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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 18, 1903)
TJIE OMAHA DAITT BEE; WEDN ESP AT, FEBUPATIY 18, 1003.
Tiie omaiia Daily Bee.
E. noSKWATER, fcDITOR.
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OP CIRCULATION.
Btate of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
George B. Tischuck, secretary of The Bee
Publishing company, being duly sworn, says
that the actual number of full and eompletj
.Ar,u. . nrvi - it.. 1 1 vfnvninir. Kvenlng ana
Sunday Bee printed duilns the month of t
January, vn.fl, was aa iouow;
Less unsold and returnsd copies.... ,8TII
Net total sales 0:U,T
Net average sale 30,OBl
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 31st Uny of January, A. D.
13. M. B. HUNGATE.
(.Seal.) Notary Public.
Tbe Omaha club women will .have
committees to keep In touch with cer
tain legislative measures In which they
are Interested. It would not be polite,
' however, to call them "touching com
The best wuy for the members of the
Douglas delegation to show that they
are on the square with the public de
mand for legislation thnt will put an
cud to railway tax exemption Is to do
something and report progress.
The thieves who broke Into the house
of one of the big coal operators In Tenn
sylvanla and decamped with $5,000
worth of the family plate, showed very
poor Judgment They should have or
ganized a scheme to tap his supply of
In the opinion of Bishop Spalding,
great wealth Is almost certain to de
grade Its possessor. It will take more
eloquence than the bishop . possesses,
however, to persuade the average man
to dodge a fortune when he sees It com
Ing toward him.
While repairing the state's depleted
finances the legislature should not over
look the holes made In the skimmer by
the Hartley embezzlements, the absorp
tion by Meserve of Interest on public
funds and the middlemen's graft on the
Stuefer bond deals.
The railroad tax-shirking brigade Is
continuously at work in the legislative
lobbies. Volunteers who are represent
Ing the Interests of the people for equal
taxation of railroad property with the
property of Individuals must not allow
themselves to lapse Into Inactivity.
The ministers of Des Moines are get
ting ready for another purity crusade,
and will doubtless soon be beating the
tomtom and crying out that Des Moines
Is the wickedest city In the world. The
wickedest city In the world Is always
the one where the purity crusaders hap
pen to be operating.
It is said that Russia and Austria are
threatening to convoke a European con
gress to take action on the failure of
Turkey to restore quiet' and order in
Macedonia. So many different expedl
ents have been tried on "the sick man
of Europe" that a surgical operation
may be the last resort.
In casting about for water commis
sioners. Governor Mickey must have
found It hard to discover three Omaha
democrats of prominence and capacity
who had been allied with the regular
democratic organization during the en
tire period of Mr. Bryan's supremacy
and therefore to have given it up.
Mr. Bryan's declaration that he has
felt he can no more etH'He from the
work he Is now trying to do "than a man
in tho peultentiary can escape the work
Imposed on blm," Is a poorly chosen
sftulle. Mr. Bryan ought to know that
some penitentiaries ' maintain green
bouses for the benefit of star boarders.
President Roosevelt shows no incllna
tlon to relieve the senate of the neces
slty of putt luff Itself on record on the
nomination of Dr. Crum by withdraw
Ing the appointment If the majority
of the senators want to draw the color
line on positions under the federal gov
ernment, we might, as well kuow who
Another measure to enforce the unl
versa) use of automatic coupling appll
noes by the railroads has passed con
gress. How many more such laws will
.be needed to bring about the desired
reform? Congress has already enacted
several automatic coupling bills, but the
railroads have shown uo baste to con
ply with their requirements wherever
a loophole was afforded by which 'they
might crawl out
Kttnno faith with thc peon,.
The republican party keeps faith with
the people. It fulfill Its pledges to the
country. Nearly fifteen years ago In Its
national convention the party declared
Its opposition to trust. Two years later
a republican congress enacted the first
antitrust law. In Its Inst national plat
form the republican party condemned
all conspiracies and combinations In
tended to restrict business, to create
nionoitolle. to limit production or to
control prices, and declared In favor
of such legislation "as will effectually
restrain and prevent all such abuses,
protect and promote competition and se
cure thc rights of producers, lalwrers
and all who are engaged In Industry
The fifty-seventh congress was elected
on this platform and it haslkept fnlth
with the people In the enactment of
legislation supplementing the Interstate
commerce law and the act of 1800, so
that they are made much stronger and
their effective enforcement rendered
more certain. If not going as far as
some republicans desired this legislation
yet marks a decided advance. It
meets the national views of the admin
istration and the judgment of conserv
ative business Interests. It contem
plates nothing destructive or revolution
ary. It Is not an assault upon the busi
ness or prosperity of the country. An
other antl-trust measure that passed the
house unanimously Is pending In the
senate. It Is a comprehensive uiens
ure, but owing to the short time re
maining of the session It may not be
passed by this congress. It can. how
ever, be considered by the next con
gress If necessary. It will not be lost
If It should fail of enactment by the
present congress. .
Of course democrats are predicting
tlint the legislation passed will be Inef
fective. It was to - be expected they
would do this, but people who are fa
mlllnr with the uniform failure of dem
ocratic predictions will attach no Im
portance to the latest one. The coun
try has confidence that the administra
tion will spare no effort to enforce this
legislation and will await results. We
believe that the anti-rebate bill will
prove effective and we do not doubt
that when the bureau of corporations
In, the new department Is In operation
the public will be given all proper and
necessary Information In regard to the
organization, conduct and management
of the business of corporations, except
common carriers, engaged In commerce
among the states or with foreign coun
tries. Let no one be disturbed by the
professed apprehension of democrats
that this legislation will fall of Its pur
pose. rememlerlnR the persistent demo
cratic cry that the republican party
was controlled, by the trusts and there
fore would do nothing adverse to them.
THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT.
The session of the. British Parliament
that opened yesterday promises to have
Important results, though nothing as to
this Is intimated In the king's speech,
which Is of the usual perfunctory char
acter and gives no suggestion of what
the course and policy of the ministry
Is to be. In this particular the king Is
merely the mouthpiece ot the cabinet
and nowhere does he appear so strongly
as a simple figurehead than at the
opening of Parliament.
The most Important work of the' ses
sion will relate to Ireland and there Is
promise of legislation looking to the
relief of conditions in that country,
which are represented to be very bad.
The government will propose a measure
designed to eliminate landlordism and
enable the people who are cultivating
the land and now paying unreasonable
rental for it to become owners, the
government aiding them financially. If
a workable plan for this shall be put
in operation It will undoubtedly be
productive' of most beneficent results.
material and political. Another matter
of Importance that will engage the at
tention of Parliament Is the educational
bill, proposing some radical changes
over which a vigorous contest Is ex
pected. The Industrial and commercial
interests of Great Britain will doubt
less receive careful consideration and
there may be some legislation looking to
their Improvement, but those who are
urging a change In the economic policy
of the country are very certain to be
TROTMAO FOR A COHFCRKXCK
The amendment to the Philippine cur
rency bill, providing for a conference
between gold and silver standard coun
tries to establish a stable ratio, was
adopted by . the senate without a divi
sion and will doubtless be accepted by
the house of representatives. As we
have heretofore noted the Mexican
government has appointed a commis
sion to consider this matter, which will
meet at once and enter upon the work.
It will take a considerable time to ar
range for an International conference
and in the meanwhile It Is expected
that the Mexican commission may be
able to devise a plan for submission to
; In proponing this conference It la the
purpose of Mexico and China to raise
their own currencies to a fixed and per
manent relation to the gold standard
which Is probably the longest step to
ward a gold currency of which they
are capable under existing economic
conditions. In the opinion of so capa
ble an authority as the Financial Chron
Icle It will be a step of enormous bene
fit to the trade of the world if It can
l successfully carried out. The money
of Mexico, of China and other Oriental
countries and of the nations of Latin
America, will become interchangeable in
value with that of the gold countries.
Trade between the two will no longer
Involve the risks of great fluctuations
In the value of the money received for
the manufactured goods exported from
Europe and 1 America, the purchasing
power of the silver countries will rise
I by hundreds of millions, and the sta
blllty of trade relations will enormously
increase tlielr purchases from the manu
facturing nations on the one hand and
their productive power and domes
tic export on the other. The
Chronicle thinks It will Involve no
risk for the I'nlted States to lend Its
support In the thorough examination of
the question and there appears to be
assurances that this will be done. The
proposition, it is perhaps needless to
say, contemplates no change In the do
mestic monetary systems of the gold
HOW SHALL Tilt PCHCHASK BK MADK1
The consensus of opinion among all
classes of eltUtns and taxpayers Is in
favor of the municipal ownership of the
water works. We doubt very much,
however, whether any considerable
number of taxpayers would favor the
immediate purchase of the water works
unless they can be acquired at a rea
sonable price. Under the contract made
with the water company when its fran
chise was granted the city of Omaha
has a right to purchase the works at an
appraised value to be fixed by three en
gineers, one of these to be named by
the city, one by the wnter company and
the third to be chosen by the two. If
the appraisement is made by these ar
bitrators the city Is to pay only for the
tangible property of the company with
out making any allowance for the unex
pired franchise. An appraisement made
under these conditions can, however,
only be made on or after September 4,
Under the existing charter the city of
Omaha Is empowered to take tho water
works by condemnation under the right
of eminent' domain. In taking the
works by eminent domain proceedings
the city would have the right to appoint
nil the appraisers, but the valuntlon
made by these appraisers would Include
not only the tangible property but also
the value of the unexpired franchise.
The problem which now confronts the
city is whether it shall avail Itself of
the privilege embodied in the purchase
clause of Its contract with .the water
company, namely, to take tbe works at
the price fixed by the three appraisers,
or Whether It shall proceed under the
right of eminent domain. The ordi
nance drawn in response to the resolu
tion of Councilman Hascall in conform
ity with the Howell-Gilbert water works
bill contemplates the purchase of the
works under the three appraisers clause
of the contract. This method of acquir
ing the works Is doubtless most advan
tageous to the water company and most
dangerous to the city of Omaha. While
the city and the water company each
have one representative on the appraise
ment board, tho chnnees are one hun
dred to one that the water company will
control the third man. In other words,
the water company will be able to place
Its own value on the works.
Attorneys - who rank high at the bar
contend that an acceptance of the pur
chase privilege by the city binds the
city to accept the valuation fixed upon
the works by the arbitration board or
two of the three arbitrators, even If the
appraisement exceeds by two or three
millions the actual value of .the works.
To be sure, the city may refuse to ratify
the purchase by voting down the prop
osition to Issue the requisite amount of
bonds. In that case the water company
might Institute proceedings in the courts
and under Its contract secure a Judg
ment for the full valuation fixed by the
Condemnation proceedings under the
right of eminent domain Iwould not In
volve the city In any such risk. In the
first place, the city has a right to ap
point all the appraisers, and If the
amount allowed for the works and the
unexpired franchise is excessive the city
would have the right to reject the ap
praisement and have the property re
appraised by a new set of appraisers.
If the appraisement is satisfactory to
the city and a sufficient amount o?
bonds is voted to cover the full valua
tion agreed upon by the appraisers the
city would have the right to take pos
session of the works by depositing the
money In the courts, leaving the water
Company the option to accept or appeal
to the courts for a final adjudication of
the compensation to which it would be
entitled In payment for the property.
The good people of Council Bluffs are
having a taste of railroad tax shirking
In the refusal of the Union Puciflc to
pay city taxes on the east half of Its
Missouri river bridjpp, on the ground that
although within the city limits, It Is not
receiving any benefits from the city gov
ernment, which position has Just been
sustained by the United States circuit
court of appeals. On the same theory
It would be only a question of degrees
of benefit enjoyed by property subject
to municipal taxation to furnish foun
dation for a claim to tax exemption.
How far must the city grow up toward
the bridge in order to bring It within
the scope of municipal taxation? Would
not property In close proximity to the
remote city limits and outside of the
area of regulation police and fire pro
tection, school facilities, etc., be entl
tied to the same exemption as the rail
way bridge? We believe the ruling
In this case is thoroughly vicious and
hope the people of Council Bluffs will
carry It up for final decision by the su
preme court of the United States.
Tbe action of the Broatcb police board
in practically forcing all the new police
officers to take out bonds with a single
surety company in order to favor the
local agent with a forced rontrt
button out of the policemen's pockets
would not be serious except as an ex
hlbttlon of the pernicious practices of
the present board were it not that the
blanket bond thus adopted Is of ques
tlonable legality. Should one of the po
llcemeu so bonded make a false arrest,
or lay himself liable to damages In any
way, we have no doubt the surety com
laoy would defend a suit to recover by
pleading the Insufficiency of the bond.
The law contemplates a separate indi
vidual security to be executed by each
officer as a prerequisite to the assump
tion of police duties and at the time of
the anointment, and the chances are
the first suit on the bond will knock the
whole scheme galley west.
Governor Mickey has evidently at
tempted conscientiously to perform the
duty imposed uxm him under the How-ell-GIlbcrt
water works bill establishing
a governor-appointed board of six water
commissioners for the city of Omaha.
No two men would probably have made
the same selections, but It will be ad
mitted that the appointees of the gov
ernor rank well with the community in
point of business ability and substantial
property Interests.' If tbe water com
missioners are as conscientious in the
discharge of such duties as may devolve
upon them as the governor has been,
there will be little or no cause for com
plaint. The report of the superintendent of
schools submitted to the Board of Edu
cation discloses the fact that at the
close of last week there were In the
schools of Omaha Just fifteen more pu
pils than there were on the correspond
ing day of the preceding year. This
should give no cause for complaint but
If the school attendance is substantially
the same this year as It was last year,
on what ground can the board Justify
its estimate of school expenses for the
omlnjr year so much In excess of what
Is required under existing conditions?
The women managers of the St. Louis
exposition have decided that If they
cannot have their own way they will
not play at the game at all. The os
tensible reason Is that the officials of
the fair are opposed to the erection of
special woman's building and the
women think this Is denying them
equality. What would the women say
If the men should Insist upon having a
man's building to the exclusion of the
Eqlpped for Ilia Task.
Mr. Cortelyou will enjoy tbe novelty of
entering the cabinet with a practical
knowledge of the duties of a cabinet officer.
Cruel to tho Profession.
The supreme court of North
Carolina hns decided that annll-
oants for license to practice law mutt be
"able to write legibly and spell roasonably
well." They are pretty strict down there
in the old north state.
While the Fish Bite.
New York World.
It , ia estimated that there are
fifty "get-rlch-qulck" firms in New
York City alone. And until the public
can be taught that there Is no honest
"royal, road" to . wealth all of these con
cerns cannot be wiped out.
Much Work and Some Play.'
Philadelphia North American.
It is well "known that Presi
dent' Roosevelt ' Is a strenuous
worker, but ' nrfbody suspected until
Leslie M. Shaw so Informed en
amazed world that he devotes eighteen
hours out of every twenty-four to public
toil. That leaves only six hours for sleep
ing, eattng, riding, romping with the
youngsters and getting battered up by Gen
eral Wood at single stick play. Tbe presi
dent must feel tempted to set General
Wood on Shaw with the stoutest stick In
the rack. 1
Sample of Amailng Nerve.
Philadelphia North American.
An attorney for the Coal trust dennunnlnv
the union miners In his speech to tbe
commission quoted the maxim of law that
he who seeks equity must oome into court
with clean banda, and asked If the hands
of the miners were clean or soiled with
violations of the law. PnnsMprlno- k.
notoriously Illegal operation of mines by
railroad corporations and the Coal trust's
continuous criminal record, the nerve and
effrontery of the trust lawyer in calling
me court s attention to tne legal maxim
must be admired.
Alaska's Growing Trade.
If William H. Seward were sow
alive he would have no little
pleasure In recalling some of the things
said against him because of the purchase
of Alaska, in view of the returns of the
trade of that territory. In the last six
months of the calendar year, 1902, Alaska
Imported from the United States $3,41 91?
In merchandise and In gold and silver, and
It exported to the United States $24,349,188
In value. The total trade of tho territory,
foreign and domestl.!, for the six months
waa 130,792,658, which is over four times
as much as Seward paid for the territory.
it was a spienaia '-bargain' lor the United
Self-Preservation Anion Senators.
Tbe United States senate stands
as a solid wall against the on
set of popular opinion against the con
stitutional provision whereby it Is created
and renewed. This la not to say that op
position to an amendment to the federal
constitution providing for the election of
senators by popular vote Is universal
among United States senators, but oppon
ents of the measure are numerous enough
to defeat It by tactics well known to polit
ical schemers, whose first thought Is to
serve their own Interests. Eventually, no
doubt, the voice of tbe people will be heard
upon this proposition. Otherwise another
of the cherished Idols of "popular govern
ment" will be shattered. -
The court of appeals of Albany, N. Y.,
has affirmed the Judrnient of tbe lower
court, giving to Lottie O. Dlmon, whose
husband waa killed in the so-called tunnel
disaster In New York City in January, 1902,
the sum of $60,000 damages and 12,185 In
costs. The deceased, a man 35 years of
age, was a civil engineer In tbe employ ot
tbe American' Bridge company and the
award waa probably based upon what bis
earning power would presumably have
brought in to his family bad he lived f t
the regular measure of bis days. This was
the first damage suit growing out of tbe
tunnel disaster that baa been decided by
the court of appeals, and the amount ob
tained la said to be one of the largest ever
given for a single death caused by a rail
road accident. The case was appealed by
the railroad company on the ground of ex
cessive damagea granted In the lower
court, but the court of appeals was unani
mous In Its decision to sustain the finding.
The awards that have been obtained la the
rase of the explosion In tbe New York
subway, a disaster which resulted la the
death of a number of persons, have been
even larger thaa those glvea la this tunnel
ROfJD ABOtT WEW TORK.
Ripples oa the t'nrreat ot Life In the
Tlsns for the third bridge across East
river have reached the picture stage. Ac
cording to the prospectus It will span the
river a short dlstanca above the present
Brooklyn bridge, with the terminal at the
Intersection of Canal street and the Bow
ery, on the New' York side, and the Junc
tion of Washington and Fulton streets
(near the city hall), on the Brooklyn sldj.
The total length. Including approaches,
will be 9.900 feet, or within 600 feet of two
miles, being the longest city bridge In the
world. The river spsn will be 1.470 feet
long. The cables will be supported by two
steel towers, rising 400 feet above high
water. The structure will be 100 feet wide
and a "double decker." On the lower level
It will carry a roadway GO feet and 6 Inches
between guard rails. Four trolley tracks,
two on each side of the roadway, and two
promenades, 11 feet and 9 Inches wide. The
upper level will carry four elevated rail
road in pairs. The entire structure will be
fireproof. The river span will be 135 feet
above high water over tho navigable chan
nels. Justice of the Peace George F. Seymour
sat in his Hoboken office when a young
couple entered carrying with them the
usual and unmistakable evidence of desire
to be made one. The Justice asked the
young man's name. "Richard Mansfield,"
was the reply, and his honor stared for a
moment aa he reflected that the noted actor
must be much older than this would-be
bridegroom. Then he asked the girl's
name. "Maude Adams," she timidly re
sponded. The Justice nearly fell out of his
chair, but recovered when Informed that
the pair lived In a suburb of Hoboken.
Then he tied the knot, pocketed his fre
and kissed the bride.
Like another pled piper of Hamelln, suve
that bis followers were cats Instead of ruts,
Chief Piccolo Player Weller Westlnghouse
Donnelly, of the United States cruiser Ra
leigh, wooed a cat mascot back to the ship
In presence of 200 comrades. Incidentally
he charmed such a large colony of stray
cats from a lumber pile on the Cob dock
that his plpery had to be suppressed and
tbe gangplanks pulled in.
Officers as well as the men had been wor
ried by an absence of twenty-four hours
of the cat Portsmouth from the ship, re
ports the Herald. The animal bad been
shanghaied from a quiet farmhouse In New
Hampshire. It was thought that he had
not taken kindly to ship life and bad de
serted. Chief Piccolo Player - W. W. ' Donnelly
volunteered to find the eat on the dock. He
had played to it many a time in the "glory
hole" of the Raleigh, and he had reason to
believe that his efforts bad been appreci
ated. While bis doubting comrades lined
the decks he climbed on top of a big lumber
pile on the dock and began playing "Home,
Sweet Home," on the piccolo.
The sailors laughed. There was no sign
of the cat. Unabashed, Donnelly drifted
Into "Oome Back, My Bonnie, to Mo." and
"Come for Your Coffee Now, Boys." Still
there was no response, but a oommotlon
began underneath the lumber pile. The
piper then played "Home, Sweet Home"
again. Immediately thereafter he started
the strains of "Tbe Star Spangled Banner,"
and every sailor stared, for Portsmouth
appeared crawling to him tip the woodpile,
with tall proudly erect.
At the same time nineteen other cats ap
peared. Donnelly placed Portsmouth on
to his shoulder and returned to the ship,
while the stray cats In the file followed at
his heels. A master-at-arms laved the
day by hauling In the gangplaak.
This year New York State taxpayers are
asked to contribute 175,000 for the encour
agement of the beet sugar Industry, as
gainst $50,000 last year and $100,000 the
year previous. Of this amount It Is pro
posed to expend $5,000 In Instructing the
farmers in beet growing; out of the re
mainder tbe sugar manufacturer Is to be
paid a bounty of half a cent a pound for
his production. The beet sugar production
In the state fell off more than one-half
last year from that of 1901 and 1901 la
consequence of less acreage being con
tracted for and unfavorable weather con
ditions. It is explained by the commlSHloner
of agriculture. That official recommends
that more acreage be contracted for by
the . sugar mills. When there Is a largo
appropriation the business of the sugar
mills seems to expand, and when there is
a small one their operations shrink ac
cordingly. a nn of Italians are under arrest In
New York tor swindling life insurance com
panies out of a large sum, said to aggre
gate $1,000,000. The plan nas Deen. to se
cure policies on men certain not to live
inns hv having the Insured person rep
resented by a man In good health. An un
dertaker, two physicians and others were In
tha scheme, which la said to have been In
operation for ten years. There Is reason to
believe that some Insurance companies are
often swindled in that way.
New York has a magistrate who every
now and then rises up to the dignity and
wisdom of a "Daniel, chief of the governors
over all the wise men of Babylon." He has
displayed a righteousness and a fearless
ness on the bench that almost excite won
der In this day and generation. His hand
Is always uplifted for the persecuted. Here
Is a fair sample of him: When three Bow
ery shop keepers were arraigned before
blm for selling collars to policemen In pro
hibited hours, he thundered: "Discharged!
If you fellows had sold whisky instead of
collars you would not have been molested!"
The New York Press says that when John
D. Rockefeller, Jr., swore the other day
that he had debta of $400,000 he performed
a surgloal operation on his conscience for
the removal of a personal tax assessment.
The same paper adds feelingly that "the
poor young man deserves a great deal of
credit for the brave show of courage which
he has been making In public during these
many yeara, when all the while he has been
harassed by numerous creditors, yet
voided the bankruptcy court and Ludlow
Colonel John J. Partridge, former police
commissioner, addressing the Woman's Re
publican club In New York few days ago,
said that in 1903 he had made more than
800 appointments "and they did not cost
the men a cent." Tbe former commissioner
added that, according to the computation
of friend, based on the alleged previous
custom of exacting payment for appoint
ments and promotions, be had thus "thrown
What Shall We
Have for Dessert?
This question arises in the family
every day. Let us auswer it to-day. Try
a delicious and healthful dessert. Pre
pared In two minutes. No boiling I no
baking I add boiling water and act to
eooL Flavor: Lemon, Orange. Rasp
berry and 6traterry. Get a package
at your grocers to-daja, io eta.
. TUB EDrCATIOWAI. TEST.
Effect I re Opposition to the Measnre
It Is announced from Washington that
It Is Impossible to secure favorable or, In
deed, any consideration of the Immigration
bill at the present session of congress un
less the educational test feature Is elimi
nated. It has been decided by the active
congressional supporters of the legislation
to) omit the reading and writing test and
then endeavor to secure unanimous con
sent for the passage of the measure. The
Washington correspondent of the Boston
Transcript says that serious opposition to
the educational test bas been developed
from several Industrial sources which
wish to maintain a fresh supply ot labor.
The proposition now Is to pass a bill
which, while It does not exclude any new
classes, changes the method of adminis
tering the immigration laws in certain Im
portant particulars, by which diseased,
pauper and dependent Immigrants may be
more effectually detected and excluded.
Raising the head tax and extending tbe
period of government supervision over ar
rivals are among the suggested reforms,
but whatever may be the bill' presented to
congress, the measure will probably be
materially amended before passage.
The Inrush ot undesirable Immigrants
from southern continental Europe will
continue while American business prosper
ity exists, unless the Immigration laws are
radically changed. Periods of business de
pression In tbe United States have been
accompanied or followed almost Invari
ably by a decline in the number ot foreign
arrivals. A vast Influx of Immigrants Is
the penalty the United States must pay
for "good times."
The educational test, fairly applied,
would exclude the densely Ignorant, but
not necessarily the most dangerous classes.
It la urged that the educational test Is ap
plied In some statea to voters and that
the arriving foreigner could not reasonably
object to a test of admission wMoh Is ex
acted from American citizens before they
are allowed to vote. It la urged, too,
that the educational test weald prepare
foreigners to become good American cltl
tens. This result would not necessarily
follow, for many of our most hopeless
criminals are Intelligent, and' some of them
highly educated. The theory Is, however,
that education uplifts and Improves our
rlttfcenship. Upon this foundation our
common school system la' built Unfor
tunately there Is no sure test by which
the moral character ef the arriving im
migrant can be tested. Even when the
educational test Is Invoked much must be
taken for granted respecting the Incoming
A STRAW FROM ILLINOIS.
Demand for Election of TJnlted Statea
Senators by Popular Vote.
Significant of the temper of the times,
and of hopeful import. Is the adoption by
the senate of Illinois, by a vote lacking but
one of being unanimous, of a resolution
demanding that congress shall call a con
vention for tbe adoption of an amendment
to the constitution prescribing the election
of United States senators by direct vote
of tho people of the states they represent.
The Addlcks disgrace in Delaware, the
anarchy that prevailed In Denver during
the Wolcott-Teller contest a short time
ago the disgusting scenes that have marked
senatorial elections In Pennsylvania, In
variably resulting in the election of Quay
or one of his henchmen, the Montana scan
dals and a dozen and one others that might
be called to mind, have convinced Intelli
gent voters that there should be a change.
Tbe house hes passed submission resolu
tions by the 'required two-thirds majority,
but In each case they were defeated In the
senate, a fact indicating that more than
one-third of the senators are afraid to
submit their claims to their constituents.
It Is not likely that it will be possible to
obtain the necessary two-thirds in the sen
ate until the popular demand becomes so
emphatic as to be Irresistible, and mean
while It Is well to depend chiefly upon
initiative by the states.
An application by the legislatures of two
thirds of the states is mandatory and con
gress cannot refuse to call a convention la
case of such a demand. Ratification by
three-fourths of tbe states will cause still
further delay, so that It Is easy to see that
an expression of tbe people's will In this
matter even under the most auspicious con
ditions Is a matter of the Indefinite future.
The question could be settled quickly If
the senate would consent to the first
method of amendment provided In Article
6 of the constitution. Pending a change
of heart on the part of the senate, how
ever, It is well for the states to take the
Initiative an'. Illinois Is to be congratu
lated upon the action of Its state senate.
Several state legislatures and many state
conventions have given expression to the
will ot the people in this regard and the
ball is still rolling.
Secretary Root has accepted an Invitation
KNimnin the president on bis hunting
trip to Colorado and other western states
John L. 8ullivan's last exhibition of his
physical prowess was to stand up In the
court of bankruptcy and have bis old debts
Colonel Bryan admits that he spent 120,
000 for the people's cause In 1896 and 1900.
He also intimates that somebody else will
have to put up the dough In 1904.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Is reported to
have assured his Sunday school class re
cently that kind words are the best thing
to give a poor man when he asks for help.
Senator-elect Ankeny ot Washington Is
president of six different national banks
and tbe richest capitalist in the state. He
Is therefore supposed to be qualified for
membership In tbe national "mllllonairea1
The Louisville Ministerial association la
sued an appeal to the ministers of Ken
tucky to deliver sermons last Bunday In
deprecation of lawlessness. The appeal was
occasioned, the Lexington Herald says, by
...KNEE PANT SALE...
Over 260 pairs of Child's Knee Paste
Cut and made from ends of auits la our
factory, and also quite a number of broken
lines of our regular stock.
Are now on sale at 75c a pair.
Nearly all materials are represented.
6 liea 4 years to 1 year.
JfO CLOTH I XQ FITS LIKE OURS.
Browning, King fir Co.
R. 8. Wilcox, Myr.
Rfy Years tha Standard
Rights! Honors World's Fair
Kfehist fists U.S. Gov't Chsmlsti
rnioi aAKiNa mwoi oo.
the very small percentage ef convictions for
the number of murders committed In the
President Koosevelt has been Invited to
attend the unveiling ot the monument to be
erected at Orchard Knob, oa tbe Chlcka
mauga battlefield. In commemoration of the
services ef Maryland's soldiers, union and
confederate. In the civil war. The unveil
ing will take place on July 22.
A New York politician went to the presi
dent last week and said: "Mr. President,
I want a place. I have got good claims for
one. What wllf you do for me?" "Don't
see that I can do a thing," answered the
president. "Choate abaolutely refuses to
resign aa ambassador to England, and of
course you wouldn't take anything else.
FLASHES OP FUK.
A newspaper reporter will never be wholly
successful unless he geta a widespread rep
utation for being confoundedly Inquisitive.
Miss Kthelred They eay that a paper will
keep you warm.
Mr. Bym Coyne That's true, too, A
sixty-day note of mine once kept me In a
sweat for two months. Detroit Free Press.
"Would you call this an 'open winter"?"
"I don't know, but it seems to be open
wide enough to have given me this ould."
Philadelphia Cathollo Standard.
Young Lady Were you pleased wIUv the
new school, little boyf
Little Boy Naw! Dey made me wash
me face an when I went home de dors; bit
me 'cause he didn't know me. Chicago
"Truth lies at the bottom of a well, said
the man who quotes. "Not at the bottom
of an oil well, I'll bet," anrrled the man
who had Invested. Baltimore Herald.
"But, papa," protested the eoulfuleyed
young maiden, you are unjust to Alger- .
non. He hae no bad habits."
"No bad habits, eh! I've noticed that he
has a mighty had habit of coming around
here to waste his time about four evenings
In the week." Somervllle Journal.
At the requeet of the confirmed dyspeptlo
the operator was taking an X-ray photo
graph of the seat of his trouble.
"This. I suppose," snarled the sufferer,
with a ghastly attempt to be facetious, "Is
what might be called taking light exercise
on an empty stomach." Chicago Tribune.
"I am afraid your Ideas are a little hit
worldy and cynical," said the friend.
"Not a bit of It," answered Senator Sor-
f hum. "All I want la money to give to my
riflnds. But they've got to give me com
plete and practical demonstration that they
come up to my definition of friendship."
"Is a historical novel one that la founded
on historical facts 7"
"No, my boy. A historical novel Is one
that presents the facts aa the author thinks
they ought to be rather than aa they are.
If you stick to historical novels, my eon,
you will know less of history every day you
live." Chicago Post.
THE FADING LIGHT OF DAY.
Boston Transcript. '
"Jenny, gather up the scraps, and, Hetty,
bring the broom;
Sally, push the settle back and tidy up the
Now's the time, 'twlxt day and dark, to
clear the work away:
For the morn make ready by the fading
light of day.
"Come, my boys, bring In the wood and
epllt the kindling fine.
Fetch some water from the spring and feed
the waiting kine; '
You'll not need the lantern, lads, the twi
light's clear and gray.
Haste and you will finish by the fading
light of day."
Thus the dear housemother fcpake, ettlf
busy all the while.
Helping girls and cheering boys with gentle
word and smile.
Till the tasks were ended and the sons and
Gathered round the fireplace by the fading
light of day.
Scattered, scattered, far and wide. In dla-
tant lands, and deadl
Long the grass has waved above the gentle
But at nightfall even yet I seem to hear
her eay, .,
"For the morn make ready by the fading
light of day."
Wiser now, methinks therein that hidden
Teaching ere that night shall come "where
in no man can work"
Every soul be girded ready; God alone can
If our eyes again behold the fading light
OUR BEST EFFORTS
at all times are to produce SUPERIOR
GLASSES this means to rou that
there is great safety In having yonr
glasses made by usi
J. C. HUTESON & CO.,
til i. lth St., Paxtoa Blook.
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