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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 23, 1903)
TIIU OMAHA DAILY HEE: MONDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1003.
'Hie omaiia Daily Bee
B. ROSEWATER. EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, .:
George B. Taechuck, secretary of rr.a Be;
Publishing company, being duly sworn, says
that the actual number of full and complete
copies of The Dally, Morning, Kvenlng and
Bunday Be printed during the month of
January, 1SVJ, was aa follows;
Less unsold and returned copies.... 9,875
Net total sales BSi.eoT
Net average sales 80,031
OEOROB B. TZSCHUCK.
Bubs crt bed In my presence and sworn to
before me tma Slat day of January, a.
ISC i M. B. HUNQATE.
(Baal.) Notary Public
It was a hatchet club, not a knock
er's club, that George Washington et
If all U paper plans only materialize
Omaha wtfl' experience a brisk building
season as soon as the cold weather de
Perhaps the legislature does not want
to look Into that Bartley cigar box for
fear it might find something It Is hunt
It seems that the more patching the
proposed revenue bill receives at the
hands of the Joint committee the worse
The Rockefeller - experience Justifies
the admonition that telegrams should be
in the same class with letters with the
hereabouts must not be' allowed to be
come a habit.' ' Borne of tbe stray bullets
may stray . In the wrong direction. ,
.The Introduction by Senator Hanna of
a bill to pension ex-slaves lends color
to the suspicion that Walter' Raleigh
Vaughn must be lurking somewhere iu
the neighborhood of the national capi
tal .General Miles has been entertaining
Chief Joseph of the Nez Perces In
dians at his residence In Washington.
General Miles gave him a livelier en
tertainment in the wilds of New Mex
ico and Arizona some twenty years ago.
On a basis of one representative for
every 10,000 population Douglas county
Would be entitled to more than thirteen
representatives and four state senators,
as proposed in the McAllister apportion
ment bllL 8U11. small favors will be
It la said the experiment with the new
postage stamps is not proving as suc
cessful as was expected, especially with
reference to the design for the two-cent
-stamp. Tbe Poetofflce department should
get a stamp that will stick and then
stick to the stamp.
It seems that the corporation lobby is
growing with the advance of the ses
sion, railroad cappers being called In
from all parts of tbe state. If our law
makers want to maintain themselves be
yond suspicion they will send the paid
lobbyists an invitation to go home.
If we would believe the hot air emitted
by John N. Baldwin, as chief of the
Union Pacific lobby, the railroads are so
fearful that they will not pay enough
taxes In the rural districts that they are
willing to spend money to make sure
the opportunity is not taken away from
Why should a member from Dodge
county be concerned In the details of
the South Omaha charter, anyway, that
he should prepare amendments to be
bitched onto it in committee designed
to relieve the railroads from paying mu
nicipal taxes the same as other property
Word from Washington is to the ef
feet that there Is no chance for any land
leasing legislation during the remainder
of the fast ebbing session of congress.
People out here, however, will believe
that the edict for the fences to come
down is to be enforced when the fences
. -. 1
Whatever may be done with tbe bill
to extend the Ufa of the supreme court
commission nothing should be done that
will prevent the enlargement of tbe su
pre me court by the addition of two
more Judges at the earliest possible
time. One of the influences that helped
defeat the constitutional amendment in
creating the number of supreme Judges
In iSW was traceable to tbe members
of the old supreme court commission
..who wauted to bold en,
KU 9TKP BACKWABD.
The citizens of Omaha are rightly
aroused over the attempt on the part
of the franchisor coriorntlon to smug
gle into the new revenue bill a provi
sion that would undo all the reforms
RiTuiimllHlipd lu the direction of the as
sessment of municipal franchises that
previously escaped tnxatlnn. The pro
posal to make the assessment bnsls for
the franchises of these public service
corporations one year's gross receipts in
stead of the actuul market value has
nothing whatever to. commend It. It Is
purely arbitrary and fictitious and di
rectly contravenes the letter and spirit
of the constitution, which requires all
properties and franchises to be assessed
equitably and uniformly.
There is no more reason why one
year s gross receipts suouia ne taken
to represent the value of the franchise
of one of the public service corpora
tions than that six months' earnings
should be taken, or that two year's
earnings should be taken. The gross
earnings of such a corporation has no
definite relation to the value of Its spe
cial privileges. Two corporations with
the same amount of tangible property
and the same gross receipts might, In
fact, be worth on the market the' one
several times more than the other. This
much it is safe to say, that if the pro
posed change did not mean that the
franchised corporations would escape
some of the taxes they are now com
pelled to pay they would not be advo
cating a change.
This is a matter that affects not only
Omaha but every city in the state and
it affects not only the people of the
cities, but the taxpayers everywhere.
All this property enters into the grand
assessment roll of the state, and to
allow any part of it to avoid assess
ment on the same basis as the other
property simply shifts the burden of
taxation to other property owners. If
the Joint revenue committee has acted
ignorantly in this matter It should re
consider and retrace its steps. If the
committee persists In reporting the bill
with the' provision for the substitution
of gross receipts for market values as
the basis of franchise assessment, It will
devolve upon the legislature to strike
out the obnoxious clause when it comes
up before the two houses.
THB CLUB THAT DOBS.
"The greatest thing in Kansas City,
chief maker of Kansas City, its prophet,
apostle and crowner, is tbe club that
does. The Commercial club is the title
of it" So writes II. Alloway, the well
known financial editor of the New York
Times, who has been making a tour of
the southwest to find that the Kansas
City Commercial club has been the chief
factor of the marvelous growth and
prosperity of that city. That this was
a revelation to the roan of the east goes
without saying, for he waxes even more
enthusiastic as he continues:
It U not merely in the bringing of new
manufactories to employ labor, utilize raw
material and distribute pay rolls; it is not
merely m the development of plans for ex
panding mercantile connections that this
organization Is industrious. Along those
lines it does wonders, but its field ts
broader. Not less conspicuous in its char
acter is the campaign waged constantly for
municipal cleanliness. Through it has
started plans tor a public park system great
in acreage and greater still In its developing
beautiflcation close to $3,000,000 has al
ready been Invested in it, with $3,000,000
more to be speedily available. Fair record
this for a western river town whose assets
and credits were texts for Jocularity a
decade and less ago.
The writer goes on to tell how under
Kansas City's leadership every town
and hamlet of consequence in the south
west has hastened and that enthusias
ticallyto establish home championship
organizations of the same type. "In
twenty alert . towns of western and
northern Missouri, of Kansas and Okla
homa and Texaa, and even In the quon
dam quietude of Arkansas in towns
that I have been, personally visiting
this Commercial club idea is not merely
accepted but has come to be controlling.
Thus Kansas City has actually sten
cilled the whole southwest over."
It Is not with the special inteutlon of
paying tribute to Kansas City as the
home of live and hustling business men
that The Bee calls attention to this de
lightful description. It is to remind the
business men of Omaha of tbe opportu
nlties their Commercial club can have if
its members will only cut loose from the
strings that have held them to Inaction
In too many matters of vital concern to
the well being aud progress of Omaha.
If our Commercial club will only set
about It it can furnish a text for eastern
newspapers as well as Kansas City.
A NtOLCCTtD CUMillHCE.
The official statement of the foreign
commerce of tbe United States for 1902
shows that no progress Is being made
in securing South American trade. In
deed, it appears that while our Imports
from the southern countries have beeu
steadily growing our exports to them
last year were not as much In value
as twelve years ago. Here is a great
market, from which we buy heavily,
the imports from South America
amounting lust year to about $120,000,'
000, yet our manufacturers and mer
chants were able to sell there only $38,
000,000 worth of merchandise, or less
than one-third of what we bought.
It Is very apparent that this market,
which Is steadily growing In iuipor
tance, is not being cultivated as it
should be by American manufacturers
and merchants, that they are doing lit
tle or nothing to compete with the Brit
ish and Germans in South America, or
else that they are at such a dlsadvan
tag that their efforts are futile. There
ts one Important respect in which un
doubtedly they are at a disadvantage,
which is the want of lines of American
vessels sailing frequently and regularly
to all the principal South American
ports. Mr. McKlnley pointed this cut,
saying that "one of the Deeds of the
time Is direct commercial lines from
our vast fields of production to the fields
1 of consumption that wo have but baxely
touched." He declared that next In ad
vantage to having tbe thing to sell is
to have th convenience to carry It to
the buyer and therefore we must en
courage our merchant marine and have
more ships under the American flag,
built and ptnniml and owned by Ameri
cans. It Is not to be doubted, if the
testimony of South Americans them
selves Is of any value, that much would
bo gained in the way of trade If we
had steamship lines sailing frequently
and regularly to the more important
South American port, but that Is not
a promise of the near future. Undoubt
edly there are other and quite as seri
ous disadvantages that may be reme
died lu time.
When we are seeking markets for
our surplus manufactures the fact that
we are making no progress in the large
and valuable markets south of us seems
very remarkable. British and German
trade with those countries steadily
grows and It appears like a reflec
tion upon American energy and enter
prise that there Is no lncreast in our
South American commerce.
. FREEVUU OF DEBATI
There was an interesting and some
what instructive discussion in the Uni
ted States senate a few days ago on
the old question of unrestricted debate
In that body. It was brought about
by a proposition that the senate agree
upon a time for closing debate on the
statehood bill. While the discussion
was not general, there was enough to
make plain the fact that a large ma
jority of the senators are opposed to
placing any restriction on debate. Men
of both parties favor the largest lati
tude of discussion. Scnaor Spooner and
Senator Lodge advocated It on the part
of the republicans and the views they
expressed were concurred in by such
democratic senators as Cockrell and Ba
con. Senator Lodge said that when he went
to the senate from the house of repre
sentatives he was strongly prejudiced in
favor of vigorous and prompt methods
of closing debate. He had since reached
the conclusion that (the practice of the
senate is on the whole a wise one and
the safest system for the country and for
the general interests of the government.
Senator Bacon said there are three dis
tinguishing features of the senate which
Justify terming it the greatest delibera
tive body In the world and the chief
of these is the right to unlimited de
bate. The arguments of these senators,
however, were not entirely convincing,
for they were compelled to admit that
under the prevailing practice the will
of the majority may be defeated and
this Is certainly not consistent with
our repuDiican system. There is no
doubt that the statehood bill, if brought
to a vote, would pass, but tbe minority
has kept up tbe discussion of that meas
ure with the avowed purpose of talk
ing It to death. In the case of the Pan
ama canal treaty the right of unlimited
debate Is delaying ratification and this
delay Is due almost wholly to a single
senator, there being no question that
more than the necessary 'two-thirds of
the senate would vote for ratification'.
in mis me popular win as well as
that of a majority of the senate is be
ing baffled, yet as long as Senator Mor
gan Is able to talk be can obstruct ac
tion, on the treaty. It is pretty diffi
cult to find any sound defense or Justi
fication for such a system in a re
But It will be adhered to until, as
was said by Senator Mason, "the peo
ple of the United States so shape their
constitution that the senators will owe
their seats to, and answer directly to,
the people, who ought to elect tbe sena
tors." The time will assuredly come
when the people will Insist, In a way
that cannot be disregarded, that there
shall be some limit placed upon debate
In the senate, so that a few senators
shall not be able as now to obstruct
and even defeat legislation favored by
the majority. The fact that the exist
ing practice has prevailed for nearly a
century Is no Justification of It and does
not relieve it of the charge of being
In a Chicago court a verdict for dam
ages has Just been recovered against a
surgeon, who undertook to perform an
operation on a patient without first se
curing the assent of the patient or law
ful representative, and the outcome of
the suit has stirred up a vigorous dis
cussion of the lengths to which med
ical men may go in a professional ca
paclty in the use of the surgeon's knife,
All the experts agree that the patient's
consent should by all means be a con
dition precedent, except possibly where
his condition requires Immediate action,
Justifying the surgeon in using bis own
Judgment and accepting responsibility
for his decision. At the same time there
Is no-question but that over-eagerness
to use the knife Is altogether too preva
lent in the profession and that the de
cision in question should have a whole
some effect In putting the brtke on rash
The defeat of the county commis
sioner bill means that the county court
house In Douglas county will remain in
the bands of the democrats until the re
publicans choose men as candidates for
commissioner who can command the
support of a majority of the people in
their own districts. There are plenty of
republicans in every one of the five dls
trUts, with possibly one exception, who
can carry their respective districts.
Douglas county republicans may as well
make up their minds now If they hope
to regain control of the county offices to
put up the bars against weaklings for
these Important positions.
One by one the legislatures of the va
rlous states are adopting resolutions
calling for a constitutional convention
to propose an amendment to the federal
constitution for the election of United
States senators by the direct vote of
the pevyle. Wbua Uis list la mads up
It will be found that the states joining
this movement will be perilously near
the number required by the constitu
tion. Congress might as well get ready
Give the legislature credit for mani
festing a disposition to Insist on fire
proof construction in all new build
ings for state Institutions. . Nebraska
has lost enough by flretraps, to say
nothing of what Is still more serious,
the exposure of the lives of helpless and
dependent wards of the state. When
ever the state builds let It build in a
General James B. Weaver Is already
casting about with a view to. landing
the democratic nomination for governor
of Iowa next falL General Weaver has
been a standing candidate for about
everything on the political calendar. If
the Iowa democrats find themselves
compelled to fall back on this perennial
office hunter they must be in hard lines
Roandlna; Vp "Easy Harks." f
Tue K. J. Arnold Investment company
has 155 agents on tbe road soliciting suck
ers. It evidently went on tbe theory that
a sucker la worth going after.
Whittled to m Point.
In brief. Judge Grosscup holds that men
that buy beef in one state and sell it in
another are engaged in Interstate com
merce, even it they themselves say that
they are not.
Worth nightly Rewarded.
Et. Louis Republic.
Mr. Cortelyou's confirmation as secretary
of commerce is a cause of general sat
isfaction to the nation, which formed a
strong friendship for him during several
years of capable service.
Downward Pitch of the Pole.
St, Louis Republic.
At the lowest estimate it will cost $200,-
000 to reach the north pole, according to
Lieutenant Peary, who ought to know.
if anybody knows, but Medicine Hat may
be reached by tourist car . and side ac
commodations for a fraction of that sum.
A Pointed Illustration.
Kansas Qlty Journal.
By way of emphasizing his statements
in regard to the dwindling of families,
President Eliot might point out that tbe
democratic family has shrunk frightfully
in recent years and that the populist fam
ily has become wholly extinct.
Perils of Speculation,
Kansas City Journal.
Our present prosperity is bullded on a
firm foundation. But that foundation can
not permanently stand against rash spec
ulation. Whether the present conditions
shall continue depends much more largely
on the people than on the government. It
they persist in going into "get-rlch-qulck"
schemes instead of investing their sav
ings conservatively they are certain to lose
their savings; and if tbe tendency to over
speculation continues to grow, it is only
a matter of time until we shall run upon
Will Publicity Reduce) the Number of
Dnpea of Fake Concerns r
Judge Grosscup'' said some time ago that
we ought to "peoplelie" the great indus
trial corporations of this country. By
which he meant this: Keep a govern
mental eye on fhemi give all their opera
tions the widest possible publicity; then
all will know exactly what la doing; will
have confidence" in" tfieir securities and In
vest their savings In them, instead of put
ting their savings in banks.'
The two pillars of this idea, I will be
seen, are publicity and confidence. But
is not a searching light thrown on the
publicity and confidence idea by the re
cent history of "get-rlch-quick" concerns
in Chicago? People are so anxious to In
vest that no amount of lack of informa
tion deters them. They seem to regard
business as a kind of "great magic," an
alchemist's crucible, an Aladdin's lamp, a
department of the occult. They want to
put money in a slot and by some bewilder
ing and awesome process see dividends
handed out to them on a tray. Hence the
curious fact that to so many of them the
difference between tbe firm that offers
per cent a year and the firm that offers 4
per cent a month seems to be in favor of
Nor does a burned publlo dread the fire.
Three years ago Chicago was the scene of
revelations similar to those which are now
taking place. The newspapers said then:
"The game is exposed; the public is here
after safe; in vain la tbe net Bpread in the
sight of any bird." But here came In the
difference between bird and human intelli
gence. The net. was again spread and in
vestors walked into it with as much equa
nimity as on all former slullar occasions.
Which drives the observer to the depress
ing conclusion that the fact that people
do not Invest in industrial securities la
not due tj any lack of information or
lack of, confidence with regard to them,
but be-ause no Industrial corporation
promises to pay such dividends aa tbe "get-rlch-qulck"
concerns, which pretend to
operate on stock boards or race tracks
say they will pay. There are men and
women whose money cxn always be had
by the sharper who will offer per cent
LIFT THAT 11UAB BOX LID.
David City Record: It might be of In
terest to have our legislature investigate
our late pop ex-Treasurer Meserve to find
out how much accrued interest be pock
eted from tbe school fund deposited in bis
banks during his official career. Our fusion
friends have always been a little sore on
thin charge, but the Irritation may cease
when the festering sore Is once fully ex
posed so the attorney general may recover
some of tbls unearned Increment if tbe
legal rules permit.
Pawnee Chief: It has been suggested
that tbe present legislature demand tbe
contents of that much talked of "cigar box"
be made public, and tbe Chief hopes there
are enough members of b,oth branches who
are not tainted with Bartleyism to pass a
resolution looking to tbls end. Oh, but
wouldn't there be some aurprlses if the
beneficiaries of Bartley's peculations were
singled out and named? But honest
men universally are in hopes our legisla
tors will call for a "show down."
Stanton Picket: The demand for action
by the legislature to Investigate tbe Bartley
steals, the alleged crookedness of Meserve
and Mr. Stuefer's bond transactions should
be complied with. If there is any way of
finding out what Bartley baa done with the
money embexxled from the stste it should
be done. If other state treasurers have
gone crooked let it be known. Take the
lid off that cigar box and show the publio
what Is inside. Let there be an tnvestlga
tlon and such a one as will Investigate and
net whitewash. The legislators have It
within tbelr power to do good service for
their constituents in this matter aad it
should be dene, a&4 iett&s hit bird fluttsr.
WAT OP THE TRANSGRESSOR.
Former Mayor of Minneapolis rinds
It Qnlte Rocky.
The fugtltlve ex-mayor cf Minneapolis,
A. A. Amee, has been run to corner in the
obscure Tillage of Hancock, N. H., where
relatives reside. Although he is reported
to be a mental and physical wreck, he
battled through lawyers to prevent forci
ble return to the scene of his degrada
tion. He does not love tbe people of Min
neapolis as he did In years past when they
showered honors upon him regardless of
party ties, and it Is reasonably certain the
people cordially reciprocate the sentiment.
Several criminal indictments which he
dodged last summer await his return, and
there appears to bo a strong disposition
to press them to a conclusion In the courts
so ss to place the seal of Justice on the
author, promoter and beneficiary of the
In his better days the former was a
practicing physician as was his father be
fore him. He made a good record in the
civil war. He had been a candidate tor
governor of his state, receiving a compara
tively large vote, for Dr. Ames was then a
democrat in a state where democracy is
usually in a hopeless minority. Twice he
was elected mayor of Minneapolis as a
democrat, and while he had what was known
as "wide-open" administrations, he was
never accused of personal crookedness.
To his friends snd associates, Dr. Ames
was known as generous to a fault. He
did more charity professional work than
any other physician in the city. But Dr.
Ames' personal habits were bad. He chose
associates of the slums. Dr. Ames' per'
sonal recklessness led to family difficulties
and the breaking up of his home. It was
hla stolid Indifference and shameful levity
at the funeral of his divorced wife which
first caused a revulsion of popular feeling
toward him. But still he had a following
and was again elected mayor of Minneapo
lis as a republican, following the demo
cratic administration of Mayor Gray. From
the moment he came to office the last time
he seemed to be bent merely on loot.
Crooks were placed on the police force.
Colonel Fred Ames, Mayor Ames' brother,
Who had come back from the Philippines,
where he had served without honor as an
officer of a volunteer regiment, was made
chief of police. He was weak and pliable.
That was the reason for his being placed
in such a post. The word went out that
"something was doing" In Minne
apolis. Crooks flocked there from
all over the country. There was to be a
carnival of "grajft.' Crooked gambling
"joints" started up all over town. Mayor
Ames appointed a detective and assigned
him to the mayor's office. The duty of this
detective was to collect corruption money
from gamblers and female keepers of im
moral resorts. Vile "joints" were opened
all over town under tbe guise of candy
stores. Everything paid revenue to the
police department and the mayor. City
detectives were detailed to frighten out of
town men who had been swindled by con
fidence men. The crooks were paying for
protection, and the police department must
see that they got It
There was too much "graft." The police
divided Into factions and fought over it.
One faction harassed and arrested, the
crooks protected by the other taction, and
the crooks resented it. It waa at this
stage of municipal rottenness that an ag
gressive young business man was named
as foreman of the grand Jiry. The split
in the police department and a fight started
upon the sheriff by the Ames gang, so that
no officer of the law would be left to
look after law breakers, gave 'the grand
Jury, foreman an opening. He and some
other members of Jury made up a fund
among themselves and put private de
tectives two sets of them at work col
lecting evidence against the city admin
istration. One set acted as decoys. The
other set did business. Some of the dis
gruntled gamblers squealed. One after
another Ames' friends and tools were in
dicted. Ames was defiant. He thought
himself too strong for prosecution. No
officer of the law would dare measure
strength with him. Detective after detec
ive was enmeshed. Gardner, Ames' col
lector of corruption money, was Indicted.
Then came Ames', brother, the chief of
police. Finally Ames himself. Colonel
Fred Ames got six years in tbe peniten
tiary. Gardner got a penitentiary sen
tence, but will get a new trial. "Coffee
John" Flchette, once captain of police and
a collector of "graft," was caught in the
net. Death saved him from punishment.
So went the list.
Six indictments were returned against
Dr. Ames. One charged Dr. Amea with
collecting through "Coffee John" Flchette
$1,000 for permitting a vile theater to do
business in volation of the law. One
charged attempted bribery of County Com
missioner Sweet In order to secure his
vote for an Ames tool as sheriff, ater
Sheriff 'Thll" T. Megaarden had been de
posed from office. Two indictments charge
him with receiving bribes from women
in consideration of permitting them to
conduct resorts. Still another charges
receiving bribes through Gardner.
Dr. Ames was arraigned on three indict
ments before District Judge Harrison of
Hennepin county. He pleaded "not guilty,'
but said be was too ill to stand trial. This
was July 14 last. Tbe cases went over the
term. Dr. Ames gave $10,000 ball, and went
to West Baden, Ind., to regain his health.
It was announced at the time that ha might
not return, as he was to become house phy
slclan of a sanatorium there. But Indiana
did not care to add to lta list of physicians
a man who was under Indictment as a felon
In another state. Dr. Ames was not licensed.
He had to give up the prospective place. He
resigned as mayor of Minneapolis on August
7 last. He failed to appear when tbe cases
against htm were called in the September
term of court, and waa technically as well
as actually a fugitive from Justice. Since
that time he has been in biding, pursued
with more or less ardor by Minneapolis
officers of the law. Judge Harrison put
an end to this proceeding by instructing
State's Attorney Boardman to see that Dr
Ames was brought back for trial. Tbe doc
tor's bond of $10,000 has been forfeited.
Officers of the law have blm. It he should
live to stand trial, he is likely to be shown
little mercy by the persons who once de
lighted to honor him.
Secretary Cortelyou is a fine musical
critic, something that has long been needed
in tbe cabinet.
It Is proposed in Brooklyn by prominent
citizens to give Minister Bowen, who was
formerly a resident of that city, a banquet
before he returns to Venezuela.
It Is significant that within three days
after it was announced that the president
was going to practice swordsmanship the
allies agreed to sign the protocols.
On the site of the old home of the once
famous Captain Kldd In New York a sky
scraper fifteen stories high will soon be
erected by tbe Century Realty company and
William F. Havemeyer.
While Colonel Arthur Lynch, the member
of the British Parliament recently con
victed of treason, has been In prison he has
received all Parliamentary documents with
great regularity, the same as tbe other
members. Though serving a life sentence
he still has a standing aa Galway's repre
sentatlve la the lawmaking body at West-
1 Bilastsr, u
MUNICIPAL TAXATION OF RAILROADS
Fremont Tribune: It is clear If the Omaha
plan should be followed the taxation of the
roads would be greatly increased, for then
the terminals would be assessed once for
municipal purposes, whsress under the
unit system that part of the terminal value
apportioned to mlleago between stations
now escapes municipal taxation. The r ais
now escape this.
Falrbury Oaiette: The railway man
agers are making a mistake In opposing H.
R. 171. Two wrongs don't make one right.
It la no excuse to say that railways should
not be assessed at a fair cash value be
cause horses are assessed at $10 and mules
at $5 per head. All such assessments are
ridiculous. All property must come up to
a common level for assessment purposes.
If the railway people persist In their op
position to Jnst and fair assessments, they
will force the Issue Into a rampnlgn, and
then there will be something doing of a
very radical nature. This asieasifient ques
tion will not down, nor will it be settled
until it Is settled -right. The members of
tte legislature who are not with the peo
ple on this question, and their actions at
Lincoln this winter are being closely In
spected at home, will find their future po
litical aspirations will vanish in the air.
They must be fair t6 the railways and fair
to the people. Nobody can object to that
Rushvllle Recorder: The Recorder has
been inundated with leaflets, pamphlets,"
and foolets on tbe taxation of railroads
this two weeks, and we have come to the
conclusion that the attempt of the rail
roads to buy editorials In the press has
acted like the lease law on the stockmen.
When people begin to stir up a heap, they
must look out for odors. It certainly looks
ss though the city of Omaha was making
out by far the stronger case In its fight
for equal taxation on city property. While
the railroads have conferred immense ben
efits on Omaha, they have to some extent
offset these when we see the valuation
of railroad property there conducted in
such a ridiculous manner. Nebraska has
a very high position among the states on
account of lta literacy, but we shall not
have much fatth in that kind of boast until
It is exercised enough to place the railroad
taxation on somewhere near the same basis
It occupies In older states. In Indiana the
state, under its revised taxation scheme in
one year raised the assessed valuation on
railroads from $60,000,000 to $160,000,000 and
the railroads and state are still doing busi
ness. There is not the least doubt on earth
that the railroads here in common with a
large number of citizens are aseessed too
low and Omaha is not the only place where
the evil can be found. We are only afraid
that the matter of our new revenue laws
generally are being rushed through too
quickly, and that more time should be
given to revising our whole fiscal system.
Long Pine Jotfrnal: The Journal should
think that the railroads having terminal
property in Omaha would be ashamed to
send out the fool literature tjey are in
flicting on the country newspapers In re
gard to the local taxation of their ter
minals. In Omaha the assessing for city
taxes is entirely separate and apart from
the county assesing. All property Is as
sessed at its cash value, except that in
the case of the railroad property a clause
In the law. Inserted there for the benefit
of the railroads, compels the tax commis
sioner (as the city assessor is called) to
take the assessment made by the state
board, which is a ridiculously small frac
tion of the real value of the property. The
Omaha people want this clause repealed, so
that they may assess the railroad stations,
etc., at full cash value, for city purposes.
Of course tbls means a big increase in tax
ation for the railroads, which are paying
only a few thousands of the million dollars
that must be raised in Omaha each yeex.
Their cry now is that this increased taxa
tion in Omaha would mean just so many
dollars taken out of tbe rockets of the out
side counties, as railroads are assessed as
a whole. If Omaha hogs the tax, they say,
what Is left for the rest of the state? It
will be seen that the railroads are delib
erately confusing the state and city assess
ments, which bear no relation to each
other. It is true that tbe state board as
sesses the railroads as a whole and then
apportions the assessment, so to speak.
among the counties, villages, etc., according
to tbe number of miles of railroad within
them, but this Is for county, school and
other taxation. The rest of the state will
not lose a cent it Omaha taxes them $1,
000,000 a year, and any man of sense ought
to know it.
Nebraska Independent: It Is obvious that
state government covers every foot of
railroad within the state, and so far as
concerns stats taxes it matters little from
whst particular county or counties they
come, so long as railroad property on the
average pays as much state tax per $100
of "fair cash value" as other property
over the state pays on the average. Out
lying counties along the line of railroads
having terminals in Omaha contribute to
the creation of value In those terminals,
and the system of dividing the total value
of any given road by tbe number of miles
of "line" In that road thus arriving at a
per mile valuation could have no other ob
ject than to give outlying counties, for
local taxation, a greater share or rauroaa
valuation than the value of railroad prop
erty within those counties would warrant It
asessed without reference to any other part
of the road. It is also obvious that county
government also extends over every foot
of railroad In the state, and whatever of
the value of Omaha terminals is not taxed
for county purposes in Douglas county is
taxed tor county purposes In other counties
along the line. - Whether the entile as
sessed valuation in the several counties is
high enough as compared to other prop
erty in those counties, is wholly anotber
Tfi Anctnr orders the
aids nature, and nature makes the cure. Ask
your own doctor about it. He has our formula.
He knows why Ayer's Sarsaparilla makes the
blood pure and rich, why it tones up weak
nerves, and why it overcomes all debility.
Ayer's Pills aid the Sarsaparilla. They keep
the liver active, cure constipation, biliousness,
sick-headaches nausea. j. c. ayeb co., lqwu. Maa.
question and need not be discussed here.
It Is equally obvious that school districts
cover every foot of rsllrond In tils' state
snd ss far as concerns the assessed valus.
tlon of raleanad property the "distribution"
for school district purposes la Just ss com
plete ss It is for county purposes. Rut
city government dors not rover protmblj
to exceed a tenth part of the miles of rsll
rond "line" in the slate, and the "distri
bution" theory Is obviously wrong even If
we concede It right for,, other purposes
because at least nine-tenths of thn great
terminal values In tho larger cities wholly
escapes paying city taxes anywhere.
Hartlngton Herald: The city of Lincoln
and Lancaster county seem to be abso
lutely tinder the control, politically, of the
railroad crowd. The latest evidence of that
fact Is the open alignment of almost the
entire Lancneter delegation In the legis
lature with the railroad lobby and Its de
mands. The only one of the delegation
having the manhood to stand for the In
terests of the large majority of his con
stituents is Senator O'Neill of Lincoln. It
Is at learft refreshing to know that there
Is one onfls In the Lincaster Sahara.
Omaha fomlly Imagines that tho Douglas
county delegation Is free from railroad
domination. Some time ago, however, we
noticed, that when an earnest member, dis
gusted with the brazon effrontery of the
railroad lobby, offered a resolution which
made the lobby quake in its boots, deny
ing the lobby tbe freedem of the state
house during the session of the legislature.
It was a member of the Douglas delegation,
who with that most effective of all weap
ons ridicule, compelled the house to al
most unanimously table the resolution.
The discouraging feature of the whole busi
ness Is the evident fact that the members
of the house were either too dense to see
that they were being worked by a tocl
of the lobby or else were afraid or un
willing to banish the lobby. The Herald
hoped for great things at the hands of the
present legislature. We say "hoped" ad
visedly. At the outset we predicted a busi
ness sessiou. Thus far it has been anything
but a business session. The time of tho
greater portion of the session has been
fooled away with very little Important
work accomplished. Soon tbe inevitable
rush of bills will come, with little or no
time for careful examination. Then the
lobby will have Its inning and then the
thousands of small tax payers in the state
will, no doubt, have good reason to quake
In their boots.
Cook Well, the proof ef the pudding Is
in the eating.
Mr. Bouncer No It Isn't It's In the
digesting. Detroit Free Press.
Hewitt You're a liar.
Jewett You're a liar.
Both We seem to be In prettv had com
pany. New York Sun.
Consumer Well, with such a winter as
tills I presume ice will be cheaper next
Dealer Cheaper? My dear sir, think of
the sufferings of the poor fellows thst have
to cut Ice such weather as this 1 Chicago
"Are you doing anything to make tho
"Certainly." answered Senator Sorghum.
"I expect pretty aoori to have affairs In
such ehape that the world will give me no
reasonable grounds for complaint what
ever." Washington Star.
"Did It hurt?" asked the dentist.
The patient looked at him reproachfully.
"Now, doctor," he said, "do I look like a
man who would yell Just for amusement oi
to psj.a away the time?" Chicago Poet.
Tess He tried to kiss me. and he declared
the more I struggled and ecreamed the
more he'd kiss me. He'e no gentleman.
jess But, my dear, gentlemen soi.ietimes'
do that sort of thing.
Tess But when I screamed he ran away.
A gentleman would keep his word. Phila
delphia Press, i
Myer Tn ' olden time It is said that it
was possible for a man to render himself
Oyer Pshaw. That's not at all remark
able. Men in this country are doing it
M)t3?ou don't teC met How do they
Oyer By marrying famous women. Chi
Staylate Do you believe in long court
ships, Miss Annie?
Miss Annie Well, I'm in favor of a elx
hour limit on each session. Chicago News.
"Well," said the wife, whoee thoughts
were on her Kaster bonnet, "I'll forgive and
forget your being out late last night. I .
suppose 1 11 always have to bo forgiving i
"Yes, whenever you re for getting some
thing,'' replied the brute, her husband.
The pompous new rea1dent had been hav
ing a set-to with the smart boy of the
neighborhood. This waa the youngster's
"Aw you don't need f think you're no
whole leglslacher jtst becos eVrybody'B
al'ays presentln' bills to you I" Baltimore
A PRICELESS PARADISE.
Edmund V. Cooke in Saturday livening
If some weird gnome should seek my home.
Some genie, fairy, which.
To blink my eyes with every prise
Of life, and aek me "Which?" ;
I think I'd choose In half a trice.
This boon: to never ask tho price.
X would not claim a gilded name.
Or be a flnanoler,
Nor would I hold the wide world's gold;
And yet I somewhat fear
I'd ask a ust sufficient slice
That I might never ask the price.
A coat-of-arms has meagre charms
To men of modem views,
Yet were it mine to make design,
I know which one I'd choose:
An open purse, with this device,
"Ho never, never ak tho price.
Is heaven a state, a place, a fete,
A rapture, or a rest?
The question's old and each may Hold
Ills own opinion best:
But my Idea of paradise
is where one need not ask tbe price:
medicine, the medicine
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