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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 1, 1903)
THE OMAHA DA 117.' HEE: SUNDAY, FKNIJUAltY 1. l!0:i.
Tiie Omaha Sunday Ber
E. KOSEWATER, EDITOR.
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STATEMENT OP" CIRCULATION.
btMe of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
George 11. Tsschuek. secretary of The Be
puhllehlng company, being duly swum, says
that the actual number of full and complete
copies of The Dally. Morning. Evening arid
Sunday Bee printed during the month of
December, 12, wti as follow!:
ty 50, (MM)
25 ! 80,200
a so, too
Ler.s unsold and returned coplea...
Net total sales O42.404
Nat average aalei ao.4;i
QEOROE B. TZ3CHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me thla 31et dav of December, A. D.
KA M. B. HUNOATE,
(Seal) Notary Public
The campaign for lax reform In Ne
braska la on and It will continue until
the glaring lnpqnnlltles arc remedied.
The Fowler currency bill hug been
put to Bleep and the Hryanlte onrsn of
those purls will tiox- up Its bugbear
until the next campaign.
It's cfiny to give up Koinethlng .you do
not have. 'That may hare something to
do with the reported purpose of the
crown prince of Rnxony to renounce Ills
right to succession to the throne.
In Nebraska lawmakers are entitled
to draw pay for sixty days' session.
No one nevd imagine final adjournment
will come sooner, no matter how many
days are adjourned over In the Interval.
By the way, what has become of the
hobgoblin of militarism that was going
to subject us all to rule by court-martial
If the reins of government were not Im
mediately turned over to the democratic
In his signed communications It used
to be W. It. Hearst. The It became
William R. Hearst. Now the signature
Is William Randolph Hearst That Js
the way the climb up the political lad
der Is made.
According to William E. Curtis, the
story of the street railway franchise of
New York Is full of comedy, tragedy,
Intrigue, romance, dishonesty, brllery,
blackmail and crime. This is sizing it
up In a nutshell.
Perhaps the proposed new department
of commerce might have been called
the department of Industry but for the
reflection such designation might cast
upon tho Industrious employes of the
Hooks embodying the results of scien
tific Investigation of the Pelee eruptions
are being thrown out on the market.
The chances are, however, that It will
take another volcanic outbreak to send
the demand for them tip high.
A comnrisslon of learned German phy
sicians has come to the conclusion, after
exhaustive investigation and experi
ment,' that hypnotism la not to be relied
upon as a curative agency for disease.
In other words, they are decidedly op
posed to losing any of their patients by
the hypnotic route.
We havs cot heard anything definite
yet of Wu ling Fang's doings since his
return to his mother country. Unless
the former Chinese minister speedily
sets some American Ideas In motion to
stir up backward China we ' will be
tempted to believe that his experience
among us Is not U'lng utilized to Its
fullest by him.
The spreudlng conviction that United
States senators must be elected by di
rect vote of the people Is lu evidence
more and more. Scarcely a - magazine
or periodical devoted to the cIIhouknIoii
of current tjplcs but what Is glvlug
space right along to the 'ilUrusalnn of
this steadily growing question. What
Is equally to the (mint Ih the fact that
tho great majority of the writers not
only support the demand for direct pop.
ular election, but sen that It hus be
come an Imperative necessity.
The attorney general of New York has
written tin opinion In which he holds
that the offering of a railroad puss or a
Iullman sleeper pass Is a misdemeanor
ou the part of the rallrond official or
employe who makes the tender and
that its acceptance by a memlM-r of the
legislature would subject him to for
feiture of his crnee. That this princi
ple applies with equal force to the giv
ing and accepting of Misses In Ne
braska there Is no question. But If
every member of the Nebraska legisla
ture Mho has accepted (muxes forfeited
his ofhee, there wocM uot be a cor
poral' guard left ou the legislative pay
11 HO.SUO .
U.VOLflr, LtK it.VD JKFFC.RSOS DAVIS.
Within the lifetime of a generation
that still counts millions of survivors, a
gigantic treasonable conspiracy at
tempted the overthrow of the great
American republic. At the sacrifice of
millions of treasure and rivers of blood
poured out by patriotic sons of freedom
the rctM'Iliou was suppressed and the
union saved and preserved for all fu
ture generations. The survivors of the
blue and the gray have fraternized and
fought battles under the Stars and
Strlix's, ami the memory of the brave
men who fell In the war of the rebellion
will be cherished on both sides without
resentment by either.
There Is, however, a broad line of de
marcation that cannot and should not
be wiped out. The American tory never
will stand on the same plane In history
with the American patriot of revolu
tionary days. The memory of Benedict
Arnold, vl!i rendered valiant service In
the enrly stages of the revolutionary
struggle, cannot be linked with that of
For the same reason every attempt
to link .the name of Abraham Lincoln
with that of Jefferson Iavls or Robert.
E. Lee Is a sacrilege that must shock
the moral sentiment of every true lover
of liberty. The emotional outburst at
the American metropolis a few ayt
ago at which Charles Francis Adams
eulogized Robert K. I.ee, Henry Watter
son paid a warm tribute to Abraham
Lincoln, and William Hepburn Russell
lauded Jefferson Iavls to the skies has
the tendency to place these men lefore
the new generation of Americans on an
equal plane, when In fact they repre
sent principles as far apart as the poles.
Lincoln, Lee and Davis were southern
men by birth and this Is all they had In
common. Davis and Lee were born In
affluence and were Iwth educated at the
West Point Military academy at the ex
pense of the nation. Abraham Lincoln
was born In poverty and educated by his
own toil. Both Davis and Lee had been
dedicated by their military training to
the defense of the flag and when they
raised their arms against that emblem
of glory and organized armies to destroy
the government they bad sworn to de
fend and protect ihey were guilty of
tut highest crime an American citizen
can commit. Their treasonable course
may be forgiven, but It cannot and
should not be glorified by speech, or by
At the outbreak of the civil war, Lee
was colonel of the Second United States
cavalry. Had he been Imbued with the
highest Ideal of the American soldier
he would have rallied with General
Scott under'the flag of the union rather
than with Jefferson Davis under the
flag of disunion. He would have emu
lated the course pursued by that loyal
and gallant Virginian, General Thomas,
or that loyal son of Tennessee, the In
vincible Farragut. If he entertained
conscientious scruples against fighting
bis native state he should have broken
his sword Across his knee and retired
to private IJfe.
The beatification of Jefferson Davis by
men who wore the blue borders on blas
phemy. It Is an Insult to the memory
of thousands -of brave men who were
subjected to the horrors of Anderson
vllle and other confederate prisons with
the full knowledge and consent of Jeff
erson Davis. It Is a monstrous reflec
tion upon the memory of Abraham Lin
coln, for whose assassination Jefferson
Davis was Indirectly If not directly re
sponsible. It Is a matter of recorded
history that Davis encouraged and ap
proved the plot for the abduction of
Lincoln from Washington to Richmond,
which was the prelude to Wilkes
Booth's dastardly crime. And It Is also
a matter of history that Davis and his
cabinet approved the plot to scatter yel
low fever Infection In New York and
other northern cities whose population
during the war was chiefly made up of
defenseless women and children.
Is It not amazing that Americans who
revere the memory of Lincoln should be
carried away by sentimental gush over
Davis or Lee when If Davis and Lee
had had their way the American union
would have been dismembered and
slavery enthroned and perpetuated? Had
Lincoln been forced to capitulate trea-
sou would have lieeu triumphant, loy
alty humiliated and the march of prog
ress and civilization Iti America turned
back for centuries. If Davis and Lee
had succeeded, the disunited states
would have been Mexlcaulzed and Mex
ico Imperlallzed. If Davis and I-e had
triumphed no single American republic
would have counted for more among
the nations of the world than does Ven
The cause represented by Lincoln was
humanity and civilization. The mar
tyred emancipator needs no monument.
I.ee and Davis deserve none at the
hands of a nation dedicated to freedom
and free Institutions.
jvor sM isrAi runr.
The treaty providing for the apiwint-
ment of u commission of Jurists to set
tie the Alaskau boundary question Is
not satisfactory to the Canadians. They
appear to be apprehensive that they will
lose their case. This Is Indicated lu the
statement of one of the leading men In
the Domlulon. Sir Charles Tupper, who
said that the treaty means that the
United States will euchre Canada out
of Its rights. He declared that Great
Britain will not fight the United States
for one Inch of Cauudiuu territory, add
lug that the United States knew what
it was doing wheu It agreed to a com
mission of three on each side. Promi
nent Canadian newspapers have ex
pressed themselves lu a similar way
showing a fear that we shall be able to
convince the British Jurists that our
contention Is the correct one and that
the Canadian claim is utterly untena
it Is highly probable that this will be
the result, if the British Jurists are act
uated by a sense of fairness and jus
tice, rather than by an unalterable pur
pose to stand by the claims of Canada
regardless of the facts and the terms
of the treaty between Russia and Great
Britain, which were unquestioned for
more than half a century. The truth Is
that the Canadians know they have not
a good case and hence their dlsatisfai
tlon with the promised commission, but
It would seem that they should be will
ing to trust British Jurists to do what
Is fair and Just In the matter. Ameri
can have no doubt that the representa
tives of this country would decided ac
cording to their conviction of what Is
SXUnuCRA TIC AM CHIC AS A MBA S S AUORS
When Benjamin Franklin presented
his credentials as envoy of the Ameri
can republic at the court of Louis XVI,
clad In a suit of Pennsylvania home
spun, he created a decided sensation
among the regally caparisoned, le-
wlged and bejtowdered scions of French
nobility and especially the superbly uni
formed diplomatic representatives of all
the nations. But the shocking simplic
ity of the American philosopher-statesman
was no Impediment' to his mission
and did not detract from his Influence
and fame. Even today the bust of Ben-
aniln Franklin occupies a conspicuous
lace with the galaxy of great men,
whose 4uonuments and portraits are pre
served at the royal palace at Versailles.
The example of republican simplicity
set by Ben Franklin, John Adams and
Thomas Jefferson In the early days has
leen followed by American ministers
to foreign countries for more than a
century. The list included In our own
days such eminent Americans as Bayard
Toylor, James Russell Lowell, John La
throp Motley, Thomas F. Bayard and
last, but not least, John Hay and An
drew D. White. All these distinguished
Americans were content to appear at
the Imperial and royal courts of Europe
In plain evening dress, and this simplic
ity was nisre Impressive because these
men were the envoys of the world's
greatest republic and one of the great
est nations on the earth.
We seem now to have reached the
parting of the ways. The tremendous
Impetus given to snobocracy by the ac
quisition of colossal fortunes appears
to have turned, the heads of some of
America's diplomatic representatives at
the capltuls of Europe. Cable advices
from Paris announce, for example, that
Ambassador McCormick has Invested In
a dazzling court dress that will eclipse
In spangles, gold braid and gilt luce the
most fantastic suit ever worn by a Per
sian shah or Indian maharajuh. This
example of American snobocratlc mum
mery Is liable to become epidemic among
American ministers afflicted with van
ity and we should not be surprised If
America would outdo all the effete mon
archies of Europe in vulgar display of
laced coats, emerald buttons and buck
les and other gearing that distinguishes
Whether the State department will
finally be compelled to prescribe a dis
tinctive American court dress for Amer
ican diplomatic representatives, corres
ponding with the number of millions at
their command Individually, remains for
the future. It would be In accord with
the eternal fitness of things for snobo
cratlc American diplomats to Invest
their surplus not only In flashing liv
ery, but In genuine titles of nobility that
will place them on au equal footing with
the descendants of the robber barons of
Germany and the robber knights of It
aly, France and Austria.
TUB PRESIDENTIAL SALART.
Thirty years ago the salary of the
president of the United States was In
creased from $25,000, which had been
tlje compensation since the organiza
tion of the government, to $50,000.
When the question of raising the presi
dential salary and also the pay of
members of congress was before the
Forty-second congress there was a
strong popular opposition, but the law
was passed. Subsequently the portion
of the act providing an Increase In the
pay of congressmen was repealed. It
was then thought by very ninny that
the compensation of the nresldent.
which had been satisfactory to the In
cumbents of that great office for more
than eighty years, was ample for the
chief executive of this republic. The
government provides him with a resi
dence furnished at the public expense
and pays at least In port for the serv
ice necessary In the White House. The
opposition to Increasing the salary
urged that It was not required and
was not desirable that the president of
the United States should imitate for
eign rulers in making lavish expendi
ture for entertainments and other pul-
llc display. Some outlay lu this direc
tion Is essential, but It should be on a
scale consistent with republican Ideas
and not fashioned after that of Euro
A bill has Just leen Introduced In
congress proposing to again lucreuse
the presidential salary, making It $100,-
000. That public sentiment will !
vvery strongly against this it Is entirely
safe to assume. There Is no good rea
son for Increasing the compensation of
the president. Fifty thousand dollars
a year is a very ll!eral Income. No
president who hos received it has found
it Inadequate. On the contrary all of
them have been able to meet every so
cial requirement of the uosltlon and
have something left of the salary at
the cud of their terms. There was no
more generous entertainer thau Presl
dent Arthur, yet he did not find It
necessary to sieud all his salary. Mr,
Cleveland saved a portlou of his and so
did Mr. McKlnley, neither of whom
neglected auy social duty or lived other
wise than as Iterated the dignity and
the proper demands of the pmltlon. The
office of president of the United States
is not only of highest honor In this
republic, but In the world. Emoluments
can add nothing to Its distinction
These should lie sufficient to meet the
legitimate requirements of the position
and that Is now the
case. The fact
that enormous salaries are leliig paid
to men who administer the affairs of
corjionitlons and trusts Is uo argument
lu favor of Increasintr the presidential
salary. Whst the head of a steel com
bination Is paid, for Instance, has no
prosr bearing upon the question of
the conieiisatioti of the chief executive
of the nation.
There Is a tendency to Increase the
salaries of public officials which should
not 1h encouraged. A bill has passed
congress to Increase the salaries of the
federal Judges. Perhaps this Is Justifi
able, although we shall get no better
Judges by reason of It. A few days ago
prominent member of the house of
representatives said that the pay of
congressmen Is too small and ought to
be Incrensed. This shows the trend
and If there Is public Indifference re
garding It there Is likely to le within n
few years a geueral advance lu the
couiiions.itlon of public officials that
will add millions to the annual c.x-
wnses of the government, without se
curing any greater faithfulness or effi
ciency In tho public service.
, COLORADO AS It MURASKA.
The recent senatorial election In Colo
rado, resulting, after a brief but turbu
lent legislative contest. In the aban
donment of the field by the republican
candidates to Senator Teller as the
democratic choice, stands out by con
trast in lwld relief with the protracted
struggle for the senatorshlps In Ne
braska two years ago.
Colorado went republican In the last
election, aud without question au hon
est count of the legal votes cast would
have given n republican majority In
the legislature on Joint ballot and in
sured the return of a republican to rep
resent the Centennial state In the upper
house of congress for the next six years.
The competing aspirants within the
party, however, finding their ambitions
blocked between themselves, notwith
standing the vantage point enjoyed by
the party through tho possession of all
the machinery of the state government,
by which the regularity of their pro
cedure would be Insured, threw up the
sponge when the critical emergency was
readied and rather than yield to some
republican leader who might command
the party support, stood by and even
lent assistance to the success of the
democratic candidate. Had Colorado
republicans enjoyed unfaltering and un
selfish leadership, who could doubt that
they would have now regained the
sent In the senate lost by the back
sliding of 189U?
In Nebraska two years ago the sena
torial fight was more hotly pressed,
though less turbulently waged. For
three successive mouths, day after day
and week after week, the fruitless bal
lots In Joint session and In caucus
marked a stubborn deadlock that grew
apparently steadily more Impenetrable.
80 narrow were the party majorities In
the two houses and so peculiar the con
ditions afforded by the fact that two
senators' were to be chosen, that had
either of the principal candidates been
willing to trade off the Interest of the
party In the other senatorshlp, he could
have 'effected his own election In com
bination with' a democrat or a populist.
But no thought of achieving personal
mhltlnii by such a course was ever
serin- " entertained. The deadlock-
was (l to the last hour of the last
day i, He.' legislative session, but when
the supreme moment arrived patriotic
devotion to party overcame all obstacles
and the leaders whose efforts had car
ried Nebraska for McKlnley and repub
licanism and made It possible for the
state to be represented In the senate by
republicans stopped voluntarily aside
to make way for men upon whom the
party strength could be united.
Nebraska's two seats In the United
States senate ore filled by two repub
licansColorado's two seats by two
democrats, although Colorado is now
almost as strongly republican as Ne
braska. With the facts In view, the
reasons for this contrast are not hard to
COSSSCTISO THK VUXTISESTS.
Now that there Is a favorable pros
pect for the construction of an Isthmian
canal, It Is said that Interest has re
vived In tho project for connecting the
continents by a railway system. The
International American congress that
met In the City of Mexico last winter
adopted a resolution favoring the con
struction of au intercontinental railway
and made provision for keeping up In
terest la the matter In tho Interval be
fore the. assembling of the next confer
ence, this was done ny autnorir.ing tne
president of the congress to apisilut an
international committee, which he did,
the Amerlcun memlsTS Is-lng ex-Senator
Davis of West Virginia and Mr.
Andrew Carnegie, loth of whom have
taken great Interest In the pan-Ameri
can railway lde.
The proposition Is to build a railway
line connecting the systems of the
United States and Mexico ou the north
with those of several countries on the
south, traversing all of the Central
American republics and nil of those in
South America which touch the Pacific
ocean, with brunch lines Into Venezuela
and Brazil. The promised route has
been sun-eyed, under the direction of
the International Hallway commission,
aud the project Is said to le practicable
from an engineering standpoint and
that the cost of construction would not
Ih excessive. It is contemplated to
send a commissioner, to be appointed
by the international committee, to Cen
tral aud South America to rejiort on
the commercial assets, the resources
of the country- to be traversed and other
matters, and If these should tie fouud
satisfactory- It Is thought an effort will
tie made to push the project, which it is
exiiected will get some aid from the
countries through which the line would
The construction of such a railway
would be a vast undertaking, Involving
an estimated expenditure of $-0,X',-xt,
but In this era of great enterprises
it Is by no menus ImprotmHe that the
plan of connecting the northern and
southern continents by rail will be an
accomplished fact within a generation.
It. Is not much If any greater project
than was the building of otir first trans
continental railroad or the construction
of tho Sllierlan railway by Russia. If
It is practicable, of which there seems
to ho no doubt, and the commercial ss
slbilities are such as to warrant Its con
struction, there will be no difficulty In
securing the neeessa.-y capital. With
the Panama canal built ami au interna
tional railway connecting the systems
of this country with those of the coun
tries south of us, the problem of com
mercial relations betweea the United
States and the southern continent wo.ild
be solved and a unity of Interest, aud
cordiality of friendship be firmly estab
The Nebraska State Historical so
ciety has accumulated n roomful of
relics, wcopous, tools, pictures, etc.,
reminiscent of territorial days.
Whether the collection of these me
mentoes was made with a design or
merely Incidental to the organization
and pnriHises of the historical society
has not transpired. Suttlceth to say,
however, that the aggregation of pioneer
day bric-a-brac affords a plausible basis
for asking the legislature for an appro
priation of $S'),000, to be expended
lu the construction of a fireproof mu
seum exclusively devoted to housing
theso curios. It la presumed that the
possession of a fnuseum ot the state
capital would necessitate appropriations
for a building, superintendent and Jani
tors, as well as for the heating and
lighting, and also for a custodian of
the venerated collection from now on
and forever. Whether the present gen
eration of taxpayers should be com
pelled to shoulder this expense for the
edification of future generations Is a
question for the legislature to solve.
Just now the people of Nebraska are
praying and hoping for a reduction of
taxes, even If they have to forego the
exhibition of historic relics at the state
capital In a fireproof museum.
The terrible Southern Pacific wreck
In Arizona develops anew a condition
too often presented by such disasters,
In which the railway employes all have
their mouths sealed by their superiors
to prevent them from giving any Infor
mation to the public until after they
have been posted as to what stories
they shall tell before the coroner's Jury.
The object, of course, Is to protect the
railroad from admissions of culpable
negligence that would run up the dam
age claims, but In the lnten-al people
whose relatives or friends have been
maimed or killed are kept In Ignorance
and suspense, anxious for the detailed
circumstances. The idea that seems to
Imbue some railroad officials that a dis
astrous wreck, carrying with it the
destruction of Innocent lives. Is a purely
private matter for the road, is vicious
and untenable and action on that the
ory ought not to be tolerated for a mo
ment in a free country.
The compiled statistics for tho cal
endar year 1002 indicate that the ex
ports of the United States to foreign
countries exceeded our imports from
abroad by nearly $400,000,000. If our
political economists of today revolved
their science about the balance of trade
theory, as lu the days before Adam
Smith, how they would rejoice at such
a showing and count the coin sent over
to extinguish the debt. But happily
the favorable balance of trade as the
basis of national prosperity has long
ago lost the commanding place It en-
Joyed lu the books ou political economy.
It Is estimated that 4,CXK),000 people in
the United States are supplied with gas
for light and fuel from natural giis
wells. This must be as good as laugh
ing gas for them when they contemplate
the gymnastics of the coal dealer's price
Tbe Supreme Teat.
Among the first names transmitted by
the Hawaiian cable were J. Kalanlanaole
and D. Kawawanakoa. Now what could
Marconi do In a case like that?
The Strennoua l"ee.
They ore about to shorten the train time
between London and Pektn to fifteen days.
Julea Verne will need to rewrite his book.'
Ideas are going to escape Into China by
the fast mails.
Dl-rornna and Bnalneaallke.
Rv arranainc to hold on Sundays the
memorials for deceased members congress
has acted wisely. In that way the time
of the sessions may the more generally
d .-voted to the business of practical Im
portance. Worked Roth VVajn.
It seems that the government Is still
raying a special attorney to look after the
rases of Greene and Gaynor. In the mean
time, the late associates of former Cap
tain Carter are resting comfortably In
Canada and spending the money they lifted
from the government. Uncle Sam Is being
worked both ways from the middle, but
It is not a new experience for him.
W. It. Howells In Harper's.
The fake-humorous speaker has n eas
ier career than even the fake-eloquent
speaker. Vet at any glvep dinner the ora
tor who passes out mete elocution to his
bearers has a success almosl as instant
and spleniUd as his clownng brother. It
Is amazing what things people will ap
plaud when they have the courage of each
other's Ineptitude. They will listen, after
dinner, to anything but reason. They pre
fer also the old speaker to new ones; they
like the familiar taps of humor, of elo
quence; If they hare tasted the brew beiore
they know what they are going to get.
The note of their mood Is tolerance, but
tolerance of the accustomed, the expected;
not tolerance of the novel, the surprising.
They wish to be at rest, and what taxes
their minds molests their intellectual re
pose. They do not wish to climb any great
heights to reach lb level ot the orator.
BLASTS KHOM RAM'S IIOR1,
Great la always gentle.
Envy tats out Its own beart.
To surrender Is often to win.
Kalth overcomes miny failures.
A teacher Is not a taskmaster.
Taint docs net irake a 1 sinter.
Mercy la the badge of majesty.
Felf-denlat Is the secret of delight.
The truly humble hide their humility.
Labor Is for man and not man for labor.
To support a delusion Is to court defeat.
The angry man belongs to his passions.
Divine pity alone meets human pathos.
The poor In spirit are rich In possibili
ties. Hypocrites' cloaks may be cut In the
style of heaven, but they are woven of the
cotton of earth.
PEHSOVtl, AMI OTIIKKWISIC.
The sultan of Sulu may enjoy the rare
distinction of reading his own obituaries.
A Michigan man has developed a taste
for rating money. No wonder his heirs
pronounce him crasy.
Twelve hundred blscultmakera are on a
strike In Chicago. As long as buckwheat
cakes are abundant the people can pull
through by a scratch.
The manager of a Canadian railroad pro
tests vigorously against subsidies to rail
roads because they are burdensome to tax
payers. Wouldn't that Jar you?
The attorney general of Ohio Is up
against the real thing now. He Is asked to
decldo whether or not a handsome young
woman Is subject to arrest for wearing a
stuffed humming bird on her hat.
The efforts of Colonel A. K. McClure to
Induce the legislature of Pennsylvania to
appropriate money for a monument to Gen
eral Robert E. Iee on the Gettysburg bat
tlefield provokes a blast of wrath very
much like that of Senator Foraker regard
ing battle fags. One fire-eater denounces
the proposition as an attempt "to exalt
treason and honor a traitor to his oath."
John Newdlck of K&komo, Ind., a man
of muscular piety, objected to his unro
generate wife mixing the family dough
when the hour for prayer arrived. As she
persisted In the unholy work. John arois
In righteous wrath and thrashed her to a
finish, and then proceeded with prayer. At
last accounts the pious slugger was pray
ing for Borne friend to lend blm $25 and
costs which an Irreligious court assessed.
A Minnesota lawmaker comes to the
front as a genuine promoter of home In
dustry. He wants state subsidies for
parents of singles, twins, triplet and quar
tets. The top limit Is 12,000 for four babes
la a bunch. The Minnesota scheme is an
Improvement on that of the Chicago woman
who would have th state pension wives.
As both reformers are unmarried, they
manifest suspicious sympathy for the tied.
Major Church Howe of Nemaha, United
States connul at Sheffield, England, Is en
joying the fat of the land as well as South
down mutton. No banquet In the locality
Is a banquet without him, and his brilliant
conversational powers lends to every feast
a piquancy altogether bewitching. The
major attended the annual banquet of the
Sheffield Oolf club January 10, and, con
versed copiously. The Sheffield Telegraph
says he was "in excellent humor," which
means that the major Jollied the crowd
with expressions of cousinly esteem. That
Is the major's Prince Albert.
JOl REALISTIC PROPHECY.
Eminent Fanlt-Kl adera Beem to Ex
New York Times.
It appears to give pleasure to eminent
divines to define from tlma to time, ac
cording to their light, the function and
sphere of the dally newspaper. Bo long as
they limit themselves to the statement of
safe and generally accepted ethical propo
sitions they are on solid ground and may
boldly defy Intelligent contradiction; but
they do not seem to find that area large
enough to bold them comfortably. Dr. Ly
man Abbott is the latest to tell, a waiting
public what a dally newspapers should and
should not be, and what he says inter
esting. After explaining that It .Is the duty
of a newspaper ta give all the news that's
fit to print, .truthfully and Impartially, he
goes on to say:
"The daily press should be more than a
reporter. It should be an Interpreter. The
tendency of human life Is development of
Justice, merey, kindness, reverence and
love. We have a right to ask the press to
Interpret all events In relation - to this
progress. We want to know what Is the
significance, for example, of this great
struggle between the coal miners and oper
ators. Does It forecast a better organiza
tion of labor? Does It look toward a bet
ter organization of capital, toward a better
understanding between the two? In It a
movement toward more clearly defined
classes? And are we to prepare ourselves
for a war between labor and capital, a war
between classes as there was a war be
The editor of a newspaper who should
conform to Dr. Abbott's stsndard of quali
fications by answering authoritatively all
the questions which a man of his Intelli
gence, would like to have answered would
be a very capable prophet more capable,
we Imagine, than any now In the business
of Journalism, and possibly a better all
round prophet than some of those whose
generalizations from the law of probabili
ties have puzzled the theologians under
taking to Interpret them.
In discussing dally Journalism It Js well
not to fix the standard at unattainable
heights. Editors are human. They know a
great deal, no doubt, but they are not In
errant, and perhaps they are not perfectly
sure on a great many subjects concerning
which they would like to forecast the fu
ture. It might very well be that they do
the best they can with the problems which
constantly confront them, but that they can
offer authoritative solutions of questions
concerning which wide differences of opin
ion exist among thoughtful students of
events Is too much to expect of men who
live on a whirlwind of news and whose
sources of information are not Infallible.
, They are called the "Browning"
and a half doz:n shap:s arc represented that are new, at
tractive and becoming blocks-
The only difference b:tween them and the $5.00 style
and qualities is S 1.00 you gain if you buy your hat here.
RO CI.OTHHO FITS I.I K K OI Ri.
ItlKORM IIIVOHIi; LAWS,
Oraaalsed Moremeat Amssg Hells
New York World.
In the tnatter of uniform marriage and
divorce las a strong church movement
Is well under way. Committees have been
appointed representing Ih" Protestant Epls
ropal. Preh terlaa and Methodist organ
isations. Thee have already held a meet
ing In this city. It Is hoped to Interest
the other Protestant denominations and
the Roman Catholics as well, though ths
church of Rome does not as yet recognize
While the churches will exert a powerful
Influence toward ths end In view, the es
tablishment of uniform laws must Inevit
ably tend toward the further seculariza
tion of the marriage rite. As the laws
stand, not all the states demand marriage
licenses, only half of them forbid mar
riages of whites and tegroes, In three
states and a territory (Arizona) whites and
Indians cannot wed, ard In four states and
the same territory the union of whites and
Chinese Is forbidden. Differing bars of
blood relationship are raised In different
states and the lawful age for marriage
Most of these restrictions and regula
tions have bearings on the divorce ques
tion. The differences must be reconciled
by statutes firm enough to hold every
where, yet so wisely drawn as to discour
age the legitimate marriage Intent nowhere.
Ke A woman always looks under the
bed for a man.
8e Yea, and a man goes nut between
the acta to look for him. Detroit Free
Clara Mr. Sweetser Is quite attentive to
me. Wonder If he thtnka of proposing?
Constance Phouldn't wonder. Everybody
says he is a man of the strangest tastes.
"I don't seem to make any Impression
on your father, Maude. And I've done my
best to get on ht right side."
"Try his left side, Oeorge. He hears bet
ter on that side." Cleveland PlaJu Dealer.
Mrs. Jenner Ie Ondego Your church Is
becoming rilentlnd with the pastor? Why
is that? He has been preaching for you
nfteen years, hasn't he?
Mrs. Pelldom-Holme Yes. That's the
trouble. He has begun to preach at us,
now, Chicago Tribune.
He Do you believe In long engagements?
She Not too long. If we are married Irs
June It will be all right. Somervllle Jour
nal. "How do you like your new servant ?"
"That Isn't the question at all," anewered
young Mrs. Torkine. "We are trying to
find out how she likes us." Washington
Dinah Look hyar, 8am. we done bin
married fo' or Ave days now; doan' yo'
reckon yo' bettah go out an' look lo' some
Sam Nebah mind 'bout dat, ylt. I'll find
ome wuck fo' yo' time 'nough, but I doan"
want yo' ter t'lnk ob waehln' an' Ironln"
till de honeymoon am past. Philadelphia
Insurance Adjuster Don't you think you
have placed a rather high estimate upon
the articles destroyed? Your total Is $1.2ii).
Now, I'm pretty well convinced the entire
lot could be duplicated for less than a quar
ter of that sum.
Policy Holdeiwi jave you Just what the
tnlnga cost, not a cent more. 1 bought
them all at our last church fair. Boston
THE LITTLE CHIRCH BACK HOME.
When the big pipe organ's swellln' an' the
city choir sings.
An you almiss' hear the ss-lshln' of the
lovln' angels' wings.
An' the congregation's musln' on the prone-
ness for to sin, '
Sort o' leanln', listless, waltln' for tho
preacher to begin:
In that holy hush It happens that I clean
fomet the Dlace.
An' again I'm meek an' lowly 'for a throne
01 savin grace;
A throne that wasn't nestlln' 'neath a spire
or a dome.
But the sinners sought their Savior In that
little church back home.
When we had protracted meetln's, why.
'twould done you good to hear
The congregation slngin' with a blend o'
How the "Rock o' Ages" towered like a
shelt'rln' sort o" wall,
An' our souls soared up to glory since the
rock was cleft far all.
Ev'ry face was wreathed with sweetness,
an' we always had a smile
For the stranger, saint or sinner. In the
pew across the aisle;
For a diamond's often gathered from the
commonest of loam.
An' we didn't mind the settln' In the little
church back home.
There were weddln's where the neighbors
gathered In from far an' wide,
An' the boys looked on In envy while their
alsters kissed the bride;
There were fun'rals, too, where enlghbors
didn't feel ashamed to cry
When they laid to rest tho sleeper In the
little yaxd close by.
Each iew seems sort o' sacred, an the
lowly pulpit there
'Pears like a holy gateway to a firmament
Where the sweet, scpernal sunshine softly
scatters Morrow's gloam
An' lets us enter heaven from the little
church back home.
The city choir's voices rise In cadences so
As they elng about the river where the
sainted ones shall meet.
An' the preacher's voice Is plesdln as he
auks us, soft an' low.
To treat all men as brothers In this weary
vale of woe.
This city church Is handsome an the con
The preacher'e doin nobly with his heaven.
The choir's swellin' anthems soar to heaven
through the dome.
But my old heart la slghln' for the little
church back home.
Is due. In a measure, to the fact that we
embrace every meritorious Idea. We con
stantly seek to originate new methods of
excellence that will In any way aid us In
the practice of fitting glases.
J. C. HUTESON & CO..
213 8. lfith Street.' Paxton Block.
R. I. Wtleoa, Mgr.
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