5 3d ; October-November.
6.60d: November-December, 4.95d;
December, 4.85d; January-February, 4.92L
Oil and Rosin.
OIL CITY. May 23.-OIL Credit balances,
81.50: certificates, no bids. Receipts, 117,.
270 bbls., average 85,014 bhls.; runs, 79.52
bills., average 78,694 bbls. Shipments, Lima,
68,058 bbls., average 70,372 bbls.; runs, Lima,
63, W0 bbls., average 6,544 bbls.
SAVANNAH, May iM OIL Quote: Tur-
Eentlne, firm at 61c. Rosin, firm; A, B, C,
, 81.65; E, 81.70; F, 81.75; G, 11.80; H. 82.40;
I, 83.05; K, 83.10; M, 83.20; N, 83.26; WG,
83.36; WW, 83.65.
NEW YORK. May 23 OIL-Cottonseed,
dull; prime crude, nominal; yellow, 42(8 43c.
Petroleum, steady; refined New York, 89.56;
Philadelphia nnd Baltimore, 88.60; In bulk.
85.60. Rosin, steady; strained, common t
good, 82.O0ft2.05. Turpentine, firm, 63Vi54o.
Dry Goods Market.
good many buyers have left the market
after having purchased conservative bills
of merchandise. It is generally admitted
they have not covered their requirements
for the fall, but conditions have led them
to pursue a conservative policy. Prices are
firmer, with an advancing tendency. Job
bers have not been especially active,
Minneapolis Wheat, Floor nnd Bran.
nc; July, TiW&T! 6-Rc; September, 68 6-8c.
On track No. 1 hard, 81c; No. 1 northern,
T9c; No. 2 northern, 78cj No. 3 -northern,
FLOUR Firm, first patents, 84.10iff4.30;
second patents, 84.004.10; first clears,
82 9Crt3.00; second clears, 82.452.60.
BRAN In bulk, 81236.
Coffee Market.
tures opened quiet at a partial decline
of 4 points under continued full receipts
and light liquidation, closing dull on that
basis, with total sales reported at 6,250 bags.
Including June at 3.75c; July, 3 86c; De
cember. 4.60c; April, 4.80c. Spot, Rio quiet;
No. 7, 6Vic; mild quiet.
Exports and Imports nt New York.
NEW YORK. May 23. Total imports of
merchandise and dry goods at the port of
New York for this week were valued at 810,
i24,9r5. Total Imports of specie at tho port
of New York for this week were 8116.587 sil
ver and 847,830 gold. Total exports of specie
from the port of New York for this week
were 8586,018 silver and 83.607,204 gold.
St. Joseph Live Stock Market.
ceipts, 144 head: steady.
HOGS Receipts, 4.3J9 head: weak to lV4e
lower; light and light mixel, 660364 2!4;
medium and heavy, tj.2 (BtJ.iJ.Vt; bulk,
6.30; pigs, $5.2f5.75.
SHEEP AND LAMBS Receipts, none.
Milwaukee Grain Market.
No. I northern, &3ijg.S4c; No. 2 northern,
S-V-'iSSe; July, 73?c.
HYB Firm; No. 1, 63Hc
BARLEY Dull; No. Z. 59c; sample, 48
61 Vic
CORN July, 44re, nominal.
Duluth Grnlr. Market.
DULUTH, May 23. WHEAT To arrive.
No. 1 hard, 7Sc; No. 1 northern, 76ci
May, No. 1 northern, 78c; July, 7S!ac
OATS May, 34c.
Bank Clearings.
OMAHA, Neb., May 23. Bank clearings
iur me wees, enuing touay were:
Monday ....
Tuesday ...
Thursday .,
Saturday ,,
Totals ..
Increase ...
....$1,5S3.2.37 81.2o9.S03.nj
.... 1.336.S 49 1.131,039.16
.... 1,322,018.16
.... l,
.... 1.12-i,0r.S 91
.... 1.24U6I.8I
87,827,724.26 t6.98.169.34
PT r awr JHT- sy-uaaa.T. P-! ". i.