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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 2, 1902)
THE 03f ATIA DAILY BEE: TUESDAY, DECEMBETt 2. 1002.
Tiie umaiia Daily Hee.
E. ROSEWATER, EDITOR.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Dally Bee (without Butnlny), One Yar..l4w
Daily Bee anil K.:nduy. one Year 6.011
Illustrated luv. One Year if
Btinday liee, One Year 2.0-)
Saturday ftre, one Year 1.50
Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year.. l.W
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latly Bee (without Biinrlav). per week. ...12c
Dally Bee (Including Bumlayi, per week..l7o
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Evening Iee (without Hunduyi, per week 6c
Kvenlng Bee (Including Sunday), per
Complaints of IrregulHrltl'X In delivery
should be addressed to City Circulation De
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and M Street.
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Chicago 1S40 Unity Building.
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Communications relating to news and edi
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Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of
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THE I3EE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska. Douglas County, ss.:
George B. Tzschuck, secretary of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn
Bays that the actuul number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
tnonth of November, 19)2, was as follows:
1 1,470 16 2H.43B
I ...iil,450 17 ...ao.wfto
I Sl.OUO 18 80.MTO
4 31,3.Vt 19 JMI.IMO
ft 41.0H5 20 3,8HO
34.SH0 21 80,30
t a 1,210 22 31,410
80,340 23 2,810
t 20.B75 24 30,020
JO 31,300 23 31,00
11 30.0TO 2 3 1 MK
12 .3O.70O 27 HO, THO
1J 80.820 ' 2S.. 81,130
14 80.T30 " J9...... 31.4SO
IB 81,310 ' 80 ... .28,475
Less unsold and returned copies.... 8.23T
Ket total sales 23,78
Net average sales 80.T5B
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 30th day of November, A. D.
1902 M. B. HUNOATE,
(Seal) Notary Public,
A good train robber, like a good In
dian, is a dead one.
Blessed are those who do not expect
too much from congress.
President Roosevelt with
message now has the floor.
The coal dealer has not been able to
Ret In much work a yet In this vicinity,
but his day is sure to come.
Rest easy thnt there will be no trouble
In passing through congress a bill to de
Cray the. expenses of the coal strike
What Omaha needs is more mills and
factories to furnish , employment for
wage workers. Whatever hastens this
development will help assure the future
Of greater Omaha.
The strenuousness of the ' life of the
Boer leaders Is magnified In the light of
General Dewct's statement that he had
more trouble with traitors than with the
British armed forces.
The same story to the effect that Yan
kees have horns which used to be told
and believed in the south seems from
official rports to be in circulation
among the Moron in Mindanao.
Whatever else may be said, those sol
diers' widows, according to all accounts,
must have enjoyed a very pleasant bas
ket picnic when they were taken out to
the Alliance land office to make home
stead entries for the benefit of the cattle
The positive statements that Senator
Banna would retire from public life at
the close of his present term are now
aa positively denied by himself. The
Ohio senator makes it plain that he does
not propose to be removed from the po
litical map with his consent.
The army officers attached to the staff
of the Department of the Missouri think
they are overworked as compared with
the officers in other ( military dejwrt-
ments. It should be distinctly under
stood, however, that the complaint of
overwork Is comparative only.
The federal grand Jury now In session
here In Omaha bus several knotty prob
lems to tackle. It will not be able to
make a record this time by simply in
dicting a few white men for selling bad
whisky "to good Iudiuns, drawing mile'
age and per diem and adjourning.
A newly Installed Omaha preacher
wants to abolish the double standard of
conduct that applies oue test to the pas
tor and another to the parlHhloner. He
does not say, however, whether the test
tor the parlshlouer should lie extended
to the pastor or the pastor's code uiude
No artificial preservative will save the
National Salt company, commonly
known as the salt trust. It started out
a few years ago with flying colors, but
overcapitalization and bad management
have put Its affair In Irremediable
plight, so that nothing remains but for
the receivers to wind them up.
The result of a conference of a num
ber ot leading republican senators proves
that there will tie strong opposltton to
the omnibus bill for the admission of
Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma. If,
aa announced, Senators Hale, Allison,
Aldrleh, Piatt, Cullom, Lodge, Hanna
and Beveridge are all opposed to the bill,
It will be exceedingly difficult to pass it
at the short session even If a majority
of the aenata la really for it
GROWTH OF IRRHtATIOlt.
Thf bli nnlal report of the slate engi
neer shows thnt over 2.OW.0O0 acres of
Innd in Colorado are now under Irriga
tion. The showing will be surprising In
the non-lrrlgntlng regions,. where the
Impression produced by reports of high
flown oratory at Irrigation "contentions
mid advertising prospectuses has un
doubtedly been to discredit artual
achievements. Hut here we have the
significant fact that a single western
state, mainly within a decade, has prac
tically added to Its cultivable territory
the equivalent of four average counties.
This remarkable result has.' been
reached under many difficulties. The
condition of legislation, both state and
national, has been exceedingly unsatis
factory, and has greatly discouraged the
Investment of capital on a large scale
In irrigation enterprises. Conflict of
Claims to water rights like that now be
ing litigated between Colorado and Kan
sas has In extensive districts proved an
Insurmountable obstacle to private Ini
tiative. These difficulties, however, are
stendlly diminishing or entirely disap
pearing. The act of congress at the last
session has not only cleared the way for
comprehensive and rational dealing with
th subject, but ' also given ah Im
portant Impetus to actual irrigation de
velopment. The statement of the mere number of
acres of arid laud reclaimed by artificial
water supply in Colorado falls far short
of suggesting the immense gain involved
to that commonwealth. Every Irrigated
acre Is the subject of . Intense cultiva
tion which, for the production of fruit,
vegetables and grain and many staple
products renders It 'the equivalent of
many average acres In regions that de
pend wholly on rainfall. Irrigation, In
short, has already made Colorado not
merely a mining state, .but one of widely
diversified Industries. ;
The cold statistics show that rc'clama
tlon of arid western lauds Is going
steadily forward, and nothing can be
more certain than that the rate of prog
ress will be far more rapid in the fu
ture. ' ' '
Chop statistics controversy
There are Indications of sensational
developments In the. controversy regard
ing the crop statistics of the Agricultural
department and the Census bureau. It
Is stated that the director of the bureau
has plans under consideration for bring
ing matters to a head In a way that Will
cause surprise to some, but In regard to
the nature of the plans the officials of
the Census bureau observe the utmost
secrecy. It is surmised, however, that
certain disclosures will be made tending
to show that the crop statistician of the
Agricultural department baa at least
not been as careful aa he should have
been In his method of obtaining reports
of acreage and crops,. with the necessary
result that the Mepartment statistics
have been very Inaccurate and mislead
ing. There are also Intimations of a
more serious nature, but these are im
probable and may safety be disregarded.
There is evidently substantial ground
for a thorough Investigation of this mat
ter, and it would seem to be the duty
of congress to authorize It. Tne wide
discrepancy between the crop statistics
of the Agricultural department and those
of the Census bureau is conclusive as to
a faulty method of obtaining these sta
tistics on the part of one or the other,
and it ought to be possible to ascertain
where the fault., exists and provide' a
correction. The importance of haying
crop statistics as nearly accurate aa pos
sible is obvious and the present contro
versy should result in greatly Improving
this branch of public work. -
TBC ARMl AND NAYT.
There Is a good deal Of popular Inter
est In tho army and navy and this
should be encouraged, for upon 'these
depend our security and peace. . The
United States does not need a large
standing army. The present regular
force la ample. But it Is expedient to
have a citizen soldiery so well organ
ized and disciplined as to be available
whenever an emergency shall arise and
this is earnestly recommended, in the
report of the secretary of 4 war. Tills
recommends legislation that will enaTTTe
the government to put at least a quarter
of a million of men Into the field In
stantly upon the declaration of . war.
There certainly can be no reason
able objection to'thls. For a nation
of nearly 80,000,000 people a force of
state militia or national guard of 250,-
000 Is not excessive. - It would constitute
no menace to the people, but on the
contrary would constitute a. secur
ity for domestic peace and at the same
time a source of d'e'nse In the event of
a foreign war. .Another recommenda.
tlon of the report of, the secretary of
war Is the creation 'of a general staff
and there Is no doubt that this will ulti
mately be done, though It is not likely
that the recommendation will be adopted
at the present session of congress, the
opposition to this change from the old
order which defeated the proposition at
the first session pelug undoubtedly still
strong enough to prevent favorable ac
tion at this session.
As to the navy, the secretary rightly
says . that the country approves the
strengthening of our sea power. There
are not many Intelligent Americans, It
is safe to say, who do not believe that it
is wise to goon building up the navy
until It shall have , reached the power
that will absolutely assure defense of
our seaports against any foe and the
adequate guardianship of our Insular pus
evasions and the protection of our rights
and Interests everywhere. The nation
could make no greater mistake now than
to forego the policy of having a navy
capable of meeting any emergency that
may arise. 'While not entering into
rivalry In this respect with any other
maritime power, we must not permit
ourselves to fall behind all of them and
thu endanger or weaken our position
among the nations. The wny to main
tain ppnee and honor and the world's
respevt is to be well prepared for de
fense and for the Just assertion of our
rights. The secretary of the navy Is
modest In his recommendations, though
he urges the wisdom of continuing to In
crease our sea power. How rapjdly this
should be done Is of course for congress
to determine and so long as that body Is
under republican control It Is safe to
say the naval power of the United
States will not Ik? permitted to decline.
WHAT OMAHA At EDS.
If Omaha Is to become a city of 2T0,000
Inhabitants within the next decade, as
we are firmly convinced It will, Its
growth will depend on Its ability to fur
nish steady employment at fair wages
to a constantly Increasing number of
working men and working women.
Omaha enjoys wonderful advantages
as a distributing center, but It must be
more than a mere way station at which
traluloads of goods brought from other
points are broken up and re-shlpped.
Omaha has achieved a world-wide rep
utation as one of the principal meat
packing places, but its full capacity to
transform the cattle, sheep and hogs
Into food products haa not even been
Omaha is In the heart of the great
corn belt and at the apex of a state rap
Idly becoming a great wheat country,
but a cereal and flour Industry Is yet to
be developed here.
Omaha Is the seat of one of the largest
silver and lead refineries In th'e world,
but aside from its white lead works has
hot utilized the material at hand for es
tablishments that will carry further the
processes that produce the finished
What Omaha needs to give the stimu
lating impetus In all these fields and
many more Is cheaper power. Whether
power is secured by exploiting nearby
coal fields or boring oil wells, or using
water fall with electrical transmission, is
not the essential question, except so far
aa it assures greater cheapness, ampler
capacity and reliable supply.
Cheap power for Omaha would start
at once the wheels of hundreds of new
mills and factories. The new popula
tion attracted by the enlarged field of
employment would Increase the demand
for rentable dwellings and add substan
tially to the trade of our retail mer
chants. In turn, the quickening would
be speedily felt by Investments of every
variety, particularly in real estate that
awaits an effective demand.
Omaha has for years been seeking an
opportunity to get cheaper power on rea
sonable terms. It should not let the op
portunity slip away now that it Is pre
sented. INTEREST IN SEW DEPARTMENT.
A great deal of Interest is being mani
fested, according to Washington ad
vices, in the proposed Department of
Commerce, and there appears to be very
favorable promise of the passage at the
present session of the bill to create the
department. The Indications are that
much of the opposition to "the measure
that was developed at the last session
has disappeared, and recent reports have
shown that there Is now no very serious
objection in congress to the proposition
and that it will not be very vigorously
opposed. It has the hearty support of
the administration and will be again
earnestly advocated by the commercial
As we have repeatedly said In regard
to the proposed department, there Is no
valid reason why It should nof be cre
ated and some very good reasons In fa
vor of It With our rapidly growing
commerce It is manifestly desirable that
there should be an executive department
of the government having the special
function of looking after and as far as
practicable promoting this commerce. It
is proposed, among other things, that a
Department of Commerce should have
supervision of the consular service, and
It is believed that this would be a good
thing. 'The bill providing for a new de
partment is in the hands of the house
committee on Interstate and foreign
commerce, having been passed by the
senate at the last session. Mr. Hepburn,
chairman of the house committee, has
manifested a good deal of Interest in the
matter and Is understood to regard the
prospect as favorable to the passage of
The local democratic organ flies Into
spasms because It has Just discovered
that the two republican candidates for
district Judge at the recent election, who
were also endorsed by the democrats,
made contributions to the campaign
fund. Reading between the lines. It is
plain that the democratic organ ,1s not
so much shocked that these respected
Judges should have put Into the repub
llcan contribution box as that they
should have failed to have come to the
front with ah equally liberal donation
to the democratic campaign treasury
We have heard of the nonpartlsanshlp
of special interests that contribute to all
campaign funds at once to make sure
that they are protected on both sides of
the fence. The next nonpartisan can
dldates for office In Omaha might ob
serve this tip.
In striking contrast with the situation
of Nebraska, the state of Iowa has al
most $1,000,000 In ita treasury to the
credit of the general fuud, which will
be materially Increased before the leg
islature meets a year hence. Bills pro
vldlng that Interest on state fuuds
should be covered into the treasury
failed at ihe last session of the Iowa
legislature, so that there Is a rich rake
off on large deposits of state funds In
It should not be forgotten that The Bee
haa maintained its position as ihe news
paper of largest circulation In Douglas
county, entitled to the publication of no
tices of liquor license application, ever
sine the present llceue law was placed
on the statute books. Eve" in the pres
ent year The Bee's right to print these
notices under the law has been recog
nized without question by the democratic
Hoard of County Commissioners and the
democratic city council of South Omaha.
If there were auy question as to The
Bee's rights, does anyone Imagine the
democratic organ would have failed to
assert Its claim before these bodies with
which It Is In political accord?
The Milwaukee road, whllp perfectly
ready to make any mutually beneficial
arrangements with the Union Faclfle,
naturally shows unconquerable repug
nance to taking over the difficulties of
the latter with its striking employes.
The policy of the Milwaukee toward Its
wage earners has usually been not only
cautious, but fair.
A society for the suppression of pack
ing house odors Is said to be Incubating
In our neighboring town of South
Omaha. If It is desired to enlist the
good people of Omaha In the movement
a reaulsltlon will have to be made on
the weather man to furnish a stiff south
breeze steadily for a few days. x
It is gratifying to note that the au
thorities of the Iowa State university
are co-operating effectively with the
peace officers of the state to treat the
ringleaders of the recent student out
break the same as General Gomez
threatened to treat the Havana rioters.
A Matter of Choice.
New York World.
There's one thing about the tobacco trust.
Nobody has to pay tribute to It unless he
A Practical People.
After all that is said of the frivolity of
the French, they are an eminently practical
people. They have put an end to their coal
strike, to the apparent satisfaction ot all
From Trust I'and to Surplus.
What Is Colonel Bryan doing all this
time that Nebraska is proposing to invest
some ot the surplus money in its state
treasury in Massachusetts gold bonds? Ne
braska didn't show much respect for its
distinguished citizen when It allowed itself
to accumulate a surplus under honest
Mad Mullah ot Bacolod.
Our ebullient fellow citizen, the sultan of
Bacolod, has broken loose again with the
declaration that Americans are hogs who
eat hogs. Of course our fellow citizen will
have to be brought back to the reservation,
but the fluency of his vituperative vocabu
lary Indicates that even if he be retired
from the sultan business there Is still a
useful career open to him. He can come
to the mother country and edit a reform
Novel Caae In Court.
South Carolina has a case In the supreme
court of the United States in which she
asks for release from the Internal revenue
taxes and licenses on her whisky dispen
saries and distilleries.' The claim of South
Carolina is chiefly based on the ground
that the Internal revenue laws apply only
to persons and private corporations, and
that congress could sot have intended to
subject a state to taxation. Should this
position be Judicially affirmed a state could
set up a tobacco monopoly or any other
kind of business and claim exemption from
Internal taxes as well as from customs du
ties. But when a state goes Into the busi
ness of selling whisky, or any other kind
of traffic, it must pay the taxes that are
levied by the federal government on such
traffic, and this will no doubt be the de
cision of the supreme court.
Pleasures of Walking:.
Country Life in America.
Walking is an art, almost one of the
lost arte. It 'is astonishing how few know
how to walk know how to acquire the
measured stride, the springy step, the
easy poise of the body and the swing of
the arm which makes walking at once one
of the most healthful and enjoyable forms
of physical exercise. For the real pleasure
of walking one must turn to the country.
Pavements are but dead, unyielding matter
at best. In the turf of the country there
is a spring in response to the pressure of
the foot which is a delight and an Inspira
tion In itself. The purity of the air sets
the blood to racing gloriously. Good walkers
find twenty miles a day a comfortable
average, allowing of plenty of time for
rest and "loafing." Two weeks thus spent
will afford memories to last for all time,
and with them a measure ot health and
strength, a quickening ot vital forces, a
nervous energy which wilt find expression
in Increased power for accomplishment in
the world's work.
IMPROVING THS INDIA..
Considerable Progress Made Alona-
Our Indians are solving some of our
difficulties for us by "coming In," as they
used to say on the reservations, and ex
pressing not only a willingness but a
desire to be enrolled among people whose
habit has been to work for their own
living. The latent possibilities of useful
ness among our wards are considerable.
Indeed, when left to themselves in some
parts of the land and untroubled by med
dlers and government emissaries, they
have worked their own way toward a prac
tical civilization. The state ot the Chero
kees In Indian Territory In the old days
was hardly Inferior to that ot their white
neighbors; they Invented an alphabet, they
had schools and Indoor industries, they
respected personal and property rights
far better than do the Slavs, Czechs and
Polacka in Pennsylvania and did not show
signs In degeneracy till the white mis
sionaries went in, with the usual following
of white liquor dealers and gamblers.
Since the new system went Into effect
of employing the red men where possible,
Inducing the able-bodied to refuse gov
ernment rations, persuading the men to cut
their hair and desist from painting tbetr
faces, over 12,000 Indians have been dropped
from the rolls of the dependents. This is
not only a good to the white people, but Is
a greater good to the red ones, since It
will arouse a self-respect that la hardly
consistent with the acceptance ot alms.
Our rourse toward the Indian was probably
the most feasible one in the past, when
there was plenty of room and game,' but
now that the whites are closing about the
reservations and the game is being ex
terminated the Indian must either be
beggar or he must work, like other people,
to avoid being one. That so many accept
the latter alternative Is promising for the
better peace of districts that were kept
in fear and more promising for the rats
ing of unralsed Indians to better useful
ness. Morally they are as good as the
whites and with little urging they will
be our eauals In all respects.
IT OF WAIMMJT01 I. IKK.
Minor Scenes anil Incident Sketched
On the Spot.
Uncle Joe Cannon of Illinois, prospective
speaker of the house of representatives. Is
commonly known among his associates as
"the watchdog of the treasury." The title
la not an empty one because I'ncle Joe, as
chairman of the ways and means commit
tee, administers four-fifths of the important
legislation ot congrees, and Is perniciously
active In blocking raids on the national
purse. Whenever he haa a hard talking
Job to do on the floor of the house he takes
off his collar and pitches in.
During the last session of congrees Mr.
Richardson of Tennessee, the democratic
leader of the house, took occasion to make
a stump speech during the debate on an
appropriation bill. Cannon, chairman of
the committee, briefly replied to Richard
son, but his reply went all over the coun
try. Referring to the republicans In this
little speech, he said:
"We are not perfect and we do not claim
to be. We pull tho wagon and we do tho
work, and you find the fault. You have
been at that now for over a generation,
and still we have pulled along. I think we
hall pull It for a generation more, and
still you scold. We cannot help It. It does
you good and I do not think It hurts us." '
Then, entering the field of prophecy,
Undo "Joe" said, and said truly, as time
"We have nothing to apologize for. Peace
and prosperity abound with us here and
everywhere throughout our borders as never
before In the history of civilization. Print
your speeches, circulate them, go on the
stump. I will take my chance that when
the silent ballot drops in November next
you will march to the same old defeat."
Representative Livingston of Georgia be
lieves that he got the better of the surgeons
this fall and he Is congratulating himself
accordingly. As a result of his arduous
campaign work he became possessed of a
very bad throat. It refused to yield to
ordinary, treatment, so he went to a dis
tinguished surgeon In his part of the coun
try. The surgeon took a glance at the in
flamed organ and then got out his knives
and prepared for an operation. Mr. Living
ston demurred. After much pleading he
was granted twenty-four hours in which
to tighten up his nerve for the ordeal.
While engaged In the tightening process
another patient came along, was stretched
out on the operating table and died before
the surgeon finished with htm. Livingston
heard of this and stood off the surgeon on
one pretext or another until he was ready
to start for Washington. Just before leav
ing home he came upon an old negro
mammy who offered to cure his throat. She
soaked a lump of sugar in turpentine. Tho
dose did all the mommy claimed for It.
"And that," said Representative Living
ston, "Is the reason I laugh every time I
see a doctor's sign."
Mrs. U. S. Orant has received from the
emperor of Japan an autograph letter and
a picture of the newly born son of the
Japanese crown prince. The picture, framed
in Japanese enamel, was presented
to Mrs. Grant by the Japanese minister the
other day. In the letter accompanying the
present the mikado expresses the warm ap
preciation of himself and the crown prince
for the gift which Mrs. Grant sent before
the birth of the little prince. He also re
newed his sentiments of friendship for
every member of the Grant family and re
called hjs admiration for the great Ameri
can soldier who was his guest many years
Comptroller William Barrett Ridgely
says he Is like the man who always sees
big game when be hasn't his gun along.
The recent failure of the Central National
bank of Boston gave the comptroller the
chance to associate himself with the un
lucky hunter. Said he: "It has never
been my fortune since I have been comp
troller to be in Washington when a bank
was forced to the wall. "Three banks have
gone under since I succeeded Mr. Dawes,
but every one ot them has kept on Its
feet until business took me from the capi
tal; then they became weak and closed
their doors. When the Boston bank
failed I was In New Orleans attending the
bankers' annual convention. I did not
think much of It when the first bank
failed, but the second occurrence of the
kind set me to thinking. I did not like
to go so far away from Washington as New
Orleans and only did so when assured
that there was absolutely nothing to keep
me here. I had not unpacked my satchel,
however, before the Central National went
under. If this thing keeps on much longer
I shall be afraid to go home, to dinner."
Secretary Moody tried to have fun with
President Roosevelt over his failure to
kill a bear during his recent hunt In Mis
sissippi. "I may not have killed a bear,
but I did not mistake a colored woman
for a wild turkey," retorted the president.
"I can have Just as much fun with you
as you can have with me," Mr. Roosevelt
continued, and be spoke very loud as he
told how the secretary while on his recent
hunting trip In South Carolina filled a
colored woman full of shot, mistaking her
for a turkey. The president put a few fine
touches on the story and before he had
finished It he had the secretary buying
a flock of chickens at a fancy price in
order to pacify the angry negress.
It is proposed to allow Mr. D. B. Hill to
decide aa to whether he is a dead duck
in politics or not.
T. W. Sellers, a Kansas City printer, has
a full case of the blues. It cost btm $500,
the limit, to adjust his wife with a club.
Senator Wetmore of Rhode Island is
rather inconspicuous In the senate, but as a
Judge at the New York Horse show he occu
pied the center ot the stage.
Count von Buelow, the German Imperial
chancellor, will accompany Emperor Wil
liam to Rome on the occasion of the un
veiling of the Goethe statue.
Mrs. Charlea Whitehead of the Home for
Friendless Cats and Dogs In Chicago, gave
her animals a Thanksgiving feast of turkey,
oysters and mutton bones on Thursday.
Abbotsford, which a Scotch-American Is
offering to buy to present to the Scottish
nation, Is the property of Sir Walter Scott's
great-granddaughter, Hon. Mrs. Josephine
John Blgelow, former United States min
ister to France, has entered upon his 85th
year apparently In the best of health. He
was hale and hearty at a family gathering
at bis home in Gramercy Park on Tuesday.
Mr. Bigelow was born at Maiden, N. Y., on
November 29, 1817.
General Baden-Powell, the popular Eng
lish warrior, was at a luncheon recently
where a celebrated physician was his fellow
guest. The doctor was chaffing the sol
dier and ssld: "How do you feel after
killing a man professionally?" The general
replied In bis characteristic silky tone:
"Oh, I don't mind it much more than you
do, I dare say."
"The Land of Unbounded Possibilities" Is
the title of a series of articles on conditions
In the United States, prepared by Hon. Lud
wig Max Goldberger of Berlin, royal privy
councillor of commerce and member ot the
Imperial German Consulate Board for Com
mercial Measures, to be established by the
Treasury Bureau of Statistics in its forth
coming issue of the Monthly Summary of
Commerce and Finance.
Not so very long from now the Christ
mas shopping will login, aa a word in
times means nine, a few suggestions on
the subject may not be premature. A
wise man takes thouttht of the future be
fore It becomes actually the present, and
a little thought on this subject may save
a world of time and trouble. Pome very
provident people begin the planning of their
Christmas presents In mid-summer, or even
earlier, Just as holiday stories are accepted
In July and Thanksgiving ones written in
April by the author who aspires to lead the
But unless one hns a long string of pres
ents and a slender exchequer from which
to evolve them, this Is rather going to the
other extreme. It Is well to begin now,
though, In tho plana of the holiday, espe
cially the important detail of present-giving.
To know at once Just what gift to
give each friend Is a talent which very
few possess. The majority must think, and
think to get suitability and variety, and
after much mental anguish on the subject
are often forced to go to the shops and
throw themselves on the mercy of the dis
cerning clerk, who Is supposed to know all
men am) satisfy all women.
To some holiday shopping is a purs de
light. They would not deprive themselves
of one lota ot the crowds, the rush, the
hurry, the bustle, the full stock of holiday
goods saved up for the rush. To these
economy of time is no consideration and
lack of taste in selection no worry. But
many suffer from an inability to choose
the right thing at the right price. While
a little careful looking around, a little tour
around the chops when a leisure morning
offers, will reveal much in the way of pos
sibilities and give ideas, even it no Imme
diate result Is reached.
Method economizes In every direction, and
though few would like to admit, except in
Btrlct' confidence, that present-giving Is a
nerve racking, '' mind-burdening ceremony,
they so find if,' and In the secret depths
of their souls groan that the hour of trouble
Is at hand. By quietly recollecting the
tastes and fancies of those to whom pres
ents are to be made; by giving oneself
sufficient time to prepare those homemade
tokens, which are often the best, and by
a Judicious watch over patience and pocket,
results will be obtained which will surprise
by proving that the shopping has not only
resulted in proper and pretty gifts, but
has been a pleasure in itself aa well.
The sensible man or woman will dis
miss at once the idea of making presents
which one can ill afford, which are in
tended merely for show and effect and
bear no real sentiment" with them. But
one should not refrain from Joining In this
pretty custom If means limit one to a very
narrow field of choice. The pride which,
to save itself, will sacrifice a tribute to a
friend. Is not a proper feeling for the season
of good will to all, and the moment the
worth, and not the meaning, of the gift
le considered. It ceases to have worth at all.
In short, a timely and Judicious prepara
tion for the season will be a pleasant way
of anticipating it and make the season it
self more enjoyable by removing one of its
little worries for no worries, big or little,
should be suffered to grow on Christmas
GOOD TIME FOR WORKMEN.
Work tor All and All Have Money
to Bny With.
The cry set up to the effect that the
cost of living has increased to such an
extent that the wage-earner is worse off
now than before the present era of pros
perity ie absurd. The workmen were never
better off than they are today. They all
have work at full time. That alone, in
contrast with the time of soup houses
under the last democratic administration,
proves the absurdity of the cry about the
great Increase Wi the cost of living.
There has been some advance, and so
has there been an advance in wages In
addition to the full time. But the in
crease In prices is principally In farm
products, and benefits the agricultural
classes. Prof. George Gunton has been
Investigating the rise In prices and pre
sents some Interesting facts. He shows
that during the years 1893-94-95-98 there
was a decline In prices constituting the
cost of living of about 20 per cent.' And
yet during that time there was more suffer
ing among all classes than In any previous
four years of the nation's history. The
lower prices did not help In the least, be
cause the people did not have the money
to buy with, and there was no work for
the 2,000,000 unemployed. This condition
of cheap supplies can be found In China,
India and In other countries where desti
tution is the greatest.
There is now work for all, and all have
money to buy with. That alone Is a great
gain. But wages have gone up and keep
advancing.' Farm products have Increased
about 23 per cent. There are no trusts
to Increase . the value ot farm products.
But In the manufactured products, in which
trusts exist, excepting coal, there has been
an average decline of 10.3 per cent since
1899.. The farmer is at no greater expense,
excepting fur labor, and he has been greatly
benefited. He pays no more for farm in
struments, and, In fact, buys what he needs
cheaper than under the Cleveland admin
istration. ., v ;
The worklngmen, without exception, are
very much better off now than under the
democratic free trade rule, and no greater
calamity could befall them than to bring
on a renewal of the distress and misery
experienced preceding the election of the
late President McKlnley in 1896.
EM to gray hair. ;
nW(f Makes the hair fft&j
grow. Checks Jml
LASOR AM) BF.l.F-RF.SPrccT. ,
Forces Behind the Demand for Shor cp
Hoars and Petter Pay.
It Is all very well to glorify labor and
to say that the man with the hoe Is doing
his part In the great universal whole. If
Is easy to preach that labor Is praise and
that not what one does hut the spirit In
which he does It makes It honorable.
It is quite another thing to be. the la
borer carrying the weight of drudgery
with the laborer's narrow outlook and his
Weariness of flesh.
The president of a popular university
may enjoy his work. He may sing his "La
horare est orare" and turn from one rou
tine of duties to another now to a foot
ball game, now to the reception ot a for
eign prince, now to lecture tt a cultured
and admiring audience and now to write
an essay on the uplifting of humanity.
It is different with tollers along many
other lines of work. The minor cannot
choose to labor In the mine "every day
Just as long as his strength permits." The
man behind the counter cannot prefer
longer hours of work, even though a uni
versity president feels contempt fof him
because he does not. The servant In the
kitchen cannot be expected to work for
work's sake, though she had listened to
seventy lectures on the beauty and holi
ness of labor.
The fact Is there Is work and work. It
a person Is carrying out his Ideal, working
from Inner Impulse and for love of his Ob
ject, his enthuslssm knows no bounds. HS
can work on and on, limited only tiy 'hls
physical strength. The number' permitted
to work in this way is few. The number
obliged to think ot bread first Is great.
A person may go Into a coal mine, behind
the counter or Into a kitchen for the
means that give opportunity for the ac
tivity which Is a Joy, but it cannot-be ex
pected that a person will work -longer
hours than he Is compelled by the fulfill
ment of duties, unless It be In exceptional
cases. Nor is it to be expected that he
will not seek to obtain for his work the
utmost wages allowable.
University presidents and corporation
presidents may look with contempt on the
wage earner striving to better his condi
tion, but aelf-respect and the honor- of
worklngmen generally lead him to seek
for shorter hours and for wages that -will
permit respectable living.
Baltimore American: "Many a time," ob
served the doctor, "a strict sense of duty
compels us to cheat the devil out pf his
Just dues." '
Philadelphia Press: Customer Why do
you wear rubber gloves?
Barber 80 that my celebrated "Hair
Grower" won't raise Hair on the palms of
Washington Star: "De man dat's alius
tryin' to git sumpln' foh nulfln'," said Uncle
Eben, "Is purty ll'ble to wind up by bein
nnn n' Am nAnljk Atx situ ..,...
sumpln . '
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "Was Herr Krupp
aided In making his immense fortune-.'"
"I believe it Is admitted that he was
cannon-aided to some extent." .
Brooklyn Life: Mickey Say, Jimmle. does'
yer s'pose dere reely la folks wot has a
dinner like dls ev'ry day?
Jimmle Naw! If dey eat like dls ev'ry
day, wot would dey do when dey wanted
ter blow detrselves?
Boston Post: "Good morning, air," said
the stranger accosting Rip Van Winkle, as
the latter came down out of the mountains
from his twenty-year sleep, "and how are
you feeling this mornlng?'r
"I am feeling bum very bum," replied
Rip in the usual grumbling way of' man
kind; "why I never slept a wink all night."
Puck: Chlmmv-T told her VA ril ie .h.
refused me, an' showd her da-dime I'd
saved fer carbolic acid.
Johnny An 'wot did she do? . .
Chimmy (groaning) Do? She Jollied ma
along till I blowed de dime on soda water,
and den refused me. ,
Judge: Poet I sent my latest poem to the
editor and told him he could use it for
Friend Well, did he use it?
Poet Nope; he sent it back with a n6to
saying: "Your price Is too high."
New York Sun: First Physician And
what was your diagnosis?
Second Physician I'll have to look him up
in Bradstreet's to decide whether It s rheu
matism or gout.
Kansas City Star: "So you want to be
come my son-in-law?" Inquired the father
of the young wooer.
"Not by a blame sight," replied the
youth, "but as I intend to marry your
daughter I suppose I'll have to be." -
JUST A GIRL. '
Many a throne has had to fall
For a girl.
Just a girl;
Many a king has had to crawl
For a girl, ,
Just a girl;
When the hero goes to war
He may battle for the right,
But 'tis likelier by far
That he sallies forth to fight
For a girl.
Just a girl.
When the doctor turns to say:
"It's a girl,
Just a girl,"
Papa murmurs with dismay: ,
"What! A girl,
Just a girl?"
Ah, but why the sadness there?
Why the bitterness displayed?
Some day some strong man will swear
That the great round world was mads
For that girl,
Just that girl.
Why did Adam take the bite?
For a girl, ' -
Just a girl. ;.
Why was Troy swept out of sight?
For a girl.
Just for a girl.' . s
Oh, would heaven still be bright, '
And would any good man. cr
To achieve It, if he might
Never claim forever there ' " '
Just a girl, .' 1
Glorious girl. , .
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