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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 1, 1903)
T!4,jS-6ifAvI CtiOSE SATURDAYS AT
jj 'V 1 ' v t
At 86c of nlnook, nsatlr finished
with hemstitching. .
At 8Qc of oslnsook, bishop style, dalfi
tll nUhd HhrfijTow embroidery
e41n: .. '
At 75o several style of fine nainsook,
daintily trimmed with tucka, hem
stitching, lace- and embroidery.
Other atjJfi Vkngipg In price from tic
.-t0HW each. . : , '
At 60c of oalnaook, bishop style, neck
Y. M. C. A: Building, Corner
regular army officers "who controlled It
could hope for. There have been many
military parades that revealed more men in
line there may hare hem some that were
as gorgeous to look upon, but It Is doubtful
If there ever have been any that were mors
carefully- handled, or more superbly. man
aged ''.thai 'the oni, of this morning. " ,
A heavy i rain which fell at S o'clock In
the morning disposed of the heavy dust and,
aava the one tcature of. weather, alt things
were feroraHe for the great parade, which
waa - witnessed by 146,000 persons.
The 'sir Tit of the marching thousands from
the point occupied by.Tresldept Roosevelt's
reviewing stand was one long to be re
membered. For a half mil to loft, for an
equal distance to the right, the winding
column was In coiaplt viewr The swing
ing ranks-f-riglng -and" falling 1n perfect
time, were1 moving rapidly on,' while the
flashing stecL'the glittering buckles and
buttons. iie tossing plumes,' waving ban
ners and martial music made a picture of
the bloom and the beauty of battle, the
splendor of war, -that -eould not be sur
passed. "Watched Eagerly by President.
To a man 'with a? soldier's soul there Is
us slght'so fascinating as marching army
of well trained men and , the president
watched the march past with eager alien
iitm. Froto end to end of tha line' of march
th.. cheers o( the Immense crowd were as
cordial aa President Roosevelt s approval.
Ths parade In all ..features, was a most
neautlftll 'and 'Imposing Inaugural of ths
ceremonies. '.Although .Adujtanr Oeneral
Heniy' C. Corbln "was" the grand marshal.
ths chief figure of tha parade, and all
thlnga dona received his sanction, the ac
tive work of organizing the columns and
managing ths parade waa done by Brigadier
Oeneral JijhO'-A. Jotrfcston. Ui -8. A., and
Lieutenant ColWhat .ftA. Goodwin. Ninth
United Etates 'tavmlry.-Oenef'al Corbtn's
chief of teST"'' S'f f ,')
There werevll.OOO aien' In llne-S.lOO reg
ulars and 7,900 of the National Guard, New
Trk being -represented by 1,000 officers and
men, Illinois 1.000, Iowa 960, Missouri 8,000,
OklahMMgt: anJ Ob UW. f .-"V "
The formation throughout waa In folumn
of platoons, ef aill arena, at half distance,
the Infa'ntYy marching sixteen files and
the cavalry twelve troopers front. The,
regular army division waa ordered by Oen
rat Oorbln to be In pUlon; on-thtf main
drive of Forest park at '8!i5 -'a.vnx.-' It' was.
there to the minute. The divisional guard
were to form In rear of the guarda fifteen
minutes later. Borne regiments were prompt
and otbera frorh fifteen to thirty' minutes
latey All; : however, were ready to movo
long before too appointed time, '
.' . nesflon. ef Preeedtaee.,
While the National Guard were wheeling
Into "line -with the precision bora of long
acquaintance with the tactica over at
Grand and Belle avenues, the sixty-four
' aides of the grand marshal were forming
with careful attention to questlona of
chronology and geography. IV was the In
tention that ba .tides' should. be arranged
In each platoon'-from right to left, and
from the head no the rear of the column. In
the order In which their states ratified the
constitution, or -were admitted Into the
union, or were brganlse'd aa territories.
Lieutenant Stewart Helntielman, Sixth
United . States cavalry, .was tho composite
Instructor In cavalry tactica, chronology
and geography, and It la aafe to say that
throughout, the entire dedication ceremo
nies there wa no more difficult task than
- his. Among the sixty-four aides there were
fifteen general; thirty coHonfls, eight lieu
tenant colonels, tlx majors, two.. captains,
two first lieutenants and one second lieu
tenant, and In all that array of martial
possibilities there were not five who had
any claim -ojt -possibility, to atand above the
foot of. the 'chronological foot of the clasa.
No sooner did the formation begin than
the treuble commenced. The generala of
the 'new western states yielded position to
lieutenants of older commonwealths sorely
ae.rhat their will.
Ten- thirty was the hour set for ths start
end 10 50 It started. Prompt to the minute
Utneral' Corbln gave the word and 100
aerial bombs flew Into the clouds and their
explosion wis,the signal tha,t set the column
into motion. v
Order ( the Parade.
. . "
- . rfjvtacbnient of Ivsl Police.
' President Keoeevelt, Orover Cleveland and
Mr.. Fftojl together In a Carriage.
Member of the Cabinet. Diplomat ' and'
" 'Clark UlKtlWgulshed Visitors in 17
- Oiher Carriages.
, . WashtnKtiin Marine Band.
The Grand Marshal, General Corbln. and
' ,, Hi U welve Aide.
Lieutenant 'Culonl KoUr of the Brlfsh
.. .. ,- '. Army.
Aide JtereenHns; the State and Ttrrl
. '' ' Urie In Clironul ig.cil Order.
,V Major General Uhi and btaff.
. - i DlvUton Staff.
Krnt Megular Drtgttde, i'omnrlslna tha
Kim Battalion Kriglreers, Third In-
-famry and Twentieth Cavalry.'
Sncond br gaie Bmruldrn. L'nd r lirlgnd er
U -i'erl tirent, Cmirl-itng I lie Heinuh
and Twenty-second Intuntry idJ a
Detachment from the Moaltof
il Jfounted Enioneers ' . .
' Klghth and Fourth Cavalry.
Hattallon of Field Artillery. Comprising the
Doij't. sppil your , silver
with poor polish
'oniiini no tciji or injurioui
iagrqdientH 4 Qeans at well at
polulSes,. ; Doeg not cuke ' -
tw.. : "M cka.
Be, April M. IBM.
.. i ' . :; 1
Dainty and pretty little slips and
dresses of white nainsook and lawn, in
all sorts of cunning stylos in sizes up
ta three years.
and armholes , finished with em
At 7Bc of nainsook, yoka of tucks,
finished with narrow embroidery..
Other styles range lo price from SSa
to 15.00 each.
Special, in .short dresses, reduced front
11.25, S1.51 and 11.75 to 75c each.
Sixes are 2 years and I years.
These little dresses are mads of Una
; nainsook, neatly trimmed with lass,
embroidery and hemstitching.
Sixteenth and Douglas Sts
Sixth, Seventh, Blxteenth and Twenty
Major General Koe of New York with His
and ( Jnvrnnr Odell Of New X OrK.
National Guard and Governor of the
Various States in the Following uraer:
New York. Kentucky. Ohio, LoulMana,
Indiana, Illinois, Mlxsourl, Arkansas,
Kansas, Colorado, Utah and
The line of march was west on Llndell
boulevard from Us Intersection- with Grand
avenue, along the main drive to Forest
park, to the entracs to the exposition
rounds, where the column ' baited and
stood at rest while the president and dls
tlnguished guests- alighted from their; car
riage and took their places upon the
reviewing- stand. As soon as all had taken
their places, the waiting soldiers earns
to "attention" and the march began. -The
parade finished at 1:45.
CHIEF RECEIVES GROUNDS
Roosevelt, Cleveland aad . Others
i ' Speak at Formal Dealcatlba
ST. LOUIS, April 30. The doors of the
Liberal Arts building were opened t 1
o'clock and at 2:15. when President Roose
velt entered the building, hs was greeted
by the cheers of 60,000 people.
At 2:25, when the assemtly was called to
order by President Francis, the noise was
so great that his voles, could not be heard
twenty 'feet 'from the rostrum-
He introduced Cardinal -Gibbons, who de
livered .the following Invocation.
Carter Talks of History,
Following the Invocation of the cardinal
United States Senator Thomas H. Carter of
the national commission, who acted as pres
ident of the day, was Introduced. He spoke
as follows; ;
-W-henf the treaty of ceaslon
eluded President Jefferson represented less
tharr ,ogo,0O0 people. Durrftg' these T1 cere
moules President Roosevelt, the executive
of over W.OOO.OU0 freemen, will dedicate
the building. The magical story - of
development puts to shame the creations of
fiction. The contented and prosperous In
habitants of the Louisiana, purchase, today
substantially equal rn number' three times
tne total population or tne united States In
1800. The conquest of space, forests, streams
and deserts and the founding of Cities and
states in wastu places within thla, territory
marks an advance unsurpassed In ths his
tory of human endeavor.
In the name of the nstlonal commission
directed .by .congress- to "provide, for: the
dedication ceremonies.' Ijextend to you all
a cordial welcome, and aa responsive to this
Inspiring scene of peace and generous feel
ing I call upon the chorus te favor, us with
Beethoven's "Creation Hymn."
Fronefa Calls People Frond.
After ths rendition ot "The Heavens Pro
claiming" by ths chorus ot 2,000 voices
David R. Francis, president of the lair as
sociation,, delivered the following address,
presenting the buildings of the fair:
The peophs of the Louisiana purchaae
are proud of their membership in the fed
eral union. They are grateful for the bene
fits .that have owed from a life under the
enduring Institutions formed by the found
ers of the republic. They congratulate their
brethren on the position our country occu
pies among the nations of the earth and
felicitate -themselves on ths part the have
performed toward raising It to It present
prestige and power.
They felt It a patrtotlo duty to fittingly
commemorate the completion of the first
century of their connection with the Ameri
can republic and the rounding out of an Im.
portam epocn in tne lite or the republic.
In the discharge of that duty this exposi
tion was conceived. The inhabitant of
the fourteen states and two territories com
prised within the purchase selected St.
Louis as the scene of the celebration.
The universal exposition of -1V04, when the
date of opening rolls around, one year from
today, will, with Its bulldlnga completed,
Its exhibits installed, be thoroughly pre
pared to receive - tho "millions, of; visitors
who will enter Its gates. ;
The distinguished aasemblags Which hon
ors us with Its presence today can come
rearer forming an adequate conception of
the scope of the' work by personal Inspec
tion than through the writings or Illustra
tions of authors and designers, howeer
great their talent may be.
To tha president of the United ' States, te
the accomplished representatives of for
eign countries, to the chief executives of
the sovereign statea, to the senators and
representatives of the national congress, to
the great concourse ot visitors hers congre
gated, we extend greeting. If you are
pleased with what naa been accomplished,
your approval la abundant reward for the
labor we have performed.
We bear In mind and trust vou do not
I overlook that this celebration la of no state,
oi no section, out ot tne entire country, it
Is our hope and our expectation that every
section and every commonwealth, and In
fact every community, will cherish a pro
prietary interest and lend helpful aid to this
wormy undertaking, to the end that It may
prove as nearly as may be commensurate
with the country and the century whose
achievement and advancement it Is de.
signed to commemorate. -
And now, Mr. President, It la my pleasing
privilege and high honor to present to you
for dedication the buildings of the Loulal
ant Purchaa exposition. May a high stand
ard of cltlaenship and a btader humanity
and the mission of the country whose
worthy reuresentatle vou are he ana.
tained and fostered and promoted by the
uses to which theae atructures are devoted
May the happiness ot mankind be advanced
ana broadened by the lofty purpoeea that
Inspired thla undertaking aad moved our
own and our sister countriea to unite In
us accumpusnnienu .
Lend Cheers Greet President.
At 'the close of President Francis' ad
dress terrific cheers broks to grset Pres!
dent' Roosevelt whoa dedication address
wan as follows:
At the outset of my address let me recall
to the mlnda of my hearera that the soil
upon which we stand, before It waa our,
was successively the possession of two
mighty empires. Spain and France, who
suits made a deathl'aa record of heroism in
the early annala of the new world. No
i history or tne western country can be writ
I ten without paying heed to the wonderful
! part played therein In the early days by
the soldiers, missionaries, explorers and
I traders, who did their work for the honor
I of the proud banners of r ranee snd Castile.
I hue the seiners of t'.ngilsh-speajilng
' stock, and those of Dutch, Uerman anil
I Scandinavian origin who were associated
i with them, were still cllnglna close to tha
eastern seaboard, the plono's of Spain and
, of t-'rance had penetrated deep into th
I hitherto unknown ntldrrne of the weal
I and had wandered far and wide within the
tMiuudurte of what l now our mighty
cvuntrjr. The very cities the in sal v 8 k
Louis. -New Orleans Banta Kel N'jw Mexloo
-bear witness by tm-lr titles tp the na
tionalities of their founders. It 'wn Hot
Until the revolution, bad bfgtln that the
English npftektng settler pushed west
across the Allghenlts. and not until a
century ao tht they entered In to domc
tne land upon wnicn we now stsno.
- One ot Three Great .F.veate.
We have met here todey to commemorate
the hundredth anniversary of the event
which more than any other, after the
foundation of the aovrnmrnt and aiwara
excepting Its preservation, determined the
character of our national life determined
that w fihonld hm a rrat exnancllnaT nAtlnn
Instead of relatively a small and stationary
Of course It wa not with the Lou idana 1
purchase that eur career of expansion be-1
gan. In the middle of the revolutionary
war the Illinois region. Including, the pree-
ent states of Illinois and Indiana, was
added to our domain by force of arm, as
a sequel to the adventurous expedition of
Oeorge Koger ciarae and Ms frontier I
riflemen. Later the. treaties of. Jay and
Plnckney materially extended our real
boundaries to the west. But none of these
events was of so striking a hsrncter as to
fix the popular Imagination. The old thir
teen colonies, had always claimed that their
rights stretched westward to the Missis
sippi, and vague and unreal though these
LianiiD mio u 1 1 til niaua g vuu J j vmii ucb t .
settlement and diplomacy, they still served
to give the Impression that the earliest I
westward movement of our people were
little more than the 'tilling in ot already
existing national boundaries.
But there could be no Illusion about the
acquisition of the vast territory beyond the
Mississippi, atretcning westward to - tne
Pacific, which In that day was known as
Louisiana. Thla Immense region waa ad- I
mlttedly the territory of a foreign power.
of a European kingdom. None of our peo
ple had ever laid claim to a foot of It. Its
acquisition could In no sense be treated aa
rounding out any existing claims. When
we acquired it we. made evident once lor
ail that consciously and of set purpose we
had embarked on a career of expansion,
that we had taken our place among those
aaring and naroy nation wno nan mucn
with the hope and desire of winning high
position among the great powers of the
earth. As is so often the case In nature,
the law of development of a living organ
ism showed Itself In Its actual workings to
he wiser than the wisdom ot the. wisest.
' Expansion Greatest Wark.
This work of expansion was by far the
greatest work of our people during the
yeara that Intervened between the adoption
ot the constitution and the outbreak of the
civil war. There were other questlona of
real moment and Importance, and there
were many which at the time seemed euch
to those engaged In answering them, but
the greatest feat .of our forefathers of those
generations was the deed of two men who.
wun pack train or wagon train .on horse
back, on foot, or by boat upon the waters.
pushed the frontier ever--westward across
Never before hnd the world seen the kind
of national expansion which gave our people
an tnat part or tne American continent
lying west of the thirteen original states;
the greatest landmark in which wrs the
Louisiana purchase. Our triumph In this
process - of expansion -was .induisotubly
bound up with the success ot our peculiar
kind of federal government-and this suc
cess 'has been so complete that because of
Its completeness we now sometimes fall to
appreciate not only the all-Importance but
the tremendous difficulty of the problem
with which our nation was originally faced.
, Forefathers Took Strange Task.
When our forefathers joined to call Into
being this nation they undertook a task for
which there was but little encouraging
precedent. The development of civilization
from the earliest period seemed to show
the truth of two propositions; In the first
place,. It had always proved exceedingly
difficult ' to secure both freedom and
atrength In any government, and In the
second place Itfcad always proved well nigh I
imuoaeioie tor a nation to expand wnnoiu
either breaking up or becoming a central- I
Ised tyranny. With the success of pur effort
union, able to out down disorder at home
" biiuuk uu tuK:imii uniivinu i
and to maintain our honor and Interest
abroad. I have not now to deal. This suc
cess was signal and all-important, but it
waa by no means unorecedented. -lrt ; the
same sense that our type ot expansion was
unprecedented. The history of Rome and of
Greece Illustrates very well the twb types
of expansion which had taken place In
ally accepted as the only possible types up
ncieni time ana wnicn nan been umvera-
to the period when aa a nation we our-
selves began to take possession of this
continent. The Grecian statea performed
remarkable feats of colonization; 'put each
colony as soon- as -created became entirely
Independent of the mother states, and In
after years waa almost as apt to prove Its
enemy ss its friend. Local self-government,
local Independence, was secured, but only
by the absolute sacrifice of anything re
sembling national unity. In consequence,
the Greeft world, for all Its wonderful bril
liancy and the -extraordinary artistic, liter
ary and philosophical development which
has made all mankind its debtors for the
ages, waa yet wholly unable to withstand
a formidable foreign foe, save spaetnoril-
cally. As soon as powerful, permanent
empires arose on Its outskirts the Greek
states In the neighborhood of such empires
fell under their sway. National' power and
Bi rainsa. i,gi tuuiyninif nKiwvw wwi
Rome Overrides All.
With Rome the exact opposite occurred.
The Imperial city rose to absolute dominion
over all the peoples, of Italy and hen ex
panded Its rule over the entire olvlllsed
world by a process which kept the nation
strong ana unitea. out gave no room what
ever for local liberty and aelf-government.
ah otner cures ana countries were suoject
to Rome. In consequence this great and
masterful race of warriors, rulers, road
builders and administrators stamped their
Indelible Impress upon all the after life of
our race, and yet let an over-oentrutixation
eat out the vitals of their empire until It
barbarlans came they destroyed only-what
had already become worthless to the world.
became an empty anen; so tnat when the
X UV HIIUCI Ijr Ills VlUIUUBIICaa UI UQ
of expansion waa plain enough, and the
remedy now seems simple enough. But
when the fathers of the republic first form
ulated the constitution under which we live
this remedy was untried and no one could
foretell how It would work. Thev them
selves began the experiment almost im
mediately by adding new states to the
original thirteen. . Excellent people In the
east viewed this Initial expansion of the
country with great alarm. Exactly as dur
ing the colonial period many good people
In the mother country thought It highly
important that settlers should be kept out
ot tne unio vaney in tne interest or the
fur companies, so after we had become a
nation many good people on the Atlantic
coast felt grave apprehension lest thev
might somehow be hurt by the westward
growth of the nation. Theae good people
shook their heads over the formation of
atates in the fertile Ohio valley which now
forms part or the heart or our nation and
they declared that the destruction of the
republic had been accomplished when
through the Louisiana purchase we ac
quired nearly half of what la now that
same republic's present territory. Neither
was their reeling unnatural, 'inly the ad
venturous and the far-seeing can be ex
Tw-eted heartllv to welcome tha nrneeaa of
AwnBv.lAn thn P.tfnn V. a a v . . A
a nation wnicn la entering upon a great
career, and with greatness there must of
necessity come perils which daunt all save
th most stout neartea.
Wilderness Becomes States.
Wi expanded by carving "the wilderness
Into territories and out of these territories
building new states when once they had
received as permanent settlers a sufficient
number of our own people. Being a prac
tical nation, we have never tried to force
on anv section of our new territory an un
suitable form ot government merely be
cause It was suitable for another aectton
under different condition pf the territory
covered by the Louisiana purchase a por
tion was given siaieaoua witnin a few
years. Another portion has not been ad
mitted to statehood, although a century
has elapsed although doubtless it soon will
be. In each case we showed the practical
government-.! genius of our race by devising
metnoos suuaoie to meet tne actual exist
ing needs; not by Insisting upon the ap
plication OI tome ausiiaci sniuDojetn to a!i
ur new poesnlon alike, no matter how
Incongruous thla application might some
Over by fsr the major part of the terri
tory, however our people spread In euch
numbers during the course of ths nineteenth
century that we were able to build un
stats after state, each with exactly the
Sam complete local inaepenaence In all
matter affecting purely lta own domeatto
Interest a In any of the original thirteen
tate each omlng the aame absolute fealty
to the union of all the slates which each
of the original thirteen statea a Lao owe
and finally each having th same propor
tional right to it share In shaping and
directing the common policy of the union
which ia posseweo oy any other state,
whether of the original thirteen or not.
Process Katnral Order. '
Thl process now seems to us part of th
natural order c things, but It was wholly
unknown until our own people devised it.
It eema to us a mere matter ot courae. a
matter ot elementary right and luetic, that
In th deliberation of the national repre
sentative bodlra the representative of a
stati which cam Into the union but ye
t.r.iuv aland on a footing of exact and en
tire equality with thus of the common
wealth whoae oms ouc signed the Iieclar
ation of Independence,' luit this may of
luuklng at the natter is purely modern,
DAILY ME: '.FRIDAY,
and In tt or lulu purely American. AVh-n
Washington during hinj presidency sew
new states come Into the union on a footing
of complete equality with the old every
Kuronean -ntttlm mhlrh hud colonies still
administered them as dependencies, and
every other mother country treated the
colonist not aa a self-governing equal but
as a subject.
The . process which we began has since
been followed by all the great people who
were capable both of expansion and of self
government, and now-the world accepts It
a the natural pfores. a the rule; but a
century eno a quarter ago it waa not
merely exceptional: It waa unknown.
This, tnen. la the great historic signm-
cance of the movement of continental ex
pansion In which tho- Iiulslana purchase
wa tne most strlk na slnale arnievement
It stand out in marked relief even among
the feat or a nation of pioneer, a nation
whose people have from the beginning been
picked out by a process of natural selection
from among the most enterprising Indl-
vlduals of In nations of western h-urope.
i ne arqunniion or tne territory is i reou
to the broad and far-sighted statesmanship
of the great statesmen to whom It woa
Immediately ue arm aoovs all to tne ag-
greKSive1- and masterful character of the
hardy pioneer folk to whose restless energy
these statesmen gave expression and direc
tion, whom they followed rather than led.
The history of the land comprised within
the limits of the purchase Is an epitome
of the entire hlstorv of our people. Within
these limits we have gradually built up
state after state until now they many
times over surpass In wealth. In population
and In many-aided development the original
tnirteen states as they were wnen ineir
delegates met In the continental congress.
The people of these states have shown
themselves mighty In war with their fellow
man and mighty In strength to tame the
ruased wlldorness. Thev could not thus
have conquered the. forest and the prairie,
the mountain and the desert, had they not
possessed the great fighting virtues, the
qualities . which enable a people to over
come the forces o( hostile men and hostile
nature, un tne other hand, tney couia not
have used aright their conquest had they
not in addition possessed the qualities of
self-mnstery and self-restraint, the power
of acting in combination with their fellowa,
the power of yielding obedience to the law
nd of building up an orderly civilisation.
Courage ,and hardihood are Indispensable
virtues In a people, but ths people which
possesses no others can never rise high in
the scale f ither of power or of culture.
Great peoples- must have hi addition the
governmental capacity wnicn cornea oniy
when Individuals fully recognise their
duties to' one another and to ths whole
bodv oolitic, and re able to loin together
In feats of constructive statesmanship and
of honest and effective administration..
Pioneer Vlrtaea Btlll Needed.
The old nioneer Ssvi are gone, with their
roughness and their hardship, their Incredi
ble toll and their wild half-aavage romance.
But the need for the pioneer virtues re
malna the earn .as ever. The peculiar
frontier conditions have vanished, but the
manliness and stalwart hardihood of the
frontiersmen can be given even freer scop
under the conditions surrounding the com
plex industrialism of the present day. In
thla great region acoulred ror our people
under .the presidency of Jefferson, this
region stretching from, the gulf to the
Canadian border, from the Mississippi to
the Rockies, the material and social prog
ress has been so vast that alike for wnl
and for woe its people now share the op
portunities and bear tne ouraena common
to the entire civilised world. The problems
before ua are fundamentally the same east
and west ot the Mississippi, in the new
states and In the Old. and exactly the same
qualities are required tor their succeasful
We meet Tier today to commemorate a
great event, an event which marks an era
in statesmanship no less than In pioneer
ing. It is fitting that we should pay our
homage In words, but we must lir honor
make our words good by deeds. We have
every right to take a just pride in the great
deeds of our forefathers, but we show our
.eivs unworthy to be their descendants li
w make wnat lhey did an excuse for our
iyg ,Uplne Instead of an incentive to the
effort to show ourselves by our acts wortny
of them, in the ..administration or city,
state and nation in tha management of our
nome lire ana tne conauci oi our ousinesa
and social relations,' we are bound to show
certain high and fine qualities of character
under penalty of -seeing the whole heart of
our civilisation eaten, out while the body
We Justly pride- ourselves on our marvel
ous material firosptrJty, and such pros-
perlty must ex!sTln order to estubllHh a
iounaauon upon wnicn a iugner me tkii
be. built; -ibut -antes -we do In Very fact
build this higher Ji to thereon the tnaterlal
pr6sperlty Itself will go for but very little.
Now, 4a 1903, l the' altered conditions', we
must -meet theckarMed-and changing prob
lems with the spirit shown by the men who
In 1803 and in the subsequent years gained,
explored; conquered and settled thla vast
territory; then a -desert, now filled with
thriving and populous states, . -The
old davs were great because the men
who lived in tnem had mignty qualities,
and we must moke the new days great by
ghowlng these unit, qualities. Wejnustln-
Kt upon courage and resolution, upon
hardihood", " tenacity and fertility In re-
source; -we must Insist Upon the"" strong
virile virtues, and ve must Insist no less
upon the virtues of . self-restraint, . self-
rnasteVy, regard for the right of others;
we must show our aDnorrence or cruelty
brutality and corruption, In public and In
private life alike. . If we come short in any
of these qualities we shall measurably fall;
and If. aa I believe' we surely shall, we
develop- these qualities In the future to an
even -greater -degree than in the past, then
In the century now beginning we shall
make this republic the freest and most
orderly, -the most just and most mighty.
nation which has ever come lonn irom tne
i " k .V!
womt of um
Cleveland Renews Prophesy.
Following the president's' address
chorus rendered "Unfold Ye Portals."
'Senator Carter then Introduced ex-Preal-
I dent Grjtver Cleveland, who spoke In part
I niin... 4 - -
Th ' lmnresslve'ness of this occasion Is
greatly enhanced by reason of an atmos
phere of prophecy's fulfillment which sur
rounds It. The treaty whose completion we
commemorate today was Itself a prophecy
of- our youthful -nation's mighty growth.
At Its birth prophets in waiting joyously
foretold the happiness which its future
promised. He who was the chief actor for
tha - lintted State In It negotiation, as
h algned the perfected instrument, thus
declared its errect and lar reacnina conse
quences: "The instrument which we have
Just signed prepares sges of happiness for
innumerable generations. The Mississippi
and the Missouri will see them succeed one
""other In' the bosom of equality under
Juat lawa, freed from the errors of super
stitlnn and ths scourges of bad govern
men t ."
Our prophets do not live forever. They
are not here to see how stupendously the
nvth of the American nation, on the do
main newly acquired In their day, have
during a short century, outrun their antici
pation and predictions.
a imoar wirnin me limit oi ma ivrniury
gained by the Louisiana purchase, w have
already carved u- weiva great states,
I nanta ere even now loudly clamoring for
leaving atlll a large resiaue. num occu-
I meu i n.yju
occupied this domain In 1M3. It now con
tains 15,000.000 Americans, constituting
akout one-fifth of the population of all our
atates. and these are contesting ier premier-
ahin in wealth ana material iucm, wun
the oldest of our states, and are their
equals in every phrase of advanced Intelli
gence ana reinea civuiai"".
The atates which composed the union
When its 'possessions were so great ly ex
imnAmA have Mnce that time seen the cen
ter of the nation's population carried more
than eoo miles westwara.
Importance Deles Measare
Tho annrema importance ot the Louisiana
purchase cannot be better characterised
than In tne language ot a unimm mtii
The annexation of Louisiana wa an
an nortentoua a to defy measure
roent. it gave a new face to politics, and
ranked In historical Importance next to
the Declaration of Independence and the
adoption of the constitution event of
which It was the logical outcome.
a matter OI diplomacy, it w unparaueicu
r.canaa It coat almost nothing."
How fitting on every ground It Is that
the centennial of this stupendous event
should be Joyously and appropriately cele
brated, and that It should be ceieDraiea
here In the most populous of the states
' drink V," ,
ft Mires V 1
I Itootbccr )i
, I The graateat eprtnit tonic. ,JT '
1 iwmtiuknllvi. i 1
' V " ovarywbfr.. f 1
t . ot by nail tut Meant. I
If rsaSLiat. ( If.
iiiii i ' "' ' I' "-"V " 1
MAY 1. 1003.
created from th territory which the Tunis
ians putrhsse gave u. Every feature of
our celebration should remind tts that we
memfrsllse a peaceful acquisition Imme
diately of territory for truly American uses,
and we should rejoice not only bersuse this
acquisition Immediately gave peace and
contentment to thm spirited and deter
mined American settlers who demanded
an outlet of trade to the sea. but also
because It provided iTomcs and means of
livelihood for the millions of new Ameri
cans, whose coming tresd fell upon the
ears of the expectant fathers of the re
public, snd whose stout hearts and brawny
arms wrought the miracles which our cele
bration should Interpret.
W are here to dedicate beautiful and
ststely edifices, but an we do this, let u
remember that the soil whereon we stand
was a century ago dedicated to the genius
of American Industry and thrift. For every
reason, nothing could be more appropriate
ns an Important part of the centennial com
memoration we have undertaken, than the
gathering on this spot of the things that
are characteristic of American effort, and
which tell the story of American achieve
ment; and how happily will this be supple
mented and crowned bv the generous,
magnanimous nnd instructive contributions
from other and older lands, which, standing
side bv side with our exhibits, shall mani
fest the high and friendly regard our re
public has gained among the government
of the earth.
ltecalls Past Incidents.
I cannot, however, rid myself of the feel
ing that the Inspiration attending such an
exposition may be anticipated, if on this
dedicatory occasion we promote appropriate
reflections by a retrospection of some of
the Incidents which accompanied the event
we celebrate. ,
We all know that long before the treat
of 103 our government nad a keen appre
ciation of the Importance of an arrange
ment permitting products to be exported
by the Mississippi. This need of our set
tlers had been met In a limited and not
altogether secure manner by a treaty with
Spain. This privilege wa entirely with
drawn In October 1S02 tire territory having
been In the meantime transferred to France.
Tha situation thus created was extremely
delicate. There was presented on the one
hand the Injury to western settlers through
the loss of their trading outlet, and on the
other the perplexing question of affording
them relief by means of diplomatic agree
ment, or by some other methods. The
abandonment of our settlers waa, of course,
not contemplated. It soon became appar
ent that delay did not suit the temper of
Americans cnanng under a sense oi wrong.
President Jefferson wrote to a friend In
February, 1803: "Our circumstances are so
Imperious ss to admit of no delsy. We
cannot hesitate one moment to hazard our
existence for Its maintenance. He ap
pointed an additional envoy to co-operate
with our representative already at the
French capital. In an attempt to obtain a
concession that would cure the difficulty.
Another Incident which we may recall
with profit grew out of the conduct of the
president When thu treaty naa been re
turned to him for ratification. He was
originally quite firm in his belief that the
constitution as It stood did not authorise
such an extension of our limits by purchase,
P.ut not daring to risk the delay of an
amendment to the constitution prior lo
final action, he proposed reconciling con
sistency with duty by procuring a con
firmation of the treaty by the senate and
compassing Its ' unquestionable validation
by a subsequent constitutional amendment.
May Think Highly of Scruple.
In view of the conclusive settlement sines
that time of this constitutional question
against Mr. Jefferson's original opinion,
and considering that we have since Im
mensely Increased our area by the acquisi
tion of distant islands, we may be Inclined
to think lightly of President Jefferson's
There were wise men near our president
In 1803 who differed with him, and ttuse
men did not fall to make known their dis
sent. Moreover, in the senate, to which the
treaty was submltud tor confirmation,
there was an able discussion of lis cm
stlutlonal validity and effectiveness. The
Judgment of that body was emphatically
declared, when out ot thirty-one voti s
twenty-four were cast In favor of con
firmation. An amendment to ths constitu
tion was afterward presented to congress,
but Its first appearance was Its last.
Thomas Jefferson never furnished better
evidence of his greatness than when, just
before the submission of the treaty to the
senate, he wrote lo a senator who differed
"I oonfess that I think It Important to
set an example against broad construction
by appealing for new power to the people,
if. however, our friends shall think differ
ently, certainly I shall acquiesce and w.ll
correct ' the evil of construction when It
shall produce 111 effects." r
we aro giad jerrerson was wrong, and
glad he was liberal-minded enough to see
he might be wrong. Yet may we not
profitably pause long enough to contrast
tne caret ui ana reverent manner in which
the restrictions of our fundamental law
were scrutinised a hundred years ago. with
the tendency often seen In Inter times to
flippantly attempt the adjustment of our
constitution to the purposes ot interest and
We are all proud of our American cltt.
senshlp. Let us leave this place with th-s
feeling stimulated by the sentiment born
of the occasion. Let us appreciate more
keenly than ever how vitally necessary It
la to our country's weal that everyone
Within Its citizenship should be rl.an-
mlnded In political aim and aspiration, sin
cere and honest in his conception of our
oountry's mission and aroused to higher
ana mora responsive patriotism Dy toe te.
flection that it is a solemn thing to belong
to a people favored of God.
The exercises were closed by the bene
dict. on pronounced by Bishop Potter of
THOUSANDS SEE FIREWORKS
President' Delay Keeps Crowd Walt
Ins;, bat Nona g-eeans to
Mind. , !
6T. LOUIS, April 80. Thousands of
people occupied an Immense grand stand
near the Administration building during
th evening to witness the display of tire-
works and waited patiently during an un
avoidable delay for the president. When
Mr. Roosevelt at length appeared be was
greeted by a great battery of fifteen-inch
aereal moons, which were released with a
For nearly two hours the night was made.
brilliant with yarl-colored lights framed In
appropriate devices. Tbe spectacle closed
with tha printing on letters ot fir of tbe
words "Farewell Until 1904."
Tbe Chinese ambassador was an espeel
ally pleased spectator. President Roose
velt remained for some time before leaving
for his train and resuming bis journey
WEST POINT, Neb.. April SO. (8peclal.)
News wss received in this city yestsrday
of tha death at Spencer, Neb., of George
Loock, formerly of this place. Deceased
was 61 years of age and died ot dropsy,
Hs leaves a wife and numerous chlldrsa.
H was a brother-in-law of Robert P.
Kloke, president of the Nebrsska State bank
In this plsce, and an uncle of Sheriff Kloke
of this county. He leaves a valuable estate
In lands and propsrty In Boyd county.
ST. PETERSBURG, April 80. Paul Du
chatllu, the American author and explorer.
who was stricken with partial paralysis
yesterday, died at midnight. A brother of
Vsreslcbagln, the Russian painter, will ar
range for the burial of the body In the Lit
terateur's cemetery, If It Is desired that
ths Interment tske place here.
Chasaherlnln's toanneh and Liver
Tablets Aro Jest What Yon Need
Wbsn you feel dull after eating.
When you bar no appetite.
When you have a bad taste In your mouth
When your liver Is torpid.
When your bowels are constipated.
When you have a headache. 1
When you feel bilious.
They will Improve your appetite, cleans
and Invigorate your stomach and regulate
your liver and bowels. Price 15 cents per
Eminent Scientist Meet.
LKXINCITON. Ky., April SO. The ninth
annual mrettng of the International
Laryngological, TthlnolngU-al and Otologics!
socltity convened here today with sciential
and pnyslclana from all over America, and
some from England tresnl. The conven
tion wa called to order by President J. A.
Btuckey ot this city. The reading ot paper
aad disc ussl via commenced lu 'ay.
CANADIAN LINES GET BUSY
Hill's Northern Neighbor Inoline to Become
TRAFFIC ON BOTH SIDES THE BOUNDARY
Northern Secarltles to Have Vigor.
on Competition In Territory It
Now Looks t nen as It
NEW YORK, April SO. (Special.) It gp
pears that the plans of Canadian Pacific
are a great desl more far-reaching than
has been anticipated. Th officials of that
road do not hesitate to express themselves
In strong language when talking of the
present relations between their system and
the roads owned by the Northern Securities
An official here says: "I cannot repeat
too often the fact that we are not going
to enter upon any aggresslv Invasion of
tbe territory now occupied by other lines,
but you may take It for granted, once for
all, that it the Great Northern and North
ern Paclfio pursue their present policy with
regard to the boundary territory very much
further, they will, get reply from the
Canadian Pacific that will open their eyes.
There are surveying corps In th psy of
the Canadian Pacific now In the field be
tween Spokane and the Canadian boundary
and Seattle and Vancouver. That Is the
shape that our reply, will take to Mr.
Hill's Invasion of lower British Columbia by
means of tbe Great Northern lines. More
over, unless this thing rtops very soon,
Soo line surveyor will go clear through
to the, coast."
Shnnghnessy Aarnlnst Hill.
There is no necessity to make deduc
tions from these remarks. They csrry their
meaning on 'the surface. It transpires also
that Mr. Hill has In ths president of the
Canailles Pacific a bitter opponent. Sir
Thomas ShaughntsSy does not share with
Lord Strathcona and Mr. Hosmer their
sympathy with the plans and ambitions
of Mr. Hill, v Mr. Shaughnessy Is Irish, and
Is apt to say what he thinks regardless of
consequences. -He openely expressed his
pleasure at the recent defeat of the North
ern Securities company, and be does not
hesitate to say that he Is going to look
after the rights of the Canadian Paclfio.
both In British Columbia and elsewhere.
It li significant that President Lowry of
the Soo line has recently been doing con
siderable talking about some small lines
that are being surveyed for his road due
west Into North Dakota. It Is quite pos
slble that one of these lines, Instead of
being merely a local feeder. Is Intended
ultimately to become a new trunk line of
the Pacific. Mr. Lowry Is quoted as saying
that he believes there Is lots of room In
North Dakota for local lines between tho
lines of the Northern Securities company.
and If there Is room for Iocs! lines there
Is certainly room for a trunk line. The
consciousness ot the fsrt that Mr. Hill
Intends to perpetuate Northern Securities
In one form or another. In spite of the
bitter opposition of the public la bis terri
tory, creates a magnificent opportunity for
such a. new trunk line. From the outset
it will be backed by the public It would
be as essentially an American road as Is
the Soo line, or at was tbe Great Northern,
which was built in great part by English
capital. ; '
Canadlnn Paclflo Affair. ,
At present the Canadian Pacific councils
In.. Montreal. are somewhat divided.- Presi
dent Shaughnessy Is for, Immediate action.
Senator Cox and Mr. Hosmer and the Bank
of Montreal are opposed to anything ag
gressive at tha present time. The -Interests
of the two former are pretty closely
wrapped up with Mr. Hill' enterprises.
although Mr, Hosmer states that he sold
his last ha,re of Northern Securities about
half an hour before the adverse decision
was rendered at St. Paul. The same lines
separate the directors' on the dividend
question. Those who oppose aggression
are In favor of an Increased dividend,
while 'those who favor It oppose any In
crease on the ground that the company
can use the money to better advantage.
The dividend meeting comes In May, gnd
has gained new importance on acoount of
this division. It Is believed In Canadian
Pacific circles here that Sir Thomas
Shaughnessy and his friends will be able
to carry every point and dictate tbe policy
or the company. Mr. Shaughnessy votes
the proxies of nearly all the debenture
stockholders, and has tbe confidence of bis
people, to tha most remarkable degree.
ROCK ISLAND MOVES FORCES
Passenser Aceats ot Rood Aro Moved
. Abont fron On Point to
CHICAGO. April SO. The passenger de
partment ef tbe Rock Island Is agitated by
a considerable shake up affecting many of
mi important city agencies in various
portions of the country. Among the tour
changes and promotions decided upon today
was Hal 8. Bay, to be transferred from
Denver to St. Louts as general agent of the
Other changes ar to be made and at
least one Important appointment before
Oeneral Passenger Agent Sebastian con
cludes the rearrangement of his tores.
Methodist Bishops Meet.
MKADVILLK. Pa.. Anrll 30.-Th eml
annual assemblage of the bishop of the
Mint M, ISftt.
Flaaaa aaaS te ta aaeloaa ad-traea s sampl
bottle ef tha Ktfcer-llnff Cure tor aenauinplloa.
I b. trie It lar sathma aa am tra Iran K
lor the Srwt tlm la aevan years. ot
know bow te thaak jo eaovKa.
SARAH at. HOTT.
Ho Ml g. Taema St.. Lo Ang.Ua. CaL
TWBLVB HVNDHKD Mora tcatlmoalala Ilk
tk abate, together with full Satan ot aoel
tle eurea. ea be aa at Baata Drug Ca.
Thoaa l.M laatlmealala ahee- mora fonula
ea voluntary evldeneee of ewrea of rhroelo
eaees of ASTHMA. BRONCHITIS. CATARRH
aa roNSUMPTIOM tha all other ao-calle
"era" ah la the eatlre history of their
FOR IALI AT
BEATON DRUG CO..
Ifth and Pinnm.
free mail, tnald, ky ado
dressing? th Hlher Urn Co., 100
tVlUlona at New York City.
i m m
urn your eld
books Into money.
Telephone B 1167
and our rpra
tstlve will call.
"Ye Old Uooke Shop,"
ill TARNAM BT.
Methodist church f the world Is In session
here Among the bls-hops In sttendanoe are
Henrr W. Warren of Ienver; Barl Crans-
ton. tacoma; C C. Mcfabe. Omaha: J. W.
Hamilton. Sn Francisco. MIsMonarv
bishops: Jamo Thoburn. India; K. .
Hartiell, Africa; Frank VV. Warns. India;
David H. Moore. Peking. The sessions lat
until Monday and will be prlvte.
Find Comfort In Cuticura Soap
When All Other Remedies and
Instant relief and refreshing sleep
for skin-tortured babies god rest for
tired, worried mothers la warm bath
with Cuticura Soap, gnd gentle anoint
ings with Cntlcnra Ointment, purest of
emollient skin cures, to be followed ia
severe cases by mild doses of Cuticura
Resolvent. This U the purest, sweet
est, most speedy, permtoent and eco
nomical treatment for torturlnp. dis
figuring, Itching, burning, MiuOIng,
ecsly, crusted nd pimply skin mi-l scalp
humours, with loss of holr. of Infants
gnd children, as well as rIuIi, and is
sum to succeed when all other remedies
and tbe best physicians fall.
Tbe affonlxlng itching snd burning
of the skin, as in eczema the frightful
scaling, as In psoriasis t tha loss of hair
and crusting of the scalp, as in stalled
head; tha facial disfigurement, a in
one and ringworm s. the awf cl suffer
ing of infants, and anile tv of worn-out
parents, a In milk crust, tetter and
salt rheum, all demand a remedy of '
almost superhuman Tlrtnes to success
fully cope with them. That Cuticura
Soap, Ointment and Resolvent are such
stands proven beyond all doubt. No
statement Is made regarding them that
is not Justified by tbe strongest evi
dence. The purity and sweetness, ths
power to afford Immediate relief, the
certainty of speedy and permanent
cure, the absolute salety and great
economy have made them the standard
akin cures and humour remedies of the
SeM Ihrmif Snol th. wort. Cell earn Rami!. SV r
Mm ef ChoroUn l ow4 PtlU. Si. ar ilal ef SeV OMit
SV., Srwe, Ifla. Iaent, lyoadon, ST Chartrho.e
ra t r.rt.. line a. M r.ixi nasion. i-v vwamoae are,
Pelier Dreg a Chem. Corp, Sola rroorietoi.
ST Sea fee Bev to Cor Ski Tortaiea,nebl.
Reserved Seat Tickets
May Musical festival
May 7, 8, 9 and 15,
Slxt Performances $3.50 ,;.
r ' u i 1 1 i i n "' i ' 't
Ua7,8, 9 -Two Ltatinets
Chicago Symphony Orchestra nnd
Chicago's Leading Quartette.
May Festival unoir ononis or im)
Tolces. 'f . J. Kelly, Director,
(lav 15 Ona Performance
Full N. T. Metropolitan Orchestra.
T. 8. Dubs, Director.
Lillian Nordlca and Edouard DeRosxke.
TICKUTS AT ,
II. J. Penfcid Co.,
1408 Far nam.
w- a nr.
Fridav & Saturdav. . -
MAY 1 AND 2
THAT JACK BUILT
Under the auspices of the
200 School Children' in
PRICES 25c, 50c, 76c, SI
BOYD'S 1 SUMMER
OPENING SUNDAY MATINEE.
First Half ot Wek
"HEART AND 8WOBD.
Last Half, Opening Thursdsy
"A YOUNG- WIFE."
Prices Matinee. lc. any seat;, aluht.
l9c, lie, 2bc. Seats on sal today.
TELEPHONE. HS1. '
Matlace Thur.. Sat.. Bua.. 1:15 Every
Nlsrbt. 1:16. -4
HIGH CLASS VAUDEVILLE .
Rsrmond sad Crlr. Klncsley snd
Lewis. Hsrss sad Healy, Montrell. Preach
Bros., tbe F)lle snd th Klnodrome.
PRICES 10c. 2be. toe. ,
Bring tbe ladies over
afteMhft heater. They're
ure to be " delighted
M 8. 17th St., Be ttldg.
Yottr theater party will
be delighted with otir
chef, who is an artist in
his line. .
Iiresnea Lams t nope.-.
.resit ttMif sslaa....
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