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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 24, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE; TYEDNESDAT, DECEMBEtt 21, 1902.
The omaha Daily Hue
' E. KOBEWATEH. EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MUKNIXG.
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laiiy lire anu BundHy, one Vear I
Illustrated toi-e, one Year w
Sunday Bee. One Yenr -J
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Twentieth Century rarmer, One Year., 1.W
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Complaints of Irregularities In delivery
Should be addressed to City Circulation De
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Communications relating to nevvs and edi
torial matter should be addressed: Omaha
ilea. Editorial Department.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
George B. Ttschuck, secretary of The
See Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
ays that tho actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
monia or Movember, lt, was as louows:
1 , 81.4TO IS SIH.435
1 3U.480 17 3O.W0
I i. Sl,MJO IS 30.8T0
. 81.SSO 18 30,940
41.0MS to 30.M00
84.B50 21 BO.UilO
7 81,1110 23 31,410
80,340 23 ZM.310
2U.67B 24 ao.UStO
JO 81,300 25 31,0(10
U 30.WTO 26 81,000
U.... 80,700 27 80.7HO
11 ....30,haO 28 81,130
U 30,730 29 31.4HO
U 81,310 80 1M.I75
1m unsaid and returned copies.... B,23T
Net total sale ,lSta,il73
Net average sales 30.755
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
lefor toe this 3uth day ot November, A. D.
102. M. B. HUNGATE.
(Seal) Notary lubllo.
If we are to have a free-for-all rower
franchise, why limit the motive force to
electricity generated by water power.
Employes of the street railway com
pany don't care how fast the company's
capitalization grows If their pay grows
It must be the smooth way President
Roosevelt arranged the coal strike arbi
tration that has made him la demand
as an arbitrator among all the nations
of the earth.
It's all right to remove the cattle
quarantine as soon as the danger Is
over, but this Is a case wheM making
haste slowly would prove economical in
the Ions rnn.
Governor Savage says he Is going to
make bis Christmas presents by exercise
of bis pardoning power. .. He can make
such presents without going into his
own pocket book.
The state of .South Dakota resorts to
the peaceful method of suing the state
of North Carolina on the tatter's repudi
ated bonds instead of sending warships
to seize tho revenues and blockade the
coasts of its defaulting creditor.
It appears after all that Mascagni is
destined to leave a goodly sum of the
coin of Humbert's realm In this coun
try as the result of his tour for exploit
ing the pockets of American lovers of
art if only as fees to lawyers to keep
him out of trouble.
There Is a loud call for an arbitrator
between Crown Trlnce Frederick of
Saxony and Crown Princess Louise,
who' has left her husband's bed and
board. An International court of royal
reconciliation might come In hiudy for
the estranged pair. .
The rain began to pour down as soon
as President Roosevelt left Washington
for his outing at Rapid an and never
ceased till his return, so that he now
realises how It was. when the union
armies started out to campaign in Vir
ginia forty years ago.
' Spain and all other foreign nations
may take notice that, notwithstanding
a certain sensational occurrence in Ha
vana harbor not long ago, the United
States has now afloat another battle
ship Maine, Incomparably more formid
able than the one that was sent to Davy
A report from the Omaha Woman's
club on the practical results achieved by
Its humanitarian resolution obligating
members to relieve the shop girls by
making . their Ahollday .purchases early
would be an Interesting document. It
ought to carry an appendix, too, giving
the shop girls' side of the story.
Another reform the impending legis
lature should Institute is a law making
the fiscal year for the school board coin
cldo with the calendar year, the same as
for all other departments of our city
government Such a change by Itself
would put a stop to most of the annual
hocus pocus of school fund fiuuuces.
11 the Bartley newspaper organs, big
and little, have had word to shower the
great pardoner with a profusion of bou
quets on his exit from office. Keep your
eye along the line and watch them come
to the front. And the papers most ar
dent in their apologies for Hartley will
be most lavish In their encomiums for
A local lawyer wants (30,000 for bis
aervlcea in helping the stockholders of a
defunct bank compromise with the cred
itors on the basis of about 30 cents on
the dollar. It Is a laudable practice for
lawyers to place a high value on their
aervlcea, so in this rase an opportunity
is surely offered for some other legal
luminary to euru a fat fee on paper by
helping the same bank stockholders to
o ui promise this claim for about 30 cents
tin the dollar. -
vuyFusitfo tut (jcrsTiuit.
"The numerous bills that have been
Introduced In congress proposing various
nethods of dealing with the trusts muxt
hove a tendency to confuse the question
and thus Impair the rhnnces for legisla
tion, at lent at the present session.
Those who hare given careful attention
to the anti-trust situation In congress
say that It Is distinctly discouraging to
those who are anxious that legislation
of a helpful kind shall be enacted. It
was stated by some of the Washington
corresiwndents Just before the holiday
recess that the prospects of reporting
and passing a really satisfactory bill In
the house of representatives were worse,
if anything, than they had been, and
even the assurance that some measure
will be reported by the middle of Janu
ary and passed by the beginning of
February gave no hope whatever to
those who understand the nature of the
bill that will be reported and who con
sider tiie temper which now prevails In
With a diversity of propositions urged
for consideration. It Is easy to under
stand that a great deal of perplexity
Is likely to be the result Of the meas
ures that have been Introduced no two
are altogether along the same lines and
Hie general divergence Is radical. Con
servatism and moderation characterise
few of these bills,' the authors of which
seemed to feel that in order to command
attention for their bills, particularly on
the part of the public, It was necessary
to propose extreme and even very drastic
conditions. Thus, for example, there is
a bill which proposes to force into bank
ruptcy all associations of a certain kind,
under specified conditions, though It
would be Impossible to establish the
facts to be considered grounds of bank
ruptcy and no effective means la pro
vided for determining when proceedings
of this kind will be in order. Another
measure proposes the establishment of
a uniform price throughout the United
States for trust-made goods and Is de
signed to prevent large corporations
from driving rivals out of the business
In specified localities by lowering prices
In those localities. It is pointed out
that the trouble with this measure Is
that It does not provide any criterion for
the recognition of trusts or of articles
produced by them.
It is of course possible that "out of
the diversity of plans something prac
tical and capable of effective operation
will be evolved. Senator Hoar, who is
understood to be framing an anti-trust
bill, or some other able and experienced
statesman, may present a measure that
will meet the requirements and perhaps
stand a constitutional test. But, greatly
as it is to be desired that there shall
be legislation by this congress dealing
with the trusts, the prospect of securing
it la less favorable than could be wished.
TUK STATES AND FOOD ADULTERATION.
The decision of the supreme court of
the United States in the pure food case.
going up from Missouri, settles, broadly
toe principle In which the states mav
deal with that subject. It opens the
way for the several legislatures to Dro-
vlde effectively for the public health so
far as food adulteration Is concerned.
The majority of the states have stat
utes against deleterious food com
pounds, but most of them are loosely
drawn and there have always been
doubts as to their constitutionality. In
the lack of vigorous public sentiment
and In the uncertainty as to the en
forcement of penalties, state laws have
for the most part been dead letters and
the practice of adulteration has gone on
unhindered. Many articles of food are
so generally adulterated that the mere
fact that the retailer handles and sells
them does not necessarily prove fraud
ulent purpose on his part but only that
it has come to be a matter of accepted
Nothing now stands In the wav to r-
vent the state legislatures from making
the most ample provisions to safeguard
tne purity of food supplies or to Inter
fere with the enforcement of state laws
which are adequate. The weakest point
of most of the existing statutes Is that
they fall to put dealers of nil
degrees sufficiently upon their guard
as to the articles they handle,
throwing upon them the burden of
being sure of their purity and harm-
lessuess to users. A very elaborate and
rigid system of inspection would hardly
as yet be warranted, but reasonable
penalties can now be made effective
against willful Imposition UDon the nub
ile with spurious foodstuffs.
The latest development In-. wireless
telegraphy, characterized bv nct'lns
premier of Canada as "th-j greatest feat
modem science has yet achieved.", is
certainly of very great Importance,
though It does not conclusively demon
strate that wireless telegraphy can ever
be relied upon for commercial purposes.
In a lecture a few days ago before the
National Geographic society Lieutenant
Colonel Reber of the signal corps said
that the experience of the last two years
nas cieany snown that the proper
sphere of wireless telegraphy Is commu
nication between shore and ship and be
tween ships at sea. He expressed the
opinion that neither the cable systems
nor the land lines will be supplanted by
wireless telegraphy, adding: "No re
sults overland have been obtained that
can at present warrant Its acceptance
as a commercial means of transmission.
While messages overland have been
successfully exchanged up to distances
or fifty and sixty miles when the at
niospb,erlc, local, the thermal condl
tions were favorable, that uulnterruptec
communication which Is essential t
commercial success has not as yet been
achieved." Colonel Reber further said
that the reliability of this method of
communication and Its probable speed
will have to be demonstrated before
becomes a commercial possibility.
Still the latest success of Marconi will
Strengthen confidence In his ability to
accomplish all that he has promised and
Is very likely to cause a modification of
such opinion as that expressed by
Colonel Relx-r. formed before the new
est development of what wireless teleg
raphy la capable of. At any rate, the
resulta are of great scientific Interest
and give promise of practical benefits of
7 Ha,' btATtUOOD CvyTKST.
There Is unquestionably a very gen
eral feeling In the west in favor of giv
ing statehood to New Mexico aud Ari
zona, as well as Oklahoma. It may be
admitted that the report of the subcom
mittee of the senate committee on ter
ritories presents some forcible reasons
against admitting New Mexico and Ari
zona, and the speech of Senator Dilling
ham of Vermont In support of that re
port contains strong points, but neither
is entirely convincing nnd they fall to
satisfy the unprejudiced mind that It Is
necessary for the general welfare to
keep those territories longer out of the
union and thus disregard the pledge
given them by the republican party In
Its last national platform.
Grant that In some things New Mex
ico and Arizona are deficient yet it Is
true that In all the requirements for
statehood they are better off than were
a number of the states when admitted,
and would undoubtedly develop under
statehood quite aa rapidly as have thos.j
states. Given self-government. New
Mexico and Arizona will do Just what
all American communities have done
when enfranchised with statehood.
They will fill up with an American pop
ulation and go forward In development
and enlightenment. There Is no danger
that those territories could not take
care of themselves if given statehood,
and no political consideration should in
fluence the question of their admission.
TRSOPKNDOVH VOW EH tRAKCBtSE.
The free-for-all amendment tacked
onto the power franchise ordinance is an
Insult to the Intelligence of the com
munity. It is an open secret that it had
Its Inspiration in the avowed purpose In
the management of the New Omaha
Thomson-Houston Electric Lighting com
pany to strangle the project under pre
text that Omaha is Interested In main
taining the open door for everybody will
ing to compete for supplying the city
with electric power.
No capitalist or syndicate would ven
ture to invest two or three million dol
lurs in a power canal without some as
surance or guaranty of reasonable in
terns on tht amount invested. A free
forall franchise Instead of attracting
capital would repel capital. To submit
such a proposition to the voters of
Omaha only adds Insult to injury. The
people of Omaha, we feel sure, are not
In a frame of mind to be trifled with in
. Councilmen who have been persuaded
that it would not be safe to let the vot
ers of Omaha - decide for themselves
whether they favor or disapprove the
proposed franchise ordinance will retain
their own self-respect better by voting
down the entire ordinance without
amendment than by choking it to death
by amendments that are palpably 'de
signed to frustrate the enterprise.
TBS UOLlDAt THADK.
Only a day remains to close the chap
ter of the holiday trade for 1002 and
local merchants will soon be taking in
ventory to measure up the results. Tak
ing Into consideration the unfavorable
weather conditions, Omaha retailers re
port a brisk business, 'almost up to ex
pectations and well ahead of the records
of former veers. i
From the standpoint of the patron and
purchaser the season has also been emi
nently satisfactory. The enterprise of
our local establishments was never ex
hibited to better advantage not only In
the variety of the goods placed at the
disposal of the public and the attractive
form in which they are displayed, but
also In the, accommodating service ex
tended on every hand nnd the prompt
fulfillment of the orders of customers.
Omaha people have a right to feel a
Just pride In the number and character
of their up-to-date retail establishments.
They want-to see them prosper because
their prosperity is shared by the entire
community, and they hope the holiday
season Just closing will prove full of
promise for the future.
You must go away from home to hear
the news. According to the Globe-Democrat
of St. Louis, Nebraska is agitated
from center to circumference over th-j
alleged challenge Issued by a Beatrice
attorney to the supreme court to re
dlscuss with him Its decision against
bible reading In the public schools and
the challenge has reached fever heat.
In Nebraska, however, the challenge Is
regarded with' supreme Indifference and
the temperature instead of being at 08
Fahrenheit Is only 3 degrees above zero.
Any reference of the Venezuelan
troubles to The Hague arbitration tri
bunal would not change the status of
the Monroe doctrine by a hair's breadth.
That tribunal would have to take notice
of the doctrine. Its validity rests ull
mately on the physical and moral power
of the United States, which has been
sufficient for three-quarters of a cen
tury to vindicate It.
The good people of Beatric are in
deed playing In hard luck with their
succession of destructive fires. Beatrice,
however, Is a thriving, pushing city that
will not be dismayed by visits of the
fire fiend. It will go righl aliead with
redoubled energy. If necessary, and keep
it rank among Nebraska's most pros
No doubt E. H- Harriman Is deeply
chagrined by his defeat by J. J. Hill for
the contract for carrying government
supplies to the army In the Philippines,
but the report can hardly be true that
he has on that account gone atfer the
scalps of Secretary Root and President
Roosevelt Their scalps wouldn't pay
Drifted Far from HI
Before securing hit present Job President
Castro sold whisky for a Cincinnati firm.
It la believed he made a much better sales
man than he does an executive.
An Assurance of Pear.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
When the present little cloud rolls by
and It Is found that our amicable relations
with foreign powers have not been dis
turbed, we shall nevertheless always con
gratulate ourselves that Admiral George
Dewey was within one day's sail ot possible
There may be some great doings at Wash
ington this winter, but congress does not
start off with a seeming purpose to get ex
cited about anything. There la a tendency
to merely attend to the appropriation bills
for the next year or two and leave the great
big questions to be fought over in the presi
dential campaign of 1904.
The Terror of the Orinoco.
If the Honorable "El Mocho" Hcrnandes
of Venezuela Is not libeled by his pub
lished portraits the terror which he baa In
spired during the last ffw years is easily
comprehensible. He looks like a com
bination of the lata Black Jack Yattaw
and BUI Dalton, with a suggestion of
James Hamilton Lewis in the cnt of his
More Profitable Thu Striking;.
As a result of five weeks' consultation
between the engineers and firemen ot the
Chicago ft Northwestern railroad and the
officers of the road the men got an In
crease of wages aggregating $600,000 a year.
During the long discussion the old wage
schedule was gone over, Item by Item, and
every one settled on a friendly basis. This
la better than striking.
Tarn In Tide of Capital.
San Francisco Chronicle.
The state constitution of Nebraska pro
vides that the school fund shall not be
Invested or loaned except upon United
States securities. Within the next five
years It Is expected that the fund will
reach the sum of $12,000,000. The sum of
$300,000 has already been Invested In
Massachusetts bonds. This fact is re
markable, as It marks a reversal of the
tide of capital, which baa hitherto flowed
Moat Solidly Prosperous People.
The grand army ot American farmers Is
sowing and reaping prosperity and taking a
day off occasionally to go to the circus,
laugh at the clown and forget there are
any politicians nearer the earth than the
dog star. The real farmers ot this nation
are, outside of the large speculative In
dustries, the most solidly prosperous and
Independent body of our citizens. They are
established in that greatest of enterprises
the supply .of the breadstuff of humanity
and as other Industries and occupations
multiply, the Importance and profitableness
ot farming increases continually.
Great Speed In Pension Bills.
The record the bouse of representatives
made one day last week in passing 174
private pension bills in , thirty-nine
minutes is not one to be proud of. At
this rate almost live pension -bills a mlute
were passed, or 'one every twelve seconds.
No machine run by the swiftest electric
motor could possibly exceed the speed the
house attains in adding to the list of pen
sions or Increasing. Jhe rates of pensions.
The wonder Is that in these days of labor
saving inventions a legislative Edison does
not arise to Invent a penslonometer, which
will save the house trouble by converting
applications Into pensions while the appli
American Christmas Trees Abroad.
New York Tribune.
A feature of the Christmas tree indus
try which has developed in the east is the
shipment of fir and spruces from New York
to Porto Rico, Cuba, Mexico and Brazil
for use as Christmas trees. Wherever
Americana travel they take with them
their traditions, and the pine tree, adorned
with Its colored candles and tinsel orna
ments will deck the home on Christmas eve
if the mercury stands at 90 outside and
tropic palms wave overhead In the breeze
of perpetual summer. Like the Irishman's
anamrock, brought over sea carefully and
anxiously from the old sod for each St.
Patrick's day, the Christmas tree for
the American in tropical countries is
welcomed with fully as much emotion and
perhaps not thrown dishonored and dls
honably into the aehcart after it has
served as the chief figure In the worlds
greatest holiday. It may be permitted to
stand In Its dark green glory for weeks,
shedding Its aromatic reminiscence ot
"home" across the water. Next to the
Arcerlcan flag In a foreign land as an In
spiration to the exile la an American
GKRMAXY A.D THK IMTED STATES.
Trade Relations as Affected by the
The new German tariff. Increasing duties
heavily on breadstuffs and provisions, will
hurt the Germans more than foreigners.
The Germans have excluded already, by un
fair methods, provisions and breadstuffs to
about as great an extent as they can well
In the last fiscal year they Imported from
the United States $45,500,000 in value of
breadstuffs and provisions. There is no
surplus stock of these articles anywhere.
Germany must either go without them or
else pay Increased prices. Its principle
article of import from the United States ta
raw cotton, of which $70,416,000 worth were
Imported last year. It cannot obtain this
cotton elsewhere, and If It la to continue
manufacturing It will have to buy It In
the future, as in the past, In this country.
Nine years ago it Imported only $36,900,999
worth ot cotton. The Increase of $34,000,000
worth In nine years la due to its Increased
It Imports from the United States almost
wholly raw materials. Cotton takes the
lead, provisions and breadstuffs follow, and
then. In ordei, are mineral oil, copper In
gots, unmanufactured tobacco, oilcake and
meal. Of agricultural Implements only
$1,863,672 worth were Imported In the last
f ecal year. It may be wise to Increase the
duty on raw materials, but that la not our
method ot doing business.
The Imports from the United States In the
last fiscal year were $18,600,000 less than In
the previous year. But that .was in part
due to the prosperous situation in the
United States, leaving less available for
export, and In part to the business depres
sion tn Germany. The new tariff law will
probably, when it goes Into effect, further
Injure trade with this country, as well as
with others. Germany sold more to the
United States In the last fiscal year than
In any previous year, excepting the last
year of the Wilson tariff law. The United
States could cut off nearly all ot the Oar-
1 man imports without any lea.
ROVXD ABOIT SEW TOItK,
Ripples oat the Current of Life la the
Christmas shopping In the stores of
Omaha Is regarded by the experienced as
a form, of exercise closely approaching
foot ball. The game as played here la as
mild aa a pink tea compared with "the
real thing" to be seen and felt In the de
partment stores of New York. Shopping
there Is a foot ball rush from morning till
late at night, with successive changes of
players. Women rush In and come out
exhilerated and triumphant at the other
side, while the men stand back and wait
for a chance to slip through. Thus they
miss a rare opportunity for the cultivation
of wind and muscle. There Is no fancy
about this sketch. There Is only one way
to make it and that is to fight.
It is curious, too. A woman who would
turn blue and froth at the mouth If any
one should so rush her and pummel her on
the street or In a railroad station will
fubmit to have her clothes torn from her
back or her front hair dragged away in a
department store slugging match with no
more than a gentle protest or a mild ex
postulation. She knows that other wom-n
have the same rights as herself, and no
more. That they are all but portions of an
army storming these mercantile walks;
that Inasmuch as others have done so unto
ber, so she has unto them. The motto
seems to be, "If you see a corn, step on it."
Once In a while a great while, perhaps
the youthful housekeeper executes a coup
id a domestlo crisis, which puts older and
more experienced matrons to the blush. So
it was with tho Bronx bride, whose strategy
Is detailed by the Evening Post. There was
mud and slush a-plcnty along the block of
alleged Queen Anne cottages, but within
their cellars there was no coal. A mass
meeting of wives and mothers revealed sor
row and Indignation, but no plan for relief,
no scheme by which the unfeeling coal
agent could be Induced to relent in his pre
diction that he would be unable to get any
more coal tor ten days. Reports from con
tiguous nursery precincts Indicated1 that
the barometer was ailing rapidly to "croup
and sore throat."
The next evening at dusk eight weary
horses dragged four heavy loads of anthra
cite through the street. The bride stood on
the stoop with tear-dlramed ryes and
watched them pass. The driver espied her.
"Can you tell me, mum, where It Is that
the Blanks live hereabouts? I've hauled
this coal all the way from Pier A, and the
horses are beat out. If I can't find 'em be
fore It sets In clean dark, I'll dump the
stuff In the street."
The bride was down the steps and at the
beads of the leading team In a second. She
Inspected the eight horses gravely and mi
nutely. "W all belong to the Society for the Pre
vention of Cruelty to Animals In this
street," she announced to the driver, "and
If you make these horses haul that load any
further, I'll have to have you arrested."
It was not hard to Intimidate a tired
driver, nine miles from his stable at 6:30 on
a winter evening. There were no stranded
coal wagons upon the street when the re
turning colony of husbands arrived for din
ner. But the cheerful warmth that greeted
them was a surprise. It was the bride who
was the guest of honor at the evening
The Trinity building and Us site, at No.
Ill Broadway, have been sold at the bewil
dering price ot nearly $198 a square foot,
the total for the property reaching the
amazing sum ot nearly$2,250,000. "In a few
generations," says the Tribune, "every Inch
ot ground upon Manhattan Island may rep
resent aq outlay which In the days of
good old Peter Stuyvesant would have been
thought fabulous. Even the wildest im
aginings of possible real estate values in
the period of the Dutch domination are far
surpassed by the sober realities of tho
The notorious "spite house" of New York
City, Ave feet wide and 102.2 long, four
stories high built by Joseph Richardson, a
wealthy contractor, because an owner of
adjoining property wouldn't pay blm bis
price for It haa JuBt been sold by Miss
Dellarlfa Grace Richardson, his daughter.
Real estate dealers have bought the house,
but what they can want with It Is a puzzle
though they are said to consider It a bar
gain for any other buyer at $15,000. Fancy
what the stairways must be In such a
structure! Every piece of furniture had to
be designed expressly for Its place. Yet
the Rlchardsons dwelt In it for nigh twenty
At a recent examination of a number of
beefy and broad-footed young men who
were candidates for appointment on the
police force, this question appeared upon
the papers: "What does the word Knick
erbocker mean, and what was Its origin?"
Most of the young men knew, but didn't
know In the right way. "It's the name
of a beer made in Williamsburg," wns
one answer. Others were: "The name
the Indians gave to the first Dutchman
who came to New York." "A Joke got on
New York a long time ago by George Wash
ington." "The name of an Ice company
you see It on all the wagons." "The
Indian name of the tobacco plant." "It
came from wearing short pants."
An odd Christmas reminder waa noticed
at the foot of Wall street one day last week.
A score of heavily loaded trucks were con
gregated there watting a chance to unload
for the Havana steamer. On one of the
trucks were a bundle of handsome Christ
mas trees. They were going to Havana to
the homes of some ot the American colony,
where Christmas will be celebrated In the
good old fashion. And what a queer Christ
mas celebration It will be with the ther
mometer standing at about 80 or 90 degrees
above zero. But the spirit of Christmas
will be there.
"Coffin John" FItchette, the last of the
Jurors empaneled to try Jefferson Davis,
has Just died in Minneapolis.
Senator Clark Is a veritable count of
Monte Cristo. It Is all he can do to get
his checks cashed In Greater New York.
The good taste of the White House re
furnlshings and refurbtshlngs suggests that
Mrs. Roosevelt has been acting as a min
ister of the Interior.
The striking miners In Paris are making
no trouble. They And enough of It already
made in the French Chamber of Deputies
to furnish ample excitement.
Mr. Carnegie has promised to be present
at the dedication of bis new $350,000 library
In Washington. January 7. His collection
of libraries now amounts to upward of
Bachelors and bachelor girls are twice
as prone to crime as married men and
women, according to statistics lately pro
mulgated by Dr. C. R. Henderson of the
University of Chicago.
Senator Pettus raised a laugh while dis
cussing the rollltla bill. He had submbltted
to several Interruptions with good grace,
but when Foraker kept on talking for some
fifteen minutes the venerable aenator from
Alabama he is the oldest man In the sen
ate tapped bis desk sharply and aald: "See
here, Mr. President, I have been trying
to make this speech for some time, and 1
tion't want any other senator to make It
for me, either." Foraker looked astonished
for a moment, but took his seat amid s
general lauxh. -
Fencing Public Domain
Removal of fences from public lands In
the west, say the rattle and range mag
nates, would blight the prosperity of com
munities without securing any commensu
rate public advantage by way ot compensa
tion. This, however. Is by no means the
view of the land office authorities. The
fences are there only by right of seizure,
while the vast public domains which they
Inclose are eagerly coveted by hotne
seekrrft. Farms or cattle ranges; di
versified agriculture or nomadic pasturage;
a thriving and Increasing population or
vast herds ranging over silent and far
extended plains of buffalo grass such Is
the choice that must bo made when the
Issue between homesteaders and cattle
barons shall be pressed sharply home In
the councils of national administration.
Millions of acres have been Illegally In
closed, rights of settlers Ignored and regu
lations of the public land office defied tn
order that cheap grazing grounds might be
maintained for private profit at the public
expense. If this practloe Is to be' con
tinued and legalized, -what Is to become of
the army of peaceful Invaders whose mis
sion It is to make western wildernesses
blossom as the rose?
The strugglo between conflicting Inter
ests In districts where cattle ranchers
have been heretofore dominant haa reached
an acute stage In Nebraska and South Da
kota. By every available devlre of lease
or public entry, Ingeniously designed to
absorb vast areaa of land, the cattlemen
have been enabled to reduce to practical
possession whole townships and counties.
Operating without check for many years,
they have been enabled to set up effective
NAMES OF STATES.
Indian Kimti Are Good and Twenty
. Six States Hare Them.
Somebody at Washington has suggested
that Oklahoma plus the Indian Territory be
admitted Into the union as the State ot Jef
ferson and that New Mexico plus Arizona
be admitted as the State of McKlnley. We
file an Immediate and emphatic objection to
the names proposed for the new states an
objection on general principles.
The place of Thomas Jefferson and Wil
liam McKlnley In history and In the remem
brance of their country Is secure. Those
great men are not In any need of the clumsy
compliment, an offense against good taste,
which this person at the national capital
would pay them. If living they would be
the first to veto It. Their greatness will
not be enhanced an lota by printing their
names In big letters across colored spots on
the maps. The naming of states after men
Is all wrong. It is bad enough that our
broad strip of the continent should be so
thick-sown with Jacksonvllles, Smithtowns,
Jonesburgs, etc. Do we hear anybody at
Washington proposing to change the name
of Manila to Deweyvllle, or of Santiago de
Cuba to Roosevelton, or to San Juan de
Porto Rico to Milesburg? It waa a mistake
to name our far northwestern state after
the first president. There Is no state of
Lincoln; we hope there never will be,
though his name (like Washington's and
Jefferson's) would lend Itself much more
readily to such an unnecessary, undesirable
use than the name of McKlnley. "The state
of McKlnley Is bounded so and so. The
capital of McKlnley, etc.; the principal pro
ducts of McKlnley, etc.; the geological for
mation of McKlnley) etc." Does any Amer
ican really want to make a contribution of
that sort to the geographies, cyclopedias
and gisett'" T '
Connecticut Is one of twenty-six states
that have Indian names. Very good the
Indian names are, though we once heard a
red-whiskered British tourist in a railroad
car express the opinion that Westport Is a
much more "sensible" name for a town than
Saugatuck. Colorado, Florida, Nevada
these are musical names. Americans of this
time have quite forgotten, the royal vanity
or royal favoritism or courier flattery that
gave Virginia, the Carolines, Georgia,
Louisiana, their names. The name of our
Empire state has utterly disassociated itself
from the memory of the duke of York in
honor of whom It was bestowed; the name
of Delaware suggests the noble river, but
not at all the amiable, dcad-and-gone Eng
lish nobleman. New Hampshire, Vermont,
Iihodo Island, New Jersey are well enough;
Indian names would have boon better.
Pennsylvania is a hybrid monster of a name
that would have given Horace the shivers.
It conveys from age to age the Information
that Friend William Penn was a large
landed proprietor and that his land was
The suggestion of the Washington person
should bo voted down. Oklahoma Is a bet
ter name for a new state than Jefferson, and
New Mexico (though not ideal) Is a much
better name for a new state than McKlnley.
One million dollars have been given for a
school of education at Chicago university
and about half this amoun will be ex
pended on an enormous building.
St. Louis has the credit for many good
thlrga In the world educational. Kinder
gartens were successful realities long before
they had reached more than the experi
mental stage In other cities. Then the man
ual training school movement had its origin
In St. Louis and now cornea the portable
rchool house to again add to the Missouri
city's reputation for advanced effort along
A man vUlted the schools of Beverly,
Mass., and secured the services of several
children to sell cheap Jewelry for him. The
J :J , F - ism BazfjajBF' T 1 f r 'jT
barbed wire barriers to the growth of
buddlug communities. Their holdings of
gracing lands cheap, well grassed and
convenient to great lines of transportation
constitute an asset of Immense value,
and wheth-r rightfully held or not, will
not be surrendered without desperate re
sistance. United in a compact community
of eelf-lntereet, with abundant financial re
sources and earnest advocates In both
branches of congress, the grazers should
enjoy marked advantages in preliminary
legislative skirmishes for land, and yet
There Is no scarcity of acres not even
a remote possibility ot It but only a
tangle of conflicting Interests, due largely
to disregard or violation of the publlo
land laws. It would be quite possible, no
doubt, to meet the current demands of
homesteaders and of the state in Nebraska
without disturbing any legally acquired
rights of the cattlemen. But this would
by no means content tho latter. The gov
ernment Is to be asked to confirm, them
In poesesslon of great tracts of land to
which their effective title Is tn wire fences
and the ready weapons of a mobllo mass
of cowboys. Falling in this, temporary
sanction for such encroachments la to be
sought In modification by law of the ex
isting lease system, with a view, of
course, to eventual and permanent control
of lands now held in defiance of statutory
inhibitions. It Is not easy to see. under
such conditions, where intending settlers
are to find due consideration, save in a
rigid enforcement ot existing land laws,
even at the cost of sundry square leagues
of free cattle ranges.
police authorities investigated, and the man
waa fined $50, the Judge stating that he
considered the offense more flagrant than
if the man had sold the Jewelry himself
without a license, as he tempted the chil
dren to Ignorantly violate the law.
Honors accumulate upon the head of Prof.
Simon Newcomb, the oldest and most emi
nent of living scientists. The degree of
doctor of philosophy has Just been conferred
upon him by the Unlverplty of Chrlstlanla.
He had before received similar distinctions
from ten or twelve Institutions, including
the degree of doctor of divinity from Yale,
Harvard and Columbia. He Is a member
of the leading scientific societies of Europe
and America and is author of many sclen
tillc text books.
The finance committee of teachers' col
lege, a branch of Columbia university, has
Issued a statement In regard to the college
endowment, which gives aome very Inter
esting facta as to the cost of training teach
ers. Public education has assumed Im
mense proportions In the United States, It
being estimated that In the year 1899-1900
the public school attendance alone was 15.
341,220, the number of teachers engaged waa
421,2fc8 and the amount expended was $213,
274,304. This amount exceeded the total ex
penditure for both the army and navy by
$22,646,508. Every year uyward of 10.000
teachers must be trained to take the places
of those who leave the profession.
Chicago Post: "Clothes don't make the
"True; and that's where man and woman
Philadelphia Press: "Of course, Jphn la
a thoroughly English name."
"Oh, 1 don't know."
"Oh, but It la. The 'h,' you'll notice, Isn't
sounded at all."
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Has yonr wife
asked you what you want for Christmas?"
"No, and I tear the worst.". t
Boston Bulletin: "They say some blind
people ran actually , distinguish, colors by
the sense of touch.
"That's nothing; there are times when I
feel blue myself. f ,
Chicago Record-Herald: "Well, Johrinle.
what are you going to give your little
brother for Chrlstmae?"
"I dun no. I give him the measles last
New York Weekly: Husband Didn't I
tell you that waa a secret, and you were
not to tell It to any one?
Wife You told me it was a secret, dui
you did not say I was not to tell It to
Cleveland Plain Denier: "That new $10.
000,000 financial Institution In New York has
a president who started In aa a messenger
bIesscnger boy I I didn't suppose they
ever got there."
Washington Star: "Remember," said the
earnest friend, "that when you accept
public office you are placed In possession
Of a great trust."
"That Is dinerent from the Inst remark I
heard on the subject," said Senator Sor
ghum. "It waa to the effect that a trust
waa In possession of me."
TUB CHRISTMAS STAIU
A star swung out of Ireaven,
High over the earth It swung
A lofty gleaming sentinel,
By clouds, In garlands, hung.
Its light swept over the mountain.
And Into the valley It swept
Till It gleamed on the Palace of Caesar,
And Into the manger crept.
The Emperor pauaed with his goblet.
High In hla uplifted hand.
And trembled lke one with the palsy
At the light that flooded the land.
A Baby lay tn its manger.
And looked with a Baby's surprise
And lifted Its little hands upward .
To shelter the ray from ita eyes.
A sesrchllght swung from Heaven,
A gleaming Christmas etar,
And the Wise Men knew Its meaning
And Journeyed from afar.
A star swings out of Heaven
A etar of Godlike birth
To tell the world and its people '
When Christmas cornea to Earth.
Keep a good supply of
rer's Family Medicines on
. It's so easy then to take
the Pills at bedtime if you
little bilious, or If vour
stomach is a trifle out of order.
Just so with the Sarsaparilla.
A few doses will bring back your
appetite, give strength to your
weakened nerves, and relieve
you of that terrible feeling of
And besides there are the
children to think of. A dose
or two at the right time often
means so much.
I. o. area oo,,
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