Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 30, 1903, Page 2, Image 2

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claimed Mr. Mcintosh. "It cost more to
support the city of Omaha than It takes
to moft the demand of iho rntlre state nf
Nebraska. Our city taxes are tbroe tlmi
ahat our state or county taxos arc Why
tot compl the railroads to do their duty
ml ccutrtbute their share toward bearing
thli burden? Why should the richest ei,d
ttronsest property owners In the f.ity tt
Omaha be allowed to shirk thla obliga
tion?" Yalae of Omaha Terminal.
Mr. MrIntoh road the statement of
Chlrf Engineer Digue of tho I'ulon Pa
cific In the maximum rate rase, where he
aid tho I'nlon latlflc terminals In Omaha
(wcre worth not less than tio.Ouo.ftiif). On
2M blocks In Omaha last year he showed
that the I nlon Per I fin. paid the munltlcnt
urn of 915,56 for all taxes.
Aftrr having at flral refused to hear
Mr.- Mcintosh and then limiting him to
twenty minutes, the committee then 11a
torrd to a talk from Hon White, attor
ney of the Klkhbrn. Mr. White argued
that passing the pending bill would create
an equality In Omaha and Inequalities In
other parts of the state.
After being oalld to their chairs !or
four hours, one of tin committeemen, Dr.
Wilson of Pawnee, woke up and Indignantly
proclaimed: "Mr. Chairman, we are oelng
buncoed here. We have fooled awiy Ic ur
or flvo days listening to arguments on a
matter that comes beforo the legislature
nd not this committee. "
Everybody seemed to agreo vl'h the
doctor and wondered why he mid his col
leagues had not discovered this sonive.
The joint senate and house Cinim'ttce
appointed today has derided to re.;omi'i"n 1
adjournment over next week te allow the
revenue committee time to complete Its
work. The matter will be settled tomor
row. R-aldn-ln llrouaht In.
John N. naldwln was smoked out by the
Omaha Real Estate exchange committee
this afternoon and forced to appear before
the Joint committee. At first he flatly re
fused to appear today, despite nf his recent
open letter to Chairman Wead of the tax
committee. This position was rather a
surprise as he had professed to be ex
tremely anxious to debate the matter be
fore the joint revenue committee, and this
challenge was sent to Mr. Baldwin kt the
Undell hotel by the real estate men from
LINCOLN. Neb':, Jan. 29-Uon. John N.
Iialdwln, Undell Hotel, Lincoln, Neb.:
ptf Blr Agreeable to your letter of th
27th Inst., we beg to advise you thitt we
are here with our representative prepared
t sustain before the revenue committee of
the house, having under consideration
11. It. 171, the following propositions:
t. That railroads do not pay their, fair
share of municipal taxes.
2. If they did It would In no way affect
the taxes they should jmy ln tiie several
counties of tlia state.
3. The foregoing being true, the clause in
city charters discriminating In favor of
Tallrnnds In the matter of municipal taxa
tion, should be repealed.
Immediately on receipt of this, be kind
enough to advise us If you will meet oisr
representative at 1:30 this p. m., which Is
time said committee meets. Your respect
fully. Tax Committee of the Omaha Heal Estate
By V. D. WEAD. Chairman.
Here is Mr. Baldwin's answer:
LINCOLN, Jan. 29.-Mr. F. P. Wead,
Chairman Omaha Real Kstate Exchange,
Uucoln: Sir d have youi communication,
v'ated Lincoln, January 2H. which was re
ceived' by messenger at 12':S0 p. m. today.
You ask me to meet your representative at
1:30, this date, in joint discussion before
the house revenue committee. This Is the
first Information coming to me thn I was
expected to discuss this question with you
liefortf- the house committee at the hour
mentioned. I have never received an 'n
vltatlon of any kind or charncter from the
house revenue committee to be there at
this time or any other time.
We. hooa-'to appear before the senate
committee on revenue, the house committee
on revenue, and the special committee or.
revenue tomorrow evtnlng to present our
views with reference . to these matters.
Tfoivat -uMinw, can be frreacat-.-tth your
Iepfesnta-H(Wf If you desirey or if 1 lie
comnaittefc soMquesta. Yum respectfully,
V. rJLii$T. JOHX.If ;.Ml.U W IN.
' .i HrM-5 Him r.t . V
BcmethTne'Jwrought ; about" a "change in
Mr. Baldwin's1 program," for he appeared
this evening 'before the committee, and
made a apology, stating that ho had
been asked to 'Apeak-at a dinner 'this even
ing, hut bad finally' decided to forego' that
pleasure and make his argument on the tax
matter, ' He asked for two hours' time,
and shortly after 9 o'clock began his address.-'
'. . ..
Theie gentlemen from the Omaha Real
Estate exchange are In 'Lincoln In the In
terest, of this taxation matter and attended
the meeting this nfternswn: W. C. Shrtver,
W. II. Green, B. R BalJ, TV A. Crelgh, E.
Sweet, H. 'A. 'Westerfleld, O. S. Wallace,
W. T.-Granaro, fl. P. Bostwlcky A- S. Charl
ton) '' ReVblriB, W. F. Johnsen; ;.U'll
lltii Ftfetiting, ." W.'1 L. Pepplefon,' ny. L.
Bef6y'N.'',P. Dodge, Jr., Judge" lingdon,
Judga'v J, W Lyttle, Ed George., W. G.
tire, ' F. D. Wead, C. T: Harrison and J.
H. Mcintosh and others, besides other
Omaha citizens not piembers of the ex
change. 1
H should be said that the Lincoln Com
mercial mgn are working jealously with
the Omaha men for the passage of this bill
and want one that will benefit Lincoln in
a similar way. Attorney Tlbbetts of this
city addressed the meeting, today -along
these lines. ".
Howell , of Douglas in the senate today
introduced a bill providing for the estab
lishment of. a greater Oraaha. The bill Is
reviewed in detail in. the senate routine..
Joint Itesolntlon' Introduced la the
Senate' by Howell of
(From a BtanT Correspondent.)
LINCOLN. Jan. 29.T-(Speclal.) Senator
Howell of Douglas this aftertioon in the
senate laid the first stone In paving a way
tor - greater' Omaha. 8. F. 130, ' Intro
duced by Senator Howell, provides for a
bill for a Joint resolution to amend article
x of the constitution. The amendment of
fered by the Douglus senstor Is ss follows:
That where more than one-half of the
Inhabitants of any county shall reside
within the corporate limits of some organ
ized city thit it'tUMluture may by law pro
vide for the creation of such territory as
may bo AiVlgnaled within said county Into
oita political organisation to be known as
the ty am) county of , ami to va
foverned by one set of officers, and the out
lng lurrttury, If any there be,, of such
county may by ltrtwlallve act be attached
to the adjacent cojnty or counties .without
the vnt of the Inhabitants, and to such
new municipal the right to
make Its own churtnr by a vole of the
people within Jirh city may be granted and
. regulated by law. I pon the, division of
any county' under this provision 'the sec
tions so separated shall each pay its Juxt
, proportion of the ge.ieral !iutt'tleduea, to
vte ascertained ami proviueu tor, as may
by law te uenrnimcu.
Senator Howell stated that the bill was
Introduced at the request of parties who
bad draws It up, and that at the present
. Easy and Economical
to Use
Silver Polish
Contain i no deleterious substance
Does not ?ake or adhere to the
time It
would not result In a greater
tut Us object was that should
Omaha at any time want to take up the
matter It would have the legaj right to
do so.
More Money from laiaraare.
Senator Hasty of Furnas Is very anxious
that Nebraska should get more money out
of the Insurance companies doing business
In the state. In the nature of taxes, and to
find out the reason that Nebraska Is not
getting as much as its sister states he
Introduced a resolution that a committee
of three be appointed to investigate. With
th resolution, which under the rules went
over until tomorrow. Senator Hasty handej
In the following comparative statement of
business transacted by insurance companies j
in Iowa for 19e0 and for Nebraska for 1901,
and the amount of tax, and fees paid
Into tho state treasuries for the respective
years, fraternal insurance companies not
Included :
Premium received I?.5OT.97S 76
I.orses ( aid 3.330, 1.'9 45
Fee paid S f',.679
Taxes paid 1N.1.C92 77$ 230,772 "2
Premiums received J.".1S7.'V13 33
Louses paid 1,7U1,Si7 17
Kfs paid f:i,97i 47
Taxes paid 1,63 ooJ 3S.6"9 47
The Central Labor union of Omaha has
requested Senator Harrison to Introduce
a resolution passed by that body, request
ing the paBsago of a law which would per
mit the assessment of railroad property
within tho city limits at Its actual cash
(amblers Can Come.
Some little amusement was created In
the usually dignified senate In the dis
cussion of 8. F. No. 11, providing for the
appropriation of money by county boards
for the county fairs. While In tho com
mittee of the whole, Hasty of Furnas
moved to amend the bill by adding that
no county fair association should receive
any of the money so appropriated If gam
bling for money" or other valuables was I
allowed at the fairs.
"Gentlemen," he said In support of the
amendment," at Hastings at the last fair
there were some city dudes out there aud
stole more money from tho country folks
than was taken In by the fair manage
ment." This aroused Senator Hedge, who slated
emphatically that there was no gambling
In Hastings. "The preachers of the town
c'ostroyed every gambling devlie in the
city, so do not argue for the adoption of
the amendment along that line."
Although Senator Hasty announced that
it "pained" him, the amendment was lost
without a slnglo vote being cast for it.
Senate Knnttse,
The Bcnate started the day's business at
10 o'clock by slnglnr-1 ''America' It was
the first attempt in tho song line and soma
little discord was noticeable.
The following bills were placed on sen
atorial file:
S. F. 55, relating to water and water
H. R. 60, appropriating $1,800 to pay
Incidental expenses of the legislature. It
was amended to read (28,000.
S. F. 38, entitled guardians and wards.
S. F. 117, in regard to the Dietrich
land leasing bill. The rules were sus
pended and the bill was placed at the head
of the list.
Brown of Keya Paha withdrew from the
committee to investigate charges of tele
phone companies and Howell of Douglas
was added to the committee.
The Harrison resolution to have the com
mittee on acaounts and expenditures inves
tigate the State Printing board carried.
A motion was carried to appoint a com
mittee of three to confer with a like com
mittee of the house in regard to adjourning
in order to give the revenue onmlttee
time to get up a revenue measure. Har
rison of Hall, Brown of Keya Paha and
Warner of Dakota were appointed. The
revenue committee desired to adjourn from
January 30 to February 11.
The salaries of the bookkeeper and tht,
clerk of tne committee of the whole were
fixed at $4' per day each.
On behalf of the 6ontraI Labor union of
Omaha Harrison of Hall introduced a pe
tition asking that the city charter be
amended that railroad terminals may be
taxed for municipal purposes.
Afternoon Session.
The senate resolved Itself Into a com
mittee of the whole, with O'Neill of Lan
caster in the chair. Ine following bills
were reported back to the senate with the
recommendation that they be passed:
S. F. 25, giving villages the same right
to Issue bonds for heating and lighting pur
poses as cities of the first and second
classes. '
8. F. 87, to compel the placing of planks
on bridges and culverts before crossing
with engines. Amended that one person
go 100 yards ahead of engines on the road
to prevent accidents.
8. F. 14, authorising county boards to ap
propriate money tor county fairs.
8. F. 86, to provide for the appointment
of an insurance deputy.
8. F. 61, fixing ; feeo charged Insurance
company and others for filing papers.
H. R. 60, to appropriate 14.800 for in
cidental expenses of the legislature. ; was
amended to read $28,000, t ,
8. F. H an act relating to township or
ganisation was referred back to the com
mittee, v '.'
3. F. 8, entitled-county and .county of
ficers, was referred back to committee.
Hasty of furtias Introduced1 a resolution
to have a committee of three aopolnted to
investigate the reason ot the difference in
taxes paid by Insurance companies In Ne
braska and in Iowa.
Bills on First Read In nr.
8. F. ISO. by Howell of Douglas (by re
quest! Joint resolution to amend article x
of tru; Constitution of the state eutitled
founttes.v. fur Greater Omaha.
8. K. 131,- by Anderson of Halln
peal an act entitled "An act to provide for
the payment of .bounties for tbe destruc
tion of wild animals In NebraekA." .
8. K. 132. by Brown of Keya Paha--To
establish an experimental, station at or
near . Crawford. . .
Discussion Is
to Give
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN. Jan. 29. (Special.) H. R. 18,
by Douglas of Rock, to entitle county
treasurers to maintain official seals that
would enable them to validate tax titles
occasioned a heated and protracted deba.e.
The bilt having been referred to the ju
diciary committee,, was by a malority rec
ommended to pass and tor Indefinite post
ponement by tbe minority.
The argument of the majority waa that
It was necessary as a means of enabling
the oollectlon of taxes which otherwise
could not be collected; that It would give
the. greatest good to the greatest num
ber and had beet required and demanded
for many years. One member, CoaU of
Holt, stated that In hie county over $200,
000. of back taxes were uncoIetsblo for
wau ot what this bill provided.
The minority contended, that the validity
of tax: deeds by county tressurers was not
.nly sot essential to the full ccllfctlon of
tans, but would work a serious hardship
upon the widow and other amall property
owners; that under existing laws the prop
erty of this class was -secure- from, the
I "tax sharks," but would be subjected to
their selfish grasp if this bill passed.
I 'Sweety of Adams, who submitted tbe
Over Bill
minority report.' led In the debate for that
side, while Douglas of Rock, Kennedy of
Douglas nnd others championed the ma
jority side. .
The house finally adopted the majority
report by a vote of 78 to 21 and placed
the bill on general file.
These members voted against the bill:
AnoVrHon of Hamilton, Anderson ef
Kearney. liacon. Htntno. Cald
well, Christy. Copsey. 1 obry, lCuuenbtirger,
Fries, Hogrefe. Johnann, .MemmlngT
Perry, lued, gears, gweezy, Tooley, Trask
and Vlanek.
Ferrar and Loo m I a were absent and not
voting. All other members went on rec
ord for the bill
Ansnllrrt Its I'nllllenl.
H. R. 103. by Jonrs of Otoe, providing
for the election of countv commissioners
by an entire vote of the county in counties
not under township organization,' was vig
orously assailed as a political measure. In
this connection Rouse ot Hall Insisted that
It was an attempt on the part of cities of
Ihe class of Netrrska City to obtain con
trol of the county board. Kennedy of
Douglas said that from observation he wa
convinced that regardless of the purpose,
the practical effect of this sort of bill U
political, as suggested by Rouse.
The committee on boundaries, county
seats and township organization brought in
an adverso report on the bill, which was
voted down, allowing the bill to go on gen
eral file.
Thompson, Nelson of Douglas and Sthin
stock were appointed to confer with a acn
ato committee relative to adjourning over
next week to allow tho Jdint revenue com
mittee to draft a revenue bill.
Nelson of Douglas offered tbly resolu
tion: r move that on Monday, Tuesday,
Wednexdny and Thursday of the following
week thl house remain In session while
the committees on revenue are ut work,
lint diiili-fc sr. Id days no bills be taken up
In the committee of the whole and no bills
Fh.oll be taken up for passage on the third
The coraml
ttee on accounts and expen-
ditures recommended the payment of mis-
cellaneous billd amounting to fl, 90.25 and
the report was adopted.
H. R. 32, by Koetter of Douglas, com
pelling Omaha school board to buy Its own
text books and H. R. 42, fixing salaries ot
secretary of school boards were passed.
The house adjourned at 3:30.
II. R. 2ft4, by McCIuy (by renuext) A bill
to amend section 4 of chanter ixxix ot sub
division 1 of the complied Btatutes, relating
10 cnanges in scnooi districts.
H. It. 2ihi. by Thompson (by request) To
punish the stealing of domestic fowls and
to punish p. rsons rectlvlns or buying
stolvn domestic fowls, making the uffmise
H. K. 256. by Ten Eyck To establish a
military code for tbe state of Nebraska,
and to provide for the organization, gov
ernment and compensation of the. mllllla,
anil to provide lor tho enrollment , of . the
unoigj.Liieed militia, to conform with an
act of .the .United States congress "To pro
mote the efficiency of the miliila and for
other furpoees."
H. K. 2;,7, by Flshback Relating to at
tendance of district schools.
H. K. 25X, by Knox Giving married
women same right to sell, barter and con
vey as a man.
11. R. LT, by Jones of Otoe Relating to
compulsory education.
It. K. 2, by Anderson of Hamilton A
Dill to prohibit hunting on the rivers and
lakes within the ntate of Nebraska.
H. U. 2til. by Perry To repeal the pro
visions for two trluls In action concerning
real property.
General Taylor ttayu Dny of the
Small Sheets Has Forever
Gone By.
LOUISVILLE, Ky., Jan. 29. General
Charles H. Taylor, publisher of the 'Bos
ton Globe, was the principal 'speaker' at
the banquet tonight of tho Louisville Board
of Trade. He said: -
, 'Some' people complain that our : news
papers are too large. This objection la
difficult to meet, for the simple reason
that It Is so unusual for a customer to
make a fust- because he is getting too
much for his money.
The newspaper of today is like the bill
of fare In a hotel. There Is a table of con
tents which shows tho reader that which he
most desires to read. You do not go Into
a hotel, pick up the bill of fare,- begin with
the first item and. eat right down hrojujflt
and then tile of apoplexy. On the contrary,
you select what you wish, and you should
do Just the same with a newspaper.-
The expanded and expanding newspaper
alms to meet the wants of all classes. And
this Is what a small newspaper could not
do. It would have no room for the Intelli
gent presentation of any subject". It could
announce that the president of the United
States had sent a message to congress.
but from lack of space it would be unable
to tell what he saltl.
Truly the small paper would be a power
ful arousr of public curiosity, but, believe
me, 'It would satisfy ho one, least of nil
the busy man. The busy man Is Just the
man for the big newspaper. Most of thw
buify men of my acquaintance go through
two and three and four newspapers every
day- They know how to dispatch their
reading as they know how to dispatch all
their affairs . ' .. .
The small paper certainly would not
meet the requirements of the home. There
tho spirit of our American democracy has
emancipated the -children as well as tho
women until now every member of the
family stands up for his or her rights as a
newspaper reader. '
In, the good old days, when our fathers
really were masters of their own houses,
the newspaper was made , for men alone,
ami It was so forbidding to youth and to
women that it was the last thing that the
wife or the son or the daughter would
think ot looking at. That narrow spirit
made it possible for the newspaper to he
small,' but who- would revive those-condl-Hons
In our day? -1 -'
How About the advertiser. The dally
newspaper is the best medium through
which advertisers can reach their patrons.
If you print from twenty to 200 columns
of advertising in a single Issue, how can
vou do it in a small newspaper? Tho
whole proposition Is so absurd that It is
astonishing .that lritelllgnt people persist
In making It a topic of public discussion.
A small newspaper was feasible when
Europe was three months .Instead of tbree
seconds from this country. In other words,
this is no longer a four-pga world and a
four-page civilisation, and 1 think we are
all glad of it.
The speaker then showed ; that they
could never have the ideal newspaper, be-,
cause Journalists, like clergymeblawyers;
physicians and business men, wore. human,
with . the limitations which nnjsVA!otitxol
them In all of ther work. Ho. showed
what a brilliant failure tne itev. nr. enei
djyi's attempt to print a religious daily
proved, and demonatrated that Mr. Shel
don lost a great opportunity to make useful
aud helpful suggestions to the press.
He also touched on the charge tnat dally
papers publish too much crime and scan
dal. Ia presenting a mirror or tne events
of a day It. was Impossible not to Include
such events within decent limitations.
The people themselves were the real sen-
sationallsta, though unconscious of U. All
the first reports ot bank failures, terrible
accidents and fires were usually fearfully
exaggerated, were started by the people
themselves und grew in size as they flew
from mouth to mouth. The intelligent re
porter got at tbe facts and the newspaper
came out with the truth and set a thousand
wild rumors at rest.
Kansas v City Catholic Women Aid
Kdncatlon In Head Sinn's
KANSAS CITY, Jan. 29. At a meeting of
Catholic women in this city today $J7J was
subscribed to the Richard P. Bland schol
arship of Trinity college, Washington.
Mrs. Rlchsrd P. Bland, regent for the
college In Missouri and KaDsas, Is trying
to raise 13.000 to endow a scholarship In
memory of her huBband.
Take Laxative. Eoiuo Quinine. Tablets. All
druggists refund the money If it fails to
cure. E. W. Grove's signature on each
.box 25c.
Eaji Free Trade i Only Theoretically
Dtsirable Policy.
ee Interests of 'One Country Only,
Whereas Their Opponents Look on
Xatlone of World a t nit with
Identical Interests.
NEW YORK. Jan. 29. Leslie M. Shaw,
secretary of the treasury, was the princi
pal speaker at tin McKinley dinner given
by. (he West Side Republican club at the
Waldorf-Astoria . tonight. .
Mr. Shaw dealt at length with the rival
claims of protectionists and free traders,
claiming that while the latter were right
In theory, practically their Ideas would
play havoc with the country.
Theory Preaches Free Trade.
Secretary Shaw said '.n part:
I am RW-aro'thht most of the textbooks
and many of the colleges tench free trauV,
and I admit that free trade Is theoretically
correct. 1 am also aware (hat nearly
every statesman whose wisdom has con
tributed to the advancement -of industrial
prosperity In the I nited States during the
last century has taught protection, and I
Insist that, practically rpcaking, protection
Is correct.
1 think both these propositions can be
de.monstratvd with mathematical accuracy,
niwi at the same time I concede that cor
rect theory is 'always in harmony with
The difficulty with he schoolmaster Is
that he thinks of the human race as a unli.
and he Is correct if It be nought to equalise
wages and standards of living throughout
the world The statesman Is correct so
long us ha has Irt mind tne advancement
of the American people and the establish
ment of economic conditions peculiar to
ourselves. Unless we propose to drop our
f tH",'1,arof liv'nK
o tne average or ine
tect our people from
competitfon w'lth tl
he product of cheap
foreign laborers fly so doing we are rela
tively of greater advantage to the world
than If we lowered our standnrd.
The last Usual year was the most pros
perous ever experienced, but during that
same year we actually consumed more for
eign products than ever before In our his
tory, our unprecedented prosperity creutcd
a market bevond our ablllt to supply.
This does not Imply that theschedules
of any tariff law are perfect, or ever were,
or ever will be perfect or that they should
never be revised., It does Imply, however,
that they should pot be revised simply be
cause they are Imperfect. Some one Indus
try should show an actual hardship before
preseit conditions are disturbtd.
I.orv Price Cntnpaln.
After reviewing the opposition to high
prices in 1S92, resulting in the election of
Mr, Clevelaud, Mr. Shaw eald:
There are Indications that another cam
paign Is to be waged against high prices.
It is again - urged that American-made
goods can be bought in foreign markets
cheaper than at home. I suppose this is
true in some instances. Hut this Is not
the outgrowth of protection. If any of
you gentlemen will go with me tomorrow
to the office of the Hoard of General Ap
praisers, 1 promise to show you 100 articles
that are sold regularly cheaper In the
United States than in the country of origin.
Sugar at 7Vfc cents wholesale In France,
in Holland and In Russia Is imported,
charged with a duty of 95 cents per 100.
and sold in this city at- less than 6 cents.
This is .not only true of sugar and choco
late and macaroni, liut of steel anti china
ware, g(44war and many other articles. '
,- No one presumes to insist that existing;
conditions might not be improved by a re
vision of the tariff schedules, and no one
dares insure against their being made
worse. -'.. j
When the present tariff law-was passed
It was said In convention on the platform
and through tlxr. press that it would re
main undisturbed-lor twenty-five years. It
Is now nearly six. years old and some people
lave changed fielr Ihfnds, 1 am not pre
pared to say- unwisely, but before I Join
the chorus I would Jlke to have the dlrectof
announce to t aUdlence Just what par
tloular change wropoaea -to have rauda
and- to give spiqilte reasons therefor.
The only 'free,, trade argument that ap
peals to me ak' sound Is the one favoring
tho- cheapest possible material for manu
factures designed for export. The Amer
ican manufacturer of shoes, for Instance,
would find it difficult to Invade foreign
markets against a competitor who not only
pays less wages, but who also has the
advantage of cheaper leather.
The "answer to mis argument re
publican drawback policy evolved in tl-j
interest of the exporter. These laws should
be made as liberal as possible. There are
three pre-requisites for a demand for re
fund of duty.
Klrst The duties must have .been actu-
Second" The Imported material must have
been wrought into a finished product with
the aid of American labor.
Third The finished produ t must be ex
ported and thus removed from competition
In the home market, r
When it is conceded that the government
does not expect to profit at the expanse
of the exporter then every possible facility
should be offered him. and no unnecessary
obstruction, hindrance or delay thrown in
his way. I know it Is urged that a less
stringent law wmrtd bpen the door to fraud,
but there can be no fraud when the ex
nf American manufactures re
covers back no more than has been aclu
allv paid, either upon the Identical ma
terial which has been used in the manufac
ture or upon the same kind and quality
of material. Absolute identity need not be
an essential.
Rescued by Ship on High Seas and
Then Placed In Custody on
' LIVERPOOL, Jan. 29. The British
steamer Brunswick,' Captain Brown, from
Maranham, Brazil, " via Funchal, arrived
here today and landed five survivors ot tho
British bark Veronica, Captain Shaw, from
Ship Island, Miss., October 6, for Monte
video, who were picked up at sea before ar
riving at Funchal. The men reported that
Veronica was burned at sea December 20.
The police have detained four of them
on susplclou of having mutinied and mur
dered Captain Shaw and seven of the crew
of Veronica, after wOilch they are alleged
to have set fire to the ship.
The cook of Veronica, a colored man.
Who wss 'among those who were rescued
by Brunswick, made a statement to Cap
tain Brown which' caused hint to cable to
Scotland yard.
The cook, however, asserts that the men
led by the boatswain, a German, mutinied
and murdered the captain, chief officer and
others and threatened to kill him If ho be
trayed them.
Three ot the men In custody are Oer
mans. The fourth is an American, Wil
liam Smith, who shipped at a Mississippi
German Government keeks to Pro
hibit lie of Phoaphorns, Glvlna;
Manufacturers Snbstltnte,
BERLIN. Jan. 29. In the Reichstag today
Home Secretary von Posadowskl-Wehner,
supporting a government measure, abso
lutely prohibiting the use of phosphorus In
the manufacture of matches, said Ihe gov
ernment had acquired the patent ot a new
Igniting substance which was harmless to
the health of the workers and had placed
it at the disposal of all match factories
which were still using phosphorus.
He knew some manufacturers contended
that phosphorus was not injurious, but tbe
government bad . accumulated evlience
showing thst even ten years after men had
ceased to work la match factories they
contracted phoasy jaw.
Herr Eduard Mueller, national liberal, re
marked that It was easy enough to abolish
one entire Industry by legislation, but
what would become of the poor operatives
after they had been deprived of employ
ment. France, he added, had a standing
after of J12.500 tor the luveutton of a satis-
factory substitute for phosphorus and the
prize had not yet been awarded.
The bill was referred to a committee.
Hamburg-American Line omll taja
llonntles on Stenmera Work
.' Harm to All.
PURLIN. Jan. 2H. Hcrr Ballin. director
general of the Hamburg-American line. In
an Interview with the editor of the Tagcblatt
publlsheT today, said the German com
panies regretted the British 'government
had subsidized the Cunard line. They did
tot fear competition, but held It was a bad
example for other countries, as If one coun
try should subsidize lines, others might
do likewise Until finally all subsidies would
have to be abolished by an International
agreement similar to Ihe Brussels sugar
convention. He thought the Cunard line's
new largo subsidized steamers were too ex
pensive to be run at a profit, owing to their
enormous consumption of coal.
The British government, Herr Ballin as
serted, was really making a present of
new steamer to the Cunard, as It found
the capital tor building them and subsi
dized the vessels sufficiently to yover tho
Interest and the organization of the new
France's experience, he further remarked,
showed the deadening effects of state sub
sidies. He would try to prevent the Ger
man government from Imitating Great
Britain's lead. Means of . transportation
created at considerable expense were al
ways failures when commerce did not ex
ist. German lines were successful because
German merchants had the courage to
carry American products and theieby
gained return freight. Denmark had cre
ated a splendid free port at Copenhagen
and the Hamburg-American line had been
Induced by Danish friends to establish n
line between the United States gulf ports
and Copenhagen, but the freight was not
there. The only regular commcdity of
fered was oil cfike for cattle feed, but
not In sufficient quantity to maintain the
line. Hungary was trying to create di
rect communication betwei Flume aud
New York, partly by force, for Austrian
Hungarian emigrants would be compelled
to use line. The Hamburg-American
and North German Lloyd companies at the
request of the Hungarian government eent
a committee to Hungary a year ego to In
vestigate the possibilities of a direct New
York line, but it was decided that it
could not be made profitable because the
freight was not sufficient and pacsengcrs
will not take sixteen to eighteen days over
a Journey which could be made In half the
Polish Countess Churned with Seek
. ins; BlK Kstate by
BERLIN, Jan. 29. Countess Isabella
Weslerska Kwileckl, belonging to a i tch
and aristocratic Polish family, has been
arrested on the charge of pretending to
have borne a son six years ago. She I?
said to have presented the boy as the -heir
to an estate of 10,000 acres, with a yearly
rental roll ot $1S,000.
Count Misjlslaw Kwileckl, a member of
tbe Prussian House of Lords, and bis eon
Count Hector Kwileckl, tt nvmber of the
Reichstag, contested the legitimacy of the
countess' son two years ago and af'.er a
sensational trial at Posen slio wai ac
quitted. Tbe countees and the count, her
husband, continued living quietly on the
Polish estate after tbe trial, spending the
winters In fashionable Berlin soo'cty.'
Suspicions regarding 'ho legitimacy of
the countees' son continue! and Iho rose
cutlng attorney obtained fresh testimony
through a police examination of a woman
who bore a child at tn-t time (he Jn ot
the countess is said to have been boiu.
Slnrnfllcau't Proc-eedlnara of Army and
Navy Oflloera In the Harbor
of Havana.
HAVANA, Jan. 29. It is reported that
several German army and navy officers
passengers on the steamer Moltke, which
has arrived here on a cruise through the
West Indlea, have made extensive sound
ings In Havana harbor, near Santa Clara
battery, garrisoned by American troops
It Is said they also took photographs of
fhe fortifications.'
In view of the attitude of Germany In
Venezuela this is regarded as significant.
A reporU that Mr. Squires had informed
President Palma of the actions of the
Germans was denied by tbe minister, who
says he has heard only rumors.
Moltke sairsd yesterday for Nassau, and
will arrive in New York on February 1.
The German officials aboard Moltke were
sent on the cruise by the German gov
ernment, and, it is understood, have been
making soundings secretly all over the
West Indies. 1
' Cajlzole, the most dangerous bandit In
Cuba, has been captured after a desperate
fight. In a suburb of this city. ' '.
Verdict le Popular lu Manila and He
ia Ordered to Heturn
to Duty.
MANILA, Jan. 29. Major Edward F.
Glenn of the Fifth Infantry, who was tried
by court-martial on the charge of unlaw
fully killing prisoners of war, has been ac
quitted. Major Glenn has been ordered to return
to duty. The verdict Is popular.
Frelaht Traffic Is Suspended.
AMSTERDAM, Jan. 29. The freight traf
fic on the Dutch Railroad company's system
is suspended owing to the strike of 300
freight engine men in sympathy with the
employes of several transportation compa
nies who have boen on strike for some
time past. The employes of the state rail
roads threaten to Join the strike. There
was a conflict between strikers and non
strtkera in the suburb of Dugerdam .this
morning Several men were seriously in
jured. Has American Chamber of Commerce.
BERLIN, Jan. 29 An American Chamber
of Commerce was organized here tonight
with 101 members engaged In business in
Berlin, Hamburg and other German cities.
H. Krelssmann of Chicago, formerly I'nited
States consul general, and now a street
railway owner, was elected president.
Ins Send Wireless Messages.
BERLIN, Jan. 29. Experiments con
ducted by the military authorities have
shown it to be easy to keep a moving train
In constant wireless communication with
a fixed -signal station. The Brown sys
tem was used.
Iowa Creditors Meet.
DAVENPORT. Ia., Jan. 29 Creditors of
the Northern Building company met today
and received reports showing that the
concern owed $160, OdO, with no assets ex
cept possible profits on contracts on band
in various cities in Ijwa and Wisconsin.
These contracts amount to 1330.000. Tbo
creditors decided to carry out tbe con
tracts. .
Reading Company Presents Case to Goal
Strike Ooramitsion-
Aiiree that Weluhlna- of Coal Is Im-
prnrtlcable In Southern Field,
Thnuah Still Demand
Practice Klsenhere.
rillLAI-KLPHIA, Jan. 29 The Philadel
phia & Reading, the last of tho large coal
companies, presented Its case to the strike
commission today.
At the afternoon session It was an
nounced- thst the mine workers and the
Reading officials had agreed that the weigh
ing of coal In lha southern fields was Im
practicable, thus settling, so far ss that
field was cr-ncerned, one of the principal
points in dispute, but it Is still a bone of
contention in the middle and upper regions.
Company Ensures Living; M'aste.
Simon T. Wolverton presented In book
form all the communications whicn have
passed between tbe mine workers, their
organizers and the coal operators.
The first witness was John Velth Of Tots-
vllle, general mining superintendent of the
company, t'nder examination he gave in
detail a technical description of the vary
ing tondlllons of the mines.
If a miner was unable to earn living
wages, he said, it was the rule of the com
pany to"-give him an allowance.
The company flli not ma'ntaln company
stores or employ company doctors, neither
had if w docking system.
At the opening pf tho afternoon session
Attorney Wolverton, for the Reading, said
that at a conference held during the noon
recess between John Velth and G. W. Hart
ley, secretary of district No. 9 of the min
ers' ,unlon, It was agreed that the weigh
ing of coal in. the Ninth district, which
takes in all the southern cost fields, was
Impracticable because of the pitching veins.
Most of the coal mined in that region was
paid for by the yard.
John Magulre of Pottsvllle, a division
superintendent for the Reading company,
said an eight-hour workday would have
the effect of reducing the output. .
Witness said . the company always got
along with its employes until men who
never saw the inside of ad anthracite mine
came between them.
When asked whom he referred to, be
named ' Messrs. Mitchell 'and Fahcy, but
could not give one irut'ance where trouble
resulted through Mr. Ml.tchell or Mr. Fa
hcy coming between the company and the
men, except the general strikes of 1900 and
(Continued from First Page.)
subject of "McKinley and the Tariff." The
governor said that be had come in spite of
the advice of his physician, after pelng
-confined ' to the house for several days.
His address In part was as follows
Lean imagine no time more appropriate
for a reflection upon the principles of the
republican party than the birthday of Wil
liam McKinley. I thank you for the hos
pitality which has made me forget
whether I am on the east side or the west
side ,of that historic river which separates
the mates of Iowa and Nebraska, but in
the great republican brotherhood there are
no state lines; we follow unfalteringly tho
teachings -qf those leaders living and dead
wjtio have made the country great; there
fore I feel' at home among the ardent and
dominant-spirits ; who have made Omaha
famous. I feel at home among those who
have given to Nebraska so high a place In
the ranks of our party.
Ho Iowa Idea.
When I was aekeoT to be with you this
evening It was suggested tor me that I was
expected to speak on "The Iowa Idea,"
There Is no Iowa Idea, If by Iowa Idea It
la meant to convey the Idea that the re
publicans -of that state hold any Ideas
which distinguish them from the party in
other Mates. In 1901 the republicans of
Iowa adopted e platform believed to be
orthodox In republicanism we conducted a
campugin to success on that platform. A
HUle later, in the spring of 1902, that can
didate for governor made a speech in Min
neapolis. Some of the guardians of the
republican, party endeavored to call . him
to account and It was found that he hud
nreached from the Dlatform on which he
was elected. That . gave rise to a little
discussion on the subject of the platform,
for I want ydu to understand that Iowa re
publicans' are united on the idea of protec
ttou as enunciated by William McKinley.
?'he republicans then reiterated the plat
orm of 1901 and the newspapers took the
matter 'up and the phrase "the Iowa Idea"
v as coined by one, who -would rather make
an epigram than state- a truth. The re
publicans of my atate are alert, progres
sive and earnest. A few years ago history
fastened upon the house of Bourbon the
motto, "Forget nothing; learn nothing."
Later the democratic party adopted the
motto, and I hope it will remain In peace
ful possession. Thank God the republican
party has never taken on this motto or
paralyrls and decay, therefore it controls
the greatest country on earth. It carried
tha doctrine of protection to Us loftiest
height and it boldly wrote the word "Gold"
in its platform arid the nation was strength
encd; then keenly alive to the new dignity
which had come .to American manhood It
widened the limits of the republic so that
even though I am 'speaking in the mid
watches of the night the morning sun is
lighting 111 Glory as It proclaims the
sovereignty of the I'nited States in the
islands of the Philippines.
' Will Advance In Future.
As the party has moved on In the past
It will move in the future to confer greater
glory to the people of this republic. This
liiwu platfom declares that nearer and
dearer to the hearts of Iowa republicans
than any other policy is the policy of pro
tection, and to -this oollcy Is due the high
position we have taken In the struggle and
contest of tho world. We believe It has
lone more to bring happiness to the home
than any other policy. We, however, be
lieve that protection is a means to an end ;
wn believe it was ordained and Is main
tained to give to the American people the
maximqm of work to be done In our own
country; we believe that a tariff schedule
Is not anj cannot be permanent. If there
Is anything that threatens republican suc
cess It is the idea that tariff schedules
must remain Inviolate. I do not want to
turn th country over to the democrats
and to save the country that contingency
I believe that we elioum do what ought
to be done ourselves whenever It ought to
be done. I do not believe that "stand pat"
is tho maxim uiinn which we should pro
tted. In place of "let well enough alone"
I say that If you let well enough alone
today toinorirow It will not be "well
enuuwli." I do not believe in a general
li. rift revision. 1 would If I could destroy
the Hplrlt which says that when a re
publican congress approacnes inese scnea
ules the world shudders and business stops
lucause some change is suggested. Such,
I think. Is a fair representation of the
"Iowa idea."
' Believe In Reciprocity.
As to reciprocity, the republicans take
to their hearts the last and loftiest utter
ance of William McKinley as he stood In
the shadow of the tomb. We believe In
reciprocity other than in conventions. I
Climates wearout. Pmokesandspraya
do not cure. They relieve symptoms
liiklead of removing cuiies ; waerfutf,
we lake Asthma u tliorouKbly out of
thn K t in I hut mailing remains
w h Icti cu n prod nor an wt taek ; su flcrers
ara tmiu aula to work, tel. klecp and
Mand lMire without the 1Ik)iU.-1
return of Anlbma. lu-lrig ritjlit In
iiMncirilu our troatment due what
' nile.'s" cuu not do. W e cure to stay
Cured severe, luiiK-atanillng and pnj.
ninineed(iMnirvl)le"cHW, If you are
skeptical.rt iftneeaUM'you aretimnrant
fourgn--at work. riuc l-wt we bate
treated Athnia sud Hay rover
bnnnn. if you delre ivmipiete re
lit!', Iivulth rwUirud, aud no return of
Asthma, write for our book 73 Free.
C iiaauLU uaybs, bvnAVO, M. y.
would like to introduce the wot U 're
ciprocity '" Intn the vocabulary nraon
MTrim as well ns Into that of renvcnCiii
Mi Klnlev nt HufTriln -ems to me to b.e
driven back thn h-irlson of the Amerieim
future far more distant '.:nn many reu.
Use. I tlillik he know better than we know'
what the struggle of the future Is to be.
He know that If We would '"Mat well enough
alone.'' that we mist selre the opportu-!.
Iilty providence has broi,lit to our graspl
He Knew that the market" of . the worl'
had been considered by the cabinets oj
the world and he stated a conclusion
tht the American people can never for
get what' wss In MeKniVy'a heart when
the bullet of tlvi HS.Hsin struck hint
down. The reclpr:ltv which will send out
of (his country lim.m.i"n In products
tnflde bv Americana even If It will bring to
th's coiin'rv $..n tum.oeo of products. This
Is the reciprocity in those treaties which
now lie apparently forgotten In tbe arch
ives of the senate. I do not criticise the
Semite, but. I say that that reciprocity
which Is onlv lued as n hlh sounding
phrase I unV-orthy the party and the
American people.
Poller I" the Orient.
Following ' Governor Cummins, W. E.
Balnbrldgo of Coutuil Bluffs spoke of "Mc
Klnley's Eastern Policy:" He said that In
that strange international event In China
the policy of the government ehonn
brightly; that at the lime of Ihe killing of
the German ambassador ' the. . division of
China was Imminent, hat President Mc
Kinley came to tho relict of China, pro
posing to tbe powers such -a policy aa
would save China from disintegration.
Among those present """from out of the
city were: Richard O'NolllN Dr. F, A.
Graham, Vlctbr Seymour, JohtT-Farwell, B.
C. Fox. D. A. Fry, P. J. CosgrJV. C. Y.
Smith. J. C. F. McKlsson. J. 8. Pwer. W.
O. Roberts, Wallace Crandall and Mlnor
Bacon, all of Lincoln, Senator Sheldon, of
Nehawka, Senator Dean of Iloldrege, Sen
ator Wall of Loup City and Mat Oerlng ot
Piatt smouth.
A. A. Oergaa of Denver Succeed
Former Chief as Assistant
DENVEH, . Jan. 29. The announcement
was made tonight of the appointment of
A. A. Gargan as assistant superintendent
of the Third district of the Western Union
Telegraph company, with headquarters at
Mr. Gargan was chief clerk to Assistant
Superintendent Horton, recently promoted
to superintendent.
Jury Finds Men Cuiltr Who De
frauded Former Sheriff Out
of f 17,500.
DENVER, Jan. 29. The Jury in the fed
eral court In the case of Peter Johnston,
Charles H. Emmons and John H. Phll
brook, charged with conspiracy to defraud
former Sheriff W. K. Butehlnel out of
117,600 worth of mining stock, today found
Johnston guilty. and discharged Emmons.
In consideration of bis having confessed
Philbrook was discharged.
Three Bent Washed Out and Keara
Are Entertained for Entire
,T Structure.
COLUMBUS, O., Jan. 19.-HIgh water and
an tec gorge washed out three bents of
the long trestle over Alum creek about six
miles from here today.' There Is danger
that tbe entire structure, several hundred
feet In length, will go.
Waters In the Scioto are reaching a
dangerous point
Kansas Politicians Secure Constitu
tional Convention to Consider
Prohibition Amendment.
TOPEKA, Kan., Jan. M. A constitu
tional convention will likely be ca'led as
a result of action In Its favor by the Kan
sas house today, - . . , ,
The prohibitory amendment will be sub
mitted to a vote of the people if the plans
of the promotors of the convention sre
carried out.
V De Witt Is tha name to look for when
r you to to buy Witch Hazel Sslve.
1 DeWltt's Witch Haul Salve Is tha
orielnal and only genuine. In fact
DeWitt ! the only Witch Hazel Salvs
that is made from the unadulterated
All others are counterfeits base Imi
tations, cheap and worthless even
danterous. DsWm's Witch HazelSalve
Is s specific (or Piles: Blind, Bieedlnr.
Itching and Protrudtnt Piles. AlaoCuta.
Bums, Bruises, Sprains, Lacerations,
Contusions, Bolls, Carbuncles. Eczema.
Tetter, Salt Rhaum, end all other Skin
Disease. .
'V.-Jlv i
Co., Chlctfo I
E.C. DeWitt t?
Woodward & Burgess,
m, and Night
Tonight, Sa
. MItiHT
MOlf. A Tl'FSDAif
MAT. t NIOilT-
Prtoes Mat
Prices Mat., 25-50c.
Klght, 25-&0-7&C
WKI1. ft THUR8.
San Toy
Trlces-Maf.. -50-"f.c-l.
Night, Kj-'m-7&e-l-l.i.
A Gentleman
ol France
Creighton-Orpheum Telephone 1531
Matinees Thurs.. Hut., bun., 2:15
Eery Night S lS.
Cole snd Johnson, tilvetu, Columbian
Trio, Ja H. Culien. Purcell and .laynanl.
Ixjrotliy Walters and the Klnodrome.
i'rlcc s luc, oc, &ua.
UO I Bui..
tSIb and Dusslai Ms
omanas Leading Hotel
i-K( IAI. KKtTlHK. .
12:10 to 2 p. m.
SUNDAY. . p. m. DINNER, 753
attadlly Increasing; business has aecessl
taicd an enlargement of this cats, doubling
its luiiuer capHclty.