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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 6, 1903)
THE OMATTA DAILY T1EE: WEDN ESP AY, MAY 6. 1903.
Tire Omaha Daily Bee.
E. BOSK WATER, KMTOR.
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THE BE11 PLHL1MHINO COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Etate tf Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
George, B. Txsciiuck secretary of Uhe Bea
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
my that the actual numuer of full and
Tr' i.. .. Th. nl v Mnrnlna
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of April. 183, was as follows
li ...81, woo
Less unsold and returned copies,
Net total sales.;.......'..'. "
Net average sales...
... H1.3.S1 I
OKOROK n. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to I
before ma this let day of May, A. V. 1903.
M. iS. HUNUAIt,
(Seal.) Notary Public.
On the skirmish
take the bakery. '
line the strikers
From now on until Its end the strike
will absorb all the superfluous interest
the public nas to spare.
Up to date the members of the new
water board cannot complain either of
being overworked or underpaid.
We still depend upon Kentucky to
furnish reallv excltinz election contests
In which revolvers and knives play the
The near advent of the May Musical
festival should quickly restore bar-
mony everywhere and unite all dis
cordant voices rn one grand song.
The sale of a street railway franchise
' In Los Angeles for" $110,000 should be
, an eye opener to cities which have been
- giving these valuable franchises, away
for a Bong
The reception accorded President
Roosevelt in.' Colorado Indicates that
notwithstanding the famous secession
at 8t Louis In 1896 the centennial state
has again rejoined the union.
Omaha's Pingree gardens have been
rescued from extinction for the coming
year and the vacant lots will again
blossom with attractive flowers Instead
of noxious weeds. . Score another credit
mark for the city improvement commit-
tee of the Woman's club.
Omaha's city election was postponed
from March until May on the plea that
the postponement would give more
favorable weather conditions for the
campaign. If It were left to a Jury to
decide whether this expectation has
been met the chances are there would
be a disagreement and no verdict
Many of the turopean railroads that 1
takd freight Include In the bill of trans-
portatlon the collection of the goods at
the point of shipment and their delivery
at the point of destination. If this sys-
tem were introduced in this country the
transfer problem would lie one for the
railroads to grapple wltn rather than
for the snipers.
If -Theodore Roosevelt were governor
of Nebraska, It would not take htm long
to decide what to do with the Omaha
Board of Fire and Police Commissioners,
He would decapitate the official heads
of the members prostituting their tow
crs to politics In violation of their oaths
tt firm t fennrt nntlt mul nntiAlnt I
suru u,.m, rn,, u,.,,-
wou d observe the letter, and spirit of
the law. , ,
The actiou of the Philippine commit-
slon Increasing eul.irv allowances of
married members of the constabulary
by $15 a month ls doubtlcs luteinlcd as
a response to President-' Roosevelt's
tributes to the man behind a large fam
ily. To conform fully with the Men of
putting a premium on population the
salaries should, rightly be tUed ou n
sliding scale so as to Increase with each
increase lu the number dependent upon
ine earnings or tne onu-er. so far us
information available goes, however.
thera Is no threatening danger of nice
suicide in the Philippines.
' South Omaha's school board has been
reorganized under the new law with
six members, who are each to draw a
alary of $300 a year. The taxpayers
will be Interested uot so much lu the
stipends attached to the positions on
the board as lu the economical and erti-
dent management of school sffatrts.
Tba aix members who hold over hnvelssy that Postmaster General Payne will
been, serving up to this time without!
pay and whatever their luu-utU.ns uny I
tava ben they do not seem to have ac
coaiplUhed much in the direction of re
rfornu It will be. up to them to make
good it they want tha taxpayer to vole
tat tw fr4) a sutoena. ' -
MAKIXU tVH PEACE.
KUg Edward hns again shown bis
profound conviction thnt the frreatpst
Hrlilnh Intercut Is ponce nnd lins re
lii.'trcrd liln claim to b; roRnnJod as
in t of tlie moot rartipot among
KurniH-nn rulers In his purpose to pro
mote luterniitloiifll good will. He hns
shown this conviction at every oppor
tunity since his accession, Impressing It
persistently npou the British, ministers.
He was the lending Influence In hasten
ing the end of the Boer wnr hnd It Is
not to le doubted thnt the real slgnlfl
rnnoe 0f his visit to I'nrls, where he wns
nocordod the most cordial and enthusi
astic greeting. Is that It gives the nnal
touch to the friendly Interchanges of
tlJo British and French ministries.
This is the view taken by Ixndon
correspondents and the British press.
There has long been n feeling of
estrangement between France and Eng
land. This has been strongly manifested
by the French people. The feeling Is
believed to have betn to a very great
extent If not wholly removed by King
Edward's visit to Paris. One London
paper said of It: "His majesty Is setting
the senl on the peaceful victories which
statesmanship has won In cordial diplo
matic Intercourse and In reconciling as
no minister of state, however dlstln-
gulshed, can do the old jealousies, old
distrust and old hate." It Is note-
worthy, also, tliat the Fans press re-
forre,i jr. most frlendlv terms to the
royal guest of the president of the re
public. It Is admitted on all hands
that the king's management of delicate
issues In Home and Paris was chnrncter-
lzed by consummate tact and thnt his
prestige has Increased at home and
abroad. It Is also recognized that the
personal authority and Influence of the
sovereign have been strengthened dur-
Ing the present reign
American Interest In whatever con-
tnoutes to tne preservation or . peace
- -. - 1. I ii.. , . i . i
um.uue ui tue uiu- woriu II
not altogether prompted by commercial
considerations. As a peace-loving peo
ple ourselves, whose traditional pol
Icy It Is to cultivate international good
will, we desire to see all the countries
of the earth In peaceable relations.
Such Influence in this direction as our
government could properly exert has
bepn empioyed Wthln recent years and
will again be whenever opportunity of
fers. It Is therefore gratifying to find
the ruler of a great English-speaking
power earnestly devoting himself to es
tabllshing such friendly relations be-
lween "ls own ana olnpr minries B9
sorve to insure pence. .So far as the
United States Is concerned, It Is kuown
10 nave D0 more normal friend and well
winner unions European rtuers tnan
King Edward and no American will be
disposed to deny to him whatever credit
and commendntion he may merit for his
services In the Interest of the world's
COAL BARQ8 AtlD THE LAW.
The anthracite coal barons are assuni
ing. a defiant attitude. Mr. Baer has
refused to furnish the Interstate Com
merce commission with the contracts
which the trust compels producers of
coal to enter Into with the coal-carrying
roads. It being most Important that
the commission should have these con
tracts, the Investigation Is halted until
the United States circuit court passes
Pon the question of the commission's
authority in the matter. President
Truesdale of the Lackawanna railroad
denies the authority of the commission
to investigate the railroad comblue and
bas refused to answer any questions
relating to the mining or sale of coal.
The Philadelphia North American re
marks that there Is but one reason for
the. refusal of the Coal trust managers
to produce evidence demanded by the
government and every Intelligent cltl
zen who has observed the course of the
trust for a few months past know
what that reason is: "The coal-rallroad
combine Is unlawful and Its public
statements concerning cost of mining,
freight rates, prices, profits and dlvl
sion of plunder are not believed by any
one to be within miles of the truth,
These gentlemen who defy the law and
treat the government with Insolence
and contempt are the most pertinacious
preachers of obedience to law by others.
They do not beseech protection when
their Interests are menaced; they de-
maud it and bitterly denounce the gov
ernment for the slightest hesitation In
colling out the regular army ra enforce
what they say ls the law."
It is perfectly obvious from the posi
tion of these coal barons that they
know the combine to be unlawful.
" viuii nr piuiui.y i-uiiieruieB mis.
,he event of thjf court nec)dln ,
tho t.oml,.IssIon. ,t would-8eem t0 ,,e
i.i . ...
uruiij vui- uuij in me niiomey gen-
OI vw -"itea states, to. institute
I'roceeuinc agniust tne trust under the
Shoriniiu act, which there appears to be
no question ls being violated by the
coal -carrying railroads. There should
Iw no cessation of efforts, to break up
,U,S deflaDt ,,U(l dangerous monopoly.
THE POSTAL t H YES TIOA TIOH.
The Investigation of affairi in the
I I'ostoftic department ls going on, but
il.ere does uot apiear to be any decided
progress. It Is quite possible, however,
that developments are being made
which It Is not deemed advisable to let
the public know of at present There Is
I no reason for any lack of confidence lu
the purpose of the postmaster general
I to probe the uufortuQate scandal to
the bottom. He bas shown what seems
to be a most determined dUin!tU.u to
lo this, but he has very prierly re
frained from making any tqiectacular
1 exhibition of bis purpose. It is safe to
do his full duty In the matter and that
uo one who Is shown to have betrajed
- 1 his trust will be spared from exposure
- 1 and whatever punlslimeut such betrayal
I may render him liable to.
I Meanwhile It' should be understood
1 that the charge and such disclosures
as have been made cast no reflection
npon the present administration of the
department. The alleged wrongdoing
dates back some time and Involves
some men not now In the service. The
Brooklyn Engle Miggesta that President
Koosevelt should return at once to
Washington and give the Investigation
ins iKTsonal attention. This Is un
necessary, since he Is understood to
have Instructed the proper officials to
go to the bottom of the matter and he
could do no more If he were at the na
A TIMK TO KCF.P COOL.
The tension In labor and industrial
circles growing out of the differences
between employer and employe that has
precipitated strikes in Omaha In several
nes of work admonishes that this Is a
good time for all parties to the contro-
ersy to keep cool. There Is no good
reason why anybody should become un
duly excited over prevailing conditions.
With the workingmeu orgaulzed on one
side nud the business men organized on
the other, whatever negotiations are un
dertaken between them should proceed
through their regular representatives
who may be authorized to present op
posing demands and to state what pos
sible concessions may be expected.
Wage workers and employers are bound
to get together eventually on a common
ground and settlement can be expedited
by orderly behavior, wherens It will
only bo retarded by resort to arbitrary
or high-handed procedure by either
The higher the atmospheric tempera
ture gets and the warmer the Inbor war
wages, the greater the necessity for the
people engaged In It to keep cool. In
the councils of the contending forces It
will be well to send the hot-heads to the
rear and let the men with sober Judg
ment and even temperament take the
lead. Those who talk the loudest and
are most profuse with promises and
tnreats as a rule are Just the ones
whose advice is least trustworthy. It
Is a time to keep cool and those who
observe this Injunction will come out
far better than those who fly off on a
The Brooklyn Eagle should revise Its
cartoon entitled "Picking Up the Pilot,"
protraying Grover Cleveland mounting
a ladder over the sides of a vessel lav
beled "Democratic Party." When Mr,
Cleveland appeared with President
Roosevelt at the dedication exercises at
the Louisiana Purchase exposition last
week the president to make himself
heard better climbed up on the table
and delivered his address from that
position of vantage. Mr. Cleveland,
however, declined to follow suit, not
withstanding the persistent evidences
that his speech was not audible to even
a small fraction of his hearers. If It is
to be a climbing match between Presl
dent .Roosevelt and ex-President Cleve
land the latter will be outclassed at the
Lincoln newspapers seem especially
Jubilant over the labor troubles beset
ting Omaha, apparently figuring that In
some way Lincoln would profit from
losses sustained by business houses in
this city. Why they should Indulge In
such reflections passes comprehension,
because neither Lincoln nor any other
city in the state has anything to gain
from a congestion of business In the
metropolis, on which they are all more
or less commercially dependent. The
differences between employers and em
ployes here In Omaha will have to be
adjusted as circumstances may require
and the outside towns will share In the
benefits resulting from a restoration of
the normal status.
Representatives of the Northern Se
curities company declare that they will
do everything In their power to hasten
the final decision in the merger suit.
Inasmuch as the modification of the
court-decree permits the distribution of
the dividends accumulating, the eager
ness of the securities company to per
fect the appeal Is open to question, ex
cept so far as the decision Interferes
with other merger projects In which the
same promoters are Interested. As a
ruie in tnese cases it devolves upon
the attorneys for the government to
do all the expediting.
Herbert Booth's plan to teach the
gospel through the theater Is not a new
one. The origin of the modern theater
Is traced as much to the mummeries
produced in the middle ages In conjunc
tlon with the church as to the plays of
the Creeks. But If the people are to
huve a choice between going to church
and going to the theater, the church
may have to strengthen Its program to
hold Its own.
The American Medical association
recommends increased preliminary ed
ucational requirements from all stu
dents entering medical colleges. The
lawyers, the engineers and all the other
professional men -are also working In
the same direction. The medical men
are bound to have the new crop of
practitioners better equipped for bus!
uess than they were when they Murted
Very Close to Troth.
Chics jo Chronicle.
Russia officially denies that there has
been any change In Its intentions respect
Ing Manchurls, and that probably ls true.
It now we could And out what Russia's
intentions really are the matter would be
Edit a Hrees) Paper.
It Roosevelt should be nominated
president by ths republicans and Grover
Cleveland or Colonel Bryan for the same
office oy the democrats, what In the
world would colonel Watterson do It
would be a startling spectacle to see biro
supporting the prohibition ticket.
Talklnai Throoah Hli Hat.
Baden-Powell says tha. British cavalry
la superior to that of America, which ls
not a surorlslaa atatsnaat. aa a similar
post-bellum verdict has always bn given
by the English when comparing the armies
of the two countries. Certain little tests
to which they have been submitted at va
rious times, however, have brought about
Kipaadla American Inflaeaee.
The law students In Havana destroyed
severs! valuable old paintings, smashed
he windows of their university, knocked
down the dean with a stone and raised hob,
generally because the dat for the exam-
nation had been changed. Havana is be
New York Tribune.
At every fresh effort on- the continent of
Europe to arrange a new combination
against the products of American agri
culture the Yankee farmer smiles more
widely. He knows how hopeless these
projects are and how certain their failures
will be for generations.
Tltt for the Boarbnna.
St. Paul Ploneer-Preas.
The toad periodically divests Itself of
Its hide, rolls It Into a ball and swallows
It, proceeding to another season's business
In a bright new cuticle. If the democracy,
hidebound by Its Bryanlc platforms, would
follow the toad's example, it would cut a
better figure In the world. No fear of In
digestion; the democratic stomach bas un
Patriot Well Cared For.
The appearance of General Gomes at the
St. Louis dedication exercises as the repre
sentative ot Cuba shows us what an easy,
comfortable and ornamental existence the
old bush fighter la now leading. President
Palma shows much tact In keeping Gomes
In such an amiable !r:mt of mind. The
general tells the American people that the
new Cuban government Is "getting along
well." He might even have said "very
Forgotten Fact of History.
Mr. Cleveland In his speech at St. Louis
touched upon a curious but almost forgot
ten fact of history; we owe the posses
sion of the vast tract acquired as the
Louisiana Purchaae to the circumstance
that Franca was at war with Santo Do
mingo, which It was finding it difficult, and
eventually found It Impossible to conquer.
It Is an amazing reflection that 100 years
ago Napoleon deemed what Is now the
despised island of Haytl of more value than
the territory of fifteen ot our common
wealths. MERGER APPEAL A MISTAKE.
Remedy for Progressive Condition Not
Foand In Deflnlte Lines.
, Collier's Weekly.
Appeal of the Northern Securities de
cision seems to be a mistake. The opinion
rendered by the circuit court ls decisive,
unanimous and limited in Its scope. It Is
carefully confined to one precise question
of law. Beginning with a point already
settled by the supreme court, It draws one
exact legal consequence. The highest
tribunal has decided that the Sherman law
was applicable to railways, although It was
strongly argued that the anti-trust law was
Intended to supplement the Interstate com
merce act already in existence, and there
fore did not cover the same ground. The
circuit court now says that, as the Sherman
act haa already been i held to apply to rail
ways, the Northern Securities Is clearly a
case within it.'. Vh trusts ought to be sat
isfied with an opltjion so carefully limited
In its scope. Any agitation, any talk like
that of Mr. Hill about the danger to many
other existing combinations, Is harmful and
unnecessary. It ls a delicate situation
which the government and the courts have
to handle. The Initiative Is left to the at
torney general, and be will be unlikely to
move against any combination not decided
by public opinion and by the new cabinet
officials to be a menace. That is what we
desire a situation where dangerous com
binations, may be controlled without upset
ting the whole system of Industry which
has been an element of our prosperity.
Now what will happen when this Northern
Securities case is carried up to the highest
court? Some ot (he railway magnates said
the consequences , were so important that
the principles should be defined and aettled.
That ls Just what ought not to be done.
We should meet as they arise the separate
combinations which seem to go beyond the
bounds of reason. . If the supreme court is
forced to give a decision, it will be sure to
affirm the lower court, and it will probably
go much more extensively Into general prin
ciples. Under these general principles many
combinations may clearly fall which other
wise would be left In peace, as there would
be no motive power of public opinion to at
tack them. . The a decision now rendered
bas called a bait, it has demanded caution
and It has checked speculation without
having any deleterious effect on the mar
ket. The railways are still there, they can
easily work independently, and the business
ot the country will proceed without a shock.
If the railway magnates understood their
real Interests they would make no appeal.
The Rothschilds can no longer be used
i an Illustration of prodigious riches.
John D. Rockefeller has more than all three
of them combined.
Russell Sage bas Just lost a $160,000 law
suit In Minnesota. Following only a week
after he bad Invested In a new spring suit.
this is a grievous blow.
Mr. Marconi ls doing the "ovation" atunt
In Italy. He can't disembark from a train
without running Into a brass band and a
fussy reception committee.
James A. Curran, an aged capitalist of
Hamilton, Mont, has been sued for $o0,000
damages for alienating the affections of the
wife of John Hay, Sixty witnesses have
been aummoned to testify in the case.
In the course of a chatty magazine artl
cle on bow and where to make a cheap six
weeks' tour of Europe Lillian Bell says that
if she were asked to mention the most
beautiful object in nature she would be
obliged to say "An Austrian cavalry off!
Thomas Taggert,- ex-mayor of Indian
spoils, ls to be president of a new statr
bank soon to be established at French Lick
Sprli'gs, where he already controls a lead
Ing hotel. The bank Is to have a capital of
$30,000 and Is expected to open Its doors by
Captain Henry Marmaduke, a son of for
mer Governor Marmaduke of Missouri, is
now a man without a country. Hs gave up
his United States citltenshlp to take part
In a recent revolution In South America
which failed, so now he Is not a citlsen ot
any land. He Is la buslneta In St. Louts
A controversy hss been started as to
whether Clara Barton s ags Is 73 or at.
Her defenders, la reply to charges that shs
ls too old to conduct the affairs of th
Red Cross, have said that she was only 73
Indeed, . books containing biographical
sketches of Miss Barton confirm this, a
tbey say she was born in Oxford. Mass
In U30. The suspended Washington mem
bers ot the Red Cross, known as ths "mlo
ority." are reported to have said they hava
an rffldsvlt from the town clerk of East
Oxford. Mass., stating that Miss Barton
was born there in 1821 and Is thus alas
years older than aer frlsnds assert
BITS OF WAHHINGTO LIFE.
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
A story Is going the rounds In Washing
ton about a Cblcsgo woman who had been
using the malls In an Improper way. Post
master Genersl Psyne ordered that her let
ters b excluded from the malls, where
upon the fslr Chlcagosn wrote a daintily
perfumed letter asking for a personal hear
ing so that her side of the case could be
presented. "I feel sure," she wrote, "that
If I could get a chtnee to look straight Into
your beautiful brown eyes you would hesr
my story." Mr. Psyne by the way of a
Joke wrote en a blank leaf ot the letter:
"Respectfully referred to the secretary of
war for advice" and sent it over to Mr,
Root. The latter Immediately returned It
with this indorsement: "Risk one eye.
It Is not often that men go around with
It Is not often that men go around with
$3,000,000 in dress-suit cases, but that was
the amount which two representatives of
the government carried into the offices of
the Guaranty Trust company in New York
one afternoon last week. The gentlemen
were messengers of the Insular bureau of
the War department and were charged with
the delivery of $3,000,000 in Philippine
bonds to the trust company, which is fiscal
agent of the government for the Philippine
Islands. Incidentally the government saved
something like $600 by having the bonds
transported In dress-suit cases instead ot
by an express company.
Tha pension office officials are looking
anxiously for Boston Corbett, the man who
shot John Wilkes Booth and who was
thought to be dead. Information has been
received, reports the Washington Star,
that a man answering the description ot
Corbett Is making his way from Arlaona to
Kansas with a peddling outfit and the pen
sion agents In that locality have been In
structed to look the matter up and deter
mine the man's Identity. It is a matter of
some Importance to Corbett to make him
self known, aa he bas not drawn a pension
for a number of years and there remains
to his credit in the treasury considerable
The records of the pension office show
that Corbett enlisted In the Twelfth Regi
ment of New York Volunteers in April, 1861
but was discharged a few months later. He
again enlisted in a New York regiment and
was discharged about a year later. Again
he enlisted and remained In the service
about one month, being mustered out with
his company. He enlisted again In the
Sixteenth New York cavalry and served to
the end of the war. It was while a ser
geant In the New York cavalry that Corbett
was detailed with the party which pursued
the fugitive assassin of President Lincoln
after his escape from Washington. Booth
was found In a barn and the barn was set
afire. The fugitive made a dash for liberty
and Sergeant Corbett shot him.
After the war Corbett returned to his
home, where he worked at bis trade as a
hatter, and in 1878 moved to Kansas, tak
ing up a homestead. He divided his time
between preaching and farming, and later
was placed in an Insane asylum. He was dla
charged from there, however, and that Is
the last the pension office heard of him.
The question involved is entirely In the
Identity of the man said to be Corbett. The
department. Is reliably informed that the
Arizona peddler is the man they are look
Ing for. but it ls desired that the question
of Identity be established beyond a doubt,
and to this end the pension agent In the
Kansas district through which the peddler
Is likely to pass hss been requested to look
out for him.
A thoughtful young man ot Washington
was heard to decry the fact the other day
that while there Is a deluge of don'ts and
do's for the bride to follow how to enter
the church, bow to behave during the
cermony, what to wear, and so on the
bridegroom must shift for himself.
"There ls absolutely nothing to guide
a man but his own awkward self, and it
Isn't fair," be said, to a Washington Post
man, "From the time a girl Is old enough
to hear she understands the Importance
of having things done properly at a wedding
while the prospective groom ls something
necessary to complete the picture, but a
secondary consideration, and nothing short
of inspiration can get through a marriage.
In order to impress the bride and spec
tators that he ls enthusiastic about it, he
appears with a sort of frozen grin on hla
face that you expect to melt at any mo
ment and run down his collar. If he ls too
frightened to respond in a loud voice some
of the bride's girl friends will whisper
that he was unwilling from the first'
gain, if he replies in a loud, stern voice.
another bunch in another direction of the
church will huddle together and express
how glsd they are that they are not mar
rying him, while the attitude of many Is
that they are signing away their life and
all worth living for. So I think it about
time." concluded the thoughtful young
man, .. "that somebody Is writing a few
hints on how to behave that we msy ap
pear enthusiastic sbout being married,
without being ridiculous and a target tor
the people to knock at.'"
It pss to be sn artist, provided you are
the real thing. This statement becomes
lumincvs es one swvevs the portrait of
Secretary Shaw. Just finished by the famous
French portrait pslnter Cbartran.
If 1,000 persons wn to make a guess as
to the length of time consumed by Chartran
In palntlns- the portrait, relates a corre.
spondent of the New York Sun, some would
say three months, some would put it at a
month and probably a few would venture a
guess at a week. In truth, the famous
Frenchman was precisely eleven hours In
finishing the portrait. There were three
Ittlngs, or rather standings, two of four
hours each rnd one of three hours. At the
end of the last sitting the portrait was
At ths beginning of the first sitting
Chartran appeared with a fresh canvas and
requested the secretary to assume the pose
he desired. Mr. Shaw suggested a stand
ing attitude, at the same time straighten
ing up snd thrusting his hands half way
Into his trousers pockets. Chartran did not
aay a word, but moved his head up or down
or to one side, to which Secretary Shaw
responded Just ss silently, until the painter
nodded an O. K. and proceeded. Chartran
was probably eight feet distant from Serre
tary Shaw. At no time had he approached
nearer. Not a measurement was taken
The head was outlined, then the body, and
quickly the figure began to take form and
proportion. Chartran worked rapidly, oc
caalonally glancing at the subject. This
method continued until the third sitting
terminated, and the portrait was pro
After the canvas had been handed ever
to the Treasury department and the artist
bad departed Private Secretary Edwards
proceeded to take some measurements. Be
fore doing this the opinion had been ex
pressed that the head was a trifle Isrger
than natural size and aome other assumed
slight variations noted. Secretary 8hsw
submitted to a series of messurements
more exacting than are employed In the
Bertlllon system, and after comparisons
had been made with the figure on the can
vas It waa found thst the portrait did not
vary from the original a sixteenth part of
aa inch in any measurement; In fact, the
measurements of original and portrait were
la alsaoat ever Instance Identical. Te ths
laymen such a degree of visual accuracy Is
almost Inconceivable, but there la bo going
behind the evidence In this case.
As might be expected. Chartran comes
high. His price for a portrait Is $S.000.
He has been In America several months,
painting portraits of noted New Torkers,
snd has recently completed portraits ot
Mrs. Roosevelt and Miss Alice, both of
which are pronounced gems.
The new portrait of Secretary Shaw is
the property of the Treasury department,
it being a fixed policy ef the government
to have a portrait dons la oil of each
National Sarplas t'nrhcekea by Ro-
Notwithstanding ths fact that congress
abolished all ths war taxes In the belief
that by so doing the receipts of the gov
ernment would be so far lessened that ths
surplus for ths year would be materially
decreased the Indications are that tha
surplus at the close of the present fiscal
year will reach the sum of $46,000,000. Just
at present the receipts and expenditures
of the government nearly balance. During
the month of April the receipts were $43.
326.100 and the expenditures $41,763,814,
leaving a surplus of $1,562,286. Daring the
ten months of the present fiscal year the
total receipts have been $466,419,601 ana ths
expenditures $430,999,865, leaving a sur
plus of $36,419,646. During tha remainder
of the year It ls thought that the receipts
will largely exceed the expenditures, in
asmuch ss disbursing officers hava been
drawing tor large sums ot money, which
will in many Instances close up the ap
propriations for the year. Last year for
the first tea months the surplus was about
When congress cut off all war taxes it
was feared in some quarters that its action
would result, If not In a deficit then In
a surplus so small as to be dangerous.
The result of the year so tar, with the
probabilities of the next two months, has
shown that his fear was without founda
tion. Though the extraordinary exnendl-
tures are now met by the ordinary re
ceipts yet there is enough and mora than
enough to leave a safe balance. This con
dition has been brought about by tho un
usual prosperity which the country is en
Joying. GENERAL RISE 15 WAGES,
Amicable Settlement of Waft Contro
versies In Varlona Trades.
The advance In wages began last summer
and autumn with a 10 per cent Increase
In the wages of railroad men. The Penn
sylvania railroad opened this movement
It was followed by the other trunk lines.
The coalers succeeded. The western lines
were slower In making the advance and
some southern lines have never made it.
In the case of the Wabash and New York,
New Haven & Hartford strikes were nar
rowly averted. Strikes took place among
rallrond machinists In the transcontinental
lines, but In general the advance was made.
In all, a round 1,000,000 of railroad men
received this Increase, averaging 10 per
Both anthracite and bituminous miners
have received a 10 per cent advance in
the past winter, affecting about 600,000
men, for while only a part of this number
Is organlxed the rise was general In mines
working without an agreement. In the
building 'trades about 60,000 men went on
strike a month ago. A large share of these
have gone back on a 10 per cent Increase,
14,000 in New York alone, and the advance
in wages nas Dt-en general.
There have been many other small trades
in which a rise in pay has occurred, but
the great manufacturing industries have
had no general advance. The strike In
woolen mills last year failed. The Lowell
cotton strike haa not succeeded. In Iron
and steel the advanoe occurred two years
ago, and there has been none of any seri
ous extent since. But while these extensive
trades have shown no change there have
been a large number of advances in manu
factures ot more limited character.
Transportation, coal and building are,
however, the chief fields In which a 10 per
cent advance has been made. This bas
been settled in general without collision,
upon an amicable consultation the one
great conspicuous exception being the an
thracite coal strike. Aside from this there
bas been a notable change from the past.
In many cases the advance in wages has
been made without a demand. In all the
principle and practice have been conceded
of a free consultation through represent
atives. In the Wabash and In the New York,
New Haven & Hartford lh!s only came after
a atruggle, but this Is unusual.
In the past a similar advance would
have only come after a bitter struggle.
If a settlement and an advance have been
amicably reached In all except the an-
Guaranteed against all defects in
workmanship or material.
'The Perfected American Witch." n (Oastralei book
of interesting information ihoot svkhes, tuiU be sent
free 'upon request.
American WtUham Waich Company
Three Trains Daily
16 HOURS QUICKER-
Than Any Lin
Electric Lighted Trains
CITY TICKET OFFICE, J24 FARNaM ST.
Union Station, 10th
Flfy Years (ho Standard
Hlghitt Honors World's Fair
Highlit tuts U.S. Gov't Chimlit
aioa AKINO POWDtS oo.
thraclta and building strikes It Is bcus)
as corporations grow larger sod the busi
ness conditions of a great Industry an
systematlxed it becomes constantly easier
for all concerned to know when wages ran
be raised and when they cannot. If this
process goes oa ths rise and fall of wage
conditions will be as constant, continuous
and visible as the tides.
Clarice Clarence, we must compel thse
lawyers to settle father's estate.
Clarence Oh, no; ns long aa they don't
settle It we can Ininglne there's something
left of It. Detroit Free Press.
Kwater There's a good deal of common
sense In that old saying about "giving th"
devil his due."
Ascum How does he get his dew? Do
you think there's really any humidity
there? Philadelphia Press.
'She You say your automobile has bern
acting strangely all day?
He Tea; it nas stopped l oon t Know now
She And what are you putting the oil or
i . .Mr
He To stop It stopping. Yonkers Slates f
"George Is tha greatest one you ever saw
for gathering mushrooms. Why, he knows
more than twenty different kinds."
"I didn't know he vu a mycologist."
"He Isn't. He's a Presbyterian." Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
"Say." exclaimed the Indignant Mlssoiir.
Ian. "It's time we waa puttln' a atop to thU
"What'a up now?" asked the other MIs
sourlnn. "Borne of the republicans, b'gosh. Is glt
tin' a share of the boodle!" Chicago Trib
une. "So you belong to the Don't Worry club?"
"I do, and I'm glad of It, although my
membership compels me to take a few
"In what wny?"
"I had to quit looking at the gas meter
and weighing my Ice." Washington Star.
WAKENING OF TUB FLOWERS.
Down beneath the ground the flowers alt
Wh re In coxy trundle beds they've slum
bered warm and still :
Crocus blithely called, "Wake up! I feel
the thrill of spring,
Violet and hyacinth and . lithesome daf
fodil. Gardeners are busy,, I can hear their wel
come din, - - . v
Don't you hear'the -trowels '-ring' Above
your drowsy heads?
Tbey are making pleasant homes for us
to blossom In; v
Vp, get up and nod to them acroes the
"Trillium and dandelion, come and take a
Eager children watch for. so now It's
time to go;
And the sweetest baby came while we were
She's the Lady Isabel, the fairies told
Then In every trundle bed the sleepers all
Just to hear of Isabel and give her .wel
coming: Such a rustling did they make, the gar
dener's wife upspoke;
"That's the sound of growing things;
we'll have an early spring."
One was sure her eyes of pansy's darkest
blooms were made.
One believed her cheeks were petals ofK,
leeks were petals ofK,
said: "We'll have a
li oh, let's begin to j
Cheerful little daisy said:
All for Lady Isabel;
"She will reach her dainty hands to see us
up and dressed,
Clad In yellow, pink and white and blue
as blue can be.
And the one she smiles upon, oh, she will
love the best"
So they all are whispering, "I hope ehe'll
smile oa me."
to IS, Ine.
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