Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1903)
TltE OHAtTA DAIIT BEE; TTIUKSDAT, MAKCII 12, 1003.
Tiie Omaha Daily Bee
E. ROSEWATER. EDITOR.
PUBUHIED EVERY MORNING.
TERMS OK SUBSCRIPTION.
nfi.ivi:iik'.n HY CARRIER.
Dally llee (without Sunday), per copy.. 2e
lally Hee (without Hunl . per ;f
Dally Bee (Including Mj inlay), per Week..l.c
Sunnay Bee, ier iup .............
Evening Bee (without Sunday), per week be
Evening Bee (Including hunday), Pr10c
Comlat1''V.f''irrf'guVn'riiiM 'in je'liverjr
should be addressed to City Circulation De
Omaha-The Bee Bulldlr.C
Bouth Omaha-City Hall Building. Twen-ty-nfth
and M Street.
Council Bluffs 1 I'earl Street.
Chicago lS4o t'nlty Building.
New York-SOt Bark Row Building.
Washington &"I Fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to news and ed
itorial mutter should be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Bee Puhlinhlng Company,
Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment ot
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchange not accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Slate of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
George B. Tischuck. secretary of The Bee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn, says
that the actual number of full and complete
copies of The Dally. Morning. Evr.lng and
Bundar Bee orlnted during the month 01
February. 190J, was as follows:
ind returned copies.... 0.34
Net total sales 844.08
Net average sales 80,145
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my p.esence and sworn to
before me this &tn day of February, A. u,
WOJ. U. B. HUNGATE.
(Seal.) - Notary Public.
It Is a safe proposition for every
legislator to vote against every measure
be does not understand.
Douglas county commissioners do not
appear to take much Interest ' in tbe
question of Interest on county funds.
It turns out that that Hartley cigar
box never bad a ltd on it But will
that make it easier to get at the con
Douglas county willingly sends to the
state penitentiary tbe execution scaffold
no longer required here and It doesn't
care If It never comes back.
What property Is worth for sale and
Income It Is worth also for taxation.
That Is the rule applied to Individual
taxpayers, and why not also to the rail
roads and the. other big corporations?
Opinion prevalent at "Washington is to
tbe effect that the extra session of tbe
senate will come to a close by the end
of next week. The rest of the country
would be glad to. share, In this opinion,
A Jersey preacher will attempt to
prove that St Tatrlck was a Baptist
and not a Romanist It would be well
for him, however, to draw the line at
trying to disprove bis Irish nationality
Does any one Imagine the railroad
lobby at Lincoln would not be fighting
the proposed revenue bill If it in any
way Interfered with the enjoyment by
tbe roads of the Immunity from taxa
tion they now possess?
When the opposition to the merger of
city and county governments Is traced
down to its sources It will be found to
be Inspired by two motives tbe cor
poration mania to shirk taxes and the
politician itch for salaried office.
No political party has any copyrlgbt
on tax reform. Tbe demand for equal
taxation of railroad property with other
property should command the. support
of every conscientious and honest mem
ber of the legislature Irrespective of
President diaries M. Schwab of the
United States Steel trust has been
sighted In Paris on the eve of bis re
turn departure for the United States,
looking tbe picture of health. A man
coming back to a million dollar job
from which he came so near being dis
located ought to look tbe picture of
Tbe death of Paramount" Blount
seems to have created scarcely a ripple
In the sea of public opinion, although
for a short while only a few years ago
he occupied a place at tbe very front
of the political Ktnge. The explanation
doubtless is that there has been a long
succesHlon of paramount Unites since
Blount was paramount.
Governor Garvin of Rhode Island de
clares that bribery Is so common In that
state that many members of tbe legis
lature occupy euts attained by the pur
chase of votes uud thereuou calls uou
the legislators In quetttlou to Institute an
Inquiry to detect the bribery and prose
cute the brlle givers. This la very much
'like askiug the lawmakers to help find
evidence agnlust themselves.
While .the tichool board Is revising Its
rules, it might aUo lueonorate a few
restrictions on the irresistible dUposi
tlon of member to use tbe influence of
their positions to procure tbe appoint
inent or promotion ns teachers and eta
ploye of their own relatives or deieud
en Is. The law prohibits tuemlers fro:u
being pecuniarily Interested directly or
Indirectly In school contracts and tucv
ought. to be prohibited IlkewUe fenm
belug pecuniarily Interested In the cm
plojiuent of teaching and janitor force,
Dully Hh (without 8unday, One Year. M
Dully Hee ami Hunday. ;ne lear '
lllumratcd Hep. One icr '
Sunday liee. One Year ? "
6aturcmy Hoe. I ne Year.
Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year., i.wi
DISTRIBUTION THAT DOKS KOT DIS
TRIBUTE. The distribution of railroad property
values oil a mileage baaia for taxation
puriKiscn mny be mlnpntly sonntl, but
under tbe nirtliods pursued In the as
segment of Nebraska, railroads tUo dis
tribution baa been a delusion and a
- The railroads of Nebraska constitute
Integral piirts ' of several systems that
have been merged and capitalized as a
unit. The Hurlington system, for ex-
ample. Includes from . twenty-five to
thirty railroads, chartered In Illinois,
own, Nebraska. Missouri" and Mlftne-1
sota, under various names, ssome or
hese railroads, like the Atchison & Ne-
iraska, were competing lines. Others I
arc lines constnicted by the original
Hurlington company under different I
names. All of these railroads are
welded together and operated under one I
general , management The stocks of
these various compnnies have been ex-
changed for Northern Pacific and Great
Northern 4 per cent bonds at 2X cents
on the dollar regardless of their original
value. In other words, the Burlington
system has become one and Indivisible
both In its capitalization and operation,
and, therefore, under the unit system
should be assessed as one property and
pay taxes for every mile of its line In
proportion of the total mileage to the
capitalized value of the system.
The Burlington system In Nebraska
comprises 2,416 miles of road, and the
proportion this mileage bears to the ag
gregate capitalization of the entire sys
tem constitutes Its value for taxation.
A correct and honest distribution of the
value of the Burlington system on the
mileage basis would entitle each county
nnd school district to have Its exact
pro rata of the total value of the cap!-
talizatlon In proportion to 'the number
of miles of Burlington railroad In the
county or school district under what-
ever name It may have been originally
chartered. ' ' 1
But under the nresent method of dls-
tributlon In Nebraska the Burlington
system Is' subdivided Into fifteen rail-
roads, each havln a different mileage
itallzatlon of the system. It bas been
the custom of state boards to assess the
191 miles of Burlington road . from Possible In several ways. The sugges
riattsmouth to Kearney as the main Uon ,s made that 80 lon6 as the rail-
line nnd credit It with the bulk of the
traffic, although everybody knows that
tbe main line of the Burlington does not
terminate at Kearney, but extends
westward from Hastings on to Denver.
while another main line extends to a
connectlon with the Great Northern at
Billings. While the main line Is pre-
sumed to extend from Plattsmoutb to
Kearney,, It Is not credited with the
valuable terminals at Omaha, which are
all presumed to be distributed to the so-
called Omaha Southwestern road, that
figures on the map as a road fifty miles
long, but a fact is as much a part of
the main line as tbe line from Platta-
mouth to Lincoln. The Upshot of all
this juggle la that only five of the South
Tlatte counties are credited with main
line valuation, while the other thirty-
eight counties are credited merely with Pwer8 of tlje Interstate Commerce com
branch line assessments at from $3,500 mission In a very Important degree. It
to $4,000 per mile.
What is true of the Burlington Is true slderably greater than It before pos
also of tbe Union Pacific. The Union sessed and which If properly exercised
Pacific system is capitalized as a unit should keep every railroad in obedience
at more than $100,000 per mile. Its
stocks and bonds cover the entire sys-
lem, whether It was formerly Incor-
poratod as the Omaha & Republican
Valley road or Black Hills line, and by
rights the, value of the whole system In
Nebraska should be distributed on an
absolutely equal mileage basis instead
of being distributed ns now at $9,800
per mile from Omaha to the Wyoming
line, and one-third of that valuation to
the counties traversed by the Omaha &
Republican Valley road.
Under the present Jughandle assess-
ment system the terminals at Omaha
are presumed to be distributed to the
counties on the line from Omaha to
Sidney, whereas they should be dis
tributed over the entire system on ex
actly tbe same value per mile as the
line from Omaha westward. In the
unguage of John N. Baldwin, under the
unit avsteni of taxation. "Each miw of
the line that contributes to the hulldlnir
tin of the terminals In Omahn should
have an eaual proportion of the 'value
of the terminals for taxation purposes."
This would be honest and sound rtia-
tributlon for state, county and school
district taxation. Every attempt to
separate the trunk lines from the h1-
ance of tbe system is simply an Ingen
ious scheme to. nullify tbe principle of
unification In order to exempt a large
percentage of tbe capital represented
by railroads from Its just share of taia-
lion. This does not, however, cover the
tn in tlon of railroad terminals and Im-
provements for municipal purposes
which cannot be distributed, but should
1h assessed the same as any other class
of property. .
aspscts or THK Labor SITUATION.
While labor la well employed through-
out the ountry. there Is a good deal of
unrest among wage earners and some
aspects of the situation are rather dls -
quieting. Threateneo. strikes are more
than ordinarily numerous nnd some of
these, should they occur, could not fall
to have uu effect Injurious to the gen -
eral prosperity. It Is reported that
preparations are being made for a strike
In the building trades throughout the
country on May 1, "which may Involve
500,000 workmen. ,lt is easy to under-
stand that this would be a very serious
uwUT, for a general strike-of men ln
thr building trades would affect numer-
ous industries and force out of employ-
metit a rreat number of other workmen.
In other directions dissatisfaction with
existing conditions Is being shown and
there is apprehension that thccomlng
summer may witness an unusual ex
tent of labor disturbances.
Tbe explanation of this situation Is
found in tbe increased price of cott
modities, with which the advance In
wages in most Industries has not kept
pace. This leads the working classes
to feel that they are not receiving their
share of the prevailing prosperity. It Is
not groundless view, at leas, as to
many of them, but will they lietter their
condition by resorting to Indust.liil war
fare' That Is a question which would
seem to lie worthy of their serious con
sideration, since it Is a pretty well
established fact that widespread labor
troubles are productive of Industrial
prostration. The situation plainly sujr
gests that tbe era of general peaceful
relations between capital and labor Is
still . remote ana tnat mere is yet ue
niand for the most earnest efforts of
thoe who are anxious to pronute In-
dtistrial peace. It U a very simple mat
ter to theorize on the subject and to say
that harmony between employers and
employes Is essential to business success
and tbe general welfare, but It Is1 ex
tremely difficult to find a practicable
way of securing this most desirable con-
dltlon. As It Is the chief If not the only
menace to a continuance of prosperity
Is the danger of widespread labor con
VBXSRVINQ THK LAW.
There appears to be a general de
termination on the part of the railroads
of the country to observe the antl
rebate law in letter and in spirit.' Such
action as has been taken In this dlrec
tlon Indicates tbat at last railway man
agers have concluded that it will be
wise and expedient to obey the acts of
congress and that it will be to their in
terest and advantage to do so cun need
no demonstration. In bis recent report
the President of the Pennsylvania rail-
roaa Baia tn" e 01888 01 rau
rod men vere doln8 a ,n tl,elr Pwer
t0 maintain schedules. Tney have
rouna " Prontabie to do this ana with
the additional incentive of the Elkins
act tb7 my reasonably be expected to
aanere t0 tuls policy,
Is said that the organizations of
eh,PPer whlch secured the enactment
of tbe anu-rebate law are beginning to
fear that t,u?y haye not bettered them-
selves. There Is distrust It is stated.
of the efficacy of tbe measure and it is j
P,ntcd out thftt its evasion is . easily
to nave Kreater demand upon
the,r facilities than they can meet there
,s ,lttle danger of the law not being
obeyed, but whenever times change and
rthe roads are anx,ous for traffic the law
,8 lely to be evaded. That Is a possl-
bl,lty ttbout whlcu shippers need not
now disturb themselves. No one can
tel1 w,tn certainty how long the exist
,n& prosperity will last The conditions
Beem favorable to Its continuance for
several years. Yet a change may come
w,tlln a year. All that can be nsked or
expected Is assurance that the railroads
mean t0 observe the law and whenever
11 shall be found that they are not
do,nS lt w111 be time to question the
efficacy of the statute and consider what
additional legislation mny be required,
1116 anti-rebate law has Increased the
naB JPven that body an authority con
to tue lav. The act Is comprehensive
and ,ts provisions are clear and cannot
08 misunderstood. The receiver of a
rebate may be punished as well as the
&rer- 11 ,s a misdemeanor to accept
as weH 88 to 8Tant a rebate. The law
thus applies to shippers as well as to
the common carriers and Is rendered
doubly strong thereby. Evasion of the
,aw ,8 of course possible, but the danger
of thls ,s minimized when the shipper
may become Involved with the corpora
tlon in a prosecution. Good results from
the anti-rebate act are promised nnd
can be confidently expected, but there
,8 8tm required of the commission due
Itflance and care to see that the law
Is observed in all respects.
BODY BLOW TO URtAT&R OMAHA.
Omaha is beset by foes from within
and foes from without Every city of
Omaha's commercial standing and popu
,at,on ha8 been striving for expansion
so as to make the most favorable show-
,n of commercial growth and populn
tlon' Greater New York has not only
orDea urooaiyn. out otner neighbor
lag townB and tillages that aggregate
mor tDan one million In population
-nicago nas annexea tne towns within
I - . .... .
a radius of more than fifteen miles and
iouHy covers an area or im square
miles. Cleveland. Detroit Louisville
Indianapolis, Denver and scores of other
cities have expanded within recent
ear" Dy "nexauon or adjacent terrl
Omaha has not only failed lamentably
ln Its ambition to overtoke rival cities,
bllt ha suffered Irreparable Injury by
tne Padded census of 1890 that placed
Omaha In tbe retrograde column In 1900
with a deficit of over 40.000 population
That damaging advertisement would
have been averted but for the selfish
shortsighted Interference of certain
1 franchlsed corporation managers, that
I have defeated every effort to give
I Omaha home rule and enlarged bound
1 This cut-throat policy they have agoln
I repeated In the present legislature In
securing the defeat of the proiwsed con
stltutlonnl amendment tbat would hnv
I opened the way for the annexation of
South Omaha and an eventual consoll
I datlou of city and county governments.
The uprising against tbe annexation of
South Omaha and tbe Intrusion of fifty
or sixty remonstrants ln tbe state
I capltol was all worked up for the occa
I slon and the extraordinary complaisance
I with which tbe state senate lifted the
I amendment bill out of its place In the
- 1 calendar In order to satisfy the clamor-
ons antl-anuexationists was part of the
It does uot taka a mind reader to
guess who paid the rare ror xnese
patriots to rush to Lincoln and who
assisted them so cleverly nnd ex
pedltlously from behind the screen. On
the one hand, two franchises are worth
more than one franchise, and. on the
other, the gnme of shuttlecock and
battledore before tax commissioners can
be more successfully played than If nil
the property of a corporation were
located within the boundaries of one
South Omaha has, moreover, granted
a franchise to an Independent telephone
company. The annexation of South
Omnha would have given the Independ
ent telephone company an entrance Into
Omaha, and the Bell Telephone com
pany wants no competitors, conse
quently It wants no annexation. Is It
any wonder that Omaha Is not able to
catch up with Its rivals In the race for
The biennial report of the auditor of
Nebraska for 1882 shows that the total
railroad mileage in this state was 1,044,
assessed for $12,080,670, or f0,519.76 per
mile. In 1002, 5,704 miles of railroad
In Nebraska were assessed for $26,422,
732, or $4,636.02 per mile. Assessed at
the mileage rate of 1882 tbe valuation
for 1002 would have been $37,197,880, or
$10,775,148 more than the railroads were
assessed for last year. Within twenty
years the railroad mileage has not only
trebled, but the value of every mile of
railroad In Nebraska has more than
doubled. With nearly three times the
mileage returned twenty years ago, the
assessed valuation of the roads In Ne
braska Is only a small fraction more
than double. . ..
When the primary election bill which
Is being puHhed through tbe legislature
by the Douglas delegation is carefully
scrutinized It may be discovered that It
does not merely contain safeguards
BgM'nst affidavit voting and Imported
voters at primaries which could bate
been prevented by an enforcement of
present election laws, but It will be
found to also contain provisions de
signed to promote factional schemes of
disfranchisement It certainly would be
' a delegation which
owed Its nomination to the lawless prac
tlceB complained of should be so anxious
to prevent their repetition.
Senator Gorman bas set for himself
as the leader of the democrats In con
gress the task of bringing about party
harmony as the first essential to revive
party spirits in anticipation, of the next
national campaign. On the other hand,
Colonel Bryan seems to have had him
self designated to see to it that no har
mony of the Gorman brand Is accepted
by his Kansns City platform following.
It will now be In order for some self
appointed peacemaker to appear who
will undertake to harmonize Gorman
If the very leteet charter revision oea
Into, effect Oiiya. will be subdivided
Into thirteen Wards, providing always
that the franchlsed corporations will
permit the city council to add six more
councilmen to their own number, and
providing further that the nine future
councilmen of Omaha will consent to
decrease the value of their own Im
portance to the corporations ln propor
tion to the Increase in the total number
The bill authorizing railroads of Ne
braska to place an unlimited amount of
mortgages upon their properties has
passed the bouse. What emergency
there is for such legislation has not yet
been disclosed, but there Is a well
grounded suspicion that this measure Is
designed to legalize the conversion of
stocks Into bonds a la Burlington and
There Is a provision In our city char
ter which makes "every councilman re
sponsible on bis bond for any approprl
atlocs voted .in excess of the reveilles
of the city against which the warrants
msy legally be drawn. If this provision
werr enforced once or twice the council
would not be so reckless in voti'ig
money for all sorts of things without
Hid funds ln sight to pay the bills.
Senator Cullom is said to have been
taken severely to task for discussing In
open session business . tbat should he
transacted in executive session of tbe
senate. It would be a good deal better
If all of the senators should make tbe
same mistake and quit the farce of
sitting behind closed doors altogether.
The secret session has long since lost
every excuse for Its continuance.
And now one of the Spanish cabinet
ministers wants to hold a post mortem
on tbe remains of tbe Maine to find out
what was the cause of its sinking and
whether the responsibility for Its de
struction was properly laid at Spanish
doors. So far as Spain is concerned. It
might be a good plan for it to revise
the old motto Into "Forget the Maine."
Follows One Flaar Only.
The latest political Insanity Is the pro
posal to guarantee to Canada protection
under the Monroe doctrine. Before that
proposal csn be seriously considered
Canada mutt decide under which flag It
would like to be protected. The Monroe
doctrine follows only one flag.
Why Thejr Stick Tosretber.
That the tnlted States government baa
spent something like $75,000,000 on the
transport aervlce out of and Into San Fran
cisco helps to explain how the California
conferential delegation has come to stand
so solidly with Providence In carrying out
the work of benevolent assimilation.
Let Consumers Hejoleo.
The 1100,000 that Armour Co. hope to
save In telegraph tolls by establishing a
wireless system of their own will be no
concern of the consumer. The packers need
all the money they can get, and when put
to It. can generally set all they need
Meantime, we think longingly of the por
terhouse while ws eat tbe chuck. .
THE NEW ELECTORAL COLLEGE.
Effect of the Hew Aprtlomeat
h Votes of States.
New York Bun.
The preildentlel election of 1004 will
be the first held under the al
tered representation ot states In tho
electoral college and the changed
division of delegates to the two
national conventions based upon It. At
every previous election held following a
new apportionment tfc.e chief gain In rep
resentation has gone to the states In the
west. It will not be so In 1904.
There will be no addition to western rep
resentation through the admission of new
states, the defeat of all statehood meas
ures In congress leaving the number the
same as in 1896 and 1900.
In the whole territory west of the Mis
sissippi the gains In electoral representa
tion will be one member In California, one
In Colorado, three In Texan, one in North
Dakota, one in Washington and one In
Missouri, eight In all. The eastern states
gain twenty electors.
The political Importance of the trans
Mississippi territory seems likely to he fur
ther diminished by the practical elimina
tion of certain formerly "doubtful states."
In 1900 Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Mon
tana, Nebraska, Nevada, South Dakota and
Washington had democratic or fusion gov
ernors, and the state administrations were
generally In the control ot the democrats
or fuslonlsts. At present the only states
In the west paving democratlo governors
are Montana Nevada and Oregon, and
Montana and Oregon were carried by the
republicans at the last election by 10,000
and 15,000 majority respectively. Nevada
Is the one state In this whole vast west
ern territory which on the strength of the
last election could be classified as "doubt
ful." New York will have In 1904 thirty-nine
electoral votes, a gain of throe.
SCOPE OF IMMIGRATION ACT.
Mkelr to Have a Wider Kftect Than
The new Immigration law appears to have
a much wider scope than congress Intended.
It provides "that for the purposes of this
act the words 'United States' aa used In
the title as well as ln the various sections
of this act shall be construed to mean the
United States and any waters, territory or
other place now subject to the jurisdiction
thereof." This seems to extend tbe law
over Porto Rico, Hawaiian Islands, Philip
pine Islands, Alaska, Guam and Tutulla.
These are .all under the jurisdiction of the
United States, and while this point was not
mentioned In the discussion of the subject
to either branch of congress, the wording
of the law apparently leaves no room for
There la no reason why this act should
not apply to the United States and all ter
ritory under Its jurisdiction excepting the
difficulty ln carrying it out. Tbe 2 head
tax Is not necessary for some of these
IsIandB, to which thousands of persons go,
not to settle, but to labor, and their labor
Is heeded. This Is the case in the Hawaiian
Islands ln particular. No arrangement was
provided for to extend the law over these
various Islands, and that would require Im
migration officials and conveniences. The
local authorities, such as the Philippine
commission, now look after Immigration in
their respective spheres, but the new act.
which to a large extent codifies the laws
on the subject, puts this work all under the
Treasury department, which now has noth
ing to do with the Philippine Islands.
The provisions of the law excluding per
sons who have been or are insane, profes
sional beggars, anarchists, contract labor
ers, or those who are physically disabled.
etc., and the fines inflicted on any person
bringing to this country an alien afflicted
with a loathsome disease will make the en
forcement ot the law more difficult. As it
will not be easy to apply the law to the
Canadian border, Canadians being exempted
from the head tax. Immigration by way of
Canada will probably greatly Increase. The
emigrants leaving Europe for Canada are
much more numerous now than ever before;
but a, large proportion .of them evidently
go to Canada for the express purpose of
getting Into the United States with com
paratlve ease. The $2 head tax will help
tbe Canadian steamship lines, which will
not have to pay the tax. Immigrant from
foreign countries might well be excluded
from coming to the United States by way ot
Senator Clark's first corner was ln bak
ing powder. He. had all the stuff ln sight
in one of the early Montana mining camps.
Governor John L. Bates of Massachusetts
has been elected president of the newly
formed Old-Home Week association In his
An automobile out in California ran away
the other day Just as Admiral Schley ap
proached. Is it possible that the chauf
feur was a Spaniard who didn't know the
war was over?
Paul St. Peter Is to be president of the
Window Glass Workers' association. If
there Is anything ln a name he should be
able to derive large profits from the stained
glass window part of the trade.
Lord Dundonald, speaking last week at the
annual meeting of the Canada Dominion
Artillery association, said that guns of
that country were only fit for scrap Iron
and the department correspondingly weak
ln every way.
Because the Inhabitants of Scltuate, near
Boston, refused to hear a letter read from
Thomas W. Law son expressing his views
on liquor license at a town meeting be
has reconsidered his promise to give the
place a $50,000 soldiers' monument.
W. A. Melbourne, said to be the oldest
telegrapher ln the world, has removed from
Swanwlck, 111., to Denver, where he Intends
to pass the remainder of his days. He be
gsn manipulating the keys ln 1847, and dur
lng the civil war was attached to the army
of the Potomac.
Harry B. Tlerneys of St. Joseph, Mo.
a student at nenricx seminary, hi iuis
recently won the prize in tbe poem con
test conducted by the king of Denmark
The 'subject of the poems was tbe recen
visit of the czarina ot Russia to her father,
the Danish king.
Flfty-fcur years ago thla month Presi
dent James K. Polk signed tbe bill that
made Minnesota a territory. Alexander
Ramsey, who was appointed Its first gov
ernor and was subsequently governor of
the state, then United States senator, and
aUerward secretary of war in tbe cabinet
of President Hayes, still survives.
Senator Depew's autobiography In the
congressional directory, which occupied
nearly a page In tbe late volume, haa been
eclipsed by that of Robert Baker In the
new directory. Baker Is the new demo
cratic representative from Brooklyn, and
the story of his life, about 1,000 words long,
occupies considerably more than a page.
Several hundred words are devoted to
minor Incidents ln his career.
John D. Long, forrrer secretary of the
navy, who bas been under treatment at St.
Margaret's hospital, on Mount Vernon
atreet, Boston, for about two months, Is
now making faat progress toward recov
ery. He la able to ait up and has been
enjoying this pleasant diversion for a few
days. He la still under the eye of his
physicians, but it Is said tbat he is gaining
strength and may be able to leave the hos
pital for hi borne in Hingbam within a
THERE IS rJO SUBSTITUTE
rtOlND ABOUT NEW YORK.
Ripples on the Current of Life In the
A New York preacher, rector of aa Epis
copal church, with a congregation of the
ultra-rich, threw a few verbal bombs among
the worshippers during his sermon last
Sunday. The strenuous hunt for the al
mighty dollar was his theme. "We are In
danger of a commercial decline," he said.
'because men, as a whole, are too much
nterested in the selfish motive to get rich,
and In consequence the great national
questions are not getting the unbiased, un
selfish, heartfelt consideration which they
should have. There are thousands of men
who do not take time to eat properly. The
sidewalks are filled with a hurrying, rush
ing, bustling crowd of men, women and
children, who are rushing through life.
This disposition Is stamping out family life
and the state Is affected by it.
"The dominant spirit to get rich Is tend
ing to make our halls of government more
like marts of commerce. Are not United
States senators optioned in . some rases to
the highest bidder? A poor man cannot go
to the United States senate. The first con
sideration Is always, 'Can I afford to go?'
Another baleful result ot the mad rush for
riches Is an age of dyspepsia, morose dis
positions, sleepless nights and selfish hu
manity. This kind of strenuoatty Is a sin."
According to the calculations of the Bun,
there are more than 1.250,000 natives of
New York now resident In other states of
the country, and very few of these, rela
tively, adopted the advice given to New
Yorkers many years ago to go west and
grow up with the country.
Only one state of the west haa a consid
erable population of native-born New York
ers, and tbat state Is, strange as the an
nouncement may seem, Michigan. There
are 160,000 natives of New York resident In
Michigan more than 10 per cent of the
whole number of native New Yorkers resi
dent In other states. t
After Michigan, but with a much smaller
number of New York realdents, comes Illi
nois. The two western states which have
the largest number of native-born New
Yorkers next to Michigan are Wisconsin
Emigration from the Empire state bas
not been on the usual lines of travel
through the middle west, but has been de
cidedly toward the northwest, and especially
into states along the Canada border.
There are some curious facts shown ln
the distribution of native-born New York
ers through the country. There are nearly
twice as many in California, on the distant
Pacific, as there are In Missouri, ln the
Mississippi valley. There are more natives
of New York resident In tbe single state ot
Massachusetts than In all the states of the
There Is a very small number of New
Yorkers ln Indiana, and actually fewer by
several thousand ln Ohio, one of the most
populous states of the country, than In
Connecticut, one of the smallest.
The largest numbers of natives of New
York resident In another state are found.
of course, ln New Jersey, and Pennsylvania,
which adjoins New York throughout nearly
all its south boundary line and a portion of
its west boundary line, has a considerable
A New York lawyer tells of a contract
he was called upon to draw a short time
ago between a widow and a widower who
had decided to pull together ln the matri
monlal harness for the remainder of their
natural lives. They had apparently pon
dered every possibility, and to make sure
of no disputes in the. future had agreed to
reduce their agreements to writing.
It was specified In the first place that
the wife should hold and manage her own
property absolutely and on her death It
was to go to her natural heirs, unless she
dlsDosed of It otherwise by will. He was
to utter no criticism as to how she dls
posed of the Income and she on her part
agreed to purchase all her own clothing
and Drovtde her' own pocket money. A
similar provision In all respects was In
serted as to the husband.
It was further agreed that when the wife
died she was to be laid beside her first
husband and be was to repose In tbe same
burial lot as his first wife. If a son were
born to them he was to take the name of
her first husband; if a daughter, the name
of his first wife. The husband was to have
the sole say aa to tbe furnishing of the
library and his own sleeping apartments;
she to control that of the rest of the house.
The husband agreed to pay all tbe house
hold expenses and the wife was to per
sonally control and direct the housekeeping.
Our Spring Hats
as well as caps for spring wear are considerably
different from the usual order in fact they are
quite unusual. But are very becoming shapss to
nearly every one and becoming in price as well--$2.
00 $2. 50 $3. 00-$3 Si - and $4- 00
Caps 50c to. $250-
yo cLOTiusa Firs like ours.
Neither should utter a word of criticism
as to the attendance ot the other upon clubi
or ether places of amusement.
"They were four hours at my office In
getting this thing settled," aald the lawyer
"At one point the widower said, 'Sarah, you
don't talk much like my first wife. She
was willing to leave everything to me.'
'Yes tbe widow responded quietly, T was
a fool, too, when I was first married. I
know better now.' "
The gorgeous marble mansion of Senator
Clark of Montana, on Upper Fifth avenue,
New York, Is slowly approaching comple
tion. Through a lattice ot scaffolding the
roof lines of the massive pile are already
visible. It is easily tbe most massive and
magnificent (If not the most artistic)
private dwelling house in New York. The
Clark house is always a stopping place for
"Did Adam and Eve keep Lent?"
"Certainly not. Eve didn't need to have
any dressmaking done In order to be ready
for Easter." Chicago Record-Herald.
Teacher IJttle girl, wouldn't you like to
be educated and make your mark In the
Moll, the Waif Naw: watche glvln" me?
Hit hain't de eddlcated ones that makes
delr marka. Dey signs delr names. Balti
"You magazine editors," the critical per
son was heard to remark, "accept stuff
every month that a tlrat-class newspaper
reporter would be ashamed to write."
"We do the best we can," retorted the
magazine editor, with spirit. "We can't .
get the newspaper reporters to write for
us." Chicago Tribune. ,. ,
The amplitude of vibration of the din-1
phragm of the telephone receiver in re '.
firoduclng speech Is about the twenty-mil-:
ionth of an inch. If you have any doubts '
about this. Just get out the old font rule
ana measure lor yourseii. somervuiew
'Do I understand you to say. Senator
Graft, that you will sustain and support
the trusts r nowiea tne entnusiaaiio legis
lator. tor calmly, "I did not say 1 would 'support'
or 'sustain trusts, i merely sain 1 wouic
'hold them up. ' Baltimore Herald. v
"Friend of mine today," said Mr. Kidder,
"was talking of coming here to board."
"I hope," remarked Mra. Staxvem, "you ,
were pleased to recommend our tame.
"Sure! Told him It waa Just the thing
for him. He's a pugilist, and wants to
Increase his reach.' Philadelphia Catholic
THE MAN WITH THE HOt HO! HO!
A. J. Waterhouse In New York Times.
I love the ringing music of a cheery, hearty
For It routs the Imps of worry as the
breezes scatter chaff.
And there's not a sce..e of gladness known
to mortals here below
But Is made a little gladder by merry
ho! ho! ho!
For Merriment's a singer, and laughter Is
And where the singer alngeth the happy '
For In all celestial anthems nothing
sweeter Is, 1 trow,
Than the melody that lures us ln a hot hot
hoi ho! ho!
You are feeling rather weary 'tis an oft- '
And you fancy Trouble' demons all arc
camping on your trail.
Till you meet the man of laughter, with
his cheery ho! ho! hoi
And, some way, as you listen, all the
haunting demons go;
Then you vow that this pld planet Is a
place ot Joy and cheer.
And there's pleasure ln reflecting that you
now are living here
And you wouldn't for a fortune lose your
grip on things below
Ail because you hear the muslo of a ring
ing ho! ho! hoi
Two angels walk upon the earth, walk
dally to and fro.
The t ne is clad in robes of white, tho other
In garb of woe.
The voire ot one Is laughter; tbe other's Is
Joy la the one, the other Woe; for souls of
men they vie;
And the one comes running, running, sum-
mnnArf hv tha mrllrhlllir ADell
Of the rippling notes of laughter that the
spirit s rapture ten;
While the other straight Is driven from the
souls It haunts below
By the ringing and the singing of a hoi bo!
ho! ho! ho!
We all do love the muslo of a cheery,
To spirits bowed with trouble 'tis a Heaven.
But our burdens seem so heavy aa we pass
them In review
That we often let another do the laughing
we should do;
At any rate. It's so with me, for I'm of
brittle clay. , t . M
And haply It is so with you, although I do
And so, perchance, you'll Join with me, this
one bouquet to throw.
To the man who brlnss ua blessing with the
ho! ho! ho! ho! ho!
Powered by Open ONI