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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 27, 1902)
TJTE OMAHA DAIL.T BEE; TIITJKSDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1902.
'11 ie umaiia Daily Bee
E. ROSKWATER, EDITOR.
I'fllLISIIKD EVJBKY MORSINO.
TEKM3 OF FCnscmrTioN.
IDally Hee (without ncmuay,, one Yuar.ll.Oj
iMlly bee aim cumluy. One Year S.uo
Iliuxtraieil nee, Uiip Imr 2. ID
Bunday Alee, yne Year it.iM
raturuay iite, uiw ieiir 1.W
Twentieth Century Farmer, One Vear.. l.w
UfcL.iV'1-.M-.D UY CAKKlt.it.
Iily'Be (wlihout Sunday;, per coiiy.... 2c
lialiy Bee iwnhuiit Bunuay;. pur w.ik...1jc
Lany bee (including nunuuyj, per wek..l7c
Buuuay iee, er copy oc
Evening iie iwithout Sunday), per weea tic
Evening bee Inciuumg ounouyi, , per
Complaint! ot IrrtKUiuriiMS In dellveiy
should be addressed cuy Circulation uv
Omaha The Bee Bunding-.
Bourn Omaha city nail Uullding, Twenty-nun
anu ii bireeta.
Council faiutta lu 1-earl Street.
Chicago itu Lnity Huliulng.
New urn 1-ark huw ttulldlng.
Washington ool fourteenth btreet.
Communication!! relating to nei anil edi
torial matter should lie addressed: Omaha
Hee, Editorial Liepartment.
HI' 81 NESS LKITER9.
Business letters and remittances should
be addressed- The Bee Fubiisning Com
Remit by dratl, express or postal order,
payable to 'ihe Bee Puollshlng Company.
Limy it-cent stamps acccptcu in payment of
mail accounts. Personal checKH, except on
Omaha or eastern exenange, not accented.
THE BEE PUB-LiSHINU COMPANY.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Stats of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss:
George B. 'liscliuck. secretary of The
Bee Fuollshlng Company, being duly sworn,
ays that the actual number ol full and
complete copies of The Dally, Mornm:;,
Evtnlng and Munuay Hee printed uuring
toe month of October, uxa, was us luiiuwu.
2 . 8o,o:io
.... 81,04 H
20 82,2 10
29 31, OdO
81... 31 .a JO
16 3H.700 .
Total ". BOO.tflS
Less unsold and returned copies 0,8)74
Net total sales PB0.743
Net average sales ao,50
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this iist day of October, A. D.,
102- M. B. HUNUATE.
(Seal.) ; Notary Public
If you want more, be thankful for
what you have.
For today the turkey supplants the
eagle as the national bird.
The doubling of the deposits of the
Omaha banks within a period of two
years is a fact that carries Its own com
mentary. If worse comes to worst. It may be
necessary to compel the State Journal
and the World-Herald to arbitrate their
The foot ball players who not only sur
vive today's battles, but also carry vic
tory on their banners, will Indeed have
cause for thanksgiving.
No new cabinet officer has been added
to. the president's family since the first
term of G rover Cleveland.' The ninth
cabinet officer is almost due.
The ''next amendment to the rules of
the Commercial club should be one
against telling stoi-les of questionable
propriety at Its public banquets.
It turns out that Nebraska is not the
only state in which land frauds on the
public doinaih haver been .' perpetrated.
There may be some consolation lu that.
It now takes $2.85 in Mexican silver
to buy what one dollar in gold will buy
in that country. But we will not say
anything more about the sacred ratl
f 10 to l.
Now that' the contending telephone
companies Of South Omaha have gotten
Into court with their troubles, inquiries
of central will bring the response that
the Judicial Hue is busy.
Not since the days of the James and
Younger brothers has the Industry of
bank robber 'flourished as it has lately.
The trust principle may have to lie re
sorted to iu suppressing it.
If the forecast of tSovenior Mickey's
appointments to his clerical force should
prove to bV correct it would seem that
the First coUk'ri'ssioiuil district Is the
only one on the governor's map.
The governors of eighteen agricultural
states are expected to attend the live
stock show at Chicago next week. The
governor of Nebraska must be in the
list, and no bull tight among the attrac
'Those belter skelter, newspapers which
a few days ago proclaimed the anthra
cite coal arbitration all off and all differ
ences between miners and operators ad
Justed might at least 'fess up to their
readers that they got the cart ahead of
the horse, i
The complaint about the Inadequacy
of tho cqnipcusatiou, attached to the
office of lieutenant' governor In this state
under present constitutional limitations
overlooks the fact that tho f 10 per diem
of the lieutenant governor Is at a greater
rate than .the salary accorded the gov
ernor himself, who' gets only $2,500 a
year, or less than' $7 a day. Neither
officer 1 likely to grow rich off his pay.
Jealousy- is not an admirable emotion,
but like the wrath of man it sometimes
eventuates in good, as in the relations
between Henry W Prick, and Andrew
Carnegie. The former. It appears, Is
not to be outdone In public benefactions,
and proposes to build and endow an ed
ucational Institution at Pittsburg which
will throw the Carnegie institute iu the
Ciade. However, Caruegie's benevolence
Is evidenced by actual brick, mortar and
other substantial things, while It still re
mains for Frlck to make good on his
President Roosevelt's, proclamation
designating a national thanksgiving day
says that In the more than a century
and a quarter sine the United States
took Its place among the nations of the
em in rte uiive had on the whole more
to 1 thankful for than has fallen to the
lot of any other people. Each succeed
ing generation has bad Its burdens and
Its trials, yet decade by decade we have
struggled onward and upward and now
abundantly enjoy material well-being.
"The year that has Just closed." says
the proclamation, 'has been one of peace
and of overflowing plenty. Rarely has
any people enjoyed greater prosperity
than we are now enjoying. For this
we render heartfelt and solemn thanks
to the Giver of Good, and we seek to
praise Him not by words only but by
deeds, by the way In which we do our
duty 'to our fellow men."
In the spirit of those words all should
observe this national festival of thanks
giving. The season of Joy should also
be a season of charity and mutual good
will. Out of the great material pros
perity that has blessed the labors of all
classes of workers In every section of
the union there should come a genuine
spiritual uplifting that will enable men
to see the brighter and the better side
of our national life and appreciate more
fully the splendid opportunities it af
fords. Any good citizen, no matter
what his religious belief, can Join with
his fellow citizens on the day set apart
in heartfelt thanks for the bounteous
good things heaped on the nation and
the people during the year. That Is the
primary meaning of the day, though
there are others hardly less significant
which have grown as the day itself has
expanded into a national occasion.
Thanksgiving, though in its origin It
was purely local and up to the time of
the civil war had scarcely any ofBdal
recognition outside of New England,
has become an essentially national
festival and undoubtedly Is permanently
established as suem' The Pilgrim
Fathers perhaps left no more distinct
impress upon the country than that
which is perpetuated In the thanksgiving
observance. It is certainly well that
the nation takes one day In the year to
consider the state of the body politic
and express gratitude not only for ma
ter.nl well-being, but also for the main
tenance of the institutions that have
brought such happiness and prosperity.
Surely no nation has better reason than
this to be thankful.
HLLPIXQ THE HOME MARKET.
The advance In wages of hundreds of
thousands of railroad men and other em
ployes of large companies will neces
sarily be helpful to the home market. It
Increases the purchasing power of a
great army of wage earners to the ex
tent of hundreds of millions of dollars
and a large part of the Increase will go
to the purchase of more of the neces
saries and comforts of life. It will be a
stimulus to commerce and'productive in
dustry. There is one point, however, sug
gests the Cleveland Leader, that Is
doubtful and this is the influence which
it may have on American competition
with other nations for tho markets of
' That paper says that if capital accepts
whatever decrease may be necessary in
its profits, in order to advance wages
without Increasing prices, looking to the
expansion of business and wider oppor
tunities for investment for its reward,
then the position of this country In com
petition for the trade of other countries
will be made better Instead, of worse.
' But If the shippers of freight are to pay
for the Increased wages of railroad em
ployes because of a higher average
charge for transportation, then the ad
dition of many millions a year to the
coBt of sending great staples to market
must affect the ability of American pro
ducers to sell their merchandise in for
eign lauds." The railroads have ad
vanced transportation charges and it is
highly probable that the shippers of the
country will more than pay the increase
in the wages of railroad employes, yet
this is hardly likely to have an appreci
able effect upon our competition for for
eign markets. At ull events, the ad
vance iu wnges is unquestionably a good
thing for the homoMrads aud that Is the
more important consideration.
HA LT OF CA XA L A tUOTIA TIOXS.
The announcement that the Panama
canal negotiations had come to a halt,
owing to the rejection by Colombia of
the last proposition of the United States,
was a distinct surprise, although the
disposition that had been manifested
by the Colombian government caused
some appreheuslon. It was to be ex
pected that that government would be
somewhat exacting, but there had been
such apparently earnest expressions of
a desire that this country should con
struct the canal that it was believed
Colombia would eventually accept the
terms offered by our government.
1 Having declined our proposition as
the basis of a treaty, which is as far
as this government is willing to go in
making concessions. It looks as If the
Panama route will have to be dropped
unless the Colombian government shall
recede from iu position, which seems
lruprobnble. It appears to be the de
termination of that government to insist
upon its own terms and conditions aud
In order that It may do this It Is under
stood that Nicaragua and Costa Rica
have been induced to keep out of negoti
ations with the United States, at least
until It should become certain that no
treaty .would be made between this
country and Colombia. Thus there
seems to be a definite arrangement be
tween those countries looking to coer
cing the United States into accepting
their terms or abandoning the project
of a iv isthmian canal. It Is a situation
that strikingly shows the untruKtwortbl-
neas of assurances and promises from
What further steps our government
will take It is Impossible to say, but
probably there will be no effort to re
new negotiations with Colombia and an
attempt may lie made to Induce Nica
ragua and Costa Rica to enter Into ne
gotiations. In its present aspect the
situation Is certainly perplexing, but
there can be no doubt that ultimately an
Isthmlnn canal will be constructed aud
that it will be owued and controlled by
the United States.
In his brief address at the Commercial
club Lieutenant Governor McGilton
seized the occasion to endeavor, to Im
press upon the business men of this
city the necessity of a revision of the
state constitution that would enable Ne
braska to administer its state govern
ment upon a more businesslike basis.
To undertake to conduct a mercantile
or manufacturing establishment, which
In twenty-five years had expanded its
output twentvfold and Increased the
number of Its employes eight or ten
times, In the same building In which it
had started up would appear to be pre
posterous. Yet Nebraska, with nearly
1,100,000 population scattered over Its
fertile prairies and dwelling In Its cities,
continuing to administer its affairs under
a constitution framed and adopted when
it had but 200,000 people within its
borders presents no more an extreme
The necessity of constitutional revision
will be admitted by everyone who looks
Into the matter with . unbiased Judg
ment. How to accomplish this object,
however. Is still a perplexing problem.
Mr. McGilton has expressed the opinion
that In view . of the failure of all
previous attempts the only course re
maining is through a constitutional con
vention. The failure of the amend
ments submitted In the past by the leg
islature for ratification at the polls has
been due to the fact that a large propor
tion of the voters neglect or refuse to
express themselves either for or against
the proposition, and under the ruling Of
the supreme court failure to register a
vote is the same as voting against the
amendment. The difficulty arises from
the fact that the same method of secur
ing popular approval Is required for
summoning a constitutional convention
as for adopting amendments formulated
by the legislature. The amending clause
of the constitution, so far as It relates
to revision by convention, reajds as
When three-fifths of the members fleeted
to each branch of the legislature deem
it necessary to call a convention to revise,
amend , or change this constitution they
shall recommend to tho electors to vote
at the next election of members ot the
legislature for or against a convention,
and if a majority voting at said election
vote for a convention, the legislature shall
at Its. next session provide by law for
calling the same.
Inasmuch as the language here used
Is precisely Identical with that employed
in counectlon with the submission of
proposed amendments, it Is hard to see
how -the supreme' court eoukl rule.. dlfr
ferently In the one. case than, in the
other. In a word, to alter the constitu
tion by convention will require the posi
tive votes, of the majority, not of those
recording themselves on the proposition,
but of all the voters casting ballots at
that particular election. Not only this, but
the election at which the proposition
must be submitted must be the election
at which members of the legislature are
chosen. The next election fulfilling this
description is that of 1004, the presiden
tial year, in which the national Issues
are' sure to overshadow all the ques
tions of merely state import. Whether
it Is likely or even possible for a propo
sition for a constitutional convention to
carry an absolute majority at the presi
dential election in this state is a very
The Bee still tielieves that it advised
the wisest and most practicable course
when it urged the governor last winter
to call the legislature In extra session
to act In the place of a constitutional
convention and submit the necessary
amendments for ratification at the re
Last tear tx the hailiiuad world.
Coincident with the orders pultiug into
effect an increase of from 10 to S3 per
cent freight rates ou grmn, flout', vonl,
iron aud cement, the official reports of
tho railroads for the fiscal year ending
June iW to the Interstate Commerce
commission are published, showing the
enormous increase of their profits. There
wus an increase of 10 per cent iu net
earnings, while the aggregate amouut
distributed as dividends to shareholders
was nearly L'3 per cent greater than the
previous year. If the average net earn
ings per mile of all the roads, which was
$3,001, be capitalized at 4 per cent, the
railroads of the United States are pay
ing ou a valuation of $77,273 per mile.
It is uot disputed that every mile of
railroad with its- equipment could lie
duplicated at an average cost uot much
exceeding one-half, and certainly be
low two-thirds of that figure.
It Is a suggestive fact that the Item
showing taxes paid, by all the railroads,
was about the same the lust fiscal year
as the preceding year, notwithstanding
the enormous iucrease of actual earnings
and profits and the corresponding In
crease of valuation as estimated in the
business world. In -some states, as In
Iowa, there was an increase of taxes,
representing new mileage aud higher as
sessment of the old, but Nebraska stands
almost alone in showing an actual de
crease of assessment per mile.
These are the conditions upon which,
beyond question, there is now a syste
matic effort among those who control the
carrying properties to establish a gen
eral advance of freight rates, with a
strong probability that it will be done.
The first half of the current fiscal year
has already nearly elapsed, and the
earnings so far exceed the rate of thooe
which have Just been given to the pul-
11c for the last year. The advances of
wages recently ordered will Involve some
addition to the cost of operation, but
wages are still out of proiiortlon to the
gains of the companies. Taken all to
gether the facts clearly demonstrate that
the roads can well afford to contribute
more nearly their Just share to the pub
lic treasury, esicclally in Nebraska
where they have never done so.
The public will watch with Interest
the struggle for control of the Colorado
Fuel and Iron company. It cannot be
positively proved, but It Is highly prob
able, that an effort Is on to eliminate
the Colorado concern as a competitor of
the United States Steel corporation. The
Osgood management, which has had
such phenomenal success In developing
the Colorado Iron and steel Industry, was
able to defeat the first attempt of John
W. Gates to seize control. That attempt
Is now renewed with a persistency and
vigor which shows the importance the
great Interests behind Gates attribute to
the supresslon of western competition.
Precisely for that reason western sym
pathy aud Interests are enlisted oil the
side of the Osgood management.
On complaint of Congressman Loud
investigation is to be had into the charge
that officers of the National Letter Car
riers' association in violation of the civil
service rules covertly contributed to the
defeat at the recent election in Cali
fornia of the chairman of the house post-
office committee. But what Is to be done
about the open and undisguised attempt
to use the National Letter Carries' asso
ciation, through its official organ, in the
Interest of the re-election of Congress
man Mercer here In Nebraska? If it Is
against civil service rules for the asso
ciation officers to help down Loud, Is It
any less offense for them to make their
association journal a campaign circular
The Commercial club, through its ex
ecutive committee, has undertaken again
to advise the city council as to what it
should do with the pending franchise
ordinance. In this case, as in most in
stances in which the name of the Com
mercial club is used In this way, the
action was taken on merely an ex parte
statement from parties Interested In de
feating the franchise proposition with
out even the courtesy of a hearing to
the promoters of the proposed power
canal. It Is this one-sided sort of deal
ing by a small clique that pretends to
be th whole club that weakens the
Influence of the club when it really
moves as a body for some public pur
pose. reople who should be most thankful of
all are the owners of the railroads in
Nebraska, who for years have been un
loading the taxes they should pay for
the support . of the government onto
the shoulders of other property owners.
Not knowing how niuch longer this out
rage will be tolerated, the beneficiaries
should be thankful while it lasts.
In little Delaware a special election
has been called fVtYexiide' again between
two legislative candidates who came out
of the last fracas with, a tied vote. Here
in Nebraska the tie, would have been cut
away by appealing for an Injunction or
mandamus to some convenient and ac
Rfuou for Thankfulness.
Editor Bryan is not absolutely without
causes for thanksglvtng. It might have
been worse. Suppose Missouri had gone
Pass the Nerve Tonic.
Silver Is still declining In the Philippines.
It is now down to $2.60. In proportion
as silver goes down the nerve of the re
publican senators who were afraid to give
the Philippines the gold standard should
go up. .
We Have the Means.
If some of the essentials ot a Thanksgiv
ing dinner cost more now than in 1895 and
1SH6. people have a great deal more money
with which to purchase. The public soup
house of those years is not a possibility of
Time to Stop the UraJn.
The Philippine government has lost over
$1,000,000 in a comparatively short time
owing to the fluctuation In the price of sil
ver. Perhaps the senate will now consent
to abollBh the absurd silver standard. The
losses of the government are a mere baga
telle as compared to those of producers and
Slonr but Sure Progress.
The impatience of tho people for the ac
tual construction of irrigation reservoirs
and canals by the government to begin
at once causes Secretary Hitchcock to say
a few wise words about making slow but
sure progress In the great enterprise. As
the secretary says, it Is far more Im
portant that water should be running over
well-constructed ' works for an indefinite
period than through the ruins of a slugle
1'rosecntlon ( Land Grabbers.
St. Louis Republic.
Secretary of the Interior Httchcoek's an
nual report has much to say regarding
the extensive frauds which are being prac
ticed by large cattle owners and others
who wish to secure a monopoly of gov
ernment land. Mr. ' Hitchcock's adminis
tration of the Interior department has
been marked by a vigorous prosecution of
these offenders. As long as his opposi
tion to the granting of special privileges
is marked by the bitter hatred of the
men who are back of these schemes, he
will receive the cordial support ot the
Much der Gross Ilalmerlchl
St. Louis Globe-Deir.ocrat.
It Is now said that tho man after whom
America .was named was a German, and
his came was Halmerlch, Italianized Into
Amerigo. We never fancied being discov
ered or named by a Latin. We always
Imagined him. sailing up and down our
shore In a banana cart. But Halmerlch Is
a different proposition. We are kindly
disposed toward him. We know that the
bold of his ship was stocked not with
spaghetti, but with : pretzels and . our
favorite brew. Unconsciously we have all
along rendered homage to Halmerlch. Un
knowingly we have built monuments to
him in our breweries. This discovery ex
plains our seeming prejudice against the
Latins. Now we bear them no ill will,
but they must cease to taunt us with the
fact that our continent Is named for them.
This is Haimericha. Nicht wahr? Then
let the maps be changed. liocQ der gross
On the Giving of Thanks
It is a very easy matter to argue thAt
the blemtngs and the other good things of
inis me are not evenly distributed that
some have far mors than their share and
others far less. A visit to the homos of
the poor and another to the homea of the
rich will, of course, give very different
pictures of life, though they may not
tell all the truth about the amount of
real happiness these homes contain. It
Is not safe to measure contentment by a
scaie graded either on wealth or luxury,
for hackneyed though the phrase may be,
money cannot buy happiness. At the
same time money can buy many things
that conduce to happiness and can when
put to the best use add not only to tho
comfort of its owners, but to the advan
tage of others. It Is only when such
wealth is hoarded and allowed to lie ldl
mat it becomes or no use to a com
munity. When it Is expended in a legiti
mate way, not only its possessors, but
many others reap benefits from Its ex
Istonce. It thus confers blessings not
only on tho one, but on the many, and as
an agent for good has a power that all
It is for such reasons that all can re
joice at the conditions now existing In
the country and can In sincerity follow
me aavice or the president and the gov
ernor In giving thanks for the blessings
of the year.
Even those who will not go to church on
Thanksgiving day can, for a time at least,
turn their thoughts to the good things
BITS OP WA9HIXGTOS LIFE,
Minor Scenes and Incidents Sketched
on the Spot.
During the crest of the campaign for con
trol of congress last month a Washington
reporter dropped Into the democratic con
gressional headquarters to Interview Chair
man Orlggs and observe the machine at
work. He did not succeed in interviewing
the chairman, but got what the boys call
"a corking good Btory" out of the Texas
ranger, Charley Edwards, who held down
the Job of secretary. The story wa not
published at he time because premature
publication might have Increased the demo
cratic slump and the remorse ot Griggs.
The story Is now out and Is worth reading.
The reporter found Edwards sitting at his
desk talking confidentially with a large.
smooth-faced man, but he at once turned
his attention to the newcomer.
"Is Chairman Griggs in?" asked the re
"No," replied the soft-voiced secretary,
"he Is not. Do you want to see htm per
" "Yes," was the reply. "I would like t
get something from him on President
Roosevelt's Cincinnati speech."
"An interview?" queried Edwards. "Well,
you can't get It."
"And why not?" asked the reporter, who.
not being acquainted with the Texan, who
at heart Is the best fellow In the world,
was feeling Juat a trifle resentful.
"Because," said Edwards deliberately,
the old lunk-head'ls incapable of giving
an Interview. He never has an opinion
worth expressing, and if he did have one he
wouldn't be able to express it In words of
one syllable without four grammatical
breaks to the sentence. He's a peach, he Is.
Why, don't you know that I do all his
thinking and writing for him, and when I'm
away that duty devolves upon Joe Sinnot,
the sorgeant-at-arms? ' Anyhow, Griggs Is
In New York:" '
"I notice," said the reporter, "that he
goes to New York quite often. I suppose it
is to see Ben Cable and talk over the situa
tion with him, isn't it?"
Secretary Edwards' lip curled In disdain.
"See Ben Cable! Talk over the situation
with him'!" he exclaimed. "Why, he
wouldn't know Ben Cable if he ran against
him, and he hasn't sense enough to realize
that there Is any situation. Between our
selves," he continued, leaning toward the
visitor and adopting a confidential air, "ho
goes there to get drunk. He's the biggest
tank not employed by tho Standard Oil
company. He can't find whisky enough to
drink In Washington, so he has to go over
there to get his fill. Oh, don't talk to me
about Griggs. I can't bear to bear his
The reporter left, thoroughly convinced
that Chairman Griggs was an ogre Indeed.
As he closed the door behind him the man
who had been talking confidentially to Ed- !
wards burst into a fit of laughter that !
caused the chandeliers to rattle. Having
subslded, ho turned to the secretary and
"Look here, Charley, It's all right to help
me dodge an Interview when I don't want
to talk, but, for the sake of the folks at
home, leave me a shred or two of reputa
tion In It."
But all the satisfaction he got out of
Edwards was: "Well, I didn't say it be
hind your back. Judge, did I?"
The United States government has never
Issued a postage stamp decorated with tho
head of a woman, nut mis cbduoi d nam
after December 1. On that day the Post-
office department will begin sending out to
postmasters a new 8-cent stamp on which
will be used tho head of Martha Washing-
ton. The design is considered one of the
most beautiful ever put out by the Fost-
office department. The head Is encircled I
with a wreath. 'At the bottom on the left
is 1732, the year in which Martha Wash
ington was born; on the right, 1802, the
year in which she died.
Three years ago George H.
of Washington erected a elx-story build
ing of concrete under what Is known as
the Ransome system. He had trouble in
Obtaining a permit to erect- the building,
the experts alleging that It could never bo
taken down except by blowing It up with
explosives, to the Injury of adjnxent build
ings. There is not a stick of wood or a
bar of Iron In the entire structure, all the
floors being of concrete subjected to a
strain of 900 pounds to the square foot.
Recently it was desired to make an addi
tional door on the basement floor, but it
was found that the entire opening would
have to be chiseled out as If it were of
Iron. ' It was then attempted to drill
through some of the Interior walls for ad
ditional electric wiring, but no metal drill
was found which was hard enough to go
through the concrete, and the wiring was
put along the wooden walnscoating. Tbs
experts pronounce the building as having
ten times the strength It would have if It
had been carved from solid granite. It has
no party walls and there is not a crack or
evidence of setting in any way, although
there are a number ot heavy Iron safes on
each floor. It has only twenty-five feel
frontage. The owner carries no Are in
surance on the building. The cost of
construction was only about 80 per cent
of that of a steel building.
Perhaps few persons know that all of
Uncle Sam's postofflce date stamps are
made In a little shop at Lodge, Northum
berland county, Va.. says a writer In Chat.
Hon. Benjamin Chambers, an expert ma
chinist, has for a number of years had a
contract with the government for this
While the shop is small. It has almost
very known appliance for th handling
aad cutting of metal and affords employ
that hsv com to them snd give thanks
to tho great Olver of All Good. Na-
tlonal prosperity may not always moan
Individual prosperity, but there are very
few who do not In some measure reap
direct benefits from favorable conditions
President Roosevelt, in a speech in Phil
adelphia, pointed out how great bad been
the Improvement In these conditions since
right years ago and his words are true.
There have been enormous fortunes pile
up, but while the rich may have boon get
ting richer the poor have not been growing
poorer. More is done to relieve poverty
now than ever before: more avenues of es
cape from poverty are being opened every
year, more encouragement Is being given
to thrift and to Industry and more people
are caving something every week or every
month, no matter how small their earn
ings may be.
Truly, this is Thanksgiving from Its
purely 'material side. There Is a higher
view of it one more worthy of man, but
one he is very apt to overlook. For the
freedom bo enjoys, the liberty given him
by the founders and the builders of this
great republic, for his health and the love
of those dear to htm, for his right to wor
ship his Creator after his own fashion, for
his manhood and for the opportunities
given him to prove himself worthy of
respect, esteem and honor; for a thousand
and one blessings God gives to his children
let one and all give thanks.
ment to a number of skilled workmen.
Lists of the new stamps wanted are fur
nished by the government, and the work Is
sent to Washington complete, even to the
polished wooden handles.
As each stamp Is a separate piece of
work, all the type cutting is done by hand.
The base is sent from the main shop to
the cutter with a circular path ot solid
metal around the outer rim. In this rim
the cutter deftly chisels out the name ot
the postofflce and state. This done, the
stamps are put through a hardening pro
cess, that the type may stand the vigorous
pounding of postofBce workers. The date
letters and figures are cut on separate bars,
and sets ot dates sufficient to last many
years are furnished with each stamp.
Many of the city postofflces require special
stamps. These are made by the best cut
ters. Some of the most skillful tpye cut
ters in the country learned their trade la
the Chambers shop,
A If rWFORTCNATB COURT ORDER.
Fraud Order of the Postofflce Depart
ment Nullified by Conrt.
' Brooklyn Eagle.
By nullifying a fraud order the supreme
court has opened the gates to all manner
of humbugs practising In the name of
health and religion. There was a concern
called the American 8chool of Magnetic
Healing that evaded the results of Its con
duct by concealing Its headquarters at
Nevada, Mo., and there applied for the
dollars of the trusting, promising In re
turn to give them "absent treatment" for
anything they might suppose to be the
matter with them. All that this amounted
to was that the School of Magnetic Heal
ing accepted the dollars of fools. To pro
tect the fools from their folly the postofBce
returned their letters with the dollars,
stamping the envelopes "fraud." Now the
supreme court says that the postofBce has
no right to protect the public and this
would seem to mean that the precious
scamps In Nevada, Mo., can go right on
selling thtnk-treatment at a dollar a
thought. Maybe It's as well. 8ome peoplo
learn only by experience and it they can
buy wisdom for a few dollars It stays by
them longer than if somebody had told it
Yet, the attitude of tho court is surpris
ing. Hundreds of scallawags are trying
to prey on the public, and most of them by
subtler schemes than that of the School ot
Magnetic Healing, which is so barefaced
In its fraudulence that it becomes humor
ous. There are people who advertise goods
which are never delivered, and not even
made, people who are willing to teach pro
fessions at a distance the greater the dis
tance tho better they like it on advance
payments of disquieting sums; people who
will trace your relation 'to millionaires
recently dead for a retaining fee of con-
slderanie suein oner, ounce men u
sorts, filing anything from new creeds to
Patent ciomes wringers, n in poi -u-
thoritles did not' follow these scamps, any
one of them could become rich In a fort
night by using the malls for purposes ot
With sll due respect to the supreme
court, tho postmaster general did exactly
right, afod the supreme court has done
exactly wrong. It is not for a Judge to
decide in a medical case. It Is for physi
cians. Schools of Magnetic Healing will
not have the vote of one qualified medical
nmrt tinner. The eniDtlness of the claim
. ,ho Kav-A. institution Is Droved by the
fact that the fiIow wn0 aii tho magnetic
thlnklngi one Weltmar by name, did not
i eyen llye ,n N(vaQai an(j m not see the
; lpUerB o( hlg dupeli which were answered
by a corp8 of typewriters. Tho money
j turm(1 nt0 hlm i , single day was $1,800.
j Does jugtlca peckham mean to say that
. monfy wal not properly returned to
Deonlo who sent It? The School of
Magnetic Healing did not even have an
existence. If its thinker was not apprised
of the names and residences of his vic
tims. Why have officials of the courts for
bid them to exercise common sense? Courts
, ought to exercise It,. top.
Your Turkey Dinner
Are you prepared for It?
Possibly you will feel the need of a Dress Suit or a Tuxedo.
No telling what is going to happen on short notice.
Our lines are perfect every detail precisely right. The cus
tom tailor can give you no better goods nor better fit- ' !
And Then the . Price Difference ' t
Dress Shirts, Handkerchief, Gloves, Collars, Cuffs, Neckwear,
etc. All in keeping with your needs.
No Clothing Fits Like Ours. : (' '
We Close at Noon.
R. S. Wilcox Manager.
A thirty-ton granite monument of rlaln
design has been erected over the grave of
John Sherman In the Mansfield (O.) ceme
tery. The only Inscription Is "John Sher
man," cut en the massive block.
The Treasury building in Washington Is
being thoroughly scoured on the outside by
order of Secretary Shaw. Every sign of
age, which to most observers only added to
the beauty of the building, is being removed.
Some of the men at the New York Horse
show appeared In costumes rather startling
In their kaleidoscopic tint, but the majority
were quieter than of yore In this respect.
Hotel men there say thaf never before did
a horse show attract so many Strangers to
town, the number being put at from 40,000
to f.0,000. As a consequence the hotels were
Anticipating the speedy confirmation by
the United States senate of the appoint
ment of Chief Justice Oliver Wendell
Holmes of Massachusetts as a Justice of the
supremo court of the United States, the
Bar association of Middlesex county, Massa
chusetts, has tendered hlra a complimentary
farewell banquet In Boston on the evening
of December 3, and he has accepted tho In
vitation. Judge Holmes Is a member of the
association. All the Judges of the supreme
and superior courts of Massachusetts will
be Invited to attend the banquet.
Town and Country: Attorney Ignorance
of the law excuses no one.
Client Except, of course, a lawyer.
Cleveland Plain Denier: nimler says that
If a man's heart Isn't In Ills business aiui
his liver all right he can't succeed."
"Blmler ought to know, lie used to be
Judge: "Few men are as good as they
pretend to be."
"Well, what of It? Few men want o be."
Philadelphia Press: 'Tve Just thought
of a good Joke on Lincoln.'
"You mean by LJncoln."
"No, I mean on him. The town that's
named after him out in Nebraska Is the
home of William Jennings Bryan." .
New York 8un: Kir Walter Raleigh had
Just laid his cloak In the mud when Essex
inquired tho reason.
"Because," replied the wily courtier, "I
wanted to raise the dust."
And a subsequent present from the royal
bounty showed it was Indeed pay dirt.
Washington Star: "Don't you think our
voting system should be reformed?"
"I do, answered Senator Sorghum: "the
way things are at present you can t tell
half the time whether the people you pay
to vote for you are delivering the goods or
New York Sun: "Why did hs marry the
widow after courting her daughter?
"He concluded that he would rather
have the girl as a stepdaughter than the
widow as a mother-in-law."
Chicago Tribune: "What made you think
I'd even look at you?" she asked him.
"Well," replied the youth whom she had
rejected with scorn, "the other girls have
got all the really desirable young men away
from you, and I thought maybe you'd take
anybody you could get now. Good
Baltimore American: "I wish to be very
exact," said the man who was cataloguing
the library, "so do yon think I might class
writers on etiquette as the civil authori
ties?" Brooklyn Life: An automoblllat was onco
halted on the highway by an ordinary per
son. "You have killed my baby!" said tho ordi
nary person, displaying some temper.
"But why do you halt me? Am t not
ready to pay for all the damage I do?"
demanded the automoblllst, with a severe
At this the ordinary person' was quite
abashed, and drew back, stammering apolo
gies. TUB OLD THAIVKSGIV1N' DAV." ' t
A. J. Waterhouse in New York Times.
If dreams could bring them back again, the
old Thunksglvln' days;
If wishes had the cheery art of alterin' our
I'd sit again by grandpa's board an see his
I'd view the table, bounty stored, and listen
to his "grace?'
And If the blending halted some I would not
twist, I know.
As did my sister and myself, oh, long, long
For now Thanksglvin's not the same; It
lacks the genial cheer
That glorified an' hallowed It, since grand
pa Isn't hers.
The blessing that he asked was long, or so
It seemed to me;
It covered everything In sight, an' some you
The turkey an' tho President, the things of
cheer and Joy
I wriggled less to hear him bless "this
orphaned girl and boy."
"An' bless our Congress, too," he said,
"with all Its sharps and flats.
An' please forgive the errln'. ones that's
known as democrats."
And while the mighty turkey steamed and
forth Its odors dealt,
I pinched my sister 'neath the board to
show her how I felt. -
To all things mortal comes an end, and so
the blessing passed,
And grandpa and the turkey met In con
flict dire at last.
And how we children ate and, ate, unmind
ful of the load, . , :
Till auntie said In warning tones: "Them
children will explode!" ,
We didn't mind, what auntie said; we ate,
an' ate, an' ate,
An' frequent was our bland request: "Some
more upon my plale?"
And when a wreck alone remained upon the
While grandpa offered final thanks, we lack
of room deplored.
If dreams could bring them back again, the
old Thanksglvln' days;
If I could hear my grandpa's voice In words
of grateful praise;
If at the board my sister sat, not worn and
gray and old.
But in her eyes the light of skies when
mornings were of gold,
Then, though the blessing wandered on
through minutes growing long,
To cover all the peopled tarth and life's
Still would I sit In full content, or cry
"Amen!" with ion I
For It would take a host of words to speak
wia maims x l zcei.
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