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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 15, 1902)
THE OMA1TA DAILY HEK; MONDAY, DECEMBEIl 15, lPOg.
The omaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERT MORN I NO.
TERMS OF SCtlSCRlrTION.
ral1y Pee (wlthou'. Sunitnjn. One Year..H .W
1'ully !ee anil Hurnlay, One Year 6.00
illustrated Ben, Una Year 100
Sunday lief. One Iritr 2 0"
Haturday fcee. One Year 1 tu
Twentieth Century Farmer, Ona Year.. 1.W
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arid M Streets. ' 1
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' BUSINESS LKTTER8.
Business letters and remittances should
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, 1 REMITTANCES.
Remit rry draft. eapreae or postal order,
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THH BE hi. PUBLISHING COMPANY.
BTATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, .!
(leorg U. 'J'cschuck, secretary of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says tlat the actual number of full and
compute- copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
month ot November, IWi, was as louowa
1 81, 470
2 ,. S,460
6 34, (ISO
Lesa unsold and returned copies.
Net total sales
Net average sales..
OEOROB B. TZSCHUCK.
before me this 80th day ot November, A. D.
l2- . M. B, HUNOArt,
(Seal) ' rtoiary ruu i
Omaha retail merchants will have no
ground to complain this year about a
An exchange has a story headed "Cold
Facta About Nebraska." The season
would Justify a transposition of the
Mr. Cudahy is not inclined to believe
that Tat Crowe is now doing business In
South Africa. In this respect Mr.
Cudahy does not disagree very much
with other people
As no invitations are required to par-
tieipnte in that Httlo game down in
South America, several more nations
seem disposed to take a hand and ask
for cards from the dealer. ...
In the tug
of-war between Nebraska I
to see wmcn noias wo
kvaalnf Id. nrl suit- rt K wanrlan. I
" wt , : " . ,
wms. ai wwii lui-u is mo ui-i-iniuu ui
Governor Savage is In Colorado again
inspecting mining property In which he
Is said to be Interested. It is not stated
whether this is the same mine In Which
some of the state's money sequestered by
Bartley was salted. ,
Members of the city council who are
trying to obstruct the submission of the
electric power franchise proposition to
the people at the coming city election
should remember that they cannot play
ostrich very much longer. I
That offer of $5,000 reward in support
of the assertion that The Omaha Evening
Bee has a subscription list in Douglas
county exceeding by 7,000 the subscrlp-
tlon list of the Morning World-Herald
and by 3,000 the subscription list of the
Evening World-Herald still stands.
- ... '., .8
The National Civil Service Reform
league wants the credit system fn the
federal service extended to the Indian
agencies. If the league had Its way
mere wouia be lamentation and gnash-
ing of teeth In the neighborhood of the
Omaha and Winnebago reservation.
A coroner's Jury on the recent Chicago
hotel disaster that extinguished four-
teen lives has come in with the usual
verdict of condemnation and lets It rest
there. In the meanwhile flimsy con-
structlon of buildings that constantly
endanger Hfe and property will con-
tlnue without fear of penalties.
The Union raclflc Railroad company
wants its machine shop grounds to be ultimately secure what It demands Is
assessed by the acre at cornfield valua- not to be doubted and railroad men
tion, while the grounds occupied by agers who opiose a ay concessions to
other shops, mills and factories are as- this sentiment are making the gravest
seesed on a town-lot basis somewhere
near equal to the assessments of lands
occupied by dwellings or business bouses
adjacent to these concerns.
H . J
The worst advertisement Yale has re -
oelved as a rich man's college comes
from the account of the Imposition of
fines ranging from $100 to $200 on four
students charged with breach of the
peace, with the notation: "The fines were
immediately paid." Poor men's sons
will do well to keep away from an edu
catlonal Institution where they will be
expected to strike such a high gait
The railroads of Michigan will pay
about $3,000,000 of taxes on an assets
ment of $208,000,000 for the year 1903,
or about double the amount of taxes
they have paid for the preceding year.
If the Nebraska railroads were hon
estly assessed in proportion to the valu-
atlon of all other classes of property,
their taxes would lso be doubled and
the state would not be running Into debt
at the rate of more than $100,000 a
year as It ha for the last tea, years.
A "PACIFIC BLOCKADt."
A New York dispatch of Saturday
stated thnt vessrls leaving for Vcnor.ue
lnn porta took otit their clearance paper
as usual, notwithstanding the reports
of a blockade, no official notice having
boon received tr tne collector at New
York to warn vessels of a blockade. In
regard to the so-called "pacific Hock
ado." as now established by the Ilrltlfh
nnd Germans at Venezuelan ports, Theo
dore I. WooIboy, the leading American
authority on International law, says of
It that It Is an Invention of one or two'
of the leading nations, "the object of
which has been to prevent neutral ves
sels from entering or Issuing from cer
tain ports of art offending state just
as In war, with the same rules of proc
lamation and arrest for violation of the
rule os In war, while yet war U de
clared not to exist." - According to Trof.
Woolsey most writers on International
law who mention the pacific blockade
at all condemn It as unjust to neutrals
nnd he says: "This appears to us to be
evidently the correct' opinion, because
If any measure Implies a state of war,
blockade does so most decidedly, and
no anch measure can be Introduced Into
the law of nations without the consent
of all. Neutrals, therefore, would have
the right of making complaints against
such a principle, which affects their
If this view be correct, and It certainly
appears reasonable, it would seem that
our government may properly require
that the blockade of Veneeuelan ports,
which Is not regarded as Implying a
condition of war, shall not be permitted
to interfere with our commerce with
Venezuela. The United States has never,
It appenrs, recognized "pacific blockade"
as a principle of international law and
there is no good reason why it should
now do so. While the Venezuelan sit
uation is certainly in the nature of war,
not only by reason of the blockade, but
also because of the seizure and sinking
of the naval vessels of Venezuela, yet
there Is no admission that a state of war
exists and therefore no neutral nation la
I.niind to observe the hloekade. Tt iumi
entirely clear that an American vessel
leaving one of our Dorta for Venesueln.
iias as umiutBLiuuauie tk rigut lo enter
a port of the latter as If no blockade
existed, that , condition being held by
the powers creating It not to imply a
state of war.
Nothing has come from Washington
to Indicate how the executive author!
i . i . i. , , i , .
l,lB rr"ru UJe ulull"lue Bna proDamy
there will not be unless there is some
lnienerence witn our commerce. That
is a possible contingency, though un-
doubtedly it Is the intention of both the
British and German governments to
avoid giving any offense to the United
States and doing anything that would
afford a reason and Justification to this
country for interposing. It can be con
fldently predicted that no unwarranted
Interference with our commerce will be
tolerated and it is not to be doubted
that this Is well understood bv.the. Brit.
,,,. ' ,
knowjedge' their, right to collect Just
K W ltSu-
they must do no injury to our Interests,
,., , THt HfTMBSTAi; LAW.
present session of congress in regard to
amending the interstate commerce law
and there ,s reason to fear that nothing
wln be done ,to mko tne ,aw more
effective by this congress. Representa-
UTe" or commercial interests are about
to renew their efforts to secure amend-
ments to the act, but the prospect of
accomplishing anything this winter Is
not particularly favorable. The New
York Journal of Commerce remarks that
It is being made every day more plain
that such powers as the courts have
left to the commission need enlargement
land were It on no other ground than
the necessity for furnishing a counter-
poise to the growth of the autocratic
power of the railroads some Increase
of the authority of the Interstate Com
meree commission would be obviously
defensible. That paper says: . "As un-
dcr the new regime of community of
interest or of ownership the railroads
advance one pretension after another,
all having the common end of raising
the rates of transportation, there is a
public opinion being formed not unlike
that which existed before the passage
of the Interstate commerce act It
would be wise for railroad managers to
reoognlse the existence of this and to
make some needful concessions to It.
lest Its demands should assume a form
which tt might be .harder for them to
The popular sentiment in favor of leg-
'slntleri Increasing the authority of the
commission and making the law more
effectivt- was never stronger than now
and it will not decline. That it will
I possible mistake, since.' that course oper
stes to Intensify public opinion regard-
lng the recesslty for a stronger law.
TIME IVR PLBLIC DISCISSION.
1 Only three weeks remain from now
I until the convening of the legislature,
I but no action has as yet been taken
I either by the city council or' commercial
I bodies toward discussing and formu
I luting amendments to the charter and
I other lmportaut legislation of vital con
I cern to the citizens and taxpayers of
I Omaha. The Bee Is Informally advised
that the members-elect to the legislature
from Douglas county desire to be lu
formed and Instructed as to the wishes
of their coustituteuts and are willing to
exert their Influence to effect proper
In order to arrive at a rational con
elusion no time should be lost in calling
meetings for public discussion and care'
I ful deliberation by committees of clti
I sens and public official with a view to
I impressing upon the representatives to
I the legislature from this county the es
seatlal features of - proposed charter
amendment In this connection it
would, in our Judgment, be very desira
ble that every department of the city
government, and the Ponrd of County
Commissioners as well, should submit
briefly such recommendations as experi
ence has shown to be essential for more
economic and efficient management of
departments of city and county govern
ments. Incidentally It might also be desirable
to ascertain what, If any, legislation the
Board of Education Is disposed to recom
mend for the letter government of the
public schools. With this information
in their possession public bodies and
committees will be letter able to discuss
intelligently the various changes pro
posed In the charter and the statutes re
lating to county and school government.
It may also be eminently appropriate
after the conclusions have been arrived
at on these subjects to discuss the pro
posed reforms in our election laws
which also affect this community in a
There certainly Is no time to be lost If
we are to arrive at any definite con
clusions before the legislature convenes.
The contempt proceedings before the
federal court strikingly illustrate the
differences of opinion as to cuss words
and abuse. The strike breakers claim
that they have suffered mental anguish.
If not bodily pain, from Insulting re
marks dropped by the striking machin
ists as they pass In and out of the Union
Facific enclosure. The Union Pacific
strikers positively deny any disposition
to hurt the tender feelings of the strike
breakers or to cause them bodily in
jury, but on the contrary assure the
court that they have exhibited an ab
normal amount of forbearance and only
talked back when they could no longer
hold down the safety valve. With such
clashing testimony before it, the court
very naturally hesitates between a repri
mand and a referee.
The Omaha Iteal Estate exchange has
voted a request to the secretary of tb
Board of Education for a list of all the
teachers and Janitors on the payroll of
the school board, with the salaries paid
to each and the duties performed by
each. The exchange also makes a re
quest for the names of all other persons
employed by the school board, together
with the salary paid each and the'dutles
performed by each. This is manifestly
a search after sinecures, but the inquiry
will fall far short of the mark unless It
Includes also the relationship of every
person on the payroll to members of the
The days of martyrs are not yet over.
A striking example Is Elmer Pettiford,
colored Seventh Day Adventlst em
ployed In the Treosury department, who
refused to work on Saturdays on account
of religious scruples, and has been trans
ferred from one corridor in the treasury
building to another corridor, with a re
duction of $480 a year in his salary for
worshiping two days In the week, while
any number of white folks working in
other parts of the building enjoy a Sab
bath all the year around without having
their salaries trimmed off.
The mayor and eleven city aldermen
of Denver, who are languishing in jail
with Christmas In sight, have applied
to the Colorado supreme court for relief
from involuntary confinement on the
ground of error In their sentence. If the
court should find that an error was made
by the lower court In sentencing them
to a few weeks in idleness In jail In
stead of requiring them to break stone
for twelve months in the Fort Collins
state boarding house, the Denver officials
might repent the error of their ways.
The republicans of St Louis, through
the Globe-Democrat are urging a cam'
paign for home rule In the government
of the police and fire departments of
their city. They insist that St Louis
should have the right of electing Its own
police commissioners without the Inter
vention of the governor, Just the same
as they have the right to select their
own mayors and other officials without
the intervention of nonresident voters.
The great majority of republicans In
this city are In the same frame of mind.
Ambassador Storer, who has Just been
promoted from the position of minister
of the United States to Madrid, declares
that the young king of Spain has been
basely maligned in the stories about
his health and private conduct In
spite of the late unpleasuntness, the
United States has only friendly feelings
for Spain and no Interest In the circula
tion of defamatory fabrications about
the Spanish monarch.
A bill has been introduced in congress
to make punishable the levying of po
litical contributions uion federal ap
pointees by members of the house and
senate. A bill giving appointees a right
to recover political contributions ex
acted of them under the guise of loans
might be more effective and would hit
more of the honorable congressmen who
make others pay their campaign bills.
Good Examples to Follow.
Mr. Conkllng and Mr. Reed proved that
distinguished publlo service is an excellent
advertisement for professional life.
Stretching a Point.
The rubber famine could hardly have
selected a more unseemly time than when
all the windows are full ot Christmas
Bat Will They Stadyf
With twenty-one anti-trust bills already
Introduced In ccngreas, the ccngressmen
will have to learn something about mergers
before the session is over.
Wattrrsen'a Iat Analaala.
It Is a trifle early for the millionaires
to begin the naming ot presidents. But
when they do. It will be for democracy
to exclaim, "I forbid." Then Indeed shall
there arise some leader itk creative wand
to aaaembls forces la tke daolate cops.
But, this will be long after we, hate gone
to sleep. And, bla name will not be Orover
Root et the Tire reeling.
It Is to be feared that rejoicing over the
discovery of the germ ot lailness Is pre
mature. That activity which ever Bods
work for Idle band to do Is not going to
be checked at this late data by a mere
rprlght for Womaa'a Rights.
A roost wise and upright Judge in Mains
holds that It Is not theft tor a wife to go
throush the pockets of ber husbands
clothes and abstract therefrom any cash
assets that she rosy find. His honor's dic
tum merely affirms the judgment banded
down by millions ot matrons In this and
other lands. The taw on the subject may
be reduced to the legal maxim, "finders
Misdirected Poatal Reform.
Postal reform, like charity, should be
gin at home. Before we reduce foreign
letter postage we should bring the local
service up to the standard ot foreign local
service. Before wa reduce foreign letter
postage wa should perhaps reduce the do
mestic rats to 1 cent. There is no clamor
for such a reduction. The demand ot the
American cities especially Is not for a
cheaper stamp, but for a better service.
Better service will cost more money. We
cannot afford to be generous with foreign
ers before we are Just to ourselves.
The I.ady and the Cow.
New TOrk Sun.
Solomon In South Omaha. The Hon.
Charles Epstein asserted that he was the
owner of a certain Jersey cow. He ar
rested the cow. Mrs. Emma Houghman
had him arrested and brought replevin pro
ceedings. Then she summoned the cow as
a witness. The Judge directed that the cow
be brought into court Mrs. Houghman
called the cow by name. "Immediately the
Jersey walked over to ber and kissed her
by rubbing her munla against Mrs. Hough-
man's face." Thrice the cow then testified.
The Judge couldn't help giving Judgment
for the plaintiff; and so the lady and the
Jersey went out of court happy.
trance Protest Against American
Methods In England.
We get a glimpse of British industrial
methods that shows that the employer Is
as badly Inoculated with the false economy
of the relation of work and wages as is the
employe. There Is an American electrical
works at Manchester. It has been paying
wages 33 per cent higher than the rate pre
vailing there, with a result of getting all of
the best labor. The Employers' Federation
of Manchester has remonstrated with the
American concern, saying that this Is de
moralizing the condition of things. But
the Americans reply that, though they do
pay twelve pence an hour where the English
works pay nine, they get twice as mucn
work done for it; therefore, that the higher
wagea are demonstrably cheaper than the
lower. This Is a simple fact ot Industrial
economy as well as human nature, though
It has not Indeed, in its philosophy, been
always recognized in this country. Ameri
can labor has been taught that wages are
naturally higher with us and that, there
fore, the employer . must have a heavy
tariff so that he pan pay them, whereas
the American laborer has won his higher
wages because he, has worked for them.
He has given the equivalent or he never
would have got them.
The Manchester1 employers, Instead ot
Imitating the Americana, are trying to
drag the wagea down to the old level,
although it Is manifest that these old wages
are dearer for them than the new Increased
wages. In this they act precisely as British
trades unionism has acted, and as American
trades unionism has acted when It has
tried to compel a uniform rate for a poor
and a good workman and tp limit produc
tion. The Manchester Incident shows the
dry rot from which British industrialism Is
suffering, shared by the employer and the
employe. The admonition in It for us Is
that our supremacy is won by hard work
and can be maintained only by hard work.
As soon as we limit ambition and Industry,
hamper output and enforce a socialism that
makes the best man In the lot fall back
abreast of the poorest, regulate the whole
procession by the gait of the weakest in
It, then we shall fall to that low level just
as certainly as the law of gravitation acts.
Advance in the world Is made and kept by
those that strip for the contest and do the
best that Is In them. In the long run the
man as well as the nation wins the greatest
reward that works the hardest
ORIGIN OF THIS "MESSAE."
President Jefferson Given Credit for
the Cnatom. t
It la a singular fact that the term
"message," now universally aplied to an
executive communication to congress, does
not appear In the Constitution. Neither
was It used in the early years of the gov
ernment. The Constitution says the presi
dent "shall from time to time give to the
congress Information of the state of the
union and recommend to their considera
tion such measures as he shall Judge neces
sary and expedient." Washington and
John Adams read their first annual "com
munications" to congress In person, and
their subsequent ones were sent In writing.
All were styled "addresses." In "Messages
and Papers of the Presidents," edited by
Representative Richardson, the eight an
nual messages of Washington and the four
of John Adams are styled "addresses."
Jefferson inaugurated the custom, since
followed by all ot bis successors, of send
ing all messages in writing to congress,
and the term message was first applied to
his annual message ot 1801.' In communi
cating It to congress Jefferson addressed
the following letter to the presiding officer
ot each branch:
"Sir The circumstances under which we
find ourselves at this place rendering In
convenient the mode heretofore practiced
ot making by personal address the first
communication between the legislative and
executive branches, I have adopted that
by message, aa used on all subsequent oc
casions through the session. In doing this
I have had principal regard to the con
vcnlence of the legislature, to the economy
of their time, to their relief from the em
barrassment of Immediate answers on sub
jects not yet fully before them, and to the
benefits thence resulting to the public af
fairs. Trusting that a procedure founded
on these motives will meet their approba
tlon, I beg leave through you, sir, to com
municate the Inclosed message, with the
documents accompanying it, to the honor
able the aenate, and pray you to accept for
yourself the homage of my high respect
This is the first official use of the term
"message." The Inconvenient circumstance
alluded to was probably the bad road be
tween the White House and the capltol.
Prior to this It had been customary for the
senate and the bouse each to make a
separate reply in writing to the president's
communication, which reply waa delivered
to him at the White House as soon aa
possible after bis communication was re
ceived. With the beginning of Jefferson's
adminiatraUoa this practice ceased.
bits or WAittuaTo life.
Minor Scenes ana Incidents Sketched
a tho Snot.
Newspaper correspondents at the national
capital show a poverty of appreciation ot
the new business annex of the White
House. They do not like it. The archi
tecture, the perspective, the entrances and
the exits are not at all td their liking and
they have pounced upon It with critical
pens nntll tt has become la their estimation
what BUI Nye would designate "a low
browed architectural wart" The secret of
their grievances Is out. In the original
White House big and little callers went In
the big front door and came out that way.
There was no back door exit by which
statesmen might escape the myrmidons on
the press who held the fort In front. But
the annex la provided with a rear exit and
a safe retreat for secretive visitors. Ot
course, a room Is provided for the press
a room with a window commanding the
road, the path and the front door ot the
office section. Here la a mahogany table
for Cerberus, with easy chairs conducive
to dozing and a warm, equable temperature
and all the comforts ot homo. Here the
"gentlemen ot the press" are encouraged to
congregate and receive glowing words from
While the boys are waiting for their prey,
"This way, my dear Lodge," the executive
is remarking. 'Terhaps you would ratber
not face the press Just now. This way,
through the passage into the old part out
the eastern door, down the path, all un
guarded, toward the treasury. Good day,
Friend Lodge. Come again!"
And the senator departs by the private
exit, and the business and uiyhap even
the fact of his call la not heralded to the
Senator Hanna knows how to point a Joke
or an anecdote, relates the Washington
Post. He was bantering Senator "Billy"
Mason the other day about nursing a presi
"How will you tlx It about your seat in
the senate while you are running for the
presidency yourself?" retorted Mr. Mason.
"You remember the story ot two Irish
men who got loaded T" said the Ohio sena
tor. "Their names were Mike and Pat.
They tried to stick together, but got on
different sides of the street, and soon
found themselves bugging the same lamp
post " 'Pat,' observed Mike, 'how are ye?'
" 'Oh. O'im pretty well. Come over here.'
' 'And why?'
" 'Because I have me bands full staying
where I am,' "
"It I were In control ot the organization
of letter carriers," said a member of con
gress, quoted by the Brooklyn Eagle corre
spondent "I would guarantee to defeat any
nnHata foe ran omaM In nltv district
that our men might have a grievance'
agalnst And, further, if I were at the
head ot the rural free delivery carriers, I
would be able to whip any candidate for
congress In the country who might oppose
the wishes of the organization. These men
have opportunities to do political can
vassing that no one else has and If they
were properly handled there is no telling
what their Influence could accomplish. On
the train coming to Washington I met a
politician from Lincoln, Neb. We got to
talking about politics when he drew from
his Inside pocket a long list of names and
said: 'I have here the foundation for the
finest political organization ever con
structed outside of Tammany hall. Here
is a roll of the rural free delivery car
riers in the state of Nebraska. I propose
to organize those men tor political pur
poses. It may take some time to do it,
but the labor will be well rewarded by the
results. These men go to every house in
the rural districts throughout the state,
They talk with the farmer, his wife and the
hired man and naturally have wonderful
opportunities for molding opinion. A word
dropped here and there among these semi
isolated people will accomplish much. It'i
a great scheme, and Just as soon aa 1 get
back home I propose to start the ball
With true southern chivalry the clerk
of the Joint committee on printing refuses
to give out the name of the writer of this
letter, which was received recently:
Joint Committee on Printing, the Cap- I
itol: Gentlemen Please do not give date
of papa's marriage in the next edition of
the congressional directory. I am the eld
est daughter, and the date given In the
directory Is a clean giveaway for me, aa I
am not married. All the boys look up
the date and then calculate. Papa prom
ised to attend to this for me before the
first edition came out, but says he forgot
it I do not think any end of the govern
ment can be served by thus giving away
my age, so please attend to it. Tours re
Congressman A. J. Hopkins of Illinois
says that Senator Dolllver of Iowa is a
hoodoo. A year ago when the congress
man was starting to Washington to attend
the opening of congress he met Dolllver
In Chicago. The senator at once brought
his persuasive powers Into play and In
duced Mr. Hopkins to share Dol liver's state
room to Washington. The train waa
wrecked and. although neither the senator
nor the congressman was Injured they ar
rived too late to hear the chaplain make
the opening prayer. This year when Mr.
Hopkins reached Chicago from Aurora on
his way to Washington whom should he
meet but Senator Dolllver. "Come, ride
with me to Washington," said Dolllver to
Hopkins In his most alluring tones. "No,"
said the Illinois senator-to-be resolutely.
I am going as I planned." Dolllver hated
the prospect of a lonesome twenty-four-
hour ride and he argued accordingly. The
upshot of It waa that he won Mr. Hopkins
over and they atarted together to the cap
ital. Just west of Pittsburg the train waa
wrecked. Mr. Hopkins' head was Jammed
so hard against the end of his berth that
he thought his neck was broken. A apeclal
train was hitched up and the senator and
the congressman were landed In Washing
ton In time to participate In the dolnga
of the first day of the session. Nevertbe
less Mr. Hopkins asserts that Dolllver Is
VAX.IB OF CHKKHFILSE8S.
The Keyaote of Happiness aad
Passport to Pnhlle Fnvor,
Cheerfulness and good nature have a
value In the market The lack of them ex
plains the slow progress of the downfall of
persons otherwise sufficiently endowed. A
good sale has often been missed because
the salesman repelled by bis unfortunate
manner, though he may have been a good
fellow at heart. The cheery clerk estab
llshea a clientage and holda bis place be
cause he la skilled in tho fine art of friend
liness. One is willing to pay a good price
for cheerful service. It Is not quite enough
to do a thing well. It should be done
Those who sing at their tasks, as many
workmen do, have learned the aocret of
getting on In the world and making the
best of it. A gracious manner, all the
world knows, explains the rise of many
men In political and official life, so that
mere good fellowship is often accepted for
statesmanship. The popular politician al
most invariably has a sunny greeting for
. all sorts and conditions et men. This is the
The Railroad Rake-Off
From the beginning of the controversy
between capital and labor In the anthra
cite region many of the raining compa
nies have contended that they could not
pay higher wages, and hsve pointed to
their low dividends or no dividends as
It has been frequently suggested that
the controlling shareholders ot the miulng
companies, who are practically the same
men aa the controlling shareholders In the
coal-carrying railway eonionnies, chargrd
themselves exorbitant freight ratos and so
took their profits In railroad dividends In
stead of in mine dividends.
A table of freight rates recently com
piled by the Interstate Commerce commlf
slon seems to afford concrete proof that
this suggestion is true so far ns It gs.
That it does not go far enough may te
shown hereafter. From this table It ap
pears that the railroads Interested rharge:
For carrying a ton of bituminous coal
to Jersey City 346 to 388 miles $1.70.
But they charged for carrying a ton of
anthracite coal to Iloston 345 to 387 miles
$3. to. For the same distance the charge
on anthracite wns practically double tho
charge on bituminous.
For carrying a ton of coal from the
philosophy of his success. It would have
served him well in any calling In which he
might have been engaged. Here and there
one may advance to great heights of success
and fame who has pushed his way upward
despite a cold and forbidding manner. We
speak ot the rule ot success, not its excep
tion. The value of a sunny disposition is evi
dent in all occupations which bring persons
in contact with the public. The man who
presides in the ticket office of the railway
station, the conductor on a railroad train
or a street car, tho clerk behind the coun
ter and others who serve the public dally
have need for this great endowment. They
may be serving angels unawares. Wherever
found a cheerful man or woman "is a bet
ter thing to find than a five-pound note.
He or she Is a radiating focus of goodwill;
and their entrance Into a room la as though
another candle had been lighted. We need
not care whether they can solve the forty
seventh proposition; they do a better thing
than that, they practically demonstrate the
great theorem of the lovableness of lite."
Cleveland will erect a new city hfJl, pub
llo library and eourt house In a group, with
a- great court running from the publlo
square to the water front.
President John Mitchell ot the mine
workers' union will write a hook on "Csd-
('al n1 r" b"1 .n th
thraclte strike In Pennsylvania.
A. J. Alexander, the noted breeder of
blooded stock, who has Just died at his
home in Lexington, Ky., had in his pos
session more rare china and curiosities
secured in extensive travel than any other
gentleman In the south.
Peter English, manager of the Boulder
(Colo.) Oaa company, has discovered a
process for extracting an excellent quality
of gas from lignite coal, which abounds in
Colorado. This will open a market for a
large product that is now practically value
leas. There Is a reminder of the late Dr. Burch
ard's famous "Rum, Romanism and Rebel
lion" alliteration ' In a remark made by
Rev. Mr. Tunnell of Washington. In dis
cussing the negro problem he said It must
be approached with "soap, soup and salva
tion." William S. Devery, formerly police chief
of New York City, paid his taxes the other
day and the amount he turned over shows
that "Big Bill" is in the millionaire class.
In his twenty-three years' service as an
officer of the law Devery drew salary to the
amount of (58,909.
In answer to the academy's annual ques
tion to eminent Englishmen aa to the new
books they have read with the most pleas
ure the last year, Herbert Spencer wrltea
that he has not read any new books, while
Prof. Skeat of Cambridge university says
that he has read none, having "quite
enough to do to read the old ones."
A reminder of Jerry Simpson's prosperity
has reached the United States senate cloak
room from New Mexico. It is in the form
of a large box of beautiful apples grown
on Jerry's ranch in the Pecoa valley. The
former KanBan is a strong advocate of
statehood for New Mexico and possibly the
apples did not hurt the cause he baa at
Congressman James K. P. Hall, one of the
democrats from Pennsylvania, will not serve
in the next bouse. The laBt republican gery
mander put him in a district overwhelm
Ingly opposed to his party, so he accepted
the nomination tor state senator. He was
elected almost without opposition and his
salary as aenator will begin on December 1.
Not caring to draw two salaries and not
seeding either, for he is a millionaire he
will hand his resignation to Speaker Hen
The death of Mr. Reed leaves only three
ex-speakers ot the house still living Oa-
lushs A. Grow, who was wielding the gavel
forty, years ago and Is a member ot the
present house; J. Warren Kelfer, who pre
aided in 1881, and John G. Carlisle, who
served from 1883 to 1889, Inclusive. It la
noteworthy In this connection that by rea
son of the retirement of Speaker Henderson
and ex-Speaker Grow the next congress will
be the first in many yeara in which no
man sits who waa ever speaker of the house.
" Doesn't cough much through the day. It's when night
comes that he coughs 60 hard."
Don't let these night coughs deceive you. Some day you
may wake up to the fact that your boy Is thin, pale, weak,
even seriously 111. You can't safely trifle with any throat or
lung trouble. Cure the cough quickly with
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
It's the same medicine your old doctor gave you when you
were a child. The young doctors Indorse it now, too, for
coughs, colds, croup, bronchitis, consumption.
Tspm slusi ttc. Mc., U N. J C. AYE CO., Uwtll, Mass.
m I hBT. tha (niiMt aonfldsnrs in rhrrry
an and 1 wu ku.w u to fail le btiti ap caii.
region to Bait Imore 529 to
240 miles the charge was 11.45. But for
carrying a ton of anthracite to Baltimore
179 to 224 miles the charge was (2. For
carrying anthracite a distance averaging
23 miles lcs (5 rente a ton more was
The hard real trust, when confronted
with such facta, replies that the coal
carrying roads do not pay huge dividends
and that some of them havo paid no divi
dends for years. And that Is true. On the
other hand, It Is bIko true that these roads
which pay small dividends or no dividends
have been frequently "reorganized" and
their nominal capital swollen with every
From these two sets of facts It Is eafy
to see where the profits ot the hard coal
Industry have gone and are going. They
have gone and are going Into the pockets
of promoters and rrorganlzers. If they
are not taken In dividends now these
profits have been taken in advance by
the salo of Inflated stock and are being
taken now In itnercst on bonds Issued to
effect the reorganization.
These are all very simple facta, but they
also are very luminous ones. -
TUB DCTT TO A NAME.
Pointed Lesson to Men of Mark In n
New York World.
A man was asked to invest some money
in an Insurance company. He raw tn the
list of directors such names as Chauncey
M. Depow, John Jacob Astor, Benjamin F.
Tracy, Levi P. Morton. He invested
J 80,000. The insurance company is now
dead. He has lost his money and Is
suing the directors to recover It. Sev
eral prominent men have already paid htm
$2,000 each, realizing that they were duped
In allowing the use of their names.
This should be a lesson to men of mark
In the community. He who has made a
name for himself owes to tt a duty.
The wily promoter is happy If he gets
the name of one prominent man as a di
rector. Other prominent men say to
themselves. "If So-and-So Is In It, It must
be all right." If "So-and-So" has investi
gated the enterprise It must be "all right,"
but the chances are that he has not. There
have been rases where the name of a
prominent man has been used without
authority as a lure for others. Every busi
ness man owes It to the community to allow
his name to be associated with nothing ha
has not thoroughly and personally ex
amined. LINES TO A LA I Gil.
Washington Star: "Many a man," said
Uncle Kbcn, "thinks he's a gcttln' sumfln'
foh nutfin', when, in reality he's dune a
hand day's work flxin' up fulry stories."
Philadelphia Record: Wigwag It makes
me hustle to pay my rent.
Harduppp The question of rent keeps me
New York Times: Jaggles Are these
relatives of yours near or distant?
Waggles The ones who have any money
are very distant.
Brooklyn IJfe: "Hut there's plenty of
money In politics," said his friend.
"Oh, yes," aaid the politician, "but. like
other remunerative lines, lt'a overcrowded."
Chicago Tribune: "Whnt do you know
about this case?" asked the lawyer.
"Nothing," replied the witness. "I'm the
Subsequently his testimony proved con
clusively that he knew leas than nothing.
Philadelphia Catholic Standard! Ifloks
Peckham'a wife has quite a temper, hasn't
Wicks I can't say. She lost It the last
time I was there, and I didn't wait to see
If she found it again.
Smart Set: Mrs. Blank Is your husband,
going to Mrs. Jason's funeral?
Mrs. Dash Decidedly not! She never re
turned my last call.
Washington Star: "I trust yeur son does
not read trashy Juvenile literature."
"No, Indeed." said the fond mother "Wil
lie aays he gets all the blood and thunder
he wants in the historical novels that his
futher brings home."
Chicago Tribune: "That orator is a deep
thinker and a great speaker."
"How do you know. '
"Because he discussed his subjects In
such a way that there wasn't a soul could
understand what he waa driving at."
Philadelphia Catholic Standard: "I sup
pose," Bald the emaciated new arrival at
the Colorado health resort, "all the people
here have lung trouble."
"No," replied the clerk, glancing Involun
tarily at the white stones dotting the dis
tant hillside, "some of them have no trou
bles at all now."
A MODERN PROPOSAL.
He voiced his admiration.
But learned with cnnsternAtton
She had no time for Cupid.
She spoke without emotion.
And showed she had a notion
That love waa rather stupid.
He promised ease and pleasure;
She did not seem to treasure
The Joys that he depicted.
Despising old conditions.
To feminine ambitions
She would not be restricted.
She scorned the protestations
That once, throughout all nations,
Fair woman had delighted;
The time waa now propitious
Fur freedom most delicious.
And greater deeds incited.
"Alas!" he cried, despairing,
" 'Twas waste of time declaring
The love that I have tendered. '
But then he thought to urge her
To Join him In a "merger,"
And straightway she surrendered.
Pectoral. I b bm4 tt tor a number ef
- lMAi-l t'asvunr. Haiubms, N. T.
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