Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 21, 1902, EDITORIAL SHEET, Page 16, Image 16

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Tim Omaiia Sunday Ber
Dnllv Ilea twlthou. Sunftnr), One Year.. $4 -00
. Dally Hee and Hunday, One Year t-W
Illustrated Uee, On Year w
Bunilav Hp, One Year J-JJ'
(Saturday Hee, One Year
Twentieth Century Farmer, One Y'ear.. 1.W
rally Hee (without Sunday), per ropy.... te
Dally Hee (without Sunday), per week.. ..lie
Dally Bee UncliHlIng Sunday), per week.. 17c
Hunday Her, per ropy "c
Evening Hee (without Sunday), per week 6c
Evening iiee (Including Sunday), per
week ..........10c
Complaints of Irregularities In delivery
houltl be addressed to City Circulation De
partment. OFFICES.
Omaha The Bee Building.
South Omaha City Hall Building, Twenty-fifth
and M Streets.
Cotinrll Bluffs 10 Pearl Street
Chlcago--1K40 Unity Building.
. New York Ma Bark Row Building.
Washington 6iil Fourteenth Street.
Communication relating to news and edi
torial flatter should be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
State of Nebraska. Douglas County, si.:
George B. Tzschuck. secretary of The
Hee Punllshlng Company, being duly sworn,
pavs that tho actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
ftionth of November, UUZ. was as louowa;
1..... 31.4TO
I 2U.4SO
I........ Sl.OUO
i 4.... Sl.SBO
17 - ao,eo
18 30,870
1 8O.B40
20 30.800
a 30,030
B 81,410
3 28.810
24 30,020
25 31.OO0
2 31,000
27 .-80,780
28 81.130
2 . 31.4HO
30 28,4TB
I.... 41.0H8
.... .31.210
S ,80340
9 2ft.B7S
10.... 31.300
, 11 80.9TO
! 11 80.TOO
13 80.820
;14 80.730
16 81,310
. Total B32.1H0
Less unsold and returned copies.... 9.Z3T
Net total sales 22,6T
Net average sales 30.7BB
Subscribed in my presence and sworn to
before me this 30th day ot??Z$- D
(Seal) Notary Pubila.
It Is the Christmas spirit that counta
not what you rIvp, but how you give it
As between the Bnioke nuisance and
the tog nuisance most people would pre
fer the smoke.
Tmspects point to a scarcity of Christ
inns turkey. The goose, however, does
not bang quite so high.
Tt is to be hoped the school children
will all enjoy their Chrlstmns holidays
likewise the school teachers.
Equitable taxation Is one of those
things as to which too many people
! favor the principle, but resent the ap
', plication.
- Murat Ilalstead must certainly have
a complete history of the Venezuelan
war ready to Issue red hot from the
press before the new year sets In.
The piece do resistance of the Outlook
, for tho current week Is ''The Quest of
'tho Three Kings," but no mention Is
'.made of the quest of the four aces or of
the straight flush.
According to Delegate Kodey New
Mexico has not less than 320,000 Inhab
itants, of whom about 50,000 altogether
live in towns and cities and the other
270,000 are scattered.
What this country wants most Just
now Is au India rubber currency so
elastic as to fill in the gaps canscd by
tho shrinkage of watered stocks and
Inflated trust balloons.
The guessing contest on the governor
of New York was closed some weeks
ago, but the guessing contest on tho
mayor of Omaha will remain open until
the raw month of March.
Uncle Sum's star mathematician Is try
ing to figure out bow much It will cost
to fatten a lean Texas steer in the semi
arid region with grass grown on laud
leased for 2 cents per acre.
.' 1 .1 .. Ji
The Chrlstmns thaw has forcibly called
attention to the fact that the electric
wire conduits, planted in frozen ground,
are liable to cause serious damage by
settlement of the pavement.
Andrew Carnegie's notice that his
daughter is not to be overburdened with
his riches will not deter ambitious suit
ors from taking a chance on an elev
enth-hour change of the parental mind.
1 A tract of land at the mouth of Big
Goose creek, near Sheridan, Wyo., has
been proclaimed as the coming summer
resort. Iu the meantime the worst Ml
card of the scusou Is raging along Big
Goose creek.
When It comes to International arbl
tratlon, the powers of the world all rec
ogulze the fact that Uncle Sam can act
as arbitrator with less chance of par
tiality ami discrimination than any
'other of their number.
The Monroe doctrine does not neces
sarily mean that Uncle S:uu is to as
aunie the task of bad debt collecting
ageucy fur European speculators and
adventurers who have uncollectible
claims in South America.
That proposed bill to punish husbands
who wantonly desert their wives should
be supplemented by a bill to punish
wives who wantonly desert their hus
bands. Equal rights for all no did
crimination on account of sex.
The chances are improving with the
lapse of time that there will be no
further fulmtnatlons or ebullitions from
the executive mansion of Nebraska until
the present accidental occupant unload
bis first and lust tuesaago to the legU
An appropriation of f 73.000 for Ne
braska's participation In the St Lout
; exposition will be among the recom
i mendations of the message of the out
I going governor. The legislature, bow
ever, will be amply able to take rare of
, this proposition when the time cornea.
MAIXTAIXISO IhK -ooctrim:."
Nearly seven years ago, when the
agitation over the boundary controversy
between tireat Britain and Venezuela
was intense, the committee on foreign
relations of the United States senate
made a declaration of the attitude of
our government regarding the Monroe
doctrine. This reaffirmed the principles
promulgated by President Monroe In his
message of December 2, 1823, and de
clared that the United States will assert
and maintain that doctrine and those
principles, specifying the conditions and
circumstances under which this country
would regard an Infringement thereof
"as the manifestation of an unfriendly"
disposition toward the United States and
as an interposition which It would be
Impossible In any form for the United
States to regard with Indifference." The
resolution of the senate committee re
lated to any attempt by a European
power to acquire new or additional ter
ritory on the American continent or any
Island adjacent thereto, or to assert any
right of sovereignty or dominion In the
same In any case or Instance. ,
In the executive session of the senate
last Tuesday the Venezuelan situation
received attention and while there was
no disposition to attribute ulterior mo
tives to any of the parties to the trouble,
there was a resolute purpose expressed,
above and beyond all partisanship, to
maintain the Monroe doctrine In spirit
and letter and to permit no aggressive
movement that might aim at the acquisi
tion of South American territory by any
European nation. There is no doubt
that this Is In accord with the feeling of
the American people, Irrespective of
political division. As a democratic senator
said, on a question of this kind there
was no party division, "the maintenance
of the Monroe doctrine devolved on the
whole people." But while there Is
unanimity of sentiment In favor of up
holding the doctrine, there Is divergence
of opinion respecting its meaning In
scope. This has been strikingly shown
In the public discussion of the prin
ciple enunciated by Monroe in connec
tion with the Venezuelan matter. It has
been urged that the United States would
have been Juslfled by that doctrine In
proposing and Insisting upon arbitration,
although no territorial acquisition Is con
templated and the European powers ex
plicitly avowed their purpose to be to
simply collect their claims by means
hlch this country had not only recog-
lzed as legitimate, but had Itself em
ployed. It Is not remarkable that there
hould be misapprehension on the part
of the southern republics regarding the
Intent and scope of the Monroe doctrine.
It is easy to understand that they should
construe it as affording them protection
In any circumstances for their refusal
to pay their Just debts or any violation
of their obligations, as well as from
attempts by foreign powers to take their
territory or Interfere with their political
Institutions. i But all intelligent Ameri
cans ought to understand the extent of
the application of the doctrine, which
has been repeatedly and plainly defined.
It must now be clearly understood
even by the southern countries that the
United States does not propose to as
sume any responsibility for debts which
they neglect or refuse to pay and will
not shield them if they attempt to re
pudiate such obligations. Neither will
It undertake to protect them from proper
punishment for any violation of Inter
national duties and responsibilities. As
President Roosevelt has said: "We do
not guarantee any state against punish
ment If it misconducts itself, provided
that punishment does not take the form
of the acquisition of territory by any
non-American power."
The movement for the correction of
the child labor evil does not appear to
have yet had any very Important prac
tlcal result, though It has aroused an In
terest In the problem, both north and
south, which can hardly fail to ulti
mately be productive of remedial meas
ures. The New lor livening rosr,
which has been especially zealous In
support of the movement, says that "de
spite the capitalistic Influences at work
to prevent the rescuo of the children,
there is a steadily growing recognition
that the fight Is one for the health and
welfare of coming generations." It
states that the movement is gaining
strength dally In North and South Car
olina, aa well as In Alabama, where one
of the largest mills works children of 6
years or more thirteen hours a day, with
twenty minutes for dinner.
The defenders of this system In the
south, the Post says, effectively appeal
to sectional Jealousy, representing that
the north Is meddling in matters which
do not concern it and urging that New
Englund should set its own bouse In or
der. Unfortunately, there Is abundant
warrant for the southern' employers of
child labor retorting "You're another.
Great numbers of children, hardly more
than Infants, are employed In northern
mills and factories, though not gener
ally under such hard conditions, either
as to hours of work or wages, as com
monly prevail In the south. According
to reports of factory inspectors, 0,000
cblldfeu are employed In Massachusetts,
10,000 In New York, 20,000 In Illlnoi
aud 3.1,000 In Pennsylvania, exclusive of
boys in the coal mines. It Is said that
In Illinois the numler of children re
ported by factory Inspectors has more
than doubled In the five years between
1897 and l'.Wl. The testimony given be
fore the anthracite strike commission In
regard to the employment of little girl
In the silk mills for periods of twelv
hours at a few cents an hour was
revelation that has made a strong Im
pretsion aud ought to strengthen the
movement for remedying the child-labor
One of the active leaders In the move
ment says, that the "child labor problem,
far from being a local one to be dealt
with by a small group of southern cot
ton-manufacturing states. Is a great aud
growing national problem." No one can
doubt this who will take the trouble to
nvestlgate the facts. Tens of thou
sands of children are being deprived of
n opportunity for learning even to read
nd write and are suffering both phy
sically and morally from the system
hlch it Is sought to remedy. The move-
ent should have the hearty support of
who nre concerned for the health
nd welfare of coming generations.
The present session of congress prom
ises to keep up the record In pnsslng pri
vate pension bills, showing that public
criticism in this matter has very little
nfluence at Washington. One day Inst
eek the house of representatives passed
4 private pension bills iu thirty-nine
minutes, or at the rate of almost five a
minute, which is certainly very lively
work. Of course there could be no real
consideration of these bills by the house.
The speed at which It worked made crit
icism or objection next to impossible,
had any one desired to Indulge in either.
But it Is very rarely that a private pen
sion bill encounters objection. There
seems to be a common understanding
that these measures are not to be Inter
fered with. A couple of years ago a sen-
tor, we think it was Mr. Galllnger of
ew Hampshire, called attention to the
carelessness shown by congressmen gen
erally In regard to private pension bills
and the baste with which they were
passed and nrged that they should be
given more consideration, but bis sug
gestion was not heeded.
Perhaps no reform In this matter is to
be expected, yet no hnrm will be done
occasionally reminding congressmen
that this method of taking money out of
the public treasury ought to be con
ducted a little more carefully than is the
rule. Undoubtedly some of the private
pension bills are meritorious, but this
should be fully established in every case.
Financial Journals are calling atten
tion to the lack of sufficient working
capital in a multitude of Industrial
mergers and consolidations usually re
garded as legitimate undertakings, as
potential factors In the present money
stringency. It Is noted that In the
original organization of these vast con
cerns Insufficient provision was made for
capital to carry on their business, so
that in some coses, like the American
Bicycle company, a receivership was the
only resort, or In many others, like the
American Linseed Oil company and the
United States Rubber company, Immense
mounts had to be provided by ad
dltional issues of bonds and stocks, while
Innumerable companies which avoided
such issues now find themselves bard
Dressed for operating funds. The
actual lack of funds was in large meas
ure concealed by the liberal advances
the banks in fl usher times could give,
but which are now withdrawn.
This grave defect was In fact lnevlt
table In the methods by which the great
majority of the consolidations were or
ganized and launched. Even In most of
the cases where legitimate Industrial
concerns were the subjects of consollda
tlon, an Important and often the chief
motive was speculative, and while ex
cessive prices were paid for the separate
properties enormous amounts of the cap
italization were set apart for the man
agers in addition to what was seized
as profits to the promoters and financ
ing syndicates at every stage of the re
organizing process. The plain but vital
matter of operation being a secondary
thought. Its needs were neglected. Not
only so, but most of the concerns went
Into operation having their capital still
In the form of unsold securities, and
to make them tempting in the market
or to maintain them there high dividend
rates had to be Insured, thus cutting
down surplus earnings needed in the
A striking illustration Is afforded by
the American Grass Twine company, a
far stronger concern than the average,
in cancelling its announcement of t
quarterly dividend of 1V4 per cent. This
is significant of what must perforce be
done by a vast number of pretentious
consolidations. What Is actually trans
piring and Impending as the result of
Inherent defects In Industrial reorgani
zations to speak plainly about it Is
commonly known aa wringing out the
The extension of municipal ownership
of public utilities has In no western
state been more rapid than lately in
Iowa, a noticeable Impevus having been
recently given by the decisions of the
courts. The most Important cause of
this growth, however, Is the satisfactory
experience of municipalities which have
made the experiment For the most
part these have not been the largest
cities of the state, for the reason chiefly
that about all of those bad already
long since reached what was under
stood to be the constitutional limitation
of indebtedness, depriving them of the
means of providing the funds necessary
for expensive plants. But for a period
of years a large and constantly inercas
lng number of the smaller cities and
towns have owned and operated the
plants by which particularly water and
light are supplied.
So low have been both the charges
and the operating expenses of these
plants that a multitude of towns have
been able to supply themselves where
It was Impossible to enlist private cap
ital to operate under franchises. There
Is almost no record of towns which
have thus administered their own pub
lic utilities abandoning the effort or
subsequently turning over to franchised
corporations, but there are numerous
cases where the latter have orlglnnlly
attempted to supply the public ur.d
failed, where the municipality taking it
over has succeeded. Municipal owner
ship Is now practically the rule, so fa
as water and light are concerned, in
the minor Iowa cities.
The case Is materially different in the
principal cities, for the constitutional
reason already cited and for the fur-
ther reason that the experience of pub
lic ownership In the larirer has not Iwn
satisfactory as In the minor mu
nicipalities. But under the holdings of
the courts a distinct movement Is al
ready on In the former to control di
rectly as proprietors their public utili
ties even where they are now In the
ands of eonrations. The extent to
hlch the public ownership movement
as gone In Iowa has hardly been ap
preciated even within the state Itself.
A blockade of the ports of Venezuela,
to be effectively maintained, has been
declared by the British government.
This gives a changed nspect to the sltu-
tlon, for while under the so-called
Pacific blockade only the vessels of
Venezuela could be prevented from en
tering or leaving the ports of that coun
try, now the vessels of all countries are
subject to the conditions specified In
the proclamation of the British govern
ment and authorized by International
law. Of course our government, os has
been already announced, will recognize
the blockade, which implies the exist
ence of a state of war, so that American
essels attempting to enter Venezuelan
ports after the time designated In the
declaration will do so nt their own risk,
being liable to seizure and condemna
tion. This action simplifies the situation by
establishing n definite understanding. It
Is ou unmistakable fact that the allies
nd Venezuela are at war and neutrals
ill govern themselves accordingly.
The declaration of the blockade will
not necessarily put a stop to negotia
tions looking to arbitration and there
seems to be favorable promise that
these may be successful, unless the
Castro government should soon be over
thrown, which appears not improbable.
It should be remembered that Innum
erable "restorations" of rates which the
eastern and western railroads are mak
ing or contemplating are In fact sheer
advances of rates. While It Is true that
many of the rates which have actually
been in force were below the tariff fig
ures, it Is also true that the tariff fig
ures in these cases were never or sel
dom actually changed. It Involves the
exaction of a higher tribute from the
public, and the pretense of its being a
mere "restoration" does not in the least
affect the character of the advance.
It Is noted that Canada's imports from
the United States have grown steadily
notwithstanding its preferential duty in
favor of British goods. But Its trade
with Great Britain has also grown stead
ily, and there is no question that the
United States woujld have gained still
more had It been ton nn equal footinz
with Its competitor. If full reciprocity
should be Instituted between the United
States and Canada Uncle Sam would
soon outstrip his British' cousin In tho
race for Cunadlan trade.
As a result of a citizens' movement
and investigation begun last fall the
assessment roll of St Joseph has been
Increased by between $4,000,000 and
o,000,000, and the Increase represents
property on which taxes never were
paid before. The experience of St.
Joseph Is the same as that of most other
western cities. Through lack of ade
quate public interest abuses steadily
crept In until they became too flagrant
to bo endured.
The commercial forecaster of Dun
Co. has favored the country with the
announcement that the yenr 1002 will
end well. On the theory that It Is some
what rlfky to praise a man until after
he Is dead, because he might do some
thing out of the perpendicular before
he draws his last breath, the prediction
of the Dun forecaster Is slightly pre
mature. There are still ten days for
the unexpected of 1002 to happen.
The pure food bill was passed by the
lower house of congress without creat
ing a ripple of excitement in the house
and senate restaurants, where soft
shelled crabs are flavored with cham
pagne sauce and Virginia Springs min
eral water is adulterated with old Irish
bug Juice.
Another Revelation.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
President Roosevelt's plan of requiring
the Indian to work for bis living must be
quite a revelation to the red man.
Exercise for the Inert.
Saturday Evening Post.
Exercise la Just as valuable when done as
work as when performed In a gymnasium.
The muscles do not know the difference be
tween chopping wood and swinging Indian
Joy Be With Em.
Chlcasro Chronicle. I
Coincident with the approach of the yule-
tide season come the Joyoua Intelligence
that a Job lot of short weight coal dealers
are headed for the county Jail. This ren
ders life worth living.
The Fiction of Pence.
Philadelphia Record.
There is no war in South America. Eng
llsh and German men-of-war have captured
the Venezuelan navy and destroyed most of
it, and they have knocked Venezuelan for
tlflcatlons into brickbats, but perfect peace
More, More, .More!
Baltimore American.
Rockefeller gets a four million dollar
check aa a quarterly dividend on bis Stand
ard Oil stock, and at the same time the
price of oil Is put up. These two facts
coupled together seem to indicate that
there is still something wrong in the
Boomer of Great Schemes.
Philadelphia Record.
' No promoter la the land carries more
speculative bees in his bead than Senator
Morgan of Alabama. Ilia latest scheme 1
to colonize the American negroes In the
Philippine inlands. He would have th
government undertake the necessary
transportation, giving free passage and a
twenty-acre homestead as inducements to
emigration, without consequent impair
ment of any of the rights of America
citizenship. No doubt there are cllmatl
arguments which would justify such
movement. The negro flourishes under
tropical conditions that enervate or ds
etroy white men. If only Mr. Morgan were
quite assured that the transported negro
would work, once domiciled In Luion,
Pansy or Mindanao, his colonizing plan
might also work; but there'a the rub.
Will They "Save the Country f
Indianapolis News.
Dealers say that coal prices will be tlgh
ntll something Is done to Increase ship
ping facilities. If this Is so. It looks as
if it were up to the railroads to aave the
famine; it Down the Line.
Baltimore American.
First, there was a scarcity of coal; then
of railroad cars; then of locomotives; then
of coal carta, and so the excuses go along
down the Una. But there is no scarcity of
mpty coal bins, nor of a cold public that
s fast losing patience over the exasperat
ng situation.
Rood Thins- to raas Around.
Washington Pct.
Secretary Wilson contends that the peo
ple who kill their cattle afflicted with the
foot-and-mouth disease should be paid for
the same. What about the man who sorts
his potatoes and Is obliged to throw away
the bad ones. Then there is the newspa
per publisher who would not object to re
ceiving compensation for the papers thst
re spoiled in the process of printing. But
there are so many other industries the
ecretary might benefit In thle manner that
It Is not at all practical for us to attempt
to enumerate. If we are going In tor pa
ternalism, why show discrimination.
Par I.lvlna; Wage or Quit.
Minneapolis Journal.
Judging from Judge Gray's remarks In
the coal arbitration commission's sesBlon
the commission does not propose to go into
the question ot whether the operators can
fford to pay living wages or not. It as
sumes that If they can't it would be better
to close the mines. This is good sense.
Inquiry as to whether the operators can
afford to pay what the men earn would last
Indefinitely and would be aside from the
point. Let those mines close that cannot
pay fair wagea, and the sooner the better.
Not many, however, will close even under
application of this rule.
Cheerful Symbols.
Boston Herald.
We get further substantial evidence of
tho prosperity and generosity of our peo
ple from the enormous quantities of
Christmas gifts with which the outgoing
ocean liners have been laden during the
past week or two. The great bulk of thee
okens of remembrance, numerically at
least, are those of the comparatively poor,
and It Is significant of the condition of this
class of people that their remittances, In
one form and another, have been excep
tionally large this season. It Is recalled
how Mr. Beecher onco remarked that tho
gifts aent from children In the new world
o their parents and relatives In the old
home were a symbol of love and affection
without parallel, and the highest tribute
to the character and value of the newly
arrived immigrant. It Is apparent that the
growth of this sentiment is almost keeping
step with the enormous growth of immi
Free Rural Mall Delivery a Promoter
of Good Roads.
New York Sun.
If report be true, the postmaster general
Is soon to be asked to consider a pretty
promising plan for the betterment ot the
highways of this country, submitted to the
superintendent of the free delivery system
by a citizen of Pennsylvania, Mr. Joseph
W. Brown. It is based upon the tact that
only one serious obstacle stands In the way
ot developing the free delivery service,
namely, the present condition of our coun
try roads.
Mr. Brown's Idea Is that If a certain road
Is reported ss practically impassable for
the carriers, the highway authorities of the
town wherein It Is found are to have a
reasonable length of time within which to
repair It, and the penalty for tholr falluro
so to do Is to be tho cessation of free de
livery in that locality.
In his recent report Mr. Martin Dodge,
director of tho bureau of public roads In
quiries of the Department of Agriculture,
made some Interesting comments:
"The circumstance that over 18,000,000
was appropriated by our last congress
largely to be burled in our muddy roads In
the delivery of our rural mails, while only
tho small sura of 120,000 was last year de
voted to meeting the road problem, indi
cates the great need of education regarding
tha present necessity and demand tor vig
orous and Intelligent road work.
"As much of these large appropriations
for rural mall delivery could be saved If
we had good roads, it Is obvious that an
amount equal to a considerable portion of
these sums could be spent to good advan
tage In educating the people In the work of
Improving our country roads, and thus for
ever close a large drain on our national
If the Introduction of free mall delivery
results in the Improvement of our country
roads our rural friends will have occasion
to bless the art of letter writing and the
poitofflce twice over.
An Old Reliable Remedy for the Germ
of I.aalnesa.
Baltimore American.
It has remained for an American scien
tist to discover that strong aversion to
work, deep anxiety to refrain as far as
possible from anything that even smacks
ot toll. Is due to a germ. It Is the custom
nowadays to blame nearly everything on
thia apparently Innocent factor In the
makeup ot the universe, and it will prob
ably not be long before tt Is charged with
being responsible for original sin and tor
other mental and moral weaknesses that
have brought all kinds of woes upon the
human family. This scientist Insists and
cobody yet has arisen to question the ac
curacy of bis discovery that the germ ef
laziness has at last been captured; but as
yet he has found no method of killing it.
If tt partakes ot the nature of the human
being in which tt exists, there is not, how
ever, any danger that It will run away,
and the scientist may have all the time he
wants to find its antlduto.
It has generally been held that some
people are born lazy; others acquire lazi
ness. Just as some unwise men acquire an
Insatiable desire for rum, and still others
a fondness for company that does not ben
efit either their minds or their morals.
Cases have been known In which even
household servants, who fall to wake jp
when the cock crows or when the alarm
clock goes on a rampage, have been ac
cused of laziness; but the housekeeper has
never felt It necessary to send for a doc
tor to search for the germ. Emphatic lan
guage from the head of the house or a
prompt discharge are generally employed
to prevent a recurrence of the lark of ap
preciation of the flight of time. The tramp
and the hobo, if laziness b a germ, must
be well supplied with the article, for even
the law cannot cure them of the resolve
to keep far away from anything that re
sembles toil.
The American scientist can reat assured
that If laziness be a germ, work will cure
It. Enforced labor with head or hands or
feet will knock out laziness quicker than
even Dewey could knock out a Spanish
fleet. The remedy Is Infallible, and when
once employed the patleut is not apt to
cows around analog for another doss.
Two short weight coal dealers have been
hustled Into Jail la Chicago. One In a
while justice does a Job which cancels a
multitude ot sins.
Kentueky's whisky crop for the year will
be 30,000.000 gallons. The fear of drouth
In the Bluegrasa state seems to be without
substantial foundation.
Five Crows, an Indian chief In Oregon, I
dead. Too much nectar of civilization.
When Old Crow and Five Crows got to
gether some one bad to croak.
The man who rocked the boat has retired
from business, but the one who tries to
skate over the air holes ot the Missouri
river will be heard of presently.
Medical sharps claim to have discovered
a specific for the germ of laziness. Hitherto
the dictum of Josh Illlllrps held unques
tioned sway: "There ain't nothing that's
a sure cure for laziness, but I have known
a serkond wife tew hurry It some."
A young woman In Oshkosh was forcibly
kissed three times and was awarded a ver
dict of $166.66 for each kiss. This raises
the 0:,hkoh kiss to tho notch of luxury.
At this season, however. It Is expected ev
ery young woman will be generous to the
Peter Flnley Dunne of Dooley fame will
not philosophize on "domestic relations"
for some time to come, "for, you see," he
observes, "marriage Is one of the few
things It Is better to 'dlscoorse' on before
the experiment." Dooley has gone and
done it.
A bronze memorlnl bust of the late
Colonel Richard W. Thompson, secretary of
the navy in the cabinet ot President Hayes
and for sixty years aa active participant
In national politics, has Just been unveiled
In the court house yard at Terre Haute.
The Philadelphia Record scores an un
doubted "scoop" by Issuing Its annual
almanac two weeks ahead of the proces
sion. Its early call makes Its welcome all
the warmer, and Its record of the waning
year is as interesting as its forecast of com
ing events is Instructive.
Some unknown knocker sent personal In
vitations to New York aldermen to visit
and Inspect local Jails. The salons took the
hint and promptly approved the Pennsyl
vnnta tunnel scheme which was held up
for months past. Recollections of Bill
LIneed and Jake Sharp are a power for
good in Gotham.
The Washington Star swelled out of all
proportion on the 16th Inst, the occasion
being the golden anniversary of the found
ing of the paper. A Beventy-four-paqe edi
tion and a magazine supplement fittingly
marked the event. It was a notable achieve
ment In the newspaper line and epitomizes
the progress of the national capital In half
a century.
Modern Application of "Flavian Mill.
tary Tactics."
Baltimore American (rep.).
The policy of the trust magnates during
tne present session of congress reminds
one very much of the famous Flavian mili
tary tactics. There Is a very obvious In
disposition to precipitate a congressional
contest which 'will -force a general battle,
with Its final' decision. The trusts are
afraid to- face -such a crisis. Like the Ro
mans of old,, they know the fierce power
of their adversaries. All of the arguments
of fairness. Justice,' honesty and national
contentment have been, marshaled under
the banners of the anti-trust army. Such
an array of power Is entirely too formid
able for -the trusts to chance a -conclusive
trial of arms against it. Were the
matter pushed to a final .' Issue at this
session there is no doubt as to the over
whelming, the. crushing defeat , which the
trusts would sustain.
The champions ot the trusts are sharp
enough to see their danger, just aa much
so as the Roman general was shrewd enough
to perceive the perils which would be en
countered were the legions of the empire
again dashed against the battalions of Han
nibal. The policy ot delay, as a conse
quence. Is being resorted to by the trusts
aa the beet way to avert a legislative
calamity. Strenuous efforts are being put
forth to prevent this session of congress
from enacting any measure which Is In the
leastwise aggressive. All of the combined
power of their wealth and Influence is
being utilized in the plan of choking off
discussion as far as porsibie and of holding
down legislation; that Is, if legislation
must corao, to some trivial and Ineffective
The trusts hope to accomplish much in
this way. They have great fears of tho
consequences should a constitutional amend
ment follow. They also oppose the sug
gestions about publicity and capitalization.
Any radical law In any one of these direc
tions would be ruinously hurtful to the
trust method of operation. For that rea
son the trust champions are conducting a
three-cornered light. They are endeavoring
to split the anti-trust army Into three parts,
each part representing some special pet
measure of its own. By this process ot
dividing the enemies' forces the trusts
count on preventing the mustering of
enough support around any one proposition
to carry it to enactment. In other words,
it Is desired to keep the several divisions
so far apart that they cannot act ta unison.
By so doing the matter ot actual anti-trust
legislation will ba so delayed that the end
of the session will find the situation such
that no effective law will be likely of enact
ment, and. Indeed, there may be ths pos
sibility of no enactment at all.
United action on the part of opponents of
the trusts is absolutely imperative in order
to make the Flavian policy of tho trusts a
ridiculous failure.
January 6 and 20, February 3 and 17
Ono-Hslf On BoguUr Fare Plus f 2.00
'Fkoaa 81.
Humility is the prelude to honor.
Mammon la the mother of misery.
Men need soft hearts In hard times.
Gems are but pebbles without the grind
High pressure In society Is apt to go
with low pressure in ploty.
Our gslns depend nit on what we can
get, but on what wo can give.
t.. i.n r nietv will not live by being
stuck In tho soil of prayer about once a
The life wholly spent In the closet Is sa
useless as the life without the cloict Is
If you hide your sins In the cellar they
will be sure to make themselves known la
the parlor.
The religious market will bo dull as long
as we preach No. 1 hard and practice
Cards Stacked Too Early In ths Gam
for the Judnshlp.
Chicago Record-Herald.
There seems to be a fine opportunity for
political reform In Douglas connty, Mo.,
where Judge Burgess of the state supremo
court ht Issued a writ of ouster against
Judge Burkhead of the circuit court. It
appears that Judge Burkhead secured his
nomination ss the result of a gams of
cards. Burkhead Is a republican, and ho
defeated George W. Thornberry, democrat,
at the polls. Thornberry comes forward
now with the claim that Burkhead and a
man ot the name ot Bronson were rival
candidates for the republican nomination.
In order that there might be no contest In
the convention, he says, they agreed to play
a game of cards for tho Judgeship, the win
ner to pay the loser the sum of $1,375 la
Bronson won at cards, but when he went
Into the convention it was found that ho
could not secure the nomination. He then,
according to the allegation, turned his votes
over to Burkhead, who gave up the finan
cial stake to Bronson. The defeated demo
crat rises now and virtuously declares that
neither of his republican rivals is entitled
to the seat, and that he ought to have It.
Leaving that matter out of the question, it
must be rather humiliating to the repub
licans of Douglas county, if the charges
are true, to think that their votes could be
played for at a card table as if they had
been poker chips or three-for-flve stogies.
Cleveland Plain Dealer
"No, my hus-
bnntl never talks bnek
"Fome impediment In his speech, ma'am?"
"Yes. I'm the Impediment."
Baltimore American: "Speech is silver,"
said the hardened cynic, "but a Judicious
rllence properly distributed is the only thing
that makes golden weddings possible."
Philadelphia Press: "I wns thlnklnR,"
said the old-fashioned young man, "of ask.
lng her lather if 1 might pay my addresses
to her."
"H'm," mused the wise girl, "In this case
I'd advise you to pay In advance."
Yonkers Statesman: Mrs. Church Is your
husband the kind of a man who believes In
killing two birds with one stone?
Mrs. Gotham Gracious, no! Why, he's
president of the Audubon society!
Baltimore Herald: "When Jack proposed
I suppose you asked him if you were the
only girl he ever loved?" asked Poll v.
"I should Bay not. I Inquired If the other
girls didn't represent steps In his progres
sion to his present Ideal," said Dolly.
Detroit Free Press: Preacher Well, maw,
I Just made a splendid arrangement with a
shoe dealer.
His Wife About what, EsraT
Proacher He has promised to buy all
the slippers I get at Christmas at CO cents
a pair.
Chicago Post: "Do you admire mother-of-pearl?"
"Well, hardly."
"You don't?"
"Certainly not. I married her, you know."
'Married who?"
"Why, Pearl, of course."
Somervllle Journal: New Cook Does tho
manter like his beef well done?
Mm. HlKglns Mr. Hlgglns says that his
only requirement Is to have hla meat well
Washington Star: "Do you think such a
play ea you are producing conveys any
valuable suggestion to the Intelligence?"
"Yes," answered the manager; "people
who see It once will know better than to
attend another performance of it."
Miss Omaha sits wondering
What Santa (Mails this year will bring.
She knows from past experience
Did Santa can be very "dense''
When one expects he'll understand
What one'a most urgent needs demand.
However, she has managed to
Ride many Yuletldes safely through,
And so, though furrowed Is with curs
Her brow, she think not to despulr.
Rut reads the promise in the sky
Of wishes realized by and by.
For Santy's benefit we'll here
Enumerate the things most dear
To Mistress Omaha's big heart.
That he may do his generous part.
(For things he can't in time rush through
Let Santy give his I O U.)
An auditorium she wants;
Her dreams Ak-Sar-Ben's castle haunts;
A temple for sweet muslo's home;
A market hall to call her own;
More factories, shops, good tenements
And cottsges at lower rents.
Then cheaper power, light, heat needs she.
And more street car facility;
The paving; of her streets made good,
And aephalt substituting wood;
More public spirit enterprise;
Less idle guya who Just look wise.
Well, snyhow, she's hung It mind.
The MgKat hose Miss O. could find
Where Santy, when he makes hta call.
Must tumble In. reindeer ami all.
It does one good Its size to view.
Now, Santa Claus, It's up to you!