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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 13, 1903)
TTTE OMAHA DAILY PEEt TUESDAY, JANUAHY 13, 1003.
'Hie umaha Daily Bee
E. ItOBK WATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
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should b, addressed to City Circulation Da
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Etate of Nebraska, Dojglas County, ss:
0rge B. Tzsrhuck, secretary of 'I ha Bee
Publishing company, being duly iworn, ran
mat the actual number of full and com
plete copies of The Dally, Morning, Even
ing and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of December, lauz, waa aa muu.
.... aa.n so
I J SO.UTO
Leaa unsold and returned coplea..
Net total aalee 942.404
).et average aalea UU,40'A
GEORQE B. TZSC1IUCK.
Subscribed hi my presence and sworn to
before me this 31st day of December, A. D.
1902. M. li. H UNGATE.
(Seal) . Notary Public.
The city assessment roll will now
Lave to run the gauntlet of the Board
It has been pretty cold the last few
days, but It has not been cold enough to
warrant a requisition on the memories
jf the oldest inhabitant.
L.X . I
If the Real Estate exchange would
Irgfiu Its tax reduction telescope on the
county building it would discover a very
large field for retrenchment
Omaha democrats will nominate their
candidates for city offices on Valentine's
day. Most of them If not all of them
are pretty sure to draw nothing but
Nebraska legislators have plenty of
recommendations before them. Respon
sibility for action, however, rests upon
the members of the two houses and can
not be shifted.
. Both ,.coal operators rand coal miners
have agreed on the statements of mln
era' wages submitted to the coal strike
arbitrators. But this Is the only thing
they have agreed on so far.
Just now Kansas Is represented in the
national legislature by two congress
men. The other five are at Topeka
watching the senatorial fight, in which
four of them are candidates.
The conference between President
Hurt and the Union Pacific machinists
and boiler makers In the month of Jan
uary will not be quite aa warm aa it
might have been In the month of July,
Mark It down that the railroads will
not pay any more taxes Into the city
treasury than they have to and the only
way to get them to bear their share of
the burdens of city government is to
force the issue.
Governor McMlllln of Tennessee thinks
all that Is necessary to curb the trusts
Is to appropriate more money to pay
lawyers to Invoke the courts to enforce
ment of existing laws. It is needless to
add that Governor McMlllln Is a lawyer,
The World-Herald warns democrats
gainst nominating a mlulon of the cor
porations for mayor. But when the
man the corporations most want la
placed at the head of the democratic
city ticket. It will swallow hi in without
County Commissioner Connolly is
planning a political suspension bridge
between the court house and the city
nan, wcicn win enable mm to cross
from the basement of the county build
ing to the mayor s otnee In the city
The latest objection to the proposed
merger of Ouutlia and South Omaha
that the stationery, soap and pepsin
labels and tin cans fubrlcated for the
packing houses Itear the Magic city
stamp and consequently would become
I drug on the houses In case of auuexa
,very governors message to every
legislative body now in session devotes
atteution to the questioun of revenue
revision and tax reform. The Issue Is
not confined to auy one state. Never
before have the people everywhere be
so thoroughly aroused to the necessity
for more equitable distribution of ta
burdens. 'Nebraska must not be the lust
to auswer the call.
President Custro of Venezuela is said
to be dlsappoluted that the I'ulted
States did not come to his help in keep
ing hU Kuroiwiiu creditors tit bay. lYes
ldent Castro -uu not have much con
fldence iu the validity of the offsets as.
serted against the Kurovnn clulms or
be would appreciate more the servU
renoereti uy iTesiueut uooseveit iu as
suring eu.ezueia an cpitortunlty to
have the whole case heard aud passe
upon by The Hague tribunal.
CUXORKSS LIKKLY TO ACT.
The Insistence of President Roosevelt
that there should be anti-trust legisla
tion by the present congress promises to
have the desired result. It Is assured
that au anti-trust bill will pnss the
house of representatives, based on the
plan submitted by Attorney General
Knox and having the support of the ad
ministration. The outlines of such a
measure have already been published
and have received pretty general com
mendation, though in the opinion of
some less drastic than the conditions re
quire. It is not the policy of the ad-
InlHtratlon, however, to adopt a revolu
tionary or destructive course in dealing
1th the combinations, the effect of
which would be injurious to the entire
Industrial system of the country, and it
s believed that intelligent public senti
ment Is in accord with this. Men who
ave given serious and unprejudiced
thought to the riucstlon recognize the
anger that might result from Its reck-
ss tree.tmcnt nud Incline to conserv
atism. They agree with Senator Hoar
hat It is wise to go slow, step by step,
st by rash and radical measures the
entire Industries of the country be
paralyzed and our progress and pros
perity halted. '
While It cannot be confidently pre
dicted that an anti-trust bill will pass
the senate, it Is to be regarded aa prob
able. Senator Hoar will make an ear
nest effort to secure action upon his
measure, but according to Washington
advices It Is not regarded with much
favor In the senate and It seems doubt
ful If It will have the support of a ma
jority of the senate Judiciary committee.
of which Mr. Hoar Is chairman. How
ever, It Is not to be assumed that In the
event of this bill not being accepted
there will be no actton by the senate on
the subject It la not improbable that
most of the republicans of that body
recognize as fully as do those of the
house of representatives the earnestness
of the public demand for additional
legislation dealing with the trusts and
also the popular approval of the presi
dent's Insistence that the present con
gress can nud should provide such legis
lation. It Is not believed that there will be
any very strenuous opposition to anti
trust legislation on the port of the demo
crats of the senate. Tbey will of course
urgo the removal of tariff duties on
trust-made articles, merely as a political
move, but they will hardly attempt to
defeat legislation, since that would
clearly be to the disadvantage of their
The prospect, therefore, appears fa
vorable to the enactment of a law at the
present session supplementing the exist
ing statutes and giving the government
broader latitude and greater authority
to deal with ttie combinations engaged
In interstate and foreign commerce.
The manufacturers of Wisconsin hare
ust organized a state association and
among the objects in view Is that of
promoting commercial reciprocity. In
bis address the president , of the asso
ciation said that a subject of great lm
portance is the establishment of reel
procal relations with foreign countries.
through which their manufactures may
be permitted to enter this country at a
reduced tariff, upon condition that the
manufactured products of America are
accorded the same privilege. He sug
gested that our relations with the Brit
ish provinces of the north require
This expression of northwestern manu
facturers favorable to the principle of
reciprocity Is not without interest and
significance and possibly will not be al
together without weight at Washington
It undoubtedly reflects a quite general
sentiment among manufacturers of the
northwest, who while opposed to general
or sweeping changes in tariff schedules,
believe that such a policy of reciprocity
as was advised by McKlnley and is
well recognized republican principle
could be adopted with advantage to our
foreign trade and necessarily with
benefit to our industries. There appears
to be a very strong probability that this
sentiment will grow and the demand
for commercial reciprocity may figure
very prominently In the next national
campaign, unless in the meantime there
should be action by congress favorable
to It. There is little prospect of any
thing being doue at the present session,
but those who are opposing the policy
will do well to note the declaration of
the association of Wisconsin manufac
&HOVLD B( ISYKHTlOATtD.
There should be a thorough lnvestlga
tlon of the course of the anthracite coal
carrying roads in the matter of trans
porting coal, as proposed by the resolu
tion of Congressman Grosvenor of Ohio,
This calls for an inquiry Into the ele
ments and conditions involved In the
coal-carrying trade supplying the North
Atlantic states, the cost of coal, the
methods, facilities and cost of trans
portatlon and distribution of the same,
and the reasons and causes of the
scarcity aud distress in those states.
While such an Investigation would per
haps have no Immediate remedial effec
upon the situation, it would be valuable
Iu determining the question whether or
not there are combinations or consplra
cles Itetweeu the . coal-carrying roads
There Is uo doubt in the public mind
that a combination of those roads ex
Ists, under which transportation Is regu
lated aud charges arranged upon the
community of interest basts. It cannot
reasonably be doubted that these roads
have conspired to keep coal from the
markets, not only of the Atlantic states
but elsewhere, since the resumption
mining, ten weeks ago. In that time
tlit production of foul has been not less
than 1,(km).im)0 tons, but not all of
has been marketed. The output has had
no apparent effect In breaking the fam
ine and the price of coal has been con
siderably advauced. In view of sue
facts it is Impossible to believe that
conspiracy does not exist to keep coal
from the people and to wring from them
extortionate prices. It is true that the
coal-carrying companies have shown
ss rapacity than the? independent op
erators, who with brutal frankness de
clare their puriose to get all they can
for their coal, regardless of how much
ubllc suffering their greed may entail,
et It Is entirely certain that the exlst-
ng situation Is very largely due to the
Millcy of the coal-carrying roads. The
matter calls for a searching Investiga-
on and this can Ix-st be doue by a
CVMPCLSVHr MCStClPAL UWynRShlP.
All streams run through the demo
cratic mill race. The attempt to turn
the Howell water works purchase bill
Into the municipal campaign in the in
terest of the democratic ticket will sur-
rise nobody. The animus of the bill
Is manifest on Its face. Mr. Howell has
long standing grievance against the
resent owners of the water works and
hopes to get even by his compulsory
purchase bill. The only question is
hether his scheme, would be for the
benefit of the city or the profit of the
The city of Omaha has a right to pur
chase the works this year and every
year hereafter until 1908 without pay
ing a dollar for the franchise. If Howell
has his way the . city would be com
pelled to pay for the franchise as well
s for the tangible property. On those
terms the company, we feel sure, would
cheerfully sell out but the city might
have to pay anywhere from one to two
millions more than the plant could be
The question naturally presents Itself,
Why should the power of the legislature
be invoked to compel the city of Omaha
to bond itself for the purchase of water
works unless the conditions of the pur
chase are satisfactory? The right of the
city to assume the ownership of the
water works Is already expressly guar
anteed by the charter, but the mode of
acquiring the property Is left to the
Judgment of the municipal authorities.
Under the present charter the city
voted three millions of bonds for the
purchase of the works three years ago,
If the amount voted Is Insufficient the
Ity has a right to submit a revised bond
proposition at the coming city election
or at a special election for the additional
amount required. There is no more
reason why the municipal ownership
should be made compulsory In the mat
ter of the water works than in the mat
ter of gas works, electric lighting works,
or for that matter the street railways
There Is no more reason why the gov
ernor should be given the right to ap
point a water works purchase commis
sion for Omaha than there would be for
him to appoint a commission to pur
chase parks or a commission to manage
an electric power plant If a muulcipnl
franchise were granted for such a con
cern. On broad gauge lines the prin
ciple of municipal ownership of public
utilities Is sound, but the property own
ers and taxpayers of every community
should have the right to decide for
themselves how much they are willing
to pay and how much they do not want
to pay, when to buy and under what
conditions .they shall create a public
debt In payment of existing public util
ity plants owned by private corpora
tions, or whether they shall build, own
and operate their own water works In
case the price asked for a corporation-
owned concern la excessive.
In any event, an issue that Involves
an addition of from three to six mil
lions to the city's bonded debt should
not be thrust into the campaign as a
The election board of the Auditorium
company appears to be up against it, to
use the vulgar phrase. It Is expected
to award a prize on the total vote for all
candidates for governor, but cannot tell
how many of the votes recorded blank
and scattering were blank or scattering
The contention that a man who receives
votes is not a candidate unless he is
formally nominated by some politlca
party Is, of course, illogical, because in
that event If there were no party nom
lnntlons we wouUl have to conclude
there were no candidates, although
someone would Ins elected Just the SHine
It may be the only safe way is to call
all bets off and refund the money.
One prominent member of congress In
gists that discrimination in freight
rates Is the basic cause of trust evils
and points to the fact that the most
onerous trusts have fattened on railway
favors In the shape of freight rebates.
His remedy Is repeal of the anti-pooling
clause of the Interstate act. As
suming that the diagnosis Is correct,
what would Insure relief from the rem
edy proposed. If railroad discrim
inations have not been prevented, the
trouble surely Is not traceable to the
anti-pooling clause half so much us to
the willful violation of other sections of
the interstate law aud of the Sherman
law bv the railway rate makers.
Notwithstanding reports to the con
trary It is given out authoritatively that
President Roosevelt has no Intention to
mix Into the senatorial election- in Utah,
but will adhere to the established policy
of non-interference in purely state
politics. Utah ought to be able to solve
Its own senatorial problem without the
aid of outside parties. Even If Utah
were unable to reach a conclusion. It
would be only half as bad off as Iela
ware without representation In the sen
ateyet the president has not felt called
on to take a hand iu the Delawnre con
test. If tiie state senate Is Justified in np
MIntlug sixty-six men, women and chil
dren on Its employes payroll the nuui
Iht of employes to which the house
would be entitled at the same ratio
would be an even two hundred. As a
matter of fact thirty employe in the
senate and fifty In the house would be
more than sufficient to run all the
errands, guard the doors and cloak
rooms and do all the clerical work for
the committees without overworking
anybody or working overtime.
Three preachers, two bank presidents
nnd one policeman took an active part
n the seizure and confiscation of six
teen carloads of coal on the Illinois
Central tracks at Areola. 111., Saturday.
The question naturally forces Itself
upon the popular mind whether stealing
coal from a railroad or a coal dealer
has ceased to be a crime or a sin, or
whether the eighth commandment has
been suspended so far as It relates to
the theft of coal.
The annual meetings of the various
national associations of live stock men
now In session at Kansas City threaten
to outdo all others iu point of numbers.
They go to emphasize the immense
proportions to which live stock Interests
have attained In recent years nnd the
perfection with which they are rapidly
being organized In all their branches.
Hard Knock from Kioi,
Detroit Free Press.
After the horrible example of Mr. Knox,
the trusts may be relied on to oppose the
appointment of any more .corporation law
yers to the office of attorney general.
A Shoek to Society.
Schwab will pay 1150,000 for two bronze
figures representing "Labor" and "Metal
lurgy" to decorate his new house in New
York. How can he hope to break Into so
ciety after making this concession to labor?
Leadlna; I'p to Trouble.
New York World.
Rear Admiral Evans wants more men
behind his runs. More suns more men.
more men more guns, more men and guns
more ships, seems to he- the naval program.
When It Is finished we shall probably see
Don't Kaeir n flood Thins;.
San Francisco Call.
And now the French are complaining that
Americans have cornered the leather mar
kets of the world and raised the price of
shoes in Paris, and yet It would seem that
almost any Frenchman ought to be willing
to pay a good price to be In our shoes.
Scrambling- for the Limit.
A proposed amendment to the consti
tution limiting private fortunes to ten
millions will not affect the large majority
of American citizens, whose chief labor
would be not so much to fight the limit aa
to come within several million dollars
The Next Seeedera.
Now Orleans Picayune.
We of the south no longer dream of sep
arate national existence. Our wealth and
power and material greatness are to be
gained in the union and in It we mean to
stay until we dominate it as we did In Its
early decades. Therefore no more seces
sion tor the south... Next time It may be
New England tbati will want- to secede.
rami of Municipal Corruption.
St. , Louis Republic.
Responsibility fe ' municipal corruption
rests In a majority of cases with the public.
Now and then an' honest man becomes dis
honest after election', but as a rule voters
know candidates well enough to cast their
ballots IntelUgentty.' The characters, pro
pensities and affiliations of candldatss
usually are open Tor general review. Sel
dom, too, is wrongdoing concealed. .Almost
by intuition the public gauges motives back
of the acts of Its4 servants. The public is
rarely deceived for a considerable length ot
: . Cold Stoma De-rll's Trick.--
"Cold storage," said a philosopher who
occasionally gives 'the Record the benefit
of his observations, "is an invention of the
devil. If it were not for this device the
trusts could not corner the market for beef,
mutton, poultry, fish and eggs. Their sur
plus meats would rot before they could
dispose of them in foreign markets. They
are enabled to freeze out the proper work
ing of the law of supply and demand.
They are forestalled whom the common
law remedies should be brought to bear
upon. Oh, there will never be a proper
balancing of accounts until 'hot storage'
hereafter shall spopge out the sore for 'cold
storage' here and now!"
THIS SOCIALIST VOTE.
Extent and Distribution Preaent SI
New York Tribune.
One ot the subjects worthy of study in ths
returns of the last election is the extent
and distribution of the socialist vote. - In
(wenty-nlne of the forty-five states candi
dates representing one body or another of
the socialists were before the people, and
received about 250,000 votes. They won
three members ot the legislature in Mass
achusetts and five in Montana. In several
cities In the last few years they have also
had considerable success on local Issues.
Their parties are variously called socialist,
socialist labor, social democrat. Some are
more extreme in their views than others.
but all are agreed upon a change in the po
litical and industrial organization ot so
ciety along the lines of the philosophy of
Marx and Liebknecht,
As might be expected, the socialists are
elrarat entirely confined to the north.
though tbey are not confined to the great
centers of population. A handful of them
are found in Texas, and some 6,000 in Mis
souri, which Is doubtless to be accounted
for by the large foreign population of 8t.
Louis. From no other southern state la any
return made of socialist votes. In Massa
chusetts the socialist organizations cast S9,-
000, in Illinois 28,000, in Pennsylvania 27,
000. in Ohio 17.O00. In Wisconsin 1,000, In
California 9.600. In Indltna 8,700, In New
Jersey 6,000 and in Michigan 6.000. AU
these states have great Industrial centers
and large foreign-born populations. New
York, likewise, gave about 40,000 votes to
socialist candidates, except candidates for
governor, who suffered to the extent of 15,
000 votts from Mr. Coler's popularity with
socialists and from ths democratic declara
tion for government ownership of the coal
minea. We find socialism manifesting Itself
also in the wholly agricultural states. Its
vote in Kansas was 4.000, In Iowa 6.000, In
Nebraska 3.000, In North Dakota 1,000. in
South Dakota 2.700. in I'tah S.OOO, In Wash
ington 6,000 and In Oregon 6,600. These fig
ures suggest that with the decadence of
populism some of its more rsdicsl elements.
Instead of drifting back into the old par
ties, have gone on in the way they had
started, and ended up aa socialists. Cer
tainly In these prosperous rural s'ates titers
is none of (hat pressure of factory life, with
its close labor organizations, which in the
cities offer such opportunities for the so
cialist propaganda. Socialism there must
be founded on pure theory or on a different
sort of discontent from that of the town
wage earner. It reflects the granger side
of lbs aull-trust feeling.
BITS OF WASHISOTOX LIFE.
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
Long bridge, spanning the Potomac at
Washington, over which hundreds of thou
sands of soldiers msrehed during the civil
war, has outlived its usefulness and will
be torn down within a few years. The new
Pennsylvania railroad bridge, 100 feet from
Long bridge. Is Bearing completion and
when finished, some time this year, will
receive the tracks now on the historic
structure. The new bridge will be about
600 or (00 feet longer than Long bridge.
On the Virginia side the first pier is di
rectly opposite the south abutment of Long
bridge. This is a difference of about 250
feet and the same is true on the Washington
The bridge Is the property of the Penn
sylvsnla railroad and will be used only by
the trains of that road. There will be no
walkways or driveways on It. Only two
railroad tracks, one for the north and the
ether for the southbound trains, will be
built. The memorial bridge which will take
the place of Long bridge will be erected
about a quarter of a mile west of the
Pennsylvania railroad bridge. With its
completion Long bridge will be torn down
and one of Washington's old landmarks
will have passed into history.
Ia the senate restaurant the kitchen Is
located in the basement. The dining room
Is on the first floor and all eatables and
delicacies must be brought up from the
depths with a dumb waiter. The colored
waiter who calls out the orders to the cook
below is far from dumb and his voice
usually rings through the restaurant with
entire disregard for the fame and dignity
of the patrons of the place, much after the
manner of a Fourth street "beanery" In St.
Louis. If the patron Is a good customer
of the restaurant his name Is usually given
with the order, so that extra care will be
exercised in Its preparation. Senator Nel
son, one of the most temperate and modest
patrons of the restaurant, dropped In for
luncheon with some Minnesota friends.
There were four in the party and the round
table at which they sat was separated from
the table ot Senator Scott by a large pillar
and roof support, so as to hide It from the
view of the West Virginian. The colored
waiter got the order and dashed over to the
dumb waiter. He called out: "A piece of
mince pie, a piece of custard pie, a small
steak, a pot of beans, some sliced onions,
and let it come quick for Senator Nelson."
Scott gasped and called out: "Walter, add
to that 'and a doctor,' for the senator will
surely need one."
As to military questions, says the Wash
ington Post, Senator Spooner of Wisconsin
sometimes displays knowledge that sur
prises his colleagues. The senator saw mili
tary service during the early '60s, rising to
commissioned rank in a Wisconsin regi
ment. Since then he has developed such
versatility in handling big matters before
congress that the fact of his military train
ing haa been forgotten.
An old plainsman from the northwest, who
has long been pressing a claim before the
senate, insisted that he had performed cer
tain services under the direction of General
Gibbon, who was the drill master ot the
famous Iron brigade, beginning his work
orf Merldan ' hill, in this city, and con
tinuing It till the component regiments were
recognized as inferior to none In the union
armies. One day this claim was under con
sideration and brought out the statement of
services under General Gibbon.
"Where is the order for it?" Inquired
The reply was returned that It was ver
"General Gibbon never gave- directions or
orders for anything to be done except in
writing," retorted Benator Spooner.
The claim of the plainsman is still await
ing favorable aetiftn by the senate.
Representative MeDermott of New Jersey
and Cochran of Missouri were arguing as to
the qualifications of the federal bench, Hr.
Cochran contending that a majority of them
should not have the positions they hold, and
Mr. MeDermott insisting that, with few
exceptions, tbey are eminent lawyers. After
a particularly hitter, tirade by Mr. Coch
ran, Mr. MeDermott rose and said: "Why,
Cochran, if I listen to you much longer I'll
have so little respect for the Judiciary that
I'll walk Into the supreme court chamber
with my hat on."
Representative Sibley of Pennsylvania Is
the most enthusiastic chauffeur In congress.
He owns automobiles that are great and
small and fast and slow; besides, he owns
a full outfit of automobile paraphernalia, in
cluding jackets, caps, gloves and goggles.
One day during the holiday shopping sea
son he stopped in front of one of the large
stores to allow a lady to alight whom he
had brought downtown. His machine was
standing at the head of a line of carriages
when the policeman spied htm.
"Hey, there!" yelled the officer. "You'll
have to take the lady's carriage out of there
and get in the right place In the line,
Hurry up now."
"But " the congressman began.
"Don't take time to talk back," shouted
the policeman, "but get out of there."
The congressman "got out," according to
"I did not feel so bad over being taken tor
a professional," he said In telling his ex
perience, "because from the way I was
togged out no one would have suspected
that I was a harmless congressman; but
what made me mad was that the policeman
would not let me explain. It looked as If he
was applying the house rules to F street."
"Uncle Joe" Cannon's committee on ap.
proprlatlons has taken the big outglass
chandelier which for years waa In the east
room of the Whits House and It now hangs
In the committee room. Representative
Champ Clark of Missouri, when he saw it
for the first time today, told a story of a
meeting of the deacons of the country
church in bis state to buy a chandelier. Few
of them knew exactly what a chandelier
"I think we'd better pay of the mortgage
on the church," said one member.
"That's what I think, too," said another.
"Even if we got one of them chandyleers I
don't reckon none of our congregation could
play on It."
"That's the way it Is with that big cut
glass affair in the committee room," said
Mr. Clark. "There's plenty of daylight in
the room, and I don't see bow they're ever
going to play on It, as coogress seldom
meets at night."
Americanism Ion of Mexico.
Within the next ten years agricultural
Industries In the republic of Mexico will
produce greater profits than Its mines of
sliver and gold and Its smelters combined.
During the past few years over $500,000,000
of American capital has been Invested In
the republic and this figure will be greutly
exceeded in the next five years. Mexico's
mountains and bills are overrun with
prospectors from the states; the valleys and
hot lands are being Invaded by an army
which represents many millions of furelgn
capital and its resources are being sub
jected to rigid inspection by men who
stand ready to spend vast sums In develop
ing them. The Mexico of twenty, eve? ten
years ago, is gone to return no more, and
the awakening of a nation la being accom
plished by an Inpouring of foreign capiat
la a rapidly increasing volume.
SISOESTIOSS FOR LEGISLATVRE.
Hartlngton Herald: The Nebraska legis
lature baa begun Its grind. The people of
the state have every reason tc look forward
to a business sessions of that body.
Tobias Express: The lawmakers will find
plenty to do this winter, and as the repub
licans have full control, we may confi
dently look for some sensible and helpful
David City Banner: We hone to see
some good and wholesome legislation en
acted during this session and f el confident
that Butler county will be heard from
during the session.
Kearney Hub: The demand for a state
normal school nearer the central portion of
the state comes from the educators of Ne
braska and not from ambitious towns cf
time-serving politicians. This Is a point
that the members of the legislature will
doubtless remember when the time comes
Centrsl City Nonpareil: There seems to
be a sentiment prevailing over the state
that the legislature can perform good serv
ice by passing as few new laws as possible.
It Is not likely that this sentiment will be
listened to, however, as It seems to be a
confirmed habit of all legislative bodies to
enact all the measures possible.
Mlnden Gazette: It Is to be hoped that
the legislature will take Such actton In
the matter of. normal schools as will put
an end to the time wasted during each ses
sion In killing off bills Introduced for the
location of such a school In nearly every
town in the state. They are good things,
but we do not need too many of them.
Better have Just one or two goods ones.
Norfolk Press: The republican majority
in both branches la. overwhelming and the
party must shoulder the responsibility for
all laws enacted and expenditures author-
Ized. It will therefore be a necessity that
care must be exercised by the majority
that needed legislation he enacted and that
measures that are vicious or oppressive In
their nature shall be defeated. Appropria
tions should provide for everything that is
needed, but nothing that Is extravagant
Fremont Tribune: The legislature might
profitably adopt the suggestion of Gov
ernor Mickey relative to the creation of s
state accountant to check up the state In
stitutions and audit their books. That Is a
good business idea. Most successful pri
vate and publlo affairs are conducted on
that plan. It adopted It would Inspire
greater efficiency in the management of the
institutions. It would Insure greater
economy and prevent scandals. By all
means let the legislature put In force this
Alliance Times: The first message of
Nebraska's new governor, John H. Mickey,
Is given to the people of the state, and as
was to be expected, is a plain business
document. One of the rsdlcal reforms he
advises the legislature to adopt Is the
assessment of property at its real value.
The governor favors the establishment ot
an experimental farm, to be under the
direction of the State university, at some
point In the western part of the state. The
advice Is wise, and near Alliance would be
just the place for such an enterprise.
Nebraska City Tribune: The history of
legislatures Is largely the uprooting of the
legislation passed by the preceding session
and the passage of 10 per cent of new mat
ter, to be dug up and weeded out by the
session that follows. If this session of the
legislature will accomplish but one thing
It can easily become famous and go down
to posterity as the brightest legislative
beacon that ever lighted the pathway of
progress in Nebraska. That one thing is
the conception and enactment of a compre
hensive system ot good roads In ha stats
of Nebraska. .
, Elm Creek Beacon: We are heartily In
favor ot the idea ot Governor Mickey's la
regard to a western agricultural experiment
station. If the attention of this station
would be directed to the alkali problem and
would solve It, It would be aa Inestimable
boon to the resources of the state. Of
course the station need not be vry far
west, probably not farther than the one
at Lincoln, to do this. The amount of
alkali land is large and, of course, always
the lowest and smoothest. If the alkali
could be eliminated or counteracted ths
value would be raised from minus to plus.
Pierce Leader: The "stats legisla
ture has been in session at Lincoln,
but nothing beyond selection of officers
and the Introduction of a tew hills has as
yet been done. Dr. J. M. Alden, senator
from this district, has been selected chair
man of ths senate committee on Insane
hospitals, and It Is understood that both
he and Representative N. M. Nelson of
Plalnview will do all they can to have ths
hospital for Insane rebuilt at Norfolk. It
Is also said that an effort will be made to
secure an appropriation for a state normal
school at Wayne, but the attitude of our
senator and representative toward this
scheme Is not so well known.
Friend Telegraph: We took occasion to
look in upon the organization of the Ne
braska senate and house of representatives.
They are a fine looking body of men and
we believe that the people whom they are
there to represent may reasonably expect
justice at their hands. The fact that there
has been a score or more of superfluous
offices that have been drawing money out
of the treasury of the state without render
ing adequate returns therefore, and In some
instances nothing, which is already the
eubject of considerable comment among
members of the present legislature, and
these fat jobs may totter and fall before
the session Is over. The institutions which
are necessary should be properly supported,
but those that have been created aolely In
the Interest of place-hunters and which are
not needed and which the state would be
better off without, should be lopped off en
tirely. Nebraska is a great grain growing
and stock raising state and her greatness
is not in the least furthered or increased by
sustaining a lot of positions for which the
people have no use and from which they
receive no benefit. There Is yet plenty of
room In the cornfields and on the ranges
of Nebraska for men who are holding these
offices and they should be invited to find
employment there Instead of at the publlo
treasury, where they are rendering so re
turns for their so-called services.
Edgar Poet: It the writer were going to
suggest anything to the coming legislature
for Its actton it would be the need ot s
change In our assessment law. The way
the matter now stands and the way the
law Is executed Is fast making the tax
payers of the state a grand aggregation
of liars and tsx-shlrkers. It isn't so much
that all men are trying to escape contribut
ing their just share toward the support
of the government that protects them, but
everyone naturally dislikes to pay mors
thrn his share snd tht-re are always men
In every community who will prevaricate
to the assessor about their holdings, to
put it mildly, and other men who have
a disposition to be honest about the mat
ter II give their conscience a terrible
wrench In order to escape paying more In
proportion than the man who has willfully
tried to get out of paying what he really
should. Thus the standard for truth and
veracity, so far as taxes are concerned. Is
reduced to the level ot the most untruth
ful man in the community. The practice
of assessing property from one-sixth to
one-twentieth of its value hen the stat
utes require it to be assessed at its actual
cash value is another bad thing about
our revonue practices. The nrlter has no
special remedy to propose there are plenty
of others who are ready to propose rem
edies but the need for action Is very apparent.
Joseph II. Lynton ot Fort Worth, Tex.,
haa invented an airship and will enter thn
$100,000 contest at St. Louis.
Rear Admiral George II. Batch, U. 8. N.,
retired, the oldest living flag officer In Undo
Sam'a navy, has Just celebrated his 82nd
birthday at his home In Paltlmore.
W. 8. Devery has gone to law to compel
Tammany to put him upon tta executive
committee. He also proposes to make Tam
many confess what was done with the cam
John W. Hutchinson, the well known anti
slavery agitator and only surviving mem
ber of the famous quartet bearing Ms
name, celebrated his 82nd birthday In Bos
Senator Hoar is well to do. His family
has been In comfortable circumstances for
generations. He has lived carefully, though
well, and his possessions have increased
moderately with time.
The fact that Bret Harte left only $1,80
Is looked upon as a dlscourargement to ths
literary profession. But In literature, as In
everything else, it isn't what you make, but
what you save.
Thomas Bralee, who has Just died at
Monterey, Cal., was one of those who as
sisted at ths first hoisting ot the Stars and
Stripes over California. He first landed
there In 1846, having come in Commodore
Cloate'a frigate. Savannah.
Owen McCarthy of Syracuse celebrated
his 103d birthday on Friday. He says that
he has used tobacco and alcoholic stimu
lants all his life. Aay teetotaler will tell
Mr. McCarthy that If he had done without
these things he might have been 120 years
old by now.
Ex-Governor Bob Taylor of Tennessee,
known several years ago aa "the riddling
governor," is credited with a desire to go
to the United States senate. He has in
vaded Nashville, where the legislature Is
in session, with a lecture on "The Fiddle
and the Bow."
People who sneer at the predictions of
the weather bureau should take a few
hours off snd digest the chunk of Hetero
logies! wisdom which shines through the
forecast, "Unsettled weather." In the lexi
con ot the bureau that's the part to steer
for when In doubt.
The Society for Suppression of Colonels,
organized some time ago in Virginia, with
branches In all the more progressive south
ern communities, shows Its hand in the new
Georgia law which forbids the governor of
the state to take unto himself more than
twenty-eight colonels. His staff up to this
time has consisted of 128.
WORDS OF APPRECIATION.
SOUTH OMAHA Jan. 11. To the F.dltor
of The Bee: I was deeply Interested In
viewing the pictures of the Grant family
and reading your entertaining article
narrating your notable visit at the modest
home of the venerable Mr. Grant In Cov
ington in today's Sunday Bee. General
Grant was my ideal of a true, patriotic
American citizen, the greatest and most
successful military commander the world
has yet produoed, while his general makeup
constituted more fine, desirable qualities
than any other prominent personage his
tory gives any record of. He was the
foremost soldier and statesman and perfect
citizen combined of America. I almost
Idolize the memory of this gallant hero.
Mrs. Anderson and myself have always re
vered the name of Grant. In fact, the
whole Grant family were models of good,
old- fashioned Americanism. We hold the
general's portrait dear to us tor nearly
forty years and shall preserve this day's
Bes during our lifetime. Tou deserve
great credit for this display ot your un
bounded enterprising spirit. ...
"She says she hits a mission In llfs and
will never marry."
'Dear mei ia sne so unattractive as ail
that!" Chicago Post.
"Are they progressive people?"
"Well, a few years ago tbey were no
bodies, and now they can anub whom they
please." Detroit Free Press.
"Three minutes for dinner!" cried ths
"Thank heaven!" exclaimed n nanaenxer.
"The last time I waa here It was three
dollars I" Atlanta Constitution.
Customer But that umbrella looks so
very cheap and common that the price you
Ma lor It is riaicuious.
Dealer That a the beauty or that un
rella. It's made of the very beat ma
terial, but made to look aa If It wasn't
worth stealing. Philadelphia Press.
'Bee here!" lndlg-nantly cried the tran
sient guest, "here's a bone collar button In
O! that s a mistake, sir." replied the
'Yea. sir. wo never give extras except to
our regular customers, sir." Chicago Trib
Little Man n crowded car) Can't you
put your foot where It belonga?
Large Man If I put my foot where it be
lonas your back would be sore for a week.
McJIxxer I said my doctor's new name
was Bleed Dr. Steed.
Thlns:umrob My l i a mink twice Derore
MC jiggers wnyT
Thlniumbnb-Hounds as If he were a
great charger. Philadelphia Record.
1.1 MEDICI XB HAT.
W. D. Nesblt in Chicago Tribune.
Oh, Medicine Hat Is away out there
Where the .words all freeze in the stiffened
And the blizzard blows, and It sleets and
snows on a day that's considered hi
It's a bleak and bare and barren spot
"Eighteen below" Is accounted hot.
And the summer time in th:it frozen cllnu
is a season of ramiaut gloom that I
In Medicine Hat; -Old
The village so stray and slum;
Where the wild north wind
Has the zephyr skinned.
And all of our cold comes from!
The sua goes down on the stroke of norn
And the icebergs reach to the chilly moon
And thn freezing Iriwt on the breeze jl
toswed when the folks put up fly screen!
The girls up there never osculate
When they aay "goodnight" at the bl
For the one who sips from their ruby 11 pi
will b frozen to. Just as sure as fate.
In Medicine Hat;
Old Medicine Hat
Fond lovers could never part;
It would raise the deuce
To thaw them loose
Where all of the cold waves start.
Thermometers there are all reversed
In that remedial town accursed
It's the only way onu may learn, they aay,
the cold, hard facts of the l.lilnK worst;
And the railroad engines never toot
Nor send up steam in a g!al salute,
For the stuff congeals ere the whlatla
squeals, and blocks the tracks where It
falls, to boot
In Medicine Hat;
Old Morilcine Hat ,
The chilliest place that Is;
Where the Iceman slKlis
Till he plnee and dies.
And the blizzard learns to bllzl
The folks up there backslide each year
In hope of a warmer atmosphere.
And the weather man dun the bent he can,
but a lyn hlng bee l lilt constant fear;
They send whole, loads of (heir cold to u,
l'.ut each year s crop shows an overplus.
And they snlfT and anHezo while the, whiff
und wheeae in the clutch of a cold that
In Medicine, ll.it;
Old Medicine ILat
The place where thn northers hum;
Where they shovel snow
While the flowers grow,
Ajid ail of our cold comes froosl
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