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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1903)
THE OMAHA DATLT HEEs FIUDAY. JANUARY 23. 1003.
'Hie umaiia Daily I3e.
E. Hope water, editor.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING.
R$SMtK t-KK Fa I. " . v cannot be removed after the first year
The compulsory Waterworks purchase I except for caue by lens tlinn a vote of
bill has been rallroatled throtteh the two-thirds of tho full bonrd.
senate without discussion as an emer-1 There are other holes lu that water
gency measure.. While strictly local In works skimmer which slioulil 1
I . - . i m .. , ii. . I i m . i t i i ... .a t .....
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. I nI ami ant-tuHg oiuy mo ia- i piuK' ociore ine inn tun nmnv.
Dstly Re (without 8 jnday), om Year. 4 v pnyers of Omaha and South Omaha, The bill punt authority to the water
liruMr7d"w? this bill violates a fundamental prln- commission to operate ten miles beyond
Bunday Hte. of.e Year xm) rp) 0f fK'lf government. It Is, In fact, the corporate limits of Omaha nt Its
baluruny )iee. One Vwr l.wJ 1 w , , . . ...
Twentieth Century Furmer, one Year.. l.(w an Indictment of the intelligence and In- discretion, but nowhere does the bill
DELIVERED HY.CAKRIER. I tecrrltv of the rltlxentililn of Omaha anil I make nrovlslon for accountability to
Pally" f.ee (without Sunday p weeViiae a public de-lnrntlon In favor of placing South Omaha In collecting water rents,
Omaha In the hands of a receiver, or I planting hydrants or extending water
appointing a guardian to protect it from I mains. That omission alone Insures
Itself. sufficient litigation to complicate the ne-
The salient features of Senate File gotlatlons and acquisition of the water-
No. 1 are that Omaha must either buy works for months If not for years.
the existing waterworks or build water- The safe plan for the house of rep-
works of Its own by legislative man- resentatlves would be to Indefinitely
date. "With this end In view the gov- postpone the bill or to recommit it to
ernor Is empowered anil directed to ap-1 Its parent for reconstruction on the
point a water commission composed of lines of home rule nnd popular sover
elx citUeus, clothed with unlimited elgnty.
Dally liee (Including Sunday), per week. He
Bundav Ram. Dr cod. be
Kvenlns; lire (without Sunday), per week 8c
Kvenlim Hee llniludlna tiunday). ler
week ..A 1
Complaint of Irregularities In delivery
mould be addressed to city circulation de
Omaha The Hee Building.
South Omaha City Hall Building, Twen-
ty-llfth and M Streets.
Council Bluffs lu pear! Street.
C.'hlcaao 14 tj'nltr Rulldlnc.
New York 2328 Park Row Uutldlng.
Washington eH Fourteenth HtrttC
I I. lnn f n ITlt all.
Itorlal matter should be addressed: Omaha power to negotiate for the purchase of
Hee, Editorial department.
the waterworks now existing or to pro- AT --- vl3.m.
ceed with the construction of new In the national house of represcnta-
waterworks, and when the purchase or tlves on Tuesday, during the debate on
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of NMirnnko. Do J alas County, as :
Pu' is' completed to operate n appropriation bill, a democratic rep-
that the actual number of full and ECJJ" these works, purchase the supplies resentatlve took occasion to discuss the
Png'Bundayepfrnt collect the rents and in fact Alaskan boundary question and to de-
montn n uecemcer, ivuz.
clato and are willing to reward honest
service wt-11 done, but they reserve to
themselves the right to extend the term
of any man they deem worthy and re
tire any man whose service is not satisfactory.
Why should the school tnmrd make a
supplementary coal contract when the
regular contractors are obligated by
their agreement to supply all the coal
needed at the prices bid or to stand
the difference? The ordinary procedure
where a contractor falls to live up to
his contract Is to procure the good on
the oixii market and bold him for the
excess over, his figure. If the school
board's contract is not drawn so as to
be binding, it Is high time to get an at
torney to draw up forms that will stick.
truckled to Oreat Britain In the matter
With the exception of issuing bonds of the boundary dispute and stigmatized
already voted and voting more bonds pusillanimous the provisional ar
hcreafter for the consummation of the 1 rangement entered into by our govern-
aa follows: i m..,nn,n n-itMr. tho rmr. nounce the course of the State depart-
18.!'.!!'.!!!!!lii80.10 I ernment, responsible to nobody and re- Unent as a cowardly surrender. He
li 30.880 mnv-hio hv nnhnitr oftor thpv are in. I charged that the united States had
- . - i
ZU Olf.iO . . . ... ,
, sh.too uul-u-u into oiuce.
22! inriiii 30,000
2f aii.KMi I proposea purcnase ny tne commission, 1 mui urc uinmu tv.nuu.cui.
Zt 30370 omaha Is to have nothing to say about There are a great many who enter
aotw the management of the waterworks, tain this view, but it Is erroneous and
3o!"!""!"!!!82!s30 which will Involve an outlay of any- unjust As a matter of fact there has
a 80.870 wncre frorn three to six millions until t" no surrender of American territory
BM.U4B after the expiration of four years, when In Alaska and it is safe to say there
1 I it . .
Leas unsold and returned copies.... 10,181 the governor-appointed commission is w,u not nen lue Angio-Amencan
commission elected commission failed to reach a decision on
15 '. 80,810
question whether wireless telegraph
lines should be assessed by the state
board of assessors.
There Is no question that the labeling
of Nebraska In the geographies of
twenty years ago as "the great Ameri
can desert" retarded its settlement. Aud
the constant advertising of seinl-arld
regions where it takes twenty acres to
feed one animal Is equally subversive to
population expansion. The truth Is that
only a comparatively small part of west
ern and northwestern Nebraska is aeml-
arld to that degree, but it will be diffi
cult to get possible Immigrants to look
Into the subject that closely.
n.i tntii' ! . :'.....4.44 give way to
Net average "1? J-, Dj n ' ij 'waciixsctt by ,ts eltlzen8 " the gradual Install- this question or to agree upon arbltra-
Subscribed In my "meaeno'e and sworn to ment plan. tlon, and the situation in Alaska became
before me this Slat fay o DcmbT; D- Tho darkey In that woodpile Is the a to threaten very serious
(ieal) ' Notary fubiic provision requiring the governor-ap- trouble, the matter was taken up by
a ' l' 1 pointed water commission to appoint a the American and British governments.
The suspicion Is growing that tlie water commissioner at any salary It Tne diplomatic negotiations resulted in
coal barons are simply playing for time may see fit to pay, and we betray no agreement by which the existing
and winter time at that. secret In saying that the progenitor of status was to be maintained tempo-
w 1 - this scheme and author of Senate File rarlly, or pending a final adjustment.
Just now a municipal coal plletwould No 1 is to be the beneficiary with an which It was understood would be
be more satisfactory to men out of work ncoIne anywhere from $5,000 to $10,000 "ought at the earliest time practicable,
than a municipal stone pile. a Tear, That this la to be the out- In this our government yielded no pnrt
. come If the bill should become a law In of the American claim and made no
All of which leads tis to remark once ,tg pre)ent form may judged ltB surrender of territory. It pursued' a
more that there Is no improvement contexti whlch proyl(ie oniy Bucn qual. conciliatory course, as the circumstances
Omaha needs quite so badly as a new lflcatk)M Mr Howell believes him- caed for, but there was no truckling to
first-class fireproof hotel. , gelf po8sesge(1 of- In thia 1 Senate Great t.ltain. It would have been an
- - File No. 1 Is decidedly Ingenious. Th eay thing at that time to have aggra-
The legislative committee on revenue ' . Mmnt. h.,t p thInU narw
and taxation w 11 soon grapple with 1 fey one who la capable of taking a fair and
slon, and to make sure of this result reasonable view of the question must
he makes It the paramount duty of the conclude that the course pursued was
commission to appoint the water com- the wiser one, as It is not to be doubted
Bhn,,l Marconi want to erect his mtesioner immediately after ita organ- time will demonstrate. Before that
experimental plant for wireless teleg- izatlon. ""hough by reason of lltlga- agreement a collision in Alaska between
raphy between Italy and Argentine? Is t,on. r to secure popular Americans and Canadians was lm
he afraid the line might be overworked? endorsement of the bonds the commls- mlnent There wasa very bitter feel
, slon may have no waterworks to man- tag on both sides and a. -very grave con
No gallery visitor ever ventures to age or to plan for from six months to d,tlon of affairs. Since the agreement
err out ."You lie" at meetlmrs of our two years after the induction of the Pce has prevailed and there has been
municipal Jegislature. , That privilege is high-salaried water commissioner. . verT ""le . complaint. Meanwhile our
rrvrl for the citv eoundlmen them- . If the people of Omaha can be trusted government has been prosecuting In
elves. ' . . ' I to e,ect an honest and capable board Mitigations with reference to the
. ; V ; '! , , of water commissioners four years boundary line, with results generally
The Postofflce department wiU make hence, why are they not equally com- tending to more strongly confirm its
an allowance for horse feed 'for the petent to elect an honest commission claImB"
mounted letter carriers at Lincoln, before the negotiations for the water- In course of the house debate a
Wonder if It would pay for fuel and works are submitted for their ratlflca- New Tork representative expressed the
repairs if the carriers discarded horse tlon? Why should the citizens of opinion that there was no doubt of the
locomotion for automobile transporta- Omaha be deprived of the right of home tltle of the United States to the dls-
tlon. rule in the selection of a water com- Puted territory. We know of no Amerl-
mi mission so long as they have a right to can certainly none In public life, who
For a good county officer a four-years' elect their mayors, treasurers, comp- doubts it Secretary Hay, who carried
term is none too long, but for a bad one, trollers, police judges and city councils? on the negotiations by which the exist-
two years Is more than plenty. If the If it Is right for the governor to ap- ,D arrangement was effected, undoubt-
term Is to be lengthened, some quicker point a water commission for Omaha y believes that our title to the dls-
way should be provided for getting rid why not also empower hlni to appoint Puted territory Is good. The present
of, incompetent or crooks than present a water commission for Lincoln? Why administration, there Is no question, so
impeachment methods permit not empower him to appoint the mayors "'gar18 Jt and no one need have any
i vu and councils of all other towns in the fear that lt wiu favor the surrender of
President Eliot of Harvard Insists that 8tat so as to Insure nonpartisan gov- a Blngle foot of American territory in
before long none but educated men will ernment, on the lines laid down by A,aska:
rule toe government it Denooyes us Senate File No. 1? There might be la 9 .ue8"on ought to be finally
all. then, to get Into the educated Bome excUBe for governor-appointed po- settted and disposed of in the near
classes, and with universal education In commissions on tbe plea that the future. While not at present a source
free public schools there is no reason public safety demands the extension of of station, it may become so at any
why such a rule should bar any one police powers over large cities. But no therefore lt should be removed
out ' Nebraska legislature has ever sought from controversy. The course of our
to deprive the citizens of any town or Kvernment in regard to the dispute has
One thing the Colorado legislators are vluage of rlght of gelf-government, been conservative and conciliatory, but
doing most successfully-they are laying wh,ch ,8 at the baBe of our entw fabrfa never truckling.
up a whole lot of material to form incidentally, and quite apart from Its
the groundwork for a healthy junketing anti-American spirit, Senate File No. 1 Jvo retroactivk kxtshsiqn.
committee of investigation when the , crude and 8eriously defective in many The state association of county com-
cwdenOals of the new senator come to partlcu,ar8. It contemplates the pur- mlssloners hat endorsed the proposed
be fought over in the United States cnase of waterworka on tUe three ap. enactment of a law extending to four
senate. praiBers plan, which would expose the years the term of office of county clerk,
Venice lspendlng a quarter of a cUy to tne ri,ik of Par,Dg ' ron one to county treasurer, county surveyor,
million of dollars in an effort to save two mlllloD8 mor for the works than county commissioner, county supervisor,
iU tistoric buildings from old age do- they cou,d duplicated for. or force county judge and sheriff. In other
Traction. Most of' our progressive U ,nto quicksands and shoals of words, the legislature will be Invoked
American cities would be Improved if new construction on engineering estl- and pressed hard to grant a retroactive
they would spend a like amount hasten- Iuate thnt ma tM millions short by extension of terms to all the county
ing the destruction of their most historic the time the city got through building, officers In the state, excepting alone
tructures.' ' xt. nores and rejects the right to pur- county attorneys, justices of the peace
i . i i 'i chase the plant by the condemnation and assessors.
The bee keepers of Nebraska have process under eminent domain that On broad gauge lines all back-action
held their winter meeting at the state would give the city the privilege of legislation is pernicious and vicious,
capital, but if all the keepers of The appointing nil the appraisers and re- When the people elect an officer for a
Omaha Bee were to swarm to the capi- Jecting the appraisement in case lt Is fixed term, he is entitled to serve out
tal city they would outnumber the per- deemed too high. his term, if be behaves, but he has no
manent as well as the transient popu- Tnder the provisions of the bill no rightful claim to a back-door extension
latlon In the vicinity of Salt creek by appraisement of the works can even be by legislative enactment With the ex
several thousand. submitted to the people without the ap- ception of county and city treasurers,
, 1 proval of the governor-appointed water all municipal and county officers are
It Is said that enfqrclng the law for board. If this board should be in- eligible to as many terms as the people
the removal of the fences illegally duced, by fair means or foul, to balk are disposed to give them. The people
erected on the public; domain in the the negotiations for the purchase of the rarely turn down a good officer for a
cattle raUlng district would work a works, no , proposition could be sub; second term, and often re-elect county
hardship disproportionate to the benefits I mltted to the people. While the bill and city officers a third or even a fourth
that would accrue to the public. The non-1 empowers the board to compel the I time if they are exceptionally com
enforcement of the law to which the mayor and council by mandamus " to I petent and efficient.
illegal fencing of the lauds U due is submit a bond proposition, there is no The only plausible excuse for the
what has worked the hardship. pewer given to the courts by the bill retroactive extension is that it Mould
i ; to compel the water board to take so- reduce election expenses and improve
Manager Kenyon of the South Omaha tlon in the premises., They arc con- the breed of office holders, but Inasmuch
atock- yards and managers of stock stituted a trust unto themselves. Not as the atate constitution requires one
yards In other; Missouri river cities are only is this close corporation to be I general election every year, we fail to
wasting a great deal of valuable time I above the mayor and ce-uncli' and citl-I see where any saving can be effected by
In reciting the wrongs to which ship- senshlp of Omaha, but abovs the gov-1 retroactive extension. The proposition
per and communities are being sub-1 ernor even. . I to change two-year terms Into four-year
jected on the pnrt of railroads by I After it has once been installed all terms for the sake of Increased effl
reason of their anxiety to get the long vacancies are to be Oiled by it, and not clency by reason of experience is more
haul from points west of the Missouri being removable for misdemeanors In than ofset by the disadvantage of re
to Chicago. The Interstate Commerce office by the governor, or by anybody, talnlng an incompetent shiftless or dls-
commlsslon will listen patiently to their I It may be depended upon to hold the I reputable official for four years when
tale of woe. but there It will end in I fort until the Job which Mr. Howell Is under the present system he "can be got
moke. The commission does not have trying to secure for himself has been I rid of In two years.
a much power to enforce 1U findings as I anchored. Under the provisions of Sea-1 Good men in public office are soon
a Justice of the peacev I abtl FUe Ko. I th waUe OMuiuleftluoer I found wit, and the pevyle always appre-
It Is much easier to create new offices
than to abolish old ones. The proposed
creation of the office of matron of the
penitentiary is simply another attempt
to create a .sinecure for somebody's sis
ter, cousin or aunt There have never
been ten female convicts in the Ne
braska penitentiary at any one time and
none so tender as to require the care of
a special matron.
If the belated passengers of the ocean
liner St. Louis succeed in securing dam
ages from tho owners for failure to
make the passage promptly, it will open
up the same question with reference
to delayed railway passengers where
the railroad has no reasonable excuse
for not keeping schedule time. What's
law for the steamship will be law for
the passenger train.- ;
No haste seems to be manifested to
have that inventory of property belong
ing to county, city and school district
made. An Inventory with proper
records and checks might be an ob
stacle to the loaning of grading ma
chines, school books, stationery, chairs
and desks belonging to the taxpayers to
special friends of the authorities in
It Is proposed for the city of Lincoln
to take the school board out of politics
by vesting the appointment of members
in a commission named by the mayor.
It is noteworthy that the idea that non-
partisanship can be secured only by de
stroying home rule; and turning the local
government overbite -the governor has
not yet permeated 'the state capital, '
The "Irat Step.
St. Louts dlobe-pemocrat
As soon as government ownershlD of rail
roads shall be determined upon, the first
step should be to , take possession of the
coal roads. The rest will come easy.
G1t the Reaper m. Show.
'7t; Cleveland .doctor who claims to
'.a ve discovered the power of restoring life
should be looked after. .The possibilities
i f some kinds of people living Indefinitely
tre too appalling, to contemplate with
calmness. . ; , ( .
Our fellow cltlien, the sultan of Jolo.
having died, lt is up to us to forward our
condolences, in wholesale lots, to his sor
rowing widows, who have suffered such an
Irreparable lo. His ways were not our
ways, but no doubt he paid dearly for his
Flaeat la the World.
That grand old patriot Oln'ral Orosveaor
asseverates with emphasis that our con
sular officials are the finest In the world.
From the gln'ral's point of view this Is
probably true, since, according to Con
gressman Slayden, our consular represents
tlves abroad can drink more whisky, man
for man, than the ' agents of any effete
despotism on the map.
From Frying- Pan to Fire.
After all, why shouldn't the- cattlemen
put up packing houses and sell the finished
product to the public? They have the
cattle and the hogs and they have the
capital. If they can make the prices right
the public will patronize their 14,000,000.000
combine In preference to the little 1500,000,-
000 beef truet. The consumer may be Jump
ing out of one trust Into another, but the
Intermission of fair prices will be worth
Nebraska Railroad Assessments What Tney Have Been-
What They Are What They Should Be.
nivoree Indnatrr Checked.
The decision of tbe United States 8u
preme court again upholding tbe divorce
law of any state in regard to residents of
that state is very ' encouraging. A Massa
cbuaetts citizen who went to South Da
kota and remained there six months to ob
tain a divorce, and who married again
died and his second wife claimed the right
to administer the estate. The supreme
court decides that she was not his wife, as
the lawa of Massachusetts, in which state
he lived, did not recognize the divorce as
legal. That is satisfactory in every way
as lt upholds the Massachusetts courts.
TRAGEDIES UK THE RAIL.
KlUlnac Aoparataa of Steana Roada
New York World.
Accident Bulletin No. 6, Just Issued at
Washington, shows that In the three
months ending last September 163 persons
were killed and 2,613 Injured In train accl
denta on the railroads of this country. In
tbe first quarter of 1903 4be corresponding
dead numbered 212 and the Injured 2,111.
For the last three months in 1901 there was
a death roll of 274 and the Injured were
These returns, which come from the In
terstate Commerce commission, do not In
elude victims of accidents other than train
wrecks. These multiply by three or four
tbe death totals quoted. For instance, the
grand totals in the quarter ending with
September last were 615 killed and 11,163
The lesson of these figures la plain. Care
tul conduct and aafety provisions do not
keep pare with expansion la our great car
KEEP IT BEFORE THE LEGISLATURE
Cheyenne , . , .
Hamilton ' .
Hltchcoelc M. .
Madison ... ..
arpy . ......
Sewa rd ......
Sheridan . ....
Dnermam . . . ..
Thurston .. . . .
Mites. for ISf)!!. Miles.
1.12. or f T4fi.2:i.von l.tii.or a
72..1T 34l,TS.VOO 72..1T
1.H.40 04,400.00 1S.40
42.2.1 147,87.1.00 40.H2
2S.nt) 1I2.05O.OO ga.sn
1O7.O0 740,721.00 IOS.19
an.21 i7e.ono.oo an. 21
no.nn 24 ,4n.oo no.nn
134.27 6n7,l 27.00 1.14.27
124.13 MRS.HS2.00 124.nl
47. .1(1 227,370.M 47.U8
Z.Ot l.o:tO.O(l 1H.4H
112.71 6i:t,nno.no 112.71
.19.&1 4.1H.41H.OO 134.45
lin.nn . 72.1.402.00 120.1x1
43.43 o:i2,n42.oo 4:1.4:1
30.32 lSl.UOO.no 80.32
81.1.1 2S4,Oftn.OO 4.2
BO. 91 SS,n2n.OO 6.nt
63.07 KUB,02ft.OO 63.69
0O.79 4O3.RBO.00 PO.79
20.B3 205, S0O.B0 26.70
4.1.45 218,160.00 B0.O7
81.89 504,308.60 81.89
106.92 701. 004. OO 107.09
41.54 100.302.00 41. B4
127.86 . 731,400.00 127. S6
40.34 205,008.00 . 40.34
82.18 12S,n20.00 32.13
62.37 2.18,400.00 62.87
1B8.04 780,710.00 '. 171.10
4.71 10.4S5.OO 4.17
20.83 83,320.00 20.88
80.89 108,115.00' 80.80
51.85 100,003.00 61.85
74.90 5O4.70S.50 74.00
06.83 320,368.00 60.33
81.05 84.1,012.00 81.BS :
12.59 37.770.O0 12.59
40.16 203,388.00 49.16
77.62 877,075.00 T7.02
80.1ft 105,630.00 SO.18
91.29 873,145.00 91.29
,105.83 03, 1 04.O0 110.41 -
58.46 275,138.00 58.46
70.81 807,744.00 70.62
41.75 405,512.50 41.52
88.15 425,372.50 80.21
27.66 138,300.00 27.66
200.94 ,1,198,447.00 228.16
105.35 840,533.00 10S.35
58.46 281,605.00 1(8.46
- 68.33" 588,707.00 08.33
33.94 152,730.00 83.04
73.07 802,070.00 73.07
140.22 B9O.828.O0 189.09
112.14' 532,185.00 112.26
87.10 800,924.00 87.1w
43.85 175,400.00 43.85
45.80 . 181,500.00 45.39
60.80 283,690.00 50.30
07.10 (182,574.00 97.16
, 21.48 , 04370.00 - 21.49
60.46 2 17,070. OO 50.46
,79.80 806,000.00 80.36
, 2.f!l - 115,600.00 ; ;' 23.12
80.25 ' 657,617.00 ! 82.72
94.10 606,713.00 1-98.40
, 85.80 ' 4 498,748.00 85.80
" ' ' ' . 1 40.05 t
85.86 412,700.00 85.96
, 77.65 830,415.00 77.05
, , 67.37 220,035.00 67.37
48,18 217,030.00 48.25
22.95 114.9O0.O0 22.08
99.11 4S4.130.OO 9fl,ll ,
83.30 110.B50.OO 83.30
16.68 V4,400.00 16.88
40.11 154,253.00 46.27
53.40 207,000.00 53.40
. 46.64 227,700.00 45.64
, 69.97 , - 814,837.00 60.07,
8.30 11,700.00 3.38
80.92 . 443,622.00 80.03
..... f 20,330,031.00
1 no, 404.00
40 1,1 33.00
144.68 8. OO'
, . .185,601.00
98 .3 OO.OO
- - 120,150.00
Avtrsss assessment per mile, 1802
Average assessment per mile,' 1002.. ...... ........
Fairly assessed, would be p .... f r ....... .
The figures above presented are care fully complied from reports of . the state
auditor, the bulletins Issued by authority of the railroads and the. reports to-their
stockholders published within the past 7 ear. These documents afford conclusive
proof that the aggregate true value of railroads In Nebraska based on net earnings,
after deducting operating expenses, betterments and taxes paid, exceeds $812,000,000.
An Inspection of the table herewith presented shows Juet how much each county
has lost by gradual reduction of the railroad assessment within the past ten years,
the aggregate apportionment of railroad assessments to each county for the year
1902 and what the aggregate assessment should be If the railroads, were asseased
at one-sixth of their value based on net earnings. The appraisement of railroads
that have not reported net earnings, which constitute less than one-sixth of the
entire railroad mileage In the state, is based upon the value of their Ungibls
. . l,OW At DIVOIH R Mil 1A
Dakota's Thrlvlaa: Industry Gets. 1'
' la the eck. .
Chicago Inter Ocean.
Ths t'nltcd States supreme court's de
cision in the Andrews r? would' ecrtri tt
have dealt an Indirect but eevere blow t
the divorce mills of South Dnkota and
some other states.
The contest aross over Maesarhuwtts
property bequeathed by Charlea II. An
drews "to the wife of my son, Charles S.
Andrews." Annie Andrews, tho second
wife, and Kate H. Andrews, the alleged
divorced wife, claimed tho estate.
The Massachusetts courts ht-ld that since
Charles 8. Andrews had gone to' South
Dakota merely to get rid of hi wife, the
courts there never obtained Jurisdiction
over this cltlien of Massachusetts, and
that Kate H. Andrews was never divorced
at all. and was ths. heir of her husnnnd's
The United States supremo court sweep.
Ingly affirmed the exclusive control of the
states over the n.arrlages and ,d.vorces
of their cltHens. No temporary chunge of
reaidenco for the purpose of evading a
slate's laws, it held, could deprive the
state of that control. . ; .
It also held that the Federal const II u
tlon was In no way involved, for the rea
son that congress never had been given
power to regulate marriage and divorce.
Hence the agitation for a national mar
riage and divorce law la evidently futile,
since a constitutional amendment would
first he required.
States which disbelieve in. easy divorce
can evidently make the decrees of . the
South Dakota and other divorce mills prac
tically worthiest to their clt liens. . Vndor
the Andrews decision it Is open to either
party to such a divorce. . to ..attack. Its
validity at any time in ney sta,tn from
which the other party may have tempo
rarily emigrated to secure th dacrce.
l'KHSOAI. NOT1SS. ,
No member of congress is- so successful
in keeping his views out of tbe papers as
Senator Allison of Iowa,
Pullman sleeping care are now numbered
Instead of named. The breakfast foods
have copyrighted all of the pretty fiames: "
Adrian C. Anson, the well known base
ball captain, Is a candidate for city treas
urer of Chicago on the democratic ticket.
European countries are complaining of
tho increased number of old maids. Next
to grass widows the old maids now. con
stitute the largest part of the old world
Chicago has at last found a' legitimate
reason for civilized man's settling in its
neighborhood. The death rate for 1902 ha
reached the low water mark of 13. 8S. Ture
water and hard work did lt.
Andrew Langdon, president of the Buf
falo (N. T.) Historical society,, has pre.
sented to that city a copy of the bronta
statue of David, by Michael Angclo, which
will be erected In one of Buffalo's parks.
Five American ambassadors to foreign
courts are graduates of Harvard. They are
Joseph H. Choate, Horace Pdrtnr, Charle
magne Tower, George Von 1 Meyer, Bol
lamy Storer, who represent the United
States respectively at London, 'Paris, St.
Petersburg, Rome and Vienna.
A m. sstve and costly monument to mark
the last resting place of Bret ' Harte has
Just been erected In Frlmley' church yard.
Surrey. England. His grave is in the north
eastern part of tbe church yard (nd around
It have been planted a number of young
fir trees. The monument consists of a mas
sive slab of white granite, weighing two
and a half tons, on which is placed a block
of AberdeenfgTfffilte; STgTiTnupward in the
form of 'a' cross. Simplicity' Itself is the
Inscription: "Bret Harte, AtiftV i5, 1847,;
May 6, 1902; Death Shall Reap. No, Braver
" V -
BITS OF WASHINGTON LIFE.
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
Senator Vest signalizes his approaching
retirement from public life by tendering to
the library of the University of Missouri a
bound copy of every public document which
has come to him during his twenty-four
years In the senate. The gift will embrace
volumes of the most valuable publica-
Issued by tne government in umi
I. iha nnllllnn la a ntnnltA set of
nine. " ' -
the Congressional Records, from the be
ginning of the government until this time,
the earlier numbers being now out or print,
and many historical, aclentiflc, agricultural
nd books upon other subjects, many 01
thich cannot now bo purchased anywhere.
"While I had the right to sell these
books," said Mr. Vest, "I do not. think it
nroDer. after my terra of office expires, to
appropriate to myself the proceeds of such
sale, as the Intention or the act ol con
gress was to furnish aenatora and repre-
entatlves with information which would
enable them to legislate properly. Under
the circumstances I thought the most ap
propriate disposition of these volumes was
donate them to the Btate university 01
Missouri, where 1.600 .young Mlssourlans
can obtain from them a complete history
our government and its workings."
much like to see Senator Knute Nelson
He, we know, la the biggest man In ths
government." Mr. Fitzgerald lost no time
in calling. Senator Nelson Into the Marble
room, and there the bride and bridegroom
were completely happy talking their native
tongue with the statesman from Minnesota,
A New England senator's fair constituent
Is enraged with him for not hurrying her
pension claim, reports the Washington
Post. She has written him a tart letter,
wherein she expresses herself In this terse
and picturesque fashion: .
"This beautiful government, for which
my husband gave his health and for which
we lost our home, requires a good wife and
mother months and years to keep swearing
and swearing to even her marriage and
other things too numerous to mention. I
wish the whole Pension department was
obliged to go, as I do, without their over
coats or decent underclothes. I wish
held the reins to keep their rightful pay
from them until they were purple as any
Of course, the senator will now "hump
himself" to secure this fair constituent a
Representative Fitzgerald of New York
had the pleasure of escorting a bride and
bridegroom "two constituents of 'mine,"
as he designated them about the city the
other day. They had coma o Washington
on a wedding trip from Brooklyn, and were
desirous of seeing all the slghta. After the
rounds bad been made Mr. Fitzgerald threw
out his chest with some pride that he could
make such an offer, and then remarked with
careless recklessness: "If you would like
to see the president of the United States I
will take you to the White House and in
troduce you. Not the slightest interest
was swakened by this offer. The bride
looked at the bridegroom with a quizzical
expression of Indifference, and the bride
groom waved the offer aside with a doubtful
shake of bis bead. "We don't know who
the president is," he declared In the broken
tits Us h af a ' Norseman, "but we would
Last winter Miss Alice Roosevelt was
compelled by her delicate health to decline
many social inyltations, but this season
she Is making up for lost time. The othe.
morning about 2 o'clock a solitary police
man was parading near the west gte of
tbe White House. Tbe rain was coming
down in torrents and to cheer himself the
officer was humming, "Alice, Where Art
Thou T" A nasser-by hailed him. "Oh, Miss
Alice Is out again," said tbe policeman.
"and I have-to wait until she comes bome,
for this gate can never be closed till all
the family are In the house. More's the
ftlty, she h out nearly every night now.'
A vinegary old woman called Senator
Morgan to the Marble rovm to ask about
As tbe senator stood talking to her he no
ticed Bcnator Mason chatting gayly with
half a dozen young women.
"How l lt, Barney," asked Senator Mor
gan plaintively of Assistant 8ergeant-at
Arms Layion, after his visitor had left
"that I hsve'ta see all the old hens when
alttsoa sees Uu vuu cLickat
IHIUHO HF.MAKKS. '
"Where are you going for the winter?" ,
"Nnvh... T nan opt .nnilph nt 1, hnr.
Cleveland Plain Iealer., ... ..V.
Her Friend Didn't -you clay an engage
ment at Saratoga last summer?
Soubrette Oh. yes. ThaJ was with Archie
Fllpchap. Poor fellow! He thought lt was
serious. Chicago Tribune.
"Do you take" this internally?'.' asked
the customer as he out the bottle In- hla
(pocket and handed over tho change.' ,
- Me f saia tne arugglst s np' ,nssifant.
"Great Scott, no! I soil ftr" PlilladelDhla
Press.- ' it. V t .'
'My wife was nearly scared to death Inst
night," sold Jinks. ' Jim before going to
bed we discovered fire In the house."
Lucky man! exclaimed Jenks. "In the
oook stove or .the heaterf Indianapolis
Sun.. , , . . ..','-...- -. ' , : ;
"Yes. father, when I a-raduate I am s-olns-
to follow my literary bent and , write lor
money." - - - . j :
Humon. John! yon oue-hf to be success
ful. That's all you did the four years you
spent in college." Punch Bowl..
"'I he -such a poor shot, then?"
"Poor shot!" exclalrm! Dnnirwroim Dan
scornfully. "Well, rather. Why, say, I'd
lust ae soon have him shoot at me when
he's sober as when he's drunk." Chicago
'It's all your own fault." exclaimed the
deacon to the minister who was complain
ing that his salary was not large enouxh.
il you oon t get enougn to pay you (or
the sermons you preach you have onlv to
shorten the sermons." washlnjrton Star.
tVh.w!" Yeln1mfi1 M,i.,1 Hhol'a t.
tnatti-r with thin mince pie?" '
".-oining,- replica ma wire, who was a
Vila rlhhnn.p I .nil.. 1 . , .
....... .. . . . " . . i . . . i jvjmr iiMi.iinrs
recipe, except where It called for brandy.
I nut root beor 111 tnftteuil "lhlln,l.,l.ht.
- . . -.-.-.-A '....
CI'VDEKKI.lA OSt SKATES. '
Minna. TrH n a In Kw VnrV Tim..
In a worn satin hood and a shabby old
A n rl a Hr.B. that haft Intiff ho.n .man
Apart from the girls In their, (fathers ami
She uuletly skated alone.
They laughed at the quaint little figure
sne made, -And
cashed her with erlances of acorn. '
'Till she darted away like a swallow that
The Infinite blue of the morn. v
As swift as an arrow rhe gracefully sped
un tne imooui, snining noor or t tie lake,
Leaving crosnes and stars, and thu lines
of her name
On the glittering ice In her wake.
The sunt woolen skirt In Us shortness
The trimmest of fairylike feet.
And the fur-bordered hood was a frame
for her face
That was as pink as a rose and as sweet.
The lads as they looked left the circle of
To follow the faded blue hood.
And the tallest came forward to walk with
Through the shadows and snow of thu
He wedded the lass, and In sables and silks
Bhe rides In her carriage today,
But hs tenderly treasures a blue qulltt d
With a moth-eaten border of gray.
Every Day's Delay
means added danger to your heal is end
We provide glasses to meet every defect
of vision and our charges are moderate.
J. C.IIUTESOPi & CO.,
SIS & Ilia Street, ' eVMioa aci..'
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