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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 22, 1902)
TJIE OMAHA DAILY KEEt MONDAY,- DECEMBER 22. 1002.
The umaha: Daily Bee.
K. RCSEWATBR, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED K'ER Y MOP.NINO.
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STATEMENT "oFCl RCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
George B. Tzscbtick. aecretary of Ths
Bee Publishing Company, being duly aworn,
aye that tho actual numtxr of full and
complete copies of The L'ally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
muuin 01 novrmntr, iwn, was as ioiiowb:
' il... ,.80430
21.. w M. .80.920
' 28... "...ai.OeJO
27.V HO, THO
Less unaold and returned Oople.,
Nat total sales....... 922,873
Net average aalea 30,755
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence ard aworn to
before me thla 80th day or November, A. D.
lri. M. B. HUNGATE,
(Seal) Notary Public.
Tlenty of time yet for a bllzgard to
blow In ahead of Santa Claus.
Congress would surely be overworked
If It did not take a full two weeks' lay
off for the holidays.
Perhaps that Union Pacific strike set
tlement will come In with the 'new
year's good resolutions.
No chance for a senatorial deadlock
In the coming Nebraska' legislature.
For which Lincoln hotel keepers ore
Proposals for new brooms will be
opened by the Board of County Com
missioners on New Year's day. The old
reform brooms are pretty badly worn.
It will be a wonder of wonders If the
Venezuelan mtxup Is not seized upon by
some freak congressman for a. notoriety
breeding speech. Bucb. an opening Is
not likely to get away.
If this keeps op there will soon be
enough former members of the St Louis
house of delegates In the Missouri state
prison to call a meeting to order there
with a qti6ium present
Those railroad tax bureaucrats will
have to do something' soon In the name
and authority of the railroads of Ne
braska to remind the public that they
are still on Ihe payroll.
Omaha's business directory Is already
v promised several Important additions
for the year 1003. Like the crowded
street car, this business directory can
always maka room for one more.
Members of the , Douglas delegation
say they are waiting to hear what their
constituents want In the way of local
legislation and their constituents are
waiting for a chance to tell them what
they wantj Better try to get together.
After having half emptied the peniten
tiary, Nebraska's great pardoner will
recommend to the legislature the crea
' tton of a stats board of pardons to pnt
brakeji on the exercise of executive
clemency jby his successor.
The shorthand writers of Omaha are
forming an organization with a view to
membership In the American Federation
of Labor. Presumably the pothook
performer see in a shorthand union a
short cut to official Jobs for all with
short hours and long wages.
It will be np to the school board to
say Just how big the next city tax rate
will be. The mayor and council are
strictly limited by the charter In the
amounts they can ask of the taxpayers,
while the school board baa a practically
free rein. ' .
It's an 111 wind that blows nobody
good. The high price of fuel hereabouts
baa made the demand for ready-heated
apartments take precedence over the de
, mand for ordinary' houses for which the
tenant pays the coal bill and carries out
the ashes. It will take a smart tenant
however, to keep ahead of the landlord
Quality rather than quantity,' accord
ing to Emperor Will lam. Is to be tho
characteristic feature of the German ex-'
hlblt at the Louisiana Purchase exposi
tion. The German emperor has evl
deatly' failed to catch tbe inspiration of
the good people of St. Louis, whose
chief boast Is that their fair will cover
more acreage and occupy bigger build
ings than any other, that baa gon be
County Treasurer Elsasser makes an
other monthly report showing that he
fs carrying right along bank balances
ranging from $1W,000 upward. Ills
statement however, does aot disclose a
single cent turned Into the treasury as
Interest earned on tbe county deposits.
The same banks holding tbe county
money are paying 2 per cent for the use
of city money. Here la a suggestive
Tact for the coming legislature.
A RBITRMTIUIf JIKOOtUTlUKS.
- The developments thus far In the ne
gotiations for submitting the Venez
uelan dispute to arbitration are re
garded at Washington as warranting
the opinion that on agreement of some
kind will bo reached wlTfch wlH bring
about a peaceable settlement. The pfln
clplo of arbitration having been nc
rented by the European governments,
there remains to be arninged the form
It shn.ll take and the selection of the
i arbitrator, neither of whic h should pre-
I sent any serious difficulty, since doubt
less the Venezuelan government will as
sent to any fair and reasonable arrange
ment which the powers -may propose.
That tho controversy Is one which
might very properly be' submitted to
The Hsgue tribunal, as proposed by
President Roosevelt Is Virtually con
ceded by the European governments,
but they profess to be apprehensive that
a decree of that court would be lightly
regarded by the Venesuelan government.
This may be a sound objection though
it Is very probable, that, that govern
ment would agree to abide by whatever
award tho great International tribunal
should make. The proposal, that . Presi
dent Roosevelt should be . the. arbitrator
Is sagacious. Insofar s he-would un
doubtedly have the complete confidence
of all parties, bift'Jt Is pointed out that
there are difficulties In Ihe way1 of his
acceptance bftbe "responsibility.' These,
however, may not be Insurmountable In
the event of his being willing to act as
arbitrator. In making this proposal the
governments were doubtless prompted
by the Idea that any decision rendered
by Mr!. Roosevelt would be certain to
have the support of the United States
and therefore the influence of this coun
try would be exerted In making It ef
fective. At all events. President Roose
velt would undoubtedly be entirely sat
isfactory to all concerned as an arbi
trator. The determination of this mat
ter will probably be made within the
next few days.
PEOPLM BATE A RIGHT TO RBOTT.
The Douglas delegation to the legis
lature occupies an anomalous position.
Its refusal to disclose Its intentions In
dealing with measures of vital concern
to thjg community Is unprecedented.
Ours Is a representative government
exercising powers delegated by the peo
ple to the men who make the laws.
This principle is engrafted in both the
letter and the spirit of the constitution.
There is absolutely no room for star
chamber proceedings In the halls of leg
islation.' There Is no chance for dodging
issues under the cover of a secret ballot
From the opening to the adjournment
of the legislature every member Is kept
under the searchlight of publicity. At
the very outset of the session every
member is required to record his vote
for every elective officer and appointee.
Every petition, bill or resolution Intro
duced In the legislature Is credited upon
the Journals to the Introducer and every
member Is required to record himself
ea or nay on the passage flf every bill,
ind resolution. At every step the law
maker is expected and compelled to keen
his constituents Informed concerning his
conduct as their representative. '
It Is Incomprehensible why the Doue-
las delegation should shroud itself In
mystery and should show such apparent
disinclination to ascertain what the peo
ple want or do not want Members of
the legislature are In honor and duty
bound to voice the wish and will of
their constituents. Politically, eleven of
the twelve members of the Douglas dele
gation are republicans, and on all politi
cal Issues coming before the legislature
are expected to support republican poli
cies, but on all measures that affect the
public welfare they represent the entire
citizenship of the district and sr in
duty bound to legislate for all tho
We feel sure we voice the sentiment
of the great mass of taxpayers and citi
zens lrr asking for a frank and candid
declaration either by the whole delega
tion, or by Its Individual members, re
garding charter amendments, home rule.
tax reform, and other' questions In
which the whole community Is inter
ested. There Is no vajld reason or ex
cuse for the delegation to keep anything
under the hat or np Its sleeve. While
it may not be possible for It to act an
expression by majorities on all subjects
likely to come before the legislature It
should not be difficult to draw out nub
ile sentiment between now and the
opening of the session regarding pro
posed changes In the charter and in
other statutes that affect every taxpayer
in tne city and county. .
IXVREA8C OF BAT Ah POWIR.
That the Venezuelan affair will have
a tendency to strengthen sentiment in
this country in favor of the government j
persevering In the policy of building up
the navy, until It shall have reached a
strength that will compel respect from
the naval powers of Europe, U not to be
doubted. This has already been shown
in expressions of congressmen and pop
ular feeling in the matter will be man
ifested In due time. There 1s geen In
this South American, trouble the possi
bility that at any time the United
States may become Involved in contro
versies and quarrels between the Inde
pendent countries of this hemisphere,
wnoae territorial integrity we are
pledged to safeguard, and European
powers. There may be said to be a
constantly present ganger of this and it
U quite as likely to lucrease asjother
wlse, since the southern republics gen
erally seem not to be improving in the
disposition to fulfill their International
duties and obligations. So far as our
own territory. Is concerned we bave
nothing to fear from foreign .Invasion,
but in order to make secure our tosl
tlon as the protecting power, the guard
ian, of the weaker countries of this
hemtspliere, we most be strong enough
to keep the South American coast clear
of any foreign Invading fleets, r ,
But (t Is not for this alone that our
naval power needs to be ' further
strengthened and au-lntalsed. It ig
required In the interest of our re
mote possessions and': our expand
ing commerce. This was pointed out
fn a. very convincing -way by Major
General Young In an address last Sat
urday before, the Cleveland Chamber of
'Commerce. He said that to obtain the
trade of China we will have c long and
hard struggle w.lth the nations of Eu
rope. We have obtained a strong point
of advantage In the .possession of the
Philippines, "but however advantageous
the possession of the Philippines may be
from a commercial paint of view, they
wl'l be a" source of national weakness
unless put In a proper state of defense
and protected by a sufficiently large
army and navy.". General Young said
that while quality and price go a long
way toward fixing the bounds of com
merce, there can be, no permanency to
a great commerce for which different
nations are competing that Is not backed
up by, a large and adequate military
force, and this Is especially true of
Oriental commerce. "If we wish to
gain the supremacy in commerce in the
east we must maintain such a military
force (army and navy) In the Philip
pine islands that It can act Instantly
and effectually at any point In the
Orient and that fact must be , well
known and understood by all Oriental
The United States will not enter Into
rivalry with any other nation for su
premacy in sea power. It does not want
a navy for any aggressive purpose, but
rather as a means of Insuring the pres
ervation of peaceable relations with all
countries. The refusal to provide for
and maintain a thoroughly efficient
navy, said President Roosevelt would
Invite trouble and If trouble came would
insure disaster. "Fatuous self-complacency
or vanity, or short-sightedness In
refusing to prer.are for danger, Is both
foolish and wicked In such a nation as
ours." Is not the wisdom of this con
firmed by the Venezuelan object lesson?
Leslie's .Weekly commehds Governor
Odell for reiievina- the neonU nf Nw
York from dl.ccl taxation b raisin? a;l
needed state revenue from the tme
ltvlej cn the franchises of puiillc utility
corporations and follows uo Its eulogy
of the governer by urging that be rw.
ommend in his forthcoming message to
me ivew lork legislature a higher excise
tax on liquor dealers, the proceeds to be
set apart for the projected enlargement
of the Erie canal. This Is by no means a
bad idea. High license in New York
is not as high as It is In Nebraska, Min
nesota and other states of the west, and
It would be In accord with the eternal
tltness of things to pump the excess of
water out of tho whisky and beer into
the Erie canal to float the western sur
plus of grain to the Atlantic seaboard.
There appears to be a very marked di
vergence of opinion among men in the
public eye oncernh.g the most pressing
needs of the country. General Corbln
declared at the Cleveland oanquet Sat
urday night that th) mos: imperative
need of the country Is a most e!Hclont
army staff. Secretary Shaw declared
at "the -Chicago baaquet Saturday that
the most crying want of the counti-ar Is
a more elastic curency.
Railroad taxes in Michigan have been
Just about doubled under the new sys
tem of assessment recently put into
force there. This does not mean, bow-
ever, that Michigan railroads are bear
ing twice the tax burden of other uron-
erty, but that heretofore other prop
erty owners were paying half the taies
that should have been Imposed upon the
The merchunt who advertises Is the
merchant who Is enterprising and up-to-date.
Remember this when engaged in
your holiday shopping. -
Who Wouldn't Dig; For Itf
Bt. Louis Globe-Democrat
The Isthmian canal ' commlsslonera are
paid 11,000 a month each. With such a
salary aa thla they ought to bs required
to do a fair share, of the 'digging.'
Letting; the Wool Grow.
Philadelphia Record. '
All is cheerful In Wall street and the
shorn Iambi are very quiet. It will be nec
essary to rest a while until the silly crea
tures shall have grown a new fleece.
Limit ! Ei
Aa elevator man in one of the Chicago
stores has been driven insane by the ques
tions of the Christmas ahoppera. Evea an
elevator man can't stand everything.
Shirt Sleeve Diplomacy.
Mr. Balfour'a assertion that when yon
take vessels and eatabllah a blockade you
have a atate of war ia one of those bril
liant flashes of common sense which occa
sionally makes a comet-like streak across
Soothing; Effect of Time.
. Mr. Foraker wanta to appropriate $10f ,
000 to mark tbe graves of the confederates
who died in Bert hers prlaona. Thla, eon.
ag from the gentleman who bad aomewhat
of a .controversy with Mr. Cleveland con
cerning aoae confederate flags Adjutant
General Drumm distred to return, Is quits
a kandaome and pleaaing deilre.
-A Wink, mm Good aa a Hod.
Mr. Mil lrr. general traffic manager of
the Burlington, Bays that Mn Hill may
have made auggeatlons once la awhile with
regard to ratei and other details more or
less Important In connection with the op
eration of that . road. . There Is an old
motto to tho effect that "a wink Is aa good
as a nod to a blind hone." For "blind
hone" read traffic manager of tbo Bur
lington. Shallow Device Kaooaeo.
The ancient and trathful saying that fig
ures can't He, but liars can flgore. Is re
ceiving demonstration ia the testimony of
fered by tbe coal trust before tbe strike
eommlaalos. The device of crediting to
one maa earnings which were la fact di
vided among two, three or four men ia In
genious enough, but It hardly does credit
to the divine grace claimed by Baer and
bis saiAied associates.
talk or mn statu rnrss. ,
Leigh World: Governor-elect J. H. Mickey
Is putting In his time visiting the different
state Institutions and getting better ac
quainted with their needs. By the time the
governor takes the oath of office he will be
pretty well posted aa to what the different
state schools and Institutions need.
McCook Tribune: Here's to the sugar
beet, may Ita culture In southwestern Ne
braska never grow Iras, bat Increase by
leaps and bounds as tbe years roll oa.
Every minor objection ahould be made sec
ondary to tbe main Issue. Sugar beets can
be raised profitably and with certainty In
southwestern Nebraska, aftd every reason
able effort should be mads to secure a fac
tory In the Republican valley at the ear
liest possible date:
Norfolk News: Governor-elect Mickey
Is paying some of the state Institutions
surprise visits previous to assuming his
office as chief executive of the state. He
Is In the meantime acquiring Information
about the Institutions that will bs subject
to his control that WH1 bs of value when
he undertakes to direct their affairs. Mr.
Mickey Is proceeding In a manner that
should Justify his constituents In believing
that he Intends to conduct the affairs of
his office tn a manner that will bring credit
on himself and the stats. Previous to his
Inauguration he Is acting la a manner that
would seem to Justify the people In making
the choice they dd toy governor.
Rushvllle Recorder: The Recorder is
heartily In accord with the suggestion of
Senator Dietrich to establish an experiment
station In the west psrt of the state. This
Is In line with a preposition made by the
Recorder over three years ago and dis
cussed and approved by Dr. Peters, when he
was here at our Farmers' institute. We
bave more than once maintained that the
difference between the climatic eondltlona
of the east and west parts of Nebraska
are such that experiments conducted in
the east would not apply with equal force
to the west. Anyone who has traveled
along the Elkhorn cannot fall to notice
that Nebraska Is divided into three sec
tions, with characteristic climatic condi
tions. The east being humid, the center
semi-arid, and tho west arid. An appro
priation from the state legislature, sup
plemented by government aid, would not
only confer a boon upon this part of the
state, but It would be a paying Investment,
for we have always maintained that so far
as agriculture Is concerned, we have not
yet began to learn, except from old meth
ods brought from the east, and these have
failed because we have not yet mastered
the conditions that surround us. Ws be
lieve that there Is a greater futurs for
this country, not merely as an agricultural
country, but aa a grating country aa well,
and an experiment station will demonstrate
the truth of our faith.
. Aurora Republican: , The republican party
of Nebraska can do no better service to
our atate than to adopt as one of Its lasues
the direct primary system, and push the
matter until It becomes one of our state
Institutions. The adoption of the Australian
ballot system was a grand thing, but it
comes one step too lata. It renders tbe
act of voting a secret thing, but it does
not prevent the packing of conventions
and the working of shady political schemes
by which unfit and undesirable candidates
are nominated for publio office. With the
republican party coming Into absolute con
trol of the state government It is well to
remember that such" power is often danger
ous. It affords a splendid opportunity for
the wily politicians to gain control of the
party machinery and sidetrack the party
from ita proper and desired course. This
danger can bo averted by the direct pri
mary system of "mWctng nominations. If
the rank and fll-of 'oar party can have
the making of nominations placed In their
hands, If the politicians can be held down
to no atronger voice la making nomina
tions than John Smith and Henry Brown,
who have an equal vote, then corrupt poli
tics can bo banished from Nebraska and a
better government assured. The direct
primary system Is an admirable Institu
tion. It places In the hands of every voter
an equal vote In the making of nomina
tions, and when the common people hold
the power the affairs of a great party can
not go far out of their proper course. The
adoption of this system would be a grand
thing for Nebraska, and the republican
party can do no greater service to our state,
nor achieve a greater reform than urging
and compelling ita adoption.
NO 1XAIGIRAL, BALL.
PspIUIon- Times: Governor Mickey hss
headed . off an inaugural ball by declaring
that "I am a Methodist and do not dance,"
and in consequence Lincoln society circles
arc all torn up.
Superior Journal: Lincoln society people
are "aore" on Governor-elect Mickey. Mr.
Mickey las ' announced that he will not
attend an Inaugural ball if one Is given:
He Is a Methodist and does not believe In
dancing. It Is quits a matter or Indiffer
ence to Mr. Mickey as to whether Lincoln
society likes him or not. He is not a
society man; he has never worn a dress
suit and probably never will.
Beatrice 8un: Governor-elect Mickey says
that there will be no Inaugural ball, as
dancing Is one of the things that he doea
not do, and which la against his religious
scruples. While ws do not regard danolng
aa at all bad, we are proud to know that
tbe stats of Nebraska Is about to havs a
governor who has religious scruples, or any
other scruples. Scruples srs seldom found
tn the makeup of politicians.
Falls City Journal: - Tbat Governor-elect
Mickey Is a man who baa tbe courage of hla,
convictions Is shown by the fact that he :
has retuaed to sanction tbe uaual Inaugural
ball. He withholds his sanction sn the
ground that he la not only a Methodist In
the strictest sense of the term, but that he
la one of the truatees of the Nebraska
Wealeyan university, and that he cannot
conalstently sanction dancing In any form.
There will bs some to, condemn the action
of the governoiMelect and say that ho has
carried religious opinion too far. Ws think
not. If tbs church In which Mr.'.MIckey Is
sn active, member forbids dancing be must
either be a consistent member and deny hla
sanction or a hypocrite and givs It. It
requires great moral courage to override all
precedent and deny the commercial klnga
aad the society queens of the cspltal city
tbs privilege of attending the usual inau
gural ' ball. Therefore we eoatend that
Governor-elect Mickey Is a man who has
ths courage of his convictions.
'GENESIS or A ROW. ,
Chicago Tribune: If tbe merchants snd
business men of Caracas had mors faith la
President Castro hs might find a way out
of the difficulty by passing tbo sombrero.
Buffalo Express: England and Germany
will probably lose enough South American
trade to make the amount of the claima in
the present controversy aoem wholly In
significant. Baltimore American: Tho-sinking of tbs
Venesuelan vessels . was declared by the
German commander not to bo a bellicose
act. The only other inference is that It
was Intended merely as a practical Joke.
Kansas City Journal: The United States
ssks Germany Just what ahe means by a
"peaceful blockade." But has not Ger
many already explained that ths Venes
uelan navy which ahe aank was "such a
St. Louis Globs Democrat: Dewey aends
word that his big fleet will apoad Christ
mas at slevea different Caribbean ports.
Trippingly, as from a tutored tongue,
President Ooorge B. Harris of tbe Burling
ton .route gave testimony ta the hearing
of the suit of tbe Bute of Minnesota
against the Northern Securities Company.
One of the sclntlllant gems tbat might
have been polished by that loquacious lap
Idary, Mr. James J. Hill, sparkled tbua:
"In this day rates are fixed by an enlight
ened selfishness which demands that no
advantage be taken of free 'conditions."
Now we submit that Mr. Harris, before
the Burlington waa de-lndlvldualited, was
one of the best known and best equipped
railway men In the United States. He does
sot believe what he says, or else his In
telligence has been diverted from the nor
mal and directed along the lines of tbe
Mr. Harris knows that the tendency of
railways today Is to raise rates when they
CAN and lower them when tbey MU8T,
and that thla tendency Is dictated by the
same ''enlightened selfishness" that orders
a reduction only when competition threatens
a cutting of rates, or when, oppressed to
the limit of endurance, the shipper de
mands, through ststutes, relief for tbe
present and promise for the future.
Mr. Harris knows, as do the t raffia man-
agers of eastern roads who recently testified
before the Interstate Commerce commla-
sion ta Washington, first, that tbe capital-
Isatkm of their roads Is excessive whea
compared ta the amount of money orlg-
and the Navy department replies: "Carry
out your proposed holiday Itinerary. Merry
Christmas!" The war lords are at liberty
to read between the lines.
'ROIND ABOIT NIC W YORK.
nipples oa the Cnrreat of Life la tho
What promises to be sn epochal engineer
ing feat, the construction of tbs Pennsyl
vania railroad tunnel Into New York City,
is practically assured, sines the city au
thorities have approved the franchise. Much
of the preliminary work has been done and
millions spent in acquiring right-of-way.
The, practical part of the work will begin
at ones and will be pushed with energy,
skill and unlimited resources. This tunnel,
which is to cost not leas than $40,000,000,
and probably a great deal more, will be
twelve miles In length, and will extend
from Hoboken to Long Island City. It will
pasa under the Hudson and East rivers and
Manhattan Island. There will be la all five
tubes, three under the Bast river and two
under the Hudson. The tunnels will bs
eighteen feet six Inches In diameter Inside,
and each will contain one track. Tbey will
have a depth of thirty-seven feet under the
Hudson and thirty-five feet under the East
river. Electric motors will he Used for the
hauling of trains. Work must begin within
three months and end within five years.
What the tunnel will do tor New York Is
here briefly summarized:
It will cause the exDenditure of 130 000 -
000 In wages for workmen engaged In con1
It has already cost tbe operating company
nearly $6,000,000 for property for Ita term
It will connect two boroughs of New York
City with the west and south without the
disadvantage of a ferry system.
It will reduce the time between New
York snd Philadelphia, for through and sub
urban traffic, to ninety minutes.
It will develop Long Island as a place
where persons of small means may obtain
homes at low cost and yet -be wlthia the
same limit as to time as now prevails be
tween Harlem and the Battery.
It .will make Herald aquare the center of
the city as a quarter whence travel will bs
disseminated to all boroughs.
' It will Increase realty valuations from
20 to EO per cent along its route and thereby
provide for an extended debt limit and a
conaequencent enlargement of the city's
Miss Fannle Knowles, 2$ yesrs old,
daughter of . Mr. and Mrs. Zeph Knowles
of Grant avenue, East Newark, N. J., wept
for Joy because of the restoration of her
sight after ten years of total blindness. On
Wednesday a soft cataract was removed
from her left eye by Dr. Morgan of New
ark. Immediately after the operation she
was sble to see, and now her sight in
that sys has grown much stronger. An
other and similar operation was then per
formed on the right eye, snd the surgeon
declared that aa toon as the wouads re
sulting from tho operation heal up Miss
Knowles .will be abla to see as well as
Several times daring the day the young
woman waa so overjoyed at the bright
prospect before her that she became al
Ten years sgo Miss Knowles, with six
other little girl and their Sunday school
teacher, went to the woods to gather au
tumn leaves. All were poisoned by Ivy,
Miss Knowles tho most seriously, as some
of the poison got Into her eyes. AH the
children except Miss Knowles recovered,
but she lost the sight of both eyes com
pletely. The man who is ever ready to bet oa
anything, a sort of John-Watch-Ms Gates
on a small scale, said auddenly to a group
of members of the Mug House club In
Harlem: "I'll bet a case of ketchup to a
bottle of curry powder that there Isn't a
man ,u tne partlr lD,t c" Bam tn a-
nominations of United States paper
7.. . . - .. ... J
money." All lost, and all were abashed)
when he mentioned $1, $2. $5, $10. $20. $50,
$100, $500, $1,000. $5,000 snd $10,000. Most
men are unaccustomed to handling notes
above $100 and few ever aaw one of $10,000.
. In one of tbs popular musical sxtrsva
gamas a waiter says to. a hotel manager:
"What wages do I getT"
"You give me half what you gather,"
says the manager.
In exactly this way Ja much of the serv
ice in New York hotels aad restaurants
paid. In one well patronised uptown res
taurant tbs man who takes your hat snd
eoat pays the proprietor $3.60 a day or
night for ths privilege. He has four as
sistants and hs pays them. Hs does this
out of the tips hs receives.
To all but a tew old and favored cus
tomers hs gives checks. Upon those to
whom hs does not givs checks he waits
himself. Hs addresses them by name and
expresses ths hops that tbey are well.
From these he expects (o get nothing less
than a quarter and he is seldom or never
disappointed. His receipts havs amounted
to as much as $25 In a day aad night and
seldom drops below $10.
Miss Anna Stapleton Is suCering from
the effects of a peculiar accident oa a
Ninth avenus surface car. Tbe car was
crossing Forty-seventh . street, when la
some way ths full force of the electric cur
rent found its way Into ons of tbs elec
trical heaters placed under ths seats of
the car. There was a sudden outburst or
blue flame and a alight report. Miss Sta
pleton, who waa over ths heater, received
a shock which made her hysterical and
caused partial .paralysis. When she ar
rived at Bellevue hospital aha was unabls
to apeak and had lost the use of her right
leg. Her condition waa pronounced very
aertoua. Atother young woman, who had
aa adjoining seat, was slightly shocked. )
Inally Invented; second, that the public Is
made to believe that what are really bet
terments are expenditures. These better
ments are for all time and candid railway
men have confessed. In unguarded momenta,
that they were making their roade ready
for bard times so tbat the cost of operation
could be reduced to Its minimum. How do
they get the money for these betterments?
Traffic Manager G rammer of the Lake
Shore railway testified that the revenue
from a train of Sftv er iaa .hi. .r.in
consigned by Chicago to Buffalo, Including
wages, fuel, oil, waste, etc. would amount
to only S2o. It would seem that I3.S40
Is a pretty large margin to care for fixed
charges, wear and tear, dividends and sur
plus. Of course Mr. Crammer, and of
course Mr. Harris, knows that the freight
rates are alwava lust what ih trm min
bear, no leaa. and the securing of rates
to the last ultimate penny or possibility
la probably what Mr. Harris means by
"enlightened selfishness "
the only check the public has upon this
"enlightened . selfishness" is "enlightened
compel Itlon" and It Is the latter that the
merger, of which Mr. J. J. Hill Is the chief
prophet, seeks to darken and dostroy. All
the phrases of testimony, oriental In color
though thev mav be. catrhv the m..
be to the unthinking or the careless, do
aot by one whit Influence the rights of the
people as affected by overcapitalised trana-
THB WORLD HATES A TRIMMER.
Maa with Individuality of Hla Owa Is
tho One Who Saeeeeds.
Ons or the greatest enemies or content
ment and real happiness Is a habit or com
paring ourselves with others comparing
financial conditions, possibilities, homes,
It is astrong man who dares to be him
self, who does not envy others, and who
can see his neighbors grow prosperous
while he only makes a good living. This
constant' comparing unsettles character
and makes one dissatisfied with his lot.
Ons of the greatest triumphs for an am
bitious young man is to learn to bs con
tented, to be satisfied with doing a good,
honest day's work; to bs contented to live
humbly, if necessary, while his neighbors
roll In wealth.
A burning desire to fill a high placa, to
do something unusual to attract public at
tention, to do that which must bo accom
plished with tremendous strain and stress
ot the faculties a straining after effect
this morbid ambition Is one of ths curses
of the age,
No one can live a true life who meas
ures its worth by what others do, or think,
or say. Be content to be yourself, to be
self-contained. Contentment, ater doing
one's level best, brings a poise and sweet
ness into the life, a balance to the char
acter, which can never develop under fes
tering, over-anxious, abnormal ambition.
The man who la alwaya trimming his
sails backing and apologizing because he
haa not been able to do this or that, who
Is not content to be himself, who Is al
ways trying to be somebody else, will
never develop a strong character.
The world admires a man of balance, one
who Is equipoised, who Is self-sufficient,
who believes in himself, trusts himself,
who does not cower, whine or apologise,
hut stands erect and dares to live his own
Tbe world Instinctively hstes a trimmer.
theunan who fawns, the man ot "Its" snd
"buts." It likes a straight, clean-cut ar
ticle, without mixture or amalgamation.
' OIT OF THE ORDINARY.
Former Sheriff Hopper of Fairlawn, N. J.,
haa just celebrated the 40th anniversary of
his marriage with his fourth wife.
Enid, O. T.,' a young city of S.OOO
Inhabitants, haa no cemetery, and has
not had a natural death In several months.
The wheels of a truck carrying the 80,000-
pound granite monument to be erected In
the Frick burial lot In Homewood ceme
tery, Pittsburg, broke through tbe, asphalt
pavement In front of the Frick residence
and remained there all night.
It Is probable tbat the oldest magistrate
in active service In the United Statea Is
Thomas Poe, Justice of tbe peace In Rush
vllle, Ind., who Is now In his ssd year. ' He
has held tho office since 1&4 and for ths
last forty years has occupied the same
room. At the last election he waa chosen
to serve another term of four years.
Al Bhlseler, a gambler who killed F. W.
Reul at Watertown, Wis., recently, is out
on ball and goes wherever be pleases, but
William Crandail, a poor actor, - who
chanced to witness the murder, Is confined
In Jail -as a witness, with a prospect of re
maining there for several months to come.
Brookllns, Mass., Is the richest city In
America, but there are more millionaires
n Unlontown, Pa., than in any other town,
of ita size, leaving out health resorts, "in'
fact," says a traveler from that place,
"millionaires ars ao common there that
.they cut no more tea than the average cltl-
Some freaks of lightning are reported
from France: In Halnaut a man's body,
was cut In two. In 'eastern Flanders, of
three neighboring poplars, tne first was
split, the seoond had Its seveted trunk
carried away twenty yards and tne third
stripped of Its branches. Still another in
the vicinity had ita bark thrown forty
yarda. At Merendre, a stroke of lightning,
breaking windows, struck a heap of pota
toes, containing several hundred bushels,
split and blackened them, ao that In two
days they became putrid.
According to all ths signs of the time the
Christmas turkey will bo sure to roe-St high
If all the hot air wasted on ths eoal ques
tion rould be piped ths fuel problem would
quickly be solved.
Ons day last week four mall steamers
timing fnp Hreat Prlfalfk nnA freeman left
j New York with 7,000 sacks filled with
If Orover Cleveland gets a fmirth nomina
tion to the presidency, It Is probable that
he will arrange for a Joint faewell ap
pearance with his friend, Jos Jefferson.
It is easy enough to increase ths army.
but hard to gft recruits for the navy. The
' young Amerlcsns would rather fight In
! dlans than go to sea.
i A son or President J. J. Hill or tha Great
I Northern railway has been discharged from
: a $6 clerkship. lis probably gets little Sym- '
' pathy from the president, who put him into
the. company's office to learn ths bualneas.
Some Inquiries as to ths meaning of ths
tym "hair and hair" as applied to a drink
recalls an anecdote ot Thackeray. On hear,
ing or the death or a bibulous friend ths
satirist observed: "He waa a maa; take
him for half and halt, I shall not look upon
bis like again."
Among the heroines of the day Is a rich
woman In a Connecticut towa who, on being
toid that thirty-live tons of coal would bo
required for her conservatories during tha
winter, ordered her supply to bo tskea
csro of for the use of the poor, and let her
choice flowers and fruits bs sacrtfloed.
Literary people ot Boston are agitating
for the setting up In Boston of a tablet la
honor of Edgar Allan Poe. Poo was born
there ia 1809, his mother being a leading
woman at the Haymarket theater. His
first book waa signed "A Bostonlan." Ths
present movement Is ons of ths results of
the labors of Prof. Richardson of Dart
mouth in reviving Interest in tho writings
snd history of Poe.
The story is told that Emerson Hough,
I successful novelist, editor, fisherman and
hunter, was responsible for tbe passing of
the act which gave government protection
to tha last herd ot buffalo In ths United
States. Mr. Hough, who was much con
cerned over the fact that the small herds
or buffalo preserved In Yellowstone park
were being slaughtered by poachers, made
a winter Journey or Investigation through
tbe park, traveling on akeea and procuring
photographs and reports which proved con
clusively that ths animals were Insuffi
ciently protected and were being rapidly
exterminated. The agitation he started ac
complished the desired result, and the '
buffaloes are now safe,
Washington Star: "All I want is i llttla
pin money," said young Mrs. Dashlngton.
"I know It, my dear," answered her hus
band: "but don't you use anything but dia
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "That Mrs. Blx
ler seem to consider herself a very clever
"Yes, she's one of these women who be
lieve all tbelr husbands tell them."
Philadelphia Press: Lawyer I have ar
ranged to secure your release In time for
the Christmas holidays.
Convict O! aay, couldn't you make it
New Year Instead? That'll let me out of
all this Christmas shopping.
New York Tlmee: "Your face seems
very familiar to me," remarked the mnn
with the red necktie as he slapped the
stranger on the back.
"Indeed," replied the stranger. "Now,
It's your manner that seems familiar to
Chicago Tribune! He Funny thine- about
multiplication and nddltlon. You may
multiply nothing by a hundred, but It'a still
nothing; while if you add a hundred. It's
She Hut there are exceptions. For in
stance you might take the dowdy sort of
girl and add a hundred-dollnr hat to her,
but she'd still look like 80 cents.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "I have asked
my wife a dosen times what she wants for
Chrlatmaa. And every time she telLs me she
doesn't want anything."
"If I didn't get her a half-dosen presents
st least she wouldn't speak to me for a
Philadelphia Press: "His wife has treas
ured all the letters he wrote to her when
he was courting her; keeps them by her all
"Gracious! She doesn't read them over,
"No, but she threatens to read them to
him whenever he gets obstreperous."
Philadelphia: Press: "I wish," said Jack's
wife, "that you'd telephone to Jack today,
snd ask him if he thought I'd mind if you
were to dine with us tonight."
"But you know I can't dine with you,"
replied Miss Peachlson-Krems. "What's
your idea, anyway?"
"I asked htm today to get a hair out and
a shave and spruce up a bit, but he said
he was too busy."
LAST YEAR'S PRESENTS.
, Baltimore Americaa. .
There's a problem that confronts me
As the Yuletids draweth nigh.
And It rills my eyes with teardrops, -
Makes me heavs full many a sigh)
For although It's sternest duty,
Yet to me It seems a crime
Giving folks the lovely presents
That I got laat Christmas time.
All my friends must be "remembered"
With a dainty gift or two,
Yet I'm far too short of money
To go out and buy them new.
Sn I ve got JuBt got to do It,
Though It wrings out many a tear
And I'm giving folks the presents
I was given yesteryear.
Some of them, thank heav'n, are wearing
Cards that came, with giver's name, ,
But the donors of the others
I forget am I to blame?
Bo a fear haunts all my vtstona
Lest In giving them again.
Some might reach their Inst year's givers
And Impart a lasting pain.
"Ayer'i Hair Vigor
that Is claimed for it.
tried it and I know. It restored
tha nstursl color to my bsir.
stopped its filling out, and
makes my bsir soft snd glossy.
1 alwsys recommend it to any
friends." Mrs. Emma J.Vaa
decar, Mccbanicsville N. Y.
There's a wonderful
amount of satisfaction in
having a splendid head of
hair and a scalp free from
dandruff. It's more as
Give nature a little lift
now and then by feeding
your hair with Ayer's Hair
Vigor. It makes the hair
grow, stops- falling, cures
dandruff, and always re
stores color to gray hair.
J. O. ATM CO.. Law all. Mass.
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