Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 24, 1903, EDITORIAL SHEET, Page 14, Image 14

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    14
TITE OMATIA PA1LT BEE: StTNTAT, MAT 24, 1003.
The Omaha Suniiay Per
E. ROBE WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINQ.
TERMS OF SL'BScRiPTION.
r1!y Bte (without Sunday), One Tear...W
Buniy Bee, one Year. J0
Twentieth Ceitury rarm.r.'one'Yar" oo
DELIVERED BT CARRIEH. j
Jinny Be. (without Sundsy). per copy..,.. w
I)iiy nn .without sunrtiivi. uer we k....lic I
rijy B (including Sunday), per wrk..i7o
Evening He (without Sunday). per week to
evening Bee (including eunaay;, ywr
week We
Omnlal.. of trrei uln title In delivery
fhould be addressed to City Circulation De
partment.
OFFICES.
Omaha The Bee Rulldlng.
Bouth Omaha City lull Building. Tweo-ty-nfth
and M Streets.
Council Bluffs l. Pearl Street.
Chicago IS.) Unity Bulldm.
New Tork-ir Park How Bui'dlng.
Washington tot Fourteenth Street.
CORRESPONDENCE.
Communications relating to mws and edi
torial matter should he' addressed: cmnl
Ilea, Editorial Department.
REMITTANCES.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to The tee FunHsn-.tig Company.
o The tee FunHsn-.tig company,
nt stamps sccepled i. payment or
unt. Personal checks, except : oa
eastern eschsnges. not accepted.
Unly J-cant I
mall account
fimflha At mw
, TUB WEE PUBLISHING! COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION
ftste cl Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.t
POeor KWowSWiM
publishing. Company, keing wrnni
ays that the actual number of full and
m-iiiI.1. rnnln nf Th Dnll. Morning
So&'Va"
l.
..81.TTO
16
si.ooo I
I...
I...
...
S2.BOO
82,000
32.S2A
1J.
II , S1.BSO
JJ 20,100
JO 81.600
21 S1.480
JJ .81.T10
21 M..S1.U80
H 81.MO
art. r. to
f
T
,81,410
I..
I..
..
11..
si.nao
.......Bl.tUiO
81,970
82.03O
S9.410
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.31,380 I
" 1
....ai.t)To
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u
IS
14
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..81.U10
..81,080
..Bl.OUtf
. 81.050 1
81,180
' Total
Leag unaol4 and returned soples..
. .85O.80O
.. 1U,4M
Ket toUl sales 8,t8T
Net sversse aalea 81-U81
Uh-OllUE B. TZBCHUcn..
NWStt-fi OT M.y"V W
it. B. HUNUATE.
(Seal.)
Notary Publio.
Every little windstorm becomes
tornado on close acquaintance.
Governor Pennypacker by this time
doubtless wishes that be hadn't.
t -n.ntin.ft the hook nnhllshers
" . ' ..
Combine has a Cinch on tue reading
nnhlle and it members are pnshing it I
yU .
to s finish.
"Is poverty sn obstacle or an oppor
tunity?" asks a contributor to one of
the current magaslnes. ' Poverty Is
usually s necessity.
The Pennsylvania railroad is harvest-
Ing telegraph poles all along its roadway
and the crop promises to exceed any-
thing In the line ever known In this or
any other country.
Insurance statistics show that women
are longer lived than men. In other
words men are required to fight a more
strenuous battle of life and the casual
ties cannot be avoided.
The suppression of news about out
pfiewe and nuthrenks bv Russia and Tur-
key again emphasizes the truth that
there can be no real liberty without
th freedom of the press.
The woods are full of political sooth
sayers and mind readers in these days.
Even such close mouthed men as J.
Flerpont Morgan and E. H. Ilarrlman
Cannot Successfully . COnceSl their
1 1
thoughts or keep their own council.
If Senator Clark of Montana should
really be precipitated Into the presl-
dential race as the democratic nominee,
tha nlatform would, of course, have to
. ... m .. . I
"fu'ul Vl l"" """ ' I
and speak mighty softly when referring
to the money power.
Conrressman LIttlefleld of Maine de-
Dies the soft impeachment that he be-
llevss members of congress are under
worked and over paid and that "in the
future he will accept only a,ouu a year
from tha eovSrnment for his services."
That disclaimer was superfluous. No
Congressman has ever proposed to
abridge bis own salary
That reminds us that Fourth Assistant
Postmaster General Brlstow, who Is
postmaster uenerai uriaiow, wno is
reaping most of the prestige from the
proU Of Postofflce department abuses,
probing of Postofflce department
s a - - -..K a..-)--
i na wr w mail v ii w n n luh bi rutin-
man were irolnif to hat. s few months
i igo ana wnose piace tney were going 10
t fill with k certain ex-congressman who
... . , . . ...
- . . ..
Mtii-i .pa 1 inn - tin in aiiinn in wwn
them.
The pretext for depriving the people
of Omaha of the right of home rule in
the Are and police departments by vest-
Ing thft appointment of police board
sieii-bers In the governor was to take
he departments entirely out of politics. Tn matter Is one In which the anty of peace la au adequate navy," said
rhe pulling and hauling now on for the United States has a very great Inter- Mr. Roosevelt. "The best possible as
impending police commission vacancy, perhaps .not less than any other suranee against wsr Is an adequate
if course, proves that there is no pol
tics in it
There are radicals SLuong th. or-
ftnised employers Just, as there sf
radicale among the organised wage
workers. : The trades Unions that huve
lecoiuplUhed the most aud stand the
best are thOs. that have been con-
pervatlv. In leadership aud policies,
Permanent results fof the organized
employers will Lav. to come froiti eou-
tervatisin and not from radicalism.
The prospects for tho reno:uiaetlon ot
lisyor Iow of New York are raid to
tie growing more favorable from week
to wek. The p-ple of the nieiropol'.s
srlll soon have a c Us ike to say whether
ey prefer to go back to Taiumanv
rule. Tammany Is a.iwwor. but it will
e surprising if It proves powerful
mougn to get the f6veruincnt ot the
!rf dt back Under Its grs?p.
AfTtH TH tTOHU CvHCS a CALM.
Notv that the excitement Incident to
Omaha's labor troubles la gradually sub-1
a;dintr A calm dlspnsaionate rlew of th.
batth gronnd and the combatants mnylard and gold standard countries that
bs indulged la without adding fuel to
the lire. The Omaha labor strike of
rather tbsa t battle. There has be?n a
great deal of powder burned, but the
nj0Bt of the ammunition exploded hns
..,,,, ft hlank csitrlflirps
consisted or Dianu CRrtnoKes
j ninn.v respects the strike has been
deplorable, but after all some good will
come out of It Omaha has by no means I
been isolated as a strike center, but Jt I
has furnished to the country an object I
lesson that a resort to military force to
maintain law and order is not necessary
In a well governed city. I
While buslnesa rivals have sought to I
profit by the labor troubles In Omaha in I
Industriously circulating sensational re-1
ports of mob violence and Insecurity of I
life and property no city In the country I
of equal population baa been as free J
from lawlessness and disturbance aa has
Omaha since the first day of May.
The mistake the business men of
Omaha have made was in setting their I
faces against a rational consideration of I
the Industrial conditions that have be-
come a part of twentieth century prog-
.,
raa. Their refusal to rr.ne1.1pr or enter
proposal, for arbitration gre in
marked contrast with tho course pursued
1 . 1, !.,. ,,. ..... T..JI l
jj iiic vuciiimn u t t li vi a.' ,11, 114 ucrni
ing
rtth precisely the samo controver-
sles.
Thore were twice as many wagework-
ers out on a strike in Penver as there
were In Omaha. The Business Men's
iin . nonlro , . I
1
better organized thon the BuRiness Men's
' 1 o n 1 1 .vujimLi nuu I
aasoflation nf Hmohi rn.r ti r
... . .... I
"M uiouuiaviuini lumiunj
BUDmittea tne r case to arbitration and
v, t,j .,. A,m ,. . .. I
have settled all differences With the
Btriking wageworkers within ton days, I
whlU tha h.i.ln -. . r,-.. v . I
wwi the business men of Omaha hare
rejected all arbitration overtures and I
h! TT .,e" th5 d00r PCn fr ft r-Petlt
ui luL-jr iroumes wnenever.rneir non-
union employes shall be unionized.
t v.i . .. ., 1
In this connection we invite attention
to the able and Impartial analysis of the I
lnhnr alhi.tnn in n--. v- x-
. ... um uj me iVTr
York Independent, a conservative paper
published in the environment and nt-
mospnere of organized capital, Which we
reprint on this page. The article in
-,. ,. v. .u ..... .
m -"" , iu reji-ctiun 01
lno "rnitrmtion proposals submitted by
the Omnhe rontrnl I-v, !-. ... .
. .... ,., tue
sucject is Handled from the point of
View of recncmlrlnv eriiMvort. fM.
more potential than fine spun theories.
When the smoke of battle has entirely
cleared sway, the mistaken policy by
wrueh conciliation and arbitration was
repelled by the executive committee of
the Business Men's association will, we I
believe, be manifest to all who have had
practical experience In dealing with
labor problems under modernized Indus
trial conditions.
TO rJV SlLVfH AND OOLD.
The American commission on Inter
national exchange, which went to
Europe the past week. Is expected to
bring snout Important results affecting
the monetary relations between gold-
tandard and sllver-standard countries,
At present financial conditions between
inese countries are most unsaiisiac
tory and are likely to become more so
unless a general arrangement shall be
made that will establish uniformity of
exchange and put an end to the fluc
tuations which have in the last few
M .. A..l.t .
years pruvtru sv vruuuieuui auu mr
astrous to the silver-using countries.
me movement looting to sn arrange-
nient ot International exchange which
wiU remedy the existing conditions was
miuatea ny Mexico ana me appoint-
went of the American commission was
at th rfkAnatt nt th a FAVrniriArt nt I
...
P"" """'' .JZ "
mission in its visit abroad Is to learn
whether there is any way in which the
areat commercial nations of the world
a together In some plan to
ateady the rates of exchange between
gold and silver using nation. Noth-
" v""""""'"" vu
w, nect monetary system or tnis
or other country, so for as the in
regnty 01 tne goia standard is con
cerned. All the five countries to be
specially consulted sre gold-standard
countries. There Is nothing at all akin
tn th fre eclnsirs nf silver r aron .
re "tensive us. of silver ss money
that 1. contemplated. Th. commission
.. t a a .
uai ueen inBirucieu 10 ureaenr to ror.
i - -
.. ...
governments me suojeci or putting
ss 11 ni 1 iiT .Mi mas iitfiiiMiH r w rrsnnn.anT
- '
t0 th Present fluctuation In the rates
I nf rhhnffA ntwpn all var-at An
o -
and gold-standard, countries. It does
not appear that any definite plan has
yet been formulated, though doubtless
members of the commission have one In
liui for suggestion to the feovern-
ments of the foreign countries they will
visit
country. As a great manufacturing na- navy. I ask ror a navy primarily be
tlon. producing a surplus that must I cause it is the surest means of keeping
Urgely be sold to the silver-using coun -
tries, it is obvious that the United
States is very much concerned In the
I question of a sound monetary system
I for those countries, the effect of which
j would be to increase their consumption,
to the Advantage of all manufacturing
countries, while at the same time rs -
I taMlshlng stable financial conditions
throughout the commercial World, the
general Influence of which would be
highly beneficial.
Meanwhile Mexico la making good
progress concerning the new moil-
etary system, which will rest on
the principle of the gold standard.
According to the latest Information
Mexlc will soon have a dollar bf fixed
vine in gold. The free and unlimited
talT. .pre cf silver will be doue away with
and the government Will maintain an
ample gold reserve for keeping the all
Iyer currency at a parity. Tber. arc
expressions of riovbt aa to the success
of tbs movement for -establishing a ry
tem of exchange between sllTer-stand-
will put an end to the present ductus
tlon. but there la no question as to
the desirability of such an arrange
nient
i n imwm
A PUPVLIST RAiJVBOH' CHASM.
A few days ago the populist weather
bureau at Lincoln issued a circular let-
Iter to the numerous national committee-
men of the populist party with a view
to ascertaining the direction and Telocity
of the wind and the reading of the signs
of the political sodlac for J 004. The
first response' that reached the chief
weather prophet came from Rainbow
Chaser Elmer E. Thomas of Omaha,
who rivals the renowned Munchausen
In fertility of imagination and impedi-
roent of veracity.
According to that robust fakir "the
recent city election in Omaha proves
that the people's party in this city is
alive and very much in evidence. All
the honors of the election are with us,"
exclaims the exuberant sky gazer, and
continues:
We have sained back more prestige and
power In this campaign than we lost in all
the dreary yeara ot fusion with the demo
crats. We e'ected more of our ticket than
any other party. We elected our nominees
for treasurer, attorney, comptroller, tax
commissioner and Ave eut of nine council-
men by majorities ranging as high as 1,500
votes. We failed to elect our candidate for
mayor anJ city clerk. The populist candi
date for building Inspector was not In
dorsed by any organization or any party
except our own. He received 1.2S5 votes.
This Indicates our strength, and It also
Indicates that we are about as strong In
Omaha as we were ten years ago
mi" uiu 1 1 1 in uvuy ui icna 1 1 1 et 1 1 , o' u ywKrin
prove so effective? By the adoption of the
jr.. . w . i . . , vi -i
nonpartisan idea promulgated by uoiden
Rule Jones. Wa determined to nominate
mt .est men chosen by any organisation
ana to mrow our vote to mem. www
Our candidate for mayor, E. A. Benson, re.
reived 1.177 votes In a three-cornered fight.
He had ko votes mors than Ed Howell, the
demooratio candidate. This will entitle us
to ,0-d n r. . th. tlrlrt ..rMr .n
leave the democrats to fieht it out with the
wTmotrCd"; our'
cratlc friends are mighty willing to get
bck ,nto be1 wlth Lately they have
not given us a pleasant iook, mucn less
,harinr with us the fruits of ctorv. To.
rty we can have what we want to take in
n way or nominatiopa. This Is
wn.t h(lv(, Anntt m.A fh. whw
we rejoice tuhd why we declare that we
ir no aa BnJ noJ foln to af,tia
to secure good government by clean men
Bnd !"'. the peopie upon economio
nuestions. me peonie s party could not die
if it wanted to. This talk about our being
'a mpites me ineffably tired. It is ss it
with Peter, when Jesus asked the dis-
. . H thev. too WL-wrw rnln. in
him, "Lord to whom shr we go? Thou
na"1 no worns or eternal life
Thls is decidedly rich and racy. The
three tailors of Tooley street are not in
it for a moment with Rainbow Chaser
Thomas. We populists did it! We
made a holy show of ourselves by fusing
a baker's dozen of populists with sev
enty republicans to project a patched
quilt ticket on which there was not a
single populist. We nominated as our
Standard bearer a hard times money
lender and promoter who scoffed at Id
to 1, ridiculed populists as calamity
lunatics and afcvays held his nose when
ever he came within gunshot of a popu
lisf, and received the bulk of his support
from the corporation cohorts and their
dependents.
Remember, us populists elected Hen
nlngs and made him city treasurer by
over 3,000 , majority, didn't we? And
Lobeck and Fleming were also elected
Dy tne cloudburst of populism. The
poor forlorn democracy did not cut any
Ice on May 5; neither did the Municipal
league, the 8wedish vote, the Real Es
rate exchange or the republican party.
Didn't our candidate for labor commls
sloner loom up out of sight without the
aid or consent of any other party
Didn't he get within 600 votes as manr
as the independent petition candidate
who had no party at all behind him?
Didn't that prove conclusively that
populism is once more on ton? Whr
shouldn't we have most of the offl,e.
hereafter? Why shouldn't Rainbow
Chaser Thomas be appointed police com
mlfisioner to begin with to prove that
the people's party could not die if it
wanted to? The poor old democrat!
pflrty
as wet nurse to pop
ullsm, is frightened out of Its wits br
the populist avalanche
The shriveled remnants of democracy
will have to exclaim, like Teter, "Oh,
jora, to wnom shall we go? And
the remnants sfter looking around to the
rI"ht ,nd to th WHl throw them
hendlon on fh ebirf
;0" ln 1 J
VtL'?. !?.
1 fuvi tj huu joy wmie a rw pfumhs .
I thrown to it from th
i . -
-
THK QCtSTtUlt Of SEA POWER.
President Roosevelt has again Voiced
I his firm conviction that it is the duty of
the United States to Increase its power
on the sea. In his speech at Tacoma
the president talked in his characteristic
way regarding the building up of the
navy, urging that such a policy is In the
interest of peace. "The surest guar-
1 peace and because if war does come
surely there cab be no American who
will tolerate the idea of its having any-
thing other than a successful issue."
There Is no doubt that a very large
msjorlty of our people spprove this
view, because intelligent opinion In this
1 country recognizes the fact that so long
as other nations go on increasing their
wa power, in order to be fully prepu red
to protect aud safeguard their commer-
cial and other iuteresta, the United
States must do the same. Those who,
in Europe and In this country, talk naval
1 disarmament, will be somewhat discoiir-
8?d the attitude of Mr. Roosevelt,
I J'pt most thoughtful men will regard it
I as eminently practical and sound. How
ver desirable a general policy of naval
disarmament may be, it is perfectly
manifest that it cannot b. brought
- 1 about No European nation would give
moment's serious consideration to a
proposition to reduce its sea power.
When such t suggestion was recently
mad In the British Parliament It waa
accorded do attention. It would re
ceive no serious eonlsderatlon In the
legislative branch of any other European
country. Tbs United States will not
atop with the navy it now has. It will
go on augmenting its sea power until
It has reached a position where it will
feel absolutely secure and prepared for
any emergency.
Harper's Weekly talks about the so-
called 'Iowa Idea" having been set forth
In the platforms of 1001 and 1902 under
the dictation of Governor Cummins,
when as matter of fact the platform
of 190t was written by Director ot the
Mint Roberts snd brought to the state
convention st Cedar Rapids from Wash
ington sfter submission to snd approval
by the party lenders there. Both Sen
ators Allison and Dolllver and nine out
of eleven of the republican members
of congress from Iowa were present
there and not one dissenting voice to
any part of the platform was heard.
fn 1902 the platform declaration of the
preceding year was simply reasserted.
The platform containing the Iowa Idea
would have been promulgated In pre
cisely the same language had Governor
Cummins been defeated for the nom
ination by the federal brigade that had
combined against hi 111 and sonic one
else been named to make the race upon
it.
The various associations of employers
in process of formation in the different
cities of the United States may have po
machinery in common, but the natural
development will be their amalgamation
Into some form of national association.
The trades unions started in Just the
same way by isolated societies that
gradually found it to their advantage to
work together through national organ
izations, and it is only reasonable to ex
pect the employers to follow In the same
steps with similar national orgftniza
tlons in the different branches of busi-
ness. Organized labor will be met by
organized capital and their relative
strength in contests between them will
depend largely on the degree to which
their organizations are perfected.
Another socialistic colonization scheme
is on tap. The latest socialistic colony
is to occupy an island twenty miles
from Vancouver, B. C. Money Is not
required to purchase land, labor being
the only perquisite asked of prospective
settlers, who are expected to demon
strate that capital and labor enn live
and work together in harmony on the
same plan that the lion and the lamb
can sleep together with the lamb In
side of the Hon. That plan is not
strictly original. It was tried in sev
eral colonies many centuries before
Joseph built grain elevators in the land
of Egypt during a seven-years drouth.
Mo gpellblndere Weeded.
Cincinnati Enquirer.
They do not have the trouble In Mexico
over the election of a president that ws
havs In the United States. There It seems
to depend almost altogether on whether
Porflrlo Diss wants to run again or not.
Symptoms of Might Horse.
Chicago Chronicle.
From the excited manner In which Colo
nel Bryan continues to hurl brickbats, old
shoes and dead cats Into Mr. Cleveland
back yard we gain the Impression that he
Is somewhat mors concerned at the po
litical reappearance of the latter statesman
than he professes to be.
Hard Straggle In Prospect.
New York Tribune.
When Russia gets a grip anywhere It Is
hard to loosen the hug of the bear. Even
the British bulldog can hardly fasten its
teeth deeper and hold on longer. Both are
thoroughbreds In their way, and when the
final tussle comes, in this or some future
century, the struggle will be long and
deadly.
Canning Schemes of Men.
Baltimore American.
It Is an odd coincidence that, now that
domestic service is such a problem and
servants are scarce, women are being told
that the best way to preserve beauty and
develop graceful figures is by the exercise.
obtained through housework. The tien of
the land who like their domestic comfort
are learning cunning In the gaining of It
Progress Succeeds th. Take.
Buffalo Express.
Since 8paln has been treed from Its colo
nies It Is beginning to pick up In a ma
tertal sense. It Is now turning Its attention
to its own mineral wealth and is beginning
to make steel from its Iron ore. Having no
longer to carry on Incessant wars In Its
colonies, the leading minds of the country
are turned to measures of internal Improve
ment. Spain's colonies were a burden which
It has shifted to America.
Grtud of the Gold Grabbers.
Bt. Paul Pioneer Press.
One-half of the stamps at the mines In
South Africa are idle because only 60,000
Kaffirs can be obtained when 150,000 sre
Wanted. As a result, the Importation of
Chinese is probable, but there Is natural
hesitancy about beginning, and what re
strictions to Impose. Perhaps If better
wages were paid more Kaffirs could be
had. There are plenty of them, but they
object to the wages ss well ss to the work.
ladolehce Works a tlreft.
Baltimore American.
When a man of ordinary indolence asks
his prospective wife to settle a certain
annuity upon him as a condition of the
marriage, he claims nothing except that
he wants the money. When a genius makes
such a request It Is ."that he may have his
mind free to follow Intellectual pursuits."
Buch was the genius who- wss about to
marry Mile. Calve, and the famous singer,
like other women, would . be better off
brimful of aconite than married to a man
whom she would have to support.
Breakla lata the Peasloa
Roll.
Minneapolis Tlmea.
More than ti per cent ef the men who
enlisted in the United States army for the
war with Bpaln have applied fur pensions
and It Is estimated that more than 60 per
cent will have filed their claims before
the end of the year. To men of the north
a campaign In a tropical or serol-tropical
country la a deperate experience and In
some Instances camp life within the bor
ders of the Uutted State, was deadly dur
ing the war with Spain, but 60 per cent
seems a heavy percentage of applicants for
pensions wben only five years havs passed.
CM PLOT BR AD EMPLOYE.
A DIaaetoaa.a Review the Slt
tlea at Oaiaaa at I.aag Haage.
New York Independent.
The Independent has recalvtd ths follow
ing communication from ens ot Its sub
scribers, a manufacturer of woolen goods
and clothing. He says:
We have long been subscribers and read
ers of your weekly paper, and have been
Interested In your editorials on the labor
queetlon, We herewith Inclose you A clip
ping from the Imlly Trade Kecord of Chi
cago, which Includes a reply of W. H. Pell,
the president or the Omaha central ijtor
utile n, to the platform and principles of
he Omaha Business Men s aasoolallon. The
rtlnrlpal point we would eall your atten
lon to Is Mr. Dell's statement that organ
ised lnbor cannot recede from the staml It
has taken that employers shall employ
'only union men." To us this strikes at
the root of the whole matter. We have
been through considerable labor trouble in
our businem here, and demands were made
upon us that we unionise and employ only
union help. We declined te do this, and
were able to maintain our position and to
All the places left vacant By the strikers,
bout 125. who went out and left us. Our
total number of employes is about 460.
W
write tnis letter in nopea that you
may have time to look It ever and use It
aa an idea for an editorial en tnia particu
lar point, which we believe employers will
never yield to, except under pressure, and
then only so long aa tney are obliged to.
Undoubtedly the labor advocate referred
to by our correspondent Is oorrect in bald
ing that the demand usually Insisted upon
most strenuously by labor unions Is thst
of exclusive employment of union mem
bers. The hostility toward the nonunlonlst
and the "scab" is so strong in this country
that It became a matter ot surprise to
the British labor delegates of the Mosely
Industrial commission during their recent ,
visit. The comparative equanimity with
which unionists in Orest Britain look upon
nonunlonlBts Is partly explained by the
older and stronger position of the unions.
and partly by the absence of Immigration.
But In America, where the unions are
mainly in the formative stags nl where
race barriers Interfere with united sctlon.
the nonunlonlst or "scab"' Is an object of
dread and enmity to the struggling union
ists. The constitutions, th. laws, the courts.
the employers, the press and Indeed the
whole spirit of American Institutions are
undoubtedly opposed to the discrimination
against nonunlonlst! In securing snd hold
ing employment. In the face ot this pre
vailing sentiment the persistence of the
unions In their antagonism to nonunlonlst
must be explained, by new economic con
ditions which havs arisen since the time
when the American sentiment of Individual
liberty had become thus crystallised. For
It cannot be explained by reference to a
splfft of malice and Jealousy It must be
explained as a measure of self-protection.
The objects of a union are a minimum
wage, maximum hours and favorable rules
of discipline. The conditions under which
these are secured require first of all, that
they be assented to by all workmen In the
same competitive field. The employer who
psys lower, wages than his competitors
under similar conditions will shortly force
them to his level of wages, or drive them
out of business. Consequently the union
must set the standard for practlcslly every
employer In the same business, if It Is ma
terially to raite wages and shorten hours.
Now, experience has sbown that It Is dif
ficult snd usually Impossible to set the
standard for each employer unless all of
the men in his employment are members
of the union I. ., unless the shop Is a
union shop. Even one nonunlonlst Is a
menace to the standard, sines. If the era
ployer Is free to hire one he may hlr. two
or three, and may gradually displace the
union members. Concerted action of the
workmen Is prevented, since the nonunlon
lst seeks favor with the foreman or em
ployer, and cannot be disciplined by the
union for accepting less than the standard
scale of wsges. The modern corporation,
with ts hundreds ot stockholders, acts as
one man through the manager, and only
when Us thousands ef employes act as one
msn through their business agent are the
two parties on an equal footing. Th. mi
nority stockholders are compelled, to act
with the majority by the charter of Incor
poration, and the minority workmen are
compelled to do the same by the union.
Just as the corporation could not attain
Its ends if lndlvldusl stockholders wsre al
lowed to sell Its product at prices less than
those charged by the manager, so a union
cannot maintain Its position it Individual
workmen are allowed to sell their labor at
wages less than those established by the
union. In the one case corporation law
secures uniformity, In the other case the
trade union.
The experience of unions has taught them
that employers take every possible aavan
take to break down the standards which
they struggle to maintain. Even where an
employer has their entire confidence they
know that employers and managers pass
away and that a successor may come In
to take advantage of any. weakness In their
armament. The policies of unions cannot
bs understood unless account be taken of
this experience with employer Th. weaker
and younger the union the fresher Is their
bitter experience. It is this state of hos
tility that explains the Insistence of unions
on the exclusive employment of unionists.
and only when the time shall come that
employer and employe shall have, perfect
fslth In esch other will the union abandon
this and other weapons of the militant
stage.
A curious feature of this problem Is the
large number of employers who, after being
compelled tc unionise their shops, dlscov
ered that the labor queatlon gave them
much less trouble than when they Insisted
On the "open" shop. One employer who
won a six months' strike In order to re
tain a few nonunion men was chagrined
when they joined the union and gave him
Such trouble that he was compelled to die
charge them. Where the union is con
fident that the employer will not take ad
vantage of them, as Is th. case in a "union
shop." they Join with him In disciplining
the unrulv And Inefficient workmen; but
where they ar continually fighting lilm.
as in an "open shop," they protect all of
their members whether efficient of not.
If they know that dismissal of a union
man means only the employing of another
union man, they do not Inquire Into the
reaaons for dismissal, aa they do when
It means the possible employment of a non
unionist. When the employer has reached
the point where he recognlsea the union
by dealing with its agents, h. Usually finds
smoother sailing by going on to the next
point, where he Inatructs hia foreman to
employ only union men. Very few em
ployers would formally agre with a union
to this, since It seems an Infrsctton upon
the principles of American liberty, but an
increasing number of employers do It witn
out formal agreement. "II is on of those
cases where the theories adopted undef
earlier conditions give way to exigencies
of new conditions.
Dam. Liberty's t'.f.sM.aabt. Garb
New Tork Times.
It wss bound to Corn. Mme. Liberty 06
Bedlocs Island has bean slowly adapting
herself to the landscape. Kindly nature has
been spinning for her a fine cobwebby
outer raiment ot verdantlque. depef lti
one place, lighter in another. Snow, and
stinging hsll. fogs and rainstorms ha v.
been gently removing the repulsive pew
nese of her bronse and streaking cheek
and uplifted arm, draperies and crown with
tender shades of green such as th. clever
est bronse founders try to produce with
chemicals on their new rsstlngs, but never
quite succeed In simulating. It wss bound
to come eomeone was sure to dlseovet that
Mms. Liberty looks unneat, and shriek
wildly for scrubbing brush and powder,
strong sosp snd elbow grease In order to
get her back t. her original ugllnMS.
SKCt UAR SHOTS AT TUB PtXPlT.
Minneapolis Times 1 A Per. (tnd )
preacher has left the pulpit foe the rlreus
tent. Ills f.tenVt!t purpose Is t. tearn
natural history with the menagerie as an
object leoeon. He say. ef Ms new work!
"I feel that my preaching wilt be as effect.
Iv. en th. elrcu. rotrum as In th. pulpit.
Many modern preacher, might ssy the
sans, thlsg with equal truth.
Baltimore American: Th. efficacy of th.
bib), as a euratlv. measure has fallen Into
Ill-repute among Hawaiian sorcerers, on.
of whom beat a native over th. heed with
the good book until th. patient died. Th.
fakir wa. trying to drive out a devil from
the vie t Ire . A nice, elongated section of
weven hemp would prove effective In per
forming a similar eervlce for th. heathen
physician.
Philadelphia Record: Much more oppo
sition Is encountered among the laity than
among th. clergy to changing tho name of
the Protectant Episcopal church. The con
vention of the Pittsburg diocese voted by
a large msjorlty against changing the
name. In the diocese of Ohio the vote on
the change was a tie between the two
houses, th. olergy favoring and th. laity
opposing It.
Indianapolis Journal: If we hsdn't got
pretty well away from the old notions
about hell fire snd swift retribution for sin
we should expect the Bible trust to be
turned Into a pillar of salt or swallowed
up by a fiery furnace or paralysed by
something awful. But Instead of anything
like that happening the monopolisers ot
spiritual food will calmly sell It, for all tho
traffic wilt stand until an Intl-trust bible
appears on th. scene and makes salvation
approximately free.
St. Paul Qlobf. The church merger Issue
tarted In Ohio with a consolidated mem
bership of 1,000,000 and moving to ritts
burg, where a national "convention was
held, baa reached as far west as Des
Moines. The latter city claims to have
more churches In proportion to population
than any other city In the world, and so
church mergerlsm there Is a burning sub
ject. In the villages Of the United Htates,
where six or eight churches of different 1
denominations may customarily be found
in a town or sw to i,su population, mo
church merger will probably prove of
greatest value. It Is In the smaller cities
and In the villages of the country that
the ' church consolidation movement will
perform Its most valuable mission, al
though there Is little question that the re
duction of sects by union Is destined to be
general and progressive.
PERSOXAI. AND OTHERWISE.
Advices from Dublin Indicate that th.
lat. Maud Oonne oan do a clever turn
In rioting Irish wrongs.
A stage tide of sixty-nine miles In ten
hours is th. sample of strenuoslty Califor
nia put up for President Roosevelt High,
grade oson. went with It.
Members bf th. Missouri legislature ad
mit with delightful candor that they did
not pass any 11,000 or 00 bills. They gob
bled .very one that came their way.
Paris papers are fighting the proposition
to permit an American syndicate to supply
the city wlh gas. Perhaps the Parisian
editors think they can supply the local de
mand. Cartoonist McCutcheon cleverly para-
phrsses the republican slogan of 1893 and
electrifies the race suicide letter of 19 by
proclaiming President Roosevelt the "ad
vano. agent of posterity."
Papa Letter Is said to be willing to set
tle Bon Joe's losses on the wheat deal at
SO cents on the dollar. Holders of the
claims Insist on SO cents as the proper
basis, probably because It looks like Jo.
Th. head of the Jocksraltha' trust Is said
to be a shade of baldness calculated to
produce . flock of smiles without further
provocation. Unfortunately' he cannot run
It Into th. nonpareil column as an exouse
for a salary.
If th. convicted ex-mayor of Minneapolis
could appeal his case to the Missouri su
preme coilrt he could smother his ter
wells and snap bis digits at th. enemies
of graft That good fortune Is not his,
therefor, he weeps.
Tls an ill wind that blows nobodr gxd.
Ever since Governor Pennypacker signed
the press muxsling bill the newspspers of
Pennsylvania have shown a grade of edi
torial vim and picturesque phraseology
they have never been accused of before.
Their readers should forward engrossed
resolutions of thanks to Balus and Qrsdy,
authors ot the mussl.
MIKD Ol'R OWN K1SCHINEFF.
A Pertlaeat Saggestloa About RemoT-
img th. Beam from Oar Eyes.
Springfield (Mass.)i Republican.
Americans as individuals sympathise
deeply with the Jews who were so barbar
ously treated In southern Rusla, a few
weeks sine, yet th.r. Is no civilised gov
ernment less qualified than our own to
make a diplomatic protest to the csar In
order to express its sentiments of horror
because of the massacre at Klschineff. The
Washington dispatches Indicate that Be:
retary Hay has no Intention of parading
th. shocked moral sensibilities of his
countrymen before th. fit Petersburg
government, tn an official not.; but It Is
evident thst th. Stat, department is anx
ious to act so as to give no offense to th
large Jewish population ot New Tork. and,
for this reason, timely explanation of our
diplomatic position in suoh an affair aie
published.
The secretary deserves cordial support
In his very correct attitude of noninterven
tion in another Country'. Internal adminis
tration. The Tammany politicians, having
In mind next November's city election, are
on each otner's heels In their eagerness to
pats resolutions denouncing th. Klschineff
outrage. There may be detected, als9, a
ertaln extra severity ot comment oh Rus
sian herbarium In papers which may desire
to stir up a general antl-Russlan senti
metit on aocount of the Minchurikn situa
tion. Despite these Influences, however.
Mr.' Hay can be sure that the American
people, as a whole, have no desire that
their government should Concent itself In
antl-Semltlc riots In southern Russ.'a.
Melancholy la the fact . that We have
Klschineff of our own. The Rock Spring.
masaaffe of Chinese was recent enough to
forbid any such hypocrisy as an official
letter of protest, at the present time, to
th. ciaf. Lord Crahborn. said yesterday
TP
EQUITABLE
LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY.
HENRY K HYDE, Foundef. J. W. ALEXANDER. Pres. J. H HYDE. Vice Prei.
"STRONGEST IN THE WORLD"
HIl MRP! V MANAGER, Merchant Nat'l
1 il 1 , Bank nidjr. Omaha.
In th. British Parliament that, aoeordlsg
to Prltlsh advlcs from Russls, about Km
Jews lost their lives, while many mor
were Injured Th. Roek Springs mtesae e
In th. American West was fully aa exten
sive and harrowing. It would
be an excellent Idea to denounce
ones self as well as th. Slav. With no
Rock Springs massacres to our credit bo
slaughters of Italians, no roasting to
death of negroes, no lynchlnga, no savag
ery In labor wars, America would be In a
better position to tell the csar that his
people were a very barbarous stt and that
all of us. In this blessed land of clvlllat
tlon and humanity, were Indescribably
shocked by the reports from Ressarab'a.
Until our own skirts are cleaner thl
should be a cardinal feature of our policy
to mind our own KischlnelT and pray that
other nations may be saved from the brutal
and passionate excesses of mankind.
A QI ALITY TO CtLTIVATE.
maraeterlatl. Iacl. eats lllastratln
American Kladneaa.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
A little boy went up Chestnut street In
Philadelphia the other day, carrying a bsg
containing 1,1100 pennies from a bank to his
employer's office. The bag burst, the cop
pers were strewn about th. street, and the
boy set ip a wall for help.
Troffio wns suspfnded In that block.
Scores of people stopped to help th. boy
find the pennies, and mdtormen checked
their cars to aid. A good many must have
gone Into their own pockets rather than
search the pavement. When the boy finally
delivered his charge he had not only the
S.BOO pennies with which he started, but lti
more.
A building was being torn down on Mon
roe street In Chicago. An old woman came,
with others, to gathet up the broken and
discarded lumber. She made up a huge
bundle, so Urge that sh. could not lift it
upon her head to carry It away.
As she stood looking about for help, a
man, who from hi. dreas seemed to be a
prosperous merchant or lawyer, came along
ml uw her dlfllcultv. At the same time a
truokman ,aw lti mni descended from his
I eat Th (WQ m,n fte(, th, bun(,, halpei
the old womsn to balance It and then went
their wsys while she went hers.
It wss dona as a matter of course, with
no posing or professions. Just as the search
for the boy's Inst pennies was undoubtedly
conducted In Philadelphia. There waa the
need, snd it wss met by the first comers In
the prompt and kindly American way.
Prince Henry of Prussia and other for
eign observers, whose stations and duties
have given them opportunities to not. th.
conduct of street crowds In many nations,
hav.-sald that the American crowd Is th.
most good-humored and kindliest In th.
world. Buch Incidents as those recited
above prove the accuracy of th. observa
tion. This kindliness Is a quality of which th.
American people may well be proud, and
which we ought to cultivate even more. If
It were deliberately extended there would
be less heckling of employers by trade
unions, less vituperation of unions by em
ployers, fewer strikes and lockouts, less In
dustrial wsrfare, less danger to prosperity
and more peace and profit for us all.
DOMESTIC PLEASANTRIES.
He The fact 1. you women make fools
ot the men.
She Sometimes, perhaps: but sometimes
w. don't have to. Boston Transcript
"Did they run away to get married?"
"No; she waa 30, and he had been married
before." Philadelphia Leader..
Bashful Willie Aw aw Miss Hilda, you
must know erer what I want to say to
you.
i-ieiprui Mima res, ana 1 nave a oei wnn
a friend that you won't get up your cour
age to say It. New York Sun.
"Skeedicks has named hi. auto Llllle.
after his wife."
"Why?"
"I don't know, unless It's because he ex
pects It to blow him ud every one. In a
while." Brooklyn Eagle.
Landlord (visttlna new tenant) WelL my
girl, la your father InT
Girl No, he's down among the pigs, but
you can find him easily he's got bis hat
on. Detroit Freo Press.
Architect (doubtfully) It seems as If
there should be something on top of your
house when It Is finished, Mr. Millionaire.
Mr. Millionaire (meekly) Mlsht I sussest
a roof ? Chicago Record-Herald.
Ardent Lover (who has lust bean an.
cepted) And now, Olorlana, what Is to
ninaer us from being married tomorrowT
Olorlana You foolish fellow I Why, I
couldn't possibly get ready In less than a
month.
Ardent Lover Make It two weeks, -dar.
1I18T! I hate thf.ae lnnr nrii0.m.nl.
Chicago Tribune.
TO THE HILLS."
W. D. Nesblt In Chicago Tribune'.
"I will lift up mine eyes unto th. hills,
from whence comeih my help." Psalm
cxxl, 1.
"I to the hills will lift mine eyes '-I'v.
. , heard 'em sing the psalm,
An thought of how, close to the skies, the
hills roe grand an' calm;
How peacefully they raised their heads an'
stood serene an' still,
A-blaxln' with their greens an' reds each
hope insptrln' hill.
I like the sober hush they've got It's Jusl
as If they meant
To Send to me this gentle thought: "O.
poor man, be content'
The hills! Ood made 'em .very one, an'
freshens 'em with dew,
An makes 'em golden with the sun to
gladden me an' you.
Down here there's bitterness an' strife; an'
lots o' things seern vain;
An' we make our complaint of life her.
on the noisy plBln. 1
Rut there, the hills lift up their heads, sn'
we can look an' see
Where brooks play In their sleamln beds
an' sparkle in their glee. -
I've watched th. hills When Just at dawn
the sun swept up their slope.
An' knew my night of doubt had gone an'
left a day of hope.
I've watched the hills at Svet.li.' time, all
silvered by the moon.
When from their sides In tones sublime
the breesee brought a croon.
An' all the world grew good to me an' all
the World wsa still.
O, them's the times a man can see the
glory of a hlli;
I reckon David must 'a' been a man Ilk.
me or you.
That had his own sore fights to win, Just
ss all humans dni
An' he looked to them hills of his thst
breathed of quiet peace
Just like our hllla, where comfort Is an'
all our troubles cease.
"1 to the hills will life mine yes"-I'v.
heard 'em slug the paalm:
An In each mellow note there lies a
blessln' pure an' calm.
YOU LIVE you will make a
fortune for your family.
VOjU can take away the "IF" by
means of an Endowment Policy
in the