Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 08, 1903, EDITORIAL SHEET, Page 19, Image 19

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Working FeUnrea of a lcialitt Community
ia the State of Washington.
How the Colony U MtMird, the
Rights and of Mrnhtri
asd Their Kdaratlonal and
Religions Tendencies?
Rev. W. E. Copcland, former! r of Omaha,
now a member of the Co-Operatlve Brother
hood Colony at Burley, Wash., and editor
of It organ, the Co-Operator, contributes
to the New York Independent an Interest-
Ins account of the organization, purpose
and development of the colonjr. He aaya In
On one of the fingers of Puget sound Is
Carr'a Inlet, at the end of which is to bo
found a village without church, saloon.
Jail, almshouse, bank, money or police.
This town Is Burley, so called from Burley
creek, a famous trout stream, at whose
mouth Is built the first Industrial center
of the Co-Operative Brotherhood, a bene
ficial organisation which Insures against
accident or death by providing homes and
employment for ita members who by acci
dent or illness are Incapacitated from par
suing an avocation which will give them
To reach Burley on takes a steamboat
from Tacoma, and after a lovely ride of
about an hour, enter Olg harbor, one of
the numerous bays of which Puget sound
lias so many, none more attractive than
this land-locked harbor to which entrance
seems impossible and yet which can be
entered by large ships. The visitor taking
the morning boat meets the mall wagon
from the colony at Burley, sometimes a
farm wagon, and sometimes a covered hack
and sometimes a buckboard. A drive of six
miles through the glorious woods of west
ern Washington and along the shores of
Henderson bay brings the visitor to the
colony. Near the entrance gate Is to be
seen the mill, where logs are made into
lumber, sningles and boxes, these being the
branches of manufacturing In which the
colony la now engaged. Driving through
the grounds the visitor sees, on the left a
blacksmith shop, a two-story building used
for a printcry, carpenter's shop and gen
eral offices, a cluster of houses known to
the colonists as Circle City, and atralght
ahead another two-story building, in which
Is the postofflcs, store, dining room, kitchen
and rooms for single men. Clustered around
the hotel are a cigar factory, milk house,
laundry, root house, shoe shop and several
cottages. All these buildings are plain,
mostly covered, both roof and sides, with
shingles. In Circle City is a school house,
where there is a district school for nine
months, where preaching Is to be heard
on Sundays, and dancing mualo frequently
on Saturday nights, and where the resident
members or co-operators hold their meet
ings. The Colony Varan.
West and northwest of these buildings
lie the colony lands, of which there are
191 acrea of rich land, known to settler
in Washington as beaver bottom. Of this
land some seventy acres have been logged,
fifteen acres cleared and planted, forty
acres under fence and partially cleared.
This land rises In bunches from the creek
and on the part Immediately west of the
present village is to be built the perma
nent town, which will have the advantage
if good drainage and shelter from the
r.outhwest winds, which during the rainy
reason are far from pleasant. On the side
Mil facing east will be the orchard and
beds for small fruits, all of which can be
Irrigated from abundant springs, which lat
ter will also give a plentiful aupply for the
town. Last spring on a third of an acre
poorly cultivated, from lack of the needed
' help, a ton and a half of strawberries were
picked. So plentiful and One are the wild
berries. Including raspberry, red and black.
huckleberry, blackberry, salmon berry,
aalol berry and mountain raspberry, that
the Indiana called the neighborhood
Dial la or berry. The lands of the brother
hood stretch from the mouth of Burley
creek on both sides of the beautiful
stream for a mile and a quarter, furnish
ing a good water power and an abundance
of aider lumber the alder growing here to
be trees from thirty to forty feet high
with a considerable quantity of cedar and
small fir.
Paroae of tha Brotherhood.
The Co-operative Brotherhood waa or
ganised In 1898 as an outgrowth of the
Social Democracy (founded by Eugene
V. Debs) and In the month of September
of the same year the clearing at the mouth
of Burley creek was begun in the midst of
a thick undergrowth.
The Co-operative Brotherhood was in
corporated under the laws of the state of
Washington. Members were solicited and
Joined from all parts of tha Coiled States.
Of these member there were two class is,
liOnreeident and resident. The nonresident
members pay dues for 120 'months or the
sum of $1:0 In a shorter time if desired.
After the payment of five years' duea (160
at present, though liable to an increase in
the near future), the Co-operative Broth
erhood agree to furniah a home and em
ployment for any nonresident member wh
The woman who read this will under
stand to the full what Mrs, Tipton meant
when aba say : " I am enjoying good
neaim.- it take
person who has
been made
wretched by sick
si ess to under
stand the joy of
There are very
many women who
suffer aa did Mrs,
Tipton, who might
be cared aa she
was by the nse of
Dr. Pierre'a Fa
vorite Prescrip
tion. It estab
lishea regularity,
dries the drains
whtch weaken
women, heals in
flammation and ulceration, and cures
female weakness. It makes weak women
strong, sick women well.
It u with plrasare I recommend Dr Pierce's
nedtcin. writes Mrs. Nora Tipton, of Cropper
(Crapper Station!, ahelby Co., kculucky. " Yon
tenicmbrr my case uwi of female weakness
and weak luura. I had no appetite and would
ottrn I'll blood ; waa confined to any bed almost
nan 01 kne use ana could aaraly stand on my
I Aagff
timet for the paina through ay whole
Uv husband had to uav larce
fwt a
body and lvsleui
doctor tails' for me. but since I hare taken four
bottle of Dr. pierce a OoMca at eu teal Discov
ery, four of 'Favorite Prearnrrtkia ' aad three
vials of 'Pleasant Pellet' we haven't paid any
more doctor ailia. It had been seven aiouiha
since 1 stopped using Dr. tierce medicine and
I have been enjoying good health all the time.
Lean never praise these medicine too highly,
r I have received so much bear til 1 pray that
many who aunee as I did will take Dr. Here a
anedictue. I am Sure Ihev wili never nul 10
srure when given a (air trial. Everybody tells
DC I lot., better than they ever saw mc. I am
aura I led better than 1 ever did before
" Favorite Prescription " ha the testi
mony of thousands of women to ita conv
I plete cure of womanly diseases. Do not
accept an unknown and unproved sub
'-titute in ita place.
Dr. PiercVa Pleasant Pellets are s
'dies laxative. No other medicine
qiiala them for i.Ucucs sad thorouy
try accident or Illness can no longer sup
port himself sod family, or. In case of a
member'e death, to do the same for the
widow and orphans, thos offering one of
the best kinds of life sod accident Insur
ance, becauie a home and employeot Is of
more value than a lump sum of money,
which may be stolen or wasted. So far
but one person has taken advantage of the
Insurance feature. This obligation Is made
a part of the benefit certificate Issued to
every member on Joining. Nonresident
members, other than those taking advantage
of the Insurance, become resident members
on application to and acceptance by the
board of directors, and so long ss they
choose and are obedient to the by-laws and
remain In a Co-operative Brotherhood ol
ony. taking part In the activities or Sb'.d
The nonresident members furnish the
working capital to enable the settlements
to develop their resources, snd the resi
dent members furnish the labor fir uch
development and for their own support
while making ready homes and preparing
employment for those who wish to rerida
In a colony. All the work done by lb res
ident members Is for the benefit of the
whole brotherhood, to whom as a whole be
longs all lands, houses and machinery, and
all of which at the end of ten years are
entitled to residence In some colony be
longing to the corporation, provided houses
are ready and employment ran be secured.
Selecting Members.
No fixed rules deciding fitness for mem
bership have yet been adopted, each case
standing on its own merits, and the board
of directors, from the beat information ob
tainable, deciding whether the applicant
ill be desirable. At the present time
large families are not wanted, nor any over
SO, unless exceptionally strong and vigor
ous; this because Burley, the only colony.
Is still In the pioneer stage. Each appli
cant for membership is expected on honor
to give as full a description of celt and
family as ia possible.
The resident members or co-operators
decide In mass meeting as to the number of
hours which shall constitute a day's work.
At present ten hours Is the number, but
no one except those employed In the mill
Is obliged to work full time. Each co-operator
reports to his or her foreman the
number of hours worked and obtains pay
for each hour. Women receive the same
pay per hour as men. Most of the womn,
however, find full employment in oaring for
their households; all having families pre
ferring to live In cottages rather than at
the hotel. The women who remain at home
are not paid for housekeeping, though In
the ideal commonwealth this will be the
Baeh oo-operator is placed by the super
intendent in some one of the departments
milling, 'logging, printing, agriculture,
office, clgannaktng or domeetio economy
and does the best he or she can in the
place assigned. There are misfits which
delay the work, but aa rapidly as possible
each fin da the proper place wbsre ths work
is congenial.
Neither anarchy nor free love find any
sympathy at Burley; nor Is there any reli
gious bond. Some of the residents are
church members, others belong to no
church; some are spiritualists and others
materialists; soms are orthodox, others
heterodox or interested in some form of
new thought. Religious services are held
every Sunday night in the schoolbouse, at
which tha attendance Is small; the resident
ministers (Unitarian) taking turns and
sometimes being helped by strangers of
other denominations.
A few have come to Burley because they
expected to find life easier than on the out
side, others because they believed In the
plan adopted by the Co-operattve Brother
hood, and the lot-ger they remain the better
they are pleased,
Members 1st Good Standing. . .
At the present time there are some S00
members in good stsnding, of whom about
thirty reside at Burley, some with and
some without their families. These resi
dent members or co-operators, as they ars
called, are working to Improve the land,
build a town and accumulate wealth. What
they produce each month, after making ad
ditions to the permanent' Improvements, la
divided pro rata among the workers ac
cording to the number of hours wocked,
and provldea a lodging, plain food and the
necessary clothing for comfort. Aa more
land is brought under cultivation and mou
fruit cornea into bearlnr, and aa the Indus
tries are further developed, the dividends
will be larger, and not only necesaitles
but luxuries will be provided. As with all
pioneers in western Washington, where a
home has to be hewn out of ths forest, con
ditions are bard. But in -four years much
baa been accomplished, far more than the
same number of workers,' each for himself.
could have done, and then the workers
have been relieved from that terrible lone
liness which haa caused so many ploneera
in the big woods to abandon their clalma.
of which the deserted cablna in ths neigh
borhood of Burley give evidence. By co
operation the price of living has been re
duced to a minimum and good meals are
furnished at 10 cenla. .
The Co-operative Brotherhood in its first
colony at Burley haa organlxed a people's
trust, and to prevent future trouble all the
property la placed In the hands of twelve
trustees, three of whom are elected an
nually to serve for four years; every mem
ber In good standing can vote for the true
tees, who by ths deed of trust are forbid
den to mortgage or dispose of any of the
property except with the consent of two
thirds of the entire membership, which plan
it is hoped will protect this society from
the fate which has befallen so many other
The affairs of the brotherhood ars man
aged by a board of twelve directors, a part
of whom are nominated by the residents at
Burley, and all of whom ars elected by the
board of trustees at Its annual meeting in
January. This board of directors meets
monthly at Burley to transact the business
that may come before It. Its secretary and
treasurer are under bonds and all expend!
tures are carefully scrutinized by a finance
committee of three before authorised, while
the hooka ars open at all Units for Inspec
lion. The local affaire at Burley art controlled
by a board of managers, consisting of the
heads of the various departments milling,
logging, printing, agriculture and office
and the aupertntendent of industries. The
workers in each department present sev
eral names for foreman, from which list
the superintendent chooses one. The resi
dent members select the superintendent,
who Is confirmed by the board of directors.
This first colony of the Co-operative
Brotherhood starts on the flfin year of ita
existence with better prospects than ever
of carrying out the design of ita founders,
which waa to build a town whose Inhab
itants should own the land, the means of
production and the products o! their Indus
try, thus freeing the inhabitanta cf Burloy
from the worry of rent. Interest and lack
of employment. While not claiming to
have solved the social pro' lem. so com
plex snd so confuting, we da thluk we
hsve found s way by which Industrious,
honest snd energetic men and women may
aecure homes, employment and a good re
turn for their labor.
Conclusion of the Paper Bead at tha Et
Louis Conference.
Importance of the (living of Seenlnr
sad Religions lastraetloa la
slated I pon and Special Train
ing t rated aa .Verennary.
Urataltoaa lasalt.
"How far ars we from Chicago?" asked
the passenger with the skull cap, wiping
the moisture from the windowe of the
sleeping car aad glancing out.
The rasanger with the cropped beard
raised his head aad sniffed the air.
"About forty miles. 1 judge." bs said.
Chicago Tribune.
In its last Sunday Issue The Bee printed
the opening portion of the paper on
"Problems of the Jewish Sabbath Schools,"
read by Rabbi Abram 8lmon at St. Louis.
The concluding portion of the paper fol
lows: (b) The real, serious business of Bab
bath school Instructions begins with the
second class of children ranging In years
from 8 to 13. The child has by this time
grown from his instructive life Into that of
the gensort-motor phase; reflex action Is
slowly developing Into reflective. The
child lives a life of the senses, reveling
In fests of strength, trlala of skill and dis
play of force. Heroes and demigods, with
their thrilling and dramatic experiences.
fill in his world of Ideals. Israel s epoch
from the patriarchs through Moses, Joshua,
the Judges and the first three Kings corre
sponds to this stage In child-life. The
teacher's art Is here put to the test. It Is
not a matter of text book, but of talent.
He must know the art of story-telling; not
with the avowed object of adorning it with
a moral, orten forced ana isr-ietcnea, out
for the worth ot the tale Itself. It well
told, the child grasps the moral at a bound
and the lesson becomes the deeper Im
printed on his mind. The child should ex
tract the moral, not merely repeat what the
teacher said. The child's sense of per
sonality, growing more Intelligent and
purer with maturing years, plays and
twines Itself about these heroes and at
taches Itself to them In accordance with
the special qualities they display to the
child-Interest. Religion can best be taught
by means of these biblical characters. But
the essential idea must be pressed home
that these heroes act thus through Ood and
perform their mighty acta of valor and of
glory with Ood's help. Physical prowess
will, form a leading attribute ot Ood at
this period. Soon a quality of marked
value comes to the front and, uniting with
strength, forms a new Ideal of Ood. I refer
to Justice. Fair play Is the insistence of
every child. His heart la with the weaker
party, especially when In the right. He
applauds the divine aim of David's sling
and glorlea In the treatment that the
Egyptian bully received at the hands of
Moses. Ha. cannot appreciate the seeming
Injustice that the Promised Land should
be withheld from the great law-giver. He
acts on the principle of eye tor eye and
lives in the Law rather than In the
Prophets. The Ten Commandments, the
"shalta" and "shalt nots" and mighty
worda against theft, murder. Impurity, the
Irreverent use of Ood's aacred name, whoae
recklesa utterance becomes a sacrilege and
whose holiness shall Inhabit the heart
rather than be bandied on the lips, are the
ripe fruits of this stage. His ethical stand
ard takes on this new emphasis. Note his
self-assertion and violent individualism!
Do they not correspond to Israel's past
when "each man did what waa right In his
own eyes?" It marks the Inward combat
between self and not-self between the
carnal and the divine word. Toward the
thirteenth year the passions and procttvt
tlea become organlxed and a more orderly
regime of life prevails, more nearly
analogous to the reign ot ths Kings when
political life was centralised.
Sentiment of Patriotism.
Note also that It reminds one of Israel's
age of growing nationality. Patriotism is
the new sentiment and pride deepens con
sciousness of the people. Here let patriot
Ism beget Ita reltgioua saturation as loy
alty to God and to Israel's cause. The
teacher must bring home to the child how
Ood's hand led His people to Canaan and
bow He stirred leaders to fight their bat
tles and how they prospered as they obeyed
His laws and suffered as they broke the
covenant. It ia the idea of Ood in history,
la our history, that Is the moat helpful les
son for a child at this age to get. In this
manner, the bible, taken from race-history
and developed in keeping with the
unfolding child consciousness can be made
to teach a gradual and slowly advancing
belief in Ood and at the same time create
holy yet human types for Imitation and
atlr a fount of valuable sentiment. To be
sure, the Mosalo lawa of Justice, alavery,
charity and the holidays should form a part
of the curriculum in a study of ths fore
going. All facta considered, I should claim this
school period as the best for teaching
Hebrew. The memory-sense functions at
Ita highest, atoring away facts becomes
an easy matter and ths grasp of languages
la especially firm and quick. Language goea
band in hand with nationality and the de
velopment ot the Hebrew language la
aynchronoua with the Exodus and its sub
sequent history. Here let me Insist that
Hebrew be not taught aa a mental drill;
rather would I urge that It be pressed
home as a sentimental thrill. The educa
tion and religious value of ths study of
the Hebrew language lies In linking it with
God and His providence over Israel. No
violence is done to a child's mind in hav
ing H feel that Ood spoke in this holy
tongue through Inspired messengers snd
that the sublime Revelation found voles in
Ita sacred accenta. It Is for the deepening
of the Jewish consciousness that it wins
my hearty approval In Babbath school cur
riculum. Ate of Development.
(c) We advance to the next grade com
posed of children from 13 to IS years ot
age. Both physically and psychically pro
found changes mark the progress Into
puberty. The soul Is a ferment of con
flicting emotiona. Impulses and dreams.
Heightened vitality Is especially in evi
dence. The youth la a ventaole Niagara of
emotion which to (wisely) economise and
direct Into channels of healthy thought and
resolution becomes the supreme task. Un
less this is done, there develops either sn
evaporation of all aentlment or an over
saturation of sickly emotionalism.
Every nation haa recognized the serious
ness of the new psychologies! and physl
ologlcal changes; Indeed all primitive races
had their ceremonies ot Initiation. Wil
liam H. Burham has shown how tbey cele
brated the advent ot adolescence with Joy
ous feast and mystic rite. The Roman cus
torn is evidenced by the feast of Llberatla
when the youth of 15 waa Invested with the
toga vlrilia.
We can readily understand why religious
education has seized upon this period tor Its
greatest work. The confirmation age la
religion's gojden opportunity. The Je
has not been slow In appreciating this
spiritual crux. The Bar Mllzvah,aa an in.
atltutloa may only be a few centuries old
but ita spirit antedatea the Jew. Confirma
tion la only a more recent appreciation ot
this truth, puberty In our rtvillxstion be
ing a later ripening. Being at once an in
Illation and a consecration, Ita rites should
bs given only to those who ere mature
enough. I consider our confirmation the
most aucceasful and effective religious ex
erciae which the modern Jew possesses
Ths abuses that formerly characterised it
are fait passing away. Ita success la de
pendent on ths adzing of ths golden hour
Women's Wear
Oolf Skirts We want you to consider
this figure Golf skirts, marked $10.50,
go at 11.00
Golf Skirts, marked f 22.50 15.00
Golf Skirts, marked $23.00 16.67
Dress Suits
An elegant suit for house or street
wear all the very latest styles.
Zibeline Suits, $12.50, for 8.34
Novelty Suits, $19.50, for 13.00
Zibeline Suits, $20.00, for 13.33
Etamine Suits, $23.00, for ...'.1667
Linen Sale
We have added two cases of new
linen to our already enormous stock,
and all will be displayed on a bargain
table Monday.
Napkins, Cloths, Brown and Bleached
Damask, Tray Cloths, Doylies, Center
Pieces, Tea Cloths, etc.
These goods will be offered at im
ported cost.
Kid Glove Sale
Our entire stock of imported French
Kid Gloves, always sold at $1.25. Every
pair guaranteed and fitted on sale
Monday at 89c
Golf and Cashmere Gloves and Mitts
an immense table of them, worth up
to 50c, all, at 23c
Neck Fuffs, silk chiffon, Liberty silk
and feather ruffs all on sale at half
the marked prices.
Remnant Sale
Our great Trustee Sale has accumu
lated an endless lot of remnants that
are gathered on our bargain center, at
about half price.
Printed Drapery
Elegant designs, worth 23c
.... 9c
Three cases of line Comforts that sold
at $1.73 Monday at 1.19
We will sell our stock of the W. 0. O.
Corsets, including all the best numbers
of that celebrated make, at a discount of
20 per cent from the regular price.
We will clean up every belt in the
stock some of them sold for $1.50
each, at 25c
Muslin Underwear
Our stock of women's Night Gowns,
Corset Covers, Drawers, Chemise, etc.,
are all on sale at about manufacturer's
Women's Waists
Nearly, 50 dozen, worth $1.23 each,
at, 89c
Boys Waists In percale, outing flan
nel and flannel cloth, prices 23c and 33c
Monday at ......... . .. :m. . . 19c
Women's Cloaks
Velours velvet, a perfect dream of
style, $47.50 Monday at 23.75
Black boucle cloth cape, Persian
lamb collars and front, handsome fine
lining, $37.50, Monday at... 18.75
SaJtz Plush Capes, brown marten fur
trimming, $10.75, Monday at ....5.38
Children s Wash Dresses
ftfi InrhM Inner 1ftfl.inh sn'uin SI
Women's Burlington fast black seam
less stockings, worth 35c, at 23c
Our entire purchase, nobby little
styles, from 1 to 14 years, all on sale
Monday at cost.
30 inches long, 100-inch sweep, $110
Monday at 55.00
MINK CAPES Tail trimming, silk
brocade lining, $219 Monday .109. 50
ja Li h JlVa
Nearly one thousand dollars worth. Wo were forced
to takft them. They go on sale Uonday morning at about the price
of the paper. Ten gross to sell 2 for a penny, others up to $2 each
Cleaning-up Sale of Wall Paper, Room Moulding, Paper Gleaner
Never before had you the chance of
such values as we are making NOW!
50c to 75c Wall Paper, at roll 20c
25c to 50c Wall Paper, at roll 15c
10c to 23c Wall Paper, at roll 8c
Other values, 5c, 4$c, 4c, 3$c, 3c, 2Jc
and 2c per roll.
Wall Paper Remnants
In bundles, containing from 6 to 20
rolls, including border and ceiling, and
combining all grades of wall paper from
the cheapest that's good to the good
that's cheap up from, per i SZr
Room 'Moulding
Gilts and Tapestries the en
tire lot must go, per foot ....
Wall Paper Cleaner
The only reliable cleaner on the mar
ket a 25c can we sold tons atl Cp
that price for lOU
NOTE No paper trimmed during this sals.
when the aoul-actlvltlea ars on the "qui
Its," ao to apeak, when like so much
Inflammable material waiting for the happy
spark to aet It all aglow with religious
fervor and enthusiastic loyalty. The
months of active waiting filled with dreams
and high hopes of prospective youth, the
public exercises, the. confessions and re
liance upon God, the blessing of the class
In their hour of soul-exaltation unite to
stir the being as it haa never been
energlxed before. It is the age o( vision.
'Without vision a people remains unruly."
Study for This Period.
In maplng out a course of Instruction for
the confirmation pupils, we must again
follow the plans ss before sketched. This
age of youthful visions Is highly suggestive
ot the Israel's golden age of prophets and
psalmists. Prophecy was a child of strug
gle and was called Into being as a social
factor to revolutionize morals and re
ligion. Though born In pessimism, it baa
the most hopeful message ever given the
world. It is the second sublime Revelation
the Revelation of Conscience. Prophecy
and psalmody embody our richest treasures.
Ths Jewish conflrmanent must feel this to
the core. These mighty geniuses of the
soul preach tor the first time a message
of Individualism. They are the first to
launch the personal appeal. Righteous
ness Is a. demand on each life. Religion
must be a personal matter. The question
of uppermost moment Is. "What does Ood
8k for you?" Jeremiah and Ezeklel
break with the past community respect
ability, by insisting. "The soul that ainneth.
It shall die." Here we have personal
religion as a aocial force at Its best. We
come upon a grander altitude toward life.
The proper sphere of ceremony, the
superiority of the spirit over the letter,
the glory of sainfic. the Immanence of
God! Masculine Justice finds a worthy
helpmate in feminine love. Ths confirma
tion Ideal become "God In personal
life." God must be a living, loving Deity.
The association of the ace of adolesencs
with s fu'.l appreciation ot the Fatherhood
of God and the brotherhood of man is
therefore, every spropos.
The bible should now be reviewed from
this point of perspective. It Is a study
of Cod in nature. God in history, God In
consclenca and God in personal life.
For lac Mora AaTaaerd,
(d) On the basis of a post confirmation
class being organized from youths of It
to 20 years of sge. past biblical history
waa omitted In the foregoing outline. I
consider post-blblluat and middle age
Judaism to bs possible of clear comprehen
sion only by older pupils, auch aa ws In
clude under ths term "Adolescents."
The scholar having bsea confirmed In tha
Law and the Prophets should advance to
Israel'a Prayerbook. The child haa paasad
from Its senssrt-motor to a highly reflec
tive period. Ths Intellect Is dominant snd
domineering. Where la the prsvlous years
there seems an individualism run mad. It
belongs mors properly to ths emotional tins.
Hers, on ths contrary. It la aa Individual
ism of which the Intellect is leader. One
can readily notice the bravado and impetu
osity of youth trying to leap the social and
religious traces with a self-assertion and a
rabid Independence to be a law unto
Itself. The youth chafes under the re
straints of society, authority and religion.
Ths talmud is. the age of the rabbia and
of tha Intellectual ascension followed in
the-course of centuries by the flowering of
Jewish Intellect In the philosophers ot the
middle ages. Running parallel with this
stream Is that of the prayerbook. The
bible builds about the temple; the tal
mud centers In the academy; the prayer
book revolves sround the synagogue. Here
we find religion a steadily progressive fac
tor. It has proven Itself able to aurvlvs a
national sanctuary and a special land. It
baa demonstrated its power of independ
ence of national and political ambitions.
This Is Judaism. With the loss ot the
sacrificial temple, Is developed the vlcarl-
ousnesa of charity and the beauty of prayer.
The synagogue becomes the rallying
ground. I suggest, therefore, that the
post-confirmation curriculum Include four
courses of study.
(A) The talmud, a familiarity with tha
Uvea and works of the great rabbis and
their place In the development of Judaism;
the atudy of the social life of our people
during the period covered by the second
century, B. C, to the fifth century, A. D.;
a study of the politic, religious struggles
of that eventful epoch between the Phari
sees and Sadducees, Essenes and Hellenes
and the rise of Christianity.
(B) A familiar acquaintance with the
prayerbook. Paraphrasing a sell kwown
proverb, I should say, "Let me make a na
tion's prayers and I care not who makea Its
laws." The prjrerbook representa the re
ligious history of the Jew for many centur
ies. He was at his best In his prayers.
Tea, the Jew waa born with a prayer upon
his lips. He took God Into his confidence.
nor aver thought ot ssklng whether that con
fidence wss misplaced. He was spiritually
Intimate with God and thua his every
prayer la a soul-revelation. Thus, to apply
the race history Idea the post-confirmation
should be marked by the entrance of youths
in the synagogue-llfo and by a careful un
derstanding ot the duty, beauty and efficacy
of weekly and dally worship. Lectures on
"Gems of the Hebrew Prayer Book" would
be a very helpful education. k
(C) A third Interesting course of lectures
might be devoted to a hiatorlcal treatment
of "Places of Worship." The advance of
tha religious spirit from the simple stone
to the altar, from the temple to ths syna
gogue, should be studied In connection with
similar movements among contemporane
ous religions.
(D) In addition to what haa already been
aald, ths history of the Jew unto the pres
ent hour should be systematically taught
from tha modern standpoint.
What tha Tcaehcr May Ess!.
Just a final word aa to the Problem of
ths Teacher. Our mistake has been a fail
ure to catlmats ths Sabbath school teacher
as of equal worth with tha public school
teacher. We have not dignified him enough.
We have not yet raised him to the ranks
of the professionals. Sabbath school teach
ing Is an art. why not also a science?
A Sabbath school teacher abould bs
trained for his task. We are not clamor
ing for text books. A good text book la a
poor teacher's fetich; the worst book can
be safely entrusted to a good teacher. But
how secure these teachers? How raise the
standard and the calling of the Jewish
Sabbath school teacher; how give him the
necessary training bow? By placing In
back of him an Institution like the board
of education! Ws Jews have successfully
systematized and united our charities.
Condttlona seem favorable for a similar
coalescence of our higher educations or- j
gauizauon. nan ion iiuie uui cum. iur
pooling our Sabbath school Interests and
problems? Why may not a religious hoard
of education, composed of a dozen of the
most enthusiastic members of the various
Sabbath school boards In a city, to whom Is
tutrusted an endowment fund for the train
ing of special teachers; In whom is vested
the tack of choosing the teachers, making
attendance compulsory, arranging uniform
courses of study, bs after all not such a
foolish vision? Why may not a chair of re
ligious pedagogy be established at the He
brew Union college and New York Theolog
ical seminary? The day of specialists la at
hand. Cannot this union aend forth Its
strong Insistence that ths Sabbath school
teacher Is and must also and alwaya bo a
specialist? ,
I feel only too keenly tha Inordinate
length of this paper and my confession Is
candidly made that I am only feeling my
way, walking at tiroes In the dark, yet
stumbling here and there upon placea that
emit a blight - glimpse of light. I have
tried to follow the few stresks and I trust
I have not gone far out of the way. And'lf
they have afforded you even the falnteat
ray of light and guidance, I shall feel
highly gratified and amply rewarded.
Miss Jellus "Tour bedroom must be a
very healthy place, dear.
Mlsa Prettyface What makea you think
Miss Jellus Because I have noticed that
when you ars downstairs sometimes'' you
are dreadfully pale; but if you go up to
your bedroom for a abort time you coma
down with a beautiful color. Judge.
Teacjier Can any little girl tell me who
waa Columbus?
Sadie (frantically snapping her fingers)
I know.
Teacher Well, Sadie?
Sadie Columbus, the gem of ths ocean.
"Do you know." said the 8unday school
teacher, addressing a new pupil In ths in
fant class, "that you have a soul?"
"Course I do," replied ths little fellow
placing his band over his heart. "I can
feel It tick."
Johnny Aunt Martha won't play puss In
ths corner with mc.
Mother But perhaps Aunt Martha doesn't
know how to play It. Johnny.
Johnny Oh, but she must know how: I
heard papa aay she waa an old cat.
Rev. Dr. W. R. Huntington In an address
at ths opening of St. George's home for
deaconesses In New York City told about
a Grace church Sunday school teacher who
conducted her class In a friendly. Informal
day. One day when she said, "Let us
pray.". new little girl piped up cheerfully,
"YesS: Let's!" 8h waa willing to try tha
game, anyhow.
A Utile girl, a newcomer In the class,
listened with more than ordinary Interest,
and after the teacher had. finished a talk
on Samson the child lifted her band for
permission to speak.
"Well, Ethel," asked the teacher, "what
Is itr
"Samson wssn't as strong aa my papa
"Is rour father ao surprisingly strong?"
queried the teacher, tmlllng.
"Oh, my papa's orful strong," replied
Ethel, with emphasis. "Why, I heard
mamma say that bs had a ellyfant on h!s
Tha Nasi Yaeht Race.
It Is pleasing to learn that there will bs
another attempt made by ths English people
to rex apt ur ths cup this summer. A new
challenger la being built on aecret lines
which Is claimed will davelop remarkable
speed. The most remarkable family medi
cine today Is ths old reliable Hostetter's
Stomach Bitters because It euros when ether
remedies havs failed. It you ars a sufferer
from Insomnis, nervousness, chills. Indi
gestion, dyspepsia or liver troublea, bs aura
to try a bottle. It will curs you.
Margery's cousin. Cecilia, was IS and
pretty, relates the New York Times. Pho
waa also devoted to music and spent hours
practicing on a large pipe organ. This, to
gether with the fact that she invariably
wore a wrapt expression when so engaged,
earned for her the nickname of "Saint
It happened that Margery's mamma waa
railed to town and left her 6-year-old
daughter In charge ot an obliging neighbor..
This womsn undertook to smuse her young
guest by showing her a collection of prints,
among which waa a copy of the familiar
presentation of tha patron saint of muslo
seated at the organ. '
"This, my dear," said the obliging hos.
teas. "Is a picture of dalnt Cecilia."
"It doesn't look a bit like her," spoks
np ths tiny visitor.
"Why, how do you know?" Inquired ths
astonished owner of tha print.
"How do I know?" returned the equally
aatonlsbed Margery. "Why, 'Saint Cecilia'
la my own first cousin. She teached ma
my prayers aa' bow to play Jackslonea."