Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 01, 1903, Page 2, Image 2
T!4,jS-6ifAvI CtiOSE SATURDAYS AT jj 'V 1 ' v t LONG BLIPS At 86c of nlnook, nsatlr finished with hemstitching. . At 8Qc of oslnsook, bishop style, dalfi tll nUhd HhrfijTow embroidery e41n: .. ' At 75o several style of fine nainsook, daintily trimmed with tucka, hem stitching, lace- and embroidery. Other atjJfi Vkngipg In price from tic .-t0HW each. . : , ' SHORT PRESSES At 60c of oalnaook, bishop style, neck Y. M. C. A: Building, Corner regular army officers "who controlled It could hope for. There have been many military parades that revealed more men in line there may hare hem some that were as gorgeous to look upon, but It Is doubtful If there ever have been any that were mors carefully- handled, or more superbly. man aged ''.thai 'the oni, of this morning. " , A heavy i rain which fell at S o'clock In the morning disposed of the heavy dust and, aava the one tcature of. weather, alt things were feroraHe for the great parade, which waa - witnessed by 146,000 persons. The 'sir Tit of the marching thousands from the point occupied by.Tresldept Roosevelt's reviewing stand was one long to be re membered. For a half mil to loft, for an equal distance to the right, the winding column was In coiaplt viewr The swing ing ranks-f-riglng -and" falling 1n perfect time, were1 moving rapidly on,' while the flashing stecL'the glittering buckles and buttons. iie tossing plumes,' waving ban ners and martial music made a picture of the bloom and the beauty of battle, the splendor of war, -that -eould not be sur passed. "Watched Eagerly by President. To a man 'with a? soldier's soul there Is us slght'so fascinating as marching army of well trained men and , the president watched the march past with eager alien iitm. Froto end to end of tha line' of march th.. cheers o( the Immense crowd were as cordial aa President Roosevelt s approval. Ths parade In all ..features, was a most neautlftll 'and 'Imposing Inaugural of ths ceremonies. '.Although .Adujtanr Oeneral Heniy' C. Corbln "was" the grand marshal. ths chief figure of tha parade, and all thlnga dona received his sanction, the ac tive work of organizing the columns and managing ths parade waa done by Brigadier Oeneral JijhO'-A. Jotrfcston. Ui -8. A., and Lieutenant ColWhat .ftA. Goodwin. Ninth United Etates 'tavmlry.-Oenef'al Corbtn's chief of teST"'' S'f f ,') There werevll.OOO aien' In llne-S.lOO reg ulars and 7,900 of the National Guard, New Trk being -represented by 1,000 officers and men, Illinois 1.000, Iowa 960, Missouri 8,000, OklahMMgt: anJ Ob UW. f .-"V " The formation throughout waa In folumn of platoons, ef aill arena, at half distance, the Infa'ntYy marching sixteen files and the cavalry twelve troopers front. The, regular army division waa ordered by Oen rat Oorbln to be In pUlon; on-thtf main drive of Forest park at '8!i5 -'a.vnx.-' It' was. there to the minute. The divisional guard were to form In rear of the guarda fifteen minutes later. Borne regiments were prompt and otbera frorh fifteen to thirty' minutes latey All; : however, were ready to movo long before too appointed time, ' .' . nesflon. ef Preeedtaee., While the National Guard were wheeling Into "line -with the precision bora of long acquaintance with the tactica over at Grand and Belle avenues, the sixty-four ' aides of the grand marshal were forming with careful attention to questlona of chronology and geography. IV was the In tention that ba .tides' should. be arranged In each platoon'-from right to left, and from the head no the rear of the column. In the order In which their states ratified the constitution, or -were admitted Into the union, or were brganlse'd aa territories. Lieutenant Stewart Helntielman, Sixth United . States cavalry, .was tho composite Instructor In cavalry tactica, chronology and geography, and It la aafe to say that throughout, the entire dedication ceremo nies there wa no more difficult task than - his. Among the sixty-four aides there were fifteen general; thirty coHonfls, eight lieu tenant colonels, tlx majors, two.. captains, two first lieutenants and one second lieu tenant, and In all that array of martial possibilities there were not five who had any claim -ojt -possibility, to atand above the foot of. the 'chronological foot of the clasa. No sooner did the formation begin than the treuble commenced. The generala of the 'new western states yielded position to lieutenants of older commonwealths sorely ae.rhat their will. Ten- thirty was the hour set for ths start end 10 50 It started. Prompt to the minute Utneral' Corbln gave the word and 100 aerial bombs flew Into the clouds and their explosion wis,the signal tha,t set the column into motion. v Order ( the Parade. . . " - . rfjvtacbnient of Ivsl Police. ' President Keoeevelt, Orover Cleveland and Mr.. Fftojl together In a Carriage. Member of the Cabinet. Diplomat ' and' " 'Clark UlKtlWgulshed Visitors in 17 - Oiher Carriages. , . WashtnKtiin Marine Band. The Grand Marshal, General Corbln. and ' ,, Hi U welve Aide. Lieutenant 'Culonl KoUr of the Brlfsh .. .. ,- '. Army. Aide JtereenHns; the State and Ttrrl . '' ' Urie In Clironul ig.cil Order. ,V Major General Uhi and btaff. . - i DlvUton Staff. Krnt Megular Drtgttde, i'omnrlslna tha Kim Battalion Kriglreers, Third In- -famry and Twentieth Cavalry.' Sncond br gaie Bmruldrn. L'nd r lirlgnd er U -i'erl tirent, Cmirl-itng I lie Heinuh and Twenty-second Intuntry idJ a Detachment from the Moaltof Arksnna.' il Jfounted Enioneers ' . . ' Klghth and Fourth Cavalry. Hattallon of Field Artillery. Comprising the Doij't. sppil your , silver with poor polish VGORHAM Silver Polish 'oniiini no tciji or injurioui iagrqdientH 4 Qeans at well at polulSes,. ; Doeg not cuke ' - tw.. : "M cka. 1 P.M. Be, April M. IBM. Infant's and Children's Dresses .. i ' . :; 1 Dainty and pretty little slips and dresses of white nainsook and lawn, in all sorts of cunning stylos in sizes up ta three years. and armholes , finished with em .. broidery. At 7Bc of nainsook, yoka of tucks, finished with narrow embroidery.. Other styles range lo price from SSa to 15.00 each. Special, in .short dresses, reduced front 11.25, S1.51 and 11.75 to 75c each. Sixes are 2 years and I years. These little dresses are mads of Una ; nainsook, neatly trimmed with lass, embroidery and hemstitching. Sixteenth and Douglas Sts Sixth, Seventh, Blxteenth and Twenty K.ehth Rattertes. Major General Koe of New York with His and ( Jnvrnnr Odell Of New X OrK. National Guard and Governor of the Various States in the Following uraer: New York. Kentucky. Ohio, LoulMana, Indiana, Illinois, Mlxsourl, Arkansas, Kansas, Colorado, Utah and Oklahoma. , The line of march was west on Llndell boulevard from Us Intersection- with Grand avenue, along the main drive to Forest park, to the entracs to the exposition rounds, where the column ' baited and stood at rest while the president and dls tlnguished guests- alighted from their; car riage and took their places upon the reviewing- stand. As soon as all had taken their places, the waiting soldiers earns to "attention" and the march began. -The parade finished at 1:45. CHIEF RECEIVES GROUNDS Roosevelt, Cleveland aad . Others i ' Speak at Formal Dealcatlba Ceremony. ST. LOUIS, April 30. The doors of the Liberal Arts building were opened t 1 o'clock and at 2:15. when President Roose velt entered the building, hs was greeted by the cheers of 60,000 people. At 2:25, when the assemtly was called to order by President Francis, the noise was so great that his voles, could not be heard twenty 'feet 'from the rostrum- He introduced Cardinal -Gibbons, who de livered .the following Invocation. Carter Talks of History, Following the Invocation of the cardinal United States Senator Thomas H. Carter of the national commission, who acted as pres ident of the day, was Introduced. He spoke as follows; ; -W-henf the treaty of ceaslon eluded President Jefferson represented less tharr ,ogo,0O0 people. Durrftg' these T1 cere moules President Roosevelt, the executive of over W.OOO.OU0 freemen, will dedicate the building. The magical story - of development puts to shame the creations of fiction. The contented and prosperous In habitants of the Louisiana, purchase, today substantially equal rn number' three times tne total population or tne united States In 1800. The conquest of space, forests, streams and deserts and the founding of Cities and states in wastu places within thla, territory marks an advance unsurpassed In ths his tory of human endeavor. In the name of the nstlonal commission directed .by .congress- to "provide, for: the dedication ceremonies.' Ijextend to you all a cordial welcome, and aa responsive to this Inspiring scene of peace and generous feel ing I call upon the chorus te favor, us with Beethoven's "Creation Hymn." Fronefa Calls People Frond. After ths rendition ot "The Heavens Pro claiming" by ths chorus ot 2,000 voices David R. Francis, president of the lair as sociation,, delivered the following address, presenting the buildings of the fair: The peophs of the Louisiana purchaae are proud of their membership in the fed eral union. They are grateful for the bene fits .that have owed from a life under the enduring Institutions formed by the found ers of the republic. They congratulate their brethren on the position our country occu pies among the nations of the earth and felicitate -themselves on ths part the have performed toward raising It to It present prestige and power. They felt It a patrtotlo duty to fittingly commemorate the completion of the first century of their connection with the Ameri can republic and the rounding out of an Im. portam epocn in tne lite or the republic. In the discharge of that duty this exposi tion was conceived. The inhabitant of the fourteen states and two territories com prised within the purchase selected St. Louis as the scene of the celebration. The universal exposition of -1V04, when the date of opening rolls around, one year from today, will, with Its bulldlnga completed, Its exhibits installed, be thoroughly pre pared to receive - tho "millions, of; visitors who will enter Its gates. ; The distinguished aasemblags Which hon ors us with Its presence today can come rearer forming an adequate conception of the scope of the' work by personal Inspec tion than through the writings or Illustra tions of authors and designers, howeer great their talent may be. To tha president of the United ' States, te the accomplished representatives of for eign countries, to the chief executives of the sovereign statea, to the senators and representatives of the national congress, to the great concourse ot visitors hers congre gated, we extend greeting. If you are pleased with what naa been accomplished, your approval la abundant reward for the labor we have performed. We bear In mind and trust vou do not I overlook that this celebration la of no state, oi no section, out ot tne entire country, it Is our hope and our expectation that every section and every commonwealth, and In fact every community, will cherish a pro prietary interest and lend helpful aid to this wormy undertaking, to the end that It may prove as nearly as may be commensurate with the country and the century whose achievement and advancement it Is de. signed to commemorate. - And now, Mr. President, It la my pleasing privilege and high honor to present to you for dedication the buildings of the Loulal ant Purchaa exposition. May a high stand ard of cltlaenship and a btader humanity and the mission of the country whose worthy reuresentatle vou are he ana. tained and fostered and promoted by the uses to which theae atructures are devoted May the happiness ot mankind be advanced ana broadened by the lofty purpoeea that Inspired thla undertaking aad moved our own and our sister countriea to unite In us accumpusnnienu . Lend Cheers Greet President. At 'the close of President Francis' ad dress terrific cheers broks to grset Pres! dent' Roosevelt whoa dedication address wan as follows: At the outset of my address let me recall to the mlnda of my hearera that the soil upon which we stand, before It waa our, was successively the possession of two mighty empires. Spain and France, who suits made a deathl'aa record of heroism in the early annala of the new world. No i history or tne western country can be writ I ten without paying heed to the wonderful ! part played therein In the early days by the soldiers, missionaries, explorers and I traders, who did their work for the honor I of the proud banners of r ranee snd Castile. I hue the seiners of t'.ngilsh-speajilng ' stock, and those of Dutch, Uerman anil I Scandinavian origin who were associated i with them, were still cllnglna close to tha eastern seaboard, the plono's of Spain and , of t-'rance had penetrated deep into th I hitherto unknown ntldrrne of the weal I and had wandered far and wide within the tMiuudurte of what l now our mighty cvuntrjr. The very cities the in sal v 8 k THE OMAlTA Louis. -New Orleans Banta Kel N'jw Mexloo -bear witness by tm-lr titles tp the na tionalities of their founders. It 'wn Hot Until the revolution, bad bfgtln that the English npftektng settler pushed west across the Allghenlts. and not until a century ao tht they entered In to domc tne land upon wnicn we now stsno. - One ot Three Great .F.veate. We have met here todey to commemorate the hundredth anniversary of the event which more than any other, after the foundation of the aovrnmrnt and aiwara excepting Its preservation, determined the character of our national life determined that w fihonld hm a rrat exnancllnaT nAtlnn Instead of relatively a small and stationary one. Of course It wa not with the Lou idana 1 purchase that eur career of expansion be-1 gan. In the middle of the revolutionary war the Illinois region. Including, the pree- ent states of Illinois and Indiana, was added to our domain by force of arm, as a sequel to the adventurous expedition of Oeorge Koger ciarae and Ms frontier I riflemen. Later the. treaties of. Jay and Plnckney materially extended our real boundaries to the west. But none of these events was of so striking a hsrncter as to fix the popular Imagination. The old thir teen colonies, had always claimed that their rights stretched westward to the Missis sippi, and vague and unreal though these LianiiD mio u 1 1 til niaua g vuu J j vmii ucb t . settlement and diplomacy, they still served to give the Impression that the earliest I westward movement of our people were little more than the 'tilling in ot already existing national boundaries. But there could be no Illusion about the acquisition of the vast territory beyond the Mississippi, atretcning westward to - tne Pacific, which In that day was known as Louisiana. Thla Immense region waa ad- I mlttedly the territory of a foreign power. of a European kingdom. None of our peo ple had ever laid claim to a foot of It. Its acquisition could In no sense be treated aa rounding out any existing claims. When we acquired it we. made evident once lor ail that consciously and of set purpose we had embarked on a career of expansion, that we had taken our place among those aaring and naroy nation wno nan mucn with the hope and desire of winning high position among the great powers of the earth. As is so often the case In nature, the law of development of a living organ ism showed Itself In Its actual workings to he wiser than the wisdom ot the. wisest. ' Expansion Greatest Wark. This work of expansion was by far the greatest work of our people during the yeara that Intervened between the adoption ot the constitution and the outbreak of the civil war. There were other questlona of real moment and Importance, and there were many which at the time seemed euch to those engaged In answering them, but the greatest feat .of our forefathers of those generations was the deed of two men who. wun pack train or wagon train .on horse back, on foot, or by boat upon the waters. pushed the frontier ever--westward across tne continent. Never before hnd the world seen the kind of national expansion which gave our people an tnat part or tne American continent lying west of the thirteen original states; the greatest landmark in which wrs the Louisiana purchase. Our triumph In this process - of expansion -was .induisotubly bound up with the success ot our peculiar kind of federal government-and this suc cess 'has been so complete that because of Its completeness we now sometimes fall to appreciate not only the all-Importance but the tremendous difficulty of the problem with which our nation was originally faced. , Forefathers Took Strange Task. When our forefathers joined to call Into being this nation they undertook a task for which there was but little encouraging precedent. The development of civilization from the earliest period seemed to show the truth of two propositions; In the first place,. It had always proved exceedingly difficult ' to secure both freedom and atrength In any government, and In the second place Itfcad always proved well nigh I imuoaeioie tor a nation to expand wnnoiu either breaking up or becoming a central- I Ised tyranny. With the success of pur effort union, able to out down disorder at home " biiuuk uu tuK:imii uniivinu i and to maintain our honor and Interest abroad. I have not now to deal. This suc cess was signal and all-important, but it waa by no means unorecedented. -lrt ; the same sense that our type ot expansion was unprecedented. The history of Rome and of Greece Illustrates very well the twb types of expansion which had taken place In ally accepted as the only possible types up ncieni time ana wnicn nan been umvera- to the period when aa a nation we our- selves began to take possession of this continent. The Grecian statea performed remarkable feats of colonization; 'put each colony as soon- as -created became entirely Independent of the mother states, and In after years waa almost as apt to prove Its enemy ss its friend. Local self-government, local Independence, was secured, but only by the absolute sacrifice of anything re sembling national unity. In consequence, the Greeft world, for all Its wonderful bril liancy and the -extraordinary artistic, liter ary and philosophical development which has made all mankind its debtors for the ages, waa yet wholly unable to withstand a formidable foreign foe, save spaetnoril- cally. As soon as powerful, permanent empires arose on Its outskirts the Greek states In the neighborhood of such empires fell under their sway. National' power and Bi rainsa. i,gi tuuiyninif nKiwvw wwi liberty. Rome Overrides All. With Rome the exact opposite occurred. The Imperial city rose to absolute dominion over all the peoples, of Italy and hen ex panded Its rule over the entire olvlllsed world by a process which kept the nation strong ana unitea. out gave no room what ever for local liberty and aelf-government. ah otner cures ana countries were suoject to Rome. In consequence this great and masterful race of warriors, rulers, road builders and administrators stamped their Indelible Impress upon all the after life of our race, and yet let an over-oentrutixation eat out the vitals of their empire until It barbarlans came they destroyed only-what had already become worthless to the world. became an empty anen; so tnat when the X UV HIIUCI Ijr Ills VlUIUUBIICaa UI UQ of expansion waa plain enough, and the remedy now seems simple enough. But when the fathers of the republic first form ulated the constitution under which we live this remedy was untried and no one could foretell how It would work. Thev them selves began the experiment almost im mediately by adding new states to the original thirteen. . Excellent people In the east viewed this Initial expansion of the country with great alarm. Exactly as dur ing the colonial period many good people In the mother country thought It highly important that settlers should be kept out ot tne unio vaney in tne interest or the fur companies, so after we had become a nation many good people on the Atlantic coast felt grave apprehension lest thev might somehow be hurt by the westward growth of the nation. Theae good people shook their heads over the formation of atates in the fertile Ohio valley which now forms part or the heart or our nation and they declared that the destruction of the republic had been accomplished when through the Louisiana purchase we ac quired nearly half of what la now that same republic's present territory. Neither was their reeling unnatural, 'inly the ad venturous and the far-seeing can be ex Tw-eted heartllv to welcome tha nrneeaa of AwnBv.lAn thn P.tfnn V. a a v . . A a nation wnicn la entering upon a great career, and with greatness there must of necessity come perils which daunt all save th most stout neartea. Wilderness Becomes States. Wi expanded by carving "the wilderness Into territories and out of these territories building new states when once they had received as permanent settlers a sufficient number of our own people. Being a prac tical nation, we have never tried to force on anv section of our new territory an un suitable form ot government merely be cause It was suitable for another aectton under different condition pf the territory covered by the Louisiana purchase a por tion was given siaieaoua witnin a few years. Another portion has not been ad mitted to statehood, although a century has elapsed although doubtless it soon will be. In each case we showed the practical government-.! genius of our race by devising metnoos suuaoie to meet tne actual exist ing needs; not by Insisting upon the ap plication OI tome ausiiaci sniuDojetn to a!i ur new poesnlon alike, no matter how Incongruous thla application might some times be. Over by fsr the major part of the terri tory, however our people spread In euch numbers during the course of ths nineteenth century that we were able to build un stats after state, each with exactly the Sam complete local inaepenaence In all matter affecting purely lta own domeatto Interest a In any of the original thirteen tate each omlng the aame absolute fealty to the union of all the slates which each of the original thirteen statea a Lao owe and finally each having th same propor tional right to it share In shaping and directing the common policy of the union which ia posseweo oy any other state, whether of the original thirteen or not. Process Katnral Order. ' Thl process now seems to us part of th natural order c things, but It was wholly unknown until our own people devised it. It eema to us a mere matter ot courae. a matter ot elementary right and luetic, that In th deliberation of the national repre sentative bodlra the representative of a stati which cam Into the union but ye t.r.iuv aland on a footing of exact and en tire equality with thus of the common wealth whoae oms ouc signed the Iieclar ation of Independence,' luit this may of luuklng at the natter is purely modern, DAILY ME: '.FRIDAY, and In tt or lulu purely American. AVh-n Washington during hinj presidency sew new states come Into the union on a footing of complete equality with the old every Kuronean -ntttlm mhlrh hud colonies still administered them as dependencies, and every other mother country treated the colonist not aa a self-governing equal but as a subject. The . process which we began has since been followed by all the great people who were capable both of expansion and of self government, and now-the world accepts It a the natural pfores. a the rule; but a century eno a quarter ago it waa not merely exceptional: It waa unknown. This, tnen. la the great historic signm- cance of the movement of continental ex pansion In which tho- Iiulslana purchase wa tne most strlk na slnale arnievement It stand out in marked relief even among the feat or a nation of pioneer, a nation whose people have from the beginning been picked out by a process of natural selection from among the most enterprising Indl- vlduals of In nations of western h-urope. i ne arqunniion or tne territory is i reou to the broad and far-sighted statesmanship of the great statesmen to whom It woa Immediately ue arm aoovs all to tne ag- greKSive1- and masterful character of the hardy pioneer folk to whose restless energy these statesmen gave expression and direc tion, whom they followed rather than led. The history of the land comprised within the limits of the purchase Is an epitome of the entire hlstorv of our people. Within these limits we have gradually built up state after state until now they many times over surpass In wealth. In population and In many-aided development the original tnirteen states as they were wnen ineir delegates met In the continental congress. The people of these states have shown themselves mighty In war with their fellow man and mighty In strength to tame the ruased wlldorness. Thev could not thus have conquered the. forest and the prairie, the mountain and the desert, had they not possessed the great fighting virtues, the qualities . which enable a people to over come the forces o( hostile men and hostile nature, un tne other hand, tney couia not have used aright their conquest had they not in addition possessed the qualities of self-mnstery and self-restraint, the power of acting in combination with their fellowa, the power of yielding obedience to the law nd of building up an orderly civilisation. Courage ,and hardihood are Indispensable virtues In a people, but ths people which possesses no others can never rise high in the scale f ither of power or of culture. Great peoples- must have hi addition the governmental capacity wnicn cornea oniy when Individuals fully recognise their duties to' one another and to ths whole bodv oolitic, and re able to loin together In feats of constructive statesmanship and of honest and effective administration.. Pioneer Vlrtaea Btlll Needed. The old nioneer Ssvi are gone, with their roughness and their hardship, their Incredi ble toll and their wild half-aavage romance. But the need for the pioneer virtues re malna the earn .as ever. The peculiar frontier conditions have vanished, but the manliness and stalwart hardihood of the frontiersmen can be given even freer scop under the conditions surrounding the com plex industrialism of the present day. In thla great region acoulred ror our people under .the presidency of Jefferson, this region stretching from, the gulf to the Canadian border, from the Mississippi to the Rockies, the material and social prog ress has been so vast that alike for wnl and for woe its people now share the op portunities and bear tne ouraena common to the entire civilised world. The problems before ua are fundamentally the same east and west ot the Mississippi, in the new states and In the Old. and exactly the same qualities are required tor their succeasful solution, We meet Tier today to commemorate a great event, an event which marks an era in statesmanship no less than In pioneer ing. It is fitting that we should pay our homage In words, but we must lir honor make our words good by deeds. We have every right to take a just pride in the great deeds of our forefathers, but we show our ow our jant if .eivs unworthy to be their descendants li w make wnat lhey did an excuse for our iyg ,Uplne Instead of an incentive to the effort to show ourselves by our acts wortny of them, in the ..administration or city, state and nation in tha management of our nome lire ana tne conauci oi our ousinesa and social relations,' we are bound to show certain high and fine qualities of character under penalty of -seeing the whole heart of our civilisation eaten, out while the body still lives. We Justly pride- ourselves on our marvel ous material firosptrJty, and such pros- perlty must ex!sTln order to estubllHh a iounaauon upon wnicn a iugner me tkii be. built; -ibut -antes -we do In Very fact build this higher Ji to thereon the tnaterlal pr6sperlty Itself will go for but very little. Now, 4a 1903, l the' altered conditions', we must -meet theckarMed-and changing prob lems with the spirit shown by the men who In 1803 and in the subsequent years gained, explored; conquered and settled thla vast territory; then a -desert, now filled with thriving and populous states, . -The old davs were great because the men who lived in tnem had mignty qualities, and we must moke the new days great by ghowlng these unit, qualities. Wejnustln- Kt upon courage and resolution, upon hardihood", " tenacity and fertility In re- source; -we must Insist Upon the"" strong virile virtues, and ve must Insist no less upon the virtues of . self-restraint, . self- rnasteVy, regard for the right of others; we must show our aDnorrence or cruelty brutality and corruption, In public and In private life alike. . If we come short in any of these qualities we shall measurably fall; and If. aa I believe' we surely shall, we develop- these qualities In the future to an even -greater -degree than in the past, then In the century now beginning we shall make this republic the freest and most orderly, -the most just and most mighty. nation which has ever come lonn irom tne i " k .V! womt of um Cleveland Renews Prophesy. Following the president's' address tne chorus rendered "Unfold Ye Portals." 'Senator Carter then Introduced ex-Preal- I dent Grjtver Cleveland, who spoke In part I niin... 4 - - Th ' lmnresslve'ness of this occasion Is greatly enhanced by reason of an atmos phere of prophecy's fulfillment which sur rounds It. The treaty whose completion we commemorate today was Itself a prophecy of- our youthful -nation's mighty growth. At Its birth prophets in waiting joyously foretold the happiness which its future promised. He who was the chief actor for tha - lintted State In It negotiation, as h algned the perfected instrument, thus declared its errect and lar reacnina conse quences: "The instrument which we have Just signed prepares sges of happiness for innumerable generations. The Mississippi and the Missouri will see them succeed one ""other In' the bosom of equality under Juat lawa, freed from the errors of super stitlnn and ths scourges of bad govern men t ." Our prophets do not live forever. They are not here to see how stupendously the nvth of the American nation, on the do main newly acquired In their day, have during a short century, outrun their antici pation and predictions. a imoar wirnin me limit oi ma ivrniury gained by the Louisiana purchase, w have already carved u- weiva great states, I nanta ere even now loudly clamoring for leaving atlll a large resiaue. num occu- atatehood. I meu i n.yju occupied this domain In 1M3. It now con tains 15,000.000 Americans, constituting akout one-fifth of the population of all our atates. and these are contesting ier premier- ahin in wealth ana material iucm, wun the oldest of our states, and are their equals in every phrase of advanced Intelli gence ana reinea civuiai"". The atates which composed the union When its 'possessions were so great ly ex imnAmA have Mnce that time seen the cen ter of the nation's population carried more than eoo miles westwara. Importance Deles Measare Tho annrema importance ot the Louisiana purchase cannot be better characterised than In tne language ot a unimm mtii can historian: The annexation of Louisiana wa an an nortentoua a to defy measure roent. it gave a new face to politics, and ranked In historical Importance next to the Declaration of Independence and the adoption of the constitution event of which It was the logical outcome. But a matter OI diplomacy, it w unparaueicu r.canaa It coat almost nothing." How fitting on every ground It Is that the centennial of this stupendous event should be Joyously and appropriately cele brated, and that It should be ceieDraiea here In the most populous of the states ' drink V," , ft Mires V 1 I Itootbccr )i , I The graateat eprtnit tonic. ,JT ' 1 iwmtiuknllvi. i 1 ' V " ovarywbfr.. f 1 t . ot by nail tut Meant. I If rsaSLiat. ( If. iiiii i ' "' ' I' "-"V " 1 MAY 1. 1003. created from th territory which the Tunis ians putrhsse gave u. Every feature of our celebration should remind tts that we memfrsllse a peaceful acquisition Imme diately of territory for truly American uses, and we should rejoice not only bersuse this acquisition Immediately gave peace and contentment to thm spirited and deter mined American settlers who demanded an outlet of trade to the sea. but also because It provided iTomcs and means of livelihood for the millions of new Ameri cans, whose coming tresd fell upon the ears of the expectant fathers of the re public, snd whose stout hearts and brawny arms wrought the miracles which our cele bration should Interpret. W are here to dedicate beautiful and ststely edifices, but an we do this, let u remember that the soil whereon we stand was a century ago dedicated to the genius of American Industry and thrift. For every reason, nothing could be more appropriate ns an Important part of the centennial com memoration we have undertaken, than the gathering on this spot of the things that are characteristic of American effort, and which tell the story of American achieve ment; and how happily will this be supple mented and crowned bv the generous, magnanimous nnd instructive contributions from other and older lands, which, standing side bv side with our exhibits, shall mani fest the high and friendly regard our re public has gained among the government of the earth. ltecalls Past Incidents. I cannot, however, rid myself of the feel ing that the Inspiration attending such an exposition may be anticipated, if on this dedicatory occasion we promote appropriate reflections by a retrospection of some of the Incidents which accompanied the event we celebrate. , We all know that long before the treat of 103 our government nad a keen appre ciation of the Importance of an arrange ment permitting products to be exported by the Mississippi. This need of our set tlers had been met In a limited and not altogether secure manner by a treaty with Spain. This privilege wa entirely with drawn In October 1S02 tire territory having been In the meantime transferred to France. Tha situation thus created was extremely delicate. There was presented on the one hand the Injury to western settlers through the loss of their trading outlet, and on the other the perplexing question of affording them relief by means of diplomatic agree ment, or by some other methods. The abandonment of our settlers waa, of course, not contemplated. It soon became appar ent that delay did not suit the temper of Americans cnanng under a sense oi wrong. President Jefferson wrote to a friend In February, 1803: "Our circumstances are so Imperious ss to admit of no delsy. We cannot hesitate one moment to hazard our existence for Its maintenance. He ap pointed an additional envoy to co-operate with our representative already at the French capital. In an attempt to obtain a concession that would cure the difficulty. Another Incident which we may recall with profit grew out of the conduct of the president When thu treaty naa been re turned to him for ratification. He was originally quite firm in his belief that the constitution as It stood did not authorise such an extension of our limits by purchase, P.ut not daring to risk the delay of an amendment to the constitution prior lo final action, he proposed reconciling con sistency with duty by procuring a con firmation of the treaty by the senate and compassing Its ' unquestionable validation by a subsequent constitutional amendment. May Think Highly of Scruple. In view of the conclusive settlement sines that time of this constitutional question against Mr. Jefferson's original opinion, and considering that we have since Im mensely Increased our area by the acquisi tion of distant islands, we may be Inclined to think lightly of President Jefferson's scruples. There were wise men near our president In 1803 who differed with him, and ttuse men did not fall to make known their dis sent. Moreover, in the senate, to which the treaty was submltud tor confirmation, there was an able discussion of lis cm stlutlonal validity and effectiveness. The Judgment of that body was emphatically declared, when out ot thirty-one voti s twenty-four were cast In favor of con firmation. An amendment to ths constitu tion was afterward presented to congress, but Its first appearance was Its last. Thomas Jefferson never furnished better evidence of his greatness than when, just before the submission of the treaty to the senate, he wrote lo a senator who differed with him: "I oonfess that I think It Important to set an example against broad construction by appealing for new power to the people, if. however, our friends shall think differ ently, certainly I shall acquiesce and w.ll correct ' the evil of construction when It shall produce 111 effects." r we aro giad jerrerson was wrong, and glad he was liberal-minded enough to see he might be wrong. Yet may we not profitably pause long enough to contrast tne caret ui ana reverent manner in which the restrictions of our fundamental law were scrutinised a hundred years ago. with the tendency often seen In Inter times to flippantly attempt the adjustment of our constitution to the purposes ot interest and convenience? We are all proud of our American cltt. senshlp. Let us leave this place with th-s feeling stimulated by the sentiment born of the occasion. Let us appreciate more keenly than ever how vitally necessary It la to our country's weal that everyone Within Its citizenship should be rl.an- mlnded In political aim and aspiration, sin cere and honest in his conception of our oountry's mission and aroused to higher ana mora responsive patriotism Dy toe te. flection that it is a solemn thing to belong to a people favored of God. The exercises were closed by the bene dict. on pronounced by Bishop Potter of New York. THOUSANDS SEE FIREWORKS President' Delay Keeps Crowd Walt Ins;, bat Nona g-eeans to Mind. , ! 6T. LOUIS, April 80. Thousands of people occupied an Immense grand stand near the Administration building during th evening to witness the display of tire- works and waited patiently during an un avoidable delay for the president. When Mr. Roosevelt at length appeared be was greeted by a great battery of fifteen-inch aereal moons, which were released with a deafening noise. For nearly two hours the night was made. brilliant with yarl-colored lights framed In appropriate devices. Tbe spectacle closed with tha printing on letters ot fir of tbe words "Farewell Until 1904." Tbe Chinese ambassador was an espeel ally pleased spectator. President Roose velt remained for some time before leaving for his train and resuming bis journey westward. DEATH RECORD. George Loock. WEST POINT, Neb.. April SO. (8peclal.) News wss received in this city yestsrday of tha death at Spencer, Neb., of George Loock, formerly of this place. Deceased was 61 years of age and died ot dropsy, Hs leaves a wife and numerous chlldrsa. H was a brother-in-law of Robert P. Kloke, president of the Nebrsska State bank In this plsce, and an uncle of Sheriff Kloke of this county. He leaves a valuable estate In lands and propsrty In Boyd county. Pnal Dnchnllln. ST. PETERSBURG, April 80. Paul Du chatllu, the American author and explorer. who was stricken with partial paralysis yesterday, died at midnight. A brother of Vsreslcbagln, the Russian painter, will ar range for the burial of the body In the Lit terateur's cemetery, If It Is desired that ths Interment tske place here. Chasaherlnln's toanneh and Liver Tablets Aro Jest What Yon Need Wbsn you feel dull after eating. When you bar no appetite. When you have a bad taste In your mouth When your liver Is torpid. When your bowels are constipated. When you have a headache. 1 When you feel bilious. They will Improve your appetite, cleans and Invigorate your stomach and regulate your liver and bowels. Price 15 cents per box. Eminent Scientist Meet. LKXINCITON. Ky., April SO. The ninth annual mrettng of the International Laryngological, TthlnolngU-al and Otologics! socltity convened here today with sciential and pnyslclana from all over America, and some from England tresnl. The conven tion wa called to order by President J. A. Btuckey ot this city. The reading ot paper aad disc ussl via commenced lu 'ay. CANADIAN LINES GET BUSY Hill's Northern Neighbor Inoline to Become Ptrniciously Aggressive. TRAFFIC ON BOTH SIDES THE BOUNDARY Northern Secarltles to Have Vigor. on Competition In Territory It Now Looks t nen as It Very Own. NEW YORK, April SO. (Special.) It gp pears that the plans of Canadian Pacific are a great desl more far-reaching than has been anticipated. Th officials of that road do not hesitate to express themselves In strong language when talking of the present relations between their system and the roads owned by the Northern Securities company. An official here says: "I cannot repeat too often the fact that we are not going to enter upon any aggresslv Invasion of tbe territory now occupied by other lines, but you may take It for granted, once for all, that it the Great Northern and North ern Paclfio pursue their present policy with regard to the boundary territory very much further, they will, get reply from the Canadian Pacific that will open their eyes. There are surveying corps In th psy of the Canadian Pacific now In the field be tween Spokane and the Canadian boundary and Seattle and Vancouver. That Is the shape that our reply, will take to Mr. Hill's Invasion of lower British Columbia by means of tbe Great Northern lines. More over, unless this thing rtops very soon, Soo line surveyor will go clear through to the, coast." Shnnghnessy Aarnlnst Hill. There is no necessity to make deduc tions from these remarks. They csrry their meaning on 'the surface. It transpires also that Mr. Hill has In ths president of the Canailles Pacific a bitter opponent. Sir Thomas ShaughntsSy does not share with Lord Strathcona and Mr. Hosmer their sympathy with the plans and ambitions of Mr. Hill, v Mr. Shaughnessy Is Irish, and Is apt to say what he thinks regardless of consequences. -He openely expressed his pleasure at the recent defeat of the North ern Securities company, and be does not hesitate to say that he Is going to look after the rights of the Canadian Paclfio. both In British Columbia and elsewhere. It li significant that President Lowry of the Soo line has recently been doing con siderable talking about some small lines that are being surveyed for his road due west Into North Dakota. It Is quite pos slble that one of these lines, Instead of being merely a local feeder. Is Intended ultimately to become a new trunk line of the Pacific. Mr. Lowry Is quoted as saying that he believes there Is lots of room In North Dakota for local lines between tho lines of the Northern Securities company. and If there Is room for Iocs! lines there Is certainly room for a trunk line. The consciousness ot the fsrt that Mr. Hill Intends to perpetuate Northern Securities In one form or another. In spite of the bitter opposition of the public la bis terri tory, creates a magnificent opportunity for such a. new trunk line. From the outset it will be backed by the public It would be as essentially an American road as Is the Soo line, or at was tbe Great Northern, which was built in great part by English capital. ; ' Canadlnn Paclflo Affair. , At present the Canadian Pacific councils In.. Montreal. are somewhat divided.- Presi dent Shaughnessy Is for, Immediate action. Senator Cox and Mr. Hosmer and the Bank of Montreal are opposed to anything ag gressive at tha present time. The -Interests of the two former are pretty closely wrapped up with Mr. Hill' enterprises. although Mr, Hosmer states that he sold his last ha,re of Northern Securities about half an hour before the adverse decision was rendered at St. Paul. The same lines separate the directors' on the dividend question. Those who oppose aggression are In favor of an Increased dividend, while 'those who favor It oppose any In crease on the ground that the company can use the money to better advantage. The dividend meeting comes In May, gnd has gained new importance on acoount of this division. It Is believed In Canadian Pacific circles here that Sir Thomas Shaughnessy and his friends will be able to carry every point and dictate tbe policy or the company. Mr. Shaughnessy votes the proxies of nearly all the debenture stockholders, and has tbe confidence of bis people, to tha most remarkable degree. ROCK ISLAND MOVES FORCES Passenser Aceats ot Rood Aro Moved . Abont fron On Point to Another. CHICAGO. April SO. The passenger de partment ef tbe Rock Island Is agitated by a considerable shake up affecting many of mi important city agencies in various portions of the country. Among the tour changes and promotions decided upon today was Hal 8. Bay, to be transferred from Denver to St. Louts as general agent of the passenger department. Other changes ar to be made and at least one Important appointment before Oeneral Passenger Agent Sebastian con cludes the rearrangement of his tores. Methodist Bishops Meet. MKADVILLK. Pa.. Anrll 30.-Th eml annual assemblage of the bishop of the ASTHMA Mint M, ISftt. Flaaaa aaaS te ta aaeloaa ad-traea s sampl bottle ef tha Ktfcer-llnff Cure tor aenauinplloa. I b. trie It lar sathma aa am tra Iran K lor the Srwt tlm la aevan years. ot know bow te thaak jo eaovKa. SARAH at. HOTT. Ho Ml g. Taema St.. Lo Ang.Ua. CaL TWBLVB HVNDHKD Mora tcatlmoalala Ilk tk abate, together with full Satan ot aoel tle eurea. ea be aa at Baata Drug Ca. Thoaa l.M laatlmealala ahee- mora fonula ea voluntary evldeneee of ewrea of rhroelo eaees of ASTHMA. BRONCHITIS. CATARRH aa roNSUMPTIOM tha all other ao-calle "era" ah la the eatlre history of their FOR IALI AT BEATON DRUG CO.. Ifth and Pinnm. TRIAL BOTTLES free mail, tnald, ky ado dressing? th Hlher Urn Co., 100 tVlUlona at New York City. i m m urn your eld books Into money. Telephone B 1167 m OLD and our rpra tstlve will call. "Ye Old Uooke Shop," ill TARNAM BT. Methodist church f the world Is In session here Among the bls-hops In sttendanoe are Henrr W. Warren of Ienver; Barl Crans- ton. tacoma; C C. Mcfabe. Omaha: J. W. Hamilton. Sn Francisco. MIsMonarv bishops: Jamo Thoburn. India; K. . Hartiell, Africa; Frank VV. Warns. India; David H. Moore. Peking. The sessions lat until Monday and will be prlvte. SKIN-TORTURED BABIES And Fretted Mothers Find Comfort In Cuticura Soap and Ointment When All Other Remedies and Physicians Fail. Instant relief and refreshing sleep for skin-tortured babies god rest for tired, worried mothers la warm bath with Cuticura Soap, gnd gentle anoint ings with Cntlcnra Ointment, purest of emollient skin cures, to be followed ia severe cases by mild doses of Cuticura Resolvent. This U the purest, sweet est, most speedy, permtoent and eco nomical treatment for torturlnp. dis figuring, Itching, burning, MiuOIng, ecsly, crusted nd pimply skin mi-l scalp humours, with loss of holr. of Infants gnd children, as well as rIuIi, and is sum to succeed when all other remedies and tbe best physicians fall. Tbe affonlxlng itching snd burning of the skin, as in eczema the frightful scaling, as In psoriasis t tha loss of hair and crusting of the scalp, as in stalled head; tha facial disfigurement, a in one and ringworm s. the awf cl suffer ing of infants, and anile tv of worn-out parents, a In milk crust, tetter and salt rheum, all demand a remedy of ' almost superhuman Tlrtnes to success fully cope with them. That Cuticura Soap, Ointment and Resolvent are such stands proven beyond all doubt. No statement Is made regarding them that is not Justified by tbe strongest evi dence. The purity and sweetness, ths power to afford Immediate relief, the certainty of speedy and permanent cure, the absolute salety and great economy have made them the standard akin cures and humour remedies of the civilized world. SeM Ihrmif Snol th. wort. Cell earn Rami!. SV r Mm ef ChoroUn l ow4 PtlU. Si. ar ilal ef SeV OMit SV., Srwe, Ifla. Iaent, lyoadon, ST Chartrho.e ra t r.rt.. line a. M r.ixi nasion. i-v vwamoae are, Pelier Dreg a Chem. Corp, Sola rroorietoi. ST Sea fee Bev to Cor Ski Tortaiea,nebl. AkttlSEMBNTS. Reserved Seat Tickets for the May Musical festival May 7, 8, 9 and 15, Slxt Performances $3.50 ,;. r ' u i 1 1 i i n "' i ' 't Ua7,8, 9 -Two Ltatinets Chicago Symphony Orchestra nnd Chicago's Leading Quartette. May Festival unoir ononis or im) Tolces. 'f . J. Kelly, Director, (lav 15 Ona Performance Full N. T. Metropolitan Orchestra. T. 8. Dubs, Director. Lillian Nordlca and Edouard DeRosxke. Soloists. TICKUTS AT , II. J. Penfcid Co., 1408 Far nam. w- a nr. Doyas meaier Fridav & Saturdav. . - MAY 1 AND 2 Saturday Matinee. OPERETTA: U1C HUUiC THAT JACK BUILT Under the auspices of the Teachers' Annuity Association. 200 School Children' in the Cast. PRICES 25c, 50c, 76c, SI BOYD'S 1 SUMMER OPENING SUNDAY MATINEE. FERRIS STOCKCO First Half ot Wek "HEART AND 8WOBD. Last Half, Opening Thursdsy "A YOUNG- WIFE." Prices Matinee. lc. any seat;, aluht. l9c, lie, 2bc. Seats on sal today. TELEPHONE. HS1. ' Matlace Thur.. Sat.. Bua.. 1:15 Every Nlsrbt. 1:16. -4 HIGH CLASS VAUDEVILLE . - , Rsrmond sad Crlr. Klncsley snd Lewis. Hsrss sad Healy, Montrell. Preach Bros., tbe F)lle snd th Klnodrome. PRICES 10c. 2be. toe. , Bring tbe ladies over afteMhft heater. They're ure to be " delighted with the LOBBY CAFE M 8. 17th St., Be ttldg. Yottr theater party will be delighted with otir chef, who is an artist in his line. . Iiresnea Lams t nope.-. 6 ,60c .resit ttMif sslaa.... Tired.