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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 15, 1902)
The Omaha Daily Bee.
ESTABLISHED JUNE 10, 1871.
OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 15, 1902.
SINGLE COPT TIIHEE CENTS.
-"-! ' J
FIRST SHOT IS FIRED
Puerto Cabello Bombarded to Afenga
Intuit Paid British Flag.
FORTS REPLY TO ALLIED WARSHIPS
Veneiuelan Qini Qmickly Sileioed and
Quiet lettered Onoe More.
SEIZURE OF STEAMER CAUSES RUPTURE
Ultimatim it Presented, bat
Oomei Too Late.
REPUBLIC STILL EXPECTS INTERVENTION
Leodlaar Official C laims Monroe Doc
trine Mitt loo Operate 80 to
Star Farther Proceedings by
Britain and Germany.
PCERTO CABELLO. Saturday. Dec. 13.
The British cruiser Charybdls and the Ger
man cruiser Vlneta bombarded the fortress
here at 5 this afternoon aDd quickly
alleaced It. The bombardment lasted for
The fortress is composed of Fort Solano
and the Castle Llbertador. After the firing
ceased Charybdls sent marines to occupy
The fortress was almost demolished,
though It Is probable only a few persons
were Injured. The commander of Castle
Llbertador has been taken prisoner and
the cruisers remain In port.
At 7 this morning Charybdls and Vlneta
arrived, searching for Venezuelan gun
boats. They sent their boats Into the
Inner port, which, finding nothing, quickly
The captain of the British merchant
steamer Topaze, which was seized by the
mob here last Wednesday, then visited
the British commodore on board Charybdls
and lodged a protest against the violation
of bis ship. He returned an hour later
with a detachment of fifty marines, who
took charge of Topaze. The populace was
greatly excited at this incident and raised
the cry "to arms," but there wss no dis
order. The British commodore next sent a mes
sage to the authorities at Puerto Cabello,
demanding Immediate satisfaction for the
action of the mob In hauling down the
British flag from Topaze, saying that If It
was not forthcoming In two hours, at 6
o'clock, the fortress and the custom house
would be bombarded.
Answer Arrives Too Late.
The authorities sent a message to Presi
dent Castro, asking for Instructions, and
a committee of merchant approached the
American consul hero, petitioning him to
Intervene. He accepted the mission and
visited the cruisers, but could obtain no
modlflratlon of the ultimatum.
At fifteen minutes to 5 word was received
from President Castro authorizing the chief
officer here to give the British commodore
ample satisfaction, but before this acswer
oould be communicated to the American
eonstil"the hour stipulated for its receipt
had arrived, and the cruisers immediately
opened Ore. . ' .
Ths Ore was returned from Fort Solano
and Castle Llbertador, but the Venezuelan
guns were soon silenced. While the firing
continued there was Intense excitement In
this port. Every house In town was closed.
The British marines propose to make use
of the cannon in Castle Llbertador. No
damage was done to the town. The excite
ment of the people is subsiding.
The entrance into the inside harbor at
vPuerto Cabello Is through a narrow chan
nel, not more than a few hundred feet
' wide. To the left, as one enters the har
bor, situated on a low sand spit Is the
fortress which was bombarded by the Ger
man and British cruisers. It is an old
fashioned structure, which was rebuilt In
The eighteenth century. Its sides are com
paratively low and would offer but poor
resistance to modern shells. It Is not prob
able that the Venezuelan government had
any modern cannon there.
The customs house Is situated on the
right, or mainland, side of the channel
It Is a long, two-story brick .building and
contains, besides executive offices, large
warebousea. Steamers discharging at
Puerto Cabello tie up immediately In front
of the customs house.
The town Itself Is flat and stretches
from the water front Inland to the base
of the hills, a distance of two or three
The outside harbor Is hardly more than
a large bay, offering- comparatively little
protection to shipping. The inside harbor
is very secure and quits commodious.
Kowf Confirms Report.
WASHINGTON. Deo. 14. Mr. Bowen this
afternoon cabled the State department that
Tresldent Castro had Informed him that
British and German warships wers bom
barding Puerto Cabello.
In an earlier dispatch received at 3:23 on
Sunday morning Mr. Bowen said the sltua
tion at the Venezuelan capital, Caracas,
was .much quieter. The great excitement
. at the outset of the affair was caused by
the precipitate flight of the British and
German ministers, the arrest of all the
subjects of those two nations and the
seizure of the Venezuelan gunboats with
out a blockade having boea declared, thus
earning th people to fear that a bombard
ment would follow at once.
Aside from the dispatches from Mr
Bowen there were no important develop
ments today in the Venezuelan plans so far
aa the 8tate department is concerned. The
officials are watching events wkh keen In
terest, so aa to be able to act promptly
should such a step become necessary.
Secretary Hay took Mr. Bowen's dis
patches over to the White House and dis
cussed the situation tor some time with
the president, but he had nothing to make
public on the subject.
In the matter of the blockade the secre
tary has Instructed the ambassadors at
Berlin and London to represent to these
governments that the United States must
not be understood aa giving its consent to
any extension of the International light of
peaceful blockade. This representation
was made s'.mply as a precautionary mess
lire In case any developmeat should arise
making the government's position a matter
It was confidently hoped that before
this time some answer would have been
received from the German and British gov
ernment a to President Castro's request for
arbitration, but up to this time Secretary
Hay has not received any reply.
The visit of President Castro to the bed-
Aide of the invalid wife of the German
diplomatic representative created a good
impression here, whereas the necessity for
the bombardment of Puerto Cabello made
an equally unfavorable one.
It Is regretted that ths commanders of
(Continued oa Second Page.)
MEXICO HASCASH TO SPARE
Surplus Orows Steadily la tplte
of Mump In Silver
MEXICO, Deo. 14. In s. ' -idget
of laoome and expense to . ss
finance minister makes a full v. '
of the stste of trade' and revenue
fected by the fall in the prloa of silrv.
He estimates the total revenue for thv
ensuing fiscal year at $87,!;,OO0 and dis
bursements at $7, 697.079, showing an ex
cess of nearly $362, OQO.
Last year's sctual surplus was over
$3,000,000, but the minister is always most
conservative in bis estimates. The actual
accumulated surplus on hand In July last
wss 5?.000,000 In silver and $3,000,000 in
gold, and It is the possession of this sur
plus that gives strength to the financial
In his comments on the budget the min
ister says, after referring to the depres
sion In silver snd Its adverse Influences on
the country's revenue:
, It Is true that the economical situation
of the country hns been suddenly con
fronted oy a aang-r wnicn threatens to
check for some time' Its growing pros
perity, but seeing that we ennnot forecast
the duration or Intensity of thle recent oc
currence, the wisest course for the pres
ent seems to be 10 content ourselves with
leaving a wider margin than usual be
tween future disbursements and revenue
without being influenced by an exagger
ated spirit of despondency. .
GALE SETS SHIP ON FIRE
t'psets a Utove and Leads to the
Loss of a Ifewfoandland
ST. JOHNS, N. F.. Dec. 14. The schooner
Molly, carrying a crew of seven men, wss
caught In a gale yesterday morning. The
vessel was heeled over Until the stove In
Its cabin upset. The woodwork caught fire
and the schooner was soon a mass of flames.
The crew ran Molly to outer Gooseberry
Island, an uninhabited Island twelve
miles oft Bonavlsta bay, where It was
beached and the crew landed on the rocks.
Residents of the mainland caught sight
of the burning ship and the maliboat
Dundee was dispatched to the rescue.
Dundee reached outer Gooseberry Island
yesterday evening. A heavy surf was
breaking and only the captain of Molly
risked the plunge through the surf neces
sary to reach Dundee's boat. Dundee re
mained in the offing until this. morning
and succeeded In getting the other men of
the crew on board. The men were badly
frostbitten as a result of their night s
BLOW AIMED AT AMERICA
KeW German Tarlfl Especially te-
slarned to Affect Trade with
BERLIN. Dec. 14. During the debate on
the third reading of the tariff bill In the
Reichstag yesterday It was evident from
many speeches delivered by members of
the majority that the bill is aimed chiefly
at the United Statea. This was clear even
when the United States was not named, tor
It was understood thst the term "abroad"
referred to America., . .. ,
Last night Dr. Pasche, national liberal,
made a pointed reference to the United
States which most of the newspapers this
morning failed to print.
These remarks were:
We exnect that the government will
undertake a thorough going revision of all
treaties containing the most favored na
tion advantages. We have absolutely no
occasion to concede any such thing to such
nations as arc glad to take what we give
other countrle without making us any
concession In return. The United States
has Introduced the limitation or tne most
favored nation clause, we have every
reason to act In precisely the same manner.
STRIKE DRAGS WEARILY ON
Marseilles Port Workers Fall to Oh.
tain General Support front
PARIS. Dec. 14. Although the strike at
Marseilles has now lasted for three weeks
no serious disturbances have yet occurred.
Last night a few isolated groups of strik
ers attempted to wreck some bakarles, but
the prompt arrival of the police quickly re
stored order. Four arrests were made.
The strike cf bakers Is far from general,
only 400 out of 2,000 having refused to work.
All telegrams received from Marseilles re
port the city as tranquil. Contrary to the
usual Sunday custom, there was much ac
tivity today on the quays snd docks,"where
nonunion laborers are working under mili
tary protection. The Marseilles correspond
ent of the Temps say that the general strike
movement Is regarded locally as a failure.
COMPROMISE WINS FAVORS
Kaiser Decorutes Ministers Who
Arranged Tariff Bill
BERLIN, Dee. 14. Coont and Counttsa
Von Buelow lunched today with the em
peror and empress at Potsdam. During the
vioit hl mstestv handed the chain of the
royal Hohenzollern order to the chancellor.
The emperor had Intended to elevate
Count Von Buelow to the rank of prince
in recognition of the successful passage
of the tariff bill, but at Count Von Bue
low's request this Idea was abandoned.
Count Von Posadowskl-Wehner, Baron
Von Thlelmann and Baron Von Rlchtofen,
respectively home secretary, secretary of
the Imperial treasury and foreign secretary,
have also received decorations for their
efforts In connection with the tariff bill.
ARMY7 MAY TURN ELECTION
Kord Has So Mony Troops Ho Can
Be llaytlan President at
PORT AU PRINCE. Hayti, Dee. 14
General Alexis Nord, who was war min
ister under the provisional government,
entered the capital today at the head of
his army. He was accorded a sympathetic
reception by the people.
General Nord's Intentions are not
known, but it is generally believed that
In rase he announces himself a candidate
for the presidency his election la assured
by reason of the numerous forces at bit
King Increases Washington Stan.
LONDON. Dee. 14. Lieutenant Colonel H.
J. Foster, commanding rtie royal engineers
on the island of, Guernsey, has been ap
pointed military attache to the British em
bassy at Washington.
t'hlleaa Kspoaltloa Opens.
8ANTIAOO DE CHILE, Dec. 14. The in
ternational exposition was opened here to
day. President Rlesco and other officials
were among those who attended the exercises.
HELPING THE ARID REGION
Etaator Dietrioh Urges Legislature to Max
Appropriation for Purpose.
GENERAL GOVERNMENT WILLING TO ASSIST
to Parehase and Equip aa
apcrlmental Farm la Semi-Arid
Region liter Control of
fFrom a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. Dec. 14. (Special.)
Senator Dietrich la anxious that the Ne
braska legislature shall make a liberal
appropriation during Ite forthcoming ses
sion for the establishment of an experi
mental farm in the western or seml-srld
portion of the state. He would have this
farm operated In connection with the Uni
versity of Nebraska, the relations to be
the same aa those between the university
and the experimental farm at Lincoln. The
purpose of such a farm would be experi
mentation along lines for the benefit of
that portion of the state which does not
and cannot receive attention, for the rea
son that the humidity of the eastern sec
tion .of tbo state precludes experimenting
In that district for vegetation in the arid
or semi-arid regions.
The senator has the assurance that the
Agricultural department will gladly co
operate In experimental work of this na
ture. In fact, that department has already
asked congress for an increased appropria
tion with the distinct understanding that the
Increase would be used in experimenting
Senator Dietrich was the first to recom
mend the establishment of an experimental
farm in western Nebraska. His views were
expressed at some length in a communica
tion sent from Washington to the Nebraska
Real Estate Dealers' association at Its con
vention In Fremont early this year, and
were received with much favor by the
members of that organization. The real
estate dealers recognized the fact that a
farm of the kind proposed would greatly
hasten and enhance the development of the
vast territory which Is arid or aeml-arld,
and their views were shared by the state
authorities In agricultural work.
Trees Will Grow In Sand.
Dean Charles E. Bessey of the univer
sity has demonstrated by practical experi
ment that trees can be grown in the
sandy lands of Nebrsska. In fact, he la
able to point with pride to what he terms
a small forest of pine trees out in the
western and sandy portion of Holt county,
which he planted himself many years ago.
These trees are thriving and he has risked
his reputation on the assertion that by
pursuing proper methods trees may be
made to grow in other parts of the western
The officials of the Department of Agri
culture are confident that there is great
wealth in the undeveloped - resources of
western Nebraska and other territory of
the same character In western ststes, and
they are willing to lend the assistance of
scientific Investigation to any movement
that will be started by the state.
The entire expense of creating and con
ducting the forest reserves will be borne
by the1 government, but the department Is
willing to go still further by assisting in
scientific experimentation in the develop
ment of the arid and semi-arid territory In
every possible way along all agricultural
It may be said that of the state of Ne
braska one-third la humid, another third
arid and the other semi-arid, so that there
are three conditions presented for expert
mentation. In this regard Nebraska Is un
like eastern states, wherein practically all
land la of the same character, so that the
experiments carried on In one section are
of equal value throughout the state.
Government Would Aid.
"We have an experimental station farm
at Lincoln that Is located In a territory
where there Is plenty of natural rainfall,"
said the, senator, in outlining his ideas.
"We should j,by all means have an experi
mental farm In the central western por
tion of our state, so that experiments could
be made under Irrigation and without. The
government has corps of experts in all
parts of the world seeking for plants
which are adapted to arid or semi-arid
regions. If our state had an experimental
farm or station of the kind I propose, the
government would send experts there to
aid In experimenting with the various
cereals, grasses and plants which are
adapted to an arid or aeml-arid region. I
have taken up this matter a number of
times with the Agricultural department
here and I know that the officials sre anx
ious that Nebraska shall establish the
farm. The department can be of great
service to our state, and this is asserted
officially In a letter I have received from
one of Its officers, in which he says they
sre planning tor considerable work In Ne
braska uDder a co-operative arrangement
with the state university, and they hope
that the secretary's estimate for an in
creased appropriation will be approved by
the house committee without any reduc
tion. "I do not believe that there la any leg-
lalatlon that will be more Important or
more beneficial to the state of Nebraska
than a liberal appropriation for an agricul
tural college, and the establishment of, an
experimental farm In the western part of
Nebraska, whera experiments can be car
ried on both uuder and without irrigation.
... . . at.. . v
ieDrasaa nas 100 iuruiu uu mn uunu,
Kansaa on the south and Wyoming and
Colorado on the west and souid, in wnicn
states the soil and the conditions sre much
the same as those In Nebraska, and the
znvernment recognizes that experiments
conducted in Nebraska would apply to the j
other states as well. Statea east of us ;
have plenty of rainfall and do all of their
experimenting upon one farm, but because
of the difference of the conditions within
Nebraska there ought to be two or three
experimental farms within the state, one
In the humid region and another In the
arid. The government would send experts
to aid In the experimenting with the
various cereals, and, in fact, all kinds of
agricultural work. These same experts.
In performing that work, would be doing
the same service In instructing students
of the agricultural college at the farm as
though they were employed by the stste,
so that the atudents would have the ben
efit of their investigations and Instruction,
at the expense of ths government, for my
Idea la to have the experimental work con
ducted In connection with the university
and the agricultural college to be estab
lished at the farm. Just as the experimental
work Is carried la connection with the ag
ricultural farm at Lincoln.
Method to Be Paraned.
"What would be the method of estab
lishing the farm? The legislature should
provide the land upon which these ex
periments could be csrrled on by appro-
; prlattng a sufficient sum of money for its
(Continued oa Second Page.)
INSULAR TRADE. IS GROWING
Seven Months Kaded Jaljr Show In
crease of Two Millions la
WASHINGTON, Dec. 14. The Bureau of
Insular Affairs of the War department has
Issued the following comparative summary
of the commerce of the Philippine Islands
for the seven months ending July 31, 1902.
The total value of merchandise, exclu
sive of gold and silver. Imported during
the seven months ended July 81, 1903, was
$19,310,437, as against $17,132,203 for the
same period of 190L The principal Increase
In 1902 was In foodstuffs, ths purchase of
rice alone exceeding the figures for 1901
by nearly $1,500,000. Oold and sliver were
Imported during the seven months of 1903
to the value of $3,026,747, as against $1,230,
294 In 1901. The value of Imports coming
from the United Ststes in 1902 was $2,433,
8S9, a gain of approximately $500,000 aa
compared with 1901.
Agricultural industries throughout the
archipelago have been materially affected
owing to the unfortunate destruction of
work cattle by an epidemic of rinderpest,
a disease that haa practically annihilated
the carabo, or water buffalo, and the out
break of cholera, which has curtailed the
already small supply of labor.
These unfsvorable conditions In connec
tion with the frequent changes taking
place in the present currency standard, an
early solution of which situation is ab
solutely essential to the business Interests
of the islands, produced a falling off in the
exports for the seven months ended July
31, 1902, of nearly $1,000,000, as compared
with the corresponding period of the pre
vious . year, the figures for 1902 showing
$13,883,263 against $14,815,761 In 1901. Gold
and sliver were exported to the value of
$2,019,717 In 1902 against $435,181 In 1901.
The general decrease, however, did not
prevent a comparative Increase In ship
ments destined for the United 8tates In
the value of merchandise which In 1902
amounted to $4,279,630, a gain during the
last two years of more than $3,25C,000.
The annual export trade of the Islands
since the American occupation haa im
proved so rapidly that the present monthly
average, notwithstanding the adverse con
ditions that have prevailed during the
seven months of the current year. Is in
excese of the computed ratio based from
the showing of former years.
ASKS STREET RAILWAY BIDS
Philippine Commission Annoanccs
Terms of Franchise to Be
Awarded In March.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 14. The bureau of
Insular affairs of the War department an?
nouncea that It Is now In a position to furn
ish Intending bidders full particulars of the
Philippines commission's offer regarding a
franchise to construct an electric street
railway and an electric light, heat and
power system In Manila. .
The franchise will be awarded after com
petitive bidding, the tenders to be filed in
Manila before March 6. The route of the
proposed system as fixed by the Philippine
commission, covers thirty-five miles.
The franchise is not t .exceed fifty years
the fare on the street railway not to be
more than 7H cents gold for first class pas
sengers and 6 cents gold for second class
passengers, and the compensation to be paid
the city of Manila not less than 1 per cent
of the gross earnings. Construction must
begin within six months after the franchise
Is awarded and be completed within twenty
ROCK SLIDE DERAILS TRAIN
Engineer and Flremaa Are Killed, but
All Others on Board Escape
WASHINGTON. Dec. 14. The eastbound
express on the Chesapeake A Ohio railway
was derailed last night at Wbltcomb, Va.,
by a rockallde, caused by the long and con
tlnued rains during the last two or three
The engine, mail car and baggage car
were derailed and the engineer and fireman
killed. The baggage master was hurt
slightly, but the mall clerke were unin
jured. No passengers were hurt. The
track was cleared early this morning and
the train proceeded eastward.
WILL FIGHT FOR HIGH RATES
Chicago Railway Men Propose Justi
fy ins; Increase In 'Western
CHICAGO. Dec. 14. A number of execu
tive officials and traffic men of the Chicago
lines will go to Wsshlngton tomorrow to
attend the Interstate Commerce commis
sion inquiry into the proposed advance in
freight rates between the Missouri river
and the Atlantic sea board. The announce
ment of the advance In rates on certain
commodities and the promise that there
would be a general increase on all articles
on the schedules brought out strong pro
tests from the shippers, especially the
northwestern millers who objected to the
advance cn flour and grain.
Since the declaration of one of the most
prominent traffic men of the west a tew
weeks ago in his testimony before the
commission that all freight rales were too
low there has been a disposition among
other railroad men to substantiate that
The western traffic officials believe they
can make a showing which will prove the
proposed advance Is not more than the In
creased price of maintenance, labor and
general operating expenses Justifies.
TWO DIE IN TUNNEL WRECK
Electrle Wires Cause Fatal Rxnlo.
alon Under Lake
CLEVELAND, O.. Dec. 14. Two men
were instantly killed, two others probably
fatally burned and a number of others less
seriously burned in sn explosion of gas In
the water works tunnel 100 feet below the
bottom of Lake Erie today.
BEN BL'DNER. aged 21. unmarried.
ARTHUR BOLVER. aged 24, unmarried.
William Knox, civil engineer; burned
about face, head and body; will probably
James Ossman, burned about head and
face; condition serious.
Ed mar 4 Engleson.
The cause of the explosion, it is believed,
was a spark from two electric light wlrea
la the tunnel, igniting accumulated gas.
MRS, GRANT PASSES AWAY
Lata President's Widow luocnmbs to Heart
Diteaae at Washington.
ONLY HER DAUGHTER WITH HER AT END
Three Sons Sammoaed Last Sight
Have Too Short Xotlce to Heach
Capital In Time to Bid
WASHINGTON, Dee. 14. Mrs. Ulysses S.
Grant, wife of the late President Grant,
died at her residence in this city at 11:17
Death was due to heart failure, Mrs.
Grant having suffered for some years from
valvular disease of the heart, which was
aggravated by a severe attack of bron
chitis. Her sge prevented her rallying
from the attacks.
Her daughter, Nellie Orant-Sartorls, was
the only one of her children with her at
the time of her death, her three sons,
w.10 were summoned last night, not having
had time to arrive.
There were also present at the bedside
when the end came Miss Rose Mary Sar
toria, a granddaughter; Dr. Bishop, one of
the attending physicians, and the two
trained nurses. .
Death came peacefully, the sufferer re
taining almost complete consciousness prac
tically to the end. Word has come from
Jesse and Ulysses S. Grant, two of the bods
now In California, that they have started
on their way to Washington. The other.
General Fred Grant, 1s in Texas and ho
will hasten here as soon as he receives a
message telling him ot hla mother's death.
The remains of Mrs. Grant will be In
terred at Riverside park. New York, be
side those of her husband, but whether they
will be taken there Immediately or at a
later date, however, could not be ascer
tained at the house tonight.
LAREDO, Dec. 14. General Frederick
Dent Grant, commander of the Department
Of Texas, recently spent several daya In
Laredo on a tour of inspection and then
continued his trip to the lower Rio Grande
country to inspect Forts Ringgold nnd
Browne, and It will be late tomorrow be
fore he can receive word of his mother's
Sketch of Her Life.
Mrs. Grant, wnose maiden name was
Julia Dent, was born In St. Louis In
and was the daughter of Frederick and
Ellen Wrenshall Dent. She was married
to General, then Captain Grant, In 1848,
During the civil war Mrs. Grant was with
the general much ot the time and remained
as near as possible to him when he was
campaigning. She saw her husband twice
inaugurated as president and accompanied
him on his Journey around the world.
As mistress of the White House she gave
liberally to all charitable institutions in
Four children were born to her three
sons and one daughter all of whom are
living. Miss Nellie, the daughter who be
came the wife of Algernon Sartorla In
1874. has lived in Washington with her
mother for several years. Frederick Dent
.Grant, the oldest, son. la In tha arm- aDd
two other sons, Jesse and Ulysses Sherman
live at San Diego, Cat.
During recent years, since General
Grant's death, Mrs. Grant had spent mr-st
of her winters in this city, living at 2111
Q street, while during the summer she
usually stayed at Saratoga, Manchester-by-
the-Sea and other popular resort a until the
last two summers, when she resided with
her daughter, Mrs. Sartorls, at Coburg,
She also made several visits to her sons
She was of domestic temperament and
devoted most of her time to her home and
children. She cared little for society and
alwaya avoided public notice as much as
Her devotion to her husband was re
markable, and during the letter's unsuc
ceasful years before the civil war, and
when his fortune was swept away shortly
before his death, Mrs. Grant always bore
herself bravely and was an inspiration to
For several years Mrs. Grant had been si
feeble that it was Impossible for her to
accept social engagements. She suffered
from rheumatism and. was compelled to
walk with a cane cr with the assistance
of an attendant. She was 76 years of age
at the time of her death.
HILL DEPL0RES LOST TRADE
Says American Products Cost Too
Much for Other Nations
ST. PAUL, Minn., Dec. 14. J. J. Hill re
turned today from an eastern trip and said
the alleged interview with him, sent out
from Chicago, waa imaginary.
The business of the country Is under
going a readjustment to meet changed con
ditions. The moat alarming thing Is the decrease
In our exports. We are Importing much
more than we export. This is not due to
a larger home consumption; It is because
our articles cost too much. Our people
demand better things than do those of
other countries, and our production has
ben overtaking the needs of the country
too rapidly. The things we manufacture
cost more than other nations will pay and
they buy elsewhere. Agrlcj Itural products,
provisions and out-h things sell readily ev
erywhere and are staple the world over.
They are not afferted by local conditions.
I do not look for the production of ar
ticles of a cheaper kind to meet the de
manrie of the export trade. I do not know
what will le done. It is to be hoed that
some adjustment will be made to meet
the conditions. There is too much specu
lation now or too much boom. Just how
It will come out I do not know.
OMAHA MAN GETS nTw POST
Cudahy's Electrlrlau Becomes Hudson
Valley Superintendent of
Power and Wires.
GLENS FALLS. N. Y., Dec. 14. The Hud
son Valley Railway company, operating be.
! tween Albany and Warrenaburg, baa en
gaged C. O. Fitch of Omaha aa superin
tendent of power and wlrea, with bead
quarters at Glens Falls.
Mr. Fitch Is chief electrician ot the
Cudahy Packing company.
TRY TO RAISE FUEL FAMINE
Headlaa; Compaay Vscs Fifty Engines
to Haal Seventy-Five' Thou
READING. Pa., Dec. 14 The Philadel
phia A Reading company had over fifty
locomotives in service transporting coal to
market yesterday and today.
The company claims that 75,000 tona were
started last night and today and Is cow rn
the road. Moat of it is destlne4 for the
large eastern cities.
CONDITION OF THE WEATHER
Forecnt for Nebraska Fnlr In West, Snow
In Knur Portion Monday; Tuesday, Fair,
with Rising Temperature.
Hoar. !. Hoar. Ilrs.
5 a. m lit 1 p. m
a. m si a p. m It
T a. m 81 .1 p. m il'i
S a. m 8.1 4 p. n UX
9 a. m 9.1 R p. m it'J
10 a. m iiJ Hp. m Hi!
11 a. m Sil T p. fit SHI
14 m 22 H p. m ..... . Id
p. m !TJ
MINERS TO ELECT OFFICERS
Mitchell Is Unopposed, bat Hard Flajht
Is Expected for Vice
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.. Dec. 14 The sec-
retary of tho United Mine Workers Is send
ing out lists of candidates for the coming
election of officers ot the national organiza
tion, together with blanks upon which re
turns will have to be made by the various
locals throughout the country.
The returns must sll be In by December
31, but as some time will be required for
tabulating the returns and determining the
successful candidates. It will probably be
a week later before the outcome wilt be
known. It will be necessary to complete
the count before the annual convention.
because In all cases where no candidate
receives a majority of the votes csst, the
convention will have to make the appoint
ment. The locals In the anthracite district com
prise about one-third of the membership
of the national organization and It Is ex
pected they will stsnd by Nicolls for vice
president almost to a man. His opponent,
T. L. Lewis, Is strong in other districts.
however, and will put up a hard fight.
The list of candidates for positions to be
voted on by the locals Is given below. The
candidates' standing In the list is deter
mined by tho number of nominations each
President John Mitchell, Spring Valley,
Vice President T. L. Lewis, Bridgeport,
O., and L. D. Nicolls, Scranton, Pa.
Auditor and credentials committee, three
to be 'chosen: M. McTsggsrd, Barnes
boro. Pa.; John J. Mossop, North Law
rence, O. ; Patrick Fltzslmmons, Olyphsnt,
Pa.; Joseph Pope, Belleville, 111.; Reese
Bennett, Wyoming, Pa.; Lawrence Love,
Hocking, la.; Albert Neubeling Glencarbon,
111.; Steven Corven, Weet Bay City, Mlch.
J. C. Heenan, Linton, Ind.; Alex Buttle
Streator. 111.; Evan Owens, Belleville, III.,
and James Richards, Sandoval, 111.
Delegates to American Federation of La
bor seven to be chosen: John Mitchell,
Spring Valley, 111.; W. B. Wilson, Bloss
burg, Pa.; W. D. Ryan, Springfield. 111.;
T. L. Lewis, Bridgeport, O.; John Fahy,
Shamokln. Pa.; W. Tl. Hasklns, Columbus,
O.; W. R. Falrley, Pratt City, Ala.; G.
W. Purcell, Terre Haute, Ind.; John F.
Ream. Beacon, la.; William Dodda, Pitts
burg, Pa.; Edward McKay, Versailles, Pa.:
Joe Vasey, Whltewell, Tenn.; D. H. Sulli
van, Coshockton, O.; John T. Dompsey,
Scranton, Pa.; J. H. Kennedy, Terre Haute,
Ind.; O. W. Savage, Columbua, O.; Harry
Wright, Perth, Ind.; Uriah Belllngham,
Pittsburg, Pa.; William Little, Pittsburg,
Pa.; Paul P. Pulaski, Mount Carmel, Pa.;
John Nugent,' St. ' Charles, Mleh:,1 ' -wrF.
Williams, Saginaw, Mich.; Chris Evans,
Nclsonvllle, O.; James Mooney, Hlgbee,
Mo.; Barney- Rice, Dubois, Pa.; Ed F.
Flynn, Pratt City, Ala.; Thomas Hag
garty, Reynoldsvllle, . Pa.; Robert Legg,
East Greenville, O.; T. H. Plcton, Canton,
III.; Adam Rescavage, Plymouth, Pa.;
James Cantwell, Carbon, Ind.; George
Bagwell. Murphyahoro. III.; J. W. Davis.
Keystone, W. Va.j William L. Hapton
stale, Montgomery, W. Va.; D. C. Ken
nedy, Sewell, W. Va.; Lawrence Love,
Hocking, la.; H. C. Perry, Spring Valley
III.; Perry Tettlow, Washlngtonvllle, O.;
J. D. Wood, Central City, Ky.; M. S. El
liott, Coal Creek, Tenn.; Cbarlea P. OI1
dea. Coal Vale, Pa.
BRIDGE BREAKS, TFjAIN FALLS
Two Die and Many Are Injured on
Their Wny to Wrecked
BROOKFIELD. Mo., Dec. 14. The Iden
tity of all of the persons killed In the
wreck on the Hannibal A St. Joseph last
night has not yet been determined, as
there are known to be In the wreckage the
dead bodies of men whose identity will
never be known.
The bodlea of the following have been
JAMES MURPHY, rosdmaster.
ARTHUR HTATT and THOMAS AINS
The Injured, some of whom will die, are:
Thomas Phelan, conductor.
Harry Steele, brldgeman.
W. Goode, engineer.
Tex Leatherman, brldgeman.
R, Greene, fireman.
C. McDonald, brakeman.
The Brookfleld wrecking train was en
route to the scene of a small freight wreck
when it struck the overbesd portion of a
steel bridge Just east of this city, and
under the terrible strain and the force of
the powerful engine pushing the wrecker
I the bridge gave way and the entire train
I crashed Into the water below.
The escape of the engineer and fireman,
who were pinned I ft their cab by tons of
twisted Iron, was miraculous. The moon
aided them to crawl through an opening
Into the water, from which they were res
cued by unhurt survivors.
MUCH COAL STARTS SOUTH
la Four ! Fifteen Million Bushels
Will Leave Pittsburg by
PITTSBL'RO, Dec. 14. The Monongahela
and Allegheny rivers are falling tonight
after a continued rise of three days. The
Ohio river mark at the dam is fifteen feet,
and falling alowly.
Three million bushels of coal were started
south today and fully 5,000,000 more is ex
pected to be shipped tomorrow, which will
make the aggregate for tour days nearly
Movements of tlccun Vessels Dec. 14.
At New York Arrived: La Touralne, from
Havre: KthlopU, from OIhikow; Noorrlam,
from Ruiierilam: I'atrio, from Marseilles,
etc.; ( lu-nuilii, from llremen.
At Liverpool Arrived: Taurle, from New
At Naples Arrived: Calabria, from New
At Moville Sailed: Anchorla, for New
At Roches Point Passed: Saxonla. from
Bom ion for IJverpool; did not communicate
GwhiK tn gale.
At Havre Arrived: La Champagne, from
At Quei-iistown Sailed: Etrurta, for New
At Southampton flailed: Kalur Wllhelm
dcr (irnHs-e. for New York, via Cherbourg.
At Gibraltar Hailed: Trave, . for New
At Han Francisco Sailed: Pllvertown. for
Honolulu; fnlte.i ntates transport Hancock,
fur New York.
FIX RAILWAY TAXES
Board of Review Makes Its Tlnal Decisions
on Tax Complaints.
RAISES TOTAL UP OVER $26,000,00)
rails Short of Demands of Real letato
TABLE SHOWING COMPARATIVE FIGURES
Midnight lesrion it Required to Finish ths
PROTESTS ON JURISDICTION OVERRULED
Best Estimates Are Takea oa Value
of Great Terminal Proper
ties In the City of
ASSESSMENTS OF RAILROADS IN
OMAHA FOR 130.
State Tag Foard of
Name. Board. Comer. Review.
Union Pacific M7.M9 14 74 ftifl 1M.&K3 Mn
O. A N. P 11.S10 1,131, one I immiiM
O. at S. W 17. SIR l,7l.MXf
C, St. P., M. O 2.748 2.074.SOO J.ROA.frlO
F., E. A M. V 12,9:4 l.L.lnO
Belt Line 6M.OO 494.0O8
Krldge Terminal T9.2M 104.2!W
Totals $206,000 $13M.K IM.CO.esO
Maintaining its own Jurisdiction In the
matter of railroad taxation and overruling
all of the protests to the contrary which
have been filed, the Board ot Review has
fixed assessments as shown In the above
table upon those portions ot the holdings
of the various roads which hsve been in
These figures apply only to the proper
ties of the railroad companies construed
by them' as being comprised within their
respective rights-of-way and previously aa
sessed by the State Board of Equalisation
and are Inclusive ot all personalty In
cluded within the shops snd headquarters
properties. Discussing the question of ss
sessment ot railroads and the method fol
lowed by the board in determining Its ac
tion, one ot the members said:
How the Flarures Were Made.
"Each of the cases was considered sepa
rately, and In turn each of the protests
against the Jurisdiction of the board was
overruled. The figures submitted by the
Real Estate exchange in the various docu
ments presented In its behalf were re
garded by the board as altogether too high,
and this assessment waa made In an en
deavor to arrive at the true value of the
property. The board took Into considers
tlon the opinions of the experts for the
rsllroad companies as presented In their
testimony before the courts, but In doing
so made all reasonsble allowance for the
exaggeration In those estlmatea which
would be natural under the circumstances
and which must have had aome Influence
upon that testimony; also making allow
ance for the natural Increase In the value
of the respective properties aince 1894 and
as to the value ot franchisee, taking Into
consideration the earnings ot the property.-
Two Small Reductions. . , i
"In two rases the board haa reduced the
figures of the tsx commissioner the rail
roads affected having no depot grounds
In Omaha and merely making connection
with the terminal facilities ot the other
"In addition to the assessments already
mentioned the board haa raised the per
sonal property return of the Unton Paclfio
company In its own schedule, upon the Item
of machinery, stores, supplies, materials,
etc., from $125,000 to $1,000,000. On this
Item there can be no contention aa to the
question of Jurisdiction, as the material
upon which the assessment Is plsced Is In
the shop buildings and headquarters and
manifestly outside the right-of-way."
The session ot the board on Saturday
evening continued until midnight and all
of the citations as to contemplated In
creases have been finished. There Is still
a large accumulation of minor applications
for reductions on real estate and personal
property asseesmenta. These will be con
sidered this morning and the board ex
pects to adjourn finally this sfternoon.
TARIFF HITSJACKERS HARD
German Law Will Cost America One
Quarter of Its Export Pro
CHICAGO. Dec. 14. The tariff bill
passed by the German Reichstag early this
morning, Chicago packers say, will deprive
them of 25 per cent of their provision ex
port trade, exclusive of fresh meats, and
they are already preparing to urge the
government to take soma action that will
give them relief.
William C. Evans of the foreign depart
ment of Armour A Co., who returned te
Chicago today from Berlin, aald the bill
would deprive the American packers ot
nearly all their German export trade, It
would also react on the poorer classes la
"The new law will rob the packers of a
great part of the German export trade,
which la 25 per cent ot all our foreign
business," said Mr. Evans.
"At present the outlook Is not bright,
and if prices continue high It will be prac
tically Impossible for ua to win back any
of the trade."
DRIVE SIX MONTHS FOR BET
f'hlcasTO Boy and Friend Com Thre
Thousand Miles In a
KNOXVILLE. Tenn., Dec. 14. Edwin M.
Dnrr ot Chicago and Dr. Stanley F. Babe!
of New York, who are driving from Colo
rado to Asherville, N. C, on a wager, left
Knoxvllle this morning, having less than
HO miles to make before Christmas.
They have driven 3.000 miles alace the
middle of June and have avoided largj
cities as much aa possible. Barr is a son
of J M. Barr, general superintendent ot
the Chicago, Milwaukee A St. Paul.
DENVER PASTOR RESIGNS
Definitely Accepts Call to Chicago a
Hlte of Conarenat lonal
DENVER, Colo., Dec. 14. Rev. Bruce
Brown, pastor of the Central Christian
rburcb, announced to his congregation to
day that be had accepted a call to the
North Side Christian church of Chicago.
On Monday last his resignation was re
fused by the members of the church here,
and he was asked to reooDaldiT It. Today
he announced that bis decision to accept
the call to Chicago was final.
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