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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 9, 1903)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEK: FIHPAY, JANUARY 0, 1003.
Tim, umaiia Daily Bee,
E. KOSEWATER, EDITOR.
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i ' '
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Dojglas County, s:
Ueorge B. Tzscnuck. secretary of I he Bee
Publishing company, being duly sworn, says
that the actual number of full and com
plete copies of The Dally, Morning, Even
ing and Sunday Bee printed during the
tuonlb of Decern b i. WS. aa follows:
24 - 30,ttOO
1 80,9 lO
Less unsold and returned copies...
total sales B42.4H
Net average sales 30.40J
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my ptesenre and sworn to
before me thl 81at day of December, A. D.
IfrC. M. B. HUNGATE,
(Seal) Notary Public.
Governor Mickey's watchword:
economy without parsimony."
President Burt bos returned to Omnha
In good humor. It Is to be hoped that
be will have no occasion to lose his good
humor while he remains.
The senatorial contest In Colorado
threatens to re-enact the senatorial con
test In Nebraska of two years ago, with
a very, very dork horse looming up In
the distance. .
If the city prisoners can be fed for 9
cents a meal, why should It ost 45 cents
for two meals to feed prisoners In the
county Jail? That conundrum Is passed
up to the new county board.
Experience Is the best teacher. Ex
perlence has convinced Ezra. P. Savage
that fewer elections and longer tenure
of office . would be very desirable for
most men at the public crib. '
Colonel Ager, chief pass distributer of
the allied communlty-of-lnterest rail
roads, should strike for higher pay. For
man of bis capacity and experience
$200 a month Is a mere bagatelle.
The waterspout by which the state
senate was deluged at the opening of
the session was not entirely unexpected
by the people who knew that the tall
senator from Douglas is a reservoir unto
Among the Inevitable consequences of
the higher price of fuel and the higher
price of provisions and other commodi
ties la the increased cost of mainte
nance of state institutions and the ne
cessity of larger appropriations.
It is to be hoped that Senate File No. 1
was not fabricated as a piece of political
claptrap or a holdup. Municipal own
ership of water worka Is desirable, but
popular sentiment lu its favor should
Dot be misdirected into political or mer
The chances for recovering the pro
ceeds of that (200,000 warrant from the
Bartley bondsmen are not much better
than are the chances of recovering the
$236,000 deposit lost in the wrecked
Capital National bank from Charlie
Mosher and the other bondsmen.
The pending aruiy appropriation bill
for 11)03', carries $9,000,000 pay of
enlisted men and $3,000,000 pay qf otli
cers; total. $14.000,000.,. Pay of rail
road and steamship companies for trans
portatiou $13,000,000, or $1,000,000 more
than the pay of the whole army. Com
meut would be superfluous.
The governor of South Carolina is
reputed to have remarked once upon a
time to" the "governor of North Carolina
"It Is a long time between drinks.'
Whether the outgoing governor of Ne
braska made the same remark to the In
coming governor of Nebraska has not
transpired. Suffice it to say, we feel
ure that the Incoming governor de
clined with thanks.
It is doubtless fortunate for a good
many people in the state house that the
outgoing governor was not in position to
have full swing for his reform axe to
carry out the recoinuieudatlona em
bodied in his farewell address. Other
wise we would presently have no state
auditor, uo state commissioner of pub
lic laads and buildings, no labor bureau
and no supreme court comuilwtilon.
In a recent magazine contribution
President Ingalls of the Big Four rail
road declares that franchise taxation 1
Dot only fair, but just. As a practical
railroad manager he has the courage to
ay that "of course corporations will ob
ject to paying taxes, as everybody does,
but nevertheless It is right and proper.
Those who have the protection of the
State ahould bear their share of its bur
den." ' President Ingalls should lose no
Cms In coming to Nebraska' to Impress
porporaUua managers with hla views.
miSDCVf HttoHtVKLT VRUKS ACTION.
Again has President Honwvelt shown
lu the must unmlstakaWt tnaunar that
he earnestly desires legislation for the
supervision and regulation of the com
binations ensured lu Interstate and for
eign commerce. He also feels that such
legislation should lx enacted by the
present congress and there has been
plainly livlimted, in the letter of At
torney IJenernl Koox published a few
days ago, what character of legislation
the president regards as desirable. Ac-
ordlng to the latest advices the presi
dent Is not committed to any particular
measure among those which have been
Introduced In congress. it apparently
Is not Intended that the influence of the
dtnlnlstratlon shall le exerted for the
promotion of the Cullom, the Hoar,, the
Llttlefleld or any other of the numerous
nutl-trust bills that have been submitted
nd are now In the hands of the proer
committees of the two houses, but that
administration support will be given to
ny measure which shall have the en
dorsement of a majority of republicans
President Roosevelt, while not . at
tempting to force congressional action.
Is endeavoring to Impress upon his party
In congress the imperative duty of tak
ing action on the trust question and do
ing so promptly. In this, It la not to
be doubted, he has the unqualified en
dorsement and support of the great ma
jority of republicans. The party Is fully
ommltted to a policy of trust regula
tion and suijervlsion. Its promises in
this direction have been accepted with
confidence by the people. The president
believes that good faith demands the ful
fillment of these promises and all repub
licans who desire that the party shall
retain Its claim to popular confidence
will stand with him.
Representative Orosvenor of Ohio is
quoted as saying that the trust ques
tion Is a most difficult one to handle In
a legislative way, but he thought some
measure will be enacted into law at the
present session and suggested that It
will be' necessary to steer a middle
course between those who want radical
legislation and those who are opposed to
any legislation. Everybody of intelli
gence who has given . the subject
thoughtful consideration realizes that it
Is a complex and difficult problem,- to be
dealt with carefully and conservatively.
A rash and reckless policy would do
infinite harm, from which the independ
ent Industries as well as the combina
tions would suffer." The republican
party has never failed to find a remedy
for evils and abuses affecting the public
Interests and it will not fail now. There
will be a wise solution of the trust prob
lem which will protect the people
against extortion, prevent the crushing
out of competition and effectively check
the tendency toward monopoly. Per
haps all that is desirable cannot be ac
complished at once, but lta ultimate at
tainment can be confidently -predicted.
The present congress ' should move' in
this direction. '
THB COAL SITUATION.
From various parts of the country
come reports of an impending coal fam
ine and at some places the situation is
most serious. At Toledo, for Instance,
it is stated that dealers will not sell
coal except upon a physician's certifi
cate showing that there is illness In the
home of the would-be purchaser and
that coal Is necessary as a safeguard for
the patient. At a number of places east
and west the supply of coal Is much be
low the demand and decreasing. Every
where prices have reached exorbitant
figures. In Chicago the manufacturers
assert that there Is a conspiracy among
dealers to deprive them of , coal In order
to raise prices and the manufacturers
are proposing to take legal action
against the dealers.
The anthracite operators are making
no effort to meet the demand and the In
dependent operators, having broken
away from their contracts with the rail
road coal companies, are advancing
prices at 'their pleasure and have now
got their figures to an almost prohibitive
point With the winter not half over,
the coal situation generally threatens a
great deal of suffering, but as to this
the coal barons are of course quite in
different and they have the matter en
tirely, in their own hands.
OUTLOOK FOR CUBAN THE ATT.
The Indications are favorable to rati
ncatlon of the reciprocity treaty with
Cuba and the supporters of the treaty
are hopeful that this will . speedily be
accomplished. The reported abandon
ment of opposition on the part of the
beet sugar Interests 'seems to leave no
obstacle in the way of ratification,' so
that the only apparent reason for de
lay is In the consideration by the senate
necessary to ascertain-If the treaty is
equitable In its terms and makes satis
factory concessions to the United States.
The published text of the convention
shows that the Mexican authorities have
been very reasonable and that the ar
raugement should wrk very favorably
to our export trade with Cuba. . The
general opinion expressed of (the treaty
has been that under its operation our
business with Cuba would be materially
Increased and of course we should enjoy
a decided advantage over other coun
tries trading with the Island republic.
Indeed, with this treaty in operation it
would seem that the United States will
have no very serious competition, .In the
The withdrawal of the, beet sugar op
position appears to have bee u decided
upon Immediately after the recent state
ment of Secretary of Agriculture Wil
son regarding the present condition and
the prospects of the beet sugar indus
try. This showed that it is now highly
prosperous and that Jthq promise for the
co nt lulled development of the Industry
I most favorable. Secretary Wilson
pointed out .that improved method and
scientific principles are so Increasing the
yield of beets and of sugar that farmers
in soma places are uow getting from $75
to $K0 an acre from their leets nnd In a
short time all up to date beet fanners
will be doing as well. He expressed the
opinion that within five years the
United States will le producing all its
own sugar at a price not exceeding 2
cents a pound. As Secretary Wilson
was uuilerstiMid to ! the only member
of the cabinet who hud opposed a tariff
concession on Cuban sugar, because of
his Interest lu the development of the
American leet sugar Industry, his state
ment swept away the argument chiefly
relied nixin by the opponents of Cuban
The treaty will undoubtedly lie help
ful to Cuba, though perhaps not to the
extent which it .people expect. It will
teiiefit American trade with the Island
and at the same time bind more closely
the United States and the new republic.
propeh hasis tr aiwiiuj iuyiKT.
The republican city committee Is cred
ited with the Intention of making an ap
portionment for the coming city pri
maries on the basis of one delegate for
every fifty votes cast lu the city of
Omaha for the republican candidate for
governor in 11)02. On broad lines the
principle of representation apportioned
according to the number of votes cast
by the party Is eminently sound, but in
adopting that principle the committee
should be governed by the fundamental
Idea that the apportionment shall repre
sent the full vote of the party, without
reference to faction or the Individual in
terest of any particular candidate or set
An apiwrtlonment on such lines would
be fair and the distribution of delegates
In proportion to the muster roll of the
party would make the convention truly
representative of the rank and file. The
proposed change from arbitrary and in
equitable representation to an appor
tionment based on the relative strength
of the party In each ward and precinct
has for years been advocated by this
paper, and any move in that direction
will meet Its cordial endorsement.
There is, however, cogent reason for
opposition to the selection of the vote
cast for governor at the last election as
a basis for the apportionment in the
nomination of candidates for the city
ticket. It is an open secret that the
vote for governor does not fairly repre
sent the rank and file of the party In
Omaha, and the manifest aim of the ad
vocates of this basis Is factional and
purely personal. What they are aiming
at is to disfranchise the republicans of
wards that are liable to prefer one can
dldate for mayor In the interest of other
candidates for mayor. This would be
wrong from every point of view.
Committees are organized to promote
party harmony and success rather thnn
party discord and disaster. Political
experience shows that It is never safe to
perpetrate- a wrong In the interest of
any candidate or faction. Curses, like
chickens, come home o roost, and chi
canery and trickery in the long run are
liable to prove a boomerang.
Established precedent would have dic
tated- that the basis for nominating a
mayor and city ticket should be the
vote for mayor and city officers at the
last city election. If this basis Is lop
sided because many democrats voted for
Frank E. Moores and many republicans
voted for W. S. Poppleton at the election
three years ago, the vote cast for presi
dential electors would not be open to
It is safe to assert that all republicans
voted for McKlnley and all democrats
voted for Bryan. At any rate, the per
centage of republicans who voted for
Bryan In 1900 and the percentage of
democrats who voted for McKlnley that
year Is infinitesimal. An apportionment
on that basis would therefore be as
nearly fair as It could be made. Ap
portioned on that basis, the Fourth and
Sixth wards would doubtless be given
many more delegates than the First and
Second wards, or the Third and Fifth
Should It be deemed best that a basis
on a more recent vote than that of the
presidential election Is desirable, then
some candidate on the state ticket to
whom there was no special opposition
should be selected as the standard. If,
however, the city committee attempts
at the very outset of the municipal cam
paign to bar out one set of candidates
and force the nomination of another set
of candidates It will simply lay the
foundation for disaster in the spring
Just now the most profitable Industry
In the federal building Is the lassoing
of tame Indians by deputy United States
marshals especially trained for that
arduous task. Last year the Wlnne
bagoes and the Omahas furnished all
the supply. This year a bunch of
Santee Sioux numbering half a hundred
have been corralled and detailed to police
the corridors of the building as alleged
witnesses necessary to convict one bung
ling bootlegger of selling two bottles of
whisky contrary to Uncle Sam's statutes
made and, provided.
After the Lord had created the heav
ens and the earth, and blown the bivath
of life Into Adam, lie said, nix days
shalt thou labor and the seventh day
shalt thou rest, but Nebraska legisla
tors think they need a rest after four
days of arduous lalsir In marking time.
Whence Came the Pressure.
Nowadays prices undoubtedly depend on
supply and demand to-wlt, on the corpora
tions' supply of nerve and the stockholders'
demand for dividends.
Gobble Policy Vindicated.
Spring lie Id Republican.
"Large and enormously rich diamond
fields exist north of Pretoria." reports a
London paper. Then the iiritluh South
African policy is doubly vladkated. Both
gold and diamonds! "Gad bless us all," as
Tiny Tim would say.
The Plakderlaff of India.
The truth about India I that few subject
people in the world's history have ever bean
more lafamously pluudered than the states
of India were during the- first 100 years of
the British domination. There Is Irsa plun
dering now, but the famines are a keepsake
of the Rlorlous old days of loot. Even now
the Interests of the British manufacturers
dictate the Industrial policy of India.
Generosity 1'nsheri to the 1,1m It.
Detroit Free Press.
It Is very kind on the part of Lord Beres
ford to tender the help of Great Britain In
maintaining the Monroe doctrine, but if
Great Britain looks after its own affairs In
Egypt and South Africa and India and China
nnd Australia and Canada, It will probably
have all It can attend to.
Most Independent of Men.
Charlotte (X. C.) Observer.
If agriculture Is without opportunity to
pile up wealth It has its compensation for
the loss. The life of the farmer may be
one of toll, of patient endurance, of com
parative Isolation from his fellow man, but
It Is one of the greatest Independence. The
man between the plow handles is the freest
man on earth.
One More I ntnrtnnste,
It Is said that the revision of the army
uniform by a special board was brought
about by the detection of an officer wear
ing russet shoes with full dress. What
was done to the culprit is not known, but,
unfortunately, the Constitution forbade
making the punishment fit the crime by
boiling him In oil.
Here Is Rich Hamor,
Among the humors which occasionally
enlighten the coal situation Is the threat
of Pennsylvania consumers to attack the
coal trust through the medium of the state
legislature. The fate of an anti-trust
measure in the Pennsylvania legislature
can only be compared to the finish of the
hletorlc snowball In hades.
Prejndlced Judicial IMcta.
The passionate and unjudicial tone of the
decision In which the Missouri court de
clares that the mule is a "vicious and
treacherous animal" deprives the opinion
of any real weight. Whatever experience
the court may have had with mules, the
court room Is not the place in which to
give way to personal prejudices.
Now that the cable is laid the annexa
tion of the Hawaiian Islands Is placed
on a more absolute footing. They us
tied to us by a new bond which does away
with distance and brings them into Im
mediate contact with our policy and busi
ness affairs. Our relation is at once made
cIobpt, more secure and more mutually ad
vantageous. Speed the Day.
Elgnor Marconi predicts a commercial
revolution through wireless telegraphy.
Two hundred words a minute at 1 cent a
word and the general use of wireless
telegraphy Instead of the malls for a large
proportion of the personal correspondence
that now passes between America and
Europe are 'developments that he sees in
the near future. Yet the laying of the
Pacific submarine cable goes right on.
Anxious to Pass It Vp.
i. Philadelphia Press.
China wants the question of gold or silver
payments of the indemnity growing out of
the Boxer troubles referred to The Hague
tribunal for arbitration, and as it Is sup
ported in that matter -by the United States
It Is difficult tp believe .that the clvlllred
powers of Europe will, bold out in refusal.
It means. If decided against China, an ad
ditional tax on it of over $40,000,000. It Is
unable to pay and ought not to be pressed
Passing; of Calamity's Fog-horns.
New York Sun.
One by one the sons of calamity get
tangled up with the octopus and let "the
prosperity bacillus undermine their heroic
principles. Hon. Jacob Coxey of the
Irregular Army, 0., has been a man of
corporations and a bloated bondholder for
years. Hogg, Towne and Bryan are plethoric
of purse. And here is our old greenbacker
and populist friend, General James B.
Weaver of Iowa, a statesman whose ap
parently invincible disbelief In the hunt
for happiness has long kept alive our in
terest in 'his fortunes, Ala, he, too. Is
fallen. According to an esteemed Iowa
contemporary, he has gone to Sour Lake,
Tex., as president of an oil company. Sour
Lake has a name congenial to the old
Weaver, but we fear that the new Weaver
Is destined to be an optimist and perhaps a
ASSURANCE OV A GOOD YEAR.
Last Year's Abundance I'pllfta Expec
tations for 1B03.
The statistician of the Department of
Agriculture makes the following report as
to the production and farm value of the
principal farm crops of the United 8tatea
Production. Farm value,
Pec. 1, 1902.
;.Rt".5M 17.080, 7i3
14. 529.770 8.654.704
Total value $2,617,893,416
The large and valuable crops of 1902 are
the best assurance that 1903 will be one of
the fat years In American, industrial his
tory. There need be no fear of Immediate
disaster or depression when the national
granaries are full to overflowing. The crops
are not so large as to force down prices.
Tho supply exceeds the American demand,
but foreign markets will absorb al) that
Americans do not consume. The shipments
of corn which were suspended because of
the short crop of 1901 will be resumed.
Europeans have learned some of the uses of
maize and will be glad to take at reason
able prices whatever Americans have to
The ups and downs of stocks In Wall
street may be viewed with unconcern. The
Industrial condition of the country for this
year is not settled there. Neither Is It de
termined by the success or failure of pro
moters In rarryiug out plans for the com
bination of railroads or of Industries. The
good crops of 1902 will supply the farmers
with funds and they will keep the manu
facturers busy supplying their wants. Most
of the large manufacturers have orders on
band which It will take them a good part of
the year to fill. After the advance orders
have been disposed of othtrs will come. The
prophet of disaster should be silent for a
few months at least.
The survey of the entire financial world,
printed In the New York Evening Post of
last Wednesday, shows that "In spite of all
the doubts and hesitations which the recent
exploiting of American industry has pro
voked the bright spot in the prospect Is
industrial America." The clouds of indus
trial depression have settled over Germany.
The London and Paris markets are only
hoping for the light. On the eastern sea
board of the United States there Is soma
uncertainty as yet, but In "the new west
where the present movement of prosperity
began" there is "hope, enterprise and buoy
ant coBfldvac la the future.'
Letter from General 1-afayelte on the
Death of the Former.
After his return from his triumphal tour
In 1824 In the United States, Oeneral La
fayette wrote the following letter to his
friend, Arnold Scheffer, the French pub
licist, and brother of the well known
painter, Ary Scheffer. It was publlnhed
for the first time In the last number of the
New York Independent:
"I am much pleased to hear that It is
you who are going to write a notice about
Mr. Jefferson. The subject la one of the
finest that can be 'treated, for the history
of the human race tells us of no one who
has ever had a broader mind, a loftier
soul, a stronger republicanism, of no one,
In fine, who has ever been associated with
a greater and more fruitful drama of social
"I have recently sent to Carrel two big
parcels of United States newspapers. You
will find In them some remarks on Adams
and Jefferson, and, in particular, dates re
ferring to the early years of the Illustrious
"These papers contain details concerning
Jefferson's last moments. There are some
in the Richmond paper of the 14th of July
on whose authenticity you can rely. They
were published by a friend who left Monti
cello the dry before Jefferson's death and
who received communication of them from
Jefferson's grandson Immediately after the
event. I send you the original of this
"The Idea of associating slavery with the
name of this great man Is so painful that,
in your place, I should limit myself to say
ing that among the blacks emancipated was
his faithful servant Barwell, or else to
mentioning this servant among the small
number admitted Into his sick room.
Probably, however, you will have no room
for all the particulars one would like to
"I hope there will be enough space for
printing the translation of the laet letter
he wrote in his life. It contains senti
ments worthy of being published, and which
In this form would have more weight than
in any other.
"Jefferson's scrupulousness in giving to
Franklin and Adams the credit for the
modifications Introduced by them Into the
Declaration of Independence cannot be too
"I am sending you a book in which you
will find a very good notice of Jelerson.
Within the next couple of days I will dic
tate some further remarks.
"Lagrange, September 17, 1826."
Unfortunately, no trace has been found
of the letter here referred to.
CHEAPER TALK ACROSS SEAS.
Possibilities of Increased Cable and
New York World.
Thursday's announcement of the receipt
at San Francisco of the first message from
Honolulu over the new Pacific cable sug
gests the Interesting question. How will
Marconlgrams affect the cost of across-sea
In a speech at Sydney, N. S., recently,
Marconi, as reported in the World special,
remarked that, while his first contract with
the Canadian government was to send wire
less commercial messages at 10 cents a
word, he thought it probable the charge
would eventually come down to 1 cent per
Side by side with this put Hennlker Hea
ton's statement in the current Magazine
of Commerce that cable messages could and
ought to be sent for I cents per word. He
point out the glaring inequality of the
present cable rates, under which a message
from London to the Cape is sent for less
than half the charge for one from London
to Lagos, which Is but half way to the Cape.
Mr. Heaton has long urged that the Brit
ish and American governments should Join
hands, purchase and internationalize all the
great Anglo-American cable systems and
make cable rates uniform and cheap for all
To lay an ocean cable costs $1,000 per
mile. A transatlantic cable represents an
Investment of over $3,000,000. A wireless
telegraph system caji be established across
the Atlantic at a total cost of $200,000. It
seems highly probable, therefore, that In
the near future the cable lines, whether
they remain private or become publlo prop
erty, will find It necessary greatly to reduce
their charges In order to hold their own
against the new Marconlgrams.
Georgia's governor, by a new iar, can
now have only twenty-eight colonels on his
staff at a time.
If the anthracite operators are bard on
the public, ft cannot be said that the
bituminous people are at all soft.
Elder D. Llndsley of Marion, O., is be
lieved to hold the world's record for mem
bership in the Oddfellows. He entered Kos
ciusko lodge. No. 68, in 1846, being, there
fore, in the fifty-seventh year of his mem
bership. He is 82 years old.
Ex-Governor J. Proctor Knott, at the age
of 73, has settled down for the remainder
of his life, as he hopes, in a new houBe
built by him in Market street, Lebanon,
Ky., his native town. A fine country home
which he had Just beyond the city limits
was burned a little while ago.
Congressman Hemmenway said to "Joe"
Cannon, "You will have to sweat next
summer making up the committees," refer
ring to one of Mr. Cannon's duties when
elected speaker. The Danville sage replied
gravely, "I have been waiting a good while
for that sweat to break out on me."
The Studebaker Manufacturing company
of South Bend, Ind., has presented to the
Young Men's Christian association of that 1
city $200,000, to be used for the construc
tion of a building as a memorial to the
five original Studebaker brothers, the last
of whom, Clem Studebaker, died las', year.
As a sort of reward, after preventing his
relative from becoming a member of a
London stock-broking firm, King Edward
has allowed Prince Francis of Teck $10,000
a year until the prince can obtain some
remunerative position more in keeping with
his standing as a member of the royal
Charles D. Rose, Just chosen a member of
the British Parliament at the by-election at
Newmarket, England, is a Canadian by
birth and married a Vermont woman. He is
an ardent sportsman. Mr. Rose is a liberal
and succeeds a conservative member who
was chosen at the last election by a ma
jority of over 1,000 votes.
Except that he is about a head taller
than the conqueror of Robert E. Lee, Oen
eral. Fred Grant Is now almost the exact
physical counterpart of bis famous father.
His beard, now tinged with gray, Is worn
the same as his father's. Army life has
given him a rugged look, too, and altogether
be bears a marvelous resemblance to the
The death of Mrs. Jessie Benton Fremont
recalls the story of how her father, Senator
Benton of Missouri, violently opposed her
union to Lieutenant, afterward General,
John C. Fremont. After her marriage the
senator went to a newspaper office and
handed In a notice announcing the wedding
of "Jessie Benton' to John C. Fremont."
The editor suggested that the groom's name
was usually put first, whereupon Benton
said explosively: "It will go in that way or
not at all. Fremont did not marry my
daughter; sbs married him."
BITS OF WASIIISGTOS LIFE.
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
President Roosevelt enjoys a good cigar
t the right time and in the right place,
but objects to Inhaling an atmosphere of
cigar smoke manufactured by others. For
that reason and also to reduce the fire
risk he has decided to bar lighted cigars
from the White House and has made known
his wishes by hanging over a mantel In
the publlo reception room the familiar
sign, "No Smoking Allowed." Some time
go Arthur Simmons, the colored doorkeeper
who has been at the White House for many
years, was made smoke Inspector, but he
found that his efforts to put a stop to the
nuisance provoked a good deal of tall
language among offenders. Mr. Simmons is
of a pious turn and naturally that sort of
talk shocked him exceedingly. Therefore
he begged to be relieved from the task and
so Mr. Roosevelt has hung up the sign.
The fart that Senator Lodge of Massa
chusetts Is the bosom friend of President
Roosevelt Is generally recognized In con
gress and many plans are shaped accord
ingly. Some time ago, relates a New York
World letter, a representative from a west
ern state gave a testimonial for a patent
medicine which was printed in the news
papers with his picture. A wag here out
out the advertisement and mailed it to the
representative with this written across Its
"I am glsd to see that you hare been
Improved physically by this medicine. Now
find something that will Improve yon
mentally and morally."
The representative replied:
"I know what I am doing. I found that
this medicine was made In Ohio when t
began to take it. I am now taking a
medicine made in New York and I have
teleg'raphed to Massachusetts for a prepa
ration I understand is concocted there."
With a view to bringing good luck to the
omnibus state bill, Mr. Rodey, delegate
from New Mexico, is distributing to mem
bers of the senate New Mexican turquoises,
unpolished and uncut, but mounted with
gold, and thus forming unique ecarfplns.
Mr. Rodey has the utmost confidence In
the efficacy of the "good luck stones" and
Is confident that if he can Induce the five
senators rated as "doubtful" in the canvass
on the bill to wear New Mexican turquoises
in their scarfs the success of the measure
will be assured. Senator Quay wears one
of these unique pins and Mr. Rodey says
that the Pennsylvania senator carries a
turquoise In every pocket. Every time the
delegate from New Mexico meets a senator
he adjusts bis glasses and gazes at the
necktie. At last accounts two of the doubt
ful senators had donned the "good luck
stones" and Mr. Rodey is still working on
the three remaining.
The president has decided to rehang the
pictures of his predecessors in the White
House, and Instead of banishing these old
portraits, as was the plan In the renovation
of the executive mansion, they are to be
given conspicuous places In the halls and
corridors. The work of retouching the
paintings began last week and as soon as
they are ready they will be put In position
on the walls of the building. The portraits
of Presidents Arthur, Polk, Jackson, Har
rison and Fillmore are to go in the main
corridor. In the basement corridor will be
located the portraits of some of the women
who have been the "first lady of the land."
Those scheduled to go there are Mrs. Tyler,
Mrs. Van Buren, Mrs. Polk, Mrs. Hayes and
Mrs. Harrison. It. has not yet been de
termined where the balance of the paintings
re to go.
The venerable Oalusha A. Grow of Penn
sylvania, who will retire from publlo life
with this congress, looks with disfavor upon
the Improvements which have been made in
modern railroading. Not that he dislikes
the comforts of modern travel, but be says
that airbrakes, patent couplers and vesti
bule platforms have robbed him of his best
medicine. In the old days when the tracks
were crooked and rough and tha link
couplers permitted the cars to Jerk and Jolt
long Mr. Grow found a trip from Washing
ton to New York the most effective medicine
he could take. When he felt his liver be
coming a trifle torpid he used to Jump on a
train and ride to New York. The baking
up he received in few hours' run was most
beneficial. He still applies this remedy, but
be maintains that the results have dimin
ished In direct ratio to the improvements
which have been made In tha road.
Representative Cyrus Sulloway of New
Hampshire la the tallest member of the
house and although he is 64 years old ha
Insists that he Is still growing. Mr. Sullo
way declares that on each Christmas day be
applies a foot rule to his length and that
each year shows an Increase In height. This
year he measured 6 feet 7Vi Inches and he
weighed 276 pounds.
"It I am not growing taller, then the foot
rules are growing shorter," said Mr. Sullo
way. "I am fully a quarter of an Inch taller
this year than I was last December. I
think I have grown at least three Inches
slnco I was 25 years old."
WORK AND WAGES.
Foreign Orders for American Machin
ery and Equipment.
The statement made in the Publlo Ledger
yesterday that American firms have secured
from abroad contracts for machinery and
mechanical equipment amounting to $5,000,
000 within, two weeks. Illustrates forcibly
the wonderful success which is attending
the American attempt to do the business
of the world. It Is noticeable also how
large a share of this work Philadelphia Is
doing. Firms In this city will send locomo
tives to Guatemala and Brazil, pneumatic
tools to the Imperial navy yard In Kiel,
Germany; sugar apparatus to Porto Rico,
Corliss engines to England for blast fur
naces, and to Japan for use In the power
bouse of an electric railway; trolley cars
for a Japanese traction company, and iron
pipe for the Dutch East Indies, while an
American firm will construct In Glasgow a
factory for the manufacture of golf balls,
and In the home of the game the balls will
be made according to an American process.
The growth of American exports of tools
nd mechanical equipment has of late years
been rapid, but it Is not more remarkable
than the Increase of manufactures In gen
eral. The bureau of statistics has Just pre
pared a statement which shows the exports
of manufactures from the year 1790 to the
In 1850 the value of the manufactures ex
ported was only $17,000,000, or IS per cent of
the total exports; in 1870 the value of the
manufactured exports wss $68,000,000, or
bout 17 per cent of the total exports,
while for the current calendar year the ex
ports of manufactures, estimated from the
figures of the first ten months, will be $415.
000,000, or nearly SS per cent of tha total
exports. It Is clear that the United States
Is not only selling goods, like food products,
because we have extraordinary natural re
sources, but is surpassing England and the
world In turning out manufactures which
depend on the efficiency of labor. And this
labor is more efficient because our ma
chinery Is better and our labor Intelligent
enough to see the benefits to trsde end In
dustry, and, therefore, to labor. On the
other hand, England's failure to meet the
competition of America Is due perhaps more
than to any one other reuse, or to all other
factors combined, to English labor's hostil
ity to machinery.
PROPOSED COFFEE TTtrST.
Proiseert of the Brown Brry teek
to Rooat Prices.
The coffee-producing countries of this
hemisphere, with a few Insignificant excep
tions, were represented at coffee congress
which met In New York last October. There
Is a crisis In the coffee Industry. There Is
overproduction In some quarters, notably In
Brazil. If prices cannot be advanced many
of the planters will be ruined. The moat
importsnt recommendstlon of the congress
was that a national trust be established
through the machinery of a treaty by which
the coffee-growing countries are to bind
themselves to regulate and restrict exporta
tion so that it shall not outrun the Just
limits of consumption. It Is assumed that
the effect of this will be to raise prices
considerably and keep them up.
There Is no doubt thst the throwing of
large surplus stocks of coffee on the mar
ket has an effect on prices which the con
sumer does not complain of, but which tha
producer does. If Brazil and other South
nd Central American states deem It ad
visable to form a coffee trust by regulating
exportation there is nothing to prevent
their doing so, but they cannot expect the
United States, which is a coffee-consuming
country and which grows none except In
Porto Rico and Hawaii, to unite with them
In a project to raise the price of coffee.
The Russian government once suggested fb
that of the United States that they com
bine to keep up the prloe of wheat, of which
they are both large producers. The propo
sition was declined. The American gov
ernment did not see how It could go Into
a trust and repudiate Its anti-trust policy.
The suggestion of the coffee congress that
this country go Into a coffee trust eannot
Other recommendations of the congress
re that only the best coffee be raised, that
the shipment of poor or adulterated coffee
be prevented and that laws be enacted to
top the adulteration of coffee. These are
unobjectionable recommendations and are
feasible. The plan for the formation of an
international coffee trust hardly will work.
Three) Classes Defined and Briefly
This brings ua to the discussion of the
three classes of lawyers known to modern
life. The first stand high. They are
men of narked mental caliber, practicing
their profession honorably, preventing
litigation whenever possible conducting It,
when necessary, in a straightforward way
nd reflecting credit at all times on their
The second Is composed of the unfor
tunates, who, because of slight mental
equipment, or lack of opportunity, or
naturally lov moral standards, have sunken
to the poln of UBlng the law as a club
with which to hold up the fortunate and
the unfortunate of the men engaged in the
The third class of lawyers is so new as
scarcely to be generally known. But the
developments of the last ten years have
already produced many distinguished ex
amples. This new division Is that of the
counselor, who becomes connected with
large business affairs. His first duty is
to prevent litigation. In the second place,
he familiarizes himBelf with every depart
ment and keeps in touch with the officers
and all of the company's affairs. Less
technical in his training, and perhaps for
that reason more capable of taking a bird's
eye view of the company's affairs than
those more immediately Interested, he be
comes an efficient adviser In many direc
tions. He familiarizes himself with ques
tions of science whlcb enter into the evo
lution of the business. Instead of being
a clog upon the Industry of others, be Is
himself a leader in the direction of high
est economic development.
The Vegetarian Never try to make both
Tho Hen Better laid than never. N. Y,
Rich Aunt Henry, how have you run
through with all your money so quickly!
Tell me that's a good fellow.
Penitent Nephew You've guessed It,
Aunt Ann: Being- a good fellow. Philadel
"I am afraid that you broke the New
Year resolutions you made a year ago."
"Yes: but If I had no occasion to make
resolutions I couldn't fittingly celebrate th
holiday this year. So perhaps everything
is for the best." Washington Star.
"But," protested the plain citizen, "don't
you consider honesty a good thing?" .
"Sure," replied the politician, "but It's
like all good things; you've got to make
some money before you can afford It."
Miss Loved Father, when you refused
him consent to marry me did he get on
bis hands and knees and plead?
Irate Father How do I know? I couldn't
see where he lit. Punch Bowl.
"I came in today," said the shopper, "ta
see those swell sideboards of yours."
"Not me, lady," replied the new sales
man In the furniture store, "I ain't nevet
wore anything but a mustache." Chicago
Dick Wu Sing Yang says Americans
have no repooe.
Tom He Is only half right; many Ameri
cana who have too little repose are all
hustling to support Americana who hav
too much repose. Detroit FVe Press.
"To what do you attribute tho remark
able majority by which you wero elected,
senator?" asked his confidential friend.
"I have Just told you." replied Henatoi
Lotemun. with some Irritation, "what in)
election expenses were." Chlcajro Tribune,
BONO OK PROSPERITY.
James Barton Adams In Denver Post,
Peace an" plenty everywhere,
Urlmmln' full our bowl!
Songs o' gladness In the air.
Music In the soul.
Everybody ateppln' high
Down the easy pike
Llghtnln' snap In every eye
Never saw the like!
Oodles o' prosperity
Iayln all around, m
Wheels o' business, hully geal
Hear their whlrlln' sound!
Money chokln' up the ban!".
Trade a makln more
Not a huatler In the ranks
Lettln' out a roar.
Uncle Sammy got a grin
On hla happy face
Scowl he was a weaiin' bin
Jostled out o' place.
Sees the ball o' progress rolled
As he sets an' sings that Old
Yankee Doodle aong.
States all wnrkl"' lively feeW
Hottest sort o' pace
Each endt-av. rln' , ueat
Others In the race.
While they come with snappy tread
Ruehln' fur the stake,
Colorado's 'way ahead
Munchln' at the cake!
213 South 16th St. ' Paxtoo Block.
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