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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 18, 1902)
THE OMATTA DAILY HEE: TJITJKSDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1902.
Tiie umaiia Daily 13ee
E. ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
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Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of
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THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
Oeorge B. Ttschuck, secretary of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of November, 12. was as follows:
1 31.470 1 SH,40
Lesa unsold and returned copies.... 9.237
Net total sales 9i,73
Net average- sales 80.7B5
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me thla 30th day of November. A. D.
1802 M. B. HUNQATB.
t8cal) Notary Public.
Several building projects for Omnha
are In the air. Omaha Is bound to keep
A settlement of the Union Taclflc
strike would be a fine peace offering
for the holidays.
Whatever a ieaceful blockade may be,
It certainly ought not to be employed
against trust legislation In either branch
If the other Omnha dailies had the big
circulations they claim, why should they
charge advertising pntrons smaller rates
than are commanded by advertising
space In The Bee? Here Is a stickler.
The perfection of taxation Is wholly
Imaginary, but we. can make progress
In that direction. Omaha's progress in
the movement for tax reform in the
past two years hr.s been worth achiev
ing. Mr. Harrlman recently declared that
be had heard nothing about the Union
Pacific lockout. He is hearing plenty
about It uow, but be appears to be
afflicted with an Impediment to his hear
If Colonel Itryan has gone to Mexico
' to yolunteer advice against the adoption
of the gold stnudard, It is safe to say
that he has not takeu with him copies of
his old speeches in 'which he predicted
the results of the rejection of the silver
Standard la the United States.
It Is safe to say that England and Ger
many would today be paying little at
tention to the diplomatic representa
tions of the United States If we had not
provided ourselves with a substantial
navy. After all it is might as much as
right that counts In International dis
cussions. The United States internal revenue
commissioner has drawn the line at soda
water, seltzer and orange peels. Lemon
ade with a stick In it or claret and
strawberries mixed with soda, or ginger
beer topped off with Irish whisky, can
Bot be dispensed at the soda water
counter without a retail dealer's liquor
The completed statistics of stiver pro
duction show that lust year was the
record-breaking year In the world's
mines, the total reaching 179,000,000 fine
ounces. It la r.lso the first year In just
a half century that the United States
took second place as a silver-producing
couutry, Mexico leading by 2,250,000
The local franchlsed corporations have
concluded to submit with good grace to
assessment for taxation at figures some
where approximating the true market
slue of their property and franchises.
The railroads would do well to sound
the temper of the people and recede
from their untenable position that their
valuable city terminals shall be taxed
only as prairie mileage.
The World-Herald says It made no
return for city taxation, but left its
valuation to the assessor, who fixed It
at $10,000, although the assessment iu
the county last spring was $4:i,SJ. The
assessor must have got an Idea some
where that the property was rapidly
depreciating lu value. But still the
W.-H. should have the benefit of Its
version of how It hapieued.
The Chicago Auditorium, which repre
sents an Investment of $1,7(13,000, paid
for the year 11MJ2 $ l.H'Sl iu state, county
and city taxes, or 21 mills ou Its actual
Value. With a fair assessment repre
senting actual values, an lu vent incut of
$1.7(13,000 would be taxed only 13 mills
for state, county and city punoses in
Omaha, or $15,8K5 less than was Im
posed on the Auditorium building of
OBSTACLE TO ARBITRATION.
It Is highly probable that Great
Britain, and perhaps Germany also,
would agree to submit their claims
spalnst Venezuela to arbitration If they
were given a satisfactory guaranty that
the Venezuelan government would pay
the award of the arbitrators. It Is re
ported from London that the British
Foreign office has made Inquiry as to
whether this country would be willing
to guarantee the fulfillment of Venez
uela's pledges and that a negative re
ply was made. Of course the United
.states would not assume such t respon
sibility. It would establish a precedent
that might coniel us In the future to
guarantee the pledges of other South
American countries which are Indebted
to Europeans. There are few of those
countries that are not more or les In
debt to foreigners and the aggregate of
these obligations Is very large. If the
United States should guarantee the
pledges of those countries in regard to
their debts It would place Itself In a
position certain to become most trouble
some, burdensome and dangerous.
Therefore such a thing as this country
becoming In any degree responsible
for the carrying out of the pledges of
Venezuela Is not to be seriously thought
of, yet those who urge that our gov
ernment should propose arbitration and
insist upon it ought to understand that
If it were to take this course the Eu
ropean governments concerned could rea
sonably demand that It give a guaranty
for the fulfillment of the pledges of
Venezuela. They are fully Justified In
having no confidence In the Castro gov
ernment The whole career of the presi
dent of Venezuela, who exercises the
powers of a dictator, has been such as
to warrant distrust of him. He has
been faithless to nearly every pledge
he ever made, particularly to foreigners,
and Americans as well as Europeans
have suffered from his violation of obli
gations. There can be no confidence In
the promises or the agreements of such
a person and the European governments
will be Justified In rejecting arbitration
if there Is nothing more than the word
of the Castro government to rely upon.
As the United States will not become
in any sense or degree responsible for
the pledges of Venezuela, It Is perfectly
obvious that It cannot reasonably In
sist that the European governments
shall submit their claims, understood
to be recognized by our government as
valid, to arbitration. If there was doubt
In regard to the Justice of these claims,
If there was ground for believing that
the European governments are seeking
to get from Venezuela what they have
no right to, the case would be different
Then the United States might with pro
priety Interpose and urge arbitration.
But there Is nothing of the kind. The
claims are undoubtedly valid and while
It Is Impossible for the Venezuelan gov
ernment to pay them now. It should
have acknowledged them and made sat
isfactory provision for thelr future set
tlement. Had this honest course been
pursued there would be no trouble. The
obstacle to arbitration Is want of confi
dence in the Castro government and
this is fully Justified by the record of
that government. This obstacle the
United States cannot undertake to re
move by assuming any responsibility
in the matter.
CHOKthO UtF THE POWER PROJECT.
When the ordinance granting the
Thomson-Houston company the right to
lay a system of electric wire conduits
under the streets and alleys of Omaha
was pending before the council In con
junction with an extension of the con
tract for street lighting, this valuable
grant was voted by the council and ap
proved by the mayor on the assurances
that the company would either directly
or through capitalists Indirectly Inter
ested undertake the project of supply
ing this city with cheaper power, to be
derived from the construction of reser
voirs and canals In the neighborhood of
the Flatte or Elkhorn rivers.
While It Is barely possible that a ma
jority of the council would have voted
the conduit ordinance and new electric
lighting contract to the Thomson Hous
ton company without competition, . we
feel sure the proposition would have
met with vigorous opposition from the
business men and taxpayers of Omaha
excepting for the Inducement of the
power canal, and doubt exceedingly
whether It would have received the ap
proval of the mayor. The failure of the
electric lighting company to take even
the preliminary steps toward redeeming
its pledge Justifies the suspicion of bad
faith. If not the allegation of sharp prac
tice In engineering the conduit ordinance
and extension of the lighting contract
more than a year before the expiration
of the old contract.
If the' tactics now being pursued to
prevent the submission of a proposi
tion of vital moment to the voters of
Omaha are successful Omaha may as
well abandon all hope of solving the
cheap power problem for years to come.
It Is not uncommon for the op
ponents of bills Introduced In the
legislature to load them down
with killing amendments. This mode
of warfare is now being pursued
under the lead of Councilman Hascall,
who Is an expert at parliamentary Jug
glery. While It Is eminently proper to
sufeguard the public Interest by reason
able guarantees. It Is an Insult to popu
lar intelligence to exact conditions de
signed to frustrate the entire project
anil to mnke Its acceptance Impossible,
and yet this la precisely what Council
man Hascnll and his associates are try
ing to do under the pretext that they are
protecting the community.
The assumption that the grant of thin
franchise will prevent the projectors of
the Columbus canal or the Fremont
power scheme from carrying out their
enterprises U preposterous. Omaha is
uot a walled city. If any fusu or cor
Krutlon can land cheaper power at tike
city limits of Omaha or South Omaha,
the packing houses, the mills and fac
tories of Omaha would soon find a way
to utilize It and so would the street
railway and electric lighting companies.
The only possible benefit derived from
the proposed franchise by Its promoter
would be the inducement It would afford
to capitalists to Invest two or three mil
lion dollars In the canal power project
' The attempt to block the franchise Is
not In the Interest of Omaha, but mani
festly an effort to perpetuate the exist
ing electric lighting and power monopoly
with prices based upon the high cost of
ran trust prosiccvtiox.
The house of representatives has voted
$500,000 for use by the Department of
Justice In the prosecution of trusts. It
Is perhaps safe to assume that this ac
tion will be approved by the senate and
thus there will be placed In the hands
of the attorney general of the United
States an ample sum with which to In
stitute and carry on proceedings against
the great combinations under the Sher
man anti-trust law. In the course of
the debate on the proposition a demo
cratic member criticised the attorney
general for not having enforced the anti
trust law, but congress rather than that
official Is to blame, since it failed to
provide him with the means for carry
ing on prosecutions. A proper enforce
ment of the anti-trust law will Involve
a very considerable expenditure and it
was the duty of congress to have long
ago made provision for this. If It shall
now do so there Is no reason to doubt
that the Department of Justice will
faithfully perform Its duty. Attorney
General Knox has shown that he Is In
hearty accord with President Roosevelt
respecting the Illegal combinations and
with the means to proceed against them
provided It can be confidently predicted
that he will act with all possible vigor.
The action of the bouse will have gen
eral public approval.
HOME HCLE IS MISSOURI.
Municipal home rule In relation to
elections Is a live Issue In Missouri,
where the democratic party Is able to
maintain Its hold only by systematic
and flagrant subversion of free and fair
elections In the great cities of St Louis
and Kansas City. Both are, In fact
republican cities, as has been demon
strated time and again, and, as the re
publican strength In the state was so
rapidly growing as to threaten at any
time to reduce the democracy to a
minority, the so-called Nesbit election
law was passed, taking elections in the
two great cities out of the hands of
their own people and leaving them to
the tender mercies of the democratic
state organization which controlled the
state officers. This organization ar
bitrarily dictates the election boards and
the law Is carefully drawn to afford un
limited latitude for fraud both in tie
registration and election and In the
counting and certification of the votes.
While this Missouri law striking down
the rights of local constituencies has
been In force several years. It has ac
complished Its purpose only through
scandals and outrages, which at each
succeeding election became more Intol
erable. The evidence is Indisputable
that at the late election the truo result
was falsified by the operation of the un
righteous system and thousands upon
thousands of votes deliberately manu
factured or suppressed In the returns
according as partisan Interest dictated.
This evidence, so far as it relates to one
district In St Louis, will be placed on
record through the contest of ths re
publican candidate for congress, but it
will not show a more disgraceful condi
tion than Is said to prevail in other
parts of that city and of Kansas City.
It is noteworthy that affairs have
reached such an extremity that a con
siderable element of the democratic
party in the state Is calling for repeal
of the infamous Nesbit law and the
restoration of the two leading cities to
the same control over their own elec
tions as other cities and communities
possess. The dominant politicians will
resist to the full limit and the fight for
local rights resolves Itself Into a strug
gle for decent government.
The constitution of the state of Mis
souri prohibits any state officer or any
member of the legislature from solicit
ing, receiving or accepting ' railroad
passes or free mileage books on penalty
of. loss of office. A new constitutional
amendment Is to be Introduced at the
coming session of the Missouri legis
lature making It obligatory upon all rail
road companies in Missouri to furnish
transportation to stste officers and legis
lators over their roads within the state
during the period for which they are
elected. The Introducer of such an
amendment will, however, run some
risk. Back In 1889 a member of the
Missouri legislature Introduced a con
current resolution to repeal the section
of the constitution which prohibits 'egls-
lators from accepting railroad passes.
It did not go through and the Introducer
did 'not go back. In Nebraska the In
troducer of an amendment to the con
stitution to prohibit the Issuance of rail
road pauses would not be In danger of
signing his political death warrant, but
the chances of passing such an amend
ment by the necessary three-fifths vote
would be very, very slim.
Evidence before the coal strike com
mission has demonstrated time and
again that statements on material points
given out by the operators are bncundld
or altogether false. Their pretended sta
tistics of wages are mere Jugjles with
figures, from which it is Impossible to
arrive at the average individual earn
ings, as from three to five persous arc
sometimes paid out of checks made out
to a single mine worker. Plainly the
o'kerator from the first have deceived
The traffic manager of the Lake Shore
& Michigan Southern railroad declared
before the Interstate Commerce Com
mission that for a long time the railroads
of this country have been relatively
pending more money than they earned;
that this was because they were either
spending too much on the properties or
the earnings were too small. This is a
revelation. If the railroads are actually
spending more money than they earn,
where do the millions and millions of
dividends which they have distributed
to stockholders come from? Why should
not the stockholders go down Into their
own pockets for the money expended for
improvements and extensions Instead of
taxing up the cost of Improvements to
shippers and producers through In
creased freight rates?
Chicago has enacted a new tenement
house ordinance that should be dupli
cated for Omaha. Among the require
ments of the Chicago tenement house
ordinance are that every tenement
house shall have a bulkhead, or
scuttle, covered with fireproof materials.
In the roof. Every tenement house shall
have at least two flights of stairs ex
tending from the entrance floor to the
top story and one additional stairway
for every additional forty rooms. All
stairway halls shall be enclosed on
all sides with solid masonry. Every
main entrance ball shall be at least
three feet six Inches wide In the clear.
The walls of bay windows must be of
brick or other fireproof material. In
addition to these precautions all the
best modern safety appliances must be
There will not be so much doing for
some time as there has been lately In
the Industry of promoting mergers and
the exploitation of Inflated securities.
For the past year or two it looked as if
nothing could stop that industry. But
the stock Jobbers and promoting specu
lators are now up against a money mar
ket that is too much for them. The
simple truth Is that their business has
been overdone. The real object of most
of the flotations was to get something
for a little or nothing and the public
has bad all of their goods that are
wanted or that can be taken. Legiti
mate business, however, is in good con
dition and will care little for the win
ter of the stock Jobbers' discontent
Contrary to the general Impression
and to the anticipation of experts,
money that was withdrawn from the
eastern banks for use in crop movement
is likely to return earlier and in larger
volume than last year. Last week the
New York banks gained from the In
terior $2,700,000, whereas for the same
week of 1901 they lost more than that
amount The extraordinary demand for
money in New York and the correspond
ing high rate of interest tend to attract
thither every available dollar.
There is plenty of law in Pennsyl
vania, If enforced, to stop the outrage
of requiting a little girl of 13 to work
at night twelve hours continuously on
her feet for 65 cents. And if there were
no statutory law it would seem that a
father earning $1,000 last year and
yet permitting or causing the child
to be thus abused might be forced by
public sentiment to stop It If ever a
boycott is permlssable, It Is In such a
case as this.
With over forty anti-trust bills al
ready Introduced In the house the sub
committee might be able to pick out
some suggestions for a measure to be
reported to the full committee. But, as
the session lasts only three months and
as a month, if the holiday recess be
counted, has virtually gone, not much
more time can be occupied with getting
ready for the mere preliminaries to
Frightened by Ills Shadow.
Mr. James J. Hill of the Great Northera
and several other railways apparently sees
something In the country's present pros
perity that interferes with one or two of
his pet projects.
Strain on Human Patience.
Saturday Evening Post.
In 400 years, says Lord Kelvin, the
earth's coal will be exhausted. Prom the
way things are going now the earth's pa
tience will be exhausted about 399 years
earlier than that
Hinting? at a. Good Thing-.
That this is not an imaginative age Is
brilliantly proved by the suggestion of the
London prees that the United States
should as a result of the Monroe doctrine,
guarantee the debts of the western hemis
phere. Boostings Expectations.
Some of the gentlemen who were elected
to congress last month have been telling
their constltutents of some wonderful re.
forms they exepect to accomplish. But
then there would not be much in politics
if It were not fcr expectations of this sort.
Justification for the Strike.
The testimony brought out before the
anthracite coal commission more than con
firms all previous statements regarding the
hard lot and cruel treatment of miners and
tbelr families and will go far toward justi
fying the strike.
Odds Against Yenrsnela.
And now comes bold Italy, still wearing
the Abyssinian black rye, to aid Germany
and Albion In thrashing the undersized
Venezuelan republic. Since the Transvaal
business international bullies are very
careful in tackling even the most insig
nificant foe unless they can form a com
bination in the ratio of about 100 to 1
Light Turned On Dark Places.
If the anthracite coal operators cared
anything for public opinion they would
never have permitted the strike to reach
the arbitration stage. Some of the testi
mony now being given by witnesses before
the commission is calculated to prove that
there was a very small element of humanity
In the dealings of the operators with their
Success and Failure.
George Fred Williams of Massachusetts
is trying to stretch himself to the site of
Thomas B. Reed's mentality. He classes
the ex-speaker's career a failure "because
he said what he thought." Well. Williams
has "said what be thought" and the peo
ple of Massachusetts have also "said what
they thought" about Will ams. Their ver
dict was discouraging to Williams.
not KD ABOIT EW YORK.
Ripples on the Current of Life In the
Participants In the conference of the
National Civic Federation in New York
City last week maintained a degree of
dignity befitting the subjects under dls
russlon. Every speaker was very much
In earnest and few ventured any observa
tions of a humorous nature. One of the
exceptions noted by the Evening Tost was
a story told by Samuel Mathes of Cleve
land. Mr. Mathes has business Interests
In common with L. C. Hanna. brother of
Senator Hanna, the federation's chairman.
Three years ago there was a strike of ore
handlers in one of the lake towns and be
and Mr. Hanna undertook to persuado the
men to return to work.
"We got along all right chiefly by com
promisewith all except the engineers,"
said he. "In that case a merchant of the
town was mutually agreed on as arbitrator,
and It was arranged that both sides should
argue before him the question of an In
creaao In wages. Mr. Hanna represented
the employers, whilo an engineer, Pnt
Ryan spoke for his fellows. Mr. Hanna
made a long, elabcrata argument before
the arbitrator, covering all the points he
expected his opponent to raise. What was
his surprise, as he finished, to find that
all Pat had to say was:
" 'Mister Refree, th' byes wants th'
"Mr. Hanna was telling of this a few
hours later and had Just expressed him
self as certain that the decision would be
in our favor when the telephone bell rang.
The referee was a the other end and he
Informed us that he had reached a decision
In favor of the men's demand for more
"Ten years ago," writes the correspond
ent of the Philadelphia Ledger, "there wae
not a single bank In New York that had a
capital of more than $3,000,000. The theory
that prevailed then was that It was a dis
advantage to a bank to have a capital of
more than a million or two. Several In
stitutions, Indeed, reduced the amount of
their capital. But there has been a radical
change In ten years. In that time the total
capitalization cf members of the clearing
house has Increased about $45,000,000, which
is all represented by the increased ca
pacity of four institutions, namely, . the
National City bank, the Bank of Commerce,
First National bank and the new Western
National Bank of the United States. The
total capital of these four Institutions is
$55,000,000. But even this does not ade
quately represent thefr financial power.
Their alliances with great insurance and
trust companies, and with capitalists of Im
mense wealth and international connections,
give them a standing higher even than their
capital, large as it is, represents."
Explorers Journeying southeast from
Chatham square along James street, relates
the Tiroes, come upon the wholesale ba
nana quarter, the greater part of three
blocks of that thoroughfare below Madison
street. James street is narrow and lined
with somewhat forbidding brick tenements,
many of them originally the dwellings of
single families. Sometimes the ground
floor apartments and sometimes the cellars
of these houses are occupied by the ba
nana dealers, mostly Italians, with perhaps
a few Greeks. But for the banana shops
the street would be dreary enough, but the
display of bright yellow fruit in front of
each shop, and in one block nearly every
house has such a shop, gives the region a
gay aspect, especially when the sun bap
pens to be shining brightly Into the tunnel-like
thoroughfare. You may catch sight
of the gay display almost as soon as you
leave Chatham Bquare. It Is sufficiently
foreign in suggestion.
Every proprietor baags a few bunches of
ripening bananas outside his shop cose to
the sidewalk, and most of the shops have
no other sign than these displays of mer
chandise, though one at the corner of Madl- !
son street has upon its awning this legend,
"All Kind of Bananas." As the little shops
have only the one kind of goods the bunches
swinging about the doorway are an effect
It Is a tradition In Wall street that a
broker never voluntarily retires from the
street, but must wait for death or mis
fortune to compel his retirement, but
Broker Henry B. Vaugban, who is credited
with having amassed $6,000,000 In the last
six years, is the exception that proves the
rule. . Despite the fact that he has put
away $1,000,000 for each year that he has
spent as a member of the Stock exchange
he bought a seat in 189 he has retired.
He sold bis seat for $30,000 Mid expects to
spend the proceeds this winter In a pleas
ure trip to Europe. Mr. Vaughan, who is
60 years old, according to his own admis
sion, does not look within ten years of that
Glbbs Mansfield, son of the actor, will
present a Christmas tree to the Free School
for Crippled Children In New York.
It Is said that Adlal Dean, 85 years of age,
who died lately In Boone county, Ky., was
the last surviving veteran of the Mexican
M. Coquelln, In addition to being a good
actor, ts also a good shot. When last In
Germany M. Coquelln was complimented by
the kaiser on his marksmanship.
A Pittsburg man who tried to play a Joke
on a friend by pretending to be a highway
man was killed. If he had been the real
thing he would have escaped without 4
scratch, moat likely.
Dr. Tulllo Verdi, at one time a cele
brated physician In Washington, has Just
died at Milan, Italy. During President
Grant's administration he was commis
sioned by him to study the hygienic laws of
W. J. Bailey, the bachelor governor of
Kansas, baa received 1,000 proposals of
marriage from women In the United States
and Canada. Lieutenant governor Hanna,
also a bachelor, has received more than 500.
J. B. Hutchinson, for five years general
manager of the Pennsylvania railroad, has
been compelled to resign used up with the
growth of the Interests under bis charge.
He has been for nearly forty years with
the company and the directors will make a
new place for him, that of assistant to the
second vice president. He is to go out of
bis present office January 1 and will be
given four months' vacation before resum
General John B. Gordon, commander of
the United Confederate Veterans, has Issued
a circular letter calling the attention of the
members to the restrictions In the constitu
tion of the federation prohibiting in the
camps any political or religious action or
the indorsement of any candidate for po
litical office. He reminds them that the
objects and purposes of the organization
are, strictly and solely, social, literary,
historical and benevolent.
Ktir Hardle, the British member of Par
liament, adheres for the most part to the
small cap a cross between the cap known
as Scotch and the kind of tigbt-fltting cap
a workman wears when be' is starting fur
work in the bleak early morning. It was
this cap which led to a little incident. Kelr
Hardle on the opening day of Parliament
came down to the library to consult soma
books. "Are you working here, mate?"
queried a friendly policeman at the palace
yard gate. "Yes." "On the roof?" birh
was undergoing repairs at the time. "No,
on the floor."
IPEKDIIO TO MAKE MORE.
Went Statlatlca Show la Retard te
Oar Postal Revennea.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
The truth of the maxim that la order
to make money the trader must spend
money in developing his business Is well
Illustrated by Postmaster General Fayne's
annual report. Since the department has
begun to spend money freely in develop
ing Its business In new directions Its
revenues have Increased with accelerating
peed, until now the postal service is
nearer self-sustaining than It has beea
since the last reduction la rates.
In the fiscal year ISflS prosperity tad
been fairly well re-established, and pos
tal receipts proved the fart by rising about
$12,000,000 over those of 1895. But no new
line cf business had, been developed, and
the postal deficiency, over $11,000,000 In
1895, was still over $10,500,000 la 189S. In
other words, while business was Increas
ing, it cost about as much to do It as It
brought In, and there was no real gain.
But an experiment toward developing a
sew line of postal business had begun
that of rural free delivery. On this $40,
000 had been spent In 1897 and $50,000 la
18P8. The new product was evidently
meeting a demand. In 1899, though the
success of the experiment was still deemed
uncertain, congress was Induced ts spend
$150,000 on It, and In 1900 to Increase this
to $450,000. In 1899 postal receipts In
creased $4,000,000. as compared with 1898,
while the deficiency declined $2,300,000. In
1900 receipts rose $7,240,000 higher, but the
deficiency fell only $1,000,000.
Then, In 1901, congress took hold of
rural free delivery In real earnest, allow
ing $1,750,000 for that branch that year
and nearly $4,000,000 la 1902. The effect
was positive and Immediate. In 1901 re
ceipts rose nearly $10,000,000 above those
of 1900, while the deficiency tell $3,300,000.
And in 1902 receipts gained more than
$10,000,000, while the deficiency sank an
other $1,000,000. In fact, since rural free
delivery was seriously undertaken the
postal deficiency has declined practically
in Inverse ratio to the expenditure on
that branch of the business.
Statistics at band do not give the pro
portion of Increased 'revenue derived from
the rural free delivery routes. Nor Is it
really necessary to have such figures. It
Is evident that the largely profitable new
business of the department the business
which returns considerably more than the
cost of doing It comes from the rural free
delivery branch. This Is the only strictly
new facility afforded by the department to
the publio for several years, and the more
widely it Is offered the more rapidly do the
revenues of the department Increase.
About 1,000,000 square miles of the na
tional territory are considered by the de
partment's experts to be able to give profit
able support to a rural free delivery service.
Only about one-third of this territory Is
now covered. In the light of the facts rapid
and vigorous extension of the rural free
delivery service, without, of course, neg
lecting other Improvements, la evidently
the policy that will bring the largest re
turns for a liberal expenditure. Rural free
delivery Is plainly the field wherein con
gress can Just now spend money for the
postal service, and so wipe out the de
ficiency altogether and make the service
PROSPERITY HERB TO STAT.
Evidences of the Country's Ability to
Avert n Flnnnclnl Crisis.
The testimony of the London Statist that
large American loans have been paid off In
Paris, substantially reducing our interna
tional debts, is only part of the evidence
of the financial strength of the United
States which has come to light during the
past six weeks of a stringent money mar
ket. What Is still more notable Is that
the heavy liquidation which has been go
ing on in stocks has caused no serlouB fail
ures anywhere a proof that the specula
tion was not as rampant as had been rep
resented. All the stocks sold have found
buyers at good prices, showing that some
body has had the money for investment at
the declines. There has been no nanlo.
though a powerful "bear" party has been
operating and very heavy declines were
predicted at the beginning. Of late the
rallies have been more violent than the
declines, and the low points at the market
are on each decline a little above the pre
vious ones, so that if the worst Is not over
there is little likelihood of any great fall.
Leaving Wall street, which Is entitled to
notice purely as the Indication of financial
opinion, we find every branch of trade con
tinuing to flourish. Our agricultural Inter
ests, on which our prosperity is based, have
been strengthened by large gains In the
corn and oats, hay and potato crops. The
wheat crop Is turning out larger than the
preliminary report gave reason to believe,
and it is the largest yield, with but three,
and possibly only two, exceptions In his
tory. The cotton crop, at first thought to
be seriously cut short, has been favored ex
ceptionally by the season, ana now there
is little expert questioning of a yield of at
least 11,000,000 bales. Best of all. these
farm products are In great demand at highly
remunerative prices, thus guaranteeing the
prosperity of trade for the next year. If no
For a while the croakers have been claim
ing that railroad earnings were shrinking.
There was some decline In the net earn
ings of August and September, due to the
anthracite strike, which seriously affected a
number of Important lines, but late figures
on September show the upward march was
only slightly checked. October earning did
better. The typical corn-carrying road,
How About a Robe?
If you are undecided about what you would like Kant a Claus to give
the male portion of your bouse, or some other bouse, turn your thoughts
to Louuglng Robes and to us. Our gathering Is worth eonsideration, for
the assortment of these useful and ornamental garments Is large autl
varied and you can reach thetn so economically that to be without one
is nothing short of neglect.
From $5.00 up to $40.00 covers a wide range, and at about any price
between that you want we can show you the best for that money.
Smoking Jackets, too, If you like.
A glance at our windows will furnish plenty of ideas.
No Clothing Fits Like Ours.
Commencing Thursday we are open evenings until Christmas.
R S. WILCOX, Mana?er.
THE OLD RELIABLE
THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE
the Atchison, showed a gross Increase of
$520,000 tor the month, and a twy large net
Increase, yet the new corn crop has barelv
begun to move. When this Important cereal
Is marketed In all the forms la which It
goes Into consumption, expert opinion la
that the railroads will have such traffic as
never before. The railroads cannot have
freight unless general business Is active.
The legitimate business situation has not
had a backset anywhere, while Europe has
been waiting with bated breath for a reo
etltion of the hard times of 189S. These
hard times seem still far off. for we have
weathered apparently what Is the worst
part of a serious monetary famine, with
out a distressing accumulation of business
failures, as must have been the case were
not conditions Intrinsically sound.
WHITTLED TO A POIT.
Chicago News: Giles There Is a fortune
In grain speculation. ,
Miles How do you knowT
Giles Because I put one there. '
.D!lr.0,t. Fr". Pt""- "Tour eon 1s a phil
osophical student I hear?"
hY.e,v. I b?",?Y "e 1 can'' understand
what he's talking about."
Indianapolis News: "Your office was
burglarized last night7"
"Did they blow open the safe?'' -"No.
They weje too smiirt for that.
They went right after the coal bin."
Philadelphia LedRer: Quest I noticed a
football In the front hall.
Tenant Ys. The Jnnltor put It there. He
said when we wanted to kick we could use
Philadelphia Press: "Yes. he has an In
curable heart trouble. He's fallen In love "
"Oh! that's not incurable."
"Not ordinarily, but I'm afraid his age
Is against him. He's over 60."
New York Times: "Here la a letter from
a lawyer ' said his wife, "who savs that
your uncle has died and left you $10,000."
"For these and other kindred hlevslngs "
murmured the dominie, "let us be devoutly
Washington Ptnr: "Intrinsic value should
never figure In considering a Christmas
"It never does with me." answered MHs
Cayenne. "What touches me Is the thought
that anybody has been willing to brave a
crowd of holiday shoppers for my sake."
Atlanta Constitution: "I can't git. my
mln' right On what sort er fish hit wins dat
swallowed Jonah," en Id the lay member
"You don't have ter," replied Brother
Sin Bhet, ,yo' m'V.'. up- en thank
God hit dldn t swailer you!"
A ,Mean Man.
8. E. Klsei1 In Record-Herald. .
Oh. the meanest man la not the man
Who snatches a lady's purse;
A mn Hke that is a mean, mean man.
But there In a man who's worse;
He has last year's gifts all piled away
The doll, the drum and the engine, too
And he II get them out on Chrlotmaa day
And pretending he's Santa, strew
Them around on the floor to be used once
As if they all were new.
H. C. Brunner.
"I know what you're going to say," sht
Andwhe stood up looking uncommonly
You are going to speak of the hectic fall.
And say you're sorry the summer's dead
And no other summer was like it. you
And can I imagine what made It soT
Now, aren't you, honestly?" "Yes," I said.
"I know what you're going to say," she
"You are going to ask If I forget
That day in June when the woods were
And you'carrled me" here she dropped her
'Over the creek; you are going to say
Do I remember that horrid day;
Now, aren't you, honestly?" "Yes." I
"I know what you're going to say," she
"Y011 are going to say that since that
, r,T V iMu 10 run o rnyme,
And her clear glance fell, and her cheek
"And have I noticed your tone waa
Why, everybody has seen It here!
Now, aren't you, honestly ?" "Yes" I
'I know - what wou're going to say," I
"You're going to say you've been much
And I'm short of tact you will say de-
And Ira clumsy and awkward, and call me
And 1 bear abuse like a dear old lamb
And you 11 have me, anyway. Just as I
Now aren't you, honestly? Yea," she
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