Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 9, 1903)
TITE OMAHA DAILT RATUHDAT, MAT 0, 1003.
The Omaha Daily Dee
E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNlNQ.
TERMS OF BUPrVRIPTION.
Daily B" (without Sunday), one Tear.. W.no jn
Ijaiiy Hce and Hunni -. one vear........ J,()
Sunday Ur, on Year Bj
TwntiMh Century Frmer. on. Yr.. l.0
DELIVERED BY CARRIER.
HZ K!5 WJ!5I 5";i!' K; ZZk.'.'.'.uc
lny ucm (including Huniay), pr we ..17c CHinpalgrj lia9 ma(je no impression in I out of Omaha to find an appraiser? commend Itself if we had any assur
EvrntnK ite without BuVd'ayii "per'weea c tlje 8innj(,t states the correspondent. I Was there nobody in Omaha competent ance that the members of the organiza-
nee (ii.ciuaing ouiiu. - I
Cnmpla'l-its of Irregularities In delivery
should te sddressed to City Circulation De
Bouth Omaha-city Hail Building, Twen- t0
Ur-nrth and M Btreets
Council Ulnffs 10 Pearl Street.
Chicago 16) Unity Building.
New York 232X 1'srk Row Building.
Washington 501 Fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to new; and edi
torial mntter should he aduressed: Oman
Bee, Editorial Department.
Reran by draft express or' postal order,
fcnfy t'Vnt It.mJreVW
man accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchange; . not arcep'ea.
THE Hlild PL ML.1S1H.XJ v-viu i iuui
oeorge ii. Ttschut k. secretary of The Bee
Sv" th'i? tiVeif nm&r orruTrn"?!
month of April, isui. waa as follows:
. a I
!!!!!. 8i,6fto I
31,000 so 3i,i3o
Less unsold and returned copies.... 10,42a
30 oT I
Net total sales
Net average sales.
GEORGE B. TCIIUCK.
Subscribed ln my presence and sworn to
before me this 1st day of May, A. D. uwi.
It will be admitted that the Russian I
hear has a verv taklna: way about him. 1
Concession and conciliation should be
v .k in h. ranka of orirflji. I
... r,nid work.
' u .
Race prejudice strikes the limit when
southern neorjle Drefer to go without
mall rather than have It handed to them
by a colored carrier.
Omaha Is again getting heaps of free
advertising throughout the press of the
Tb'u! nojust th. kit of ad-
vertlslng It would prefer.
n.. v i. ,. v..,naiQn n.pH.
i.h. .f i.t all hen alined. The
Hague tribunal ahould now get busy I"
without farther foolishness.
With the pretentious name of the
American Edible Nut company to cover
It, the peanut trust ought to be able to
associate with the best of them.
In the Inner circles of rallroadom the
demand for a redaction of the railroad
assessment by the state board Is ae-
LUnKuw i. "",C'J -
UTiAn Prealdf nt Roosevelt irets Into
Wnen rresiatnt uooseven gets mio
the big tree country in anrornia nis ceed jugt aa goon fi thfl water company amtociatlon of Interests, adds that paper, churia's Interests over here. When Man
euthuslasm for tree culture may be con- ha. appo,ntea lt8 appraiser and the two b.u whatever the form and manner of hurians come here we arreet them at the
Tf th sitrf k rnanlfti m trt nrfti1 to I
the children ln the schools, the achool
teachers will have a chance to give us
an Impressive object lesson ln expert
N'ehrnoka hna nna rreat advantage
over llllnola!t manures to ret rid of
its legislature In three months while
ln Illinois the lawmakers have h'una on
in Illinois the lawmakers have hung on
roc four months.
Captain Pershing seems to keen on I
the firing line all the time. Some of our I
other army officers In the Philippines
will be complaining soon because he
doesn't give them a chance.
In view of the verdict of the 1nrv ft la I
little wonder that Mayor Ames had no
hanKenng whatever to return to MIn-
neapolis until his Invitation was made
so urgent that he really could, not refuse
m . v. . 1
uoionei uryan says urover Uleveiana I
. . . 1
may run ror tne presiaeney on the re-
publican ticket But the republicans I
wm 11 ox ucpnre me uemocrais or tne I
man pronounced their only available
Those Indiana grave robbers who are
iu. - ., ,.vi 1 i..i,
l"rauiu aunij nut atuicviug uun
the notoriety secured by those who tried
to get from under by charging insanity
upon the witnesses who had turned
Men who clamor for blood-letting are
generally the first to run away from a
fight Up to this writing nothing has
happened that would Justify the calling
of troops to maintain law and order ln
Omaha or the substitution of martial
law for civil law.
It may be that the railroads are In -
terested In bringing the militia to
Omaha and charging the state up with
a bill of thousands of dollars for trans-
portation. But the taxpayers who are
to pay the fiddler are not clamoring fori
The corporations never know when
to lie down. Within twenty-four hours
after their- signal . defeat ln the mu
nlvlpal election they commenced to lm-
portone and manipulate the member
of the new council to organise that
body for the- corporaUoaa and agalnet
tbe people. ,
A BRITISH OBXKRTKR AT MAMLA.
Amprlcsn anti-Imperialists will un
doubtedly find Inspiration In the state-
mpntsi of the corrpfpondf nt at Manila
of a London newspnper regnrdlng the
results of the policy of the United States
tjie Philippines. According to this
Rrtsh obwwr our government has
ma(j0 R pretty complete failure In the I he
archipelago and conditions there nre by
. , - teeUniI 0f uMer Ins-
rnritv at hr-adnuartors. The American
. ... . i. ..,iot1uirii Hh
nuu liit? Jii ' rt i'ue ' v " ' ' 1 - i
the coast line. He asserts that the land
Is being largely abandoned and thinks
the time has come for the United States
decide whether there might be a re
consideration of its policy.
It is well known that for some time
past industrial and commercial condi
tions in the Philippines hare been very
bad. That fact'has been rery fully set
forth in reports of the commission and
in the recommendations of the president
flnd of war to nre tot
reuef These conditions, however, are
natural visitations. As to the fighting
line, we hare an army garrisoning the
Jsiamjg liut tbe ODiy flghtiug Is with
small bands of ladrones and bandits
Wb,ch occasionally make their appear-
ane at fiome town for the nuroose of
roh!erv. This can causw no feellnir of
' . 7. . I
lnsecuiitv at headauarters. from which
the latest Information is that the natives
,.i m I
nothing remarkable in the abandon-
of th. inn(ia ln view of tli mia.
the islands within the past year, deprlv-
',nf the people of the means of cultlva-
ting the staple products.
There is no apparent reason why the
icy 'that has been pursued In the Phil
IPP'nes, accepting as truthful the official
reports of the results of that policy, I
wbich all are warranted in doing upon
the authority of the president of the
United States and the secretary of war. I
The course pursued has given the islands
peace, has established an educational
system which has been fruitful of good,
nas lnsiuutea an impartial aaminlstra-
"on of justice, and has made life and
property more secure man ever Before,
Thf 1 the testimony of Governor Taft
and his colleagues in the civil govern-
v r.Mii i ,, - I
Intelligent Filipinos and it Is accepted
without question by the very large ma-
... . .
ini7 or our people. The government
18 now engaged In Improving the flnan-
clal situation ln the Islands and the next
congress may make more favorable tariff
te for their products coming to this
country, which ft 1. believed would be
very neiprui. industrial and commer-
clal conditions in our distant posses-
slon wiU improve In time and mean.
while we shall continue to give It good
honest government, administered by
men entitled to the highest confidence.
BPHAO TBI HiTsR WORKS.
ID,. Ar.t .n .r .nnkltlnn
by purchase of the plant owned and
operated by the Omaha ater com-
pany ha been taken under the law thnt prices are determined by competi
enacted by the late legislature. The tlon under the operation of the law of
water board has named John w.
Alvord, a hydraulic engineer residing in
Chlcag0i appr for the city, and
if this anno ntment shall be confirmed
. . I
J ' ' . v
, t f the water works will nro-1
have DP0D Vth,rd-. When two
or tne three appraisers nave , agreea
tinttl tha VB Itia rr iha TZrarar Wrtrlra fllA I
v v- nvia uw i
ty W,U "".TH pa' ov"
mo uuuuut iui nmvu us yivircn is i
appraised. . I
Inasmuch as this appraisement In-
volves millions of dollars to the tax-
payers of Omaha, It behooves the mu-1
nlc,Dal authorities to proceed with the
feateet of care and deliberation. The
best lawyers of Omaha, including W. S.
7. " . . . . .. "
tne water worits purchase bill, regard
tn Purchase under the three-appraisers
clause of the original water works ordl-
nance a Tery dangerous proceed-
Ing, because It affords no guaranty
6'""OL U"I"UU"UU VL w I
erty, even If we had absolute assurance
tnal tne appraiser appointed by the
c,t would ,tand out against ita ex-
nAaiva vainnfiAn i
V" " ,
unr.w.,,K ini-B me
wo'" """"J UB ' irusieu appraiser
ana " 11 ucceeas in capturing a second
innra ur Ka i.nmr..n n-ltl v, I.. n I
i"u.puU r.111 ire m
4 A I .1 .
w " pnee vi me wonts
.H V.n Al. J nl
ui iuuubouub, or even urn-1
uon" or aonars, ana tne city will be
vj nguTu ujjii
u' lwo 01 lu lnre appraisers, naa
lu appraisement Deen conuuetea unaer
condemnation process by right of em-
Inent domain the city would have the
u,ii . ... ,
unuimn au tue appmisers,
I and if the amount agreed upon appeared
excessive It could . reject the aDDraUe-
ment and appoint a uew board to make
1 a second appraisement, or even a third.
and If the last appraUement did not
I meet popular approval the lMiud projo-
I sitlon to pay for the works could be
voted down and no harm would result
or expense would be Incurred beyond
the trifling amount paid for the services
of the appraisers.
I In the opinion of very good lawyers
the refusal of the city to vote the bonds
1 under the three-appraiser process would
five the water company the right to
ue for the full amount of the apprals-
era' award and enforce its claim by a
Judgment against the city, which, like
any other judgment would have to be
I paid with Interest from the date the
property was turned over.
I Now that we are launched upon the
I dangerous three-appraiber purchase, the
- quest lo a that confronts ua Is whether
Mr. Alvord can be trusted to stand up
for the city, both In making the ap-
I praisement and In the selection of the
I third man. Mr. Alvord la highly recom-
1 m ceded aa an expert hydraulic engineer
and bta qualifications arc not called In
Question, but capacity Is not so much a
question as Integrity. To put It tersely,
what assurance hare we that Mr. Al-1
vord will stand up for Omaha? The
Inst time he acted as an appraiser he I
was employed by the water company
that owna the works at Dubnqne. Will
do as well by Omaha as he has done
the Dubuque water company?
And this forces upon us another in-
qulry: Why did the Water board go
molm an Vnnf on tail- mnnlu.
v . .- - I ,--
ment of the water works plant? Do
not prudence and business sagacity
dictate that the mayor and council I
should not rush headlong Into confirm-1
Ing the selection made by the Water tribute to Omaha's growth and pros
board? I Parity- Omaha'a experience with simi
a ORATE tttSPOXSlBiLiTY.
The labor troubles in Omaha can and
ahould be settled without resort to
'rc or coercion on either side.
There ,s no emergency " yet that
W,H Justify the mayor, sheriff or gov-
ernor to Invoke martial low and nolle
tiie city with either militiamen or reg-
ulars. There will be no such emer-
gency if the business men and working-
men of Omaha respect the law and sub-
mit their difference, to peaceable ad-
Justment by arbitration.
Those who clamor for troops
i,i . . ..
gnuing guns ao noi represent tner"'""" 'c"l"D "c "
"Pint of this community nor do they
Pihihir fha or.iri nf tnm a mntt.aniam I
In this respect Omaha is no exception
to other cities where : enuallv serious
bshibiuul - b oi ine miniary. in sucn
contests capital has no more rights
than labor and each must respect the I
rlehts of the other.
Tliose who array themselves against
a peaceful settlement will assume a
very grave responsibility. Let those
wno exhibit a disposition to meet the
other side half way come promptly to
lne rroni ana send the extremists to
BVBSTANTlALLT A MONOPOLY,
The claim of the anthracite coal
barons that their combination or agree-1
nent .Is not monopolistic in character or
r"' "ul Dl"1,u
Putable facts ln regard to Its operation
There may be ground for aoserting that
it la nnf. an s hr.n t o mnnnnnlv Vnf H
certainly comes so near to being that
lt ,s not asy to define the difference,
rrl.. - M .. 1. 1 l - M .. ,
"'""" B"'' "l ouiuraciie coai
couiainea wumn a umiteo. area ana
rar tne larger Part of It is in the pos-
eBSlon or a rew coai mining companies
controlled by railroad corporations upon
ich they depend for transportation.
AU iuUepeuueui operators are
equany aepenaent upon tne same rail-
roada 'or reaching the markets. There
are contracts regulating the transporta
tIon and price of coal and also the pro-
It Is useless, remarks the New York
Journal Of Commerce, for coal road
n.Mo.. , ,t. I .1
I 1" iUu is iuc I"- I
suit of agreement or combinatfbn or co-
operation of some kind, and to maintain
supply and demand. "The result Is not
one that could be produced by such
competition and it Is exactly one to be
-mwnttnn Prhn it
VL '.uvu ..
18 1,01 IDe re8U"' Vl Bfe,;juc wuivuw, ui
,mnnta .tai r,ni.
combination the result 1- the fixing
pHces and of production, the latter
1 . . 1V. aVW I I I
ueiug unutr iuu '.uuiiui vi uic uiiuiui
nd transporting companies, swayed by
a smtiii group or men acting togetaer,
which Is substantially a monopoly
This Is so obvious that those least
familiar with combinations cannot fall
to s-e It and when President Baer re
fused to submit the contracts asked for
by the Interstate Commerce commission
he virtually admitted the charge of
. ' ,
these contracts to justify the charge it
is not to be doubted that they would
hive been turned over to the com mis-1
slon for Its examination. Jn the evnt
of the courts deciding adversely to the
commission, wnai can men do aoner it
would seem that proceedings should be
Instituted under the Sherman law. for
which there appears to be ample Justin-
f a . m a
cation in wnat nas aireaay oeen ois-
ciosea. ir mere is not sumeieni au-
tnonty unaer tne interstate commerce
act to reach this monopolistic coal com-
1.1 - , ... .. ... ...
uiiiBuuu nuu ureas. 11 up, men ine au -
I . . . .
tnorities snouia see what can be done
. .. ... .
unaer tne anti-trust act. tne country
must not be left at the mercy of a few
i men wuo noiu tne power to oetermine
now much anthracite coal shall be pro-
rtuced and the price at which It shall be
sold. That Is a power too dangerous to
the public Interests to be tolerated.
. : '-
Several Minnesota railroads subject to
the control of Jim Hill announce that
they will pay no attentlou to the order
of the State Railway commission en-
forclng a Joint rate on coal between cer-
tain points. These railroads are setting
a tine example of law observance for
employes aud shippers, against whom
they are always so ready to Invoke the
law. In this case the rates In quention
are said to have been strntalued iu liti
gation thnt was carried clear up to the
United States supreme court. If rail
road strikers defied a court decree they
would be promptly cited for contempt
ana tne same aina or equal Justice is
invited by railway magnates when they
undertake to make a law unto them-
Beuewed discussion of the Nebraska
olV Inspection law and the modification
of It enacted by the recent legislature
Impresses the fact that the men chosen
, , , . m
to enforce It are more Important than
the law Itself. Upon the new chief
deputy oil Inspector will depend
whether the tests applied will be effect
Ire te keep low grade and danxeroua
Illuminating olla out of Nebraska. Oil
Inspector Church la fully competent to
manage the state's oil Inspection aerrlce
so that the best results are obtained
and, what la still better, although
scarcely yet settled la the office. Is
manifesting a decided disposition to do
the business in a business way.
The proposed organization of a pro
gresslre young nien'a club to stand up
r Omaha and to push Omaha would
tlon Would dlvpat themselves fif rrln.
a,c partisan bias and flunkylsm and
Hevote all their energies to the upbuild-
,ns" of Omaha and the promotion of
every project that promises to con
lar organizations has not been very
encouraging. Nearly all of them have
started out full of promise and gone to
pieces through lack of cohesion and
internal dissension brought on by selfish
ambition and narrow-mindedness.
The appointment by President Boose-
Vini c , wj . .
aweei 01 iun" to oe at-
ton,., general for Porto Rico 1. recog-
muon or another man who made his
"tart with The Bee, Mr. Sweet having
been .Identified with this paper In Its
early That the new attorney
general for Torto Rico will make a
..n.KI. rA ,lli,, ..v
out aylng. President Roosevelt la to
be congratulated on his choice aa much
M Mr. Sweet upon his selection for ap-
Editor Rosewater and the regular repub-
Means of Omaha-appear to have constl-
lulea a Plurality.
Great Test of BrsTtry,
St, Louis tilobe-Democrat.
It is all a man's life la worth to be
elected to an office In Kentucky, but he has
to be a candidate now and then ln order
a reputation for bravery.
A Popular "Message.
Our new cable to Manila, will be laid this
summer. They exDect to und th. first
message on the Fourth of July. May the
message on that day be one that promises
a tasting prosperity and peace.
Supply Equals the Demand.
The United States Fish commission is
preparing to distribute many million more
young flsh this year than ever before. It
Is not believed, however, that there Is any
diminution of the stock of suckers born
hrm.irK...f 4Sk Mntirf I.' .1,. ........ 1
chne of Te Called For.
Cincinnati Enoulrer idem.)
colonel Bryan u quoted as declaring
that he never will change his mind on the
tlm better ,f h, .wou,d adapt hlll mentality
to the changes in circumstances.
Imnaktttr of jBoodllngr.
The only defense pade by ex-Mayor
Ames of Minneapolis, charged with
boodllng. Is thai he Aas mentally irregpon-
1 - . . . a . . . . . 1 . .
"" ua aeatHrerai years taai in. cor-
mpUOU WM 111, UTlSr. IV. cauuofc BUV UW
An-A i-..r th. In M. . In .Imll.e
cases. the mental aberration did not affect
the ability of the accused to get every dot
lar In sight and salt It carefully away. The
Insanity, In other words, merely obscured
moral perception, but left the mind per
fectly clear as to financial results.
' Brooklyn Eagle.
nr. ... ... .... . . A
protectlon of our Interests in Manchuria,
w... v.. w.T
Then we throw up the hands and eyes of
aarnnlsltmanr It Via Vtt Aft a ai nnAia
tlons ln their own country, because we
tell them that' civilisation requires our
presence there. Civilization must be
queer thing to the stranger who contem
plates it from a distance.
Reeks the Path of Monopoly.
One trust at least has learned that the
attempt to establish monopoly by buying
up competing plants at extravagant prices
must prove a failure. The whisky trust
.hrouah thla course and found It dls
... ' AZ ,h, nrMld(Dt cf th. oraan
i-ea concern says In a report Just published
It Is a policy which "generally leads to the
establishment of new competitive plnts
which the large , company necessarily Is
compelled to purchase at high figures tn
r(,p- m.intin the desired monoootv.
I This niles uo increase upon increase of
fixed charges and capitalization, and raises
futur ability to pay dividends.
anu l ii ixistu w -mam v - ar
-p yet u pr,clsely lne courM
llag lttken hy the steel trust, reputed to
be the beet managed of all tne combina
1 . . . .,ai,. Hiri n
nebraakae Fertile Boll Yleida urt
l Portland Oregonlan.
Prof Davisson of the State University of
Nebraska shows that no trust pays sucn
dividends as the Nebraska farm on the
capital invested, He estimates ine vaiua
I or tne lanns 01 iu -
i- t79niniii The value of farm
products, exclusive of live stock, put on
the market last year was 1150.000,000; th
"ront 00 tha Investment was not leis inan
qe nA Tt, vaiua nr live block on
the ,,ngei j'n 160J was 1180,000.000; agrlcul-
tural implements are worth $31,000,000. The
amount of money on deposit In national
d sute . banks was not .ess , thsa IM.000 -
m' bilabtt ot winter wheat and 8.000,000
bushels of spring wheat. The corn crop
was 279.000.000 bushels, that of oats 51.000.-
eoo, rye t.uw.uuo ana oariBj j.ww.wv. iu,..
were 11.192 acres of sugar beets, averaging
not leas than ten tons to the acre. In
twenty-seven counties there were produced
S2.000 tons of clover, T4.000 tons of timo
thy, 869,000 ton of wild hay and I4T.0M
tons of alfalfa. The census of 1900 shows
tnat of tuo.ooo.ooo worth ot commodities
produced on Nebraska farms, nearly $75,-
OOO.OOO represented live tock shipped ana
I 1BUn"rea' n1 ln" rain i nnii
voica ten years ago naruij cin.ru ,u -
I V. ansan. I. . V .mint, V I I I IU.
.' . . of ,lv. itook. Ijivt
year IOO.OOO acre of alfalfa were planted,
and ln a few year a million acres will be
UDde' cultivation, in ome part 01
atat 'this crop annually produce more
thBn tn. Tu , th. Imnd. , ,900 8.-
000,000 represented th valu of th grain
erop; poultry was represented by $3,000.-
- btter by Il.tw ooe. aid, ana p r
I IT.fc h,. k e.Tt
Brer Cleveland, he lay low.
Editor Watterson's opinion of Editor Mo-
Kelway's boom for drover is evidently too
hot to print
Jerry Slmpeoa claims that New Meilco
can grow sown alfalfa crops a year. He
must be trying to start a new psrty down
J. C. Perkins, an ex-slave, who fought
on the union side in many of the bloodiest
battles of the civil war, was elected last
week to the office of Judge ln the town of
Tammany is digging up a flne bunch of
youngsters of Knickerbocker families to
give tone to Its ticket with which it hopes
to regain control of New York City. Here
tofore Mayor Low has had a monopoly of
The Brooklyn Eagle has shunted Its boom
talent from Judge Parker to Grover Cleve
land. The ease with which the Eagle
transfers its political affections encourages
the hope that it will give Abe Slupsky a
show before the season is over.
It costs a democrat ft, 250 In Kentucky to
be voted for In a democratic state conven
tion aa a candidate for governor. Because
of the price all of the candidates have
withdrawn except Governor Beckham, and
because he has no -opponent he will pay
an entrance fee of $2,500.
New Hampshire has adopted the amend
ment to Its constitution requiring every
cltlxen In order to vote or to be eligible
to office to be able to read the constitution
In the English language and to write. The
provision does not apply, however, to pres
ent voters, or to those who will be 60 years
or over on January 1, 1904.
The governor of Maine Is responsible for
this remarkable proclamation: "Wholly
contrary to good sense and In spite of my
own convictions, I do now appoint a Fust
day, hoping nobody will observe it, feeling
sure that It Is a mockery and a farce, and
wishing with all my heart thnt It might
be abolished and thus enable me to keep a
The Centralla (Mo.) Courier pipes off a
chunk of political news ln this melancholy
fashion: "Frof. Green of Sturgeon Is a
clean, able master of the science of peda
gogics. He would have made a splendid
school commissioner, but, alast he Is a
man who bathes and wears store clothes
and holds himself up like a man. Hard to
elect any one who takes his baths regu
larly." Atlanta, III., on the line between Bloom-
ington and Springfield, la not a town of
national Importance, but it may become
distinguished as the home of Jacob Judy,
who declares that he has voted for more
presidents than any other American citl-
sen. Mr. Judy la 100 years old. and has
cast his ballot for twenty presidents, be
ginning with John Qulncy Adams ln 18C1.
He la a farmer.
Norman E. Mack, editor of the Buffalo
Times and former foghorn for W. J. Bryan,
Whispers merrily: -The antagonism tha
was formerly felt against Mr. Cleveland
has disappeared, and the people have hnd
time to give a sober second thought to the
place he shall occupy in history. All know
now that he was one of the best presidents
the country ever had. That the democratic
party will be reorganized next year there
is not the slightest doubt."
CTHB TEARS OF PETEH."
Pope leo'i Remarkable necord oa the
Philadelphia Ledger, April 29.
Leo XIII accomplishes today a pontificate
of length equal to that credited by the his
torlans of his church to the reign of the
nrst bishop of Rome, St. Peter twenty-
five years, two months and seven days
Sloe the apostle, hut one other pope and
be, singularly enough, Leo's Immediate
predecessor, Plus IX has sat so long ln
the chair of Peter. Sylvester I wore the
tiara twenty-one years; Adrian I, twenty-
three; his successor, Leo III, twenty-one;
Alexander III, twenty-two; urban VIII
twenty-one; Clement XI, twenty-one; Plus
VI, twenty-four; Pius VII, twenty-three
Plus IX, thirty-two years. May Leo be
spared for the reign of Pto Nino, and
longer, if happiness is still to be found on
earth for him, aged "servant of the serv
ants of Ood.
Pope Leo's Is the most venerable and
striking figure in the world of living men
today. He has looked upon changes which
can hardly have been paralleled In any
period of human history the world upon
whlcn Gloaeohlno reccl opened his eyes in
1810 la a very different place from that
world In 1903 and he has had a part ln
more of the great events that have trans
formed U than any other single personality
has had. The emperors, kings and, states
men In all of whose affairs he was an ele
ment have played their parts and passed
from the stage. Some of them lingered
awhile Bismarck, Gladstone, Victoria.
Crlspl but, Oladstone alone having been
born a few weeks earlier, the pope fur
vlves them all, continuing to perform hit
great duties, administering a vast spiritual
empire, and winning, by his benignity, gen
tleness and wisdom, new dominions ln the
hearts of millions who accord his character
what they could never yield to his office:
alert to the signs of the times; tenderly
solicitous for the welfare of his children
and of all. men. The Roman pontiff Is
revered by the church of which he Is th
head; Leo, th aged saint and statesman
Is venerated by all the world.
TWO IIISDBEU PER CEMT DIVIDEND
I'nloB Paelfla Precedent fr
New York Evening Post.
Th 200 per oent profit, paid to th
Steel Corporation' underwriting syndicate
ln the two past year an operation typi
cal of a period now drawing to It close
have caused some bewildered search for
precedent. Investigators have had to con
fess their Inability to discover It.
The famous Poland Committee, thirty,
years ago, shom-ed up an enterprise re
sembling, at least ln its profits, the "Steel
syndicate's" exploit. Stock In the famous
Credit Mobllier concern, formed both to
build and "float" the Union Pacific, was al
lotted at par in useful quarters; the pro
jector got It for less. Mr. Poland ex
plained to congress in December, 1872:
"These shares had an 80 per cent dividend
paid on the 4th of January, 186880 per
cent ln bonds and 100 per cent In I'nlon
Pacific stock. The shares paid for them
selves with the dividend which came with
them more than paid for the slock when
It was received. In June, there was a divi
dend of 60 per cent In money on the stock
of the Credit Moblller."
The Credit Moblller hsd then been In
existence barely a year, ant an Union Pa
cific bonds were alresdy quoted above par
on the msrket. It is plain that Its share
holders had received at least 140 per cent
dividends. Irrespective of the 100 per cent
tn Union Pacific shares, which were worth
at least something, and were worth a gon.l
deal some years later. These profits mere
paid, of course, out of Union Pacific cap
ital. Nothing quite like the "Steel underwrit
ing." caB be found in British finance.
George Hudson carried through a railway
amalgamation In 1844, in the course er which
he issued 12,000 extra shares of the New
castle V Berwick company. Of these he
pocketed s.800 share to distribute to his
friends, nd forgot to enter the transaction
In th boot. But thl wa not a "divi
dend;" It resembled more cloaely the
amalgamation method of Rste and his
rrooles. la lm. when $t$,OO.0W) tock
"gst lost" la ta operetloa.
OTHir.lt LAUD! THAN Ol'RI.
Glasgow may fairly claim to be the most
self-owned city in the world, owning
water, gas, electrlo light, tramway and
telephones, alo eleven park and gullcrlcs,
thirteen public baths and wash houses, a
fruit and vegetable market, one dead ment,
one home and two foreign cattle markets,
beside markets for cheese, birds and dog
and old clothes. Four slaughter houses
with offices belong to the ratepayers, four
hospitals, one burying ground, 2.4S8 dwell
ing houses, seventy-eight lodging houses,
on family homo, ST2 shops, forty-nino
stores, forty-three warehouses, forty-three
workshops, twelve halls, twv hotels, two
churches, one studio, one theater, one pawn
office, one nursing home, one powder mill.
one laundry, one bakehouse, one gospel
tent, one panorama and one golf course.
The provender used In the stalls of th
cleansing department I grown upon a
1,000-acre farm belonging to the corpora
tion, while they also own stone quarries
and 900 railway wagons. In behalf of the
city the corporation carries on business
as market gardeners and manure mer
chants, beside building tramway cars, re
claiming bogs and collecting and selling
waste paper, etc Several other cities and
town are following Ulasgow's lead and
cqulrlng property of various sorts, with
the hope that the income therefrom will
reduce the rates, but no individual cor
poration owns such a varied assortment of
property aa does the city of Glasgow, and
Its possessions ar steadily Increasing.
Th ciar of Russia commands the great
est armed force ln the world. Russia has
an army of 1.&55 battalions of Infantry,
1,263 squadrons of cavalry and J.7T8 cannon.
Its ally, France, can, If it wishes to, lend
it 1.1J3 more battalions, COO squadrons and
4.178 cannon. In case the dual alliance
went to war with the triple alliance the
latter could muster between them 2,808 bat
talions of Infantry, 1,088 squadrons of cav
alry and 6,758 cannon. The Russian army
looks up to the czar as Its natural head;
In fact, it has done so since the time of
Peter the Great, who Introduced conscrip
tion. At first th noble were exempt from
service, as wer the professional, commer
cial and artisan classes, and the army
was composed principally of serfs. In
1861, however, Alexander II freed the aerfa
and an agitation was commenced with the
object of making conscription general for
all classes. As a result universal conscrip
tion was proclaimed In 1871 There are al
most as many races In the Russian army
as in the English. Every nationality over
land from Europe to China Is represented.
During the recent troubles ln the Flowery
kingdom, and, more especially. In Man
churia which is now rapidly becoming a
Russian province many Manchus, the best
nghters ln China, were taken as recruits
for the Russian artillery, being subse
quently given a Russian name and re
ceived Into the orthodox church.
The Ruaskly Invalids, the official Russian
service paper, publishes the revised code of
punishment for offences connected with the
betrayal of state secrets affectlnir the
safety of the empire. The scale of punish
ment Is enormously augmented. Where
formerly for dhrulglng plans of fortresses.
mobilization schemes and other documeVita
of similar description the offender was lia
ble only to exile, the punishment in future
will be convict labor for terms varying
from twelve to twenty years, or "without
term," as a life sentence Is called in
Russia. . If the information divulged Is of
a nature to be especially dangerous to
Russia when acquired by another power,
the punishment will be death and "the
loss of all rights." The latter, which
sounds a little superfluous at first, Is
really a considerable addition to the cap
ital punishment, for It signifies that any
children of the offender will be left beg
gared and nameloas, . without privilege, or
resources, with fewer right than a ticket-of-leave
man, and no chance whatever of
rising tn life from the lowest depth to
which this savagely Oriental law consigns
them. The regulations dealing with this
form of treason were much strengthened
only a few years ago, but evidently failed
to accomplish their purpose. In cases of
this sort the only practical result of sev
erer penalties la a demand for higher com
pensation by the men who run the risk of
Incurring them. There will always be a
price for traitor.
A striking Indication of the change of
heart which France has recently experi
enced tn regard to England may be found
ln a leading article on the English occupa
tion of Egypt which appeared the other
day in the Paris Siecle. The writer re
marks that France 1 entitled to regret
that the English had been alone ln Egypt
for twenty year, but had no right to re
proach them for 'It. It was only Just to
recognize that their administrative work
had been good and beneficial, and this I
England's best Justification before the civ
ilized world. Referring to the latest re
port of Lord Cromer and Lord Mtlner'
book, "England In Egypt," th article
contrasts the present satisfactory condition
of Egypt with the stat of the country on
the morrow of the revolt of Arlbl Pasha.
Th English, It ays, fac to face with two
methods of procedure, choae th better
course of building up a sound Internal
government, and to them I due the grow
ing prosperity of Egypt.
The political tangl In the Austro-Ilun-garlan
empire is constantly becoming more
Intricate. There la uneasiness among the
young Czechs over th growing Influence of
the radical element in Uielr party, which
threaten to dlvld and weaken It. The re
cent defeat of a young Czech candidate by
a Czech radical deputy ln Bohemia pro
voked an earnest appeal from r. Krai....r,
the most able of the young Czech leaders,
who, ln a speech to hi constituents. In
sisted upon the wisdom of a moderate pol
icy and the danger of radical measure. He
declined to admit any personal responsibil
ity for th abandonment of Czech obtruo
tlon In the Relchsrath, but pointed out that
the young Czechs had on'y agreed not to
oppose th 8rt reading of the Austro-Hun-gaiian
compact. Thl would not prevent
them from putting stumbling block In the
path of the government later on. Abo.
all he warned them against any pollc
which would disunite them, and thus dimin
ish their power of resistance against th
rising flood of pan-Germanism.
ANOTHER ROOSKVF.l.T VICTORY.
Third Great Victory Halaed by Ik
President In a Many Month.
Detroit Fre Press (item.).
President Roosevelt is a veritable luck
child, a the Germans say. The decision
of the New York court of appeals, re
versing th decision of th appellate di
vision of the supreme court, and sustain
ing the validity of the franchise tax law
Is the third great victory gained by the
president ln a many month.
The franchise tax bill was psssed by
the New York assembly largely aa a result
of the pressure exerted by Mr. Roosevelt
when he wa governor of th state. Lat
January the appellate division of th su
preme court declared th law uaronttttu
tional, on the ground that the act provided
for the assessment of franchises by a stat
board Instead of th local assesKicg officer.
This decision came abll the president
was endeavoring to persuad the aeoat to
pas a bill regulating th trusts, and th
moat vii made ot it by hi enemies la New
York and ln congress. "Roosevelt forcet
that franchise tax bill through the as
sembly," they said. "The very clause on
which It has been declared unconstitutional
was th claus which h drov Into th
U1L And bow ho waats yen te
Fif'y Years the Standard M
Klghist Honors World's Fair
KIghtst fists U.S. Gov't Chsmlsts
NIOB B)AK IMQ POWDSS) CO.
anti-trust law, which will be unconstitu
This argument had Its weight In Wash
ington, and th decision of the New. York
court wa an additional burden for the
president to bear In his battl for trust
legislation. He Induced the senate to ct,
however, and since that time a United
State court of appeals has sustained the
validity and proved the effective nes of the
Sherman act In proceeding begun against
th Northern Securities company by order
of the preldent. The promotion of trusts
has been suddenly checked, and It Is pos
sible that the end of this era of reckless
concentration has been reached. And now
th highest court in New York reverses
the decision of the lower court, and sus
tains the franchise tax law, for the exist
ence of which the president wa given full
credit by hi enemies when the lower court
handed down it adverse decision.
No other public man In many year has
equaled this record of triumphant achieve
ment, and while this latest victory will
ille this latest victory will
'resident's unpopularity with (
et element, there can be noi
it will add greatly to hUTi
Ige In his native stat. Th
Increase the preside
the Wall street
full political effect ot the decision is likely
to be felt in the presidential election of
1904, when the vote of New York will mean
much to Mr. Roosevelt.
"It Is said Inhaling the perfume ot rosea
will cure a headache."
"It ought to. The price of roses always
gives me a headache." Chicago Tribune.
"A!l nature Is beautiful," said the en
thusiast. "1 uaed to think so," answered the young
man with discolored fingers. "Hut since I
took up amateur photography 1 begin to
have my doubts." Washington Star.
PriKKS You don't mean to say he called
Benson a llur?
Griggs Not In so many words; he only
said that licnson was connected with the
weather bureau. Boston Transcript.
"Why do you think him such a wise
"Well, when the first baby was born, he
left everything to his wife without once
getting it into his head that he was going
to have something to say shout the selec
tion of a name. Chicago i'osl.
"Why, do you dislike that Bickerford girl
"We.'l, it's because her hair Is curly."
"80 Is yours."
"But h'.rs curls naturally." Cleveland
''Doesn't 'thatrsunet soene''strlke you as
being decidedly mediocre?" asked the ama
"Kr no." . said Mr. Gaswcll, examining
the painting critically. "It looks to me as
if it wa all yellow ochre." Chicago Trib
une. "How Is your daughter getting on with
"Splendidly," answered Mr. Cumrox.
"8he can go to a classical concert and tell
exactly where to applaud without watching
the rest of the audience." Washington
THE XTHIKK FEVER.
"The men are out," ho told his wife;
"There naught that I can do
That will avert this labor strife
That from a trine grew.
"The men are out because I bowed
To Hawkins on the street,
And that, I learn. Is not allowed
By unions he'd defeat."
"The cook Is out," she did aver;
"Our ways she did not like.
The Janitor hits gone with her,
Ana both are on a strike.
"The coachman Is not satisfied.
And neither Is the maid;
They've struck for wage once denied.
And say they must be paid.
"And I won't cook the meals for you;
I am a union wife.
I've got the striking fever, too.
That now Is e'sewhere rife."
"We have no school." then said hi on;
"Our time la all for play
Until the teacher shall nave won
The strike begun today."
"If that Is so," the man exclaimed,
"And all seek play or pelf,
I do not think I can be blamed
If I should strik myself."
When all tired out, nervous,
sleep does not rest, and the anpe
tite is poor, take liorsford's Acid
Phosphate. A ton Id and nerve
food that quickly improves the
general health. Insist oa having
"JVC NAW CVTJCrTWKV
n n n A t at
1 ; 1 m
Tne EsnsMooK STta pen Co.
Wa,Ciaia,H4 U Ma Stosst. H, tU
Powered by Open ONI