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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 2, 1903)
TITJ: OMATTA PAHA' BEEi MONDAY, FEUTtUATtY 2, 1003.
The umaha Daily Uee
E. SOSEWATER, RDITOH.
. rUBLiailED EVER V MORNINO.
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STATEMENT OB" CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska. Douclae County, ss.!
George B. Tssehuck, Secretary of The Bee
Publlahlnc company, belna- duly sworn, says
that thewictual number of full and complete
copies of The Daily, Morning, Evening and
Hundsy Bee printed during the month of
January, 1B03, waa as follows:
I J.. 80,460
U . 80.T30
tO. .-.,.,.. 80,6 TO
Lesa unsold and returned copies..
Net total .sales ..;..,....,.,.8t,oT
Net average sale bu,uoi
cimrvnnm n - tvchttow.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me tnis) use ay or January, a. u.
113. . M. B. HUNQATE,
ISeal.) . Notary Public .
Get up early and welcome the ground
Marconi should set to 'work next de
vising a system of wireless heat distri
bution that will help u get around the
The present Nebraska legislature is
lready. distinguished In one thing It
has had no contests for seats In either
house to wrestle with.
Members of the Council Bluffs Com
mercial club have made the editor of a
dally newspaper president of their or
ganization. Think of It
. The 8outn Omaha charter bill.. has
duly made its appearance In tbo legis
lature, but the Omaha chartef .bill Is
still being patched up in the dark of
star chamber meetings. .
It would hardly do for the arblrra-1
tion commission to finish up on ita work
until the appropriation; made by con
gress for its expenses, is reduced be
low the temptation point
A j.'.. I
Uncle Joe Cannon will hardly enjoy
the next session of congress as much
as he Is enjoying, this one." The? man in I
the speaker' chair does jiot have half J
the fun of the man on the floor. I
A ten days' recess should enable
every member of the legislature so dis-
posed to go home and feel the pulse of
his constituents, (o say nothing of pay-
ing several visits to railway headquar
Apparently, the Cubans are not so
frantic to have Us do something for
Cuba now. It Is just possible they have J
decided to get busy doing something for
themselves and let Uncle Sam's gener
osity work out by Itself.
Will the manager of the Thomson-
Houston Electric Light company permit
the city council to hold another regu
lar session before the spring election
comes off in May,' of are we to be
treated to weekly performances of blde
and Beck In order to smother the cheap
With government ownership of rail
roads we could have Wyoming coal de
livered In eastern" Nebraska at $2.60 a
ton, declares a populist organ. With
government ownership of the mines as
well, we could have the coal delivered
free. Might aa well flake the illustra
The Nebraska legislature should by
all means go on record in favor of a
larger navy. .It .was not long ago that
the late governor threatened to call out
the whole army and navy of Nebraska
to put down insurrection in Omaha.
Without the navy, the army would be
Impotent In this prairie state.
The Board of Education appears to
be disinclined to revise its demand for
a levy that will yield over $300,000 for
the coming year! but it cannot convince
the taxpayers bf Omaha that without
any appreciable increase in the school
attendance the wants of the board are
so much greater than they were last
The Netjraska tat6 food commissioner
has discovered that vanilla flavoring ex
tract Is subject to adulteration. Perhaps
that explains why callers at the soda
fountain these days give wide berth to
tbo old-time standards and are varl
oualy filled by seductive decoctions
bearing more euphonious names and
, made up of more subtle Ingredients.
Chancellor Andrews lecture on social
lam before the Nebraska Bar asaocla
tion bas elicited a challenge to debate
tha subject with on who claims to be
a representative socialist end calls upon
htm to defend tils arraignment or so
cialism' which he asserta Is based on
a fallacy.. Here is a chance for John N.
Baldwin or some other ambitious era
tor to take this challenge off the chan
VnlVEltSAL MONETARY STANDARD.
The proposition looking to" a univer
sal monetary stawlard, which hns re
ceived the countenance of the nntlcnnl
administration, la a matter of very great
Iniportanca A few days ago rrenlnVnt
nooerelt aent to conjrrrss a message,
with a report from the secretary of
state and notes from. the diplomatic rep
resentative! of Mexico and China, rec
ommending that the executive be given
sufficient powers to lend the, support
of the United State, In inch; manner
and to such degree as he mar dm ex
pedient, to the purposes of the two gov
ernments of Mexico and China.
The proposition of those countries Is
that a .commission be appointed to
study the economic problem pfcot:ng
Itself to sliver-using countries and de
vise a plan for a universal standard of
coinage. When this shall be done the
matter Is to be laid before the govern
ments of Europe having Interests in the
faf east, with a view to the universal
adoption of the systen devised by the
commission. The suggestion now made
la for a general coinage of silver at the
ratio of 32 to 1, each country to use In
its currency so much of silver as It can
maintain at a parity on the prescribed
basis. In the communication of the sec
retary of state accompanying the presi
dent's message It is stated that the Uni
ted States Is not asked to modify its
monetary system, nor is any movement
contemplated for the restoration of In
ternational bimetalism. The Idea of the
Mexican government, with, which the
proposition originated. Is that "consul
tation between tha United States and
European' power .having dependencies
In the Orient and the Independent coun
tries where silver money Is In general
use may result In the adoption of a
monetary system which will prevent the
great fluctuations in exchange which
now ofcur In trade with silver-using
countries-" . It is pointed out that the
plan is in accordance wlti that favored
by the Philippine commission for bur
islands and proposed in a bill now be
fore congress In regard to a Philippine
currency, and the opinion Is also ex
pressed .by the secretary of state that
It might have an Important bearing on
the payment of the indemnity due by
China to European powers and to the
United States. It Is further urged that
if the proposed plan were carried Into
effect "great benefits will follow to the
trade of the world, by making Easier
the access of the products of the manu
facturing nations to the markets of
China and the other silver-using coun
The recent experience of the silver
standard' countries hns been of a na
iure to impel tnera to looic toward a
change of their monetary system. The
steady decline ln'thi commercial price
of sliver has been very detrimental to
their trade and they realize that .this
condition is likely to continue so long
they remain on a silver basis. This,
Is especially true of Mexico and hence
that country Is most, anxious to .adopt
the gold standard, but would like to do
80 upon a basis .which would not be
damaging to Its silver production. It Is
Very doubtful if any European gold
standard country will be found to favor
t be Mexican proposition , and we can see
no sound reason why this country
should do so.
making va.ws to spits,
" is an open secret that the Douglas
delegation to the legislature Is con
structlng a new charter for the city of
Omaha. While the delegation lias not
taken the public into Its confidence, It 1b,
generally understood that Its chief aim
and purpose is not so much to amend
defects In the municipal organic law as
to slash and gash the charter in order
to make Frank E. Moores harmless po
litically in case be should be re-elected
mayor of Omaha for a third term.
This Is decidedly small business, to
use a mild phrase. It Is given out cold,
for example, that the new charter will
divest the mayor of all executive author
ity and power by making all the im
portant offices elective and leave all the
minor appointments to the city council.
This Is factional partisanship run riot
Are charters enacted by legislatures for
the government of -cities to be framed
to' gratify ' factional1 spite, or are they
designed for the promotion of the pub
lic welfare on brqad lines regardless of
Individuals or parties whom the people
entrust for the time with positions at
the helm of local government?
The trend of municipal legislation
everywhere within tho past twenty
years bas been toward the concentra
tion of responsibility. In nearly every
American city of from 50,000 population
upward he mayor as chief executive ia
made responsible for every branch of
municipal government, an with that
end In view is given the exclusive right
to designate the beads of departments, J
subject ouly to confirmation by the
council, and the heads of departments In
turn appoint their subordinates. '
In tills respect modern municipal cor
porations are organized on much the
same llaes on which great' Industrial
corporations are organized. Every in
dustrial concern and railroad company
is governed by a president, or general
manager, and a "board of directors. ' The
president Is supreme In the choice of
subordinates, and ' his 'selections are in
most cases "not' subject ""even" to the
board of directors. In every Instance
the beads of department and 'bureaus
of a great corporation are appointed by
the president or general mauager, who
in turn appoint their own subordinates.
To divide and subdivide authority
would create cohfuslon, promote discord
and decrease efficiency In the service.
In order to Insure the greatest rfticleucy
In the administration of its idnitt It la
Imperative for every corporation to ceu
trails responsibility ia a gtnerul man
ager who bss tbo esseutial 'qualifica
tions to direct and sujervle. A cor
poration managed by divided authority
is like a housa divided against itaelf-
t canuot stand. ' .J. ..
! If Frank E. alootvii lavks the requisite
qualifications for general manager of the
corporation known as the City of
Omaha, If he has squandered the public
funds, allowed municipal property to go
to waste and ruin, or neglected to pro
tect the city whenever Its Interests were
endangered or assailed, the people of
Omaha will have the opportunity of de
posing him by the electlonof another
man when his term expires. '
It would be a and commentary upon
the metropolitan pretensions of Omaha
to remand It to village government
Small towns that have no pavements,
no sewers, r.o street railways, no public
works, no health beards and no park
boards cannot suffer by choosing all of
their city officials nt the polls and giving
the town council the appointing power.
In such municipalities nny dry goods
box politician will do for city attorney,
any common surveyor1 will fill the place
of city engineer and any school boy can
fill the place of town auditor. If the
new charter la to be built on those lines
Its constructors will Invoke upon their
own heads curses loud and deep that
will consign them to everlasting polit
ical oblivion. They will show them
selves utterly unworthy of representing
a city of the metropolitan class. If our
charters ore to be mnde the vehicle for
gimlet bore spltework, Omaha's self
governing charter should be revoked
and its citizens would deserve , to be
CUNSTHUCTINO THE CANAL.
The treaty with Colombia provides
for ample time In which to construct the
Panama canal. The main works of the
canal proper are to be commenced with
in two years from the date of the
exchange of ratification of the treaty
and the canal is to be opened to the traf
fic between the oceans within twelve
years after such period of two years,
but In the event of any unforeseen diffi
culties or obstacles being encountered,
the time for the completion of the work
will be prolonged twelve more years.
Thus the United States will have not
less than fourteen years In which to
construct the canal, which may be ex
tended to twenty-six years if difficulties
or obstacles which at present it is im
possible to foresee should arise. Still
another provision is that in case the
United States should at any time de
termine to make the canal practically
sea level canal, then there, shall be a
further extension of timev of ten years.
The careful investigation made by the
American engineers and the assurance
that when begun the work will be
pushed with all possible energy war
rants the opinion that this vast under
taking can be completed in fourteen
years. But it is to be expected that dif
ficulties will arise which cannot now be
foreseen, or that those, which it is
known must be encountered will prove
more serious than ia now anticipated,
so that it is quite possible that more
than fourteen years will be consumed in
the work. This also suggests that a
great deal more money may have to
be expended in the enterprise than Is
now provided f or-$J35,000,Q0Q. , Indeed,
it is hardly possible that the canal can be
constructed for that sum, even if there
should be no unforeseen difficulties or
obstacles;. 'The French have expended
that amount or more in constructing
only about" one-third, of the canal, bnt
aa , wnrlr will he nroseouted
more vigorously and advantageously un
der American methods.
It appears that Seuator Lodge Is ex
ceedingly anxious to nave passed at
this sesalon bis . bill imposing ad
dltlonal restrictions npon Immigration
and In order to do so Is willing to sur
render provisions of that measure whjch
be bas hitherto deemed to be especially
Important and essential. For Instance,
it Is reported that be Is disposed to drop
out the educational test, which he has
vVrv earnestly advocated. This Is cer
. ., , . nnnaautnn nn tho
talnly an Important concession on the
part of tne wassacuusens lUi, m
Is one of the most radical advocates
of further restricting Immigration, but
even with this it Is pot probable that
eveu wiiu iui r -
he will get bis bill through at the pres-
ent session. ' .
An expert In regard to Immigration,
Dr. McLaughlin of the United States
Marine Hospital service, says In a re
cent magazine article that while the
percentage of undesirable Immigrants
Is doubtless higher at present, than
In former years, restrictions have
been growing ' more stringent, so
that now the system In operation is
sufficiently effective to keep out the dis
eased, the pauper and the criminal,
while admitting the immigrant "with
two strong arms, a sound body and a
stout heart." Regarding an educational
test, he Is opposed to it for tho reason
that it would' not keep out some of the
least deulrable arrivals, while excluding
mauv thousands of immigrants who
supply us with nearly all of the un
skilled labor needed for our industrial
progress. This is the sound view of
the matter and the one that is certain
to prevail, as even Senator Lodge ap
pears to see. Immigration for the last
two or three years has been, large, but
it has been made available In the Indus
tries without any injury to American
labor and there is not a single sound
reason why any additional restrictions
should be Imposed.
In defense of their system of consti
tutional prohibition, Kansas prohibition
1st are circulating some statistical ex
hibits designed tt how by comparison
with 'other states tho advantages
Kansas enjoys. Among other asser
tions is the statement that prohibition
Kansas in the ten years between the
two last federal censuses pushed three
cities v.p over the line of 10,000 popu
latton, while Nebraska lost three that
dropped below that line. Such a state
ment does gtvh injustice to Nebraska,
for no cue conversant with the facta of
our IS1) census will for a moment ex
plain any discrepancy shown by the
1900 census except on the score of the
notorious census padding Indulged by
tha enumerators la all our cities in
1800. We do not hesitate to say that
not one of the incorporated cities in Ne
braska had a smaller population In
fact !n 1000 than it had ten years be
forehand that the truth of this conten
tion can be easily verified by compari
sonof election returns, school attend
ance, vital statistics and other evi
dences that cannot be doctored. What
retarded Nebraska's growth in the cen
sus decade were the drouths and crop
failures and general business depres
sion growing out of them, which hit
Nebraska harder than they did Kansas.
We advise our prohibition friends in
Kansas to take a different tack in their
arguments and stick closer to the truth.
Up to date the democrats in the legis
lature are taking no stand in favor of
home rule. On the contrary, they re
corded their votes In favor of the bill
that takes away from the citizens of
Omaha the right to elect a board of
water commissioners and have gone on
record In favor of a governor-appointed
commission without responsibility or
accountability to the citizens of Omaha
for the expenditure of millions of dol
lars. In fact, the democratic members
of the legislature have up to date given
no evidence that they stand for any
principle or doctrine which democracy
pretends to uphold.
The Civic Improvement League of St
Louis Is just now discussing plans for
making the coming world's fair city at
tractive to visitors. Among the various
improvements proposed by the league Is
the abolition and demolition of bill
boards which disfigure the city and add
materially to the fire risk In case of a
general conflagration. , Although Omaha
does not contemplate an exposition in
the near future. It might emulate the
example of St. Louis profitably by fix
ing the time limit of the billboard nuis
ance to the end of the amusement sea-
The railroads usually prefer to take
their important cases into the federal
courts, but. sometimes they get fooled.
In the Omaha viaduct cases It will be
remembered the tax shirking roads car
ried the contention up to the supreme
court of the United States, only to get
an adverse decision and find themselves
compelled to construct the viaducts de
manded by the needs of the city.
Prospects are that there will bo some
thing doing soon by the railroads to
head off a tax levy in Omaha that
might make them pay taxes on their
property the same as other property
owners in the city,
Good Thing; for the Promoter.
A corporation of farmers .will prove a
good thing tor somebody, no doubt. The
farmers can furnish the land, the money
and the labor, and the capitalists the
water,- and draw the dividends, as well
as pocket the commissions. It will be a
good thing for those who watch the farmers
work. , , ,-, i .. .v
Omr Comte Oper , Colony.
New. York Tribune.
Senator Hoar seems to be desirous of
information as to the sort of government
which now exists 'in remote and solitary
Quam. At ode time, under the Spanish
flag, it was a comid opera rulershlp, some-
what resembling the methods of Sancho
Panza In the island of Barataria; but
probably there has. been a marked change
for the better.
.The Reward of ZmI.
Prof. Wiley of the Agricultural depart
ment, who has been trying practical experi
ments with food preservatives, lugubriously
complains because he has been given the
title of "Old Borax." He "should console
himself with the reflection that this is one
of the rewards of zeal for the public serv
ice. A far greater man than he was once
popularly and affectionately known as "Old
Straaglln a. Famona Waterway.
I A lormiuauio comoinawon ol repuDiicans
Jn York ,egl8,atura La, deter.
mlati that 82,ooo,0o0 shall not be voted
for the enlargement of the canal unless
50,000,000 be voted at the same time for
f,oou " ' ,oe'r
i t,oa th, canai cauge wni be hopeless. It
uncertaln whether the state would bond
Itself for either amount; it will not pond
Itself for both. The canal has been very
useful as a regulator of railway charge
even since the traffic through It became
Inconsiderable, but if the farmers of the
state have decided that there shall be
$50,000,000 for roads or no canal, the latter
might as well be presented to the New
York Central. The farmer believe that
only the cities would benefit from the
GOOD, BUT MOT TOO UOOD.
Ways la Which Many Wrll-Meaaln
Pcraoaa Do a Deal of Haras.
Kansas City Btar.
The Roosevelt standard of morality is a
sound one to work to or to work from. It
Is based on worthy Ideals, for It makes for
strength as well as morals, and ita keynote
Is common sense. It 1 a good thing for
the time that this standard Is wielding an
influence in the publlo life of the country, but
It is also appropriate that It was set forth
by the president In his address last night
before the Washington Young Men's Chris
tion association. The point of this admoni
tion was that a great deal of high-minded
endeavor falls of accomplishing results
berause it Is misdirected. "There are
many philanthropic movements led and
supported by most excellent people," said
Mr. Roosevelt,' "which, nevertheless, have
produced results altogether disproportion
ate to the efforts put forth, because they
have fulled to recognize the need of human
nature at the same time that an effort was
being made to better human nature."
The difference between the man of cor
rect morals, consistent religious principles
and common-sense methods and the aian
of extreme views and exacting conduct ii
the difference between the man of achlev-
ment and the theorist. Neither fanaticism
nor Phariseelsm ever accomplishes any
thing for the permanent betterment of the
human race, for they do not recognize the
essential needs of vital human nature.
For example, those people who make or
ganized protests against the uie of wine
at the White House are merely bigots on
the subject of on kind of temperance,
while they themselves are thoroughly In
temperate in another direction. Persons
who denounce as wicked all card playing
are too narrow to accomplish much good.
for they do not come Into sympathetic oon
tact with the world. All persons should
strive to do right and to set good exam
pita, but making an ostentatious specialty
of finding fault with harmless things does
a lot more barm than foed, ,
BKVEItlB LAW HKVIHIOH.
Wood River Interests: An equal distri
bution of railroad taxes throughout the
state and In the counties, towns and school
districts through which the railroads pass
Is what the people want and will bare or
there will be lots of trouble In store tor
Teharaah Herald: It It Is the tax shirker
that the legislature Is after, nothing would
catch them as quick as a law similar to
Illinois, which requires the county clerk
to publish the assessment 'of each and
every pt-rson. In this way they can be
brought to time before the Board of Equal
ization. For failure to list all property a
heavy flae or Imprisonment Is attached. It
U easy to get them If this method is en
acted Into law.
Dodge Criterion: We have never yet
seen any argument presented why prop
erty should be assessed for lees than Ita
actual value. The total assessment would
be much larger, but the tax levy would be
lower to raise the same amount it rev
enue. Besides, ail property would then
pay Its Just proportion of the taxes. Each
county would pay state tax according to
property. It Is the only fair and equal
way of assessment, but of course must be
general. i '
' Hastings Republican The Republican
believes the hue and cry for revenue re
vision Is raised by . the corporation lobby
and Its news boosters in an attempt to di
vert the attention of the public from an
attempt at a strict enforcement of the
present law and the few minor amend
ments needed, and that the session will
cither be spent In airing personal views
of wide divergence, or In the event of the
passage of a new law there will be found
In Its enforcement the usual loophole for
the escape of the franchfsed corporations.
A strict enforcement of the present plain
law would place these corporations on an
equal basis of taxation with the small
property holder, who has always borne the
heavier burden, and until some tax re
former points out the defects of the old
law and not the manner In which tt la
evaded we shall tend to the view that
there Is much ado over nothing.
' Arapahoe Mirror: The Nebraska legisla
ture seems to be making real effort now to
amend the revenue laws of this state. There
is certainly nothing needed In Nebraska In
the line of legislation more than a change
in tbo present revenue law; and this does
not mean that the whole law be radically
changed, hut certainly some amendment
will be made that will compel the assess
ment of property at its real value. It
seems, too, that the state and county boards
of equalization should be given more power
than la conferred by the present law. The
other features of the present law seem to
be all that is required. There has been an
effort In the legislature for the past sev
eral years to amend the law, but some In
terest has always been strong enough to
block any remedial legislation. Just Vhat
that Is seems a mystery to most people, be
cause everybody has realized the necessity
for a change. If the present members fail
to do their duty In the matter they will
probably hear from the people who have
elected them to represent them in the law
Fairfield Herald: It may be expected
that the revenue laws of the state wpi be I
considerably amended at this session of
the legislature. , The plan to provide for
county assessors and to give added powers
to boards of equalization on review of as'
sessments to raise or lower the aggregate
of assessed valuation meets with favor.
The small property holder has probably
paid his share of taxes all the years, the
shortage in the , revenues comes from
property that escaped the attention of the
assessor, and from delinquent taxee stretch
ing all the way, back since Nebraska be
came a state. But there Is a wider view
of this revenue matter, and that Is to assess
all property as the law contemplates, at
its fair cash value In the first Instance,
thus showing up the resources of the state
at something like what they really are, and
at the same time reducing tha percentage
rate of taxation on the dollar in the same
proportion. As it is now, Nebraska shows
up poor in assessed valuation and with
rate of taxation as high, or even higher,
than the current interest rate, enough to
appall the eastern investor who In his
ignorance of the facts naturally takes the
official statements of assessed valuation
each year a correct. If this legislature
succeeds in providing a fairly satisfactory
remedy for the present ridiculous inade
quacy or tne annual precinct assessor'
returns it will be a great step forward, for
the state and entitle the lawmaker who
accomplished It to some consideration for
on good piece of work which had long
Neligh Leader: A casual glance at the
condition of the Nebraska state treasury
would warrant the assumption that the
present large floating debt of the state is
due to extravagant appropriations. While
this may be true in a few instances, yet it
by no means solves the problem. The cause
lies deeper. While the state has been grow
ing in population and wealth, and the cost
of government largely and naturally in
creased, yet tha fact Is patent that the
valuation for purposes of taxation, as re
turned by the assessors, shows a gradual
and steady decrease for a number of years.
While state expenses have necessarily be
come larger, the sourca of revenue has di
minished. The Leader Is not favorable to
any measure that will give a large fictitious
valuation for revenue purposes, yet it Is
forced to the conclusion that some means
for-raising the assessment to a figure' that
will yield sufficient revenue for state pur
poses, under an economical administra
tion, is not only wise, but absolutely nec
essary. The present condition can not go
on forever, for while at present the credit
of the state Is of the best, a continuation
of the policy of the past few years will In
the end reach the climax of state bank
ruptcy. This Is the situation as presented
to the members of the state legislature,
and happily they seem to appreciate it
fully, and are planning to curtail expendi
tures to the lowest possible limit, and at
the same time enact needed revenue legis
lation. To what extent they will be suc
cessful cannot now be outlined, but man
ifestly they are sincere In their purpose.
geaatora 'and tbo People.
Henry Loomla Nelson In the Century.
The senate Is th most powerful body
in the government. It is often spoken of
as an oligarchy; but this is not absolutely
accurate. Sometime the president de
feats it by an appeal to the country, but
tbo senate yields slowly even to (he coun
try, for the people have a long time la
which to forget the early sins of a senator,
who. If he be wise, will be cautious during
the latter half of his six years' term.
But two-thirds of the senate can be care
less until their Indifference or obstinacy
threatens the party. A senator Is not
chosen by the people, and legislatures are
rarely held to a strict account tor th
manner in which they select senatoa, or
for the kind of men whom they choose.
There ' ia a general Immunity for the
middleman in politics. The executive who
appoints is often punished for a frailty
of judgment or for partisan blindness to
bad character, while the senator who votes
for confirmation may go scathltfts. Th
people hav not often been watchful over
elections to tha senate, and are not ac
customed to tak failure to elect good Dei,
or the actual election of unworthy men.
anything that they can help. They seem
to suffer from th Inertnesa which often
aoinpules a conscious lack of power.
BITS OP WAXntlRTOS I.1FK.
Mlaor Sreaea and InrMeata Sketched
on the Spot.
President Roosevelt does not Intend to
engage In bear hunting again until he has
laid down the cares of office. The Wash
ington Post reports that he gave the hunt
ing ultimatum to a Wyoming delegation,
heeded by Congressman Mondell, which
called upon him recently. He was asked
to participate In a grizzly hunt next spring
In the course of his trip through the west.
"Tour picture Is very alluring," said the
president as the Wyoming people described
to him the prospects of big game, "but I
have found from past experience that hunt
ing bear with a brass band Is barren of re
"We will close all the trails in the vi
cinity," protested Mr Mondeli and his con
stituents in one voice.
"Yes," answered the president; "that
nilgbt be done. I appreciate the courtesy
of your Invitation, tut some people would
get Inside even If they had to take a bal
loon to do it "
The president has reached the conclusion
that there can be no sport With the trees
full of reporters, the sky speckled with
kite cameras, balloons sailing over con
taining Journalists and sketch artists
perched on every crag and butte. He wants
some solitude to pop the pesky varmint,
nqt so much on his own account, but to
give the bear a run for his life. It he Is
hunted with too much halloo and uproar he
will refuse to play. A nice, quiet game
suits hint better. . Simple In his tastes, he
dislikes vulgar display. Mr. Roosevelt
and the bears will get along very well to
gether it the newspapers will spare them.
But there is only one instance in the presi
dential career that the press will heed an
admonition to secrecy; and this is concern
ing the annual message. There Is, to be
sure, not the glowing and eager Interest In
a messsge that there Is in a bear hunt.
Nine columns of bear hunt is node too
much. We can not speak as unrestrain
edly of messages. Sometimes nine columns
Is too much.
Asher C. Hinds, clerk to the speaker of
the house of representatives in Washington,
Is a parliamentarian of great attainments, I
ht h .rtnowledBe. that a oueatlon asked
the other day by Congressman Shattuo
" - . - -
knocked him out. Debate on the Philippine
currency hill had been dragging along wear
ily, each successive orator having his time
extended. One member secured double In
dulgence of this kind and then Mr. Shat
tuc Inquired with portentous solemnity:
"Mr. Speaker, if this discussion is continued
Indefinitely how long will it take to reacn
a vote?" lur. Hlnas aia not see mo inion
tional bull for a moment, but realised the
situation when the members laughed.
A new piano worth $15,000, according to
competent judges, has been Installed In the
East Room of the White House. It is the
gift of a firm of piano manufacturers. It
belongs to the massive square class and is
covered all over with gold leaf. The legs
are formed of great eagles with outstretched
wings supporting the piano and feet rest
ing on the floor. Around the body of the
instrument the shields of the thirteen orig
inal states are painted at intervals.
The Interior construction of the piano is
of the finest and its tone is very melodious.
It will be used at the muslcalea which Mrs
Roosevelt gives frequently.
The life of a paper note, and especially
those of small denominations, as a one,
.two or nve-dollar bill, has always been
much shorter than the average person
would imagine. Of late, however, owing
to the great Increase of prosperity through
out the country, its existence has been
curtailed until at. the beginning of the
present year it has been estimated that
the ordinary outstanding note now lives
but a little more than two years.
The main reason for this, says the Wash
ington Post, lies in the tact that as busl
I ness becomes more active there is a greater
demand for small bills tor ready use, and
these being handled oftener and more care
lessly than the larger ones, they wear out
much sooner. This tendency to have the
average value constantly reduoed has made
a great increase in the Issue of new money
amounting to over 123,000,000 In bank noty
and government paper currency, and a pro
portionate Increase in destruction ana re
demption. All of thla has its effect on every ae.
partment through which the .note passes.
from the time of the beginning of its ex
istence in the paper mills of Massachu
setts, whence it is aent to the Bureau of
Engraving, to the treasury, and to the
countless people who use it until it again
reaches tha treasury, where It is redeemed
and ground into pulp.
In the paper mills this Increase in the
demand for Quotes necessitates more em
ployes and more machinery. In the Bu
reau of Engraving, where the money is en
graved, printed and numbered, before being
taken to the treasury, the results are still
mora manifest. During the last year 4C0
more .clerks have been added, thus bring
ing the number up to 2,851, which, when
set up against the 479 employes which com
posed the entire working staff of the bu
reau twenty-five years ago, is a forceful
reminder of the rapid growth and pros
perity of this country. The great amount
of work done by the burean since 1900 has
required' the organization of a night force,
besides tha extension at times of the hours
of labor of the entire pilnting force.
Indlareattoa a Great Levaler. 1
Edward VII's physician bluntly tells the
monarch he eat too much. . This la a
pretty dish to set before a king. But it
seems that ther is no royal way to health
In the matter of indigestion all men are
BBBBmtRfB aaaaaaa'aaaaaaWBaa'saaaaa rrrTirri I TH11 mil rnr III III im II in' III rmiillSJ IS i HliminU nn u ""Sw
safest, - i, mmw&
strongest, (j , WSk
Sarsapatilla WL 'J$EW
you can buy
- . their children use It. As medi
cine for the whole family it has no equal.
"I long ago lea d the first great rule of health- keep the bow
els regular so I , i never without Ayer'a rills." &.iZJS?
PERSONAL Nofu. '
The adviser ef "6J8 per cent" Mlliei v-
Brooklyn has gone Into bankruptcy.
A Baltimore girt married a mil whom
she had arrested for picking her pocket.
Bay, "wasn't that Just lovely!"
The legislature of Utah has oeen asked
to legalist a holiday to be known aa
"Health day," when every person must by
law clean house. ,
The naval investigating committee ought
to place some limit On the number of times
a witness shall be permitted to change his
testimony. ' '
General Funston is on a visit to hi old
stamping grounds in Kansas, but In spit
of all temptation has thus far refused to
make a speech.
Admiral Schley, accompanied by Colonel
and Mrs. A. K. McClure of Philadelphia,
Is to make an' extended tour of the west,
going aa far west as southern California,
where the early spring Will be spent.
An intimate friend of the president re
ceived a letter from Mr. Roosevelt recently
in which the writer says: "I am not a
rich man, hardly a well-to-do man, and
besides I have a large family of small chil
dren." A friend met Congressman Ruppert of
New York and said: "Jake, I came away
from home without any money this morn
ing. Let me have a couple of dollars, will
you. I want to get shaved." ,Say." ob
served the congressman aa he handed ever
the money, "who shaves you Plerpont
Invitations have been issued by Mrs.
Maria Patrick of Urban a, O., for a dinner
party February S in honor of her ninetieth
birthday. Twenty-five guests have been
invited, none of whom will be less than 75
years of age. The combined ages of the
guests and hostess will aggregate close to
1,800 years. .
Monday last waa a fatal day for beauty,
and two harrowing accidental were re
ported. The long, luxuriant looks of Prof.
Mommsen were burned away by the flames
of a candle in Dresden, while on the other
side of the world Sanford B. Dole of Hono
lulu was rushing about endeavoring te
quail a conflagration lo his flowing beard.
. . ,UB" " appears
TVs t.n a, ....
the position in which Mayor Fa ran
of Jersey City find himself. He is la bad
health and doctors have ordered him to
take Immediate rest at some place away
from home. But Mr. Fagan is a republican
and If he leaves hla efflce it will be filled
by Alderman Block, a democrat. Political
lines are drawn tightly In Jersey City, so
there Is no knowing what Acting Mayor
Block might do. Therefor Mr. Fagan la
Oiling up with medicine and sticking to
his Job. , ,
He (facetiously) A society belle should
have the rlffht rln.
She (demurely) Well, I hava hopes.
kers Statesman. , , , .
ejorge It's no use fighting the coal deat-
Mrs. George No; the thing for yon to do ;
Is to say nothing and saw wood. Detroit
Maudie You can't fool me. 1 know you'r
trying to keep your engagement to Horace
a profound secret.
Oraycle For goodness sake, don't say a
word about It. I'm scared to death for fear
Horac will And It out hlmaelfi Baltimore
American. . ....
Newltt Funnyl I always associate your
wife with a certain episode In my own life.
There' just one thing she alwaya remind
Henpeck I wish I could say that. There's
lots of things she alwaya ramlnds me of.
Philadelphia Press. i
"George, did you ever love any other
woman as well as you love meT"
j "Oh, yes, dear; several of them."
"Indeed! Why didn't you marry one of
them Instead of nn?" t -v., To
"Well. I suppose I'll be asking myself that
question, too, some day,'.' Chicago Tribune.
He You are the first woman I ever loved.
She Well, I don't know about that; but'
I'm certain I'm the first woman you aver
xuiu tnai you iovea ner. I could se that
by the awkward way you do it. Boston
Transcript. . , . a
"You can't judge by appearances, paw," '
enld Farmer Sorghum's eldest daughter.
"Beneath the roughest exterior may nestle
the heart of gold.'
me oid man looked thoughtful.
"That sounds nice," he said, "but it i
to me it's jest the opp'slte with a
brick." Cleveland Plain Dealer. i
SALUTE THO PHEWE.'
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Oh Prune! '
Bwart, shriveled prunet " ' ' ' '
About whose umbrous crevices still clings'
The fragrant breath of June, .
Thou meek and lowly cate,
To thee we dedicate
This rime to celebrate
Thy virtues, Prune.
Long hast thou been unsung,
Butt of the witless tongue, ''
And every clown unhung
Hath sought to gib thee;
Thou that waa't one a grape 1 ' "
Full-blooded, fair of shape.
Bacchus himself might rap.
jftnd Joy to 'mblbe thee, . ., ,
Fall'n daughter of tha Vine,
Thou wast not born for wine; ,
A lowlier destiny thine, , , , . .
A humbler sphere.
No sensuous, swinish sot - .
Licks thee from reeling pot
Thou'rt spared that painful lot.
Mankind to cheer. ' . ,
Once thine empurpled bloom
Dwelt In the odorous gloom.
Heedless of future doom 1
On boarding table,
Until thy riant grace '
Tempted th sordid, bas .
Hind of the market place
Cain to thine Abel.
Scorned of the millionaire , .
Feast of the. proletalret
Blush not thy fame to wear,
Proud Is thy station.
Maker of muscle thou.
To thee the masses bow,
Foe of the trusts art thou,
Prld of th nation.
MI remember well when I first
used Aycr's Strsafiarilla, nearly
60 years ago. I was thin, pale,
'weak, tired all the time, no appetite,
could not play as the other boys did.
Since then I have taken It many
times, especially when over
worked, tired out, or nervously de
pressed. Now, all my children and
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