Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 24, 1903, Page 6, Image 6

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Tins Omaiia Daily Bee
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Twentieth Century Karmer, On Year.. 1.0)
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Jjaily Boa (Including Sunday), per week..lio
ttunuay Bee, per -opy
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Evening Be (Including ' Sunday), par "
Complaint of Irregularltlea In delivery
hould be addreaaed to Cli Circulation De
partment. OFFICES.
Omaha The Bee Building.
South Omaha City Hall Uulldlng. Twen-.ty-nfth
and M hUreeta.
Council Bluffs in Pearl Street.
Chicago 1M Unity Building.
, New York S02H Park Row Uulldlng.
Washington 601 Fourteenth Street.
Communication relating to news and edi
torial matter ahonld lie addreaaed: Omaha
iiee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or poatal order,
payable to The Bee Pubi'-hlng Company,
only 2-rent atampa accepted In payment or
mall accounta. Peraunaf check, except on
Umaha or eaatern exchanger, not accepted.
tate of Nebraska. Douglaa County, ss.:
George B. Tzschuck, secretary of ine Bee
Pulillahlng Company, being uuly w0'nr
eaya that the actual number ol full ana
complete cople of The Dally. Morning,
tvcnlng and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of March. lSOS. waa aa ioow
1 211,815
i 81,010
I ..31,730
1 31,020
ai.OIMI ,
I 31, (MW
1 2O.170
' :1,IOO
14 Sl,UOO
ii ai.Too
li 31,70
1 81.7&0
14 81.7K
li XU.ffUO
U 3J.S4U
X7 31,T04
j9 31, UNO
20. i! 31,4tf4
11 31.BOO
jl SIU.U1U
2i 8-480
n 81.H40
to.. 81,Rlt
2 31,740
27 81.770
2 81,4470
JO 31.4MO
Lean unaold and returned copies... 1Q.4
Net total sales tM.14
Net Average kale 30,Wo
Subscrlbed In my presence and tiworn to
before me this Slat day of March. A. D.,
Uui. " M. B. H UNGATE,
; (Seal.) Notary public.
The gruvest strike of the season U the
strike of the grave diggers at Montreal.
When a republican masquerades as .1
populist to decoy populists you may put
hliu down as an Impostor.
Erastus Boomer Beuson should change
his name to Joseph' while he Is sporting
that political coat of many colors.
The late J. Sterling Morton must now
have a monument to. his memory grow
ing in every school yard in Nebraska.
Keep your eye on . the-city council.
The corporations would like to have the
next council filled, with as pliant; tools
as the present council.
,; Howell's part' In 'the passage of" the
vestibule bill was the old, old story
voting for It la the senate aUil .then
working to kill It In the h6use.; ...--
If the members of tho Illinois-legisla
ture do not behave themselves better on
the floor, they are' likely to get In as
great disrepute as some members of the
United States senate.
Boomer Benson has still to point to
the business he has successfully carried
through that would entitle him to claim
support as the only successful business
man running for mayor.
After all his free advertising Lleuten
ant Governor Lee of Missouri will have
to give up some sensational testimony
when he appears before the grand jury
or be put down in the disappointment
Mayor Moores never hes.tated to veto
any ordinance or resolution that Invaded
the rights of the common people for the
benefit of the corporations. -That's an
other' reason why the corporations are
all against him. . ,
The refusal of the anthracite . coal
combine to recognize the Jurisdiction of
the Interstate Commerce commission in
its investigation of complaints under the
anti-trust' law Indicates that the coal
barons are aching for another knock
down. The United States minister Is cred
ited by the president of Gtiutemala with
having prevented u war between that
country and Salvador. Whether the
Intervention was really of benefit to the
two countries thus deprived of the bel
ligerent diversions to which they are
accustomed may be oien to question.
President Parry of the National Man
ufacturers' assoclutlou seems to be ap
prehensive that inedtlliug jKjli tli'lana may
destroy America's industrial supremacy
by giving too much encouragement to
wage workers and labor organizations.
Mr. Tarry need have no fear. The su
premacy of American -iudustry rests on
the superiority of American labor.
In his secretary's report to the Na
tional. Muulciiuil league on the year's
progress, Ciiutou ltogers Woodruff calls
special attention to the remarkable prog
,vss made by the movement for luuuici
atfil swaershlp of public service utilities.
Signs of awakeulug public sentiment are
visible In cities lu all parts of the coun
try and every up-to-date municipality Is
keeping abreust' with the popular de
mand. "'.'."'"'
If Judge Ioane Is quoted rightly by
the democratic organ : he has suddenly
become a rantaukerous itaitisan, but if
Judge, Ikane Is not suffering from' a
laps of memory he will p'robably ret-all
the. fact that he has never held an ottU-e
to which he was not elected by repub
licans. He was elected by republican
a member of the state senate and he
was elected by republican a Judge of
the district court. . .
prumutixo awD n ill.
The present (.Senium minister to the
I'ultcd Htatos could perform no better
aervlce for his couutry than In promot
ing good will tK'tween the two nations
and this lie is exerting himself to do In
a wsy that ought to be effective. 'In his
public utteiantvs since be came here
Ha roil Sternburg has shown a most In
telligent appreciation of the relations
ix-tween Oermauy and the United States
and of the place of each In the great
work of civilization. He recognizes the
fact that they are and must continue to
be commercial rivals, but he sees no
reason why this should Interfere with
their friendship. .
In his latest utterance the German
minister, sold that the two nations, In
worVIng out their great problems, should
use all their 'power to foster a clearer
understanding between their people.
"This is the surest safeguard against
future friction. You already understand
15,000,000 of us as well as you under
stand- yourselves: they have become
your kin. I hope the day will come
when you will understand all of us
just as well." There is no doubt that
the very large majority of Americans
will regard this In the spirit In whlch
It was said, for unquestionably only a
very small proportion of our people have
any real unfriendliness toward Ger
many. It Is true there have been some
horsh things said of us by German
liewspnpers and a few public men, and
we have reason to complain of German
policy regarding us commercially, yet
there Is abundant reason to believe that
as a nation Germany most earnestly de
sires the friendship of this country.
Baron Sternburg Is to be heartily com
mended for his efforts .to promote good
will between the countries and they
should have the desired effect.
A new administration 'was recently
inaugurated in Philadelphia and already
It has entered upon a work of municipal
renovation and reform with a vigor that
is carrying dismay-te. evil, doers and
promises in a brief time to make that
one of the most moral communities in
the laud. Mayor Weaver was elected
on a platform pledging reform ond he
seems to have the courage to carry out
the pledge. The director of public
safety announces that In, future the
police of the city will conduct a vig
orous warfare against gambling and
speak-easles. It being the intention of
th? administration to tvipe out every
gambling place and all unlawful drink
ing resorts. The crusade has been
started and the director declares that
it will be maintained throughout the
four years of the administration. '
There is In this a very strong reflec
tion upon the course and policy of the
preceding administration, but it Is a fact
that conditions had reached a very bad
stage In the City of Brotherly Love,
making a most. urgent demand for1 a
radical change. For the past year or
two some of the newspapers of that city
have been denouncing in unmeasured
terms the laxity of the municipal ad
ministration In enforcing the laws
against criminal practices, which stead
ily grew ln volume" and boldness. Their
efforts - to have conditions Improve!,
however, were without effect upon the
men In', control of affairs. Now there
Is good' assurance that -the moral char
ncter of Philadelphia will be Improved.
The new administration renllzes that
the task Is. not a simple nor easy, one
and that the work cannot be accom
plished in a day, but it has entered
upon it with, an cggresslveness and
evident determination that cannot fail
to have good results. Good citizens
everywhere will wish it the fullest suc
cess. . '
The inquiry that has beea instituted
by the Interstate Commerce-commission
into the alleged' anthracite coal trust
should be pushed to 'the farthest limit
of. the commission' authority... This Is
a matter In which the people of the
greater part of the country are con
cerned and there Is a. general desire that
it shall be thoroughly Investigated.
There is a common belief, founded upon
what seems to be very strong evidence,
that there Is a combination between the
anthracite coal-carrying roads which
violates both the anti-trust law and the
Interstate commerce act. There seems
to be not a reasonable doubt that these
roads have at least an understanding or
agreement, on the community of Inter
est plan, which makes them amenable
to the anti-trust law. There are nine
roads Involved.
Among the allegations It Is stated that
the Reading company holds control of
the Philadelphia &. Reading railway and
of the Central Railroad of New Jersey,
and It is contended that these are paral
lel and competing lines. It Is also de
clared that the coal-carrying roads hnve
combination that Is, worked through
the Temple Coal and Iron company,
which fixes' the price of anthracite .at
tidewater and effects a division of the
traffic between the different lines to the
suppression of all competition. The spe
cific complaints before the commission.
to which It may confine its inquiry, are
that the roads charge unreasonable
rates, that they discriminate In favor of
the bituminous against the anthracite
coal companies and that they have con
trived In violation of the anti-pooling
section of the Interstate commerce act
to discriminate against the Independent
coal mining companies in favor of the
companies controlled by. the railroads.
It is furthermore charged that the con
tracts between the railroads show the
creation of a monopoly, since they prac
tically control the output as well as the
transportation of coal.
The scope of the commission's investi
gation has not been defined,, but proba
bly It will not go beyond the allegations
of a violation of the Interstate com
merce law.- There may be develop
ments, however, which will warrant the
federal authorities in instituting pro
ceedings under the anti trust law. If It
shot i Id be shown, for Instance, that the
Heading company holds control of com
peting lines there would be presented a
case for the application of the Sherman
act of 1S!K).
It was of course expected t bat the
railroads would put every possible ob
stacle In the way of the Investigation,
their first move In this direction being
the refusal to produce their private con
tracts, thereby requiring the submission
of the question of Jurisdiction to the
United States circuit court This means
delay, it being manifestly of prime Im
portance to the Investigation that the
commission shall have the contracts. If
there are any written ogreements. A
course of obstruction on the part of the
railroads will only serve to strengthen
the common conviction that they are
combined and constitute a practical
monopoly and that they are violating
both Hie anti-trust law and the Inter
state commerce act. Such a course can
delay but It cannot defeat the ultimate
subjection of these corporations to the
laws they are charged with contravening.
As a councilman and as a member of
the legislature, "Howell was anything
but a corporation man," says Judge
Doane In the face of the admission of
Howell that he Inserted the exemption
clause In the charter by which the rail
roads are taxed only about 1 per cent
on the' actual value of their terminals
In Omaha, arid in the face of his notori
ous subserviency to the franchised cor
porations both' In the legislature and
council. In order to refresh the mem
ory of Judge I)oane and other admirers
of Edward E. Howell it may not be out
of place, for us to reproduce the follow
ing editorial comment on the per
formances of Howell In the state senate,
that appeared in The Bee. April 0, 1897,
under the caption of "A Political Trick
Horse, as follows:
Senator Howell's . performance on the
bill to enlarge the powers of the State
Board of Transportation are in accord
with his record In the Omaha council and
in the legislature. He has proved himself
not merely an adroit political trimmer,
but also a consummate trlckater. '
When the bill in question was before the
senate on its final passage a call of the
house was ordered and the doors were
closed. Howell, who plays double on nearly
every Important question, made a roaring
protest against the manner in which the
bill was being forced through. He had
east his vote for the bill, evidently presum
ing that it would fall to get the necessary
majority,- but threatened to change his vote
from "yes" to "no" when the call disclosed
the possibility of Its passage. When the
roll call showed that the bill would, not
pass he still had himself recorded in Its
favor. Later, when the vote by which the
bill was defeated was reconsidered, Howell
dodged the vote, which waa the same as tf
he had cast his vote against the bill. Man
ifestly Howell bad made a bargain with
the railroad lobby to beat th-5 bill, but
wanted to play his popullBt- associates and
constituents for suckers. '
That is a fair measure of the man who
is all thlngj to all men', fcut can never be
depended on to go the straight road If ho
can cover 'his tracks by traveling over a
crooked road. -
As to Howell's performances In the
council we need only refer to the only
religiously truthful paper in Omaha, the
World-Herald, which In Its issue of
April 20, i894. Indulges in this comment
on the distribution of places on the com
mittees when Howell was president of
the city council:
A dozen republicans could not have done
better In- providing for republicans than
Mr. Howell did on the committees. Out of
fifty-three place on the committees How
ell gave- twenty-five to the democrats, in
cluding Hascall, and to the republicans
twenty-eight. Could a republican have
done better?
. Out of seventeen committees (he demo
crats were given control of seven, while
the republicans - control ten. There are
three committees on which no one but re
publicans were appointed. Could repub
licans beat that? He .gave the democrats
control of the judiciary, finance, police,
sidewalks ' and bridges, printing, paving,
curbing, guttering, viaducts and railways.
It Is' not material that he was 'compelled
to do this much for the democrats. He
did It. Even a republican could not have
Improved on that.
The important committee of claims be
made 'up by the appointment of Saunders
(Blllee), Wheeler and Bechel. Could a re
publican hae put in more republicans on
that committee when there were only three
positions' to fill. He made Chris Specht
chairman of public property and bridges,
appointed Bruner (Charles), another re
publican, to assist Specht, and gave one
lone democrat, Burkley, a place beside
this distinguished number of statesmen.
That's pretty near ss good as a republican
could have done. Grades and grading was
made of three republicans and two demo
crats. Streets, alleys and boulevards com
prises two republican and one democrat.
Fire and water has three repub'icans. Gas
and electric light has two republicans and
one democrat. Sewerage has two repub
licans and one democrat. Telegraph and
telephone poles has 'two republicans and
one democrat.
These are merely samples to convince
everyone that there was no necessity for
republican aasistance In making up that
Hat of council committees. A republican
could not have done better than Mr. How
ell did In giving three such eminent states
men as Back, Edwards and Specht control
of the Important committee on grades and
grading. A republican could not have done
any better than Mr. Howell did In giving
such eminent and spotless statesmen as
Specht and Bruner control of both publla
properties and buildings and fire and water.
The World-nerald concludes:
We concede that la one respect a repub
lican might have done better than Mr.
Howell. He might have turned down
every one of the democrats who made How
ell's election possible. But here the
World-Herald has an excuse. Mr. Howell
Is ambitious.. He has a political future as
broad and extensive In his own mind as
it is narrow and contracted In the political
Index of the present. It would have been
folly for him to have done more for the
G. O. P. and its leaders than he has al
ready done or tried to do, and having done
the beat his circumstances would allow,
Mr. Howell should be excused. He has
done well, acted nobly a republican could
do no more.
It Is needless to say that with Howell
as president of the council the appoint
ment of the committees was not a ques
tion of republicanism or democracy, but
simply of satisfying the privileged cor
porations who made up his list for him.
When Howell was In the state senate
bis principal aim and object was to leg
islate himself Into th mayor's office.
To this eud he created the Herdinsu
police coiunilsKlon, he changed the date
of the municipal election, he served the
coriwratlons falthfidly and mnde sev
erHl gallery plays to catch the labor
vote. The worklngmen saw through his
little game at the time and turned him
down with a thud st the election by
casting their ballots for Frank E.
Moores. And the worklngmen have
never had cause to regret having pre
ferred Moores over Howell.
According to the World-Herald, Carl
C. Wright Is an able lawyer so able
that the lilp corporations have once or
twice of late found It to their interests
to retain him. Our democratic contem
porary omits to mention that those cor
porations, notably the Thomson-Houston
electric lighting monopoly, has re
tained Mr. Wright not so much for his
wonderful capacity as a lawyer, but
rather because In his capacity as a po
lice commissioner he is In position to
render valuable assistance with the po
lice club.
In the republican city primaries the
Issue was squsrely drawn between
Mayor Moores and a field of candidates
backed by the allied corporations.
Mayor Moores won against exceptional
odds, carrying five ont of the eight con
tested wards and 73 out of 143 delegates
in the convention. In a government by
majorities a majority even of one should
hold as good as a majority of one thou
sand. The discovery by the navy of a few
Islands In the southern part of the Phil
ippine group which are not on the
charts must be taken to mean that we
got more from Spain for our money than
we thought we were getting. There Is
no Immediate danger, however, of Spain
trying to open up the old account be
cause of this little discrepancy In the
If the business men and corporations
who are putting up the money to pay
the expenses of booming Benson would
turn the money Jnto the auditorium
fund, the auditorium might be speedily
completed. But . when the auditorium
solicitors come around they will plead
that all their spare money went Into the
political pot.
The Common Falling;.
Philadelphia Record.
It is astonishing to unprejudiced observ
ers how the advocates of "the brotherhood
of man" do belabor the brethren who hap
pen to disagree with them.
Brilliant "Loarle."
Philadelphia North American.
' The British worklngmen who came here
to Investigate American industrial suprem
acy report that If ''England used modern
methods she would 'hold her own." With
similar logic, a man 'once said he could
write as well as Shakespeare "if he had a
mind to." A- r "
Give ttaeO.114 Man n Rest.
Chicago Chron'cle. '
Having formally" excommunicated Mr.
Cleveland from th party' for the fiftieth
time or so, let us hope that Colonel Bryan
will now let .the Princeton statesman alone
for a few days. The fish are beginning to
bite at Buzzard's ' Bay and the proscribed
one should be allowed what solace he can
find In piscatorial pursuits.
A Pertinent Question.
Chicago Chronicle.
Found guilty of violating the law, but
granted the privilege of violating It. for
year longer. Is the effect of Judge San
born's decision at St. Paul In the merger
case. Will anyone' credit the' possibility
that the decision would have been the same
if the interested parties had been railroad
employes Instead of railroad owners?
Coal Trust Booked for Trouble.
Springfield Republican.
If the Northern Securities decision holds
good in the United States supreme court,
the administration Is credited with the
purpose of next prosecuting the anthracite
coal combination. This Is a far more ag
gravated caae of reatraln of trade than
the Northern railroad combination could
possibly make itself, and; proceedings
against it would prove far more popular. "
Xot a Working; Principle.
Springfield Republican.
One by one the communistic societies es
tablished In the United States In the early
years of the last century are dying out
the latest to disappear being the Harmony
society of celibates at Economy, Pa., wbon
land have Just been sold to a Pittsburg
syndicate for about $2,600,000, to be dis
tributed among half a dozen surviving
member and the heirs of dead members,
If there are any. and '.here certainly can
not be many In direct descent. Commu
nism evidently Is not a working principle,
at least when applied in spots surrounded
by a world devoted to the rule of private
property, and when celibacy Is added, ulti
mate destrnctlon Is made certain, whether
communism Is practicable or not.
Snaaeatlona Worth Snlnry.
New Tork Press.
There Is a man of 32 in a Broadway store
who receive a salary of $9,000 a year for
suggesting things. His calling is not ex
actly new, but it has been specialized.
Twenty years ago he, was an ordinary sales
man In the house furnishing department,
earning $8 a week. Hi cleverness In ad
vising young married couples what to buy
when they set up housekeeping attracted
the notice of hi employer and he was
rapidly advanced. Finally a department
vu made for him, and now all that be
does 1 to suggest the kind of carpets, rugs,
shades, curtains, portieres, sofas, chairs
pictures, bric-a-brac, etc., that ought to go
with the Queen Anne or Elizabeth cottage
or the Harlem flat or the Riverside drive
Antl-Trnst Law Will Stlek.
Indianapolis New.
According to the very able attorney for
the merger crowd, the court made thirty-
four error in It recent decision against
their client. We doubt whether even the
Louisville ball club could do worse than
that. But fortunately the question is for
the supreme court to decide, and it may at
least bold that some of the errors In no way
affect the general result In the meantime
the New York 8un 1 Inconsolable. Long
after Wall street has settled down to the
conclusion that the decision is a pretty good
thing after all. and after even the Times
seem to have lost some of It bitterness
the Sun wall through almost four columns
of the deadly effect which the decision Is
certain to have, and actually urges the
repeal of the anti-trust law. Repeal the
law. just after we have found out that it
means something? Well, we guess not,
The public man who would venture even
to suggest tke repeal of that law would
find himself la serious trouble.
Miner Scenes and Incidents Sketched
- on tke Spet.
About the first of the year the Internal
Revenue bureau sprung a large official
wink on proprietors of soda water foun
tains, gently suggesting the propriety
of swearing oft and slicking to it. Not the
regulation New Year resolution, but one
that would hold water untainted by the
Juice of the grape or the bit of alcohol.
Compounders cf the wonderful creations
known as summer drinks put the wink on
file and didn't say a word. A second and
more emphatic wink Is going out to the
dispensaries reminding the owners that
the aale of Intoxicant even of the mildest
kind over the soda water counter requires
the customary license. Failure to cough
up or qsit Involves a penalty which the
bureau Is determined to enforce. A Wash
ington Dispatch says an order has been
prepared for distribution among the col
lectors of Internal revenue, warning them
that drug stores, candy stores and other
establishments that self soda water and
other beverages In which alcoholic liquids
have been Introduced, must pay the reg
ular government retail liquor dealer's
license. Several years ago the department
made a ruling that "where an alcoholic
flavoring syrup is uied for sprinkling into
a glass of soda water a quantity so small as
to merely give a flavor to the water, the
special tax of a liquor dealer Is not re
quired to be paid for tbs sale of such
beverages." So great has been the trade
eatabllshed under this exemption, however,
that it la now found neceaiary to revoke
thl ruling.
The Treasury department, under strict
order from Secretary Shaw, who Is some
thing of a teetotaler. Is determined to
break up the business of druggists who sell
soda water drinks mixed with whisky,
wines and other spirits. The tax is $25
a year, and if this Is collected by the
government It is likely that the local
authorities will also require a regular
liquor selling license to be taken out. Cer
tain syrups require a small percentage of
alcohol in them to prevent fermentation.
The tax Is not Intended to apply to cases
of this sort, but only where the alcoholic
mixture Is added after the beverage or
syrup has been received from the manu
facturer of the same.
As a result of the Investigations in the
Postofnce department by Assistant Postmas
ter General Brlatow an order has been Is
sued by the postmaster general that five
men now carried on the rolls as "book
keepers," but really employed to repair
cancellation machines, report for duty st
the postofflces to which they are assigned.
The government rents cancellation ma
chines from the maker, paying a rental of
$250 to $400 a year. Instead of having the
manufacturers keep the machines In order,
the Postofflce department has been paying
these five men, who are rumored to be em
ployes of the manufacturers. There Is no
appropriation for machinists, and the men
appear on the rolls as "bookkeepers." Un
der Mr. Payne's order they will have to go
to work, at bookkeeping or resign.
The men are George E. Barnard, nomi
nally attached to the Boston postofflce; R,
H. Brunlng, to the office at Cleveland, O.;
J. H. Elliott, Syracuse, N. T.j William E.
Estes, San Francisco, and E. H. Merritt,
Grand Rapids, Mich. They have been trav
eling ever the country at government ex
pense. Inspecting machines at a cost of
thousands of dollars yearly. Mr. Payne
said that hereafter each postofflce would
keep it own machine In order.
Plan have bees, completed for the new
$3,600,000 structure that is to be erected for
the National museum in Washington, and
bid for It construction will soon be called
for. The regents of the Smithsonian in
stitution are superintending this work, and
it I their idea when the new building is
completed to have a complete rearrange
ment of the exhibit now in the National
Muieum and the Smithsonian institution
The new structure is to be devoted to
the scientific collections of the government,
the present National museum building to
the Industrial arts and the old Smithsonian
building to the Smithsonian and National
muaeum library and art collections. The
regent propose that the scientific collec
tion in the new building shall be the finest
in the world, and an officer of the Institu
tion makes the statement that already
many of the branches to be covered have
reached a perfection that is not equaled In
any other museum In the world, even the
great British museum. The chief subjects
to be covered are biology, anthropology,
geology, zoology, botany and American his
tory. The present National museum build
ing will be given up to a great exposition
of Industrial art, including the already Im
mense and unique collection of the museum
and many additions that the regents are
planning to secure as rapidly as possible.
The museum will be modeled in It scope
and general plan after the Victoria and
Albert museum of Great Britain. Among
the chief departments will be those of land
transportation, boat models, implement of
war and electrical apparatus, of which the
museum already has rich collections.
The plans for the Smithsonian building
contemplate the creation In time of a mag
nificent library and art gallery. The scien
tific library of the institution I already one
of the finest In the world. It scope will
be broadened and it will become a much
more Important unit In the general scheme
of the institution. The plans for the art
gallery are ss yet tentative. The new
structure will be 488 feet long and 245 feet
broad, with a height of four stories.
Negotiations are practically concluded
between France and the United State for
the establishment of a parcels post agree
ment. Secretary Hay is conducting the
correspondence and all that remains
to be done 1 to put the agree
ments Into formal shape. Parcels to be
carried by post between the two countries
will be limited to four pounds six ounces.
Instead of eleven pounds, as Is the maxi
mum weight for packages carried by post
between various foreign countries. While
this arrangement is common between Eu
ropean countries. Germany is the only
country on the other aide of the Atlantic
with which the United States has a parcels
post treaty. Similar arrangements exist
between the United States and Mexico
Venezuela. Chill and the British colonies
In the West Indies. The various express
compsnles have been strongly opposing the
negotiations with France, for they will lose
a good deal of business when the two gov
ernments agree to carry Urge packages by
mall. The reduction In the weight of par
cels to be thus transported was made a a
concession to I he express companies.
The next international postal congress
will be held next year In Rome. The United
State will be represented by one voting
delegate,' but will doubtless send several
representatives. At that congress the ques
tlon of reducing the postage charge on for
sign letters will come up. .
Taa lor the Bailors.
, New Tork Tribune.
The United States government made
contract a few days sgo tor 250,000 pound
of tobacco to be Issued to the enlisted
men of the navy and the marine corps. To
the casual observer thl would seem to be
a large order, but the quantity would not
be adequate to supply the demands of the
men tor a year if many of them did not
prefer the regular trade article at a higher
price to the government's tobacco at 31
cents a pound.
Waltham Watches
Mechanical skill and knowledge have
made them the best in the world.
"The Terfeded American Witch an (Rostrated book
of interesting information tboat XMtches, mriU be sent
free upon request
AmericM WaSfum Watch Company
Waltham. Mass,
Some of the So-( ailed "Plain People"
Who Are Well Heeled. .
Brooklyn Eagle (tnd. dem.).
The discordant note In all the Jefferson
celebrations of which notice t taken In
another articleappear to have been those
sounded In the words of Mr. Hill at Al
bany, and In the telegram of Mr. Bryan
to the dinner In Manhattan. Each of them
talked about "plutocracy" In a way to
suggest that the possession or the desire
of property I antl -democratic, and that he
who desire It or possesses It is not only
"no democrat," but should be regarded
by that party as an enemy.
Mr. Hill 1 In affluent circumstances, and
the financial condition of Mr. Bryan Is one
of comfort. As a lawyer, Mr. Hill last
week argued the protest of corporations
against a tax law, before the court of ap
peals, and his retainer Is said to have been
over . $10,000. Mr. Bryan makes a good
living out of a poor newspaper, and can
command $500 a night by his "lectures."
We state these personal facts to show that
neither man is hostile to "prosperity,"
when it eome hi way, and to suggest the
inconsistency of their diatribes against
"plutocracy," as they would have it un
derstood or as it will be understood by
those whom they would "stir" up by their
The democratic party will cease to be
formidable, tf Its membership should be
reduced to tramps, beggar, paupers and
highwaymen. A severe construction of the
words of Bryan and of Hill would char
acterize all outside of those classes aa
"plutocrats." That Is not the way to get
back Into the democracy those democrats
who have gone toward republicanism on
account of populists, cranks and would-be
A more effective way would be for Bryan
and Hill to cut loose from those allies,
who cannot go into republicanism anyway,
and to give to real democrat a real ehaacs
to return to a real democracy. "Plutocrat,
aa an epithet against a man who ha mads
or saved anything and who would like to
keep it and increase it, is as absurd and
as unjust as the word "scab," employed to
define the hero who would contract for
his own labor and skill, on his own terms,
without the, dictation of others. The ex
pression Is not only absurd and unjust,'
but it is also angering, dividing and Im
morally Incendiary in its tendency. We re
gret to ssy that a form of so-called Jour
nalism - is responsible for its Introduction
Into the terras of politics. But if the pol
itics which bandies It and which invests In
It should fall to as low sn estate as the
Journalism which Invented and fomented
it has done, neither warning nor retribu
tion, could further go. , r . t ' '. . ; .
. A circus clown in New York has Just
inherited $150,000. He can now work for
fun if he feels so inclined.
Mrs. Carrie Nation has established a
homo for drunkard' wive, and opened It
with prayer. That's hotter than opening
wine with a hatchet.
Mr. Cleveland refuses to make an itiner
ary for hla St. Louis trip. The Idea of a
public man traveling about the country
without an Itinerary!
The recent difficulties In the Red Cross
society have brought out the fact that Miss
Clara Barton, Its founder and, up to a
recent date. Its president, Is $2 year old.
Lieutenant Colonel Temple West of the
English Grenadier r'lards, who recently
died In Nice, left more than $1,000,000 for
public purposes, largely for the purchase
of works of art to be placed in the national
Among the various means of dispensing
justice none possess greater respect for
evidence or higher regard for its respon
sibility than the average coroner's Jury.
One of the class In Chicago pronounced ac
cidental the death of a man who blew out
the gas and left a note ststlng that he
was about to get off the earth.
At a recent nonpartisan dinner of pol
iticians in New York City Mayor Low was
seated between Charles F. Murphy, the
Tammany leader, and Senator Thomas C.
Piatt, so long republican bo of the stats.
In the course of his after-dinner speech
the mayor remarked that he found himself
between the devil snd the deep T. C."
Secretary Shaw, Speaker Cannon and
some others were discussing weighty mat
ters In the Treasury department when a
senator came in and shifted the conver
sation to poker. Mr. Shaw was reminded
of a poker story and in telling it spoke of
bluffs, sntes, draws snd raises. "That's
good story, Shaw," said Mr. Cannon,
but se?ms to me it ain't quite the thing
for a steady-going church deacon to know
quite so much about the technical terms
of such a sinful game as draw poker."
We are very
proud of the
fact that doc
tors so gener
ally indorse
Ayer'a Cher
ry Pectoral.
There are two
reasons for
this: First,
we send the
formula to
n r ftiirelltit-
upon request;
ana, secona,
the physician
" 3 Ant's mil
sees for himself that the medicine is all we claim for It.
We make no extravagant claims. We raise no false hopes.
Cherry Pectoral
Sixty years of experience make us believe that this is the
best medicine In the world for colds, coughs, croup, bron
chitis, and all other throat and lung troubles. And the doctors
agree with us. Tsriii uc, mc, na j. c ayei co, ua, hm.
"tablet Evidence- of Prosperity
Railroad Earnlnaa,
Cleveland leader.
Railroad earnings throughout the country
are running far enough over the business
of the corresponding part of last year to
make the rats of gain about four times
a much as the rate of Increase In the
population of the United State. That fact
goes far toward demonstrating a much more
effective use of the productive power of
the American people and a fuller employ
ment of the resources of their country.
The only exception which could be made
to this conclusion would be based on the
Increase In rate which ha affected some
phases Of railroad business. But no such
Influence has had anything to do with the
extraordinary growth of the postal reve
nues of the country, and in the big cities
there has been nothing such as the estab
lishment of the rural free delivery system
to stimulate the use of the malls. The
fact that the rate per cent of iucrease in
the income of the postofflces in the most
important centers of population, trade and
industry ha been about three times as
great as the rate of gain In the number
of . people in the country, and has hern
double the rate of growth in the big cities.
con be accounted for in no other way
than as evidence of very unusual business
activity and extraordinary prosperity
As to that broad condition, the evident).
is overwhelming. The times are about the
best ever known in America, and no pessl
mist can make a stand against the mass
of proof which con be brought forward to
support this assertion.
"Will power is a great thlnr especially
the power of a will that leaves you 1300,(00.
Bomerville Journal.
They' don't put muzzle on the dogs In
Pennsylvania, do they, George?"
"No, dear. They, put them on the edi
tors." Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Maud Wasn't It vulgar for the Swingle
tons to print that long list of wedding pres
ent when their daughter wn married?
Irene Horribly. There wasn't a thing In
the list that cost over $10. Chicago Tribune.
Beatrice So Ethel haa refused to elope
with Clarenoe? What Is the trouble?
Agues Oh, I really don't know. 8he la
mad with her father about something. , I
suppose. Puck.
Do Broune Is Flta-Green good natured?
Van Schmidt Good natured? Good na
tured? Well. I should say sol Why, he
laughs at his own Jokes. New Orleans
Times. . . , . -
"I see the scientist are looking for the
germ that causes the love of money."
"Oear dear, what would become of the
magnates If they should find the germ de
stroyer?" ClevelandPUlnPealer.., ,- lJ
"Why, all my money's gone!" "
"Yes, I took it. dear."
"What under iieavens did you do that
"Why, I knsw you wouldn't let me have
it if I asked you. Brooklyn life,
"It is a great mistake, Mabel, to trifle
with the affections of a man who loves you
by encouraging someone else."
"Well, he's a little slow, auntie. I think
he needs a pacemaker." Puck.
"The Idea of calling him a "real estate
conveyancer." "
"What's the matter with that?"
"Why. the man Is merely the driver of
a dump cart."
"Well, a dump cart la a conveyance for
transporting real estate, isn't It?" Phila
delphia, f res.
8. B. Klser In the Record-He raid.
With sturdy hands the plowman holds
The handles of his plow;
HI trousers hang In baggy folds.
And furrow roars: ma orow;
But with the hope that tolling brings
He labors on, out there,
Where nature's putting on tfcei things
mat neipa iv uw uw mm
The plowman's shoulders droop, his eyes
Have no exultant Bra,
Perhaps for something higher.
He scrapes the damp earth from his boots,
AnA than inM tilnAtllnaT All
And now and then bumps into roots
That Jar him pro and con. -
The plowman does not (rot beeause
Some stock has had a slump,
But, gripping- hard, be sets his Jaw
And runs against a stump,
Or worries till the rein is tree
From 'neath the rray mare's) tall. -Or
turns a little while to ao
The chipmunk on the rail.
The smell of burning wood floats by
Upon the tranquil air;
The crow sits with a watchful eye,,
O'erlooklng thing out there.
The plowman scent the aweet, fresh earOr
He murmur, "Gee. there. Fan!"
And tolls away for all he's worth
To feed his fellow-man.
There, with the hope that tolling brings.
The plowman works away.
And, may be, dreams of splendid things
That he shall have some day;
But sweetest of the Joys he knows
Is that which comes to sit
Within his breast when sunset shows
Him that It's time to quit.
rloM. Ktmp pivia? 44 4a. '
AA4m (inr."