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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 30, 1903)
THE OMAITA DAILY TtEE: FRIDAY", JANUARY 30. 1003
Tiie Omaha Daily lte&
E. ROSEWATKR, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING.
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week 1 00
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houlil be addressed to City Circulation De
Omaha-The Be Building.
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and M Streets.
Council Hlufrs 10 Pearl Street.
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Communications relating to new and ed
itorial matter should e addressed: Omaha
Jiee, Editorial Department.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION,
fctate of Nebraska, Douglas County. sa.:
George B. Tzschurk, stcretary of The He
publishing company, being duly BWorn, says
that the actual numbfr of full and complete
aoples of The Dally, Morning, Evening and
unday Bee printed during the month or
Iiecember, waa as roiiow
4 81.UUO '
Less unsold and returned coplea.
Net total aalea
Mt average sales
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 31at day of December, A. u.
iSni. M. B. HUNUATE,
(Seal) , Notary I'ubllo.
At last nccouots the Kansas tax bill
endorsed by John N. Raldwln as the
test thlnjr for Nebraska bad tripped up
On the threshold.
From the numerous wrecks reported,
railroad consolidation hits evidently had
bo appreciable effect In the direction of
making railroad travel safer.
If our supreme court commission baa
ba much trouble hnnslnR on to life as It
ld originally In coming Into being It
has a rough road In front' of It.
The pretender to the throne of Mor
occo seems to be getting the worst of It
Anyone pretending to such a pretended
throne ought to get the worst of It
Pugilist Jeffries has given a generous
contribution to the Union I'aclnc strik
ers' fund. When It comes to strikers,
big Jeff wants to be recognized as one
The resolution of the Nebraska bouse
lf representatives-.to exclude profes
sional lobbyists from the : floor and
cloak rooms was laid on the table,
IWhlch goes to show that the subject Is
The state senate has decided to sub
ject the state printing board and state
printing methods to the searchlight of
publicity. But the alleged public print
ing graft is by no means the only scan
dal that needs ventilation at the bands
Of the legislature.
It Is In accord with the eternal fitness
Cf things for BUlee Saunders to enter
the arena as champion of municipal
owberehlp. As member of the city
council Itlllee achieved unenviable no
toriety as a most pliant tool of the fran
Nebraska senators have another !and
Office vacancy to till, caused this time
by the death of the late Incumbent.
There need be no apprehension, how
vrf, that a goodly supply of willing
patriots will speedily presout them
Belves to be drafted into the service.
Complaint is made of a dearth of re
frigerator cars for the transportation of
tneat packing products out of South
Omaha. If the weather man's cold
wave only stays with us, the ordinary
car ought to be refrigerator enough for
the present needs of the packing bouse
The Chadron gushers have discovered
the most promising prospect for suck
era on No Man's Land, which Is said to
be located somewhere between the
boundaries of South Ikota and Ne
braska. People who have money to
burn will have no tllfHculty In finding
The Associated Tress has deemed it
of sufficient Importance to wire all over
the country tlMit the Kansas day ban
quet at Topeka Is to cost the guests $3
a plate.: A three-dollar banquet would
be nothing extraordinary in any other
fitate, but in prohibition Kansas it may
require an explanation.
The ne Omaha charter which Is tin
flergolng preparation by the Douglas
delegation in star chuuilxT session will
Boon make Its appearauce and we shall
presently know whether it is being
framed up in the interest of ln-tter am1
mora economic muuieipal government
or merely to promote the xlitUal am
bit Ions of the memlera of the delega
According to the World-Herald, which
Iriea to emulate the New York Journal
and Chicago American, a glorious vie
lory has in-eu wou iy ouialia coal con
timers over the local coal dealers' com
bine. The coul dealers' monopoly ha
capitulated aud the exchange ha
agreed to change its constitution. This
was a stupendous achievement. A few
more such victories wfll give us free
coal and the cheap power problem Is
as food as solved already. .
halvwixs TtiRtr. powrs.
With sublime audacity John N. Bald
win of Iowa, champion of railroad tax
evasion In Nebraska, has pranced Into
the arena with the declaration that be
Is prepared tv maintain for the Union
Pacific and all other railroads these
First That the railroads In Nebraska
pay their full share of all taxes.
Second That If Omaha be permitted to
tax a greater proportion of the railroad
properties than la allotted to It under the
existing method of distribution of values, it
must certainly to that extent reduce the
revenues of the cltlea, villages and school
districts outalde of Omaha, along the full
length of the railroad mileage In the state.
Third That there are no provisions In
the existing statutes of th'a state discrim
inating In favor of railroad property In the
matter of any kind of taxation.
The bnslc principle of our constitution
Is that corjKtratlons and Individuals shall
share the burdens of taxation In Just
proportion to the value of their prop
erty and franchises. The relative pro
portion of property values Is to be as
certained by the property returned for
taxation and not by the estimated
values of property not returned or
omitted by assessors. The aggregate
true value of all property in Nebraska,
Including railroads, as estimated by ex
perts, will range in value from $1,250,
000,000 to $1,300,000,000. The aggre
gate true value of railroads in Nebraska
as computed either by the market
values of their stocks and bonds or by
their net earnings ranges between $.T12,
000,000 and $320,000,000. In other
words, the railroads of Nebraska repre
sent fully 25 per cent of the aggregate
value of all property in .Nebraska.
The grand assessment roll of all
property In Nebraska for the year 1902
Is $180,001,102 and the aggregate pro
portion of railroad assessment at one
fourth that amount would be $45,022,
70.8, whereas the assessment of the
railroads for 1902 is only $20,580,552, or
$18,433,246 less than it should be under
the most liberal concession. This
figure Is, however, too low by many mil
lions. The assessed valuation of all
property exclusive of the railroads for
the year 1902 Is $153,501,640. Hence
if that sum represents, as it should.
three-fourths of the , total, valuation of
the state, the proportion of the rail
roads would be one-third of that sum.
or $."1,167,213, and the grand total for
all taxable property. If the railroads
had been accurately assessed, would
have been $204,668,857. And yet Bald
win has the nerve to assert that the
railroads are paying their full share of
Baldwin's second proposition, that the
railroads distribute among the school
districts along their lines the municipal
tuxes wmcn mey snirK, is ,on a par
with his claim that the railroads pay
their full share of all taxes. During
the past ten years the railroads have
beaten Omaha out of more than a mil
lion dollars in taxes 'and they
have beaten Lincoln out of more
than a quarter of a million during the
same period, but not a penny of the
money ,thus filched from the taxpay
ers of Omaha and Lincoln has found
Its way into a aolitary school district
Kvery dollar or It has gone Into the
pockets of the corporation. The dis
tribution theory Is a myth and nobody
nows it better than Baldwin.
Municipal taxes are Just as much
separated from city and county taxes
s would be a federal corporation tax
Suppose Uncle Sam should levy a mil
lion a year on the Union Pacific as a
license tax. In what way would that
affect the counties along , its lines and
where would the counties lose a penny
if the road paid such a tax or gain a
dollar if the attorneys of the railroad
could persuade Uncle Sam to cancel It?
If there has been any distribution of
the valuation of the Omaha railroad
terminals, when and where did the rail
roods distribute the values of the new
depots and valuable Improvements
made In Omaha within the past six
Does the spirit and letter of the con
stitution contemplate that the property
owners in cities shall bear all the bur
dens of municipal government and pay
out of their own pockets hundreds of
thousands of dollars a year for fire pro
tection, police protection, public light
ing, street repairs, sewerage and drain
age, which the property of the railroads
enjoys equally with them?
Baldwin's third point, that there are
no provisions in the existing statutes
that discriminate in favor ,of railroad
property in the matter of any kind of
taxation, is contradicted flatly by the
city charter of Omaha, which at the
Instance of the railroads was doctored
to tlx one standard of valuation for
assessing railroad property and another
standard for other corporation- ami
Individual proix'rty owners. Such a lit
tle thing as that would not, however,
phuse the adamantine cheek of a Bald
win, who would stand up and maintain
with Just as much nonchalance that the
sim shims in the middle of the night
and the moon In the middle of the day
If his corporation employers paid him
for it. ' .
1KH1GA TlOX IS VtS TIG A TOA S.
The agricultural appropriation bill as
it passiHl the house of representatives
cut down by more than half the amount
allowed last year for Irrigation Invest!
gatlous by the Department of Agricul
ture. Secretary Wilson had asked for
an increase, taking the view that his
department should do more of this work
now that the government has entered
tiKni an Irrigation iiollcy, but the house
committee on ugrlculture took the
ground that there was no need of the
work that has been- done by the depart'
uieut along this line. It Is not denied
that this work has been useful, but the
committee thought it unnecessary that
It be coutluued to the extent that lias
lcen pursued by the lrrlgatioLihts of
the department. Besides,' there are
millions In the treasury available for
every feature of the project and when
the accumulated fund la exhausted there
will have accumulated millions more
for the same purpose from the sales of
public lands which are by law to be
applicable to works of Irrigation. This
gives opportunity for building up a
strong bui-eau, to which slmll le com
mitted every feature of the general sub
ject of Irrigation.
The house committee doubtless took
the proper view of the matter. The ap
propriation allowed will enable tbe de
partment to still moke Irrigation inves
tigations, though on a much restricted
scale, but ultimately this work will be
done by the reclamation bureau with
funds already available, so that prob
ably after the present year the Depart
ment of Agriculture will not have iny
thlng to do with investigations. The
action of the house was not from any
disposition to obstruct Irrigation, but
simply to moke the prosecution of the
work In all Its features dependent upon
the money now on baud for this pur
pose and which is ample In amount for
all present requirements.
D1SCLVSIO A COMBISE.
The investigation by a congressional
committee of the New England coal sit
uation disclosed the fact that a combi
nation of some sort had existed be
tween coal operators to raise prices. It
was found that the price of coal had
been more than doubled and all the evi
dence elicited by the committee showed
conclusively that there was an under
standing among operators which hod
been faithfully carried out. This Inves
tigation was prosecuted in Boston and
the committee will probe further into
the matter at other places, where doubt
less similar disclosures will be made.
The facts developed regarding the
coal situation In New England it is not
to be doubted have been general. Cool
has been withheld from both eastern
and western markets by the deliberate
action of the operators. Grant that the
railroads were not able to transport coal
to the markets as rapidly as the demand
called for, yet the fact remains that at a
number of points a large amount of
coal was hold on the tracks for days,
the pretext for this being a want of
motive power, but fhe reul cause, with
out question, leing nn arrangement
among operators to raise prices. Every
investigation clearly shows this and the
more carefully and thoroughly the mat
ter Is probed the more conclusive, it is
safe to say, will become the evidence
showing a widespread combination, em
bracing both anthracite and bituminous
operators, to limit supply and advance
Whether or not such an understand
lng still exists cannot be said. Since
the action of congress removing the
tariff duty on coal and the Institution
of investigations there has been a freer
distribution of coal and while it is still
scarce in many localities the situation
haa materially Improved In the matter
of supply. Prices, however, are quite
generally maintained, though some re
duction has been made in the east from
the extortionate figures of a month
ago and the tendency Is downward.
Bettering of conditions should not halt
Investigation. The congressional com
mittee should go on with its inquiry
and extend It beyond New Englund. It
is most desirable to ascertain, if possl
ble, the full extent of the combination
or conspiracy which deprived the public
of coal and bad such calamitous re
sults. The great suffering to which
millions of people have been subjected
by the course of the coal operators, and
the extortion that has been practiced
upon others, demand that the' fullest
light be thrown upon the methods of
the men responsible for this state of
affairs. It is too much the rule to halt
Inquiry as to bad conditions when
things change for the better. The pres
ent cape should prove an exception.
The country has had a most severe ex
perience. It the responsibility for It
be unmistakably fixed, to the end that
provision may be made against its re
currence. The conspirators may not be
amenable to existing law, but the
power Is somewhere to deter them from
again plotting to freeze and plunder the
Senator Dietrich says that the action
of the Nebraska legislature destroys all
prospect of legislation by congress at
the present session for the relief of the
big cattlemen who have fenced in pub
lie land. The legislature apparently un
derstood It this way and acted with full
knowledge of the consequences. If the
cattlemen prefer to toke their chances
without any modification of the law,
Senator Dietrich should be willing to
accede to their preference, but shouli:
they come to him again for assistance
he will not be blamed if he is lukewarm
in their cause.
In these days most men die of heart
failure unless they die by railroad ac
cldent, and then it is the telegraph
operator. But nobody blames the rail
road managers for employing lxys a
boys' wages to handle train dispatches
which Involve responsibilities tlm
should be entrusted only to men with
cool beads and steady nerves, who must
be paid men's wages.
Three years ago Otis Ilenninga
dumped Charlie Saunders, the Fifth
ward candidate for treasurer, by turn
ing a trick in the Ninth ward. Now
(Jus Donnecken, chief aeronaut, has at
tached Treasurer llennlngs to the para
chute of the Saunders hnlfoon. It will
be prudent for Mr. llennlngs to beware
of the Greeks bearing presents.
Nebraska is fast forgiug ahead of
Kansas. From uow ou .men u filleted
with chronic catarrh, n:eu who chew
tobacco and womeu who chew guui will
huve to carry a cuspidor when walking
tbe streets of Fremont. Olherwibe they
are liable to prosecution and luipnsou-
mcnt, under the new anti-spitting ordinance.
Johnay, Get Your Oaa.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Two more bank robberies In Illinois toil
Nebraska were reported yesterday. Banks
In the smaller towns should put themselves
on a war footing.
Kot Oat of the Ranalna;.
The appointment of Judge Day to the su
preme court serves as a reminder that
Ohio Is not out of the running, to say
nothing of the appropriateness of the eelec
tion. Doblln In Dirt.
Philip Doblln seems to be a "gent" who
haa been deeply wronged by somebody,
but owing to his conflicting confessions
Is hard to find 6ut where the guilt
Giddy Old Girl Ganhei, ,
Kansas City Star.
Helen M. Oougar told Agutnaldo In Ma
nila this week that the American people
greatly admire him. Mrs. Oougar'a sum
mers have been sufficient In number to
warrant her not to gush.
Jlnsoea Shoatt In Vain.
The administration at Washington Is
giving proof of a high sense of responsi
bility and duty to the country 'n refus-
ng to listen to the Insensate Incitements
of jingoism to causeless war.
Who Can Tellf
Maybe the New York democrats are right
In thinking that tbe democracy of tbe
country Imperiously demands the nomina
tion of Judge Parker. Who can tell until
the democracy of the country finds out
who he Is T
Cruel and t'nomal Punishment.
New York Sun.
Wisdom in South Dakota follows wisdom
In Missouri. A bill has been Introduced
Into the South Dakota legislature provld-
ng that a man perhaps we ought to say,
a fiend convicted of playing foot ball shall
pay a fine of $1,000 and be Imprisoned for
five years. Too mild and plgeon-llvered.
The foot ball players and the spectators
at the foot ball game should be condemned
to read the speeches, letters and writings
of the Hon. Richard Franklin Pettlgrew
for the rest of their natural lives.
Daronlnl Dislike of Meddlers.
"If the press and the public will stop
meddling and allow coal men to run the
coal business," says a local baron with
great heat and Indignation, "the fuel situ
ation will eventually become normal."
Very likely. The baron should, however,
have patience with these meddlesome folks
who are foolish enough to fear that they
may freeze to death while the situation
Is becoming normal in other words, while
the baron and his colleagues are screwing
the last poseible cent out of them.
Let Jontloe Be Done Flrat.
New York World.
While crowds of citizens throng about
tbe grave of Mr. Gonzales, the murdered
South Carolina editor, It is suggested
that a monument be reared to his memory.
It will be time to talk of such a me
morial when South Carolina baa vindi
cated her name and her laws by hanging
the assassin. Until then Tillman's
cowardly crime will, atand. as a warning
to the Journalists of, the state that, no
writer may dara "to appose the ambitions
of any political ruffian save at the risk of
Union ot Boilnesa and Polities.
The chief objection to trusts and combl
nations is the demoralising apd corrupting
influence that they exert in politic i
influence which is felt no matter what
party is in control of the government. Of
course. It la said In their benair that
they have to go into politics in order to
protect themselves against spoliation under
the form of law. But they are not content
with a more defensive campaign. They
strive for favors and privileges which they
ought not to have, and which they can en
joy only at the expense of the people,
And then when they get them they fight
and plot In order to prevent the withdrawal
of them. '
A Proper Rebuke
. New York Mall and Express.
Just before tbe close of a performance
In Hartford, Conn., last week Mr. E. S.
Willard, the English actor now touring
this country, stepped to the footlights and
said to the audience:
'I have stopped the play in order that
those who are desirous of leaving may do
so, and leave the others to that which is
their right undisturbed attention."
Mr. Willard waa quite right In thus re
buking the crowd that had begun their
exit before the curtain had dropped. The
same disturbance occurs nightly in the
theaters of this city, making It difficult
for the actors to go on with their parte,
and almost impossible for the audience to
bear them. Often the best lines of a good
play are drowned in tbe rush of many to
get out of the thater, regardless of the
comfort of others. Mr. Wlllard's example
might be followed by other actors with
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S TRIBUTE.
Dlapnaalonate Estimate of McKlnley'a
Kansas City Star.
President Roosevelt's address on the per
sonal character and official career of Presi
dent McKlnley, delivered on tho occasion
of the celebration at Canton of the anniver
sary of McKlnley'a birth, was only Inci
dentally a eulogy in the accepted under
standing of that term. Mr. Roosevelt Is
not given to the use of extravagant terms.
He is not an emotional word painter In
any sense. His public speeches and state
papers are Instinct with fact, with reason
and with sense. What he bad to say of
McKlnley was more in the nature of a dis
passionate estimate than of an obvious
eulogy, and yet It was both sincere and
Probably no one who has not been called
upon to discharge the dutlee and meet the
Issues of the presidential office can do ab
solute Justice to another who has filled the
same position. President Roosevelt's esti
mate of McKlnley Is doubtless higher and
more positive than It would have been if he
had not viewed the late president's career
from the standpoint of personal experience
aa well as that ot long observation.
Summed up. the tribute of the present
chief magistrate to his immediate predeces
sor Is that MrKinley's career was in no
wise due to political accident or extraordi
nary opportunity; that It was of continual
growth, ending logically lth the bestowal
of the highest honor of the country; that
In Its last stages It had to do with great
and menacing events, and that in these
stages it was marked by the singular suc
cess that had attended the less eventful
steps; that a record made in such historic
times and marked by results such as have
followed the McKlnley policies, is Im
perishable, Inasmuch as It overcomes the
animosities of partisan politics; and finally
that the proof of this conclusion may be
found In tbe sincere grief of the whole na
tion when President McKlnley was struck
noisn ahoit xkw York,
Ripples on the Current of 1,1 fe In the
In his New York letter to the Boston
Globe, Joe Howard, the dean of newspaper
correspondents, points out the Inconsistent
action of New York authorities in assailing
professional gambling, while gambling un
der religious and social sanction Is undis
turbed. The morality of both Is the same.
"There la more gambling done every
where," says the corresponilmt, "and espe
cially In the churches," today than rvr.
Nearly every day In every week at this sea
son of the year fairs, grab-bags, lotteries
and euchre parties are given In aid of this,
that or the other churra. I don't believe
there Is any harm In a fairly-conducted
grah-bag or lottery, when everybody under
stands that the object of the undertaking
Is to benefit the rhurch, or even for fun
alone. In spite of these laudable objects,
however, Is there any contradiction of a
hope In the breast of every participant that
he or she -and generally she will get
something tangible for an Invested some
thing nominal? No one of a sensible mind
objects to these diversions, although It
would bo obviously absurd to contend that
the motive In grab-bag or lottery Is any
different from the motive In roulette playing.
"Nearly every week In the season euchre
parties are organized, sometimes In public
placea, generally In private bouses, at
which prizes are given by tho church to
winners, the church benefiting by the half-
dollar, dollar or two dollars paid for the
tickets, which sometimes run up Into the
thousands. Leaving aside for tbe moment
the harmless nature of tbe game and also
the motive, namely, the prize, we are con
fronted with a distinct charge made twice
within a week of deliberate favoritism, not
to say cheating, In the distribution of the
prizes. It seems to me the net Judgment
of a calm observer must be that the moral
tone of men and women who seek to get
a considerable something for almost noth
ing is on a dead level with that of men who
play cards for money, whether It be in
clubs, at home or in a regular gambling
Millions of money are ready for a moving
sidewalk from Hanover square. New York,
across the new Brooklyn bridge to Its ter
minus. It Is believed this la going to solve
the problem of rapid transit in that part
of New York. Cars of every sort and de
scription have become Inadequate In New
York, where 10,000,000 trips must be made
by nearly 6,000,000 people every day, so the
"Gordlan knot" Is to be cut by simply hav
ing the whole street move. It has come to
this at last, and may come to It In other
cities. The traveler bound from Manhat
tan to Brooklyn stepB on a moving side
walk going two and ono-half miles nn hour,
from that to one moving five miles an hour,
and thence by one more gradation to tho
walk moving ten miles an hour. These
walks will be endless, the last one covered
and seated. It can never be overrrowded,
and the fare is to be 1 cent. Another ad
vantage of It Is that it will not run over
anybody, and It will not be limited to an
"owl", schedule after 12 o'clock at night.
It Js to run In a subway until it reaches
the bridge, and thus will not Interfere with
Street traffic. This Is no 'doubt the means
of city transportation in the coming time.
City people are becoming more and more
Impatient of watting for cars. Thoy de
mand something that moves with the
promptitude and facility of their own legs.
For years the mea who pick up littered
paper In the city parks went about bonding
their backs alt day after the vagrant scraps.
Then a new man, on the second day of
his engagement, came on the scene with a
broomstick, in the end of which he had
set a nail, with the sharpened point down
ward. Ha speared a dozen pieces of paper
while his . comrades were stooping for a
third as many and never bent his back at
Now all the men carry harpoons; and the
worst of it was that the ingenious man
never thought of a patent.
A pocket edition in attire of Lord Chester
Held, lS-year-old Willie Barney, who In In
love with his teacher, Sadie R. Wolf of public
school No. 116, at Knic kerbocker avenue and
Grove street, Brooklyn, was arraigned in
the Gates avenue police court charged with
annoying her by firing a toy pistol at her.
Master Barney was attired In neat fitting
knickerbockers, pink shirt and tie to match,
and his black hair was parted In the
middle. When the case was called Miss
Wolf was brought out of a private room.
"Good morning, my dear teacher," said
"Look here, young man," Interrupted
Magistrate Naumer, "do you Intend to stop
annoying this lady?" pointing to Miss Wolf,
who is only 19 years old, and who flushed
as the Judge spoke.
"I never did annoy you, dear teacher, and
to prove It here Is a present," said the little
dude, aa he laid a pair of red silk garters,
with gold buckles attached, on Miss Wolfs
mink muff, "and my sister la making a nice
silk skirt for you," continued young Barney,
all smiles and bowing.
The case was continued.
Now that the Increased assessments on
real estate have expanded tho city's debt
limit, the old question of building a new
city hall has been revived. For several
years tbe city has paid high rentals for the
additional' offices needed, and several ad
ministrations have considered the matter
of erecting a new city building. There Is
no doubt one is badly needed, but tbe finan
cial arrangement could not be decided upon,
and rather than build a city ball that might
aoon be Inadequate for tbe city's needs. It
waa decided to wait.
It is now stated that the subject will
soon come before the Board of Estimate,
and that provision will be made for a pub
lic building that will cost not less than
$8,000,000. The movement to erect such a
building Is cited, as one of the objections
to tbe increased borrowing rapacity of the
municipality, but public sentiment Is gen
erally in favor of the building of a city hall
that wduld be creditable to the metropolis.
The New Man.
Marconi has perfected the receiver for a
pocket wireless telegraph system. The
transmitter la not perfected, but is prom
ised at an early day. At last the poet's
prediction of girdling the earth in forty
minutes Is in danger of realization, tin
girdle being the vibration of human l-.tarts
in continuous consciousness through con
tact with earth vibrations. A machine by
which each spoken word can bo preserved
with all Its tender shades of meunhig b.is
also been perfected, and a pocket sizo will
no doubt be on the market In due time. At
no remote day voices at the antlpudi-a will
telephone wlrelfs.il' to each listening ear.
and the syllables can he made to resoun I
to tbe end of time whenever desired. The
man aa he treails the earth is going to 1"
a lordly creature. With only one superior,
the really new woman. She will huve to
have a pocket. A bag will not serve.
In a Sorry Fix.
Congressman Lessler seems to be in a
very grave trouble. His bribery ihurir's
boomerang begins to make him look liAc
that New York tullcr ho csrri-1 out a
bogus burglary In order to make a hit
with bla employer as the faithful servaut
who put a baud of burglars to flight.
Menanrea Affect In a the Territory Re
eelve Scant Attention in Conareaa.
The house cf representatives has passed
a bill providing for the representation of
the territory of Alaska by a delegate. This
will not bo much of a gift. A delegate has
Uttln Influence. Congress has so much to
do that It is reluctant to give time to ter
ritorial legislation, een where a delegate
has eloquently set forth the pressing ne
ccsslty for It.
There are many things which will be
more useful to Alaska than a delegate.
There ie need of a land law with proper
provisions for securing homesteads. Laws
should be enacted for the preservation of
the forests and the salmon. These are Im
portant, practical questions which congress
Is slow to take hold of. The old belief
that all Alaska except a narrow strip along
the coast la a bleak polar desert, where
none but a fur trapper can earn a living,
Is dying away. The discovery has been
made that the Canadian northwest, once
said to be untlllable. Is a fine farming
region. The same discovery is being made
as regards extensive Alaskan districts. It
is too soon to say that all the cultivable
land belonging to the government has been
taken up and there can be no homesteaders.
Unfortunately, owing to a lack of law,
the American who goos to Alaska and at
tempts to cultivate tbe soil is a mere
squatter. He can get no title.
The extent of the mineral wealth of
Alaska is gradually being learned. The ter
ritory is rich In copper and in gold, and
doubtless other minerals will be found
there. Mining camps will grow up Into
large and permanent towns. Railroads will
penetrate the territory and open It up to the
miner, the farmer and the cattle raiser.
There Is a great future In store for Alaska,
but that future will be elow In coming If
congress will do nothing to hasten the de
velopment of the territory. The last con
gress was with difficulty induced to make
sonio provision for civil government In
Alaska. The inrush of miners made it
necessary to do sometjilng. There will
have to be much more legislation before
Alaska will have a fair chance. The terri
tory has been underestimated and neglected
from tho beginning.
XEtiRO VOTE 171 1DO-4.
Balnnce of Power Held by Colored
voters in Pivotal gtntea.
As republican supremacy In the canvass
of 1904 may depend on the retention of
the black vote by that party, we realize the
interest which attaches in both parties to
the anti-negro crusade among the southern
"lily white" republicans, and to President
Roosevelt's opposition to any discrimina
tion on account of color. Politicians also
should realize the significance of the move
ment organized among the leaders of the
colored race In the south to demand enact
ment of a law to pension former slaves,
under penalty. In case of refusal, of an
appeal to tho colored voters in tbe north to
bolt the republican ticket in 1904. On the
basis of the vote of 1902 for congress or
Btate, officers, the transfer of the negro
vote, or any large section of it, from the
republican to the democratic side would
mean a victory for the democrats In the
next presidential compalgn. .
Assuming that the republicans' large ma
jorities of 1896 and 1900 will vanish in 1904
with tbe disappearance of the silver issue,
it Is reasonably certain that tbe swing of
any large section of New York's 81,000
negro voters to the democrats, and the
change, in the same direction of New Jer
sey's 21,000, Rhode Island's 8,000, Dela
ware's 8,000, Maryland's 60,000, West Vir
ginia's 15,000, Indiana's 18,000 and Kansas'
14,000 would give the democracy the presi
dent in that year. The transfer of these
close states from the republican to the
democratic column in 1904 would add 98
electoral votes to the 154 which they will
get In any event. This would mean a total
of 252, or 13 more votes than the 289 which
will be a majority of the electoral college.
In announcing his defeat tn Colorado, Mr.
Wolcott is good enough to ask the country
to endure the blow aa gracefully as pos
sible. The striking coal miners have vindicated
their position on the wage question by vol
untarily increasing the salary of President
A professor in the University of Wisconsin
has been dismissed for gambling. It is re
ported that when he asked if he might In
quire the reason tbe trustees answered:
Count Bont de Castellane has been re
elected to the Chamber of Deputies. His
Indifferent success in other directions in
spires a belief that he may develop into a
Thomas Lowry, the millionaire street car
magnate of Minneapolis and St. Paul, an
nounces that he is a candidate for tbe seat
In the United States senate now occupied
by Moses C. Clapp.
There seems to be no limit to the power
of a monarch. Emperor William h&e in
terdicted the translation of Kipling's
poetry, and the shah of Persia has pro
hibited the importation of automobiles.
Because It was stated that John D.
Rockefeller had offered a million dollars
for a new stomach, he has received hun
dreds 6f "cures" by mail. If he tried to
follow all the advite offered he would soon
Heinrlih Peterson, formerly a college
professor In Berlin, who speaks fluently
five languages. Is now employed as a mo
torraan on a Chester trolley line. Which
goes to show that a man with a college
education la always sure of employment.
Although Kdmond Rostand, the author of
"Cyrano de Bergerac," was elected a mem
ber of the French academy several months
ago, he has not yet been officially received
by that body. The reception has been re
peatedly postponed until It has been Jocu
larly suggested that the youngest academi
cian would be the oldest before ho could
sit at tho institute.
It la reported from Copenhagen that on
the eighty-fifth blr'hday of Klnp Christian,
which occurs on April 8 next, there will be
no less than three emperors In the Danish
capital King Edward, the czar and the
kalscr. It Is ad le 1 that preparations for
the birthday festivities are being kept from
the l.lng as much as possible and that the
celebratlona will be of the most splendid
Ex-Governor Samuel J. Crawford of Kan
sas has printed an urgent plea for the
enactment of a bird protecting law. He
eays: "llirds of every kind and variety,
excipt ib' hawk and the English sparrow,
are usfful, and many of them are Invalu
able. Thr-y should be protected by a rigid,
strlui?''t)t law with a severe penalty at
tached thereto. One quail will destroy a
thousand Insects In a single day, and many
otli-r blrla will do an much."
TowrJ tho end of the Illness which ter.
mlnated the earthly career of Abram S.
Hewitt the doctors (ndtavored to keep him
alive by the use . oxygen. Those nearest
and dt-arufct to the dylug niau assembled
cliout his tied The venerable patient
slowly r-iised his band, grasped tbe tube
and removed It from bis mouth. "And
cow," he whispered, with a flickering
smile, "I am officially dead." Ilia eye
l.ghted up with Its last flash and In a
oiomeut be was no more.
WILIj TIIE EI.ErilAST RE sTTnt
Not the Party Symbol, bnt tho Real
Chlcngo Inter (Venn.
The Afrlran elephant, according to It. A,
Bryden's survey of his condition In the
current Fortnightly Review, has almost
gone tho way of tho American bison. Ther
are two or three herds In Cape Colony,
where they have been protected since 1S30.
There was, a yesr or two bro, one troop
tn North Berhuanalnnd. Ono or tno small
troope may bo found In northern M.tsli. ma
land. A few maintain a precarious exist
ence between the Zambesi mouth and th
Except for these poor remnants, the wild
elephant hns practically ceased to ex'st
south of the Zambesi and the Cunene
rivers. Even beyond those streams ho hns
been and Is vigorously pursued. It 1
doubtful, however. If he exists In great
numbers In the dense forests of central
Africa. While more or lore known nil over
the continent, the region in which the
elephant flourished best appears to be that
whose map has recently been painted all
The exterminating pursuit of the African
elephnnt began 2T.0 years n?o. Tho great
pachyderms were then ahundant about Tnble
bay. They have not been easily vanquished.
"Culled from a hundred books of sport and
travel, the tale of the extinction of thn
elephant would," aa Mr. Bryden s.iys, "even
with the most severe editing, fill two or
three volumes of the most stirring epics of
adventure." Even as early as 1772-75 Thun-
berg and Sparrman, the Swedish travelers
and scientists, found among the Boers ele
phant hunters whose feats rivaled and sur
passed, considering the arms they had,
those of Gordon, Cummlng nnd Oswell and
Selous. The elephant hns died game. Many
a grave upon the veldt testifies to the fierce
ness with which he has turned rpon the
eager sportsman and the pitiless Ivory
His tusks have been the elephant's de
struction. From tbe time while men came
to South Africa ivory has been demanded
unceasingly. That demand still exists, snd
is never likely to fall. For certain uses
and pleasures of man there la really no
satisfactory substitute. The clephnnt Is
not like the bison able to furnish nothing
but food and leather, neither superior to
the flesh and hide of tho familiar ox. He
has something that no other animal can
supply of equal quality.
Furthermore, he is a useful beast of bur.
den. For many centuries he has sc-ved
man In India. While his working power,
weight for weight. Is not equal to that of
the horse, he can do some 'hings that the
horse cannot do so well. Ho can be set at
work and to a certain extent left to do It
by himself, as the horse cannot. Whllo It.
Is often said that the African elephant la
untamable, it cannot bo affirmed that any
such patient effort, has been mado with him
as the ancient Hindoos must have expended
In domesticating their elephant.
The ostrich has been reduced to practical
domestication. Woman will never lack tho
ornament of his plumes. Because of tho
usefulness of ivory and of its producer. It
would seem that tho preservation and do
mestication of the African elephant might
well be a commercial enterprise, whoiio
profits would b slow but absolutely cer
tain. Mr. Bryden expresses the opinion
that "if, fifty years ago. Great Britain had
suddenly extended its sway to the Zam
besi, the elephant might have been saved."
"I believe." said the young phvslclan
"that bad cooks supply us with hair our
"That's right," rejoined the old doctor.
"And good cookn supply us with tho other
half." Modern Society.
Tess Look at that glaring yellow gown
Mrs. Nurltch is) wearing. Did you ever eco
anything bo Impossible?
Jess-.Imposslble, but not Inappropriate.
That's a perfect match for her husband's
bam wrapiera, you know. Philadelphia
"Do you know Mr. Kidder of BoBton?"
asked the stranger In Italtlmore.
"No." replied the extremely stout young
"He told me he had a wide acquaintance
In Baltimore, and 1 thought"
"Sir!" Chicago Tribune.
"I want to speak to the spirit of my dead
BlBter," Bald the tall woman In black to
"Talking now," absently replied tho
latter, who had once been a "hello" girl.
Kansas City Journal.
Clerk Yes, sir; we'll send the coal up to
day. Mr. Mllledollar An' say! have It put In
with them Iron chutes. If I've gnt to pny
your price for conl I wnnt the neighbor
hood to know when I gets) the Btuft in.
"Doctor," she said, irchly. "some, physi
cians say kissing Isn't hfaithy, you know.
What do you think of It?"
"Well, really," replied the hnndsome
young doctor. "I don't think you or I
should attempt to decide that off-hand.
Let's put our bends together and con
sider." Philadelphia lYess.
"Ell, Isn't this the snmo girl whose pic
ture we used tho other day?"
"It's the same girl, but it Isn't the same
"We are using the other picture In tbe
second part of the paper ns a portrait of
that Montana feinnlo desperado." Cleve
land Pluln Dealer.
"Say," exclaimed the hnggard-looklng
man as he dashed Into the drug store, "got
any soothing syrup?"
"Sure." answered tbe druggist. "What
Blze bottle, please?"
"Bottle, be hanged!" rejoined he of the
haggard look, "liimme a two-gallon jui?
full of the stuff. It's twins." Chicago
BEAN'S AMI llltOWMNO.
Boston Is nn tho verge of a bean famine
Only three beans are left, mother, only
three rhiiveli-d Inline.
My brain Is getting woozy, mother, oh,
think of what this nieuns.
My Hrownlnpr class Is on today, whatever
shall I do.
With only three small beans with which
to see my rondlng through?
Twaa yesterday I scurried round, and fit
the corner store
I begged and pleaded with the clerk; he
said there were no more.
My spectacles hrmir limn, mother, my
words are, growing thin,
I dream of beans the livelong night, oh
can this he a sin?
Oh, mother, where's that empty pot? I'd
gaze upon Its ahape.
And let me have a good, sharp spoon the
bottom I will scrape.
Borne Inspiration there may be within tt
Or elsa unto that Browning class, oh
mother, I can't creep!
Only three beans are left mother, only
three hears are left, .
I've tried to beg and borrow, I've even
tried by theft.
Oh, Homer and Theocritus! Oh, Plato!
hear my cry!
I must have Leans to fill mo or else I'll
We Invite You
To call on us and let in tiiow you how to
huy Spectacles. There's only ouo gliwks that
will fit your eye properly i-nd !f yoj don't
get that one glass, your eye Is liable to b
We fit ca b eye with tl -! pr.iprr ltiu
sad at tho preper prlco.
J. C. HUTESON 6c CO.,
21J 8. 16th Street. Paxton Blo-k.
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