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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 7, 1903)
THE OMAHA DA1LT BEE: TTJESDAT, ATOIL 7, 1003.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee.
B. ROME WATER, EDITOR.
' PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING.
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week , Joe
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THK BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
wKi.ir nitvina County, as
Oeorge B. Tzschuck. secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly woj
says that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of March, lata, waa as wuu,
1 2f) ,31 5
It ;..... Sl.TBO
w... T... st, ho
4 8 1,61 0
II .81,840 ., ,
Leas unsold and returned copies
Net total sales 00,614
Net averace sales 8,55
GEORGE B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and aworn to
before me this list day of March, A. D.,
1903. M. B. HUNGATE.
(Seal.) Notary Public.
There can be no half-way business In
municipal ownership. ...
Shall Omaha govern Itself or shall the
corporations govern Omaha r
In the municipal campaign ever tub
should stand on Its own bottom. .
Remember that under the new charter
lx couucllraen can supersede the mayor
and exercise the functions for the whole
Every candidate for the council should
declare himself on all Issues that vitally
concern Omaha. No more unpledged
In talking against the constitutional
convention bill and voting for It, mem
bers of the Douglas delegation have
shown their caliber as lawmakers. .
A study of the election laws and espe
cially the primary election laws might
be profitable to the managers ef the
franchlsed corp6rations at this time.
Now .that the farm bands and renters
In - Kansas have organized a union the
landlords of the Sunflower state." will
have a chance to try their band at the
labor ' problem. ' '. -
The law is no respecter of titles or
persons. ,When. the manager of a cor
poration ventures upon criminal prac
tlces he has no right to expect Immunity
from the penalties of the law.
As master of the McKinley club ex
chequer Clyde 'Sunblad would be
howling success. Clyde was master of
Mercer's exchequer In the Flrst 'Ward
last fall to the tune of about $200.
General Agent Nash of the Milwaukee
& 8t Paul railroad threatens to suppress
The Bee and put Its editor out of busi
ness. The genial agent of the Mil
waukee road Is not the first corporation
manager that has Indulged in such
Queen Wllheliulna Is now confronted
with a critical situation and the most
sagacious and graceful things she can
do Is to emulate the example set by
President Roosevelt, by calling for ar
bltratlon of the great strike now In
progress on all the railroads In her do
- If 'the local agent of the Milwaukee
railroad will attend strictly to legitimate
railroad business he will have no ground
for compliilnt agatuxt The Bee or Its
editor. If he persists In tampering with
city officials, counclhuen and city em
ployes be will not only run counter to
public sentiment, but Is liable to Incur
the penalties Imposed upon corruption
lsts by the criminal code.
Citizens of Omaha should wake up to
their Interests and their .duty. They
should remember that they cannot hope
to have honest aud efficient municipal
government . unless - the respective
parties nominate candidates that are
free from corporation Influences. They
should wake up to the fact that the
allied corporations are banded together
to capture the republican primaries and
the democratic primaries and leave the
people of Oiuuha the choice between
two sets of corporation dummies.
Senator; Howelt is eutltled to a big
credit mark in securing the passage of
the' bill that confers upon the bounty
surveyor the authority to supervise the
grading of public roads and the planning
and construction of bridges and via
ducts erected by the county. There has
been a crying need of just such a law
for Douglas county for years aud the
opposition to it by members of the
bouse manifestly had Its Inspiration
from the ring that has squandered any
where from I$o,ooo to $100,000 of
county funds on grading and bridging
Within tLa past three years.
TC HUVSE BHOCLQ RXCOASLDXR.
The Indefinite postponement of all the
proposed constitutional amendments
and pannage of the constitutional con
vention bill Is the most stupendous
blunder that has been committed by the
present leglidature. The calling of a
constitutional convention will Involve
Nebraska in an outlay anywhere from
$200,000 to $300,000 and, moreover, de
fers all relief prayed for and hoped for
from constitutional revision until the
The only excuse for the obstreperous
course pursued by the bouse with re
gard to the pending constitutional
amendments Is that the publication of
half 's dozen amendments at regular
legal rates In one paper In each county
would Involve an outlay of. about $12,
000. The publication of an entirely new
constitution will cost kt least 12T,000
and possibly from $130,000 to $200,000,
depending, of course, upon the length
of the new organic law that may be
framed by the convention.
The defeat of all amendments sub
mitted from time to time rtlnce the adop
tion of the present constitution affords
no warrant for the assertion that
amendments submitted In 1904 would
meet with the same fate. The defeat
of former amendments was largely due
to the mode of submission. They were
printed athe tall end of the ballot In
stead of at the top of the ballot Every
vote not cast for the amendments was
counted against the amendments and
many thousands' of voters failed ' to
mark a cross opposite the amendments
either for or against
The amendments submitted In 1890
were, only defeated by from 1,000 to
3,000 out of a total of 230,000 votes
cast In the most exciting political con
test that has ever taken place in Ne
braska. There is no possibility of a
repetition of the turmoil of the' Bryan
campaign of 1896, and with the amend
ments printed at the top of the, ballot
the chances are 1,000 to 1 that they
will carry. There Is no more assurance
now that a majority' of the people will
vote for a constitutional convention
than that the majority of the people will
vote for any particular amendment that
may be submitted. There I no better
assurance that the new constitution
would be adopted in 1905 than that
the amendments to the present consti
tution would be adopted in 1004.
The bouse should by all means recon
sider the vote by. which it Indefinitely
postponed 1 the constitutional amend
ments and reconsider also the vote by
which It passed the bill calling, for a
constitutional convention. ' Unless this
is done Governor Mickey will be Justi
fied in vetoing the constitutional con
vention bill even If It became necessary
to put the state to the expense of an
extra session of the legislature ex
pressly limited In its scope to amend
ments of the constitution that are. In J
the judgment of the governor most 1m
THX BABTCSTS ADD UVTffT.
The one . thing that overtops , every
other In its relation to the future wel
fare of the country Is unquestionably
the crop condition of this year. If the
output of agricultural products in 1903
shall be large a continuance of pros
perity will be absolutely assured. , Of
this there Is . now. the most favorable
promise. Reports . from the wheat and
corn belts are of the most satisfactory
character. While of course nothing
more can be made at this time but an
estimate, yet the forecast of the experts
is to the effect that only the most ab
normally bad weather conditions . can
prevent the largest crop of wheat by
many million bushels that was ever
harvested, particularly In the southwest
In fact all the early spring Indications
point to a record-breaking crop this
year, although there can of course be
no estimate yet of much value as to
the proportions of the corn crop. As
suming that what Is now Indicated will
be realized, the United States will pro
duce this year one of the greatest crops
of breadstuff s, If not Indeed the largest,
In Its history. In that event the con
tinuance of national prosperity for the
next two or three years at least will be
Great crops require for their market
ing an abundant supply of money.
Whether or not this supply will be
sufficient Is a matter of the first Im
portance. -.There is Some apprehenfttrJb
In regard to this. It la feared that
Increasing the demand upon our cur
rency resources, which cannot for the
ensuing year be materially augmented,
except from the uncertain accretions of
gold, will prevent our producers from
reaping the benefits of large harvests
nnd thus hamper prosperity. There
may prove to be some substantial
ground for this fear and yet It is quite
possible to exaggerate It. Enormous
crops will of course require a large
amount of money for their transporta
tion and marketing, but It Is to be borne
In' mind that great crops mean great
exports, great transoortatlon, great ac
tivity lu every direction. If we- can
count upon a vast surplus of wheat and
corn for which there will be a European
demand, there probably will be no diffi
culty In discounting the export of this
surplus grain and so utilizing those dis
counts as to provide much of the money
that is needed for the moving of crops
So far as the monetary situation Is
concerned there seems to be a general
opinion among the most thoughtful
financiers that the conditions next fall
will not be more serious than they have
recently been, while there is a posslbll
Ity of Improvement If the conservative
policy now being observed shall be main
talned. There Is no doubt that there is
an ample supply of currency to take
care of the legitimate business of the
country, the danger of a paralyzing
stringency being In excessive specula
tlon. At present very little encourage
ment Is being given to speculation and
If this conservative policy on' the part
of the banks and the loanera tf capital
generally shall be maintained there
need be no apprehension regarding the
AH VS HOLY ED PHOBLtM.
The adjournment of the Fifty-seventh
congress without attempting a solution
of the grazing land problem was disap
pointing to the people of the far west
President Roosevelt recommended In
his last annual message a commission
to examine and report by bill desirable
legislation, but this was not acted upon
and consequently the situation Is un
changed and much further trouble la
The San Francisco Call says that the
range war which has reddened the his
tory of the last ten years Is ready for
renewal the coming season with more
disastrous results to life and property
than ever. According to that paper east
ern Oregon is already armed to resist
an invasion of the public range by a
half million sheep, most of which will
be killed In the fight yet the sheep
owners, declares the Call, under exist
ing law or lack of law, have Just as
much right to the forage on that range
as those who will shoot them and de
stroy their property for going there.
"The closing of the Teton reservation
In Wyoming has limited the grazing
area and Intensified the struggle for Its
possession In that state, and the re
newal of drift fences in Arizona threat
ens to put an end to the cattle business
there by suddenly ending the forage
on the plains upon which' live stock
The San Francisco paper points out
that while the stress of these conditions
Is extending the desert over our own
grazing lands the cattle industry is mi
grating to Canada and Mexico. The
herds are being driven from' Idaho and
Montana, Washington and Oregon, into
the fine grazing country in British Col
umbia, where the Dominion government
Is leasing large tracts on most liberal
terms to stockmen, not even requiring
that they become citizens as a condition
precedent. In the opinion of the Call
this means the final extirpation of our
vast meat trade and Its domestication
under the liberal laws of Mexico and
Manifestly this Is a matter of very
great Inrportance, which should com
mand the serious attention of all who
are interested in the preservation and
promotion of our live stock industry.
Perhaps our Sah Francisco contempo
rary somewhat exaggerates the danger,
In apprehending the extirpation of our
meat trade and Its domestication in Can
ada and Mexico, but existing conditions
certainly warrant the belief that if a
remedy Is not provided our live stock
industry will suffer very materially, to
the advantage of our northern and
southern neighbors, whose more liberal
laws are already attracting this In
dustry. There , Is diversity of opinion
as to .bow congress should deal with
the grazing land problem and undoubt
edly the " wise 'course' Is to have a
commission, as recommended by , the
president, make a thorough investiga
tion of the matter and report what leg
islation Is necessary. An earnest effort
should be made to have this done early
In tho session of the next congress. .
A DISGRACEFUL SPECTACLE.
When Mayor Moores called, the coun
cil in special session last week to con-'
slder the proposed ordinance submitting
a proposition to the people at the coming
election to authorize the Issue of half a
million dollars In bonds for municipal
electric lighting, either by the purchase
of the Thomson-Houston plant or the
construction of new works, President
of the Council Karr balked the mayor
by Issuing a counter call and a majority
of the council refused to respond to the
call of the. mayor.
Tho only rational Inference to be
drawn from this action la that the rej
f factory council men are dominated by
the electric lighting company. No other
motive for their refusal to respond to
the mayor's call Is conceivable. Has It
not come to a. pretty pass when a fran
chlsed corporation can defiantly boast
the ownership of a majority of the coun
cil and can with Impunity and In de
fiance of an overwhelming public senti
ment block the efforts of the citizens of
Omaha to do away with the electric
How can any member of the council
face' his constituents" and justify his
refusal to attend special meetings
legally called for a legitimate purpose
and In the Interest of the community?
Must the citizens of Omaha seek pro
tection from their corrupt servants in
the courts as they did when the Holly
water works Job and the fifty-year gas
franchise were railroaded through the
council? Why should the taxpayers and
consumers of electric power and light lu
Omaha be denied the privilege and the
right they enjoy under the charter to
acquire and operate their own electric
lighting and power plant?
How can the members of the council
who refuse to honor the call of the
mayor explain their subserviency to the
electric lighting company ( and their
flagrant disregard of the interests of
the people who elected them? Why are
they not willing to trust the people and
let them decide whether or not they
desire to enter upon the experiment of
These men certainly know that the
submission of an electric lighting propo
sition Involves no other expense than
the cost of publication of the ordinance,
which need not exceed $50. They know
that beyond that trivial expenditure the
city will Incur no risk or loss by giving
the voters an opportunity at the coming
city election to decide for themselves
whether they are In earnest about inu
Is It not a lamentable commentary
upon our municipal government that the
manager of the Milwaukee railroad and
the Thomson-Houston company can at
his pleasure make members of the council
I attend council meetings or stay away
from council meetings, can make them
vote against propositions demanded by
the people and vote ordinances objec
tionable to the people?
The recent Increase of $100,000,000 In
the capitalization of the American Tel
ephone and Telegraph company has
stimulated' the demand among New
York business men for a material re
duction of telephone rates. The capital
of the New York branch of the con
cern has been increased by successive
stages from less than $5,000,000 to $50,-
000,000, or more than 1,000 per cent In
eight years. Telephone - patrons In
Omaha are also beginning to be restive
and manifest a disposition to resent un
reasonable exactions for telephone serv
ice. It's In the air. r
Among the Important bill still on the
senate calendar is the 0-called scaven
ger bill, which has ' been carefully
framed to reinforce county" treasurers
In the collection of delinquent taxes.
The enactment of a law of this char
acter has become, almost . Imperative
under existing conditions, and while It
may work hardship In Isolated cases, Ita
general effect will doubtless be a re
duction of the public debt and reduction
of the taxes.
Dr. I. K. Funk, founder of the na
tional prohibition organ, the Voice, In
sists that he has had a talk with the
spirit of Henry Ward Beecher. There is
nothing surprising in this. It Is but
natural that a man who has been wrest
ling with distilled spirits his whole life
long should work himself Into a recep
tive condition for communing with
spirits in the ghost world.
The Old Reliable Remedy.
Detroit Free Press.
The German ambassador Is making a nobis
effort to teach his fellow countrymen that
molasses catches more flies than vinegar.
Philadelphia Press. .
Soma of the comments of the democratic
newspapers on the trip of President Roose
velt Indicate that they expect him to be re
elected before he gets back to Washington.
Perhaps they will not be disappointed.
Two Very DIITereat Things.
Now that the czar has offered liberty of
religion In Russia, It will be interesting to
watch how ardently people will proceed to
practice it. To clamor for religious liberty
and then to be liberally religious are two
Very different things.
Hostle for the Scrap Pile.
New York Tribune.
Foreign observers of American Industries
attribute a great deal of the success of our
manufacturers to their extensive use of the
"scrap heap." In the.TjuIted States, enter
prising heads of great concerns never beeN
tate to throw away old machines which
may have cost a great deal of money when
new inventions can be used to advantage.
Why doesn't the democratic party go and
do likewise? It needs a political scrap heap
of prodigious alie. , .',"' 1 ': . .
Xotes la tbeMht Key.
St liuls he'p'ubllc. ' '
When Miss .Alice Rotfsevelt sailed from
Sari Juan, Porto RlcofW New York the
band of the German Jru!eer Panther, at
anchor In the hartJofJ played Its sweetest
in her honor. Letus ope that the Ger-man-Amerlcan
controversy roused by the
Dewey Interview may-die away under the
Influence of these friendly and soothing
strains. It's so much wiser to be so
swayed than to listen for the wild blast of
war of which sensationalists insist that
they hear the first pipings. :
New Phase of Railroad Mergers.
The railroad problem ta evidently being
Immensely broadened. The transmlssts
slppl roads and capitalists have ideas and
Interests of their own which begin to be
In conflict with the ideas accepted In the
east. It is not longer a matter of course
that our exports ' shall come to the At
lantic Powerful agencies are at work to
divert them to the Gulf of Mexico and to
the Pacific. Competition for business be
tween the eastern trunk lines seems to be
impending. Not long since It was held to
be an axiom among railroad men that do
eastern corporation should seek to extend
its lines to the Pacific, It being taken for
granted that the transmisslsslppt lines
would content themselves with the vast
regiem west of the father of waters. The
Mississippi was assumed to be a magical
dividing line between different railroad
worlds. But the transmisslsslppl roads
begin to' seek freights east of the Miss
issippi and the Gould interest plans what
has hitherto been treated as almost In
conceivable a trunk line reaching both
Atlantic and Pacific. We are evidently
neartng a new phase of the game of rail
way consolidations. 1
PROMOTING Sll-Jf CtXTHRK.
Progress of Rxperlsaeata r the Aarrt.
Secretary Wilson is doing good work In
developing the raw silk Industry in this
country. The United States in the last flscal
year imported 142.635.351 worth of raw silk
for manufacturing and at the same time Im-
ported $32,640,242 of manufactured silks.
that 176.000.000 worth of Imported silk could
have all been made in the United Btates It
would have been an immenae benefit
Of these imports over $25,000,000 cams
from Japan and over $25,000,000 from France,
The balance of trade In favor of Japan was
$16,000,000, while that In favor of France was
$11,000,000. not including ' the exports to
Swltserland, which are credited to France,
If the United States had not Imported any
ailk from France it would still have pur
chased from that country as much as It
buys of this, owing to Its gross tariff dls
criminations against the United States.
Hence anything done la the way of develop
ing the silk Industry at home would not
hurt the foreign trade of the nation
It Is not the expectation to grow all of the
silk needed in the United States. But a
colony of Italians la Georgia have set out
25,000 mulberry trees and another colony Is
on the way to this country bound for South
Carolina, where a general distributing sta
tion will be astablished, under the auspices
of the Agricultural department, from which
thousands of mulberry cutttlngs will be
sent out. Three steam reelers have been
ordered to be set up In different placea most
accessible to silk producers. Bulletins have
been Issued by the department and re
queats for mulberry strips and eggs are re
ceived at the rate of forty to fifty a day.
Secretary Wilson says that they are meet
ing with gratifying success, though this Is
only a small beginning. The purpose of the
department la chiefly to give employment
to the Idle members of families, to which
$60 or $100 a year from the culture ef silk
worms would prove a gratifying increase
of Income. Labor that Is idle Is cheap and
there la plenty of such labor in the south
among the colored women and children,
Secretary Wilson's project Is a wise one
sad ought ta prove a success.
BITS Of WASHISGTOX 1.1 fK.
Mlaor - sal laeldeata Sketched
One of the senators who accompanied
Senator Beverage on the tour of investi
gation made last summer by a subcommit
tee of the committee on territories tells
with much gusto how a New Mexico Jus
tice of the peace got ahead of the Indiana
statesman. The subcommittee was waiting
for some Important witnesses to arrive and
Senator Beverldge decided to Improve the
time by propounding to the magistrate a
few queatlona. So he asked the justice to
explain to him the theory upon which the
government was founded and to Interpret
the constitution. The Justice fell down
miserably In his answer. Mr. Beverldge
said something to the effect that he doubted
if the people of the territory were ready
"I am just about getting my kit fixed up
to go up Into Indiana," said the New
Mexican, "and James Whitcomb Riley and
me are going to put In a couple of weeks
whipping the Wabash river for bass. I
won't r very busy and I would like to ref
eree an examination of the Indiana Justices
of the peace on constitutional law. If you
will just go along with us we will larrup
every Justice we come across, and If they
can tell the constitution from the last
platform adopted by the republican party
any better than we can we'll stop -our
fight for statehood."
Senator Beverldge declined to accompany
the fishing expedition, but during the rest
of the tour he made no attempt to ex
amine the territorial residents on consti
The facts in a pathetic romance of a kind
that abounds in Washington, have Just
come to light through the death the other
day of John O. Rose, a naval veteran of
the civil war, in Anacostla, a suburb of this
city. For thirty-seven years, says a
Brooklyn Eagle letter, he fought for the
correction of what he considered an In
justice done to him by the government,
knd death found him still manfully, but
hopelessly fighting. Rose was In the union
navy as a master's mate, and In 1S04 he
claimed that he was induced by a certain
commodore to leave his ship and go to his
home In New Jersey to work for General
McClellsn In the memorable Llncoln-Mc-Clellan
presidential caampalgn. It was ex
plained to Rose that he could re-enllst or
return to his ship after the election, and
his record would not be prejudiced. Rose
took this advice and departed for New
Jersey. After the election he presented
himself to the recruiting officer, but found
that he could not resume his old place and
rank, and that he. must serve as an or
In the meantime congress passed an act
which provided that certain petty officers,
including masters' mates, who had served
in the war with honor, could be promoted
through the several grades of commissioned
officers. This is where Rose commenced
bis career as a claimant. He figured out
that if he had not been buncoed to leave
the service he would have been promoted
to be a lieutenant commander. Accord
ingly he purchased a uniform of an officer
of that rank, donned It and reported to the
secretary of the navy for duty. That as
tonished official had him referred to the
Judge advocate general. No action was
taken In Rose's claim, and when a new sec
retary of the navy entered' the department,
Rose dressed up in his uniform and re
ported as before. Finally, he was told that
he must seek redress at the hands of con
gress, and a bill for his relief was intro
duced. It Is still being buffeted from one
committee room to another, and. although
the original claim has been greatly re
duced, no congress has seen fit to adopt It..
Poor Rose broke down after the disappoint
ment of adjournment on March 4 without
action on his bill, and a few days ago he
First Assistant Postmaster General Rob
ert J. Wynne saved the day for himself not
long ago by bis recollection of the tel
egraph code. One of the attaches' of his
office is employed as a telegraph operator,
relates the Washington Star, and she re
ceives and transmits all the departmental
measagea that have to be sent by wire.
Over her desk the wires between the White
House, the Capitol and the various depart
ments, as well as the outside service, are
connected. Chief Clerk John J. Howley of
Mr. Wynne's office also Is an expert opera
tor, and he has a small telegraph outfit
in a little case that always rests on his
desk, by means of which he can send mes
sages anywhere. One day the operator was
unable to go to the department. As luck
would have It, Mr. Howley also was de
tained at home that day by illness. Things
telegraphically were at a standstill. Vari
ous points were calling the Postofflce de
partment on the wire, but could get no
answer. Then Jams R. Ash, the chief of
the correspondence division, who is an old
telegraph operator, was sent for. Mr. Ash,
by a singular coincidence, also was away.
It began to look serious for the depart
ment, when Mr. Wynne heard of the situ
ation. He hasttly stepped out to the wire
and began tapping the key. Pretty soon the
wire was working, and all day long Mr.
Wynne listened through the open door of
bis Inner office for the postofflce calls on
the wire, and personally took and sent all
official messages. Mr. Wynne was a chief
operator in the Western Union office at
Philadelphia when be was 19 years old, and
waa one of the most skilled press senders
in the office. He bad not touched the key
for years, but it all came back to him when
the emergency arose.
Acknowledgment of the aid rendered by
the American people to the famine suffer
ers In Sweden last rear has been made
through United States MJnlster Thomas at
Stockholm by Karl J. Bergstrom, governor
of the province of Norrbotten, where the
failure of the crop waa marked.
After assuring the minister of the good
accomplished by the American contribution
the governor added:
'For Norrbotten it has been a great com
fort to feel the Interest which has been
shown In this remote part of the world by
the people of America and Its Influential
newspapers, two of which have sent to
Sweden special correspondents to lnvestl-
gste the situation.
"The esteem which the Swedish people
have always cherished and evinced for the
American people will, through the sym
pathy now shown, be still more confirmed
and united with grateful feelings.
"It would be exceptionally dear to my
heart If the American people could be
given a knowledge of these feelings of
gratitude, so feebly Interpreted by me.
which fill the breasts or the famine suffer
ers In the province of Norrbotten."
jj THE PURE
"Kiss" (tnim "r-rerir
Even children drink Gfain-O
because they like it and the doc
tors say it is good for them. Why
sot ? It contains all of tbe nourish- 1
tnent of the pure grata and none
of the poisons of coffee.
TRY IT TO-DAY.
At (moon ererywhafe I Ua ea4 sta. par package.
A TRKMKKDOri IIIltlXKAGK.
Aaother Trait Prtftrlsg to Swallow
"ew of Ita Klad.
Now ws have a new trust phenomenon
a trust within a trust. . The Interior trust
Is Incorporated under the lawa of New
Jersey in the name of the "National Steel
company." The constituent companies are
the American Steel Hoop, the National
Steel and the Carnegie Steel companies, tbe
trust taking the name of one of the con
stituent companies, all of which are al
ready in the huge $1,400,000,000 combine.
One reason stated for the move Is that It
Is the plan of the big combine to blend all
the constituent groups Bow operated sep
arately and become itself the one Operat
ing concern as well at the one stock-hold-lng
concern, and this la likely enough.
Another reason Is that the grtat United
States Steel corporation pays a tax In New
Jersey on Its general capital, while each
of the constituent companies pays a tax
on Its individual capital, the result being
double taxation. v
This second reason ' does not bear ex
amination very well. If each of the con
stituent concerns Is taxed on its capital
separately and again taxed on Its capital
as merged In the big corporation a new
combine would only make matters worse.
Each of the constituent concerns would
be still liable to taxation on Us Individual
capital and a second time as merged In
the smaller combine and a third time as
merged in the big combine.
Probably an Inkling of the truth Is con
veyed In tbe statement that the combined
capttal of tbe three merged companies la
$283,000,000. while the capital of the new
organization is only $63,000,000, or 78 per
cent less. This Is an enormous shrinkage
and no doubt means something more than
a move to avoid double taxation.
We must understand that the higher csp
Itallxation Is that at which the properties
were turned In to the giant combine and
not their valuation as Independent prop
erties. Those properties seem to have
been turned Into the big trust at not less
than four and a half times a fair valua
tion. And so we get an Idea of the quan
tity of water In the $1,400,000,000 of the big
We may pretty safely conclude also that
while the parties concerned may be glad
enough to escape double taxation. It In
fact they are the victims of that Iniquity,
they are even more desirous of wringing
a lot of water out of the trust securities,
provided they can do It in such a way and
upon such pretexts as to divert sttentloa
from their true motives..
There is more water distributed along
through the stock list which will have to
be wrung out before the pvbllo will come
to reallxe what sort of thing It is, they
have been calling prosperity for some
years past. Undeniably there has been real
prosperity, as there ' always Is after a
panic and years of depression.
There must be a basis of prosperity npon
which to rear iridescent palaces of the
Imagination, but the palacea have occupied
pretty much the entire field of vision of
late, and it will be necessary to clear them i
away before we can get a distinct, view
of the real. '
Perhaps the United States Steel corpora
tion is beginning to clear them away. .
Miss Ropsevelt has upheld the traditions
of her family by capturing San Juan, Porto
General P, H. Krltxinger, one of the most
noted of the Boer leaders In the South
African war, is In Baltimore. ' '
A young man In New York is laughing
htmself to death and physicians say hla
case Is hopeless. Even the doctors' bills
did not check his hilarity.
The author of the song, "All Coons Look
Alike to Me," has Just received his .dis
charge from bankruptcy In New York, and
now all creditors look alike to htm. ' '
There la a project of erecting a monu
ment to the philosopher Kant in Berlin to
be unveiled on the occasion of the hun
dredth anniversary of his death '.a IWM.
Mrs. Ollva Toffey Worden,' widow of Ad
miral John L. Worden, who commanded
Monitor in the engagement with Mer
rlmac In the civil war, has juet died at
Lakewood, N. J.
A New York woman offers $50 for the
tip of a human nose. Here is a chance for
people who carry that useful organ In the
lr to make a winning and1 reduce the
strain on the rubber.
Edward Rudolph Johnes, an authority on
International law and counsel for Venexuela
in the boundary dispute with Great Britain
id President Cleveland's administration,
has just died In New York.
Now Yale has a colored orator William
Pickens who captured the Ten Eyck prlxe
of $100 a lad who earned his first money
for his college course by working as a
ferryman on the Arkansas river.
Philadelphia North American: An Epis
copal publication recommends cold storage
for Dr. Ralnsford. The doctor will doubt
less gratefully .accept tbe proposition If
the idea some of his brethren hold regard
ing his ultimate deatinatlon proves to be
Tbe total value of coins found in the
cornerstone of the old ' Mint building In
Philadelphia wy 11H cents. After all the
trouble that .was taken to Identify and dig
out that stone, there Is a general feeling
that the building committee of 1829 planned
an April fool joke on their posterity.
A Missouri editor has been baled before
a committee of the legislature to explain
bow he became possessed of a $1,000 bill he
endeavored to get changed. All they can
get him to say Is that he came honestly
by It. As he is 'a country editor he prob
ably took It across the counter on a busy
day and cannot recall the circumstances of
Mr. Knox considers that being In the
cabinet is playing, as he loses $100,000 a
year by neglecting hla private practice. The
only other member of the cabinet who loses
by remaining in public life la Root, whose
law practice neta him a fortune every year
when he appllea himself to It. Other mem
bers of the cabinet are rich, but they lose
nothing by remaining In Washington.
A Fine Easter Hat...
Our $3.00 Derby, Alpine or Golf Hats are what
most hatters sell for $3.50, and we have an
especially good hat' at ,
They are worth' looking at and trying on.
No clothing fit Ma ours.
THE OLD RELIABLE
THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE
NEBRASKA'S GOPHER KLAS.
Hassry Rootcra tor Pie Attract Attra
Nothing new has come out of Nebraska
since the discovery of the man of destiny
from Lincoln In that state. But the news
papers of that commonwealth are begin
ning to rumble, so to speak, with a fresh
sensation. Tbe Omaha Bee declares that
there is in the process ef formatioa in
Nebraska what Is called the Gopher Klan.
Apparently Its purpose is to go for offices.
It is described as something secret, but
not with tbe sweet juices of some hidden
fruits, a kind of a society oath-bound to
stand by each other in (Tabbing for Jobs.
The likeness to the haDlt of the gopher Is
probably In the tendency to burrow In the
ground and work in subterranean pas
sages. Thus the Klan may macerate the
political soil, and being united for a com
mon purpose, may throw Its strength to the
side which offers the best terms to the
leaders. There Is nothing new In the no
tion of the janlsarry in politics, but it is
chiefly surprising In this instance because
the organisation Is a feature of Colonel
Bryan's state. It is wholly contrary to his
bold habit, which is never to oonoeal any
thoughts he has, whether In the party or
out ' of it. He never burrows nor hides
himself even In a clod of words, though he
has been known to be considerate In dis
cussing some questions he once declared
to be vital.
But the Gopher Klan Is distinctly a Ne
braska product of a disreputable kind. If
It can withstand the blighting breath of
publicity It Is tough enough to move into
a section of the country with a milder cli
mate than tbe atate of Its origin. Even the
aptness of Its name cannot save It from the
reproaches of the good throughout the
FLASHES OF FI N.
Wooxlee Yes. sir. I waa in the war.
I had many narrow escapes. Once a bul
let grazed my leg.
Waggles Why didn't you pick out a
wider treo? Detroit Free Presa.
"But how," they asked him, "do you
account for the startling increase In bold
robberies during the last decade or two?"
"Well," responded the sociologist, "the
lightning rod agents who Went out of busi
ness some years ago have got to have
something to do, haven't they?" Chicago
Girl With the Earrings They say that
when Tom Fraszleton proposed to Mabel
Hark&long be told her tie waa only going
to ask he once, and if she thought 'he.'
would suit her she'd have to say so right
off: and she took him at his word.
Girl with the Chewing Gum Took Mm at
his word? She fairly took the word out of
hla mouth. Chicago Tribune.
"But wo are so horribly new," pouted
"True, my dear," answered Adam, "but
we do not have to read any historical
Then he seized a club and taan throwing
It at the fruit In a choice an;. tree." New
"Beware of saying or doing anything
hastily," said the man who gives much ad
vice. "I have no fear on that score," anawered
the eminent atatesman. "The discipline of
my career as a United States senator has
removed all danger." Washington Star.
"But T don't believe," he said, "that a
man profits by his mistakes."
"No, I don't. Why. I've made enough
mistakes to be rich, If I could profit by
them." Chicago Post.
BACK OF IT ALL.
8. E. Klser In Chicago Racord-Hsrald.
As he went to his dally tasks his way
Led down a lane that waa mean and bare;
He Journeyed along day after day
, Beholding naught that waa lovely there;
He went with a wish to bo free to go
Where the winds wer sweet and the
He thought of hla tasks as he went along.
And pitied himself for his hapless lot;
There waa hate in his heart for the rich
He dreaded the toll that the long days
And others passed onward and up to gain
The fair rewards that he once had sought.
As he went to his hateful task one day
Another passed through the lane and
He had seen but briers before, the gay
Sweet petals of flowers were blown In air;
The birds that never had aung before
Burst forth In a chorus of gladness there.
Bo day by day. as he went along
A. newer beauty enhanced the scene;
Day by day with her smile and eons
Another gladdened what once was mean.
And a man passed upward and onwurd who
Had onca done his work as a mere ma
chine. Tor Appetites
a. a. atia, jr.
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