Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1903)
THE OMATTA DAILY BEE: FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, 1003.
I -: '
Tie umaha Daily Bee.
E. P.OSEWATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Dally Be (without Sunday), One Year. M OO
laJly Bee and Humlay, One Year JOO
illustrated Bee. one Year J
tatuniay Bee, 'one Year 50
.wentletn century trraC., " L,nol t). rharirp. assorting that
UEL1 VKRKD BY CAKR1LR.
tally Bee (without Sunday), per copy... ;
.Pf X"rJLZl .Kit wYiS
- ....-"...b .... ie I i
l.venlng Bee (without Sundny), per week o
evening Bee ilncluJlng (Sunday). Pr
Complaint! "of Irregularities In Jever
should be addressed to City Circulation V-
Omaha The Bee Building. ,
South Omaha-:ity Hall Building, Twenty-fifth
and M Streets.
Council Bluffe-lu Pearl Street.
Chicago )4 Unity Building.
New York-aat Bark Row BulMlng.
Washington "1 fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to news
Itorlal matter should be addressed. Omana
l.ee. Editorial Leparlment.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, DouRlas County, "
publishing compiiny. being duly s worn, i rays
t a 1,120
is ...... ...... 'ut0
l ess unsold and returned copies.... u,io
- at f 114'.4-t I
. . I
Net tvrlltlM,!M!!!!!!M!,.' w,4j
GEORGE B. TZflCHUCK,
a..k.eikaii Im mv Ttgttnr! nd flwom tO
I . for m this 31t day or "mD"L,S- "
lit 12. M. B. HUNOATh,
Heal) Notary Public.
No wonder the conl man usually car
ries a side line of Ice.
Like the street car, the legislative
bill hopper bears the sign, "Always
loom for one more."
If the tariff alone Is responsible for
the trusts, the conl trust ought to col-
lapse forthwith. But will It?
If It Is left to a vote of the Filipinos,
Governor Taft will stay in the Thlllp-
(hat the actual numner ui
.eta copies of The Dally. Morning, Even
ing and Sunday Bee printed during tne
. ..T.k nr l r.mhr ii2. was as follows:
pines as long as the present form of possible safeguard, be desires to thor
irovernlng the Islands is maintained. oughly understand what he can do and
The railroad attorneys are protesting
Bjaln against the assessment of railroad
property for city taxation on the same
basis aa other prftperty. That 4 what
t liey are paid for,
Chief of Police Donahue draws the
line at dealers lu futures and options
who call tnemseives --clairvoyants, me
next thing he will be after the preach
ers and bucket shop men.
The legislatures of several states are
Just now engaged in doing tlicig utmost
to convince doubting people that the
election of United States senators by
direct vote has become an Imperative
Apostle Heed Smoot has landed on the
r.omlnation for the United States senate
from Utah with both feet The other
senators down at Washington may not
like his compuny, but they will not be
!! to hpln tlitMusoIvcs.
The action of the German Reichstaz
in adopting resolutions directed against
the Standard Oil company Is perhaps
Intended to be notice to Mr. Rockefeller
to plant a little of his money in endow
ments for German universities.
The usual number of legislators who
want to achieve notoriety by , Intro-
ductus freak bills are manifesting them-
Kt-lves In various legislatures now In
session. Fortunately the freak bills
seldom go beyond the Introduction
It Is good to have the governor of Ala -
nania uenounce ij-ncuiug m siuu vigor-
ous terms In his message to fhe legls-
lature, but tt would be much better If
the southern states would do more to re-
press the lynching habit by practice
rather than preaching.
Judging by the number and va
rlety of bills Introduced at the very out
ret of the session, the people of Ne
braska must be convinced that they
have been governed very poorly Indeed
and that everything is out of kilter and
needs meuding very badly.
Real Estate exchange men say they
pre encouraged at the prospects of rev-
i nue legislation In accordance with their
recommendations. But they must not
h't their encouragement make them
neglectful. The only way to secure the
legislation Imperatively demanded Is to
Ueep everlastingly after it
The management of the St. Louis ex
position Is losing no chance to make
hay while the sun shines at the national
live stock convention. The territory
comprised In the states carved out of
the Louisiana purchiie constitutes the
jreatest live stock country of the world,
tnd f the live stock exhibit at St. Louis
does not outdo all others there will be
Delaware democrats offer to fuse with
.he antl-Addlcks rvpublican8?u au agree
ment to elect a rvpubllcuu to represent
Delaware in the I'uited States senate
for the loug term lu return for the elec
tion of a democrat for the short term.
Another epistle from Colonel Bryan will
be In order, showing this to be a plot
it the money power to capture the Dela
ware democracy for the reorgaulzers.
The fusion of Bryau democrats and
popullHts In the west is all right, but
any fusion of democrats and republicans
In the at l all wioug.
THK CHAHVK OF DIMCLICTIOB.
We have heretofore referred to the
charge of dereliction mmle against the
law officer of the government, chiefly
on the part of democrats, la regurd to
enforcing the anti-trust law. In the
United States senate on Wednesday
Senator Tollman, who Is a representa-
tive democrat at least of hla section,
" ' " ul... ' ,
prooi, pii-nuiiiKo ruuu unu
presented to the attorney general "warn
j i I-,- ui 4 K a x
lllK BUU Urglllg U1LU IU J'lum l iur yrrv-
pie against the Impending danger, but
he has sat quietly In his office and done
nothing." If this be true then indeed.
Attorney General Knox deserves un
qualified condemnation, but there Is no
evidence adduced to sustain the charge
and fnlr-mlnded men will not accept the
bare and unsupported statement of the
South Carolina senator, whose habit of
reckless assertion Is well known.
It Is the view of some thoughtless per
sons that as soon aa the coal situation
became menacing to the public interest,
or they received from some source a re
port setting forth the existence of a
conl combination, the law officers of the
cat",e tne arrest of coal operators, rall-
war managers and any other who might
be Implicated. For Instance, a New
orlt newspaper publisher sent to the
attorney general a statement charging
the existence of an Illegal combination
or conspiracy among railroads engaged
in transporting and , selling anthracite
conl an(l proffering evidence In support
of the charge. It was referred to the
United States district attorney In New
York with instructions to receive the
evidence and report to the Department
r TnaflnA Thtta aaa Vi T Tif a A
j v tt tinin.r, a mo rna inv int'ut i -v via
but because no suit has yet been brought
the attorney general has been criticised
for failure to perform his duty, though
those who do this know nothing of the
evidence and have no reason to suppose
that the United States district attorney
In New York and the officials of the De
partment of Justice are not prosecuting
a necessary investigation
Hasty action In a matter of this kind
would be most impolitic and unwise. It
was discussed a short time ago In the
United States senate and Senator
Spooner said that "Where a lawyer is
bringing suit against men with un
limited capital, who nave punt around
themselves, through the assistance of
most skillful and able lawyers, every
to thoroughly explore the whole situa-
tion before he puts the matter Into
cQurt. He wants to be reasonably cer-
taUi as a inwyer that he can succeed."
Senator Foraker of Ohio, an able law-
yer, said In regard to testimony pre
rented that the attorney eeneral would
t . t to MnmIne tt to th
&ct but he wou,d want ,f he thought
there was testimony to be bad that
would support the charges, , to examine
other questions. He would not only
look at it as to the sufficiency of testi
mony and as to Its availability, but he
would also have to consider Jurisdic
The charge of dereliction against the
attorney general of the United States
has nothing to support It and we be-
He Is wholly unwarranted, ne is an
ble lawyer and a conscientious public
official and there is not a reasonable
doubt that he Is faithfully performing
. wrrr nvn.. urn v n w .
The 8f,nflte committee on foreign re
latloD8 wln wPrt the Cubnn reciprocity
treaty, amended so as to guarantee that
there shall not be a further reduction of
the sugar duty, which la placed at 20
per cent and providing for a 40 per
cent reduction on American cattle ex
ported to Cuba Instead of 20 per cent
There will perhaps be no objection on
the part of the Cuban government to the
first amendment but it may not be dis
posed to concede so large a reduction
on our cattle. It is the expectation of
I tne Cubans to develop cattle raising as
an' important industry of the Island,
1 which la practicable, so that It Is quite
probable they will view so large a re-
auction 0f the duty on cattle as likely
to be unfavorable to the building up of
their own Industry,
However, this one amendment to the
treaty will hardly prove an obstacle to
Its ratification by Cuba, since there Is
chance for a compromise. The prospect,
therefore, Is to be regarded as favorable
for the early establishment of closer
commercial relations between the
United States and the young republic,
with results which It Is confidently ex
pected will be mutually advantageous.
There Is talk of an effort on the part
0f Bome of the democrats of the senate
to defeat ratification, by a resort to
filibustering, but It Is doubtful If a suffl
clent number of them can be Induced
to take this course to prevent rati flea
The statement that the president Is
growing Impatient at the delay in tbe
canal negotiations with Colombia Is not
surprising. The vacillating course of
that country In the matter has been well
calculated to produce such a feeling or
even one of Irritation. At the outset
the Colombian government manifested
the most earnest desire to have the
United States take the Panama canal
aud complete Its construction. It pro
fessed a willingness to make any fair
aud reasonable concession which this
government might require. But as soon
as congress had expressed a preference
for the Panama route, by the passage
of the bill giving authority to the pres
ident to negotiate for tt, the Colombian
government experienced a change of
feeling and the efforts to conclude nego
tiations uiou teruis which the United
States can accept have been fruitless.
President Itooscvelt Is anxious to have
the trithmlan canal matter disposed of
Ix-fore the close of the reoent congress
and it Is stated that U Columbia does
not speedily come to terms he will nego
tiate a treaty with Nicaragua and Costa
Rica, which could be done, It Is under
stood, without delay. It Is probable.
therefore, that the question whether tlie
United States shall build the Tanama or
the Nicaragua canal will be determined
within the next three or four weeks.
It would be a disappointment to a ma
jority of our people Interested In an Isth
mian canal if the l'nnama route should
have to be abandoned, but our govern-
ment cannot submit to any exactions or
to conditions that would unduly limit its
authority over the canal and the neces-
sary contiguous territory.
It has been said that the attitude of
Colombia Is due to German Influence,
but the German Foreign office has
taken the trouble to deny this state
ment, as obviously absurd as some
others regarding German designs in this
THE THREE KSSKZtTlALS. j
As the basic principle for the proposed
compulsory municipal ownership bill, its
godfather assures us three things are
1. The enforcement of the right
purchase the plant
2. Keeping the enterprise out
8. That none but honest and com
petent men be appointed as appraisers.
This Is about as practical as William
J. Bryan's proposition that the standard
dollar should have the same purchasing
power at all times and under all cir
cumstances. It Is an old adage that
you can bring a horse to water, but you
can't always make him drink. We
have the right to acquire the water
plant, but It is another matter to com
pel a community to exercise that right
whether the conditions are favorable or
unfavorable to It.
To keep the water works out of
politics by conferring upon the governor
the power to appoint the appraisement
commission is to presume that governors
have no political affiliations or political
aspirations. ironing nncKwara at
governor-appointed nonpartinan police
commissions, governor-appomiet. uou-
partisan normal school boards and
boards of charities, we discover names
of very prominent politicians, and we
And ourselves face to face with some of
me most rotten aeais in pontics mat
nave ever aisgracea eorasKS,
Dm tne most cuuuiiKe ana niana propo
sition Is the assumption that we can
create strictly honest and competent
men by law. On that point we feel
sure the Real Estate exchange com
mittee to whom the compulsory pur
chase bill has been referred will have
no difficulty In reaching positive con
elusions. The mill to convert dogs into
sausages j was patented years ago,
but the device to grind out honest men
by passing themt through the legislative
hopper Is yet to be discovered. If any
man can Improvise that kind of a mill
hU fortune Is made.
PUBLISH THl IXVEXTORY.
At least once each year every well
managed business bouse takes an Inven
tory of Its tangible property to enable
It to make a correct balance, sheet. The
same business methods should be ap
plied to public corporations. The tax-
payers of .Omaha, South Omaha and
ti,o-1q mimtr who BOT-ornllr nnd
Jointly constitute the business firm for
whom the Board of County Commis
sioners, the respective mayors and city
councils and school boards are the man
agers, have a right to demand that an
Inventory be taken at the beginning of
each year or tne tangible assets or tne
county, .city and school district.
These exhibits of tangible property
should be given the widest publicity
through 'the press, so that the people
may know periodically what materials
and properties are held in trust by their
nt.ll rBntH Vor pi amnio: ThA
people 01 uougius county uave a ngui
to know bow many grading machines.
teams and tools the county owns. They
ought to know how much furniture
owned by the county Is in the court
house and how mucn at the county
poor farm, the character and quantity
of supplies the county carries in Its
storehouse and other Institutions under
direct control of the county.
The taxpayers of Omaha ought to
know what machinery, engineering In-
strumenta, furniture and tools, etc., the
city owns In the various departments, as
well as tbe number of horses, fire en-
glnes, fire hose and other fire apparatus
f it . . . - ' . , t
in the custody of the fire department.
and what otner cnauei property me city
may have on hand In each of tbe de
A like exhibit should be made by the
respective school boards. The people
have a 'right to know how many school
books are now in ' use In the various
public schools and bow many In the
High school library, what apparatus In
the laboratory and what materials of
every description subject to the control
of the school board Is on hand, and
what Quantity In the school board
The taking of these Inventories would
Impose considerable labor on the cler-
leal force aud custodians, but by rights
that should be part of their duty.
The omnibus public building bills at
Washington have suggested omnibus
public building bills at Lincoln. Omni
bus building bills ore iiernlcious, de
moralizing and dangerous. They foster
extravagance and jobbery and become
a source 01' legislative corruption in
directly by making members tie up to
support measures and appropriations In
conflict with their conscientious con
victions simply because there is some
pork In that barrel for their constitu
VI Inston l hurchill, the . brilliant
novelist, who happens to be a member
of the New Hampshire legislature.
wants a law euactnl by bis mate that
will compel the reading of the constftu-
tlon of the United States and the con
stitution of New Hampshire In every
public school once a year. This Is Just
about as rational as would be the enact
ment of a law requiring children of all
the kindergartens to be able to recite
the Declaration of Independence by
heart. It Is doubtful whether BO per
cent of the member of American state
legislatures. Including those of New
Hampshire and Nebraska, have ever
read the whole constitution of the
United States or that of their own state.
The Postofflee department has an-
nounced its determination to establish
n mor nnl free delivery routes over
raa8 lnM require tne payment 01 turn
P,Ke t0"8- ltur&' "ee oonvery nas ex
erted an important influence for the
good roads movement and If It serves to
hnsten the abolition of the turnpike
toll roads still remaining in different
parts of the country it will be entitled
to anoiner credit mark. uen it comes
to K'vlng up rural free delivery or giving
nn private toll roads, we may be sure
that free delivery will have the prefer
ence if the people themselves are al
lowed to decide.
In order to placate competing candi
dates for the United States attorney
ship, Nebraska Is to be divided into
two federal Judicial districts, although
there Is scarcely business enough to
keep one court grinding A few years
enter the race for the district attorney
ship congress will doubtless be asked to
divide the state Into four districts. No
wonder hogs grow spontaneously on
every bush in Nebraska.
Ex-Speaker Sears seems to be imbued
with the strange Idea that the state
should try to clear up its debts before
plunging headlong into additional ex
pense for new state institutions and
new buildings. Mr. Sears must be labor
lng under the delusion that the state's
buglneBS Bhould run on the Bame
bu8,nesg principles as a private business
deadlv blow RtrHk -t thft
Iong.naIred( battle-scarred swashbuckler
by a bm ntrodnced In the lower hoU9e
of the iPiRiBtllP(, nrntin.r imnn
a flne and imprisonment for carrying
concealed weapons on second convic-
tlo Gatllne mins and navr revolver
as side arms are of course to be priv
Stse of the Dally Sqneese.
It is estimated that the coal-consuming
public Is now being done to the extent of
13,000,000 per . day. . Who la getting the
Another ffoghorn Retired.
General A. J. Warner of Ohio is another
of the leaders In the free silver movement
who finds In the greatly Increased produc-
tion of gold and the rising. tendency in
prlcea a present satisfaction of the esson
tlal demands of that 'movement. Silver re
monetizatlon, he says, is no longer an issue,
Beyond Reach of Change.
New. York Bun,
The Hon. George rred Williams of Ded-
ham, Mass., has founded a party which he
calls "The People's Rules." The rules are
these: Initiative and referendum, public
ownership of municipal utilities, restriction
of "government by injunction." No matter
I nw many new parties may De tormea, Mr,
Williams will continue to be the same old
Tribute to Governor Taft.
The demonstration, made by the Filipinos
in protest against the proposed retirement
of Governor Taft Is a flattering tribute to
nlm as a man and to the United States as
I a colonial power. Our new colonial service
htt8 Rne far t0 Justify Itself when natives
so recently In Insurrection rise up not to
rebel against our rule, but to oppose the
plan for the wlthdrawal of our governor.
The incident Is one that should reassure
our anti-lmperiallsts and reconcile them to
Ue continued occupation of the Philippine
Improving? the Schools,
New York Tribune.
The common school system has been the
boast of Americans, but enlightened teach
era are waking ud to the fact that our
progress has not kept pace with our pride
We have been developing fads, but wehav
not developing lo proper measure ex-
whlch would make th, ,reat My of bojr,
an,i girn efficient and useful men and
women In the spheres of life In which they
w, be P,aced- " u one of the most
Important questions which can face the
state, and the governor will do a great I '
Bervlce if he can indicate how the central
authority can within reasonable limits ot
expense make our common schools more
efficient Instruments for the development
of cnaracter .nd the tralnln, of chndren
for practical life.
Expansion of American Capital.
American capital is not yet adequate for
the country's Industrial opportunities and
needs, and a good deal of foreign capital
will long be Invested here. But In the last
few years we have taken up a good part of
ur obligations to Europe, and the amount
mei-t abroad is an Important Item In the
world's finance. Consular reports have di
rected attention to tbe Investment of $300,
000,000 or more United States capital In
Mexico, a large majority of whose railroads
are controlled in this country, and to tbe
Imposing list of American Investments la
Canada. American capital la developing
Cuba and our Insular acqulaltlons, seeking
gas works In Japan and Paris and contest
lng with Itself for the control of London
latrodnrtloa of Fake Caatlea.
Some of our millionaires, In building
hi hmuH irfl hnthered. no doubt, to And
,rchltecturai atyiea which suit them. One
thing, however, they ought never to do,
and that la to build an imitation In whole
or In part of some European castle dating
back to the middle agea. Nothing could
be more absurd in an architectural sense
than tbe Importation of the castle style
Into America; for the castle waa the ape-
clal outgrowth of feudal conditions ot war
fare and It has no reason for existence to
day except as It may survive to tell Its
own hlatorv in the lands that developed It
But more than that. The Introduction of
I fake castles Into America, to emphasize the
social Importance ot their millionaire build
era Is excrutlatingly vulgar, abnormally
snobbish and disgustingly alien 10 the air
ROl D AltOtT SEW YORK.
Ripples on the Current of l.tfe la the
The tax roll for 190J, Just completed by
the assessors, gives New York taxpayers
the aeverpet Jolt experienced In a genera
tion. Values have been boosted nrarly f0
per cent. In round numbers, the Intrenso
In the real estate asossmrnt Is $1.42i!.0OO,
OOO, while the personalty aseessmcnt Is
'.i36.000.000 higher than that of last year.
Vnder the plan of assessment at full value
taxpayers are assured that taxes will be
reducpd In proportion to the inrrensrd as
sessment, but. If newspaper comment re
flects the sentiment of the town, very few
axpayers bank on the professions of the
officials. The Sun In a double-leaded roar
pronounce the assessment an attack on
real property but little removed from con
fiscation. The personal assessment rolls contain
some Interesting figures of the reputed
value of the personal property of well
known men. For Instance, Andrew Carne
gie's assessment of $ri.000.0nn Is the highest
on the rolle, and Is Just twice that of John
D. Rockefeller. John Jacob Astor and
Russell Sago come next with $2."0(t.00
each. Howard Gould Is let off with J.iiO.OOO,
while the assessment of J. P. Morgan Is
placed at $600,000. Charles M. Schwab Is
on the rolls for 1500,000, Reginald Vander
bllt for $350,000, August Belmont for a like
amount and Cornelius Vanderbllt for
Among the local politicians w. B.
Devery Is down for $'0,000 and Jonn .
Carroll for $100,000. Mayor Low Is the
wealthiest of the city officials, his asfess
ment being $57,000. Richard Canfteld's
personal property Is valued at $100,000.
Among those not taxed by reason ot naving
. . . . . ,
sworn on tneir taxes on ip- sruunu u
being nonresidents are Richard Croker of
Wantage, Hermann Oelrlchs, William Wal
dorf Astor, George J. Gould and klbrldge
The real estate assessments are also es
pecially Interesting this year, as they show
presumably the full value of familiar prop
erties. Conspicuous Increases In this year's
assessments are euch cb the Hotel Savoy,
hlch is raised from $1,000,000 to $2,200,000;
the Manhattan hotel, from i,ou,u"u to
$2,200,000; tho New Netherlands, $1,000,000
to $2,200,000; the Herald building, $1,000,000
to $1,800,000, and the Hanover bank, $1,200,
000 to $2,750,000.
The new Macy store is put down as
worth $6,000,000. Tho Carnegie mansion
and grounds are assessed at $2,000,000. The
Astor house goes up from $2,000,000 to s.i,-
000,000. The new Fuller building la valued
at $2,500,000. and the new Stock exchango
at $4,600,000. The Metropolitan club goes
up from $950,000 to $1,500,000 and tne
Metropolitan Opera house from $1,435,000
to $2,165,000. Delmonlco's Is doubled and
Sherry's Increased 60 per cent.
The lessee of a New York hotel who
thought he had earned enough to retire
from business aud enjoy his fortune In
leisure recently had an offer for his rights
. t i 1 i 1 1 l..ll i. t fink
in ma easiness m v-
a consultation with hla attorneys he settled
on $8,000,000 as a reasonable sum. There
was no formal consent, to sell for that
amount, but that was tho figure that seemed
Just aftef a hurried view of the situation.
There came from the intending purchasers
an intimation that they were willing to do
business Immediately on that basis. Luck
ily nothing definite was done until the
lawyers set out to make a more thorough
investigation as to the value of the prop
erty based on the Income It yielded an
nually. On that basis the hotel was vastly
more" valuable than It had at first been
considered. The proprietor's personal profit
for the last eight years bad averaged $1,
000,000.' In view of these profits, tbe price
placed on the hotel was Increased to a
figure which It was quite Impossible for the
syndicate to pay. In view of the large
amount he found himself to be earning
annually, the proprietor was quite satisfied
to remain in harness a few years longer.
A retail merchant of New York has had
hla lesson. He believed that he had a
right to abuse bis employes as the fit took
him. He told a young woman to hand him
a box of hosiery. She gave him the wrong
box. He threw it at her and struck her
on the side. Then he took a hammer and
threatened to kill her with It. He Btruck
her with his fist and Bhoved ber-against the
wall. She sued for $2,000 damages. The
Jury gave It to her with less than ten min
utes' consultation. It is said they would
have given her a much larger sum If abe
had asked for It.
The honored name of President McKlnley
has been bestowed upon an Institution
which Is to wage war on Indigestion. The
recently chartered McKlnley Memorial hos
pital Is for tbe treatment and cure of dis
eases of the digestive organs. Said one of
the originators: "There Is certainly a field
white for the harvest. Diseases of the
digestive organs are an American falling,
and a systematic effort must be made to
check the Inroads of gastric troubles. It
la desirable that scientific research should
be directed In these channels."
INCREASE IN JIDGES SALARY.
Difference la the Meaanrea Pending;
In Con area.
An increase in the salaries of United
States judges ought to be made by con
gress, and there appears to be a strong
probability of snch action. . The senate
passed a bill making the salary of the
chief justice of the United States $13,000
and that of each associate Justice $12,500.
The house judiciary committee agrees to
that part of the bill, but cut down the
salaries of circuit and district judges from
$7,500 and $6,230 agreed to by the senate
to $7,000 and $6,000, which would be an
increase of $1,000 each over the present
salaries. If tbe difference between tbe
tiro houses does not defeat any legislation
It will be fortunate. An increase Is badly
needed, and if it is only $1,000 tbat would
be much (letter than the existing rates
Tbe amount fixed by tbe aenate for the
circuit and district judges was not too
much, but the cut made by the bouse com
mlttee Is not very large.
Tbe lord high chancellor of England re
ceives $30,000 a year and the three lords
of appeal and the master of tbe rolls $30,000
each. The lord chief justice receives a
salary of $40,000, while various other Judges
Including tne fourteen on the queens
bench, receive $25,000. Such salaries are
not expected In this country, but tho
United States can well afford to pay rea
sonably well. A Judge In New Jersey re
cently resigned because he could not live
satisfactorily on a $9.0'i0 salary, which la
$4,000 more than la paid to the district
Judge of the United States. The judges
of the. supreme court in New York City
receive $17,500 each and the judges of suh
ordinate courts In that city receive twice
as much as Is r1'! to circuit Judges of the
No aenslble person favors what might be
called large salaries for United States
judges, but the amount agreed upon in the
senate bill Is not large, but only sufficient
to enable these' judges to live In a re
spcctable manner soJ leave something for
their families when they die. The house
of representatives ought to pass tbe senate
bill, but an agTeemtnt even on tbe house
bill will be a great Improvement ovir th
existing situation. .
FIfil HUG on 1004.
Democrat le rnlrnlatlona Pat Through
It Is a far cry to the presidential elec
tion of 1904, but some democrats are figur
ing on the outlook and constructing tables
of electoral votes showing how a demo
cratic president might be elected. The fol
lowing Is one of these tablea with the ad
dition of the republican pluralities given In
1900 and 1902 In the states outside the
south, that must be carried to enable the
democrats to obtain a majority In the elec
Rep. Pluralities. Blectnral
West Virginia 21.022 12,763
Total electoral vote.
Add solid south
Necessary to a choice.
Democratic. 1901 plurality.
It needs only a glance to show what a
strained calculation this hi. Only two of
the states mentioned outside the south
went democratic In 1902 and trey were
Rhode Island and Nevada, with a total elec
toral vote of only seven. The latter alone
went democratic In 1900. The attempt to
argue that because most of these states
gave smaller republican pluralities In 1902
than they did In 1900 they are drifting to
ward the democratic party la to forget all
previous premises. The same states gave
smaller republican pluralities In 1898 than
they did In 1896, but they all swung Into
line again In 1900.
In the table of states there Is probably
only one that is likely to go democratic In
1904, and that Is Nevada, with three elec
toral votes. But, taking the table aa it
stands, the fllmBy basis on which It Is
built la readily discernible. At the most
It gives only ten democratic majority In ths
electoral college. The loss of Connecticut
and Delaware, or of West Virginia and Ne
vada, would make a tie and throw the
election Into the house of representatives.
Either New. Jersey's or Indiana's vote
would defeat the democratic candidate. In
fact the construction of such a table re
veals the weakness of the democratic out
look. An attempt to figure out a possible
chance for the election of a democratic
president In 1904 is like a child's house ot
cards. It falls to pieces at a touch.
Vast Improvements Projected by tbe
The plans of some of the leading railroads
of the country are fairly eloquent In tbelr
significance as bearing upon the industrial
outlook for the present year and the con
tinuance of tbe prosperity of the year Just
closed. During 1903 the New York Central
management of the Boston A Albany rail-
roail wiU Bpend $4,000,000 for grade cross-
. .,i im,m,. Th.
York Central also will expend about $25,-
000,000 upon the reconstruction of Its termi
nal In New York City, and. Included In this,
will be the cost of Installing electric Instead
of steam service within 'the city limits and
suburbs. The Union and Southern Paciflo
companies will spend $40,000,000 in reducing
grades, shortening lines and adding to their
transportation facilities. The Pennsylvania
company la to begin next month upon eon
structlon contracts amounting to $50,000,000,
neludlng the terminal In New York, the
enlargement of buildings and yards In Pitts
burg and the erection of the new union sta
tion In Washington.
The appropriation of this large sum ot
about $120,000,000 by four railroad compa
nles alone, to which millions more must be
added to completely represent the plana of
all the railroad companlea for the Increase
of their capacity to move the already con
gested accumulations of fuel, grain, lumber,
Iron and steel, and make ready to handle
the product of this year, shows that not
only they have confidence In the continuance
of the prosperity which made last year such
a noteworthy Industrial one, but that the
logic of the situation warrants them In
these heavy outlays.
Expenditures upon so large a scale mean
an Increased consumption of material, an
Increased demand for labor, and, naturally.
a largely Increased distribution ot wages.
The last item means a higher standard ot
living. It also means an increase of gen
eral business, for a large share of wages
goes to the retailers, and what helps tbe
retailer helps tbe wholesaler, and what
helps the wholesaler helps the mill and the
railroad. In all directions. Indeed, the
promises are bright for another prosperous
It Is the good fortune of the new German
ambassador to have an American wife. An
American wife Is a mascot tor any Euro
Captain Francis Marion Schell, the fa
mous scout and plainsman, has Just died.
He took the Drat wagon train to California
in the gold excitement of 1849,
Slgnor Marconi, the Inventor of wireless
telegraphy, is said to have discovered
method by which oxygen may be extracted
from air at very slight expense.
There are three living ex-secretaries of
war In the United States senate Mr. Proc
tor of Vermont. Mr. Elktna of West Vir
ginia and Mr. Alger of Michigan.
Mrs. Betsey M. Stevens, the surviving
sister of the late General Benjamin F,
Butler, has Just celebrated her 95th birth-
day at tbe old homestead at Nottingham.
Senator Aldrich of Rhode Island ran short
of coal the other day and was compelled
to replenish bis bins from tbe village of
Centerville, some distance from his home.
Tbe coal cost him $15 a ton, with $3 a ton
added for cartage.
There is no more enthusiastic hunter In
either branch of congress than Senator
Burton of Kansaa. He has trophies to
prove his skill in the chase. While In
Hawaii last summer he enjoyed some royal
port after the wild hoars there.
Billiard experts In congress yield the palm
to Senator Mallory of Florida, whose work
with the cue Is of the highest order. Only
Congressman Cochran of Missouri and Con
gressman. Lanbam of Texas are aupposed to
be In his class, and both concede the Florida
man's superior skill.
A recently appointed second lieutenant
In the army on his first public appearance
at one of the president's receptions had
some .difficulty with his sword and tripped
over It several times while he was In tbe
line. It got between his legs and dangled
about In a most perplexing way. "Young
man," said Major General Corbln In a most
kindly manner, "tbat thing you are wear
ing Is a sword, not a hurdle."
During tbe speech of Senator Nelson ot
Minnesota against tbe admission of Okla
homa, New Mexico and Arizona as states
the senator said that 60 per cent of the
population of New Mexico la Spanish and
Mexican. Delegate Kodey of New Mexico,
who was listening to the speech, scribbled
a note and sent it to Nelson. It said:
"Dear Senator I recently had occasion to
Inquire Into tbe matter, and, much to my
surprise, I find that 57 per cent of tbe
population of Minnesota ia Norwegian. How
on earth did that alate get lot"
CHECKMQ DRIFT TO CITIES.
Rleetrleltr Working; a Traaaformatloa
In Conn try I.I fe.
Country life is becoming more attract
ive, and It la probable that the census ol
1910 will show a material check in the drift
of population to the cities. The weat.
Iways most progressive, exhlhlta more ot
the modern movement to etimint h
Isolation and uncouthness of country life
than does the staid east, but even there It
Is notable. And In tho new states, having
vast areas yet unsettled, the modern agen
cies or communication and comfort closely
follow the frontiersman, who complain
that the world Is growing too small.
Oregon. It Is believed. Introduced the
barbed-wire telephone to clvlllaatlon, but
the device Is now widely used, both east
and west, and the service ie being rapidly
extended. The substitution of wire for
wood fences Is a great promoter of this
modern convenience. But It Is to be ob
served that the farm fence Is made to do
telephone duty only where the expense ot
regular telephone lines would he burden
some. In many sections tho density of
population and prosperity of the people
require regularly equipped telephone sys
tems for the service of the farmers, and the
farms have tbelr own little systems con
necting stock barn, granary, spring houee
and back lot with dwelling. Instead of
trudging miles In the dust and heat of
summer, and mud or snow and cold ot
winter, to the country postofflee for the
weekly mall, the farmer may now And his
paper and letters at his gate dally.
Through telephone and mall delivery the
fanners may keep as closely In touch with
the world aa the city dweller. The young
folka also get companionship In this way,
and the duties of the farm are relieved
But the east wind's moan Is not
emptier than a lover's kiss by telephone,
and the spreading lines of trolleys add a
material factor to the growing popularity
of country life. They make It easy te
get about, for the people to come In busi
ness and social contact, and for the va
riety of Intercourse that adds charm to
life. The young folks find here relief
from the hard conditions that have so often
made the farm life a prlBon from which
almost any escape was welcome. Tho
trolley car glvee quick and cheap trans
portation for people and produce, and It
Is reaching far across country and carry
ing light and prosperity to the homea that
have been burled In the deep, dense coun
try. Electricity Is working most of the trans
formation in country life. The telephone
and trolley car carry city convenienses to
distant farm homes, and In some cases
the residences and barns are lighted by
the electrlo glow. The dally poatman.
however. Is the pioneer In modernizing most
localities, and the taste ot progress which
he gives sets on foot agencies that cure
the country ot the disabilities It has long
labored under, without reducing Its na
tive charm "and usefulness. The process
will In time relieve the congestion of cities
and make the country populous and fruit
ful. It will give our civilization a better
balance and contribute Immeasurably to
the vigor and stability of tha race.
FLASHES OF FUN.
Dalton How that English charaVlld laugh
at your Joke I e
Waller Yea; he must have heard It be
fore. Boston Transcript.
Rich I ao von have a silver watch now.
What did you do with your gold oneT
Short Got poor, and you Know circum
stance alter eaeos. Pennsylvania fundi
Ctty Friend In this house occurred New
York's most famous murder mystery.
Country coueln indeed 7 wnicn ao you
City Friend The one the police solved.
"What kind of a time did you have at
the party?" asked the old friend.
"First rate," answered Mr. Cumrox.
"You see, it waa a masquerade party, and
mother and the girls couldn't Identify mo
and criticise my grammar and deport
ment" Washington Star.
"How did you like that play of rural
"I7fs a fraud." answered Mr. Trullrural.
" 'Tain't true to nature. I understand all
them farm folks on the stage stays up
till 11 or 12 o'clock every night o' their
Uvea." Baltimore Herald.
"Success." I asserted, sagely, "to due to
our ax-curate Judgment of human nature."
"And," retorted the man who always
carries things to extremes, "to Its Inaccu
rate Judgment of us." Brooklyn Life.
Mrs. Gayman My husband resolved to
stop drinking on New Year's, but he didn't
keep his pledge long.
Mrs. Newbrlde My hueband made the
same resolution and he Isn't having any
trouble at ail. He Just eats cloves every
time he feels like taking a drink. Phila
Wife Don't you think you might manage
to keep house alone for a week while 1
go off on a visit?
Husband I guesa so; yes, of course.
Wife But won't you be lonely and miser
able? Husband Not a bit.
Wife Then I won't go. New Tork
"I am glad to note," aatd the friend,
"that gambling la a vice that has no
temptation for you."
"None whatever," answered Senator
Sorghum. "1 am unable to find any excuse
for a man's risking hla money when there
are ao many sure thliiKe lying around bog
ging for attention." Washington Star.
"WAIT TILL YOU'RE DEAD."
W. D. Nesblt In Chicago Tribune.
You grieve because men do not seem
To understand your worth?
Because the good you try to do
Remains unknown on mint
I Because no laurel fits your brow.
Or bay entwinee your neaaf
Twill all be yours one of these days
Walt till you're dead.
It aaddens you because your faults
Are blazoned to tha skies.
While all your virtues mem to be
Uased on by stfc-htiesa eyes?
Why worry over euch a thing?
Why not rejoice, Instead,
Because of all the coming fame?
Walt till you're dead.
Folks do not understand your plans, '.
Appreciate your deeds?
They do not laud you when you meet
Bome weaker brothor's needs?
They eo not say kind things of you?
No rose leavea for your lied?
They'll prame you, all In goodly time
Wait till you re dead.
Walt till you're dead. They'll tell It then;
They'll chisel It in etone.
And put It In a chosen place,
Beoluded and alone.
Perhaps your splendid traits may all
In epitaphs be read
At any rate they'll stretch the truth.
Walt till you're dead.
Your Eyes May
I Keed It nadir. Why doa't yon
a-lve It to thruf Von put It off
front day to day. I yon know
tbe risk yon rnn f
J. C. HUTESON & CO.,
Ill S. Ida Btreet, Ptxtoa Black.
Powered by Open ONI