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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 20, 1902)
THE OMAHA DAILY J1EE: BATUItDAV, DECEMBER 20, 1002.
The Omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROBEWATEH, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORNINO.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Dally lire (wlthou. uny), One Year,.I 00
lolly liff and Sunday, Una Tear 6'JW
Illustrated lie', One Year S-'JO
Hunday Hee, One Tear I W
Paturjay lire, One Year 1
Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year.. 1.00
DELIVERED BY CARRIER,
Pally lies (without Hunday), per ropy.... 2o
Dally Hee (without Sunday), per week.. ..12c
Dally liee (Including Sunday), per week..l?o
Hunday Bee, per copy io
Evening iiee (without Sunday), per week 6c
Evening Bee (including Sunday), per
Complaint of Irregularities In delivery
hould be addressed to City Circulation De
Omaha The Bee Building.
South Omaha ity Hail Building, Twenty-fifth
and M Streets.
Council Bluffs-10 Pearl Ftreet.
Chicago lfrW Unity Building.
New York 2.rt Park Row Building.
Washington 601 Fourteenth Street.
Communications relating to news and edi
torial matter should he addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
Oeorge B. Tiechuck. secretary of Ths
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that tho actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evei.lng and Sunday Bee printed during tha
month of November, Uu2, was a follows:
1 81.4T0 1 28,435
I SMMftO 17 SU.tHKI
1 81.000 11 80.870
4 81.SOO II 8O.940
t 41.0NS 20 80.H60
( 84.BSO 21 80.H.10
7 81.210 It 81.410
1 80.S40 23 M.810
...8,B7S 24 80.920
10 81.300 24 81.0W
11 80.0TO 24 81 .OOO
12 30.TOO 27 80.T80
13 80.820 28 81.130
14 80.T3O 2 81.480
la v...... .81,310 . 20 '. S8.478
Lasa unsold and returned copies.... 9,237
Net total sales 022.W78
Net average sales 30,700
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and eworn to
before ma this 30lh day of November, A. D.
1K02. M. B. HUSOATE,
(Seal) Notary Public.
Just now the market makes the price
of eggs look like 30 cents.
About the only thing necessary to
reciprocity with Canada Is to hare Can
ada reciprocate somewhat.
The cattle kings have locked horns
with the "bronco buster" and found him
altogether too many for them.
One thing Is certain: Bowen could
run tho Venezuelan government better
than any one who has held the Job for
a long time.
On second shuffle, Venezuela sees so
many hands dealt out that It is seri
ously considering cashing In and stop
ping the play.
As long as Admiral Dewey is doing
business no one In this country will lose
any sleep through fear some other navy
may outmatch ours.
The weather man appears to be unde
cided whether to let Banta Claus use an
automobile or compel him to go his old
gait with sleigh and reindeer.
The ship laying the Pacific cable Is
making slow progress, but the time will
be quickly-made up when the cable is
once laid and In working order.
The auditorium board has been reor
ganized. Now let the board reorganize
its plan of campaign on lines that will
assure the completion of the structure
during the coming year.
Guatemala may be the next victim of
European attack, as the losses of Ger
man Investors alone from the recent
volcanic eruption in that country are
estimated at $(1,250,000.
Many of the alleged witticisms now
credited to the late Thomas B. Reed are
enough to make that statesman turn
over in his grave. It is too bad he ia
not living to protect his reputation.
From their Interviews on prospective
legislation affecting Omaha members
elect of the Douglas delegation to the
legislature must be having a strenuous
time of It making tip their minds what
they want to do.
There is all the difference In the world
between those who are for reciprocity
because they are for protection and
those who are for reciprocity because
they ere against protection a differ
ence, however, which many Intelligent
people have not sufficiently noted.
With the railroads In the corn belt
unable to supply the cars necessary to
haul the grain offered for shipment, the
car famine Is on for these roads at the
same time as the car famine for the
coal-carrying roads. One car famine at
time has usually sufficed for us.
If Omaha is to take a spurt ahead of
Its commercial competitors It must do
something that will give It a distinct ad
vantage In attracting new capital and
population. Cheap power as the basis
of manufacturing industry would do this
It la Intimated from Washington that
bo new , appointment to the position of
United. States district attorney will be
made until the two Nebraska senators
agre upon a man. If so, the present
Incumbent will be strongly la favor of a
Real estate never escapes the asses
sor's eye. Real estate therefore must be
tho beneficiary of any achievement In
the direction of tax reform that enlarges
the assessment roll by including prop,
rty previously overlooked or only par
tially assessed. Real estate men should
mark this point down.
Oovernor-etect Mickey Is making
personal Inspection of all the state Instl
tntlons with a view to familiarizing him
self with their conditions and needs so
he may act Intelligently when, the time
comes for him to exercise executive su
ttaortty over them. This has a decidedly
business flavor that foreshadows wtU,
A BATTLE. OF TRUSTS.
The Berlin correspondent of one of the
lending commercial Journals of this
country writes that silent but power
fully organized forces, including .a
combination of the loading German
kartells, are at work to check the Amer
ican Invasion. Continued industrial de
pression in Germany and the Inroads of
American Imports have forced the large
manufacturing and trade Interests to
drop petty differences In order to pre
sent a solid resistance to the latest
forms of the so-called American peril.
It Is stated that slowly but surely the
American combines have been forced
from an aggressive Into a defensive po
sition. Hitherto, says the correspond
ent, the resistance to American rivalry
was spasmodic and disjointed, but now
representative and leading German
kartells, controlling all branches of In
dustry and trade, hove united upon a co
operative program to eject foreign com
To this movement It Is said the gov
ernment has Indirectly given Its sup
port, the home secretary being now en
gaged In gathering all available data In
regard to American trusts and combines
for the purpose of showing the connec
tion between the branch organizations
operating In Germany and the parent
combines. This applies especially to the
Standard Oil, the cotton monopoly, the
American tobacco, the Chicago meat
combine and the International Steam
ship combination. While this official
nqulry Is In progress there Is going on
an active discussion among the Inter
ests concerned of the question of ways
and means for meeting the American
competition. Thus it appears that the
German trusts have seriously entered
upon a stnipple ajralnst the competition
n the markets of Germany of some of
the more formidable of the American
combinations and the indications are
that the fight is to be most earnestly
and vigorously waged.
It seems Inevitable that this move
ment must result In materially reduc
ing our trade with Germany and In con
nection with the exclusion of our meats
under the operation of the new tariff
law will effect an impairment of our
German commerce that will be serious.
For some years the trade with Ger
many has been very largely In favor of
this country, but the heavy balances of
past years are not likely to be repeated
If the proposed policy of Germany is
carried out and adhered to. So far as
the organization of the German kartells
to resist American competition is con
cerned, that is a matter for the Amer
ican combinations to wrestle with, but
In regard to the new tariff our govern
ment should consider what may be done
to relieve our commerce of the restric
tions which that tariff Imposes. It Is
understood to leave a way open by
which its terms can be modified through
a commercial treaty and if such is the
case It would seem to be the wise course
to consider whether a satisfactory treaty
can be negotiated. It is certainly moM
desirable to maintain our large and
profitable trade with Germany and we
should seek to do this by all proper
THE PKRKSNIAL SlAL TROUBLE.
A reopening of the seal question with
Great Britain Is promised, the secre
tary of the treasury having asked the
Department of State to take the steps
necessary to again place the matter be
fore the British authorities. It la stated
to be the belief of Secretary Shaw that
American citizens are being unjustly
discriminated against as a result of the
enforcement of the Farla award and the
agreements with England that grow out
of the decisions handed down by that
tribunal. That award prohibited sub
jects of Great Britain and citizens of
the United States from killing seals
within a prescribed limit ground the
Pribllov Islands, but this limitation does
not apply to the ships of ether nations
and Japanese and others are killing
seals in waters that cannot be lawfully
invaded by American and British seal
The seal question was for years a
soiree of controversy and irritation be
tween the governments of the United
Ktatts and Great Britain, but It was
thought to have been finally disposed of.
by ths Paris award and the treaty
which followed It It now reappears,
with the promise of adding another vol
uiro of diplomatic correspondence on
the subject. There Is pending in con
gress a bill providing for the removal
of all restrictions which now protect the
seals of the Bering sea, some of those
who see only Injustice to Americans In
the present method of regulating tho
catch holding that the only Doper olu-
tlon of the question Is to utterly ex
terminate the seal, which wonld be ac
complished In a brief time f t!ie patrol
of Bering sea by revenue cutters should
be abandoned and the field left open
A RKQRETABLB LIMITATION.
The New York Journal of Commerce
remarks that while the anthracite coal
strike commission is fully 1u stifled In
confining Its Investigation to the mat
ters In controversy between the mine
workers and the operators, it Is to be
regretted that a furl exposition cannot
be made of the connection between the
railroads and" the mine owners and the
bearing which the rate of freight
charged has on the general conditions
of the Industry.' The claim that a mo
nopoly exists In the anthracite Industry
seems to be fully justified by the facts
of the ownership by certain railroads of
extensive mining properties in the an
thraclte field, the community of director
ship between the railroads and mining
companies, the' Joint' resistance of the
coal-carrying roadV to the building of
an Independent railroad by the lndl
vldual operators, the community of In
terests between the railroads and their
mining companies and the constant ac
qulsltton of new property In the coal
fields by tho railroads.
Certainly all this furnishes pretty coa
elusive evidence of monopoly and while
It Is not a matter within the scope of
the commission's investigation, there are
other ways of grttting at an exposition
of tho connection between the railroads
anil the mine owners. It would seem
that the federal anti trust law could !o
Invoked and perhaps an Inquiry In re
gard to rates charged for carrying an
thracite conl. In which discrimination
gainst the independent operators litif
been alleged, would be an order. That
some action will sooner or later be
taken In regard to the antlirnclte mo
nopoly ought to be an entirely safe prediction.
WHAT IS THtj MIS E WOHKKWS XVAHK1
The point In the cool strike Invotlga
tlon that the public would like to under
stand Is precisely the one on which the
testlmoav, so far as published. Is not
clear what are the actual averages of
wages paid to the various classes of
working men employed In the mines?
Tho core of the dispute Is the standard
of wages, the employers Insisting that
the wages are reasonable and the union
employes that they are too low. It Is
singular that after such a mass of tes
timony has accumulated the general
public at least has no definite notion of
what the wages really are.
It Is true that some scores of wit
nesses on behalf of the union have tes
tified what pay they, each for himself,
have received. But there are 140.000
mine-workers and the experience of a
handful does not establish the average
of all. and there is suggestion that even
that hnndful may be largely made up of
extreme cases. On the other hand, the
pay rolls of some of the proprietary
companies have been Introduced, but it
has been demonstrated that they are
wholly misleading, as the pay standing
In the name of one employe constitutes
In fact the wages divided among sev
eral. While from the general tenor of the
testimony and from many circumstances
known Independently of It, the public
has the Impression that the average
wage of mine workers Is Inadequate, it
Is impossible to get a precise idea of
how much more pay should be added
4o make It adequate. The mine-work
ers are now employed at identically the
same rates that have heretofore ruled,
and it ought to be possible to show the
result at once concisely and clearly to
general public comprehension. And If
the actual pay for the chief classes of
workers In the mines, If not of the
whole anthracite region at least of some
of Its divisions, were definitely known,
It would go far to clear up the situation.
ORGAS1ZS A TAX REFURId CAMPAIQX,
The Nebraska Real Estate association
has, after full discussion, decided to take
an active Interest in tax reform. The
first step in this direction has been the
nppolntment of a legislative committee
that Is expected to formulate . amend
ments to revenue laws wherever they
are defective and suggest new legisla
tion- tfeemed Imperative for a-more equit
able and Just distribution of the tat
This action on the part of the Real
Estate association should commend
Itself to all classes of citizens Interested
in tax reform, but we fear it does not
go far enough. The appointment of a
legislative committee from among its
membership is a step in the right di
rection, but that step must be supple
mented by an educational campaign
that will arouse public sentiment that
will Impress Itself upon the coming leg
The most effective method for focaliz
ing public sentiment upon any Issue Is
through local organization and the dis
cussion of the tax question in every
town, village and school district of the
state. Legislation recommended and
urged by the Real Estate association
through Its legislative committee would,
doubtless, have some weight with the
coming legislature, but resolutions
passed In public meetings in every town
and village and petitions signed by a
majority of the tax-paying farmers and
merchants of the state would have much
Tax reforrq through revenue law re
vision Is not likely to be secured without
a great struggle with the giant corpora
tions' that have for years evaded their
Just burdens of taxation. These corpo
rations will be represented In the lobby
by professional lobbyists and the ablest
lawyers money can command. They
will, moreover, exert a pernicious Influ
ence through favored shlpperswnd allied
Interests that often control legislation to
the detriment of the general public.
To overcome these potential forces it
will require direct pressure from the
great mass of voters upon their repre
sentatives. The campaign for tax re
form must be fought and won In the
open arena and popular sentiment must
make Itself felt through non-partisan or
ganizations of taxpayers.
One of the subjects of discussion be
fore the Nebraska Real Estate associa
tion was "How to Advertise Nebraska."
The best way to advertise the state Is to
let the state advertise Itself by honest.
economic self-government and low taxes.
The next best way to advertise the state
Is by a liberal support of Nebraska news
papers. The greatness of a state and
the character of Its population Is Im
pressed upon the outside world by the
quality of Its press. If the newspapers
of a state are liberally encouraged and
supported by its people they will be able
to rise to a higher plane. If they are
stunted and starved for lack of patron
age they Indicate decadence Instead of
progress and repel Immigration and ia
vestment Instead of attracting It.
- The measure proposed by Member Ha
inan .of the school board to reduce the
rate of Interest on school warrants de
serves the consideration of the legisla
ture. There is do question but what In
terrst rates have fallen materially In the
last few years and no good reason why
the taxpayers, should not have, the ben
efit of lower Interest rates when they
float Interest-lxaring warrants. The
warrant brokers will doubtless enter
Vigorous protest, bot the public Is under
no obligations to Insure them a profitable
business at the expense of the public
Official Crop reports for Nebraska
would be a good thing for the state,
t'p jo the present the nearest to an
official crop report we have had Is that
compiled by The Bee through Its corps
of correspondents, but the compilation
of these statistics should be at the pub
lic expense, because all the advantage
accrues to the taxpayers and citizens,
In this respect-Nebraska Is behind sev
eral of Its neighboring states.
The new owners of the consolidated
Omaha & Council Bluffs Street Railway
eomnnny seen! to have carefully post
poned the final steps of reorganization
until after the assessment for the city
tax levy had been made up. Never
mind, the street railroad will still le
hero bcxt year when the assessor makes
Most of the tariff Jack-the-RIppers,
arter having scanned the political sky
and duly perused the Congressional
Record, have concluded to commit no
depredations till the next congress
meets. In the Interval they can at least
cherish the hope that times will not be
so good then.
Hot Looking; 4or Trouble, feat y
Bt Louis Globe-Democrat.
Admiral Dewey's coat tall is quite long
and It Is trailing right under the bows of
some of those European battleships. Better
not run afoul of it.
Doing- Quite Well, Thank: Tan.
The executive head of New York's new
$10,000,000 financial Institution started la as
a messenger. The boy Absalom Continues
to do very well, Mr. Bryan.
Promoting National Gaiety.
Italy's "Me, too," attitude In the Anglo-
German demonstration makes the declara
tion of one of her deputies that the Monroe
doctrine has been knocked iky high tunny
enough for a comic almanac.
Cause of the Foreign Rash.
Ban Francisco Chronicle.
The conclusion of the British labor union
committee now Investigating Industrial con
ditions in this country that the working
man in America is 25 per cent better off
than he is in Britain Is doubtless correct.
At any rate ths immigration statistics con
First Catch Your Hare.
Senator Morgan of Alabama has a plan
for colonizing the negroes of the United
States In the Philippine. Now who will
devise a plan to Induce the negroes to go?
They cannot be jtixported without, their con
sent. It's a case of first catch your hare,
Good Thins: for Shareholders.
The Standard; DU company has increased
the prloe of Ua product to jobbers by 84
cents a galloaHntle the beginning of the
coal strike. Iaei.eeat: of this advance is
Just being announced to the trade. At the
same time th3 Company declares a divi
dend ft 10 prJenwThls follows a dis
tribution of S ,ner xent in September of 10
per; cent In JUJis-'and of 20 per cent la
March of this. iyar making a total dis
tribution of 45 .per cent for 1902. Capital
in the competitive markets has to be con
tent with 8 to t per cent. Is the Standard
OU company, then, a good trust or a bad
A Bomb In the Baron's Camp.
It Judge Gray's declaration the other
day ia to be taken as foreshadowing the re
port of the coal strike commission Brother
Baer will have further occasion tor lamen
tation and protest. Mr. Oray said plainly
and unreservedly that any employer who
cannot afford to pay his workmen living
wages ought to go out of business. Of
course everyone knows that the coal barons
can pay such wages if they want to do so,
but they have maintained steadily that they
cannot. "Hence there will be much indigna
tion in the baronial camp if tha commission
finds in accordance with ths facts, as it
seems likely to do.
Scarcity of Naval Officers.
It is apparent that our new war vessels
cannot be properly officered or manned
without greater inducement than now exists.
Young men cannot fit themselves for a sea
faring life without the sacrifice, of larger
opportunity of getting, on in the world in
other pursuits. $ Battleships and cruisers
are the costliest toys or war. The nation
cannot afford to Intrust to the management
of inexperienced men or epaulated block
heads the. great international argument
which finds final expression in the thunder
of their guns. There is talent enough in
the country to keep ths flag high advanced
on sea .as well as on land, but, especially
in time of peace, only adequate pay will
serve to secure adequate result.
roar Ont tho Tea.
The abolition of tha duty of 10 cents
a pound on tea, which takes effect on Jan
uary 1, has led tea importers Into a serious
blunder. They have been storing up tea
in bonded warehouses expecting it to be
free from duty on January 1. There are
65,000.000 pounds now in storage, hut tha
merchants have lust discovered that the law
does not provide for the free entrance of
any tea imported before tha new act takes
effect. The treasury officials seem to have
been misled la the matter and Secretary
Shaw has now asked congress to pass an
act to relieve this 65,000,000 pounds of tea
from duty. If that is not done the Import
ers, who could have sold a large quantity of
it before January 1, had they not been
misled, wljl suffer a great loss because of
their error. . .
Poor Showlaar of Traffic Manager.
Kansas City Star.
In the hearing before tha Interstate
Commerce commission with reference to
showing why the railroads should maintain
tha advances recently made In freight rates,
Mr. G rammer, traffic manager of the Lake
Shore road, said that the net earnings
had not been sustaining rhelr accustomed
relations to the gross earnings. Mr. Cram
mer admitted, however, that while it costs
only about 1260 tha expense of operation,
wagea, fuel, oil and waste taken into con
sideration to run a train of fifty car loads
of grain from Chicago to Buffalo, he reve
nues of such a transaction are $3,600. If
this is a representative exposition of the
"relation" between gross and net earning
no wonder the stocks of the big railroads
hava gone skyward. The railroads are
commanded to file with the commission by
January 10 written ttatementa setting forth
tha reasons they rely on to justify their
advances. Unless they can do better than
Mr. O rammer they will make a poor show
OTHER LASDS TH1V Ol RS.
Tha method of votlflg in the British Par
liament is cumbersome to the r xtreme. It
Is different from that of any legislative
body In this country. When a division is
called for and a vote is ordered, the mem
bers rise solemnly from their seats, and In
stead of remaining standing until counted.
either for or against a motion, they file
out Into the lobby, where they range
themselves on one side or the other and
are counted by the "whips" of the oppos
ing parties appointed for that purprse.
Then the members walk back to their seats
and the vote la announced by the "whips"'
and repeated by the speaker, who declares
the motion carried or lost, as the case may
be. Thus, on the educational bill, which
has been before Parliament since June 3,
a legislative sharp estimates that fifty
hours have been wasted in walking to and
from the lobbies. There have been in all
246 divisions, and It la found that each one
of them consumes twelve minutes. A work
ing week In Parliament provides for four
and a half hours In the afternoon and three
hours In the evening for debate on Mon
day, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday and
seven hours on Friday, or thirty-seven
hours altogether. Hence a solid week and
a third has been expended in mere pedes
trlanlsm. At no time have the opponents
Of the bill found the government napping,
and the average majorities have been
maintained at over 100.
Egypt has an area of 400,000 square miles,
but only about 13,000 square miles
of fertile land. The Egypt of history and
of today has been compared In shape
to a long-stemmed water illy laid flat on
the sand, with a single leaf in the Fayura
oasis and a bud at the Nile delta. The
country that in all ages haa been called
the granary of the world haa been Just a
strip of land a few miles wide along either
bank of the Nile. Assuan adds another leaf
to the lily plant, and a mighty one. It In
creases the area of habitable Esypt more
than 20 per cent. No other engineering
work of modern times, achieved so quickly
and at so moderate a cost, promises so
much. The British pique themselves at
times on the resemblance of the mission
they have undertaken in the world to the
mission accomplished by the Romans. One
Is reminded in ths presence of their dam
on the Nile of the ancient people whose
great military roads through Europe are
used to this day.
Signer Glolottt, the Italian minister of
the interior. Is the political sponsor of a
bill, sow before Parliament, which pro
vides for a wholesale municipalization of
different trades and occupations. It even
directs that the municipal authorities shall
take charge of tha bakeries in the event
of there being any rise in ths cost of
bread. All forms of locomotion and of
transport are to be In the bands of the
municipality, and even funerals are to be
under the direction of the local authori
ties. The Popolo Romano and other news
papers are pointing out that the govern
ment will make a great mistake If it
thinks that enterprises of this kind will
prove as profitable under public as under
private management, and the proposed sys
tem of the compenaatlon of private owners
Is also criticised sharply. Tradesmen com
panies, and others who businesses are to
be absorbed, are to receive the value of
their plant, and an additional amount for
loss or profit, to be calculated upon the av
erage receipts In five years. It Is pointed
out that such procedure would be mani
festly unjust to newly established enter
prises, promising great future returns, hut
run temporarily at a loss.
In response to Lord Mllner's appeal for
women emigrants to South Africa, the
South African expansion- committee has
sent out in the last four months 500 girls
from London, and this Is only 40 per cent
of those who have applied. All candidates
must be passed as physically fit, not only
by a local, hut by a government doctor,
the standard of bodily health being that
which would entitle ths applicant to a
first-class Ufa Insurance policy. When the
form has been tilled up and the references
as to character and capability have been
examined and found to be perfectly satis
factory, the would-be emigrant Is notified
that she is accepted and is told the ship
by which she is to sail, and her anxieties
are at an end. Such girls as are selected
from the country districts are collected in
a house in London, whence they are dis
patched, generally In good Spirits, for the
cape. The fare for them is $60. the re
mainder being paid by tha committee, and,
when necessary, this $60 Is also advanced.
The girls go to take positions as servants,
nurses and governesses, and, of courne,
with the idea of getting married, It pos
sible, though no matrimonial arrangements
are made for them in London. Tha first
great attraction to all of them Is higher
wages. House servants get from $15 to $20
a month and nursery governesses are also
in demand; but typewriters and "lady
clerks" are strongly advised not to go out
The distress among ths poor of London,
on account of the high prices of pro
visions, coal and clothing, and ths scarcity
of work, is of a nature to alarm those of
the authorities who give sincere thought
to auch matters. A census that has been
made of actual paupers, shows that the
number receiving relief from ths county
of London at the close of November was
108,157, or mors than ever before for that
month, and not exceeded relatively to the'
population sines 1857. Most of the work
houses are full, and some of them are
greatly overcrowded, their total population
being 68.708, while 89,646 persons are re
ceiving outdoor relief. The destitution Is
scattered throughout the entire metropolis,
even the district which Includes the ultra
fashionable St. George's, Hanover Square,
having 8,705 paupers to support. The fear
is that tha situation will become much
worse before it becomes better, and that
the actual hardships of winter will be
more bitter than at any time within re
It Is an open secret here that negotia
tions are pending between Rome, Brussels
and Berlin for soma sort of agreement as
to the supervision of anarchists. Downing
street waa invited to participate, but de
clined on ths ground that the measures
contemplated might be an Infringement of
personal rights. Within certain well-defined
limits, however, England promised Its
support to whatever might be agreed upon
by Italy, Belgium and Oermany. Next to
London, Brussels is the most flourishing
hotbed of anarchistic propaganda, while
Berlin la ever fearful that it may soon
become the rival of both. Should an in
ternational anti-anarchist treaty be the
outcome of ths present negotiations th
burden of activity would, of course, fall
upon the Italian government, which, it Is
expected, would, agree to prevent, as far
as possible. Italian anarchists from emi
grating, and would further cla.ee detectives
at the disposition of the police authorities
of Brussels and Berlin.
Heroes of the Grab Stake.
The twelve young men on whom the De
partment of Agriculture la to try its diet
experiment are real heroes and genuine
patrlota. A man may give his life, bis
fortune and his sacred honor for his coun
try and mean something, but when he sac-
rlflces his stomach on the altar of patriot
ism then his devotion Is the pure, una
THERE IG PJO SUBST3TUTE
CABLE ACROSS THE PACIFIC.
Speedy Completion Promised by the
Bt. Louis Olohe-Democrat.
There Is a promise that the first section
of the Pacific cable, that stretching from
8an Francisco to Honolulu, in Hawaii, will
be completed by January 1. Irbs than three
weeks hence. This Is what the men at tho
head of the enterprise say. The rcmatmW
of the cable, atarting from Hawaii and
stretching to the Philippines, by way of
the United States' Island of Guam, will, so
It Is believed, be finished by the beginning
of toext June. The entire length of the ca
ble is figured at 10,000 nautical miles and
when it Is completed there will be dlrert
telegraphic, communication all around the
world by that line and Its connections. It
is promised that the entire circuit can be
made In ten minutes.
All this is pleasing news for the Ameri
can people. There Is, of course, complete
telegraphic communication all around the
globe at the present time by way of tho
new British cable from Canada, so far as
regards the Pacific part of the circuit. The
one from San Francisco, however, will be
an American line and It will touch all our
Important possessions In the Pacific north
of the equator. There has long been a
necessity for an American telegraph across
the Pacific, which, of course, has been ren
dered Imperative by the annexation of
Hawaii and the Philippines.
Nobody doubts that the new cable will
add largely to the Influence of the Amer
icans In the trade with Asia. At the pre
sent time the United States is making more
rapid gains In the commerce with China
and most of the other countries of Asia
than Is any other country. The new cable
will add largely to our facilities for getting
new trade. Moreover, it will be a great
convenience and benefit for us In our deal
ings with our own territory in the Pacific.
There will not be anything like tha jubila
tions in the United States In 1903 when ths
Paclflo cable is finished that there were
here when, in 1858, Cyrus W. Field's first
Atlantio cable was completed, but there
will be a celebration In San Francisco,
nevertheless, which will attract the atten
tion of the people of the whole country.
Opposition to the re-eleetlon of Senator
Spooner in Wisconsin has practically dis
Tammany is looking around for a candi
date for mayor to run next spring. Con
gressman McClellan Is the present favorite.
The state of Missouri will soon be out of
debt, so the authorities declare. But there
are doubting Thomases In the state who
lnsUt on being shown.
The republicans will have ten more mem
bers In the next house of representatives
than In the last and the democrats and fu
clonlsts nineteen more. There are twenty
nine additional members. ..
David Bennett Hill Isn't saying a word,
but his hand ia on the lever. To save his
party needless mental exertion he has pro
vided a candidate for senator to receive the
votes of the minority in the legislature.
There is nothing in it, so Hill Is not the
W. W. Brlnkley, treasurer of the Chau
tauqua association of Carthage, Mo., rushes
into print to deny the story that W. J.
Bryan received $2,300 for a lecture before
ths association in 1897. Mr. Brlnkley says
Mr. Bryan's tip waa $1,006, Just one-half ths
By the death the other day of former
Captain of Police John Fichette of Minne
apolis tha chief witness against ex-Mayor
Amea, who Is under Indictment for corrup
tion In office, haa been removed. It being
doubtful if a conviction could now be ob
tained, the district attorney contemplates a
dismissal of the case against the ex-mayor.
In 1901 tha vote of Boston on the question
of licensing saloons was: Yea, 43,734; no.
27,193. This year the district option bill
was submitted to popular approval, but was
defeated. The vote was 35,681 for the meas
ure and 46,039 against. The bill waa de
signed to divide Boston into several license
Show about everything that is new and fashionable for the
men. You will look a long way before you see a finer dis
play of useful and dainty wearables. If you have not
thought of the men folks we suggest you walk around our
store windows and nee for yourself how beautiful are the
many elegant gifts there in House Coats, Robes, Pajamas,
Rain Coats, Umbrellas, Neckwear, Mufflers, Hand Bags,
NO CLOTHING FITS LIKE OURS.
R S. WILCOX, Manager. J
districts and to allow each to vote sepa
rately on the question of license or no
An attempt to rush a corporation law
modeled after the New Jersey act through
the Rhode Island legislature was exposed
by the newspapers, and thereby probably
defeated. The proposed law was much
looser In the restrictions Imposed on com-
panics seeking charters, and was Intended
i to lure all sorts of corporations to the stats
crecy was maintained about the bill, copies
of which could bo obtained only with much
The republicans of Missouri polled 814.004)
votes at the 1900 election almost the same
vote cast by the republicans of Michigan in
the same contest. But while the republic
ans of Missouri have only two representa
tives In the next congress the republicans
of Michigan will have eleven, a dispropor
tion explained by the fact that there was a
large partisan apportionment of Missouri
districts by the legislature, whereas the ap
portlonment of the Michigan districts was
made on sn equitable basis, giving both
parties a fair chance of success.
The congressional representation of the
far .west is protty solidly republican this
year: From tho three Pacific states, Cali
fornia, Oregon and Washington, there are
10 republicans and 3 democrats; from ths
mining and mountain group of states, Mon
tana. Idaho, Colorado, Wyoming, South Da
kota, Nevada and North Dakota, there are
9 republicans and 2 democrats, and Kansas
and Nebraska close collectively 13 republic
ans and 1 democrat. From the wholo terri
tory west of Mississippi, therefore, there
are 32 republicans and 6 democrats only.
This does not include Minnesota, in which
the republicans elected 8 members and tha
democrats 1, John Ltnd.
POINTED H K I" LECTIO X.
Washington fitnr: "Poms men," shM
Uncle Khen, "tnkrs n he:ip o' credit f U
beln' patient, when (ley's only Js' dila
tory." Cleveland TMaln Dealer) , "Yes. he ways
announces hlniftlf as a patron of nr!
. "In .wont wny?" ..-v .V. ,V
"lie manufactures pictures cord."
Baltimore Sun: "She's awfully nld-frmh-ioneil!
She believes in long eistsne mcnts."
"Worse than that, aha belleveB In long
Philadelphia Tress: "I hnd great luck
coming home in the troltey ear Inst night.
"You didn't really get a Beat?"
"Oh! my, no! but 1 hnd a half Interest
in a strap nearly all the way."
Romervllle Journal: This Is the senson
when a man looks at the fSiwnslVe fringed
hammock that he ivigtit last summer ami
feels Inclined to wlBn that he had saved
his money to get Bomo. mora winter flan
nels with. f
New York Times: kthe.1 Mr. Jones hns
asked me to go to tha theater with him
Helen Thut's strange. He asked me also.
Ethel Yes. I told him 1 wouldn't go
Boston Transcript: Kate Fred says I'm
the one. woman In all the world for him.
Harriet He thinks so much of you, I
Bhould think you'd marry him.
Kate And nave aome other woman be
the only one In all the world? Not muoh;
I know when I'm well off.
Chicago Post: "They say that a man
can't tell a lie with his hands open."
"Yes, and I have evidence of it."
"You clenched your fist when you called
me a scoundrel the other day."
Christmas joy and Christmas ohear
Come to us but once a year.
And our years are few.
But a cherished memory
To be gained, unselfishly,
Lasts tha whole year through.
Shepherds left their flocks at night.
Waited not for morning's light.
Trusted to the Star;
Through the darkness wa may find,
Searching with a single mind.
Where tha helpless are.
Wise men from their richest store
Hrought gifts to the lowly door
Where the Child waa laid;
We may lift up feeble hands;
There are wand ring In all lands
Souls from heaven strayed.
Wlnside. Neb. BELLE WILLET QUE.
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