Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 24, 1902, Page 6, Image 6
G THE OMAHA DAILY BEE; TYEDNESDAT, DECEMBEtt 21, 1902. The omaha Daily Hue ' E. KOBEWATEH. EDITOR. PUBLISHED EVERT MUKNIXG. TERMS OK SUBSCRIPTION, pally JUe (mihou' Sunii). One Year..4 . laiiy lire anu BundHy, one Vear I Illustrated toi-e, one Year w Sunday Bee. One Yenr -J featurduy lice, One Year l o" Twentieth Century rarmer, One Year., 1.W , DELIVERED BY CARRIER. Pally Itee (without Sunday), per copy.... Xc pally Jtee (without tundH, per week. ...12c Dally live (Including Hunday), per week..i;c rJunoay bet, per ropy oc Evening Bee (without Sunday), per week c Evening Bee (including Sunday), per week 100 Complaints of Irregularities In delivery Should be addressed to City Circulation De partment. OFFICES. Omaha The Bee Building. South Omaha city liall Building, Twenty-firth and M Streets. Council Bluffs 10 Pearl Street Chicago 1640 Unity Building New York 2318 park Row Building. Washington 601 Fourteenth Street. CORRESPONDENCE. Communications relating to nevvs and edi torial matter should be addressed: Omaha ilea. Editorial Department. STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION. State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.: George B. Ttschuck, secretary of The See Publishing Company, being duly sworn, ays that tho actual number of full and complete copies of The Dally, Morning, Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the monia or Movember, lt, was as louows: 1 , 81.4TO IS SIH.435 1 3U.480 17 3O.W0 I i. Sl,MJO IS 30.8T0 . 81.SSO 18 30,940 41.0MS to 30.M00 84.B50 21 BO.UilO 7 81,1110 23 31,410 80,340 23 ZM.310 2U.67B 24 ao.UStO JO 81,300 25 31,0(10 U 30.WTO 26 81,000 U.... 80,700 27 80.7HO 11 ....30,haO 28 81,130 U 30,730 29 31.4HO U 81,310 80 1M.I75 Total oaa.io 1m unsaid and returned copies.... B,23T Net total sale ,lSta,il73 Net average sales 30.755 GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK. Subscribed In my presence and sworn to lefor toe this 3uth day ot November, A. D. 102. M. B. HUNGATE. (Seal) Notary lubllo. If we are to have a free-for-all rower franchise, why limit the motive force to electricity generated by water power. Employes of the street railway com pany don't care how fast the company's capitalization grows If their pay grows apace. It must be the smooth way President Roosevelt arranged the coal strike arbi tration that has made him la demand as an arbitrator among all the nations of the earth. It's all right to remove the cattle quarantine as soon as the danger Is over, but this Is a case wheM making haste slowly would prove economical in the Ions rnn. Governor Savage says he Is going to make bis Christmas presents by exercise of bis pardoning power. .. He can make such presents without going into his own pocket book. The state of .South Dakota resorts to the peaceful method of suing the state of North Carolina on the tatter's repudi ated bonds instead of sending warships to seize tho revenues and blockade the coasts of its defaulting creditor. It appears after all that Mascagni is destined to leave a goodly sum of the coin of Humbert's realm In this coun try as the result of his tour for exploit ing the pockets of American lovers of art if only as fees to lawyers to keep him out of trouble. There Is a loud call for an arbitrator between Crown Trlnce Frederick of Saxony and Crown Princess Louise, who' has left her husband's bed and board. An International court of royal reconciliation might come In hiudy for the estranged pair. . The rain began to pour down as soon as President Roosevelt left Washington for his outing at Rapid an and never ceased till his return, so that he now realises how It was. when the union armies started out to campaign in Vir ginia forty years ago. ' Spain and all other foreign nations may take notice that, notwithstanding a certain sensational occurrence in Ha vana harbor not long ago, the United States has now afloat another battle ship Maine, Incomparably more formid able than the one that was sent to Davy Jones' locker. A report from the Omaha Woman's club on the practical results achieved by Its humanitarian resolution obligating members to relieve the shop girls by making . their Ahollday .purchases early would be an Interesting document. It ought to carry an appendix, too, giving the shop girls' side of the story. Another reform the impending legis lature should Institute is a law making the fiscal year for the school board coin cldo with the calendar year, the same as for all other departments of our city government Such a change by Itself would put a stop to most of the annual hocus pocus of school fund fiuuuces. 11 the Bartley newspaper organs, big and little, have had word to shower the great pardoner with a profusion of bou quets on his exit from office. Keep your eye along the line and watch them come to the front. And the papers most ar dent in their apologies for Hartley will be most lavish In their encomiums for Savage. A local lawyer wants (30,000 for bis aervlcea in helping the stockholders of a defunct bank compromise with the cred itors on the basis of about 30 cents on the dollar. It Is a laudable practice for lawyers to place a high value on their aervlcea, so in this rase an opportunity is surely offered for some other legal luminary to euru a fat fee on paper by helping the same bank stockholders to o ui promise this claim for about 30 cents tin the dollar. - vuyFusitfo tut (jcrsTiuit. "The numerous bills that have been Introduced In congress proposing various nethods of dealing with the trusts muxt hove a tendency to confuse the question and thus Impair the rhnnces for legisla tion, at lent at the present session. Those who hare given careful attention to the anti-trust situation In congress say that It Is distinctly discouraging to those who are anxious that legislation of a helpful kind shall be enacted. It was stated by some of the Washington corresiwndents Just before the holiday recess that the prospects of reporting and passing a really satisfactory bill In the house of representatives were worse, if anything, than they had been, and even the assurance that some measure will be reported by the middle of Janu ary and passed by the beginning of February gave no hope whatever to those who understand the nature of the bill that will be reported and who con sider tiie temper which now prevails In the senate. With a diversity of propositions urged for consideration. It Is easy to under stand that a great deal of perplexity Is likely to be the result Of the meas ures that have been Introduced no two are altogether along the same lines and Hie general divergence Is radical. Con servatism and moderation characterise few of these bills,' the authors of which seemed to feel that in order to command attention for their bills, particularly on the part of the public, It was necessary to propose extreme and even very drastic conditions. Thus, for example, there is a bill which proposes to force into bank ruptcy all associations of a certain kind, under specified conditions, though It would be Impossible to establish the facts to be considered grounds of bank ruptcy and no effective means la pro vided for determining when proceedings of this kind will be in order. Another measure proposes the establishment of a uniform price throughout the United States for trust-made goods and Is de signed to prevent large corporations from driving rivals out of the business In specified localities by lowering prices In those localities. It is pointed out that the trouble with this measure Is that It does not provide any criterion for the recognition of trusts or of articles produced by them. It is of course possible that "out of the diversity of plans something prac tical and capable of effective operation will be evolved. Senator Hoar, who is understood to be framing an anti-trust bill, or some other able and experienced statesman, may present a measure that will meet the requirements and perhaps stand a constitutional test. But, greatly as it is to be desired that there shall be legislation by this congress dealing with the trusts, the prospect of securing it la less favorable than could be wished. TUK STATES AND FOOD ADULTERATION. The decision of the supreme court of the United States in the pure food case. going up from Missouri, settles, broadly toe principle In which the states mav deal with that subject. It opens the way for the several legislatures to Dro- vlde effectively for the public health so far as food adulteration Is concerned. The majority of the states have stat utes against deleterious food com pounds, but most of them are loosely drawn and there have always been doubts as to their constitutionality. In the lack of vigorous public sentiment and In the uncertainty as to the en forcement of penalties, state laws have for the most part been dead letters and the practice of adulteration has gone on unhindered. Many articles of food are so generally adulterated that the mere fact that the retailer handles and sells them does not necessarily prove fraud ulent purpose on his part but only that it has come to be a matter of accepted custom. Nothing now stands In the wav to r- vent the state legislatures from making the most ample provisions to safeguard tne purity of food supplies or to Inter fere with the enforcement of state laws which are adequate. The weakest point of most of the existing statutes Is that they fall to put dealers of nil degrees sufficiently upon their guard as to the articles they handle, throwing upon them the burden of being sure of their purity and harm- lessuess to users. A very elaborate and rigid system of inspection would hardly as yet be warranted, but reasonable penalties can now be made effective against willful Imposition UDon the nub ile with spurious foodstuffs. rrtlitLESS TKL&ORAPtir. The latest development In-. wireless telegraphy, characterized bv nct'lns premier of Canada as "th-j greatest feat modem science has yet achieved.", is certainly of very great Importance, though It does not conclusively demon strate that wireless telegraphy can ever be relied upon for commercial purposes. In a lecture a few days ago before the National Geographic society Lieutenant Colonel Reber of the signal corps said that the experience of the last two years nas cieany snown that the proper sphere of wireless telegraphy Is commu nication between shore and ship and be tween ships at sea. He expressed the opinion that neither the cable systems nor the land lines will be supplanted by wireless telegraphy, adding: "No re sults overland have been obtained that can at present warrant Its acceptance as a commercial means of transmission. While messages overland have been successfully exchanged up to distances or fifty and sixty miles when the at niospb,erlc, local, the thermal condl tions were favorable, that uulnterruptec communication which Is essential t commercial success has not as yet been achieved." Colonel Reber further said that the reliability of this method of communication and Its probable speed will have to be demonstrated before becomes a commercial possibility. It Still the latest success of Marconi will Strengthen confidence In his ability to accomplish all that he has promised and Is very likely to cause a modification of such opinion as that expressed by Colonel Relx-r. formed before the new est development of what wireless teleg raphy la capable of. At any rate, the resulta are of great scientific Interest and give promise of practical benefits of immeasurable value. 7 Ha,' btATtUOOD CvyTKST. There Is unquestionably a very gen eral feeling In the west in favor of giv ing statehood to New Mexico aud Ari zona, as well as Oklahoma. It may be admitted that the report of the subcom mittee of the senate committee on ter ritories presents some forcible reasons against admitting New Mexico and Ari zona, and the speech of Senator Dilling ham of Vermont In support of that re port contains strong points, but neither is entirely convincing nnd they fall to satisfy the unprejudiced mind that It Is necessary for the general welfare to keep those territories longer out of the union and thus disregard the pledge given them by the republican party In Its last national platform. Grant that In some things New Mex ico and Arizona are deficient yet it Is true that In all the requirements for statehood they are better off than were a number of the states when admitted, and would undoubtedly develop under statehood quite aa rapidly as have thos.j states. Given self-government. New Mexico and Arizona will do Just what all American communities have done when enfranchised with statehood. They will fill up with an American pop ulation and go forward In development and enlightenment. There Is no danger that those territories could not take care of themselves if given statehood, and no political consideration should in fluence the question of their admission. TRSOPKNDOVH VOW EH tRAKCBtSE. The free-for-all amendment tacked onto the power franchise ordinance is an Insult to the Intelligence of the com munity. It is an open secret that it had Its Inspiration in the avowed purpose In the management of the New Omaha Thomson-Houston Electric Lighting com pany to strangle the project under pre text that Omaha is Interested In main taining the open door for everybody will ing to compete for supplying the city with electric power. No capitalist or syndicate would ven ture to invest two or three million dol lurs in a power canal without some as surance or guaranty of reasonable in terns on tht amount invested. A free forall franchise Instead of attracting capital would repel capital. To submit such a proposition to the voters of Omaha only adds Insult to injury. The people of Omaha, we feel sure, are not In a frame of mind to be trifled with in such manner. . Councilmen who have been persuaded that it would not be safe to let the vot ers of Omaha - decide for themselves whether they favor or disapprove the proposed franchise ordinance will retain their own self-respect better by voting down the entire ordinance without amendment than by choking it to death by amendments that are palpably 'de signed to frustrate the enterprise. TBS UOLlDAt THADK. Only a day remains to close the chap ter of the holiday trade for 1002 and local merchants will soon be taking in ventory to measure up the results. Tak ing Into consideration the unfavorable weather conditions, Omaha retailers re port a brisk business, 'almost up to ex pectations and well ahead of the records of former veers. i From the standpoint of the patron and purchaser the season has also been emi nently satisfactory. The enterprise of our local establishments was never ex hibited to better advantage not only In the variety of the goods placed at the disposal of the public and the attractive form in which they are displayed, but also In the, accommodating service ex tended on every hand nnd the prompt fulfillment of the orders of customers. Omaha people have a right to feel a Just pride In the number and character of their up-to-date retail establishments. They want-to see them prosper because their prosperity is shared by the entire community, and they hope the holiday season Just closing will prove full of promise for the future. You must go away from home to hear the news. According to the Globe-Democrat of St. Louis, Nebraska is agitated from center to circumference over th-j alleged challenge Issued by a Beatrice attorney to the supreme court to re dlscuss with him Its decision against bible reading In the public schools and the challenge has reached fever heat. In Nebraska, however, the challenge Is regarded with' supreme Indifference and the temperature instead of being at 08 Fahrenheit Is only 3 degrees above zero. Any reference of the Venezuelan troubles to The Hague arbitration tri bunal would not change the status of the Monroe doctrine by a hair's breadth. That tribunal would have to take notice of the doctrine. Its validity rests ull mately on the physical and moral power of the United States, which has been sufficient for three-quarters of a cen tury to vindicate It. The good people of Beatric are in deed playing In hard luck with their succession of destructive fires. Beatrice, however, Is a thriving, pushing city that will not be dismayed by visits of the fire fiend. It will go righl aliead with redoubled energy. If necessary, and keep it rank among Nebraska's most pros perous communities. No doubt E. H- Harriman Is deeply chagrined by his defeat by J. J. Hill for the contract for carrying government supplies to the army In the Philippines, but the report can hardly be true that he has on that account gone atfer the scalps of Secretary Root and President Roosevelt Their scalps wouldn't pay the freight Drifted Far from HI Trade. Washington Post Before securing hit present Job President Castro sold whisky for a Cincinnati firm. It la believed he made a much better sales man than he does an executive. An Assurance of Pear. Chicago Inter Ocean. When the present little cloud rolls by and It Is found that our amicable relations with foreign powers have not been dis turbed, we shall nevertheless always con gratulate ourselves that Admiral George Dewey was within one day's sail ot possible trouble. Anticipated Pleasure. Cincinnati Enquirer. There may be some great doings at Wash ington this winter, but congress does not start off with a seeming purpose to get ex cited about anything. There la a tendency to merely attend to the appropriation bills for the next year or two and leave the great big questions to be fought over in the presi dential campaign of 1904. The Terror of the Orinoco. Chicago Chronicle. If the Honorable "El Mocho" Hcrnandes of Venezuela Is not libeled by his pub lished portraits the terror which he baa In spired during the last ffw years is easily comprehensible. He looks like a com bination of the lata Black Jack Yattaw and BUI Dalton, with a suggestion of James Hamilton Lewis in the cnt of his whisker. More Profitable Thu Striking;. Indianapolis Journal. As a result of five weeks' consultation between the engineers and firemen ot the Chicago ft Northwestern railroad and the officers of the road the men got an In crease of wages aggregating $600,000 a year. During the long discussion the old wage schedule was gone over, Item by Item, and every one settled on a friendly basis. This la better than striking. Tarn In Tide of Capital. San Francisco Chronicle. The state constitution of Nebraska pro vides that the school fund shall not be Invested or loaned except upon United States securities. Within the next five years It Is expected that the fund will reach the sum of $12,000,000. The sum of $300,000 has already been Invested In Massachusetts bonds. This fact is re markable, as It marks a reversal of the tide of capital, which baa hitherto flowed steadily westward. Moat Solidly Prosperous People. Atlanta Constitution. The grand army ot American farmers Is sowing and reaping prosperity and taking a day off occasionally to go to the circus, laugh at the clown and forget there are any politicians nearer the earth than the dog star. The real farmers ot this nation are, outside of the large speculative In dustries, the most solidly prosperous and Independent body of our citizens. They are established in that greatest of enterprises the supply .of the breadstuff of humanity and as other Industries and occupations multiply, the Importance and profitableness ot farming increases continually. Great Speed In Pension Bills. Boston Transcript. The record the bouse of representatives made one day last week in passing 174 private pension bills in , thirty-nine minutes is not one to be proud of. At this rate almost live pension -bills a mlute were passed, or 'one every twelve seconds. No machine run by the swiftest electric motor could possibly exceed the speed the house attains in adding to the list of pen sions or Increasing. Jhe rates of pensions. The wonder Is that in these days of labor saving inventions a legislative Edison does not arise to Invent a penslonometer, which will save the house trouble by converting applications Into pensions while the appli cant waits. American Christmas Trees Abroad. New York Tribune. A feature of the Christmas tree indus try which has developed in the east is the shipment of fir and spruces from New York to Porto Rico, Cuba, Mexico and Brazil for use as Christmas trees. Wherever Americana travel they take with them their traditions, and the pine tree, adorned with Its colored candles and tinsel orna ments will deck the home on Christmas eve if the mercury stands at 90 outside and tropic palms wave overhead In the breeze of perpetual summer. Like the Irishman's anamrock, brought over sea carefully and anxiously from the old sod for each St. Patrick's day, the Christmas tree for the American in tropical countries is welcomed with fully as much emotion and perhaps not thrown dishonored and dls honably into the aehcart after it has served as the chief figure In the worlds greatest holiday. It may be permitted to stand In Its dark green glory for weeks, shedding Its aromatic reminiscence ot "home" across the water. Next to the Arcerlcan flag In a foreign land as an In spiration to the exile la an American Christmas tree. GKRMAXY A.D THK IMTED STATES. Trade Relations as Affected by the New Tariff. Philadelphia Press. The new German tariff. Increasing duties heavily on breadstuffs and provisions, will hurt the Germans more than foreigners. The Germans have excluded already, by un fair methods, provisions and breadstuffs to about as great an extent as they can well stand. In the last fiscal year they Imported from the United States $45,500,000 in value of breadstuffs and provisions. There is no surplus stock of these articles anywhere. Germany must either go without them or else pay Increased prices. Its principle article of import from the United States ta raw cotton, of which $70,416,000 worth were Imported last year. It cannot obtain this cotton elsewhere, and If It la to continue manufacturing It will have to buy It In the future, as in the past, In this country. Nine years ago it Imported only $36,900,999 worth ot cotton. The Increase of $34,000,000 worth In nine years la due to its Increased manufacturing processes. It Imports from the United States almost wholly raw materials. Cotton takes the lead, provisions and breadstuffs follow, and then. In ordei, are mineral oil, copper In gots, unmanufactured tobacco, oilcake and meal. Of agricultural Implements only $1,863,672 worth were Imported In the last f ecal year. It may be wise to Increase the duty on raw materials, but that la not our method ot doing business. The Imports from the United States In the last fiscal year were $18,600,000 less than In the previous year. But that .was in part due to the prosperous situation in the United States, leaving less available for export, and In part to the business depres sion tn Germany. The new tariff law will probably, when it goes Into effect, further Injure trade with this country, as well as with others. Germany sold more to the United States In the last fiscal year than In any previous year, excepting the last year of the Wilson tariff law. The United States could cut off nearly all ot the Oar- 1 man imports without any lea. ROVXD ABOIT SEW TOItK, Ripples oat the Current of Life la the Metropolis. Christmas shopping In the stores of Omaha Is regarded by the experienced as a form, of exercise closely approaching foot ball. The game as played here la as mild aa a pink tea compared with "the real thing" to be seen and felt In the de partment stores of New York. Shopping there Is a foot ball rush from morning till late at night, with successive changes of players. Women rush In and come out exhilerated and triumphant at the other side, while the men stand back and wait for a chance to slip through. Thus they miss a rare opportunity for the cultivation of wind and muscle. There Is no fancy about this sketch. There Is only one way to make it and that is to fight. It is curious, too. A woman who would turn blue and froth at the mouth If any one should so rush her and pummel her on the street or In a railroad station will fubmit to have her clothes torn from her back or her front hair dragged away in a department store slugging match with no more than a gentle protest or a mild ex postulation. She knows that other wom-n have the same rights as herself, and no more. That they are all but portions of an army storming these mercantile walks; that Inasmuch as others have done so unto ber, so she has unto them. The motto seems to be, "If you see a corn, step on it." Once In a while a great while, perhaps the youthful housekeeper executes a coup id a domestlo crisis, which puts older and more experienced matrons to the blush. So it was with tho Bronx bride, whose strategy Is detailed by the Evening Post. There was mud and slush a-plcnty along the block of alleged Queen Anne cottages, but within their cellars there was no coal. A mass meeting of wives and mothers revealed sor row and Indignation, but no plan for relief, no scheme by which the unfeeling coal agent could be Induced to relent in his pre diction that he would be unable to get any more coal tor ten days. Reports from con tiguous nursery precincts Indicated1 that the barometer was ailing rapidly to "croup and sore throat." The next evening at dusk eight weary horses dragged four heavy loads of anthra cite through the street. The bride stood on the stoop with tear-dlramed ryes and watched them pass. The driver espied her. "Can you tell me, mum, where It Is that the Blanks live hereabouts? I've hauled this coal all the way from Pier A, and the horses are beat out. If I can't find 'em be fore It sets In clean dark, I'll dump the stuff In the street." The bride was down the steps and at the beads of the leading team In a second. She Inspected the eight horses gravely and mi nutely. "W all belong to the Society for the Pre vention of Cruelty to Animals In this street," she announced to the driver, "and If you make these horses haul that load any further, I'll have to have you arrested." It was not hard to Intimidate a tired driver, nine miles from his stable at 6:30 on a winter evening. There were no stranded coal wagons upon the street when the re turning colony of husbands arrived for din ner. But the cheerful warmth that greeted them was a surprise. It was the bride who was the guest of honor at the evening theater party. The Trinity building and Us site, at No. Ill Broadway, have been sold at the bewil dering price ot nearly $198 a square foot, the total for the property reaching the amazing sum ot nearly$2,250,000. "In a few generations," says the Tribune, "every Inch ot ground upon Manhattan Island may rep resent aq outlay which In the days of good old Peter Stuyvesant would have been thought fabulous. Even the wildest im aginings of possible real estate values in the period of the Dutch domination are far surpassed by the sober realities of tho present." The notorious "spite house" of New York City, Ave feet wide and 102.2 long, four stories high built by Joseph Richardson, a wealthy contractor, because an owner of adjoining property wouldn't pay blm bis price for It haa JuBt been sold by Miss Dellarlfa Grace Richardson, his daughter. Real estate dealers have bought the house, but what they can want with It Is a puzzle though they are said to consider It a bar gain for any other buyer at $15,000. Fancy what the stairways must be In such a structure! Every piece of furniture had to be designed expressly for Its place. Yet the Rlchardsons dwelt In it for nigh twenty years. At a recent examination of a number of beefy and broad-footed young men who were candidates for appointment on the police force, this question appeared upon the papers: "What does the word Knick erbocker mean, and what was Its origin?" Most of the young men knew, but didn't know In the right way. "It's the name of a beer made in Williamsburg," wns one answer. Others were: "The name the Indians gave to the first Dutchman who came to New York." "A Joke got on New York a long time ago by George Wash ington." "The name of an Ice company you see It on all the wagons." "The Indian name of the tobacco plant." "It came from wearing short pants." An odd Christmas reminder waa noticed at the foot of Wall street one day last week. A score of heavily loaded trucks were con gregated there watting a chance to unload for the Havana steamer. On one of the trucks were a bundle of handsome Christ mas trees. They were going to Havana to the homes of some ot the American colony, where Christmas will be celebrated In the good old fashion. And what a queer Christ mas celebration It will be with the ther mometer standing at about 80 or 90 degrees above zero. But the spirit of Christmas will be there. I'ERSOXAL SOTES. "Coffin John" FItchette, the last of the Jurors empaneled to try Jefferson Davis, has Just died in Minneapolis. Senator Clark Is a veritable count of Monte Cristo. It Is all he can do to get his checks cashed In Greater New York. The good taste of the White House re furnlshings and refurbtshlngs suggests that Mrs. Roosevelt has been acting as a min ister of the Interior. The striking miners In Paris are making no trouble. They And enough of It already made in the French Chamber of Deputies to furnish ample excitement. Mr. Carnegie has promised to be present at the dedication of bis new $350,000 library In Washington. January 7. His collection of libraries now amounts to upward of 1,000. Bachelors and bachelor girls are twice as prone to crime as married men and women, according to statistics lately pro mulgated by Dr. C. R. Henderson of the University of Chicago. Senator Pettus raised a laugh while dis cussing the rollltla bill. He had submbltted to several Interruptions with good grace, but when Foraker kept on talking for some fifteen minutes the venerable aenator from Alabama he is the oldest man In the sen ate tapped bis desk sharply and aald: "See here, Mr. President, I have been trying to make this speech for some time, and 1 tion't want any other senator to make It for me, either." Foraker looked astonished for a moment, but took his seat amid s general lauxh. - Fencing Public Domain Phlladelphl Removal of fences from public lands In the west, say the rattle and range mag nates, would blight the prosperity of com munities without securing any commensu rate public advantage by way ot compensa tion. This, however. Is by no means the view of the land office authorities. The fences are there only by right of seizure, while the vast public domains which they Inclose are eagerly coveted by hotne seekrrft. Farms or cattle ranges; di versified agriculture or nomadic pasturage; a thriving and Increasing population or vast herds ranging over silent and far extended plains of buffalo grass such Is the choice that must bo made when the Issue between homesteaders and cattle barons shall be pressed sharply home In the councils of national administration. Millions of acres have been Illegally In closed, rights of settlers Ignored and regu lations of the public land office defied tn order that cheap grazing grounds might be maintained for private profit at the public expense. If this practloe Is to be' con tinued and legalized, -what Is to become of the army of peaceful Invaders whose mis sion It is to make western wildernesses blossom as the rose? The strugglo between conflicting Inter ests In districts where cattle ranchers have been heretofore dominant haa reached an acute stage In Nebraska and South Da kota. By every available devlre of lease or public entry, Ingeniously designed to absorb vast areaa of land, the cattlemen have been enabled to reduce to practical possession whole townships and counties. Operating without check for many years, they have been enabled to set up effective NAMES OF STATES. Indian Kimti Are Good and Twenty . Six States Hare Them. Hartford Courant. Somebody at Washington has suggested that Oklahoma plus the Indian Territory be admitted Into the union as the State ot Jef ferson and that New Mexico plus Arizona be admitted as the State of McKlnley. We file an Immediate and emphatic objection to the names proposed for the new states an objection on general principles. The place of Thomas Jefferson and Wil liam McKlnley In history and In the remem brance of their country Is secure. Those great men are not In any need of the clumsy compliment, an offense against good taste, which this person at the national capital would pay them. If living they would be the first to veto It. Their greatness will not be enhanced an lota by printing their names In big letters across colored spots on the maps. The naming of states after men Is all wrong. It is bad enough that our broad strip of the continent should be so thick-sown with Jacksonvllles, Smithtowns, Jonesburgs, etc. Do we hear anybody at Washington proposing to change the name of Manila to Deweyvllle, or of Santiago de Cuba to Roosevelton, or to San Juan de Porto Rico to Milesburg? It waa a mistake to name our far northwestern state after the first president. There Is no state of Lincoln; we hope there never will be, though his name (like Washington's and Jefferson's) would lend Itself much more readily to such an unnecessary, undesirable use than the name of McKlnley. "The state of McKlnley Is bounded so and so. The capital of McKlnley, etc.; the principal pro ducts of McKlnley, etc.; the geological for mation of McKlnley) etc." Does any Amer ican really want to make a contribution of that sort to the geographies, cyclopedias and gisett'" T ' Connecticut Is one of twenty-six states that have Indian names. Very good the Indian names are, though we once heard a red-whiskered British tourist in a railroad car express the opinion that Westport Is a much more "sensible" name for a town than Saugatuck. Colorado, Florida, Nevada these are musical names. Americans of this time have quite forgotten, the royal vanity or royal favoritism or courier flattery that gave Virginia, the Carolines, Georgia, Louisiana, their names. The name of our Empire state has utterly disassociated itself from the memory of the duke of York in honor of whom It was bestowed; the name of Delaware suggests the noble river, but not at all the amiable, dcad-and-gone Eng lish nobleman. New Hampshire, Vermont, Iihodo Island, New Jersey are well enough; Indian names would have boon better. Pennsylvania is a hybrid monster of a name that would have given Horace the shivers. It conveys from age to age the Information that Friend William Penn was a large landed proprietor and that his land was principally woodland. The suggestion of the Washington person should bo voted down. Oklahoma Is a bet ter name for a new state than Jefferson, and New Mexico (though not ideal) Is a much better name for a new state than McKlnley. EIHCAT10N.1L NOTES. One million dollars have been given for a school of education at Chicago university and about half this amoun will be ex pended on an enormous building. St. Louis has the credit for many good thlrga In the world educational. Kinder gartens were successful realities long before they had reached more than the experi mental stage In other cities. Then the man ual training school movement had its origin In St. Louis and now cornea the portable rchool house to again add to the Missouri city's reputation for advanced effort along educational lines A man vUlted the schools of Beverly, Mass., and secured the services of several children to sell cheap Jewelry for him. The 8 S;B J :J , F - ism BazfjajBF' T 1 f r 'jT imimmkfrsK lost a Record. barbed wire barriers to the growth of buddlug communities. Their holdings of gracing lands cheap, well grassed and convenient to great lines of transportation constitute an asset of Immense value, and wheth-r rightfully held or not, will not be surrendered without desperate re sistance. United in a compact community of eelf-lntereet, with abundant financial re sources and earnest advocates In both branches of congress, the grazers should enjoy marked advantages in preliminary legislative skirmishes for land, and yet more land. There Is no scarcity of acres not even a remote possibility ot It but only a tangle of conflicting Interests, due largely to disregard or violation of the publlo land laws. It would be quite possible, no doubt, to meet the current demands of homesteaders and of the state in Nebraska without disturbing any legally acquired rights of the cattlemen. But this would by no means content tho latter. The gov ernment Is to be asked to confirm, them In poesesslon of great tracts of land to which their effective title Is tn wire fences and the ready weapons of a mobllo mass of cowboys. Falling in this, temporary sanction for such encroachments la to be sought In modification by law of the ex isting lease system, with a view, of course, to eventual and permanent control of lands now held in defiance of statutory inhibitions. It Is not easy to see. under such conditions, where intending settlers are to find due consideration, save in a rigid enforcement ot existing land laws, even at the cost of sundry square leagues of free cattle ranges. police authorities investigated, and the man waa fined $50, the Judge stating that he considered the offense more flagrant than if the man had sold the Jewelry himself without a license, as he tempted the chil dren to Ignorantly violate the law. Honors accumulate upon the head of Prof. Simon Newcomb, the oldest and most emi nent of living scientists. The degree of doctor of philosophy has Just been conferred upon him by the Unlverplty of Chrlstlanla. He had before received similar distinctions from ten or twelve Institutions, including the degree of doctor of divinity from Yale, Harvard and Columbia. He Is a member of the leading scientific societies of Europe and America and is author of many sclen tillc text books. The finance committee of teachers' col lege, a branch of Columbia university, has Issued a statement In regard to the college endowment, which gives aome very Inter esting facta as to the cost of training teach ers. Public education has assumed Im mense proportions In the United States, It being estimated that In the year 1899-1900 the public school attendance alone was 15. 341,220, the number of teachers engaged waa 421,2fc8 and the amount expended was $213, 274,304. This amount exceeded the total ex penditure for both the army and navy by $22,646,508. Every year uyward of 10.000 teachers must be trained to take the places of those who leave the profession. BMILIXi RKMAHKI, Chicago Post: "Clothes don't make the man." "True; and that's where man and woman differ." i Philadelphia Press: "Of course, Jphn la a thoroughly English name." "Oh, 1 don't know." "Oh, but It la. The 'h,' you'll notice, Isn't sounded at all." Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Has yonr wife asked you what you want for Christmas?" "No, and I tear the worst.". t Boston Bulletin: "They say some blind people ran actually , distinguish, colors by the sense of touch. "That's nothing; there are times when I feel blue myself. f , Chicago Record-Herald: "Well, Johrinle. what are you going to give your little brother for Chrlstmae?" "I dun no. I give him the measles last year." New York Weekly: Husband Didn't I tell you that waa a secret, and you were not to tell It to any one? Wife You told me it was a secret, dui you did not say I was not to tell It to any one. Cleveland Plain Denier: "That new $10. 000,000 financial Institution In New York has a president who started In aa a messenger bIesscnger boy I I didn't suppose they ever got there." Washington Star: "Remember," said the earnest friend, "that when you accept public office you are placed In possession Of a great trust." "That Is dinerent from the Inst remark I heard on the subject," said Senator Sor ghum. "It waa to the effect that a trust waa In possession of me." TUB CHRISTMAS STAIU Augusta Prescott. A star swung out of Ireaven, High over the earth It swung A lofty gleaming sentinel, By clouds, In garlands, hung. Its light swept over the mountain. And Into the valley It swept Till It gleamed on the Palace of Caesar, And Into the manger crept. The Emperor pauaed with his goblet. High In hla uplifted hand. And trembled lke one with the palsy At the light that flooded the land. A Baby lay tn its manger. And looked with a Baby's surprise And lifted Its little hands upward . To shelter the ray from ita eyes. A sesrchllght swung from Heaven, A gleaming Christmas etar, And the Wise Men knew Its meaning And Journeyed from afar. A star swings out of Heaven A etar of Godlike birth To tell the world and its people ' When Christmas cornea to Earth. Keep a good supply of rer's Family Medicines on . It's so easy then to take the Pills at bedtime if you little bilious, or If vour stomach is a trifle out of order. Just so with the Sarsaparilla. A few doses will bring back your appetite, give strength to your weakened nerves, and relieve you of that terrible feeling of exhaustion. And besides there are the children to think of. A dose or two at the right time often means so much. I. o. area oo,, L.w.il, Mm.