Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 25, 1902)
TITE OMAHA DAILY BEE: TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1902.
'Phe umaha Daily Bee.
E. ROSEWATEIl. EDITOK.
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING.
TERMS OF Sl.'HSCRIPTION.
t)atly Hee (without Hundn-,, One Year. $4.00
iMlly Hee and Sunday, One Year .-i .')
Illustrated liee. One Year z.w
Bunriay face. One Year lw
Paturoay Hee, One vnr l-
Twentieth Century Farmer, One Year., l.ou
DELIVERED BY CARRIER.
TJally Pee (without Hundayj, pr copy.... 2;
Dally Hee (Without BunJayj, per wek...Uc
Dally Boe (including Humlay), per wtk..liu
Sunday Hee, p-r copy 6c
Evening H-e (without Bundy, per week 60
Evening Bee (Including bunday), per
week ! 10c
Complaint of irr gularllMS In delivery
should be addressed to City Circulation De
Omaha The Bee Building.
Bouth Omaha City Hall Building, Twenty-filth
and M Streets.
Council HlufTa lu i'earl Street.
Chicago imii l.'nlty Building.
New iork ais 1'ark Row uulldlng.
Washington M1 Fourteenth btreet.
Communication relating to news and edi
torial matter should tie addressed; Omaha
bee. Editorial Department.
Business letters and remittances should
b addressed- The Bee Publishing Com
Remit by draft, express or postal order,
payable to The Hee Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps accepted In payment of
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchange, not accepted.
THE BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY.
STATEMENT OP CIRCULATION.
Btate of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss:
George B. Tzechuck.. secretary of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly sworn.
Bays that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Mornln
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during
the month of October, 11W& was as follows:
1 80.7(H) 17
S 31, 1M)
7 311,9 to
U 8 1.3 SO
Lest unsold and returned copies 9,87a
Net total sulen WW.T43
Net average sales. 1 30,050
GEORGE B. TZSCHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before me this 3lBt day of October, A. D.,
102. M. B. HUNGATE,
(Seal.) Notary Public.
Whether the packing industries have
merged or not seems to have little ef
fect on meat prices.
Governor-elect Mickey may hope that
his troubles at the pie dispensary will
prove to be the worst of bis tribulations.
It would not seem natural to Install a
Bet of newly elected officers In this
county without having at least one place
It seems as If a Pacific ocean steam
ship line has become a necessary ad
junct of every well regulated transcon
tinental railroad system.
It is a pretty safe ' bet that Speaker
Henderson is right when he says there
will be little legislation at the short
session of congress aside from appropci
fltlons. The degree of the generosity of rail
road companies in Increasing wages can
be better Judged when it Is learned
whether the public is to pay the In
crease. With school teachers in Chicago
unionizing and school boys going on
strike it Is about time for some one to
move that the temporary organization be
Secretary Root very aptly character
ized the United States as the biggest
labor union ever organized, and that Is
why New Mexico, Arizona and Okla
noma want to Join the union.
. For some reason or other the county
surveyor's measurements of railroad
mileage In aOmaha figure out several
times the mileage which the railroads re
turn to the state board for taxation.
It should be distinctly understood that
the uncomplimentary things the popo-
cratlc organ says about political Judges
refers only to republicans on the bench.
Note an exception for the popocratic
large .number of Omaha Jobbing
houses would like to expand, but cannot
find suitable quarters to accommodate
"their growing needs, Oinuha will have
to erect a large number of new ware-
bouses within a very short time.
It took twenty-five years of discussion
In and out of congress to lead up to
provision for the establishment and
maintenance of the gold standard, and
It Is not likely that the currency
question will be settled out of hand.
If they only knew how many people
In this vicinity were building air castles
on the official figures the officers who
make up the canvassing board for the
state of New York would surely move
up their work of canvassing the election
returns ahead of the date prescribed by
Should the coming Nebraska leglsla
turn continue the supreme court com
nil'.on with a membership' reduced
from nine to six, what an opportunity
the present conimUblouers would have
for ad exhibition of unselfish devotion
each In urging the other to make the exit
Another of the fraudulent votes by
which the Mercerites carried the last
republican primaries has been unearthed
through the testimony adduced in a case
In court to which the Information bear
ing on the plaintiff's nonresldence Is
only Incidental. As the election is over,
perhaps we will be spared having this
exposure denounced ss a campaign roor
COMPKTITIUX I J ST ML.
It has not been long since the an
nouncement of a merger of steel com
panies Into a concern of $."0,0tX),(XU cap
ital would linve excited wonder. Such
a combination, however, now seems
small In coiupnrlKon with a colossal
organization like the United States
Steel coinpniiy with a capitalization of
nenrly a billion nnd a half. Nevertheless,
the confederation of several Independent
steel companies under the nnnie of the
Union Steel company is a reminder of
the Important fact, the fact that Is
destined to grow In Importance, that the
stupendous Morgan merger Is far from
having comprehended all the efficient
plants In the steel Industry even of
this country. Besides those Just now
Included In the Union conipiiDy there
are other strong Independent steel com
panies In the east, while tlio Colorado
Steel and Fuel company in the west
occupies n strategic position, and Is so
ably managed as to be a serious com
petitor of the Morgan combination, a
competitor the latter has sought most
strenuously, but bo fur unsuccessfully,
These and many other radical facts
give no small assurance 'that the
potency of competition has not yet been
eliminated from the steel industry,
whatever the appearance of' things
may be. Many owners of independent
steel enterprises deliberately refused to
go into the Morgan merger In spite of
what seemed to be tempting Induce
ments, and It remains yet to bo proved
that their judgment was not sound. So
far public attention bus been centered
upon the advantageous phases of mere
magnitude of ' operations, In which In
Borne directions economies of operation
may undoubtedly be effected, but there
re also disadvantages. The Morgan
merger is overcapitalized. The smaller
concerns are likely to have the advan
tage of more minute and effective super
vision of details, of, keener invention
and attention to Improvements and
of quicker decision and action.. They
are more likely to keep free from the
burden of excessive capitalization and
from the restraints on operation almost
sure sooner or later to be caused by
speculative and other complications.
The defects of the Morgan merger in
competition with the independent con
cerns are largely hidden In a period of
universal prosperity when every facility
In highest activity cannot keep pace
with the demand upon the steel indus
try. They will be uncovered, however,
whenever the tide of Industry shall have
ebbed. Unless all economic history is
in error, the independent smaller con
cerns, more compact, more Instant In
adjustment, free from stock market en
tanglements, will be in better position to
meet the conditions of a changing in
dustrial market At least the possibil
ity of Bteel competition' yet remains.
r Tilt HULLS UF THE HOUSE.
According to Washington dispatches
one of the contests in the next congress
will be in connection with the rules of
the house of representatives. A number
ot republican representatives are op
posed to the present regulations, which
have prevailed for several years, or In
deed since Introduced by that greatest
of all speakers, Thomas B. Reed, and
there Is a very strong disposition to have
a change In the rules that will give
greater opportunity for Individual mem
bers to promote the particular legisla
tion in which they are interested.
It is easy to understand the objection
to the present rules. They are, unques
tionably, arbitrary to a very consider
able extent but that, very principle has
been found necessary In order to enable
the majority to have its way and con
sequently to Becure legislation. It is
'well understood what the situation was
before the Reed rules were introduced,
Prior to that time there was obstruction
to legislation in the house of represents
tlves which rendered it almost lmpossi
ble to get action on any question. A
minority could defeat anything which
it desired. The Reed policy gave the
majority the power that properly be
longed to it and since then the he use of
representatives has been in a pos'.tlon to
carry out the will of the majority under
Whether or not this parliamentary
practice should be continued Is a ques
tion of Borne interest and to some public
men of more than ordinary concern.
For example, It is stated upon what
appears to be excellent authority that
Representative Hepburn of Iowa pro
poses to make a hard fight at the repub
lican caucus to be held when congress
convenes for a more democratic system
of house organization. It Is said that
he will not couteud for a general revi
sion of the house rules unless he find
a strong sentiment for It, but is going
to confine bis work to one particular
phaso of the alleged existing despotic
system. Representative Hepburn u by
no means alone in believing that the
present rules of the house should be
modified' and It is by no means Im
probable that his views in this respect
will pru ail In the next congress.
VIMZdfLl'J rORHQN ISSUES.
The United States has bad more or
less tronble with -the foreign issues of
Venezuela, and the prospect is that it
will have more. In the controversy
between the southern republic, which
under Its present administration has
been remarkably troublesome, and Great
Britain the United States government
st the risk of war. brought about an
arbitration agreement with England
which still awaits final determination
In connection with this matter, what
ever tbe real merits of the case, there
is no question that the course of the
Venezuelan government was open to
objection, but this was disregarded by
our government in pursuance of Its
policy of protecting the Independent
countries of this hemisphere against all
forms . of European aggression. The
United States Insisted that the ceiitro-
versy between Great Britain and Venez
uela Involving terrltorlol rights should
be submitted to arbitration uud the
British government yielded.
It now appears that the government
of Venezuela Is disixmed to take ad
vantage of this position on the part of
the United States and insist upon cer
tain rights not authorized by Interna
tional law, which It Is expected our
government will sustain the southern re
public in against the protest and action
of European powers. The government
of Venezuela having established a so
called blockade, which In the opinion of
several European governments is not
effective under the rules of International
law and has therefore : been disre
garded, the Venezuelan government Is
manifesting a disposition to wuke m 11-
ous trouble with those powers.
The folly of this attitude Is obvious
nud jK-rsistence In It must result to the
greut Injury of Venezuela, but It seems
to be the Impression lu thut country that
It will be sustained in its iwsitlon
by the United States. It is another illus
tration of the fallacious notion com
monly entertained by the southern re
publics that It is the policy of the United
States, under the Monroo doctrine, to
protect them In whatever they may do
In regard to foreign powers. In this
they misapprehend the trje meaning of
that doctrine, which Is not Intended to
relieve them from their Just duties nnd
responsibilities as Independent states.
The latest report is that the Venez
uelan government intends to Insist upon
what it conceives to be its rights pud
to this there can be no objection, but
order to enlist this support of the
United States that republic must make
It perfectly clear that there Is Justifi
cation for its position.
DUPLICATK ASSKSS.Vi.NT MA.U1UXERY.
The work of the tax commissioner and
tbe Board of Review brings out forcibly
the fact that we are maintaining an un
necessary and costly duplication of the
machinery for tax assessment All the
labor expended by the tax commissioner
and his assistants to make up the as
sessment roll of property within the city
of Omaha subject to municipal taxation
is repeated by the ward. nnd precinct as
sessors and county authorities In mak
ing up a separate assessment roll for
county and state taxation.
But the unnecessary burden Imposed
by the present practice extends beyond
the mere double expense for assessors
and clerks. It is heaviest on the Indi
vidual taxpayers, who are compelled to
devote valuable time to the return of
property schedules twice each year
when once a year should suffice. It re
quires them when they think they are
aggrieved to appear before two sets of
equalizing boards where one could do
the work as well. The time of the busy
man is worth money to blm and fre
quently he prefers to let an inequitable
assessment stand . because 'it ' involves
only a few dollars when .the time neces
sary to correct it is worth more to him
in the ordinary course of his business.
The creation of a separate tax depart
ment for Omaha distinct from that for
the whole county, Including Omaha, was
unquestionably Justified by the deplor
able condition of affairs we were then
suffering, which, by systematic under
valuations and listing at a small frac
tion of true values, forced the imposi
tion of colossal tax rates, frightoiiug
away capital and population. So
long, however, as tbe assessments
in other counties throughout the
state are made on a basis of one-sixth or
one-seventh, it would clearly inflict the
most unjust burdens if property in this
city and county were assessed only once
at their true valuation for both state and
local taxation. No good reuson exists,
however, why the law cannot ' be
amended to avoid the present duplication
of assessment machinery. There is no
good reason why the assessment roll as
made up by the tax commlsslonor for
tbe city of Omaha should not be used as
the basis of the assessment roll for the
county by simple division. If property
subject to city taxation Is listed at Its
full value, or 100 per cent while the
ratio applied In this and other counties
is but lti per cent dividing by 6 will
bring the city assessment down to a
uniform basis with other county and
state assessments without Injustice to
To institute such a reform will require
some intricate but not insurmountable
legislation. Yet tbe saving that would lie
effected, both to the public as a whole
and to individual taxpayers In their pri
vate capacity, would make It worth
while for the lawmakers to make the
It is not surprising that President
Eliot is dissatisfied with either his
recent Inadequate expressions regarding
organized labor or with the Inadequate
report of them. As published they were
very inconsiderate and tended to excite
the acrimonious response which they
Instantly received. It is well that he
has made haste to reconsider his views
or to put them in less objectionable
form. Not only does he acknowledge
now that organized labor has come to
stay, but st"ougly emphasizes the good
it has accomplished in better sanitation,
more reasonable work hours, and aboli
tion of child labor and the company
store. He points out the fact that union
labor Is far from perfect, a fact that
unionists themselves appreciate, but he
declares that as a rule employers are
more to blame than the labor organlza
tlons for recent troubles.' Prom the
tenor of bis cosiplete discussion It is
fsir to assume that President Eliot has
suffered from inaccurate reports.
Tbe fact remains that no other ad
ministration, republican or democratic,
has ever sccomplished so much as that
of President Roosevelt in dealing with
the trust and corporation question. At
tempts to make partisan capital on that
score will fall. Nearly one-half of the
1 ftlf of
states are under democratic control, but
they are the states which have accom
plished the least towards solving the
trust problem. Theoretical reformers,
rampant partisans and carping critics
cannot help and can only hurt progress
towards Bane and safe treaUneut of this
serious subject President Roosevelt
has taken it up with candor and
courage and the American people ap
preciate his efforts.
The devclopmeuts in the train of the
coal strike bring out forcibly the fact
that independent coal mining companies
are absolutely at the mercy of the coal
carrying railroad companies, which, in
addition, are engaged in mining opera
tions. No secret is made of the latter
fact Yet the Pennsylvania constitution
expressly prohibits the railrond com
panies from engaging in mining. The
state constitution seems to be as null
and void where railroad Interests Inter
vene as the thirteenth, fourteenth and
fifteenth amendments to the national
constitution with respect to the suffrage
of colored citizens.
The annual report of the first assistant
postmaster general contains an interest
ing description of the work of the dead
letter office, with an enumeration of the
variegated property which seeks owner
ship there. The great bundles of dead-
letter papers used to pad the circula
tion statements of local claim-all sheets
are not included because they are not
distributed through the mails, but are
carted by tbe wagonload direct from the
publication office to the Junk dealer.
The circulation statements of these
sheets never show any return papers.
David B. Hill is apparently anxious
to have everything explained; ana
through a friend gives it out that he
offered Judge Peckham the democratic
nomination for governor, but the offer
was declined. It is a little singular, In
view of all that has been Bald on this
score, that Judge . Peckham himself
should foil to settle the question of fact
Here comes ex-Senator Allen now with
a half-way endorsement of David B.
Hill, vouching for him that he "would
make an abler executive and be freer
from corporate influences than Cleveland
and In this respect be far preferable for
the presidency." More treason to Bryan!
It Is observable that Colonel Bryan
should see fatal objections to every
democrat who Is suggested for the
presidential nomination, and that be
can himself tblnk of no unobjectionable
leader upon whom any considerable
number of democrats can agree.
Diversion of Railroad Bantna;.
The bandit business will never be thor
oughly discouraged -4n the west until the
railroads make common cause and common
warfare against It,.'',
Oat of flfrm's Way.
Chicago Chronicle. ay
The action of the German students in
joining in a movement against pistol duels
is unreservedly to be commended. There is
always a possibility that somebody will get
hurt in a pistol duel.
It is announced that Thomas F. Walsh
desires and hopes to be senator from Colo
rado to succeed Mr. Teller. Mr. Walsh has
no political convictions, but he has $25,
000,000, so that his candidacy is entirely
proper and promising.
Some Thing; Worse.
People who tblnk that republican gov
ernment is a' failure might modify their
views on learning the fact Just announced
that the taxes in Russia have increased 100
per cent in twenty years. An autocracy
may be more picturesque than a republic,
but it la also much more expensive to keep
Hleh-Prlced Lawyer Outfought.
One of the interesting incidents of the
strike arbitration is the fact that while
the anthracite presidents haughtily refused
to recognize John Mitchell as the leader
of the miners they have employed high-
priced lawyers to spend nearly a week in
trying to tangle htm up, and the effort has
Notable Sympathy Strike.
One of the most remarkable labor strikes
on record Is that of nearly 300 coal miners
at Washington, Ind., who struck on
Wednesday In the Interest of the ' mules
employed In the mlnea. Tbey declared that
tbe animals were not properly cared fot.
were often worked without having been fed
or watered, and that they themselves
would not work unless the mules were bet
ter treated. It was a sympathetlo strike.
and it did honor to the men.
Caste and Class la Manila.
New York Outlook.
Manila is a big army post socially, and
very gay. The army officers are agreeable,
and every one seems to enjoy life there. It
has been an Interesting experience to come
in contact with a set of people who are so
evidently persuaded that they belong to a
superior caste by the simple fact that they
wear shoulder straps. It has also been en
tertaining to discover that all the rest of
the world belongs to another inferior class
called civilians, or, as one officer put it,
"they are only cits." Of course, a ctt Is not
exactly a pariah, but he Is sometimes made
to feel that ha does not exist socially ex
cet in sufferance.
A Plctaresae Reaaloa.
It la a picturesque announcement that
diplomatic relations between Greece and
Persia are about to be resumed after an
interval of non-Intercourse extending over
2,393 years. The last diplomatic relations
between tbe two powers, it is said, was
when Darius, in 491 B. C, sent beralds to
Athens to demand the submission of the
Greeks to Persia. The immortal defense of
the pass at Thermopylae by Leonldas
against the Persian boat was In 480 B. C.
Tbe sending ot heralds to Athens by Darius
was not equivalent to tbe modern concep
tion ot continued dlplomatlo intercourse,
but tbe episode perhaps will serve in tbe
way It is now used la order to connect tbe
Persia and Greece ot today with their
mighty predecessors of the ancient world.
If the two countries were embodied some
how In spirit and bad kept their faculties
all these years tbey might now sit down
and have an Interesting talk over their ex
periences sines the days fcl Darius, Xerxes
OOEHOn AT PIBMC EXPKJIHE.
New York World: By advancing wages
and freights simultaneously It Is now esti
mated that the railroads will put about
$50,000,000 more In the pockets of their
employes and about $120,000,000 more In
their own, leaving tbem a clean net profit
of $70,000,000. The general public should
be thankful that the railroads are not
frequently selicd with these fits of gener
Baltimore American: Railroads are not
making friends by Increasing freight rates,
nor Is the public convinced that such in
crease is rendered necessary by an In
crease In the cost of operation. They are
doing a larger business than ever before,
and the rates, it anything, should be re
duced. The demands upon them are very
heavy now and their profits are corre
Louisville Courier-Journal: The recent
increase in wages on the railroads, taken
In connection with the slight decrease In
net earnings for September, bas caused an
advance In freight rates. As the roads are
overrun with traffic, the shortage of cars
being estimated at about 60,000, though
80,000 new cars have been added during
the year, the situation Is such as to put
tbe railways in a position where they can
insist on an advanco, and it seems they
are doing it, although It is denied that the
rise in rates will be general. Tbe advance
hardly seems Justifiable.
Philadelphia Record: Probably in making
the shift of burden from their own should
ers to the shoulders of their - customers
the railway companies have chosen to put
the weight where it may most readily be
borne. Unless the Iron and steel makers
and the farmers shall be able to reduce the
rate of wages paid by them they will have
to pay the increased freight rates and
make the best of it. The prosperity, there
fore, that falls Into the lap of labor tbe
astute railway managers have merely acted
as agents In transferring from other
sources of supply. There is a suspicion
that when the balance Is struck there will
be a superfiux left in their hands.
It is earnestly hoped "Uncle Joe" Can
non will not be permitted to see some of
the portraits printed in the newspapers.
Joseph Isaac Rahlnowitch, a Jewish war
hero and Russian exile, is visiting Chi
cago. He lived fourteen years in Jerusa
lem. Judge Nathan Webb, who presided over
the United States court in the District ot
Maine for twenty-three years, haa just died
William Roecoe Thayer and Asbton R.
Wlllard of Boston have been decorated
with the Order of the Crown of Italy. They
are notable authors.
John Marshall Harlan, associate Justice
of the United States supreme court, on De
cember 10 will celebrate the twenty-fifth
anniversary of bis ascension to the supreme
Everyone had a wback at Tom Johnson
during the Ohio campaign and now the Ohio
supreme court bas forbidden blm to reor
ganize the Cleveland police force on a po
Rev. James Outram, a noted Scottish
mountain climber, who has been visiting
unexplored districts of tbe Rocky moun
tains In British Columbia, says he discov
ered on Mount Columbia a gigantic glacier
covering 200 square miles.
Congress Roberts enlivened the dlpner of
the Boston Boot and Shoe club the other
evening by the following. "One day the
venerable chaplain of the senate was heard
to- pray: 'Oh, Lord, make us considerate
of the trusts committed to our care.' That
day they passed the Dtngley tariff bill."
Peter de Villa, the discoverer of gold in
the Klondike region and once fabulously
rich, is now earning a livelihood by nailing
boxes at the Ben Lemout winery at Santa
Cruz, Cal. He baa a suit pending for the
recovery of one ot tbe richest mines in the
Nome region, but has no means with which
to prosecute it, and the case is likely to go
against him by default.
8. V. ("Deacon") White, the veteran of
Wall street, who haa just sold his seat on
the New Tork Stock exchange, says that
when be began trading there, over thirty
years ago, the transactions of a day sel
dom reached 200,000 shares, as agalnBt an
average of 2.000,000 now, "Mr. White,"
said one of his old friends a day or two
ago, "you have accomplished many big
things on 'the street,' but your greatest
achievement has been that, in spite ot your
many vicissitudes, you have always paid
Emperor William recently ordered the
army chaplains to deliver periodical lec
tures in the evening for the benefit of
private soldiers. Attendance is usually
small, not being compulsory, but one rev
erend gentleman found that bis lecture
room was filled every evening. He was
much pleased and to the commanding officer
expressed his pleasure at the religious
awakening. "Rubbish," said the uncompro
mising colonel; "I have merely discovered
that compulsory attendance at your ser
mons is excellent punishment for trival of
EXPEDITIONS WORK BY CONGRESS.
Importaat Legislation Planned for
the Short Session.
President Roosevelt Is anxious to accom
plish something definite at the coming ses
sion of congress and is taking the wise way
to bring it about. He not only consulta
with people generally, and with his cabinet,
but he calls in leading members of con
gress to make certain, as far as possible,
that he will not waste his efforts on that
The session will last only three months.
When the holidays and the time when con
gress will not meet are excluded there will
be much less than three months for actual
work. The appropriation bills must all be
passed, and there are numerous measures
considered in part at tbe first session which
will come up tor final disposal at the sec
ond session. To take up measures relating
to trusts, the tariff, treaties and so on with
any view of disposing ot them depends en
tirely on tbe temper of congress.
If disposed to attend to work closely there
is ample time to do all the important work
that may be brought to tbe attention of
congress. On tbe other band, work can
easily be excluded or defeated by filibuster
ing In tbe senate or by adjourning over
from Thursday to Monday and by dilly
dallying methods well understood by old
legislators. At the last session of tbe Fifty-
first congress a great deal ot very Important
legislation was passed In addition to the
appropriation bills. Tbe same thing can be
doae now If the senate can be Induced to at
tend to business and legislate.
The conferences between the president
and leading senators should result in
prompt legislation. There is no trouble
with the bouse. A commission to take up
the tariff question can be provided early in
the aesslon. A bill to amend the laws re
lating to trusts, so as to meet the presi
dent's views, could be put through in quick
time, provided republican senators so de
sire, and so on with other needed legisla
That would suit tbe nation and avoid any
necessity for an extra session. Tbe ques
tion is will It be done? It not it will be
solely because of open or secret opposition.
But the prospects are for harmonious, sue.
ccastul and expeditious work.
BITS OF WAftHIXGTO LIFE.
Minor Irrsft and Incidents Sketched
en the Snot.
Officialdom Is following with keen In
tercut every development In the senatorial
cnmralgn In Colorado, on the result of
which hinges the fate of Senator Teller.
On the fare of the returns tbe fuMonlsts
have a majority on Joint ballot. The re
publicans control the house, the fuelonlsts
the senate. Threats are made to oust
enough democrats from seats In the house
to give the republicans a majority on
Joint ballot. But the democrats in tbe
senate may play a similar game. The out
come of the struggle cannot be predicted,
but there Is little doubt the fight will be a
hot one from start to finish. What In
terests Washington most is that In event
of republican success former Senator Wol
cott Is likely to succeed Senator Teller.
Wolrott Is well known and well liked in
Washington and It Is hoped he will win re
election to the senate from that state. He
served for several years as member of the
district committee and on the committee
on postofilces and post roads of the senate,
and was in this way brought Into personal
contact with nearly all the prominent citi
zens and business men of Washington He
Is a hustler and born fighter. There has
has always been a strain of fighting blood
In the Wolcott family. The senator, wben
a mere boy of 18, enlisted In tbe One Hun
dred and Fiftieth Ohio volunteers snd
served until the end of the war.
He was born In Long Meadow, Mass.,
and all his early associations are of New
England. He attended Tale college for
a while and In 1871 he was graduated at
the Harvard law school. He then went to
Colorado and practiced law with great
success. He also practiced politics with
equal success. His skill as a political
orator soon made him famous throughout
the entire west and his reputatlou in this
regard preceded htm to the national cap
ital. Many of his speeches in the senate
were masterpieces of eloquence.
From over the river at Fort Myer, where
the guileless "rookie" holds sway, comes
the following story, for which confirma
tion cannot be obtained at the War de
partment. On his first guard, so the story
goes, a raw recruit was approached by
the sergeant of the guard, wbo adopted
toward him the usual tone of "non-coms."
when dealing with recruits. In a voice
that suggested tar-off thunder he de
manded if the sentry bad seen the officer
of the day. The sentry hadn't, and he
admitted It shamefacedly. Thereupon the
sergeant, having explained his exalted
rank, departed with dignity, leaving the
recruit mightily Impressed with tbe Im
portance of the same sergeant. Presently
the officer of the day strolled down the
line and passed the sentry. As be stopped
In front of the post the recruit inquired
"Are you the officer of the dayf
"Tes," came the surprised reply.
"Well, you want to get onto your lob.
you do; the sergeant of the guard Is looking
Souvenir hunters and collectors of rare
articles of historic value bave been pre
paring for a raid on the white House since
tbe announcement the ether day that there
would soon be a sale of china and old
brlc a brae at the executive mansion. It
seems that this report was without foun
dation and that there is to be no auction.
The laws forbid giving away by the mis
tress of the White House of any ot tbe
furnishings of the executive mansion that
were purchased by government money. Tbe
only way to get rid of wornout chairs,
china, tables, etc., Is by publio auction. It
was reported recently that Mrs. Roose
velt had decided on a cleaning out of a
lot of stuff. Including some of the old
china. As before stated, the rumor was
false and there is no indication that col
lectors are to have an early chance to
pick up any of the historic pieces of the
Comparatively few people know, writes
the Washington correspondent of the
Brooklyn Eagle, that Uncle Sam is plan
ning winter naval maneuvers In the Carib
bean sea to the tune of a round million of
dollars. The summer maneuvers off New
England and Long Island were so much
nearer home that in the general Interest
they aroused the Porto Rlcan plan has
been rather overlooked. Tbe warships
have taken their turn one after another In
the dry dock to be groomed and freshly
equipped for the coming operations.
December 1 is the date arranged by the
Navy department for the operations to be
gin and for two months tbe entire force
will be busy with attack and defense. Al
though the department has been forced to
drop from the original list a few warships
that have been crippled by accident. It Is
certain that the Beet will be the largest
and most powerful ever assembled under
the Stars and Stripes, whether for pur
poses of peace or war.
The fleet is scheduled to arrive today off
the island of Culebra, which will be the
base of operations and which, it is ex
pected, will prove the most available head
quarters in future for the West Indian
naval station. As an island Culebra doesn't
amount to much. It takes a pretty de
tailed map to show It at all and then It Is
merely a dot In the sea. It was ceded with
the island of Vieques by Spain In the treaty
ot Paris and was not considered wortb
mentioning, but was Included in the gen
eral designation, "Porto Rico and adjacent
islands." Even In Porto Rico the people
hardly know of its existence. The Island
lies between the eastern end of Porto Rico
and the island of St. Thomas and seven
teen miles from the latter. It Is a bunch
of picturesque hills ranging In height from
There's nothing so bad for
There's nothing so good for a cough as
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
Tbe best time to take it Is wben the cold first comes on, wben tbe trouble
Is In tbe throat.
Throat tickling, throat colds, threat coughs are all easily controlled with
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral.
Doctoi-s first prescribed this nearly 60 years ago. Tbey use It more todsy
than ever. Tbey know its ingredients. Tbey understsnd bow it bests con
gested membranes and overcomes Inflammation. Ask your own doctor
about using this medicine for colds, coughs, snd all lung troubles.
. O. TS OO , IniU, sin.
I had a Imrlbl. Muk but ', aaa H teak Jut on bottl. of ayer's Ctt.iry reatoeai
scuBl.Mly sax ate. Imii a4 lu. in.Slntn. la my lull tut nun?. mmf yra."
Mas. i. B. DAam.Ti. St. JuMph. Mica.
150 to thO feet. Tbe Island proper is ap
proximately seven miles long and three
miles wide. Reckoned as part ot It are
several small Islets, Northeast Island, one
mile long and two and one-halt miles from
the mainland, and Culebtita, about the
same site and three and one-quarter miles
away. The latter bears, perched on a 300
foot bluff, S lighthouse whose fixed white
light can be seen twenty-one miles out at
PRESCRIPTIONS FOR THOIBLK.
Common Sense Nourishment Ladled
Oat Without Price.
Saturday Evening Tost.
Never since the first sick man grumbled
have there been so many cures for tbe body
known In the world as now. That mam Is
the exception who has not been cut to
pieces and mended up again. There are a
dozen schools of healing for every disease.
One physician attacks tbe liver, another
the bone, a third the skin. Tbey assail
you with drugs, with heat, cold, mud, mag
netism and prayer. Tbey lock you up in
a box and bake you, or turn a swarm ot
bees in on you, or bathe you in purple
light. So much do we care for the body.
But who cures the hurt soul? What pat
ent medicine will dry tears?
Tou have worked hard and honestly in
life, perhaps, and suddenly you are struck
down en tbe road and thrown aside a
failure. Or the being deareat to you, your
wife or tbe boy who was flesh of your flesh,
your one care and hope In life. Is dead
was put out of your sight, yesterday, in
that cut in the muddy ground yonder. Never
to come back home never to Bpeak to you
or touch you again. What are you to do?
The hours and days and years must creep
on and on before you can go to him. Or
perhaps tbe hurt is not a vital stab like
that, but some mean, belittling shame,
some vulgar disgrace that has fallen on
you by no fault of yours. Tou think that
you never shall lift your bead or look your
friends in the eyes again.
What can you do? Tou are young and
strong; is life over now and dead? No
doctor prescribes for these hurts; no drug
touches them.-, Yet there are homely pre
scriptions which do give relief.
First, don't dlsgulBe the wound to your-
j self. It is there, real; it may never heal.
When Pope was an old man he wept bit
terly at his mother's grave. Not all of the
long years, be said, bad healed the hurt
of her going away.
Don't touch your wound. But your phys
ical nerves are weakened, your vitality is
lessened. Oo to work there.
Is there any occupation or amusement
which you especially relish? Take it up.
Be It the theater, or novel reading, or
photography, or cookery go to It. Don't
mind what the neighbors say. Tou will be
surprised and perhaps a little ashamed to
find how soon your pulses will grow regu
lar and your thoughts sane.
Next, stiffen yourself to carry your grief
alone. Don't drip the black flood hourly
on to your neighbors. Be sure each ot
them has his own load to carry. Look for
it. Give him a helping hand wKh It.
And after a year or two of this common
sense nourishment of yourself you will
suddenly see that going through the vale
of misery yon have made It a straight read
to the heights.
LINES TO A LAI OH.
Chicago Tribune: "Now these," said the
dealer, opening another barrel, "are what
we call fancy wlnesaps."
"Tea," remarked the customer, tasting
one of them, "they are what you might
call wlncsaps in fancy."
New Tork Times: "Ephem, s'pose de good
Lawd should came down an' look Inter yer
eye an' say, 'Ephem, what hab yqu done
wld all dose chickens dat yer hab stole?'
What would yer say?"
"Person, I might say dat my old 'ooman
cooked 'em, but you I nows dat a man ain't
bound to testify agin his wife."
Chicage Posts "No,", said the decided
girl, "I never will marry a man to reform
"Perhaps It Isn't wiBe," replied the de
mure young thing, "but wouldn't you hate
to marry a man that some other girl had
Boston Courier: "One would never think
the sun was as far from the earth as as
tronomers say It Is."
"How far Is that?"
"According to their calculations, It's 90,
000,000 miles. Fearful distance, Isn't it?"
"Oh, I don't know. I called on a girl
last evening wbo seemed more distant than
New Tork Sun: Achilles was sulking in
"Tou see," he exclaimed bitterly, "my
mother left my heel vulnerable, and I can
never play foot ball!"
Seeing the greater glory was denied him,
he rushed forth to engage in a minor fracas
before the walls of Troy.
Somerville Journal: When you see a girl
picking a thread off a young man's coat,
you can generally assume that she loves
him, but when you see her making a pre
tense of picking oft a thread that Isn't
there, you can be dead sure ot it.
LIFE'S HAPPY DAYS.
The happiest days of all will come not
when fame crowns the brow
With laurels of unfading hue, while all
the world doth bow
Before the glory of its might before the
That wraps renown as with a robe not
such the days we see.
These days will come the world will hum
and gone will be Joy's dearth.
When the ton la In the cellar and the
scuttle s on the hearth.
The happiest hearts will beat not when
love liooda two soula as one.
When warm and high in lovers' veins the
tides of passion run;
Oh, raptures strongest will not thrill when
that old tale is told
But ages all ecstatic in a moment's space
And love will not bs In it. If bliss divine
When the ton is In the cellar and the
scuttle's on too hearth!
It's first, the throat;
Then, the bronchial tubes;
Next, the lungs;
At last, Consumption.
a cough as coughing I
Powered by Open ONI